Labour Force Survey, December 2012

Released at 8:30 a.m. Eastern time in The Daily, Friday, January 4, 2013
Employment rose by 40,000 in December, the fourth increase in five months. December's increase was all in full-time work. The unemployment rate declined 0.1 percentage points to 7.1%, the lowest in four years.

Chart 1 Employment

Compared with 12 months earlier, employment increased 1.8% or 312,000, all in full-time work. Over the same period, the total number of hours worked rose 1.6%. Provincially, employment increased in Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Newfoundland and Labrador and Prince Edward Island in December. At the same time, there was a decline in Nova Scotia. Employment rose among private sector employees in December, up 59,000, while there was little change in public sector employment and self-employment. Year over year, employment gains among private sector employees totaled 242,000 (+2.2%), while public sector employment rose by 92,000 (+2.6%). Over the same period, the number of self-employed was little changed. Among industries, employment increased in transportation and warehousing as well as construction, while there were fewer workers in professional, scientific and technical services; natural resources; and public administration. In December, employment increased among core-aged men 25 to 54. Over the year, employment gains were shared among core-aged workers and those 55 and over, while employment among youths was unchanged.

Compared with 12 months earlier.9%. as more people participated in the labour market.7%. The unemployment rate was little changed from the previous month at 4. employment in the province was up 1. Employment in Newfoundland and Labrador increased by 2. the fourth increase in five months. Employment rose by 4. 11-001-X .000 in December.5% in December.700 and the unemployment rate fell 1. employment increased by 1. The unemployment rate remained at 7.0 percentage point to 11. and remained among the lowest of all provinces. going from 49. In Prince Edward Island.8%.000 in December.6%. but below the national growth rate of 1. 2013 Chart 2 Unemployment rate Gains in several provinces Employment in Ontario rose by 33. while the unemployment rate increased by 0. On a year-over-year basis.5%. bringing total growth over the previous 12 months to 3.300 and the unemployment rate stood at 11. as more people entered the labour force. the highest growth rate of all provinces. following an increase of similar magnitude the previous month.200.9%. Employment in Nova Scotia fell by 5.1% in December 2012. In Manitoba.0% in December.5 percentage points to 9. Employment was little changed from 12 months earlier. little changed from the previous month. employment in the province has fallen by 1. 2 Component of Statistics Canada catalogue no. The unemployment rate was 5. Friday. has been steadily increasing. employment in the province was up 1. employment was up by 5. although the lowest of all provinces. employment in this province has increased by 3. January 4.3%. mostly in full time.The Daily.1%. The employment rate.2% in December. With this employment decline. Compared with 12 months earlier.4% in July 2009 to 55.000 in Saskatchewan in December.9% since December 2011.

Their unemployment rate has hovered around 14% for the past two years and was 14.9%. Component of Statistics Canada catalogue no.000 among core-aged men (25 to 54). This information is produced monthly in the form of three-month moving averages.000 (+1.000 in professional. The unemployment rate for core-aged men in December was the lowest in four years at 5. Employment among women aged 25 to 54 was little changed in December and up 60.3 percentage points to 6. This decline brought employment down 69. Employment among youths aged 15 to 24 was unchanged in December. rate Gains in transportation and warehousing as well as construction In December. and was below its level of 12 months earlier by 23. January 4. up 22. employment in this industry was little changed from 12 months earlier.5%.3 percentage points to 7. bringing employment in this industry to a level similar to that of December 2011.4% in Northwest Territories and 14.1% in Yukon. while the unemployment rate increased by 0. there were more people working in transportation and warehousing. comparisons should only be made on a year-over-year basis. employment was little changed for the month. and similar to that of 12 months earlier.5%).000 (+1. 7. In Alberta.1%) on a year-over-year basis.000 (-5.5%). Friday. Employment in this province has grown by 3. Employment in construction rose by 18. business. employment in New Brunswick was little changed and the unemployment rate was 10.000. below the national growth rate.3%) on a year-over-year basis. little changed from the fourth quarter of 2011. 11-001-X 3 . finance.9%. In the fourth quarter of 2012. the highest employment growth rates were in educational services (+8.4%). 2013 In December. Employment in public administration declined by 13. and health care and social assistance (+2. Despite this increase.3 percentage points as more people searched for work. In British Columbia. employment was down 1. real estate and leasing (+6. employment was little changed in December and the unemployment declined 0.5%. employment was little changed. Following an increase the previous month.The Daily. bringing their gains for the year to 97.1%). Employment growth over the year was 1.1% in December. manufacturing (+3.6%). The following data are not seasonally adjusted. Compared with 12 months earlier. employment levels in all three territories were similar to those in the fourth quarter of 2011.000 (-2.8%. More men aged 25 to 54 employed in December Employment in December rose by 41. building and other support services (+5.2% in Nunavut in the fourth quarter of 2012.5% compared with 12 months earlier.000 (+5. Despite this increase. and increased by 164. Quarterly update for the territories The Labour Force Survey also collects labour market information about the territories. The unemployment rates were 6.000 in December.3%). driven in part by population aging. Over the year.000 in December. Among persons aged 55 and over.1%) on a year-over-year basis. Alberta still has the lowest unemployment rate of all provinces at 4. Employment in Quebec was little changed in December and the unemployment rate declined 0. Compared with 12 months earlier. employment was little changed in December. insurance. scientific and technical services in December. employment declined by 42.3% as fewer people searched for work. therefore.9%).5%.

Unless otherwise stated. 2013 Note to readers Annual average estimates for 2012 are now available on CANSIM (tables 282-0001 to 282-0219). 11-001-X . consult the 'Estimates quality' section of the publication Labour Force Information (71-001-X. For more information on seasonal adjustment. For more detailed information. free). 282-0116 and 282-0117) on February 1. January 4. The revised estimates will be available on CANSIM (tables 282-0087 to 282-0094. For an explanation of sampling variability of estimates and how to use standard errors to assess this variability. Revision Seasonally adjusted estimates from the LFS will be revised using the latest seasonal factors. The rate for a particular group (for example.The Daily. free). monthly estimates will show more variability than trends observed over longer time periods. 282-0100. going back three years (January 2010 onwards). youth aged 15 to 24) is the number employed in that group as a percentage of the population for that group. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percentage of the labour force (employed and unemployed). The participation rate is the number of employed and unemployed as a percentage of the population. see Seasonal adjustment and identifying economic trends. which facilitates comparisons by removing the effects of seasonal variations. The Labour Force Survey (LFS) estimates are based on a sample and are therefore subject to sampling variability. As a result. Estimates for smaller geographic areas or industries also have more variability. Friday. The employment rate is the number of employed persons as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over. see the Guide to the Labour Force Survey (71-543-G. 2013. 4 Component of Statistics Canada catalogue no. this release presents seasonally adjusted estimates.

2 2.2 62..0 337.6 14.6 8.4 0.8 -5.6 11.4 0.2 0.0 -1.3 0.2 .0 -0.996.1 -0. .607..6 2..318.1 0.6 1.6 611.7 4..8 7.3 311.456. ..0 54..157.8 1.0 0.. 1.0 .0 62.1 5.308.7 2.5 12.3 72.4 -4.7 5. .1 -0...555.1 1.  not applicable Note(s):   Related CANSIM table 282-0087.5 43.. 0..9 3.4 -2..2 428.1 -1.9 2.2 2.6 21.0 0.0 .2 1.0 -0. . .. 25 years and over Population Labour force Employment Full-time Part-time Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate Part-time rate Women.6 47.1 142. .0 10.1 0.6 -0.9 6.639. January 4.2 66.0 3. .5 28.369.442..1 0.4 -0.0 . ..9 17.7 7.4 7..7 5.400.179.1 1.9 63... .7 66...8 7. .0 68. 0.0 38.8 14.. 1.1 -0.6 8.9 7..9 0.1 0.5 17.4 -0.8 7.4 1.7 -0.5 0.1 62.8 161.6 8.2 169.540..011.2 -42.6 1..1 5.2 3..181.023.307.3 174.5 0.5 -7.565.9 169.. .4 -12.2 1..1 ..2 0. 0.1 18.1 0.2 1.1 0.6 19.0 -0.1 62.2 0. .9 1.2 0.1 1..740.. .753.2 -1.0 606.456.050..8 41..6 58...0 18.2 7.5 1...835..7 -9.. Friday.4 -0..3 0.1 0.622..9 -4.5 0.6 14.2 -0.5 0. 1.7 72.8 2..The Daily.4 1.1 0.. 28.0 400.1 0. 0.2 0.3 -0.3 39.3 397..9 . .6 14.1 13. ..1 54. .2 -9..542.8 4.435. . .4 515..1 13..8 17.8 1.8 13...3 543..9 -28.435..5 11.9 2.357..0 0.258.3 -0.666....6 47..3 0. .0 -1.4 68.9 7...0 441.1 0.0 -0.4 1.8 269.0 0. .6 8.3 7.833.159.8 58.4 2.9 6. 15 years and over Population Labour force Employment Full-time Part-time Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate Part-time rate Youths.1 0.468.1 14.2 5.245.1 2.0 0. 15 to 24 years Population Labour force Employment Full-time Part-time Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate Part-time rate Men. 2013 Table 1 Labour force characteristics by age and sex – Seasonally adjusted November 2012 December 2012 November to December 2012 December 2011 to December 2012 November to December 2012 December 2011 to December 2012 thousands (except rates) Both sexes.7 .7 146.6 % change 0.277...6 12.0 .2 -3.. 25 years and over Population Labour force Employment Full-time Part-time Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate Part-time rate ..1 0.3 -0.444. .0 -0. 11-001-X 5 .359..9 18.6 0.9 306.1 3.8 -26.2 0.9 171..5 2.5 7.5 Component of Statistics Canada catalogue no.276.0 -38.6 21.626.3 -1.9 136.4 0..639. .1 -0.1 0.1 3.5 -0. .7 27.4 0. change in thousands (except rates) 25.0 -0.0 0.4 1.8 -14.. .6 0.8 63.

3 3.7 67.4 1.2 308.7 22.1 0.2 1. Note(s):   Related CANSIM tables 282-0088 and 282-0089.8 2. 2.5 0.8 2.3 December 2011 to December 2012 thousands Class of worker Employees Self-employed Public/private sector employees Public Private All industries Goods-producing sector Agriculture Natural resources2 Utilities Construction Manufacturing Services-producing sector Trade Transportation and warehousing Finance.  North American Industry Classification System.4 148.6 0.8 -7.2 697.1 5.652.5 2.8 838. building and other support services Educational services Health care and social assistance Information.865.3 794.0 311.8 9. Friday.5 3.119.The Daily. culture and recreation Accommodation and food services Other services Public administration 14.4 -13.0 1.1 1.951.5 61.4 371.8 357.7 1.4 1. January 4.9 -3.3 -0.4 1.7 953.5 0.626.4 103.5 2.1 1.7 1.0 9.4 17.6 2. 2013 Table 2 Employment by class of worker and industry (based on NAICS1) – Seasonally adjusted November 2012 December 2012 November to December 2012 December 2011 to December 2012 November to December 2012 % change 334.283.6 225. insurance.324.276.4 313.8 0.3 242.4 28.8 776.2 13.777.2 2.156.5 1.7 -0.5 12.0 -22.7 2.0 -1.6 965.314.3 24.8 15.4 0.5 -41. scientific and technical services Business.3 2.7 860.173.6 11.647.4 39.6 3.6 1.644.9 0.5 8.2 0.2 11.0 1.  Also referred to as forestry.4 -5.9 21.3 1.5 776.5 -22. real estate and leasing Professional.8 3.2 change in thousands 62.4 11.4 1.2 1.117.2 59.4 0.1 -12.7 0.1 1.8 15.4 0.6 10.6 17.8 -6.3 6.2 -3.1 0.9 13.1 36.014.8 0.5 13.9 1.112.6 8.676.1 2.5 2.675.1 1.366.761.5 795.8 -3.1 0.2 -69.0 53.8 -2.880.4 -0.307.4 1.7 0.9 86.2 0.9 0.9 3.786.5 1.7 685.2 5.8 3.9 3.4 92.8 2.5 7.6 2.666.7 0.2 12.3 2.259.3 -22. 11-001-X .690.5 17.2 0. 6 Component of Statistics Canada catalogue no.323.5 145.2 2.0 -0.787. oil and gas.5 2. quarrying.1 17.7 -2. fishing. mining.111.

5 54... 0.3 -1.1 59..8 -0.9 8.8 366.8 347...6 -0.0 61.6 138.7 -1... ..5 54.7 -0.7 63..2 -3.2 0.7 35. Component of Statistics Canada catalogue no.9 -0..4 -8.1 0..2 2.0 -0.5 3. .1 .3 1.0 201.9 -2.5 120.9 -1.5 55. .5 -1..5 -0.6 82. ..6 780.9 -0.3 11..8 .8 -2.3 6.2 5.2 3.7 18..0 1.6 -6.5 .2 -0.7 5.2 3.3 -1.4 454.8 266.8 8. -0..9 4.2 69..1 55. .2 755..7 change in thousands (except rates) 0..4 4. .3 -2. .7 1.8 43. .0 30.1 4.8 -1.044.4 -0.4 -0.4 68.9 .5 46.4 349.8 1.9 31.3 57.2 -1.8 0. 11-001-X 7 .3 1..0 -1.8 56.0 -0.3 3.4 -1.1 -2.2 -0.6 7.1 0.1 86.1 2.1 1.4 60.4 -0.3 0..363.8 1..3 3.7 9.0 1.1 33..6 74.2 1.3 620.7 2.0 389. .4 -1.6 0.4 1.0 -0.2 -0..1 .0 -0.4 7.5 -7.2 -2.664.659.2 11..The Daily.4 42..2 12.2 -51.1 6.8 449.0 3.0 -0.7 200.5 .4 -2.8 12.3 15.2 393.0 88.5 5.4 11.1 -0.5 -1.5 12. .. 0.8 .9 2.6 % change 0. 0.7 498.5 -8.4 65.5 7.4 60.. 0.5 9.1 -7.6 428. .4 0.5 -0.6 -1..5 5. January 4.6 -5.. .1 120.1 63..2 -1.0 1..7 -2.6 12.6 1.3 0.3 44.5 -0. 0.276..6 -4.2 86.8 363.0 0..1 60..8 -4. 0.8 -2.3 2..6 62..2 -0.6 0..1 0.4 294.2 -1.5 73.1 -0.4 235.3 233.5 -3.0 1..372.8 .0 122...7 13.8 58.6 9.2 0.. .9 -2.0 -2.1 0..2 1.6 620..4 -1.1 -1. .3 0.. 2013 Table 3 Labour force characteristics by province – Seasonally adjusted November 2012 December 2012 November to December 2012 December 2011 to December 2012 November to December 2012 December 2011 to December 2012 thousands (except rates) Newfoundland and Labrador Population Labour force Employment Full-time Part-time Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate Prince Edward Island Population Labour force Employment Full-time Part-time Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate Nova Scotia Population Labour force Employment Full-time Part-time Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate New Brunswick Population Labour force Employment Full-time Part-time Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate Quebec Population Labour force Employment Full-time Part-time Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate 427.6 5.0 62.8 293.2 -0.7 10.4 11.6 60..9 2.288..0 -6. 0.0 333..3 . . 0.3 8..1 -0..9 -1.3 -6.2 56. .1 -0.1 -14.9 14.2 62.9 319. .1 2.6 -0.4 1..0 63... Friday.6 83.2 762.0 3.8 495.5 .2 0.7 -4. .3 0.1 266.9 10....1 -13.3 60.3 4.9 15.7 -2.5 -0. .9 65.1 -0..2 4.8 0. .4 1...1 0.4 -0.038.7 780..

