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ean Valjean, after spending nineteen years in jail and in the galleys for stealing a loaf of bread and

for several attempts to escape, is finally released, but his past keeps haunting him. At Digne, he is repeatedly refused shelter for the night. Only the saintly bishop, Monseigneur Myriel, welcomes him. Valjean repays his host's hospitality by stealing his silverware. When the police bring him back, the bishop protects his errant guest by pretending that the silverware is a gift. With a pious lie, he convinces them that the convict has promised to reform. After one more theft, Jean Valjean does indeed repent. Under the name of M. Madeleine he starts a factory and brings prosperity to the town of Montreuil.

Next, Hugo introduces the pathetic young girl Fantine. Alone and burdened with an illegitimate child, she is on the way back to her hometown of Montreuil, to find a job. On the road, she entrusts her daughter to an innkeeper and his wife, the Thénardiers.

In Montreuil, Fantine finds a job in Madeleine's factory and attains a modicum of prosperity. Unfortunately she is fired and, at the same time, must meet increasing financial demands by the Thénardiers. Defeated by her difficulties, Fantine turns to prostitution. Tormented by a local idler, she causes a disturbance and is arrested by Inspector Javert. Only Madeleine's forceful intervention keeps her out of jail. She catches a fever, however, and her health deteriorates dangerously. Death is imminent and M. Madeleine promises to bring her daughter, Cosette, to her.

Madeleine, however, is faced with serious problems. A man has been arrested as Jean Valjean and is about to be condemned for his crimes. After a night of agonizing moral conflict, Madeleine decides to confess his past. At Arras, the seat of the trial, he dramatically exonerates the accused. A few days later, he is arrested by Javert at Fantine's bedside. The shocking scene kills the young woman.

That same night Valjean escapes, but he is quickly recaptured and sent to Toulon, a military port. One day he saves a sailor about to fall from the rigging. He plunges into the sea and manages to escape by establishing the belief that he has drowned. He uses his precarious freedom to go to Montfermeil, the location of the Thénardiers' inn. After burying his money in the woods, he frees Cosette from the Thénardiers' abominable guardianship and takes her into the protective anonymity of Paris.

In Paris, he lives like a recluse in a dilapidated tenement, the Gorbeau House, in an outlying district. In spite of his precautions, however, Javert manages to track him down. Valjean is forced to flee abruptly. After a hectic chase and imminent capture, he finds a miraculous refuge in a convent. With the cooperation of the gardener, Fauchelevent, a man whose life he has saved in the past, Valjean

lives in retirement. Marius. Coincidence puts him back on the track. and demands an exorbitant ransom. M. and withdrawing into his inner dreams. A fatal indiscretion ruins his nascent love affair. has forced Georges Pontmercy to relinquish custody of his son. Finally he manages to create a tolerable existence by finding a modest job. and two daughters — living in unspeakable squalor. Cosette. He has completed the estrangement by communicating his aversion for Pontmercy to Marius. he leaves home. He glimpses a family — father. Hugo now turns to another leading character. In a nearby town. Soon after he witnesses the entrance of a philanthropist. the Friends of the A.persuades the prioress to take him on as assistant gardener and to enroll Cosette as a pupil. falls into a state of intellectual bewilderment. ties up his victim. When Leblanc comes back. The plot fails with the timely arrival of the inspector. Gillenormand.B. and indignant at his grandfather's deception. M. M. a relic of the Old Regime. Marius is a seventeen-year-old who lives with his grandfather. mother. who under his father's posthumous influence has just switched his allegiance from the monarchy to Napoleon. . Consequently. She is Jean Valjean's ward. Valjean and Cosette spend several happy years in the isolation of the convent.C. He quizzes the doorman where the girl lives and a week later she moves without leaving an address. a hero of the Napoleonic wars. His peace is shattered when he falls passionately in love with a beautiful young girl in the Luxembourg Gardens. by threatening to disinherit Marius. Too timid for bold actions. Material difficulties increase his unhappiness. His jubilation is replaced by consternation when he discovers that his neighbors are planning to draw M. In the confusion of the arrest. For a long time Marius is unable to find a clue to his sweetheart's whereabouts and is overcome by despair. living frugally. Leblanc into a trap the same evening. Marius' father. Marius' neighbor identifies himself as Thénardier. Leblanc. and his daughter. Leblanc escapes. Georges Pontmercy. the young man reacts almost impassively to his father's death. Gillenormand. he courts her silently. Marius. the daughter is Cosette. One day curiosity impels him to observe his neighbors through a hole in the wall. Marius contacts the police and on the instructions of Inspector Javert returns to his room. He takes refuge in the Latin Quarter and falls in with a group of radical students. To his immense surprise. A fortuitous conversation reveals to Marius the depths of his father's love for him.

