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GRID MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE, INC.

20/F Pacific Center Bldg., San Miguel Ave., Ortigas Center, Pasig City 1600

EVENT REPORT ANALYSIS
1 Brief Description of the Significant Incident
Date and Start Time of Disturbance
Luzon Visayas

System Disturbance on May 8, 2013 05/08/2013 13:51:43
Mindanao

2 (MM/DD/YY HH:MM:SS) 3 Area Affected

Generator: ___________________________________________________ Transmission Line: Calaca - Biñan 230kV Line

3 Source of the event?

Substation: __________________________________________________ Other Users (DU, Customers): ___________________________________

Time
13:51:43.91

Plant Unit Calaca U2 Ilijan Block A

MW Capacity

System Freq

System Demand

Remarks
Groups 1-4 Feeders tripped via UFR Setting 1 at 58.7 Hz inst. ALD = 548.67 MW at MECO at 13:51:52 Groups 5-10 feeders tripped via UFR Setting 1 at 58.1Hz inst ALD = 1193.32 MW at MECO at 13:51:56; SRI and SNLO occurred a deloading until trip Continuous increase in frequency from 59.1 to 61.05 Hz Tripped by Reheat Stop Valve

286 599

59.76 59.84

8270 7250

13:51:46.60

13:51:55.00

SRI and SNLO Limay GT 2-3 Sual U1 Calaca U1 Bakun

1469 27 642 239 6

59.77 61.05 61.12 58.07 60.8

7100 6280 5453 5400 5250

13:51:59.00 13:52:01.00

4 Details of Plant Unit Affected

13:52:02.00 13:52:04.00

4 Details of Plant Unit Affected

13:52:09.00 13:52:11.00 13:52:18.00 14:10:00.00

BPPC Limay GT 2-1 Binga U3 QPPL
Total MW Tripped Total Demand After

183 59 33

61.12 60.94 61.02

5230 5100 5036

4118 4440

ALD MLD

1896 1674

Frequency. 5 Prior to disturbance (Hz):
Range: Immediately after disturbance (Hz):

59.77 58.1 - 61. 12 kV 1 230 230 230 230 230 230 230

Remarks: Time
13:51:43.47

Transmission Facilities CB at Calaca - Binan Binan - Calaca Line Dasmarinas - Amadeo Line 1 Dasmarinas - Amadeo Line 2 Sta. Rosa - Calaca Line Sta. Rosa - Calaca Line
San Jose 4 x 100 MVAR capacitors and Mexico 4 x 50 MVAR capacitors tripped

Remarks
Non operation of controlling breakers at Calaca side caused the fault to be sustained at 13:51:43.642 which later evolved to Phase BC to N fault at 13:51:44.391. Almost simultaneous with the tripping of Calaca U2 Power swing conditions due to large disturbance was experienced in the area caused the tripping of the lines.

List of Transmission facilities (lines, 6 transformers, buses, etc.) tripped and lock out.

2 3 4 5 6 7 4440 1 2 3

13:51:45.00 13:51:46.36 13:51:46.48 13:51:47.37 13:51:47.49

7 Total Demand Affected (MW): 8 Customers Affected Restoration Time Transmission:

Other Users Affected

MW Affected

San Manuel - San Jose 500kV L2 Calaca - Sta. Rosa and Calaca - Sta. Rita 230kV L1 and L2

Time 05/08/2013 1417H 05/08/2013 1554H

9

9

Generation: Demand:

Batangas - San Lorenzo L1 and L2 Dasmarinas - Amadeo L1 Amadeo - Calaca L1 Amadeo - Calaca L2 Dasmarinas - Amadeo L1 Sual U1 at 647 MW QPPL 55.8% of MERALCO's Customers 100% of MERALCO's Customers Sequence of Events Details of the Event Compliance to Rules
(Yes or No. If No, specify)
Yes
No: _______________________

