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COLLECTED WORKS OF
VASISHTHA KAVYAKANTHA GANAPATI MUNI
VOLUME NINE

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Editor
K. Natesan

Associate Editor
Dr. Sampadananda Mishra

Published by
V. S. Ramanan
President, Board of Trustees
Sri Ramanasramam
Thiruvannamalai
Tamil Nadu - 606603
Researched and Edited by
Kavyakantha Ganapati Muni Project
Guru Nayana and Maharshi: The Call and the Grace Trust
1, 8th cross, Tagore Nagar
Pondicherry - 605008

Copyright
Sri Ramanasramam
Thiruvannamalai
Tamil Nadu - 606603

First Edition 2007

Price: Rs. 300.00

Printed in India by
All India Press
Kennedy Nagar
Pondicherry - 605001

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A TREATISE ON THE MAHABHARATA

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CONTENTS
Publisher’s Note

i-ii

Editorial

iii-ix

Acknowledgments

x-xii

Kavyakantha Ganapati Muni
Introduction to Volume Nine
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xiii-xxiii
xxiv-xxvii
1&6
7&8
9&27

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28&42

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43&45

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46&48

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49&56

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57&60

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70&75

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90&96

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97&102

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103&105

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106&113

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114&124

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125&128

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129&134

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135&137

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138&139

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140&142

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143&146

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147&152

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153&159

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160&161

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162&163

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164&166

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167&167

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168&172

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173&181

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194&223

A CKNOWLEDGMENTS

The sacred work of editing and publishing the Collected
Works of Kavyakantha Ganapati Muni would not have been possible without the Grace of Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi and
Nayana. I have also felt the Grace and blessings of Sri Aurobindo
and The Mother in taking up this work. Inwardly, I have been
constantly guided by the Grace of these great spiritual personalities. I have also received concrete help from Sri Kapali Sastriar
and Sri M.P. Pandit. My heart melts with gratitude to these great
souls, who have been my constant guiding spirit.
Divine help works through human instruments. Many noble
people, friends and others have been a source of constant encouragement and I have drunk the spirit of courage and enthusiasm offered by them. Among these include Sri V. S. Ramanan,
President, Board of Trustees, Sri Ramanasramam,
Thiruvannamalai; Sri Vamadeva Shastri (David Frawley), Director, American Institute of Vedic Studies, U.S.A.; Dennis Hartel,
Sri Arunachala Ashram, U.S.A.; Sri S. Shankara Narayanan, a
well-known disciple of Sri Kapali Sastriar; Sri Alan Jacobs and
his wife, Jane Adams of Sri Ramana Foundation, London; Sri
J.G.K. Murthy, Chennai; Sri A. R. Natarajan, Sri Ramana
Maharshi Center for Learning, Bangalore; Sri J. Jayaraman, Sri
Ramanasramam and the late Sri G.L. Kantham, Guntur.
This work would not have been possible but for the
caring and loving touch of Sri D.S. Viswamitra and his wife, Srimati
Kamakshi, daughter, Srimati Indrani, and sons, Sri Divaspati and
Sri Brahmanaspati of Sirsi (North Karnataka). I can only say that
it has been possible to bring out the Collected Works of the Muni
only because of this family, who, as trustees have preserved these
for posterity. I am grateful to the entire family for their loving support.
x

All the photographs of Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi
and Ganapati Muni are, copyright of Sri Ramanasramam,
Thiruvannamalai. I am grateful to Sri V. S. Ramanan, President,
Board of Trustees, for allowing me to print the photographs in this
Collected Works. Sri A. R. Natarajan, Bangalore, and Dennis
Hartel, U.S.A. have also helped me in getting some photographs.
I thank them for their support. Madam Jane Adams is the artist
who has drawn the beautiful pencil sketches of the Muni. I am
thankful to her and Alan Jacobs of Sri Ramana Foundation, London, for permitting me to publish these in the Collected Works.
The publication of the book from handwritten manuscripts
through the use of computer was a new experience for me. Typing,
proof readings, page formatting, planning the entire layout were possible due to the sincere efforts of Dr. Sampadananda Mishra and
his wife, Prashanti. I cannot imagine publishing the Collected
Works without their help. I sincerely feel that they were specially
chosen and brought into contact with me by the unseen hands of
Grace for the completion of this work. Dr. Sampadananda Mishra
is a budding Sanskrit scholar in his own right and he has helped me
immensely in organising and editing the Collected Works. I am,
indeed, very happy to have him as the Associate Editor of the Collected Works of the Muni. I am very grateful to him and his wife for
all their help and support. I bless and wish them all the very best.
I am greatful to all the well-wishers who have contributed
immensly to the Kavyakantha Ganapati Muni Project,
Pondicherry. I am indebted to Srimati Chitra, Sri Mukunda
Padmanabhan and Sri Guruprasad, Srimati Kamalalakshmi,
Vasudha and Sri P.N. Viswanathan for their support and encouragement. Sri Vamadeva Sastri (Dr. David Frawley), Director, American Institute of Vedic Studies, U.S.A. has always been a continuous
source of inspiration without whose help the publication of the Collected Works could not have been possible. I have no words to
thank him other than expressing my sincere feelings of gratitude.
xi

I must express my deep gratitude to the Trustees of Sri
Gitagovinda Pratisthanam, Pondicherry, for their constant support
to us in the undertaking of this project.
I am specially grateful to Sri Aurobindo Society,
Pondicherry, for extending us the necessary help needed for bring
ing this volume out.
Sri Saphal of the All India Press, Pondicherry, has taken
special interest in printing this Volume. I feel indebted to him for
bringing out the book in a beautiful way in a short time.
Finally nothing would have been possible without the help
of my family members. My wife, Smt. Gnanambal, who is not
with me physically at this stage, has done a lot of personal sacrifice. She helped me to carry on with the Muni’s work by taking
the family load on herself. She was an ardent devotee of Bhagavan
and Nayana. I can feel her happiness and satisfaction and continual
encouragement from a different plane even now. My children and
their families have supported me constantly during this work.
I bow down again to the Grace which made me its instrument in carrying out this work.

Sri Ramanasramam
Thiruvannamalai
25. 07. 2007

K. Natesan

xii

PUBLISHER’S NOTE
This volume presents a singularly original and authentic research work of Ganapati Muni. It provides a totally fresh interpretation of more than two hundred Mantras of the Rigveda,
convincingly establishing the Vedic source of the MahDbhDrata,
its author, narrators and characters, etc. Here the erudite Muni
has revealed many hidden truths and discussed many important
issues of the grand epic in a typically challenging way in his own
inimitably powerful style.
Scholars are sure to find in this volume a unique contribution of the Muni in the field of the study of the MahDbhDrata and
the Vedas. Taking the reader to the true source of this great epic,
it tells the entire story in a new light letting the events unfold themselves as they actually did, right from Jaya to BhDrata culminating in the MahDbhDrata. It would seem that practically every character of the epic has had his or her genesis in the Vedas.
The texts incorporated in this volume have been meticulously edited by cross-checking the references of the Vedic Mantras quoted by the Muni. It is hoped that the list provided at the
end of the volume referring to the original Mantras of Rigveda
and also their appearance in the original text of this volume will be
of practical value to many. Here the Mantras have been arranged
in a proper order with reference to the pages of their appearance
in this volume.
We trust that this volume, like the earlier ones of The Collected Works of Ganapati Muni, will prove equally useful and
inspiring to seekers of knowledge.
We earnestly pray that Sri K. Natesan, who has dedicated

himself to the compilation, editing and publication of all the works
of the Muni, may continue to receive Sri Bhagavan’s Grace and
Blessings enabling this ardent nonagenarian devotee to successfully complete his cherished project.
Sri Ramanasramam
Tiruvannamalai 2007

V.S. Ramanan

ii

KAVYAKANTHA G ANAPATI M UNI
AN INTRODUCTION TO HIS LIFE AND WORKS
Vasishtha Kavyakantha Ganapati Muni (1878-1936) belongs to the rare race of intellectual and spiritual giants who
crowded into the narrow corridors of the last quarter of 19th and
first four decades of the 20th century to endow life, letters and all
endevours with meaning, purpose and altitude. He was a valiant
soldier in the cause of Truth and Divinity. For communing with the
Divine, certainly he was well-endowed, gifted as he was with marvellous powers of mind, intellect and soul. Even highly learned
people of our time wonder at his indubitable versatile genius, keenness of perception and understanding of our modern problems,
though he had never been to school all his life. His powers of
intellect and intuition had solved and untied many mystic knots.
His wide scholarship and studies in religious lore harmonized in
him all religions and schools of philosophy. He was a master of
metaphysics and his gift transported him into regions whence he
could see the entire manifestation. In fact, he belonged to the order of the Rig Vedic seers who were gods among men.
The Muni’s life story is sweet and all-absorbing and has
been beautifully rendered in the famous biography VDsiIFha
Vaibhavam by his foremost disciple, Sri Kapali Sastriar. Ganapati
Muni was born in Kalavarayi near Bobbili in Andhra Pradesh on
17th November1878. He belonged to a family of Sri Vidya initiates (in vDsiIFha gotram), which had actually migrated from a
village near Kumbakonam in Tamil Nadu in the late 16th or early
17 th century (later the family was well-known as the
“Ayyalasomayajulu” family). His parents, Narasimha Sastry and
Narasamamba, had three sons, Ganapati being the middle one.
xiii

Nearly a year before his birth, on the holy day of rathasaptamn,
his mother had been to the famous surya (Sun) temple at Arasavalli
(near Srikakulam in Andhra Pradesh) to offer her prayers and
worship. She stayed overnight in the temple after the traditional
worship to the Lord. In the next early morning she had a dream in
which a beautiful woman with golden divine radiance emerged
from the corridors of the temple, approached her with a shining
pot of fire and giving it in her hands vanished. To her utter astonishment, the moment the fire pitcher came into contact with her, it
entered her womb and assumed the form of a child. Soon after
her return to home from Arasavalli, she showed signs of pregnancy. She believed that her child was a divine gift of God agni
(fire). While she was waiting to deliver the child, her husband,
Narasimha Sastry, had gone to the holy city of Kashi (Benares in
Uttar Pradesh) in November 1878, where he also had a unique
experience. When he was performing tapas in the ohuKoigaKapati temple (near Visweswara Ghat) he had the vision of a
little child emanating from the Deity and coming near him. After
these wonderful experiences by both parents, Ganapati was born
in the parental home of his mother on 17th November 1878. The
father appropriately named his second son Ganapati, rooted in his
conviction that the child was an emanation of God Ganapati himself. It may be noted that the Vedic deity agni (Fire) is none other
than gaKapati described in the purDKas and worshipped in the
tantras. Ganapati himself was conscious of his divinity. He has
expressed this in his most famous poem UmDsahasram and has
said that he was born as an amsa (portion) of God Ganapati. He
has also expressed his conviction about the identity between him
and God Ganapati, the guiding spirit of his corporeal existence, in
his work HerambopasthDnam (Glory of Ganapati).
Ganapati was educated entirely at home. His father,
Narasimha Sastry, like his ancestors, was an expert and wellxiv

versed in mantra QDstra, astrology and Dyurveda. With this traditional family background, proficiency in these subjects came
naturally to Ganapati. When he was only 10 years old, he was
able to prepare the pañcDOgam (almanac). He finished studying
the classical Sanskrit poems and then devoted himself to the study
of grammar and poetics. At the same time he delved deep into the
writings of Vyasa and Valmiki. Again and again he read the
Mahabharata. His horizon widened and his intellect mellowed with
an ever-deepening perception. Like the ancient Rishis, Ganapati
wanted to experience immense strength and power by the practice of tapasyD through mantra japa and meditation. Although
married at an early age to Srimati Vishalakshi, he started visiting
one sacred place after another for his tapas when he was 18
years old. He used to stay in one place for a few days or even
months. In one such visit to Bhubaneswar (in Orissa, where the
famous “Lingaraj” temple of Lord Siva is located), during his
tapas, Ganapati had a vision, in which Goddess lalitDmbikD
(bhubaneQvarn) appeared before him, offering divine nectar. As
Ganapati tasted this heavenly nectar, the Goddess watched him
with a sweet smile, full of grace. From then onwards, the sweetness of the nectar became an integral part of him. After this incident, Ganapati’s intellect developed a rare sharpness and he attained complete mastery over poetry. Indeed, the literary work
composed after this incident is endowed with a distinct sweetness
and grace.
When Ganapati was staying in Kashi, he came to know
that an assembly of scholars (harisabhD) would be held in the
famous city of Nabadwipa in Bengal. On the advice of his friends
he got a letter of introduction and went to Nabadwipa. There he
excelled in all the difficult tests that he was put to with an effortless
ease that stunned his examiners, who unanimously conferred the
title kDvyakaKFha (one who has poetry in his throat – voice of
xv

poetry) on him forthwith. He was only 22 years old then (details
are in Volume 11).
Ganapati repaired to the south of the country in his 25th
year. From Kanchipuram he came to Arunachala (Thiruvannamalai)
in 1903 to perform tapas. He visited twice Sri Brahmana Swamy
(who was later named as Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi by
Kavyakantha himself) before he accepted a teacher’s job at Vellore
in 1904. Later in 1907, he resigned his job at Vellore and returned
to Arunachala. It was at this stage that he sought and gained the
grace of Sri Brahmana Swamy (Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi).
An intellectual and spiritual giant who had high achievements to
his credit and a host of followers as well, Kavyakantha still felt
that his life’s purpose was not fulfilled. He remembered Brahmana
Swamy whom he had met earlier and approached him for his grace
and gain inner realization, peace and true import of tapas that he
still lacked. On 18.11.1907 Kavyakantha approached Brahmana
Swamy, who was staying in the Virupaksha cave, and prostrating
himself at his feet said in a trembling voice: “All that has to be
read I have read, even Vedanta Sastra I have fully understood. I have performed japa and puja to my heart’s content. Yet I have not up to this time understood what tapas
is. Hence have I sought refuge at thy feet, pray enlighten
me about the nature of tapas.” For quite sometime Brahmana
Swamy gazed silently at Kavyakantha. He broke his 11 years of
long silence and spoke gently, “If one watches where his notion of “I” springs, the mind will be absorbed into that.
That is tapas. If a mantra is repeated and attention is directed to the source where the mantra sound is produced,
the mind will be absorbed in that. That is tapas.” The scholarpoet was filled with joy to have found his guru, and announced
that the upadeQa (teaching) was original, and that Brahmana
Swamy was indeed a maharshi and should be called so thereafxvi

ter. He gave the full name Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi to
Brahmana Swamy, whose original name was Venkataraman. Thus,
the meeting was of profound significance not only for Kavyakantha
but also for the world at large, which could learn from such a high
authority about the real stature of Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi,
the Silent Sage of Arunachala. Following this momentous meeting, Ganapati composed his great devotional poem,
UmDsahasram, a thousand verses in praise of UmD, the Divine
Mother, as a part of his tapas in gratitude to the great Goddess
for having given him the Maharshi as his Guru (Master). This work
is the magnum opus of Sri Vasishtha Ganapati Muni.
The Muni had the unique experience of kapDlabheda. In
the summer of 1922 at the Mango cave of the Arunachala hills,
the Muni had several yogic experiences, arising from deeper parts
of his being and invading his physical consciousness (resulting in
great physical pain). During this, he visited his Master and told
him of his inner and physical experience. His most compassionate
Master, Sri Maharshi, comforted him by placing his lotus hands
on his head. On the very night, he had the experience of the culmination of kuKoalinn sDdhanD, resulting in the most unique experience of kapDlabheda. His cranium was broken into two parts; a
distinct sound caused by the breaking arose from the passage,
which joins the two holes of the ears. A line of smoke going out of
the head was perceived there. The Muni later spoke to his disciples about this yogic experience and that this has been mentioned in the sixth chapter of the taittnriyopaniIad, quoting
vyapohya QirIakapDle bhurityagnau prati tiIFhati (“having separated the two parts of the cranium, he stands established in Fire as
BhuU, the earth element”) and mentioned several great effects of
the power of yoga experienced at this time with their secrets. It is
usually believed that the physical effects of this great experience
are such that the body cannot sustain long following this event.
xvii

However, in his case, with the strength of his own tapasyD and
the Grace of his most compassionate Master, he lived for fourteen
long years (although he had to observe certain physical restrictions, such as that he could not shave his head nor could put his
bare feet on the ground) after this experience. This event speaks
volumes on the extraordinary nature of his tapasyD and the fact
that he was perhaps the greatest Master of tantra born on this
earth. In fact, the final revision of his magnum opus UmDsahasram after this experience, remains, testimony not only to his
supreme mastery over the tantras but also his ability to find the
reconciliation and concordance between the Vedic, Upanishadic
and the Tantric schools of thoughts. The kapDlabheda experience also reconfirms the conviction that he was the direct aWQa
(portion) of the Vedic deity agni (who resides as the power of
kuKoalinn in the mulDdhDra of human beings).
The poet seer Kavyakantha Ganapati Muni met
Sri Aurobindo on 15th August 1928. He stayed at the Sri Aurobindo
Ashram for about a fortnight. During this stay at the Ashram, the
Muni meditated with The Mother a few times. After one such
meditation, The Mother expressed that the Muni was a real yogi
who could plunge into great depths the moment he started meditation and that she had not so far found any person abiding in Her
spiritual consciousness as Ganapati Muni did. Further, at the instance of Sri Kapali and Sri S. Doriswamy Iyer, the Muni translated some portions of Sri Aurobindo’s The Mother
(mDtrtattvaprakDQikD) in chaste Sanskrit verses with some notes.
On reading the Muni’s translation, Sri Aurobindo seems to have
very generously observed, “It far excels the original.” It is also
worth mentioning that the Muni presented to Sri Aurobindo the
last and final version of his UmDsaharam (written in his own handwriting after his experience of kapDlabeheda) with specific notes
on each chapter before his meeting in 1928.
xviii

It is more than six decades since the great Kavyakantha
Ganapati Muni passed away in 1936. He was a great tapasvn,
whose one aim in life was the restoration of BhDrata MDtD (Mother
India) to her ancient greatness. Unlike others who aim at liberation for themselves, this great soul believed that he must obtain the
grace of God not for himself but for the nation and through it for
the betterment of the world. Towards that consummation he had
done penance since his early years and this, too, very rigorously
during the last years of his life.
The Vedic seers were by no means recluses from the affairs of the world. In fact, these Vedic seers made themselves the
superior vehicle through which the divine forces of heaven played
for the welfare of humanity. To become one such perfect instrument in the hands of the Maha Shakti was the goal towards which
Ganapati worked and dedicated his entire life. Although the Muni
was a giant personality, he was very humble in his day-to-day life.
This can be proved by two incidents in his divine life. The Muni
and his beloved disciple, Daivarata, did tapas in Padaivedu near
Vellore in the year 1917. As a result of the tapas, certain Mantras
were revealed to his disciple Daivarata. Ganapati Muni, the guru,
recorded the Mantras as they came down from the lips of Daivarata,
his disciple. He even wrote a commentary on the Mantras, as
Sankara did for his disciple, Hastamalaka. There is yet another
incident to which I would like to draw the attention of the readers.
The Muni was verily a fountain of love and affection for his pupils
and followers far and near. This did not deter the guru and QiIya
from having a difference of opinion at times. The Muni blessed Sri
Kapali Sastriar and permitted him to follow Sri Aurobindo.
A scholar poet, Sri Vasishta Ganapati Muni has many spiritual and other writings in Sanskrit to his credit. UmDsahasram,
gntamDlD, ramaKagntD, ramaKacatvDriWQat and saddarQanam
are a few titles well-known among his disciples and others. But
xix

very little is known about his other numerous Sanskrit writings,
covering a wide variety of topics: praises and prayers to various
deities (stotras), poetic compositions (kDvyas), philosophy
(darQana), logic (nyDyaQDstra), medical science (Dyurveda),
astrology and astronomy (jyotiIaQDstra), commentaries (bhDIya),
novel (DkhyDyikD), letters (patrDKi) and other research works.
His versatility can also be judged from his writings sDmrajyanibandhanam (a proposed constitution for India) and
lDlibhDIopadeQa (a new language for the Indian people). He was
spontaneous in composing all these either in verse form (Qlokas)
or in the form of aphorisms (sutras) or prose form (gadya). Nevertheless, all these were the result of his tapas, an outpouring of
his soul in seeking or gratitude to the Divine.
Of his stotrakDvyas, umDsahasram, indrDKisaptaQati,
pracKoacaKoitriQatn and gntamDlD are meant for those longing
for a great spiritual realisation. The indrasahashranDma is a composition of thousand names of indra culled from the Rigveda,
which are strung into a garland of one hundred and eight verses.
The ramaKacatvDriWQat (40 verses in praise of Bhagavan
Sri Ramana Maharshi) is chanted daily both at the Sri Ramana
Ashramam and in innumerable homes of the devotees of
Sri Ramana Maharshi. The Muni had an unique ability of rendering philosophical thoughts in the form of poetry (Qlokas), and his
writings viQvamnmDWsD, ramaKagntD, saddarQanam and
tattvaghaKFDQatakam remain in testimony to this. RamaKagntD
is in the form of recordings of questions put forth by disciples and
the answers given by the Maharshi and is one of the most cherished writings of the Muni. His saddarQanam is the Sanskrit rendering of Sri Maharshi’s Tamil writing, ulladu narpadu (Forty
Verses on Reality) on which his beloved and learned disciple,
Sri T.V. Kapali Sastriar, has written a faithful commentary in
Sanskrit. This reflects the spirit of Sri Maharshi’s original teachings.
xx

Of his vast and variety of sutra writings, it would be difficult to single out any one as more meritorious than the others.
DaQamahDvidyDsutram (the ten cosmic powers of the Divine
Mother as described in the tantras) is an outstanding composition, in which the Muni has described the ten cosmic aspects of
the Divine Mother and their significance. Here he has also brought
out the association of these ten cosmic aspects of the Mother
described in the Tantra with the corresponding Vedic deities.
Thereby, not only he has been able to bring forth a link between
the Vedas, Upanishads and Tantras, but also has been successful
in dispelling several wrong conceptions on the significance of these
deities. These compositions reflect Muni’s great powers of Yogic
perception. The way in which he has expounded the different deities such as kDln, tDrD, sundarn, bhuvaneQvarn, pracaKoacaKon,
etc., and correlates them to the Vedantic concepts has once for all
removed all antagonisms and has bridged the so-called gulf between the Vedantic and Tantric schools of philosophy. RDjayogasDrasutra is a short and concise exposition of the Upanishadic
methods of the inner quest. Caturvyuhasutra is a revelation of
the cosmic divinities wherein he has expounded the four important
emanations of the Vedic deity Indra (DkDQa, kDla, vidyut and
surya). JaiminnyatarkavDrtikam is his own interpretation of the
sutras of Jaimini, where he has advocated that the Vedas are indeed pauruIeyam (of human origin). Further, in this he has given
his own interpretation of the mnmDWsD philosophy, placing it on a
higher pedestal in relation to Vedanta. His QabdapramDKacarcD
also discusses the origin of Vedas. PañcajanacarcD and
vivDhadharmasutram are related to social aspects. In the former
one the practice of “untouchability” is condemned with the authority of QDstras. In the latter he deals with marriage as a sacrament. His other sutra writings also include cikitsDnuQDsanam
(Dyurveda) and gaKaka-kaKFhDbharaKam (astronomy) as well
xxi

as sDmrDjya-nibhandhanam (a proposed constitution for India).
The prose writings of Vasishtha Ganapati Muni too are
extensive and these include: commentaries on several texts including
Vedas and Upanishads; study on the different characters of the
great epic poem MahDbhDrata; letters to Sri Ramana Maharshi,
The Mother of the Sri Aurobindo Ashram, and others.
His commentaries on Rigvedic mantras and the nQopaniIad,
though brief, are revealing and illumining. The Muni has given his
own original spiritual interpretation of the mantras, and he was
highly critical of the ritualistic interpretation of Rigvedic mantras
by Sayana. His commentary on the nQopaniIad is original and is in
the light of the teachings of Sri Ramana Maharshi. His bhDratacaritramnmDWsD is unique as it establishes a link between some
of the important characters of the mahDbhDrata and those mentioned in the Vedic texts. ramaKagntD, saddarQana and the commentary on the upadeQasDram (thirty verses written by Sri Ramana
Maharshi in Sanskrit), are most popular writings of the Muni
which reveal the greatness of the teachings of Sri Ramana
Maharshi.
His novel, purKD, in Sanskrit, though unfinished, is unique
in many ways. The style and diction that the Muni used here make
it an unparalleled novel of his time. It not only depicts the ability of
the Muni to write beautifully and spontaneously in Sanskrit prose,
but it also records his power of expressing the feelings of the heart
and not just the logic of the mind.
In the letters of the Muni to Sri Maharshi and The Mother
of the Sri Aurobindo Ashram, one can find the art of letter-writing
in Sanskrit. Through these letters he was able to express lucidly
his deepest aspirations, concepts and thoughts.
However, it is difficult to summarise the thoughts, perceptions and literary ability of the Muni. The Muni, indeed, was a
versatile genius and can be compared with Kalidasa and Shankara
xxii

in poetic renderings, with Vyasa in sutra writings and with Patanjali,
Shabara and Shankara in writing commentaries. The writings of
the Muni are not just some products of literary activities but are
the records of his unique Yogic experiences and subtle visions and
will be a guiding spirit and lamp for the centuries to come.
Sri Ramanasramam
Thiruvannamalai

K. Natesan

xxiii

INTRODUCTION TO THE
CONTENTS OF VOLUME NINE
In nineteen thirty-four, revered Ganapati Muni delivered
a series of lectures in Andhra University under the head BhDratarahasyam. In these lectures on the MahDbhDrata, the Muni had
highlighted many deeper aspects of the grand Epic, and also he
made an attempt to show the Vedic origin of the characters of the
MahDbhDrata. He stated that the MahDbhDrata war took place
during some period of the Rigveda. According to him the astronomical accounts given in the MahDbhDrata and BhDgavata
PurDKa tallied with the account given by Meghasthenese in his
Indica, suggest that the MahDbhDrata war happened hundred
and thirty-seven generations before Maurya Chandragupta. He
said that the original JayetihDsa of VyDsa was later revised two
times, once by VaiQampDyana and then by Sauti. These versions
are known as BhDrata and MahDbhDrata respectively.
Later, the Muni wrote a full treatise on these aspects of
the MahDbhDrata under the title BhDratacaritramnmDWsD. This
is an uthentic research work in which the Muni has uniquely expounded the Vedic origin of the narrators and characters of the
MahDbhDrata. This is the crowning contribution of Ganapati Muni
to the studies of Rigveda as well as the MahDbhDrata.
Initially the Muni had named this treatise as
BhD ratacaritra-prarn kI D , but later he changed it to
BhDratacaritramnmDWsD. There are thirty-four sections in this
treatise in which the Muni has made sagacious inquires of the origin of the important characters of the MahDbhDrata.
The first section deals with the true author of the
MahDbhDrata. With many authentic evidences the Muni concludes
that the Kr I K advaipD yan VyD sa is the author of the
xxiv

BhDratasaWhitD which contained only twenty-four thousand
verses. Later it was enlarged by Sauti UgraQravD and named as
MahDbhDrata which contains hundred thousand verses. In the
second section, the Muni has mentioned about the historic period
of the MahDbhDrata as fixed by the researchers of his time. This
forms the introduction to his research on the characters of the
MahDbhDrata. The third section deals with the age of the characters of the MahDbhDrata in which the Muni endeavors to show
that some of the important figures of the MahDbhDrata belong to
the period of the Rigveda. In this matter he quotes many Mantras from Rigveda. On the basis of some astronomical facts, he
opines that the age of the MahDbhDrata could be hundred and
thirty-seven generations before Chandragupta Maurya. As per this
account of the Muni, the characters of the MahDbhDrata could
be as old as seven thousand years. The fourth section deals with
the age of VyDsa and VaiQampDyana. The Muni tries to prove that
age of VyDsa is after the appearance of Atharvaveda and much
before the age of the Upanishads. VaiQampDyana came after
twelve hundred years of VyDsa. In this regard the Muni also mentions about the age of VedDOga JyotiIa, VedDntadarQana, PDKini,
KDtyDyana, Patanjali, Gautama, Jaiminn, and Buddha. After giving
these external evidences for the purpose of fixing the age of the
characters of the MahDbhDrata, VyDsa and VaiQampDyana, the
Muni discusses about the cycle of Yuga in the fifth section. His
discussion on Yuga show that the Muni did not believe in the mathematical calculation of the Yugas as presented by the Puranic tradition.
From section six onwards the Muni talks about some of
the important characters of the MahDbhDrata and their Vedic origin. In order to establish that KarKa of the MahDbhDrata was
none but the PuIKa of the Veda, the Muni devotes a few sections
(six to eleven). In these sections he takes many Mantras from
xxv

Rigveda and shows that a fight took place between Kutsa or
EtaQa and PuIKa or the son of SvaQva. In this fight Indra, the
charioteer of Kutsa, forced apart a wheel from the chariot of PuIKa.
This story in the Veda corresponds with the story of the fight between KarKa and Arjuna in the MahDbhDrata.
In the twelfth section, the Muni demonstrates that Kutsa
of the Veda is Arjuna of the MahDbhDrata. In sections thirteen to
sixteen, the Muni founds by taking evidences from Rigveda that
KrIKa of the MahDbhDrata is an incarnation of Indra of the Veda.
In this regard, he also interprets a lot of Mantras from Rigveda to
give cogent evidence about KrIKa’s relationship with Devakn, his
fight with JarDsandha, his killing of KDlnya and KaWsa.
Vedic origin of the five sons of PaKou, their single wife
Draupadn, have been given in sections seventeen to twenty-two.
In these sections, the Muni substantiates that in the MahDbhDrata
the Vedic Pvitra as appears as PaKou, VrIKi as Kunti, AmbariIa
as YudhiIFhira, Bhayamrna as Bhnma, SurDdhas as Nakula,
Sahadeva as Sahadeva, Upamanyu as Abhimanyu, GhoID, the
daughter of KakIivDn as Draupadn. The Muni also discusses many
other issues related with the PDKoavas in these sections.
The twenty-third section is devoted entirely to corroborate that the Vedic Kuyava is Duryodhana of the Epic age. In this
section, the Muni also speaks about the Vedic origin of dyutakathD of the MahDbhDrata. Twenty-fourth section deals with the
origin of DroKa, AQvatthDmD, BhnIma and Krpa. The Muni finds
that the Vedic Tugra is DroKa of the Epic, Smadibha is identified
with AQvatthDmD, Vaibhuvasa with BhnIma and Krpa appears as
Krpa in the Veda. In the twenty-fifth section, the Muni attempts to
show that the Duryodhana had twenty brothers not hundred. For
substantiating this, he cites a few Mantras from Rigveda and a few
verses from the MahDbhDrata itself. Here, the Muni identifies
ParQu of the Veda with GDndhDrn of the Epic. In the next section,
xxvi

he delineates on the Vedic word ParQu and gives details of the
origin of GDndhDrn. Twenty-seventh section discusses about the
origin of DhrtarDIFra. Here, the Muni makes it clear that the Vedic
Drk is DhrtarDIFra of the Epic. In the next section, he supposes
that the Vedic KavaIa was the family priest of the PDKoavas. In
twenty-ninth section, the Muni cites a Mantra from the Rigveda
to show the origin of the story of gambling in the MahDbhDrata.
In the thirtieth section, the Muni gives the names of the sons of
Indra as they appear in Rigveda and then identifies them with the
sons and relatives of KrIKa. According to him, Vedic Vimada is
SDmba, Apratiratha is SDtyakn, Lava is Pradyumna. The next section describes vividly the story of the birth of KarKa. In the thirtysecond section, the Muni depicts the story of NarakDsura as it
appears in Rigveda and identifies him with KarKa. The next section too deals with the identification of KarKa with Bhagadatta. In
the last section, the Muni gives an account of the origin of BalarDma
and his relationship with others. He says that the Vedic Ahirbudhnya
is BalarDma of the Epic. Here, the Muni also deals, authoritatively,
with PeIanDga, Revatn, RohiKn and relationship of BalarDma with
KarKa.
The entire text of this treatise is the outcome of an authentic research on the Vedas as well as the MahDbhDrata. It is a
challenging step towards establishing the validity of the Vedic origin of the MahDbhDrata. The diction of the Muni, here, bears the
witness of a distinctive and stylish elegance. Indeed, BhDratacaritramnmDWsD is an exposition of surpassing excellence showcasing the unusual and impressive intelligence of Kavyakantha
Ganapati Muni.

xxvii

xxviii

Hkkjrpfj=kehekalk
izFkea izdj.ke~

egkHkkjrdfofu:i.ke~

bUæa foÌL; jktkua czàk.ka czàfHkuqZre~ A
vkRekua loZHkwrkuka lUra loZxra uqe% AA
vFk Hkkjrpfj=k’kks/kus izÑrs rn…r;k ftKkflrpfj=kizfrikndL;
ifjŸÜ;ekuegkHkkjrxzUFkL; izkek.;cya Kkrqa rRdfofopkj% izFkea
fØ;rs A
ifjŸÜ;ekua egkHkkjra loZefi Ñ”.k}Sik;ueqfu£ojfprokfufr
lkEiznkf;dkuka foÌkl% A ewyHkkjra fdefi }Sik;uL; A rn~cgqfHkja’kS%
la;ksT; egkHkkjra ÑreU;Sfjfr uO;k% A foe’kZdojfËUrkef.k&
fouk;doS|kpk;Z% izÑregkHkkjrLo:iL; fu”iknf;rk lkSfr&
#xzJok bfr fu/kkZj;fr A
rfLeu~ fo”k;s r=k Hkork & ^^,oað ‘krlgüa rq e;ksDra oS fucks/kr A**
bfr egkHkkjropueso izek.kRosu x`ghre~ A i;kZÆe=kfo”k;s rfnna
izek.kfeR;Lekdek’k;% A ;s lexza egkHkkjra }Sik;uizksDra onfUr
rs izÎO;k% A ¯d oS’kEik;utUest;laoknkRlkSfreqfulaoknk‰kkuUrja

2

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

}Sik;uks egkHkkjra jfproku~ \ mrkgks iwoZe~ \ uk|% A lkSfruk
oS’kEik;usu p izkxso }Sik;usufs rgklks jfpr bfr LiÎefHk/kkukr~ A
xzUFkfuekZ.kL; laokn};kuqlkfjRos }Sik;uL; ijksithO;Roizl…k‰k A
u f}rh;% A xzUFkL;kukxrlaoknkRedRoL;kuqiiÙks% A rLekr~
laokn};kRizkxso }Sik;usu jfpra ewyHkkjra laokn};lekÆsjuUrja
laLÑrfefr i{k ,o lk/kh;ku~ A uokukef/kdka’kkuka la;kstua
osð”kkfŒUewyLFkkukea’kkukeq)j.ka ewys laƒÔfprkuka osð”kkfŒna’kkuka
foLrj.ka ewys foLr`rkuka osð”kkfŒna’kkuka lƒkspua psfr laLdj.kinkFkZ% A
mnkärs opus lkSrsjso oDr`RokUe;sR;usu rL;So izR;;% A LoL;
dkys izpkjLFka Hkkjra lkSfr% laLÑroku~ A rnso egkHkkjfeR;qDra
Hkofr A laLdrkZ laLÑrkefi lafgrka ewydkjL;So ukeëk izdfVroku~
bfr fo’ks”k% A
egkHkkjrlafgrkfu”iÙksjuUrjefi dfri;a dkya ewyHkkjra izpkjs
i`FkxI;frÏfnfr foKk;rs A ;nkÌyk;ukpk;ksZ futs x`álw=ks
nso£”kfir`riZ.klUnHksZ & ^^lqeUrqtSfefuoS’kEik;uiSylw=kHkk”;&
HkkjregkHkkjr/kekZpk;kZ%** bfr lw=k;fr A lw=kkfn/keZi;ZUrS%
‘kCnSjkpk;Zina izR;sdeUosfr A v=k Hkkjrkpk;ZegkHkkjrkpk;Z;ks% i`Fko~ð
i`Fko~ð riZ.ka fo/kh;rs A vusukÌyk;uL; dkys HkkjregkHkkjrs
i`FkxfrÏrkfefr izrhra Hkofr A fdŒ ewyHkkjrkUegkHkkjrfeo
Hkkjrkpk;kZr~ egkHkkjrkpk;Z% i`Fkfxfr izkphurja lw=kfena
cks/k;fr A dkyØes.k ys[kdizpkjkHkkokUewyHkkjra i`Fko~ð lÙkka
fotgkS A
v;a pkÌyk;usuksfÉf[krks egkHkkjrkpk;Z% lkSfrfjfr u i`FkXoÚO;e~ A

egkHkkjrdfofu:i.ke~

3

vFk dks Hkkjrkpk;Z%\ v=kS”kk ppkZ Hkofr A
eUokfnHkkjra osðfpnkLrhdkfn rFkkijs A
rFkksifjpjk|U;s foizk% lE;x/kh;rs AA
bfr egkHkkjrL; Üyksosð =k;ks HkkjrkjEHkk mÚk% A rsuSrPNÁksd&
fuekZ.kdkys =khf.k HkkjrkU;orZUrsfr izrhra HkofrA v=kkpk;ZoS|%
leUo;esoa oqð#rs & ^^eUokfnHkkjra egkHkkjre~ A vksa ueks Hkxors
oklqnsok;sfr eU=ks.kkjC/kRokr~A rRlkSrs%A vkLrhdpfjrkfnHkkjra
vkLrhdkfnA rRlkekU;rks Hkkjre~A r}S’kEik;uL;A mifjpj&
pfjrkfnHkkjreqifjpjkfnA l t;sfrgklks }Sik;uL;A rL; Hkkjruke
xkS.ke~ A ,oa Ñ”.k}Sik;uL; ewyxzUFkks f}okja laLÑr% A izFkea
laLdj.ka u rFkk izp.Ma ;Fkk f}rh;e~ A vkÌyk;usuksfÉf[krks
Hkkjrkpk;ZLrq oS’kEik;u% L;kr~ A** bfrA
ijs Rokgq% & ^^}Sik;ujfprL; t;sfrgklL;So Hkkjrfefr ukekUrje~ A
rnqifjpjkfnHkkjreso Hkofr A rL; f}okja laLdj.ka laoÙ` ke~ A izFke%
la L drkZ lkS f r% A f}rh;% lkS f roa Ü ;% dfËnU;% dfo% A
vkÌyk;usuksfÉf[krks Hkkjrkpk;Z Ñ”.k}Sik;u ,o Hkofr A ;fn
oS’kEik;uks Hkkjrkpk;Z bR;…hfØ;sr r£g dÎ};e~ vkirsr~ A
,dL;So oS’kEik;uL; O;fÚukeëSoað riZ.ka xq.kÑrsu ukeëk&
·U;ÙkiZ . kfefr iz l T;rs A R;Dra iz l T;s r p iw T ;reL;
Ñ”.k}Sik;uL; riZ.ke~ A vLekoað u;s rq ifjärkS }koI;srkS nks”kkS A**
vU;‰kkfLr dÎe~ A O;kloS’kEik;ulkSr;ks t;HkkjregkHkkjrdo;
bfr onn~fHkgZfjoa’kË lkSrjs …hdrZO;% L;kr~ A ihfBdk p lkSrfs jR;fHk&
/kkrO;a L;kr~ A eUokfnHkkjrfefr ÜyksdL; prqFkZHkkjrizfrowðyRokr~ A
lkSrsjso rnqHk;feR;…hdkjs dk foizfrifÙkfjfr psr~ A lfUr cgoks

4

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

fojks/kk% A izFke% izek.kfojks/kks Hkofr A
;FkkoRlwriq=ks.k jkSeg”kZf.kuk iqu% A
mÚkfu uSfe”kkj.;s iokZ.;Îkn’kSo rq AA
bfr ioZlÈxzgs lkSrsjÎkn’kioZek=kdk;ZRoeqP;rs A ,ofRofr
fo”k;kUrjO;oPNsnkr~ f[kyxzUFkks·U;L;Sosfr LiÎa izrh;rs A r=k
Hkoku~ oS|ks·fi futs HkkjrksilagkjxzUFks ;;kfriq=koa’kizLrkos ¼i`”Be~
209 f}rh;k o`fÙk%½ ^^gfjoa’kL; ys[kua ijh{k.ka ok lkSfrrks uklhfnfr
ŸÜ;rsA--- izkphuxzUFkkukeSfrgkfldizkek.;ijh{kk;ka iwoZiwoZL;
izkek.;ef/kdfeR;…hdrZO;e~ A rFkkfg gfjoa’kkis{k;k egkHkkjrL;
izkek.;ef/kde~ A egkHkkjrkis{k;k osnk…kuka osnk…kis{k;k czkà.kkuka
czkà.kkis{k;ka ea=klafgrkuka fo’ks”kr _Xosnlafgrk;kË izkek.;a
JsÏe~ bfr onêk…hdjksrhea fo”k;e~A**
f}rh;% izR;{kkiyki% A vuqØef.kdkioZf.k lkSfruSfZ e”kkj.;okflH;%
Lo;a liZl=ks oS’kEik;uizksÚegkHkkjrdFkka JqRok rhFkkZVua ÑRok
lekxrks·gfefr onfr A lkSfrjso psnuqØef.kdk;k% drkZ uSoa
izR;{kkiykiedfj”;r~ A Do lkSr%s dky \ Do tUest;L; \
r`rh;% izdj.kfojks/k% A iw.kZxUz FklekÆsjuUrja la;ksftrk;ka ihfBdk;ka
eq[;xzUFkkjEHks dj.kh;L; laoknkorj.kL;kukSfpR;kr~ A vfLr p
prqFkkZ/;k;s laoknkorkj% A rLek}S’kEik;uL; dfo=k;e/;s·la;kstua
Js;%A vLekoað u;s rq f}rh;ekLrhdkfn Hkkjreso lkSres gZ kHkkjre~A
vkLrhd’kCnËkLrhdpfj=kij% A ukLrhdioZij% A ikSyksek[;ku&
L;kLrhdpfjrk…ROkknkLrhosð lÈxzg% A vU;Fkk rL; egkHkkjrknkS

egkHkkjrdfofu:i.ke~

5

U;klL;So uksiifÙk% A lihfVoað likS”;a lf[kya egkHkkjreso
eUokfnHkkjre~ A r`rh;% dfo% lqrjka Ñ”.kHkÚ% A JhÑ”.kpfj=kL;
egkHkkjrs LrksdRoknsoklUr`Æ% l gfjoa’ka futkUo;ijEijkJqrk%
dFkk vuqlR` ; fojP; egkHkkjrsu la;ksftroku~ A v/;k;};kfRedk
ihfBdk·fi rL;So Hkofr A ;|fi ikS”;ioZHkk”kk·rho izkphuk A
rFkkfi u rRioZ LkkSrseZgkHkkjrs A xzUFkknkS HkofrqeqfprL;
lkSfreqfulaoknkorj.kL; ikSykseknkoso n’kZukr~ A r`rh;% dfojso
fl)eso Lox`gs fLFkrfefrgkl};a ihfBdkuUrja U;Lroku~ A rRikS”;a
ooksZP;rs A r=k izFke bfrgklLRoiw.kZ ,o ŸÜ;rs A viw.kZ ,o l
dos#iyC/k% L;kr~ A
gfjoa’kL; f[kylaKk p ifjf’kÎRokr~ A foizyqÆRoa ifjf’kÎRoa ok
f[kyRoe~ A v;a p f[kydkj% LoL;kfi ѯr ewyxzUFkdkjk;So
le£iroku~ A fu#Úx`álw=kdYilw=kkfn”kq izkphuxzUFks”kq pSrkŸ’k&
ifjf’kÎla;kstua ewykpk;kZ;So ÑfrleiZ.ka p ŸÜ;rs A
v;a p r`rh;% dfoýhuSfrgkfldkfUo”k;kuLeH;a izn£’kroku~A
^^prq²o’kfrlkgü° pozsð Hkkjrlafgrke~ A
mik[;kuS£ouk rkon~Hkkjra izksP;rs cq/kS% A**
bfr Üyksoðs u ewyHkkjrlafgrk;k% i`FkDRoa ÜyksdlÈ[;ka p osn;fr A
}Sik;uks Hkxoku`f”kfjfr dr`iZ na iworZ ks·=kkuqorZrs A oS’kEik;uokfnuk
dr`iZ na vuqorZekua fol`T; LokfHkyf”kra dr`iZ ne/;kgk;± izlT;srA
^^,oað ‘krlgüa rq e;ksDra oS fucks/kr A**
bR;/kZÜyksosðu egkHkkjrdfofo”k;oað Kkua ‘kks/kosðH;ks nnkfr A

6

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

eUokfnHkkjrfefr Üyksosðu HkkjrL;kReuk Ñra f}rh;a laLdj.ka p
cks/k;fr A nwjŸÎo’kkÙkL; ukekLekfHkuZ Kk;rsA
v;a lkjka’k% A O;klks Hkkjrkpk;Z% lkSfreZgkHkkjrkpk;Z% A egkHkkjr;
ihfBdkf[ky;ks % la ; ks t d% lw = kdkjknkÌyk;uknokZ p hu%
dfËRlwroaÜ;% A bfr o;a rq cwze% A Hkorq uke ihfBdkf[kydkj%
lkSrjs U;Lr}aÜ;%A HkoUrq uke }Sik;ulkSfrr}aÜ;kuka =khf.k Hkkjrkfu A
Hkorka uke O;kllkSrhHkkjregkHkkjrkpk;kSZ A rFkkfi oS’kEik;u%
Ñ”.kL; ewyHkkjra laLÑrokuYifefr oS|kpk;ksZDra lR;e~
bR;sok…hdrZO;e~ A oS’kEik;uÑrL; laLdj.kL;kYiRokÙkr~
laLÑrL; xzUFkL; ewykni`FkXHkwrRok‰k laLdrqLZ rL; Hkkjrkpk;ZRoa
usR;soa oS|ksÚknLenqDrs fo’ks”k% A
ifjŸÜ;ekus egkHkkjrs fdfŒ}S’kEik;ulaLÑrk Ñ”.k}Sik;uL;
ewyHkkjrlafgrk foÑrS£utSjo;oSyhZuk frÏrhfr oÚO;e~ A
mik[;kukfu lokZ.;fi izk;% lkSrs% A ;nk[;kua r=kkfi u lkSrsuZ
gLr{ksi% A fdfŒnwukf/kdpRok¯j’kRlgüÜyksdferek[;kua fg
ŸÜ;rs A prq²o’kfrlgüÜyksdkReoSðo }Sik;uL; ewylafgrsfr
rrks·f/kd% loksZ·I;k[;kuHkkx% lkSrsfjR;…hdrZO;a L;kr~ A
rLeknk[;kus·fi ¯d Ñ”.k}Sik;uksÚa ¯d ok lkSfruksÚfefr fuËsraq
Jeks Hkw;kUHkofr A rLekr~ A izkek.;ijh{kk;ka ifjŸÜ;ekua egkHkkjra
lkSrxs UZz FkRosuoS foyksduh;e~ A lkSfrË egkUikSjkf.kd% A

egkHkkjrfuekZ.kdky%

7

f}rh;a izdj.ke~

egkHkkjrfuekZ.kdky%

lkS r s e Z g kHkkjrla f grkiz . k;udkyËs ’ kiq = k’kdkRiw o ± r` r h;e~
vCn’krdfefr r=kHkorks oS|L; ere~ A
^^,Mwdfpßk i`fFkoh u nsox`gHkwf”krk A**
bfr egkHkkjrs Hkfo”;Rdfyo.kZuizLrkos HkwescqZ)kfLFkxHkZ&
LrwilfgrRoa HkkfoRosu lwP;rs A v’kksdL; dkys rkŸ’ka
l†Vueklhfnfr egkHkkjrdfoj’kksdknokZphuks oÚO;% A dfouk
LokuqHkwrkFkZL;So ;ksX;LFkys HkkfodFkuO;ktsukfHkfgrRokr~A
lexzs egkHkkjrs ukfLr jk’khukeqÉs[k% A rLeknLenh;kuka
jk’khKkukRizkxso egkHkkjrfuekZ.ka lao`Ùkfefr ‘kks/kdkukesd&
d.Bks·fHkizk;% A ;ousÌjL; fefyUnL; n.M;k=kkrks·uUrjeso
T;ksfr£o|oulgoklizkcY;nk;kZorsZ jkf’kKkuekjC/ke~ A fefyUnË
‘kq…lkezkT;LFkkidL; iq”ife=kL; ledkfyd% A ¼bZ- iw- 150½
;rLr;ks;)
Zq eHkwr~ A
rLek|qÚeqÚekpk;sZ.k egkHkkjrlafgrkiz.k;udky% izkxh’kiq=k&
’kdkÙk`rh;k ’krkCnhfr rnSok’kksdizpkfjra cks)ereqUewY; iqu%
lukru/ke± LFkkif;rqa dL;fpr~ loZtukotZdL; loZfo”k;&

8

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

lkxjL; loZlqxeL; egrks xzUFkL; fuekZ.ka izkÆkoljeklh&
fnR;kpk;ZL; lk/kqLroZð% A ra Hkkjeqokg cgqrU=kfofêkiq.kks egkdfo%
lkSfr% A cgqtufiz;a Hkkjreso cgqySja’kS% la;ksT; l egkHkkjra
Ñroku~ A vkfnr% izk;s.k osðoyfefrgklkRedks xzUFk% lkSfruk
fofp=k% ‘kkýO;qgks·dkfjA /ke± ftKklekukuka eg)eZ’kkýa rr~ A
jktuh¯r ftKklekukuka JsÏa uhfr’kkýe~ A czàftKklekukuka mÙkea
Kku’kkýe~ A ;ksxa ftKklekukuka jgL;a ;ksx’kkýe~ A HkÚkuka
Hkkoksíhioað HkxoÙkU=ke~ A dFkk% ‘kqJw”kek.kkuka fofp=kkFk± iqjk.ke~A
län;kukekotZoað jloUegkdkO;e~ A
dks ok·usu egkHkkjrfuekZ.kdkyKkusu Hkkjrpfj=k% ‘kks/kuL;ksidkj%
vfLr egkfufr cwze% A Kkrs egkHkkjrfuekZ.kdkys pfj=kdkykn~
xzUFkfuekZ.kdky% lqrjka vokZphu bfr Kkra L;kr~ A rsu
egkHkkjriz k s Ú k% lkf†dO;oLFkkerfl)kUrkn;% ¯d
pfj=kdkylEc)k% mrkgks xzUFkfuekZ.kdkylEc)k% bfr izÜkë%
izknqHkZors ~ A mHk;Fkk·fi lEHkokr~ A fofo/kS#ik;SËfj=kdkylkf†d&
O;oLFkkfnoað foKk; xzUFks rnso izdk’kf;rqeLR;odk’k% dos% A
vkRedkylkf†dO;oLFkkfndeso lukrua eRok lukruRosu
n’kZf;rqfePN;k ok rL;so xzUFks pfj=kdkylEc)Rosu o.kZua p
lEHkkO;e~ A r=k foe`Ü; fdefi fu/kkZjf;rqa pfj=k’kks/kdL;kodk’kks
feysr~ A mÙkj=k dfri;s”kq izdj.ks”kq dfj”;ek.kL; rkŸ’kL; foe’kZL;sna
izdj.ka iwokZ…a Hkofr A

egkHkkjrfuekZ.kdky%

7

f}rh;a izdj.ke~

egkHkkjrfuekZ.kdky%

lkS r s e Z g kHkkjrla f grkiz . k;udkyËs ’ kiq = k’kdkRiw o ± r` r h;e~
vCn’krdfefr r=kHkorks oS|L; ere~ A
^^,Mwdfpßk i`fFkoh u nsox`gHkwf”krk A**
bfr egkHkkjrs Hkfo”;Rdfyo.kZuizLrkos HkwescqZ)kfLFkxHkZ&
LrwilfgrRoa HkkfoRosu lwP;rs A v’kksdL; dkys rkŸ’ka
l†Vueklhfnfr egkHkkjrdfoj’kksdknokZphuks oÚO;% A dfouk
LokuqHkwrkFkZL;So ;ksX;LFkys HkkfodFkuO;ktsukfHkfgrRokr~A
lexzs egkHkkjrs ukfLr jk’khukeqÉs[k% A rLeknLenh;kuka
jk’khKkukRizkxso egkHkkjrfuekZ.ka lao`Ùkfefr ‘kks/kdkukesd&
d.Bks·fHkizk;% A ;ousÌjL; fefyUnL; n.M;k=kkrks·uUrjeso
T;ksfr£o|oulgoklizkcY;nk;kZorsZ jkf’kKkuekjC/ke~ A fefyUnË
‘kq…lkezkT;LFkkidL; iq”ife=kL; ledkfyd% A ¼bZ- iw- 150½
;rLr;ks;)
Zq eHkwr~ A
rLek|qÚeqÚekpk;sZ.k egkHkkjrlafgrkiz.k;udky% izkxh’kiq=k&
’kdkÙk`rh;k ’krkCnhfr rnSok’kksdizpkfjra cks)ereqUewY; iqu%
lukru/ke± LFkkif;rqa dL;fpr~ loZtukotZdL; loZfo”k;&

8

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

lkxjL; loZlqxeL; egrks xzUFkL; fuekZ.ka izkÆkoljeklh&
fnR;kpk;ZL; lk/kqLroZð% A ra Hkkjeqokg cgqrU=kfofêkiq.kks egkdfo%
lkSfr% A cgqtufiz;a Hkkjreso cgqySja’kS% la;ksT; l egkHkkjra
Ñroku~ A vkfnr% izk;s.k osðoyfefrgklkRedks xzUFk% lkSfruk
fofp=k% ‘kkýO;qgks·dkfjA /ke± ftKklekukuka eg)eZ’kkýa rr~ A
jktuh¯r ftKklekukuka JsÏa uhfr’kkýe~ A czàftKklekukuka mÙkea
Kku’kkýe~ A ;ksxa ftKklekukuka jgL;a ;ksx’kkýe~ A HkÚkuka
Hkkoksíhioað HkxoÙkU=ke~ A dFkk% ‘kqJw”kek.kkuka fofp=kkFk± iqjk.ke~A
län;kukekotZoað jloUegkdkO;e~ A
dks ok·usu egkHkkjrfuekZ.kdkyKkusu Hkkjrpfj=k% ‘kks/kuL;ksidkj%
vfLr egkfufr cwze% A Kkrs egkHkkjrfuekZ.kdkys pfj=kdkykn~
xzUFkfuekZ.kdky% lqrjka vokZphu bfr Kkra L;kr~ A rsu
egkHkkjriz k s Ú k% lkf†dO;oLFkkerfl)kUrkn;% ¯d
pfj=kdkylEc)k% mrkgks xzUFkfuekZ.kdkylEc)k% bfr izÜkë%
izknqHkZors ~ A mHk;Fkk·fi lEHkokr~ A fofo/kS#ik;SËfj=kdkylkf†d&
O;oLFkkfnoað foKk; xzUFks rnso izdk’kf;rqeLR;odk’k% dos% A
vkRedkylkf†dO;oLFkkfndeso lukrua eRok lukruRosu
n’kZf;rqfePN;k ok rL;so xzUFks pfj=kdkylEc)Rosu o.kZua p
lEHkkO;e~ A r=k foe`Ü; fdefi fu/kkZjf;rqa pfj=k’kks/kdL;kodk’kks
feysr~ A mÙkj=k dfri;s”kq izdj.ks”kq dfj”;ek.kL; rkŸ’kL; foe’kZL;sna
izdj.ka iwokZ…a Hkofr A

Hkkjrpfj=kdkyfu:i.ke~

9

r`rh;a izdj.ke~

Hkkjrpfj=kdkyfu:i.ke~

mÚk% do;ks HkkjregkHkkjrf[kykuke~ A egkHkkjrL; izÑrLo:i&
fu”ifÙkdkyËksÚ% A lEizfr ewyxzUFkLo:ifu”ifÙkdkyfu:i.ka
izkÆkolje~ A vuUrja pfj=kdkyfu:i.ka drZO;e~ A rFkk·fi izÑrs
pfj=kdkyfu:i.kkr~ izkÈewyxzUFkdkjdkyks fu:if;rqe’kD;%
mHk;ksLrkŸ’ka lEcU/ka egkHkkjrdfo% dfYiroku~ A rLekRizFkea
Hkkjrpfj=kdkya fu:I;So ewyxzUFkdkjdkya iËkfêk:if;”;ke% A
dfy;qxkjEHkkr~ fdfŒRiwo± Hkkjr;q)a pfyrfefr oS|kpk;ZL;kfHkizk;% A
,oeso lkEiznkf;dkË eU;Urs A brjs ‘kks/kdk% dkya izk;Lrrks·okZxos
usraq iz;rUrs A oSfndokÈe;izek.kkoyEcua iwoLZ ; ’kks/kue~ A
vokZphuokÈe;izek.koyEcukuhrjs”kka ‘kks/kukfu A brjsH;%
‘kks/kosðH;LroZð’kq)kfu izR;qÙkjkf.k r=k Hkork oS|suSo nÙkkuhfr u
r=kkLekfHkË£orpoZ.ka fØ;rs A vkpk;ZfpUrke.ks}kZijkUrokn
,okLekfHkfjg ijh{;rs A
ik.Mokuka izfirkegL; ‘kUruksHkzkZ=kk nsokfiuk Ñra lwÚesde~
_Xosnlafgrk;ka ;n~ ŸÜ;rs rÉ{khÑrekpk;ZfpUrkef.kuk A
ik.Mokuka iwot
Z L;So rRlwÚfefr c`gísorkxzUFkksnkgj.ksu fu/kkZfjra
p rsu A izfrik|’kq);s r};a iqu£u/kkZjf;”;ke% A

10

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

fu#Údkjks ;kLdks·=k dFkkesoa dFk;fr & ^^r=ksfrgkle~ vkp{krs A
nsokfiËk£Î”ks.k% ‘kUruqË dkSjO;kS HkzkrjkS cHkwroq% A l ’kUruq%
duh;kufHk”ksp;kŒoszð A nsokfiLri% izfrisns A rr% ‘kUruks% jkT;s
}kn’ko”kkZf.k nsoks u oo”kZ A rewpqczkZà.kk v/keZLRo;kpfjrks T;sÏa
HkzkrjeUrfjR;kfHk”ksfpra rLekÙks nsoks u o”kZrhfr A l ’kUruqnsZok¯i
f’kf’k{k jkT;su reqokp nsokfi% iqjfs graLrs·lkfu ;kt;kfu p Rosfr A
rL;Sr}”kZdkelwÚe~ A** bfr dFkkik=k;ks% oqðyukecU/kqRokuka
r;ksjU;rjL; T;sÏefryÈ?; ¯lgklukjksg.kL; p rqY;RokÙkfLeu~
oqðys rêkkeëkLs r‰kfj=k;ksokZ Hkzk=kksjU;;ks·izfl)Rok‰k Hkkjrizfl)kosorS kS
nsokfi’kUruw bR;=k u dfËRla’k;% A
,rsukU;Ëfj=kka’kË Ÿ<ks Hkofr A egkHkkjrs o`”kkdfif’kfifoÎ&
ukefuoZpuizLrkos fu#Údkjks·;a ;kLd mfÉf[kr% A ;kLdË
ns o kfipfj=ka iq j krua dFk;fr A Ñ”.k}S i k;uËs U egkHkkjra
lexzedfj”;r~ r£g Hkkjrpfj=kdkyknrhokokZphua ;kLoað
dFkeqnkgfj”;r~ A
izÑreuqljke% A nsokis% lwDrs f=kokja ‘kUruksukZeksfÉf[kre~A oS|Lrq
nsokis% lwÚe`ÈeU=k;qxlekfÆLFka dFk;fr A r=k gsraq i`PNke% A
n’kee.MyLFkRoa gsrqfjfr psr~ A uk;a gsrq% A vokZpkeso lwÚkfu
n’kes e.Mys HkoUrhfr roZðfËUR;% A vR;Ura izkphukuka nk{kk;.;k
vfnrs% vkfnR;L; fooLor% oSoLorL; ;eL; ;kSoukÌL;
ekU/kkrq% nk’kjkK;q)uk;dL; lqnkl% oSU;L; i`Fkks% rFkk
rfRirqosZuL; vkf…jlL; c`gLirs% vkS’khujL; f’kcs% vkIR;L;
f=krL; lkSE;L; cq/kL;] vU;s”kka p loZlEerkuka izkpka lwÚkfu

Hkkjrpfj=kdkyfu:i.ke~

11

n’kes e.My ,o fo|Urs A rLekísokis% lwDra n’kee.MyLFkRoknso
_ÈeU=k;qxlekfÆLFka oDrqe’kD;e~ A Hkk”kkuoRoa gsrqfjfr psr~
nsokis% lwÚL; Hkk”kk·rho izkphuk A fun’kZukFk± rLekRlwÚkRdkfufpr~
inkfu lk/kqfudizfrinkfu nh;Urs A o`”kk; o”kZ; A vkoo`RLo
izR;kxPN A |qer° nhfÆerhe~A fnoksæIl% o`fÎ% A leqæs vUrjh{ks A
vehoka jksxe~ A vils/k fuokj; A vnh/ksr~ vUo/;k;r~ A jjk.k%
jeek.k% A ‘kq’kqpku% Toyu~ A nqxgZ knqxkZf.k _ÈeU=k;qxe/;LFkkuke~
bos;a Hkk”kk A
u osðoya nsokfi% ik.MokË _ÈeU=k;qxe/;LFkk bfr lk/kf;rqa
fy…kUrjkf.k fo|Urs A NkUnksX;ksifu”kfn iq#”k;Kfo|kizLrkos &
^^r)Srn~ ?kksj vkf…jl% Ñ”.kk; nsodhiq=kk;ksDRoksokp** bfr
nsodhiq=k% Ñ”.kks ?kksjL;kf…jlL; iq#”k;Kfo|kf’k”; bR;qÚe~ A
nsodhiq=k% Ñ”.kË Hkkjrizfl)ks Hkxoku~ Ñ”.k% A vkf…jlks ?kksjË
_ÈeU=kÑRizfl)% A u osðoya ?kksj% rL; iq=k% d.o% ikS=kk% izLd.oes/
kkfrfFkioZrukjnizHk`r;Ë _ÈeU=kÑr% izfl)k% A rRledkfyd%
JhÑ”.k% A JhÑ”.kledkfydk% ik.MokË _ÈeU=k;qxe/;LFkk
bR;usu fl/;sr~ A nq;ksZ/kulHkka JhÑ”.ksu lg eU=kÑrks%
d.oukjn;ks% xeua p rfeeeFk± æ<;fr A
brË JhÑ”.k% ik.MokË _ÈeU=k;qxe/;LFkk% A vuq’kklu&
ioZ.;qeiU;q% JhÑ”.kL; xq##P;rs A mieU;qË oflÏiq=kL;
O;k?kzikn% iq=k bfr r=kSo ioZ.;fHkfgre~ A rkosrkS O;k?kziknqieU;w
_ÈeU=kÑrkS izfl)kS A mHkkofi okflÏkS onR;uqØef.kdkdkj% A
,oa ð iq = kRokniR;fefr A vU;a ikS = kRok™ks = kkiR;fefr A

12

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

mieU;qledkfydRokRÑ”.k% Ñ”.kledkfydRokRik.MokË
_ÈeU=k;qxe/;LFkk bR;usu fl/;sr~ A
brË Ñ”.kktqZukS _ÈeU=k;qxe/;LFkkS ‘kk…kZ.kka tfjr`æks.k&
lkfjl`DoLrEcfe=kk.kka Hkzkr¤.kkek”kZekxës;esoað lwÚe`Dlafgrk;ka
ŸÜ;rsA oue/;xkLrs ous leUrrks ToyUre¯xë Loizk.kj{kk;S
izkFkZ;UrsA l r=k fo”k;%A Ñ”.kktqZu;ks% [kk.Mooungus p pRokj
,rs·¯xë LrqRok jf{krk vHkwfêkfr egkHkkjrs fo|rs dFkk A
izFkeL; tfjrqtZfjrkfjfr ukeksP;rs A dkyO;R;klsuSrkŸ’kks
ukeO;R;klHkko% lgt% A ;Fkk loZ=k fuxes ;LrqoZ’k mP;rs l
loZ=k egkHkkjrs iqjk.ks”kq p rqoZlqjfHk/kh;rs A ØeLrq egkHkkjrs
tfjrkfjLrEcfe=klkfjl`Doæksg.kk bfr A lEHkkO;k ,o eq[kkUeq[kkUrja
xPNfRLofrgkls”ohŸ’kk% LoYiO;R;klk%A ;Fkk HkkldfoHkZjrknfi
y{e.keso T;k;ka laLiÎa onfr A jkek;.ks tUeizdj.ks Hkjrks
T;k;kuqP;rs A
vkË;Ztuuk;kU;ks fo’ks”kLr=k egkHkkjrdfouk ;ksftr% A
‘kk…Z’kCnL; if{kfo’ks”kokpdRoeodk’ka yC/ok rsu pRokj ,rs
_”k;ks·tkri{kk% i{;HkZdk% Ñrk% A firja rq dfŒŸf”kesokgA
vtkri{kk.kka i{;HkZdk.kka rUekrq% if{k.;kË izkS<euq”;Hkk”k;k
laokn% vUrrks ofßHk;kUekr;q–Z huk;ka Loizk.kj{kk;S rs”kka ofßLroËsfr
egkHkkjrs fo’ksÎks fo”k;% A ikSjkf.kdf’kjkse.ks% lkSrs% dYiukiziŒs
uS r kŸ’k% f’kYifo’ks ” kks foLe;dj% A oLrq r Lrs Ük` … ukeë
_”ksxksZ=kkiR;kfu A u ‘kk…Zukeku% if{k.k% A lokZuqØef.kdk&

Hkkjrpfj=kdkyfu:i.ke~

13

fu;eizdkjs.k loZ=k ukeëkeuUrja rÙkŸ”ksxksZ=kdhrZueso izkÆkolja
Hkofr A vuqÚxks=k vkf…jlks Ks; bfr ifjHkk”kk A ¼viR;a
ikS=kizHk`frxks=ka ikf.kus% lokZuqØef.kdkdkjersu xks=kina oa’kek=k&
ije~ A u ikfjHkkf”kde~ A rLekr~ iq=kks·fi rL; xks=kt ,o HkofrA½
e/kqPNUnks oSÌkfe=k% tsrk ek/kqPNUnl% es/kkfrfFk% dk.o
bR;knhU;qnkgj.kkfu A ,oa tfj=kkn;Ë ‘kk…kZ% A vU;nfLr
egkHkkjrdosjhŸ’kkn~HkqrdYius iz;kstue~ A [kk.Mos osðfpŸ”k;Ë
;fn L;qjtqZuL; r}unkgks xzUFkikBdkuka ikiÑR;a Hkklsr A vusu
dYiusu rfêkokj.ka Ñre~ A
fuxes ‘kk…kZ.kkefxëLrqrkS }s }s _pkosoSðdL;sokÎko`p% lfUrA
egkHkkjrs uhyd.B[;krikBkuqlkjs.k fo|Urs =k;ksn’kÜyksdk%A
izFkeL; }kS A f}rh;L; =k;% A r`rh;L; =k;% A prqFkZL; iΠA
egkHkkjrs izFkeL; ÜyksdkosrkS Hkor%A
vkRek·flok;ksToZyu’kjhjefl oh#/kke~ A
;ksfxjkiË rs ‘kqozað ;ksfuLRoefl pkEHkl% AA
mð/o± pk/kË liZfUr i`Ïr% ikÌZrLrFkk A
v£p”kLrs egkoh;ZjÜe;% lforq;ZFkk AA
vkfnioZ 231&7] 8
fuxes rq izFkeL; _pkosrs&
v;exës tfjrk Ros vHkwnfi
lgl% lwuks u áU;nLR;kI;e~ A
Hkæa fg ‘keZ f=ko:FkefLr r
vkjs ¯glkukei fn|qek Ñf/k AA

14

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

izoÙks vxës tfuek firw;r%
lkpho foÌk Hkqouk U;`×tls A
iz lÆ;% iz lfu”kUr uks f/k;%
iqjËjfUr i’kqik bokReuk AA
¼_Dlafgrk 10- 142- 1&2 tfjrk½
lgl% lwuks cyL; iq=k% A cya p ok;O;fefr vkRek·fl
ok;ksfjR;qÚe~ A u áU;nLR;kI;e~ A Rofnfr ’ks”k%A vkI;eEe;e~ A
vU;êkkfLrA vL; fooj.ke~ ^^;ks fujkiËrs ‘qkoazð ;ksfuLRoefl
pkEHkl%** bfr A vkI;a izkÆO;feR;FkkZs·fi Hkofr A rFkk·fi
vEe;feR;Fk± ÑRoSo egkHkkjrdfoHkkZjrdfookZ LoLrq¯r
fuxekFkkZuqlkfj.k° Ñroku~ A ‘kjhjefi oh#/kkfefr iknËkL;Soksi&
O;k[;kua Hkofr A vU;nf/koað eU=ks izFkes A r`rh;ikns vxës%
j{kdRolkeF;± prq F ks Z j{kkiz k FkZ u k pkfHk/kh;s r s A r=k
izkFkZuk·LekfHkyZ{khdrZO;kA ¯glkuka ¯gldkuka ‘k=kw.kke~ A fn|qek;q/ka
tkrkosdopue~ A vkjs nwjs A vikÑf/k vixra oqð# A u
osðoyefxëHk;e~ A ‘kk=kok;q/kikrHk;a pkusu O;T;rs A
f}rh;s eU=ks ^^lkpho foÌk HkqoukU;`×tls** bfr ikn% izk/kkU;su
egkHkkjrs f}rh;Üyksosð O;k[;kr% A lkpho lpeku bo lpua
lg;ks x % A foÌk Hkq o ukfu Hkw f eeUrjkya fnoa U;` × tls
vkØkelhR;fr’k;ksfÚ% A izizÑÎk% A lÆ;% fdj.kk% A lw;kZÌk%
lÆ; mP;Urs A lw;kZÌkË lw;Zfdj.ksH;ks ukfrfjP;Urs v=k
lw;fZ dj.kkukefxëTokykuka p O;kfÆlk/kE;kZnHksnus kfHk/kkue~ A izid
z ”ks.Z k
lfu”kUr lk/k;fUr A loZrks xPNUr% Lodh;a ngudk;±

Hkkjrpfj=kdkyfu:i.ke~

15

fuoZrZ;UrhR;FkZ% A beeFk± eufl fu/kk;So jÜe;% lforw;ZFksfr
egkHkkjrdfoHkkZjrdfookZ onfr A vL;ke`fp izFkeiknkFkZ%
egkHkkjrdos% dL;fpr~ dFkka’kL; dYiuk; chteklhr~ A gs
vxës A firw;r% vêkfePNr% A rs tfuek izknqHkkZoy{k.ka tUe A izor~
vÙkO;izo.ka Hkofr A v=k firw;r bfr infy…sukxës% [kk.Moou&
Hk{k.kkfHkyk”kLrf}”k;s·tquZ lkgk¸;dizkFkZua pkdfYi”kkrka egkHkkjr&
dfouk A oLrqr% firw;r bR;kyƒkfjdHkk”kk A f}rh;L; Lrqrks
fuxeegkHkkjr;ks% lkŸÜ;eYiefi y{khdrZO;e~ A r=k izFkeeU=ks &
^^ek rs gs¯r rfo”k° pqoðqz /kke** ¼_Dlafgrk 10- 142- 3] æks.k%½ A ¼gs
vxës½ rs rfo”k° Hk;ƒjhe~ A gs¯r Tokyk:iek;q/ke~ A ekpqozqð/kke
O;frjsd’kkUrhoqðeZ bfr rkRi;Ze~ A
;nxës rs f’koa :ia ;s p rs lÆgsr;% A
rsu u% ifjikfg RoekrkZêk% ‘kj.kSf”k.k% AA
¼vkfnioZ 231- 10½
bfr f}rh;L; LrqfrÜyksosð gsr; mÚk% A rfnna gsfr ‘kCnlkŸÜ;a
Lro;ks#Hk;ks% A
r`rh;L; Lros fuxes ^^vkRok·| foÌs olo% lnUrq** ¼_Dlafgrk
10- 142- 6] lkfjl`Do%½ bR;qilagkjks Hkofr A
Rok vrho Hk;ƒjr;k o/kZekua Roke~ A v| lEizfr foÌs losZA
olo% nsok% A vkloUrq vkfo’kfURoR;FkZ% A ro loZnsokReoað
Lo:ieso O;Dra HkoR;fLeUo/kZeku:is u nkgdRoxq.kfof’kÎeqxza
Lo:ifefr rkRi;Z e ~ A egkHkkjrs rq r` r h;L; Lroks · xë s %

16

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

loZnsorkRedRoizfriknd% rfnne=k lkŸÜ;e~ A
egkHkkjrs prqFkZL; Lros ;s·UR;k% =k;% ÜyksdkLrs fuxeLrosu furkUra
rqY;k% A egkHkkjrs ;Fkk &
RoÙk ,rk iqu% ‘kqØoh:/kks gfjrPNnk% A
tk;Urs iq”dfj.;Ë leqæ Ë egksnf/k% AA
bna oS l• frXek’kks o#.kL; ijk;.ke~ A
f’koLrkrk HkokLekoað ek·Leku| fouk’k; AA
fi…k{kyksfgrxzhoÑ”.koReZu~ gqrk’ku A
ijs.k iszfg eqŒkLekaRlkxjL; x`gkfu p AA
¼vkfnioZ 231- 17&19½
fuxes ;Fkk &
vikfena U;;ua leqæL; fuos’kue~ A
vU;a Ñ.kq”osr% iUFkka rsu ;kfg o’kk¡ vuq AA
vk;us rs ijk;.ks nwokZ jksgUrq iqf”i.kh% A
ånkË iq.Mjhdkf.k leqæL; x`gk bfr AA
¼_Dlafgrk 10- 142- 7&8 LrEcfe=k%½
,oa ukelkŸÜ;kRlUnHkZlkŸÜ;kRLrolkŸÜ;k‰k eU=kÑr% ‘kk…kZ ,o
HkkjrksÚk% ‘kk…kZ bfr fl/;fr A rLekŸÈeU=kÑrka dkys ik.Mok
vklfêkfr fl/;sr~ A Ñ”.klgk;L;ktquZ L; [kk.Mooungu& dkjdRoa
fg izfl)e~ A
brË ik.Mok _ÈeU=k;qxLFkk% A ik.Mokuka iqjksfgrks /kkSE;ks
;Rlqizfl)L; eU=kÑrks nsoyL; HkzkrksP;rs A

Hkkjrpfj=kdkyfu:i.ke~

17

;oh;kUnsoyL;S”k ous Hkzkrk riL;fr A
/kkSE; mRdksposð rhFksZ ra o`.kq/oa ;nhPNFk% AA bfr
brË ik.Mokuka dkyks·rho iqjkru% A
xqjksoZpuekKk; l rq foiz”kZHkLrnk A
vkpp{ks rr% loZfefrgkla iqjkrue~ AA
¼vkfnioZ & 60- 23½
JO;k.kkeqÙkea iqjk.ke`f”klaLrqre~ A
¼vkfnioZ & 62- 16½
bfr egkHkkjropu;ksjd
s =k fg Hkkjrpfj=ka iqjkru bfrgkl mP;rs A
vU;=k iqjk.ke~ A
brË ik.Mok _ÈeU=k;qxLFkk% A ;nuq’kkluioZf.k Ñ”.koa’kkoyh&
izLrkos ¼147½ JhÑ”.kks ;nks% lÆe% iq#”k mP;rs A owðVLFkknkjH;
x.kuk;ka u osðoya ;nq% ;nkso±Ü;kË iqjkruSeZU=kÑn~fHk#fÉ[;Urs A
^^fu rqoZ’ka fu ;k}a f’k’khfg A** ¼_Dlafgrk 7- 19- 8 oflÏ%½]
^^Jolk ;k}a tue~ A** ¼_Dlafgrk 8- 6- 48 oRl%½] ^^;fnUækxëh
;nq”kq rqoZ’ks”kq ;n~æqáq”ouq”kq iw#”kq LFk% A** ¼_Dlafgrk 1- 108- 8
oqðRl%½ bR;knkS A ;nks% Ñ”.kL; p e/;s iŒiq#”k ,o xrk%A
izkŒËksnkgjfUr ;nqoaÜ;ku~ A rLekr~ JhÑ”.ka rRledkfydku~
ik.MokaË _ÈeU=k;qxknokZPhukUoDrqa iz;Ãks cyoRizek.kfojks/kh A
vU;Rifj’kks/; izdfVrekpk;ZfpUrkef.kuk A esxLruhlukedks
;ouif.MrËUæxqÆL; dkys izfl)a iqjkrujktoa’kkoy° rs”kka
dkyef/kÑR; Lodh;s xzUFks fdy fyf[kroku~ A ;|fi l xzUFk%

18

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

lEizfr uksiyH;rs rFkk·fi rn~xUz Fkknjk;uks uke if.Mrks ;nq)R` ;
izdkf’kroku~ rn/kquksiyH;rs A r=kSoa fdy fyf[kre~ A
n{kkRizHk`fr pUæxqÆi;ZUra 153 jktku% A rs”kka jkT;dkyekua
6042 o”kkZf.k HkofUr A ijUrq rUe/;s f=kokja yksdlÙkkReoað
jkT;eklhr~ A ,dnk 1 o”kZe~ A ,dnk 300 o”kkZf.k A ,dnk
120 o”kkZf.k p A vfi p n{kkr~ Ñ”.k% iŒn’k% iq#”k% A
,oa Hkkjrh;k% izonfUr A**
vuq’kkluioksDZ ra] foÌluh;izkphufons’kh;if.MrKkra rRdky&
Hkkjrh;if.Mrera p lejls Hkor% A rLekns”k fo”k;% lqrjka
foÌluh;%A vuq’kkluioksZÚk oa’kkoyh uhpSnhZ;rsA
1- n{kknfnfr%A
9- ;;krs;Znq%A
2- vfnrs£ooLoku~A
10- ;nks% ØksÎk%A
3- fooLorks euq%A
11- ØksÎqo`Zftuhoku~A
4- euksfjykA
12- o`ftuhor m”k…Ô%A
5- byk;k% iq#jok%A
13- m”k…ks% ‘kwj%A
6- iq#jol vk;q%A
14- ’kwjk}lqnso%A
7- vk;q”kks ugq”k%A
15- olqnsokr~ Ñ”.k%A
8- ugq”kk|;kfr%A
b;a owðVLFka fogk; x.kuk ;Fkk oS|ere~ A iŒE;FkZek|ko¯/k e;kZnka
oqðeZËsnhŸ’kh x.kuk fl/;sr~ A vfHkO;kI; x.k;ke psr~ owðVLFkL;
u foltZue~ A jktizdj.kkr~ n{kkRiŒn’kks jktk Ñ”.k bfr p oDrqa
‘kD;rsA i{ks rfLeêkfnrs% ikydRokHkkokr~ n{kkr~ iŒn’kks jktk
Ñ”.k% A vk|efHkO;kI;Sok=k x.kue~ A gfjoa’kksÚoa’kkoY;ka owðVLFksu

Hkkjrpfj=kdkyfu:i.ke~

19

lgSo x.kus n{kkr~ Ñ”.k% iŒn’kks HkofrA ,oa l…frjfLr
lkejL;dj.kk;A gfjoa’kksÚoa’kkoY;ka o`thuhonq”k…ks% LFkkua
nsoeh<q”k ,d% dfFkr% A vU;Rlekue~ A
izÑreuqljke% A vkpk;ZoS|% Ñ”.kk‰kUæxqÆi;ZUrkuka 137
jkKkesoðS dL; ¯o’kfro”kkZ.khfr fo/k;k Lodh;dfy;qxkjEHkdkyk;
o`ð“.keku;rs A r=kSoða foLe`ra r=k Hkork A ,oSðdL; ¯o’kfro”kkZ.khfr
fo/k;k ;% dky% izkÆLrsu yksdlÙkkRedjkT;o”kkZf.k 421
;kstf;rO;kfuA rnk dfy;qxkjEHkkr~ liknprq’’kro”kZr% izkxso
Ñ”.kL; dky% izlT;rs rnk futks okn% ifrr% L;kr~ A rnkLrke~ A
;ouif.MrksÚfn’kk n{kdkyks·LekfHkKkZr% A pUæxqÆkí{k%
6042o”kZfers dkys cHkwofs r A ,oa p n{kL; dky bZ’kiq=k’kdkRiwo±
6362o”kZferks Hkofr A pUæxqÆks fg bZ’kiwo± 320o”kZfers dkys
cHkwo A nk{kk;.;k vfnrs%] vkfnR;L; fooLor% oSoLorL; euks%
,syL; iq:jol%] vk;q”k”; ugq”kL; ugq”kL; ;;krsË eU=kn’kZukfu
_Xosnlafgrk;ka ŸÜ;Urs A _ÈeU=k;qxkfnLFkkLrs A vFk ik.Mokuka
dkyks KkrO;% A lkeU;rks Kkre`ÈeU=k;qxLFkk bfr A rsu u r`¯Æ
xPNs;’q ’kks/kdk% A fo’ks”ka rs ftKklUrs A v=ksna cwez % A _ÈeU=k;qx&
e/;LFkk% ik.Mok% A rRdkyfo’ks”kKkuk;ses _pkS Hkor% A
veh ;s iŒks{k.kks e/;s rLFkqeZgks fno% A
nso=kk uq izokP;a l/kzhphuk fu oko`£oÙka es vL; jksnlh AA
lqi.kkZ ,r vklrs e/; vkjks/kus fno% A
rs ls/kfUr iFkks o`oað rjUra ;ãrhjiks
foÙka es vL; jksnlh AA ¼_Dlafgrk 1- 105- 10&11 oqðRl%½

20

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

veh A ;s iŒ A m{k.k% lspdk% u{k=kkRedo`”kkHkk% lspdRoa p
o`fÎgsrRq okr~ A eg% egR;k% A fno% vkdk’kL; A e/;s A rLFkq%
frÏfUr orZekukFksZ fyV~ NUnfl lokZFkZdRokr~ HkwrkFkZdydkjk.kke~ A
l/kzhphuk% lgkŒUrLrs A nso=kk nso;kus ekxsZ izokP;a ijedkÏkxr&
RokRiz’kaluh;ekfnR;e~ A mÙkjk;.kkUrlw;ZfeR;FkZ% A fuoo`rq%
fuorZ;fUr ekxkZr~ orZekukFksZ fyV~ A vL; bea owðis ifrra eke~
f}rh;kFksZ “kÏh A jksnlh gs |koki`fFkO;kS A foÙka tkuhre~ A nf{k.kk;uL;
xeukr~ o`fÎHkZosr~ A rnk owðiifrrL; foiRizlT;sr A rka
fuokj;rfeR;FkZ% A nso=ksR;L; nso;kuekxkZFkZdRos iz;ksxkUrja iÜ;r A
m};a relLifj T;ksfr”iÜ;Ur mÙkje~ A
nsoa nso=kk lw;ZxeUe T;ksfr#Ùkee~ AA
¼_Dlafgrk 1- 50- 10] izLd.o%½
nso=kk nso;kuekxsZ A mÙkja mÙkjfnXxra T;ksfr% A lw;eZ ~ A iÜ;Ur bfr
;kstuk A
vuUrjk;ke`fp ^^vkjksgêkqÙkjka fnoe~** ¼_Dlafgrk 1- 50- 11½
bR;sresokFk± iqujuqonfrA oqðRlL; dkys dL;fpr~ iŒrkjL;
u{k=kL; lw;Z;ksxs nf{k.kk;ufu”ifÙkfjR;usu ok;ZrsA
vFk f}rh;eU=kkFkZ% A fno% A e/;s A vkjks/kus u{k=k/kkjosð izns’ks A
ØkfUro`Ùk bR;FkZ% A ,rs izkxqÚk% iŒ A lqi.kkZ% u{k=kkRedx#Mk% A
u{k=kk.kka o`”kHkRosu x#MRosu p fuxh;kZ/;olkue~ vkyƒkfjde~ A
vklrs frÏfUr A rs lãrh% egrh% A vi% vkdk’ke~ A rjUre~ A o`oað
loZL;krkja mÙkjk;.klw;Ze~ A iFk% ekxkZr~ A ls/kfUr fu”ks/kfUr
fuokj;UrhR;FkZ% A rpqFkZ iknkFkZ% izkXor~ A iwoZeU=k ,ok=k

Hkkjrpfj=kdkyfu:i.ke~

21

Hk…îUrjs.kksÚ% A o`d’kCna ;kLd% lwoZokpdRosukfi fuoZfÚ A
eU=k};L; lk;.kh;kFkksZ u foe’kZlg bR;qisf{kr% A
gLr{k± iŒrkja izfl)e~ A rnsok=k iŒks{k.k% lqi.kkZ bfr inkH;keqP;rs A
,rRleFkZf;rqa fy…s p }s Hkor% A nf{k.kk;ua Ñ”.k%i{kË fi=;kfoR;=k
u dfËRla’k;% A ,oa fLFkrs nf{k.kk;us ;% izFkeksifLFkr% i{k% l
,o deZlq fir`i{kks oDrqa ;ksX;% A lEizfr HkkæinÑ”.ki{k% fir`i{k
mP;rs A l vk;kZ.kka iqjkrus dkys nf{k.kk;us izFkeksifLFkr%A Ñ”.ki{k
bR;usuksfgrqa ’kD;rs A v;a p dkylekos’kks gLr{ksZ nf{k.kk;uizo’s k
,o A miiêkrjks Hkosr~ A vFkkU;fÉ…e~ A gLrkjEHks nf{k.kk;us
izo’s kËsnkækZf}rh;ikns olUr lEikr% L;kr~ A ;=k olUrlEikr%
rRiz F kea u{k=ka onfUr A ;Fkk ÑfÙkdka e/;dkys ;Fkk
pkfÌuheokZphudkys A ,oa fLFkrs·|kI;qÙkjns’kizfl)s·ÎksÙkjh&
ukedn’kkfo’ks”ks HkoR;kækZu{k=kekjEHkde~ A ;Fkk ¯o’kksÙkjhukeosð
ÑfÙkdk ,rnuqekioað izkpkek;kZ.kka dnkfpRizfl)s dkys izFkea
u{k=kex.;rkæsfZ r fo”k;s A l pksnkär_ÈeU=kizkÚ
s dky bfr cwez % A
,rfÉ…};a gLr{ksZ lw;Zs nf{k.kk;ueHkwr~ izfl)s dnkfpRizkpka dky
bR;so cks/k;rke~ A rFkkfi rkŸ’kizfl)dkyL;ksnkärkRdkyknU;Roa
nqoZpe~ A mnkär% dky ,o izk;ks eg”khZ.kka foKkufodkldky% A
,rRØe’k% ikBdkuka LiÎa Hkosr~ A
uuq izkpka dkys olUrlEikr ,oksÙkjk;.kkjEHk% A ‘kjRlEikr ,o
nf{k.kk;ukjEHk% A u lw;LZ rstLrrks ekxZfuo`Ùkkfofr psr~ A uSr‰kks|e~ A
mÙkjk;.ka ukeksÙkjka fn’ka izfr xfr% uksÙkjfnf’k fLFkfr%A nf{k.kk;ua
uke nf{k.kka fn’ka izfr xfr% A u nf{k.kfnf’k fLFkfr%A Hkorq uke

22

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

izkpka O;ogkjs mÙkj% izns’kks nso;kuk/ok nf{k.kË fir`;k.k% A
rFkkI;;ufo”k;s ukfLr izkpka uO;kuka p erHksn%A eU=k;ksekZxZrks
fuorZuesoksP;rs ukfrØe.ke~ A rLekêkkfLr fojks/k% A
gLr{ksZ lw;sZ fLFkrs oqðRlL; dkys nf{k.kk;ufu”ifÙkfjfr fLFkre~ A
;% JhÑ”.kL; xq#?kksZj% rL; iq=ka d.oe~ &
;kfHk% d.oa iz fl”kklUrekore~ A
¼_Dlafgrk 1- 112- 5 oqðRl%½
bfr oqðRl mnkgjfr A d.oiq=kkSes/kkfrfFkes/;kfrHkh &
^^ogr~ oqðRlektqZus;a ‘krØrq%**
¼_Dlafgrk 8- 1- 11 es/kkfrfFkes/;kfrFkh½
bfr oqðRleqnkgjr% A rLekRoqðRl% d.oledkfyd bfr
JhÑ”.kledkfydË Hkofr A rr~ oqðRlL; eU=kkH;ka ;% dkyks
Kkr% l JhÑ”.kL;sfr oDrqa ‘kD;rs A mÙkj=k oqðRlL; izR;{ka
HkkjrdFkklEcU/ka fu:if;”;ke% A ,rkonya izÑrs Hkkjrpfj=kdky&
fu:i.kk;ksnkgj.ke~ A
,ra p dkyfu.kZ;a izek.kkUrjs.k fLFkjhoqðeZ% A izfrik|’kq);s A vLR;U;%
dkyfu.kZ;d% f’kykys[k% izFkes e.Mys A
lq”kq”okal _HkoLrni`PNr
vxksá d bna uks vcwcq/kr~ A
Ìkua cLrks cks/kf;rkjeczohr~
laoRlj bne|k O;[;r AA
¼_Dlafgrk 1- 161- 13 nh?kZrek%½

Hkkjrpfj=kdkyfu:i.ke~

23

lq”kq”okl% fufærk% gseUrf’kf’kj;kseUZ nizrkiRosu fufærk bo fLFkrk% A
_Hko% jÜE;kRedk% A rr~ A vi`PNr A lw;Zfefr ’ks”k% izdj.kkr~ A
vizÜkëLo:ieqP;rs A vxksá gs vxksiuh; A u% bna T;ksfr% A d% A
vcwcq/kr~ cks/k;sr~ A fyÈFksZ yqÈ A cLr es”k% lw;Z ,ok=k es”kRosu
:idkfr’k;suksP;rs A Ìkue~ A cks/kf;rkje~ A vczohr~ A v|k laoRljs
laoRljs iw.ksZ A bna txr~ A O;[;r izdk’k;r A _Hko bfr
lEcq)·s uqof` Ùk% A ekU|kixesu txr% izdk’kua lw;fZ dj.kkukeqiiêka
olUrs A v=k Ìk vkækZu{k=kfudVo£rO;k/ku{k=ke~ A vkækZiquoZlq&
u{k=k;kseZ/;s rL; fLFkfr% A rL; dk¡fulestjlaKk ikËkR;&
Hkk”kk;ke~ A Doku~ laKk ;ouHkk”kk;ke~ A Doku~ ’kCn% Ìu~ ’kCn&
Hko% A rLekÙknso u{k=ka ÌsfreU=ks dfFkrfefr roZð% ljlq% A n’kes
e.Mys fir`es/ks;ks ;eL; ÌkukS dfFkrkS r;ksj;a izFke% A vU;%
iquoZlqu{k=kO;wgs fo|rs A rL; dk¡fuleSujlaKk ikËkR;&
Hkk”kk;ke~ izksDoku~ laKk ;ouHkk”kk;ke~ A izksDoku~ ‘kCn% ijÌu~
‘kCnHko% A
e`xO;k/ka #æa pkfHkêkkS LiÎa onR;Srjs;czkà.ke~ A rLekRizkpka dkys
O;k/ku{k=keso #ænsorkdkækZu{k=kex.;rsfr pkuqekrqa ‘kD;rs A
O;k/kkækZu{k=k;ksHksZni{ks ok Ìk vkækZfUrdLFk ,o Hkofr u
e`x’kh”kkZfUrdLFk% A
osðfpnsrke`pesoa O;kp{krs &
lq”kq”okal% lkSjo”kkZ‰kkUæo”kZL; }kn’kfnuksuRokr~ rs”kq fnus”kq
dk;kZHkkokfêkfærk% A _Hko% _ro% A rni`PNr lw;Ze~ A vxksád

24

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

bna uks vcwc/q kRiqu% fØ;knkusufs r A cLr% es”k% ¼lw;%Z ½ Ìkua Ìkѯr
u{k=kO;wga A cks/kf;rkjeczohr~ A v|k laoRljs iw.ksZ bna tx}î[;r
izdk’k;rsfr A vfLeUi{ks cãîks foizfriÙk;ks HkofUr A Hkorq uke
lkSjpkUæeku;ks}kZn’kfnuO;R;kl% rFkkfi u d¯LefËRlaoRljs
}kn’kfnukfu _rq”kV~dk›fg% fØ;Urs A eku};lkejL;k;kf/kdekl%
fØ;rs ;fn eU=ks _rwuka foJkfUrjso lq”kq”okal bfr insu foof{krk
r£g vf/kdekl ,o r=kksifLFkrL;kêk fnu}kn’koað laoRljkUrLFke~A
laoRljkUrLFkL; fnu}kn’kdL; f’kf’kjkUrxZrRoeso ŸÜ;rs A b;a
pkUæekusu ekl};e`rfq jfr i{ks foizfrifÙk% A lkSjekl};su _rqxgz .ks
u dnkfpf}JkfUr% A vfi p _ro% ,oSðdks ekl};a i`Fko~ð deZ
oqðoZfUr A rnk ,oSðdL; _rks% n’k n’k eklk% foJkfUrdkyks
feysr~ A ukfLr los”Z kka foJkfUrjsdnk A u ok los”Z kkesdnk izcks/k% A
Hkorka leUo;s losZ”kka }kn’kfnukfu foJkfUr% A olUr lEikrs
losZ”kka iqu% izcks/k% A dFkesrnqii|rs A olUrlEikrs olUr ,d
,o izc)
q ks Hkosr~ A u “kM`ro% A rLekæÜe; ,ok=k _Hko% u _ro%A
izÑreuqljke% A ;nk gLrxrs lw;sZ nf{k.kk;ua rnkuhekækZxrs
olUrlEikr bfr dkSRlnS?kZrel;ksn’Z kZu;ks% lkejL;e~ A nh?kZrekË
d{khor% firk A d{khokUoqðRlË ledkfydkS A ^^oqðRlk; ;=k
iq#gwr oUou~** ¼_Dlafgrk 1- 121- 9 d{khoku~½ A ^^d{khoUra
Lrksrkja ;kfHkjkore~** ¼_Dlafgrk 1- 112- 11 oqðRl%½ A bfr oqðRl%
d{khoUre~ mnkgjfr A rLekRoqðRlks nh?kZrel% fdfŒnsokokZphu
bfr rí’kZu;ks% lwfpr% dky% ijLija leLrËs|qDra rr~ A
uuq izkpka laoRljkjEHkks u olUrs A vfirq ‘kjfn A ^^’kra tho ‘kjnks

Hkkjrpfj=kdkyfu:i.ke~

25

o/kZeku% ‘kra gseUrk×Nreq olUrku~ A** ¼_Dlafgrk 10- 161- 4½ A
bfr eU=ks ‘kjnkfn_rqØekfHk/kkue=k fy…fefr psr~ A vfLeUi{ks·fi
ukLekoað {fr% A rfLeu~ izfl)s izkpka dkys ekxZ’kh”ksZ ‘kjRlEikrks&
·Hkwfnfr cwze% A Hkkæins nf{k.kk;u izos’ks ekxZ’kh”ksZ ‘kjRlEikrhR;=k
u dL;kfi fookn% A uuq rs rfLeu~ izfl)s dkys ekxZ’kh”ksZ
‘kjRlEikrks ·Hkw f nR;=k ¯d xedfefr psr~ A ekxZ ’kh”kZ L ;k&
xzgk;f.kdRoizflf)jsok=k fy…e~A vxzs gk;uL; Hkoa u{k=ke~
vkxzgk;.ke~ A gk;ukxza uke gk;ulekfÆfnue~ A o`{kkxze~
bR;knkfookxz’kCnL;kFkZ% A r‰kkxzgk;.ka u{k=ka e`x’kh”k± Hkofr A
vkxzgk;.ksu ;qÚk ikS.kZekL;kxzgk;.kh A vkxzgk;.;L;ke~
bR;kxzgk;f.kd% A laoRljlekidu{k=k;qÚiw£.kekoku~ ekl bR;FkZ% A
,rsu izkpka izfl)s dkys ekxZ’kh”ksZ ekL;kækZ;ka laoRljkkEHk bfr
O;T;rs A osðfpn~ vkxzgk;uinL; ewyekxzk;.kina onfUr A vxzs
v;uL; Hkoekxzk;.ke~ A vkxzk;.keso nh?kZL; åLoRofodkjkr~
vkxz;.ke~ bfr O;qRifÙk% A rfLeu~ i{ks·fi ukLekoað gkfu% A
rnkuhe;u’kCna laoRljija oqðeZ% A
uuq ‘kjRllEikrL; laoRljkjEHkdRoa ekxZ’kh”kZeklLFkkækZ;k%
laoRljkEHkdRofojks/khfr psr~ A u A iŒlaoRljkRed;qxkjEHks
izkphuLFkwyxf.krizdkjs.k };ks% lkejL;kr~ A vU;nk ‘kjRlEikr%
lkSjlaoRljkjEHkd% vkækZ pkUælaoRljkjfEHkosðfr l…fr% A vfLeu~
i{ks czkà.kdkyekjH; olUr% laoRljkjEHkdks·Hkwfnfr lek/kkue~ A
uUofLeu~ i{ks ro lq”kq”okal bfr eU=kks fojks/khfr psr~ A u A rnk
rL;kFkZeU;Fkk oqðeZ% A

26

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

^^fufærk% o”kkZkdys tynkPNknuo’kkr~ fufærk bo fLFkrk%A _Hko%
gs jÜe;% A rni`PNr lw;eZ ~ A vxksád bna uks vcwc/q kfnfr A oLr%
Ìkua ok;qa dkya ok cks/kf;rkjeczohr~ A laoRlj bne| O;[;rsfr A
izko`MUres/kkuiksá ;q”eku~ cks/k;rhfr ok;qi{ks A ekrfjÌu
,dns’kxzg.ka Ìsfr A dkyi{ks·FkZl…frO;ZÚk A lokZu~ ouLirhu~
Loknu~ es”kËjfr A lokZu~ ouLirhfUo’kks”k;aRlw;Z% A rUes”klw;Z;ks%
lkŸÜ;e~ A izkf.ku% Loknu~ Ìk ¼vj.;Ìk½ pjfr A izkf.ku% Loknu~
dky% A rPŠdky;ks% lkŸÜ;e~ A ,oa laoRljL; ‘kjnkjEHkRoi{ks·fi
ukLekoað dkyfu:i.ks izfrcU/k% A**
izÑreuqljke% A ¯d izkpka u{k=kkf.k lefoHkÚizns’kijkf.k
;FkSoSðdL; u{k=kL; =k;ksn’kka’kk% ¯o’kfr% dyk bfr A mrkgks
ŸÈek=kKkukfu rkjkRedkfu A rkjkRedkU;sosR;kg A izkpka
uk{k=kxf.krKkuL;klEHkokr~ A uS”k lk/kqLroZð% A osnk…T;ksfr”ks lkikZ/ksZ
nf{k.kk;ua izksP;rs A uk{k=kxf.krkuka fouk dFke/kZfoHkkxksiifÙk% A
losZ”kq czkà.ks”kq u{k=ks”okpj.kh;kfu dekZf.k fo/kh;Urs A r=k
u{k=k;’kCnsu uk{k=ka fnuesoSðoað xE;rs A uk{k=kxf.krKkua fouk
dFka uk{k=kfnuKkue~ A _Dlafgrk;kefi & ^^v?kklq gU;Urs xko% **
¼_Dlafgrk 10- 85- 13½ bR;knkS uk{k=kfnuksÉs[kks ŸÜ;rs A
u{k=kxf.krKkua fouk fnuL; u{k=kokpdinsu O;ogkj ,o
uksii|rs A rLekr~ izkpkefi u{k=kkf.k lefoHkÚizn’s kijk.khfr
oÚO;e~ A rÙkRizns’kkUrxZrRokr~ rÙkêk{k=kL; rÙkêk{k=k’kCnS&
LrRizns’kL; O;ogkj mii|rs A
dfoÏjhR;k gLrknkS nf{k.kk;uizo’s kËsr~ vkækZf}rh;ikns olUrikrks

Hkkjrpfj=kdkyfu:i.ke~

27

Hkosr~ A vfÌU;knhuka iŒkuke`{kk.kkekizFkeiknL; p fefyRoka’kk%
lÆfr% ¼70½ lkEizfrdk% ¼1935½ v;uka’kk% fdfŒnwuk% =k;ks¯o’kfr% A
,oa lkEizfrdkRdkykRoqðRldky% 6696 o”kkZ.khfr LFkwyxf.krsu
fl/;fr A bZ’kiq=k’kdkRiwo± 4761 o”kkZf.k HkofUr A pUæxqÆkRiwo±
4441 o”kkZf.k Hkos;q%A brks·I;okZphua dkya izfr Hkkjrpfj=kdkyks
usrqe’kD;% A
pUæxqÆkr~ iwosZ”kq yksdlÙkkRedjkT;o”kkZf.k ;fn rÎkfu oqðeZ% r£g
4020 o”kkZf.k ‘ks”kkf.k Hkos;q% A rkofUr o”kkZf.k 137 iq#”kk.kka
yC/kkfu A ,oS ð dL; fdfŒnw u kfu ¯=k’k}”kkZ f .k yC/kkfu A
pUæxqÆlfêkÑÎdkys ,rkorka o”kkZ.kka ,oSðdL; iq#”kL; fdfŒr~
vf/kdRos·fi _ÈeU=k;qxdky’ks”ks ;tqczkZà.kkFkoZosnksifu”knka p
dkys iq#”kk.kka nh?kkZ;qÐkr~ rs”kka fookgdkyL; p ¯=k’k}”kZ&
lekÆs j uUrjes o lEHkkO;Rokf}okgknuUrjeI;ykS f dd&
’kfÚlEikndizrkFk± czàp;ZlEHkok‰k rkofUr o”kkZf.k U;wukU;so
Hkos;q% A rLekêk dkfpnuqiifÙk% A

28

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

prqFk± izdj.ke~

O;kloS’kEik;u;ks% dkyfopkj%

O;kldkyfopkj%
HkkjrdFkkdky_ÈeU=k;qxe/;LFk bfr fu:fire~ A Hkw;Ë
fu:if;”;keËfj=kfopkjlUnHksZ A vfLeu~ izdj.ks ;FkkizfrKa
t;sfrgklÑrks O;klL; dkyks fopk;Zrs A
_X;tq%lkekFkokZ.kka osnkukefoHkÚkuka foHkkxÑn~ osnO;kl%
Ñ”.k}Sik;u bfr egkHkkjrs iqjk.ks”kq p dF;rs A eU=kkRed&
osnkukfeR;sd% i{k% A l czkà.kkukfeR;ij% A vk|s i{ks
loZosneU=kizknqHkkZoknuUrjks O;klL; dky% A f}rh;s i{ks
rrks·I;okZphu%] Hkorq izFke ,o i{k% A rFkk·fi O;klks u
ik.Moledkfyd% A ik.Mok _ÈeU=k;qxe/;LFkk% A O;klks·FkoZ&
osnjpuknI;uUrj% A dFka rs”kkes”k ledkfyd% L;kr~ A Hkk”kk&
’kks/kus·fi lks·;ea’k% fl)ks Hkofr A _ÈeU=kHkk”kk lkekU;r%
laLÑrHkk”kk·fHkKsu HksÙkqe’kD;k A v/kqukrukRlaLÑrknrho
foy{k.kk A HkkjrHkk”kklokZ·fi lqcks/kk Hkofr lkekU;rks O;qRiêkkuke~ A
v/kqukruL; laLÑeL;krholfêkÑÎk A ,oa fLFkrs dFka Hkkjrdkjks
eU=kÑRledkfydks oDrqa ‘kD;% A NUnksfofpfr’kks/kus·fi lks·;ea’k%
fl)ks Hkofr A Hkkjrs izk;s.k ŸÎkU;uqÎqHkkfu o`Ùkkfu loZFkk

O;kloS’kEik;u;ks% dkyfopkj%

29

_xuqÎqfCoy{k.kkfu A izk;% iF;koD=kÜyksdy{k.ka HkkjrkuqÎqIlq
ŸÜ;rs A lefo”keikn;ksO;ZR;klLr=k fu;r% A _xuqÎIq lq u dfËnfLr
fu;e% A oSfndkfu xk;=kkSf”.kgckgZrik‡kfu o`Ùkkfu u lUR;so
Hkkjrs A =kSÎHq kkfu rq Hkkjro`Ùkkfu ;|I;/kqukruokÈe;=kSÎHq ko`ÙksH;ks
foy{k.kkfu HkofUr rFkkfi _o~ðlafgrk=kSÎqHko`Ùkltkrh;kfu u
HkofUrA
uuq ’kkDR;L; ijk’kjL; iq=k% Ñ”.k% A ijk’kjË lqifz l)ks eU=kæÎk A
nk’kr;h”kq izFkes e.Mys rL; uo lwÚkfu lfUr A rLekr~ Ñ”.kks·fi
_ÈeU=k;qxLFk ,o HkforqegZfr uksifu”k|qxLFk% A ,oa Ñ”.kL; /
k`rjkΪik.MqtudRoa p HkkjrksÚeqii|srsfr psr~ A mP;rs A vU;
,o ‘kDrs% ikS=kkr~ Ñ”.kkn~Hkkkjrdkj% Ñ”.k% A v;efi ikjk’k;ksZ
Hkofr A vL; firk ijk’kjLrq eU=kÑr% ijk’kjknU;% A
vk;qonZs ksins’kdL;k=ks;L; iquoZlks% f’k”;% A v=kk;a pjdlafgrkLFk%
Üyksdks Hkofr A
vfxëos’kË HksMË trwd.kZ% ijk’kj% A
gkjhr% {kkjikf.kË tx`gqLrUequsoZp% A
pjdlafgrk p pjosð.k izfrlaLÑrefxëos’kÑra rU=ka Hkofr A
^^vfxëos’kÑrs rU=ks pjdizfrlaLÑrs** bfr opukr~ A izfrlaLÑrs
xzUFks ewya cgqfHkjo;oSxZHkZora frÏsfnR;=k u dfËRla’k;% A
rLekÙk=k pjdlafgrk;kefxëos’kL; Hkk”kkLrhfr oÚO;e~ A
pjdlafgrk;k% lokZ p Hkk”kk _XosneU=klafgrkHkk”kkr% lqrjke~
vokZphuk A rsukfxëos’kL; l czàpkjh ijk’kjks u eU=kæÎk ijk’kj
bfr fuËsrqa ‘kD;rs A vL; ijk’kjL; trwd.kZ% l czàpkjh A

30

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

trwd.kZL; iq=kks tkrwd.;Z A iqjk.kkfu }Sik;ua tkrwd.;Ziqj%lja
onfUrA bnefi fy…a }Sik;uks f}rh;ijk’kjL;So iq=k bR;=k fo”k;s
ukelkŸÜ;HkzkUr% lkSfr}SiZ k;ue`X;qxLFkijk’kjiq=kRosu o£.kroku~ A
vU;‰kkfLr fy…a }Sik;uks f}rh;ijk’kjiq=k ,o u eU=kÑRijk’kjiq=k
bR;=k fo”k;s A egkHkkjrdkjLrq }Sik;uuke& O;qRifÙkfo”k;s
}hiHkoRok}Sik;u bfr HkokFksZ rf)rizR;;a eU;rs A egkHkkjrdkjknfi
izkphu% ikf.kfuLrq xks=kkiR;feR;FksZ }hi’kCnkÙkf)ra fon/kkfr A
^^uMkfnH;% Qo~ð** ¼4- 1- 99½ bfr lw=ks uMkfnx.ks }hi’kCna iBfr A
}hiL; xks=kkiR;feR;FksZ Qfd Ñrs QL;k;ukns’kkn~ }Sik;u bfr
:ia fl/;sr~ A ;fn Ñ”.k}Sik;u% izFkeijk’kjL; iq=k% r£g }hiL;
xks=kkiR;feR;FkksZ ukfUor% L;kr~ A oflÏks fg u }hi% A ‘kfÚË u }hi% A
f}rh;ijk’kjL; psr~ iq=kks }hiks uke rL; iwot
Z ks·uqekrqa ’kD;% A
v;a p }Sik;uks O;klks czkà.kSdns’kHkwrkH; mifu”kn~H;% izkphu
bfr xE;rs A ;Ùkklq czàyksd% ijexUrO;yksdRosuksP;rs A LoxZ A
¼bUæyksd%½ rrks·iÑÎ ,o yksdLrUersu A iÜ;r c`gnkj.;osð
tudlnfl xkxhZiÜz kës ;kKoYD;Ñrs yksdO;k[;kue~ A Hkkjrewy&
lafgrk;ka rq Hkh”eLoxkZjksg.k;qf/kfÏjLoxkZjksg.kkH;ka fy…kH;ke~ &
nn’kZ r=k xksfoUna czkàs.k oiq”kkfUore~ A
rsuSo ŸÎiwosZ.k lkŸÜ;suSo lwfpre~ AA
bR;kfnfHk% ÜyksoðS % LoxkZ:<L; r=kSo Ñ”.kn’kZuksDrs% Ñ”.kL;kUrr%
LoxZizkÆsjso fy…k‰k LoxZL;So ijexUrO;Roa lwP;rs A ;fn O;kl
mifu”knuUrjdkfydks·Hkfo”;RLoxZyksdeso ijexUrO;a yksoað
uko.kZf;”;r~ A

O;kloS’kEik;u;ks% dkyfopkj%

31

;tqonZs czkà.kLFkk;k% ;kfKdksifu”kn% ¼vEHkL; ikjs bR;kfndk;k%½
vokZ p huks · ;a O;kl% A rL;kes o áq i fu”kfn ukjk;.k’kCn%
ijesÌjokpdRosuksiU;Lr%A rêkkekrho fiz;a O;klL; A ;êkkjk;.ka
ueLÑR;sfr Lodh;fefrgkla izkjHkrs A
osnk…T;ksfr”kL; dky% loSZj…hÑr% bZ’kiwo± 1100 o”ksZH;ks·f/kd
,o Hkofr A rnk fg olUrlEikrks Hkj.;kËrq F ks Z ikns A
rLeknI;qifu”knka dky% izkphu% A mifu”kRdkyknfi O;klL; A
rr% LFkwyŸÎîk bZ’iwo± 1500 o”ksHZ ;ks ukokZphuks O;klks t;sfrgkldkj
bfr oDrqa ‘kD;rs A ,oa p czkà.k;qxLFkks O;kl bfr lkekU;r%
fl)kUr% A dkBdczkà.ks ikjk’k;ZO;klukeksÉs[kËk=k y{kh&
drZO;% A mifu”knkekfoHkkZokr~ izko~ð izkphuczkà.kukeFkoZosnL;
pkfoHkkZoknuUrja O;klks t;sfrgkldkjks cHkwosfr Qfyre~ A
egkHkkjrdkjL; t;sfrgkldkjL; pkUrja }kn’k’kro”kkZf/kdeso
HkorhR;=k u fdfŒRla’k;% A
oS’kEik;udkyfopkj%
;ks O;klL; t;sfrgkla izfrlaLÑroku~ izFkea rL; oS’kEik;uL;
dkyfopkjks·/kquk izkÆkolj% A ŸÜ;rs egkHkkjra tUest;oS’kEik;u&
laoknkRede~ A fde;a laokn% lR;ks·Hkwr~ A mrkgks lkSfruk dfYir% A
;fn lR;%] oS’kEik;u% ¯d }Sik;kuL; f’k”;% A vkgksfLoRijEijk&
f’k”;% A tUest;% fdetquZ L; izikS=k% A vkgksfLonokZphuLrRlukek
r}aÜ;ks jktk·U;% A lEizfr fopkj.kh;k ,rs izÜkëk% A
;ko›k/kdkHkkoLrkoUegkHkkjrksÚe…hdrZO;a izeknkHkkokr~ A

32

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

rLEkknLrq oS’kEik;utUest;;ks% laokn% lR;% A
oS’kEik;uLrq }Sik;uL; ijEijkf’k”; ,osfr fpUrke.kseZre~ A
rL;s;euqekuijEijk A lkSfruZ Hkxo™hrkdkj% vuqxhr;k
rnuqdj.kkfÉ…kr~ A lk ;fn lk{kkn~ }Sik;uL;ksP;sr r£g mifu”kn~H;%
izkphuk izlT;sr A ‘kCnrks·FkZrË ;fn ijh{kk fØ;sr r£g
Hkxo™hrksifu”kn~H;ks·okZphuSo LiÎa izrh;rs A rLekRlk oS’kEik;uL;
oÚO;k L;kr~ A oS ’ kEik;uks }S i k;uL; lk{kkfPN”;Ës r ~
izkxqDrSokuqiifÙk% A rLekRijEijkf’k”; ,o HkforqegZrhfr A
lkSrus Z Hkxo™hrsfr o;eI;…hoqðeZ% A oS’kEik;uks·fi O;klksÚka ewyka
xhrkeoyEC;Sosfr c`gr° xhrkedjksfnR;LekdefHkiz k ;% A
v;ekpk;ZfpUrke.ksukZlEerks fo”k; bfr eU;s A ;ÙkL; ’kks/kdL;
xhrklkSrus RZs ;sokxzg% A u }Sik;uL;kfi usfr Ÿ<a izfriknue~ A oS’kEik;uks
O;klL; ijEijkf’k”; bfr r=k Hkorks·uqekua vLekfHk% leF;Zrs
l;qfÚdRokr~ A
dks·L;kpk;ZL; dky% A osnk…T;kSfr”kknokZphu bfr cwze% A
;}snk…T;kSfr”ks iŒlaoRlje;eso ;qxeqP;rs A xhrk;ka czà.kks
jkf=kfnu;ks% izR;soað ;qxlgükRedRoa }kn’klgülaoRljkRed&
;qxksís’ksuksP;rs A uSrkon~c`g|qxa osnk…T;kSfr”kL;kKkreso A
u osðoya osnk…T;ksfr”kdkjkr~ cknj;.kk‰kk;eokZphuks oS’kEik;u% A
;™hrk;ka ^^czàlw=kinSËSo gsrqen~fHk£ofufËrS%A** ¼13-4½ bfr LiÎa
cknjk;.kL; czàlw=kk.;qfÉf[krkfu A uuq ^^czàlw=kinS%** bfr inL;

O;kloS’kEik;u;ks% dkyfopkj%

33

‘kkƒjs Hkk”;s ;kSfxdks·FkZ LohÑr% A u osnkUrlw=kk.khfr psr~ A
uSrRizfrcU/kde~ A Hkk”;dkjLrq egkHkkjra loZed
s L; ѯr eUokuks
egkHkkjrczàlw=k;ks% ijLijksnkgj.kfojks/kifjgkjk; :<a ljyeFk±
ifjR;T; ;kSfxoað foÁðÎeFk± f’kfJ;s A rL; fojks/kifjgkjk; ukU;k·fLr
xfr% A o;a rq lkEizfrdk% ifj’kks/kuxysu HkkjrL; =k;% do;
bR;os f n”e A ,oa fLFkrs ukLekoa ð :<ljykFkZ i fjR;kxs u
;kSfxdfoÁðÎkFkZlJ
a ;.ka ‘kksHkrs A gsreq n~fHk£ofufËrSfjfr fo’ks”k.k;ks%
LokjL;a foÁðÎkFkZlaJ;.ks xra L;kr~ A xhrkjgL;dkjËSrf}’ks”k.k&
cyknso czàlw=kinSfjR;L; osnkUrlw=kk.;sokFkZ bR;…hÑroku~ A
O;klL; ew y xhrkeuq l ` R ; cz à lw = kLFkxhrkLe` R ;q n kgj.kkfu
oS’kEik;usu izfrlaLÑrk;ka xhrk;ka czàlw=kksÉs[kËsfr ijLij&
fojks/kfigkj% A
vfi p xhrk’kkýa cknjk;.kL;krhoiw T ;eklhfnfr rL;
izek.kRosuksnkgj.keso LiÎhdjksfr A xhrk’kkýs ifjŸÜ;ekus
lkÈ[;era loZFkk le£Fkre~ A QyR;kxiwod
Z ks fu%l…% deZ;ksxË
lqrjka Üykf?kr% A l…a R;DRok Qykfu psR;knkS A cknjk;.kLrq
lkÈ[;fl)kUrs”kq u fdfŒnI;…hÑroku~ A lkÈ[;kuka f=kxq.kka
izѯr fujL; rL;k% LFkkus rstks·cêkkfRedka izѯr LFkkfiroku~ A
QyR;kxiwoZdfu%l…deZ;ksxef/kÑR; uSdefi lw=ka jfprokfêkts
n’kZus A izR;qr ^^drkZ’kkýkFkZoÙokr~** ¼23-33½ bR;f/kdj.ksu thoL;
dr`RZ oe~ A ^^Qyer miiÙks%** bR;f/kdj.ks usÌjkRdeZQyizk¯Æ p
lw=k;êkoljs izkÆsjfi QyR;kxiwod
Z fu%l…deZ;ksxa izR;qifs {kroku~ A
rLekr~ cknjk;.kL;ksiyC/kk;ka ewyxhrk;ka dfiylkÈ[;a QyR;kx&
iwoZdfu%l…deZ;ksxa pkf/kÑR; ukLrhR;so oDrqa ‘kD;rs A ;fn

34

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

ewya xhrk;ka };ks% izfriknua izÑrxhrk;kfeoko£r”;r r£g
cknjk;.kLrFkk fu”d.Voað lkÈ[;a u fujkdfj”;r~ A vdfj”;‰kSoða
QyR;kxiw o Z d fu%l…deZ ; ks x ef/kÑR;kf/kdj.ke~ A rnk
rL;s’kksifu”kn% izFkekS }kS eU=kkS lkgk¸;oað drq± izHkor% A
xhrk’kkýksic`afgr;ksLr;ksLrkŸ’kks·FkZ% drq± ‘kD;% A
osðfpêk osðoya oS’kEik;ukr~ lkSrsjI;okZphua cknjk;.ka eU;UrsA rêk
fopkjlge~ A cknjk;.kks tSfefuË ledkfydkfoR;=k u
dL;fpf}okn% A tSfeus% iwoZehekalkn’kZus lgülaoRlje=k
ppkZ;kesd ,sfrgkfldks fo”k;% LiÎks Hkofr ¼tSfeuhlw=ke~ 6-731&40½ A lw=kdkjL; tSfeus% dkys cgqlgüo”kZthfouka ekuokuka
dFkkizpkjks ukLrhfr A vfLr l lkSr%s dkys A ;;kfrJhjkeizHk`rhu~
lkSfrcZgqlgýo”kZthfouks fg onfr A rLek‹kSfefu% lkSrs% izkphu
bfr roZð% lk/kq% A dk lk lgülaoRljl=kppkZ A euq”;k.kka
lgüo”kkZ;”q kks·lEHkokr~ lgüa oRljl=ka nso;ksfuukfefr iwoiZ {k% A
‘kkýL; euq”;kf/kdkjRoku~ euq”;k.kkesofs r fl)kUr% A r=k euq”;k.kka
lgüo”kkZ;q”kks·lEHko% lkeF;ZjkfgR;knqnkgj.kn’kZuk‰k i{k&
};sukI;…hÑr% A ,dns’kh dk”.kkZftfuukZekpk;ZLra oqðydYia
czohfr A ,osðukjC/ka deZ ;koRlgüo”k± Øes.k r}aÜ;kËky;s;fq jfr
oqðydYii)fr% A fl)kUrh ykoqdk;uks ukekpk;Z% fo/kk;dokD;s
lgü’kCn% laoRlj’kCnks ok xkS.kkFkZ% dk;Z bR;fHkizk;a nÙkoku~ A¹
¹lgülaoRljl=kkf/kdj.klw=kkf.k A ^^lgülaoRlja rnk;q”kkelEHkokUeuq”;s”kq A vfi ok
rnf/kdjkUeuq”;/keZ% L;kr~ A uklkeF;kZr~ A lEcU/kkn’kZukr~ A loqðydYi% L;kfnfr
dk”.kkZftfujsdfLeêk lEHkokr~ A vfi ok ÑRþla;ksxknsdL;So iz;ksx% L;kr~ A foizfr”ks/kkÙkq
xq.;U;rj% L;kfnfr ykoqdk;u% A laoRljks fopkfyRokr~ A lk izo`ðfrLL;knf/kdkjkr~ A
vgkfu ok·fHklÈ[;Rokr~A**

O;kloS’kEik;u;ks% dkyfopkj%

35

rnuqlkjs.k tSfefu% laoRlj’kCneso xkS.ka ÑRok laoRljlgýa
fnulgüija LFkkfiroku~ A lkSres gZ kHkkjra psr~ lw=kdkjk‹kSfeus% iwo±
L;kr~ rRl=ka iwoZ;qxtkrkuka nh?kkZ;q”kkfefr i{k ,d% izR;ofrÏsr A
rRizLrko ,o ukfLr A
brË iwoZehekalkn’kZukdkjkUegkHkkjreokZphue~ A lokZ p xhrk
ewyHkkjrLFkk A xhrSdns’k ,o ewyHkkjrLFk% A ;r%&
;feeka iqf”irka okpa izonUR;foifËr% A
osnoknjrk% ikFkZ ukU;nLrhfr okfnu% AA
dkekReku% LoxZijk tUedeZQyiznke~ A
fØ;kfo’ks”kcgqyka HkksxSÌ;Zx¯r izfr AA
HkksxSÌ;ZizlÚkuka r;k·iärpsrlke~ A
O;olk;fRedk cqf)% lek/kkS u fo/kh;rs AA**
¼Hkh”eioZe~ 26-42&44½
bfr xhrkÜyksoSðtSZfefuerkuq;kf;u ,o fuU|Urs A osnoknjrRoa p
osnokD;kFkZfopkj% A ukU;nLrhfr oknË deZ.kks u ija fdfŒf}|r
bfr okn% A LoxZijRoa p LoxZL;So ijexUrO;Rosu Kkue~ A bna p
lo± tSfeU;qiKL; ‘kkýL; [k.MukFkZeqi{ksi.ke~ A tSfeus% iwoZeL;
erL; uklhr~ izpkj%A vLrq uke ;kxizpkj%A lks·U;ks ukU;nLrhfr
oknkr~ A rLek‹kSfeusjokZphuks·;a xzUFk%A ,rsu tSfefule&
dkfydk›knjk;.kknokZphua egkHkkjrfuekZ.ka xhrSdns’kfuekZ.ka psfr
Ÿ<hHkofr A
brË egkHkkjrfuekZ . keuUrja cknjk;.kkr~ os n kUrn’kZ u s

36

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

oS’ksf”kderL;So [k.MuefLr u U;k;erL; A rL; [k.Mua pkoÜ;a
dj.kh;a osnkUrfl)kUrfo#)kuka cgwuka fl)kUrkuka r=k ln~Hkkokr~ A
u Ñra osðu gsrquk A lkÈ[;;ksxoS’ksf”kdckS)tSuik’kqirikŒjk=k&
onL;kfi izk/kkU;a fu£ookne~ A vokZphuRoknizkfÆjso r=k dkj.ka
oÚO;e~ A egkHkkjra rq U;k;n’kZuknokZphufeR;uqekrqa ‘kD;rs A
^^iŒko;o;qÚL; okP;L; xq.knks”kfor~ A** bfr lHkkioZLFk ¼\½
n/;k;s ukjno.kZus fo|rs A v=k iŒko;okË U;k;’kkýizfl)k%
¼izfrKkgsrŸq ÎkUrksifuxeukfu½ oS|egk’k;Ëk=k U;k;n’kZuksÉ[s k ,o
lEi|r bR;…hdjksfrAA
brË egkHkkjrk}snkUrn’kZua izkphue~ A Hkxo™hrSdns’kk‰k A
osnkUrn’kZus /;ku;ksx% ^^vklhu% lEHkokr~** bR;kfnukSifu”kn&
i)R;k··Refu czàHkkouk:i ,oksifnÎ% A u r=k ‘kkjhjs gB%
dfËnqP;rs A egkHkkjrkUrxZrxhrSdns’ks rq ^^lEizs{; ukfldkxza
Loa fn’kËkuoyksd;u~** bfr /;ku;ksxs gB;ksxeqæk dkfpnqifnÜ;rs A
;ka Hkwpjhekgq% A dks xzUFk% izkphu% A okpdk ,o ijh{kUrke~ A ,oað
izkphuksifu”knka lfêkÑÎe~ A vU;nokZphukuke~ A
uuq ^^,rsu ;ksx% izR;qÚ% A** bfr cknjk;.ksu ;ksxera [kf.Mre~ A
;ksxn’kZudkj% ir×tfy% A l p ^^Lo:ia ‘kCnL;k’kCnlaKk** bfr
ikf.kfulw=kL; Hkk”;s ^^ftRi;kZ;opuL;So jktk|FkZe~ A** bfr ok£roað
O;kp{kk.k% izR;qnkgj.kRosu ^^iq”ife=klHkk pUæxqÆlHkk** bR;qnkgjfr A
rLekRir×tfy% iq”ife=kknI;okZphu bfr xE;rs A ledkfydks ok
rL; L;kr~ A ;ksxn’kZuksÉ[s kk›knjk;.k% ir×tysjI;okZphuks oÚO;% A
rLeknI;okZphua psn~Hkkjra ifjŸÜ;ekua lqrjkeokZphua izlT;sr A

O;kloS’kEik;u;ks% dkyfopkj%

37

iq”ife=kL; dky ,o fefyUnL; ;ousÌjL; n.M;k=kk% A rnSo
;ouif.MrlgoklizkoY;kn~ vLenh;kuka T;kSfr”ks jkf’kKkua
lEiêke~ A rLekÙkr%izHk`fr jkf’k;qxfefr pkfjf=koað uke nkrqa ;ksX;e~ A
egkHkkjrs Dofpnfi ukfLr jk’khuke~ mÉs[k% A rLekÙkfêkekZ.ka
jkf’k;qxkRizkxso lEiêkfefr oÚO;e~ A cknjk;.kknokZphuRoesoa
egkHkkjrL;kl…rfefr psr~ A ukLrhŸ’kL; Hk;L;kodk’k% A ^^vFk
rí’kZUkkH;qik;ks ;ksx%** bfr lw=ks.kksiØkUr% dkfiylkÈ[;kuqcU/kh
rnh;fl)kUrizfrÏks ;ksx ,o cknjk;.ksu fujkfØ;rs u ikr×tyks
;ksx% A Hkxork ‘kƒjs.kkfi Hkk”;s l ,o xzUFk mnkär% A u ikr×ty% A
l p lEizfr f[kyRokêkksiyH;rs A rLekêk HksrO;a cknjk;.kL;
izkphuRok…hdkjs ir×tysjI;okZphua egkHkkjra izlT;srsfr A
Hkon~fHkjfi rkŸ’ka ikr×tyknfi izkphua ;ksxn’kZua v…h& drZO;e~ A
vU;Fkk egkHkkjrs Hkxo™hrklq p ;ksx’kkýelÑnqfÉf[kra
ikr×tyesokf{kisr~ A u osðoya ;ksx’kCn% A ^^lek/kkS u fo/kh;rs**
bfr lekf/k’kCnË xhrk;ka iz;qT;rs A l p ;ksx’kkýek=kizfl)%
‘kCn% A rLekUegkHkkjrknfi izkphuesoað ;ksx’kkýa lifjHkk”ka
xzUFk:ieklhfnfr oÚO;e~ A rnso cknjk;.kknfi iwoZe~ A
vij vkg A ikr×tyn’kZuL; O;klHkk”;esoða fo|rs A l p Hkk”;dkjks
O;klks cknjk;.k% L;kfnfr A bna inkFkZcks/kewyoað dYiue~ A Do
;ksxL; fujkdrkZ cknjk;.k% A Do ;ksxn’kZuHkk”;e~ A rL; Hkk”;L;kfi
drkZ ir×tfyjso Hkofr A leklr% lw=kf;Rok O;klrks Hkk”;a pdkj
l ;ksxn’kZuL; A rsu O;klrks ;n~Hkk”;a Ñra rnso O;klHkk”;e~ A
u O;klsu O;DR;kÑre~ A

38

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

vU;nfLr fy…e~ A ir×tysjfi izkphuks cknjk;.k bfr fo”k;s
^^uMkfnH;% Qo~ð** ikf.kfulw=kL; uMkfnx.kikBs cnj’kCnks·fLr A
izk;ks x.kikBs ifBrk% ‘kCnk% ikf.kusjso HkofUr A ikf.kuh;Rokr~
x.kikBL;A DofpÙks”kkei;kZÆRos x.klw=ks.k osðoya ‘kCnikBsu
ok£rddkjLra x.ka iwj;sr~ A v=k xks=kkiR;feR;FksZ uMkfnH;% Qo~ð
fo/kh;rs A ukMk;u bR;kfn:ifl)îFkZ e ~ A v=k x.ks
cknjk;.k:ifl);s cnj’kCn% ifBr% A cknjk;.kË cnjL; ikS=k% A
rL; iq=kks cknfjckZnjk;.kL; firk cknjk;.kledkfyd% A
tS f efucknjk;.krU=k;ks ; kZ o Ur vkpk;kZ mfÉf[krkLrs los Z
rRledkfydk ,o HkofUr A ;fn r;ksjis{k;k izkŒks Hkos;qLr£g
xzUFkÑr bfr oÚO;a L;kr~ A xzUFka fouk izkphuL; era dFka Kkrqa
‘kD;e~ A rs”kka xzUFkk% Dokfi uksiyH;Urs A rs”kka xzUFkÑRoizflf)Ë
ukfLr A vfi p iwoZehekalk;kei’kwækf/kdj.ks tSfefuckn;ksZ%
i{kizfri{kLohdkjs.k cknks ŸÜ;rs A ckn;kZ=ks;;ksË lk lEiw.kkZ ppkZ
ledkfydkukfeo ŸÜ;rs A vkifÙknkukfu ifjgj.kkfu p
ledkfydkukfeo HkofUr A rLek›knjk;.kknfi iwo”Zs kka cnjxks=ktkuka
cknjk;.kkuka :ifl);s ikf.kusuZMkfnx.ks cnj’kCnikB bfr okn
vkJf;rqe’kD;ROkkr~ A cnjiq=kledkfydL; cknjk;.kL;
cnjikS=kRoL;So lEHkosu rr% izkphukucknjk;.kkuke~ vlEHkokr~ A
vfi p cnjkis{k;k cknjk;.k ,o eq[;ks xks=kppkZlq A ‘kq)kf…jlq
cknjk;.kxks=kesoað fg ŸÜ;rs u cnjxks=ke~ A cknjk;.kxks=ktUekuks
czkà.kk% æfoMs”kq egkjkΪs”kq p ŸÜ;Urs A ,oa cnjks cknjk;.k&
firkegRosuoS izfl)% cknjk;.k ,o xks=kÑÙosufs r fl/;fr A bZŸ’kks
xks=kÑUeqfu% ir×tysjI;okZphuks ;|qP;sr ckS/kk;u vkpk;Z%
¼xks=kizojk/;k;Ñr~ czàlw=ko`fÙkщk½ rrks·I;okZphu% izlT;sr A

O;kloS’kEik;u;ks% dkyfopkj%

39

egkHkkjrs·Ìes/kioZf.k ^^Jo.kknhfu _{kkf.k** bfr LiÎ mÉs[kks·fLr A
/kfuÏknhU;s o _{kk.khfr JkS r lw = ks LiÎa onfr ckS / kk;u%A
rLek›kS/kk;uks egkHkkjrfuekZ.kknokZphua dkya izfrusrqe’kD;% A¹
uUoLrq ckS/kk;uksÚks xks=kÑr~ cknjk;.kks·U;% izfl)& ckjk;.kL;
iwoZt bfr psRizfl)ifjR;kxsukizfl)dYiua cknjsckZnjk;.k&
tSfeU;is{k;k U;k;fojks/ksu lqrjka izkphuRodYiua p izlT;s;krke~ A
vU;s p nks”kk% izkxqÚk% lUR;soA
^^uuq uMkfnH;% Qo~ð** bfr lw=kL; x.kikBs cnj’kCna ok£rddkj%
izf{kÆokUcknjk;.k:ifl)îFkZfefr cwze bfr psr~ rFkkfi u
cknjk;.kL; egkHkkjrfuekZ.kknokZphuRoflf)% A ok£rddkjL;
egkHkkjrdkjknfi izkphuRokr~ A u osðoya egkHkkjrdkjkr~ A
U;k;n’kZudkjk‰k izkphu% A ;}k£rddkjks O;ÚîkÑrh mHkkosokFkkSZ
Look£rosð”kq i{khÑR; ehekalrs ‘kCnkFkZppkZ;ke~ A U;k;n’kZudkjL;
rq O;DR;kÑfrtkr;ý;ks·FkkZ% A tkfrjkÑrs£Hkêkk rL; A ok£rddkj%
iwoZehekalkdkjks tSfefuËkÑrs£Hkêkka tk¯r u tkuhr%A ,rLek‰k
dkj.kk‹kSfefudkR;k;ukH;keokZphuks U;k;n’kZudkj bR;uqekrqa
‘kD;rs A fdeq oÚO;a rLeknI;okZphuL; egkHkkjrdkjL; fo”k;s A
brË tSfeusjokZphuks U;k;n’kZudkj% A tSfeus% ‘kCnfuR;Rookns
;kfu dkj.kkU;qÚkfu rkfu lokZ.;fi ifjärkfu xkSresu A xkSresu
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nf{k.ksuksifuorZrs A bR;srs dkÏs Hkor%A** ¼cks/kk;uJkSrlw=ke~ 26-29-30½

40

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

;kU;qÚkfu ‘kCnL;kfuR;Ros dkj.kkfu rkU;iärkfu tSfefuuk A
rLekêkkfLr tSfefuledkfydks cknjk;.kks egkHkkjrdkjknI;okZphu
bfr A fLFkreso oS’kEik;uknfi izkphu bfr A
uUosoa ps}S’kEik;uks cq)knokZphu% izlT;sr A cknjk;.ksu fg
tS u ckS ) ers [kf.Mrs futs n’kZ u s A uS ” kk foiz f rifÙk% A
egkohjfl)kFkZ;kstZuukRizkxfi yksdk;frd{kf.kdfoKku’kwU;&
ewyoknkuka chtkfu lUR;so A tSuk cq)kËSrn…hoqðoZfUr A lqxrks
cq)% ‘kkD;equscqZ)kn~fHkêk ,o Hkofr A vr ,okej¯lgË ^^loZK%
lqxrks cq)%** bR;kfnuk lqxrL; uke/ks;kU;fHk/kk; A ^^’kkD;eqfuLrq
;%** bR;kfnuk rq ‘kCniz;ksxk™kSrecq)a lqxrkRi`Fkÿjksfr A u p
egkohjks o/kZekukiji;kZ; ,o loZKkfninkfHk/ks; bfr okP;e~ A
egkohjo/kZeku’kCn;ksLr=kkikBkr~ A o/kZekuL; ftulaKk xkSreL;
cq)laKk p ‘kƒjlaKos rRihBLFkkuke~ A o/kZeku’kkD;equh mHkkofi
th.kZizk;tSuckS)lEiznk;ks)kjdkoso u uwrulEiznk;izorZdkfofr
r‰kfj=kkfHkKkuka fofnrks fo”k;% A ;Fkk izkxso fLFkrL; ikŒjk=k&
lEiznk;L; jkekuqtLr}r~ A NkUnksX;s·fi ‘kwU;oknewylw=keuw|
[kf.Mre~ A ^^r)Sd vkgqjlnsosnexz vklh**fnR;kfnuk A
c`gnkj.;dksifu”knfi fuæko.kZus ^^v=k Lrsuks·LrsuksHkorh Hkz.w kgk&
·Hkzw.kgk pk.Mkyks·pk.Mky% ikSYdlks·ikSYdl% Je.kks·Je.k&
Lrkilks·rkil%** bfr Je.keqfÉ[kfr A Je.kË tSulê;klh A ;fn
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o/kZekufl)kFkkZH;ka tUer% iwo± fLFkrk bR;so lqopue~ A ,oa p

O;kloS’kEik;u;ks% dkyfopkj%

41

egkHkkjrksnkärks tSfefu% vkÌyk;uksnkärks tSfefuË lw=kdkjk&
‹kSfeusjU;ks u dYif;rO;% A }Sik;ucknjk;.kkS rq fHkêkkoso Hkosrke~ A
,d mifu”kn~H;ksfi izkphu% A vU;ks·okZphuLrkH;% A iwoZL; xzUFk
mÙkjLFkLe`frjklhr~ A LoL;So xzUFka Le`frRosu u dks·I;qnkgjsr~ A
lqeUrqtSfefuoS’kEik;uiSyk% lczàpkfj.k bfr egkHkkjrksDra ;fn
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fl)kUr;k·…hdrq± ’kD;rs A
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^^ls u kuhukega LdUn%** bfr ikf.kfuO;kdj.k&
fo#)iz;ksxn’kZuk}S’kEik;uks O;kdj.klw=kdkjkr~ ikf.kus% izkphu
bR;uqekue~ A uuq lks·/;k;ks O;klL; L;kr~ A u A ^^equhukeI;ga
O;kl** bfr O;klL; foHkwfrRosu dFkukr~ A O;kl ,okReLrq¯r rFkk
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bfr u rn~Ÿ`ÎkUrks·=k ;qÚ% A ,oa p oS’kEik;u% ikf.kusjfi izkphu
bfr fl)kUr% A bZ’kiwokZr~ fdfŒnwukf/kdlgüo”kZfers dkys l
cHkwosfr oDrqa ‘kD;e~ A
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Hkofr A l ifjf{k™ks=ktRokr~ ikfjf{kr% A rL; liZ;kxa izfrfopkjf;rqa

42

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

usna LFkye~ A oS’kEik;uledkfydRoknso gsrksjL; lk{kkntqZu&
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iqjk.ks”kq ;k oa’kkoyh nh;rs lk u foÌluh;k A izkphuHkkjrh;&
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iwoZefl)Rokr~ A

;qxfopkj%

43

iŒea izdj.ke~

;qxfopkj%

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dfy;qxknkS Hkkjr;q)a izo`Ùkfefr onfUr A ,rs”kka opukuka r`¯Æ
drqZesokpk;ZfpUrkef.k% ik.Mokuka dkyfu.kZ;a izfr _ÈeU=k&
lafgrki;ZUra /kkoêkfi iquczkZà.kdkya izR;k;kr% A lEizfr rkfu
ifjgrZO;kfu A upsŸÈeU=k;qxe/;oknks u Ÿ<a frÏsr~ A
v=ks n a i` P Nke% A ¯d dfy;q x es d es o }k¯=k’kRlgüks Ù kj&
prqyZ{k.ko”kZfere~ A mrkgks vU;kU;fi ;qxkfu ;Fkk iŒk…ksÚ&
izek.kkfu A uk|% A v/kZtjrh;U;k;su dk;kZfl)s% A ;fn iŒk…LFka
lw;Zfl)kUrk|qDra ;qxo”kZizek.ka lR;a xzkáe~ A dfyizek.kek=ka
lkjHkfnola x`ghRok·U;s”kka ;qxkuka izek.kkfu izR;qi{s kkdrqeZ ’kD;k A
;|qi{s ;sr loZeis{;e~A u f}rh;% A izkphuHkkjrif.Mrerkuq;kf;&
;ouif.MrksÚn{kdkyfojks/kkiÙks% A

44

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

vfi p egkHkkjrs euqLe`rkS p ;‰krq;qZxizek.keqP;rs rn~}kn’k&
lgüo”kkZRede~ A u r=k o”kkZf.k fnO;kU;qP;Urs A vokZphu
fo”.kqiqjk.klw;Zfl)kUrkfnxzUFklkejL;k; rs”kka fnO;RoeokZphuS%
dYI;rs A u rf}e’kZlge~ A euqLe`rkS rq }kn’klgükReoað ;qxa rq
nsokuka ;qxeqP;rs A fnO;Roa ;qxL;So u o”kZL;sfr okpoSðyZ{khdrZO;ks
fo”k;% A vej¯lgks·fi ^^eUoUrja rq fnO;kuka ;qxkukesdlÆfr%**
bfr ;qxL;So fnO;Roa onfr u o”kZL; A fnO;;qxdhrZusu ekuq”ka
;qxeU;f}|r bfr LiqðVa izrh;rs A rRizk;% iŒlaoRlje;a L;kr~ A
osðfpÙkq lkoua ekueso ekuoa pkUæa fi=;a lkSja fnO;a p eU;Urs A
r}”kZL; ekuoRokfnppkZ;keqi;qDra Hkosr~ A u ;qxL; A
izÑreuqljke% A ;fn fo”.kqijq k.kk|qÚfo/k;k }kn’klgükf.k o”kkZ.kka
“kÎîqÙkjf=k’krxqf.krkfu oqðeZ% A r£g ;kŸÜ;kifÙk lk n£’krk A ;fn u
oqðeZLr£g dfy;qxL; izek.ka }kn’k’krkU;so o”kkZ.kke~ A ræhR;k
lEizfr Ñr;qxL; prqFkZ% ikn% L;kr~ A ,rRdÎekyksP;So ‘kks/kdk%
;qxL; ekuoo”kZlÈ[;ka oDrqa fcH;fr A ukLR;L; dÎL; u
fuokj.kksik;% A ;UegkHkkjrs rnuqlkfj.;ka euqLe`rkS p Ñrknhuka
izek.keqÚe~ A rRiw.ksZ prq;qZxs /keZL; iknØes.k åkla iÜ;rk
lkSfruk·uqekus dfYire~ A =ksrk;ka f=kik)eZ% }kijs f}ikfnfr
ukefy…kH;keuqfefr% Ñrk A rnuqlkjs.k dykS /keZ ,dikRÑrs
prq”ikfnfr dYiua Ñre~ A iknlÈ[;kØes.k rÙk|qxo”kZlÈ[;ksÚk A
oLrqrLrq /keksZ ;fn o/kZrs Øes.k o/kZrs A ;fn {kh;sr Øes.k {kh;r A
u dY;Urs ’kwU;fcUnqa izR;kxR;kdLekRÑrknkS iw.kZ:ia izkië;q kr~ A
egkHkkjrnfi izkphureSrjs;czkà.ka ;qxkU;f/kÑR;Soa onfr A
dfy% ‘k;kus Hkofr lf×tgkuLrq }kij% A

;qxfopkj%

45

mfÙkÏaýsrk Hkofr Ñra lEi|rs pju~ AA
vgksjk=ks.kksieh;rs·=k prq;qZxe~ A ‘k;ku bfr jk=ksyZ{koað ine~ A
pjfêkR;ß% A lf×tgku bfr lk;a lU/;k;k% A mfÙkÏfêkR;q”kl% ¼izkr%
lU/;k;k%½ m‹oya ;qxa Ñr;qxe~ A rkela dfy;qxe~ A re%
izdk’kfeJs vU;s ;qxs A =ksrk;ka Øekr~ izdk’kL;kfHko`f)%A }kijs
rel bfr fo’ks”k% lektL;sÌjizo.kRoa T;ksfr% A lalkjizo.kRoa re
bfr O;k[;s;e~ A ,d=k thfor;k=kky{;a ikjek£Fkoað lq[ke~ A vU;=k
lalkfjde~ A ,rnkSiE;xE;a fdefi rkRi;Ze~ A vU;‰kkSiE;su xE;rs A
vgksjk=kizek.ka “kfÎ?kZfVdk% A ;qxL; }kn’ko”kZlgükf.k A m”kl%
iŒlk;kßL; iŒfnuL; iŒ¯o’kfr% jk=ks% iŒ¯o’kfrfjfr ;Fkk
foHktke% rFkk =ksrk;k% lgüa o”kkZf.k }kijL; lgüa ÑrL;
iŒlgükf.k dys% iŒlgük.khfr foHkkx bfr A =ksrk}kijkS lfU/k&
;qxs A Ñrdyheq[;;qxs bfr p A egkHkkjrs·fi lU/;klU/;ka’kizkek.;a
lgü};esoksP;rs A v=kksHks lU/;s mHks ;qxs bfr fo’ks”k% A ræhR;k
lEizfr dfri;So”Z kSý
Z rs k;qxekjC/ke~ A xr% dfyxZrs fodkfjf.k o”ksZ A
=ksrk p dfyÑrlU/;k A Hkkjr;q)a rFkkfi Ñr;qx ,o izlT;srsfr
psr~ A uS”k nks”k% ;qxlÈ[;kuL;so dfy;qx;q)zizfrikndopuuka
p lkSrsjso dYiuRokr~ A fnO;o”kZxf.krsu ekuoo”kZxf.krsu
pksHk;Fkkfi rRizksÚlÈ[;kuL; foQyRokÙknqÚdfy;qxkjEHk&
Hkkjr;q)izfrikndopukfu foÌflrqe’kD;kfu A

46

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

“kÏa izdj.ke~

,r’kkfj% lw;Z% d%\

fu:fira r`rh;fLeUizdj.ks Hkkjrpfj=kekækZ;xq s fuo`ÙZ kfefr A ;fn
rRlR;e`Xosnlafgrk;ka Hkkjrpfj=klwpusukoÜ;a o£rrO;fefr
izfroknh i`PNsr~ A ;|fi LrqfrxzUFks rRledkfydpfj=kksÉ[s kueoÜ;a
o£rrO;fefr ukfLr fu;e% rFkkfi osð”kkfŒfnrjs”kka pfj=kka’kkuka
r=kksfÉf[krRoknhŸ’klqifz l)pfj=kka’kkukeqÉ[s k% lUnsgL; iqu% dkj.ka
L;kr~ A vLR;qÉs[k bfr cwze% A v=kS”kk ijh{kk Hkofr A
vfLr _Xosnlafgrk;ka HkxokfuUæ ,r’ka uke _¯”k lw;kZæj{ksfr
dFkk A r=kSr’kkfj% ¯d lk{kkRlw;Z% A mrkgks lw;ZL; rstksa’kkorkj%
dfËUegkiq#”k% A vkgksfLoRlw;ksZ uke dfËr~ lk/kkj.kks ohj% A
u lk/kkj.kks ohj% A ;nqP;rs ^^;=kksr eR;kZ; defj.kk bUæ lw;eZ ~ A
izko% ‘kphfHkjsr’ke~ A** ¼_Dlafgrk 4- 30- 6 okenso%½ A
mr vfi p A ;=k ;fLeU;q)s A eR;kZ; ej.k/keZors ,r’kk; A lw;Ze~ A
vfj.kk% v¯glh% ,r’kkFk± lw;eZ ¯glhfjfr ;kor~ A r=k ;q)s ‘kphfHk%
deZfHk% A ,r’ke~ A izko% izd”ks.Z k j{k A dfefr iwj.kks fuikr% A vL;ke`fp
,r’kkFkZfeUæs.k Ñrk lw;LZ ; ¯glk rnk cgqfHk% deZfHkfjUæÑrSr’kL;
j{kk p izfrik|srs A v=k eR;kZ; lw;eZ fj.kk bfr nsork;k% izHkkoo.kZue~ A
;fn lw;Z% lk/kkj.kks euq”;% L;kÙk£g eR;kZ; lw;Zfefr lw;ZL;

,r’kkfj% lw;Z% d%\

47

eR;Zfoy{k.kRoksfÚuZ l…PNsr A
vijk pk=k _XHkofr &
v/kØRok e?kou~ rqH;a nsok vuq foÌs vnnq% lkseis;e~ A
;Rlw;ZL; gfjr% irUrh% iqj% lrh#ijk ,r’ks d% AA
¼_Dlafgrk 5-29-5 xkSjohfr%½
e?kou~ gs bUæ A ;r~ ;LekRdkj.kkr~ A ,r’ks A irUrh% vfHkæoUrh% A iqj%
lrh% vfHkeq[kh% A lw;ZL; gfjr% vÌku~ mijk% ijkÈeq[kh% d%
vdjks % A ¼rLekr~ dkj.kkr~ ½ v/k vuUrja A ØRok rsu
lw;kZÌijkÈeq[khdj.ksu deZ.kk A rqH;a A foÌs losZ A nsok% lkseis;a
lkseikua A vUonnq% vkuqiwO;sZ.k nÙkoUr% A ;UegkUra lw;Zet;&
LrLekRlosZ”kka nsokuke~ vkjk/;ks·Hko bfr ;kor~ A
;|s”k lw;Z% lk/kkj.kks euq”;% L;kr~ r‹k;kfnUæL; loZnsork&
Lokf/kD;a u l…PNsr A
_pksju;ksj;eSfrgkfldks·a ’k% izrhrks Hkofr A ^^lw;rZS ’k;ks;)
Zq eHkwr~ A
r=k lw;ZL;kÌkusr’ks·fHkæor bUæ% ijkÈeq[kkudjksr~ A vfi
pSr’kL;kFksZ lw;± ¯gflroku~ A ,r’ka jf{kroku~ A l p lw;ksZ u
lk/kkj.kks euq”;%A**
u pk;esr’kkfj% lk{kkRlw;Z% A lk{kkRlw;ZL; euq”;s.k lg
;q)L;klEHkokr~ A lk{kkRlw;Zs.k lg euq”;L; }s”kklEHkok‰k A
ifj’ks”kkn;a lw;ZL; rstksa’kkorkjks egkiq#”k% A ekuotUekfi

48

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

fnO;izÑfrd% A izek.ka pk=ksna Hkofr A
vLek bnq R;nuq nk¸;s”kkesdks ;}osz Hkwjsjh’kku% A
izSr’ka lw;sZ iLi`/kkua lkSoÜO;s lqf”oekofnUæ% AA
¼_Dlafgrk 1- 61- 15 uks/kk%½
;r~ ;LekRdkj.kkr~ A Hkwjs% izHkwrL; txr% A bZ’kku% ifr% bUæ% A
,d% ,o A oozs vko`roku~ A O;kidRosu Hkqoua ijkØes.k ‘k=kwUosfr
;ksX;dekZ/;kgkj% A v=k o`.kksfro`Z=ko#.kkfn’kCnsf”ookoj.kkFkZd% A
¼rLekr~ dkj.kkr~½ vLek br~ vLeS bUæk;So ,”kka losZ”kka nsokuka
euq”;k.kka p lEcfU/k A R;r~ izfl)a lkse:ia gfo% A vuqnkf;
vkuqiO;sZ.kknkf;A m iwj.kks fuikr% A vuqfoÌs vnnq% lkseis;e~
bR;sok=kkI;FkZl…fr%A fof’kÎa egr% ‘kk=kokn~HkÚL; j{k.ka deksÙZ kjk&
/ksuZ kg A bUæ lkSoÜO;s LoÌiq=ks A lw;Zs lw;fZ o”k;s A iLi`/kkua Li/kZekua
lw;ZefHkHkforqfePNUrfeR;FkZ% A lq¯”o lksekuka Lrksrkja A ,r’ka
izkor~ izd”ksZ.kkj{kr~ A
mÙkjk/kZpZL; O;k[;kus lk;.kkpk;Z% lw;ZL; euq”;korkjRoesoa
dFk;frA ^^LoÌks uke dfËæktk A l p iq=kdke% lw;eZ iq klkŒozðs A
rL; p lw;Z ,o iq=kks cHkwo A rsu lg ,r’kukeëks eg”ks;Z )
Zq a tkrfefr
rnsrfngksP;rs A**
¯d i;Zolêke~ A ;q)s LoÌiq=ks.k lw;.Zs kkØkUresr’kfeUæks jf{kroku~ A
LoÌiq=kË lw;ZL; rstksa’kkorkjRoknso lw;Z mÚ%A rLeknsr’kkfj%
lw;Z% lw;ZL; rstksa’kkorkjks egkiq#”k% A

bUælkgk¸;dLo:ie~

49

lÆea izdj.ke~

bUælkgk¸;dLo:ie~

lw;fZ ot;s ;fnUæ ,r’ka jf{kroku~ A rRdFke~ A ¯d ijks{kkuqxgz o’kkr~ A
mrkgks dLekf‰kRizR;{kkr~ lEcU/kkr~ A izR;{k% lEcU/k ,osfr
foKk;rs A v=kS”kk Hkofr A
;ÙkqnRlwj ,r’ka oƒw okrL; i£.kuk A
ogRoqðRlektqZus;a ‘krØrq% Rlj™U/koZeLr`re~ AA
¼_Dlafgrk 8- 1- 11 es/kkfrfFkes/;kfrFkh½
;r~ ;nk A lwj% A ,r’ka rêkkeoað _f”ke~ A rqnr~ ckf/kroku~ A ¼rnk½
‘krØrq% bUæ% A oƒÔ oØxfruk oØxfrfHk% A i£.kuk vÌsu vÌS% A
cgq”kq O;R;;suSdopue~ A bek czà c`gfíoks fooÚhR;knkfoo
cgq”osdopuksiifÙk% A oƒÔ bfr r`rh;k foHkDrsjsdopus :ie~ A
‘kÚh bR;knkfoo iwol
Z o.kZnh?kZPNkUnl% A vktquZ ;s a vtquZ hu{k=ktkre~ A
oqðRle~ A ,r’ke~ A ,r’kL;So oqðRl bfr izlf)a ukekUrje~ A ogr~
uhroku~ A vLr`ra osðukI;¯gflre~ A xU/ko± lw;± Rljr~ oqðfVyxR;k
izkir~ A ,rsu oqðRlkiji;kZ;L;Sr’kL; lw;.Zs k lg ;q)s bUæ% lkjF;a
Ñrokfufr xE;rs A vÌSoZgua fg lkjF;kêkkfrfjP;rs A
v=k iw o Z o kD;iz Ñ rkS lw j S r ’kkos o ks Ù kjokD;;ks x Z U /koZ o q ð Rl&
’kCnkH;keqP;srs A xoka fdj.kkuka /krkZ xU/koZ% bfr lk;.kkpk;ZL;
O;k[;kue~ A xU/koZ’kCnks ekuotkfrfo’ks”kokpdks·=ksR;Lekde~

50

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

vfHkizk;% A lw;ZL; firk LoÌË xU/koZtkrh; bR;usu tkuhe% A
jkek;.ks Hkjrsu ftrk xU/kokZ fo”.kqijq k.ks ukxkuka ekuotkfrfo’ks”kk.kka
j{kkFk± iq#oqðRlsu ftrk xU/kokZË xU/koZtkrh;kuka euq”;kk.kka ln~Hkkos
ikSjkf.koað fun’kZue~ A
uUoLrq iwoZizÑr% lwj ,o xU/koksZ xq.krks tkR;k ok A oqðRlLrq
HkoRosr’kknU; ,o ohj ,r’ki{kh;% A reso ogrq okrL;kÌSfjUæ
bfr psr~ A rnk ijkftrL;Sr’kL; iyk;ukn~ vuUrja oqðRlsUækS jFksu
lw;± izR;xPNrkfefr oÚO;e~ A rnkU;k·uqiifÙkA dk A
lwjfËæFka ifjrDE;k;ka iwo± djnqija twtqokale~ A
Hkj‰kØesr’k% la fj.kkfr iqjks n/kRlfu”;fr Ørqa u% AA
¼_Dlafgrk 5- 31- 11 voL;q%½
lwj% lwjL; A “kÏîFksZ izFkek A twtqokala osxsukirUra A iwoZefHkeq[kaA
jFke~ A ifjrdE;k;ka ;q)s mija ijkÈeq[ke~ A djr~ vdjksr~ A lwDrs
iwoZÑr bUæ% drkZ v/;kgj.kh;% A pozað rL; lwjL;So jFkpØe~ A
Hkjr~ vgjr~ jFkkRi`Fkxdjksfnfr ;kor~ A ,r’k% A lafj.kkfr uk’k;fr
‘k=kqa lw;Zfefr izdj.kcykn/;kgkj% A bUæs.k lw;ZL; jFks ijkÈeq[ks
Ñrs ræFkpozsð p ärs ,r’kLra lw;± ‘k=kqa ftrokfuR;FkZ% A ¼fdŒ½
u% vLekoað Ørqa deZ A iqjksn/kr~ iqj% fLFkRok n/kku% lu~ vxz.kh%
lfêkR;FkZ A lfu”;fr lk/kf;”;fr lk/kfRofr ;kor~ A vk’khjFksZ ÊV~
NkUnl% A izÑrL;Sr’kL; drqZjuqo`fÙk% A v=k eU=ks ,r’kL;So
‘k=kquk’kdRoeqP;rs A rRoqðRlSr’k;ksHksZni{ks uksii|rs A
lk;.kkpk;ZLrq ,r’k bfr prqF;ZFkZs izFkeka eU;rs A bUæ% ,r’kkFk±
lw;ZjFkpozað ärokfufr rRi{ks·FkZ% A rfLeêkfi i{ks oqðRlSr’k;ks&

bUælkgk¸;dLo:ie~

51

jHks n L;S o lkf/kos ð ;e` o ~ ð A dFke~ A vU;=k _fp oq ð RlkFk±
lw;ZjFkpØgj.kL;ksÚRokr~ A ;Fkk &
;=kksr ckf/krsH;Ëozað oqðRlk; ;q/;rs A
eq”kk; bUæ lw;Ze~ AA
¼_Dlafgrk 4- 30- 4 okenso%½
bUæ gs ijesÌj A mr vfi p ;=k ;fLeU;q)s A ckf/krsH;%
‘k=kqihfMrsH;% LotusH;% rkuq)rqZfefr ;kor~ A ;q/;rs A oqðRlk;
lw;± lwjlEcfU/k A pozað jFkpozðe~ A eq”kk;% vgj%A v=k oqðRlL;kFksZ
lw;ZjFkpØgj.ka LiÎeqÚe~ A
vfi p ^^vLek bnq** ¼_Dlafgrk 1- 61- 15½ bfr izkxqnkärs eU=ks
^^lw;sZiLi`/kkua ,r’ka bUæ% izkofnfr orZrs A lw;± tsrqfePNUra
,r’kfeUæks jf{krokfufr rL; LiÎHkk”k;k·FkZ% A** rL; p
lw;rZS ’klÈxzkes bUæ ,r’kk; t;a nÙkokfufr ljya rkRi;Ze~ A ,r‰k
oqðRlSr’k;ksjHksni{k ,o l…PNsr A ,r’kL; iyk;ua lR;a psÙknso
rL; j{koað oÚO;e~ A bUæLrq ,r’ki{kh;L; oqðRlL;So j{kd% A
rLekêkkfLr oqðRl ,r’kkn~fHkêk bfr Hkko _pke~ A bna p
_xUrjO;k[;kukoljs mÙkj=k Hkw ; Ë Ÿ<hdfj”;ke% A os n s
pkfjf=kdO;Úhukes o S ð dL; cgw f u ukekfu HkoUrhR;=k
fnoks n klL;kfrfFkXoiz L rks d kÌFkkfnuken’kZ u a fun’kZ u e~ A
oqðRlkiji;kZL;SrL; LoÌiq=ks.k lw;kZorkjiq#”ks.k lg ;q)s bUæ%
lkjF;edjksfnfr fLFkre~ A v=ks;eijk _x~ Hkofr A
;kfl oqðRlsu ljFkeoL;qLrksnks okrL; g;ksZjh’kku% A
_tzk okta u x/;a ;q;w”ka dfo;ZngUik;kZ; Hkw”kkr~ AA
¼_Dlafgrk 4- 16- 11 okenso%½

52

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

v=ksUæLrqfr% izÑrk A bZ’kku% bZÌj% A ¼Roe~½ voL;q% j{kdke% lu~ A
okrL; ok;ks% A g;ksZ% vÌ;ks% rksn% ihMd% lu~ d’kk?kkrSËksnd%
lfêkfr ;kor~ A lkjfFk% lfêkfr fuÑÎa rkRi;Ze~ A oqðRlsu oqðRlk[;su
_f”k.kk lg A ljFka lekujFka A ;kfl izkiëkfs ”k A _tzk nhÆkS rkoÌkS p A
x/;a xzkáa xUrO;a ‘k=kqfefr ;kor~ A okta u vêkfeo A ;q;w”ku~
;qÚoUr% izkÆoUr bR;FkZ% A dr`iZ na f}opukUra fØ;kina cgqopukUra
,”kk foizfrifÙk% A dr`ZinL; cgqopukFksZ O;R;;su f}opukUrRoa
NkUnlefHk/kk; ifjgrZO;k A dnk A ;ngu~ ;fLeêkgfu dfo%
oqðRlL; T;sÏks Hkzkrk ;eqÙkj=k fu:if;”;ke% A ik;kZ; ikj.kk;
‘k=kqrj.kk;sfr ;kor~ A Hkw”kkr~ izkHkor~ A rksnks ¯gld% A okrL;
g;ksjZ h’kku% A bfr lk;.kkpk;ZL;kUo;ks fojl% A ¯gldRoa lkekU;r%
bZ’kkuRoa okrkÌ;ksfjfr };efi folaÏqye~ A bZ’kkuRoa lkekU;r%
loZHkqouifrRokr~ A rksnRoa okrL; g;ksZ% oqðRllkjfFkROkkr~ A
okrL;kÌ;ksokZr ,o Lokeh L;kêksUæ% A uuq r£g okrL;kÌkS dFka
oqðRlL; Hkosrke~ A oqðRlL; izk.kka’kkorkjRokfnfr cwze%A izk.kË
ok;kseqZ[;k foHkwfr% A oqðRlL; izk.knsork rstksa’kkorkjRoa pksÙkj=k
fu:if;”;ke% A
iÜ;rkU;ke`pe~ A ;Fkk Hkoxr% oqðRllkjfFkRoa rkRi;s.Z kksP;rs A lk{kk‰k
lw;ZpØgj.keqP;rs A
og oqðRlfeUæ ;fLeŒkdURL;w _tzk okrL;kÌk A
iz lwjËozað o`grknHkhosð·fHk Li`/kks ;kfl”k}tzckgq% AA
¼_Dlafgrk 1- 174- 5 vxLR;%½
bUæ ;fLeu~ pkdu~ dke;ekuks Hkofl ;L; l[kk Hkolhfr ;kor~ A
¼ra½ oqðRle~ A L;w eU;w Lokfeu% lq[kfePNn~Hîke~ A _tzk nhÆkH;ke~ A

bUælkgk¸;dLo:ie~

53

okrL; ok;ks% A vÌk vÌkH;ke~ A loZ=k r`rh;kFksZ O;R;;su f}rh;k A
og vu;% HkwrkFksZ O;R;;su yksV~ A HkwrkFksZ yksV% iz;ksxk cgq”kq
LFkys”kq ŸÜ;Urs NUnfl A lkjfFkHkwZRok oqðRla uhrokulhfr Hkko% A
lwj% lwjL; izFkek “kÏîFksZ A pozað jFkpØe~ A vHkhosð lehis ¼xRok½
izo`grkr~ ärokufl A izkXon~HkwwrkFksZ yksV~ e/;eiq#”kSdopuL;k;a
rkrÈ A otzckgq% oqðRl% A Li`/k% ‘k=kwu~ vfHky{; ;kfl”kr~ xroku~
lw;jZ FkpØtgj.kknuUrje~ bR;FkkZÉH;rsA
v=k lk;.kkpk;ZL; O;k[;kuerho folaÏqye~ A rUersu x`gizkÆa
oqðRla rnh;koÌkS izfrizLFkki;srhUæ% iwoZokD;s izkF;Zrs A fdeusu
izkFkZusu ¯d vxLR;L; iz;kstue~ A ;nhUæHkous oqðRlks cgwfu
fnukfu frÏsnxLR;L; ¯d gh;sr A ,oa folaÏqy;k fo/k;k
O;koqðokZ.kks·fi okrL;kÌkS oqðRlL;sR;…hÑroku~ A rnsoða Hkæa pozðs A
;kfl oqðRlsusfr eU=ks okrL; g;ksZfjUæ bZ’kku mÚ% A lkjfFkRok&
nh’kkuRofefr psr~ rr~ fiz;a u% A
;fLeŒkdfêkfr ;PNCnokD;a lfêkÑÎsu iwokZ/kZpZLFkokD;suk&
la;ksT; r`rh;iknLFkokD;su lg l fo}kU;ksftroku~ A rUersu
r}kD;L;k;eFkZ% A ^^;fLeu~ gfof”k fufeÙkHkwrs lfr oqðRla pkdu~
dke;ls riZ;ls ok gfojkfnoað rnFk± lwj% izjs d% lw;%Z pozða [ke.Mya
LojFkpozða ok vHkhosð vklêkns’ks izog` rkr~ mð/o± xe;rq izdk’k;rq A**
oqðRlL;sUæk; gfonkZrqa izkr% dkyks·isf{kr% A rLekÙoeqfnrks
Hkosfr lw;ZexLR;% izkFkZ;rs bfr lk;.kkpk;ZL; ersu rL;
okD;L; rkRi;Ze~ A v=kk{kUrR;ks nwjkUo;% okD;LoHkkofo#)k
v/;kgkjk% vUrr% oqðRlgfonkZukFkZeso lw;ksZn;izkFkZuk r=k pksn;s

54

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

vklêkns ’ klEcU/k% iz Ñ rkuq i ;ks x h ps f r lo± fola Ï q y e~ A
^^iz lwjËozað o`grknHkhosð** A ¼_Dlafgrk 4- 16- 12 okenso%½ A
bfr eU=kkUrjL;ks n käreU=kiknrq Y ;s ikns oq ð Rliz d j.kLFks
lk;.kkpk;ZL; O;k[;kua pk=k y{khdrZO;a Hkofr A ^^rFkk lwj%
izsjdL; lw;ZL; pØek;q/ka vHkhosð lehis lÈxzkes ok izo`grkr~
izd”ksZ.k fPNêkokufl A** pØ’kCnkFksZ erHksns·fi lks·;eFkZ%
izdj.kkuq:i% A v=k yksVks HkwrkFksZ o`fÙkekpk;Z% f’kfJ;sA ^^;=kksr
ckf/krsH;Ëozað oqðRlk;sfr** eU=ks ^^lw;± lwjlEcfU/kpozað eq”kk;%
veq”.kk% viärokufl** bfr O;k[;kroku~ A r=k pozað jFkpozað ok
vk;q/ka osfr u LiÎhÑroku~ A iwoOZ ;k[;kuqlkjs.kk=k pØeki;q/ke~
,o ;|qP;sr rnkuheU;ks fojks/k% A ,d=k pØL; PNsn% vU;=kkigj.ke~
bfr A jFkpØkFkZokfnukeLekoað ers rq vigj.ka p jFkki`Fkÿdj.ke~ A
vk;q/kkFkZokfnuk Roigj.ka cyknkfPN| Lk;Ùkhdj.ka oÚ;a pkS;± ok A
mHk;efi PNsny{k.ke~ A lwjfËæFkfefr izkxqnkärs eU=ks Hkj‰kØfefr
okD;a l fo}kusoa O;k[;kroku~ A ^^iwo± f}pØL; jFkL;Soað pozað
Hkjr~ vigjr~A** v=k O;k[;kus ;|fi pozða jFkpØe…hÑrokaLrFkkfi
iwo± LoksÚka LoÌiq=kdFkka foLe`R; lk{kkRlw;sZ.k lg ;q)esr’kL;
|ksr;fr A ;RlÆ ;q×tfUr jFkesdpØfeR;knkS l;wLZ ;SdpØjFkoÙoa
oqðRl;q)knuUrjesosfr eU;rs A iwo± f}pØL;sR;qfÚLrefHkizk;a
/oufr A bna d.BksDR;kpksÚokuU;=k O;k[;kulUnHksZ &
^^n’k izfiRos v/k lw;ZL; eq”kk;ËØefoos jikafl AA**
¼_Dlafgrk 6- 31- 3 lqgks=k%½
vL;k/kZpZL; rnh;a O;k[;kuesoe~ A ^^v/k vfi p izfiRos izirus
;q)s lw;ZL; pozað jFkko;oHkwra eq”kk;% veq”.kk% A rnk izHk`fr lw;LZ ;

bUælkgk¸;dLo:ie~

55

jFk ,dpØks·Hkwr~ A rFkk pkiëkra lÆ;q×tfUr jFkesdpØfefr A
,r’kk[;L; _”ks% lw;sZ.k lg ;q)s rRlkgk¸;kFkZekxr bUæ% lw;LZ ;
pØeiärokfuR;k[;kue~ A lwjËoaðz izog` ‹kkr vkstlsfr fuxekUrje~ A
vfi p jikafl ikidkjhf.k j{k%izHk`rhfu vfoos% vLekÉksdknxe;%
vo/khfjR;FkZ% A** n’ksfr iwokZ/kZpZ l…ra ine~ A
v=k O;k[;kus lk;.kkpk;Z.s k LoksDra dFkkŸ<hdj.kk; ;fêkxekUrje~
mnkär rL; rnh;a O;k[;kua iÜ;r A
^^lwjËozað izo`g‹kkr vkstlk A**
¼_Dlafgrk 1- 130- 9 i#PNsi%½
¼bna eU=kL;k|izrhdLFka okD;e~ ½ A ^^v=kkihfrgklekp{krs A osðpuklqjk%
iwofZ eUæotz.s k o/kks ek Hkwfnfr czà.kks oja yC/ok bUæex.kf;Roks}Ù` kk
vklu~ A rku~ gUrqfeUæ lw;ZL; jFkpØeknk;k& o/khfnfr A
rfnneqP;rs A v;feUæ% lwj% lw;ZL; “kÏîFksZ izFkek A pozað jFkL;
pØeknk; vkstlk ‘kjhjs.k cysu tkr% izo)
` % lu~ izog` r~ izf{kÆoku~ A**
iÜ;rksnkärfuxekUrjO;k[;kulkSHkkX;e~ A izfrRos v/k lw;ZL;
eq”kk;ËØfefr okD;s O;k[;krk dFkk·U;k A rnqic`ag.kkFkZe~
mnkärL; fuxekUrjL; O;k[;krk dFkk·U;k A iqoZ=k lw;sZ.k lgSo
;q)s pØL; gj.ke~ A
lw;ZjFkpØgj.klUnHkZLFkks·U;ks·/kZpZ ,oa O;k[;krLrsu O;k[;k=kk A
^^v;a pØfe”k.kRlw;LZ ; U;sr’ka jhjeRll`ek.ke~ A**
¼_Dlafgrk 4- 17- 14 okenso%½
iSrz ’ka lw;Zs iLi`/kkufeR;/kZpZs iwo± dkfpnk[;kf;dk lwfprk A v=kkI;;a

56

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

pØfefr iwokZ/ksZ lk lwP;rs A LoÌukek dfËæktk A l p iq=kkFk±
lw;ZeqikLrs A l p lw;Z% iq=k:is.k Lo;eso r=kksRiêk% L;kr~ A
,r’kk[;su eg£”k.kk lk/k± ;q)a pdkj A rnkuhe`f”k;qZ)s t;kFkZfeUæa
rqÎko A l bUæLrsu Lrw;eku% lu~ LoÌiq=kL; lw;LZ ; lÈxzkeknso
iky;fnfr A v;feUæ% lw;LZ ; pØek;q/ka b”k.kr~ izjs ;r~ A ll`ek.ka
;q)kFk± ljUra xPNUra ,r’kukekue`¯”k U;jhjer~ fuokfjroku~ A**
v=k lk{kkRlw;.Zs k ;q)a u dF;rs A u p iwo± f}pØL; ræFkL;SdpØ&
gj.ka o.;Zrs A v=kSr’ksu ;q)ÑRLoÌiq=k% lw;Z% A pozað p
rL;k;q/kfo’ks”k% A
bnkuheoxrk% L;q% lk;.kkpk;ZL; O;k[;kus ijLijfojks/kk% A ;|sd
,o O;k[;kuÑnhŸ’kk% ijLijfojks/kk u Hkos;q% A d¯LefËnFksZ
vkReuksnkärks eU=kks·fi O;k[;kus reFk± u cks/k;fr A rLekn~
vLekfHkjuqeh;rs vekR;lk;.kks cgqfHk% if.MrS% _Xosn&
Hkk”;edkj;r~ A rs p Lo LoeR;uqlkjs.k egkefU=k.k vkKka f’kjlk
ogUrks ;Fkk dFkfŒn~Hkk”;a lekfiroUr% A O;k[;kr¤.kka cgqRoknso
ijLijfojks/kk% A cgqyjktdh;dk;ZO;xz% lk;.kks·I;UrrLr&
PNks/kf;rqa Ñr{k.kks ukHkwr~ A
izÑreuqljke% A loZ=kkfi bUæ% LoÌiq=kL; lw;ZL; jFkpozað
jFkkRi`FkxdjksfnR;sokFkZ% drZO;% A ;q)a p rL; oqðRlkiji;kZ;.s kSr’ksu A
bUæË rfLeU;q)s oqðRlL; lkjfFk% A

‘kq”.k ,o LoÌiq=k% lw;Z%

57

vÎea izdj.ke~

‘kq”.k ,o LoÌiq=k% lw;Z%

lw;ZL; ‘kksf”kdk’kfÚjsd fo|rs A lk Roklqjh A lks·;a ‘kks”kd%
lkSjka’kks fuxes”kq ‘kq”.k bR;qP;rs A rna’klEcU/kkr~ lw;ksZ·fi ‘kq”.k%A
^^’kq”.kL; fp}fUnuks jks#o}uk**A ¼_Dlafgrk 1- 54- 5½ bfr
lw;Zijr;k ‘kq”.kinL; iz;ksx% A va’kkaf’kuksjHksnk|Fkk jfo% ‘kq”.k
mP;rs rFkk ‘kq”.kks·fi jfo#P;rs A rL; ‘kq”.kL;k;a rstksa’kkorkj%
LoÌL; iq=k% A rLeknL; fnO;foHkwrsjI;klqjh izÑfrjfo#)k A ¯d
izek.ka LoÌiq=k% lw;Z% ‘kq”.k bR;=ksfr psr~ A iÜ;rseke`pe~ A
eq”kk; lw;± dos pØeh’kku vkstlk A
og ‘kq”.kk; o/ka oqðRla okrL;kÌS% AA
¼_Dlafgrk 1- 175- 4- vxLR;%½
dos gs loZK bUæ A vkstlk vUr%lkjs.k A bZ’kku% egkleFkZ%A Roa
lw;± lwjlEcfU/k A pozað jFkpØe~ A eq”kk; veq”.kk% jFkkr~
i`FkxdjksfjR;FkZ% A ¼fdŒ½ ‘kq”.kk; ‘kks”kdk; rLeS lw;kZ; A o/ka
gUrkje~ A oqðRla rêkkede`¯”k A okrL; A vÌS% A og vog% vu;% A
‘kq”.ka gUrqeÌS oqðRleu; bR;FkZ% A v=k iwokZ/ksZ pØgj.kdFkkfy…kn~&
mÙkjk/ksZ okrkÌSoZgukfÉ…k‰ks;e`Dlw;ZoqðRllÈxzkeizdj.kLFksR;=k
u dfËRla’k;% A rLekRiwoZizÑr% lw;Z ,ok=k ‘kq”.k oqðRlSr’k;ks%
lw;Z’kq”.k;ksËkHksnefotkurks osnkFkZizdk’kdkjL; LoiwoksZÚfo#)a
;FksÎk/;kgkj;qDra lfodYia O;k[;kue~ v=kksi{s ;e~ A ’kq”.kk; o/ka

58

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

gUr` ’kýa og iz;È
q {o A vuUrja ra gRok oqðRla okrL;kÌSokZrosx&S
gZrL; ‘kq”.kL;kÌS% la;kst;sfr rUersukFkZ% A iwoksZÙkjk/kZ;ksukZfLr
lEcU/k% A ;}k ‘kq”.ka gUrqa drkZ u lk/kue~ A ‘kýa x`ghRok
okrkÌSxZPNsfr rkRi;Ze~ A v=kkfi iwoksÙZ kjk/kZ;ks;FZ kkiwo± lEcU/kkHkko% A
lfr lEHkos lEcU/kks U;k¸;% A lw;ZoqðRllÈxzkeL;kU;=kksÚRokr~
mÙkjk/ksZ oqðRlizLrkoL; fo|ekuRoknfLr lEcU/kHko% A iwokZ/ksZ fg
oqðRlizdj.k|ksroað lw;jZ FkpØgj.ka o£.kre~ A ^^;=kksr ckf/krsH;Ëoaðz
oqðRlk;s**fr fuxekUrjks fg lw;ZjFkpØgj.ka oqðRlkFk± n£’kre~ A bes
p }s _pko=k Hkor% A
m’kuk ;RlgL;Sj;kra x`gfeUæ twtqokusfHkjÌS% A
oUokuks v=k ljFka ;;kFk oqðRlsu nsoSjouksgZ ‘kq”.ke~ AA
¼_Dlafgrk 5- 29- 9 xkSjohfr%½
bUæ A ;r~ ;nk A lgL;S% vfHkHkou’kfÚef•% twtqokuS% ‘kh?kzxeuS% A
vÌS% A ¼Roe~½ m’kuk ,rêkked_f”kË A x`ga izdj.kkr~ oqðRlx`ge~ A
v;kre~ A v=k vfLeUdkys oUoku% oqðRlsu ;kP;eku% A oqðRlsu
rêkkeosðu _f”k.kk lg A ljFka lekuesoað jFke~ A ;;kFk txUFk A
nsoS% LokuqpjSeZ#n~fHk% lg e#norkjiq#”kk ,ok=k _”ksäZn;LFkk% A
‘kq”.ka ‘kks”koað izfrohje~ A vouksgZ izki% [kyq A v=k ;q)k; oqðRlsu
lgS d jFkL; Hkxor% ‘kq ” .ka iz f r iz L FkkuefHkfgre~ A
izdj.kkfoPNsnus ksÙkjL;keuUrja pfj=keqP;rs A
izkU;‰kØeo`g% lw;ZL; oqðRl;kU;}fjoks ;kros·d% A
vuklks nL;wje`.kks o/ksu fu nq;ksZ.k vko`.kÈ e`/kzokp% AA
¼_Dlafgrk 5- 29- 10 xkSjohfr%½
¼gs bUæ½ lw;ZL; A vU;r~ ,de~ A pozað jFkpØe~ A izko`g%
jFkkRi`Fkxdjks% A vU;r~ brje~ A pØe~ A oqðRlk; A ofjo% /kue~ A

‘kq”.k ,o LoÌiq=k% lw;Z%

59

;kros ;krqe~ A j.kdk;ksZi;ksxk;sfr Hkko% A j.ksu fg /kea izkI;rs A
vd% vdjks% A ;r~ i`FkDÑra rf}fPN|So i`FkDÑrfefr u
ræ.kdk;ksiZ ;qDra Hkosr~ A vU;nsokfofPNêkeqi;ksDrqegZfefr rFkksfÚ% A
,oað pozða fPNêkeU;‰kozða oqðRlk;k;ÙkhÑefefr Hkko% A lw;jZ FkpØL;
j.kksi;ksxa pksÙkj=k fu:if;”;ke% f}rh;pØL; oqðRlk;kÙkhdj.kkr~
lw;Zfot;ks·uqÚks·fi xE;rs A rfLeêkfoftrs dFka r‰kozða ‘k=kkso’Z ks
L;kr~ A mrsu oqðRl ,r’kË u }kfofr izkxqDra fLFkjhÑre~ A ;fn
oqðRlks uSr’kS% L;kr~ dFkesr’kkFkZeos ftrL; lw;LZ ; jFkpozða oqðRlk;
o’khfØ;srA vfi pSrus iwo± f}pØL; lw;jZ FkL;Sr’k;q)s pØesde~
viärfeUæs.k rr% izHk`fr lw;jZ Fk ,dpØks·Hkwfnfr lk;.kHkk”;Sd&
ns’kera izR;qDra Hkofr A ,rn/kZpZrkRi;Zi;kZykspus lw;ZL;Sdefi
jFkpozað u ifjf’kÎe~A ,oað Hkxëe~ A vU;RoqðRlk;k;ÙkhÑre~ A v;a
p lw;%Z lw;kZorkjiq#”k% LoÌiq=k% A u lk{kkRlw;Z bfr fo”k;% ikBoSðuZ
foLerZO;% A rfLeu~ ;q)s lw;ZL; pØk;q/ka fNêkfeUæs.ksfr
rn~Hkk”;Sdns’kera pkusu ijkLre~ A pØ};ksfÚrks jFkpØ;ksjso
LiqðVizrhrs% A iowZeU=kizÑr% ‘kq”.k ,ok;a lw;Z% izdj.kSD;kr~ A
vFkksÙkjk/kZpLZ ;kFkZ% A nL;wu~ ‘kq”.kkuqpjku~ o/ksu äU=kk oqðRlsu }kjk A
vukl% vkL;jfgrku~ A fNêk’kh”kkZfufr ;kor~ A fo/ks;fo’ks”k.kfene~
ve`.k% v?kkr;% vUrHkkZforf.kPd% iz;ksx% NkUnl% A ¼fdŒ½ e`?kzokp%
¯gldokp% ‘k=kwu~ nq;ks.Z ks nqxLZ ;kus A U;ko`.ko~ð v?kkr;% A v=k
nq;ksZ.kLFkkufy…kÈe`?kzokXxq.kfy…k‰kSrs oqðRl’k=ko% oqð;o
LrnuqpjkËsfr xE;rs A oqð;okxso fg o.kZyksikRoqð;o% A rL;
LFkkua nq;ksZ/ke~ A rRoqð;oizdj.ks fu:if;”;ke% A

60

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

brË ‘kq”.k ,o LoÌiq=k% lw;Z%A Roa oqðRlsukfHk’kq”.kfeUæ v’kq”ka
;q/; oqð;oa xfoÎkSA
n’k izfiRos v/k lw;ZL; eq”kk;ËØefoos jikafl AA
¼_Dlafgrk 6- 31- 3 lqgks=k%½
bUæA v’kq”ka ‘kks”kf;rqe’kD;e~ A ‘kq”.ke~~ oqð;oa oqð;oukeoað p A
xfoÎkS xkSHkwfZ efj”;rs·L;kfefr xfoÎ% HkwE;kFkkZ vkft% A rL;ke~ A
n’kn’kfnukfuA oqðRlsu oqðRl£”k.kk }kjk vfHk;q/; vH;;ks/k;%
v=kkI;UrHkkZforf.kPd% iz;ksx% v/k ,dkn’ks·gfu A izfiRos lehis
¼xRok½ lw;ZL; iwoZizÑrL; ‘kq”.kL; A pozað jFkpØe~ A eq”kk;%
vikgj% jFkkRi`FkxdjksfjR;FkZ% A jikafl ikidkjhf.k j{kkafl A vfoos%
nwjhÑrokufl A v=kkfi iwokZ/kZpiZ Ñ
z r;ks% ‘qk”.koqð;o;ksjU;rj% lw;ksZ
oÚO;% A ‘kq”.k ,o fuxekUrjcykno;okFkZrË lw;Z bfr lqope~ A
vL; p ‘kq”.kL;k’kq”k bfr ukekUrjeLrhfr okpoSðuZ foLerZO;e~ A
vŸÎo’kkRlk;.k% ‘kq”.kk’kq”kkS u i`FkDÑroku~ A ,ra ‘kq”.klw;Z;ks&
jHksneqÙkj=kkfi Ÿ<hdfj”;ke%A

lqJokLrwo;
Z k.k% d%

61

uoea izdj.ke~

lqJokLrwoZ;k.k% d%

oSfndlkÈxzkfeosðfrgkls”kq izk/kkU;su iŒohjk% lqifz l)k% A iStou%
lqnk%] vfrfFkXoksfnoksnkl%] oSnkZFku_ftÌk] vkf…jl% oqðRl%]
lqJokLrwo;Z k.kËsfr A nk’kjkK;q)uk;d% lqnk% A ‘kkEcj;q)uk;dks
fnoksnkl% A iSioz ;q)uk;d_ftÌkA ‘kq”.koqð;o;q)uk;d% oqðRl% A
¯o’kfrtujkt;q)uk;d% lqJokLrwo;Z k.k% A ,rs”kq lqJokLrwo;Z k.k%
d bfr fpUR;rs A rwo± ;kua ;L; l% rwoZ;k.k% A mohZ rqohZ FkqohZ nqohZ
/kqohZ ¯glkFkkZ% bfr ¯glkFkkZÙkqohZ/kkrksO;qZRiêkks·;a rwoZ’kCn% A ;kua p
jFkks·Ìks xtks okA izÑrs jFkks xzká% A dkj.keqÙkj=k LiÎa Hkosr~ A
‘k=kq¯gldjFk bfr rwoZ;k.k’kCnL;kFkZ% A lqJok bfr uke A vL;
¯o’kfrtujkt;q)kfHk/kkf;osð;e`XHkofr A
Roesrk×tujkKks f}nZ’k
vcU/kquk lqJolksitXeq”k% A
“k¯Î lgük uo¯r uo Jqrks
fu pozsð.k jF;k nq”ink·o`.ko~ð AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 53- 9 lO;%
bUæA Jqr% iz[;kr%A ¼Roe~½ vcU/kquk lgk;jfgrsuA lqJolk
rêkkeosðu jkKklg A mitXeq”k% ;q)kFkZeqixror%A f}nZ’k
¯o’kfrlÈ[;kdku~ A tujkK% jk{kls Ì jku~ A “k¯Î lgük
“kfÎlgülÈ[;kdkaLrnh;lSfudku~ A uo¯r uofrlÈ[;kdku~

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nyirhu~A uo uo lÈ[;kdkaRlsukir°ËA jF;k jFklEcfU/kukA
nq”ink nqÎiknsu pozsð.k A f}opukFkZ ,dopua O;R;;sA U;o`.ko~ð
vuk’k;%A jFkpØkH;ka ‘k=kwu~ pw.kZ; bfr Hkko%A v;a p Hk;ƒjks jFk%
lqJol ,o HkofrA vr ,o l mÙkjL;ke`fp rwo;Z k.k mP;rsA ‘k=kq”kq
jFkL; pkyf;rk p lqJok ,oA rFkkfi jFkkf/kÏkr` výkReoað czàUS æa
HkofrA rLeknsr¯}’kfrtujkto/kdekZn~HkqreSUæa o.;Zrs A
v=kS”kk Hkofr A
Rok ;qtk fu f[knRlw;ZL;
bUæËozað lglk l| bUnks A
vf/k ”.kquk c`grk orZekua
egks æqgks vi foÌk;q /kkf; AA
_Dlafgrk 4- 28- 2 okenso%
bUæ gs lkseA Rok Ro;kA ;qtk lgk;su RoRikuizo`)cy bR;FkZA
bUæ%A lglk ‘kÚîkA l|LrR{k.ksA vf/k”.kquk vf/kÏk=kkA c`grk
vý:ic`gRlkeëkA orZekua pjr~A lw;LZ ;Sr’k’k=kks% LoÌiq=kL; pozða
jFkpØe~A fuf[knr~ izHkT;kikr;r~A ¼rnku°½ egks æqg% egrks
æqÈukedL; oqð;ofirq%A foÌk;q loZcyaA vi/kkf; viäre~ A
lk;.kkpk;ZLrq c`grk orZekufeR;L;kUrfj{ks.k pjfnR;Fk± Ñroku~A
r‰k LoÌiq=klw;iZ d
z j.kfo#)Rokf‰kUR;a O;k[;kue~A rUersu egks
æqg bR;L; egrks æksX/kq% lw;LZ ;sR;FkZ%A lk{kkRlw;ksZ fuf[ky£”kiwftrks
egkUæksgh _f”k.kksP;r bR;kË;Ze~A æqxkã;%A oqð;ofirSok=kksP;rs A
rL; æqxkã;Roa pksÙkj=k izn’kZf;”;ke%A ;q)a pSrRoqð;ooqðRlkxzt;ks&
HkwZfefufeÙke~A oqð;oL; lgk;ks ;ks)k egkohj% ‘kq”.kkiji;kZ;%
LoÌiq=k% lw;Z% A rL; ijkt;s oqð;oL; ijkt;ks·fi fl) bfr

lqJokLrwo;
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63

rfRirq% iq=kt;dkÈf{k.k% ‘kq”.kijkt;s lo± cya xrfeR;qfÚ% l…rSo
HkofrA LoÌiq=k% lw;Z ,o ‘kq”.k bfr iwoZfLeUizdj.ks LFkkfire~ A
vU;su fy…su psna Ÿ<hHkofr A
egks æqgks vi foÌk;q /kkf; otzL; ;Rirus ikfn ‘kq”.k% AA
_Dlafgrk 6- 20- 5- Hkj}kt%
bR;/kZpZs fuxekUrjs izFke% ikn mnkäriwoeZ U=kprqFkZpj.krqY;ks·FkZr%
‘kCnrË A rRlw;Zizdj.ke~ A bna ‘kq”.kizdj.ke~ A lw;Z’kq”.k;ksjHksns
_pks% iknSD;eqiiêkrja Hkofr A uuq lw;’Z kq”.kkS fHkêkkoso oqðRl’k=kw A
rLeknqHk;ksjfi ijkt;s rqY;a æqgks fu%’ks”kcy{ki.kfefr psêkS”kk ;qfÚ% A
vU;rjL; ‘ks”kRos·fi t;izR;k’kk;k% lEHkokr~ A oqðRl’k=kks% ‘kq”.kL;So
izk/kkU;su fuxes”kq izfl)Rok‰k A
iz Ñ reuq l jke% A LoÌiq = kL;ký’kÚîq i kf/kHkw r ks jFk ,o
HkkxZokýeqP;rs A HkkxZo’kCnks jFki;kZ;ks xqÆHkk”kk;ke~ A
;Fkk&
,ra oka LrkseefÌukodeZ vr{kkeHk`xoks u jFke~ AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 39- 14 ?kks”kk
vfÌukS gs uklR;kS A ,re~ A oka ;qo;ks% A Lrksea Lrks=ke~ A vdeZ
vdjokeA u ;Fkk lkŸÜ;kFkZdks·;a u’kCn% A Hk`xo% jFkdkjk% A
jFke~ A vr{kke r{kfUr A mies;leiq#”kRoa NkUnle~ A O;R;;su
yMFksZ yÈA v=k Hk`xq’kCnks jFkf’kfYiijr;k iz;qÚ% A Hk`xq.kka bna
deZ HkkxZoa jFk% A rnsokýa HkkxZokýe~ A
¯d i;Zolêke~ A ‘k=kqfouk’kdjFk% lkSoÌî% lw;Z ,o lqJokLrwo;Z k.k% A
v=ksneU;fÉ…a HkofrA

64

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

RoekfoFk lqJola roksfrfHk&
Lro =kkefHkfjUæ rwoZ;k.ke~ A
RoeLeS oqðRlefrfFkXoek;qa
egs jkKs ;wus vjU/kuk;% AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 53- 10 lO;%
bUæA Roe~ A rwoZ;k.ka ‘k=kq¯gldjFke~ A lqJola ,rêkkede~ A roA
mðfrfHk% j{k.kS% A ro =kkefHkýk;oSðcZySËA vkfoFk vj{k%A Roa egs
egrsA ;wus ;qodk;A jkKs lqJolsA oqðRle~ A vk;qe~A vfrfFkXoa
¼p½A vjU/kuk;% o’khÑrokuflA vfrfFkxks% iq=kRokfíoksnklks&
·frfFkXo ,P;rs A rokuqxgz kr~ rwo;Z k.k% lqJok% oqðRlk;qfnoksnklku~
ftrokfuR;FkZ% A v=k lk;.k% lqJoLrwoZ;k.kkS i`FkXO;ÚhÑRok
O;k[;kroku~ A mÙkjk/ksZ rq ohj=k; tsrkja lqJolesok…hdjksfrA ;fn
lqJolLrwoZ;k.kks·U;% dFkeLeS bfr ina izR;klêka rwoZ;k.ka fogk;
lqJolefHkn/;kr~ A rLekf‰kUR;a r}îk[;kue~ A v=k lqJol%
‘kq=kq”kq oqðRlks·U;re% A ‘kq”.kL; p oqðRl% ‘k=kq%A ,dnk lqJolk
ftr% ra tsraq oqðRl% iqu;ZÃa Li/kZekuËdkjsR;qiiêkrja Hkofr A rfnna
fy…a ’kq”.klqJolksjHksnsA
rwo;Z k.kina u osðoya lqJolks xq.kÑra fo’ks”k.ke~ A vfi rq ;kSfxoað
ukekUrja p Hkofr A iÜ;rSrke`pe~ A ;=k rwo;Z k.kinsuoS lqJok mP;rs A
iz rÙks v|k dj.ka Ñra Hkwr~
oqðRla ;nk;qefrfFkXoeLeS A
iq# lgük fu f’k’kk vfHk {kk&
eqÙkwoZ;k.ka /k`”krk fuusFk AA
_Dlafgrk 6- 18- 13 Hkj}kt%

lqJokLrwo;
Z k.k% d%

65

¼gs bUæ½ v|krs ro A rRdj.ka rRdeZA izHkwr~ izHkofrA
;PNCnokD;su rRdeZ fof’k”;rs A er~ A oqðRle~ A vk;qe~ A vfrfFkXoa
p A vLeS o{;ek.kk; rwoZ;k.kk; o’khÑrokulhfr ‘ks”k% A iq#
lgük cgwfu lgükf.k lSU;kuka oqðRlknhukfefr lfêkd”kkZRizrhfr% A
{kka i`fFkohe~ A vfHkfuf’k’kk% vikr; bR;FkZ%A /k`”krk /k”kZoðs .k futsu
oh;s.Z k A rwo;Z k.ka ‘k=kw¯gldjFka lqJole~ A mfêkusFk mnu;% A
mêkredjksfjR;FkZ% A oqðRlk·ofrfFkXot;kn;a rwo;Z k.k% lqJok ,osfr
fl/;fr A
lwJola rwoZ;k.ketkur% LoksDra rwoZ;k.ka i`FkXO;¯Ú p foLejr%
lk;.kL; O;[;kue=kksis{;e~A rL; ersuk=k rwoZ;k.kLRofjrxeu&
jFkoÙok;ksxkPNEcjklqj%A ‘kEcjLRofjrxeujFk bfr u DokI;fLr
fuxes”kq izflf)% A
oqðRlk·ofrfFkXokuka lEcfU/kuks cgwu~ ohjkfuUæks ?kkfrrok&
fuR;=kkU;‰kkfLr izek.ke~ A
v/o;Zoks ;% ‘krek lgüa
HkwE;k miLFks·oi‹k/kUoku~ A
oqðRlL;k;ksjfrfFkXoL;ohjk
ê;ko`.kXHkjrk lkseeLeS AA
_Dlafgrk 2- 14- 7 x`Rlen%
gs v/o;Zo% A ; bUæ% A oqðRlL;k;ksjfrfFkXoL;ohjku~ A ‘kra lgüa
y{klÈ[;kdku~ A t?kUoku~ ?kkr;u~ A HkwE;k% milFks rys A moir~
ikr;keklsR;FkZ%A vfi p U;ko`.ko~ð ekfjroku~A vLeS bUæk;A
lksee~ A HkjrA losZ”oI;lqjo/ks”kq HkDrS% dkfjrs”ofi _f”kfHk%

66

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

lÈxzkekfHkekuh nso bUæ ,o drksPZ ;rsA rLekÙkkŸ’ks”kq fØ;kinkfu
vUrHkkZforf.kPdkfu Ks;kfuA y{k.kkis{k;k rL;So yk?kokr~A
vL;ke`fp lk;.k% oqðRlL;k;ksjfrfFkXoL; ohjkfuR;=k e/;s
izfr}fU}u bR;/;käR; O;[;kroku~A oqðRlknhuka =k;k.kka fefyRoSd=k
dhrZukRlqJoks;q)esok=k Lek;ZrsA rLekêkk/;kgkj% Øefo#)%
drZO;%A lqJoks ;q)s oqðRlknhuka ftrRokêk pkFkZfojks/k%A
;ks·;a izfl)kUoqðRlek;qa fnoksnkla p ftroku~] ¯o’k¯r jk{klsÌjkaË
groku~ l lqJokLrwo;Z k.k% d%\ LoÌiq=k% lw;Z ,ok;a uker% lqJok%A
‘k=kq¯gldHk;ƒjjFkoÙokÙkwo;Z k.k%A lqJok bR;=k O;qRifÙkLrq ‘kksHkus
Jolh d.kkSZ ;L; l lqJok%A
LoÌiq=kL; Hk;ƒjjFkoÙoknsoUs æL; ræFkpHk×tuen~Hkqra deksPZ ;rsA
iÜ;rk=kkU;ke`pe~A
Roa iqja pfj”.koa o/kS% ‘kq”.kL; lfEi.ko~ð A
Roa Hkk vuqpjks v/k f}rk ;fnUæ gO;ks Hkqo% AA
_Dlafgrk 8- 1- 28 es/kkfrfFkes/;kfrFkh
gs bUæ A ;r~ ;LekRdkj.kkr~ A Hkk% izdk’kekuLRoe~ A ‘kq”.kL; A
pfj”.koa pj.k’khye~ A iqja nqxeZ ~ A jFk ,ok=k ’k=kqfHkjHks|Rok‰kj.k’khya
nqxfZ eR;qP;rs lkŸÜ;kr~ A o/kS% izgj.kS% A lafi.ko~ð O;pw.kZ;% A v/k
vuUrja A vuqpj% rokuq;k;h oqðRl% A f}rk f}fo/kku~ ‘k=kwu~ A ‘kq”.ka
rnuqpjku~ oqð;oa rnuqpjkaËsR;FkZ%A grokfufr ‘ks”k% A ¼rLekr~½ Roa
gO;%A Hkqo% vHko% A
oqðRlL; f}fo/k’k=kquk’kus·U;s;Hk`XHkofr A

lqJokLrwo;
Z k.k% d%

67

rfnUæko vk Hkj ;suk naflÏ ÑRous A
f}rk oqðRlk; f’kÜkëFkks fu pksn; AA
_Dlafgrk 8- 24- 25 foÌeuk%
naflÏ ‘k=kquk’kd A gs bUæA ;su j{k.ksu A ÑRous Ronh;ekjk/kua
oqðoZrsA oqðRlk;A f}rk f}fo/kkujhu~ A f’kÜkëkFk% v¯glh% A vfi p
fupksn; oqðRla izsfjrokuflA HkwrkFksZ yksV~ A rno% j{k.ke~ A vkHkj A
vLeH;fefr ’ks”k% A
izÑreuqljke% A brË ‘kq”.k ,o lqJokLrwoZ;k.k% A
vtko`r bUæ ‘kwjiÃh|k± p ;sfHk% iq#gwr uwue~ A
j{kks vfxëe’kq”ka rwoZ;k.ka ¯lgks u nes vikafl oLrks% AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 174- 3 vxLR;ks eS=kko#f.k%
gs iq#gwr A ;sfHk% ;kfHk% lsukfHk% A NkUnlks fy…O;R;;% A uwua
fuË;su A |ka p vkdk’ka p A ‘kwjk ¼rk%½ o`r% vko`.orh% A ‘kwjiÃh%
‘kwjk ir;ks ;klka rk% ‘kwjiRU;% lsuks% A rk% gs bUæ vt vxPN% A
v¯xë vfxëlŸ’kexzl
s ja ok A rwo;Z k.ka ‘k=kq¯gldj/ke~ A v’kq”ka ‘kq”.ke~ A
nes Lodh;s x`gs A vikafl dekZf.k A oLrks% drqZe~ A ¯lgs u ¯lg
bo A j{kks vj{k% A oqðRlkfnfHktZujkt¯o’kR;k ok lqJolks ;q)s Hkxork
Ñra j{k.kesok=k o.;Zrs A v’kq:”k&rwoZ;k.k&’kCn;ks£of’k”VkeU;=k
fuxes”kq iz;ksxfo/kkey{k° oqðoZr% lk;.kLe foÁðÎa O;k[;kue=kksi{s ;e~ A
vk’kks”kf;rk vk’kq”k% vk’kq”k ,o fdy v’kq”k% A rw.kZxeu% fdy
rwoZ;k.k% A rw.kZxeuLrqj;k.k ,o L;kêk rwoZ;k.k% A ^^o`=ka ;fnUæ
rwoZflA** ¼_Dlafgrk 8- 99- 6½ bR;kn;% iz;ksxk% _pka ¯glkFksZ
rwo/Z kkrksjH;kla n’kZ;fUr A v’kq”k’kCn% iw.kkZ;ka lafgrk;ka ‘kq”.kijr;So
iz;Tq ;rsA

68

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Roa oqðRlsukfHk ’kq”.kfeUæk·‘kq”ke~ AA _Dlafgrk 6- 31- 3
bUæks ;% ‘kq”.ke’kq”ka U;ko`.ko~ð AA _Dlafgrk 1- 101- 2
oqðRlk; ‘kq”.ke’kq”ka fu cghZ% AA _Dlafgrk 4- 16- 12
o/kS% ‘kq”.kL;k’kq”kL; ek;k% AA _Dlafgrk 6- 20- 4
;% ‘kq”.ke’kq”ka ;ks O;le~ AA _Dlafgrk 2- 14- 5
’kq”.ke’kq”ka oqð;oa oqðRlk; AA _Dlafgrk 2- 19- 6
bR;qnkgj.kkfuA
rLekn=kkfi :f<cykn’kq”k’kCn% ‘kq”.ki;kZ; ,o LohdrqZeqfpr% A
vfxë’kCnLrq :f<eifjR;têkso ikodokpdks HkwRok eq[;kFkZ&
ck/kn’kZukRlkŸÜ;y{kdks Hkofr A ;q)izdj.ka pSrr~A uk=kkfxëj{kk&
o.kZuL;kolj%A ‘kwjiRU; bR;ika lsukuka p lk/kkj.ka ukeA rLekÙk=k
Üys”k%A ;Fkk vki% v¯xë ‘kef;rqekxPNfUr rFkk ‘kq=kqlsukLrwoZ;k.ka
‘kq”.ka ‘kef;rqekxrk%A rkH; bUæLra jf{krokfufr rkRi;Ze~A vr
,ok’kq”kL;kfxëukSiE;a dfFkre~ A vika lsukuka p Üys”ks.kkSiE;a
vxëjs ’kq”kL; p :iosð.ksfr fo’ks”k%A NUnL;fi cgoks·yƒkjk ŸÜ;UrsA
rku~ foLr`R; izn;’kZf;rqa usna LFkye~A
¯d i;Zolêke~A ;% lkSoÜO;% lw;Z ‘kq”.kks·’kq”k% l ,o lqJokLrwo;Z k.k%A
uuq HkxokfuUæ% dFkelqjk; lkgk¸;dedjksr~A ‘kq”.kks uSdkUrrks
nqÎks·lqj%A cfyfjo cgql™q.kksisrks Hkxon~HkÚË HkofrA
uuq ,dnk·uqx`ghr% iqujU;nk oqðr bUæs.k foukÜ;srsfr psr~A
uS”kk·I;uqiifÙk%A ;nkg&

lqJokLrwo;
Z k.k% d%

69

ijk iwosZ”kka l[;k o`.kfÚ forrqZjk.kks vijsfHkjsfr A
vukuqHkwrhjo/kwUoku% iwohZfjUæ% ‘kjnLrrZjhfr AA
_Dlafgrk 6- 47- 17 xxZ%
bUæA iwosZ”kka iwoZHkkfoukekjk/kkduke~ A l[;k l[;kfu A ijko`.kfÚ
ifjotZ;fr A forrqjZ k.k% rku~ vfrØkeu~ A vijsfHk% uwruSjkjk/koSð%
lg A ,fr xPNfr A vukuqHkwrh% vifjpj.kk% iztk% A vo/kwUoku%
R;tu~ A iwohZ% ‘kjn% iwokZu~ dkyku~ iwod
Z kyl[;kuhfr y{;ks·FkZ% A
rrZjhfr vfrØkefrA ,dnk·uqx`Þêkfi l ,okuqx`ghrks nqjgƒkj&
o’kknkRekua ;fn foLejsÙkjsÙkfeUæks fux`ÞkrhR;FkZ% A ,dnk fux`ghrks
HkÚîk ;|kRekuekjk;sfnR;=k u i`Fko~ð ;qfÚ% izn’kZuh;k A r`Rloks=k
fun’kZue~ A rs HkxorSdnk fux`ghrk% A
bUæs.kSrs r`Rloks osfo”k.kk vkiks u l`Îk v/koUr uhph%A
_Dlafgrk 7- 18- 15 oflÏ%
r ,okU;nk·uqx`ghrk%A
oflÏL; Lrqor bUæks vJksn#q ra R` lqH;ks vÑ.kksnq yksde~ AA
_Dlafgrk 7- 33- 5 oflÏ%
rLeknsdnk fux`ghrL; oqðRlL; iqujU;nk·uqxgz .ka p u ;qÚîisre~ A

70

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n’kea izdj.ke~

‘kq”.k ,o izfl)% d.kZ%

LFkkfira iwosZ”kq izdj.ks”kq oqðRl ,r’kËsR;sdL;So ohjL; ukeuh }sA
lkSoÜO;% lw;Z% ‘kq”.k%] v’kq”k%] lqJok% rwoZ;k.kËsR;sdL;So iŒ
ukekuhfrA r;ksË ;q)s ,dnk oqðRl% ’kq”.ksu ftr% vUrr% oqðRl%
’kq”.ka grokfufr p A LFkkfira pkUR;s ;q)s HkxokfuUæ% oqðRlL;
lkjF;a pdkjsfr p A vFkksÙksjs”kq izdj.ks”kq t;sfrgklL; osnewyRoa
fu:I;rsA ;ks·;a egkUohj% ‘kq”.k% l ,o t;sfrgkls Hkkjrkij;kZ;s
izfl)% d.kZ% A ‘qk”.kL; lw;k±’klEHkoRoa] jFkpØO;lus izkÆs ‘k=kqr%
ijkt;%] ‘kksHkud.kZoÙokFkZ;ksfxlqJoks uke pk=kkuqekidkfu
fy…kfu A lgtoqð.MkykyÈo`ðrd.kZRok|qDra fg lqJoLRoe~ A
brË ‘kq”.k ,o izfl)% d.kZ%A
iqjk ;RlwjLrelks vihrs&
Lrefæo Qfyxa gsfreL;A
‘kq”.kL; fpRifjfgra ;nkstks
fnoLifj lqxzfFkra rnkn%AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 121- 10 d{khoku~
gs vfæo% oftzu~A iqjk iwoZe~A ;r~ ;ks gsfr%A NkUnlksfy…O;R;;% A
lwj% lw;ZL;A relks vihrs% frfejrks·I;;L;A drsZfr ‘ks”k%A re~ A
Qfyxa gs¯r es?kkýe~A vL; iz;qÚokuflA ;r~ ‘kq”.kL;A ifjfgra

‘kq”.k ,o izfl)% d.kZ%

71

ifj/kkuonkojdfeR;FkZ% A dop:ifefr ;kor~ A fnoLifj
|qyksdknkxra fnO;fefr ;kor~ A lqxzfFkra ‘kjhjs lqÏq xzfFkre~ A
RoxUrjor~ fLFkrfeR;FkZ% A vkst% A vfLr A rr~ A vkn%
vknÙkokufl A fofÜyÎa ‘kjhjr% ÑRok LohÑrokulhfr Hkko% A
;nýa rstlks·fi izy;dja rsu es/kkýs.k ‘kq”.kL; rstks:ia fnO;a
dopeiärokulhfr Hkko% A
d.kZlgtdopkyÈÑr bR;Sfrgkfldh izflf)% A r‰k oeZ
fnO;rstks:ieso osðukfi yksgsu fu£ere~ A ra dopa HkxokfuUæks
;kpeku% fdykigjr~ A lk dFkk·=kkP;rs A uUo=kkýs.k dopL;knkua
u nÙkL; izfrxzg bfr psr~ A lR;e~ A r=kS”kka l…fr% A
HkxokU;kfproku~ A d.kZË nÙkoku~ A rFkkfi ‘kkjhjL; fnO;rst%
dopL; RopklgSdhHkw; frÏr% dFka nkueknkua ok lk/;e~ A rnk
HkxokUes?kkýs.kknÙkoku~ A ukU;ks·LR;qik;% A uUo;kpeku,o
oqðrks·ýs.k uknÙkokfufr psr~ A d.kZL; rnýa izfrdrq± ‘kfÚ£o|rs A
rLekÙknlk/;e~ A nÙks dops rq lR;c)% l izfrfØ;ka u Ñroku~ A
bZŸ’ksu nkudeZ.kk d.kZL; ;’kks·|kfi leq‹oye~A nkus oSfnoað
izek.ka p fo|rsA
,ok u bUæksfrfHkjo
ikfg x`.kr% ‘kwj dk:u~ A
mr Ropa nnrks oktlkrkS
fiizhfg e/o% lq”kqrL; pkjks% AA
_Dlafgrk 5- 33- 7 laoj.k%
gs bUæA u% vLeku~ A mðfrfHk% j{k.kS% A vo A ,osfr fu/kkZj.ks A gs
‘kwj A dk:u~ Ronkjk/kua oqðokZ.kku~ A x`.kr% Lrksr¤êkLeku~ A ikfg A

72

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

mr vfi pA Ropa nnr% iq#”kL;A oktlkrkS ;q)s lq”kqrL; lqÏq
vfHk”kqrL; A pkjks% A e/o% lkseL; A fiizhfg r`Æks Hko A d.ksZu lg
;q)·s Lekoað gfofjna x`ghRok j{kdks Hkosfr rkRi;Ze~ A v;a p laoj.k%
ik.Moi{kh;_f”k% A rnqÙkj=k fu:if;”;ke% A Ropa nnr bfr
lkseL; fo’ks”k.ka djksfr lk;.k% A jgL;sfrgklkucks/kk|FkkdFkafpr~
O;k[;kuiwj.kesrr~ A lEiw.k±lwÚfena ;q)s HkxoRlkgk¸;oað
lk{kkRijks{ka p o.kZ;fr izkFkZ;fr ok A izÑrk;ke`fp Roo~ð p
y{k.k;k RopklgSdhHkwra rst%A vU;k p rRlwÚLFkk _x=k Hkofr A
iq# ;Ùk bUæ lUR;qDFkk xos pdFkksZoZjklq ;q/;u~ A
rr{ks lw;kZ; fpnksdfl Los o`”kk leRlq nklL; uke fpr~ AA
_Dlafgrk 5- 33- 4 laoj.k%
gs bUæ A ;r~ ;kfu A bUæ czà fØ;ek.kkuoh; bR;knkfoo
opuO;R;;% A r ro A mDFkk Lrks=kkf.k A lfUr A rkfu A xos
tkrkosdopue~ A xksH;ks·FkkZ; A pdFkZ A vkiks /ksuos ok xko% A
,d=k o”kkZFkZeoxzguk’kueU;=k _f”kxks/kuj{kkFk± nL;quk’kua p
deZ.kh A ¯dp moZjklq lkjoÙkj{ks=ks”kq fufeÙkHkwrs”kq ;q/;u~ pdFkZ A
Lrks=kLrksrO;dekZHksnk/;olk;su ;ÙkPNCnkFkZ;ksjUo;% A mÙkjk/kZpsZ
ijks{kLrqfr% A o`”kk bUæ% A Los vksdfl Lox`g ,o fLFkrk; A lw;kZ;
lksÜO;k; A f}rh;kFksZ prqFkhZ A lkSoÜO;a lw;Ze~ A rr{ks
lgtdopknkusu ruwÑroku~ A
rLek‹k;sfrgklLFka dopnkua d.kZL; ewyizek.konso Hkofr A
,dL;ke`fp lw;Zr{k.kkfHk/kkuknU;=k Ropa nnRl ,o xzká
vkSfpR;kr~ A mic`gosðfrgklcyk‰k A brË ‘qk”.k ,o izfl)%
d.kZ%A

‘kq”.k ,o izfl)% d.kZ%

73

lwjËozað iz o`g‹kkr vkstlk
izfiRos okpe#.kks eq”kk;rh’kku vk eq”kk;fr A
_Dlafgrk 1- 130- 9 i#PNsi%
bZ’kku% bUæ% A vkstlk rstlk A tkr% izo`)% lu~ A izfiRos lehis
xRok A lwj% lw;ZL; A pozað izo`gr~ jFkkRi`Fkxdjksr~ A ¯dp v#.k%
lw;ZL; v=kkfi ”kÏîFksZ izFkek A okpa opËA eq”kk;fr vikgjr~ A
vkeq”kk;fr vkleUrknikgjr~ A bR;/kZpLZ ;kL; izfrinkFkZ% A d.kZL;
le;s czàkýa ukLiqðjfnR;Sfrgkfldh izflf)%A rnsoks=kksÙkj&
okD;suksP;rsA v=k oko~ð p výeU=k:ik A rL;k vigj.ka p
foLekj.ke~ A
czkà.k’kkisu jFkpØL; HkwekS e‹kua xq#’kkiknýfoLej.ka p Hkkjra
onfr A rkS ’kkikof/ko`ðR; ukLekdefLr oSfnoað izek.ke~ A rFkkfi
rPNkiQfyr:is jFkpØHk…kýfoLekj.ks HkxoRÑrs bR;=kkflr~
izek.kcya oSfnde~ A HkxëL; jFkpØL; HkwekS ikr ,o HkwekS e‹kua
Hkkjrs·o£.k A HkxorLrkVLF;L; j{k.kk;k ;a ;Ã% A dks·;a Hkxoku~
;L; rkVLF;a jf{krqefS rgkfldk% iz;Ãedk”kqfZ jjfr psr~ A l bUæL;
Hkxorks·orkj% dfËUegkiq#”k%A reqÙkj=k fu:if;”;ke% A
brË ‘qk”.k ,o izfl)% d.kZ% A d.kZL; lrra ?k`f.kRofefrgkls
izfl)e~A
fo;qÚ% dopsuS”k lgtsu fopsru%A
oqð.MykH;ka p fnO;kH;ka fo;qÚ% lrra ?k`.khAA
bfr egkHkkjrs jFkkfrjFklÈ[;kus Hkh”e% A ‘kq”.kËk’qk”k% A v’kq”kRoa
p fuR;a lq[kjkfgR;e~ A ‘kq”ka ‘kw”ka lq[ka u fo|rs ;L; l bfr

74

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

O;qRiÙks% A lrra ?k`.kkorka oqðr% lq[ke~ A uUoU;k O;qRifÙk£o|rs&
·’kq”k’kCnL;A ‘kks”kf;rqe’kD;ks·’kq”k bfr A rfLeêkfi fuoZpus
d.kksZ·’kq”k% A rL; oqð.Mys fnO;s oeZ p fnO;a =k;ee`rksn~Hkoa
HkofUr A ;Fkk &
Hkfo”;fr egkckgq% oqð.MyhfnO;peZHk`r~A
mHk;a pke`re;a rL; Hkæs Hkfo”;frAA
egkHkkjre~] ouioZ 307- 17
oq ð .My;ks % dopL;ke` r e;RokRlks · U;s % ‘k=kq f HkeZ g kýS j fi
‘kks”kf;rqe’kD;% A rLek|qDra rL;k’kq”k bfr ukeA
brË ‘kq ” .k ,o iz f l)% d.kZ % A ;fêkxes ‘kq ” .kL; xkS f jfr
ukekUrjefLr A bfrgkls d.kZL; o`”k bfr A xkso`”k’kCnkS
rqY;kFkkSZ A d.kZL; o`”kukeoÙos Hkkjrs cgwfu izek.kkfu lfUr A
fun’kZukFkZesoað n’kZ;ke%A
czà.;% lR;la?kË riLoh fuftrsfUæ;%A
fjiq”ofi n;kokaË rLekRd.kksZ o`”k%Le`r%AA
æks.kioZf.k vtqZua izfr Hkxo}kD;esrr~A
vL; xksukeoÙos fuxeks·;a Hkofr A
Roek;la izfr orZ;ks xks£noks vÜekueqiuhre`Hok A
oqðRlk; ;=k iq#gwr oUo×Nq”.keuUrS% ifj;kfl o/kS%AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 121- 9 d{khoku~
xksxZUrq% ‘kq”.kL;sfr lk;.k%A iqxolŸ’kcyRok™ksukeë ‘qk”.kL;sfr
ljyks·FkZ% A lw;LZ ; :iRok}kxksukek ‘kq”.k% A vkfnR;ks·fi xkS#P;r
bfr ;kLd% A

‘kq”.k ,o izfl)% d.kZ%

75

lURosrkfu cgwfu fy…kfu izR;{ka d.kZukeëk p ‘qk”.k mP;rs A
rnrho LiÎa fy…a d.kZ’qk”.k;ksjSD;s A
bUækoqðRlk ogekuk jFksu vkokeR;k vfi d.ksZ ogUrq A
fu% ”khen~H;ks /keFkks fu% ”k/kLFkkUe?kksuks änks ojFkLrekafl AA
_Dlafgrk 5- 31- 9 voL;q%
gs bUækoqðRlk gs bUækoqðRlkS A vfi ¯dp A jFksu A ogekuk máekukS A
oka A vR;k% vÌk% A d.ksZ d.kkZiji;kZ;s ‘qk”.ks A ogUrq vogu~ A
HkwrkFksZ yksV~ A l° A ,ra ‘kq”.ke~ A vn~H;% vkdk’kkr~ A fu/kZeFk%
fujck/ksFkke~ A l/kLFkkRLoLFkkukn~HkwesË fu/kZeFk% A e?kksu%
;tekuL; A ¼oqðRlkxztL;½ än% A rekafl nq%[kkRedkfu A ojFk%
fuokj;Fk% A vn~H;% d.kZL; fu/kZeua flf)cyknkdk’ka
izR;q–huL; fuikrue~ A ,rnf/kÑR; izdj.kkUrjs izek.ka n’kZ;ke% A
egkHkkjrs·fHkeU;ksxxZ ua izR;qRirua if{kjktL;so Hkze.ka pko£.k”kkrke~ A
fuxes d.kZL; A rêkklk/;a deZ flf)erke~ A Hkwe£s u/kZeua p ekj.ke~ A
lk;.kkpk;ZLrq lhfeR;L; ‘qk”.kfeR;sokFk± Ñroku~ A rFkkfi rL;
O;k[;kus d.kZ% Lrks=kkf.k djksrhfr O;qRiÙ;k Lrksrk A vizfl)kFkZ&
dYiuesrr~ A ‘kq”.k;q)izdj.ke/;s bUækoqðRl;ks% Lrksr`lehia
izfrjFksukxeizkFkZuk izdj.kfo#)k A rLekPNq”.k ,o d.kZ% A
,oa izR;{ka d.kZukeëk funs’Z kkRlw;k±’ktRokRlqJoLRokr~ lgtfnO;&
dopoÙokr~ rn~nkukn’kq”kRokr~ dkys·ýfoLej.kkn~ xksukeoÙokæFk&
pØO;lus ijkt;k‰k ‘kq”.kks Hkkjrizfl)% d.kZ ,o Hkofr A

76

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

,dkn’ka izdj.ke~

fojks/kifjgkj%

Hkw;% iwoiZ {kh izR;ofrÏrsA ^^uuq Ñ”.kL;SoktquZ % lkjfFk#Ú%A** ;Fkk&
l jU/k;Rlfno% lkjFk;s
‘qk”.ke’kq”ka oqð;oa oqðRlk; A
fnoksnklk; uo¯r p uos&
Uæ% iqjks O;SkPNEcjL;AA
_Dlafgrk 2- 19- 6 x`Rlen%
l% izfl)% A l fno% nhfÆ;qÚ% bUæ% A lkjFk;s A oqðRlk; A v’kq”ka
ijS% ’kks”kf;rqe’kD;e~ A ‘kq”.ke~ A oqð;oa oqð;oukekua p A jU/k;r~
o’khÑroku~ A mÙkjks/kZpZ% dFkkUrjlEc)% A v=k oqðRl ,osUæL;
lkjfFk% izR;{keqP;rsA
egks æqgks vi foÌk;q /kkf;
otzL; ;Rirus·ikfn ‘kq”.k%A
m# ”k ljFka lkjFk;s d&
fjUæ% oqðRlk; lw;ZL; lkrkS AA
_Dlafgrk 6- 20- 5 Hkj}kt%
otzL;A irus y{;s A ;r~ ;nk A ‘kq”.k% A vikfn vHkor~ A ¼rnk½
eg% egr% A æqg% æqgukedL; oqð;ofirq% æksX/kq% oqð;oL; ok Lo;a
‘qk”.kL;So ok A foÌk;q loZcye~ A vi/kkf; gre~ A bUæ% A lw;ZL;
lw;kZorkjL; ‘kq”.kL; A lkrkS lk/kus A lkjFk;s A oqðRlk; A ljFka

fojks/kifjgakj%

77

lekujFke~ A m# fo’kkya ;Fkk rFkk A d% vdjks% A v=kkfi oqðRl
,osUæL; lkjfFk#P;rs A rLekÙonqDra Ñ”.kL; lkjF;a u
fl/;frA** bfrA
v=ksnekykspuh;e~A
^^---oÈowð okrL; i£.kuk A
ogRoqðRle~ vktZqus;a ‘krØrq%---** ¼_Dlafgrk 8- 1- 11½
^^---rksnks okrL; g;ksZjh’kku% A** ¼_Dlafgrk 4- 16- 11½
^^og oqðRlfeUæ ;fLeŒkdURL;weU;w _tzk okrL;Ìk A**
¼_Dlafgrk 1- 174- 5½
^^og ‘kq”.kk; o/ka oqðRla okrL;kÌS% AA**
¼_Dlafgrk 1- 175- 4½
bR;srkon~fHk% lkjF;a ;RLiÎa izrh;rs Ñ”.kL; u rRoqðRlfo’ks”k.ksu
lkjfFk’kCnsu [kf.Mra L;kr~ A lekuks jfFk% lkjfFkfjfr lkjfFk’kCnkFkZ% A
jfFk’kCn bdkjkUrks·fi ŸÜ;rsA ^^jFkhrea jFkhuke~A** bR;kfn
ekU=ko£.kdiz;ksxk mnkgj.ke~ A ,oa ;ks)k·Ì[ksndËksHkkofi jFkh
Hkor%A r=k eq[;ks jfFk% A lekuRoa pkizk/kkU;a lwp;sr~ A izk;ks
jFkk:<;ks#Hk;kseZ/;s ;ks)q% izk/kkU;a rRlekuRoeuUrjizk/kkU;kn~&
vÌpksndL;sfr lkjfFk’kCnLr=k :<ks·Hkwr~ A izÑr;qxys rq
;ks)qjis{k;k·ÌpksndL;So izk/kkU;a loZFkk·Ìpksnosðu us;Rokr~ A
rf}o{k;So iwoiZ f{k.kksnkär;kseUZ =k;ks;ks)
Z k lkjfFk’kCnsuksP;rs A r=k
:<kFkZL; ckf/krRokÙkRlEc)L;ko;okFkZL; xzg.ka y{k.k;k A
;ks)qjis{k;k·ÌpksndL; izk/kkU;lwpua y{k.kkiz;kstue~ A ,oa
lkejL;a L;kr~ losZ”kka fuxeopukuka leUrkniÜ;rka izkpka
O;k[;kue=kksi{s ;e~ A

78

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

uUoU;ks·fLr fojks/k%A otzL; ;Rinus·ikfn ’kq”.k bR;usu ‘kq”.ks
Hkxork otzi;z ksx% Ñr bfr izrh;rs A vk;q/kiz;ksxË ;ks)%q ÑR;e~ A
u lkjFks%A dFkeL; l…frfjfr psr~ A mP;rs A ^^;=kksr ckf/krsH;&
Ëoazð oqðRlk; ;q/;rs** ¼_Dlafgrk 4- 30- 4½ bR;usu oqðRlL;
lw;sZ.k lg ;ks)`Roa izR;{kefHkfgre~ A ^^og ‘kq”.kk; o/ka oqðRla
okrL;kÌS%** bR;usu Hkxorks·ÌpksndRosu lk/k± oqðRlL; gUr`Roa
pksP;rs A rnqHk;a p xkS.ka oDrqe’kD;e~ A Hkxorks otzi;z ksxLrq
;ks)R` oa foukfilEHkosr~ A otza p fo|qPNfÚ% A lk p Hkxorks
fuR;e/khuk A fujk;q/kL;kfi Hkxor% ’kjhjs fuR;a izogfr A rka p
ŸfÎ}kjk ijL; ‘kfÚiz.kk’kuk; iz;ksDraq HkxokfuPNUikj;sr~ A rkŸ’kks
Hkxor% l otziz;ksx% A u LFkwyk;q/kiz;ksx% A ;=k ;=k otz’kCn%
LFkwyk;q/kfo’ks”kijLr=kkfi fo|qPNDrs#ikf/kRosuoS rL; LFkwyk;q/kL;
otzRoa oÚO;e~ A u lk{kkr~ A ,oa p otz’kCnL; fo|qPNfÚjso
eq[;ks·FkZ% A LFkwyk;q/kfo’ks”k ,o xkS.kks·FkZ bR;qDra Hkofr A
rLekn~Hkxorks otziz;ksxks·=k u lkjfFkRoizfrcU/kd% A
b;a p fo|qPNfÚ% losZ”kka p izkf.kuka izk.k’kfÚeuqx`ÞUrh ‘kjhjs
LoYisuka’ksu izogfrA ;ksfxuka rq izHkwrsuka’kusfr fo’ks”k% A
us=k;ksLrStlRokÙk=kkL;k% izlj.kef/kde~A ŸfÎnks”ks.k izf.kuka dkÜ;±
o`{kknhuka eÁkurk f’kyknhuka p HksnLrL; ,o ys’kr% izrki% A fdeq
oÚRoa o’khÑrrPNDrs;ksxZ Ì
s jL; HkxorLRiz;ksxfo”k;s ekgkHkkX;e~ A
iÜ;r fuxekUrje~A
Roa g R;fnUæ oqðRleko%
‘qkJw”kek.kLrUok le;sZ A

fojks/kifjgakj%

79

nkla ;PNq”.ka oqð;oa U;Lek
vjU/k; vktZqus;k; f’k{ku~ AA
_Dlafgrk 7- 19- 2 oflÏ%
bUæ A Roe~ A R;r~ rnk A le;sZ ;q)s A oqðRle~ A rUok ‘kjhjs.k A
‘kqJ”w kek.k% ifjpju~ A vko% g vj{k% A ;r~ ;nk A vLeS A vktquZ ;s k;
vtqZuhu{k=ktkrk; oqðRlk; A dk£Ùkosð;ckgqys;on=k O;qRifÙk% A
f’k{ku~ mifn’ku~ A nkla ‘k=kw.kkeqi{kif;rkje~ A ‘kq”.ke~ A oqð;oa
oqð;oukekua p A vjU/k;% o’khÑrokufl A ‘kjhjs.k ’kqJ”w k.ka f’k{k.ka
p lkjFksjso Hkorks u jfFkdL;sfr eU=ks·fLeUHkxor% lkjF;eso
lwfpra Hkofr A
vU;s pk=k Hkor% A
l Roa u bUæ f/k;lkuks voSZð&
gZjh.kka o`”kU;ksD=keJs% A
;k bRFkk e?kcêkuq tks”ka
o{kks vfHk izk;Z% lf{k tuku~ AA
u rs r bUækH;LeŸ”ok
v;qÚklks vczàrk ;nlu~ A
frÏk jFkef/k ra otzgLr
vk j¯Üe nso ;els LoÌ% AA
_Dlafgrk 5- 33- 2&3 laoj.k%
o`”ku~ A bUæ A l% izfl)% A Roe~ A voSZð% LrqfreU=kS% fufeÙkHkwrS% A
u% vLeku~ f/k;lku vk;u~ A gjh.kka vÌkuke~ A ;ksX=ke~ fu;kstu&
j‹kqe~ A vJs% vkJ;Lo A e?kou~ A ;k% ;koÌku~ A tks”ka izh¯r A vuq
vuql`R; A bR;k lR;a ;FkkrFkk A v;Z% ‘k=kwu~ A tuku~ A vfHk

80

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

vfHky{; A o{k% oks<fl A ¼¯dp½ lf{k lks<kfl A Hkfo”;nFksZ
yqÈyksVkS A
_”o je.kh;A bUæA ;r~ ;LekRdkj.kkr~A v;qÚkl% Ro¸;fufgr&
fpÙkk% A vczàrk vczàr;k Lrqfry{k.keU=kjkfgR;suksiyf{krk% A
rs vLekoað ‘k=koks tuk% A vLeu~ vLekoað i{kkr~ A rs Rokr~ f}rh;kFksZ
“kÏh A ukH;lu~ ukH;Hkou~ ukfPNUnfêkR;FkZ% A ;LekÙks”kka Rof;
HkfÚukZfLr Ronkd”kZ.ki{kesfr gsroq kD;L;kL; rkRi;Ze~ A ¼rLekr~½
otzgLrA ra izfl)e~ A jFka oqðRljFka A vf/kfrÏ A nso A LoÌ% lu~
lkjfFk% lu~ A j¯Üe ;ksD=ke~ A ;els fu;PNfl A mHk;=kkfi
orZekulkehI;k}rZekuiz;ksx% A O;R;;su ok yV~ A
laoj.kL;s;a izkFkZuk A lE;Xo`.kksrhfr laoj.k bfr O;qRifÙk% A v;a
p£”k% ik.Moi{kL; Ñ”.ka lkjfFkRosu o`.kksfr A egkHkkjrs Lo;etquZ
,o o`.kksfr A bZŸ’ka dFkklaLdj.ka Hkxorks xkSjoL; fo’ks”kr% iks”k.kk;sfr
{kUrO;e~ A v;eso£”k% _xUrjs Ropa nnrks oktlkrkfofr d.ksZu
lg ;q)s lkgk¸;deso izkFkZ;r bR;s”k p lkjfFkRosu izkFkZukizdj.kkr~
egkHkkjrdFkklEcfU/kU;so HkorhR;=k u dfËr~ la’k;% A
ifjärks fojks/k%A fLFkra ;Fkk fu:fira Hkxor% lkjF;e~ A
,rsu&
oqðRlk;sUæks·lqja ‘kq”.ka ft?kkalq% oqðRlekReu% A
lkj¯Fk dYif;Rok·L; ‘kq=kaq ‘kq”.kega Lrr% AA
c`gísork

fojks/kifjgakj%

81

bfr c`gísork;keqDra izR;qDra Hkofr A lkjfFkinfy…izrkfjrL;
lksfÚ%A u rs r bfr eU=ks LoÌ’kCn% lkjfFkijRosukLekfHkO;kZ[;kr% A
‘kskHkuk% vÌk% ;L; l LoÌ bfr O;qRifÙk% A vÌirsjsosna ina ;qDra
ukÌpksndL;sfr psr~ A vÌpksndL;kI;Ìs”kq fulxsZ.ksÌj&
Rokêkkl…fr% A izkpke`”kh.kka Hkk”kk;ka Lo’kCn% lkjFkkS :< bR;Lekoað
Ÿ<euqekue~ A d.kZ% lwriq=k mP;rs t;sfrgkls A LoÌiq=kks fuxes A
v=k LoÌ’kCn% lwrtkfrij bR;Lekdeuqekue~ A ;|fi d.kZL;
iks”kd% firk u Lo;a dL;kfi lkjfFk% A rFkkfi izk;s.kkÌpksnuO;kikjs.k
thorka lwrkuka ifr% L;kr~ A vÌlEcU/kknso lwrkuka xU/kokZ bfr
ukekfi :<a L;kr~ A ;Fkk ukxkjk/kdkuka ukxk bfr rFkk xU/koZthfouka
xU/kokZ bfr izfl)a L;kr~ A ;s”kka ŸÎkS LoÌks u lwri;kZ;% rs”kka i{ks
;kSfxdkFkZ ,o oÚO;% A r=k Hkxor% LoÌRoa p okrkÌ”of/kdkj&
yC/ks% A

82

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

}kn’ka izdj.ke~

oqðRl ,o izfl)ks·tqZu%

LFkkfira ‘kq”.k ,o izfl)% d.kZ bfr A rL; izfrLi/khZ oqðRl ,o
Hkkjrsfrgkls izfl)ks·tZuq %A d.kZifz rLi£/kRoeso oqðRlL;ktquZ Ros izFkea
fy…e~ A
ik.MoL;ktqZuL;ktqZu uke izfl)e~ A oqðRlL;ktqZus;uke A
mHk;eI;sdkFkZde~ A vtqUZ ;ks#ÙkjQYxqU;kstkZr vktquZ ;s % vtquZ ks ok A
;Fkk QYxqU;kstkZr% QkYxqu%QYxquks ok A ,oað lrf)ra ine~ A
vU;ÉqÆrf)re~ A Hkkjrs mnhP;ikBs izk;% QkYxqu’kCnks ŸÜ;rs A
nkf{k.kkR;ikBs izk;% QYxqu ‘kCn% A vr ,okU/kzHkkjrs QYxqu’kCn
,o loZ=k iz;qT;rs A vFksZ QYxqu’kCnrqY;ks·tqZu’kCn% QYxquh
‘kCnrqY;RokntqZuh ‘kCnL; A ,oa QYxqu’kCnrqY; vktqZus;’kCn% A
oqðRl ,o izfl)ks·tqZu bR;=ksna vija fy…e~ A vtqZuh’kCnL;ksÙkj&
QYxquhokpdRos iÜ;Srke`pe~ A
lw;kZ;k ogrq% izkxkRlfork ;eokl`tr~ A
v?kklq gU;Urs xkoks·tqZU;ks% i;qZárs AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 85- 13 lkfo=kh
v?kklq e?kklq A vtq Z U ;ks % QYxq U ;ks f jfr lk;.k% A Hkkjrs
QYxquhu{k=ktkrs RoL;kFkZL; QYxqu’kCnsu QkYxqu’kCnsu ok
xrkFkZRokntqZu’kCnL;kFkZeU;Fkk o.kZ;frA

oqðRl ,o izfl)ks·tqu
Z %

83

i`fFkO;ka lkxjkUrk;ka o.kksZ es nqyZHk% le%A
‘kq)RokæwioÙpk‰k rsu eketqZua fonq%AA
mÙkja izR;tquZ okD;fene~ A uhyd.B beetquZ ’kCne`t/kkrksO;qRZ iêka
eU;rsA _txfrLFkkuktZuksiktZufs ”oR;=k vtZuq a p nhfÆeÙokRleRok&
PNq)deZdjRok‰kktqZu bR;FkZ bfr onfr A r=k leRoeewye~ A es
leks o.kksZ nqyZHk bfr ewykFkZ% A ukga le bfr A bna fuoZpua
oqðRlktqZu;ksjsdRolk/kuL;kuqowðyeso Hkofr A rfLeUi{ks o;a
QkYxquktquZ ;s ’kCnkoso rqY;kFkkZfoR;fHk/kk;ktquZ ’kCnsu rqY;kFkZeU;r~
oqðRlL; uke izn’kZ;ke% A r=kS”kk Hkofr A
Roa lR; bUæ /k`”.kqjsrku~ Roe`Hkq{kk u;ZLRoa “kkV~ A
Roa ‘kq”.ka o`tus i`{k vk.kkS ;wus oqðRlk; |qers lpkgu~ AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 63- 3
|qers nhfÆers ;wus r#.kk; oqðRlk;sfr lk;.k% A |qekfufr
oqðRlL;klk/kkj.ka fo’ks”k.ke~ A rLeknsoað ukeSo HkofrA
^^HkqoÙks oqðRl% l[;s fudke%** _Dlafgrk 4- 16- 10
bfr eU=kikns oqðRlks fudke bfr fo’ks”;rs A fudkeks furjka deuh;% A
furjka dke;eku bfr ok lk;.k% A mÙkjikns lk{kkn~HkxoRleku&
:iRoo.kZukRiwoks·Z FkksZ T;k;ku~ A fudke’kCnL;kFkkZUrjdYius oksÙkj=k
;n~HkoRleku:iRoa dF;rs rnI;ya oqðRlL; yksdksÙkja :ioÙoa
dFkf;rqe~ A vU;ka iÜ;r _pe~ A
l osrlqa n’kek;a n’kks¯.k rwrqftfeUæ% LofHkfÎ|qeë% A
vk rqxza ‘kÌfnea |ksruk; ekrquZlheqi l`tk b;/;S AA
_Dlafgrk 6- 20- 8
v=k oq ð Rlks |ks r uukeë k fu£nÎ% A ¯d ÑRok dkj.ke~ A
yksdksÙkj:ioÙoknso rL; |ksru bR;soað uke izfl)e~ A bneso

84

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

uke |qer bfr lekukFkZosðu ‘kCnsu Roa lR; bfr eU=ks izksÚe~ A
;f}’ks”;eU;f}uSo |ksru’kCnsuk=k oqðRla ofÚ rn~Kki;fr rfnna
oqðRlL;klk/kkj.ka ukesfr A lk;.kLrq |ksruk; ,rRlaKk; jkKs bfr
O;[;kroku~ A osrlqrqxzsHkkuka o’khdj.kkfÉ…kn~|ksrulaKË oqðRl
,o ukU;% A iÜ;rk=kkU;ke`pe~A
vga firso osrlw¡jfHkÎ;s rqxza oqðRlk; LefnHka p jU/k;e~ A
vga Hkqoa ;tekuL; jktfu iz ;n~Hkjs rqt;s u fiz;k··/k`”ks AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 49- 4
oSoqð.BL;sUæL;xhrkLos”k eU=k% A losrlqfefr eU=kfeea pkU;=k
izdj.ks iw.kZr;k O;k[;kL;ke% A |ksru% oqðRl ,osfr n’kZf;rqe~
v=kksnkgj.kek=ke~ A
¯d i;Zolêke~ A vtquZ ’kCnks ;fn nhfÆe}kpd% r£g |ksru’kCnL;
|qePNCnoRi;kZ;% A rLekÙknI;soða fy…a oqðRl ,o izfl)ks·tquZ bR;=k A
ijs rq vtqZu’kCna otzokpoað eU;Urs A ik.Moks·tqZuks otzL;
rstksa’kkorkj bfr rs”kka ŸfÎ% A otzoftz.kksjHksnk/;olk;k&
ÙkL;sUækorkjRoksfÚ% l…PNrsA Hkh”k.kxtZule;s LofLeêk&
’kfuekZirhfnfr ;ntquZ ukekU;q‰kkj;fUr rn=k fy…e~ A vtquZ ’kCnL;
otzokpdRos Ros”kk Hkofr A
bUæks g;ZUretqZua otza ‘kqozSðjHkho`re~ A
viko`.kks)fjfHkjfæfHk% lqreq™k gfjfHkjktr AA
_Dlafgrk 3- 44- 5
v;a p i{k% oqðRlL;ktqZuL; pSdRolk/kuk;kuqowðy ,o Hkofr A

oqðRl ,o izfl)ks·tqu
Z %

85

fu?k.VkS oqðRl’kCnks otzi;kZ;”s kq ifBr% A otzi;kZ;L; oqðRl’kCnL;
fuoZpus ^^r=k oqðRl bR;srRÑUrrs% A _f”k oqðRlks Hkofr A
drkZLrksekukfeR;kSieU;o% A v=kkI;L; o/kdeSoZ Hkofr A rRl[k
bUæ% ‘kq”.ka t?kkusfr** bfr ;kLd% A ¼fu?k.Vq 3- 11- 5½ vL;k;a
Hkko% A oqðRl’kCnL; }koFkkSZ otz% dfËŸf”kË A otzi;kZ;Ros ÑUrrhfr
oqðRl bfr O;qRifÙk% A mdkjkns’k _dkjL; A udkjyksi% A
ldkjkxeËk=k fofØ;k;ke~ A _f”kokpdRos er};a orZrs A djksfr
LrksekUoqðRl bfr vkSieU;oere~ A r=kkfi ÑUrrhR;so O;qRifÙkfjfr
;kLdL; Loere~ A dkj.ka r=k rRl[kL;sUæL; ‘kq”.ko/k% A uuq
bUæ% ‘kq”.ka ps‹k?kku dFka ÑUrR;Fk ;ksxh oqðRl bfr psr~ A uS”k nks”k%A
bUæL; iszjdRokPN=kqguu’kfÚukFkRok‰k loZ=k o/kdr`ZRoa
rL;ks P ;rs A rFkkfi l ;su }kjk rRdeZ dkj;fr lks·fi
o/kÑfnR;=k u dfËf}jks/k% A rRl[k bUæ% ‘kq”.ka t?kkusR;L; bUæ%
oqðRl}kjk ‘kq”.ka ?kkr;keklsR;so rkRi;Ze~ A vr% ÑUrrs% oqðRl bfr
_f”kokpdRos·fi O;qRifÙk% l…PNrsA
¯d i;Zolêke~ A ;fn otzokpdks·tqZu’kCn% ik.Mos orZeku% r£g
oqðRl’kCnL; li;kZ;% A oqðRlL; otzkorkji{ks lk{kknso fg
i;kZ;RoeHksnkr~ A brË oqðRl ,o izfl)ks·tqZu% A vtqZuL; Ìsr&
okguuke izfl)e~ A oqðRlL; _tzkÌ uke A vtqZu’kCnoPŠsr&
’kCnks·fi lkekU;rks nhfÆe}kpd ,o xzká A u Ìsro.kZokpd% A
lkeU;r% Ìsro.kZRos r=k ukfeë u rkonkf/kD;e~ A oqðRllEcfU/kuk&
e`tzk.kkeÌkuka okrkÌRokfíO;Roe~ A fnO;RoL; pklk/kkj.k&
nhfÆeÙoesokuqcU/khx`.k% A u Ìsro.kZek=koRoe~ A vFk osðuksís’ksu

86

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

Hkkjrsfrgkldkj% _tzkuÌku~ Ìsrku~ onrhfr psr~ A rs”kka okrkÌRoa
|ksrf;rqesosfr izfrHkkfr A ok;q% Lo;a Ìsro.kZ% bR;qP;rs A
rLekÙkL;g;kË Ìsrk brhfrgkldkjL; ŸfÎ% A ok;ks% ÌsrRos }s
_pkS izn’kZ;ke%A
jk;s uq ;a tKrw jksnlhes jk;s nsoh f/k”k.kk /kkfr nsoe~ A
v/k ok;qa fu;qr% lËrLok mr Ìsra olqf/k¯r fujsosð AA
_Dlafgrk 7- 90- 3 oflÏ%
ihoks vêkk¡ jf;o`/k% lqes/kk% Ìsr% fl”kfÚ fu;qrkefHkJh% A
rs ok;os leulks forLFkq£oÌsêkj% LoiR;kfu pozqð% AA
_Dlafgrk 7- 91- 3 oflÏ%
rL; Ìsri’kqfiz;Roa p ^^ok;O;¡ ÌsrekyHksr** bR;kfn czkà.ks LiÎe~ A
uUosoa psŸtzÌsr’kCnoqHkkofi Ìsro.kZijkoso Hkorkfefr psr~ A
rÙoŸÎîk rs Ìsro.kkZ ,o HkofUr A vIlkje;k% losZ”kka izk.kk ,o
fg ok;ksjÌk mP;Urs A uuq rs ok;ks£oHkwfrfo’ks”kk ,o ukÌk bfr psr~
Hkw”k.kesosna u nw”k.ke~ A loZL;kË nsork;kLrf}Hkwr; ,o jFkRosu
okguRosuk;q/kRosu p Lrksrf` Hk% dYI;Urs A ;Fkk lw;LZ ; lÆ Lofdj.kk
,o okgukfu rFkk ok;ks·fi izk.kk ,o okgukuhR;=k u dfËn~&
fojks/k% A vika p ‘kqoÁðo.kZRoeqifu”kRlq izfl)e~ A O;fÚŸÎîkk rq
rs·Ìk% lkekU;rks nhfÆeUr% A u losZ Ìsro.kkZ% A v=k fo’ks”keqÙkj=k
o{;ke% A uuq dk rÙoŸfÎ% dk O;fÚŸfÎ% A mP;rs A oqðRl&
lEcfU/k”oÌs”kq ;k ’kfÚŸZÜ;rs lk izk.kkukefr’kf;rk ‘kfÚ% A vrLrs
okrL;kÌk mP;Urs A ;kfu ‘kjhjkf.k rs”kka rkLrq O;Úî% A rRlEcU/kkÙks
oqðRlL; A rs izk.kk bfr ŸÎkS Ìsrk% A vÌ ‘kjhjk.khfr ;Fkk
fuxeksÚo.kkZ% A ra p fuxeeqÙkj=kksnkgkfj”;ke% A

oqðRl ,o izfl)ks·tqu
Z %

87

¯d i;Zolêke~ A oqðRl _tk[;okrkÌoku~ A vtquZ % Ìsrokgu% A
okrkÌkË rÙor% Ìsrk% A rLekŸtkÌÌsrokgu’kCnkS rqY;kFkkSZ Hkor% A
brË oqðRl ,o izfl)ks·tqZu% A oqðRlL; rn~Hkzkr¤.kka pk”ksZ lwDrs
_xsdk ŸÜ;rs A
l lO;su ;efr ozk/krfËr~
l nf{k.ks lÈx`Hkhrk Ñrkfu A
l dhfj.kk fpRlfurk /kukfu
e#Rokêkks HkofRoUæ mðrh AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 100- 9
l bUæ% lO;su okegLrsu ozk/krfËr~ ¯gldkufi ‘k=kwu~ ;efr
fux`Þkfr A l bUæ% nf{k.ks nf{k.kgLrs Ñrkfu ;tekusu Ñrkfu
go°f”k le£irkfu tiknhfu dekZf.k ok lÈx`Hkhrk lÈx`ghrk
Hkofr A l bUæ% dhfj.kkfpr~ Lrks=k}kjk p /kukfu lfurk lk/kf;rk
Hkofr A rkŸ’k% e#RokfuUæ% u% vLekoað mðrh mðr;s j{k.kk; Hkorq A
vgadkjo£trk% izkŒ_”k;% Lo}kjk Hkxokuso foJqrkfu dekZf.k
djksrhfr iÜ;UrLrFkk o.kZ;fUr Le A oqðRlL; lO;ikf.kuk ;%
‘k=kqo/k% fØ;rs l HkxorSo fØ;r bfr iÜ;UrLrs Hkzkrj% l lO;su
;efr ozk/krfËfnR;kgq% A uuq ‘kjhja oqðRlR;sfr psr~ A uS”k nks”k% A
rnfi HkxoRle£ira Hkxor ,o Hkofr A rLekn=k oqðRl ,o
HkxonkfoÎ% lO;su ikf.kuk ‘k=kwu~ gUrhfr okLrfodks·FkZ% A vtquZ Ë
lO;lkph izfl) bfrgkls A mnkär eU=kfy…kRoqðRlL; /ofura
lO;lkfpRoesoktqZuL;ksP;rs A

88

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

uuq uSrfÉ…e~ A lk{kkfnUæs.k leUo;s lk/;s rnkfoÎsu leUo;%
foÁðÎks ekxZ% A rLekRlk{kkfnUæL;So LoHkkoks·;a ;RlO;gLrsu
‘k=kqguufefr psr~ A vfLr r=k izfrcU/kde~ A ;nkg&
gUrk o`=ka nf{k.ksusUæ% iq: iq#gwr% A
egkUeghfHk% ‘kphfHk% AA
_Dlafgrk 8- 2- 32
v=k nf{k.ksu gLrsu o`=ka gUrsR;qP;rs A vfi pkg A
Hkqoks tuL; fnO;L; jktk
ik£FkoL; txrLRos”k laŸo~ð A
f/k”o otza nf{k.k bUæ gLrs
foÌk vtqZ;Z n;ls fo ek;k% AA
_Dlafgrk 6- 22- 9
v=k nf{k.ks gLrs otza f/k”osR;qP;rs A rLekr~ lO;sufs r u lk{kkfnUæL;
LoHkko bfr oDrqa ‘kD;% A rLek|FkksDra fy…a lk/kq A
brË oqðRl ,o izfl)ks·tqZu% A vtqZu% ik.Mks% iq=k mP;rs A oqðRl%
fÌ=kL; A ik.MqfÌ=k’kCnkS rqY;kFkkSZ A osns oqðRlfir`Rosu Jqr% fÌr%
bfrgkls rÙkqY;kFksZu ik.Mq’kCnsuksÚ% A uuq fÌ=k’kCnks·o;okFksZu
Ìsro.kZokpdks·fi fÌ=kukeosð ÌsrRoXO;k/kkS :<% rLekêk ik.Mquk
lekFkZd bfr psr~ A bna lk/kdeso u ck/kde~ A ik.Mqjfi
ÌsrO;kf/kekuso A ik.Mq’kCnL;ko;okFkZHkwr% Ìsrks o.kZ% ;fn
lk/kkj.kks·Hkfo”;r~ r£g ra ekr`nks”kksR;a ukofn”;fnfrgkldkj% A
lo.kZLRoxzkxs ,osfr nks”kRosu dhrZuknuqekrqa ‘kD;rs A ;nkg Hkkjrs&
Hkfo”;fr lqfoØkUr% oqðekjks fn{kq foJqr%A

oqðRl ,o izfl)ks·tqu
Z %

89

ik.MqRoa o.kZrLrL; ekr`nks”kkn~Hkfo”;frAA
vkÌesf/kdioZ 11- 5- 27
ekrja izfr O;klL; okD;fene~ A ,oa fÌ=kik.Mq’kCnkS rqY;kFkkSZ A
uuq fÌ=kik.Mq’kCnkS i`FkxzksxokpdkS oS|d bfr psr~ A lR;e~ A
rFkkfi v=k o.kZek=ks.k ik.MqRodFkukêkk;a jÚ{k;kRik.MqoZ.kZ% A
vfi rq RoXnks”kkr~ A ;fn l ik.Mqjksxh L;kf}ØkUrRoa nwjs A fÌf=k.kLrq
‘kkjhj’kfÚyksikHkkokf}ØkUrRoa ukuqiiêke~ A uUosoefi fÌ=k’kCns
jksxokpd ,o u r}}kpd bfr psr~ A y{k.k;k·o;okFkZ;ksxk}k
r}}kpdks Hkofr A vktqZus;L; fÌ=kiq=kRos izek.ka izdj.kkUrjs
n’kZ;ke% A ,oeqDrScgZ fq Hk£y…So{Z ;ek.kSË oqðRl ,o izfl)ks·tquZ % A
o{;ek.kkRlk{kkntqZuukeoÙofy…k‰k A

90

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=k;ksn’ka izdj.ke~

HkxokUÑ”.k bUæL;korkj%

fuxes”kq d.kkZtuZq ;ks#ikyEHkk‹k;sfrgklks oSfnd bR;LekfHkjoxre~ A
;ks·tquZ L; lkjfFkHkwRZ ok ra egkj.kkEcqf/keqÙkkj;kekl l HkxokUÑ”.k%
d% A fuxes”kq bUæ ,o oqðRlL; lkjfFkjHkwfnR;qP;rs A
---oƒw okrL; i£.kuk A
ogoqðRlektqZus;a ‘krØrq--- AA
_Dlafgrk 8- 1- 11
;kfl oqðRlsu ljFkeoL;qLrksnks okrL; g;ksZ%--- A
_Dlafgrk 4- 16- 11
og oqðRlfeUæ ;fLeŒkoaðRL;weU;w _tzk okrL;kÌk AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 174- 5
og ‘kq”.kk; o/ka oqðRla okrL;kÌS% AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 175- 4
oUokuks v=k ljFka ;FkkFk oqðRlsu--- AA
_Dlafgrk 5- 29- 9
bUækoqðRlk ogekuk jFksu--- AA
_Dlafgrk 5- 31- 9
Roa jFka iz Hkjks ;ks/ke`”oekoks ;q/;Ura o`”kHka n’k|qe~ AA
_Dlafgrk 6- 26- 4
t;sfrgklLFkL; Hkxor% Ñ”.kL; bR;kfn”kq LFkkus fuxes”kq

HkxokUÑ”.k bUæL;korkj%

91

HkxokfuUæ% dF;rs A Ñ”.kks HkwekS tkr% dËu iq#”k% A bUæË
nsork A dFkeu;ksjSdkRE;e~ A ,oa la’k;s izkÆs cwze% A d.kkZtqZu&
lÈxzkeizdj.kL; bUæ bUæL; rstksa·’kkorkjiq#”kks Hkofr A rL;
uke Ñ”.k% A v=kS”kk Hkofr A
v;a pØfe”k.kRlw;ZL;
U;sr’ka jhjeRll`ek.ke~ A
vk Ñ”.k b± tqgqjk.kks ft?k£r
Ropks cq/kës jtlks vL; ;ksukS AA
_Dlafgrk 4- 17- 14
v;feUæ% lw;ZL; d.kZL; pozað jFkpozað b”k.kr~ izSj;r~ A jFkkRi`Fko~ð
ÑrokfuR;FkZ% A ll`ek.ka iyk;ekua ,r’ka vtqZua fujhjer~
fuokfjroku~ A Ñ”.k% Ñ”.kukek l bUæ% b± d.k± tqgqjk.k% oqðfVya
pju~ vkft?k£r {kkj;fr ikr;rhR;FkZ% A oqð=k Rop% ‘kjhjL; cq/kës
ewyHkwrs vL; jtl% HkwyksdL; ;ksukS LFkkus A lkekU;rks Hkwfe%
loZ’kjhjk.kka izÑfr% A fo’ks”kr% d.kZL; A lfg va’ksu ukjhRoekiêkk;k%
HkwnsO;k% [kyq iq=k% A rr~ i`Fko~ð ifjPNsns fu:if;”;ke% A
iw.kZL; _XosnL; Hkk”;a oqðoZêkfi bUæL; ekgkRE;etkuu~ loZ=kkfi
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O;k[;kroku~ A ^^tqgqjk.k% oqðfVya ;Fkk Hkofr rFkk lapju~ Ñ”.k%
Ñ”.ko.kksZ es?k% RopLrstlks cq/kzs ewyHkwrs jtlks·L; mndL; ;ksukS
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v…ho`ðroku~ A ; ,r’ka lw;ZL; pØk;q/kkæj{k Hkxoku~ l fdy
lw;kZfn’k=kqfHk% iz;s eZ k.kk‰kØknsHkhZr% fdykHkwÙknk ra es?kks o”ks.Z k fdy

92

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

fuHkZ;a pozsð A o”ksZ.k rki ,o fuok;sZr yksosð u ‘k=kqHk;e~ vfi p
t;knuUrja ‘k=kqHk;okj.kfeR;U;f‰k=ke~ A Roo~ð’kCnLrst% i;kZ;%
fdy A rÙk`rh;a fp=ke~ A rstlks ewya lw;Ze.Myeso Hkofr
ukUrfj{ke~ A rstlks ewyeUrfj{kfefr uo% fl)kUr% A vL; jtl
bR;=k bna ‘kCn;ksxcykn;a yksd ,o Lek;Zrs A jtlks yksdi;kZ;Ros
cgo% iz;ksxk% lfUr fuxes”kq A jt% ‘kCnL;ksnosð lqrjka fojy%
iz ; ks x %A bna ’kCn;ks f xjt% mndokpdRos u Hkw f eLFkeq n oa ð
dFk;sêkkUrfj{kLFke~ A vfi pkUrfj{kLFk bUæks es?ksu dFka flP;sr A
es?ke.Mykn/k% fdfŒ}”ksZ.k futa Hk;a O;iksfgrqa fdekxr bUæ% A
;Fkk dFkfŒ}îk[;kuiwj.kk;ks|qÚL; O;[;kua ;|I;qis{;a rFkkfi
if.MroxZL; r=k foÌklknsrko}ÚO;eklhr~A
v=k tqgjq k.k bfr fo’ks”k.ka ^^Rlj™U/koZeLr`re~** bR;=kksÚka oqðfVyx¯r
Lekj;frA jFkpØe×tud.kZikrus ,osðu deZ.kk·Hkorke~ A
rfLeUdeZf.k oqðfVyxfrjkoÜ;dh A lexrkS jFkkÌk ,o y{;a
L;q% A oqðfVyxR;So jFkpozað izo£grqa ‘kD;sr A
?k` {kj.knhIR;ksfjfr /kkrq% A lkekU;r% {kjrhR;L; ;kokuFkZ%
ft?krhZR;L; rkokrFkZ% A ^^ft?kE;Z¯xë gfo”kk ?k`rus A** bR;=k nhi;kfe
gfo”kk ?k`rus pkfxëfeR;FkZ% A u {kjkehfr A {kj.ka p lŒyua rkRi;Zrks
xyua p lspua {kjk{kj’kCnkS iÜ;r A {kj lŒyu bfr /kkrq% A v=k
vUrHkkZforf.kPd% iz;ksx% A rLekf‹k?krhZR;L;k=k P;ko;rhR;sokFkZ% A
es?kL;sUæHk;okj.k}kjk ræ{k.kkFksZ lspus oqðfVyxrs% ¯d LokjL;e~ A
rLekRoqðRl j{khUæ% Ñ”.k% A Lo ukeëoS kf/kukr~ A va’kewyiq#”k;ksjHksnk&
/;olk;kfnUækorkja Ñ”.kfeUæ bR;so fuxerk% izkgq% A

