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User's Guide

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http://world.casio.com/edu/

CASIO ELECTRONICS CO., LTD. Unit 6, 1000 North Circular Road, London NW2 7JD, U.K.

**Removing and Replacing the Calculator’s Cover
**

• Before starting .....1 Holding the cover as shown in the illustration, slide the unit out of the cover. • After you are finished .....2 Holding the cover as shown in the illustration, slide the unit out of the cover. • Always slide the keyboard end of the unit into the cover first. Never slide the display end of the unit into the cover.

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Safety Precautions

Be sure to read the following safety precautions before using this calculator. Keep this manual handy for later reference.

Caution

This symbol is used to indicate information that can result in personal injury or material damage if ignored.

Batteries

• After removing the battery from the calculator, put it in a safe place where it will not get into the hands of small children and accidentally swallowed. • Keep batteries out of the reach of small children. If accidentally swallowed, consult with a physician immediately. • Never charge batteries, try to take batteries apart, or allow batteries to become shorted. Never expose batteries to direct heat or dispose of them by incineration. • Misuse of batteries can cause them to leak and damage nearby items, and can create the risk of fire and personal injury. • Always make sure that the battery’s positive k and negative l ends are facing correctly when you load it into the calculator. • Remove the battery if you do not plan to use the calculator for a long time (fx-82MS/fx-83MS/fx270MS/fx-350MS). • Use only the type of battery specified for this calculator in this manual.

**Disposing of the Calculator
**

• Never dispose of the calculator by burning it. Doing so can cause certain components to suddenly burst, creating the risk of fire and personal injury. • The displays and illustrations (such as key markings) shown in this User’s Guide are for illustrative purposes only, and may differ somewhat from the actual items they represent. E-2

. A dead battery can leak. and shortening of battery life. total failure of the display. Heat can cause discoloration or deformation of the calculator’s case. CASIO Computer Co. or at least once every two years for the fx-82MS. be liable to anyone for special. Never leave a dead battery in the calculator.. Very low temperatures can cause slow display response. Also avoid leaving the calculator in direct sunlight. • Low battery power can cause memory contents to become corrupted or lost completely. incidental. • In no event shall CASIO Computer Co. • Avoid use and storage in areas subjected to temperature extremes. • Avoid use and storage in areas subjected to large amounts of humidity and dust. Handling Precautions • Be sure to press the 5 key before using the calculator for the first time. Such conditions can damage internal circuitry. • Even if the calculator is operating normally. Take care never to leave the calculator where it might be splashed by water or exposed to large amounts of humidity or dust. Ltd. • The battery that comes with this unit discharges slightly during shipment and storage.• The contents of this manual are subject to change without notice. E-3 . Because of this. replace the battery at least once every three years for the fx83MS/fx-85MS/fx-270MS/fx-300MS/fx-350MS. near a window. or consequential damages in connection with or arising out of the purchase or use of these materials. Ltd. and damage to internal circuitry. it may require replacement sooner than the normal expected battery life. Moreover. causing damage to and malfunction of the calculator. near a heater or anywhere else it might be exposed to very high temperatures. collateral. Always keep written records of all important data. shall not be liable for any claim of any kind whatsoever against the use of these materials by any other party.

benzene or other volatile agents to clean the calculator. E-4 . Never use thinner. Avoid carrying the calculator in the pocket of your trousers or other tight-fitting clothing where it might be subjected to twisting or bending.• Never drop the calculator or otherwise subject it to strong impact. • Use a soft. • Never twist or bend the calculator. Wring out all excess moisture before wiping the calculator. If the calculator becomes very dirty. • Never press the keys of the calculator with a ballpoint pen or other pointed object. Doing so can remove printed markings and can damage the case. • Never try to take the calculator apart. dry cloth to clean the exterior of the calculator. wipe it off with a cloth moistened in a weak solution of water and a mild neutral household detergent.

........ 2 Handling Precautions ................................. 10 k Initializing the Calculator ........ 13 k Degrees.... 7 k Modes .. 17 k Trigonometric/Inverse Trigonometric Functions .................................... 8 k Replay Function .................................... 7 k Input Capacity ............................................................................................................... k Consecutive Calculations ......................... Minutes................................ 16 k Answer Memory ... 8 k Making Corrections During Input ............................... SCI................... RND .................... 11 k Arithmetic Calculations ........................ 18 k Hyperbolic/Inverse Hyperbolic Functions ....... 3 Two-line Display ............................................................................................................................................................ Seconds Calculations .........................................Contents Removing and Replacing the Calculator’s Cover .................. 9 k Exponential Display Formats ......................................................................................... k Independent Memory ............................... 1 Safety Precautions .................................... 10 k Decimal Point and Separator Symbols ... ... k Variables ....................... 16 16 16 17 Scientific Function Calculations ...................... 15 Memory Calculations .... 9 k Error Locator ..................... 11 k Fraction Operations . 7 Before getting started........................................... 11 Basic Calculations ..... 14 k FIX...................................... 9 k Multi-statements ........................ 11 k Percentage Calculations ............................................ 18 E-5 ....................................