05/08/2013 1605H 05/08/2013 1849H 05/08/2013 1904H 05/08/2013 2032H 05/08/2013 1605H 05/08/2013 2230H 05/09/2013 1007H 05/08/2013 1400H 05/08/2013 2148H Remarks

Date and Time

Adequacy of Operating Procedures
(Yes or No. If No, specify)
Yes
No: _______________________

05/08/2013 1351 10 05/08/2013 1352

1. Severe underfrequency 58.1 Hz was experienced. Groups 110 of NGCP Feeders were activated. 2. Followed by severe overfrequency (61.1Hz) as result of large loads tripping. 3. The grid frequency suddenly dipped down again to 58.474Hz due to tripping of Sual U1 (647MW) followed by sever overfrequency (61Hz).
4. While the grid freuency stayed at 61Hz the following generating units simultaneous tripped: a. Kalayaan (360MW) b. Makban (137MW) c. Limay GT2-1 (59MW) BPPC (183MW) Binga U3 (33MW) 5. Then, the grid frequency started to decline

Yes No: _______________________

Yes No: _______________________

Yes No: _______________________

Yes No: _______________________

11 12

Identify root and contributing cause of the event to the extent known: Identify any protection system misoperations to the extent known:

Grass Fire occurred in Calaca - Binan 230 kV Line Non -operation of protection at Calaca - Binan 230kV Line facing Binan

13

Additional Information that helps to further explain the event:

Grid experienced severe overvoltage (500kV and 230kV) 1. Dasmarinas = 1.104pu (552kV) 2. Tayabas = 1.094pu (547kV) 3. Kadampat = 1.076pu (545kV) 4. San Manuel = 1.076pu (538kV) 5. San Jose = 1.06pu (530kV) 6. Dasmarinas = 1.10pu (253kV)

Short-Term
Consider splitting Sta. Rita and San Lorenzo and to a have further study splitting of Calaca substation Upgrade and replace ol equipment particularly protection and monitoring devices with priority given to critical substation. To further enhance protection setting coordiantion of powerp plant to the security characteristic of the grid operations in compliance to the Philippine Grid Code to ensure stability of the Grid. Timely provide all necessary information and data from Generators to NGCP fo them to expedite analysis and restoration of lines and equipment. To install the fault recorders to all critical substations and power plants. For government and regulatory agencies to aid NGCP, power plants and Distribution Utilities to come up with a technical standard mechanism (issues such as under/over voltage, regulation of MVAR, resonance, reporting, protection setting coordination, maintenance policy and exchange of information) Generators and Transmission Provider, Distribution Utilities to pay more attention to their respective equipment upgrading to further enhance grid security.

Long Term
Build new 500kV substations to enhance grid reliability and support capacity requirement of outgoing highway for power plant

14 Corrected Measures Implemented

Prepared by:

[insert name]

Date:

[insert position]

Reviewed by: Technical Director

Approved by: Executive Director

Remarks

1-4 Feeders tripped via UFR Setting 1 at 58.7 Hz inst. ALD = 548.67 MW at MECO at 13:51:52

ps 5-10 feeders tripped via UFR Setting 1 at 58.1Hz inst 1193.32 MW at MECO at 13:51:56; SRI and SNLO occurred a deloading until trip

uous increase in frequency from 59.1 to 61.05 Hz Tripped by Reheat Stop Valve

Remarks

peration of controlling breakers at Calaca de caused the fault to be sustained at 43.642 which later evolved to Phase BC to N fault at 13:51:44.391. t simultaneous with the tripping of Calaca U2

swing conditions due to large disturbance xperienced in the area caused the tripping of the lines.

MW Affected

Time 013 1417H

013 1554H

013 1605H 013 1849H 013 1904H 013 2032H 013 1605H 013 2230H 013 1007H 013 1400H 013 2148H

cy of Operating Procedures

es or No. If No, specify)

______________

______________

______________

V Line

ine facing Binan

g Term

ce grid reliability and support capacity ower plant