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INTRODUCTION

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Definition:
Organized efforts and procedures for identifying workplace hazards and reducing accidents and exposure to harmful situations and substances. It also includes training of personnel in accident prevention, accident response, emergency preparedness, and use of protective clothing and equipment. Due to rapid industrialization, industrial workers are exposed to several types of hazards and accidents. Every year lakhs of workers are injured due to mechanical, chemical, electrical and radiation hazards and it leads to partial or total disablement. So in recent years, greater attention is given to health and safety due to pressure from government, trade unions, labour laws and awareness of employers. The efficiency of workers depends to a great extends on the environment in which the work. Work environment consists of all the factors, which act and react on the body and mind of an employee. The primary aim is to create an environment, which ensures the greatest ease of work and removes all causes of worries. Occupational health and safety is a discipline with a broad scope involving many specialized fields. In its broadest sense, it should aim at:
a)

The promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental and social well-being of workers in all occupations.

b)

The prevention among workers of adverse effects on health caused by their working conditions.

c)

The protection of workers in their employment from risks resulting from factors adverse to health.

d)

The placing and maintenance of workers in an occupational environment adapted to physical and mental needs.

e)

The adaptation of work to humans.

NEED FOR THE STUDY:
Health and Safety measures are inevitable to any organization where workers are involved. It’s an organization’s responsibility to provide to its workers beyond the payment of wages for their services. The worker’s health and safety on and off the job with in the organization is a vital concern of the employer. The working environment in a factory adversely affects the worker’s health and safety because of the excessive heat or cold, noise, odors, fumes, dust and lack of sanitation and pure air etc., which leads to accident or injury or disablement or loss of life to the workers. Providing a health and safer environment is a pre-requisite for any productive effort. These must be held in check by providing regular health check-up, protective devices and compensatory benefits to the workers.

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY:
    To Study the health and safety measure adopted in NATCO pharma LTD To study the awareness of the workers about health and safety in the work place To find out the Occurrence of Accident Happened at the work place. To find out the Satisfaction Laval of Employee towards health and safety measures provided by NATCO.

To Give Suggestions to improve the Health and safety In the Organization.

This study would also help to analyze the satisfaction level of the workers towards health and safety measures and suggest provisions to improve health and safety. This study would throw light on the perception of the workers regarding health and safety. . a study on the existing health and safety measures would help the organization to perform better. Natco Pharma ltd can identify the areas where it can be improved. so as to improve the performance of the workers. Since health and safety are two important elements essential for improving the productivity of an organization. Hyderabad.SCOPE OF THE STUDY: This study would give an overview of the health and safety measures existing at Natco Pharma ltd.

are those who are using Natco Pharma employees. This includes the specifications of source of data. Sampling procedure / Sampling method: The sampling method used for this study is Simple average sampling. and method of data collection. research design. . Duration of project: The duration of project work is about 45 days Sample units: The sampling units used by the researcher for this research. SAMPLE SIZE The number of samples collected by the researcher is 135. SAMPLE DESIGN: Geographical area: The study is conducted in NALGONDA (Nagarjuna Sagar) District.RESEARCH METHODOLOGY: Research methodology describes how the research study was undertaken. which is selected according to the easy and convenience of the researcher. the sampling method and the tools used.

Then the responses are filled up in the questionnaire. RESEARCH INSTRUMENT: Research instrument used for data collecting is questionnaire and interview schedule. . for further analysis. Secondary data: Here the researcher collected secondary data from the company profile. multiple choice questions and dichotomous questions. Interview Schedule The interview method of collecting data involves presentation of oral-verbal stimuli and reply in terms of oral-verbal responses. Questionnaire The questionnaire is prepared in a well-structured and non disguised form so that it is easily understandable and answerable by everyone. industry profile and official web sites. The type of questions include in the questionnaire are open-ended questions. The researcher used structured questionnaire.SOURCE OF DATA: Primary data: The researcher collected both by direct survey from the employees’ through questionnaire.

The respondents have replied to the queries recalling from their memory.LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY:  The study is applicable only to Natco Pharma ltd. Therefore recall bias and personal bias are possible.  Since the data was collected using a schedule. Hyderabad. Therefore the results cannot be generalized for the whole industry. .   Due to time constraints the sample size had to be confined to 100.  The respondents were unable or unwilling to give response. the interviewer unable to understand and record the responses correctly.

FRAME WORK OF ANALYSIS:
STASTICAL TOOLS USED FOR ANALYSIS:

The researcher carries out analysis through various statistical tools. The statistical analysis is useful for drawing inference from the collected information.

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Simple percentage analysis Bar diagrams Pie charts

INDUSTRY PROFLE
THE INDIAN PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY
The Indian pharmaceutical sector has come a long way, being almost non-existent before1970 to a prominent provider of healthcare products, meeting almost 95 per cent of the country’s pharmaceuticals needs. The Industry today is in the front rank of India’s science-based industries with wide ranging capabilities in the complex field of drug manufacture and technology. It ranks very high in the third world, in terms of technology, quality and range of medicines manufactured. From simple headache pills to sophisticated antibiotics and complex cardiac compounds, almost every type of medicine is now made indigenously. Playing a key role in promoting and sustaining development in the vital field of medicines, Indian Pharma Industry boasts of quality producers and many units approved by regulatory authorities in USA and UK. International companies associated with this sector have stimulated, assisted and spearheaded this dynamic development in the past 53 years and helped to put India on the pharmaceutical map of the world. The Indian Pharmaceutical sector is highly fragmented with more than 20,000 registered units with severe price competition and government price control. It has expanded drastically in the last two decades. There are about 250 large units that control 70 per cent of the market with market leader holding nearly 7 per cent of the market share and about 8000 Small Scale Units together which form the core of the pharmaceutical industry in India (including 5 Central Public Sector Units). These units produce the complete range of pharmaceutical formulations, i.e., medicines ready for consumption by patients and about 350 bulk drugs, i.e., chemicals having therapeutic value and used for production of pharmaceutical formulations.

