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High Performance API 682 Seals for the Chemical Processing Industry

Category I

Type A and B

Arrangement 1, 2, and 3

Qualification Tested

The standard was written by a select committee comprised of end users. hot oil and other volatile organic compounds. API-682 Category I establishes the first international seal standard for ANSI and ISO enlarged bore pumps including wet contacting seals. Category III: Oil & Gas Industry API Pumps. has been expanded beyond Oil & Gas API 610 pumps to also include large bore ANSI and ISO chemical duty process pumps. single and dual seal arrangements specifically engineered for dependable sealing of light hydrocarbons.End User Driven Seal Specification Standard API-682 is a stand alone seal standard for centrifugal and rotary pumps used in the petroleum refining and chemical process industries. Seals contain the same qualification tested components and arrangements as the premium Category III API-682 cartridge seals. II & III for high temperature services) Arrangement 1: Single seal Arrangement 2: Unpressurized dual (Tandem) Arrangement 3: Pressurized dual (Double) 1 . pump manufacturers and seal manufacturers including recognized seal industry experts from John Crane. The new 682 2nd Edition standard replaces the long standing mechanical seals specification found in the API-610 pump standard and establishes a new seal standard for ANSI and ISO chemical process pumps. second edition. These seals are the preferred choice for safe. dry-running secondarycontainment seals and non-contacting gas-lubricated seal designs. Within each of the three categories. (only applies to Cat. API-682 strives to promote best practices in the selection and operation of mechanical seals so as to extend seal life to a minimum of three years of service. API defines three primary seal types and arrangements. the 2nd Edition covers an expanded range of applications and equipment specific to the Chemical Processing Industry. caustics. the scope of the standard. arrangement and flush plan for typical chemical plant or refinery services. water. Building upon growing acceptance of the first edition standard in the user community. Type A: Rotating pusher seal using o-rings and multiple springs Type B: Rotating metal bellows using o-rings Type C: High Temperature metal bellows using flexible graphite gaskets. API-682 has established three distinct seal categories summarized below: Category I: Chemical and Petrochemical Industry Pumps. Heavy duty seals designed for ANSI and ISO enlarged bore seal chambers. Premium seals meeting the highest specification of API 682 design criteria and requiring full qualification test reports. Evolving from John Crane's extensive line of performance proven API 682 1st Edition seals. Seals designed to handle those services previously defined as API-610 applications. In keeping with the standards stated purpose. These premium products contain the optimum in seal features and design. Standard Seal Types and Arrangements The API-682 seal selection procedure provides a recommended seal type. reliable. John Crane supplies qualification tested mechanical seals in accordance with the API 682 2nd Edition Standard. API 682 2nd Edition Category II: Oil & Gas Industry API Pumps. Your Complete Source for API 682 Seal Requirements As the world leader in Chemical and Petrochemical process sealing.

Arrangement 3 seals are double (reverse) balanced to withstand pressure reversal.5 mm (0. Group II (quench systems). One piece sleeve relieved along inside bore with minimum sleeve thickness of 2. Products include reservoir systems.75 bar g (40 psig) ID dynamic pressure. abrasive separators. API 682 Seal Support System 2 . Inner seal capable of handling 2.2 and ISO 3069 Type C seal chambers. confined O-ring. lubricators and API 682 support systems. Common adaptive hardware between types and arrangments. A sampling of design features include: • • • • • • • • • • • • • Premium materials of construction that fully comply with API 682 design standards. cartridge seal. ASME B73. All Arrangement I seals furnished with a fixed bushing. Fits ASME B73.Maximum Operating Limits For Category I Type A & B Contacting Wet Seals Performance Capability Temperature Pressure Speed Type A Seals: 5610Q-1/5620P-1 -30°C to 250°C/-20°F to 400°F Up to 21 bar g/300 psig Up to 25 m/s/5000 fpm Type B Seals: 5615Q-1/5625P-1 -30°C to 260°C/-20°F to 500°F Up to 21 bar g/300 psig Up to 25 m/s/5000 fpm *Consult John Crane for higher speed and pressure applications API 682 Design Criteria John Crane API 682 mechanical seals are designed in accordance with API 682 2nd Edition design requirements. Primary rings are a premium grade. Inside mounted. Fluid Control Systems John Crane is your complete source for liquid or gas seal support systems for rotating mechanical equipment. Dual seals have standard radial inlet and tanTest rig in John Crane’s Technology Testing Center gential outlet buffer/barrier fluid connections. John Crane can provide you with the right piping plan and sealing system that meet the requirements of API 682. and metal-to-metal contact with pump seal chamber. gas control panels. John Crane auxiliary piping systems comply with API 682 Table 4 Group I (mechanical seal flush/cooling systems). blister resistant carbon. heat exchangers. balanced. Glands have a registered fit.100").1. and Group III (coolingwater systems). Mating rings are a homogenous self-sintered silicon carbide. Rotating flexible elements for Type A and Type B.