HkxokUÑ”.k bUæL;korkj%

93

brË Ñ”.k bUæL;korkj% A bfrgkls Ñ”.k% ‘kkSfj#P;rs A ‘kwjL;
ikS=k bfr ÑRok fuxes bUæ% ‘kkSjnsO;bR;qP;rs A ‘kwjnso ,o
ukeSdns’ksukexzg.kfefr U;k;su ‘kwj mÚ% A bUæL; ‘kkSjnsO;Roa
pkorkjlEcU/kkfnfr u i`FkXoÚO;e~ A v=kS”kksnkgrZO;k A
d.kZx`ák e?kok ‘kkSjnsO;ks oRla ufýH; vku;r~ A
vtka lwfjuZ /kkrosAA
_Dlafgrk 8- 70- 15
‘kkSjnsO;% ‘kwjnsoL; xks=kkiR;e~ ikS=kRokr~ A e?kok bUæ% Ñ”.korkj%
u% vLekoað oRla iq=ka lwfj% izsjd% i’kqiky% /kkros {khjikuk; {khja
nqX/ok ikrqfeR;FkZ% A vtka u es”k° u d.kZx`ád.ksZ x`ghRok f=kH;%
f=kH;ks yksoðs H;% ldk’kkr~ vku;r~ vkuhroku~ A m‹khforokfuR;FkZ% A
i`fFkO;k% ‘kjhja vUrfj{kkRizk.ka fnoa lfUæ;ekRekua psfr f=kH;
bR;qfÚ% A
eU=kÑRiq # gUek _f”kjs o a Hkxorks ekgkRE;a o.kZ ; fr A
,rUeU=kfy…ewydeso Hkxors n’keLdU/kL;ksÙkjHkkxs ,dksuuofr&
res v/;k;s ijyksdxrfoizi=q kku;udFkkude~ A uuq r=k foizi=q kk%
cgo vkuhrk bR;Lrhfr psr~ A v=kkI;fLr A
HkwfjfHk% leg _f”kfHkcZ£g”en~fHk% Lrfo”;lsA
;fnRFkesdesdfePNj oRlku~ ijknn%AA
_Dlafgrk 8- 70- 14
b;e`o~ð d.kZx`ásfr _p% iwokZ A v=kkfi l ,o _f”k%A vL;k%
v;eFkZ%A gs leg loZiwT;Roa HkwfjfHk% cgqfHk% c£g”en~fHk%
c£g#iyf{kr;kxon~fHk% _f”kfHk% Lrfo”;ls Lrw;ls A ;r~ ;r% gs
‘kj ‘k=kq¯gld% bR;usu izdkjs.k ,oað ,dfer~ lokZuos Rs ;FkZ% lRoku~

94

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

ee iq=kku~ ijknn% ijyksdknkuh;knn% A e`rklukeq‹khoukr~
loZ_f”kLrqR;ks HkolhR;FkZ% A vL;ke`fp mÚesokFk± mÙkjL;ke`fp
ijks{kjhR;k onfr A rLekÙk=k oRl’kCnks O;R;;su cgqopukFkksZ Ks;% A
v;eso iq#gUek Hkkxors oqðpsy% lqnkeksÚ bR;wfgrqa ’kD;e~ A
;nsoa l _f”k% izkFkZ;rs A
Roa u bUæklka gLrs ‘kfoÏ nkousA
/kkukuka u lÈx`Hkk;kLe;q£}% lÈx`Hkk;kLe;q%AA
_Dlafgrk 8- 70- 12
gs ‘kfoÏ cyou~ gs bUæ Roa u% nkous lEiRiznkus fufeÙks prqF;ZFksZ
lÆejok gLrs vklka enkuhrkukesrklka /kkukuka f}rh;kFksZ “kÏh A u
lEizfr vLe;q% vLekUdke;eku% lÈx`Hkk; lÈx`gk.k A /kkukË
Hk`Î;ok% A /kkuk ,o i`Fkdk mÚk% iqjk.ks A
,rs”kka =k;k.kka eU=kk.kka lk;.kh;O;k[;k·;kse;h fo|rs A
d.kZxá
` fs r eU=ks ‘kkSjnsO; bR;L; xk bR;FkZ% Ñr% A nhO;fUr ØhMfUr
bfr nsok% ;ks)kj% ‘kwjkË rs nsokË ‘kwjnsok% ohj;ks)kj% rs”kka fgra
‘kkSjnsoa ;q)e~ A ‘kkSjnsoL; lUcfU/kU;% ‘kkSjnsO;% xko% ‘kkSjnsoh’kCnL;
cgqopue~ A rk% xk% oRla oRlkaË oRllfgrkxk bR;FkZ% A e?kok
d.kZxá
` vku;r~ vku;rq bfr izkFkZuk A miekukFkZ% vLenqfÚfn’kkS
okfLr A vLRoFkksZ ;Fkk dFkfŒr~ A ‘kkSjnsoh’kCnL; cko bR;FkZdj.kk;
Hkk”kklEiznk;lEiw.kksZɆusu rsu ;Rlkgla Ñra rPNÁk?;e~ A ;s
ØhMfUr ckyk% L;q% dFka ;ks)kjks Hkos;q% A ;kS)h jk.kh lÈxzkeh
lk…jh bR;knhfu cgwfu xoka ukekU;uqx`ghrkR;sr;k O;k[;k;k A

HkxokUÑ”.k bUæL;korkj%

95

;q)lEcfU/kuh xkSfjfr dFka izFkeksifLFkfr% A :¯< fouk osðoya
;kSfxdkFksZu O;fÚcks/kus LiÎsu fu%la’k;su p HkforO;a rsukFksZu A
HkwfjfHkfjfr eU=ks LrksrH` ;% bR;/;käR; rsH;% ,desdfer~ ,oSðdfefr
izdkjs.k cgwu~ oRlku~ oRlksiyf{krkoRlekr¤% xk% ijknn% iz;PNlh&
R;FkZ% Ñr% xksfHkoZRlkukeqiy{k.ka U;k¸;e~ A oRlSxZokeqiy{k.ka
folaÏqye~ A ,desdfefr bfr ‘kCn% iwo± ;koUrks yqÆkLrkorke~
vfUo”;ku;us izR;iZ.ks oksi;ksDrqa ;ksX;% A osðoya nkudeZRosu
iz;ksxsA ,oSðdLeS ,oSðdfeR;sokFkksZ Hkosr~ A r‰kkrho fojle~ A
Roa u bUæklkfefr eU=ks vklkfeR;L; c`f)LFkkuka xokfeR;FkZ%
Ñr%A /kkukuka usR;kSiE;e~ A f}rh;kFksZ “kÏh ;Fkk·Lekde~ A gs bUæ
vLeH;a nkrqa xk% /kkuk bo gLrs x`gk.k f}x`gZ k.ksfr rL; rkRi;kZFkZ% A
c`f)LFkL; ;L; dL;fpnFkZL; bna ‘kCnsukfHk/kkufefr fofp=k%
iUFkk% A bUæ% xk% /kkuk bo gLrs x`ghRoSo nnkrhfr fp=kks·FkZ% A
usR;L;kO;;L; lEizR;FksZ pkfLr o`fÙk% A
izÑreuqljke%A brË Ñ”.k bUæorkj%A Ñ”.kks uUnL; xksikyL;
Ñf=ke% iq=k brhfrgkl% A fuxes bUæ% xksikyL; iq=k mP;rs A ;Fkk&
iz rs cHkwz fop{k.k ‘kalkfe xks”k.kks uikr~ A
ek··H;ka xk vuqf’kÜkëFk%AA
_Dlafgrk 4- 32- 22
gs fop{k.k gs xks”k.kks uikr~ xk% lufr lEHktr bfr xksiu~ xksiky%
rL; iq=k bUæ rs cHkwz gjh vÌkS ‘kalkfe LrkSfe A vkH;ka vÌkH;ka xk%
vLekoað xk% ek·uqf’kÜkëFk% ek ¯glh% A v=k lw;kZpUæelkfoUæL;

96

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

gjh A rkH;ka ek ¯glhfjR;qDrs vkrirq”kkjkH;ka ;Fkk xoka uk’kks u
HkosÙkFkk iky;sfr rkRi;± L;kr~ A
lk;.kLrq xks”k.k% xoka lfur% uikr~ uikrf;r% j{kd bfr i`Fko~ð
lEcq)h ÑRok O;k[;kroku~ A r=k uikfnfr deZ.k% lEcfU/kuks
;ksxa fouk u Dokfi fuxes”kq iz;qÚe~ A rLekRlks·FkZ mis{;% A
brË Ñ”.k bUæL;korkj% A Ñ”.kks oklqnso% A bUæks oklo bfr
:f<% A olqnos Ë ukesdns’kxzg.ks olq% rL;kiR;a oklo% A oLrqrLrq
,sfrgkfldk% bfrgklL; ijks{kHkk”kklEiznk;a j{kUr% ‘kwjnsoa
‘kwjedk”kqZ% A ukeSdns’ka fgRok A olqa olqnsoedk”kqZ% nso’kCna
la;ksT; A olq% nso bo olqnso bR;Fk± drq± ‘koëqðe bfr rs”kka ŸfÎ% A
bUæ ,o lukruks ukjk;.k _f”k% ;L;korkj% Ñ”.k% dF;rs
t;sfrgkls A ukjk% vki% v;ua ;L; l ukjk;.k bfr O;qRi¯Ùk o`)k%
oqðoZfUr A vkiËkUrfj{kxrk% lw{ek ,o A r}’kknsokUrfj{kyksdks·ika
yksd mP;rs fuxes”kq A rkËki% e/;eL;sUæL; LFkkue~ A rLekfnUæ
,okokZpka ukjk;.k% A l iqjkru _f”kË Hkofr A v=kSrka iÜ;r A
_f”k£g iwoZtk vL;sd bZ’kku vkstlk A
bUæ pks”owð;ls olq%AA
_Dlafgrk 8- 6- 41
bUæË gfj%A ‘kCnekfJR; gfjoa’k% izo`Ùk% A ;nkg&
lks vL; otzks gfjrks ; vk;lks gfj£udkeks gfjjk xHkLR;ks%A
|qehë lqf’kizks gfjeU;qlk;d bUæs fu :ik gfjrk fefef{kjs AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 96- 3

oSoqð.B ,o Ñ”.k%

97

prqnZ’ka izdj.ke~

oSoqð.B ,o Ñ”.k%

Kkra oqðRlL; lkjfFkRoknU;S£y…SË Ñ”.k bUæL;korkj bfr A l p
Ñ”.k% oqðRlknhuka ledkfydËsfêkxes”kq rL; eU=kkËksiyC/kO;k% A
;Fkk oqðRlL; A rkŸ’kks egkuorkjiq#”kks eU=kæÎk rfLeu~ dkys u
Hkofr psnu`f”kjso L;kr~ A vu`”ks% oqðr% izHkko% A bfr fuxedkfyd&
egkiq#”krÙofonka la’k;ks tk;sr A l p la’k;ks fuokjf;rO;% A
Ñ”.kË u eU=kæÎk u _f”k% A ra oSoqð.Bekgq% A _Dlafgrk;ka
oSoqð.BL;k”kkZf.k =khf.k lwÚkfu ŸÜ;Urs A r=k };ks% lwÚ;ksoSZoqð.B
vkRekuesosUæRosu Lrqroku~ A r`rh;s lwDrs bUæa vU;feo
Lrqroku~ A vkReu bUæL;ka’kkorkjRoknkReu bUæRosu Lrqfr% A
va’kkaf’kuksHksnZ ŸÎîk·U;oRLrqfr% A
lokZuØ
q ef.kdk;ka dkR;k;u% oSoðq .Ba izR;soeqÚkou~ A ^^tx`EHkkÎkS
lÆxqooZS ðq .BfeUæa rqÎko llÆxqLrqfrlaäÎvkReueqÙkjSfýfHkLrqÎkoA**
bfr lk{kkfnUæL; oSoðq .BukeRoa u DokI;U;=k izfl)e~ A dFkfeUæks
oSoqð.B bfr psr~ A c`gísorksÚeuql`R;k=k lk;.k ,oa onfr
^^fooqð.Bkukeklqjýh lk psUælŸ’ka iq=ka dke;ekuk ÑPNª&
pkUæk;.kkfnoað riLrsis A eRlŸ’kks·U;ks ek tfuÎsfr cq/ok bUæ ,o
rL;k% iq=kks tkr%A** bfr A fooqð.Bk;k viR;a oSoqð.B bfr
O;qRifÙk% A ,”k p fooqð.Bk vlqjdU;sfr izkpkeSfrgkfldkuka ŸfÎ% A

98

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

Hkkjrsfrgkls ;k nsodh Ñ”.kekrksP;rs lk pklqjdU;sfr u
oDrqe’kD;e~ A ;r% lk oaðlL; Hkfxuh fir`O;iq=kh A oaðlL;
T;sÏfir`O;ks fg nsoD;k% firk nsod% A
v=kses Hkkxoriqjk.kÜyksdk% A
rL;kgqdËkgqdhp dU;kpSokgqdkRetkS A
nsodËksxzlsuË pRokjks nsodkRetk% AA
nsookuqinsoË lqnsoks nsoo/kZu% A
rs”kka Lolkj% lÆklU/k`rnsokn;ks u`i AA
‘kfUrnsoksinsok p Jhnsoknsojf{krk A
lg nsoknsodh p olqnso mokgrk% AA
oaðl% lqukek U;xzks/k% dƒ% ‘kƒÔ% lqgwLrFkk A
jkΪikyks·Fk l`fÎË iqfÎekukSxzlsu;% AA
oaðlk oaðlorh dƒk’kwjHkwjkΪikfydk A
mxzlsunqfgrjks olqnsokuqtfý;% AA
Hkkxoriqjk.ke~] uoeLdUn% 24- 21&25
vU;=k p lUnHksZ Hkkxors lwfpre~ A oaðl mxzlus iq=k% nsodh nsodL;
iq=khfr A
mxzlsulqr% oaðl% Lolq% fiz;fpdh”kZ;k A
jÜehu~ g;kuka txzkg jkSI;SjFk’krSo`Zr% AA
prq%’kra ifjcg± xtkuka gseekfyuke~ A
vÌkuke;qra lk/k± jFkkuka p f=k”kV~Nre~ AA
nklhuka lqoqðejh.kka f}’krs leyÈÑrsA
nqfg=ks nsod% izknknqfgr`rRly%AA
Hkkxoriqjk.ke~] n’keLdUn% 1- 30&32

oSoqð.B ,o Ñ”.k%

99

oaðl% vlwj;wFkirhuka ifr#Úks Hkkxors A
izyEccdpk.kwjr`.kkorZegk’kuS% A
eqfÎdkfjÎf}foniwrukosðf’k/ksuoq ðS % AA
vU;SËklqjHkwikySckZ.kHkkSekfnfHk;qrZ % A
;nwuka dnua pozsð cyhekx/klaJ;% AA
rs ihfMrk fufofo’kq% oqð#ikŒkyoSðd;ku~ A
‘kkYoku~ fonHkkZfêk”k/kku~ fonsgku~ dkslykufi AA
Hkkxoriqjk.ke~] n’keLdUn% 2- 1&3
v=k izyEckn;ks /ksud
q kUrk% oaðlL;kKkdkfj.kks ;ks/kk% A brjs l[kk;% A
,rkoUrks egkek;k vlqjk vuqljL; fdƒjk% HkoUrhR;Js)s;e~ A
vU/kdLrkyt†o|nqoa’ks ifBrks·fi osðukfi gsRoUrjs.kklqj&
oa’kÑnklhfnR;oxE;rs A ;nU/kdL;klqj bR;so izflf)% iqjk.ks”kq A
vU/kd ,okgqdoa’kL; owðVLFk% iq#”k% dF;rs A
fuxes pklqjc/kizdj.ks nsodL; o/kË iBîrs A iÜ;rSrke`pe~ A
u r bUæ lqer;ks u jk;% lŒ{ks iwokZ m”klks u uwÃk% A
nsooað fpUekU;ekua t?kUFkk vo Reuk c`gr% ‘kEcja Hksr~ AA
_Dlafgrk 7- 18- 20
v=ks;a lk;.kO;k[;k A gs bUæ ro iwokZ% iqjkruk% lqer;% ‘kksHkuer;%
jk;ks /kukfu p m”klks u m”kl bo u lŒ{ks lÈ[;krqa u ‘kD;k% A u
uwÃk% uwrukË lqer;ks jk;Ë u lŒ{ks A ¯dp Roa ekU;ekua eU;ekuL;
iq=ka nsooað nsodukekua ‘k=kqa t?kUFk vo/kh% A Reuk Lo;eso c`grks
egr% ‘kSykr~ ‘kEcja p voHksr~ voHkSRlhfjfr A

100

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

uUo=k eU;ekuiq=kks nsod% ukgqdiq=k bfr psr~ A vU/kdoa’ktks·U;
,okgqdkUeU;eku% L;kr~ A ;L; xks=kkiR;a nsod% A ekU;ekuL;
nsodL;kU;L;klqjL; iqjk.ks”oizfl)s% A izfl)ks nsod ,ok=k
ekU;ekuks ns o dks xz k á%A viz k /kkU;kís o dL; ekU;ekuL;
iqjk.ks”oizflf)fjfr psr~ A ukizk/kkU;a eU;ekukuka ¼eU;ekuoaÜ;kuke~½
;fêkxe ,o eU;ekukuka izk/kkU;esoa ofÚ A
;|ks/k;k egrks eU;ekukaRlk{kke rkUckgqfHk% ‘kk’knkuku~ A
;}k u`fHko`Zr bUækfHk;q/;kLra Ro;k··¯t lkSJola t;se AA
_Dlafgrk 7- 98- 4
v=ks;a lk;.kO;k[;k A gs bUæ egr% izHkwrku~ eU;ekuku~ ‘k=kwu~
;|nk ;ks/k;k% vLenh;;S;ks/Z k;S% rS% lg ;ks)a cya iz;PNsfjR;FkZ% A
rnku° ‘kk’knkuku~ ¯glr% rku~ ‘k=kwu~ ckgqfHk% vk;q/kfujis{kSgLZ rSjos
RoRizlknkr~ lk{kke lgse vfHkHkose A ;}k ;fn ok u`fHk&
usZr`fHkeZ#n~fHko`Zr% RoesokfHk;q/;k% vLenh;;ku~ ‘k=kwu~ vfHk;q/; A
lkSJola Joks·êka ;’kks ok ’kksHkuL; Jolks gsrqa rek¯t lÈxzkea
Ro;k lgk;su o;a t;se A
mnkärkS }kofi eU=kkS Hkxorks oflÏL; eg”ksZjk”kkSZ A r=k f}rh;eU=ks
eU;ekuku~ vkReu% ‘k=kwu~ onfr _f”k% A ;s oflÏL;kfi Hk;ƒjk%
‘k=koks egkUrLrs”kkeizk/kkU;a oDrqe’kD;e~ A oflÏL; ‘k=koks uke
oflÏks ;L; ;K% iqjksfgrLrL; ‘k=ko bfr oÚO;e~ A oflÏL;
;kT;% lqnk% fuxes”kq izfl)% A lqnkl% firk fitouks ok A
fitoulqnklksjU;rjs.k nsodiqj%ljk.kka eU;ekukuka ;q)a izkÆe~ A
r=ks U ækuq x ` g hrs u lq n klkfi tous u ok ns o dks gr bfr
eU=k};kFkZi;kZykspukxoE;rsA izk;% lqnklSo nsodks gr bR;uqekrqa

oSoqð.B ,o Ñ”.k%

101

‘kD;e~ A lqnkl% ‘k=koks ;s n’kjktku% dh£rrk% rs”kq Hksnks ukeklqj
,d% LiÎ% A nsodË rs”kkeU;re% L;kr~ A ;|equkr jslqnkl%
‘k=kqfHk% lg ;q)a o£.kra rLekfnneolh;rs A ;equkrhjLFkk e/kqjk
fg nsodL; jkt/kkuh A lS”kkHkorh ;=k r|q)a o£.kre~ A
vkofnUæa ;equk r`RloË izk=k Hksna loZrkrk eq”kk;r~ A
vtklË f’kxzoks ;{koË c¯y ‘kh”kkZf.k tHkzwjÜO;kfu AA
_Dlafgrk 7- 18- 19
v;a p eU=kks nsodo/kkfHk/kk;dkUeU=kkRiwoZ% A r‰k fy…a lqnkl%
‘k=kqnsZod% vfleêkso ;q)s lEc) bfr p A v=ks;a lk;.kO;k[;k&
v=kkfLeu~ loZrkrk loZrkrkS ;q)s ;% bUæks Hksna ukfLroað Hksnukeoað
ok lqnkl% ‘k=kqa izeq”kk;r~ vo/khfnR;FkZ% A rfeUæa ;equk vkor~
vrks”k;r~ rÙkhjokfltu% loksZ·I;rks”k;fnR;FkZ% A r`Rlo% r`Rlks%
iq#”kkË vkor~ vkofnR;sdopua cgqopukUrr;k foifj.kra rn=k
lEc/;rsA ¯dp vtkl% vtktuink% f’kxzoks tuink% ;{koË
tuink% vÜO;kfu vÌlEcU/khfu ‘kh”kkZf.k f’kjkafl ;q)s grkukeÌkuka
f’kjkalhR;FkZ% A cfyeqigkja rLeS bUæk; tHkzq% mitåq%A
izk;% liq=kL; nsodL; grRoknso rnuqt mxzlsuks jktk·Hkwr~ A
nsodhfookgle;s nsod ,o jktsfr Kk;rs ;fn ríÙka gj.ka iÜ;ke% A
vuUrjedLeknqxl
z us ks jktk·Hkwr~ A rLekÙk=kkLenqDrSoksiifÙk% A jktk
Hkoêkqxzlsu vk;kZ.kka o’kaonks·Hkwr~ A r‰kklgeku% oaðl% firja
o/ok Lo;a jktk HkwRok iqujk;SZ% lg dnua pozsð A ftxk;prku~ A
ls;a p dFkk Ñ”.kksRiÙks% izko~ð A vk;kZË ra ns’ka fgRok ukukfnXH;%
iykf;rk bfr HkkxorknqnkärsH;% ÜyksosðH;ks xE;rs A

102

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

¯d i;Zolêke~A vlqjks nsod% A rL; nqfgrSo fooqð.Bk A
nsodL;kiR;RokÙkL;k% nsodhfr ukek;kre~ A izkpka Hkk”kk;ka
,dopuf}opu;ksjfi viR;izR;;L; yksiks ŸÜ;rs A #æL; iq=kkS
#ækofÌukS A dos% iq=k% dfo#’kuk A v=ks% iq=kks·f=k% oqðEkj% vk=ks;% A
,oa nsodL; iq=kh nsodh A vFkok nSodhina izkÑrs nsodhineklhr~ A
rÙksuoS Lo:is.k laLÑrek:<e~ A izkphukRizkÑrkRikf.kuh;a laLÑra
áokZphue~ A
oSoqð.B’kCnL; Ñ”.kL; ukelwiyfC/kËk=k fy…e~ A rLekn;a
pØfe”k.kfnR;=k dh£rr bUæ% Ñ”.kks oSoqð.B bUæ ,o Hkofr A
rLekUeU=kæÎk p l%A
vU;% Ñ”.kks uke eU=kæÎk fo|rs A l ik.Mokuka firkegks
}Sik;uLFkkuh; bR;Lekoað ŸfÎ% A

æIlÑ”.kkS fHkêkkS

103

iŒn’ka izdj.ke~

æIlÑ”.kkS fHkêkkS

ek#rLe|qrkuL;k”ksZ lwDrs r`p ,dks ŸÜ;rs A
vo æIlks va’kqerhefrÏ fn;ku% Ñ”.kks n’kfHk% lgüS% A
vkoÙkfeUæ% ‘k‰kk /keUrei þsfgrhu`Ze.kk v/kÙk AA
æIleiÜ;a fo”kq.ks pjUreqiãjs u|ks va’kqeR;k% A
uHkks u Ñ”.keofLFkokalfe”;kfe oks o`”k.kks ;q/;rktkS AA
v/k æIlks va’kqeR;k miLFks·/kkj;ÙkUoa frfRo”kk.k% A
fo’kks vnsohjH;kpjUrhc`ZgLifruk ;qtsUæ% llkgsAA
_Dlafgrk 8- 96- 13&15
v=k r`ps f}/kk dFkekgq% A osðfpRÑ”.kks ukeklqjksa·’kqeR;kLrhjs
n’klgülSU;;qrfLrÏfêkUæs.k c`gLifrlgk;su gr bR;kgq% A rUers
æIl bfr Ñ”.kklqjL; fo’ks”k.ke~ A vijs lkseUs æ;ks;)
Zq e=k o£.krfefr
dFk;fUr A rUers æIl% lkse% Ñ”.k brhUæL; fo’ks”k.ke~ A lkseL;
Ñ”.kRoklEHkokr~ A izFkea i{ka lk;.k% f’kfJ;s A f}rh;a i{ka o;a
J;kegs A mHk;=kkfi dFkkLo:ia r`p ,p fo|r bfr ukr%ija
fdefi dYiuh;e~ A ;fn æIl% Ñ”.k ,o L;kRlk;.kO;k[;kuqlkjs.k
f}rh;ks eU=k bUæL; okD;e~ A rnk ;L; okD;a l _f”kfjfr rL;
eU=kL;sUæ _f”k% izlT;sr A vU;‰k r=k eU=ks izk£Fkrk% nsork%
e#r% A u osðoya prqFksZ iknsA iw.ksZ p eU=ks A va’kqeR;k Ñ”.kkofLFkfr&

104

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

dFkuL; izkFkZuk…Rokr~ A rLekr~ iw.kZL; rL; eU=kL; e#rks nsork%
izlT;sju~ A iwoiZ kn=k;L;sUæks nsorsfr dFka l…PNsr A ;fn Ñ”.kL;kofLFkfr&
dFkua u izkFkZuk…a r£g ;k rsuksP;rs lk nsorsfr U;k;su Ñ”.kklqj%
iwoZikn=k;L; nsork izlT;sr A vfi p æIl’kCnks foers brjlk/
kkj.ka ;kSfxoað fo’ks”k.ke~ A Ñ”.k’kCn ,oklqjL; okpd% A ,oa fLFkrs
r`rh;s eU=ks Ñ”.k’kCna fogk; æIl ‘kCnsuSoklqjL;ksfÚ% oqðr% A ,rS%
dkj.kS% Ñ”.kklqjL;kU;=kkizfl)Rok‰kkU;=ksUæL; Ñ”.kRosu dhrZuk‰k
Ñ”.k bUæ% æIlks·lqj bfr oDrqa ;qÚe~ A v=k u;s _pke;eFkZ% A
¼1½ æIlks · lq j % lks e ka ’ ktRoknL;klq j L; æIl bfr uke A
va’kqerhesrêkkfedka unheokfrÏnkØkUroku~ A vuUrja Ñ”.k
Ñ”.kkorkj% bUæ% nf’kfHk% lgüS% lSU;S% b;ku% lu~ ‘k‰kk deZ.kk
/keUra ÌlUra ijkØeek.kfefr y{;kFkZ% ra æIlklqja vkor~ izkiëkrs ~ A
u`e.kk% u`”kq euks ;L; l% e#fRiz; bR;FkZ% A v=k u`e.k% ‘kCnL;
Ñ”.kijRokUe#norkjHkwrk% ik.Mok v=k u`’kCnsuksP;Ur bfr
cks/;e~ A rkŸ’k% Ñ”.k% þsfgrh% ¯gfldk% ‘k=kqlsuk% vik/kÙk
vkPNkfnroku~A
¼2½ u|k% va’kqeR;k% miãjs xqÆs rhjLFkkus fo”kq.ks fo”keizns’ks pjUra
lŒjUra æIla æIlklqja uHkks u es?kfeo vorfLFkokala vkØE;
frÏUra Ñ”.ka HkxoUra ‘kkSjnsO;a vgeiÜ;fefr _f”kjso onfr A gs
o`”k.k% výcykr~ rstlka o£”krkjks e#r% o% b”;kfe bPNkfe
vktkofLeu~ ;q)s ;w;a pkxR; ;q/;r% A ,oa izk;% ik.Mok ,okgw;Urs
_f”k.kk A vU;s ok e#na’kHkwrk ;knok% A vfLeêkFksZ iwosZ =k;% iknk
,sUæk HkofUr A

æIlÑ”.kkS fHkêkkS

105

¼3½ v/k Ñ”.kkØe.kknuUrja va’kqeR;k% miLFks lehis æIl% rUoa
frfr”ok.k% lu~ Øks/ksu ToyfêkR;FkZ% A v/kkj;r~ ‘k=kks% Ñ”.kL;
lsuk% izR;x`Þkr~ A vH;kpjUrh% vfHkpkja oqðokZ.kk% futrkfU=kdký&
cys u ;q / ;UrhfjR;FkZ % A vns o kZ % cz à .kk ;q t k lgk;s u
futkýcysusR;FkZ% llkgs vfHkHkwroku~ ftrokfuR;FkZ% A
;Fkk jl’kks”kd vkfnR;rstks·a ’k% ‘kq”.k mP;rs A rFkk rq”kkjkRedËUæ&
rstks·a ’kks æIl mP;rs A æIlL; tyd.kokpdRokr~ A dLrna’k%
Ñ”.kL; dkys A tjklU/k bfr czwe% A tj;k o`)koLFk;k lU/kh;r
bfr tjklU/kËUæ% A pUæL; o`)koLFkk p ikS.kZE;kr~ A rnSofg l
lU/kh;rs ;Fkk iw.kZ’kjhj% L;kr~ A pUæË fir`yksd% fir¤.kka p ifr;Zeks
HkSjokiji;kZ;% A ,oa tjklU/kL; HkSjoksikluks iifÙk%A
¯d i;Zolêke~ A æIlks tjklU/k% A Ñ”.kks Hkxoku~ oSoqð.B% A
uklwj% A l psUæL;korkj% A ,sUæs rRizLrkokfnUæÑ”.kin;ks%
lkekukf/kdj.;k‰k A

106

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

“kksM’ka izdj.ke~
brjfy…kfu

Ñ”.kktqZu;ks% l:iRoe~

bfrgkls Ñ”.kktquZ kS rqY;:ikfofr orZrs A vr ,oktquZ L;kfi Ñ”.k
bfr ukekU;Rizfl)e~ A ^^Ñ”.kkosdjFks fLFkrkS** bR;kn;% iz;ksxk
v=k æÎO;k% A fuxes pk;a fo”k;ks ŸÜ;rs A
vk nL;q?këk eulk ;káLra
HkqoÙks oqðRl% l[;s fudke% A
Los ;ksukS fu”knra l:ik
fo oka fpfdRlŸrfp) ukjh AA
_Dlafgrk 4- 16- 10
gs nL;q?këk nl;qgUrkjkS bUækoqðRlkS eulk izhR;k vLra x`ga vk;kfg
HkwrkFksZ yksV~ f}opuL; O;R;;suSdopua vk;kre~ A rs fudkeks
furjka deuh;% oqðRll[;s Hkqor~ vHkwr~ A Los futs ;ksukS LFkkus
l:ik leku:ikS ;qoka fu”knra mikfo’kre~ A _rfpr~ lR;n’kZuk
ukjh g bUæk.kh oka ;qoka fofpfdRlr~ d% oqðRl% dks es HkrsfZ r la’k;a
pozsð A
lR;SoUs æk.kh
;s;eqÚk·=ksUæk.kh ukjh lk lR;kA v=k eU=ks _rfpfnfr ineknk;
,sfrgkfldkLrRlekFkZoðs u lR;kinsu rka nsohekgq% A vU;k pk=k HkofrA

Ñ”.kktqu
Z ;ks% l:iRoe~

107

lagks=ka Le iqjk ukjh leua oko xPNfr A
os/kk _rL; ohfj.khUæiÃh egh;rs foÌLekfnUæ mÙkj%AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 86- 10
_rL; os/kk% _rL; d=khZ A lR;fØ;sR;FkZ% A ;L;k% Kkua lR;a
deZ p lR;a l lR;ukerks ;qDra Ñrk A b;a p Hkxorh lR;knsoh
eU=kæΪh Hkorh A };ks% lwÚ;ksj”s kk _f”kdk A vU;=k lwDrs laoknHkko~ð A
,rL; vk”ksZ lwÚ};s ,oað lwDra ifro’khdj.kkFkkSZ”kf/kLrqfr:ie~
¼10&145½ lk pkS”kf/k#Ùkkui.kkZ lgekukiji;kZ;k A r;kS”k/;k iR;%
f’kjfl ysi% iz;ksx% A v=ks;a Hkofr A
mi rs·/kka lgekukefHk Rok·/kka lgh;lk A
ekeuq iz rs euks oRla xkSfjo /kkorq iFkk okfjo /kkorq AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 145- 6
gs HkrZ% lgekuka mik/kka mi/kkuedjoe~ A f’kjL; fyEifeR;FkZ% A
lgh;lk vkS”k/ksu Roka vH;/kka vfHkn/kkfe A fdfeR;qP;rs A rs eu%
ekeuq xkS% oRlfeo iz/kkorq ok% mnoað iFkso fueësuso iz/kkorq A
,rs u Hkkjrks Ú % lR;k ækS i nhla o kn% Lek;Z r s A r=k lw D rs
vU;kpk=kksnkgrZO;k A
mÙkkui.ksZ lqHkxs nsotwrs lgLofr A
lið es ijk /ke i¯r es osðoya oqð# AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 145- 2
lqHkxs lkSHkkX;gsrHq kwrs lgLofr cyofr nsotwrs nsoizfs jrs mÙkkui.ksZ
es lið ijk/keA i¯r es ee osðoya v/khufeR;FkZ%A oqð#A
,rsu lR;k#fDe.khdyg% Lek;Zrs A

108

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

HkkSekS”kf/kLrqr%s b;a _f”kdk HkwekS tkrk bUæk.;k vorkjHkwroS L;kr~
u lk{kkfnUæk.kh A
brjlwDra ¼10&159½ bUæ.;k vkReLrqfr% A v=k pfj=kksi;qÚkfLrü
mnkfå;Urs A
vga osðrqjga ew/kkZ·geqxzk fookpuh A
eesnuq Ørqa ifr% lsgkuk;k mikpjsr~ AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 159- 2
v=kksxz’kCnks chta lR;ka Hkkesfr oDrqe~ A Hkkek uke dksiuk A mxzk
p rnFkZd% ‘kCn% A
ee iq=kk% ‘k=kqg.kks·Fkks es nqfgrk fojkV~ A
mrkgefLe l×t;k iR;kS es Üyksd mÙke% AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 159- 3
letS”kfeek vga liÃhjfHkHkwojh A
;FkkgeL; ohjL; fojktkfu tuL; p AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 159- 6
,rsu Ñ”.kL; cgqiÃhdRoa lwP;rs A lagks=kLesfr ea=ks leua
okoxPNrhR;usu ujd;q);k=kklwpue~ A b;eso nsoh ikSykseh A
iqykseëLru;k A v;a p iqyksek ukekUrjs.k l=kkftRL;kr~ A
#fDe.khgj.kfy…e~
vfLr #fDe.khgj.ks p fy…e~ A iÜ;Srke`pe~ A
o/kwfj;a ifrfePNUR;sfr ; b± ogkrs efg”khfef”kjke~ A
vk·L; JoL;kæFk vk p ?kks”kkRiq#lgük ifj orZ;krs AA
_Dlafgrk 5- 37- 3

Ñ”.kktqu
Z ;ks% l:iRoe~

109

b;a o/kw% ifrfePNUrh ,fr vk;kfr A ,rsu #fDe.;k% xkSjhiwtkO;ktsu
iF;Fk± ohF;kekxeua Lek;Zrs A ; bUæ% b± beka bf”kjka uker% efg”k°
egr° ogkrs x`ghRok jFkekjksi;rhR;FkZ% A vL; bUæL; jFk% vk
leUrkr~ JoL;k dh£rdkeu;k vk leUrkr~ ?kks”kkr~ iq# lgük
cgwfu lgükf.k ‘k=kqlSU;kuhfr ;kor~ ifjorZ;krs fuorZ;fr A jFk
bR;qiy{kdks jfFku% A b”kks·êkkfu r}rh bf”kjk bfr ukeëks O;qRifÙk% A
b”kË y{k.k;k /kukfu rLekæÔfDe.khina ikSjkf.kdkukfef”kjkinewye~ A
dkfG;enZufy…e~
vfLr fuxes dkfG;enZuL; p fy…e~A iÜ;rSrke`pe~ A
Roa oqðRla ‘kq”.kgR;s”okfoFkk·jU/k;ks·frfFkXok; ‘kEcje~ A
egkUra fpncqnZ a fu Øeh% ink luknso nL;qgR;k; tfK”ks AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 51- 6
gs bUæa Roa ‘kq”.kgR;s”kq ‘kq”.kgR;kfØ;klq oqðRle~ vkfoFk vj{k% A
vfrfFkXok; fnoksnklk; ‘kEcja ‘kEcjklqja vjU/k;% o’kaonedjks% A
egkUra fpr~egkUrefi vcZqna vcqZ% ‘kksQ% na’ksukcq± nnkrhR;cqZn%
liZfo’ks”k% inkiknsu fuØeh% venZ;% luknso fpjknso nL;qgR;k;
nL;qo/kk; tfK”ks tksrks Hkofl A
vcqZnks es?k bfr uS#Úkuka O;k[;kue~ A v=k ‘kq”.k’kEcjlgikB&
fy…kRinkfuØe.kfy…k‰k ukcqnZ ks es?k% A mÙkj=k nL;qgR;k; tfK”k
bfr opua pk=k fy…e~ A
vcqZn’kCnL; liZokpdRoknsokFkoZosns ukxkýnsork·cqZfn#P;rs A
;Fkk&

110

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

mfrÏ Roa nsotukcqZns lsu;k lg A
Hk×têkfe=kk.kka lsuka HkksxsfHk% ifjokj; AA
vFkoZosnlafgrk 11- 9- 3
v=k HkksxsfHkfjR;qDrsjcqZfn% liZ% A uUocqZfn’kCn ,o liZokpdks
ukcqZn’kCn bfr psr~ A vcq± nnkrhR;cqZn% A vcqZ nh;rs·ususfr
vcqZfnjEcqf/kor~ A ,oecqZnkcqZfn’kCnkS rqY;kFkZdkS A
vU;k p HkoR;cqZnenZusA
v/o;Zoks ; mj.ka t?kku uo p[okla uo¯r p ckgwu~ A
;ks vcqZneo uhpk cck/ks rfeUæa lkseL; Hk`Fks fguksr AA
_Dlafgrk 2- 14- 4 x`Rlen%
;% vcqnZ a uhpk v/k% ÑRok vocck/ks e£nroku~ A insR;FkkZÉH;rs A
vU; p HkoR;cqZnenZus&
U;cqZnL; foÎia o”ekZ.ka c`grfLrjA
Ñ”ks rfnUæ ikSaL;e~AA
_Dlafgrk 8- 32- 3
gs bUæ c`gr% vcqZnL; foÎia fo”oÚiUra fo”oo~ð rius fo”kÌklk%
dkj.ka HkofUr A o”ekZ.ka ‘kjhja fufrj vckf/kf”k HkwrkFksZ yksV~ A
rRikSaL;a ijkØea p Ñ”ks vdk”khZ% A
ck.kfot;fy…e~
vfLr ck.kfot;s fy…a p A r=kS”kk Hkofr A
vficRdæqo% lqrfeUæ% lgückãs A
v=kknsfnÎ ikSaL;e~ AA
_Dlafgrk 8- 45- 26

Ñ”.kktqu
Z ;ks% l:iRoe~

111

bUæ% dæqo% dæqukedL; _”ks% jkKks ok lqra lksea vficr~ A
fdeFk± lgückãs lgückgqa tsrqfeR;FkZ% A
^^fØ;kFkksZiinL; p deZf.k LFkkfuu%** bR;iz;qT;ekuL; rqequ%
deZf.k prqFkhZ A v=k lgückgq;q)s ikSaL;a bUæL; ijkØe% vnsfnÎ
vfnI;r A uuq ck.k;q)efu#)j{k.kk; u dæqj{k.kk;sfr psr~ A
,d fØ;k }îFkZdjh oqðrks ek·Hkwr~ A dæqË ck.kckf/kr% dfËŸf”k%
L;kr~ A jktk ok A vij% i`PNRll…ea euq”;L; lgückgqRofefr A
;q)s”kq ek;kcysu rRl…ra L;kfnR;fojks/k% A lk;.kLrq lgückãs
bR;L; lgückãsfjR;Fk± ÑRok rL; ‘k=kwË
a kgfêkfr in};e/;kgjfr A
dæqlqrikuL; lgückgq’k=kqguuL; p lEcU/kefi u onfr A
rr~ foÁðÎa O;k[;kueqis{;e~ A
oaðlo/kfy…e~
fuxes”kq Hkxork Ñrks O;alukedL;klqjL; o/k% Jw;rs A rRoaðl&
o/kL; fy…e~A foÑrksa·lks ;L; l O;al% oqðfRlrksalks ;L; l
oaðl% bR;qHk;ks% ’kCn;ks£uoZpuL; rqY;Rokr~ A O;alo/kizLrkoLFk%
dkfËŸp mnkfå;Urs A
;ks O;ala tkä”kk.ksu eU;quk ;% ‘kEcja ;ks vgu~ fiizeq ozre~A
bUæks ;% ‘kq”.ke’kq”ka U;ko`.kÈ e#RoUra l[;k; gokegsAA
_Dlafgrk 1- 101- 2
v/o;Zoks ;% LoÜkëa t?kku ;% ‘kq”.ke’kq”ka ;ks O;ale~ A
;% fiizqa ueq¯p ;ks #f/kozaðk rLek bUæk;kU/klks tqgksr AA
_Dlafgrk 2- 14- 5

112

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

bUæks o`=keo`.kksPN/kZuhfr% iz ekf;ukefeuk}iZ.khfr% A
vgUO;aleq’k/kXous“okfo/ksZuk vÑ.kksækE;k.kke~ AA
_Dlafgrk 3- 34- 3
iwoZ;ks% _pksO;±lo/kek=kksÉs[k% A r`rh;k;kefLr fo’ks”k% A
m’k/ko~ð dkea ngaRlu~ O;la vgu~ groku~ A ous”kq xw<kuka jkE;k.kka
jE;k.kka iq#”kk.kka /ksuk% okp% vkfojÑ.kksr~ izdVhÑroku~ A ;=k ;=k
je.kh;% iq#”kks ŸÜ;rs Ñ”.krqY;o;k% l loksZ·fi oaðlL; o/kkgksZ
cHkwo Ñ”.kHkzekr~ A vr% je.kh;k% Ñ”.kleo;Ldk% losZ·fi
ræ{koSðoZuHs ;ks uhrk% A oaðlo/kknuUrja rs”kka fuHkZ;kuka okp% izdVk
vHkwou~ A rkoUra dkya oaðlHk;kfêk%‘kCnk xw<kLrnk lUrks”ks.k
O;kgjUr% izdVk vHkwofêkR;FkZ% A jE;k.kkfefr oÚO;s nh/kZÜNkUnl% A
lk;.kLrq O;a l ina ukekfoKk; eU=k=k;s · fi fo/k;k·U;;k
O;[;kroku~ A izFkeeU=ks O;ala foxrHkwta o`=kfefr rL; O;[;kue A~
f}rh;eU=ks v’qk”ka ‘kq”.ka ;ks t?kku vfi p ;Lra O;la valghua
ÑRok t?kkusfr O;k[;k A ;PNCn};Jo.ks·fi O;ala i`Fkxlqja Kkraq
rL; Liwð£rukZHkwr~ A r`rh;eU=ks m’k/ko~ð ‘k=kqo/ka dke;eku% ;%
ous”kq r=k xw<pkfj.kelqja O;la foxrkala ;Fkk Hkofr rFkk vgu~
t?kku bfr O;k[;kroku~ A r=k prqFkZiknL; rL; O;k[;k furkUra
fp=kk A jkE;k.kka jk=kh.kka vUr%fLFkrk% /ksuk% xk% vkfojÑ.kksr~
izdVhÑroku~ A vlqjk% fdy nsokuka æO;eknk; jk=kh£ofo’kq% A
bUæ% rkH;ks jkf=kH;% iquLr™ks:ia /kua ftRok izdVhÑrokfufr A
vlqjk.kka nsoæO;eknk; jkf=kizos’ks rsu fdefi czkà.keqnkäre~ A
r=k czkà.ks vlqjk.kka jkf=kizo’s k ,oksÚ% A u jk=kh.kka /ksukfo”dj.ke~ A

Ñ”.kktqu
Z ;ks% l:iRoe~

113

vU;=k Dokfi jkf=kxw</ksukfo”dj.kfeUædeZ uksÚe~ A rLeknizfl)
,okFkZ% A ;fn jk=kkS xw<k% jÜe;% lw;Z:is.ksUæ:is.k izdVhfØ;Ur
bR;qP;sr A rnfi u foe’kZlge~ A jÜe;% lw;sZ lfUr rs lw;sZ.k
lgkxPNfUr A u jk=kkS xq<k% lw;.Zs k izdVhfØ;Urs A ousf”ofr ‘kCnL;
r=k xw<elqjfefr O;[;kuL; LokjL;a u i`FkXo.kZuh;e~ A

114

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lÆn’ka izdj.ke~

iŒHkzkrj%

fu:firk% d.kks·Z tquZ % Ñ”.kË ekU=ko£.kdO;Ú;% A vtquZ L; HkzkrjË
fu:firO;k% A r=ks;a Hkofr&
,rR;Ùk bUæ o`”.k mDFka ok”kkZfxjk vfHk x`.kfUr jk/k% A
_tzkÌ% izfÎfHkjEcjh”k% lgnsoks Hk;eku% lqjk/kk% AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 100- 17
v=ks;a lk;.kO;k[;k A gs bUæ o`”.k dkekuka o£”krqLrs mDFka Lrks=ka
jk/k% lajk/koað RoRizhfrgsraq ok”kkZfxjk% o`”kkfxjk jkK% iq=kk% vfHkx`.kfUr
vkfHkeq[;su onfUr ok”kkZfxjk bR;srf}o`.kksfr A _tzkÌ% ,rRlaKks
jkt£”k% izfÎfHk% ikÌZLFkSjU;S% _f”kfHk% lg bUæeLrkSr~ A osð rs
ikÌZLFkk% A vEcjh”kkn;ËRokjks jkt”kZ;%A ---_tzkÌ% _tzkxfreUrks·Ìk
;L; l rFkksÚ% A vEcjh”k% vfo’kCns vkS.kkfnd b”kUizR;;% A
lgnsoks nso%S lg orZr bfr oksiltZuL;sfr fodYiukRlHkkokHkko% A
Hk;eku% Hkh Hk;s vLeknUrHkkZfor.;FkkZ}îR;;su ‘kkup~ cgqya
NUnlhfr ‘ki% ÜyksjHkko% A lqjk/kk% jk/k bfr /kuuke ‘kksHkua
jk/kks ;L; A
okrkÌkuke`tRz oa cgq’k% iz;Dq ra fuxes”kq A rlekŸtzkÌ bfr oqðRlL;
ukekUrje~ A vEcjh”k /keZjkt% A lgnso% lgnso ,oA Hk;ekuks
Hkhe% lqjk/kk% uoqðy% A rs”kq _tzkÌks·tquZ bR;=k iÜ;rkeU;ke`pe~ A

iŒHkzkrj%

115

jksfgPNîkok lqena’kqyZykeh% |q{kk jk;s _tzkÌL; A
o`”k.oUra fcHkzrh /kw”kqZ jFka eUæk fposðr ukgq”kh”kq fo{kq AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 100- 16
jksfgr~ jksfgro.kkZÜ;k ok Ü;keo.kkZ lqena’kq% lqeUr% Lo;a izdk’kk%
va’koks ;L;k% Ìsro.kkZ rkRi;Zr% A yykeh% fp=ko.kkZ yykeh‘kCnL;
fpßi;kZ;Rokr~ r}Roe=kksP;rs yykeh‘kCnsu fpßkfu p ‘kjhjLFkkfu
frfU=k.khiq”ilŸ’kkfu fpßkfu A bZŸ’kh |q{kk nhfÆHkwfe% vÌiafÚ%
dL; _tzkÌL; vÌkuka p rqÎoknsoSðoað fo’ks”k.kesoSðdkL;kÌL;
;kstuh;e~ A o`”k.oUra bUæoUra bUælfgrfeR;FkZ% jFka /kw”kqZ lÈxzkes”kq
fcHkzrh dLeS iz;kstuk; jk;s /kuk; ‘k=kqt;su /kua izkÆqfeR;FkZ% A
ukgq”kh”kq ugq”koaÜ;klq fo{kq iztklq eUæk ‘kksHkekuk fposðr Kk;rs A
_tzkÌL; jFk bUæks·fi orZr bfr fy…kRl _tzkÌks·tqZukr~
oqðRlkiji;kZ;kêkkij%A l bUæË Ñ”.kkêkkU;% A lk p |q{kk·ÌiafÚ&
okZrkÌk% A v=k lk;.kks·fi jFkfeUæoUre…hdjksfr A rFkkfi _tzkÌkFk±
LoxZyksdkæFksuk;kr bfr dYi;fr A euq”;kFk± nsorkuka Hkwyksdk;
jFksu lgkxeua izcya izfl¯) fouk u foÌluh;e~ A _tzkÌL;kFkZs
bUæks jFksukxr bfr u DokI;fLr uSxfedh ikSjkf.kdh ok izflf)% A
rLekÙks vÌk% _tzkÌL;So A _tzkÌL;sfr “kÏh |q{ksR;usu ‘kCnsu
lEc/;rs A jk;s bfr ‘kCn% lEcfU/kfujis{k ,o rkRi;Zr% lEcfU/kua
cks/k;fr A
brË _tzkÌkn;% oqðRlkn;%A ;ns”kka lwDrs·fUreks eU=k% dkSRlL;
lwÚL;kfUreks eU=kË f}jko`Ùk ,d ,o eU=k% A ;Fkk&
foÌkgsUæks vf/koÚk uks v&
LRoifjärk% luq;ke okte~ A

116

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

rêkks fe=kks o#.kks ekegUrk&
efnfr% flU/kq% i`fFkoh mr |kS% AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 100- 19
,rs iŒ Hkzkrjks e#rka rstks’a kkorkjk% A iŒuka izk.kkuka iŒkorkj bfr
cks)O;e~ A /keZjkt mnkuL; A d.Bns’kLFk mnkuks Hkk”k.kfØ;k;k%
lkgk¸;oað djksrhfr oS|’kkýKk% A rnqÚek;qosZnlÈxzgs&
izk.ksukêkizos’k% L;knqnkusu p Hkk”k.ke~ A
dekZf.k dkj;s}îku% lekuks·êkL; ikpu% AA
vikuks xHkZfo.ew=k‘kqØkrZofoekspu% AA
vejË onfr&
äfn izk.kks xqns·iku% lekuks ukfHklafLFkr% A
mnku% d.Bns’kLFkks O;ku% loZ’kjhjx% AA
xqn bR;qiy{k.keU;L;kfi folxsfZ Uæ;L;A ;)eZjkt mnkuL;korkj&
LrLeknEcjh”k mÚ% A ‘kCnfØ;kpkydRokr~ A
mnku ,oksRØkfUrdrsfZ r osnkUropue~ A rLek)eZjktks e`R;qnos rk;k
va’korkjËsR;qÚe~ A rfnna osnkUropua Hkofr A
rstksg oko mnkuLrLeknqi’kkUrrstk% iquHkZo&
fefUæ;SeZufl lEi|ekuS% AA
izÜkëksifu”kn~ 3-9
v=ksna HkxoRiknkuka Hkk”;e~ A
^^;n~ ckáa g oko izfl)a lkekU;a rst% rPNjhjs mnku% mnkua
ok;qeuqx`Þkfr Losu izdk’kususR;fHkizk;% A ;LekÙkst%LoHkkoks
ckárstks·uqx`ghr% mRØkfUrdrkZ rLekr~ A ;nk ykSfdd% iq#”k%

iŒHkzkrj%

117

mi’kkUrrstk% Hkofr mi’kkUra LokHkkfooað rstks ;L; l% A rnk ra
{kh.kk;qta eqew”kq± fo|kr~ A l% iquHkZoa ‘kjhjkUrja izfri|rs A
lgsfUæ;SeZufl lEi|ekuS% izfo’kn~fHkokZxkfnfHk% A**
;nqDra mnkukuqxkz goað ckáa rstLrRdkykfxë:ie~ A xw<ekdk’kO;kfi
rnso ;ek[;e~ A rfnna nsorkehekalk;ka foLr`R; izn’kZ;ke% A mnkuL;
rst%LoHkkoRoknso rstkse;okfxfUæ;lkgk¸;dkfjRoe~ A
mnkuL;ksRØkfUrdr`ZRos r=kSoksifu”knhna izR;{ka opue~ A
vFkSd;ks/oZ mnku% iq.;su iq.;a yksoað u;fr ikisu
ikieqHkkH;ka euq”;yksde~A
izÜkëksifu”kn~ 3- 7
u osðoyeqRØkfUrdkfjRoeqnkuL; vfi rq ;Fkk iq.;ikia
lnlÉksdu;ua pk=kksÚe~ A ,rsu rL; /keZjktRoa O;k[;kre~ A
O;kuL; Hkhe% A O;kuiolkekU;rks ok;qfjfr osnkUropue~ A ;Ùk`rh;
izÜkës·Îes [k.Ms ok;qO;kZu bR;kg A rL;sna HkxoRiknkuka Hkk”;e~ A
^^lkekU;su p ;ks ckáks ok;q% l O;kfÆlkekU;kr~ O;ku%
O;kueuqx`Þkuks orZr bR;fHkizk;%A**
vr ,o Hkheks ok;ksjorkj mÚ% oSfndks Hk;eku ‘kCn ,sfrgkfldks
Hkhe’kCnË rqY;kFkkZSZ A
izk.kL;ktqZu% ;L; foHkwr;ks·U;s izk.kk% A ;L; o’kspkU;s izk.kk% A

118

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v=kSrnqifu”k}pue~ A
;Fkk lezkMsokf/kÑrkfUofu;qaDrs ,rku~ xzkekusrku~ xzkeku~
vf/kfrÏLosfr ,oesoS”k izk.k brjku~ izk.kku~ i`Fko~ð i`Fkxso
lfêk/kÙks A
izÜkëksifu”kn~ 3- 4
v;a p JsÏ% izk.k vkfnR;sukuqx`ár bfr izÜkëksifu”kfn A vkikse;%
izk.k% bfr PNUnksxk% A bUæ ,o izk.k bfr c`gnkj.;de~ A
;nkg&
vFkSrL; eulks |ks% ‘kjhja T;ksfr:ielkokfnR;LrkS feFkquç
leSrka rr% izk.kks·tk;r l bUæ% l ,”kks·liÃks f}rh;ks oS
liÃks ukL; liÃks Hkofr ; ,oa osn A
v-m-czk 5-[k-21
dFkesrs”kka lkejL;e~ A f=ko`RÑrs izk.ks vc~ckgqY;knkikse;% izk.k
bR;qfÚ% A r=k ;ÙkstLrfíO;fefr lw;kZuqxzkáRoe~ A fnO;efi rst%
vcqikf/kdfeUæk[;ka Hktrs fo|qRlk:I;kr~ A Hkkjrsfrgkls
c`gnkj.;dksÚeuql`R;ktqZuL;sUækorkjRodFkue~ A oLrqr% l
izk.kL;korkj% A Ük`.kq A vkdk’k’kjhjks ; vkRek l bUæ% A vkdk’kxrk
brjs HkkokLrL; foHkwr;% izk.kfo|qRdkykn;% A lw{ek.kkeike~
vUrfj{kRoknUrfj{kL; pkdk’kJ;RokRizk.kL;kdk’kLFkkuRoe~ A
vkdk’k’kjhjL;kReu% loZyksdk/;{kL;sUæL; Ñ”.kks·orkj% A vr
,o fo”.kks£Hkêkeso xksyksdi¯r Ñ”.ka losZÌja Ñ”.kHkÚk% izkgq% A
xksyksdË egkukdk’k% A rRifjPNsnkUrjs lE;È fu:if;”;ke% A
izÑreuqljke% A

iŒHkzkrj%

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lekuL; lqjk/kk% A ;a uoqðyeSfrgkfldk% izkgq% A ‘kksHkua jk/k% iwtua
;L;sfr O;qRifÙk% A lokZf.k áêkkfu loSnZ gZs /kkfjfHk% lekus fg gw;Urs A
goukfRdeija iwtue~ A u dksyfr l†hHkorhfr uoqðy% A
oqðylaLR;kus A izk.kkikuO;kuksnkuk% LoLodk;sZ”kq brjSfjUæ;S%
l†hHkoUrks ŸÜ;Urs A lekuLrq e/;s frÏêk osðukfi l†hHkofr
rLekêkoqðy% A
vikuL; lgnso% A izk.ksu lg loZnk lŒjrhfr rL; lgnsoRoe~ A
,rkS p lekukikukS lqjf{krkS HkqÚkêktj.ksu lk/kqfolxsZ.k p
losZ”kkekjksX;a j{kr bfr lokZuqHkofl)e~ A vr ,rkoso LooSZ|kS A
r|qDra uoqðylgnso;ksukZlR;korkjRodFkue~ A vU;Ëk=kkfLrgsr%q A
lekuL;kdk’kks nsork A vikuL; i`fFkohfr izÜkëksifu”k}pue~ A
^^i`fFkO;ka ;k nsork lS”kk iq#”kL;kikueoÎH; A vUrjk ;nkdk’k%
l leku%A** bfr izÜkëksifu”kn~ ¼3- 8½
vfÌuks£o”k;s eriŒoað uS#Úk% dFk;fUr A r=k |koki`fFkO;k&
fÌukfoR;soað ere~ A rnuql`R; ok lekukiku;ksjfÌRodFkue~ A
iz ’kUrek o#.ka nhf/krh xh£e=ka Hkxefn¯r uwueÜ;k% A
i`”k|ksfu% iŒgksrk Ük`.kksrq vrwrZiUFkk vlqjks e;ksHkq% AA
_Dlafgrk 5- 42- 1
bR;L;ke`fp iŒgksrRs ;usu izk.kL; iŒkRedRoa fuxes·fi dfFkre~ A
lekÆa izlÚkuqizlDra ik.Mokuka iŒkuka iŒizk.kkorkjRoe~ A
izÑreuqljke%A brË oqðRlkn;% iŒ ik.Mok% A ;}k”kkZfxjk.kkeso
lwDrs rs”kka fÌ=;RoeqP;rs A

120

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

nL;wf×NE;w¡Ë iq#gwr ,oSgZRok i`fFkO;ka ‘kokZ fu cghZr~ A
lur~ {ks=ka lf[kfHk% fÌ=;sfHk% luRlw;± luni% lqotz% AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 100- 18
iq#gwr bUæ% ’kokZ ¯gldku~ nL;wu~ nL;qtkrh;ku~ f’kE;wu~
f’kE;q t krh;ka Ë ,oS e Z # n~ f Hk}kZ j k gRok i` f FkO;ka fucghZ r ~
foukf’kroku~ A lf[kfHk% fe=kS% fÌ=;sfHk% fÌ=kiq=kS}kZjk {ks=ka lur~
lkf/kroku~ lw;± d.k± p lur~ lkf/kroku~ A vi% oqð;oL; tynqx±
p lur~ lkf/kroku~ A lqotz bfr iq#gwrL; fo’ks”k.ke~ A v=k fÌ=;
bfr ‘kCnsu ok”kkZfxjk vkReHkzkr`oðw Veso iwoLZ ;kesrR;=k bUæsfr _pho
ijks{k;k fo/k;k dFk;fUr A o`”kkfxj ,o fÌ=k bfr ukekUrje~ A
fÌ=k’kCnL; ik.MqijRoa iwoZ=k O;[;kre~ A v=k fÌ=kiq=kk.kka
Ñ”.kkfe=kRoa {ks=klk/kua p ikBoSðyZ{khdrZO;kS A {ks=kfufeÙka fg
egkHkkjr;q)e~ A
uuq fÌ=;k ok”kkZfxjsH;ks HkoUrq fHkêkk% A u A lw;Zlk/kulkŸÜ;k&
fÉ…k}k”kkZfxjk ,o fÌ=;k A fÌ=ko`”kkxh%’kCnkS rqY;kFkkZfofr ;kor~ A
oqð=k lw;Zlk/kulkŸÜ;fy…a ok”kkZfxjk.kka fÌ=;k.kka psfr psr~ A
iÜ;rSrke`pe~ A
l eU;qeh% lenuL; drkZ·LekosðfHku`ZfHk% lw;± lur~ A
vfLeêkgURlRifr% iq#gwrks e#Rokêkks HkofRoUæ mðrh AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 100- 6 ok”kkZfxjk%
eU;qeh% ‘k=kqØks/kHk×td%A lenuL; ;q)L; A drkZ A lRifr% lrka
izHkq% A iq#gwr% bUæ% A vfLeu~ A vgu~ vgfu A vLekosðfHk%
vLenh;S% A u`fHk% ;ks/kS% A vLekosðfHkjLekfHk% u`fHkfjfr ok A v;esokFkksZ
T;k;ku~ A lw;± d.kZe~ A lur~ lk/k;rq A e#Roku~ bUæ% u% vLekoað

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mðrh j{k.ksu j{k.kk;sfr prqF;ZFksZ r`rh;kS A Hkorq A nL;wfufr eU=ks
fÌ=;sfHk% lw;± lufnfr HkwrkFkZdFkue~ A v=kkLekosðfHku`ZfHk% lw;±
lufnfr izkFkZuk A rLekfPN=;k ok”kkZfxjk ,o HkofUr A
bea eU=ka ok”kkZfxjk.kka ;q)t;izkFkZuk:ie…hoqðoZêkfi lk;.k% lw;±
lufnR;L;SoeFk± Ñroku~ A ^^vLekosðfHk% u`fHk% iq#”kS% lw;± lw;iZ d
z k’ka
lur~ lEHkDra djksrq A ‘k=kqi#q ”kSLrq ŸfÎfujks/kdeU/kdkja la;kst;rqA**
lw;ZL; ok”kkZfxja izfrLi£/kRoetkurks·;a ækfoMizk.kk;ke% A
uuq ok”kkZfxj;q)izdj.ks ,okuka ¼e#rka½ d% lEcU/k% A mP;rs A
;Fkk Ñ”.ksUæ;ksja’kkaf’kuksjHksnsu fuxes”kq O;ogkj% A ,oa ik.Mokuka
e#rka p A ,oa ina ;ksxrks ok ik.Moije~ A
eU=k};ss·fi lw;Zlk/kuizLrkokŸtzkÌ% oqðRl bfr Hkw;ks Ÿ<hÑre~ A
vFk dkfpRinkpZppkZ A lufr% lEHkÚîFksZ ifBrks·fi fuxes”kq
lk/kukFksZ iz;Tq ;rs A lEHkfÚ% lk /kui;kZ;% L;kÙkkRi;Zr% A izkfÆLrL;
eq[;kFkZ% A dks fo’ks”k% lk/kuizkIR;ks% A vuqowðys deZf.k
mHk;eI;sdkFkZde~ A rksdL; lfurkfoR;qnkgj.ke~ A izfrowðys
izkÆsjUoik;Qyi;ZUreuq/kkoua drZO;e~ A ;Fkk lw;± lur~ A
lw;Zt;izkI;L; QyL; izkfÆoZÚO;k A rr~ foÁðÎe~ A rLekÙk=k
lk/k;fRoR;sokFkZ% drZO;% A ^^lfurk foizks voZn~fHk%** bR;knkS
lk/kukFksZ vÌS% lk/kf;rk ‘k=kwfufr yk?kosukFkZ% A vÌS/kZua izkif;rsfr
cã/;kgkjdj.kkr~ A