Following the de-licensing of the pharmaceutical industry, industrial licensing for most of the drugs and pharmaceutical products has been done away with. Manufacturers are free to produce any drug duly approved by the Drug Control Authority. Technologically strong and totally self-reliant, the pharmaceutical industry in India has low costs of production, low R&D costs, innovative scientific manpower, strength of national laboratories and an increasing balance of trade. The Pharmaceutical industry in India is the world's third-largest in terms of volume and stands 14th in terms of value. According to Department of Pharmaceuticals, Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers, the total turnover of India's pharmaceuticals industry between 2008 and September 2009 was US$21.04 billion.[2] While the domestic market was worth US$12.26 billion. Sale of all types of medicines in the country is expected to reach around US$19.22 billion by 2012. Exports of pharmaceuticals products from India increased from US$6.23 billion in 2006-07 to US$8.7 billion in 2008-09 a combined annual growth rate of 21.25%.[2] According to PricewaterhouseCoopers (PWC) in 2010, India joined among the league of top 10 global pharmaceuticals markets in terms of sales by 2020 with value reaching US$50 billion. The government started to encourage the growth of drug manufacturing by Indian companies in the early 1960s, and with the Patents Act in 1970. However, economic

liberalization in 90s by the former Prime Minister P.V. Narasimha Rao and the then Finance Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh enabled the industry to become what it is today. This patent act removed composition patents from food and drugs, and though it kept process patents, these were shortened to a period of five to seven years.

In world rankings. driven by rising consumption levels in the country and strong demand from export markets. The organized sector accounts for just 5% of the industry with around 300 players.000 manufacturing units. Demand from the exports market has been growing rapidly due to the capability of Indian players to produce cost-effective drugs with world class manufacturing facilities. Pharma companies have developed Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) compliant facilities for the production of different dosage forms. Industry Trends A highly fragmented industry.INTRODUCTION TO PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY The Indian Pharmaceutical industry has been witnessing phenomenal growth in recent years. Bulk drugs of all major therapeutic groups. requiring complicated manufacturing processes are now being produced in India. growing at an annual rate of 9%. . while a huge 95% is in the unorganized sector. as given by the Organization of Pharmaceutical Producers of India. technology base and the wide range of products manufactured. A large number of players in the unorganized segment are small and medium enterprises and this segment contributes 35% of the industry’s turnover. The industry has seen tremendous progress in terms of infrastructure development. The pharmaceutical industry in India is estimated to be worth about US$ 10 bn. The ranking in value terms may also be a reflection of the low prices at which medicines are sold in the country. the domestic industry stands fourth in terms of volume and 13th in value terms. the Indian pharmaceutical industry is estimated to have over 10.

Factors favoring the industry are a vast resource of technical people. The Association works for the consolidation of gains of the industry and serves as a catalyst between the government and the industry on the various issues for the growth of the industry Bulk drug manufacturing is largely concentrated in Andhra Pradesh. gave Indian companies the opportunity to produce products under patent in overseas markets. duty free zones have been set up and several manufacturers of bulk drugs have been shifting their facilities to these areas. followed by Gujarat. This is an all India body representing all the Bulk Drug Manufacturers of India. The Indian bulk drug industry has lately been gaining signify cant presence in the global market as foreign and multinational companies are looking to sourcing APIs and intermediates from Indian manufacturers. Consequently. Key Drivers for the Pharmaceutical Industry Growing orientation towards Research and Development (R&D) The introduction of product patent in India has brought some fundamental changes in strategies of Indian pharmaceutical companies. which recognized only process patent. particularly regulated markets.The original Indian patent law. the diverse spread has now started getting consolidated and concentrated in certain regions across the country. with focus shifting more towards R&D.theart manufacturing facilities. As a result. As part of government’s support to increase exports.Bulk drug The Bulk Drug Manufacturers Association (India) was formed in 1991 with Hyderabad as its Head Quarters. state of. by adopting new processes. which accounts for more than one-third of the country’s total bulk drug production. companies were in advantageous position to produce drugs through reverse engineering at relatively very low cost that helped the domestic industry to . low cost and the advantage of the English language.

Most of these markets are not highly regulated and are considered to be low-value markets. Russia. Traditionally. this discouraged multinational companies from launching their new products in India. As a result. Expanding presence in regulated market Over the years. are known to give better value and margin to exporters . MNCs’ market share declined from 70% prior to 1972 to 20% at present. and the Middle East were the major markets for Indian pharmaceutical exports. Germany. which has enabled Indian companies to penetrate the high-value markets like the US and EU. On the other hand. Growing exports Exports have been the major growth enabler of the Indian pharmaceutical industry in recent years. APIs and intermediates to more than 200 countries across the world. India has shown better regulatory awareness and superior technical skills. Regulated markets. Nepal.grow faster during the initial stages of development. India exports pharmaceutical products. though difficult to penetrate due to stringent regulations. Exports of pharmaceutical products (finished products as classified under heading 30 of ITC-HS code) to the US grew by an impressive 33% to Rs 23 bn and by a whopping 62% to Rs 35 bn to the EU during FY04-FY06. fearing duplication of their new drug discovery through reverse engineering. Nigeria and India’s neighboring countries like Sri Lanka.

liquids. each of which has associated advantages and disadvantages. subcutaneous Others: such as eye-drops. It is the manner in which a medicine is administered that will determine to some extent whether or not the patient gains any clinical benefit. . aerosols that are applied on the skin Parenteral – Intravenous. pessaries. capsules.Formulations The administration of a medicine is a common but important clinical procedure. Routes of administration There are various routes of administration available. All the routes of drug administration need to be understood in terms of their implications for the effectiveness of the drug therapy and the patient’s experience of drug treatment. surgical dressings etc. powders are taken internally. Routes of administration     Oral: Tablets. and whether they suffer any adverse effect from their medicines. intramuscular. Topical: ointments. creams.

Performance and Reliability. NATCO family currently consists of more than 2500 employees. Since then. manufacturing and marketing of pharmaceutical substances and finished dosage forms for Indian and International markets. With a modest beginning of operations as a single unit with 20employees. anti-cold. Natco Pharma was promoted by V C Nannapaneni in the year 1981 as a private company to be in the business of research.COMPANY PROFILE: Natco Pharma Limited NATCO PHARMA LIMITED was incorporated in Hyderabad in the year 1981 with an initial investment of INR 3. The company began its operations in 1984 in Andhra Pradesh. NATCO today has five manufacturing facilities spread across India with dedicated modern research laboratories.5 million. . capabilities in New Drug Development. NATCO is utilizing its collective professional experience to kick start its transformation into a major player in the global pharmaceutical industry.In the first year of its operations. NATCO is well recognized for its innovation in Pharmaceutical R&D. The company’s first product was Cardicap. anti-asthmatic and antibiotic segments. We are committed to the creation and maximization of wealth for our shareholders. By 1985 it had dosage forms in the cardiovascular. we are consistently ranked among fastest growing pharmaceutical companies in India. developing.3 million. which is an anti -anginal drug. the company has introduced many dosage forms into the market. it achieved a sales figure of Rs 0.We is acclaimed by our customers for our Quality. etc.

