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INTRODUCTION

Twenty years ago, it was almost unimaginable how the brick-sized cell phone device that some top-level businesspeople were using would soon change our lives. a few years later, when e-mail was introduced, it was hard to imagine all the information, entertainment, convenience and communication that today’s internet would bring. Similarly, the X-internet can be difficult for people to “get” upon first hearing about it.

But, without a doubt, the X-internet will transform lives and businesses in much more powerful ways than the PC or even today’s internet itself. today’s internet connects people to people. Oftentimes it’s not a direct connection, but think about it: retail sites, databases, games, content, search engines and more are all ultimately created by people, using display formats that make sense to people, with the sole purpose of serving other people. the X-internet goes much further: it adds connectivity for physical objects, creating a wealth of new opportunities for intelligent interaction between people and things, and even between things and other things.

Like pieces of a puzzle, many of the enabling technologies and early implementations are already in place. inexpensive radio frequency identification (rFiD) tags are being placed in parts, products, access cards and more to uniquely identify each item. these passive tags are tiny, inexpensive and require no battery

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power. Devices designed to read these rFiD tags can be placed in doorways, turnstiles, and other portals to track objects entering and leaving the area. By adding small, inexpensive, battery-powered radios to rFiD tags, it becomes possible to deploy more sophisticated tracking applications that cover a much larger area — for example, tracking people and items throughout an entire building. In active rFiD systems, rFiD tags broadcast their own signals rather than echoing a signal broadcast by the rFiD reader. This allows deployment of fewer, simpler, and more affordable readers, while also enabling more sophisticated applications.

The next step in rFiD-based technology is tags that incorporate environmental sensing, intelligence and two-way communications. these can be incorporated today in sensor networks, mesh networks and ad hoc networks for a variety of purposes. the ZigBee alliance is working on standards for this type of networking, and standardsbased products and solutions are beginning to become available. These solutions are growing out of existing internet, wireless and remote sensing capabilities. The Xinternet will build on these technologies with new innovations that provide everincreasing connectivity for new kinds of applications. this revolution will soon spread from industrial and governmental implementations to enterprise applications and even the home and everyday life.

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THE INTERNET - A NETWORK OF NETWORKS

The Internet is not a monolithic, uniform network; rather, it is a network of networks, owned and operated by different companies, including Internet backbone providers. Internet backbones deliver data traffic to and from their customers; often, this traffic comes from, or travels to, customers of another backbone (Kende, 2000).

End users communicate with each other using the Internet, and also access information or purchase products or services from content providers, such as the Wall Street Journal Interactive Edition, or E-commerce vendors, such as Amazon.com. End users access the Internet via Internet service providers (ISPs) such as America Online (AOL) or MindSpring Enterprises. Small business and residential end users generally use modems, cable-modems, and DSL to connect to their ISPs, while larger businesses and content providers generally have dedicated access to their ISPs over leased lines.

Content providers use a dedicated connection to the Internet that offers end users 24-hour access to their content. ISPs are generally connected to other ISPs through Internet backbone providers such as UUNET and PSINet. Dept.of EE&IE. RCET

that a consumer derives from a product or service increases as a function of the number of other consumers of Dept. As a result of widespread interconnection. regardless of which ISP they choose. backbones must interconnect with one another to exchange traffic destined for each other’s end users. Each backbone provider essentially forms its own network that enables all connected end users and content providers to communicate with one another. as well as having ISPs as customers. RCET . ISPs purchase this universal access from Internet backbones. Many backbones also are vertically integrated. are generally not interested in communicating just with end users and content providers connected to the same backbone provider. rather. functioning as ISPs by selling Internet access directly to end users. however. To provide end users with such universal connectivity. ISPs are therefore in the business of selling access to the entire Internet to their end-user customers. It is this interconnection that makes the Internet the “network of networks” that it is today.X-Internet 4 Backbones own or lease national or international high-speed fiberoptic networks that are connected by routers.of EE&IE. regardless of backbone provider. End users. they want the ability to communicate with a wide variety of end users and content providers. end users currently have an implicit expectation of universal connectivity whenever they log on to the Internet. or utility. The driving force behind the need for these firms to deliver access to the whole Internet to customers is what is known in the economics literature as network externalities. which the backbones use to deliver traffic to and from their customers. Network externalities arise when the value.