and Marius and Cosette arrive in time to console Jean Valjean on his deathbed. Marius' happiness is unwittingly shattered by Valjean. Valjean volunteers to execute Javert. the young girl has vanished. slowly estranges Cosette from Valjean.Once again. and undertakes a heroic and harrowing passage through the sewers of Paris. For a whole month the couple lives a chaste and secret idyll. He has discovered Marius' relationship with Cosette and his role in the revolution. Absorbed by his love. Cosette reciprocates. who is selflessly in love with Marius. driven by despair. For Cosette's sake. he decides to protect the life of the man he abhors. It is Javert. in spite of his magnanimity. But he cannot forgive himself for this breach of duty and commits suicide. The marriage. Thénardier. disappears into a manhole. Now his private crisis is echoed by the crisis of an imminent insurrection. Valjean's life loses its meaning and he slowly withers away. As a first step he moves to a hideaway prepared for this kind of emergency. Then Valjean returns to the barricade as the few surviving defenders are driven inside the wine shop. Javert arrests him at the exit. however. Without Cosette. The first enemy he has to deal with is found within the rebels' ranks. is a mortal blow to Valjean. he spares the inspector's life and sends him away. however. unwittingly reveals to Marius that Valjean is his savior. who is unmasked as a spy and tied up to await execution. Marius. but for special reasons. in a quandary. Valjean also joins the insurgents. disturbed by a secret warning and the growing popular unrest in Paris. He has confessed his past to Marius. Marius summons the courage to declare his love. he allows Valjean to take Marius to his grandfather and later. Marius' life has a happier ending. Before the final assault. Instead. After worshiping Cosette from afar. He seizes the seriously wounded Marius. His friend Enjolras directs the erection of a barricade in front of the Corinth wine shop. Unfortunately. Marius does not know that Valjean is the man who saved his life in the sewers. manages to find his sweetheart for him. releases Valjean. who. secret because Cosette intuitively guesses Valjean's hostility to the man who is usurping his place. He joins the fighters at the barricade and fights valiantly to the end. However. Marius has been unaware of the deteriorating political situation. But Thénardier's daughter. He recuperates from his wounds and overcomes his grandfather's hostility to his marriage. decides to seek death in the insurrection. and the latter. . has decided to take Cosette to England.

Rage. they grieved it on its way. Do not go gentle into that good night. And learn. rage against the dying of the light. rage against the dying of the light. there on the sad height.Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night By Dylan Thomas Do not go gentle into that good night. And you. too late. I pray. rage against the dying of the light. who see with blinding sight Blind eyes could blaze like meteors and be gay. rage against the dying of the light. Do not go gentle into that good night. Rage. Rage. near death. my father. me now with your fierce tears. Wild men who caught and sang the sun in flight. bless. crying how bright Their frail deeds might have danced in a green bay. the last wave by. Though wise men at their end know dark is right. Rage. Grave men. Good men. Because their words had forked no lightning they Do not go gentle into that good night. . Curse. Old age should burn and rave at close of day.