....................... Rec (r. 34 Specifications .................... 28 28 30 31 32 Power Supply ................................ k Order of Operations ............................... 37 E-6 .... 21 Standard Deviation ..................................................... k Input Ranges .......... Cube Roots.......................................................... k Stacks ................................................... ...... 24 Technical Information .................................... Reciprocals....................................... 20 k Coordinate Conversion (Pol (x...................... π....k Common and Natural Logarithms/ Antilogarithms ........................ 21 Statistical Calculations .......................... and Permutation/Combination .. )) .................... Factorials............................ 21 Regression Calculations ....... Random Numbers............................................ 19 k Square Roots.......... 19 k Angle Unit Conversion .... Roots.......... Squares............................... 20 k Engineering Notation Calculations ................. y)...... 28 k When you have a problem.. k Error Messages ..... Cubes...........

Setup screens are described in the sections of this manual where they are actually used to change the calculator setup.. • The upper line shows the calculation formula. k Modes Before starting a calculation.. Before getting started. To perform this type of calculation: Basic arithmetic calculations Standard deviation Regression calculations Perform this To enter key operation: this mode: F1 F2 F3 COMP SD REG • Pressing the F key more than once displays additional setup screens. • In this manual. the name of the mode you need to enter in order to perform the calculations being described is indicated in the main title of each section. A separator symbol is displayed every three digits when the integer part of the mantissa has more than three digits.Two-line Display The two-line display makes it possible to view both the calculation formula and its result at the same time. Example: Statistical Calculations SD REG E-7 . you must first enter the correct mode as indicated in the table below. • The lower line shows the result.

Gra) before beginning a calculation. COMP) and angle unit setting (Deg. -. • You can input up to 79 steps for a single calculation. \ ). Rad. If you need to input more than 79 steps. so inputting A D. See “Answer Memory” for more information about using the g key. the cursor changes from “_” to “k ” to let you know memory is running low. press A B 2(Mode) =. • Be sure to check the current calculation mode (SD. takes up only one step. for example. . you should divide your calculation into two or more parts. k Making Corrections During Input • Use e and r to move the cursor to the location you want. Inputting something while the insert cursor is on the display inserts the input at the insert cursor position. • Press [ to delete the number or function at the current cursor position. • Press A K to change to an insert cursor t. which you can use in a subsequent calculation. or = returns to the normal cursor from the insert cursor. • Pressing A K. E-8 . k Input Capacity • The memory area used for calculation input can hold 79 “steps. Whenever you input the 73rd step of any calculation. Calculation Mode: Angle Unit: Exponential Display Format: Fraction Display Format: Decimal Point Character: COMP Deg Norm 1 a b/c Dot • Mode indicators appear in the upper part of the display. • Pressing the g key recalls the last result obtained.Note! • To return the calculation mode and setup to the initial defaults shown below..” One step is taken up each time you press a number key or arithmetic operator key ( +. REG. A A or p key operation does not take up a step.

• Replay memory is cleared by any of the following actions. • Replay memory capacity is 128 bytes for storage of both expressions and results. • Pressing the e or r key immediately after you finish a calculation displays the editing screen for that calculation. Disp = Ans × 4 E-9 . Pressing [ again back steps sequentially (new-to-old) through past calculations. k Error Locator • Pressing r or e after an error occurs displays the calculation with the cursor positioned at the location where the error occurred. Pressing the [ key displays the formula and result of the calculation you last performed. k Multi-statements A multi-statement is an expression that is made up of two or more smaller expressions. • Pressing the e or r key while a replay memory calculation is on the display changes to the editing screen. the replay function stores the calculation formula and its result in replay memory. When you press the 5 key When you initialize modes and settings by pressing A B 2(or 3) = When you change from one calculation mode to another When you turn off the calculator. so you can recall the last calculation even after you press t. 20. • Pressing t does not clear replay memory. • Example: To add 2 + 3 and then multiply the result by 4 2+3p\g-4= 2+ 3 5.k Replay Function • Every time you perform a calculation. which are joined using a colon ( : ).

• To change the exponential display format. • All of the examples in this manual show calculation results using the Norm 1 format. In the case of decimal values. 1r E-10 . On the format selection screen that appears. u Norm 1 With Norm 1. u Norm 2 With Norm 2.k Exponential Display Formats This calculator can display up to 10 digits. k Decimal Point and Separator Symbols You can use the display setup (Disp) screen to specify the symbols you want for the decimal point and 3-digit separator. press the F key a number of times until you reach the setup screen shown below. F i x Sc i No r m 1 2 3 • Press 3. Larger values are automatically displayed using exponential notation. exponential notation is automatically used for integer values with more than 10 digits and decimal values with more than nine decimal places. • To change the decimal point and separator symbol setting. press the F key a number of times until you reach the exponential display format setup screen shown below. you can select between two formats that determine at what point exponential notation is used. press 1 to select Norm 1 or 2 for Norm 2. exponential notation is automatically used for integer values with more than 10 digits and decimal values with more than two decimal places. Disp 1 • Display the selection screen.