music companies increased the variety of compact discs available. This latter effect is an externality. Network externalities can be direct or indirect. As more consumers buy hardware. making the players more valuable to their owners. only takes into account the private benefits that the network will bring her. and will not consider the fact that her joining this network increases the benefit of the network for other users. as more consumers purchased compact disc players. RCET . Dept. yet they benefit indirectly from the adoption decision of other consumers. The phone system is a classic example of a system providing direct network externalities. the more valuable the network is for each consumer. They are direct for networks that consumers use to communicate with one another. Network externalities are indirect for systems that require both hardware and software to provide benefits. as a result.of EE&IE. A classic example of this is the compact disc system. this will lead to the production of more software compatible with this hardware. the more consumers who use the network. when deciding whether to join a network (or which network to join). They are called network externalities because they generally arise for networks whose purpose it is to enable each user to communicate with other users. These benefits are externalities because a user. the more valuable the network. making the hardware more valuable to users. The only benefit of such a system comes from access to the network of users. These network externalities are indirect because consumers do not purchase the systems to communicate directly with others.X-Internet 5 the same or compatible products or services. by definition. the more users there are.

Users of applications such as e-mail and Internet telephony derive direct network externalities from the system: the more Internet users there are. which makes the Internet even more valuable for its users.X-Internet 6 One unique characteristic of the Internet is that it offers both direct and indirect network externalities. Users of applications such as the World Wide Web derive indirect network externalities from the system: the more Internet users there are. the more valuable the Internet is for such communications. The ability to provide direct and indirect network externalities to customers provides an almost overpowering incentive for Internet backbones to cooperate with one another by interconnecting their networks. RCET .of EE&IE. the more Web content will be developed. Dept.

allocate material where it’s needed and ultimately to manage battlefeld logistics and save lives. • Retail. RCET . ensuring compliance. Military is using active rFiD to manage shipments in transit. active rFiD tags on the equipment can be used to track where equipment is being used throughout the hospital. • The U. reducing enforcement and maximizing revenues. rFiD eliminates the manual labor of scanning UpC codes. Dept. they must provide insurance companies with documentation of patient information and length of time the equipment was used.S.X-Internet 7 THE X-INTERNET TODAY • Smart parking systems can bill users for parking time automatically. • When hospitals bill insurers for the use of infusion pumps and other medical equipment. and adds new capabilities such as automatic reordering of stock based on what’s actually on the shelves. shipping and warehousing companies are moving to rFiD to track inventory and trigger billing systems. automatically providing the required records.of EE&IE.

of EE&IE. Dept. RCET . intelligent two-way sensors on the harnesses can report their own temperature and location.X-Internet 8 • Automotive manufacturers are exploring ways to better control just-in-time delivery of parts by having the parts monitor and report on their own status. wiring harnesses. get brittle when they’re cold and can’t be installed until they have warmed up. enabling supply chains to automatically adjust for optimum delivery times. the location of workers and so on. • Mining companies and transportation agencies are beginning to use intelligent sensors to monitor conditions and alert authorities to hazardous conditions and needed maintenance. Sensors can be used to monitor for poisonous gases. for instance. the structural integrity of bridges and tunnels.

frst and foremost. Advanced. that control should happen automatically — in accordance with user needs and preferences. the X-internet simplifies everything. RCET . giving people and businesses full control over things and the way they interact with people. that the X-internet will depend on pervasive wireless connectivity. that means. but without requiring explicit commands. Dept. the environment and each other. Insofar as possible. range. data rate and cost — so cooperative wireless technologies will be required to allow systems based on multiple standards to work together seamlessly. cooperative wireless technology The X-internet will connect all kinds of things in all kinds of spaces. at the same time. From the end-user point of view.X-Internet 9 TECHNOLOGIES ENABLING SEAMLESS MOBILITY IN THE X-INTERNET WORLD The whole point of the X-internet is to make every aspect of life easier. different X-internet applications will have different requirements for radio frequency. But that means all the complexity is transferred from the user to the underlying technology. Mobility will be the norm.of EE&IE.

