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Labour Force Survey, December 2012

Released at 8:30 a.m. Eastern time in The Daily, Friday, January 4, 2013
Employment rose by 40,000 in December, the fourth increase in five months. December's increase was all in full-time work. The unemployment rate declined 0.1 percentage points to 7.1%, the lowest in four years.

Chart 1 Employment

Compared with 12 months earlier, employment increased 1.8% or 312,000, all in full-time work. Over the same period, the total number of hours worked rose 1.6%. Provincially, employment increased in Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Newfoundland and Labrador and Prince Edward Island in December. At the same time, there was a decline in Nova Scotia. Employment rose among private sector employees in December, up 59,000, while there was little change in public sector employment and self-employment. Year over year, employment gains among private sector employees totaled 242,000 (+2.2%), while public sector employment rose by 92,000 (+2.6%). Over the same period, the number of self-employed was little changed. Among industries, employment increased in transportation and warehousing as well as construction, while there were fewer workers in professional, scientific and technical services; natural resources; and public administration. In December, employment increased among core-aged men 25 to 54. Over the year, employment gains were shared among core-aged workers and those 55 and over, while employment among youths was unchanged.

the highest growth rate of all provinces.1%. going from 49.5% in December.0 percentage point to 11. following an increase of similar magnitude the previous month. employment in the province was up 1.6%.1% in December 2012.7%. employment increased by 1. Friday. although the lowest of all provinces.200. Employment in Nova Scotia fell by 5. The unemployment rate remained at 7. Employment was little changed from 12 months earlier. employment in the province was up 1. Employment in Newfoundland and Labrador increased by 2.9%.300 and the unemployment rate stood at 11.9%.000 in Saskatchewan in December.000 in December.3%. employment in the province has fallen by 1.700 and the unemployment rate fell 1. In Prince Edward Island. employment was up by 5. as more people participated in the labour market. mostly in full time.5 percentage points to 9. January 4.The Daily. while the unemployment rate increased by 0. Compared with 12 months earlier. 2013 Chart 2 Unemployment rate Gains in several provinces Employment in Ontario rose by 33. 11-001-X . The unemployment rate was little changed from the previous month at 4.5%. the fourth increase in five months.0% in December. In Manitoba.4% in July 2009 to 55. With this employment decline. The unemployment rate was 5. but below the national growth rate of 1.000 in December.9% since December 2011.2% in December. has been steadily increasing. employment in this province has increased by 3. and remained among the lowest of all provinces. as more people entered the labour force. little changed from the previous month. Employment rose by 4.8%. Compared with 12 months earlier. On a year-over-year basis. 2 Component of Statistics Canada catalogue no. bringing total growth over the previous 12 months to 3. The employment rate.

manufacturing (+3. This information is produced monthly in the form of three-month moving averages. Following an increase the previous month. there were more people working in transportation and warehousing. Despite this increase. 7. Compared with 12 months earlier. Employment in construction rose by 18.1% in Yukon. Quarterly update for the territories The Labour Force Survey also collects labour market information about the territories.3 percentage points to 6.6%). Employment in Quebec was little changed in December and the unemployment rate declined 0. Component of Statistics Canada catalogue no.000 in professional.000 in December. 2013 In December. Their unemployment rate has hovered around 14% for the past two years and was 14.000 (+5. therefore.000 in December.000. and increased by 164.8%.2% in Nunavut in the fourth quarter of 2012.1% in December. Alberta still has the lowest unemployment rate of all provinces at 4. up 22.5%). finance. employment was down 1. building and other support services (+5. bringing their gains for the year to 97. Over the year. scientific and technical services in December. Friday.000 among core-aged men (25 to 54). employment in New Brunswick was little changed and the unemployment rate was 10.1%) on a year-over-year basis.1%).000 (+1.1%) on a year-over-year basis. real estate and leasing (+6.3%) on a year-over-year basis.3 percentage points to 7.000 (+1.3%).4%). employment was little changed.9%. The unemployment rate for core-aged men in December was the lowest in four years at 5. This decline brought employment down 69. In the fourth quarter of 2012. Employment in this province has grown by 3. Employment in public administration declined by 13.5%.000 (-5. Employment growth over the year was 1. 11-001-X 3 . The unemployment rates were 6. In Alberta. Among persons aged 55 and over. comparisons should only be made on a year-over-year basis. Employment among youths aged 15 to 24 was unchanged in December.3 percentage points as more people searched for work. In British Columbia. the highest employment growth rates were in educational services (+8. and was below its level of 12 months earlier by 23. Employment among women aged 25 to 54 was little changed in December and up 60. bringing employment in this industry to a level similar to that of December 2011.5%. Compared with 12 months earlier.5% compared with 12 months earlier.5%. and similar to that of 12 months earlier. employment declined by 42. employment levels in all three territories were similar to those in the fourth quarter of 2011. employment was little changed in December. insurance. driven in part by population aging.4% in Northwest Territories and 14. little changed from the fourth quarter of 2011. Despite this increase. below the national growth rate.9%).The Daily.3% as fewer people searched for work. More men aged 25 to 54 employed in December Employment in December rose by 41. The following data are not seasonally adjusted. business.000 (-2.9%. and health care and social assistance (+2. employment in this industry was little changed from 12 months earlier. while the unemployment rate increased by 0. employment was little changed in December and the unemployment declined 0. rate Gains in transportation and warehousing as well as construction In December. employment was little changed for the month. January 4.5%).