....... k Fraction Operations u Fraction Calculations • Values are displayed in decimal format automatically whenever the total number of digits of a fractional value (integer + numerator + denominator + separator marks) exceeds 10... comma separator 2(Comma): Comma decimal point... COMP ... F 1 • Negative values inside of calculations must be enclosed within parentheses....” • It is not necessary to enclose a negative exponent within parentheses... period separator k Initializing the Calculator • Perform the following key operation when you want to initialize the calculation mode and setup. 1(Dot): Period decimal point................ A B 3(All) = Basic Calculations k Arithmetic Calculations COMP Use the F key to enter the COMP Mode when you want to perform basic calculations...5҂10–8 3-5eD9= • Example 2: 5҂(9ѿ7) ҃ 80 5-R9+7T= • You can skip all T operations before =..34 ҂ 10–5 → S 2... and clear replay memory and variables.......... E-11 ...... For details.34 e D 5 • Example 1: 3҂(5҂10–9) ҃ 1.. sin 2..• Press the number key ( 1 or 2) that corresponds to the setting you want to use...... see “Order of Operations..

u Decimal ↔ Fraction Conversion • Use the operation shown below to convert calculation results between decimal values and fraction values.500 1 2.75 C ҃ 11 4 2 3 4.5 (Fraction ↔ Decimal) 2 1C2= 1 2.1 2 4 11 12. • Example 1: 2. • Note that conversion can take as long as two seconds to perform.00 0.00 2C4= 1 C 2 + 1.00 C C E-12 .00 AB 1 • Example 2: ↔ 0.6 ҃ 2.• Example 1: 13 2 1 ѿ ҃ 15 3 5 2C3+1C5= 13 15.75 ҃ 2 3 (Decimal → Fraction) 4 2.6 = • Results of calculations that mix fraction and decimal values are always decimal.00 11 4.75 = 2.00 1 2 11 • Example 2: 3 ѿ1 ҃4 4 3 12 3C1C4+ 1C2C3= 2 1 • Example 3: ҃ 4 2 1 • Example 4: ѿ1.

• Press the number key ( 1 or 2) that corresponds to the setting you want to use.00 AB AB • You can use the display setup (Disp) screen to specify the display format when a fraction calculation result is greater than one. • To change the fraction display format.12 A v • Example 2: To calculate what percentage of 880 is 660 (75%) 660 \ 880 A v • Example 3 : To add 15% onto 2500 (2875) 2500 .u Mixed Fraction ↔ Improper Fraction Conversion • Example: 1 2 5 ↔ 3 3 1C2C3= 1 2 3.00 1 2 3.15 A v + • Example 4 : To discount 3500 by 25% (2625) 3500 .25 A v .00 5 3. Disp 1 • Display the selection screen. E-13 . 1 1(a b/c): Mixed fraction 2(d/c): Improper fraction • An error occurs if you try to input a mixed fraction while the d/c display format is selected. press the q key a number of times until you reach the setup screen shown below. k Percentage Calculations • Example 1 : To calculate 12% of 1500 (180) 1500 .

258 to a sexagesimal value and then back to a decimal value 2.8 2.• Example 5: To discount the sum of 168.258 AO I • Example 2: To perform the following calculation: 12°34’56” ҂ 3. and seconds.3. 20%) 46 . * k Degrees. Seconds Calculations • You can perform sexagesimal calculations using degrees (hours).45 12 I 34 I 56 I . • Example 1: To convert the decimal value 2. and convert between sexagesimal and decimal values.20 A v . key is pressed.2 . you need to assign the Answer Memory value into a variable and then use the variable in the mark up/discount calculation. what is the percentage (160%) increase in weight? 300 + 500 A v • Example 7: What is the percentage change when a value is increased from 40 to 46? How about to 48? (15%. Minutes. This is because the calculation performed when v is pressed stores a result to Answer Memory before the .258 2°15°28.45 = E-14 43°24°31. if you want to use the current Answer Memory value in a mark up or discount calculation. 98. • Example 6: If 300 grams are added to a test sample originally weighing 500 grams. and 734 by 20% (800) 168 + 98 + 734 = g A j 1 * As shown here. 40 A v eeeeee8= p 1 . minutes.258 = 2.

displaying result with two significant digits (Sci 2) F.. 3(Norm) 1 to clear the Fix specification..14 = (Specifies three decimal places. 2... 2(Sci) 2 1 \ 3 = SCI 3. press the F key a number of times until you reach the setup screen shown below.57100 28. 3(Norm) 1 to clear the Sci specification.. • Example 2: 1 Ö 3.. F i x Sc i No r m 1 2 3 • Press the number key ( 1.) ..57100 400....99400 AQ ..14 = • Press F .. or 3) that corresponds to the setup item you want to change. E-15 .00 FIX F.. RND • To change the settings for the number of decimal places.k FIX. SCI.3–01 • Press F .00000 (Internal calculation continues using 12 digits.... the number of significant digits.57100 399. or the exponential display format. 200 \ 7 = (Internal rounding) 28.) 400. 1 (Fix): Number of decimal places 2 (Sci): Number of significant digits 3 (Norm): Exponential display format • Example 1: 200 Ö 7 ҂ 14 ҃ 200 \ 7 .00000 28. 1(Fix) 3 200 \ 7 = 400.14 = The following performs the same calculation using the specified number of decimal places.