what applications and content are available and so on. • Human behavior. the X-internet will require similar capabilities to be distributed horizontally across all kinds of objects — exponentially expanding the types of data and relationships available for processing to enable new kinds of business and personal applications. and environmental control will share the same network that streams high-bandwidth music.X-Internet 10 In an X-internet enabled home. vibration and equipment parameters. video. for example. and to communicate their own presence and context to other relevant devices and objects. Many of these capabilities are already in use today by manufacturing. Devices of the future will observe user behavior and monitor the Dept. low data-rate systems such as home security. contextaware nodes may sense: • The technical environment.of EE&IE. and games to entertainment devices throughout the house. what rF standards are in use. • The physical environment. RCET . this mode of awareness enables X-internet nodes to automatically join available networks and exchange data as required by the application. lighting. monitoring. distribution and other vertical enterprises. Depending on the application. moisture. enabling technologies for the X-internet must automatically resolve the differences between various radio technologies and communications protocols to allow seamless interaction. Context awareness True seamlessness depends on the ability of devices and even inanimate objects to sense their environment. including aspects such as temperature. and other new categories of complex. including what networks and devices are within range. highly integrated awareness.

activate and control video cameras. Dept. lock rooms containing valuables and more — all without requiring the user to configure and activate the system manually. notify the authorities. RCET . beyond the remote sensing and control that is rapidly becoming familiar today. peer-to-peer local awareness and connection between things themselves.X-Internet 11 environment to seamlessly deliver the appropriate content and services. For example.of EE&IE. SELF-ORGANIZATION AND AUTONOMOUS ACTION In addition to traditional connectivity via a higher-level infrastructure. PEER-TO-PEER AWARENESS. the security systems of the future might be able to automatically recognize the difference between a resident and an intruder. true seamlessness requires autonomous. This peer-to-peer awareness is a new paradigm.

Nodes also need the ability to intelligently establish communications with other nodes using the minimal number of “hops. Consider the example of an X-internet traffic control system (Figure 1). then travels to another access point halfway around the world via the wired internet. as devices and objects of all kinds become part of the global X-internet. automatically joining the appropriate subnets and applications. at the same time. networked things will need the ability to sense available communication and control channels. while also providing information to oeMs and businesses that will help enhance customer relationships and maintain customer loyalty.” this could involve a relatively limited network. without requiring human intervention. with billions of nodes coming online. Peer-to-peer sensing and interaction must also be complemented by traditional. peer-to-peer awareness and autonomous action allow the system to instantly coordinate signals for optimum traffic fowl. without human intervention. hierarchical control. An X-Internet vehicle information and traffc control system will be able to provide sensing information that can improve traffc fow and safety on our roadways. Dept. hierarchical control enables the system to send information back to traffic engineers that helps them diagnose chronic traffic problems and plan future road projects accordingly. Or it could involve a global network in which a message takes a wireless hop or two to a nearby access point. and finally takes another wireless hop to reach the target device. many of them mobile.X-Internet 12 Figure 1. such as wireless peer-to-peer hopping across the sprinkler controllers in your yard. An important requirement for peer-to-peer awareness is the ability of networks to self-organize and self-maintain. the number of potential nodes will grow by orders of magnitude compared to today’s internet. when appropriate. RCET .of EE&IE.

New Form Factors Dept. these sensors could extract energy from the vibration motion of the ducts themselves. humidity and air quality. RCET .of EE&IE. and it would even alert you when thresholds are exceeded indicating that it’s time to change air falters or perform other maintenance. an emerging generation of photovoltaic technology will allow so-called “solar” cells to operate using the ambient light in your house — and the cells will be small enough to incorporate invisibly in windows and even paint. Many X-internet devices will still use battery or line power. using that energy to monitor temperature. the hVaC system of the future might have X-internet sensors installed at various locations on your house ducting. but new types of nodes will be deployed by the thousands — often in extremely small packages and difficult locations — making it difficult or impossible to change batteries. Energy Efficiency And Self-Generation Of Power New sensing. control and radio technologies need the ability to operate in the field for very long times while consuming very little power — or even scavenging all the power they need from the environment. kinetic motion and other environmental sources. New energy-scavenging technologies will enable nodes to operate indefinitely without batteries. As an example.X-Internet 13 Depending on the application. The system would keep conditions ideal without requiring you to constantly fiddle with the thermostat. the X-internet will require a flexible mix of both autonomous and human-driven control. Other technologies will enable nodes to scavenge energy from thermal energy.