this release presents seasonally adjusted estimates. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percentage of the labour force (employed and unemployed). free). see the Guide to the Labour Force Survey (71-543-G. The rate for a particular group (for example. 2013 Note to readers Annual average estimates for 2012 are now available on CANSIM (tables 282-0001 to 282-0219). January 4. For more information on seasonal adjustment. youth aged 15 to 24) is the number employed in that group as a percentage of the population for that group. see Seasonal adjustment and identifying economic trends. The employment rate is the number of employed persons as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over. 2013. 282-0116 and 282-0117) on February 1. monthly estimates will show more variability than trends observed over longer time periods. Revision Seasonally adjusted estimates from the LFS will be revised using the latest seasonal factors. Unless otherwise stated. 4 Component of Statistics Canada catalogue no. consult the 'Estimates quality' section of the publication Labour Force Information (71-001-X. 11-001-X . 282-0100. For an explanation of sampling variability of estimates and how to use standard errors to assess this variability. The revised estimates will be available on CANSIM (tables 282-0087 to 282-0094. The participation rate is the number of employed and unemployed as a percentage of the population. The Labour Force Survey (LFS) estimates are based on a sample and are therefore subject to sampling variability. As a result. For more detailed information. Estimates for smaller geographic areas or industries also have more variability. free). going back three years (January 2010 onwards). Friday. which facilitates comparisons by removing the effects of seasonal variations.The Daily.