Natco also has the credit of being one of the largest contract manufacturers in India. was incorporated on 19th September. it changed its name to NATCO PHARMA LTD.Today the company. to manufacture a wide range of tablets. . which began its operations as a single unit with 20 employees. COMPANY HISTORY . The company's factory is located 35km.rket for the first time in sustained action dosage forms. NATCO PHARMA LTD. and became a deemed Public Company with effect from 1st July. get their products manufactured by Natco. Consistently ranked among the fastest growing pharmaceutical companies in the country. away from Hyderabad on Bangalore Highway No. capsules.The Company began operations in 1984 with an objective to manufacture conventional and Timed Release Dosage forms of life savings drugs. Company as NATCO FINE PHARMACEUTICALS P. It has an on-line data for analysis and decision making. Antianxiety. Cardiac Drugs into Indian M. Natco is utilizing its collective experience to kick start its future plans as a global company. Dr Karanth Pharma Labs and Natco Laboratories merged with it. 1992 under Section 43A of the Act. 1981 in Andhra Pradesh as a Pvt. Natco Parenterals.NATCO PHARMA LTD. Natco Pharma grew in size when three companies. 1993 and received change of name certificate. Dr Reddy's Laboratories. Antiasthmatic. on 18th February. has four manufacturing facilities and employs around 1500 people. Subsequently. LTD. liquids and dry powders using automated equipments Indigenisation of Microdialysis Cell technology for various dosage forms was taken up as a challenge and Company had introduced Antihistaminic. Some of the well-known companies like Ranbaxy. 7. etc. Ltd. John Wyeth.The company was ranked 82nd in sales among Indian pharmaceutical companies in 1994.

NACLO TR (DICLOFENAC SODIUM). To channelise its operations in the US. It has also obtained the coveted ISO 9002 certification. CAMRELEASE TR (DIAZEPAM). NPL began to manufacture conventional and timerelease dosage forms of life-saving drugs. The company has introduced drugs like diltiazem. It has initiated registration proceedings (for its formulations) in over 20 countries.'81 as Natco Fine Pharmaceutical Ltd. with the Centre for Cellular & Molecular Biology for synthetic peptides and with the Central Leather Research Institute for oral vaccines. NATAMOX (AMOXYCILLIN). Natco Laboratories.'92 and in Feb. for keto-L-gluconic acid (a penultimate for iso-ascorbic acid). It has entered into research collaborations with Regional Research Laboratories.The major products manufactured by the company are as follows: FLOCY (CIPROFLOXACIN HCI). CARDICAP TR (ISOSORBIDE-Dl-NlTRATE). TR PHYLLIN (THEOPHYLLINE). Mahaboobnagar. COLDACT (PHENYL PROPANOLAMINE) HCI + CHLORPHENlRAMINEMALEATE) The Company holds the necessary licences issued by the Drug Control Authorities for the manufacture of these drugs at its existing plant at Kothur. it changed its name to Natco Pharma (NPL). the turnover which was at Rs.24 Lacs for the year 1993-94. NPL has formed a new subsidiary. IBUBID TR (IBUPROFEN). NATCOCILLIN (AMPICILLIN). it became a deemed public company with effect from Jul. Natco Pharma.'93. 3689. Jammu. Natco Parenterals and Karanth Pharmaceuticals have . POTRELEASE TR (POTASSIUM CHLORIDE). NPL is a contract manufacturer for reputed companies like Ranbaxy and Parke Davis. mononitrate. The turnover of the unit increased progressively. US. CEPIAM TR (CHLORPHENIRAMINE MALEATE). in time-release form. etc. 730 lacs for the year 1989-90 has grown to Rs. which will boost exports. BETACAP TR (PROPRANOLOL HCI). Incorporated in Sep.

Japan. Nellore District. During 1995-96. As a part of its diversification plans. the company entered into a agreement whereby Ranbaxy Laboratories (RLL) acquires rights in marketing certain NPL's products in Russia. The project is now proposed to be developed in 2 phases 1 V C Nannapaneni 3 V C Nannapaneni 2 M Adinarayana 4 Nitin Jagannath Deshmukh 5 G S Murthy 6 B S Bajaj 7 TV Rao 8 P Bhaskara Narayana 9 AKS Bhujanga Rao 10 Rajeev Nannapaneni Chairman Managing Director Company Secretary Additional Director Independent Director Independent Director Nominee Director . to provide a large asset base and to increase high-technology capability. USA. NPL has implemented the project for formulations in the US. Netherlands to create infrastructure. Flour Daniels. NPL to capitalise on the opportunities in the post-GATT era. Krishnapatnam Port Project has succeeded in signinig up with the UK based Indo British Port Development Consortium to develop the project. During 1996-97.EXIM Bank Whole Time Director Whole Time Director Vice Chairman & Chief Executive officer . Natco is a minority participant in this project. the company is participating in the development of Krishnapatnam Industrial Port City Project.merged with the flagship company. Ukraine and other countries of CIS. in collaboration with ITOCHU. and HAM. The Andhra Pradesh government has extended the time allowed for time closure of Krishnapatnam Port project by another 2 years.

In the first year of its operations. in Millions ) Natco House.natchopharma. Andhra Pradesh www. manufacturing and marketing of pharmaceutical substances and finished dosage forms for Indian and International markets. developing. The company’s Financials Total Income . Nitin Jagannath Deshmukh. P Bhaskara Narayana. V C Nannapaneni Business Operation Background Pharmaceuticals & Drugs Natco Pharma was promoted by V C Nannapaneni in the year 1981 as a private company to be in the business of research. Nitin Deshmukh.6575866 ( Rs.Date of Establishment Revenue Market Cap Corporate Address 1981 0 ( USD in Millions ) 13518. Jasti Samba Siva Rao. M Adinarayana.AKS Bhujanga Rao. B S Bajaj.Banjara HillsHyderabad-500033. TV Rao.V C Nannapaneni MD . Million ( year ending Mar 2012) Company Secretary Bankers Auditors M Adinarayana Brahmayya & Co . Durga Devi N. 4451.V C Nannapaneni Directors .co. it achieved a sales figure of Rs 0.Rs. The company began its operations in 1984 in Andhra Pradesh.906377 Million ( year ending Mar 2012) Net Profit . G S Murthy. Rajeev Nannapanent. C P Ravindranath.Rs.5 million. Bhaskara Narayana. Mukul Sarkar. Rajeev Nannapaneni.in Management Details Chairperson .Road No 2.

Business area of the company Natco manufactures a comprehensive range of branded and generic dosage forms. bulk actives and intermediates for both Indian as well as International markets. The product range of the company includes:           Diltiazem Omeprazole Lansoprazole Isosorbides Sumatriptan succinate Ondansetron Sertraline Granisetron Paroxetine Newer Quinolones and fourth genaration Cephalosorins Certification / Recognition   ISO 9002 certified dosage facility ISO-14001 certificate .

Launched anti-cancer drug-Imatinib Mesylate 100 mg capsules under the brand name VEENAT.     State-of-the-art manufacturing facilities .1981 for manufacture of pharmaceutical formulations.5 million. Pioneered Timed Release.1986. India.   Started Parenteral Manufacturing facility at Nagarjunasagar. A wide distribution network.cGMP.1995. Acquired Dr Karanth Pharma Chemical Labs. Merged three of the group companies with the parent. Indian and international. First full year in Operations . Process developed in-house. . This facility is TGA approved. a small bulk drug manufacturer. Achieved a rare feat of introducing the largest array of timed release products based on zero order release concept of micro dialysis cell technology.Milestones     Incorporated . ISO 9002 certified dosage facility. Natco Pharma Limited .1984 . a delayed acting sustained release technology.sales Rs 0. and certified for its environmental management systems (ISO-14001). Granted US patent for its manufacturing process of Omeprazole. now known as Natco Research Center.  Established bulk drug and Intermediate facility at Mekaguda. India .

 Environmental care is being taken by using the incineration and scrubbing systems arresting the liberated gases in to the atmosphere.  Having well equipped power charging. Competitive and profitable Engineering Enterprise Providing total business Solutions.  Constantly striving to reduce the manufacturing cost of the products by reducing the solvent losses and upgrading the systems.ABOUT PLANT  Having well equipped solvent recovery plant and recovery solvents are being used there by reducing the inventory. Infrastructure and other potential areas. innovation. Transportation. MISSION AND OBJECTIVE VISION A world class.  Automation system is provided so that when the incinerator is stopped the feeding stops automatically. Stand by scrubbers are provided for the alternate arrangement to the incinerator. COMPANY VISION. weighing and filling systems to reduce man handling in the final stages. . “To be a top 20 global pharmaceutical company by 2020” MISSION To be the leading Engineering Enterprise providing Quality products System and services in the field of Energy. Industry.

Respect for Dignity and potential of individuals. a desire to excel and willingness to experiment. Harmony & Social Responsibility We take care to protect our natural environment and serve the communities in which we live and work Meeting commitments made to External and internal Labours. Creativity and Speed of response. in each one of us. Collaboration & Teamwork We seek opportunities to build relationships and leverages knowledge. Loyalty and Pride in the Company Zeal to Excel Integrity and fairness in all matters. every time.VALUES       Quality We are dedicated to achieving the highest levels of the quality in everything we do to delight Labours. expertise and resource to create greater valve functions. Respect for the Individual We uphold the self esteem and diginity of each other by creating an open culture conductive for expression of views and ideas irrespective of the hierarchy. internal & external. Innovation & Continuous Learning We create an environment of innovation and learning that fosters. . business and locations. Faster learning.

and. mental and social well-being of workers in all occupations. the protection of workers in their employment from risks resulting from factors adverse to health.REVIEW OF LITERATURE: Definition: Organized efforts and procedures for identifying workplace hazards and reducing accidents and exposure to harmful situations and substances. the placing and maintenance of the worker in an occupational environment adapted to his or her physiological and psychological capabilities. According to the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the World Health Organization (WHO). It also includes training of personnel in accident prevention. Every year lakhs of workers are injured due to mechanical. the adaptation of work to the person and of each person to their job. health and safety at work is aimed at the promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical. labour laws and awareness of employers. and use of protective clothing and equipment. greater attention is given to health and safety due to pressure from government. Due to rapid industrialization. to summarise. the prevention among workers of leaving work due to health problems caused by their working conditions. . So in recent years. trade unions. chemical. electrical and radiation hazards and it leads to partial or total disablement. accident response. industrial workers are exposed to several types of hazards and accidents. emergency preparedness.

j) The adaptation of work to humans.Occupational health issues are often given less attention than occupational safety issues because the former are generally more difficult to confront. when health is addressed. psychology. ergonomics. engineering safety. Work environment consists of all the factors. it should aim at: f) The promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical. i) The placing and maintenance of workers in an occupational environment adapted to physical and mental needs. h) The protection of workers in their employment from risks resulting from factors adverse to health. g) The prevention among workers of adverse effects on health caused by their working conditions. . toxicology. so is safety. Successful occupational health and safety practice requires the collaboration and participation of both employers and workers in health and safety programmes. The primary aim is to create an environment. because a healthy workplace is by definition also a safe workplace.The efficiency of workers depends to a great extends on the environment in which the work. mental and social well-being of workers in all occupations. which act and react on the body and mind of an employee. education. which ensures the greatest ease of work and removes all causes of worries. and involves the consideration of issues relating to occupational medicine. etc. industrial hygiene. However. In its broadest sense. Occupational health and safety is a discipline with a broad scope involving many specialized fields.

mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of diseases. the statutory provisions regarding the health of the workers are stated in the sections 11 to 20. 1948. in an office. factory. etc.Work plays a central role in people's lives. some employers do not even know that they have the moral and often legal responsibility to protect workers. In fact. Health of the workers: Health is a state of complete physical. Therefore. work environments should be safe and healthy. since most workers spend at least eight hours a day in the workplace. whether it is on a plantation. It’s a positive and dynamic concept which means something more than the absence of illness. Statutory provisions: According to factories Act. They are . Unfortunately some employers assume little responsibility for the protection of workers' health and safety.

The State Government may make rules for the keeping of thermometers in specified places and the adoption of methods which will keep the temperature low.Cleanliness (sec 11): Every factory shall be kept clean by daily sweeping or washing the floors and workrooms and by using disinfectants where every necessary. The State Government can frame rules regarding the process of humidification etc. The exhaust fumes of internal combustion engines must be conducted outside the factory. doors and windows shall be repainted or varnished at least once in every 5 years. Disposal of wastes and effluents (sec 12): The waste materials produced from the manufacturing process must be effectively disposed of wastes. Artificial humidification (sec 15): The water used for this purpose must be pure. The temperature must be kept at a comfortable level. Ventilation and temperature (sec 13): There must be provision for adequate ventilation for the circulation of fresh air. The water used for humidification shall be taken from a public supply or other source of drinking water and must be effectively purified before use. Walls. Hot parts of machines must be separated and insulated. Removal of Dust and fumes (sec 14): If the manufacturing process used gives off injurious or offensive dust and steps must be taken so that they are not inhaled or accumulated. .

The State Government may take rules regarding their number. Latrines and urinals must be kept in a clean and sanitary condition.9 cubic meters of space per worker. In factories existing before the commencement of the Act there must be at least 9. For factories built afterwards. In factories employing more than 250 workers. No such points shall be within 20 ft.Overcrowding (sec 16): There must be no overcrowding in a factory. Drinking water (sec 18): Arrangements must be made to provide a sufficient supply of wholesome drinking water. (or 7. location and maintenance. The chief inspector of factories can also prescribe the maximum number of workers who can work in each work room. Toilet facilities (sec 19): Every factory must provide sufficient number of latrines and urinals. Effective measures must be adopted to prevent glare or formation of shadows which might cause eye strain.5 meters) of any latrine. Factories employing more than 250 workers must cool the water during the hot weather. washing place etc. they shall be of prescribed sanitary types.2 cubic meters of space. There must be separate provisions for male and female workers. there must be at least 4. All supply points of such water must be marked “drinking water”. . Lighting (sec 17): Factories must be well lighted. Spittoons (sec 20): A sufficient number of spittoons must be provided at convenient places. in a clean and hygienic condition.

loss and danger to persons. property or the environment in any facility or place involving the manufacturing. every part of transmission machinery. every moving part of a prime mover and every flywheel connected to prime mover the head-race and tail-race of every water wheel and water turbine. producing and processing of goods or merchandise. 1948.Safety of the workers: Safety is a measures or techniques implemented to reduce the risk of injury. Statutory provisions: According to factories Act. . must be securely fenced by safeguards of substantial construction. and every part of an electric generator. motor or rotary converter. the statutory provisions regarding the safety of the workers are stated in the sections 21 to 41. They are Fencing of machinery (Sec 21): In every factory. every dangerous part of any machinery.

wheel or pinion. Casing of new machinery (Sec 26): All machinery driven by power. Employment of young persons on Dangerous machines (Sec 23): A young person should not be allowed to work at dangerous machines unless. suitable striking gear or other efficient mechanical appliance has to be provided. spindle. if a person is liable to pass over the space over which it runs. Prohibition of employment of women and children near cotton openers (Sec 27): Women and child workers are prohibited to be employed in any part of a factory for pressing cotton in which a cotton opener is at work.Work on or near machinery in motion (Sec 22): It is necessary to examine any part of the machinery while it is motion. Striking gear and devices for cutting off power (Sec 24): In every factory. bolt or key or any revolving shaft. every set-screw. should be carried out only by a speciallytrained adult worker wearing tight-fitting clothing. has been sufficiently instructed and received sufficient training. The examination and lubrication of the machinery. . maintained and used to move driving belts. Self-acting machines (Sec 25): No travelling part of a self-acting machine in any factory and no material carried thereon shall be allowed to run on its outward or inward traverse within a distance of 18 inches from any fixed structure which is not a part of the machine. spur. while in motion. worm and other toothed or friction-gearing has to be properly encased or guarded in order to prevent danger to the workmen.

Hoists. effective arrangements shall be taken to ensure that the safe working pressure is not exceeded. chains. sumps. stairs. ropes and lifting tackles must be of good mechanical construction. passages and gangways shall be of sound construction and properly kept and maintained. carry or move any load so heavy as is likely to cause him injury. Revolving machinery (Sec 30): The maximum safe working peripheral speed of every grindstone or abrasive wheel shall be permanently affixed. Floors. sump. lifts. Excessive weights (Sec 34): No person is to be employed in any factory to lift. sound material and adequate strength and free from defects. basket. which may be a source of danger shall be either securely covered or securely fenced. pulley or disc has also to be ensured. lifting machines (Sec 28&29): Lifting machines. . Safe working peripheral speed of every revolving vessel. Pits. flywheel. steps. Pressure plant (Sec 31): In any factory operation is carried on at a pressure above the atmospheric pressure. cage. tank. openings in floors (Sec 33): Every fixed vessel. stairs and means of access (Sec 32): In every factory all floors. pit or opening in the ground or in a floor. They are to be properly maintained and thoroughly examined by a competent person at least once in every 6 months.

A free passage-way giving access to each means of escape in case of fire has to be maintained. Effective and clearly audible means of giving warning in the case of fire have to be provided. no person shall be allowed to enter any chamber. pipe. tank. vat. . Precautions against dangerous fumes (Sec 36): In any factory. effective enclosure of plant and machinery. removal or prevention of the accumulation of dust. gas etc and exclusion or effective enclosure of all possible sources of ignition.Protection of eyes (Sec 35): The state government may require the provision of effective screens or suitable goggles if the risk of injury to the eyes is caused from particles or fragments thrown off in the manufacturing process or from exposure to excessive light. flue or other confined space in which dangerous fumes are likely to be present to an extent involving risks to persons. Precaution in case of fire (Sec 38): Every factory has to be provided with adequate means of escape in case of fire. Power to require specifications of defective parts or tests of stability (Sec 39): The factory inspector to serve on the manager of a factory to furnish specifications of defective parts or he may order the manager to carry out tests as he may specify and to inform him of the results. Explosive or inflammable dust. gas (Sec 37): All practicable measures have to be taken to prevent explosion by.

the loss of income. For workers some of the direct costs of an injury or illness are: a) b) c) d) the pain and suffering of the injury or illness. Occupational accidents/disease: Work-related accidents or diseases are very costly and can have many serious direct and indirect effects on the lives of workers and their families. the possible loss of a job.Safety of buildings and machinery (Sec 40): Every factory should adopt the measures to ensure the safety of the buildings and machinery. The factory must employ the required safety officers according to the number of workers working in the factory. Power to make rules (Sec 41): The state government has the power to make rules to supplement the provisions relating to safety contained in the act. . Health-care costs.

One of the most obvious indirect costs is the human suffering caused to workers' families. or even more. which cannot be compensated with money. the route of exposure. the dose. Identifying hazards in the workplace: Use a variety of sources for information about potential or existing hazards in your workplace Some occupational diseases have been recognized for many years. and affect workers in different ways depending on the nature of the hazard.It has been estimated that the indirect costs of an accident or illness can be four to ten times greater than the direct costs. An occupational illness or accident can have so many indirect costs to workers that it is often difficult to measure them. etc. Some well-known occupational diseases include: .