X-Internet 14 Finally. Sensors that can survive caustic environments and extreme temperatures will enable new kinds of applications for industrial control. emergency response and other similar applications. control and connectivity.of EE&IE. affordable sensors will be developed that can be embedded in commodity products — similar to rFiD tags. today’s wireless security sensors that are typically placed adjacent to window and door frames will. climate modeling and more. This frontier of science and technology focuses on the automatic assembly of extremely small “smart” particles and devices — measuring from a millimeter to a millionth of a millimeter or even smaller in size. but with additional capabilities that include intelligent sensing. agriculture. energy and many other fields. homeland security. Dept. offering exciting potential for new applications in materials engineering. healthcare. At these scales. objects can have very different physical properties than larger objects. The X-internet is also a natural environment for microelectromechanical systems (MeMS) and nanotechnology to flourish and reach their full promise. new form factors will be required to enable nodes that can be deployed in virtually any environment. geophysics. traffic management. Sensors that can be injected subcutaneously or even ingested orally by animals and people will enable new methods of healthcare monitoring. RCET . in the future. telecommunications. be part of the frame itself. computing. Small.

will depend on the development and widespread adoption of several architectural elements. in the military. these technologies might allow builders to incorporate environmental-control. these networks would be analogous to traditional sensor networks. Dept.of EE&IE. but with sensors that are microscopic in scale and affordably deployable by the millions. RCET . exception-based control. security and privacy and ipv6 addressing (Figure 2). microelectromechanical sensors with integrated wireless communications may one day enable “smartdust” networks. advanced data interpretation. like today’s internet. smart dust might be used to invisibly perform enemy surveillance. THE X-INTERNET ARCHITECTURE Motorola believes that the success of the X-internet. built-in intelligence. security and other types of networks invisibly within building materials.X-Internet 15 For example. track troop movements. Motorola is providing r&D and industry leadership in each of these areas. including global standards. at home. or detect radioactivity and poisonous gas. and the potential applications in other fields are virtually unlimited.

including global standards. advanced data interpretation. exception-based control. Motorola is helping to design and promote the adoption of standards at all technical levels to enable X-internet interoperability. devices and countries.X-Internet 16 Figure 2. mobile and handset devices – or nodes – to communicate depends on the development and adoption of several architectural elements.of EE&IE. Dept. Proprietary implementations that don’t “play well together” in an open fashion will be doomed to failure. security and privacy and IPv6 addressing. built-in intelligence. Standards Open architectures based on global standards will be required for X-internet devices from different vendors — designed for different purposes — to interoperate seamlessly across multiple bands. RCET . creating a level playing field for vendors and consumers alike. the ability for fixed.

of EE&IE. the home of the future could contain thousands of X-internet nodes.X-Internet 17 Built-in intelligence Because the X-internet will be based on highly distributed computing across vast numbers of nodes. Motorola is helping define and build the high-level technical framework to allow diverse systems to share data. This intelligence is required at all levels: in processor architectures. For example. data filtering and fusion. Advanced data interpretation The X-internet will require new models for data distribution and aggregation. Motorola is building intelligence into devices to facilitate rapid deployment. intelligence gathering and knowledge creation. involving multiple layers of intelligence — but Motorola is working to ensure that this complexity results in incredibly simple end-user interaction. the elements of the X-internet and the ways they interact will be incredibly complex. RCET . interpret it within context and use it in new ways. management protocols and applications. Users will require an easy way to configure these nodes. Exception-Based Control Dept. With all the sensor data and control capabilities that will be available. self-management and easy reconfiguration. and to reconfigure them as their needs change or when the house sells. applications will need the ability to extract meaningful information from the wealth of available data in order to come to new conclusions about the world and manage systems more efficiently. programming languages. routing technologies.