122

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

lufr% lk/kukFkZd ,o fuxesf”oR;L; LiÎesrnqnkgj.ka Hkofr A
l ozk/kr% ‘kolkusfHkjL; oqðRlk; ‘kq”.ka Ñi.ks ijknkr~ A
v;a dfoeu;PNL;ekueRoað ;ks vL; lfurksr u`.kke~ AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 99- 9
l izfl)LRoa ‘kolkusfHk cZyon~fHkjkRefe=kS% vL; vflrokufl
/kwrokufl ‘k=kwu~ A vFk ijks{kÑr% A l bUæ Ñi.ks ;q)s oqðRlktquZ k;
‘kq”.ka d.k± A ijknkr~ ijknÙkoku~ A vtquZ us ‘kq”.ka ?kkfrrokfuR;FkZ% A
^^ek·ohjrk;S ijknk%** bR;kn;ks fuxeiz;ksxk æÎO;k% ijknk bR;L;
inL;kFkZfo”k;s A ,rsuktqZu ,o d.kZL; gUrk Ñ”.kLrq izsjd ,osfr
Ÿ<hÑre~ A v;feUæ% ‘kL;ekua Lrq R ;a d¯o oq ð Rlkxz t a
^^jiRdfofjUækoZðlkrkS** ¼_Dlafgrk 1- 174- 7½ ^^n’kks.k;s
do;s·oZðlkrkS** ¼_Dlafgrk 6- 20- 4½ ^^dfo;ZngUik;kZ; Hkw”kkr~**
¼_Dlafgrk 4- 16- 11½ bR;kn;% iz;ksxk% LerZO;k% A izdj.kkUrjs
rku~ LiÎhdfj”;ke% A vu;r~ uhroku~ A ; bUæ% vL; dos% do;s
prqF;ZFksZ “kÏh A vRoað vRdukeoað ‘k=kqa lfurk lk/kf;rk A mr
vfi p A u`.kka usr¤.kka ‘k=kqohjk.kka p lfurk lk/kf;rk A v=k
yC/ksR;FkksZ u l…PNrs A lk;.kLrq v=kkfi foÁðÎ;k O;k[;;k Lodh;a
izkIR;FkZesoa iskf”kroku~ A v;feUæ% ‘kL;ekua dfoeq’kula vu;r~
Loo’ka vu;r~ A ;% dfo% vL;sUæL; vRoað :ia lfurk izkÆk A mr
u`.kka bUækuqpjk.kka e#rka p izkÆk A bfr rL; O;[;klkjka’k% A
v=kkL;kRd’kCnks :ii;kZ;ks·Hkwr~ A rFkkfi vR;Ureizfl)eFk±
dYi;frA m’kkuk fdysUæL; :ia yC/koku~ A e#rË yC/koku~ A
vuUrja bUæ% fdy ra Loo’keu;r~ A Loo’kfeR;/;kgkjks
fujkdkÈ{k% O;[;krqO;kZ[;kuiwrZ;s mi;qÚ% A

iŒHkzkrj%

123

bZŸ’k ,o lUnHksZ lks·U;=k fuxes dFka O;[;krou~ iÜ;r A
vgeRoað do;s f’kÜkëFka gFkSjga oqðRlekoekfHk:frfHk% A
vga ‘kq”.kL; ÜkëfFkrk o/k;Zea u ;ks jj vk;± uke nL;os AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 49- 3
oS o q ð .BL; Hkxor bna okD;e~ A v=ks ; a lk;.kO;[;k A
^^vgfeUæks·RdekPNknoað ‘k=kqiq=ka do;s m’kuls _”k;s gFkS% ---izgkjS----f’kÜkëFka rkfMrokufLeA----¯dpkga oqðRlesrêkkede`¯”k
vkfHk:frfHk ----vkoej{ke~ A ----vga oqðRlkFk± ’kq”.ka ÜkëfFkrk ¯gflrk
rL; guuk;sR;FkZ% A o/k% otza ;ea fu;ferokufLe A ;ks·ga vk;±
vk/klEcfU/k vk;kZ.kka ns;feR;FkZ% A uke mndukeSrr~ uked mnoað
nL;os ‘k=kos ----u jjs u nÙkokufLeA ;}k vk;± iwT;feR;lk/kkj.ka
uke nL;os u nÙkokufLeA**
v=k iwoZ% iknks·Lekoað izÑr% A ^^vgeRoað do;s f’kÜkëFka gFkS% A**
bR;=kksÑ ,o fo”k;ks oezs.k _f”k.kk v;a dfoeu;PNL;ekueRoað
;ks vL; lfursR;usu okD;suksÚ% A rLekn;esokFkZLr=k oÚO;% A
lurs% lk/kukFkZdRoeU;=k pk=k fuxes iÜ;r A
Hkwfj pØ e#r% fi=;kf.k mDFkkfu ;ko% ‘kL;Urs iqjk fpr~ A
e#n~fHk#xz% i`ruklq lkg~Gk e#n~fHkfjRlfurk okteokZ AA
_Dlafgrk 7- 56- 23
v=k prqFkZ% iknks·Lekoað izÑr%A vokZ vÌ% A e#n~fHkfjr~ e#n~fHkjso
okta ;q)a lfurk lk/kf;rk Hkofr A v=k lk;.kLrq izFkeesoa
O;[;kroku~ A ^^e#n~fHkfjr~ e#n~fHk;qZ”ekfHkjso vokZLrks=kSjfHkxUrk
okteêka lfurk lEHkÚk HkofrA** vuUrja voZPNCnL;kizfl)kFksZ
o`¯Ùk fojlka eRoso ;}sfr O;[;kukUrja Ñroku~ A ^^vokZ vÌ%

124

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okta ;q)a lfurk Hkofr** v=k lfursR;L; izfrinnkus ekSue~
voyfEcroku~A lEHkÚk HkorhR;L; rnk’k;izdkjs.k yC/kkHkorhfr
;|FkZ% fØ;sr rnk rL; LokjL;eikjL;kr~ A
lfuR;k lkfrO;kZ[;krk A lw;ZL; lkrkS voZðlkrkS bR;knkS lw;ZL;
lk/kus voZðL; lk/kus bR;k|sokFkZ% A
lkrs% lk/kukFksZ iz;ksxs fu%la’k;kesdkeqnkgfj”;ke%A
;L;kuwuk xHkhjk enk mjoLr#=kk% A
g”kqZeUr% ’kwjlkrkS A
_Dlafgrk 8- 16- 4
‘kwjlkrkS ‘kwjk.kka fofjf/kuka lkrkS lk/kusu yC/kkS A lk;.kLrq r=k
HkkokFkZoða lkfr’kCneU;Fkk ÑRok ‘kwjlkrkS ‘kqj%S lEHktuh;s lÈxzkes
bR;Fk± Ñroku~ A lkfr’kCnks HkkokFkZd ,o loZ=k iz;qT;r bfr
rn~O;k[;kueqis{;e~ A fl)a ok”kkZfxjk% iŒSo iŒik.Mok bfr A
rs”kka T;sÏkuqT;sÏRoa ;Fksfrgkle~ A
^^e?kksuks änks ojFkLrekafl** bR;usu bUæoqðRl;ks;t
Z ekuksU;ks·Lrhfr
lwpukêk oqðRlks T;sÏ% A ^^iÜ;se rqo’Z ka ;nqeA~ ** ^^ltks”klks;e;Zekfe=kks
u;fUr o#.kks vfrf}”k%** bR;knkS T;sÏkuqT;sÏrkeuql`R;So Øes.k
iz;ksxfu;eks usfr KkroUrks o;e~ A

d.kZL; izrki%

125

vÎkn’ka izdj.ke~
uj% ik.Mok%

d.kZL; izrki%

u osðoya oqðRl% vU;s p rL; Hkkrj% Ñ”.ksu jf{krk% A v=ks;a
Hkofr A
Roa lwjks gfjrks jke;ks u¤u~ Hkj‰kØesr’kks uk;feUæ A
izkL; ikja uo¯r ukO;kukefi drZeorZ;ks·;T;wu~ AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 121- 13
gs bUæ Roa u¤u~ ik.Moku~ vfHky{;kxPNrh% lwj% lw;ZL; gfjr%
vÌku~ jke;% fuokfjrokufl A pozað lw;Zpozað Hkjr~ viäroku~ A
v;a ,r’ksu ,r’kË usfr fuikrks·=k leq‰k;kFkZ% bUæks u otzh
fgj.;ckgqfjR;knkfooA ,r’ksu lgsfr rkRi;kZFkZ% A uO;kuka unhuka
uo¯r uofrlEcfU/kua “kÏîFksZ f}rh;k ikja rhja izkL; xrokulhfr
y{;ks·FkZ% A vfi ¯dp v;T;wu~ izfrdr± ÑUrua otza vorZ;%
O;kikfjrokufl A iqu% iqujH;Lrkesr’kkFk± lw;ZjFkpØgj.kdFkka
foLe`R; izdj.keU;RÑRok lk;.kks ;n=k O;k[;kroku~ A
rf‰kUR;e~ A iwokZ/ksZ rL;k;a O;k[;klkjka’k% A Roa lwj% lw;kZRedLRoa
u¤u~ usru¤ ~ gfjr% vÌku~ jÜehUok jke;% mije;% ,r’ksu lw;kZÌpozða
jFkpozað Hkjr~ izkogr~ A mÙkjk/kZO;k[;k vLenqÚfn’kSo izk;% A
vÌksije.kL; vÌpØoguL; p fo#)kFkZ;ks% dFka lEcU/k% A
iwoksZÙkjk/kZpZokD;lEcU/kLrq rhFkZL; rhFkZ% izlknL; izlkn ,o A

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uj% ik.Mok% dFke~ A e#norkjRokfnfr czwe% A vU;=k p iÜ;r
ik.Moi;kZ;Rosu u`’kCniz;ksxe~ A
lks vizrhfu euos iq#f.k bUæks nk’kík’kq”ks gfUr o`=ke~ A
l|ks ;ks u`H;ks vrlk¸;ks·HkwRiLi`/kkusH;% lw;ZL; lkrkS AA
_Dlafgrk 2- 19- 4
vrlk¸;% lekJ;.kh;%A lw;LZ ; lkrkS iLi`/kkusH; bfr fy…kêkjks·=k
ik.Mkok% A lw;Z% d.kZ% A
vL;keuUrjke`pa iÜ;r A ,rnso izdj.kef/kÑR; _f”koZnfr A
l lqUor bUæ% lw;Zek nsoks fj.kÈeR;kZ; Lroku~ A
vk ;æ¯; xqgno|eLeS Hkjna’ka uSr’kks n’kZL;u~ AA
_Dlafgrk 2- 19- 5
Lroku~ Lrw;eku% nso% l bUæ% lqUors eR;kZ; ,r’kk; lw;± vkfj.ko~ð
/kwroku~ A ;r~ ;Lekr~ dkj.kkr~ n’kL;u~ nkrqfePNu~ ,r’k% xqgno|a
izPNêka oDrqe’kD;a p j¯; /kua euks:ifefr rkRi;Ze~ A vLeS
bUæk; va’ka u Hkkxfeo vkHkjr~ A
v=ks;a lk;.kO;k[;k A ^^Lroku~ ,r’ksu Lrw;eku% nsoks |ksreku% l
bUæ% lqUorks lksekfHk”koa oqðoZrs ,r’kk; lw;Zekfj.ko~ð ,r’ksu
Li/kZekua lw;± cysukjksp;r~ A rFkk p fuxe% ^^iSzr’ka lw;sZ iLi`/kkua
lkSoÜO;s lqf”oekofnUæ%** bfr A ;|Lekr~ ,r’k% lkSoÜO;ks jktk
n’kL;U;teku% vLeS bUæk; xqgno|a izPNêkko|a j¯; lkse:ie~
vkHkjr~ lEikn;kekl A r=k ŸÎkUr% va’ka u ;Fkk firk va’ka Hkkxa
iq=kk; Hkjfr r}r~ A**

d.kZL; izrki%

127

,rn{kUrO;a nqÎa O;k[;kue~ A lw;sZ.k Li/kZekuesr’ka lw;kZæj{ksfr l
p lw;%Z lkSoÜO; bfr p izrS ’kfeR;/kZpLZ ; O;k[;kus v;a pØfe”k.kr~
bR;/kZ p Z L ; p O;k[;kus v;es o if.Mrks · …hÑroku~ A
iwoZeU=kO;k[;kus p ;}sR;kjH; ^^lw;ZL; lkrkS iksUrdeZf.k
vf/kdj.ks fÚu~ lw;ZL; lEcfU/kfu ;q)s iLi`/kkusH;% lw;sZ.k lg
Lo/kZekusH;% vrlk¸;ks·Hkwr~ lrra xeuh;ks·Hkwr~ A** bfr dfFkroku~ A
,rRlo± p foLe`R; izdj.ka p Hk×tu~ v=k ,r’kLi£/kua lw;±
cysukjksp;fnfr O;kpÎs A vkfj.kfxR;L; cysukjksp;fnR;FkZ% dFka
L;kr~ A ikBdkuka u;u;ks/kwfZ yiz{ksi.kesrr~ A rnk ,r’kk;sfr prqF;kZ%
dks·FkZ% A ,r’ka gUrqfefr L;kr~ rPN=kkscZysu jkspua r)quuk;So
áqi;qT;sr A ;PNCnokD;s brks·I;lanHk± O;[;kroku~ A ,r’k% fdy
lkSoÜO;ks jktk A oLrqr% lkSoÜO;% ,r’kfojks/kh A vkReuksnkära
fuxekUrja r=kLFkekReuks O;[;kua p Loizfrowðys A bZŸ’ka ijLijfo#)a
lR;kFkZ/oaloað ;FkkdFkfŒr~ikja izkÆa O;[;kua ;fn fo}kal%
lekfæ;Urs rs”kka lR;a osnkFk± Kkrqa J)So ukLrhfr oÚO;e~ A
dL;fp}xZL;Sosna O;k[;kua uSdL; osnkFkZ’kks/kdL;sfr Hkw;ks
Ÿ<hÑre~ A
¯d i;Zolêke~ A uj% ik.Mok% A ,rsu ujukjk;.kS O;k[;krkS A
u`’kCnoêkj’kCn% iŒik.Molk/kkj.kks·fi izk/kkU;kntqZua r=k ofÚ A
ujks ukekf…jl% dfËŸf”kjU;ks fo|rs A l oqðRlknU; ,o A ukjk;.k
_f”kË fo|rs·U;%A lks·fi Ñ”.kknU; ,o A ;kS iqjkrukS nso”khZ
ujukjk;.kkS rkS izk.kegsUækoso Hkor% A
uuq ;Fkk d.kZLrFkk·tquZ ks·fi nsoka’k% A ,oa fLFkrs eR;kZ; lw;eZ fj.kk%

128

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

eR;kZ ; lw ; Z e kfj.kfxfr iz ; ks x ;ks % dFkeq i ifÙkfjfr ps r ~ A
eR;k±’kckgqY;kntqZuks eR;Z% dfFkr% A fnO;ka’kCkgqY;kRd.kZ% lw;Z%
dfFkr bfr cks/;e~ A vtquZ kRd.kZ ,o egkuorkj% izlT;srfs r psr~ A
rfnÎe~ A rsu ftrk% iŒkfi ik.Mok% A vUrrks·tqZu% Ñ”.kL;
fnO;cylkgk¸;dknso rs ftroku~ A vfi p liz/kkunsork;k
vorkj% A ik.MokLrq x.knsorkuke~ A rfLeUdkys oSoðq .BknuUrjks
egkuorkj% d.kZ ,o Hkofr A

dfo% rL;kU;kfu p ukekfu

129

,dksu¯o’ka izdj.ke~

dfo% rL;kU;kfu p ukekfu

dfo% oqðlkxzt bfr iwoZ=kksÚe~ A vfLeUizdj.ks ref/kÑR;
fdfŒnqP;rs A ^^e?kksuks änks ojFkLrekalh**¼_Dlafgrk 5- 31- 9 ½
R;=k ;ks ;teku mÚ% l ,o dfo;ZngUik;kZ;Hkw”kkfnR;=kksÚ% A l
p ;qf/kfÏjkêkkU;% A fde=k fy…e~ mP;rs A ^^vgeRoað do;s f’kÜkëFka
gFkS%** ¼_Dlafgrk 10- 49- 3½ bfr oSoqð.BL;ksfÚ% A ^^v;a
dfoeu;PNL;ekueRoað ;ks vL; lfurksr u`.kke~ A** ¼_Dlafgrk
10 99- 9½ bfr oezL;k”k± opue~ A rsukRdL; ‘k=kq% dfojs”k bfr
KkreLekfHk% A vRdË ‘kY;% A vRd’kY;’kCn;ks% i;kZ;inROkr~ A
ukeëk vRoað lUra t;sfrgkldkjks je.kh;su i;kZ;insu ‘kY; bfr
dfFkroku~ A ck.kL;kxzHkkx% ‘kY;uked% A vRdukedË izkpka
Hkk”kk;ke~ A jÚlspdkRdRoknso i`”kRdks ck.k mP;rs A vrR;Urjh&
R;Rd% A vr lkrR;xeus A lkrR;xeua p e/;s vfofPNêka xeue~ A
/kkjkokfgr;kxeufefr ;kor~ A lnk Hkze.kfefr u lkrR;xeuinkFkZ% A
rfLeUi{ks vÌi;kZ;L;kR;’kCnL; O;qRifÙkjufUork Hkosr~ A ck.kkxz&
HkkxË /kkjkokfgr;k xPNR;Urfjfr ldykuqHkofl)ks fo”k;% A
‘kY;’kCnO;qRiÙkkS ukefy…kuq’kkluO;k[;kdkjks fy…;lwfjjsoa onfr A
‘kyR;Urfjfr ‘kY;e~ A ’ky vk’kqxeus A lkekU;rksxR;FkZdks·fi
’kyfrjk’kqxeukFkZd ,o izkphuSxá
Z` rs A vk’kqxeua p ck.kknhukexzL;
/kkjkokfgRosu xeue~ A rLeknRd’kY;’kCnkS rqY;kFkkSZ A

130

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

brË dfo;qZf/kfÏj ,o uks’kuk·U;ks ok A
’krSjiæUi.k; bUæk=k n’kks.k;s do;s·oZðlkrkS A
o/kS% ’kq”.kL;k’kq”kL; ek;k% fiRoks ukfjjsphr~ fdŒu iz AA
_Dlafgrk 6- 20- 4
gs bUæA n’kks.k;s n’klq vksf.k”kq fn{kq fo[;krks n’kksf.kLrLeS A
do;s A rnFkZfefr ;kor~ A Ñrk;kfefr ’ks”k% A v=kkL;ke~ A voZðlkrkS
lw;Zlk/kus A d.kZlk/ku bfr ;kor~ A i.k;% vlqjk% A ‘krS
ogq’krlÈ[;koSð;ksZ/kS% lg A viæu~ iykf;rk% A vFk ijks{kÑr%
Lro% A ¼v;feUæ%½ o/kSoZtz’kfÚfHk% A o/k’kCnks otzi;kZ;ks·=k
x`árs A v’kq”kL; ?k`f.ku% ‘kks”kf;rqe’kD;L; ok A ‘kq”.kL;
lw;kZorkjL; d.kZL; ek;k% A fdŒu fdfŒnfi A u izkfjjsphr~
ukfrfjÚkudjksr~ A vfi p fiRo% vêkkfu p uizkfjjsphr~ A
v=k dfojtquZ ks ;qf/kfÌjks ok L;kr~ A rnFkZeos lw;l
Z k/kuL;ksÚRokr~ A
^^vgeRoað** ¼_Dlafgrk 10- 49- 3½ ^^l ozk/kr%** ¼_Dlafgrk 10
99- 9½ bfr eU=k;ks% dos% oqðRlkRi`FkÈfunsZ’ksu dfo% oqðRlknU;
,o Hkofr A ifj’ks”kkRdfo;qfZ /kfÏj% A ,rsu dfo;ZnUik;kZ;Hkw”kkfnfr
eU=kikns dfoË u oqðRl bfr psr~ A
lk;.kkpk;ZLrq mHk;=kkfi d¯o oqðRleso eU;rs A vu;ks}Z;ks%
dfo’kCn% oqðRlijks·fi u izdj.kfo#)% A eU=kkUrjksÚkFkZlkejL;k;
dfo% oqðRlkxztks oÚO; bR;Lekoað ere~ A n’kks.k;s bR;=k lk;.ksu
cgq g fo”d bR;FkZ % Ñr% A iz k ;% lÆE;Ura infeo rL;
izfrini;kZykspus ŸÜ;rs vks.k;’kCnks gfookZph u Dokfi fuxes”kq
yH;rs A rL; ersu voZðlkfr;qZ)e~ A vdksZ·êka izkI;rs·fLefêkfr

dfo% rL;kU;kfu p ukekfu

131

O;qRifÙkr% A rL; cgq gfo”d bfr fo’ks”k.ka u l…PNrs izk;ks
eqæ.knks”k% L;kr~ A n’kksf.k’kCn ,o cgqgfo”dkFkZdLrsu Ñr%
L;kr~ A r‰kdos£o’ks”ke~ A v=ki{ks vksf.k’kCnks gfookZpd% A
vksf.k’kCnL; gfookZpdRos u DokI;fLr iz;ksx% A u okfLr
fu?k.Vq% A vksf.k’kCnks fu?k.VkS |koki`fFkohij% f}opukUr% ifBr% A
rfLeêkFksZ uSxe% iz;ksx ,”k Hkofr A
ra ROkk /krkZjeks.;ks% ioeku LoŸZ’ke~ A
fgUos okts”kq okftue~ AA
_Dlafgrk 9- 65- 11
v=k ^^vks.;ks% |koki`fFkohukeSre~ r;ks/kZrkZja /kkjde~ A** bfr
lk;.kh;O;k[;k A }s vks.;kS |koki`fFkO;kS psr~ A n’k vks.;% n’k
fn’k ,o HkofUr A ;klq |kS:/okZ fno~ð i`fFkoh /kzqok fno~ð A vU;k
vÎkS fn’kË fnO;s okUrHkZofUr lw{ea ;fn iÜ;ke% A vksf.k’kCnL;So
NUnfl vks.;kfofr f}pue~ A n’kksf.kfjR;=k ij:iefi NkUnle~ A
uuq n’kksf.k% dfo% oqðRl ,o Hkorq A uk=k dfo’kCna izfl)a fdefi
uke A vfirq ØkUrn£’kija ;ksxr% A ,oa dfo;ZngU;k;kZ;&
Hkw”kkfnR;=kkfiA rLeknu;ks% dfo’kCnL; oqðRlijRoa u eU=kkUrjLFk&
dfooqðRlHksnizfrcU/kdfefr psr~ A u A dfo’kCnL;koZðlkfr&
izdj.kLFkL; osðoy;kSfxdRosukUo;s eU=kkUrjL; dksi% L;kr~ A
jiRdfofjUækoZðlkrkS {kka nklk;ksicgZ.k° d% A
_Dlafgrk 1- 174- 7 vxLR;%
gs bUæ% A voZðlkrkS lw;Zlk/kus A dfo% dfoukek A jir~ vLrkSr~ A
nklk; ‘k=kw.kkeqi{kf;=ks ‘kq”.kk; A {kka i`fFkohe~ A micgZ.k° mi/kkua A
d% vdjks% A ra Hkwifrredk”khZfjR;FkZ% A

132

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

v=k dfo’kCnks ukeokpd% A u fo’ks”k.ka dL;fpêkkeë% A rLekr~
dfofjfr oqðRlL; ukekUrja oÚO;e~ A oqðRlkxztL; ok A iwo±
eU=kkUrjLFkHksnfojksf/k A mÙkjeso lk/kq A
brË n’kksf.k% dfo% oqðRlkxzt ,o u oqðRl% A
vko% oqðRlfeUæ ;fLeŒkdUizkoks ;q/;Ura o`”kHka n’k|qe~ A
‘kQP;qrks js.kquZ{kr |keqPŠS=ks;ks u`”kkák; rLFkkS AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 33- 14 fgj.;Lrwi%
gs bUæ A ;fLeu~ oqðRls A pkdu~ dke;ekuks Hkofl A re~ A vko%
vj{k% A ;q/;Ure~ A o`”kHka JsÏe~ A n’k|qe~ n’k|qukeoað p izko% A
;q)izl…kí’k|ksnZ.M;k=kka o.kZ;fr A ‘kQP;qr% vÌL; cgq”kq
O;R;;suSdopue~ A vÌkukfeR;FkZ% A js.kq% [kqjksfRFkrks /kwfy% A
|kekdk’ke~ A u{kr izkiëksr~ A ÌS=ks;% fÌ=kL; iq=kks n’k|q% A u`”kkák;
usr¤.kka ohjk.kka lguk; rku~ tsrfq eR;FkZ% A mÙkLFkkS mfRFkr% A mRFkkua
pk=k LFkS;sZ.kkoLFkkue~ A
v=k n’k|q% fÌ=kL; iq=k%A l p oqðRlknU;% vko izko bfr fØ;kinkH;ka
r;ks% deZHkwr;ks% izR;soða ;ksxkr~ A l p n’k|q% n.M;k=kk;k uk;d% A
rLek|qf/kfÏj ,o n’k|qoÚ
Z O;% A n’k|q’kCnË n’kksf.k’kCnrqY;kFkZd% A
rLekí’kksf.kdfo;qZf/kfÏj ,o Hkofr A fÌ=kL; ¼ik.Mks%½ iq=kks·;a
n’k|q#Ú bfr fo”k;ks okpoSðyZ{khdrZO;% A fÌ=kiq=ks”kq oqðRlknU;ks
n.M;k=kkuk;dks ;qf/kfÏj ,o L;kfnR;=k uSoLekRdL;kfi la’k;% A
jktk ok L;kí.M;k=kkuk;d%A lsukuka fu;kedks fof’kÎks ohjks ok A
vU;n=k jgL;a foKk;rs A ¯d rr~ A ;nEcjh”kL; ;qf/kfÏj bfr
t;sfrgklks ukeÑre~ A rL; ^^mPŠS=ks;ks u`”kkák; rLFkkS** ¼_Dlafgrk

dfo% rL;kU;kfu p ukekfu

133

1- 33- 14 ½ bfr ekU=ko£.kdfy…esok/kkj% A
lk;.kLrq ýhH;ks <fxfr lkekU;lw=keoyEC; fÌ=kk;k% iq=k% ÌS=ks;
bfr O;qRi¯Ùk djksfr A ‘kqHkzkfnx.kL;kÑfrx.kRokÙk=k fÌ=k
‘kCnL;kUrHkkZos <xs”k% A ik.Mq’kCnks·fi ’kqHkzkfn”kq ;kstuh;ks fodYisu A
ik.Mos;’kCnks cgq’k% iz;qÚks egkHkkjrs A NUnfl izk;ks fo/khuka
oSdfYidRon’kZukfPŠ=kiq=kk% Ìs=kks;k% fÌ=;kË A n’k|q% ÌS=ks;
mÙkjL;ke`fp fÌ=;% dfFkr% A
vko%’kea o`”kHka rqxzîklq {ks=kts”ks e?kof×N=;a xke~ A
T;ksfDpn=k rfLFkokalks vØ×N=kw;rke/kjk osnukd% AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 33- 15 fgj.;Lrwi%
gs e?kou~ bUæ A rqxzîklq rks;a x`Þrhfr rks;xz% rks;xz ,o rqxz% es?k%
rn~Hkkoklq rqxzîklq vIlq fufeÙkHkwrklq A fdŒ {ks=kts”ks {ks=kt;s
fufeÙks A xka xPNUre~ A o`”kHka JsÏe~ A ‘kea ‘kkE;rhfr ’keLra
’kkfUrxq.kiz/kkue~ A fÌ=;a fÌ=kiq=ka iwoksZDra n’k|qe~ A vko% vj{k% A
v=k vfLeU;q)s A T;kso~ð fpr~ fpje~ A rfLFkokal% ¼;s½ vØu~
ÑroUr% deZ A rs”kka ‘k=kw;rke~ A v/kjk v/kjkf.k A osnuk osnukfu A
vd% vdjks% A
;qf/kfÏjL; /keZjktkfHk/kkuL;k/kkjLrL; oSfnoað o`”kHkuke fy…e~ A
/keksZ o`”kkRedks fg okÈe;s o.;Zrs A ‘kruke p r=k lkgk¸;de~
vkpjfr A
v=k tya ewfelk/kua p j{k.kdeZf.k fufeÙkRosuksDrs nL;w×NE;wa
Ësfr eU=ks fÌ=;sfHk% lf[kfHk% luR{ks=ke~ luni% bfr ;nqDra

134

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

r}kpoSð% LerZO;e~ A v=k fÌ=;% r=k fÌ=;k bfr Hksn% A lk;.kLRosd=k
fÌ=;a fÌ=kkiq=keqDRok·U;=k fÌ=;ku~ Ìsro.kkZu~ e#rks ofÚ A ,d
,oa ;fn O;k[;krk usŸ’kkfu foe’kkZlgkfu L[kfyrkfu Hkos;q% A
vEcjh”k% dfo% n’kksf.k% n’k|q% o`”kHk% ’ke bfr “k..kkek ;qf/kfÏjks
fuxesf”ofr fl)e~ A ;qf/kfÏj /keZjktkfHk/kku;ksewZyfy…s p Kkrs A

Hk;eku%

135

¯o’ka izdj.ke~

Hk;eku%

t;sfrgkls ;ks Hkhe% l fuxes Hk;eku mÚ bR;LekfHkKkZre~ A rL;
ckgqcys rfnna eU=kfy…a Hkofr A
;w;a jktkufe;± tuk; foHorÎa tu;Fkk ;t=kk% A
;q”ensfr eqfÎgk ckgqtwrks ;q”eRlnÌks e#r% lqohj% AA
_Dlafgrk 5- 58- 4
;t=kk% gs e#r% tuk; Hktekuk; iq#”kk; ;w;a jktkua nhfÆeUra b;±
‘k=kw.kka P;kof;rkja foHorÎa foHoukeosðu _Hkq.kk e/;esu fu£era
iq=ka tu;Fk A l p ;q”er~ Hkon~H;% dkj.kkr~ HkoRizlknkfnR;FkZ% A
ckgqtrw % ckgqifsz jr% eqfÎgk eqfÎfHkjso ’k=kwu~ ?këu~ ,fr ;q”enso lnÌ%
l}kgu% lqohj% egkohj% l% ,fr xPNfr A
_Hkq£oHoks oktËsfr _Hkoý;% A rs”kkeU;resu fu£erfeR;qfÚ%
iq=kksRiÙks£nO;Rolwpuk; A xHkkZ/kkuea=ks RoÎk :ikf.k ¯i’krq
bR;qÚLRoÎk _Hkqjso A =k;ks·eh nsof’kfYiu bfr izflf)% A e#rka
tuf;r`Roeuqxgz o’kkr~ A HkheL; p ok;ks#RifÙkfjfrgkls dF;rs A
ek#ra ‘k/kZ ,o ok;q% A
v;eso ek#rks |qrku% L;kr~ A ;L;kf…jlfLrjËhfjfr ukekUrje~ A
vLek m”kkl bfr lwÚL; vkf…jlfLrjËhekZ#rks |qrkuks osfr

136

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

fodYidFkua uke fodYi ,o Hkofr u O;fÚfodYi% A v;eso
|qeku% Ñ”.kæIl;q)s b”;kfeoks o`”k.kks ;q/;rktkS bfr e#r%
izk£Fkroku~ A rnk·;a rL; ;q)L; izR;{kn’khZ A
oqðRlL;kf…jlRosu |qrkuL;kf…jlRoa O;k[;kre~ A frjËhukZe
fr;ZXn’kZu% A
HkheL; fr;ZXn’kZuRos lks·;a HkkjrÜyksdks Hkofr A
ve”kZ.kË dkSUrks;ks Ÿ<oSjË ik.Mo% A
vueZgklh lksUeknfLr;ZDizs{kh egkLou% AA
egkHkkjre~ m|ksxioZ 51- 5
/k`rjkΪÑrHkheizLrko ,”k Üyksd% A
‘kkVîk;udczkà.ks dkfpRdFkk·fLr A ^^bUæks ok vlqjku~ gRok·iwr
bokes/;ks·eU;r A lks·dke;r A ;q)esoeklUra ‘kq)su lkeëk eka
Lrq;fjfr A l _”khuczohr~ A Lrqresfr A rr _”k;% lkekiÜ;u~ A
rsukLrqoêksrksfUoUæfefrA rrks ok bUæ% iwr% ’kq)ks es/;ks·Hkofnfr A**
_”k; bfr cgqopueknjkFkZe~ A rL; lkeë ,dL;So frjËîk
_f”kROkkr~ A dks Hkko% dFkk;k% A oSoðq .Bks cU/kks% oaðlL; o/kknkRekua
ikfiueeU;r A Hkhe% ‘kq)su lkeëk··ReŸÎsu ra laLÑR;
foikiedjksr~ A rsu ’kq)ks HkwRok cyokuHkwr~ A ,r‰k lker`pa
Hkofr A rL;ksilagkjs ^^’kq)ks o`=kkf.k ft?këjks ‘kq)ks okta fl”kklfl**
bR;qÚe~ A rsukuqekrqa ‘kD;a ^^c`gLifruk;qtsUæ% lekgs** bR;=kksÚks
c`gLifr% eU=kÑfÙkjËhjso Hkofr A rsuSo ;qtklgk;su Ñ”.k%
tjklU/ka ftrokfufr A ,rsusfrgkls HkheÑrks tjklU/ko/kks

Hk;eku%

137

O;k[;kr% A c`gLifrfý”kq :<% A nsork;ka ;L;k czà.kLifrfjR;ija
uke A l ,o lwÚHkko~ð gfoHkkZo~ð p A vkf…jls Hkj}ktL; firfj
_”kkS A lkekU;rks eU=kæÎfj lÈxzkeusrfj _”kkS r=k fg ckgZLiR;ks’a kks
fo|rs A v=kses _pkS Hkor% A
l bR{ksfr lqf/kr vksdfl Los rLek bGk fiUors foÌnkuhe~ A
rLeS fo’k% Lo;esok ueUrs ;fLeUczàk jktfu iwoZ ,fr A
vizrhrks t;fr la /kukfu izfrtU;kU;qr ;k ltU;k A
voL;os ;ks ofjo% Ñ.kksfr czà.ks jktk reofUr nsok% AA
_Dlafgrk 4- 50- 8&9
ckgZLiR;fena lwÚe~A lkekU;r _f”kj=k c`gLifrr;k Lrw;rs A
uuq Hkhe% {kf=k;% dFka czàk Hkorhfr psr~ A fuxeksDrsjktRoczàRos
u tkfrijs A ;% lsuk;k vf/kifr% iztkuka ok ikyd% l jktk A
eU=kcyfof’kÎks czàk A ,dL;So jktRos czàRos p u dfËf}jks/k% A
Hkzeewye~ A l vk;ksZ tkfrr%A u rfLeUdkys·/kqukruoa’kijEijk;Ùk&
czkà.k{kf=k;foHkkx% A
^^c`glifruk;qtUs æ% lekgs** bR;=kksÚ% ¯d |qrku lkgk¸;dkRLo;a
‘k=kqa groku~ A |qrkuÑra æIlguueso fde=k lkgk¸;dkReuk
o.;Zrs A bfr la’k;% A eU=kkFkZ mHk;Fkkfi drq± ‘kD;% A
bfrgklksfÚcykn~Hkhe ,o æIlL; gUrsfr lqope~ A N•uk
}U};q)fHk{kkdFkkRoewyk A

138

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

,d¯o’ka izdj.ke~

vfHkeU;q%

vtqZuL; iq=kks·fHkU;qeZgkohj bfr Hkkjrs izfl)e~ A fuxes p l
fo”k;ks fo|rs A
oqðRlk; ‘kq”.ke’kq”ka fu cghZ% izfiRos vß% oqð;oa lgük A
l|ks nL;wUiz e`.k oqðRL;su iz lwjËozað o`grknHkhosð AA
_Dlafgrk 4- 16- 12 okenso%
¼gs bUæ½ oqðRlk; A v’kq”ke~ A ‘kq”.ke~ A fucghZ% A dnk A vß
fnuL; A izfrRos iwoZHkkxs lehikFkZd% izfiRo’kCnks·=k y{k.k;k
iwoZHkkxokph A ,oa oqð;oa lgük lSU;kfu fucgksZ% A oqðRlk;sR;so A
l|LrfLeu~ fnols oqðRL;su oqðRliq=ks.k }kjk A nL;wu~ A ize`.k
grokufl A vHkhosð lehis xRok lwj% lw;LZ ; pozða jFkpozða izog` rkr~
viärokuflA lw ; Z j FkpØgj.kdeZ . kks · n~ H kq r RokPNq ” .kkfn&
fucgZ.kdFkkudknuUrjefi iwoZo`ÙkL; Lekj.ke~ A u Øefoo{kkA
v=k oqðRL; ‘kCn% lk;.kL; otzi;kZ;% oqðRl ,o oqðRL;fefr rL;
O;qRifÙk% A fujFkZddYiukis{k;k vLenqÚkFkZ ,o ;qÚ% A
vU;ka iÜ;r _pe~ A
Roka nsos”kq izFkea gokegs Roa cHkwFk i`Fkuklq lklfg% A
lsea u% dk#eqieU;qeqn~fHknfeUæ% Ñ.kksrq izlos jFka iqj% AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 102- 9 oqðRlL;s;a Lrqfr%

vfHkeU;q%

139

gs bUæ nsos”kq izFkea JsÏa Roka eukegs /;k;ke% A Roa i`ruklq ;q)s”kq
lklfg% vfHkHkfork cHkwFk vHko% A vFk ijks{kÑr% A bUæ% bea u%
mieU;qa mieU;qukede~ A dk#a iq=ke~ A dk#’kCnks fuxes”kq iq=ks p
:<%A ^^;’kla dk#a Ñ.kqfg Lroku%** ¼_Dlafgrk 1- 31- 8½
bR;knkS rFkk iz;ksxn’kZukr~ A mn~fHkna ‘k=kqlSU;kuka HksÙkkje~ A izlos
;q)s A iqj% iqjLrk™PNUre~ A jFka jfFkoað y{k.k;k jFkks jfFki;kZ;% A
Ñ.kksrq djksrq A
bneso fy…a vfHkeU;ks% in~eO;wgHksndFkk;k% ;nqn~fHknfeR;kg A
fuxes·;eqieU;q% A bfrgkls·fHkeU;qukek Ñr% A mieU;q#ieUrk
loZLi`fXoKku% A vfHkeU;qjfHkrks eUrk O;kidfoKku% A bR;srkS
’kCnkS izk;LrqY;kFkkSZ Hkor% A

140

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

}k¯o’ka izdj.ke~

iŒkukesdk iÃh

ækSinh iŒkuka iÃhfr Hkkjrs fo|rs A rL; ¯d ewyfefr psr~ A v=kses
Hkor%A
tks”k|nhelq;kZ lp/;S fof”krLrqdk jksnlh u`e.kk% A
vk lw;sZo fo/krks jFka xkÙos”kizrhdk uHklks usR;k AA
vkLFkki;Ur ;qo¯r ;qoku% ’kqHks fufeÜyka fonFks”kq itzke~ A
vdksZ ;}ks e#rks gfo”;kUxk;™kFka lqrlkseks nqoL;u~ AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 167- 5&6
v=kk;a lk;.kL; izfrinkFkZ% A jksnlh e#RiÃh fo|q}k bZeus a e#Rl†a
tks”kr~ lsors fdeFk± lp/;S l…euk; A dhŸ’kh lk vlq;kZ vlqjk%
{ksÆkjks e#rLrs”kka LoHkwrkfof”krLrqdk foLrh.kZosð’kl†k u`e.kk%
u`”kq e#Rlq euuorhRos”k izrhdk nhÆko;ok bZŸ’kh nsoh fo/kr%
ifjpjrks e#Rl†L; jFkekxkr~ vkxPNfr A osðo fo/krLlw;ZL;
jFka Ros”k izrhdk lw;sZo lw;ZiÃho ;}k lw;Znwfgrk·fÌuks% jFkfeo
vkxeus ŸÎkUr% uHkl% vkfnR;L; bR;k u xfrfjo A
;qoku% fuR;r#.kk% e#r% ;qo¯r fuR;r#.k° fo|qæwika jksnL;ka
fý;ekLFkki;Ur vkLFkki;fUr nsorkRosu jFks /kkj;fUr A dhŸ’k°
rka fufeÜyka fu;esu feJ;Ur° itzka itzks cya r}r° ‘kqHks mnosð
o`ÎîqndkFk± ’kqHks jFk bfr ;ksT;e~ A ¯d fufeÙks fnoFks”kq ;kxs”kq dnk
;r~ ;nkgs e#rks oks ;q”eku~ voZð% vpZulk/kueU=kksisr% gfo”eku~

iŒkukesdk iÃh

141

lqrlkse% ;teku% nqoL;u~ ifjpju~ xkFka Lrks=ka xk;r~ xk;fr A v=k
cgwuka e#rka ,dk iÃhfr fy…kÙknorkjk.kka ik.Mokuka pSdk iÃh
dfFkrk A v=k itzsfr oa’klwpdfeo uke A itzk vf…jks fo’ks”kk
mP;Urs A ^^r}ka ujk ’kaL;a iftz;s.k d{khork uklR;k ifjTeu~**
¼_Dlafgrk 1- 117- 6½ bfr d{khor% iftz;RoksDrs£y…kr~ A
æqinks·fLFkoa’kLFkioZokpd% r‹kkoqð.Mfyuh ækSinh fo|qPNfÚ% A
d{khor% iq=kh ?kks”kk eU=kæΪh _f”kdk vtqZuL; iÃhfr foKk;rsA
;Fkk&
vk oks #o.;qekSf’ktks gqo/;S ?kks”kso ’kaletqZuL; ua’ks A
iz o% iw”.ks nkou vka vPNk oksps; olqrkfrexës%A
_Dlafgrk 1- 122- 5
¼gs vfÌuk½ vkSf’kt% vga#o.;qa jo.kh;a ¼lk-½ ‘kala Lrks=ka o%
gqo/;S oksps; A vtqZuL; ua’ks O;kÆkS rkRi;Zr% izkÆkS ?kks”ks oeeiq=kh
?kks”kso A fdŒ vknkous nk=ks iw”.ks vPN vkfHkeq[;su o% ;q”enFk±
oksp; ’kale~ A rFkk vxë%s olqrk¯r /kuizkfÆefHky{; ‘kala oksp;s A
v=kktqZuL; ua’ks ÌsroqðÏL; uk’ks bfr lk;.kL;kFkZ% A u’krs O;qRiêka
iVa ua’k% u u’;rs% u’kfrË PNkUnlks O;kIR;FkZdks /kkrq% rL;
yqf³ iz;ksxa iÜ;r&
bUæË e`G;kfr uks u u% iËkn?ka u’kr~ A
Hkæa Hkokfr u% iqj% AA
_Dlafgrk 2- 41- 11
u u’kr~ u izkiëkfs r bfr lk;.kO;k[;k A yq³ loZydkjkFkZRok}rZekus
mfÚ% A rrksfi u izkiëksfRofr ;qÚe~ A fu?k.Vkos”k /kkrqO;kZIR;FksZ
ifBr% A rkRi;Zr% l izkIR;FkZdks Hkofr A b;e`o~ð iwoZeU=kksÚkFk±
æ<;fr A

142

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

;qoa doh Ï% i;ZfÌuk jFka fo’kks u oqðRlks tfjrquZ’kk;Fk% A
;qoksgZ e{kk i;ZfÌuk e/oklk Hkjr fu”Ñra u ;ks”k.kk AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 40- 6
?kks”kk; eU=kks·;e~ A gs vfÌuk doh ;qoka jFka ifjÏ% vLekoað jFka
ifjfrÏFk% A tfjrq% Lrksr;q ”Zq en~HkÚL;sR;FkZ% A oqðRlL; “kÏîFksZ izFkek
fo’k% euq”;ku~ ik.Mokfufr ;kor~ u’kk;Fk% izki;Fk% ekfefr
‘ks”k% A udkjËkFksZ A beeso fo”k;a firk·uqonfr vtqZuL; ua’ks
bfr A e{kk ef{kdk v=kkReSo ef{kosðR;kSiE;suksP;rs vklk eq[ksu gs
vfÌuk ;qoksgZ ;q”enFk± e/kqifjHkjr ifjHk`rorh Lrks=ka Hk`rorhR;FkZ%
r=k ŸÎkUr% ;ks”k.kk fu”Ñra iDoeêka ;Fkk fcHk£r rFkk A lk;.kLRo=k
u’kk;Fk% izkiëFq k bR;soksÚoku~ A u uk’k;Fk bfr A f.ktUrRokRizki;r
bfr ;ksX;e~ A ^^fo’k% euq”;% cgqopukFksZ ,dopue~ A oqðRlks u
oqðl bo ;qoa ifjÏ% ifjHkoFk% vfi p u’kk;Fk% izkiëqFk%** bfr
lk;.kL;kFkZ% oqðRl bR;qÚîk bUæË rL; ers u O;T;rs ;FksUæk
oqðRlk rFkk ;qokfefr A tfjrqfjfr ”kÏîUra rsu ;Ka xUrqfeR;/;k&
ärinkH;ka ;ksftre~ A O;k[;kurkjE;a ikBdk ,o iÜ;Urq A v=k ;k
?kks”kk lSo jksnL;U;=k A ?kks”kfefr ?kks”kk A #nrhfr jksnlh A mHk;a p
rqY;kFkZe~ A itzfs r d{khoR;k opue~ A rLekn~ ækSinhdFkk;k vfLr
ewye~ A vtqZuL; ua’ks bR;susu lk{kkntqZuinsukfi oqðRl mÚ% A
bneU;n~Ÿ<hdj.ka oqðRl ,oktquZ bR;=k A ,d=kktquZ L; ua’ks ?kks”kk·fÌukS
vkjk/k;keklsfr orZrs A vU;=k oqðRlL; fo’k% izkÆorhfr fo/krs A
vtquZ kFk± riLrsis lokZUik.Moku~ izkisfr l…fr% A oqðRlL; euq”;ku~
izki;r bR;=k oqðRlx`ga y{k.k;k psnsdL;ktqZuL; iÃh L;kr~ A
rFkkfi tks”k|nhfefr eU=kkFkZcykRiŒkuka iÃhfr i{k ,o cyoku~ A

oqð;o ,o nq;ksZ/ku%

143

=k;ks¯o’ka izdj.ke~

oqð;o ,o nq;ksZ/ku%

^^funq;ksZ.ks oqð;okpa e`f/k Jsr~**
_Dlafgrk 1- 174- 7
jiRdfofjUæsfr _pËrqFkZiknks·;e~ A nq;ksZ.ks nqxZLFkus fLFkre~ A
oqð;okpe~ A e`f/k ;q)s A Jsr~ vrki;r~ v¯glhfnR;FkZ% A v=k
oqð;oko~ð oqð;o% A oqð;okp ,o foÑra :ia oqð;o bfr A
izkU;‰kØfefr eU=ks funq;ks.Z k vko`.kÈ e`/kzokp bR;qÚe~ A mHk;=kkfi
’kq”.ko/kknuUrja oqð;okpks e`/kzokpka p o/k mP;rs A rLekRoqð;okxso
lkuqpjks Hkzkr`;qÚks ok e`/kzokp bfr insuksP;r bR;wfgrqa ’kD;e~ A
oqð;oko~ð oqðfRlroko~ð A e`/kzokXO;FkZoko~ð A rkRi;Zr mHk;a
rqY;kFkZde~ A ‘kq”.klkgp;kZfÉ…kRoqð;okxso oqð;o bR;/;olh;rs A
l ,o nq;ksZ/ku% A v=ksna fy…a Hkofr A
;q;ksi ukfHk#ijL;k;ks% iz iwokZfHkfLrjrs jkfÎ ’kwj% A
v×tlh oqðfy’kh ohjiÃh i;ks fgUokuk mnfHkHkZjUrs AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 104- 4 oqðRl%
v=ks;a lk;.kO;k[;k A mijL; mnde/;s lqÆL;kofLFkrL; A vk;ks%
ijs”kkeqiæokFk± brLrrks xPNr% oqð;oklqjL; ukfHk% lêkekoluLFkkua
;q;ksi xw<eklhr~ A ;Fkk vU;SuZ ŸÜ;rsL;ks·lqjLrFkk vdjskfnR;FkZ% A
vfi p iwokZfHk% iwjf;=khfHkjkReuk viärkfHkjn~fHk% izfrjrs lks·lqj%
izo/kZrs A l p ’kwj% ’kkS;ksZisrks jkfÎ jktrs p A ra beelqje~ v×tlh

144

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

vk×tL;ksisrk oqðfy’kh oqðya ’kkr;Urh ohjiÃh ohjL;ikyf;=kh
,rRlafKdk fLrýks u|% i;% i;lk fgUokuk% izh.k;UR;%
mnfHkjkReh;S#noSðHkZjUrs /kkj;fUr A
v=k tys xw<RokfÉ…kRoqð;oks nq;ksZ/ku bR;oxE;rs A vk;qfjfr
ukeëk p A vk;q’kCnL; usrLrrks xPNfêkR;FkZ% A mnosð lqÆL;
fdfeosrLrrks xeue~ A vk;qjk;qoÜa ;% A ,dopus·fi xks=kkiR;yksi%
NkUnl% A oqðRlL; eU=ks ukgq”kh”kq fo{kq bfr orZrs A v=kk;qfjfr
rLeknu;ksKkZfrRoa O;Dra Hkofr A vU;k=k Hkofr A
fo l|ks foÌk ŸafgrkU;s”kkfeUæ% iqj% lglk lÆ nnZ% A
O;kuoL; r`Rlos x;a HkkXts”e iw#a fonFks e`/kzokpe~ AA
_Dlafgrk 7- 18- 13
vkuoL; x;a x`ga r`Rlos vkHkkfxfr lk;.k% A iw#a euq”;fefr A iq#a
iq#oa Üa ;a e`/kzokpa oqð;ofeR;FkksZ ;qÚ% A oqð;okÈ e`/kzoko~ð LFkys”oso
rL; LFkkua nq;ksZ.keqP;rs A nqx± ;ksua nq;ksZ.kfeR;FkZ% A nqx± ;ksua ;L;
l bfr cgqozhgkS nq;ksZ.k’kCn% oqð;okph L;kr~ A nq;ksZ.k‘kCn ,o
nq;ksZ/ku‘kCnL; ewyfefr tkuhe% A oqð;oo/k?kV~Vs izkFkZuSoe~ A
izfr ;RL;k uhFkk·n£’k nL;ksjksdks ukPNk lnua tkurh xkr~ A
v/k Lek uks e/koŒo`ZðrkfnUek uks e?kso fu”iih ijk nk% AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 104- 5
;r~ ;nk uhFkk inoh izR;n£’k vLekfHkŸZÎk lk p nL;ks% oqð;oL;
vksd% LFkkua tkurh xkS% lnua u vPNk vkfHkeq[;suxkr~ A gs
e?kou~ v/k vuUrja po`Zðrkfnr~ iqu% iqu% oqð;oÑrknidkjkr~ u%
j{ksfr ;ksX;fØ;k·/;kgkj% A fu”iihýhdke% e?kso /kukuho u% ek
ijknk% ek R;k{khZ% A v=k oqð;os nL;qina xq.kokpoað u tkfrokpde~ A

oqð;o ,o nq;ksZ/ku%

145

nL;q²glkdke% A nlq mi{k;s bfr /kkrq% A vko`.kÈ e`/kzokp bR;=k
cgqopukr~ oqð;oL; HkzkrjË fuxes izfl)e~ A ;Fkk _Hko%
_HkqfoHooktk% A
oqðr% nq;ksZ/kuL; ik.Mokuka p ;q)eHkwr~ A v=ks;a Hkofr A
o;a t;se Ro;k ;qtk o`reLekdea’keqnok HkjsHkjs A
vLeH;feUæ ofj o% lqxa Ñf/k iz ’k=kw.kka e?koUo`”.;k #t AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 102- 4
oqðRlL;s;a izkFkZuk A gs bUæ A o;a Ro;k ;qtko`ra ‘k=kqfHkjko`ra
vLekdea’ka t;se A Hkjs Hkjs izfr;q)a mno j{k A ofj o% /kua
vLeH;a lqxa Ñf/k A ‘k=kw.kka o`”.;k cykfu gs e?kou~ vk#t A
lk;.kLrq o`reko`.;Ura ‘k=kqa t;se A vLekdea’ka ;q)s j{ksfr
O;kpÎs A rLekRizkxqÚ% i{k ljy% A lk;.ki{ks·fi va’kj{k.keLR;so A
fdŒ {ks=kts”ks {k=ka lur~ bfr fy…s pk=k cydjs rLekna’ks HkwE;kReosð
‘k=kqfHkjkØkUrs r‹k;k; ;q)izkÆfefr HkkjrksDra dkj.keso lR;e~ A
Hkjn’ka uSr’k bR;=kkI;soeFkZ% drq± ’kD;% A
|wrdFkk
¯d |wreklhfnR;=k fdfŒf}pk;Zrs A r=ks;a Hkofr A
Ñra u Ì?këh fo fpuksfr nsous laox± ;Ue?kok lw;± t;r~ A
u rÙks vU;ks vuq oh;± ’kdêk iqjk.kks e?koêkksr uwru% AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 43- 5
;Ue?kok laox± lokZukReuks o’ks oqðoZUra lw;± ‘kq”.ka t;r~ rnk Ì?këh
fdro% nsous |wrs v{kfo’ks”ka u fofpuksfr u lÈx`ãkfr A LiÎe~
mÙkjk/kZe~ A v=ks;a lk;.kO;[;kA Ì?këh ijLouka gUrk fdroks nous

146

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

|wrs Ñra u ;Fkkgra fofpuksfr r}fnUæ% lw;± e`x;rs A d nsO;r
vkg A ;|nk e?kok /kuokfuUæ% laox± lE;Xo`”Vsot
Z fZ ;rkja lw;eZ kfnR;a
rnh;jlkigj.k}kjs.k t;fr A bfr Ñra greHkwr~ gra p ftra ijLoa
rL; p ekxZ.ka rnkSiE;a lw;kZUos”k.ks fp=k% leUo;%A vya rf}e’kZuus A
d.kZo/kknuUrja ‘koqðusnsZoufØ;k oSjkXeeqRiêkfefr iwokZ/kZL;kFkZ% A
;nk æ{;fl lÈxzkes ÌsrkÌa Ñ”.klkjfFke~ A
,sUæeýa fooqðokZ.keqHks pkI;fxëek#rs AA
xk.MhoL; p fu?kksZ”ka foLiwð£trfeok’kus% A
u rnk Hkfork =ksrk u Ñra }kija u p AA
egkHkkjre~ m|ksxioZ 142- 6&7
d.k± izfr Ñ”.kokD;esre~ A =ksrkÑr}kijk.;{kfo’ks”kk% A ;tqonZs s p
Ñrkfn’kCnk v{ki;kZ;k mi;qÚk% A rLekRÑr’kCnks·=kk{ki;kZ;% A
Ì?këh’kCnHkoa izkÑrineso’koqðfu% ØekÙkRlaLÑrek:<e~ A rLek|wra
pkHkwfnfr izrh;rs A

osrlqrx
q Lz efnHkk%

147

prq²o’ka izdj.ke~

osrlqrqxzLefnHkk%

l osrlaq n’kek;a n’kks¯.k rwrqftfeUæ% LofHkfÎlqeë% A
vk rqxza ‘kÌfnea |ksruk; ekrquZ lheqi l`tk b;/;S AA
_Dlafgrk 6- 20- 8
n’kek;a n’kflf)eUra n’kcy’kCno ’kCn% A n’kks¯.k n’kf.ko~ð
izfl)a dfoe~ A rwrq¯t dEi;Ure~ A osrlqesrêkkeoað rqxza bHka p A
LofHkfÎlqeë% bUæ% |ksruk; oqðRlk;l° ,rku~ b;/;S ,ros ;q)s
tsrqfeR;FkZ% ekrquZ ekrq;ZFkk iq=kkaLr}r~ ’kÌr~ mil`tr~ o’kh&
pdkjsR;FkZ% A bR;=k osrlqrqxszHkk mÚk% A
Roa jFka iz Hkjks ;ks/ke`”oekoks ;q/;Ura o`”kHka n’k|qe~ A
Roa rqxza osrlos lpkgu~ Roa rq¯t x`.kUrfeUæ rwrks% AA
_Dlafgrk 6- 26- 4
Roa ;ks/ka ;ks)kje~A _”oa nhÆe~A jFka oqðRljFka izHkj%A f}rh;ikn%
izkxso O;[;kr%A gs bUæ Roa osrlos osrlksjFksZ ;q/;Ura rqxaz lpkosrlquk
lgSo vgu~ grokufl x`.kUra rq¯t dEiua oqðRla rwrks% vo/kZ;A
bR;=k rqxzosrLoksoZ/k mÚ% A
vga firso osrlw¡jfHkÎ;s rqxza oqðRlk; LefnHka p jU/k;e~ A
vga Hkqoa ;tekuL; jktfu iz;n~Hkjs rqt;s u fiz;k/k`”ks AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 49- 4

148

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

osrlwu~ osrlqa vknjkn~cgqopue~ A rqxza LefnHka p LePNCn%
LoxZokphLefífÎfjR;knkS rFkk·FkZn’kZukr~ A LoxZxtfefr ukekFkZ% A
vfHkÎ;s oqðRlk; firso jU/k; o’ks vdjoe~ A vga ;tekuL;
jktfu izdk’ks Hkqoa vHkoe~ A ;r~ vk/k`”ks ‘k=kw.kka /k”kZdk; rqt;s
oqðRlk; fiz;kfiz;dk;kZf.k izHkj sA bR;=k osrlqrqxzLefnHko’khdj.ka
iqu#Úe~ A LefnHk ,okU;=ksHk mÚ% A osð rs =k;%A osrl’kCnks
tyizns’kizHkos xqYefo’ks”ks rRlekFkksZ osrlq% A vL; fonqy bfr p
ukekUrje~ A ukns;hfr p rL;kU;êkkefo’ks”kfoo{kk;ke~ A ,”k ,o
xk…s;ks Hkh”e% L;kr~ A LefnHk% vÌRFkkek L;kr~ A vÌRFkkek uke
dfË™t% rL; ej.ks O;ktsu vÌRFkkek gr% oqð×tj bfr ;qf/kfÏj
mÚokfufr Hkkjrs A vÌRFkkek gr bfr LiÎe~ A oqð×tj bfr eUna
pkoknhfRdy A oLrqrLrq vÌRFkkesosHk% LefnHkËksP;rs A bHkks gr
bfr LiÎa oqð×tj bfr eUna p ;qf/kfÏj mÚokfuR;uqfeehegs A rnk
vÌRFkkeukedxto/kks·ukoÜ;d% A lk/kkj.kxto/ks·fi lO;ktks&
·oyfEcrqa ’kD;% A bHk’kCnlkgp;kZÙkqxzks æks.k%A /kukdk’kofjÏs”kq
rqx’z kCn bfr ikf.kuh;o`fÙk% A ofjÏRoe=kkFkZ% L;kr~ A vFkok rks;a
x`Þkrhfr rqxz% dy’k% A dy’ki;kZ;s.k æks.k’kCnsu rqxzL;ksfÚ&
ukZlEHkkO;k A rLekÙkqxkz s æks.k% L;kr~ A æks.k’kCnL; oSfndeku’kCn&
rqY;kFkZRokr~ A ekuL;so oqðEHklEHkoRoa ikSjkf.kd% izkgsfr foKk;rs A
ekuL; oqðEHk lEHkoRoa p fe=kko#.k;ksLrstlk moZÜ;ijuked&
fo|qPNfÚlUnhÆsu f’kjfl ifrrsu f}rh;a tUe A f’kj ,o r=k
oqðEHkRosuksieh;rs A rexLR;a onfUr ekuukekua ekuiq=kRokr~ A
ekuË _f”kjso u dy’k% A bZŸ’keso oflÏL; f}rh;a tUe A
rn=kkizÑrRokêk O;k[;kL;ke% A vLekde`”k; bfr xzUFks rL; foLrj% A
Ÿ.kkfr nkj;fr ’k=kwfufr ok æks.k% A rqxzL;Sosna ukekUrja ok L;kr~ A

osrlqrx
q Lz efnHkk%

149

vkIR;fýr ,o Hkh”e bR;sdeuqekue~ A rL;So osrlqfjfr ukekUrje~ A
vika iq=k vkIR;% A Hkh”eË x…kiq=k% A vikauikíso vkIR;% f=kr
bR;qP;rs A _f”kË dfËr~ A vikauik‰k fnO;ks·fxë% A r=ks;a Hkofr A
;RlksefeUæfo”.kfo ;}k ?kf=kr vkIR;s A
;}k e#Rlq eUnls lfeUnqfHk% AA
_Dlafgrk 8- 12- 16
fo”.kqe#Rlkgp;kZn=k f=krks·fxë% vkIR; bfr fo’ks”k.kknikauikr~ A
vusdLFkys”kq vfxëfýr bR;qP;rs A ^^fuiLR;klqf=kr%LrHkw;r~** ¼1046- 6½ bR;k|qnkgj.ka f=krfý”kq LFkkus”kq fLFkr% A =ksrk :i bR;FkZ% A
vFk _f”kijRos&
bea f=krks Hkw;ZfoUnfnPNUoSHkwolks ew/kZU;?U;k;k% A
l ’kso`/kks tkr vk gE;sZ”kq ukfHk;qZok Hkofr jkspuL; AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 46- 3
oSHkwol% foHkqol% iq=k% f=kr_f”k% A bee¯xë Hkwfj bPNu~ v?U;k;k%
xks% okp% ew/kZfu vfoUnr~ ’kso`/k% lq[ko/kZd% ;qokl% gE;sZ”kq dks’ks”kq
tkr% izknqHkwrZ lu~ vkleUrkr~ jkspuL; izdk’kL; ukfHk% tUeLFkkua
Hkofr A v;eso oSHkwol vkIR;% f=krL; firk foHkwok% ekrk vCnsoh A
v;a p czfàÏks eU=kæÎk A vL; lwDrs”kq Kkudk.Ma /keZ’kkýa p
jktsrs A v;eso Hkh”e% L;kfnR;=k vCnsohiq=kRoa fy…e~ A vU;‰k
fo|rsA
Hkæks Hkæ;k lpeku vkxkRLolja tkjks vH;sfr iËkr~ A
lqizosðrS|qZfHkjfxë£ofrÏu~ #’kn~fHkoZ.kSZjfHk jkeLFkkr~ AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 3- 3
b;a f=krL;k”khZ A Hkæ% e…y% jke% Hkæ;k e…y;k vEc;k lg

150

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

lpeku% ;qÚ% vkxkr~ A ;Fkk tkj% tjf;rk lw;Z% Lolkja m”kla
iËknH;sfr A r}r~ bfr yqÆksiek:ioað ok fun’kZuk[;e~ vuUrja
vfxë% eesÎk nsork lqioz ðs rS% |qfHk% fofrÏu~ #’kn~fHk% eU=kokxkReoSð%
o.kSZ% v{kjS% jkea vH;LFkkr~ vH;Hkor~ A okpkefxëfoHkwfrRokr~
Loiz;Ú
q eU=kk/kkesokxë;s Roa onfr A vkFkkZUrjsrq Hkæks Hkæ;sfr iknks·fi
lw;ks”Z k%ij% A jke’kCnks uS’kfrfejij% ;Fkk lk;.kks eU;rs A ;% dfË}k
HkoRoFkksZ·L; A Hkh”eÑrij’kqjkefot;L;keso eU=kks ewyfeR;=k u
dfËRla’k;% A rLekfnfrgkldkjfýrekIR;a Hkh”e bfr txzkgsfr
Kk;rs A Hkh”eL; oLoorkjRoa pseesokFk± iq”.kkfr A izHkklks olqËkika
uiknso L;kr~ A rL;So loZoLrqJsÏRokr~ ^olwukaikodËkLeh*fr
ikodL;So izHkklRoa oÚO;e~ A vuysu ikSu#DR;a okjf;rqa l
fnO;ks·fxë% dFkf;rO;% A fnO;kxësjso oLrqr% ikodRoe~ A
rqxz’kCnL; es?ki;kZ;ROkkn~æks.k% itZU;korkj% L;kr~ A LefnHkË
czà.kLirs% A ÑiL; uke ;q)lEcU/ksu ;|fi u Kk;rs rFkkI;fLr
fuxes A ;Fkk&
’kX/kh uks vL; ;) ikSjekfoFk f/k; bUæ fl”kklr% A
‘kfX/k ;Fkk #’kea Ü;kooað ÑifeUæ izko% Lo.kZje~ AA
_Dlafgrk 8- 3- 12
ikSja iw#oa’kHkoe~ Ü;kooað æks.ka vkd.kZifyr% Ü;ke bR;k|qDrs% A
Ñia Ñikpk;± Lo.kZja #’kea p insu Kk;srs d;ks okZposðfr A v=k
ikSjks Hkh”e% L;kRizk;% A
uuq f=krks Hkh”eËsnd
s rf}rkS rL; HkzkrjkS oÚO;kS A uS”kkifÙk% ;r% oqðRlË
f=kr mP;rs A r`rh;Rokr~ A rnk ,dRof}rkS ;qf/kfÏjHkhekS L;krke~ A

osrlqrx
q Lz efnHkk%

151

oqðRlL; f=krRos ,”kk Hkofr A
f=kr% owðis·ofgrks nsokUgor mðr;s A
rPNqJko c`gLifr% Ñ.oêka gwj.kknq# foÙka es vL; jksnlh AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 105- 17
vgwj.kk nagl% mÙkk;sZfr ’ks”k% A b;a oqðRlL; A oqðRl% owðis ifrr%
ikfrrks ok A nsoku~ izkFkZ;rs·=k lwDrs A f=kr bR;kRekua ijks{k;k
okpk onfr A
bUæa oqðRlks o`=kg.ka ‘kphi¯r dkVs fuckg~G_f”kjãnwr;s A
jFka u nqxkZ}lo% lqnkuoks foÌLekêkks vag;lks fuf”iirZu AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 106- 6
bfr oqðRlL; owðiikrks·U;ks eU=k%A dkV’kCn% owðiokph A izk;%
,rnso izek.kdks |ka irua L;kr~ A r=k Hkhe% v=kktquZ bfr fo’ks”k% A
oqð;oo/ks·fi vtqZu ,ok=kksP;rs oqðEHkd.kZo/ks erHksn bok;a
ikSjkf.kdkuka izkpka p erHksn% A uUoL; ikaÚlwÚL; f=krks
oSdfYid_f”kfjfr psr~ f=krukefy…kRdkR;k;uL; l lUnsg% A
f=krL; psr~ f=krn’kZue/;s lwDresrPNkdysu lafgra L;kr~ u
oqðRln’kZue/;s A vfi p oqðRlks·fLeu~ lwDrs f=krekIR;a vU;a
lwp;fr A ;Fkk&
veh ;s lÆ jÜe;Lr=kk es ukfHkjkrrk A
f=krLr}snkiR;% l tkfeRok; jsHkfr foÙka es vL; jksnlh AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 105- 9
esukfHk% rnkIR;ks osn bfr vU;Rolwpue~ A tkfeRok; cU/kqRoa
ikyf;rqa ,rsukIR;L; oqðRlks cU/kqfjfr Kk;rs A dkVs ifrra oqðRla
ekspf;rqa vkIR;Ë izkFkZ;kekl nsokfufr eU=kkFkksZ Hkofr A vkIR;L;