though physical beauty Within his bending sickle's compass come: Comes within the compass of his sickle. it endures until the last day of life. But bears it out even to the edge of doom. nor no man ever loved. though rosy lips and cheeks Love is not at the mercy of Time. That sees storms but it never shaken. But. although his height be taken. . and no man has ever [truly] loved. Love is not love True-minded people should not be married. It is the star to every wandering bark. Whose value cannot be calculated. Or bends with the remover to remove: Or bends from its firm stand even when a lover is unfaithful: O no! it is an ever-fixed mark Oh no! it is a lighthouse That looks on tempests and is never shaken. although its altitude can be measured. Love's not Time's fool. Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks. Love does not alter with hours and weeks. Love is not love Which alters when it alteration finds.SONNET 116 PARAPHRASE Let me not to the marriage of true minds Let me not declare any reasons why two Admit impediments. Then I recant all that I have written. If I am proved wrong about these thoughts on love I never writ. Which changes when it finds a change in circumstances. Love is the guiding north star to every lost ship. Whose worth's unknown. If this be error and upon me proved. rather.

to lift the plague that threatens to destroy the city. and a psychological whodunit. she encourages him to ignore prophecies. Jocasta rejoices — surely this is proof that the prophecy Oedipus heard is worthless. Still. explaining that a prophet once told her that Laius. Creon. and punish an assassin. Oedipus becomes distressed by Jocasta's remarks because just before he came to Thebes he killed a man who resembled Laius at a crossroads. Overhearing. Jocasta begs him to stop. despite his precautions. Oedipus attempts to gain advice from Jocasta. Oedipus sends for the only living witness to the murder. king of Corinth. On his return. As a young man. expose. Oedipus eagerly awaits the shepherd. Summoned by the king. Oedipus finds out from a messenger that Polybus. To learn the truth. abandoned. As the play opens. her husband. the messenger himself gave Oedipus to the royal couple when a shepherd offered him an abandoned baby from the house of Laius. Merope. he learned from an oracle that he was fated to kill his father and marry his mother. Suddenly terrified. At once. Jocasta advises him not to worry about prophecies. Oedipus becomes determined to track down the shepherd and learn the truth of his birth. but not before Tiresias hints darkly of an incestuous marriage and a future of blindness. Oedipus' father. Polybus and Merope are not Oedipus' real parents. Fear of the prophecy drove him from his home in Corinth and brought him ultimately to Thebes. Realizing that he has killed his father and married his mother. a shepherd. Oedipus has already sent his brother-in-law. Oedipus sets about to solve the murder. At first the shepherd refuses to speak. Oedipus is agonized by his fate. Again. Creon announces that the oracle instructs them to find the murderer of Laius. Sophocles emphasizes the irony of a man determined to track down. wild with grief. In fact.Play Summary Oedipus the King Next Oedipus the King unfolds as a murder mystery. Oedipus. the prophecy did not come true because the baby died. and then runs off to the palace. Oedipus mocks and rejects the prophet angrily. the prophecy that Oedipus dreaded has actually come true. but under threat of death he tells what he knows — Oedipus is actually the son of Laius and Jocasta. According to Jocasta. and wandering. the queen. And so. a political thriller. ordering him to leave. who turns out to be himself. Another worry haunts Oedipus. has died of old age. the king who ruled Thebes before Oedipus. infamy. but finally accuses Oedipus himself of killing Laius. Confident that the worst he can hear is a tale of his lowly birth. the citizens of Thebes beg their king. to the oracle to learn what to do. Throughout this mythic story of patricide and incest. a concern Jocasta dismisses. . Oedipus worries about fulfilling the prophecy with his mother. The discovery and punishment of the murderer will end the plague. would die at the hands of their son. the blind prophet Tiresias at first refuses to speak. the messenger offers what he believes will be cheering news. and Laius himself was killed by a band of robbers at a crossroads.

Now blinded and disgraced. but as the play concludes.Rushing into the palace. Oedipus takes the pins from her gown and rakes out his eyes. frenzied. and humbly awaits the oracle that will determine whether he will stay in Thebes or be cast out forever. Oedipus begs Creon to kill him. . Oedipus finds that the queen has killed herself. he quietly submits to Creon's leadership. so that he can no longer look upon the misery he has caused. Tortured.