An effective management addresses all work-related hazards. etc.) Noise-induced hearing loss (caused by noise. not only those covered by government standards. etc. automobile brake linings.) b) c) d) Silicosis (caused by silica.) Lead poisoning (caused by lead. and workplaces where noisy machines. sandblasting. which is common in mining. which is common in battery plants. it is essential that there be strong management commitment and strong worker participation in the effort to create and maintain a safe and healthy workplace. etc. such as presses or drills. . which is common in insulation.a) Asbestosis (caused by asbestos. etc. paint factories.) Importance of management commitment on health and safety: A successful health and safety programme requires strong management commitment and worker participation In order to develop a successful health and safety programme. including airports. which is common in many workplaces.

and workers should know who is responsible for different health and safety issues. the lines of responsibility from top to bottom need to be clear. Besides the other more obvious benefits of training. Insist that management make changes before hazardous conditions can develop.. etc. . In each workplace. They must communicate this by going out into the worksite to talk with workers about their concerns and to observe work procedures and equipment.All levels of management must make health and safety a priority. b) c) Assess their work environment. for example. Importance of training: Effective training is a key component of any health and safety programme Workers often experience work-related health problems and do not realize that the problems are related to their work. is in the early stages. a comprehensive training programme in each workplace will help workers to: a) Recognize early signs/symptoms of any potential occupational diseases before they become permanent conditions. such as skills development. hazard recognition. particularly when an occupational disease.

at the source whenever possible.Health and safety programmes: Effective workplace health and safety programmes can help to save the lives of workers by reducing hazards and their consequences. Records of any exposure are maintained for many years. For all of the reasons given below. workers and unions are committed to health and safety. Both workers and employers are informed about health and safety risks in the workplace. effective programmes can save employers a great deal of money. At the same time. Health and safety programmes also have positive effects on both worker morale and productivity. it is crucial that employers. a) b) c) d) Workplace hazards are controlled . e) Worker health and safety efforts are ongoing. There is an active and effective health and safety committee that includes both workers and management. . which are important benefits.

30 31 – 35 36 – 40 Above 40 NO. Table showing the age of the respondents S NO A B C D E RANGE Below 25 26 . more than one-fifth of the respondents are comes under the age limit of 26 – 30 years and nearly three-fifth of the respondents are having the age limit of 31 – 35 years and the remaining one-fifth respondents falls between the age limit of 36 – 40 years. . OF RESPONDENTS 36 72 27 135 PERCENTAGE % 27 53 20 100 Total Figure showing the age of the respondents 53 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Below 25 26 . There are no respondents having the age limit. Below 25 and Above 40 in the survey.DATA & DATA INTERPRETATION:  PERCENTAGE ANALYSIS: 1.30 31 – 35 AGE 36 – 40 Above 40 0 0 27 20 P E R C E N T A G E INFERENCE: In the survey.

more than two-fifth of the respondents are having the experience of 6 – 10 years and nearly three-fifth of the respondents are having the experience of 11 – 15 years and the remaining some respondents are having experience of 16 – 20 years. Below 5 and Above 20 in the survey.10 11 – 15 16 – 20 Above 20 NO. . There are no respondents having the experience. Table showing the experience (in years) of the respondents S NO A B C D E RANGE Below 5 6 .2.10 Above 20 Below 5 INFERENCE: In the survey. OF RESPONDENTS 58 63 14 135 PERCENTAGE % 43 47 10 100 Total Figure showing the experience (in years) of the respondents P E R C E N T A G E 50 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 43 47 10 0 11 – 15 EXPERIENCE 16 – 20 0 6 .

3. Table showing the awareness of health and safety S NO A B RANGE YES NO NO. . only less than half of the respondents are aware of the health and safety measures but more than half of the respondents respond that they are not aware of the health and safety measures adopted in the company. OF RESPONDENTS 63 72 135 PERCENTAGE % 47 53 100 Total Figure showing the awareness of health and safety 53 P E R C E N T A G E 53 52 51 50 49 48 47 46 45 44 47 YES NO AWARENESS OF HEALTH & SAFETY INFERENCE: In the survey.

.4. Table showing the effective arrangements for communicating health and safety matters S NO A B RANGE YES NO NO. only one-third of the respondents say that they have effective arrangements for communicating health and safety matters but nearly two-third of the respondents says that they have no effective arrangements for communicating health and safety matters in the company. OF RESPONDENTS 49 86 135 PERCENTAGE % 36 64 100 Total Figure showing the effective arrangements for communicating health and safety matters 64 P E R C E N T A G E 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 YES NO EFFECTIVE ARRANGEMENTS 36 INFERENCE: In the survey.

more than half of the respondents say that the company is providing medical facilities to the workers but less than half of the respondents respond the company is not providing any medical facilities to the workers. . OF RESPONDENTS 72 63 135 PERCENTAGE % 53 47 100 Total Figure showing the medical facility 53 P E R C E N T A G E 53 52 51 50 49 48 47 46 45 44 YES MEDICAL FACILITY NO 47 INFERENCE: In the survey. Table showing the medical facility S NO A B RANGE YES NO NO.5.

Table showing the health and safety training S NO A B RANGE YES NO NO. .6. OF RESPONDENTS 72 63 135 PERCENTAGE % 53 47 100 Total Figure showing the health and safety training HEALTH & SAFETY TRAINING 47 53 YES NO INFERENCE: In the survey. more than half of the respondents respond that they attended the health and safety training programme conducted in the company but less than half of the respondents says that they are not attended any health and safety training programme conducted in the company.

.7. OF RESPONDENTS 32 76 27 135 PERCENTAGE % 24 56 20 100 Total Figure showing the frequency of training offered TRAINING OFFERED 20 0 24 Once in 5 year Once in 3 year Yearly once Monthly Rarely 56 INFERENCE: In the survey.Table showing the frequency of training offered S NO A B C D E RANGE Once in 5 year Once in 3 year Yearly once Monthly Rarely NO. more than one-fifth of the respondents say that the training is offered once in 5 years and nearly three-fifth of the respondents respond that the training is offered once in 3 years and the remaining one-fifth respondents says that the training is offered yearly once. No respondents say that the training is offered monthly or rarely.

less than one-fifth of the respondents say that always they have proper drinking water and half of the respondents respond that sometimes they have proper drinking water and more than one-fifth respondents says often they have proper drinking water and some of the respondents says rarely they have proper drinking water facility inside the work place.8.Table showing the drinking water facility S NO A B C D E RANGE Always Sometimes Often Rarely Not at all NO. . OF RESPONDENTS 14 67 45 9 135 PERCENTAGE % 10 50 33 7 100 Total Figure showing the drinking water facility DRINKING WATER 7 0 10 Always Sometimes 33 Often Rarely 50 Not at all INFERENCE: In the survey.