January 4.181..565...3 -1.4 1. .6 58.2 2.8 41.. .The Daily..7 7.6 14.050.9 7.8 7.2 -3.5 11.5 7.444.1 62.0 -0.159.6 1.6 2.6 21.0 606. .1 142.3 -0.7 -9.626. 15 to 24 years Population Labour force Employment Full-time Part-time Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate Part-time rate Men.1 3.7 5. 1.. .4 -0.8 63..357.9 .0 10.2 -0..2 5.3 -0.468.8 1..639.435.4 515.996.3 7.1 54..740.435.1 -0.0 337.8 13.6 % change 0. . 11-001-X 5 ..5 -0.9 6.7 146. ...4 0.6 0..6 21.5 0.0 62.4 0.2 0.8 14.9 171. .1 0. .9 18.2 0..4 7.5 12..0 441.3 311.8 17.6 611.4 -2..0 -1.7 27.5 2..1 3..1 5.. 1.2 1.2 1.8 1.2 1..4 68. .4 -0.0 0.2 3.456. . .9 1.2 2. .400..2 66.1 -0.7 2.1 0. ..1 62.245.0 -0.5 Component of Statistics Canada catalogue no.3 397. 0..6 8.0 18.6 8. 25 years and over Population Labour force Employment Full-time Part-time Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate Part-time rate Women.3 543.1 1..607..1 0.2 62.9 63.2 0.0 0. 28.1 1.639.8 7.179.666..2 0.3 72..0 -1. .3 0.2 7.. 1..359.8 269.3 39. 0.0 38.9 2..7 -0.5 0.0 3.318.4 0..3 -0.. .0 -0. .9 -4.2 0.9 6.835.0 0.7 4.307..9 2.833.4 0.1 2.1 0..2 -9.0 0. .6 19.6 8.  not applicable Note(s):   Related CANSIM table 282-0087.9 3. ..3 174.1 14.1 -1.1 0.5 0.4 1.. 0.542.1 0.157.0 54.1 1. Friday.0 -0...0 -0.011..9 0..8 58.9 -28..1 5.0 400.9 7.2 -1.4 1..8 -14.0 -38.5 28.4 -12.5 -7.7 72.3 0.9 17.8 4..9 306.2 .8 7. .0 -0..1 13.8 -26.276.6 11.369.023. 15 years and over Population Labour force Employment Full-time Part-time Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate Part-time rate Youths...622.308.. 0.0 68.277.540.8 161..6 14...1 0.4 -0..6 47.. .0 0.0 .442.7 5.5 0... change in thousands (except rates) 25.4 1..6 8..6 14. 2013 Table 1 Labour force characteristics by age and sex – Seasonally adjusted November 2012 December 2012 November to December 2012 December 2011 to December 2012 November to December 2012 December 2011 to December 2012 thousands (except rates) Both sexes.456.1 -0.7 66. ..1 0.1 0.9 169.. 25 years and over Population Labour force Employment Full-time Part-time Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate Part-time rate .258.1 0.6 0.2 0.4 -4...5 43.1 .753..1 18.9 136.1 0.0 .4 2.555.6 -0.7 .0 0..0 . .0 . .3 0.6 1.2 169...1 13.1 -0.6 12.2 428.8 2.2 -42.5 1.1 0. .1 0.5 17..8 -5.6 47.

9 21. real estate and leasing Professional.8 15.3 2.676.8 2.9 1.8 0.666.4 103.2 13.3 2.3 24.6 0.1 0.4 0.259.5 0.5 2.8 -3. 2013 Table 2 Employment by class of worker and industry (based on NAICS1) – Seasonally adjusted November 2012 December 2012 November to December 2012 December 2011 to December 2012 November to December 2012 % change 334. mining.865.6 225.0 9.6 2.4 148.9 3.6 10.1 5.5 17. Friday.2 1.1 1.7 1.1 -12.0 -22.5 3.314.323.0 53.6 1.2 697.The Daily.  North American Industry Classification System.0 1.1 1.8 2.3 3.7 -0.6 17.8 357.0 -0.2 0. 6 Component of Statistics Canada catalogue no.4 371.1 1.2 0.5 -41.366.8 2. fishing. oil and gas.5 2.4 1.119.647.9 13.3 -22.4 17.787.2 11.1 0. scientific and technical services Business.2 2.6 3.3 6.9 -3.4 1.5 2.  Also referred to as forestry.8 838.5 2.3 -0.7 -2.9 3.1 36.7 2.2 2.2 59.7 67. January 4.7 1.1 17.4 -5.7 0.8 -6.8 -2.112.5 -22.111.8 9.1 0. 11-001-X .8 3.7 0.5 776.690.014. quarrying.4 0.8 0.7 0.5 795.0 1. culture and recreation Accommodation and food services Other services Public administration 14.4 -0.7 22.1 1.8 3.5 1.5 12.8 -7.3 242.8 776.2 -69.4 1.5 145.8 15.4 1.0 311.3 1.4 1.283.6 8.777.3 794.9 0.761.9 0.4 11.675.880.5 13.4 28.5 1.6 11. insurance.644.173.2 -3.324.5 7.1 2.6 965. 2. building and other support services Educational services Health care and social assistance Information.276.2 12.4 313.156.4 92.117.2 0.9 86.2 change in thousands 62.0 -1.626.3 December 2011 to December 2012 thousands Class of worker Employees Self-employed Public/private sector employees Public Private All industries Goods-producing sector Agriculture Natural resources2 Utilities Construction Manufacturing Services-producing sector Trade Transportation and warehousing Finance.5 8.2 308.4 0.4 39.307.7 685.5 0.951.5 61.2 1. Note(s):   Related CANSIM tables 282-0088 and 282-0089.6 2.786.2 5.7 953.652.7 860.4 -13.