.. x ....... E-16 . x–1. |.. k Consecutive Calculations • You can use the calculation result that is currently on the display (and also stored in Answer Memory) as the first value of your next calculation. x!.. F 1 k Answer Memory • Whenever you press = after inputting values or an expression........ • The result of a calculation can also be used with a subsequent Type A function (x2. • You can recall Answer Memory contents by pressing g... k Independent Memory • Values can be input directly into memory.. Ö..... the calculated result automatically updates Answer Memory contents by storing the result..... Note that pressing an operator key while a result is displayed causes the displayed value to change to Ans.. Independent memory is convenient for calculating cumulative totals....... X. • Independent memory uses the same memory area as variable M... Answer Memory contents are also updated with result whenever you press A v... added to memory...... • In addition to =. –. ^(xy). or Y). • Answer Memory can store up to 12 digits for the mantissa and two digits for the exponent.. x3..... or A j followed by a letter (A through F... +.. • Answer Memory contents are not updated if the operation performed by any of the above key operations results in an error. DRG'). input 0 A j 3 (M+).... A {.Memory Calculations COMP Use the F key to enter the COMP Mode when you want to perform a calculation using memory. indicating it is the value that is currently stored in Answer Memory. • To clear independent memory (M).. or subtracted from memory. COMP ... or M. ҂. nPr and nCr...

results..... X and Y).. which can be used to store data. This operation deletes the data assigned to variable A.....4 193.... constants...2 Ö 23 ҃ 8. 6 | 45 .. M.2 Ö 28 ҃ 6.......• Example: 23 ѿ 9 ҃ 32 53 Ҁ 6 ҃ 47 Ҁ) 45 ҂ 2 ҃ 90 (Total) 23 + 9 A j 3 (M+) 53 ......2 A j 1 \ 23 = p 1 \ 28 = Scientific Function Calculations COMP Use the F key to enter the COMP Mode when you want to perform scientific function calculations... • Use the following operation to delete data assigned to a particular variable: 0 A j 1. • Perform the following key operation when you want to clear the values assigned to all of the variables.......... and other values.. • Wait for the result to appear on the display before starting the next calculation.14159265359 E-17 ..... COMP ... • π = 3. F 1 • Certain types of calculations may take a long time to complete..........9 193..2 A { –11 0 3 (M+) k Variables • There are nine variables (A through F..... A B 1(Mcl) = • Example: 193...

...... 2...741 = k Hyperbolic/Inverse Hyperbolic Functions • Example 1: sinh 3.28545536 • Example 2: sinh Ҁ1 M S 3. or 3 ) that corresponds to the angle unit you want to use.. 2 (Rad) WRAx\3T= • Example 3 : cosҀ1 2 π (rad) ҃ 0. Deg Rad G r a 1 2 3 • Press the number key ( 1.. q 2 (Rad) ( ) AVRL2\2T=g\Ax= • Example 4: tanҀ1 0. grads).k Trigonometric/Inverse Trigonometric Functions • To change the default angle unit (degrees. press the F key a number of times until you reach the angle unit setup screen shown below.741 ҃ 36..53844577 ° q ..6 ҃ 18...897859012 q . radians.6 = M A j 30 = 30 ҃ 4.25 π (rad) ҃ 2 4 .5 3 ) q . 1 (Deg) A g 0. (90° = π 2 radians = 100 grads) • Example 1: sin 63 °52o41ǥ ҃ 0.094622224 E-18 ... 1 (Deg) S 63 I 52 I 41 I = • Example 2: cos ( π rad ҃ 0.

” k Square Roots.125 • Example 6: (ȕ2)4 ҃ 16 RD2TW4= • Negative values inside of calculations must be enclosed within parentheses.23 = T 90 = TpP= A U 10 = A Q 1. Cubes. π.5 = 2WD3= • Example 2: In 90 (= loge 90) = 4. and Permutation/Combination • Example 1: 3 2 ѿ 3 ҂ 5 ҃ 5. For details.k Common and Natural Logarithms/ Antilogarithms • Example 1: log 1.4aTa= 8Af= E-19 .290024053 3 A D 5 + A D R D 27 T = • Example 3: 7 123 ( = 123 7 ) ҃ 1.287196909 L2+L3-L5= • Example 2: 5 ѿ ȕ27 ҃ –1. Random Numbers.49980967 ln e ҃ 1 • Example 3: e10 ҃ 22026. Cube Roots. Roots.46579 • Example 4: 10 ҃ 31.5 • Example 5: 2ȕ3 ҃ 0. Reciprocals.6227766 1. Squares.089905111 R 1. Factorials. see “Order of Operations.23 ҃ 0.988647795 7 A H 123 = 1 • Example 4: 123 ѿ 30 ҃ 1023 2 123 + 30 K = 12 N = • Example 5: 123 ҃ 1728 1 • Example 6: ҃ 12 1 1 ȕ 3 4 • Example 7: 8! ҃ 40320 R3a.

• Example 8: To generate a random number between 0..) • Example 10: To determine how many different 4-digit values can be produced using the numbers 1 through 7 • Numbers cannot be duplicated within the same 4-digit (840) value (1234 is allowed... but 1123 is not). y) (Deg) x҃1 y ҃ 1.66400 3Ax= (The above value is a sample only. 7Am4= • Example 11: To determine how many different 4-member groups can be organized in a group of 10 individuals (210) 10 n 4 = k Angle Unit Conversion • Press A v to display the following menu.000 and 0. 2. ҃60°) to rectangular coordinates (x. θ )) • Calculation results are automatically assigned to variables E and F. • Example 1: To convert polar coordinates (r҃2. Results differ each time.25 radians to degrees q . D R G 1 2 3 • Pressing 1. y).999 AM= • Example 9: 3π ҃ 9. • Example: To convert 4. or 3 converts the displayed value to the corresponding angle unit.424777961 0. 1(Deg) 4 . Rec (r.5070629 k Coordinate Conversion (Pol (x.25 A v 2(R) = 243. E-20 . or 0 o to display the value of y. 25 r 4.732050808 A F 2 P 60 T = 0o • Press 0 n to display the value of x..

.. SD ............ F 2 • In the SD Mode and REG Mode.. 3) to polar coordinates (r...... σn and σn-1.. • Always start data input with A B 1 (Scl) = to clear statistical memory......088 meters to kilometers → 56.. Σx2......088 ҂10 3 (km) → 81. E-21 .08125 = J Statistical Calculations Standard Deviation SD REG SD Use the F key to enter the SD Mode when you want to perform statistical calculations using standard deviation.....047197551 f1P L3T= 0o • Press 0 n to display the value of r.. k Engineering Notation Calculations • Example 1: To convert 56.. o...) (Rad) r҃2 θ ҃ 1.... the | key operates as the S key.... which you can recall using the key operations noted nearby.............. Σx. or 0 o to display the value of ......08125 grams to milligrams 0.. <x-data> S • Input data is used to calculate values for n. • Input data using the key sequence shown below...• Example 2: To convert rectangular coordinates (1.25 ҂10 –3 (mg) 56088 = J • Example 2: To convert 0.

To input the data 110 ten times. press 110 A G 10 S. Each time you press S to register your input.To recall this type of value: Perform this key operation: Σx2 Σx n o σn σn-1 AU1 AU2 AU3 AX1 AX2 AX3 • Example: To calculate σnҀ1. n. 54. and not necessarily that shown above. scrolling through data shows both the data item and a separate screen for the data frequency (Freq). you can use the [ and ] keys to scroll through data you have input. E-22 . • You can also input multiple entries of the same data using A G. o. 51.375 Number of Data (n) = 8 Sum of Values (Σx) = 427 Sum of Squares of Values (Σx2 ) = 22805 AX3= AX2= AX1= AU3= AU2= AU1= Data Input Precautions • S S inputs the same data twice. 54.407885953 Population Standard Deviation (σn) = 1. • While inputting data or after inputting data is complete. 55. 53. • You can perform the above key operations in any order.316956719 Arithmetic Mean (o) = 53. Σx. If you input multiple entries of the same data using A G to specify the data frequency (number of data items) as described above. 52 In the SD Mode: A B 1 (Scl) = (Stat clear) 55 S n= SD 1. the number of data input up to that point is indicated on the display (n value). for example. 54 S 51 S 55 S 53 S S 54 S 52 S Sample Standard Deviation (σnҀ1) = 1. 53. σn. and Σx2 for the following data : 55.

• You can delete a data value displayed using [ and ] by pressing A U. Pwr. • Data values you register are normally stored in calculator memory. and leaves the old value as it is.). Quad) E-23 . If this happens. • Pressing the S key instead of = after changing a value on the display registers the value you input as a new data item. if you want. • After inputting statistical data in the SD Mode or REG Mode. Inv. Deleting a data value causes all values following it to be shifted up. press A U. Press 1 if you want to register the value you just input. Changing to another mode Changing the regression type (Lin. The message “Data Full” appears and you will not be able to input any more data if there is no memory left for data storage. Log. however. press the = key to display the screen shown below. If you do this. • To delete data you have just input.• You can then edit the displayed data. Ed i t OFF ESC 1 2 Press 2 to exit data input without registering the value you just input. without saving it in memory. Exp. Input the new value and then press the = key to replace the old value with the new one. you will be unable to display or edit individual data items any longer after perform either the following operations. you should always press the t key first to exit data display. etc. This also means that if you want to perform some other operation (calculation. you will not be able to display or edit any of the data you have input. recall of statistical calculation results.

. and results can be recalled using the key operations shown in the table below.... E-24 ...... <x-data> P <y-data> S • The values produced by a regression calculation depend on the values input.. or 3) that corresponds to the type of regression you want to use.... 1 (Lin) : Linear regression 2 (Log) : Logarithmic regression 3 (Exp) : Exponential regression r 1 (Pwr) : Power regression r 2 (Inv) : Inverse regression r 3 (Quad) : Quadratic regression • Always start data input with A B 1 (Scl) = to clear statistical memory............ F 3 • In the SD Mode and REG Mode.. L i n Log Ex p 1 2 3 r e Pw r 1 2 I nv Quad 3 • Press the number key ( 1......Regression Calculations REG Use the F key to enter the REG Mode when you want to perform statistical calculations using regression...... • Entering the REG Mode displays screens like the ones shown below.... • Input data using the key sequence shown below................. 2. REG ........ the | key operates as the S key...