Table showing the stress towards work S NO A B C D E RANGE Always Sometimes Often Rarely Not at all NO. only very few respondents say that always they have stress and nearly two-fifth of the respondents respond that sometimes they have stress and nearly three-fifth of the respondents says often they have stress and very few respondents says rarely they have stress towards work. .9. OF RESPONDENTS 9 45 72 9 135 PERCENTAGE % 7 33 53 7 100 Total Figure showing the stress toward work STRESS 7 0 7 Always Sometimes 33 Often Rarely Not at all 53 INFERENCE: In the survey.

. No respondents say that the health check-up was provided yearly or rarely. Table showing the health checkup for workers S NO A B C D E RANGE Yearly Half yearly Quarterly Monthly Rarely NO. more than one-fifth of the respondents say that the company provides health check-up half yearly and more than three-fifth of the respondents respond that the company provides health check-up quarterly and less than one-fifth respondents says that the company provides health check-up monthly.10. OF RESPONDENTS 32 94 9 135 PERCENTAGE % 24 69 7 100 Total Figure showing the health checkup for workers HEALTH CHECK UP 7 0 24 Yearly Half yearly Quarterly Monthly Rarely 69 INFERENCE: In the survey.

Table showing the machines maintained properly S NO A B C D E RANGE Always Sometimes Often Rarely Not at all NO.11. OF RESPONDENTS 4 54 63 14 135 PERCENTAGE % 3 40 47 10 100 Total Figure showing the machines maintained properly 50 P E R C E N T A G E 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Always Sometimes Often Rarely MACHINES MAINTAINED PROPERLY 3 0 Not at all 10 40 47 INFERENCE: In the survey. . only very few respondents say that always they are maintaining the machines properly and two-fifth of the respondents respond that sometimes they are maintaining the machines properly and more than two-fifth respondents says often they are maintaining the machines properly and less than one-fifth of the respondents says rarely they are maintaining the machines properly.

.Table showing the accidents happened S NO A B C D E RANGE Always Sometimes Often Rarely Not at all NO.12. only very few respondents say that always the accidents are happened and less than one-fifth of the respondents respond that sometimes the accidents are happened and three-fifth respondents says often the accidents are happened and one-fifth of the respondents says rarely the accidents are happened. OF RESPONDENTS 4 23 81 27 135 PERCENTAGE % 3 17 60 20 100 Total Figure showing the accidents happened Not at all A C Rarely C I Often D E N Sometimes T S Always 0 0 20 60 17 3 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 PERCENTAGE INFERENCE: In the survey.

Table showing the ranking accidents by their occurrence S NO A B C D RANGE Fallen from height Finger injuries Electric shocks Fire accidents NO. only very few respondents ranked fallen from height are occurred and less than two-fifth of the respondents ranked finger injuries are occurred but more than two-fifth of the respondents ranked electric shocks are happened and less than one-fifth of the respondents ranked fire accidents are happened.13. . OF RESPONDENTS 4 50 63 18 135 PERCENTAGE % 3 37 47 13 100 Total Figure showing the ranking accidents by their occurrence ACCIDENTS RANKING 3 13 37 Fallen from height Finger injuries Electric shocks Fire accidents 47 INFERENCE: In the survey.

nearly four-fifth of the respondents say that the company is providing safety requirements for work and more than one-fifth of the respondents only respond that the company is not providing any safety requirements for work. . Table showing the company providing safety requirements S NO A B RANGE YES NO NO. OF RESPONDENTS 99 36 135 PERCENTAGE % 73 27 100 Total Figure showing the company providing safety requirements SAFETY REQUIREMENTS 27 YES NO 73 INFERENCE: In the survey.14.

OF RESPONDENTS 41 94 135 PERCENTAGE % 31 69 100 Total Figure showing the safety committee formed SAFETY COMMITTEE 31 YES NO 69 INFERENCE: In the survey.15. nearly two-fifth of the respondents respond that the safety committee is formed in the company but more than three-fifth of the respondents say that the safety committee is not formed in the company. Table showing the safety committee formed S NO A B RANGE YES NO NO. .

Table showing the safety inspections held in the company S NO A B C D E RANGE Yearly Monthly Weekly Daily Rarely NO. No respondents say that the safety inspections are held daily or rarely in the company. one-fifth of the respondents say that the safety inspections are held yearly once and more than three-fifth of the respondents respond that the safety inspections are held monthly once and less than one-fifth respondents says that the safety inspections are held weekly once. OF RESPONDENTS 27 90 18 135 PERCENTAGE % 20 67 13 100 Total Figure showing the safety inspections held in the company 67 P E R C E N T A G E 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Yearly Monthly Weekly Daily SAFETY INSPECTIONS Rarely 20 13 0 0 INFERENCE: In the survey. .16.

No respondents are very much satisfied and dissatisfied with the health and safety measures adopted in the company.17. more than four-fifth of the respondents say that they are simply satisfied with the health and safety measures adopted in the company and less than one-fifth of the respondents say that they have no idea about the satisfaction level from health and safety measures. . OF RESPONDENTS 117 18 135 PERCENTAGE % 87 13 100 Total Figure showing the satisfactory level of workers towards health and safety measures 87 P E R C E N T A G E 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 13 0 Very much satisfied Satisfied Neutral 0 Dissatisfied 0 Highly dissatisfied SATISFACTION LEVEL INFERENCE: In the survey. Table showing the satisfactory level of workers towards health and safety measures S NO A B C D E RANGE Very much satisfied Satisfied Neutral Dissatisfied Highly dissatisfied NO.

two-fifth of the respondents say that the role of management in implementing health and safety is best and more than two-fifth of the respondents say that the role of management is better and less than one-fifth of the respondents respond that the role of management in implementing health and safety is good.18. . OF RESPONDENTS 54 67 14 135 PERCENTAGE % 40 50 10 100 Total Figure showing the role of management in implementing health and safety 50 P E R C E N T A G E 50 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 40 10 0 Excellent Best Better Good ROLE OF MANAGEMENT 0 Poor INFERENCE: In the survey. Table showing the role of management in implementing health and safety S NO A B C D E RANGE Excellent Best Better Good Poor NO. No respondents say that the role of management in implementing health and safety is excellent or poor.

OPINIONS AND SUGGESTIONS: .