7 10.3 0.1 -7. 2013 Table 3 Labour force characteristics by province – Seasonally adjusted November 2012 December 2012 November to December 2012 December 2011 to December 2012 November to December 2012 December 2011 to December 2012 thousands (except rates) Newfoundland and Labrador Population Labour force Employment Full-time Part-time Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate Prince Edward Island Population Labour force Employment Full-time Part-time Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate Nova Scotia Population Labour force Employment Full-time Part-time Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate New Brunswick Population Labour force Employment Full-time Part-time Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate Quebec Population Labour force Employment Full-time Part-time Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate 427.7 -1..2 0.4 -1. .9 2.5 -0.3 -1.4 1.0 1.2 0.3 4.0 30.9 65.1 55. ..8 -4.6 82.2 -0.5 73.8 347.0 61...659.5 5.5 .5 -1. ..3 8.6 -0. 0.7 498. ..4 -0..6 5.5 -0. 0.8 .4 1.0 -0.2 56.8 .. .5 9.8 1.3 0.0 1.3 15.4 60.8 0.2 62.0 0.6 -4.4 11.9 -1.3 6.4 235.4 -8.6 -0.1 0.9 14..8 363.7 -0..7 63.. -0.276.3 44.1 -1.2 762. .8 293..6 0.2 393.5 120.0 -0. Component of Statistics Canada catalogue no.2 2.....3 620..8 56.5 -7.8 8.1 1...1 120.8 12.2 755.4 294.9 8.1 .4 -0.6 620.4 -2.0 1.9 -1.4 68.7 200..9 -0. 0.8 449.044...6 428.1 -0.4 1.2 86..3 -2.1 33.7 2.1 2.5 54.4 349.9 15.1 60.0 63. 0.9 4..2 -1. .2 12. .1 -2.0 -0.6 780..5 46. 0.6 74.3 233.6 83.7 change in thousands (except rates) 0.1 4.1 -0...2 -0.0 333.1 59... 0.5 ..8 1.0 3.6 12.1 63..9 31..9 319. Friday.2 -0.5 55.1 0.4 0... . .2 3.6 9.6 -1.7 18..0 3.4 11.372.1 0.8 .0 62.7 -2.4 7.3 0.4 -1.3 1..8 -2.4 4.8 266..5 -3. ..288.3 3.9 -2.3 2.038.1 266.4 -1.1 86.5 ..9 -2. 0.7 9.7 5.7 -2.2 -0.2 -2.8 -1.0 389.The Daily.. .3 11. .3 ..7 1.2 5.5 -1.3 -6..3 0..1 -0. .1 -13.1 -0.2 1.2 3.7 -4.8 58.5 5.8 495...0 201.0 122.2 -3.0 -1.5 3.0 -2.4 -0.6 60.5 -0.0 -0.9 2.0 -6.1 .. 11-001-X 7 .2 -1.. .2 11.5 12. January 4.6 % change 0.5 -8.0 1.4 -0.8 -0.363.2 -51. 0.2 -1.5 54.6 138.6 1.3 1. ..2 1.1 0...8 -2.7 35.7 780..8 43.3 -1..1 2.0 -0...1 -14.6 7..2 -0.1 6.1 -0.9 .9 -0.664.3 3. .6 0.1 0...6 -5..0 88.5 -0.7 13.4 60.3 57.6 62.8 366.3 60.. .4 65.. .2 0.5 7.8 0.9 10.6 -6.4 454.4 42.2 69.2 4. .