To recall this type of value: Perform this key operation: Σx2 Σx n Σy2 Σy Σxy o xσn xσn-1 p yσn yσn-1 Regression coefficient A Regression coefficient B Regression calculation other than quadratic regression Correlation coefficient r AU1 AU2 AU3 AUr1 AUr2 AUr3 AX1 AX2 AX3 AXr1 AXr2 AXr3 AXrr1 AXrr2 m n AXrr3 AXrrr1 AXrrr2 • The following table shows the key operations you should use to recall results in the case of quadratic regression. E-25 . To recall this type of value: Perform this key operation: Σ x3 Σx2y Σ x4 Regression coefficient C m1 m2 n AUrr1 AUrr2 AUrr3 AXrr3 AXrrr1 AXrrr2 AXrrr3 • The values in the above tables can be used inside of expressions the same way you use variables. u Linear Regression • The regression formula for linear regression is: y = A + Bx.

AU3-AX1AXr1F\ EAU3. calculate the coefficient of determination ( r 2 ) and sample covariance . use 20°C 1010 hPa the regression formula to esti25°C 1011 hPa mate atmospheric pressure at 30°C 1014 hPa –5°C and temperature at 1000 hPa. the number of data input up to that point is indicated on the display (n value).982607368 Atmospheric Pressure at ȕ5°C = 994.6 AXrr1= AXrr2= AXrr3= ED5FAXrrr2= Temperature at 1000 hPa = 4. Finally.642857143 1000 A X r r r 1 = Coefficient of Determination = 0.1F= E-26 .965517241 Sample Covariance = 35 AXrr3K= EAUr3. Next. In the REG Mode: 1(Lin) A B 1 (Scl) = (Stat clear) 10 P1003 S n= REG 1.56 Correlation Coefficient r = 0.4 Regression Coefficient B = 0.• Example: Atmospheric Pressure vs. 15 P 1005 S 20 P1010 S 25 P 1011 S 30 P 1014 S Regression Coefficient A = 997. Temperature Perform linear regression to deTemperature Atmospheric Pressure termine the regression formula 10°C 1003 hPa terms and correlation coefficient 15°C 1005 hPa for the data nearby. Each time you press S to register your input.

Logarithmic Regression Exponential Regression Power Regression Inverse Regression y ҃ A ѿ B ؒ In x y ҃ A ؒ eB·x (In y ҃ In A + Bx) y ҃ A ؒ xB (In y ҃ In A + BIn x) y ҃ A ѿ B ؒ 1/x u Quadratic Regression • The regression formula for quadratic regression is: y = A + Bx + Cx2.6 S 50 P 23. • The following shows the regression formulas for each type of regression.0 S 103 P 46.0 Perform quadratic regression to determine the regression formula terms for the data nearby.4 48. Exponential.u Logarithmic.14556728 m2 when yi is 20 = 175.71629667 i10 –3 AXrr3= n when xi is 16 = –13.0 S Regression Coefficient A = –35. use the regression formula to estimate the values for n (estimated value of y) for xi = 16 and m (estimated value of x) for yi = 20. In the REG Mode: r 3(Quad) A B 1 (Scl) = (Stat clear) 29 P 1. and Inverse Regression • Use the same key operations as linear regression to recall results for these types of regression.59856934 AXrr1= Regression Coefficient B = 1.38291067 m1 when yi is 20 = 47.5872105 16 A X r r r 3 = 20 A X r r r 1 = 20 A X r r r 2 = E-27 .5 38.5 S 74 P 38.6 23.4 S 118 P 48.495939413 AXrr2= Regression Coefficient C = – 6. Power. • Example: xi 29 50 74 103 118 yi 1.0 46. Next.

• Entering the REG Mode and selecting a regression type (Lin. press the 5 key. E-28 . If calculation results are not what you expect or if an error occurs. and Y. Pwr. See “Error Locator” for details. or press e or r to display the calculation and correct the problem. Enter the correct mode and try performing the calculation again. 1. • The above results can be obtained in any order. Check the formula you are working with to confirm it is correct. Make sure you always keep written copies of all important data. and not necessarily that shown above. • You can also input multiple entries of the same data using A G.Data Input Precautions • S S inputs the same data twice. • Precautions when editing data input for standard deviation also apply for regression calculations. Changing from one regression type to another inside the REG Mode also clears these variables. so any data you may have assigned to them may be replaced by other values during statistical calculations. perform the following steps. • Do not use variables A through F. k Error Messages The calculator is locked up while an error message is on the display. Technical Information k When you have a problem.. X. X. Exp. 2.. press 20 P 30 A G 5 S.. for example. Press t to clear the error. To input the data “20 and 30” five times. Quad) clear variables A through F. If the above steps do not correct the problem.. These variables are used for statistical calculation temporary memory. Inv. or Y to store data when performing statistical calculations. Log. The calculator performs a self-check operation and deletes all data stored in memory if any abnormality is detected. 3.. Press A B 2(Mode) = to initialize all modes and settings.