9 0.9 11.104.1 2.0 0..266..8 5.3 -0.0 1.308. .7 0.2 -6. ..2 95.809.1 5.6 121.0 .8 35.0 5.8 50.0 6.4 0.0 .5 -0.8 4. .9 0..4 3. 11-001-X .9 4..4 638.9 61.1 0.3 0..0 November to December 2012 December 2011 to December 2012 1.3 13.5 2. . .3 673..9 496.The Daily.7 -2.2 26.816.9 0..3 65.8 60. .7 24.2 2.6 500.7 6. . .5 66.3 26.0 -6.5 0.0 0.3 1..5 25.2 9.4 -10.1 -0.1 17.5 3.4 66.1 72.3 0.2 512...3 2.5 1.6 1.1 7.8 -11.4 -0.0 2..5 -0.6 5.281.4 31.3 585.1 69.9 5.7 2.830.9 0...6 1.4 30.7 -6..0 64..8 3...1 7.2 69.3 966. .4 161.0 95.8 2.5 337.4 445.5 1.7 5.1 167.6 570.3 0.4 -18.7 -6. 0... ..6 -2.4 35..1 2.1 -0..8 6...0 1..1 5.1 0. 8 Component of Statistics Canada catalogue no.0 82.128.9 61.3 633.2 0.3 0.5 16.313.. . 0.0 2.6 0..4 -0.6 -0.5 816.2 32.439.8 0.0 0.6 -23.4 35.111.1 1.1 66..8 0....820.0 -0...8 0..853..7 . .474.6 13. .3 2.5 0..5 60. .6 6.0 0.8 -5.8 582..9 1. 2013 Table 3 - continued Labour force characteristics by province – Seasonally adjusted November 2012 December 2012 November to December 2012 December 2011 to December 2012 136.5 102.7 -3. January 4. 0.539.5 2.8 120...4 -0.4 73.2 -0.7 -0.5 565.119..6 7. ..171.812.9 3.1 0.7 540.6 3.6 4.7 544.2 2.9 122...3 69.9 .3 4.2 -0.0 4.5 8.1 69.9 -0.5 2..165.1 0.9 0.. 0.3 -3.6 -1. 1.6 7.0 36.3 1.267.827.2 ..7 1.2 1.3 10. 11.5 0.5 3.0 0..3 69.6 66. Ontario Population Labour force Employment Full-time Part-time Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate Manitoba Population Labour force Employment Full-time Part-time Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate Saskatchewan Population Labour force Employment Full-time Part-time Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate Alberta Population Labour force Employment Full-time Part-time Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate British Columbia Population Labour force Employment Full-time Part-time Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate ...4 -0. 0.9 361.2 -6.. ..9 4.9 .5 0.3 1.5 1.827.8 19.5 69.3 2.545.2 1.2 5...1 0..2 3.0 . ..1 100.3 -2.403.7 1.312.7 1.2 97.3 89.4 11.4 9. .8 1.1 0.1 0.4 1.9 6.0 20.  not applicable Note(s):   Related CANSIM table 282-0087.5 -7.2 0.1 2. 1.6 3.2 6.. Friday.4 447.0 -9.6 1.6 .5 64.1 1.6 967. 2.2 0.9 7.8 4. .9 7..2 3.4 515.2 11..8 3.480.3 668.7 0.5 -5.0 0.0 4.1 1.7 1.2 66.2 0...5 .4 11. .9 .0 817..5 0.4 7.

Definitions. 282-0092 to 282-0095. 282-0054. The next release of the Labour Force Survey will be on February 8. contact Vincent Ferrao (613-951-4750. Labour Force Information (71-001-X.ca). 11-001-X 9 .gc. choose Labour. From the Subject module of our website. 282-0060 to 282-0063. then Labour. 282-0047 to 282-0051. vincent.gc. is now available online for the week ending December 8. 282-0055. 282-0069 to 282-0089. infostats@statcan. From the Key resource module of our website under Publications. Friday. methods or data quality of this release. January 4. For more information. Data tables are also now available online. data sources and methods: survey number 3701.The Daily.ca) or Jeannine Usalcas (613-951-4720. A more detailed summary.ferrao@statcan. contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136. Component of Statistics Canada catalogue no. jeannine.gc. choose All subjects. free). 282-0100 to 282-0121 and 282-0200 to 282-0219. 2013 Available without charge in CANSIM: tables 282-0001 to 282-0042.ca). To enquire about the concepts. Labour Statistics Division.usalcas@statcan.

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