152

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osÙk`RokísosH; ,o j{kka izkFkZ;rs uks)r±q euq”;iz;Ãa djksfr A vFkok
euq”;iz;ÃL;krhr% l fo”k;ks·Hkwr~ A L;k}us dkV% A vUos”k.kk;
xrks Hkh”eË ous iÜ;sRdkVs ifrre~ A v;a lUnHkZ% L;kr~ A
e`x;kxrL;S”kk foifÙk% L;kPN=kqÑrk A
;|sdrf}rkS vkIR;L;So HkzkrjkS rnk fonqj ,o Hkh”e% L;kr~ A fonqy
,o fonqj mÚ% jy;ksjHksn% A fonqyË osrl% A osrl ,o osrlq% A
,drf}rkS /k`rjkΪik.Mw L;krke~ A ikSjkf.kdk% fir`O;a firkega pozðq %
rRi{ks A

nq;ksZ/kuL; Hkzkrj%

153

iŒfo’ka izdj.ke~

nq;ksZ/kuL; Hkzkrj%

oqð;oizdj.ks e`/kzokp bfr cgqopusu nq;ksZ/kuL; Hkzkrj% lUrhfr
lwfpre~ A rs”kka lÈ[;k=k fopk;Zrs A v=ks;a Hkofr A
i’kqZgZ uke ekuoh lkoað llwo ¯o’kfre~
Hkæa Hky R;L;k vHkw|L;k mnjeke;f}ÌLekfnUæ mÙkj%AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 86- 23
i’kqZukZe ekuoh euq”;ýh ekuO;fi cgwusdokja llwosfr vkË;Z&
|ksruk; ekuohfr funsZ’k% A uke’kCnks·fi v=kkË;kZFkZdks fuikr% A
g iwj.k% A ¯o’k¯r iq=kku~ lkdesdnk llwokthtur~ A gs Hky
’k=kqiq=kk.kka HksÙkfjUæ Hkyfr HksnudekZ A R;L;S i’kZos Hkæa e…ya
vHkwr~ Hkorq ;L;k% mnja vke;r~ iqÎeklhr~ A cgqiq=kizlwrsfjfr A
v;a eU=kks o`”kkdis% d.kZL;k”kZ% A v=k i’kqZxkZU/kkjh A ,dnk tkrk%
iq=kk nq;ksZ/kukn;% A xkU/kk;kZ Hkæk ’kal;k rRiq=kk.kka Hkæa Ñ”.ka izfr
;kprs A lkoað llwo ¯o’kfrfeR;=k lkdfeR;O;;a llwosfr
fØ;k;k·Uosfr psnd
s okja ¯o’kfriq=kksRifÙk% vR;UrekË;Zd;Zfi us;a
dFkk vlEHkonwf”krk A lÆi;ZUre/kquk·fi n’kZukr~ A ;fn
¯o’kfrukUosfr r£g fefyRok ¯o’kfriq=kkfuR;FkZ% A rnk uklEHko&
’kƒkys’kks·fi A bfrgkldkj% izFkeesokFk± x`ghRok ,dokja
iq=kksRifÙkekg A bfrgklewylafgrkÜyksosð ^^tu;kekl ¯o’kfre~**

154

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bfr ikBks ^^tu;kekl oS ‘kre~** bfr ys[kdizeknkf}ifj.kr% L;kr~ A
¯o’kfr% iŒxq.kk tkrk bR;FkZL; izfriknoað ok ewya L;kr~ A iŒxq.kRoa
¯o’kR;k·fUora Ñra L;kRizfrlaLd=kkZ A ¯o’krkS tkrk;kefi losZ
lEiw.kZy{k.kk ,o tkrk bR;L; |ksruk; iŒxq.kk bfr ewydkjs.kksDra
L;kr~ A iŒxq.kk uke iw.kZiŒHkwrxq.kfof’kÎk bR;FkZ% L;kÙknk A loksZ
[k.Mk% tkrk% rs”kka ?k`roqðEHks fu{ksi.kk}`f)jHkwfnfr dFkkRouUrja
la;ksftrSo A
ewylafgrk;ka ¯o’kfrjso iq=kk bfr orZr bR;L;kU;fÉ…efLr A
d.kZioZf.k d.kZo/kJo.kknuUrja dfr ee lSU;k e`rk% dR;of’kÎk
bfr /k`rjkΪs.k i`Îe~ A rFkk ik.Molsuka izfr p A r=k l×t;suksDrs
/k`rjkΪiq=kkUizfr ;koUrks grk ;koUr% f’kÎk% l fo”k;ks ŸÜ;rs A
rn=kksnkgjke% A
f}rh;k/;k;s
1fo¯o’kfreZgkjkt jktiq=kks egkcy% A
vkurZ ;ks/kkaPNr’kks fugR; fugrks j.ks AA 9
2rFkk iq=kks fod.kZLrs {k=k/keZeuqLeju~A
{kh.kck.kks gr% ‘kwj% fLFkrks áfHkeq[k% ijS% AA 10
ro iq=k% lnke”khZ Ñrkýks;q)nqeZn%A
3nq%’kkluks egkjkt Hkhelsusu ikfrr%AA 21
cgq’kks ;ks/kf;Rok rq Hkhelsua egkjFke~ A
4fp=klsuLro lqrks Hkhelsusu ikfrr%AA 24
5&6- iq=kLrs nqeqZ[kks jktUnq%lgË egkjFk% A
xn;k Hkhelsusu fugrkS ‘kwjekuuhA 34

nq;ksZ/kuL; Hkzkrj%

155

7&9- nqeZ”kZ.kks nq£o”kgks nqtZ;Ë egkjFk% A
ÑRok Rolqdja deZ xrk oSoLor{k;e~ AA** 35
,rs grk%A vFk f’kÎk% prqFkkZ/;k;s
10- ^^rFkk lqrLrs ToyukoZðo.k± jFka lekLFkk; oqð#izohj% A
O;ofLFkr% iq#fe=kks ujsUæ O;Hkzs lw;ksZ Hkzktekus ;Fkk [ks AA 14
11- nq;ksZ/kuks ukxoqðyL; e/;s O;ofLFkr% ¯lg bokcHkkls A
jFksu tkEcwunHkw”k.ksu O;ofLFkr% lejs ;ksRL;eku% AA 15
12&13- rFkk lq”ks.kks·I;fl peZikf.kLrokRet% lR;lsuË ohj% A
14- O;ofLFkrkS fp=klsuus lk/k± äÎkRekukS lejs ;ks)d
q kekS AA 16
15&17- ßhfu”ksoks Hkkjr jktiq=k mxzk;q/k% JqroekZ t;Ë A
18&20- ‘kyË lR;ozrnq%’kykS p O;oflFkrk% lglSU;kujkX;zk%A 17
bfr f’kÎk% A ,rsu /kkrZjkΪk.kka ukekfu pkLekfHkKkZrkfuA
/k`rjkΪi=q kk.kka iV~fVdk f}okja nÙkk HkjrsA mHk;ks;|
Z fi ukfLr lkejL;e~
rFkkfi cgwfu ukekfu fefyrkfu HkofUr A
izFkeiV~fVdk;ka 97 ¼lIruofr%½ ukekfu ŸÜ;UrsA
d.kZioksZDrs”kwnkärs”kq e/;s r=k ŸÜ;ekukfu ukekU;srkfu A
r=k ŸÎkfu
1- nq;ksZ/ku% 12- nq%’kklu% 23- nq%lg 3-

r=kkŸÎkfu
1- iq#fe=k%
2- lR;lsu%
3- lR;ozr%

156

4- nq%’ky% 4
5- nqeZq[k% 56- fo¯o’kfr% 67- fod.kZ% 78- nqeZ”kZ.k% 159- lq”ks.k% 3310- mxzk;q/k% 48-

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

4- fp=klsu%
5- fp=klsu%
6- t;%
7- ‘ky%
8- nq£o”kg%
9- JqroekZ
10- nqtZ;%

bfr n’kukekU;so ŸÜ;Urs A f}rh;iV~fVdk;ka 104 ¼prqjf/koSðd’kra½
ukekfu A r=k
1- nq;ksZ/ku% 16- nqeqZ[k% 142- nq%’kklu% 27- fo¯o’kfr% 173- nq%lg 38- fod.kZ% 184- nq%’ky% 49- ‘ky% 195- nqeZ”kZ.k% 1310- mxzk;q/k% 4711- lq”ks.k% 48bR;sdkn’kd.kZoksZÚukelq ŸÜ;Urs A iwoZr% ’kyks·=kkf/kdkyC/k% A
vU;s”kq u olq A
1- nq£o”kg%
vkfnioZf.k 201 v/;k;s nq;ksZ/kuks nq£o”k.kks nqeqZ[kks nq”iz/k”kZ.k%
bR;kfnuk /k`rjkΪiq=ks”kq o£.kr% A Hkh”eioZf.k 77 v/;k;s pkL;
uke /k`rjkΪiq=ks”kq ŸÜ;rs A rLekÙkL; /kkrZjkΪRos u la’k;%A
2- nqtZ;%
æks.kioZf.k 133 v/;k;s vL; o/kks HkhelsusukL; /k`rjkΪiq=kRoa p

nq;ksZ/kuL; Hkzkrj%

157

LiÎeH;/kkf;”kkrke~A r=kSd ,o nqtZ;ks ;q/;Uo£.kr% rLekfnrjL;
rf}’ks”k.ka drqeZ ’kD;e~ A ,rêkkeëk%s LFkkus nq”iz/k”kZ.knq”ijkt;ukeuh
ifrrs bR;Lekde~ vfHkizk;% A
3- t;%
v;efi Hkh”eioZf.k 77 v/;k;s nq£o”kgkfnfHk% lkoað dfFkr% A
vL;So t;Rlsu bfr ukekUrjfefr izfrHkkfrA t;ks t;Rlsu’kCnsu
fo’ks”;r bfroÚO;eqHk;ks% lfêkikrsA
4- JqroekZ
mxzk;q/kt;;kseZ/;s ifBrRokPNqªroekZ /kkrZjkΪ ,o Hkofr A l
iV~fVdk;ka ifBrfË=koekZ lqoekZŸ<oekZ ok L;kr~ A
5- lR;lsu%
rokRet% lR;lsuË ohj bfr izR;{kksDR;k rfLefUo”k;s u lsUnsg% A
l iV~fVdk;ka ifBr% lsukuh% L;kr~ A
6- lR;ozr% 7- fp=klsu 8- iq#fe=k bfr =khf.k ukekfu eq[;kU;so
HkofUr rs iq#fe=kfp=klsukSlk{kkRiq=kRosu dfFkrkS A lR;ozr%
‘kynq%’ky;kseZ/;s ifBrRok)krZjkΪ ,o Hkofr A
vU;‰kk=k izek.kefLr A
^^ rFkk iq=k’kra tKs /k`rjkΪL; /kher% A
nq;kZs/kuizHk`r;ks ;q;qRlq% dj.kLrFkk AA
rrks nq%’kkluËSo nq%lgËkfi Hkkjr A

158

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

nqeZ”kZ.kks fod.kZË fp=klsu fo¯o’kfr% AA
t;% lR;ozrËSo iq#fe=kË Hkkjr A
oSÜ;kiq=kks ;q;qRlqË ,dkn’k egkjFk% AA
vkj.;dioZ 64&160&162
v=k lR;ozr% LiÎeqÚ%A vfrizk/kkU;su dh£rrkuka fp=klsut;&
lR;ozriq#fe=kk.kkeqHk;ks% iV~fVd;ksukZekykHk vkË;Zdj%A lR;ozr%
lR;lU/k bfr fp=klsufË=k bfr iV~fVdk;ka izn£’krkfofr izfrHkkfr
iq#fe=kukeë% lŸ’ka uke u ŸÜ;rs A rL; o.kZua d.kZioZ.;qÙke&
ekgkRE;|ksrde~ A ,dkn’klq egkjFks”kq p l ifBr% A vLekdefHk&
izk;Lrq l ukeëk mð.kZokHk% A mð.kZukHk bfr iV~fVdk;ka uke ŸÜ;rs A
rFkkfi fuxes mð.kZokHkinL;So n’kZukn~ xks=ks p vkS.kZokHk’kCnL; p
n’kZukRl,dks /k`rjkΪiq=ks”kq vfLr eq[; bfr v…hdrZO;e~ A
ifj’ks”kU;k;su iq#fe=k ,oks.kZokHk% A vFkok uUn% A uUn;frfe=kk.kkhfr
O;qRiÙ;kA iq#fe=k’kCnrqY;kFkZd%A
9- f}rh;fË=klsu%
v;a iV~fVdk;ka ifBr mifp=k% L;kr~ A rLeknLekfHk#ifp=klsu
bfr O;ogj.kh;% A vR;Ura lŸ’kkÑfrRoknsdukeRoe~ A
;Ùkq /k`rjkΪL;kU;kxkU/kkjjktiq=;Ë iUR;% ij% ‘kra jktiq=;% iRU;Ëks
8% 119 v/;k;s rs”kka Üyksdkuka osð”kqfpRiqLrosð”on’kZusukf/kd&
ikBRoknU;=k rRizLrkokHkkok‰kksis{;a rRdFkkude~ A ;q;qRlqLrq
vLR;so rL; iq=k% iRU;ka f}rh;k;ka cgq”kq LFkys”kq rRizLrkon’kZukr~ A
fp=klsulk/kZfeR;=k fp=klsusu cysu lkdfeR;FksZ ,dksu¯o’kfr%

nq;ksZ/kuL; Hkzkrj%

159

iq=kk% A ¯o’kfrlÈ[;kiwj.ka Hkofr nq%ly;sfr loZeuo|e~ A
i‘kksZxkZU/kkjhRokuqekua d.kZL;k’kal;k A lk;.kLrq i’kq± euksnqZfgrkja
dkŒue`x° eU;rs A Hkya psUæL; ck.ke~ A dFkk·izfl) izkFkZua p
fu”iz;kstue~ A lUnHkZË ukfLr bUæck.kL; e`xhiq=ks”kq xeuk; A
Hky‘kCnks HkÉ’kCni;kZ; bfr f/k;k lck.ka O;k[;kroku~ A
‘kjoRlkUijknn bR;=k ‘kj’kCnsusUæ% dfFkr% ,oe=k Hky’kCnsu A
vU;‰kkfLr fy…a i’kqZiq=kk xkU/kkjh iq=kk bR;=k A
la ek riUR;fHkr% liÃhfjo i’kZo% A
ew”kks u f’kÜkëk O;UnfUr ek/;% Lrksrkja rs ‘krØrks A
foÙka es vL; jksnlh AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 105- 8
oqðRlL; owðiifrrL;s;eqfÚ% A i’kZo% xkU/kkjhiq=kk% viR;izR;;yksik% A
liÃh% ‘k=ko bo foÌk vfrf}”kbR;knkfoo ýhfy…e~ A vfHkr%
eklUrifUr A rs”kq lUrkis”kq bnesde~ A vk/;ks euksO;k/k;% f’kÜkëk
¯gldk% ew”kks u ew”kdk bo ekO;UnfUr [kknfUr es vl; jksnlh
foÙke~ A bZŸ’kkfu ee dÎkfu KkRok eka |koki`fFkO;kS j{krkfeR;FkZ% A
v=k i’kZo% owðii’kZoks uke owðifHkÙk; bfr lk;.k% A mHk;a p
oSfndjgL;pfj=kkucks/kuewye~ A owðifHkÙkhuka rkidRoa lUnHkZghue~ A

160

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

“kM~¯o’ka izdj.ke~

xkU/kkjh vuk;kZ

xkU/kkjh vk;Ztkrh;k u Hkofr A ;rks·L; Ì?këh Hkzkrk A J?këhrh
lkekU;r% fdroi;kZ;a eU;ekuks ;kLd% Lo?këhR;L; foÑra :ia
esus A rr~ tkfrokpoað ine~ A u xq.kokpde~ A Ì?këk% fu”kknk% vL;
lUrhfr Ì?këh Ì?këjkt bR;FkZ% A ;Fkk jkΪirsËØhfr iz;ksxLr}r~ A
e#Rokfufro}k A fuxes Ì?këhina fu”kknhijr;k iz;Ú
q eU;=k ŸÜ;rs A
iqu%iqutkZ;ekuk iqjk.kh lekua o.kZefHk ’kqEHkekuk A
Ì/këho ÑÃq£ot vkfeukuk erZL; nsoh tj;UR;k;q% AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 92- 10
ÑÃq% drZu’khyk Ì?këho O;k/kýho bfr lk;.kO;[;k A i’kksZ%
iq=kRokRik’kZok nq;ksZ/kukn;% A rRineoyEC;Sok;kZPNwæk;ka tkr%
ikj’ko bfr vokZŒks O;k[;kroUr% A ;Fkk ik’kZoLrFksfr vkSiE;iz;Dq ra
ina dkyØes.k okpdineklhr~ A
ik’kZoina ikj’koina foifj.ke¸;kuUrja rL; fuoZpueU;Fkk
drqeZ kjsfHkjs A ikj;êkso ’koks Hkofr rLekRikj’ko bfr O;qRifÙk#Úk A
}kn’kfo/ks”kq iq=ks”kq ‘kwækiq=kks }kn’kýSo£.kdL;ksÚ% A okflÏLe`rkS
vnk;knckU/kos”kq “kÏ% ‘kwækiq=k bfr A

161

xkU/kkjh vuk;kZ

nk;knckU/kok%
1-vkSjl%
2- {ks=kt%
3- iqf=kdk vL;ka;ks

vnk;knckU/kok%
1- lgks<%
2- nÙkd%
3- Øhr%

bfr fu;esu nÙkk
4- ikSuHkZo%iquoksZ<q%
5- dkuhu%
6- xw<t% ekrkegL; x`gs xw<ksRiêk%

4- Lo;anÙk%
5- vifo)%
6- ‘kwækiq=k%

vuUrjs dkys czkà.kkPNwæk;ka tkrks fu”kkn% ikj’koËsR;qÚoUr% A
xkU/kkjns’kË rfLeUdkys·fi vuk;Zns’k ,o L;kr~ A

162

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

lƯo’ka izdj.ke~

æqxso /k`rjkΪ%

^^egks æqgks vi foÌk;q /kkf;** ¼_Dlafgrk 4- 28- 2] 6- 20- 5½
bfr f}%iz;qDra fuxes”kq A r=k ;ks æqo~ð æqgks mÚ% l /k`rjkΪ ,o
Hkofr A r=ksna fy…e~ A
æqgks fu”kÙkk i`’kuh fpnsoS% iq: ’kalsu oko`/kqÎ bUæe~ A
vHkho`rso rk egkinsu /okUrkRizfiRoknqnjUr xHkkZ% AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 73- 2
æq% æqgL; “k”BîFksZ izFkek A gdkjkUra ok ine~ A lEcfU/kuh i`’kuh
i’kqZ% i’kksZjso i`’kuhfr ukekUrje~ A mHks vfi ins i`fÜkëleO;qRiÙkh A
i`fÜkë’kCnks fnoks ok lw;ZL; osfr fu?k.Vq% A Li`Îk Hkklfefr fno% i{ks
lSok=k Hkofr A vrho lqUnjhR;FkZ% A lk ,oSfËr~ ^^,oSË”kZ.khuke~**
bfr fuxeL; O;k[;kukoljs ,oS% dkeSj;uSjouSokZ bfr O;kpÎs A
v=kkouSfjfr O;k[;kue~ A vouS% j{koSðfËRla;Ú
q k fu”kÙkk izlok;sfr
izdj.klkekF;kZÉH;rs A rs j{kdk% iq# iq#.kk izHkwrus ’kalus Lrks=ks.k
bUæa oko`/kq%A egkinsu egkLFkkusu oztus vHkho`ros vko`ros vko`rk
bo fLFkrk mnjns’ks c)k bo fLFkrk bR;FkZ% A rk rs xHkkZizfiRokr~
izÑÎkêkkr~ /okUrkÙke% izns’kkr~ izfiRokfnfr fo’ks”k.kfy…kr~
/okUrkfnR;qnjns’k mP;rs xHkkZ% mnjUr mnxPNu~ cfg£uxZrk
bR;FkZ% A vFkok egkinsu egkpj.ksu vHkho`rso y{k.k;k rkfMrk
bosfr ok lk{kkfRØ;kUo¸;kSiE;e~ A vklêkkÙke% izns’kkfnfr ok
/okUrkRizfiRokfnR;L;kFkZ%A

æqxso /k`rjkΪ%

163

lk;.kLrq ^^æqgks æksX/kqfjUæL; i`’kuh lsuk fu”kÙkk bUælehis fu”k..kk
,oSxZUr`fHkeZ#n~fHk% lfgrfeUæa fu”k..ksfr lEcU/k% A rs·fi e#r%
iq# izHkqrsu ‘kalsu Lrks=ks.k oko`/kqjo/kZUr A o`=ka ft?kklUra vFk
egkinsu egrk oztsu vHkho`rsu ifjo`rkuho xoknhfu rkfu ;Fkk
vkoj.kkixes fuxZPNfUr r}r~ rkU;qndkfu /okUrknU/kdkj:ikr~
izfiRoknklêkkr~ o`=kkr~ xHkkZ% xHkZHkwrkU;qndkfu mnjUr mnxPNu~A**
bfrA v=k æqg brhUæukek izfl)e;ksX;a p A lsuksios’kL;k=k lUnHkksZ
ukfLr dFkk;kLrokf/kHkkSfrdRokr~ A rLekfn;a pfj=kijSo _o~ð A
vU;=k æqg’kCnL; nq;ksZ/kui{kikfrijRosu iz;ksxËk=k fy…e~ A

164

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

vÎk¯o’ka izdj.ke~

ik.Moiqjksfgr% do”k%

vfLr dko”ks;ks tUest;L; lezkt% egkfHk”ksoað pdkjsfr vÌes/ka
p ;kt;keklsfr ,srj;sdFkk A Hkkxors ps;euwDrk A
dko”ks;a iqjks/kk; rqja rqjxes/k;kV~ A
leUrkRi`fFko° lok± ftRok ;{;fr pk/ojS% AA
do”kL; xks=kkiR;a dko”ks;% A ,rsu do”kL; ik.Mokuka
dfËRlEcU/kks ;fn Kk;sr rnqiiêkrja L;kr~ A Kk;rs p A r=kses
Hkor% do”kL;k”ksZ lwDrs A
iz ek ;q;qtzs iz;qtks tukuka ogkfe Le iw”k.keUrjs.k A
foÌs nsoklks v/k eke{kju~ nq%’kklqjkxkfnfr ?kks”k vklhr~ AA
la ek riUR;fHkr% liÃhfjo i’kZo% A
fu ck/krs vefruZxërk tlqosZuZ osokZ;rs·efr% AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 33- 1&2
tukuka nL;wuka iz;qt% lsodk% ek eka x`ghrqfefr ’ks”k% A iz;q;qts
iz;qÚk% A vUrjs.k änk iw”k.ka ekxsZ nL;qck/kkfuokjdRosu izfl)a
nsoa ogkfe Le mð<okufLe A v/k foÌsnsokl% ekej{ku~ A v=k
j{kk;ka Hk;fufeÙka foo`.kksfr A nq%’kklq nq%’kklu% vkxkr~ vkxPNr~
bfr ?kks”k% vklhr~ A ekxZe/;s A vkRexzg.kk; iz;Dq rsH;% j{kkFk± ekxsZ
iw”k.ka /;k;r% viØker% nq%’kklu% nL;qtuuk;d% vkxkfnfr

ik.Moiqjksfgr% do”k%

165

?kks”kË Jqr% A rnk rLekUegkHk;kr~ nsok ekej{kfêkfr rkRi;Ze~ A
;Fkk nq%’kkluvkRekua u x`Þh;kÙkFkk·j{kfêkR;FkZ% A
i’kZo% /kkrZjkΪk% liÃhfjo f}”k bo ek eka vfHkr% lUrifUr A
vefr% nkfjæîa fofuck/krs A uxërk ;ksX;oýkHkko% ulq% dkÜ;± p
fuck/krs A efr cqf)% osuZ if{k.k bo osokZ;rs dEirs ;Fkk
O;k/kHk;kr~ if{k.kks efrLrFkk i’kw Z u ka Hk;kUee efrfjfr
lkŸÜ;l…fr% A vuUrjfeUæizkFkZuus oqð#Jo.kjktkJ;cyknkRe&
ck/kkfuokfjrsfr orZrs A
lk;.kLrq tukuka ;tekukuka iz;qt% iz;ksÚkjks nsok% iz;q;qtzs
izfr;qÚoUr% bR;Fk± djksfr oqð#Jo.ka izrhR;/;kgja djksfr A
prqFkZikns nq%’kklq% nq%’kklu% osðukfi ’kkflrqe’kD;% _f”kjkxPNfnfr
ekxZe/;s ?kks”k vklhr~ bfr onfr A ,oa psr~ nsosH;ks j{kk mÙkj_fp
izksÚk ck/kk p lUnHkZghus Hkor% A nsoS% izsfjr% oqð#Jo.ka izfr
;nkxPNfr rnk ekxZe/; ,o ,rkorh ck/ksfr lUnHkZghuks fo”k;% A
mÙkjL;ke`fp izkFkZuka p iÜ;r A
ew”kks u f’kÜkëk O;UnfUr ek/;% Lrksrkja rs ‘krØrks A
lÑRlq uks e?kofêkUæ e`G;k·/kk firso uks Hko AA
_Dlafgrk 10-33-3
osðoyekxZJeL; uSrkŸ’ka o.kZueqii|rs A bZŸ’kfLFkrkS vkRekua izR;so
nq%’kklqjkxkfnfr dFka ?kks”k% A iw”k/;kua p nL;qck/kkjHkkos lUnHkZ&
ghue~ A iw”klwDrs”kq nL;q ck/kkfuokj.ka izkF;Zrs A

166

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

v;a p do”kLrqY;’k=kqRokRik.Moi{kh; bfr xE;rs A oqðRlŸÎ&
eU=kesokuw| eU=k};s LoksÚk/kkZpkZH;ka p iwj.kk‰k rRleF;Zrs A
dko”ks;L; tUest; ikSjksfgR;kfÉ…kr~ r=k owðVLFk% do”k% ik.Mokuka
iqjksfgr bR;uqfeehegs A ik.Mos”kq jkT;HkzÎs”ouUrja oqð#Jo.ka uke
=kklnL;oa jktkuekfJrokUdkya fd;Ure~ A vuUrja fe=kkfrfFkiq=ka
mieJola psfr Kk;rs A vfi p nq’ksZ.kkiji;kZ;L; oqð;oL;kuqts”kq
i’kqZ”kq izfl)% nq%’kkluks orZr bfr Kkre~ A

|wrdFkkfo’ks”k%

167

,dksu¯=k’ka izdj.ke~

|wrdFkkfo’ks”k%

do”kL; ,syw”kL; ¼byw”kiq=kL;½ ekStorL;k{kL; ok vk”ksZ;s lwÚs
_xsdk ŸÜ;rs A
u ek feesFk u ftghG ,”kk f’kok lf[kH; mr eáeklhr~ A
v{kL;kgesdijL; gsrksjuqozrkei tk;kejks/ke~ AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 34- 2
vijks/ke~ ifjR;DrokuLehfr lk;.k% A i.khÑrokuLehfr oLrqrks&
·FkZ% A u feesFk u pqØks/k u ftgksG uklw;kapdkj u yf‹krorhfr
lk;.k% A
v;a eU=kks ;fn do”kL; rnk l ;qf/kfÏjks usfr fuË;su oDrqa ’kD;rs A
;qf/kfÏjËsRoqð#Jo.ka jktkua /kukFk± uksilisrZ ~ A ;fn ekstorks·{kLr£g
eqtoPNCnL; ioZrfo’ks”ki;kZ;RokÙk=k Hko bR;Fk± ÑRok·{k’kCne{k&
fiz;Rok|qf/kfÏjija ;fn oqðeZ% r£g |wrs Hkk;kZ;k·fi i.kua HkkjrksDra
le£Fkra L;kr~ A rnk eqtoRioZr ,o ’krJq…ioZrks oÚO;%A
rfLeUioZrs lkse% fdy foLrkjs.kksRi|rs A ;fn ekstorks·{kks·U;% r£g
HkkjrskDra |wrs Hkk;kZ;k% i.khdj.ka fuewy
Z eso A ;FkkdFkfŒ}k Hkorq A
|wrs Hkk;kZ;k% i.khdj.kksDrschZta rq b;eso _fxR;=k u dfËRlUnsg% A
rLekfnfrgkldkjks ekStore{ka ;qf/kfÏjRosuoS LohÑrokfufr oÚO;e~ A

168

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

¯=k’ka izdj.ke~

bUæiq=kk%

bUæiq=ks”kq fuxes eU=kæÎkj% lfUr A foen%] olqØ%] loZgfj%] vizfrjFk%]
yo%] t;%] o`”kkdfiËsfr lÆA dU;k fojk..kke A
foen%
foen% ,o izfl)% lkEc bfr oDrqeLR;k/kkj% A
v/ksuqa nük Lr;± fo”kDrkefiUora ’k;os vfÌuk xke~ A
;qoa ’kphfHk£oenk; tk;ka U;wgFkq% iq#fe=kL; ;ks”kke~ AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 117- 20
v=k f}rh;ks·/kZpksZ·Lekoað eq[;% A gs vfÌukS ;qoka ‘kphfHk% deZfHk%
iq#fe=kL; ;ks”kka dU;ka tk;ka U;wgFkq% A v=k iq#fe=kks nq;ks/Z kuk·uqt% A
rL; iq=k° oqðekjks foenks viäroku~ rnk ra ‘k=ko% i`Ïrks·Uo;q% A
r¯LeRle;s vfÌukS rej{krkfeR;k[;kue~ A r¯LeRle;s foen%
oqðekj ,o ;q)a p e/;s izlÚfeR;=k b;e`XHkofr A
uklR;kH;ka c£gfjo iz o`×ts Lrksek¡ b;E;ZfHkz;so okr% A
;koHkZxk; foenk; tk;ka lsuktqok U;wgFkw jFksu AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 116- 1
vHkZxk; vHkZdk; dkSekjs orZekuL;sR;FkZ% A lsuktqok jFksuRs ;qfÚr%
;q)lUnHkksZ xE;rs A nq;ks/Z kukuqtL; iq=kh nq;ks/Z kuiq=khfr ,sfrgkfldk%
lEcU/kknkgq% A lSo y{k.kk L;kr~ A foen ,o lkEc% A v;a

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169

nq;ksZ/kud.kZ;ks% ‘k=kqi{k ,oklhfnfr Kk;rs A ;r%
vk u bUæ i`{kls·Lekoað czàks|re~ A
rÙok ;kpkegs·o% ’qk”.ka ;)êkekuq”ke~ AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 22- 7
i`{kls lEipZ; A vu;k ‘kq”.kguu:ia j{k.ka izkF;Zrs A
olqØ%
v;a czfàÏ_f”k% A vL; n’kZuerho xHkhje~ A v;efi oqðRlfiz;% A
;nkg&
iz rs vL;k m”kl% izkijL;k u`rkS L;ke u`reL; u`.kke~ A
vuq f=k’kksd% ’krekogêk¤UoqðRlsu jFkks ;ks vlRlloku~ AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 29- 2
vL; iÃh p eU=kæΪh bfr A
loZgfj%
,dL; gfjlwÚL; v;a oSdfYid_f”k% iBîrs dkR;k;usu A
o#jkf…jl% loZgfjokZ ,sUæ bfr A
vizfrjFk%
lkÈxzkfedlwÚL; æÎk A egkohjon~ŸÜ;rs A vL; eU=kk%
vFkoZosns·fi lqrjka izfl)Rosu x`ghrk% A v;a ik.Moi{kikrh
Kk;rs A ;RlwÚkUrs ik.Mokusoek’kkLrs A
izsrk t;rk uj bUæks o% ’keZ ;PNrq A
mxzk o% lUrq ckgks·uk/k`”;k ;Fkk·lFk AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 103- 13

170

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

gs uj% ik.Mok% bR;FkksZ Hkofr A lkekU;rks usrkj bfr oqðrks·FkksZ ek
Hkwr~A b;a ek#rh osfr dkR;k;uks onfr A ¯d fy…eqiyH; A ujks
e#r bfr A _f”k.kk e#rka t;k’kalka p vorkjiq#”kkeso lUnHkZ;Ú
q k
Hkosr~ A
vizfrjFk ,o lkR;fdfjR;LeUere~ A lR;dk;k% iq=k% lkR;fdfjfr
O;qRifÙk% A dizR;;% viR;izR;;efgrL; lq[kJo.kkFk± lR;So
lR;dk A gfjoa’kL; f[kyRoknSfrgkfldk% lkR;fdukeëk ofŒrkLra
Ñ”.kL; Kkfrlksnjeo.kZ;u~ A oLrqr% l iq=k% A bneU;Ùk=k fy…e~ A
c`gLirs ifj nh;k jFksu j{kksgk·fe=kk¡ vick/keku% A
izHk×tRlsuk% ize`.kk ;q/kk t;êkLekdes/;fork jFkkuke~ AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 103- 4
bR;=k ;q/kk ;q)a oqðoZrk··Reuk }kjsfr onfr ;qPNCn ,”k ,o ;q;/kku&
ukeëks ewye~ A
vU;‰k L;knL; Hkzkr`LFkkuh;RoksDrsewZye~ A lR;k;k% firk
lR;Sdlarku% A rLekÙkL;k% iq=ks”osd% ekrkegx`ga f’kfJ;s A rL;
p ekrkegL; f’kfuxks=klEHkoRokPNSus;RoeL; A
Hkkxors }kS f’kuh o.;sZrs A
o`”.ks lqfe=k% iq=kks·Hkw|q/kkft‰kijUri% A
f’kfuLrL;kufe=kË fueëk·s Hkwnufe=kr% AA
l=kkftr% izlsuËfueëL;kI;klrq% lqrkS AA
uoeLdUn% 24- 12- 13
bR;=k f’kus% izikS=k% l=kkft}£.kr% A lkR;osðo`Zf”.kohjRoa pksiiêka

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171

L;kn=k A ;r% f’kusË ewyiq#”kks o`f”.k% A
fo”.kqiqjk.kkfn”kq lkR;osð% fir`RosuksÚ% lR;dLrq vufe=k&
iq=kL;SokU;L; f’kus% iq=k% dF;rs A ^^vufe=klqrks ;ks·U;%
f’kfuLrL;kFk lR;d%A** bfr A
f’kfu%
vufe=k%
fueë%
f’kfu%
l=kkftr~
lR;d%
lR;dL; firk f}rh;% f’kfu% A ‘kSys;Roa lkR;fdRoa pkfHky{;
ewyHkkjrLFka gfjoa’kL; f[kyRokr~ f}rh;f’kus% ikS=ka ra o.kZ;keklq% A
;fn HkkxorksÚoa’kkoy° iÜ;keLe£g d;kfi u fn’kk olqnsoL;
lR;d% lksnjLFkkuh;ks u Hkofr A ,oað O;k[;kueuqlR` ; ¼Jh/kjL;½
o`”.ks% n’ke% iq#”kks olqnos % “kÏ% iq#”k% lR;d% A olqnos L; lR;dks
o`)izfirkegLFkkuh;ks Kkfr% L;kr~ A vU;r~ O;k[;kueuql`R;
¼in’kfÚr%½ olqnos % iŒe% lR;d% “kÏ% rnk iq=kLFkkuh;ks Kkfr% A
t;%
v;eihUæk.;k% lR;k;k ,o iq=k% A HkkxorksÚoa’kkoY;ka v;a
lkR;fdiq=k% dF;rs A rr~ izkekfnde~ A v;eso ikSjkf.kdkuka
t;Ur% A egkfoØe% A vL; lwÚefi lkÈxzkfeoað lqizfl)e~ A
loZgfj%
v;a lR;k;k vij% iq=k% L;kr~A ee iq=kk% ‘k=kqg.k bfr cgqopukfÉ…kr~ A

172

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yo%
v;fef”kjk;k% iq=k% L;kr~ A jkeiq=klŸ’ka ukesne~ A vL;kRe&
Lrqfrjrhokn~Hkqrk A v;a pkf/koað lksei% A v;eso izk;% iz|qeë%
L;kr~ A
fojkV~
lR;k;k% iq=kh fojkV~ A ^^vFkks es nqfgrk fojkV~** bfr fy…kr~ A

d.kZtUejgL;e~

173

,d¯=k’ka izdj.ke~

d.kZtUejgL;e~

d.kZ% dkuhu bfr izflf)HkkZjrs A l fdy lw;kZr~ oqðUR;ka tkr% A
v=k fuxefy…kfu fdfŒ}îR;klsusfrgklksDra leFkZ;fUr A
rf}oj.kkRizko~ð rL;kU;êkke fuxeizfl)a izn’kZ;ke% A ;êkkekokZpka
okÈe;s fo”.kqija f’koija ok A r™Hkhja o`”kkdfifjfr uke A r=k
ukeSdns’ks ukexzg.kfefr U;k;su o`”kks o`”ksfr ok uke Hkkjrs
LohÑre~ A
iÜ;rsea HkkjrÜyksde~ A
czà.;% lR;oknh p riLoh foftrsfUæ;% A
fjiq”ofi n;kokaË rLekRd.kksZ o`”kk Le`r% AA
mnhP;kLrq o`”k% Le`r% bfr ikBa laLo`ðroUr% A vU;=kkfi rL; o`”k
bfr ukekLrhfr rnsok=k% HkkO;fefr A mHks vfi rL; okpdukeuh A
vFk± mHk;ksLrqY;% A
uuq /keZL; o`”k bR;so uke u o`”ksfr psr~ A vfLr o`”ksfr p uke A
vfHkerQyo”kZdRokr~ A vFk oko`”k’kCn ,okLrq rFkkfi lekls
lafgrk;ka o`”k’kCnL; nh?kZ% A rrks o`”kkdfifjfr uke A

174

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

v=ksna HkkjrksDra fuoZpua HkofrA
o`”kks fg HkxokU/keZ% [;krks yksosð”kq Hkkjr A
fu?k.Vqdink[;kus fof) eka o`”keqÙkee~ AA
dfioZjkg% JsÏË /keZË o`”k mP;rs A
rLek}`”kkd¯i izkg dÜ;iks eka iztkifr% AA
o`”kËklkS dfiË o`”kkdfifjfr A oq”kk dEiuks o`”kkdfifjfr ;kLdL;
fuoZpue~ A vkfnR;ks o`”kkdfiLrL; ersu A
vfLr o`”kkdisjk”kZesoað lwÚe~ A l p _f”kjsSUæ bR;qP;rs A
rL;sUæs.ksUæk.;k p ;% d.kZRos o`”kuked.kZL;Soða fy…e~ A izR;{ka p
l d.kZ mP;rs A iÜ;Srke`pe~ A
;feea Roa o`”kkd¯i fiz;feUækfHkj{kfl A
Ìk UoL; tfEHk”knfi d.ksZ ojkg;q£oÌLekfnUæ mÙkj% AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 86- 4
;a Roa o`”kkd¯i fiz;a gs bUæ vfHkj{kfl A vL; bea f}rh;kFkksZ “kÏh
ÌktfEHk”kr~ [kknrq d.ksZ vfLeUo`”kkdikS ojkg;q% ojkgfePNqHkZorq A
;Fkk ojkga izhR;k ouÌk Hk{k;fr ,oa bea d.k± ;eL; Ìk
Hk{k;fRoR;FkZ% A iqÎk…s·fLeUojkga iÜ;fêkR;kSiE;LokjL;a inkFkZof` Ùk&
fun’kZueq[ksuA vFkok vL; vfLeUd.ksZ ojkg;qtfZ EHk”kr~ rkRi;Zr%
d.kZfeR;sdokD;r;k·Uo;% A ^^fnoksnklknfefFkXoL;** ¼_Dlafgrk
6- 47- 22½ bR;knkfoo fo’ks”;fo’ks”k;ks£oHkfDrO;R;;% NkUnl% A
lk;.kLrq ÌkU;L; tfEHk”kfnfr okD;a iwjf;Rok ojkg;q% Ìk d.ksZ
o`”kkdis% Jks=ks x`ÞkfRofr v/;kgkjs.k f}rh;a okD;a iwj;fr A
v/;kgkja fouk·FkZfl)sLrFkk u /kkforO;e~ A brhUæk.kh o`”kkd¯i

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175

‘kifr A ¯d dkj.ka ‘kkis A
fiz;k rÎkfu es dfiO;ZÚk O;qnwnq”kr~ A
f’kjks UoL; jkfo”ka u lqxa nq”Ñrs Hkqoe~
foÌLekfnUæ mÙkj% AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 86- 5
dfi% o`”kkdfi% ukeSdns’ks ukexzg.ke~ A dfij=k ojkgokpd bfr
u foLerZO;e~ A ojkgkŸ’kRok}jkgRoe~ A O;Úk vrho izdk’kekukfu
es fiz;kf.k rÎk rÎkfu x`gkf.k vnwn”q kr~ O;/oal;fnR;FkZ% n.M;k=kk;sfr
cks)O;e~ A n.M;k=kk;ka uxjHk×tus gE;kZf.k p Hkxëkfu Hkos;qfjfr
lEHko% A m|kuouHk…ks ok eU=kkFkZ% A vL; dis% f’kj% uq f{kiza jkfo”ka
yqukZ;ke~ A nq”Ñrs nqÎdk;Zdkfj.ks lqxa lq[ka u Hkqoa u Hkos;e~ A foÌLekfnUæ
mÙkj% A Hkkjrs p d.kZfnfXot;izLrkos d.kZÑro`f”.kohjt;% lwfpr% A
izk;Lrnku° Ñ”.kks nsoh p liq=kk uxjs u L;kr~ A vU;s losZ ftrk%
L;q%A ^^o`f”.kfHk% lg l…E; ifËekefi lks·t;r~AA** ¼Hkkxore~
255- 17½ A o`”.khuka ijkt;esoa dfoj/kZÜyksosðu lƒksfproku~ A
rnfi lfUnX/kesokdjksr~ A
fde;a Roka o`”kkdfiËdkj gfjrks e`x% A
;Lek bjT;lhnq Uo;ksZ ok iqfÎe}lq foÌLekfnUæ mÙkj% AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 86- 3
v=k gfjrks e`x bfr ojkgL;SokSiE;sukfHk/kkue~ A lk;.kLrq fiz;k
rÎkfu bR;=k o`”kkdfilEcU/kh dfËRdfifjUæk.;k go°f”k
nwf”kroku~ A vrks o`”kkÑikS ozqð)k lk o`”kkd¯i ‘kirhfr onfr A
rkŸ’kLoYikijk/kL; f’kj%[k.Mufefr fofp=k% dksi% A lk;.kL;

176

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nsoyksdLFksosUæk.kh v=k laokns A osðufp|tekusu LokFk± Ñrkfu
go°f”k fdy dfio`Z”kkdfilEcU/kh vnwnq”kr~ A
v=ksna jgL;e~ A ujdklqjks Hkkjrkfn”kq dfFkr% d.kZË u }s O;Úh A
ujdL; tudks ;ks ojkgkorkjks·fHkfgr% A l Ñ”.kkêkkU;% A l ,o
Ñ”.kiq=kks ujdd.kkZiji;kZ;ks o`”kkdfijSUæks eU=kæÎk osns A ;fn
lk{kkn~ HkwE;k¡ ;Kojkgkêkjdks tkr bfr dFkk lR;k r£g rnkjH;
Hkkjrdkyi;ZUra rL; thfora oÚO;eizfl)e~ A Hkkjrdkys p
rL; o/kJo.kknsokLekfHkuZjdklqjL; lÙkk Kk;rs u rL;klqjL;
osðukfi foJqrsu deZ.kk A rkŸ’kk|Kiq#”kkRlk{kkRi`fFkO;ka tkrË
osðoynqÎ% osðoydkeqdËklqjks·Hkwfnfr dks ok Jí/;kr~ A Ñ”.kL;
iq=ks.k lg;q)a fojks/ka pkUrrLrL;ktqZu}kjk ekj.ka p dFkk;ka
uksfprfefr ÑRok HkkjrdfoeZgkHkkjrdfookZ ,deso fofp=kekxs.Z k
f}/kk Ñroku~ A ujoað d.k± p A ujdL; HkxoRiq=kRoa ;|fi u
izPNkfnroku~ rFkkfi ojkgorkjk; uhroku~ A d.kZË nsO;k lR;;k
ojkg bfr oqðfRlr% A rLek}kjkgL; ra lqra peRdkjs.k Ñroku~ A
d.k± p cU/kqH;ks·cfg”oqðoZu~ fir`”olq% iq=ka Ñroku~ A ;k d.kZL;
ekrk izfl)k jk/kk lk d.kZL; lk{kk‹kuU;so Hkofr A u Ñf=kek
ekrk A ;k Hkxor% Ñ”.kL; izfl)k nf;rk jk/kk rka Hkkjra Hkkxora
ok ukoknhr~ A rFkkfi rægL;a Ñ”.kpSrU;su fnO;Le`R;k Kkre~ A
oqðr% Ñ”.kfiz;k jk/kk HkkjrHkkxor;ksuZ dfFkrk A rL;ka dF;ekuk;ka
rRiq=k% d.kZË dFkuh;% L;kfnfr A rka d.kZL; Ñf=keekr`Rosu
fuxwá dfFkrokUHkkjrs A lSo Hkxorh jk/kk d.kZL; ekrk A rL;ka
dU;k;keso Ñ”.k% d.kZeRq ikfnroku~ A lSo HkwfeRosu dfFkrk ujdL;
ekrk A ujd ,o d.kZ bR;=kkU;fÉ…a p Hkofr A ^^grL; ujd&

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177

L;kRek d.kZe£w reqikfJr% A r}Sja laLejUohj ;ksRL;rs osð’koktquZ kSAA**
¼Hkkxore~ 253- 20½ ujdL;kRek d.kZewrkSZ frÏfr A dks Hkko% A
grks·fi ujd% d.kZekfJR;kLR;sosfr A ,oa xw<;k fo/k;k
d.kZujd;ksjHksnks n£’krks Hkkjrs A
,oapsRdFka LoÌL; iq=k% d.kZ% A vklh}`”k.kÌks uke dfËnk;Z% A
rL; rilk rqÎ vkReka’ksu esukuke dU;k cHkwo A
v=ks;a Hkofr A
vnnk vHkk± egrs opL;os d{khors o`p;kfeUæ lqUors A
esuk·Hkoks o`”k.kÌL; lqØrks foÌsÙkk rs lous”kq izokP;k AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 51- 13
gs bUæ A lqUors A opL;os ro LrqfrfePNrs HkÚîk Lrq¯r
oqðokZ.kk;sR;FkZ% A egrs o`)k; d{khors A vHkk± ckyke~ o`p;ke~ A
vnknk% A uor#.kh v=k ckyksP;rs A ;Fkk uor#.kh o`)a dke;sr
rFkk·djksfjfr ekgkRE;Lrqfr% A ¯d p gs lqØrks A o`”k.kÌL;
,rêkkedL; HkÚL; A esuk esukukedU;k A vHko% ýh:is.k Hkwyksoðs
futrstksa’ksukorh.kksZ·lhfr Hkko% A r ro A foÌk leLrkfu A
rkrkfu izfl)kfu dekZf.k A lous”kq A izokP;k izd”ks.Z k LrksrO;kfu A
^^o`”k.kÌL; esus** bfr lqczà.;eU=kSdns’kËk=k Hkofr A bUæ ,o
o`”k.kÌL; esus bR;kgw;rs A v=ksna czkà.ka ’kkVîk;fuuke~ A
^^o`”k.kÌL; esuk HkwROkk e?kok oqðy mokl** bfr A rka Loka’kHkwrka
esukfeUæ% iquËdes A v=ksna czkà.ka Hkofr rkafMuke~ A ^^o`”k.kÌL;
esuk uke nqfgrk rfeUæËdesA** bfr A czkà.ks bUæL; esuk;k%
dkeukek=keqÚe~ A eU=ks iq=kksRiknua pksP;rs A

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LrEHkh) |ka l /k#.ka izq”kk;ŸHkqokZtk; æfo.ka ujks xks% A
vuq Lotka efg”kË{kr ozka esukeÌL; ifj ekrja xks% AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 121- 2- d{khoku~
¼l bUæ%½ /k#.ka /kkjde~ A |ka lw;Ze~ A LrEHkh) vLrEHk;r~ A uj%
usrk A _Hkq% _HokRed bUæ% A xks% lw;ZL; A vkfnR;ks·fi xkS#P;r
bfr ;kLd% A æfo.ka rs t ks a ’ kkRede~ A oktk; cyk;
cy[;kiuk;sR;FkZ% A /kua iz”q kk;r~ vflŒr~ A rstl% lspua p uk;k±
{ks=ks chtL;kokiue~ A ;Fkk yksosð cyoku~ ‘k=kqa fux`á rL;
/kueknk; ;Fkk dkeeq i ;q u fÚ ,oek=kkihfr O;×tuk;
lw;ZLrEHkuiwoZoað rn~æfo.kL;ksi;kstueqÚe~ A uSl£xdfeUæÑra
lw;LZ rEHkua æfo.kknkuk;sfr mRiz{s kk A mÙkjk/ksuZ rL;So fooj.ka djksfr A
efg”k% yqyk;% A Lotke~ Lor mRiêkke~ A ozkoa .` orhe~ A vÌL; esuka
cMcke~ A vuqp{kr vUoiÜ;r~ Lo;eI;o`.kksfnR;FkZ% A rka p A xks%
o`”kL; A ekrje~ A ifjifjo£rroku~ A efg”k% cMck;ka o`”ka tu;keklsfr
fojks/k% A uuq izkpkek;kZ.kka efg”ke`xKkuefLr ok uosfr la’k;%
_o~ðlafgrk;ka rnuqÉs[kkfnfr psr~ A ek·HkwRla’k;% A ^^li{kukfg”ka
e`xe~A** ^^efg”kk¡ v/k%** bR;kn;% iz;ksxk fo|Urs A
vFk ifjgkjLrq efg”k% egkfuUæ% A ozka dke;ekuka vÌL; o`”k.kÌL;
ukeSdns’ks ukexzg.ka A esuka dU;ka esukukeëke~ A vuqp{kr vUoiÜ;r~
Lo;efi dke;keklsR;FkZ% A rka p xkso`Z”kL; d.kZL; ekrje~ A
ifjifj£rroku~ A Ñokfufr y{;ks·FkZ% A v;eso d{khoku`f”k% Roek;la
izfrorZ;ks xksfjfr xks’kCnsu d.kZekg A rRLekj;keks okposðH;% A
o`”k.kÌdU;k;ka esuk;kfeUæ% lw;Zrstksa’ksu d.k± tu;keklsfr
Qfyre~ A

d.kZtUejgL;e~

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esuk dU;So x£Hk.kh HkwROkk tkra iq=ka yksdkioknHk;kr~ folltZ A l
p LoÌL; iq=kk£Fku% lw;eZ kjk/k;r% lw;iZ l
z knkfUefyr% A ,oa d.kZL;
firk LoÌ% A LoÌË xU/koZtkrh;ks Hkofr d.kZL; xU/koZRosukuq&
dhrZukr~ A xU/kokZË rqjxjf{k.kLrf}ozsðrkjË A vÌj{kklEcU/ksu
rkUxU/kok±RlwrkUonfr t;sfrgkldkj% Dofpr~ A Hkkjrs d.kZL;
iks”kdfirqukZekf/kjFk bfr A fuxesLoÌ bfr A mHkkS ’kCnkS rkRi;Zr
rqY;kFkkSZ A ;L; ‘kksHkuk vÌkLrL;Sokf/kdks jFk% A if{kjFk bR;knk&
fookf/kjFk’kCns jFk’kCnks okguijks ok y{k.k;k A v;a p LoÌks
jktSo u lk/kkj.kks x`gLFk% A
,rfLeêkso dkys rq /k`rjkΪL; oS l[kk A
lwrks·f/kjFk bR;so lnkjks tkßo° ;;kS AA
egkHkkjre~ ouioZ 307- 1
bfr egkHkkjrÜyksosð rL; /k`rjkΪl[kRosu dhrZukfÉ…kr~ A
ns’kkUrjLFk% dfËf}tkrh;ks x`gLFk% dL;fpækK% l[kk Hkorhfr u
J)s;ks fg fo”k;% A vU;‰kfy…a fo|rs A
peZ.oR;kË ;equka rrks x…ka txke g A
x…k;k% lwrfo”k;a pEikeuqiqj° ;;kS AA
egkHkkjre~ ouioZ 307-25
v=kk…ns’k% lwrfo”k; mP;rs A lwrkuka fo”k;ks uk…ns’k% A rL;
loZfo/ka tkfr’kksfHkrRokr~ A lwrL; fo”k; bfr foxzgks oÚO;% A
lwrLr=k jktk psÙkFkksfÚ#iiêkk A fo”.kqiqjk.kks lk{kknsok…jkt&
oa’kkoY;kef/kjFk% d.kZfirksÚ% A izkXT;ksfr”kns’kËkns’kkr~ iwoZL;ka
fnf’k fo|rs·uqc)% A ‘kY;L; eæokfådns’kkfooksHkkofi d.kZL;
ns’kkS A v=ksnseuqekue~ A d.kZL; firq%dkys·…ns’k ,d ,o rL;
jkT;e~ A l pSdrks tjklU/ksukU;r% dkSjoSË ftr% izkXT;ksfr”kka izfr

180

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

iykf;r%A ekfyuhiqjh rRizkUrË tjklU/kL;kHkwr~ A pEikiqjh
rRizkUrË dkSjok.kk·Hkwr~ A d.kZ% izkS<ks HkwRok izkXT;ksfr”ks
jkT;LFkkidks·Hkwr~ A vuUrja ;q)s tjklU/ka lk/kf;Rok ekfyu°
lkf/kroku~ A dkSjosH;% þsgsu pEike~ A tjklU/kfot;su ekfyuh&
lk/kudFkk ’kkfUrioZf.k fo|rs A
xr% izlÚkuqil
z Úks fo”k;% A izÑreuqljke% A esuoS jk/kk Hkofr A
esuk’kCnL; O;qRiÙkkS ;kLdks eku;UR;suk bfr esuk bR;kg A
eku;UR;sukfeR;sdopus O;qRifÙk% jk/;rs vkjk/;rs loSfZ jfr jk/kk A
,oeqHkkS ‘kCnkS rqY;kFkkSZ A esukjk/k;ksjDS ;s ikSjkf.koað fy…a psna Hkofr A
JhÑ”.krstlks·/ksZu lk p ew£rerh lrh A
,dkew£r£}/kkHkwrk·Hksnks osnsfr fu:fir% AA
czàoSorZiqjk.ke~ Jh-t-[ka-13 v/;k;%
lk iwoZizÑrk jk/kk A fuxes bUæ ,o iq#”k:i% ýh:iËkorh.kZ
,dfLeu~ dky bfr izek.kSoZ;a KkroUr% A Ñ”.k bUæL;korkj bfr
p A czàoSrZiqjk.ks xksyksosðÌjL;Ñ”.kL;k/kZHkkxsu jk/kk·/kZHkkxsu
Ñ”.kËkorh.kkZfoR;qP;rs A vHksnks jk/kkÑ”.k;ksonZs s fu:fir bfr p
onfr A mHk;ks% lkejL;dj.ks esuk oSoqð.Bkoso jk/kkÑ”.kkfofr
fl/;sr~ A czàoSorZijq k.ks jk/kk;k% firk o`”kHkkuq#P;rs A fuxes esuk;k%
firk% o`”k.kÌ% A vk|k{kj=k;L; r=k ‘kCns·okZphulaLÑrHkk”kk;e~
vÜyhykFkZRok}`”kHkkuqfjfr uke o`”k.kÌ’kCnrqY;kFkZoða iqjk.kdkjËozðs A
jgL;j{k.kk; ok ijks{kfiz;Rokísokuke~ A vÌ’kCnks fuxes ” kq
fdj.ki;kZ;Ë Hkfor A rLek}SfndikSjkf.kd;ksukZeëksjFkZHksn% A
vFkkU;% la’k;%A t;frgkls d.kZ% oqðUR;k% iq=k bfr dfFkre~ A ;fn

d.kZtUejgL;e~

181

d.kZL; tuuh jk/kk r£g lS”kk dFkk dfYirk izlT;sr A u A jk/kkr%
oqðUrh u fHk|rs A oqðUR;k% i`Fksfr uke i`fFkO;a’ktsfr psnqHk;ksja’k;ks%
lkejL;eqÙkj=k o{;ke% A i`fFkO;a’k bUæL;k/kk±’k ,o Hkofr A
|koki`fFkO;ksfjUæ’kjhjRokr~ A izek.keqÙkj=k nkL;ke% A lfr lEHkos
fuxesfrgkl;ks% lkejL;a drZO;e~ A rLekæk/kkoqðUR;ksjHksni{k
,okLekfHkjkJh;rs A
oqðfUrHkkst bfr i`FkkfirqukZe A oqðUr;ks tuink% A rs”kq Hkkst%
dfËRikyd% oqðfUrHkkst% A izk;ks xks/kule`f)eUr ,o Hkkstk
mP;Urs A rLekr~ oqðfUrHkkstks o`”k.kÌËsêkkifÙk% A ^^oqðys mokl**
bfr czkà.kokD;kRdU;k;k esuk;k oklLFkya fdefi oqðyfefr
oÚO;e~ A fir`oqðy bR;FkksZ u pk#% A dU;k;k% fir`oqðys oklL;
i`FkXoÚO;Rokuoljkr~ A lkekU;r% oqðyina fjrËka ;wFka onfr A
rnk lk/kkj.k’kCnsu fo’ks”kL; O;ogkj% A oqðy’kCnsu xksoqðyL;
O;ogkj bfr ;kor~ A xksoðq yoklks uke xksoðq yle`f)efr xzkes okl
bfr y{k.k;k fl/;sr~ A
uuq i`Fkk Ñ”.kL; fir`”olsfr dFkk;k% dk xfrfjfr psr~ A Ñ”.kL;
iks”kdxksikydoqðVqEcs jk/kkÑ”.kfirq% fir`O;LFkkuh; Kkfriq=kh
L;kr~ A izflf)Ë jk/kk Ñ”.kL; fir`”ol`LFkkuh;sfr A
jk/kkoqðUR;ksHksZni{ks dFkkxksiuL;k ukoÜ;dRoe~~ Ñ”.kkRiq=keqRik|
dkfpêkkjhiqujU;suks<sfrdFkk;keso fdefi oSjL;e~ A lk ;fn
ukU;suks<k r™ksius fdekoÜ;dRoe~ A

182

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

}kf=ka’ka izdj.ke~

ujdklqjdFkk

mDra d.kksZ ujdklqjks u }s O;Úh bfr A mDra psUæk.kh ikSykseh
lR;Sofs r A lEizfr ikBdkuka fo’kna L;kísoh ujd;q)s ;su dkj.ksu
J)ka Hksts A vkReu% rÎkfu vkReu% vkReiq=kL; egkohjL;
t;Urkiji;kZ;L; t;L; HkrqË
Z ijks{ka ;Rd.kZ% v/oal;ÙknsokL;k%
dksidkj.kfefr p izkxso lwfpre~ A r=ks;a Hkofr A
vohjkfeo eke;a ‘kjk#jfHk eU;rs
mrkgefLe ohfj.khUæiÃh e#Rl[kk foÌkLekfnUæ mÙkj% AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 86- 9
ohjiq=kjfgrkfeo ekeoeU;rs·;feR;qDRok iq=klfgrk;k% LoL;k%
ijks{ka Loks|kukfnHk…% Ñrks o`”kkdfiusfr lwP;rs A ,oa lR;k
ujdfojks/kl…fr% A
vfnrs% oqð.Mys o#.kL; PN=ka bUælEcU/kh ef.kioZrË ujosð.k
ärk% vr bUæizsj.ksu Ñ”.k% ujdiqjk; n.M;k=kkedjksn~
bR;Sfrgkfldk% A oSoðq .BL;sUæizjs .ka p LokUr;kZfeizjs .kkêkkfrfjP;rs A
vfnrs% oqð.Mys ujosð.k ärs bR;=k }s/kk·FkZl…fr% A vfnfr% ijk’kfÚ%
oqð.Mfyuh ;k·/;kRee~ A rL;k% oqð.Mys p Jo.k}kjk fu;ZUrkS
‘kjhja loZeko`.okukS T;ksfr£o’ks”kkfoo Hkor% A rnLekfHk%
oqð.Mykgj.ks O;k[;kre~ A rs ;koRd.kZL; frÏrLrkoRlks·o/;%

ujdklqjdFkk

183

lqjklqjS% A vrLrnktgj.kk;sUæizsj.ka ukekUr;kZfeizsj.ka Hkxorks
oSoqð.BL;SR;sd% i{k% A vfnfr% Ñ”.kL; ekrSok=k A rL;k% oqð.Mys
lqifz l)egkewY;ef.kfu£ers ¼v/kqukrudksfguwjef.kor~½ d.kksZ ;q)s
;knoku~ ftRok·iäroku~ A r;ks% iqujkgj.kk; Ñ”.kL;kUr;kZfe&
iszj.keuql`R; xeufeR;ij% i{k% A
ok#.kPN=ka p ;nqlezkt% cgqeqÚkHkwf”kra egk?k± jktdh;a ujdL;
PN=ka L;kr~ A Jhg”kZpfjrs ck.k% bZŸ’kL; jktdh;PN=kL; ok#.kL;So
cgqewY;oÙkjL; cgqizHkkoL; o.kZua pozsð A r‰k izkXT;ksfr”ksÌjL;
iwokZ£tra rsuoS Jhg”kkZ; fdyksik;uRosu nÙke~ A vL; lR;Roa ;Fkk
dFka f pnLrq A rFkkfi rkŸ’kPN=ka iz k XT;ks f r”ks · Lrhfr
dosHkkZoks·LekfHkyZ{k.kh;% A
osðfpÙkq ok#.ka N=ka dfri;iqjk.kokD;cysu ujdklqjs.k o#.kkn~&
viärfefr onfUr A rs nsorkekgkRE;kufHkKk vU/kk% A Hkwyksosð
olrk nsoyksdks eulkfi ifjHkforqe’kD;% A o#.kL; los”Z kkelrka
fu;Urq% N=ka ekuo’kjhj% dFkeigrq± ‘koëqð;kr~ A rLekÙkr~
o#.knsorkoað N=kfeR;sokFkZ% lk/kq% A
bUæs.k ärN=ks.k äroqð.MycU/kquk A
ärkejkfæLFkkusu Kkfirks HkkSepsfÎre~ AA
Loað- 10-iq-59&1
bfr N=ka bUælEcU/;soksÚe~ A ;|;feUæks oSoqð.B ,o L;kÙknk&
·Ur;kZfe’kjhjHksnus izjs diz;s HZ kkoks KkidKkI;HkkoË A lk{kkn~ Hkxor
bUæL; losZÌjL; jksekfi pkyf;rqe’kD;eU;S% A bUæL;klqjck/kk&
dFkk% dkfËnorkjlEcfU/kU;ks HkofUr A dkfËnk/;kfReD;ks