Motorola is the industry pioneer in devices that are designed to adapt to the user. Motorola believes that security and privacy controls must operate on two levels — enabling network infrastructure to be shared while preventing unauthorized users from controlling applications or accessing protected information. rather than vice versa. IPv6 addressing Dept. Human interaction with systems should be at the highest level possible. Security and Privacy With so much information available on a global network — including information about personal preferences. in a corporate environment. while the systems themselves take care of all the detail.X-Internet 18 Ultimately. managing most of your life automatically while you do the rest by means of exception-based control. affiliations. Motorola’s strategy is to create a wireless security foundation that defends X-internet communications in depth and end-to-end. computer management systems and even the copier monitoring and maintenance systems. location and so on — protecting users’ security and privacy will be essential. for example. Systems should make intelligent observations about the user’s behavior and surroundings. so that even exceptionbased control becomes less necessary over time. the X-internet will require sophisticated new security technologies that leave consumers and companies in full control of what information is shared and when. all the new knowledge gathered and synthesized by X-internet applications must be put to use in ways that support a seamless experience. RCET . the fre detection and suppression system might share network bandwidth with the building-control systems.of EE&IE.

which is the last step to meet end users. perhaps trillions. That’s more than one address for every atom in the earth’s continents and oceans.X-Internet 19 The X-internet will eventually incorporate billions.of EE&IE. RCET .4×108 nodes. MOBILE PHONE SERVICE USING AN XINTERNET Although application programs for businesses are generally developed and implemented based on the Web. although there’s no need to address individual atoms. As it becomes the norm for people to own multiple ip-enabled devices. it is naturally considered that the UI. potentially providing unique addresses for as many as 3. Ipv6 is already making inroads on the internet. is 'text based simple screens' and 'slow screen output Dept. let alone the X-internet. ipv6 will allow addresses to be allocated in large blocks to avoid fragmentation. which is less than one address for every person on the planet. and simplify administration. Motorola is a front-runner in the introduction of ipv6 along with ipv_ compatibility across all product categories. Ipv4 is the current packet-switching protocol that provides a unique address for every attached device.3 billion ip addresses. Widespread adoption of ipv6 will be essential for complete penetration of X-internet technology. of new network nodes. It supports 128-bit addressing. it supports 4. it’s clear that ipv4 will soon become inadequate to handle the existing internet. keep routing tables manageable.

). In spite of appearing with a down-sizing in Client/Server environments. From this progress. below presents the progress of wire and wireless Internet.X-Internet 20 speeds'. Fig. it is necessary to design architecture to integrate the advantages of wire and wireless Internet. which are similar to the past CS. Conversely. the former main frame presented low values in both cost reduction and functions and flexibilities. it presented certain functional retrogressions compared to that of Client/Server systems. which is mainly caused by the intention of Fat Clients. The appearance of the Internet makes it possible to cater to the intention of Thin Clients and to simplify the process of production. In addition. it is possible to perform certain desirable results in 'cost reduction' due to the fact that all application programs can be processed using a single browser (however. Based on the fact that IT architectures are considered as 'cost reduction' and 'functions and flexibilities' from the viewpoint of deploys and maintains for managing S/Ws. RCET . even though it provided excellent functions. Dept. it also presented low effects in 'cost reduction' due to the increase in the load of PCs. according to the needs of users.of EE&IE. there were some gaps from the reality. Huge efforts of developers are required to provide UIs.

notebook computer. Moreover. PDA. it can provide a platform. from which one is able to reduce the cost of development and maintenance. The file size installed in a client is a very small size.of EE&IE. Dept. In addition. which can implement not only various functions in the basic C/S environment. which can be downloaded at one time. but also applications in all device environments. it makes it possible to reduce the operation cost of networks due to the minimum data transmission compared to that of the existing Web browser. and WebPad and easy deploys due to the centralized management in a limited area. X-internet provides various functions the same as CS by installing it locally to user's PC.X-Internet 21 Fig: Progresses of ire and wireless internet Characteristics of X-internet X-internet is a new technology. Also. RCET . X-internet is able to implement a smart user interface as the similar level as 4GL based on Web in XML and significantly reduce network traffics compared to the existing Web browser.