On Marriage Then Almitra spoke again and said. and there fell a stillness upon them. let these be your desires: To melt and be like a running brook that sings its melody to the night. if it finds you worthy. And when he speaks to you believe in him. Love has no other desire but to fulfil itself. Like sheaves of corn he gathers you unto himself. .THE PROPHET-Khalil Gibran On Love Then said Almitra. Though his voice may shatter your dreams as the north wind lays waste the garden. Even as he ascends to your height and caresses your tenderest branches that quiver in the sun. Love gives naught but itself and takes naught but from itself. He sifts you to free you from your husks." but rather. And to bleed willingly and joyfully. and weep. You shall be together when white wings of death scatter your days. but not all of your tears. Into the seasonless world where you shall laugh. that you may become sacred bread for God's sacred feast. master?" And he answered saying: You were born together. Though his ways are hard and steep. "And what of Marriage. He threshes you to make you naked." And think not you can direct the course of love. To be wounded by your own understanding of love. He kneads you until you are pliant. "God is in my heart. But if in your fear you would seek only love's peace and love's pleasure. For love is sufficient unto love. And then he assigns you to his sacred fire. So shall he descend to your roots and shake them in their clinging to the earth. To rest at the noon hour and meditate love's ecstasy. Then it is better for you that you cover your nakedness and pass out of love's threshing-floor. I am in the heart of God. All these things shall love do unto you that you may know the secrets of your heart. Though the sword hidden among his pinions may wound you. Even as he is for your growth so is he for your pruning." And he raised his head and looked upon the people. Love possesses not nor would it be possessed. "Speak to us of Love. When you love you should not say. He grinds you to whiteness. To wake at dawn with a winged heart and give thanks for another day of loving. And with a great voice he said: When love beckons to you follow him. For even as love crowns you so shall he crucify you. but not all of your laughter. and in that knowledge become a fragment of Life's heart. To know the pain of too much tenderness. To return home at eventide with gratitude. But if you love and must needs have desires. And then to sleep with a prayer for the beloved in your heart and a song of praise upon your lips. and together you shall be forevermore. And when his wings enfold you yield to him. directs your course.

Fill each other's cup but drink not from one cup. And let the winds of the heavens dance between you. And stand together. Love one another but make not a bond of love: Let it rather be a moving sea between the shores of your souls. For only the hand of Life can contain your hearts. Even as the strings of a lute are alone though they quiver with the same music. Give your hearts. Give one another of your bread but eat not from the same loaf. And the oak tree and the cypress grow not in each other's shadow.Aye. Sing and dance together and be joyous. yet not too near together: For the pillars of the temple stand apart. But let there be spaces in your togetherness. . but not into each other's keeping. but let each one of you be alone. you shall be together even in the silent memory of God.

by sun and candlelight. of all my life!–and. I love thee purely. I love thee freely. I love thee with the passion put to use In my old griefs. Smiles. I shall but love thee better after death. as they turn from Praise. when feeling out of sight For the ends of Being and ideal Grace. . if God choose. I love thee to the depth and breadth and height My soul can reach. tears.–I love thee with the breath. and with my childhood's faith. I love thee with a love I seemed to lose With my lost saints. as men might strive for Right.Elizabeth Barrett Browning (1806-1861) from Sonnets from the Portuguese XLIII How do I love thee? Let me count the ways. I love thee to the level of everyday's Most quiet need.

Cathy. Emily Jane Brontë’s only novel is widely considered one of the greatest works of fiction ever written.Emily Brontë’s “Wuthering Heights” Wuthering Heights. Heathcliff. you will find everything you need to get past the language and involved relationships to enjoy a novel that will never be forgotten. the moors… names and places famous worldwide. On this site. The Characters               Heathcliff Catherine Earnshaw Edgar Linton Isabella Linton Hindley Earnshaw Frances Cathy Linton Hareton Earnshaw Linton Heathcliff Ellen Dean Joseph Joseph's Speech Mr Lockwood Minor Characters The Story         Summary Chapter List and Scenes Genealogy Quotations Timeline Almanack Legal Aspects Glossary Locations      The Moors Wuthering Heights Thrushcross Grange Around Haworth Around Halifax . even to those who have never read the book.