184

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

thoL;klqjck/kkKfidk% A bUæks fg loZL; txrks tho:i% A
:ia :ia izfr:iks cHkwo rnL; :ia izfrp{k.kk; A
bUæks ek;kfHk% iq#:i bZ;rs ;qÚk áL; gj;% ‘krk n’k AA
_Dlafgrk 6- 47- 18
bR;qÚRokr~ A
ef.kioZrËkfi ;nwuka nsO;k m|kuxr% L;kr~ A ;nhUækniär% l% A
Hkkjrsfrgkjdkjks egkHkkjrdkjks ok ujdL; o/ka oqð.MyPN=k&
ef.kioZrkuka iqu% izR;iZ.ka p onfr A rL;kRek d.kZew£re~
vkfJR;kuUrjeklhfnfr p Hk.kfr A
oLrqrLrq Hkxokêkjosð.k ;q)a u Ñroku~ A ijUrq r=k xRok lkeëSo
ef.koqð.MyknhU;kuhrokfufr oÚO;e~A oqð.Mykgj.kdFkk r=k
æÎO;k A vU;kË dkfËnlqjek;k% d.kkZRizfrx`ghrk Hkxork A r=ks;a
Hkofr A
rfnêkqrs dj.ka nLe foizk¯g ;n~ ?këêkkstks v=kkfeehFkk% A
‘kq”.kL; fpRifjek;k vx`H.kk% izfiRoa ;êki nL;w¡jls/k% AA
_Dlafgrk 5- 31- 7
r`rh;ikns lk;.kL;s;a O;k[;k A ^^’kq”.kL; fpr~ ,rêkkedL;klqjL;
lqcfU/kuhekZ;k% ;qorh% i;ZxH` .kk% ifjx`ghrokuflA** v=k i;ZxH` .kk
bfr ins u iz r kfjrk% iw o s Z ,s f rgkfldk% Ñ”.kL;
ujdklqj”kksM’klgüýhgj.kdFkk dfYirk A oLrqrks ek;k vn~Hkqrk%
fl);% A rk% d.kkZRifjx`ghrokfuR;so lk/kh;kuFkZ% A ,sfrgkfloSðLrq
;nsrUeU=kfy…PNq”.kýhifjxzg.ka Hkxor% dfYira rfÉ…a ‘kq”.k
,o ujd bR;=kkU;r~ A

HkxnÙk% d%\

185

=k;¯L=k’ka izdj.ke~

HkxnÙk% d%\

ujdo/kknuUrja rL; jkT;s LFkkfir% HkxnÙkks ujdiq=k bfr Hkkjrs
ŸÜ;rs A l HkxnÙk% d% A ¯d d.kZL; iq=k% A u A l d.kZ ,o Hkofr A
ujdo/kL; dfYirRokÙk=k jktk dËur}/kkuUrja oDrO;% A l
ujdknfHkêkË HkkO;% A rLekRd.kZL; ukekUrjs.k HkxnÙk’kCnsu ra
o£.kroUr% A
Hkxsu lw;sZ.k nÙkks HkxnÙk bfr uke fuoZpue~ A esuk lw;Zizlknsu
Hkxorks oSoðq .Bkr~ lw;k±’ka iq=k ysHks A fouk riks u dkfpísork Loka’ka
iq=ka n|kr~ A rLekUesuk;kLriks HkxL; izlknË lqyHkeuqes;kS A
d.kZL; lw;Ziq=kRoksfÚËk=k le£Fkdk HkofrA ;ks ;RizlknyC/kLra
rL; iq=ka HkÚîk onfUr A ,rsu ik.Mokuka nSoiq=kRoa p O;k[;kre~ A
brË HkxnÙk% d.kZ% A
fugR; ra ujifrfeUæfoØea l[kk;feUæL; rFkSfUæjkãos A
rrks·ijkaLro t;dkaf{k.kks ujkUcHk×t ok;qcy
Z okUæqekfuo AA
egkHkkjre~ æks.kioZ 29&57
bR;knkS HkxnÙk bUæL; l[kk dfFkr% A
ukgfeUækf.k jkj.k l[;qo`Z”kkdis_Zrs A
;L;sneI;a gfo% fiz;a nsos”kq xPNfr foÌLekfnUæ mÙkj% AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 86- 12

186

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

bfr fuxes ^^;feea Roa o`”kkd¯i fiz;feUækfHkj{kfl** ¼_Dlafgrk
10- 86- 4½ bfr izkxqnkärs p o`”kkdfi% bUæL; l[kksÚ% A
HkxnÙkL;klqjiq=kL; Lo;elqjL;sUæl[kRofena eU=kfy…a fouk dFka
oDrqa ’kD;sr A ^^oSfj.ka tfg nq/kZ”k± HkxnÙka lqjf}”ke~A** ¼egkHkkjre~
æks.kioZ 29&44½ bfr rL; lqjf}V~RoeqDra pk=kkuqlU/ks;e~ A
rL; oS”.kokýa Ñ”.kks ;nkReuk ikFk± izPNk| /k`roku~ r=k
^^Roek;lfe** fr izkxqnkäreU=kks fy…e~ A ;ÙkL; ukx% ‘k=kqenZu%
l d.kZL; jFkkêkkfrfjP;rs A
rekirUra f}jna ŸÎok ozqð)feokUrde~ A
pozsð·ilO;a Rofjr% L;Unusu tuknZu% AA bfr HkkjrskDra
^^oÈowð okrL; i£.kusfr** ¼_Dlafgrk 8- 1- 11½ eU=kfy…a
Lekj;fr A
rLekn~HkxnÙk% d.kkZêkkij%A uuq d.kZL; ijns’kkf/kiR;kRdkSjokuqpjRoa
uksii|r bfr psr~ A rfnÎe~ A d.kZ% dkSjoL; l[kSo Hkofr ukuqpjks
HkV% A u eU=kh lHkkLrkj% ;q”ekfHkjfi rL;k…jktRokRijns’kk&
f/kiR;eH;qixre~ A rLekêk dfËf}jks/k% A

cyjke% d%\

187

prq¯L=k’ka izdj.ke~

cyjke% d%\

flrkflrkS osð’kkS
;nqDra izkxso losÌ
Z jL; flrkflrkS osð’kkS jkeÑ”.kkfofr r;ks% osð’k;ks%
fdj.kkRedRoa cks/;e~ A
=k;% osðf’ku _rqqFkk fo p{krs laoRljs oir ,d ,”kke~ A
foÌesdks vfHk pÎs ‘kphfHk/kzkZftjsdL; nŸ’ks u :ie~ AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 164- 44
v=k iwoZiknL;s;a lk;.kO;k[;k A osð’kLFkkuh;izÑÎjfÜe&
;qÚký;ksXU;kfnR;ok;o% rs p _rqFkk _rqdkys fop{krs fofo/k&
y{k.kka Hkw¯e iÜ;fUr A ok;qfjfr e/;eLFkkuL;sUæL; nsoL;
foHkwfrHksn% A Hkwes% lEcU/kknL; r=k xzg.ke~ A vusu ¯d Kkre~ A
osð’k’kCnks jfÜei;kZ;ks fuxes izfl) bfr Kkre~ A rkoso flrkflrkS
osð’kkS A flr% lw;ZL; A losZ”kka jÜehuka lefÎjÜes% flrRokr~ A
vflrks e/;eL; A vŸÜ;Rokn~HkwlEc)ok;qi{ks A |qforku:igfjr&
o.kZRoknkdk’klEc)sUæi{ks A ^^bUæs fu :ik gfjrk fefef{kjs**
¼_Dlafgrk 10- 96- 3½ bR;qnkäreU=kiknks·=k y{khdrZO;% A ¯d
lEiêke~ A jke% lw;LZ ;ka’k% A Ñ”.k bUæL; A
vfgcq/Z U;%
vU;Fkk jkeL; rÙoa ijh{kkegs A izkxqDra ‘ks”kL;ka’kks cynso bfr A
‘ks”kË HkwHkkjokgh lgüQ.k% dËu% Q.kh A dks·;e~ A ;fn iÜ;ke%

188

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

Hkwfexksy
Z e~ A rL;k ukLR;/k% ukLR;qifjizn’s k% A u Lr% ikÌkSZ ;=k ;=k
iÜ;keLr=k r=k ryeLekoað [k.Ms rFkk pkefjdk;ke~ A ,oa fLFkrs
HkwesewZys fLFkr% Q.kh dFka lEHkkO;% A lEizfr izÑfr’kkýKk% lw;Z
,o fut;k ‘kÚîk Hkw¯e xzgkfurjkaË fcHkrhZfr A l ,o ikSjkf.koSð%
‘ks”k bfr dF;rs A rL; lgüa djk ,o ‘ks”kL; lgüa Q.kk% A l
Hkxor% iq#”kL; ‘k¸;kRosu o£.kr% rUe.MykUrjo£rRokn~
HkxoUewr%Zs A ikŒjk=kkË oklqnos k‹kkra foKkue;a owðVLFkthoa lƒ”kZ.ka
onfUr A oklqnso vkdk’k’kjhjks egsUæ% A foKkue;% owðVLFkthoË
lw;Z% A lw;ZL; foKkunsorkRoa ^^f/k;ks ;ks u% izpksn;kr~** bfr
eU=ko.kkZr~ vU;kfHkËksifu”kn~okfXHkosnZ kUrs izfl)e~ A rLekRikŒjk=kk.kka
lƒ”kZ.k% lw;Z ,o Hkofr A izl…kRiz|qeëkfufj)kS p onke% A iz|qeëË
eulks nsork lkse% A vfu#)ËkgƒkjL; nsork izk.k% A
izÑreuqljke% A u osðoya Qf.k:iks nso% iqjk.ks”kq fuxes”kq pksP;rs
vfgcq/Z U; bfr A ,rêkkeSo ewya ’ks”kks Hkwc/q ksoë rZr bfr iqjk.kdFkk;k% A
vCtkeqDFkSj¯g x`.kh”ks cq/kës unhuka jt%lq “khnu~ AA
ek uks·fgcqZ/U;ks fj”ks /kkUek ;Kks vL; fü/kŸrk;ks% AA
_Dlafgrk 7- 34- 16&17
vCtkeUrfj{kizHkoa v¯g mDFkS% x`.kh”ks Lrqfg A ;% unhuka vika
jt%lq LFkkus”kq lokZlq fn{kq Hkw¯e ifjr% cq/kës ewys lhnu~ vfLr A
mÙkjL;ka izkFkZuk A uuq dFke;a lw;Z% A lw;ZL; fdj.kl†kr ,o A
prq£n’keika cq/kës ;ks orZrs l ,ok=kkfg% dF;rs A l ,okfg% vi%
Hkwfer% ärk% x`ÞafLrÏfrA rPNq”.kizdj.ks O;k[;kre~ A uUofgjso
tya x`Þfa LrÏrhR;=k ¯d izek.ke~ A lfUr ij% ‘krk eU=kk vfgukxzLrk
vkiks HkoUrhR;=k A v;a rq fo’ks”k% A r=kkfgjlqjRosu o.;Zrs A v=k

cyjke% d%\

189

nsorkRosuA es?kL;soksHk;Fkk o.kZua l…PNrs A Hkw/kkjdRokísoRoe~ A
ty’kks”k.ksu riuknlqjRofefr A rL; tyxzlus dkfufpnqnkgj.kkfu
n’kkZ;ke% A
nkliÃhjfgxksik vfrÏu~ fu#)k vki% if.kuso xko% A
vika fcyefifgra ;nklhn~ o`=ka t?kUok¡ vi rn~ ookj AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 32- 11
Roe/k izFkea tk;ekuks·es foÌk vf/kFkk bUæ ÑÎh%A
Roa izfr izor vk’k;kue¯g otzs.k e?kok fo o`Ë%AA
_Dlafgrk 4-17-7
RofeUæ üforok viLd% ifjfÏrk vfguk ‘kwj iwohZ% A
Ro}koozsð jF;ks u /ksuk jstUrs foÌk Ñf=kekf.k Hkh”kk AA
_Dlafgrk 7- 21- 3
okoozsð fuxZPNfUrA ofd dksfVY; bfr /kkrq% A /ksuk% u|% A lw;ZL;
jl’kks”k.ka ty/kkj.ka p izkxso O;k[;krs ‘kq”.kizdj.ks A
¯d i;Zolêke~ bZÌjL; flrosð’k% ‘ks”kË u }kfofr fl)e~ A
rLeknfLr lkejL;a flrosð’kkorkjokfnuka ‘ks”kkorkjokfnuka p
jkefo”k;s A
dk jsorh
mDra jke% lw;ZL;Sokorkj% L;kfnfr A jkeefg”;k% jsoR;k% ¯d
rÙoe~ A
_rkojh fnoks voSZðjcks/;k jsorh jksnlh fp=keLFkkr~ A
vk;rhexë m”kla foHkkr° okeesf”k æfo.ka fHk{kek.k% AA
_Dlafgrk 3- 61- 6

190

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

v=kks”kksnsoh jsoR;qÚk A
iz cks/k;ks”k% i`.krks e?kksfu vcq/;ekuk% i.k;% llUrq A
jsonqPN e?kon~H;ks e?kksfu jsor~ Lrks=ks lwu`rs tkj;UrhAA**
_Dlafgrk 1- 124- 10
v=k e?kon~H;% Lrks=ks p jsonqPNsR;q”kk mP;rs A
oqðfoRl nsoh% lu;ks uoks ok ;keks cHkw;knq”klks oks v| A
;suk uoXos vf…js n’kXos lÆkL;s jsorh jsonw”k AA
_Dlafgrk 4- 51- 4
m”ksfr olrscZgqopue~ A lu;% iqjk.k% A v=kks”kl% jsoR; mP;Urs
rklka jso}klË HkÚtus dF;rs A vU;klka ýhnsorkuka u jsorh’kCn%
iz;qÚks ŸÎ% A rLekæsorh m”kkLrÙor bfr fuËsrqa ’kD;rs A jsorh
u{k=ka iw”kk nsorsfr u{k=ki;kZ;Ros ok rL;k% iw”knsorkRoe~ A ;k ýh
;ísorkdk lk rL; ’kfÚ% A m”kkË lw;LZ ; ’kfÚ% A rLekÙkfLeUi{ks·fi
jsoR;q”kk% A
cyks oyËSdkFkkSZ
cyks oyËSdkFkkSZ ‘kCnkS L;krke~ A oy’kCnks es?ki;kZ;s”kq ifBr%
vfg’kCnË A es?kL; uhjka’kks uk=kkfgoZyks ok A T;ksfrja’k ,o A l p
jlgkjdkRlkSjk‹;ksfr”kks ukfrfjP;rs A tyka’kLrsu ära /kue~ A oyL;
cyL; p in;ksjHksnkRlkEizfrdHkk”kk;kfeUæks cykfj#P;rs A izkpka
Hkk”kk;ka oykfj% A ,rUewydeso cykjkeL; cyukedRoe~ A
jkSfg.k%
jkSfg.k’kCnks·fi oykfgi;kZ; ,o o.;Zrs A ^^;ks jkSfg.keLiqðy}tzckgq&
|kZekjksgUra l tukl bUæ% AA** ¼_Dlafgrk 2- 12- 12½ bfr eU=ko.kZ&

cyjke% d%\

191

iz;ksxË Hkofr A jksfg.kh Hkwfe% A rRiq=kRoa p lw;ZjÜesHkwZE;kos’kknso
jlknkukr~ A vkos’kks xHksZ irua jlknkuknuUrjew/oZekxeua
tUeksip;Zrs A rL; |qxHkkZn~HkwxHk± izR;kxeuseso ;ksxek;kÑra
xHkkZ™HkkZUrjk; lÈØe.ke~ A izkpka Hkk”kk;ka jkSfg.k ,okokZpka jkSfg.ks;% A
O;fÚlEcU/k%
,oa cynsoL;kf/knSfooað rÙoa O;k[;kre~ A vFkkuUrjk ppkZ A ¯d
ikSjkf.kdk% vkf/knSfodrÙoeso cyjkekorkjr;k dfYiroUr% A
mrkgks rL;korkjLrfLeUdkys·Hkwr~ A vHkwnso A d.kZ ,o cyjke%
dkfu izek.kkfu A
1- d.kZ% lw;ZL;korkj% A cyjkeË lw;ZrÙoe~ A
2- cyjkeks jkSfg.ks;% d.kZË A dFka d.kksZ jkSfg.ks;% A HkkSeRokr~ A
HkkSeks ujd bfr izflf)jfLr A nsoh esuk jk/kkiji;kZ;k Hkwejs orkj% A
uuwDra lk bUæL;So ;ksf”knorkj bfr A uS”k nks”k% A foÌkRedL;sUæL;
}kS HkkxkS |kS% i`fFkoh psfr A v=ks;a Hkofr A
; bes jksnlh mHks vgfeUæerqÎoe~ A
foÌkfe=kL; j{kfr czàsna Hkkjra tue~ AA
_Dlafgrk 3- 53- 12
r;ksHkkZx;ks£noksa’ksu Ñ”.kks·Hkwr~ A Hkwesja’ksu nsoh jk/kk A ;RlR;k
Hkwesja’k bfr osð”kkfŒRdYiua rnlr~ A lk lk{kkfnUæk.;k vorkj%
lR;HkkeSo iV~Vefg”kh u #fDe.kh A izÑrs jk/ks;ks HkkSeks jkSfg.ks;Ësfr
,dkFkkZfu inkfu HkofUr A v;a fo’ks”k% A jksfg.khHkwfe’kCnkS
lk{kkn~Hkwfei;kZ;kS A jk/kk’kCnks esukij% vorkjij bR;qDra Hkofr A
xHkkZn~xHkkZ; lÈØkfUrjkf/knSfoD;so dFkk u pfj=ke~ A

192

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

3- cyjke% dkSjos·frizhfreku~ d.kZË A LoHkkoSD;lwpukfnna
dkj.ke~ A
4- d.kZL; iÃh jsoR;qP;rs A
o`”kkdikf; jsofr lqiq=k vknq lqþq”ks A
?klÙk bUæ m{k.k% fiz;a dkfpRdja gfo£oÌLekfnUæ mÙkj% AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 86- 13
ukgfeUæk.khR;usu bUæs.k o`”kkdisgZfonsZos”oxPNr~ rkRi;Zr% l
nsokjk/kd% lR; bfr dfFkrs lUrqÎks o`”kkdfi% loZdeZlq Lolgk;ka
jsorheso rL; lqÑrL; d=kh± |ksr;êku;k Üyk?krs A gs o`”kkdikf;
o`”kkdiseZe ifà bR;kfn A lk;.kLrq o`”kkdiseZeekr% bfr
bUæk.khijRosu ;kst;fr eU=ke~ A Hkk;kZokpdL; izR;;L;
lEcU/kek=kijr;k lƒksp ,okje.kh;% r=kkfi ekr`ijr;k furkUra
vje.kh;e~ A lo± lwDra ijLijlaoknkReoað eRok l ,rkŸ’ka
izeknedjksr~ A rsuSoUR;ks eU=k% LorU=ke`f”kokD;eso ÑRok
O;k[;kre~ A jsoR;k% izR;{ks ijks{ks ok bZŸ’kh LrqfruZ fo#/;rs A
izR;{ks izR;{kLrqfr% ijks{ks eu%dfYirka izR;kdk’kHkk”k.ka ;Fkk
ukVdkfn”kqA uuq o`”kkdfifjUæ% rL; iÃhfr lEcks/kuL;sUækf.k&
ijRofefr psr~ :<a fol`T; ;ksxi;ZUreuq/kkouel…re~ A
o`”kkdfiË ,sUæs :<% A usUæs A
5- ^^’kq”.keuUrS% ifj;kfl o/kS%** ¼_Dlafgrk 1- 121- 9½ bfr d.kZ%
vuUr’kCnsu lk{kknqÚ% A oqðr ,sfrgkfldk% }kfookn’kZ;u~A
d.kZL;ksiklukFkZe~ A ;q)s ’k=kq.kk grL;ksiklua drq± J)k u Hkofr A
vr% miklukFk± jkea izR;soað ÑroUr% A vfLr p jke’kCn%

cyjke% d%\

193

d.kZijRosu iz;qÚ% A
iz ríq%’khes i`Fkokus osus iz jkes·okspelqjs e?koRlq A
;s ;qDRok; iŒ’krk·Le;q iFkk foJkO;s”kke~ AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 93- 14
nqxkZ% ‘khek% lhek% ;L; l nq%’khe% nq;ksZ.k bR;FkZ% rfLeu~ rr~
izkokspe~ A ¯d p osus osuiq=ks i`Fkokus i`FkkS rr~ izkokspe~ A ;s
;qDRok; l…rk% lUr% vÌS la;ksT; ok vLe;q vLef)re~ iŒ’krk
iŒ’krjFkkReoað /kua vnqfjfr ;ksX;fØ;k·/;kgkj% A ¯d rRizkPs ;r As
vkg A ,”kka =k;k.kka iFkk ekxs.Z k foJkfo foJqrus k Hkkfo A ,rs”kka ekxksZ
fojqrks HkofRoR;FkZ% A f’koks ;’kLoh p HkofRofr rkRi;Ze~ A
nq%’khelkgp;kZækeks·=k cyjke% A v;a p ;fn d.kkZnU;ks&
·Hkfo”;nlqjesua uko{;Ÿf”k% A vlqj’kCn% osðoycyoRijËsækeks
uke dfËr~ cyoku~ jktk··lhfnfr eU=k% lwp;fr A rnk
jkeukedO;fÚlk/kuk;s;eqi;qÚk Hkosr~ A vHksnLrq d.kZjke;ks%
iwoksDZ rSjos dkj.kS% A uuq Ñ”.kL; jkeks HkzkrksÚ%A rUewy:ikfHkizk;e~ A
ekrq£nf/k”kqeczoa LolqtkZj% Ük`.kksrq u% A
HkzkrsUæL; l[kk ee AA
_Dlafgrk 6- 55- 5
bfr iw”kk bUæL; HkzkrksP;rs A
vL; okeL; ifyrL; gksrLq rL; Hkzkrk e/;eks vLR;Ükë% A
r`rh;ks Hkzkrk ?k`ri`Ïks vL;k=kkiÜ;a foÜi¯r lÆiq=ke~ AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 164- 1
bfr lw;ZL; T;sÏRoeqipkjkr~ A

194

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

mnkär_XosneU=kk.kka lwph
¼e.MykuqØes.k½
izFkee.Mye~
;’kla dk#a Ñ.kqfg Lroku% A
_Dlafgrk 1- 31- 8
¼i`”Be~&139½
nkliÃhjfgxksik vfrÏu~ fu#)k vki% if.kuso xko% A
vika fcyefifgra ;nklhn~ o`=ka t?kUok¡ vi rn~ ookj AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 32- 11
¼i`”Be~&189½
vko% oqðRlfeUæ ;fLeŒkdUizkoks ;q/;Ura o`”kHka n’k|qe~ A
‘kQP;qrks js.kquZ{kr |keqPŠS=ks;ks u`”kkák; rLFkkS AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 33- 14
¼i`”Be~&132½
mPŠS=ks;ks u`”kkák; rLFkkS A
_Dlafgrk 1- 33- 14
¼i`”Be~&132½
vko%’kea o`”kHka rqxzîklq {ks=kts”ks e?kof×N=;a xke~ A
T;ksfDpn=k rfLFkokalks vØ×N=kw;rke/kjk osnukd% AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 33- 15
¼i`”Be~&133½

mnkär_XosneU=kk.kka lwph

195

m};a relLifj T;ksfr”iÜ;Ur mÙkje~ A
nsoa nso=kk lw;ZxeUe T;ksfr#Ùkee~ AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 50- 10
¼i`”Be~&20½
Roa oqðRla ‘kq”.kgR;s”okfoFkk·jU/k;ks·frfFkXok; ‘kEcje~ A
egkUra fpncqZna fu Øeh% ink luknso nL;qgR;k; tfK”ks AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 51- 6
¼i`”Be~&109½
vnnk vHkk± egrs opL;os d{khors o`p;kfeUæ lqUors A
esuk·Hkoks o`”k.kÌL; lqØrks foÌsÙkk rs lous”kq izokP;k AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 51- 13
¼i`”Be~&177½
Roesrk×tujkKks f}nZ’k vcU/kquk lqJolksitXeq”k% A
“k¯Î lgük uo¯r uo Jqrks fu pozsð.k jF;k nq”ink·o`.ko~ð AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 53- 9
¼i`”Be~&61½
RoekfoFk lqJola roksfrfHkLro =kkefHkfjUæ rwoZ;k.ke~ A
RoeLeS oqðRlefrfFkXoek;qa egs jkKs ;wus vjU/kuk;% AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 53- 10
¼i`”Be~&64½
’kq”.kL; fp}fUnuks jks#o}ukA
_Dlafgrk 1- 54- 5
¼i`”Be~&57½

196

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

vLek bnq R;nuq nk¸;s”kkesdks ;}osz Hkwjsjh’kku% A
izSr’ka lw;sZ iLi`/kkua lkSoÜO;s lqf”oekofnUæ% AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 61- 15
¼i`”Be~&48] 51½
Roa lR; bUæ /k`”.kqjsrku~ Roe`Hkq{kk u;ZLRoa “kkV~ A
Roa ‘kq”.ka o`tus i`{k vk.kkS ;wus oqðRlk; |qers lpkgu~ AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 63- 3
¼i`”Be~&83½
iqu%iqutkZ;ekuk iqjk.kh lekua o.kZefHk ’kqEHkekuk A
Ì/këho ÑÃq£ot vkfeukuk erZL; nsoh tj;UR;k;q% AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 92- 10
¼i`”Be~&160½
l lO;su ;efr ozk/krfËr~ l nf{k.ks lÈx`Hkhrk Ñrkfu A
l dhfj.kk fpRlfurk /kukfu e#Rokêkks HkofRoUæ mðrh AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 100- 9
¼i`”Be~&87½
,rR;Ùk bUæ o`”.k mDFka ok”kkZfxjk vfHk x`.kfUr jk/k% A
_tzkÌ% izfÎfHkjEcjh”k% lgnsoks Hk;eku% lqjk/kk% AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 100- 17
¼i`”Be~&114½
jksfgPNîkok lqena’kqyZykeh% |q{kk jk;s _tzkÌL; A
o`”k.oUra fcHkzrh /kw”kqZ jFka eUæk fposðr ukgq”kh”kq fo{kq AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 100- 16
¼i`”Be~&115½

mnkär_XosneU=kk.kka lwph

197

foÌkgsUæks vf/koÚk uks vLRoifjärk% luq;ke okte~ A
rêkks fe=kks o#.kks ekegUrkefnfr% flU/kq% i`fFkoh mr |kS% AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 100- 19
¼i`”Be~&115&116½
nL;wf×NE;w¡Ë iq#gwr ,oSgZRok i`fFkO;ka ‘kokZ fu cghZr~ A
lur~ {ks=ka lf[kfHk% fÌ=;sfHk% luRlw;± luni% lqotz% AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 100- 18
¼i`”Be~&120½
l eU;qeh% lenuL; drkZ·LekosðfHku`ZfHk% lw;± lur~ A
vfLeêkgURlRifr% iq#gwrks e#Rokêkks HkofRoUæ mðrh AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 100- 6
¼i`”Be~&120½
;ks O;ala tkä”kk.ksu eU;quk ;% ‘kEcja ;ks vgu~ fiizqeozre~A
bUæks ;% ‘kq”.ke’kq”ka U;ko`.kÈ e#RoUra l[;k; gokegsAA
_Dlafgrk 1- 101- 2
¼i`”Be~&68] 111½
o;a t;se Ro;k ;qtk o`reLekdea’keqnok HkjsHkjs A
vLeH;feUæ ofj o% lqxa Ñf/k iz ’k=kw.kka e?koUo`”.;k #t AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 102- 4
¼i`”Be~&145½
;q;ksi ukfHk#ijL;k;ks% iz iwokZfHkfLrjrs jkfÎ ’kwj% A
v×tlh oqðfy’kh ohjiÃh i;ks fgUokuk mnfHkHkZjUrs AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 104- 4
¼i`”Be~&143½

198

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

izfr ;RL;k uhFkk·n£’k nL;ksjksdks ukPNk lnua tkurh xkr~ A
v/k Lek uks e/koŒo`ZðrkfnUek uks e?kso fu”iih ijk nk% AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 104- 5
¼i`”Be~&144½
la ek riUR;fHkr% liÃhfjo i’kZo% A
ew”kks u f’kÜkëk O;UnfUr ek/;% Lrksrkja rs ‘krØrks A
foÙka es vL; jksnlh AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 105- 8
¼i`”Be~&159½
veh ;s lÆ jÜe;Lr=kk es ukfHkjkrrk A
f=krLr}snkiR;% l tkfeRok; jsHkfr foÙka es vL; jksnlh AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 105- 9
¼i`”Be~&151½
veh ;s iŒks{k.kks e/;s rLFkqeZgks fno% A
nso=kk uq izokP;a l/kzhphuk fu oko`£oÙka es vL; jksnlh AA
lqi.kkZ ,r vklrs e/; vkjks/kus fno% A
rs ls/kfUr iFkks o`oað rjUra ;ãrhjiks foÙka es vL; jksnlh AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 105- 10&11
¼i`”Be~&19½
f=kr% owðis·ofgrks nsokUgor mðr;s A
rPNqJko c`gLifr% Ñ.oêka gwj.kknq# foÙka es vL; jksnlh AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 105- 17
¼i`”Be~&151½

mnkär_XosneU=kk.kka lwph

199

bUæa oqðRlks o`=kg.ka ‘kphi¯r dkVs fuckg~G_f”kjãnwr;s A
jFka u nqxkZ}lo% lqnkuoks foÌLekêkks vag;lks fuf”iirZu AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 106- 6
¼i`”Be~&151½
;fnUækxëh ;nq”kq rqoZ’ks”kq ;n~æqáq”ouq”kq iw#”kq LFk% A
_Dlafgrk 1- 108- 8
¼i`”Be~&17½
;kfHk% d.oa iz fl”kklUrekore~ A
_Dlafgrk 1- 112- 5
¼i`”Be~&22½
d{khoUra Lrksrkja ;kfHkjkore~ A
_Dlafgrk 1- 112- 11
¼i`”Be~&24½
uklR;kH;ka c£gfjo iz o`×ts Lrksek¡ b;E;ZfHkz;so okr% A
;koHkZxk; foenk; tk;ka lsuktqok U;wgFkw jFksu AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 116- 1
¼i`”Be~&168½
r}ka ujk ’kaL;a iftz;s.k d{khork uklR;k ifjTeu~ A
_Dlafgrk 1- 117- 6
¼i`”Be~&141½
v/ksuqa nük Lr;± fo”kDrkefiUora ’k;os vfÌuk xke~ A
;qoa ’kphfHk£oenk; tk;ka U;wgFkq% iq#fe=kL; ;ks”kke~ AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 117- 20
¼i`”Be~&168½

200

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

LrEHkh) |ka l /k#.ka izq”kk;ŸHkqokZtk; æfo.ka ujks xks% A
vuq Lotka efg”kË{kr ozka esukeÌL; ifj ekrja xks% AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 121- 2
¼i`”Be~&178½
Roek;la izfr orZ;ks xks£noks vÜekueqiuhre`Hok A
oqðRlk; ;=k iq#gwr oUo×Nq”.keuUrS% ifj;kfl o/kS%AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 121- 9~
¼i`”Be~&24] 74] 192½
iqjk ;RlwjLrelks vihrsLrefæo Qfyxa gsfreL;A
‘kq”.kL; fpRifjfgra ;nkstks fnoLifj lqxzfFkra rnkn%AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 121- 10
¼i`”Be~&70½
Roa lwjks gfjrks jke;ks u¤u~ Hkj‰kØesr’kks uk;feUæ A
izkL; ikja uo¯r ukO;kukefi drZeorZ;ks·;T;wu~ AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 121- 13
¼i`”Be~&125½
vk oks #o.;qekSf’ktks gqo/;S ?kks”kso ’kaletqZuL; ua’ks A
iz o% iw”.ks nkou vka vPNk oksps; olqrkfrexës%A
_Dlafgrk 1- 122- 5
¼i`”Be~&141½
iz cks/k;ks”k% i`.krks e?kksfu vcq/;ekuk% i.k;% llUrq A
jsonqPN e?kon~H;ks e?kksfu jsor~ Lrks=ks lwu`rs tkj;UrhAA**
_Dlafgrk 1- 124- 10
¼i`”Be~&190½

mnkär_XosneU=kk.kka lwph

201

lwjËozað iz o`g‹kkr vkstlk
izfiRos okpe#.kks eq”kk;rh’kku vk eq”kk;fr A
_Dlafgrk 1- 130- 9
¼i`”Be~&55] 73½
lq”kq”okal _HkoLrni`PNr vxksá d bna uks vcwcq/kr~ A
Ìkua cLrks cks/kf;rkjeczohr~ laoRlj bne|k O;[;r AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 161- 13
¼i`”Be~&22½
vL; okeL; ifyrL; gksrLq rL; Hkzkrk e/;eks vLR;Ükë% A
r`rh;ks Hkzkrk ?k`ri`Ïks vL;k=kkiÜ;a foÜi¯r lÆiq=ke~ AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 164- 1
¼i`”Be~&193½
=k;% osðf’ku _rqqFkk fo p{krs laoRljs oir ,d ,”kke~ A
foÌesdks vfHk pÎs ‘kphfHk/kzkZftjsdL; nŸ’ks u :ie~ AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 164- 44
¼i`”Be~&187½
tks”k|nhelq;kZ lp/;S fof”krLrqdk jksnlh u`e.kk% A
vk lw;sZo fo/krks jFka xkÙos”kizrhdk uHklks usR;k AA
vkLFkki;Ur ;qo¯r ;qoku% ’kqHks fufeÜyka fonFks”kq itzke~ A
vdksZ ;}ks e#rks gfo”;kUxk;™kFka lqrlkseks nqoL;u~ AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 167- 5&6
¼i`”Be~&140½

202

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

vtko`r bUæ ‘kwjiÃh|k± p ;sfHk% iq#gwr uwue~ A
j{kks vfxëe’kq”ka rwoZ;k.ka ¯lgks u nes vikafl oLrks% AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 174- 3
¼i`”Be~&67½
eq”kk; lw;± dos pØeh’kku vkstlk A
og ‘kq”.kk; o/ka oqðRla okrL;kÌS% AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 175- 4¼i`”Be~&57] 77½
og oqðRlfeUæ ;fLeŒkdURL;w _tzk okrL;kÌk A
iz lwjËozað o`grknHkhosð·fHk Li`/kks ;kfl”k}tzckgq% AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 174- 5
¼i`”Be~&52] 77] 90½
jiRdfofjUækoZðlkrkS {kka nklk;ksicgZ.k° d% A
_Dlafgrk 1- 174- 7 vxLR;%
¼i`”Be~&122] 131½
funq;ksZ.ks oqð;okpa e`f/k Jsr~ AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 174- 7
¼i`”Be~&143½
og ‘kq”.kk; o/ka oqðRla okrL;kÌS% AA
_Dlafgrk 1- 175- 4
¼i`”Be~&90½

mnkär_XosneU=kk.kka lwph

203

f}rh;e.Mye~
v/o;Zoks ; mj.ka t?kku uo p[okla uo¯r p ckgwu~ A
;ks vcqZneo uhpk cck/ks rfeUæa lkseL; Hk`Fks fguksr AA
_Dlafgrk 2- 14- 4
¼i`”Be~&110½
v/o;Zoks ;% LoÜkëa t?kku ;% ‘kq”.ke’kq”ka ;ks O;ale~ A
;% fiizqa ueq¯p ;ks #f/kozaðk rLek bUæk;kU/klks tqgksr AA
_Dlafgrk 2- 14- 5
¼i`”Be~&68] 111½
v/o;Zoks ;% ‘krek lgüa HkwE;k miLFks·oi‹k/kUoku~ A
oqðRlL;k;ksjfrfFkXoL;ohjk ê;ko`.kXHkjrk lkseeLeS AA
_Dlafgrk 2- 14- 7
¼i`”Be~&65½
lks vizrhfu euos iq#f.k bUæks nk’kík’kq”ks gfUr o`=ke~ A
l|ks ;ks u`H;ks vrlk¸;ks·HkwRiLi`/kkusH;% lw;ZL; lkrkS AA
_Dlafgrk 2- 19- 4
¼i`”Be~&126½
l lqUor bUæ% lw;Zek nsoks fj.kÈeR;kZ; Lroku~ A
vk ;æ¯; xqgno|eLeS Hkjna’ka uSr’kks n’kZL;u~ AA
_Dlafgrk 2- 19- 5
¼i`”Be~&126½

204

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

l jU/k;Rlfno% lkjFk;s ‘qk”.ke’kq”ka oqð;oa oqðRlk; A
fnoksnklk; uo¯r p uosUæ% iqjks O;SkPNEcjL;AA
_Dlafgrk 2- 19- 6
¼i`”Be~&68] 76½
bUæË e`G;kfr uks u u% iËkn?ka u’kr~ A
Hkæa Hkokfr u% iqj% AA
_Dlafgrk 2- 41- 11
¼i`”Be~&141½
r`rh;e.Mye~
bUæks o`=keo`.kksPN/kZuhfr% iz ekf;ukefeuk}iZ.khfr% A
vgUO;aleq’k/kXous“okfo/ksZuk vÑ.kksækE;k.kke~ AA
_Dlafgrk 3- 34- 3
¼i`”Be~&112½
bUæks g;ZUretqZua otza ‘kqozSðjHkho`re~ A
viko`.kks)fjfHkjfæfHk% lqreq™k gfjfHkjktr AA
_Dlafgrk 3- 44- 5
¼i`”Be~&84½
; bes jksnlh mHks vgfeUæerqÎoe~ A
foÌkfe=kL; j{kfr czàsna Hkkjra tue~ AA
_Dlafgrk 3- 53- 12
¼i`”Be~&191½

mnkär_XosneU=kk.kka lwph

205

_rkojh fnoks voSZðjcks/;k jsorh jksnlh fp=keLFkkr~ A
vk;rhexë m”kla foHkkr° okeesf”k æfo.ka fHk{kek.k% AA
_Dlafgrk 3- 61- 6
¼i`”Be~&189½
prqFkZe.Mye~
;=kksr ckf/krsH;Ëozað oqðRlk; ;q/;rs A
eq”kk; bUæ lw;Ze~ AA
_Dlafgrk 4- 30- 4
¼i`”Be~&51] 78½
;=kksr eR;kZ; defj.kk bUæ lw;eZ ~ A
izko% ‘kphfHkjsr’ke~ AA
_Dlafgrk 4- 30- 6
¼i`”Be~&46½
vk nL;q?këk eulk ;káLra HkqoÙks oqðRl% l[;s fudke% A
Los ;ksukS fu”knra l:ik fo oka fpfdRlŸrfp) ukjh AA
_Dlafgrk 4- 16- 10
¼i`”Be~& 83] 106½
;kfl oqðRlsu ljFkeoL;qLrksnks okrL; g;ksZjh’kku% A
_tzk okta u x/;a ;q;w”ka dfo;ZngUik;kZ; Hkw”kkr~ AA
_Dlafgrk 4- 16- 11
¼i`”Be~&51] 77] 90] 122½

206

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

oqðRlk; ‘kq”.ke’kq”ka fu cghZ% izfiRos vß% oqð;oa lgük A
l|ks nL;wUiz e`.k oqðRL;su iz lwjËozað o`grknHkhosð AA
_Dlafgrk 4- 16- 12 okenso%
¼i`”Be~&54] 68] 138½
Roe/k izFkea tk;ekuks·es foÌk vf/kFkk bUæ ÑÎh%A
Roa izfr izor vk’k;kue¯g otzs.k e?kok fo o`Ë%AA
_Dlafgrk 4-17-7
¼i`”Be~&189½
v;a pØfe”k.kRlw;ZL; U;sr’ka jhjeRll`ek.ke~ A
vk Ñ”.k b± tqgqjk.kks ft?k£r Ropks cq/kës jtlks vL; ;ksukS AA
_Dlafgrk 4- 17- 14
¼i`”Be~&55] 91½
Rok ;qtk fu f[knRlw;ZL; bUæËozað lglk l| bUnks A
vf/k ”.kquk c`grk orZekua egks æqgks vi foÌk;q /kkf; AA
_Dlafgrk 4- 28- 2
¼i`”Be~&62½
iz rs cHkwz fop{k.k ‘kalkfe xks”k.kks uikr~ A
ek··H;ka xk vuqf’kÜkëFk%AA
_Dlafgrk 4- 32- 22
¼i`”Be~&95½
l bR{ksfr lqf/kr vksdfl Los rLek bGk fiUors foÌnkuhe~ A
rLeS fo’k% Lo;esok ueUrs ;fLeUczàk jktfu iwoZ ,fr AA

mnkär_XosneU=kk.kka lwph

207

vizrhrks t;fr la /kukfu izfrtU;kU;qr ;k ltU;k A
voL;os ;ks ofjo% Ñ.kksfr czà.ks jktk reofUr nsok% AA
_Dlafgrk 4- 50- 8&9
¼i`”Be~&137½
oqðfoRl nsoh% lu;ks uoks ok ;keks cHkw;knq”klks oks v| A
;suk uoXos vf…js n’kXos lÆkL;s jsorh jsonw”k AA
_Dlafgrk 4- 51- 4
¼i`”Be~&190½
iŒee.Mye~
v/kØRok e?kou~ rqH;a nsok vuq foÌs vnnq% lkseis;e~ A
;Rlw;ZL; gfjr% irUrh% iqj% lrh#ijk ,r’ks d% AA
_Dlafgrk 5-29-5
¼i`”Be~&47½
m’kuk ;RlgL;Sj;kra x`gfeUæ twtqokusfHkjÌS% A
oUokuks v=k ljFka ;;kFk oqðRlsu nsoSjouksgZ ‘kq”.ke~ AA
_Dlafgrk 5- 29- 9
¼i`”Be~&58] 90½
izkU;‰kØeo`g% lw;ZL; oqðRl;kU;}fjoks ;kros·d% A
vuklks nL;wje`.kks o/ksu fu nq;ksZ.k vko`.kÈ e`/kzokp% AA
_Dlafgrk 5- 29- 10
¼i`”Be~&58½

208

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

rfnêkqrs dj.ka nLe foizk¯g ;n~ ?këêkkstks v=kkfeehFkk% A
‘kq”.kL; fpRifjek;k vx`H.kk% izfiRoa ;êki nL;w¡jls/k% AA
_Dlafgrk 5- 31- 7
¼i`”Be~&184½
bUækoqðRlk ogekuk jFksu vkokeR;k vfi d.ksZ ogUrq A
fu% ”khen~H;ks /keFkks fu% ”k/kLFkkUe?kksuks änks ojFkLrekafl AA
_Dlafgrk 5- 31- 9
¼i`”Be~&75] 90] 129½
lwjfËæFka ifjrDE;k;ka iwo± djnqija twtqokale~ A
Hkj‰kØesr’k% la fj.kkfr iqjks n/kRlfu”;fr Ørqa u% AA
_Dlafgrk 5- 31- 11
¼i`”Be~&50½
l Roa u bUæ f/k;lkuks voSZðgZjh.kka o`”kU;ksD=keJs% A
;k bRFkk e?kcêkuq tks”ka o{kks vfHk izk;Z% lf{k tuku~ AA
u rs r bUækH;LeŸ”ok v;qÚklks vczàrk ;nlu~ A
frÏk jFkef/k ra otzgLr vk j¯Üe nso ;els LoÌ% AA
_Dlafgrk 5- 33- 2&3
¼i`”Be~&79½
iq# ;Ùk bUæ lUR;qDFkk xos pdFkksZoZjklq ;q/;u~ A
rr{ks lw;kZ; fpnksdfl Los o`”kk leRlq nklL; uke fpr~ AA
_Dlafgrk 5- 33- 4 laoj.k%
¼i`”Be~&72½

mnkär_XosneU=kk.kka lwph

209

,ok u bUæksfrfHkjo ikfg x`.kr% ‘kwj dk:u~ A
mr Ropa nnrks oktlkrkS fiizhfg e/o% lq”kqrL; pkjks% AA
_Dlafgrk 5- 33- 7 laoj.k%
¼i`”Be~&71½
o/kwfj;a ifrfePNUR;sfr ; b± ogkrs efg”khfef”kjke~ A
vk·L; JoL;kæFk vk p ?kks”kkRiq#lgük ifj orZ;krs AA
_Dlafgrk 5- 37- 3
¼i`”Be~&108½
iz ’kUrek o#.ka nhf/krh xh£e=ka Hkxefn¯r uwueÜ;k% A
i`”k|ksfu% iŒgksrk Ük`.kksrq vrwrZiUFkk vlqjks e;ksHkq% AA
_Dlafgrk 5- 42- 1
¼i`”Be~&119½
;w;a jktkufe;± tuk; foHorÎa tu;Fkk ;t=kk% A
;q”ensfr eqfÎgk ckgqtwrks ;q”eRlnÌks e#r% lqohj% AA
_Dlafgrk 5- 58- 4
¼i`”Be~&135½
“k”Be.Mye~
iz rÙks v|k dj.ka Ñra Hkwr~ oqðRla ;nk;qefrfFkXoeLeS A
iq# lgük fu f’k’kk vfHk {kkeqÙkwoZ;k.ka /k`”krk fuusFk AA
_Dlafgrk 6- 18- 13
¼i`”Be~&64½

210

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

’krSjiæUi.k; bUæk=k n’kks.k;s do;s·oZðlkrkS A
o/kS% ’kq”.kL;k’kq”kL; ek;k% fiRoks ukfjjsphr~ fdŒu iz AA
_Dlafgrk 6- 20- 4
¼i`”Be~&68] 122] 130½
egks æqgks vi foÌk;q /kkf; otzL; ;Rirus·ikfn ‘kq”.k%A
m# ”k ljFka lkjFk;s dfjUæ% oqðRlk; lw;ZL; lkrkS AA
_Dlafgrk 6- 20- 5 Hkj}kt%
¼i`”Be~&63] 76] 162½
l osrlqa n’kek;a n’kks¯.k rwrqftfeUæ% LofHkfÎ|qeë% A
vk rqxza ‘kÌfnea |ksruk; ekrquZlheqi l`tk b;/;S AA
_Dlafgrk 6- 20- 8
¼i`”Be~&83] 147½
Hkqoks tuL; fnO;L; jktk ik£FkoL; txrLRos”k laŸo~ð A
f/k”o otza nf{k.k bUæ gLrs foÌk vtqZ;Z n;ls fo ek;k% AA
_Dlafgrk 6- 22- 9
¼i`”Be~&88½
Roa jFka iz Hkjks ;ks/ke`”oekoks ;q/;Ura o`”kHka n’k|qe~ A
Roa rqxza osrlos lpkgu~ Roa rq¯t x`.kUrfeUæ rwrks% AA
_Dlafgrk 6- 26- 4
¼i`”Be~&90] 147½
Roa oqðRlsukfHk ’kq”.kfeUæk·‘kq”ke~ ---A
n’k izfiRos v/k lw;ZL; eq”kk;ËØefoos jikafl AA
_Dlafgrk 6- 31- 3
¼i`”Be~&54] 60] 68½

mnkär_XosneU=kk.kka lwph

211

ijk iwosZ”kka l[;k o`.kfÚ forrqZjk.kks vijsfHkjsfr A
vukuqHkwrhjo/kwUoku% iwohZfjUæ% ‘kjnLrrZjhfr AA
_Dlafgrk 6- 47- 17
¼i`”Be~&69½
:ia :ia izfr:iks cHkwo rnL; :ia izfrp{k.kk; A
bUæks ek;kfHk% iq#:i bZ;rs ;qÚk áL; gj;% ‘krk n’k AA
_Dlafgrk 6- 47- 18
¼i`”Be~&184½
fnoksnklknfefFkXoL;--_Dlafgrk 6- 47- 22
¼i`”Be~&174½
ekrq£nf/k”kqeczoa LolqtkZj% Ük`.kksrq u% A
HkzkrsUæL; l[kk ee AA
_Dlafgrk 6- 55- 5
¼i`”Be~&193½
lIree.Mye~
fu rqoZ’ka fu ;k}a f’k’khfg A
_Dlafgrk 7- 19- 8
¼i`”Be~&17½
bUæs.kSrs r`Rloks osfo”k.kk vkiks u l`Îk v/koUr uhph%A
_Dlafgrk 7- 18- 15
¼i`”Be~&69½

212

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

oflÏL; Lrqor bUæks vJksnq#ar`RlqH;ks vÑ.kksnq yksde~ AA
_Dlafgrk 7- 33- 5
¼i`”Be~&69½
Roa g R;fnUæ oqðRleko% ‘qkJw”kek.kLrUok le;sZ A
nkla ;PNq”.ka oqð;oa U;Lek vjU/k; vktZqus;k; f’k{ku~ AA
_Dlafgrk 7- 19- 2
¼i`”Be~&78&79½
jk;s uq ;a tKrw jksnlhes jk;s nsoh f/k”k.kk /kkfr nsoe~ A
v/k ok;qa fu;qr% lËrLok mr Ìsra olqf/k¯r fujsosð AA
_Dlafgrk 7- 90- 3
¼i`”Be~&86½
ihoks vêkk¡ jf;o`/k% lqes/kk% Ìsr% fl”kfÚ fu;qrkefHkJh% A
rs ok;os leulks forLFkq£oÌsêkj% LoiR;kfu pozqð% AA
_Dlafgrk 7- 91- 3
¼i`”Be~&86½
u r bUæ lqer;ks u jk;% lŒ{ks iwokZ m”klks u uwÃk% A
nsooað fpUekU;ekua t?kUFkk vo Reuk c`gr% ‘kEcja Hksr~ AA
_Dlafgrk 7- 18- 20
¼i`”Be~&99½
;|ks/k;k egrks eU;ekukaRlk{kke rkUckgqfHk% ‘kk’knkuku~ A
;}k u`fHko`Zr bUækfHk;q/;kLra Ro;k··¯t lkSJola t;se AA
_Dlafgrk 7- 98- 4
¼i`”Be~&100½

mnkär_XosneU=kk.kka lwph

213

vkofnUæa ;equk r`RloË izk=k Hksna loZrkrk eq”kk;r~ A
vtklË f’kxzoks ;{koË c¯y ‘kh”kkZf.k tHkzwjÜO;kfu AA
_Dlafgrk 7- 18- 19
¼i`”Be~&101½
Hkwfj pØ e#r% fi=;kf.k mDFkkfu ;ko% ‘kL;Urs iqjk fpr~ A
e#n~fHk#xz% i`ruklq lkg~Gk e#n~fHkfjRlfurk okteokZ AA
_Dlafgrk 7- 56- 23
¼i`”Be~&123½
fo l|ks foÌk ŸafgrkU;s”kkfeUæ% iqj% lglk lÆ nnZ% A
O;kuoL; r`Rlos x;a HkkXts”e iw#a fonFks e`/kzokpe~ AA
_Dlafgrk 7- 18- 13
¼i`”Be~&144½
vCtkeqDFkSj¯g x`.kh”ks cq/kës unhuka jt%lq “khnu~ AA
ek uks·fgcqZ/U;ks fj”ks /kkUek ;Kks vL; fü/kŸrk;ks% AA
_Dlafgrk 7- 34- 16&17
¼i`”Be~&188½
RofeUæ üforok viLd% ifjfÏrk vfguk ‘kwj iwohZ% A
Ro}koozsð jF;ks u /ksuk jstUrs foÌk Ñf=kekf.k Hkh”kk AA
_Dlafgrk 7- 21- 3
¼i`”Be~&189½

214

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

v”Vee.Mye~
;r~ rqnr~ lwj ,r’ka oÈowð okrL; i£.kuk A
ogRoqðRlektqZus;a ‘krØrq% Rlj™U/koZeLr`re~ AA
_Dlafgrk 8- 1- 11
¼i`”Be~&22] 49]77] 90] 186½
Roa iqja pfj”.koa o/kS% ‘kq”.kL; lfEi.ko~ð A
Roa Hkk vuqpjks v/k f}rk ;fnUæ gO;ks Hkqo% AA
_Dlafgrk 8- 1- 28
¼i`”Be~&66½
gUrk o`=ka nf{k.ksusUæ% iq: iq#gwr% A
egkUeghfHk% ‘kphfHk% AA
_Dlafgrk 8- 2- 32
¼i`”Be~&88½
’kX/kh uks vL; ;) ikSjekfoFk f/k; bUæ fl”kklr% A
‘kfX/k ;Fkk #’kea Ü;kooað ÑifeUæ izko% Lo.kZje~ AA
_Dlafgrk 8- 3- 12
¼i`”Be~&150½
_f”k£g iwoZtk vL;sd bZ’kku vkstlk A
bUæ pks”owð;ls olq%AA
_Dlafgrk 8- 6- 41
¼i`”Be~&96½

mnkär_XosneU=kk.kka lwph

215

---Jolk ;k}a tue~ AA
_Dlafgrk 8- 6- 48
¼i`”Be~&17½
;RlksefeUæfo”.kfo ;}k ?kf=kr vkIR;s A
;}k e#Rlq eUnls lfeUnqfHk% AA
_Dlafgrk 8- 12- 16
¼i`”Be~&149½
;L;kuwuk xHkhjk enk mjoLr#=kk% A
g”kqZeUr% ’kwjlkrkS AA
_Dlafgrk 8- 16- 4
¼i`”Be~&124½
rfnUæko vk Hkj ;suk naflÏ ÑRous A
f}rk oqðRlk; f’kÜkëFkks fu pksn; AA
_Dlafgrk 8- 24- 25
¼i`”Be~&67½
U;cqZnL; foÎia o”ekZ.ka c`grfLrjA
Ñ”ks rfnUæ ikSaL;e~AA
_Dlafgrk 8- 32- 3
¼i`”Be~&110½
vficRdæqo% lqrfeUæ% lgückãs A
v=kknsfnÎ ikSaL;e~ AA
_Dlafgrk 8- 45- 26
¼i`”Be~&110½

216

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

Roa u bUæklka gLrs ‘kfoÏ nkousA
/kkukuka u lÈx`Hkk;kLe;q£}% lÈx`Hkk;kLe;q%AA
_Dlafgrk 8- 70- 12
¼i`”Be~&94½
HkwfjfHk% leg _f”kfHkcZ£g”en~fHk% Lrfo”;lsA
;fnRFkesdesdfePNj oRlku~ ijknn%AA
_Dlafgrk 8- 70- 14
¼i`”Be~&93½
d.kZx`ák e?kok ‘kkSjnsO;ks oRla ufýH; vku;r~ A
vtka lwfjuZ /kkrosAA
_Dlafgrk 8- 70- 15
¼i`”Be~&93½
---o`=ka ;fnUæ rwofZ lAA
_Dlafgrk 8- 99- 6
¼i`”Be~&67½
vo æIlks va’kqerhefrÏ fn;ku% Ñ”.kks n’kfHk% lgüS% A
vkoÙkfeUæ% ‘k‰kk /keUrei þsfgrhu`Ze.kk v/kÙk AA
æIleiÜ;a fo”kq.ks pjUreqiãjs u|ks va’kqeR;k% A
uHkks u Ñ”.keofLFkokalfe”;kfe oks o`”k.kks ;q/;rktkS AA
v/k æIlks va’kqeR;k miLFks·/kkj;ÙkUoa frfRo”kk.k% A
fo’kks vnsohjH;kpjUrhc`ZgLifruk ;qtsUæ% llkgsAA
_Dlafgrk 8- 96- 13&15
¼i`”Be~&103½

mnkär_XosneU=kk.kka lwph

217

uoee.Mye~
ra ROkk /krkZjeks.;ks% ioeku LoŸZ’ke~ A
fgUos okts”kq okftue~ AA
_Dlafgrk 9- 65- 11
¼i`”Be~&131½
n’kee.Mye~
Hkæks Hkæ;k lpeku vkxkRLolja tkjks vH;sfr iËkr~ A
lqizosðrS|qZfHkjfxë£ofrÏu~ #’kn~fHkoZ.kSZjfHk jkeLFkkr~ AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 3- 3
¼i`”Be~&149½
vk u bUæ i`{kls·Lekoað czàks|re~ A
rÙok ;kpkegs·o% ’qk”.ka ;)êkekuq”ke~ AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 22- 7
¼i`”Be~&169½
iz rs vL;k m”kl% izkijL;k u`rkS L;ke u`reL; u`.kke~ A
vuq f=k’kksd% ’krekogêk¤UoqðRlsu jFkks ;ks vlRlloku~ AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 29- 2
¼i`”Be~&169½
iz ek ;q;qtzs iz;qtks tukuka ogkfe Le iw”k.keUrjs.k A
foÌs nsoklks v/k eke{kju~ nq%’kklqjkxkfnfr ?kks”k vklhr~ AA

218

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

la ek riUR;fHkr% liÃhfjo i’kZo% A
fu ck/krs vefruZxërk tlqosZuZ osokZ;rs·efr% AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 33- 1&2
¼i`”Be~&164½
ew”kks u f’kÜkëk O;UnfUr ek/;% Lrksrkja rs ‘krØrks A
lÑRlq uks e?kofêkUæ e`G;k·/kk firso uks Hko AA
_Dlafgrk 10-33-3
¼i`”Be~&165½
u ek feesFk u ftghG ,”kk f’kok lf[kH; mr eáeklhr~ A
v{kL;kgesdijL; gsrksjuqozrkei tk;kejks/ke~ AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 34- 2
¼i`”Be~&167½
,ra oka LrkseefÌukodeZ vr{kkeHk`xoks u jFke~ AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 39- 14
¼i`”Be~&63½
;qoa doh Ï% i;ZfÌuk jFka fo’kks u oqðRlks tfjrquZ’kk;Fk% A
;qoksgZ e{kk i;ZfÌuk e/oklk Hkjr fu”Ñra u ;ks”k.kk AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 40- 6
¼i`”Be~&142½
Ñra u Ì?këh fo fpuksfr nsous laox± ;Ue?kok lw;± t;r~ A
u rÙks vU;ks vuq oh;± ’kdêk iqjk.kks e?koêkksr uwru% AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 43- 5
¼i`”Be~&145½

mnkär_XosneU=kk.kka lwph

219

bea f=krks Hkw;ZfoUnfnPNUoSHkwolks ew/kZU;?U;k;k% A
l ’kso`/kks tkr vk gE;sZ”kq ukfHk;qZok Hkofr jkspuL; AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 46- 3
¼i`”Be~&149½
fuiLR;klqf=kr%LrHkw;r~ A
_Dlafgrk 10-46- 6
¼i`”Be~&149½
vgeRoað do;s f’kÜkëFka gFkSjga oqðRlekoekfHk:frfHk% A
vga ‘kq”.kL; ÜkëfFkrk o/k;Zea u ;ks jj vk;± uke nL;os AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 49- 3
¼i`”Be~&123] 129] 130½
vga firso osrlw¡jfHkÎ;s rqxza oqðRlk; LefnHka p jU/k;e~ A
vga Hkqoa ;tekuL; jktfu iz ;n~Hkjs rqt;s u fiz;k··/k`”ks AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 49- 4
¼i`”Be~&84] 147½
æqgks fu”kÙkk i`’kuh fpnsoS% iq: ’kalsu oko`/kqÎ bUæe~ A
vHkho`rso rk egkinsu /okUrkRizfiRoknqnjUr xHkkZ% AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 73- 2
¼i`”Be~&162½
lw;kZ;k ogrq% izkxkRlfork ;eokl`tr~ A
v?kklq gU;Urs xkoks·tqZU;ks% i;qZárs AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 85- 13
¼i`”Be~&26] 82½

220

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

fde;a Roka o`”kkdfiËdkj gfjrks e`x% A
;Lek bjT;lhnq Uo;ksZ ok iqfÎe}lq foÌLekfnUæ mÙkj% AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 86- 3
¼i`”Be~&175½
;feea Roa o`”kkd¯i fiz;feUækfHkj{kfl A
Ìk UoL; tfEHk”knfi d.ksZ ojkg;q£oÌLekfnUæ mÙkj% AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 86- 4
¼i`”Be~&174] 186½
fiz;k rÎkfu es dfiO;ZÚk O;qnwnq”kr~ A
f’kjks UoL; jkfo”ka u lqxa nq”Ñrs Hkqoe~ foÌLekfnUæ mÙkj% AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 86- 5
¼i`”Be~&175½
vohjkfeo eke;a ‘kjk#jfHk eU;rs
mrkgefLe ohfj.khUæiÃh e#Rl[kk foÌkLekfnUæ mÙkj% AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 86- 9
¼i`”Be~&182½
lagks=ka Le iqjk ukjh leua oko xPNfr A
os/kk _rL; ohfj.khUæiÃh egh;rs foÌLekfnUæ mÙkj%AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 86- 10
¼i`”Be~&107½
ukgfeUækf.k jkj.k l[;qo`Z”kkdis_Zrs A
;L;sneI;a gfo% fiz;a nsos”kq xPNfr foÌLekfnUæ mÙkj% AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 86- 12
¼i`”Be~&185½

mnkär_XosneU=kk.kka lwph

221

o`”kkdikf; jsofr lqiq=k vknq lqþq”ks A
?klÙk bUæ m{k.k% fiz;a dkfpRdja gfo£oÌLekfnUæ mÙkj% AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 86- 13
¼i`”Be~&192½
i’kqZgZ uke ekuoh lkoað llwo ¯o’kfre~
Hkæa Hky R;L;k vHkw|L;k mnjeke;f}ÌLekfnUæ mÙkj%AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 86- 23
¼i`”Be~&153½
iz ríq%’khes i`Fkokus osus iz jkes·okspelqjs e?koRlq A
;s ;qDRok; iŒ’krk·Le;q iFkk foJkO;s”kke~ AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 93- 14
¼i`”Be~&193½
lks vL; otzks gfjrks ; vk;lks gfj£udkeks gfjjk xHkLR;ks%A
|qehë lqf’kizks gfjeU;qlk;d bUæs fu :ik gfjrk fefef{kjs AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 96- 3
¼i`”Be~&96½
l ozk/kr% ‘kolkusfHkjL; oqðRlk; ‘kq”.ka Ñi.ks ijknkr~ A
v;a dfoeu;PNL;ekueRoað ;ks vL; lfurksr u`.kke~ AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 99- 9
¼i`”Be~&122] 129] 130½
c`gLirs ifj nh;k jFksu j{kksgk·fe=kk¡ vick/keku% A
izHk×tRlsuk% ize`.kk ;q/kk t;êkLekdes/;fork jFkkuke~ AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 103- 4
¼i`”Be~&170½

222

Hkkjrpfj=keheka l k

izsrk t;rk uj bUæks o% ’keZ ;PNrq A
mxzk o% lUrq ckgks·uk/k`”;k ;Fkk·lFk AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 103- 13
¼i`”Be~&169½
v;exës tfjrk Ros vHkwnfi lgl% lwuks u áU;nLR;kI;e~ A
Hkæa fg ‘keZ f=ko:FkefLr r vkjs ¯glkukei fn|qek Ñf/k AA
izoÙks vxës tfuek firw;r% lkpho foÌk Hkqouk U;`×tls A
iz lÆ;% iz lfu”kUr uks f/k;% iqjËjfUr i’kqik bokReuk AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 142- 1&2
¼i`”Be~& 13&14½
ek rs gs¯r rfo”k° pqozqð/kke A
_Dlafgrk 10- 142- 3
¼i`”Be~&15½
vkRok·| foÌs olo% lnUrq A
_Dlafgrk 10- 142- 6
¼i`”Be~&15½
vikfena U;;ua leqæL; fuos’kue~ A
vU;a Ñ.kq”osr% iUFkka rsu ;kfg o’kk¡ vuq AA
vk;us rs ijk;.ks nwokZ jksgUrq iqf”i.kh% A
ånkË iq.Mjhdkf.k leqæL; x`gk bfr AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 142- 7&8
¼i`”Be~&16½

mnkär_XosneU=kk.kka lwph

223

mÙkkui.ksZ lqHkxs nsotwrs lgLofr A
lið es ijk /ke i¯r es osðoya oqð# AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 145- 2
¼i`”Be~&107½
mi rs·/kka lgekukefHk Rok·/kka lgh;lk A
ekeuq iz rs euks oRla xkSfjo /kkorq iFkk okfjo /kkorq AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 145- 6
¼i`”Be~&107½
vga osðrqjga ew/kkZ·geqxzk fookpuh A
eesnuq Ørqa ifr% lsgkuk;k mikpjsr~ AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 159- 2
¼i`”Be~&108½
ee iq=kk% ‘k=kqg.kks·Fkks es nqfgrk fojkV~ A
mrkgefLe l×t;k iR;kS es Üyksd mÙke% AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 159- 3
¼i`”Be~&108½
letS”kfeek vga liÃhjfHkHkwojh A
;FkkgeL; ohjL; fojktkfu tuL; p AA
_Dlafgrk 10- 159- 6
¼i`”Be~&108½
’kra tho ‘kjnks o/kZeku% ‘kra gseUrk×Nreq olUrku~ A
_Dlafgrk 10- 161- 4
¼i`”Be~&25½

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