2 512.8 120. . 0..1 0.6 4.3 0.7 540.3 10.6 3.0 .0 -0.3 26..3 633.1 0.7 1. 11.1 0.0 64..7 0.1 2.313.4 638.0 0.2 9.6 -1.545.. .9 496.8 35.1 0.7 1. 1.2 2..2 97.9 4. .2 69..9 5.4 161.8 4.0 0.1 0.539.812.8 0..1 2.4 9.5 69.439. ..4 -0.1 69.6 -23. 1..2 1.853..9 1.3 2. 11-001-X .0 1.4 7. 0. . 8 Component of Statistics Canada catalogue no.4 445.4 30...4 11. .809.6 0.2 11.827.0 0.2 0. .5 337.9 61.9 6. ..5 16.7 . ..3 2.7 1.1 100.1 -0.6 570.9 0.480.7 24.0 -9. .8 6.5 0..8 3.2 0..816.104.4 31.0 6.6 3. Ontario Population Labour force Employment Full-time Part-time Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate Manitoba Population Labour force Employment Full-time Part-time Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate Saskatchewan Population Labour force Employment Full-time Part-time Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate Alberta Population Labour force Employment Full-time Part-time Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate British Columbia Population Labour force Employment Full-time Part-time Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate .830..2 -6..3 13.0 20.128.6 7.3 -3.4 -18.1 66.2 2.820.3 -0..1 7..6 500.9 .6 967. .3 89..8 3.5 8.8 1.9 0.0 0..5 0.267.0 -6.9 7.1 0.9 61..7 0.0 0.6 5.281.9 .4 35. .5 66.5 3.5 816.6 66.1 5.5 2.308.9 361.4 -0.6 1..1 72.1 0.8 5..4 -0.3 0.5 1.3 0.2 .8 50..7 544.2 3.1 17.9 0. 2.0 5.9 11..5 -0..119.3 69.5 0.6 -2.5 64.8 -5.266.0 817..7 1.9 0.9 4.2 32.2 26.474.7 -6..8 0. 0..3 673..The Daily.9 122.6 -0.6 13. .7 -2..5 -7.4 1..5 1..5 3.2 1.8 582.4 3. .3 1.0 1.8 2.0 November to December 2012 December 2011 to December 2012 1.5 2.1 -0.4 515.0 .9 7.3 -2.1 1.5 0.7 -3.111.5 2.3 1. Friday.7 -6..4 73..4 -0.6 1. .5 -5.4 -10.9 .3 966.5 -0.6 1. 0.1 7...5 0..9 3.4 447...0 4. 2013 Table 3 - continued Labour force characteristics by province – Seasonally adjusted November 2012 December 2012 November to December 2012 December 2011 to December 2012 136.3 4.5 102..6 .5 25..8 60.7 5...  not applicable Note(s):   Related CANSIM table 282-0087..4 35.2 0..1 69.8 -11.2 -0.0 0.5 60.7 6.0 36.165.8 4. .3 1.. January 4.7 2. ..3 65.6 7..2 -6.9 -0.312.5 ..3 0. .6 6.2 95.4 66.5 565. 0.8 19.5 1..7 -0.171.. .2 6.0 ..2 66..1 1.. .8 0..1 2.1 1.403.3 2.1 5.4 11.0 82.9 0..4 0.3 585..0 2.2 -0.2 3.0 2..0 4.1 167.0 95.6 121.827.3 668.2 5.2 0.3 69..

gc. Labour Statistics Division. methods or data quality of this release. 282-0047 to 282-0051. Definitions. From the Key resource module of our website under Publications.ca) or Jeannine Usalcas (613-951-4720. Friday. is now available online for the week ending December 8.gc. 2013 Available without charge in CANSIM: tables 282-0001 to 282-0042. 11-001-X 9 . Labour Force Information (71-001-X. choose Labour. 282-0069 to 282-0089. contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136.gc. 282-0092 to 282-0095. The next release of the Labour Force Survey will be on February 8. From the Subject module of our website. choose All subjects. For more information. contact Vincent Ferrao (613-951-4750. January 4. 282-0055. 282-0060 to 282-0063.ca). then Labour.usalcas@statcan. Data tables are also now available online. jeannine. data sources and methods: survey number 3701. vincent. A more detailed summary. 282-0054.ca). Component of Statistics Canada catalogue no. free).The Daily. To enquire about the concepts. 282-0100 to 282-0121 and 282-0200 to 282-0219.ferrao@statcan. infostats@statcan.