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# EE491 – Ex5; Second-order control system properties Wednesday group

93671 – ‫أنس مفتاح محمد القعود‬

Objective: To study second order control system and the effect of the open-loop gain (Kp) on the system stability.

Required apparatus:
1- Process simulator B3510-D 2-Process controller B3510-E 3-DC power supply 4- OSC

Introduction: The block diagram shows the closed-loop system understudy with unity negative-feedback arm. The direct arm amplifier (Kp), an integrator and a derivator. In the second order system the denominator of its transfer function has two roots. The position of the roots depends on te open-loop gain. By sufficiently rising the gain the system can be turned from a stable operation to permanent oscillations.

-Why Study Second Order Systems? Second order systems are important for a number of reasons. They are the simplest systems that exhibit oscillations and overshoot.
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Many important systems exhibit second order system behavior. Second order behavior is part of the behavior of higher order systems and understanding second order systems helps you to understand higher order systems.

-Note On System Responses Knowing how to compute impulse and step response is not an end in itself. Let's face it, any system you build will not have many impulses or steps as inputs. However, it is important that these responses are important for several reasons.

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2|6 .how fast it occurs. help the designer predict how well the system will respond to other inputs. A change in damping ratio means that the pole location has changed. We have seen how the step response changes when the damping ratio is varied.EE491 – Ex5. etc. Step inputs are often used as test inputs to determine how well a system is performing. *Pole location is a function of damping ratio. The shape of the step response . Pole location is important for predicting responses to all kinds of inputs. how much it oscillates. Second-order control system properties Wednesday group 93671 – ‫أنس مفتاح محمد القعود‬ *Step response is an important response. *How the damping ratio influences the response is important.

Second-order control system properties Wednesday group 93671 – ‫أنس مفتاح محمد القعود‬ 3|6 .EE491 – Ex5.

Second-order control system properties Wednesday group 93671 – ‫أنس مفتاح محمد القعود‬ From the experiment we have cases like these.Overdamped system 2.Underdamped system 4|6 . 1.EE491 – Ex5.

Undamped system In the following: depiction of separate step responses for systems through a simulation software A) Overdamped B) Underdamped 5|6 .EE491 – Ex5. Second-order control system properties Wednesday group 93671 – ‫أنس مفتاح محمد القعود‬ 3.

or critically stable or unstable The location of the poles is very important in this determination. to sum things up: this figure shows how a system would be stable. Whether it was on the LHP or the RHP. (last figure) Now. whether they’re real or imaginary. 6|6 . distinct or repeated We tried the values in the laboratory and got similar results. Second-order control system properties Wednesday group 93671 – ‫أنس مفتاح محمد القعود‬ C) Undamped In each and everyone of those we should note how the response is related to the unit step. Where there is OS (underdamped) and where there are permanent oscillations.EE491 – Ex5.