it exhausts a large amount of Dept. the characteristics of X-internet can be achieved using . which is required to display it on the screen. this study attempts to design and implement an X-internet based mobile phone service and to solve certain problems in data loss from the breakage or loss of mobile phones.of EE&IE. Mobile phones are increasingly decreasing in size. In addition. X-internet based wire and wireless internet services can provide a local power. Thus. which is able to process additional works. Although it is not true that only . In the system implementation applied in this study. In addition. the implementation can be effectively achieved using MS . data can be automatically distributed by up-loading it at a specific location. and mobile phone are maintained. RCET .NET can implement the system. where data is up-loaded. the cost of the Internet can be reduced because off-line works are possible. PocketPC. it is possible to reduce bandwidths.X-Internet 22 Because the required information or modified information is only communicated with a server without any retransmission of tag information.NET.NET in an actual situation. but the performance becomes enhanced by multi-functional tools. while the existing characteristics of PC. Moreover. it is possible to request certain services that existed in other places through networks by introducing XML Web services and transfer data through on-line during an off-line work. Thus. this paper attempts to design and implement an X-internet based mobile phone service in order to update data through Internet and preserve data stored in a mobile phone when it is lost. However.

which can save state information to a local section as much as is required. X-Internet can improve the response speed of user interfaces using a storage function. Also. mobile phones have some limitations in multimedia output speeds and interface performances. it is possible to provide customized services according to the personal characteristics and thus take a step further towards the age of ubiquitous. there is the possibility of loss due to the decreased size and easy mobility. Dept. This paper designed and implemented a phone number management system among mobile services using X-internet in order to improve these problems.X-Internet 23 battery and requires large loads in the calculation process of encryption and description. Fig: System Configuration n addition. Thus. As a result. RCET . The loss of a mobile phone could result in a loss of data.of EE&IE. and a client can perform certain works without maintaining a connection to a server using a container and transfer the results of the work to the server after modifying and adding data.

sending data and images back to a control center where people can supervise signal timing. providing estimated travel times suggesting the fastest possible routes given current conditions. and other devices to improve traffc fow. warning of dangers. Companies are already using rFiD tags at the pallet and even the product level to streamline the supply chain. For example. track an authorized person as he enters your house to pick up the TV and track the unit as it makes its way to the service center and back to your home. and the network will be able to communicate directly with drivers wherever they are. Dept. if your plasma TV develops a problem the X-internet could automatically notify the manufacturer about the problem.X-Internet 24 THE OPPORTUNITIES Building blocks of X-internet technology are already making inroads in: • Product lifecycle management. these systems will be able to provide real-time crew status. RCET . • Transportation. Smart signals and sensors are already at work in many metropolitan areas. message displays. in the Xinternet world. vehicle density information in work areas and possible obstacles in a crew’s path to both the control center and the dispatched crew — automatically and in near-real time. smarter tracking capabilities will make products more useful and easier to maintain throughout their lifecycle. in the X-internet world.of EE&IE.

Imagine The Possibilities: These are just a few examples of what the Xinternet could bring in the foreseeable future. the X-internet will allow these networks to be extended to incorporate building sensors. X-internet sensors will form wide area networks across the entire farm. weeds will be monitored and controlled with precisely the right amount of pesticides.of EE&IE. instantly and seamlessly. Many farmers are already using remote sensing and control to manage irrigation. security cameras. water rates will be determined by actual soil moisture in each plot. • Safety. the reality will likely become even more amazing as the X-internet world evolves. RCET . in the future. giving visibility and fne-tuned control over the entire operation. fertilizing and harvesting schedules will be determined by actual leaf color and temperature and so on. Dept. personal location and panic devices. freighters. and other first responders are rapidly adopting mesh technology that allows them to instantly create peer-to-peer voice and data networks at the site of an incident.X-Internet 25 • Agriculture. vehicles. and more — providing all the information public safety offcials need. traffc controls. police. and Motorola will be at the center of it all. public safety databases.

highways etc • It enables the connection virtually to any physicalobject that can potentially offer a message. which will be much beyond the actual one. • It will transform lives and businesses in much more powerful ways than the cell phone or even today’s Internet itself Dept. • It not only establish connectivity between peopleand their computing devices but also to their every day things like windows.of EE&IE. RCET .X-Internet 26 MERITS OF X-INTERNET • It’s the new generation Internet .