FINDINGS:  53% of the respondents are having the age limit of 31 – 35 years and 27% of the respondents are comes under the age limit of 26 – 30 years and 20% of the respondents are falls between the age limit of 36 – 40 years.  56% of the respondents respond that the training is offered once in 3 years and 24% of the respondents respond that the training is offered once in 5 years and 20% of the respondents say that the training is offered yearly once.  53% of the respondents respond that they attended the health and safety training programme but 47% of the respondents says that they are not attended any health and safety training programme conducted in the company. 64% of the respondents say that they have no effective arrangements for communicating health and safety matters.  50% of the respondents respond that sometimes they have proper drinking water and 33% of the respondents says often they have proper drinking water and 10% of the respondents say that always they have proper drinking water and 7% of the respondents says rarely they have proper drinking water facility inside the work place. . only 36% agrees that they have effective arrangements for communicating health and safety matters.  53% of the respondents says often they have stress and 33% of the respondents respond that sometimes they have stress and 7% of the respondents say that always they have stress and only 7% of the respondents says rarely they have stress towards work.   53% of the respondents respond that they are not aware of the health and safety measures and only 47% of the respondents are aware of the health and safety measures.  53% of the respondents say that the company is providing medical facilities but 47% of the respondents respond that the company is not providing medical facilities to the workers.  47% of the respondents are having the experience of 11 – 15 years and 43% of the respondents are having the experience of 6 – 10 years and only 10% of the respondents are having the experience of 16 – 20 years.

67% of the respondents respond that the safety inspections are held monthly once and 20% of the respondents say that the safety inspections are held yearly once and 13% of the respondents say that the safety inspections are held weekly once.  60% of the respondents say often the accidents are happened and 20% of the respondents say rarely the accidents are happened and 17% of the respondents respond that sometimes the accidents are happened and only 3% of the respondents say that always the accidents are happened.  50% of the respondents say that the role of management is better and 40% of the respondents say that the role of management is best and 10% of the respondents respond that the role of management in implementing health and safety is good.   69% of the respondents say that the safety committee is not formed in the company and only 31% of the respondents respond that the safety committee is formed in the company. .  73% of the respondents say that the company is providing safety requirements for work but 27% of the respondents respond that the company is not providing any safety requirements for work.  47% of the respondents ranked electric shocks are happened and 37% of the respondents ranked finger injuries are occurred and 13% of the respondents ranked fire accidents are happened and only 3% of the respondents ranked fallen from height are occurred.  87% of the respondents say that they are simply satisfied with the health and safety measures and 13% of the respondents say that they have no idea about the satisfaction level from health and safety measures.  47% of the respondents says often they are maintaining the machines properly and 40% of the respondents respond that sometimes they are maintaining the machines properly and only 10% of the respondents says rarely they are maintaining the machines properly and 3% of the respondents say that always they are maintaining the machines properly. 69% of the respondents respond that the company provides health check-up quarterly and 24% of the respondents say that the company provides health check-up half yearly and 7% of the respondents say that the company provides health check-up monthly.

The management has to take necessary steps to reduce the stress level of the workers. The company has to conduct the regular inspections to ensure higher level of safety in the workplace.     It is better to provide frequent health and safety training. finger injuries etc. due to lack of concentration. Meditation practices can be given to avoid electric shocks. Orientation programmes can be conducted to make the workers to feel that their work environment is safe to work. They have to provide effective arrangements to the workers for communicating their health and safety matters. . The company has to provide enough drinking water facility available at all the time. atleast once in a year.   Proper training has to be given to the workers to avoid frequent accidents.SUGGESTIONS:   The company has to create the awareness for the workers regarding health and safety.  Cordial relationship has to be maintained between the management and the workers to implement the health and safety policies and measures in a smooth manner.   Safety committee has to be formed to monitor the health and safety issues.

CONCLUSION: It is revealed from the study that. . Also repeated accidents like electric shocks. and Hydrabad are provided to the workers according to the provisions of the factories act. The role of management in implementing health and safety in the organization is very effective. the health and safety measures adopted in Natco Pharma ltd. If the company implements effective disciplinary procedures. Nagarjuna Sagar. Suitable ideas were suggested to avoid those accidents and to improve the health and safety measures. finger injuries are occurred in the workplace. Most of the workers were satisfied with the health and safety measures adopted in the company. it will help the company to go with their policies and also to maintain health and safety in the organization. It reveals that the awareness of the workers about health and safety in the workplace is inadequate.

QUESTIONNAIRE: 1) Name (Optional) : 2) Age (a) Below 25 (b) 26-30 (c) 31-35 (d) 36-40 (e) Above 40 3) Experience (in years) (a) Below 5 (b) 6-10 (c) 11-15 (d) 16-20 (e) Above 20 4) Are you aware of the health and safety measures adopted in the company? (a) Yes (b) No 5) Do you have effective arrangements for communicating health and safety matters? (a) Yes (b) No 6) Does the company provide medical facility to the workers? (a) Yes (b) No 7) Have you attended any health and safety training in your company? (a) Yes (b) No 8) How frequent training is offered in the company? (a) Once in 5 year (b) once in 3 year (c) yearly once (d) Monthly (e) Rarely .

9) Do you have proper drinking water facility inside your work place? (a) Always (b) Sometimes (c) Often (d) Rarely (e) Not at all 10) Do you have any stress towards work? (a) Always (b) Sometimes (c) Often (d) Rarely (e) Not at all 11) How often the company provide health checkup for workers? (a) Yearly (b) Half yearly (c) Quarterly (d) Monthly (e) Rarely 12) Are the machines maintained properly? (a) Always (b) Sometimes (c) Often (d) Rarely (e) Not at all 13) How often the accidents happen? (a) Always (b) Sometimes (c) Often (d) Rarely (e) Not at all 14) Rank the accidents by their occurrence? ACCIDENTS Fallen from height Finger injuries Electric shocks Fire accidents RANKING .

15) Are they providing the safety requirements for work? (a) Yes (b) No 16) Whether safety committee formed in the company? (a) Yes (b) No 17) How often the safety inspections are held in your company? (a) Yearly (b) Monthly (c) Weekly (d) Daily (e) Rarely 18) Satisfactory level of the health and safety measures taken in the company? (a) Very much satisfied (b) Satisfied (c) Neutral (d) Dissatisfied (e) Highly dissatisfied 19) The role of management in implementing health and safety? (a) Excellent (b) Best (c) Better (d) Good (e) poor OPINIONS AND SUGGESTIONS: .

www. Civil Lines.S.google. Nagpur Annual Reports of Organization Internal Records of Organization Websites:     www.humanresources. . www.com.BIBLIOGRAPHY: Sr.No Authors Year Title City of publication Publisher 1 2 V. Ltd.about.natcopharma.P.Ashwathappa 2000 1997 Human Resource Human Resource and Personal Management New Delhi Excel Books New Delhi Tata Mc GrawHill Publishing Co.com. www. 3 Company Magazines - Khanan Bharti Pragati Nagpur WCL Coal Estate.com.Rao K.yahoo.com.