has rented Thrushcross Grange in the north of England for peace and recuperation. Really the story is one of revenge. rich and educated. and sets about gaining his revenge on the two families that he believed ruined his life.A. a mysterious gypsylike person. But this is a mistake. Prologue (chapters 1 to 3) Mr Lockwood. love story — Romeo and Juliet on the Yorkshire Moors. He returns later. Other Locations Miscellany                Emily Brontë Portraits of Emily Critics' Reviews Inspirations F. Heathcliff rises in his adopted family and then is reduced to the status of a servant. consider Wuthering Heights to be a straightforward. a rich man from the south. Soon after arrival. Mr Heathcliff. who lives in the remote moorland farmhouse called "Wuthering Heights". P. Sanger Musings Read the Novel Movies and TV Downloads Publications About Me/Contact Sitemap Links/Bibliography Read the novel online Bookmark this page Search the site A Brief Summary Many people. Pronunciations C. if intense. generally those who have never read the book. He finds the inhabitants of Wuthering Heights to be a strange group: Mr Heathcliff appears a gentleman but his manners . from childhood (about seven years old) to his death in his late thirties. running away when the young woman he loves decides to marry another. he visits his landlord.Q. It follows the life of Heathcliff.

having been caught by a dog. Hindley. In that year. Soon Heathcliff and Catherine are like twins. Catherine climbs over the roof to comfort him. when Mr Earnshaw dies. He vows to get his revenge on HIndley. Because of this discord. . he becomes master of Wuthering Heights and forces Heathcliff to become a servant instead of a member of the family. the same person that he had dreamt about and the mother of the present mistress. Hindley is eventually sent to college but he returns. With a new wife. gypsy-like boy of about seven whom he decides to adopt as his son. and six-year-old Catherine. is brought inside and helped while Heathcliff is sent home. in the evening. spending hours on the moors together and hating every moment apart. Mr Earnshaw travels to Liverpool where he finds a homeless. a boy of fourteen. an attractive but reserved. She laughs at Heathcliff's unkempt appearance and. looking and acting as a lady. the children of the Grange. In the summer of the next year. he is escorted back to Thrushcross Grange by Heathcliff. his dreams are prompted by this person and he has a nightmare where he sees her as a ghost trying to get in through the window. It fails when Edgar makes fun of him and they argue. Catherine returns to Wuthering Heights but she has now changed. Frances gives birth to a child. who finds himself excluded from his father's affections by this newcomer. The Childhood of Heathcliff (chapters 4 to 17) The story begins thirty years before when the Earnshaw family lived at Wuthering Heights consisting of. they are spotted and try to escape. he dresses up to impress her. As they watch the childish behaviour of Edgar and Isabella Linton. the next day when the Lintons visit. Hindley. they make their way to Thrushcross Grange to spy on the inhabitants. three years later. Being snowed in. There he asks his housekeeper. but she dies before the year is out. When he falls asleep. as well as the mother and father. as soon as the sun rises. Frances. and there is a young man who appears to be one of the family although he dresses and talks like a servant. in November. He names him "Heathcliff". Hareton. Heathcliff and Cathy continue to run wild and. Heathcliff is locked in the attic where. he has to stay the night and is shown to an unused chamber where he finds books and graffiti from a former inhabitant of the farmhouse called "Catherine". the mistress of the house is in her late teens. to tell him the story of the family from the Heights. Five weeks later. even rude woman. quickly learns to hate him but Catherine grows very attached to him. He wakes and is unable to return to sleep so. a few months after Hindley's return.and speech suggest otherwise. Ellen Dean. Catherine. This leads Hindley to descend into a life of drunkenness and waste.

causing Edgar to disown his sister. She has an argument with Ellen which then spreads to Edgar who tries to leave. gambling with Hindley and teaching Hareton bad habits. Cathy. Later. Unfortunately she could never marry the latter because of his lack of status and education. now eighteen. Isabella. Catherine gives birth to her daughter. Edgar and Catherine are married. seeing him as a romantic hero. The Maturity of Heathcliff (chapters 18 to 31) Twelve years on. mortgaging the farmhouse to Heathcliff to repay his debts. Heathcliff hears that Catherine is ill and arranges with Ellen to visit her in secret. explaining that Edgar had asked her to marry him and she had accepted. While Catherine is ill. He despises her but encourages the infatuation. seeing it as a chance for revenge on Edgar. Hindley is gradually losing his wealth. Heathcliff elopes with Isabella. Edgar hears that Isabella is dying and leaves to pick up her son with the intention of adopting him. Although Cathy is attracted to him. after three years. Six months after the marriage. Unfortunately Heathcliff had overheard the first part about not being able to marry him and flees from the farmhouse. high-spirited girl who has rarely passed outside the borders of the Grange. Edgar comes to visit Catherine . Heathcliff has been staying at the Heights. Catherine is delighted to see him although Edgar is not so keen. One day in August. Catherine stops him and. having grown stronger and richer during his absence. . Edgar returns with Linton who is a weak and sickly boy. Hindley dies six months after his sister and Heathcliff finds himself the master of Wuthering Heights and the guardian of Hareton. She therefore plans to marry Edgar and use that position to help raise Heathcliff's standing. The day after Catherine's funeral. The fugitives marry and return two months later to Wuthering Heights. and then dies. growing more distant from Heathcliff. Heathcliff's son.Two years on and Catherine has become close friends with Edgar. Isabella flees Heathcliff and escapes to the south of England where she eventually gives birth to Linton. falls madly in love with Heathcliff. In the early hours of the day after their meeting. She says that she does not really love Edgar but Heathcliff. Cathy meets Hareton on the moors and learns of her cousin and Wuthering Heights' existence. Cathy has grown into a beautiful. Heathcliff wants his son with him and insists on having him taken to the Heights. While he is gone. Catherine talks with Ellen. there is an argument with Edgar which causes Catherine to lock herself in her room and fall ill. while Hindley is absent. Heathcliff returns as a gentleman. they declare themselves lovers. before long. He disappears without trace and. When he embraces Isabella one day at the Grange.

Three years later. eight months after leaving. His plans are for Linton and Cathy to marry so that he would inherit Thrushcross Grange. Ellen is released and Cathy escapes with Linton's help just in time to see her father before he dies. Ellen and Cathy visit Wuthering Heights and are held captive by Heathcliff who wants to marry his son to Cathy and. In March. before he leaves. Cathy has no choice but to leave Ellen and to go and live with Heathcliff and Hareton. at the same time. while Edgar is very ill. Lockwood finds himself back in the area and decides to stay at Thrushcross Grange (since his tenancy is still valid until October). He finds that Ellen is now living at Wuthering Heights. Ellen had moved to the Heights soon after Lockwood had left to replace the housekeeper who had departed. After being ill with a cold for some time. Hareton had had an accident and been confined to the farmhouse. he is found dead in his room. she retreats into herself. he hears that Hareton and Cathy plan to marry on New Year's Day. After not eating for four days. although Hareton tries to be kind to her. Linton dies soon afterwards and. He is buried next to Catherine. This continues into April when Heathcliff begins to act very strangely. Lockwood departs but. With Heathcliff now the master of both Wuthering Heights and Thrushcross Grange. Ellen and Cathy are on the moors when they meet Heathcliff who takes them to Wuthering Heights to see Linton and Hareton. During this time. After five days. a friendship had developed between Cathy and Hareton. In August of the next year. He makes his way there and she fills in the rest of the story. Epilogue (chapters 32 to 34) In September. Cathy and Linton begin a secret and interrupted friendship. seeing visions of Catherine. This is the point of the story at which Lockwood arrives. prevent her from returning to her father before he dies. Lockwood decides that he has had enough of the moors and travels to Wuthering Heights to inform Heathcliff that he is returning to the south. .

That afternoon. the greatest Trojan warrior. Characters Troilus .Troilus and Cressida Summary In the seventh year of the Trojan War. who wants to continue the struggle. and a furious and heartbroken Troilus accompanies him. the greatest Greek warrior. the Greek general. Troilus is assisted in his pursuit of her by Pandarus. and a Greek lord named Diomedes leads Cressida away from Troy. in the Greek camp. and the play ends with the Trojan warriors retreating to the city to mourn their fallen hero. Ulysses leads Troilus to the tent of Calchas. Achilles then drags Hector's body around the walls of Troy. finally. Achilles is unable to defeat Hector in single combat. . together with a gang of Greek warriors. which brings a vengeful Achilles back into the war. Shortly thereafter. Thersites. In Troy. That night. but he later catches him unarmed and. who refuses to fight and instead spends his time sitting in his tent with his comrade (and lover) Patroclus. The wise and crafty Ulysses informs him that the army's troubles spring from a lack of respect for authority. fight Hector instead of Achilles. Cressida's uncle. she becomes Troilus's lover. His master. but Patroclus is killed.A beautiful young Trojan woman. where the Trojan prince watches from hiding as Cressida agrees to become Diomedes's lover. Hector argues for peace. The younger brother of Hector and Paris. brought about by the behavior of Achilles. meanwhile. The next day. a challenge to single combat arrives from Prince Hector. in the hopes that this snub will wound Achilles's pride and bring him back into the war. the daughter of a Trojan priest who has defected to the Greek side. a Trojan prince named Troilus falls in love with Cressida. The commanders agree. The daughter of Calchas. in spite of unhappy premonitions from his wife. mocking his superiors. and after Hector and Achilles exchange insults. abuses everyone who crosses his path. Meanwhile. he is a valiant warrior and an honorable man. Pandarus brings Troilus and Cressida together. Ajax and Hector fight to a draw. Cressida . Cressida's father.A prince of Troy. In the Greek camp. a headstrong fool. so that he may be reunited with her. asks the Greek commanders to exchange a Trojan prisoner for his daughter. Hector and Troilus feast with the Greeks under a flag of truce. wonders why his commanders seem so downcast and pessimistic. and is to fight Hector the next day. Hector takes the field. the sons of King Priam debate whether it is worthwhile to continue the war—or whether they should return Helen to the Greeks and end the struggle. sister. and after they pledge to be forever true to one another. As the camp goes to bed. the treacherous Trojan priest Calchas. and the next morning—to Troilus and Cressida's dismay—the trade is made. Meanwhile. Agamemnon. a Trojan priest who defected to the Greek camp. and Ulysses decides to have Ajax. but he is won over by the impassioned Troilus. slaughters him. has been honored by the commanders over the sulking Achilles. The Trojans drive the Greeks back. He is also desperately in love with Cressida. he leads them to a bedchamber to consummate their love. and his father. Ajax's foulmouthed slave.

and Troilus. Helen .A prince of Troy. and the abandoned husband of Helen. Diomedes . Achilles . Aeneas .A Greek warrior.One of the Greek commanders. Paris . precipitated the Trojan War. his lover. Achilles's best friend—and.A Trojan commander. even philosophical man. Calchas . vicious thug.The greatest of the Greek warriors. Nestor . acting as a kind of cheerful. Andromache . Patroclus .Hector's wife.Hector . Thersites . Pandarus . he is also an arrogant.A prince of Troy.Menelaus's wife. and Cressida's father. Priam . Ajax . and the father of Hector.The king of Troy. Paris. Ulysses . it is suggested. and the elder brother of Menelaus. Agamemnon . Helenus . Helen.A Trojan commander. Her elopement with Paris led to the Trojan War. The greatest warrior on the Trojan side—and matched in might only by Achilles himself—he is a hero to his entire city and is respected even by his enemies.Cressida's uncle. . bawdy pimp for his niece. He defected to the Greeks in the early days of the war. He serves as a go-between for Troilus and Cressida.A prince of Troy. among others. he is exchanged for Cressida after his capture by the Greeks.A Trojan priest. Menelaus .The oldest of the Greek commanders. she is considered mad. Cassandra . Antenor .A deformed slave serving Ajax who has a vicious. he is as proud as Achilles. Agamemnon's brother. A highly intelligent. His theft of Menelaus's wife.A Greek commander.A Greek warrior. abusive tongue.A Greek commander who seduces Cressida. he is renowned for his cunning.The Greek general.A Trojan princess and prophetess. who refuses to fight in the war whenever his pride is injured. but less intelligent and less skilled in battle.