In accordance with its general policy.2 or ISO 3069 Type C standard. 1220 L Street. CSelect682.C. . John Crane strongly recommends the user/specifier purchase his/her own copy of the entire Standard for reference in conjunction with the use of this computer program. Neither John Crane nor its representative is responsible for any problems arising from using this software in connection with the seal selection process. I Type A seals are based on the Universal CartridgeTM Seal Type 5610Q and 5620P designs.Seal Selection Software You can select and specify your API seal. Register fit gland plate with confined o-rings and metal-to-metal contact with pump seal chamber Bushing Reverse pressure balanced Pumping ring Type 5610Q-1 Type 5620P-1 3 Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation. Type A Category I Contacting Wet Seals John Crane API 682 Cat. Washington. John Crane products or any other manufacturer’s products.1. dedicated reports. NW. Original copies of API Standard 682 are available from the American Petroleum Institute. ANSI / ISO Process Pumps API-682 Category I seals are intended for specification to pumps with seal chambers conforming to the ASME B73. Every effort has been made to ensure that this program accurately reflects the recommendations outlined in API Standard 682. These industry proven standard cartridge mechanical seals have been enhanced specifically to meet API design requirements in order to attain Maximum Achievable Control Technology compliance in hydrocarbons and other Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) and promote extended seal life. drawings and piping plans. and a host of useful basic formula and calculations. John Crane recommends confirming the selection with the seal supplier. D. production of API data sheets. the American Petroleum Institute has not endorsed nor recommended this computer program. For your copy contact your local John Crane representative. The software will run on a Windows® format and allows seal selection by category. B73. flush and arrangements criteria using John Crane’s unique API seal selection software. 20005. API Standard 682 gives comprehensive seal selection guidance.

The outer seal retains the barrier fluid using either an API Flush Plan 53 or 54. The inner seal is double balanced to provide a positive seal with pressure from either direction. It can be applied to non-hydrocarbon. Arrangement 2. Arrangement 3. Type 5620P-1: Dual unpressurized pusher cartridge seal Type A. This seal comes standard with single point flush and fixed clearance carbon throttle bushing. This seal comes standard with a single point flush and fixed clearance carbon throttle bushing. Arrangement 2. Arrangement 3. Arrangement 1. and flashing hydrocarbon services. This seal provides additional safety for hazardous applications and those where the sealing environment needs to be controlled.Category I Contacting Wet Seals Arrangement 1 2 3 Type A 5610Q-1 5620P-1 5620P-1 Type B 5615Q-1 5625P-1 5625P-1 Type A Contacting Wet Seals Type 5610Q-1: Single pusher cartridge seal Type A. Type 5620P-1: Dual pressurized pusher cartridge seal Type A. Arrangement 1. The seal configuration is the same as the dual unpressurized version above. The outer seal provides additional containment in conjunction with an API Flush Plan 52. The seal configuration is the same as the dual unpressurized version above. Low temperature seal for hazardous fluids and utilizes an API Flush Plan 53 or 54. Type B Contacting Wet Seals Type 5615Q-1: Single rotating Alloy C-276 (UNS N10276) metal bellows cartridge seal Type B. Designed for maximum containment of hazardous fluids and light hydrocarbons. Type 5625P-1: Dual pressurized metal bellows cartridge seal Type B. For low temperature applications. nonflashing hydrocarbon. This seal is used in conjunction with an API Flush Plan 52. Dual seals have standard radial inlet and tangential outlet buffer/barrier fluid connections Sealol® edge-welded metal bellows Type 5615Q-1 Type 5625P-1 4 . this seal is applied to non-flashing hydrocarbon and non-hydrocarbon applications. Type 5625P-1: Dual unpressurized metal bellows cartridge seal Type B.

5 . Secondary-containment seals will contain any nominal leakage from the primary seal and act as a back up capable of full process pressure containment providing an additional level of safety during process or system upsets.Dry-Running Secondary-Containment Category I Seals The 5620D-1 seal design satisfies Category I secondary-containment seal specifications. Type 5625D-1: Dual low temperature metal bellows primary seal Type B. Category I Secondary-Containment Seals Arrangement 2 Type A 5620D-1 Type B 5625D-1 Type 5620D-1: Dual pusher contacting dry-running secondary-containment seal Type A. Arrangement 2 utilizing the pusher secondary-containment seal as standard. Maximum Operating Limits Contacting Dry Secondary-Containment Seals Performance Capability Temperature Pressure Type 5620D-1 and 5625D-1 -30˚ C to 205˚ C / -20˚ F to 400˚ F • Dry: 0.5 bar g / 150 psig* Speed Up to 20 m/s / 4000 fpm * Maximum containment pressure rating under dynamic conditions dependent upon process fluid properties. The Sealol® ECSTM (Emission Containment Seal) is optional. Shut down upon high-pressure alarm activation is recommended. The 5620D-1 is an effective solution to meeting emission requirements while eliminating the need for liquid barrier systems. Utilizes a special multiple spring outer secondary-containment seal. Arrangement 2.7 bar g / 10 psig continuous • Wet: 10.