• An attempt to perform a function calculation using a value that exceeds the allowable input range. etc. • An attempt to perform an illogical operation (division by zero.Math ERROR • Causes • Calculation result is outside the allowable calculation range. Pay special attention to values in any memory areas you are using. E-29 . Syntax ERROR • Cause • An attempt to perform an illegal mathematical operation. Stack ERROR • Cause • The capacity of the numeric stack or operator stack is exceeded. The numeric stack has 10 levels and the operator stack has 24 levels. • Action • Simplify the calculation. • Action • Press e or r to display the calculation with the cursor located at the location of the error and make required corrections. • Divide your calculation into two or more separate parts.) • Action • Check your input values and make sure they are all within the allowable ranges. Arg ERROR • Cause • Improper use of an argument • Action • Press e or r to display the location of the cause of the error and make required corrections.

In. log. m2. the negative number must be enclosed within parentheses. • Operations enclosed in parentheses are performed first. 10x. 1 Coordinate transformation: Pol (x. or variable name: 2π. sinҀ1. so particular care is required when the calculation includes a high-priority Type A function. n Angle unit conversions (DRG') 3 Powers and roots: ^ (xy). tanh. sinh. coshҀ1. 6 Type B functions: With these functions. Ö 0 ѿ. etc. cosh. tan. Rec (r. x3. tanҀ1. 3e. x 4 a b/c 5 Abbreviated multiplication format in front of π. Ҁ • Operations of the same precedence are performed from 120 → ex{In( 120)} right to left. Example: ( –2)4 = 16 –24 = –16 E-30 . sin. 3 .k Order of Operations Calculations are performed in the following order of precedence. 5A. e (natural logarithm base). or power or root operations. cos. cosҀ1. m1. . ° ’ ” m. 8 Permutation and combination: nPr. sinhҀ1. memory name. x!. θ ) 2 Type A functions: With these functions. ex. etc. Alog2. nCr 9 ҂. the function key is pressed and then the value is entered. the value is entered and then the function key is pressed. • When a calculation contains an argument that is a negative number. (Ҁ) 7 Abbreviated multiplication format in front of Type B functions: 2 3. x2. y). tanhҀ1. πA. The negative sign (–) is treated as a Type B function. exIn • Other operations are performed from left to right. xҀ1.

called “stacks.k Stacks This calculator uses memory areas. • Example: 1 1 2 3 2 4 3 5 6 4 7 5 Numeric Stack 1 2 2 3 4 5 3 4 5 4 Command Stack 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 ҂ ѿ ҂ ѿ • Calculations are performed in sequence according to “Order of Operations.” to temporarily store values (numeric stack) and commands (command stack) according to their precedence during calculations. The numeric stack has 10 levels and the command stack has 24 levels. A stack error (Stack ERROR) occurs whenever you try to perform a calculation that is so complex that the capacity of a stack is exceeded.” Commands and values are deleted from the stack as the calculation is performed. E-31 .

GRA Same as sinx.9 GRA 0Ϲ ȊxȊ Ϲ5.999999999҂10–1 logx/lnx 0 x Ϲ9.3 GRA 0Ϲ ȊxȊ Ϲ4. sin–1x cos–1x tan–1x sinhx coshx 0Ϲ ȊxȊ Ϲ1 0Ϲ ȊxȊ Ϲ9.999999999҂1099Ϲ x Ϲ 99.2585092 sinh–1x 0Ϲ ȊxȊ Ϲ4. except when ȊxȊ= (2n-1)҂90. except when ȊxȊ= (2n-1)҂π/2.999999999҂1099 0Ϲ ȊxȊ Ϲ230.999999999҂1099 tanhx –1 0Ϲ ȊxȊ Ϲ9. except when ȊxȊ= (2n-1)҂100.99999999 –9.k Input Ranges Internal digits: 12 Accuracy*: As a rule. x G 0 ȊxȊ 1҂ 10100 0Ϲ x Ϲ 69 (x is an integer) 0Ϲ n 1҂1010.999999999҂1099 10x –9.000000009҂1010 tanx DEG Same as sinx. RAD Same as sinx. accuracy is ±1 at the 10th digit.2585092 0Ϲ x 1 ҂ 10100 ȊxȊ 1҂ 1050 ȊxȊ 1҂ 10100 . Functions sinx Input Range DEG 0Ϲ ȊxȊ Ϲ4. 0Ϲ r Ϲ n (n. r are integers) 1Ϲ {n!/(n–r)!} 1҂10100 E-32 ex x x2 1/x 3 x x! nPr .999999999҂1099Ϲ x Ϲ 230.999999999҂1099 cosh–1x 1Ϲ x Ϲ4.999999999҂1099 tanh x 0Ϲ ȊxȊ Ϲ9.500000008҂1010 RAD 0Ϲ ȊxȊ Ϲ785398164.499999999҂1010 RAD 0Ϲ ȊxȊ Ϲ785398163.999999999҂1010 cosx DEG 0Ϲ ȊxȊ Ϲ4.

B. b. ȊyȊ Ϲ9. n (n G 0.Functions Input Range 0Ϲ n 1҂1010. y .999999999҂1099 99 Rec(r. o. numerator. calculation error is ±1 at the 10th digit. n is an integer) However: –1҂10100 1/x logȊyȊ100 Total of integer. y) ȊxȊ.) Errors are cumulative in the case of consecutive calculations. ) 0Ϲ r Ϲ9.999999999҂10 θ: Same as sinx ȊaȊ. E-33 . (This is also true of internal consecutive calculations that are performed 3 x . calculation error is ±1 at the last significant digit. errors are cumulative and may become large. nCr. and denominator must be 10 digits or less (including division marks). etc. 0Ϲ r Ϲ n (n. p : n G 0 xn–1. (In the case of exponential display. c 1҂10100 °’ ” 0 Ϲ b. nPr. ȊxȊ 1҂1050 ȊyȊ 1҂1050 ȊnȊ 1҂10100 a b/c SD (REG) xn. 1 * For a single calculation. which can also cause them to become large. A. r are integers) 1Ϲ [n!/{r!(n–r)!}] 1҂10100 nCr 49 Pol(x.) in the case of ^(x y). yn–1. yn. r : n G 0.999999999҂10 (x2+y2) Ϲ9. x!. 2n+1 (n is an integer) However: –1҂10100 ylogȊxȊ100 y0: x G 0 x y –1҂101001/x logy100 y҃0: x0 1 y0: x҃2nѿ1. c ȊxȊ1҂10100 Decimal ↔ Sexagesimal Conversions 0°0°0°Ϲ ȊxȊ Ϲ999999°59° x0: –1҂10100ylogx100 ^(xy) x҃0: y0 1 x0: y҃n. In the vicinity of a function’s singular point and point of inflection.

u To replace the battery 1 Remove the six screws that hold the back cover in place and then remove the back cover. 2 Remove the old battery. • Display figures are dim and difficult to read in areas where there is little light available. 3 Wipe off the sides of new battery with a dry.Power Supply The type of battery you should use depends on the model number of your calculator. calculators equipped with a solar cell alone can operate only when relatively bright light is present. Normally. soft cloth. • Nothing appears on the display when you press the 5 key. fx-85MS/fx-300MS The TWO WAY POWER system actually has two power supplies: a solar cell and a G13 Type (LR44) button battery. The TWO WAY POWER system. however. 4 Replace the back cover and secure it in place with the six screws. Be sure not to skip this step. and that the battery should be replaced. 5 Press 5 to turn power on. Screw Screw E-34 . • Replacing the Battery Either of the following symptoms indicates battery power is low. lets you continue to use the calculator as long as there is enough light to read the display. Load it into the unit with the positive k side facing up (so you can see it).

soft cloth. • To replace the battery 1 Press A i to turn off power. 6 Press 5 to turn power on. 2 Remove the screw that holds the battery cover in place and then remove the battery cover. Screw E-35 .fx-83MS/fx-270MS/fx-350MS This calculator is powered by single G13 Type (LR44) button battery. Continued use of the calculator when the battery is low can result in improper operation. • Replacing the Battery Dim figures on the display of the calculator indicate that battery power is low. 3 Remove the old battery. 4 Wipe off the sides of new battery with a dry. Replace the battery as soon as possible when display figures become dim. Load it into the unit with the positive k side facing up (so you can see it). 5 Replace the battery cover and secure it in place with the screw.

Continued use of the calculator when the battery is low can result in improper operation. Screw 2 Remove the six screws that hold the back cover in place and then remove the back cover. Replace the battery as soon as possible when display figures become dim. 6 Press 5 to turn power on. • Replacing the Battery Dim figures on the display of the calculator indicate that battery power is low. Screw Auto Power Off Calculator power automatically turns off if you do not perform any operation for about six minutes. 3 Remove the old battery. When this happens.fx-82MS This calculator is powered by a single AA-size battery. • To replace the battery 1 Press A i to turn power off. 4 Load a new battery into the unit with its positive k and negative l ends facing correctly. 5 Replace the back cover and secure it in place with the six screws. press 5 to turn power back on. E-36 .

Dimensions: fx-82MS: 18.Specifications Power Supply: fx-82MS: Single AA-size battery (R6P (SUM-3)) fx-83MS/fx-270MS/fx-350MS: Single G13 Type button battery (LR44) fx-85MS/fx-300MS: Solar cell and a single G13 Type button battery (LR44) Battery Life: fx-82MS: Approximately 17.000 hours continuous display of flashing cursor.4 oz) including battery fx-83MS/fx-85MS/fx-270MS/fx-300MS/fx-350MS: 100 g (3. Approximately 2 years when left with power turned off.5 oz) including battery Power Consumption: 0.2 (H) ҂ 85 (W) ҂ 155 (D) mm 1/2Љ (H) ҂ 3 3/8Љ (W) ҂ 6 1/8Љ (D) Weight: fx-82MS: 125 g (4. fx-85MS/fx-300MS: Approximately 3 years (1 hour use per day). fx-83MS/fx-270MS/fx-350MS: Approximately 9.0002 W Operating Temperature: 0°C to 40°C (32°F to 104°F) E-37 . Approximately 3 years when left with power turned off.6 (H) ҂ 85 (W) ҂ 156 (D) mm 3/4Љ (H) ҂ 3 3/8Љ (W) ҂ 6 1/8Љ (D) fx-83MS/fx-85MS/fx-270MS/fx-300MS/fx-350MS: 12.000 hours continuous display of flashing cursor.

Japan SA0311-C Printed in China CA 310120-001V03 .CASIO COMPUTER CO. 6-2. Hon-machi 1-chome Shibuya-ku. LTD.. Tokyo 151-8543.

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