And in every thing .The application which will follow X-Internetare as follows: • • • • • Product lifecycle management.X-Internet 27 POSSIBLE APPLICATIONS • There are many possible applications of X-Internet. Transportation.of EE&IE. Safety. Dept. Agriculture. RCET .

Dept. signs in stores. access help lines. According to Hewlett-Packard. X. magazines.X-Internet 28 CONCLUSION X systems are naturally heterogeneous. it seems. The codes themselves can be located in newspapers.of EE&IE. worldwide penetration is estimated at more than a billion. When scanned. this software enables the camera to read data-rich codes. For example. Kindberg and his associates imagine the camera phone operating like a computer mouse. a niche technology called the XML acceleration appliance began to pique everyone’s interest. Similar to scanners at the grocery store. For example. making the camera phone easier to access mobile content. This technology moves the load of XML processing from an application server to a dedicated plug-and-play piece of hardware. or even on billboards. over 300 million camera phones were sold in 2005 alone. Data and function must be distributable across a variety of devices. HP Labs created a camera-based code reader. RCET . This is growing in importance as our society becomes far more mobile. the codes trigger a variety of services. they can open Web content. is going to come in a variety of flavors. or download discounts. Dedicated plug-and-play appliances are also getting some traction in this X-enabled world scene. Tim Kindberg is a senior researcher at HP Labs in the United Kingdom. send text messages. In 2005.

Vol.R.Shin. [6]. [3].cokinetic.X-Internet 29 REFERENCE [1]. RCET . 2003 Joshua Duhl. 1. 2005 [5]. [4].comsquare.com http://www.H Kim.droplets.kr http://shift. [2]. Journal of Korean Institute of information technology. No.of EE&IE. IDC white paper T. “Real-time concurrency control method considering criticalness of transactions”. Bluemind communication white paper. “X-Internet review”.co. Kim. "The Business Impact of Rich Internet Applications ". PP 37-44. Tobesoft technical document.com Dept. “Rich Internet Application based on Flash”. [7]. Y.kr http://www. 2005 J. 3.S. http://www. [8].co.

do business and entertain ourselves. what makes the internet so revolutionary is that it provides a standard way for people to connect anywhere around the world. today’s internet connects people to people. but between actual. Standards-based wireless technologies and infrastructure are growing at a rate that promises to completely remove all remaining barriers to truly seamless personal interaction and knowledge transfer. Now. video. will enable connectivity not just between people and their computing devices. By enabling connectivity for virtually any physical object that can potentially offer a message.of EE&IE. the internet is entering a new generation of Seamless Mobility. learn. everyday things like windows.X-Internet 30 ABSTRACT In just 20 years. providing information in text. the X-internet will affect every aspect of life and business in ways that used to be the realm of fantasy — or even beyond fantasy. But even a ubiquitous wireless internet isn’t the complete fulfllment of the Seamless Mobility revolution. RCET . the internet has fundamentally changed the way we live. Dept. or X-internet. pets. The extended internet. the next step is to internet-enable physical objects — connecting people with things and even things with things. highways. sound and other formats intended for use by people. appliances and more. thanks to affordable mobile devices that take advantage of new options and increased coverage for wireless connectivity. bananas.

TECHNOLOGIES ENABLING SEAMLESS MOBILITY IN THE XINTERNET WORLD 5.of EE&IE. REFERENCE Dept. .MERITS OF X-INTERNET 10. THE X-INTERNET TODAY 4. PEER-TO-PEER AWARENESS. THE X-INTERNET ARCHITECTURE 7. CONCLUSION 12. RCET .X-Internet 31 CONTENTS 1. THE INTERNET — A NETWORK OF NETWORKS 3. INTRODUCTION 2. THE OPPORTUNITIES 9. SELF-ORGANIZATION AND AUTONOMOUS ACTION 6. MOBILE PHONE SERVICE USING AN X-INTERNET 8. POSSIBLE APPLICATIONS 11.