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# ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS 1 LECTURE

PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION

NAME: __________________________

DATE: ______________

COURSE & YEAR: _______________

TIME: ______________

1.

In the circuit below, the voltmeter has a resistance 100 k. The battery has negligible internal
resistance and emf 6 V.

The reading on the voltmeter is
A. 0 V.
B. 2 V.
C. 3 V.
D. 4 V.

2.

(1)

Which graph best represents the relationship between the current I and the voltage V of a filament
lamp.
A.

0
0
C.

B.

V

0
0

0
0

I
D.

V

I

V

I

V

0
0

I

(1)

3.

Three resistors P, Q and R, are each labeled 100 Ω. They are connected as shown.

1

0 to 6.0 V (1) 2 .0 V B. 0.25 V.0 nC as it is moved at constant speed from one point to another is 12 nJ. is found to be 200 Ω. 4. The resistance of resistor Y may be varied between zero and 3000 . 0. The potential difference between the two points is A. Y and Z are connected in series with a 9. +9.0 V. C.5 V to 6. when measured between points X and Y.5 V to 9. Resistor P is infinite (1) 4.0 V B. In the circuit below. Which of the following gives the maximum range of potential difference V across the resistors X and Y? A. 36V (1) 5.ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS 1 LECTURE PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION X Q R P Y The total resistance. D.0 V supply.0 V to 6. 4. Resistor R is zero B. The work done on a positive point charge of magnitude 3. What is the correct explanation for the resistance reading? A. Resistor R is infinite C.0 V D. 4. resistors X. 3. Resistor P is zero D.0 V 0 3000  X 3000  Y Z V Resistors X and Z are fixed resistors of resistance 3000 .0 V C.

0  is connected in series with a battery. 6. (1) 7.0 A.0 . the resistance decreases with increasing potential difference.0 W of power when the potential difference across it is 12 V.0 . The resistor is now replaced by a resistor of resistance of 4.0  4. PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION A resistor of resistance 1.   A 2.0 A. C. For potential differences greater than V0. 24 W 3 . The current in the circuit is 2. For potential differences greater than V0. 2. C. The current in this circuit is 1. B.0 . 4.0 . 1. I 0 0 V0 V Which one of the following is a correct statement about the resistance of the component? A. The graph below shows the variation with potential difference V of the current I in an electrical component. 5.0 A 1.ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS 1 LECTURE 6.0  The best estimate for the internal resistance of the battery is A. For potential differences less than V0. C. D.0 . the resistance is constant. B. the resistance is zero. A conductor of constant resistance dissipates 6.0 W. D. The power that will be dissipated in this conductor when the potential difference across it is 24 V is A. (1) 8. The variation of current with potential difference is linear and so Ohm’s law is obeyed.

............. ................................................. .................... (a) Explain....................... whether there is a position of the slider S at which the lamp will be lit........ (Total 2 marks) 10............................................................................................................................0 mA..... The maximum resistance of the variable resistor is 15 . A student sets up an electric circuit to measure the I-V characteristics of the filament lamp.................. This question is about an electric circuit A particular filament lamp is rated at 12 V.......... A 100 k 12V S V The battery has emf 12 V and negligible internal resistance..........................................................................................................................0 V................................................................................... .......................................................................................... shown below............................... 6.................................. the student has connected the voltmeter and the ammeter into the circuit incorrectly................................................................................................... .............................. It just lights when the potential difference across the filament is 6......ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS 1 LECTURE B................................ (2) 4 .......... PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION D.................. The ammeter has negligible resistance and the resistance of the voltmeter is 100 k......................................................................................................... .................................................... (a) Define electrical resistance...... In the circuit................. This question is about electrical resistance............... (3) (b) Estimate the maximum reading of the ammeter..... without doing any calculations............................................................ .. 12 W........................... ....... ................................. 48 W (1) 9.............. ..................................

Electric circuits (a) The diagram below shows the circuit used to measure the current-voltage (I-V) characteristic of an electrical component X. (i) label the ammeter A and the voltmeter V.ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS 1 LECTURE (c) PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION Complete the circuit diagram below showing the correct position of the voltmeter and of the ammeter in order to determine the I-V characteristics of the filament lamp. 12V (2) (Total 7 marks) 11. 5 . Label this position P. X On the diagram above. (1) (ii) mark the position of the contact of the potentiometer that will produce a reading of zero on the voltmeter. (1) (b) The graph below shows the current-voltage (I-V) characteristics of two different conductors X and Y.

.......10 0.............20 A............... (2) (ii) Describe and suggest an explanation for the I-V characteristic of conductor Y.....................................0 9.......... .................0 6.......25 0............................................ Resistance: .....45 0.......15 0.................. ......................05 0...................0 14......... .............................................. Use the graph in (b) to determine (i) the resistance of Y for this value of current...........0 2................................... .............50 0........... The current in the conductors is 0...................................................30 I/A Y X 0...........................0 V/V (i) State the value of the current for which the resistance of X is the same as the resistance of Y and determine the value of this resistance Current: ................................................00 0...35 0............................. .......................................................................................................... (3) (c) The two conductors X and Y are connected in series with a cell of negligible internal resistance..40 0................0 15..........................................0 10....................................0 1.......0 4.....................0 12...... ..............................................................................20 0.........0 11.. 6 ....................................................ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS 1 LECTURE PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION 0...0 13..........0 5..................0 8.........0 3.0 7.......................................

........................................................................................................ . ...................... This question is about electric circuits.................... The current I in the circuit is 0............................................................................ (a) (i) Define emf and state Ohm’s law...................................10 A............................................................................................................ ............................................... (2) (ii) The graph below shows the I-V characteristic of a particular electrical component.................................... ....................... 7 ................................ Ohm’s law: .................................................................................... ..............................................................................ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS 1 LECTURE PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION ..................................................... (1) (b) In the circuit below an electrical device (load) is connected in series with a cell of emf 2.................................................................... ................... (2) (Total 10 marks) 12........................................ emf: ......................... V 0 0 I State show the resistance of the component is determined from the graph......................................................5 V and internal resistance r.............................. (1) (ii) the emf of the cell.............................................................

................... .............................................................................................f...............15A load The current in this circuit is 0........ (2) (iii) the internal resistance r of the cell................................................................. .......................................... (2) (c) A second identical cell is connected into the circuit in (b) as shown below.................................................................................................................................................... Calculate (i) the total power of the cell............. I = 0. (2) (ii) the resistance of the load...................... ..15 A........................... ..................... .............................................................................m...................................................................................................................................................................................................... ............................................................ ..... = 2.. 8 ..ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS 1 LECTURE PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION e.................................................................................23 W........ . ..................10A load The power dissipated in the load is 0....................................................................................................................5V r I = 0................... Deduce that the load is a non-ohmic device..........................................

................ R2 = ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... R1 = .......................................................... ... (5) (Total 14 marks) 13...................................... Determine the values of R1......................................... and R4 for the voltage divider of Figure below if the source current is 16 mA........... R3 = ................ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS 1 LECTURE PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION ............................................ R3.................................. R4 = ................................................ ....................... R2............. .............. (Total 8 marks) 9 ..........................