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Republic of the Philippines

Cabanatuan City

Nueva Ecija University of Science and Technology College of information and communication Technology

Teenage Pregnancy
English 4

Submitted to; Mr. Rommel Espejo

Submitted by; Jenesis C. Joaquin BSIT-2B

What is Teenage Pregnancy?
- Teen pregnancy is a pregnancy occurring in a young girl between the ages of 13 and 19. According to the website for the National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy, as of 2006 an estimated $9 billion of U.S. taxpayer money is spent annually toward health care, criminal justice and foster-care programs as a result of teen pregnancy.

Causes of teenage pregnancy
Most teenagers experience sudden and hither to unknown emotions and feelings during their early puberty. All this, coupled with a sudden sense of new-found freedom and sexuality, results in many of them giving vent to their feeling s through sexual expressions and experiences. Of course, most countries stress on sex education in Schools, but yet, some teenagers involve themselves in unsafe sex, which could lead to unwanted pregnancies. Peer pressure. A lot of teenagers indulge in early sexual behavior due to peer pressure. This is due to the fact that they feel the great need to be 'hip' and 'accepted' by their circle of friends. The only way they could probably achieve that would be by having a boyfriend or girlfriend or at least by dating and indulging in sexual acts often. Contraceptive Failure. Though there are many types and brands of contraceptives and emergency birth control pills easily available in the market, these are

never a guarantee for complete safety. Only Mother Nature knows when she might want to get into action, so no form of birth control is going to be completely foolproof! Other causes of teenage pregnancy are: 1. Lack of Parental Guidance. Most people evade their children from talking about sex. In some cases, they provide false information regarding sex and discourage their children to participate in any informative discussion about sex. In some cases, teenage mothers are not well educated about sex before getting pregnant and thus this leads to lack of communication between the parents and the children.

2. Inadequate Knowledge about Safe Sex. Most adolescents are unaware of safe sex. They probably have no access to the traditional methods of preventing pregnancy. And them a in reason behind is that they are either too embarrassed or fear to seek information about it. It was found that more than 80% of teenage pregnancies are unintended.

3. Exploitation by Older Men. This is another major factor that contributes to pregnancy among the teenagers. Those girls who date older men are more likely to become pregnant before they attain womanhood. Rape, sexual exploitations etc. also take place that leads to unwanted pregnancy Among teenage girls.

4. Socio Economic Factors. Teenage girls who belong to the poor families are more likely to become pregnant. Researchers have found that even in the developed countries teenage pregnancy occurs most commonly among the deprived sections.

5. Glamorization of Pregnancy. The movie industry and the media contribute to teenage pregnancy by glamorizing teen pregnancy in news stories and movies. Movies that depict teen pregnancy as something to be desired encourage teens to engage in reckless sexual activity, according to ABC's "Good Morning America." During adolescence, teens become more focused on their appearance and how their peers perceive them. They want to be seen as part of the group, so if teen pregnancy is viewed as acceptable in their school or amongst their friends, they may seek to become pregnant as a way to gain social acceptance.

6. Drinking. Teen drinking can cause an unexpected pregnancy, according to the website Love to Know. Many teens experiment with drugs and alcohol. Drinking lowers teen's ability to control her impulses, contributing to 75 percent of pregnancies that occur between the ages 14 and 21. Approximately 91 percent of pregnant teens reported that although they were drinking at the time, they did not originally plan to have sex when they conceived.

Effects of Teenage Pregnancy
Teen pregnancy is an ever present issue in the world, with the US being at the top with almost 1,000,000 teen pregnancies each year. The teen birth rate was falling down until 2005 and since then it has shown a steady increase making it again a troublesome issue. The effects of teenage pregnancy are many, most of them due to the fact that a low number of future teen mothers ask for parental care or delay it until the last moment. That is backed up by the fact that 85% of all teen pregnancies are unplanned, and over 7% of them receives no care at all. In most cases this is due to the fear of their parents and family accepting the fact that their teens are pregnant, these kids are afraid to tell their parents. Not only that, some teens live in denial about their pregnancy until it is too late. Most teens unfortunately don’t know that each state has one or more health care institutions that provide very affordable care with guaranteed confidentiality. Since there is no parental care teen mothers are at great risk. In most cases they fail to get enough nutrients which don’t only lowers their health but it creates a significant risk for the baby as well as a high chance of low birth weight. For those that don’t know, low birth rate is associated with high rate of infant mortality and childhood disorders. In some cases these babies have partially developed organs and in most case that result in brain bleeding, intestinal problems as well as respiratory problems. Children of teen mothers often receive fewer nutrients than needed, they don’t have proper health care, and they lack proper social and cognitive stimulation, all of that can result in the possibility of underdeveloped intellect. Effects of teenage pregnancy are not just pointed towards the health of the mother and the baby, these teens are far more likely to end up poor and have their children grow up in poverty. That results in increased risk of health issues, higher abuse rates, neglect, low academic achievement, and also leads to a repeated cycle of teen pregnancy. Also leads to inappropriate parenting as these teens were not yet ready to become parents, as such their children are more likely to engage in criminal activities, acts of delinquency, and have failed relationships.

Teen mothers usually never finish high school, let alone enter a college, so the lower level of education doesn’t allow them to get a proper job or be prepared for the parenting that is ahead of them. Their career options are more than limited. The risk factors for teenage pregnancy are poverty, low school performance, having a mother who gave birth as a teen, single parenting household etc.… Another effect of teenage pregnancy is the social effect on the entire country, and financial. Teen pregnancies are becoming a great burden on the public health as well. But on the other hand, teens that talk to their parents in the beginning and take care of their pregnancy the right way mostly finish high school and end up becoming good parents. In the end the effects of teenage pregnancy are still far too many for us to recognize all of them and address each one in full.

The Effect of Teenage Pregnancy on Society
According to The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy (NCPTP), early pregnancy and childbearing is linked to a host of other critical social issues, such as poverty, health and education. Perhaps this is because teen moms are often not ready or able to care for children, and research shows that good parenting can help kids succeed in school, refrain from criminal activity and grow into responsible, productive adults.

Teen Pregnancy Prevention
The vast majority of teen pregnancies (at least 85 percent) are unintended. Young people of color are disproportionately affected by teen pregnancy. Most teenage mothers come from socially and/or economically disadvantaged backgrounds and adolescent motherhood often compounds this disadvantage - creating barriers to achieving educational goals and life aspirations. But research has shown that sciencebased, comprehensive sexuality education, contraceptive access and youth development programs can help young people make choices that can protect them from pregnancy.