reduced power consumption.Non-contacting Gas-lubricated Seals Category I In 1994 John Crane revolutionized zero emission sealing with the development and patent of the first non-contacting gas-lubricated mechanical seal for chemical duty process pumps. high performance. the Type 2800. Maximum Operating Limits Non-contacting. non-contacting sealing technology for process pump applications. The Type 2800 and Type 2800MB comprise the John Crane Category I API 682 Second Edition non-contacting gas-lubricated seal product line. Gas-lubricated Seals Performance Capability Temperature Pressure Speed Type 2800 -40˚ C to 260˚ C / -40˚ F to 500˚ F to 21 bar g /300 psig 1450 RPM Min. Type 2800MB -40˚ C to 260˚ C / -40˚ F to 500˚ F to 16 bar g /230 psig 1450 RPM Min. Per Arrangement 3. and wet seal system elimination are achieved. 6 . Arrangement 3 Type A 2800 Type B 2800MB Type 2800 Type 2800MB Spiral Groove Sealing Dam Area Patented spiral groove technology offers superior stable operating performance due to its maximized film stiffness characteristics. extended seal life. As the world leader in gas seal technology and experience John Crane has amassed over 70 million operating hours of reliable zero emission operation on pumps worldwide. These seals represent the state of the art advanced dry-running. Zero emissions. the Type 2800 and Type 2800MB operate using an available pressurized inert barrier gas source to positively seal hazardous process fluids with zero emissions to the atmosphere.

Arrangement I seal to include all of the features of a Category III seal without the requirement of documentation to accompany the seal. Category II Arrangement 1 2 3 Type A 1648-2 2648-2 3648-2 Type B 1670-2 2670-2 3670-2 Type C 1604-2 2609-2 3609-2 Category III Arrangement 1 2 3 Type A 1648-3 2648-3 3648-3 Type B 1670-3 2670-3 3670-3 Type C 1604-3 2609-3 3609-3 Type B and Type C Category II & III Contacting Wet Seals These fully qualified API 682 Type B and Type C seals feature Sealol® edge welded metal bellows ISO-Certified QS 9000 B-API-682_Chemical . You can specify a Category II. Asia Dubai. your John Crane representative should be consulted prior to their selection and use. 2609. United Arab Emirates Tel: 971-4-3438940 Fax: 971-4-3438970 North America Morton Grove. I. 2670. These dependable. Old and new PTFE products must not be incinerated. Brazil Tel: 55-11-3371-2500 Fax: 55-11-3371-2599 Middle East.johncrane. Type A Category II & III Contacting Wet Seals John Crane API 682 Type A seals are based on the successful. II & III also include dry-running secondary-containment seals and non-contacting gas-lubricated seals. please contact one of the locations above. If the products featured will be used in a potentially dangerous and/or hazardous process. The low-temperature and high-temperature bellows seals are utilized in a variety of hydrocarbon services. in addition to the Type A and B contacting wet seals. UK Tel: 44-1753-224000 Fax: 44-1753-224224 Latin America São Paulo. Type 48 design. The Type 1670. Europe Slough. with flexible graphite packings are ideal for demanding high temperature applications. The Types 1604. Pick the arrangement best suited for you particular application. The vast majority of process plant services that were previously defined "API-610 seals" will generally now be specified as API-682 Category II seals. It is dangerous to smoke while handling products made from PTFE. Category II seals are designed to handle “general purpose” API (American Petroleum Institute) applications and contain the same qualification tested components and arrangements as the premium Category III API cartridge seals. Africa. Illinois USA 1-800-SEALING Tel: 1-847-967-2400 Fax: 1-847-967-3915 For your nearest John Crane facility. ©2002 John Crane Inc. John Crane Companies reserve the right to alter designs and specifications without prior notice. Print 11/02 7 www. As with Cat. In the interest of continuous development. Arrangement 1 seals are available with a variety of bushing and flush configurations providing you with more flexibility in your API seal selection. and 3609. Cat. This provides for flexibility in flush arrangement and bushing selection that is otherwise fixed in Category III. Category II. and 3670 with Alloy C-276 rotating bellows seal provides high strength and excellent corrosion resistance.Category II & III Seals for API-610 Pumps API-682 Category II or III seals are intended for specification to pumps conforming to the API-610 pump standard. proven. engineered mechanical seals were developed specifically to attain Maximum Achievable Control Technology compliance in hydrocarbons and other Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC).