You are on page 1of 172

Feeder Protection Relay REF 610

Technical Reference Manual

1MRS755310
Issued: 05.10.2004 Version: F/31.12.2007

Feeder Protection Relay
Technical Reference Manual

REF 610

Contents
Copyrights ................................................................................. 7 1. Introduction..............................................................9
1.1. 1.2. 1.3. 1.4. 1.5. 1.6. This manual.............................................................. 9 Use of symbols ......................................................... 9 Intended audience ..................................................... 9 Product documentation ............................................. 10 Document conventions ............................................. 10 Document revisions.................................................. 10

2. Safety information................................................... 11 3. Product overview .................................................... 13
3.1. Use of the relay....................................................... 13 3.2. Features................................................................. 13

4. Application ............................................................. 15
4.1. Requirements.......................................................... 15 4.2. Configuration .......................................................... 15

5. Technical description .............................................. 19
5.1. Functional description............................................... 5.1.1. Product functions ......................................... 5.1.1.1. Protection functions ....................... 5.1.1.2. Inputs .......................................... 5.1.1.3. Outputs........................................ 5.1.1.4. Disturbance recorder...................... 5.1.1.5. Front panel................................... 5.1.1.6. Non-volatile memory ...................... 5.1.1.7. Self-supervision............................. 5.1.1.8. Time synchronization ..................... 5.1.2. Measurements ............................................ 5.1.3. Configuration............................................... 5.1.4. Protection ................................................... 5.1.4.1. Block diagram............................... 5.1.4.2. Overcurrent protection .................... 5.1.4.3. Earth-fault protection ...................... 5.1.4.4. Thermal protection for cables .......... 5.1.4.5. Phase discontinuity protection ......... 5.1.4.6. Circuit-breaker failure protection....... 5.1.4.7. Arc protection ............................... 5.1.4.8. Auto-reclose function ..................... 5.1.4.9. Inverse definite minimum time characteristics............................... 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 21 21 22 23 23 25 25 25 27 28 33 33 34 35 41

3

....2.........................153 4 ................4.......4............13....... Settings ............. 5...1...... 5........................................ 85 DNP 3................ 74 Disturbance recorder .....141 Technical data .................. 79 IEC 60870-5-103 remote communication protocol..........132 Relay parameterization ........ Technical data on protection functions ..............11...............100 5... Event code of the disturbance recorder ........6.1............11...1...11..... 113 5.....8...... 76 5.. 77 Communication ports....................... 5.12.. DNP 3..........0 remote communication protocol ........1.1......... 110 SPA bus communication protocol parameters ... Specific DNP features .134 description .......................1..10....11.1.... 76 5...1.1....... 5..........147 6..1.11.2... Function.... 5..1... 5..16...............1... 74 5. Profile of Modbus ....0 device profile ...................0 point list ...... 99 5......... Protocol parameters.............1...........153 6............2........1....... 5..1.3...............5.................16........... 5...... 5..17.......... Settings and unloading ..... 5. 5..............1............ 5.............1....135 Input/output connections ...1......9......... 55 5..11........11....................6.1......................1...........128 Self-supervision (IRF) system ....135 Light sensor input connections .......... 80 Modbus remote communication protocol .15..................... 5.............. 153 6.................1... Auto-reclose function ........ Application examples . Fast tripping and initiation of shot 1 using two protection stages ..1..1.....5...........1..REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 5.......103 5................. 77 Recorded data of the last events .....19..17.........................1........... 73 Indicator LEDs and operation indication messages.......1.......11.......... Triggering.. 73 Commissioning tests . 75 5...1...... 5..100 5.....1......... Disturbance recorder data. 5.2......1............. 70 Trip lockout function . 5.........16...... 84 5.................2.. DNP 3...........10...............1.18...................... Design 5.7................... 5..3....2... 5.. Control and indication of disturbance recorder status . 66 Trip-circuit supervision ..16...4............1... 73 Demand values ...........1......1.......14.141 Serial communication connections .......3...................2........4..2....................1.............................1........ Event codes ............1.......4............16........ 72 Trip counters for circuit-breaker condition monitoring ..... 74 5.....1............. 5....... 76 5....15....

.....156 6...........1.....158 6................................154 6..... Arc protection with one REF 610 relay ....................156 6....2....2........2.. Ordering information .........................3........ Arc protection with several REF 610 relays ................2.. 169 5 ....... Selecting adaptive sequence length .......... Abbreviations .........3...........1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Fast tripping and initiation of shot 1 using start signals ...........1.......2............... Arc protection............. 7.............. 161 8..... Arc protection with several REF 610 relays and one REA 101 ....................157 6....155 6.... 163 9...................... Check lists ...................2................................1...........

6 .

indirect. All rights reserved. This document and parts thereof must not be reproduced or copied without written permission from ABB Oy. 7 . Guarantee Please inquire about the terms of guarantee from your nearest ABB representative. Trademarks ABB is a registered trademark of ABB Group.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Copyrights The information in this document is subject to change without notice and should not be construed as a commitment by ABB Oy. incidental or consequential damages of any nature or kind arising from the use of this document. copied. nor shall ABB Oy be liable for incidental or consequential damages arising from use of any software or hardware described in this document. or disclosed only in accordance with the terms of such license. All other brand or product names mentioned in this document may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders. In no event shall ABB Oy be liable for direct. The software or hardware described in this document is furnished under a license and may be used. © Copyright 2007 ABB. ABB Oy assumes no responsibility for any errors that may appear in this document. and the contents thereof must not be imparted to a third party nor used for any unauthorized purpose. special.

8 .

The information icon alerts the reader to relevant facts and conditions. The warning icon indicates the presence of a hazard which could result in personal injury. It might indicate the presence of a hazard which could result in corruption of software or damage to equipment or property.1. 9 . Use of symbols This publication includes the following icons that point out safety-related conditions or other important information: The electrical warning icon indicates the presence of a hazard which could result in electrical shock.2. The caution icon indicates important information or warning related to the concept discussed in the text. 1.3.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 1. Intended audience This manual is intended for operators and engineers to support normal use of as well as configuration of the product. how to design your project or how to use a certain function. and to the Installation Manual for installation of the relay. 1. also known as the man-machine interface (MMI). Refer to the Operator ’s Manual for instructions on how to use the human-machine interface (HMI) of the relay. focusing on giving a technical description of the relay. Introduction This manual This manual provides thorough information on the protection relay REF 610 and its applications. The tip icon indicates advice on. for example. 1.

5.2006 30.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 1.09. Document conventions Document revisions Version A B C D E F IED Revision A A A C C C Date 05.10. Content updated Content updated Added information related to ordering parts and accessories.01.12. Version A2 includes only a minor layout change.2006 01. 1. 10 .2004 12.2007 12.11.2007 History Document created. Content updated Minor layout update.10. the delivery contains the following relayspecific documentation: Table 1.4.-1 Name Installation Manual Technical Reference Manual Operator's Manual REF 610 product documentation Document ID 1MRS752265-MUM 1MRS755310 1MRS755311 1.4. Product documentation In addition to the relay and this manual.2005 25.6.

The frame of the device has to be carefully earthed. The relay case internals may contain high voltage potential and touching these may cause personal injury. Only a competent electrician is allowed to carry out the electrical installation. Breaking the sealing tape on the upper handle of the device will result in loss of guarantee and proper operation will no longer be insured. Safety information Dangerous voltages can occur on the connectors.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 2. personal injury or substantial property damage. When the plug-in unit has been detached from the case. even though the auxiliary voltage has been disconnected. National and local electrical safety regulations must always be followed. Non-observance can result in death. do not touch the inside of the case. 11 . The device contains components which are sensitive to electrostatic discharge. Unnecessary touching of electronic components must therefore be avoided.

12 .

high-set stage Three-phase non-directional overcurrent protection. 3. The relay is based on a microprocessor environment. Local control of the relay via serial communication can be carried out with a computer connected to the front communication port. Three-phase non-directional overcurrent protection.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 3. Features * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Three-phase non-directional overcurrent protection with definite-time or IDMT characteristic. Remote control can be carried out via the rear connector connected to the control and monitoring system through the serial communication bus.1. A self-supervision system continuously monitors the operation of the relay. instantaneous stage Non-directional earth-fault protection with definite-time or IDMT characteristic. The HMI includes a liquid crystal display (LCD) which makes the local use of the relay safe and easy. 3. low-set stage. Product overview Use of the relay The feeder protection relay REF 610 is a versatile multifunction protection relay mainly designed to protectincoming and outgoing feeders in a wide range of feeder applications. high-set stage.. Phase discontinuity protection Three-phase thermal overload protection for cables Arc protection: * Two lens sensors for arc detection (optional) * Automatic reference level adjustment based on backlight intensity * Arc detection via a remote light signal Automatic reclosing 1.3 shots Circuit-breaker failure protection Trip counters for circuit-breaker condition monitoring Trip-circuit supervision with possibility to route the warning signal to a signal output Trip lockout function Four accurate current inputs User-selectable rated frequency 50/60 Hz Three normally open power output contacts Two change-over signal output contacts and three additional change-over signal output contacts on the optional I/O module Output contact functions freely configurable for wanted operation 13 .. low-set stage Non-directional earth-fault protection.2.

0 rear communication module with RS-485 connection for system communication using the DNP 3. IEC 60870-5-103 or Modbus (RTU and ASCII) communication protocol Optional DNP 3. combined fibreoptic (plastic and glass) or RS-485 connection for system communication using the SPA-bus.0 communication protocol Battery back-up for real-time clock Battery charge supervision Continuous self-supervision of electronics and software Detachable plug-in unit 14 .REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual * 1MRS755310 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Two galvanically isolated digital inputs and three additional galvanically isolated digital inputs on the optional I/O module Disturbance recorder: * Recording time up to 80 seconds * Triggering by one or several internal or digital input signals * Records four analog channels and up to eight user-selectable digital channels * Adjustable sampling rate Non-volatile memory for: * Up to 100 event codes with time stamp * Setting values * Disturbance recorder data * Recorded data of the five last events with time stamp * Number of AR shots and starts/trips for protection stages * Operation indication messages and LEDs showing the status at the moment of power failure HMI with an alphanumeric LCD and navigation buttons * Eight programmable LEDs Multi-language support User-selectable password protection for the HMI Display of primary current values Demand values All settings can be modified with a PC Optical front communication connection: wirelessly or via cable Optional rear communication module with plastic fibre-optic.

2...-1 Environmental conditions -10. Technical data.2.1. Table 4.1.1. In the second example Fig. including three-stage overcurrent protection. 15 ..-1.1%/°C within the specified service temperature range Transport and storage temperature range -40. The large number of integrated protection functions. The relay can also be used as back-up protection for motors. in industrial as well as in utility applications. Application REF 610 is a versatile multifunction protection relay mainly designed for protection of incoming and outgoing feeders in MV distribution substations. Requirements To secure correct and safe operation of the relay. The optional arc protection for detection of arc situations in air insulated metal-clad switchgears and the auto-reclose function for automatic clearing of overhead line faults increase the range of applications further.+70°C Recommended temperature range (continuous) Limit temperature range (short-term) Temperature influence on the operation accuracy of the protection relay 0.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 4. The large number of digital inputs and output contacts allows a wide range of applications.-2.2. the battery should be changed every five years. see Table 4. the residual current is measured via a core-balance current transformer and the output contacts are connected to enable the use of the auto-reclose function. the residual current is measured via a summation connection of the phase current transformers and the output contacts are connected to enable the use of the trip lockout function with an external reset switch.+85°C 4. Configuration The appropriate configuration of the output contact matrix enables the use of the signals from the protection stages as contact functions. makes the relay a complete protection against overcurrent and earth faults..-1 and Section 5. The start signals can be used for blocking co-operating protection relays and signalling. 4..4. two-stage.. preventive maintenance is recommended to be performed every five years when the relay is operating under the specified conditions. When being used for real-time clock or recorded data functions. non-directional earth-fault protection as well as thermal protection. 4. The figures below represent the relay with the default configuration: all trip signals are routed to trip the circuit breaker. transformers and generators. 4. In the first example Fig.+55°C -40.2.

SGF5 SGL1.. 1 Optional SGB5 11 Blocking 12 Blocking 12 12 12 12 11 Optional SGB4 11 11 11 Start Trip Start Trip Start Trip Start Trip Start Trip Start Trip Alarm Trip Arc light output Trip 23 22 23 22 13 14 13 14 11 12 11 12 11 12 13 14 23 22 9 10 9 10 9 10 7 8 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 23 22 7 8 7 8 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 23 22 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 SGB3 SGB2 SGB1 I> I>> I>>> I0> Blocking SG R5 SGR4 SGR2 SGR1 SGR3 SGR8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 23 22 SGR7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 23 22 SGR6 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 23 22 Connection diagram.1 ~ Self-supervision IRF Warning 1 3 4 5 2 22 23 24 X3. 4.-1 ~ DI 5 DI 4 4 3 2 1 REF 610 DI 3 DI2 DI 1 IR F SO2 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 1718 19 16 1718 SO1 PO3 PO2 PO 1 SO5 SO4 19 20 21 SO 3 X2.2. example 1 13 14 Blocking 15 Blocking 15 15 15 15 14 14 14 14 13 13 13 13 I 0 >> DI> q> Arc I>/I 0 > Blocking Technical Reference Manual Feeder Protection Relay X5.1 7 6 5 21 22 23 24 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 X3.1 Light sensor 1 Light sensor 2 X5.1 X4.16 L1 L2 L3 + 0 1 I + + O Uaux --+ + Fig..SGL8 = Factory default = Example settings 1MRS755310 A040309_2 ..2 Opt ional 9 9 9 9 9 18 19 16 17 20 CB Position Open CB Position Closed AR Inhibit CB Close Inhibit External AR Initiation Open CB Command Close CB Command CB Reclosing failed Shot Due Definite Trip Alarm AR Lockout 18 19 16 17 20 18 19 16 17 20 18 19 16 17 20 18 19 16 17 20 0 ®1 16 17 19 20 18 21 16 17 19 20 18 21 16 17 19 20 18 21 16 17 19 20 18 21 16 17 19 20 18 21 16 17 19 20 18 21 16 17 19 20 18 21 16 17 19 20 18 21 Trip lockout Trip Lockout External Trip Trip External Triggering Reset External Trip 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 8 10 6 8 10 6 8 10 6 8 10 6 8 10 6 CBFP External Triggering Indications cleared Output contact unlatched Memorized values cleared Setting group selection Time sync 7 1 2 3 4 5 7 1 2 3 4 5 7 1 2 3 4 5 7 1 2 3 4 5 7 1 2 3 4 5 SGF1..

. 1 X4. 4. 1 7 X3.SGL8 = Factory default = Example settings Fig.-2 Connection diagram.REF 610 L1 L2 L3 0 - - 1 I O U aux ~ + + + + X2.2.1 Light sensor 1 Light sensor 2 X5. example 2 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 A040310_2 17 - . 1 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 DI5 6 5 DI4 4 3 DI 3 2 1 DI2 21 22 DI1 23 24 IR F 1 2 3 4 5 SO2 6 7 8 SO 1 9 10 11 PO3 12 13 PO2 14 15 PO 1 SO 5 SO4 SO3 16 17 18 19 16 1718 19 20 21 Feeder Protection Relay ~ Self-supervision IRF Warning 22 2324 X3.1 Technical Reference Manual Optional SGB5 11 12 12 11 11 12 Optional SGB2 11 12 SGB4 SGB3 SGB1 11 12 I> Blocking SGR5 Start Trip 1 2 SGR4 1 2 SGR3 1 2 SGR2 1 2 SGR1 1 2 SGR8 1 2 SG R7 SGR6 1 2 1 2 I>> Blocking Start Trip 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 I>>> I0> 13 14 15 13 14 15 13 14 15 13 14 15 13 14 15 Blocking Start Trip Start Trip 5 6 7 8 5 6 7 8 5 6 7 8 5 6 7 8 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 I 0 >> Blocking Start Trip 9 10 9 10 9 10 9 10 9 10 9 10 9 10 9 10 DI> Blocking Start Trip 11 12 11 12 11 12 11 12 11 12 11 12 11 12 11 12 q> X5...SGF5 SGL1.2 Opt ional Alarm Trip 9 9 9 9 9 18 19 16 17 20 18 19 16 17 20 18 19 16 17 20 18 19 16 17 20 13 14 13 14 13 14 13 14 13 14 13 14 13 14 13 14 Arc I>/I 0 > Blocking Arc light output t Trip 23 22 23 22 23 22 23 22 23 22 23 22 23 22 23 22 0 ®1 18 19 16 17 20 CB Position Open CB Position Closed AR Inhibit CB Close Inhibit External AR Initiation Open CB Command Close CB Command CB Reclosing failed Shot Due Definite Trip Alarm AR Lockout 8 10 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 8 10 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 8 10 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 8 10 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 8 10 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 16 17 19 20 18 21 16 17 19 20 18 21 16 17 19 20 18 21 16 17 19 20 18 21 16 17 19 20 18 21 16 17 19 20 18 21 16 17 19 20 18 21 16 17 19 20 18 21 Trip lockout External Triggering Reset External Trip Trip Lockout External Trip 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 CBFP External Triggering Indications cleared Output contact unlatched Memorized values cleared Setting group selection Time sync Trip 1MRS755310 SGF1..

18 .

1.1. high-set stage Arc protection Circuit-breaker failure protection Automatic reclosing Lockout relay I0> I0>> ARC CBFP 0→1 46 49 51N 50N/51N 50/50NL 62BF 79 86 For descriptions of the protection functions.-7.1.11. lowset stage Three-phase non-directional overcurrent protection.1. 51 I>> 50/51 I>>> 50 Phase discontinuity protection ΔI> Three-phase thermal overload θ> protection for cables Non-directional earth-fault protection.1. 5.1. The functions of the digital inputs are determined with the SGB switches. low-set stage Non-directional earth-fault protection.1.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 5.1.2. Input/output connections and Table 5. Three of the energizing inputs are for the phase currents and one for the earth-fault current. Table 5.1.2. 5. 5. 5. refer to Section 5. Technical data on protection functions.2.1.4.-1 Function description Three-phase non-directional overcurrent protection. 19 . two digital inputs and three optional digital inputs controlled by an external voltage. Inputs The relay is provided with four energizing inputs. two optional light sensor inputs.1. For details. Technical description Functional description Product functions Protection functions The protection functions of REF 610 with their IEC symbols and IEEE device numbers are presented in the table below: Table 5.-5.1. refer to Section 5.1.1.2. instantaneous stage IEC symbols and IEEE device numbers IEC symbol I> IEEE Device No. highset stage Three-phase non-directional overcurrent protection.-1 and Table 5.10.4.1.1.

refer to the Operator’s Manual. The minimum pulse length can be configured to be 40 or 80 ms and the power output contacts can be configured to be latched. Front panel The front panel of the relay contains: * * * * * Alphanumeric 2 × 16 characters’ LCD with backlight and automatic contrast control Threeindicator LEDs (green. SO4 and SO5 Switchgroups SGR1.4. 5.1. For further information on the HMI.3.5.. red) with fixed functionality Eight programmable indicator LEDs (red) HMI push-button section with four arrow buttons and buttons for clear/cancel and enter.1.1. Both the HMI setting password and the HMI communication password remain inactive and are not required for altering parameter values until the default HMI password is replaced. Outputs The relay is provided with: * * * Three power output contacts PO1. Disturbance recorder The relay includes an internal disturbance recorder which records the momentary measured values or the RMS curves of the measured signals. yellow. There are two levels of HMI passwords. This feature can be used to indicate interaction activities via the local HMI. PO2 and PO3 Two signal output contacts SO1 and SO2 Three optional signal output contacts SO3.. used in navigating in the menu structure and in adjusting setting values Optically isolated serial communication port with an indicator LED. Entering the HMI setting or communication password successfully can be selected to generate an event code. and up to eight userselectable digital signals: the digital input signals and the internal signals from the protection stages.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 5. The HMI passwords can be set to protect all user-changeable values from being changed by an unauthorized person.1. main HMI setting password for all settings and HMI communication password for communication settings only. 5.8 are used for routing internal signals from the protection stages. 20 . the external trip signal and signals from the auto-reclose function to the wanted signal or power output contact.1.1. Any digital signal can be set to trigger the recorder on either the falling or rising edge.

7. with a possible fault code (see Fig. appears on the LCD indicating the type of fault. drops off and a fault code appears on the LCD. A fault indication message (see Fig. In case of a warning due to an external fault in the trip circuit detected by the trip-circuit supervision. There are two types of fault indications: internal relay fault (IRF) indications and warnings.1. 5. SO2 is activated (if SGF1/8=1). When the self-supervision system detects a permanent internal relay fault. WARNING BATTERY LOW A040279 Fig. which is normally picked up. At the same time.7. which retains its data also in case of loss of auxiliary voltage (provided that the battery has been inserted and is charged). Operation indication messages and LEDs. Non-volatile memory The relay can be configured to store various data in a non-volatile memory. 5. the green indicator LED (ready) will blink.1. the relay continues to operate with full or reduced functionality and the green indicator LED (ready) remains lit as during normal operation.7.1.1. The EEPROM does not require battery backup. 5.1. the IRF contact (also referred to as the IRF relay). The fault code is numerical and identifies the fault type.1. or due to continuous light on the light sensor inputs. Self-supervision The self-supervision system of the relay manages run-time fault situations and informs the user about an existing fault.1. event codes and recorded data can all be configured to be stored in the non-volatile memory whereas setting values are always stored in the EEPROM.6.7.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 5. disturbance recorder data.-2 Warning with text message 21 . INTERNAL FAULT FAULT CODE :30 A040278 Fig. 5.1.1.-3).7.-1 Permanent IRF In case of a warning.-2). which prevents relay operation.1.1. 5.1.

18.1. Respectively. depending on whether second. 22 .05 seconds for second-pulse or ±2 seconds for minute-pulse synchronization from the relay’s real-time clock. the synchronization pulse is rejected. Two detected pulses within acceptable time range are required before the relay activates pulse synchronization.1. if the synchronization pulses disappear. 5. Time synchronization is always triggered on the rising edge of the digital input signal. only year-month-day-hour-minutesecond is written. and when second-pulse synchronization is used. refer to Section 5.1. The relay’s real-time clock will be rounded to the nearest whole second or minute. When the time is set via serial communication and minute-pulse synchronization is used. the time is written directly to the relay’s real-time clock. Time synchronization Time synchronization of the relay’s real-time clock can be realized in two different ways: via serial communication using a communication protocol or via a digital input. The time must be set once.1.or minute-pulse synchronization is used.-3 Warning with numeric code For fault codes. When time synchronization is realized via serial communication. 5. The synchronization pulse is automatically selected and depends on the time range within which the pulse occurs.1. The typical accuracy achievable with time synchronization via a digital input is ±2. the relay takes time that corresponds to the time range of four pulses before de-activating pulse synchronization.5 milliseconds for second-pulse and ±5 milliseconds for minute-pulse synchronization.8.7. When the time is set via the HMI. The time is adjusted by accelerating or decelerating the relay's clock.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 WARNING FAULT CODE: 33 A040280 Fig. By this way the clock neither stops nor makes sudden jumps during the time adjustment. only year-month-day-hour-minute is written to the relay’s real-time clock. If the synchronization pulse differs more than ±0. the entire time is written to the relay’s realtime clock. Any digital input can be configured for time synchronization and used for either minute-pulse or second-pulse synchronization. either via serial communication or manually via the HMI. Self-supervision (IRF) system.

If time synchronization messages are received from a communication protocol as well.-1 illustrates how the internal and digital input signals can be configured to obtain the required protection functionality.2. the protocol's second and millisecond part is ignored. the protocol's millisecond part is ignored. The protocol's minute part is rounded to the nearest minute. Table 5.1. 5.1.3. The protocol's second-part is rounded to the nearest second. Short time format is ignored altogether.5 seconds.1. Configuration The Fig.2. 23 . If it is possible that the synchronization messages from the communication protocol are delayed more than 0.5 seconds at second-pulse synchronization. Otherwise the time difference may appear as rounding errors. When the second-pulse synchronization is active and long or short time format is sent via a communication protocol.3. minute-pulse synchronization must be used. 5.5 minutes at minute-pulse or ±0. they have to be synchronized within ±0.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 The pulse length of the digital input signal does not affect time synchronization. When the minute-pulse synchronization is active and long time format is sent via a communication protocol.-1 Indicator L1 L2 L3 I0 ΔI θ I1 In minute Measured values Description Current measured on phase L1 Current measured on phase L2 Current measured on phase L3 Measured earth-fault current Calculated phase unbalance Calculated thermal level The average current of the three phase-tophase currents during one minute The average current of the three phase-tophase currents during the specified time range The maximum of one-minute average current of the I n_min minute Max I 5.1. Measurements The table below presents the measured values which can be accessed through the HMI.

3..1 6 5 4 3 2 1 1 2 X4.1.SGF5 SGL1..2 External Arc Arc I>/I0> Optional 18 19 16 17 20 18 19 16 17 20 18 19 16 17 20 18 19 16 17 20 18 19 16 17 20 0 ®1 CB Position Open CB Position Closed AR Inhibit CB Close Inhibit External AR Initiation Open CB Command Close CB Command CB Reclosing Failed Shot Due Definite Trip Alarm AR Lockout 16 17 19 20 18 21 16 17 19 20 18 21 16 17 19 20 18 21 16 17 19 20 18 21 16 17 19 20 18 21 16 17 19 20 18 21 16 17 19 20 18 21 16 17 19 20 18 21 Trip lockout Trip lockout 8 10 6 8 10 6 8 10 6 8 10 6 8 10 6 External Triggering Reset External trip External Triggering External Trip Trip 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 7 1 2 3 4 5 3 4 5 3 4 5 3 4 5 3 4 5 7 1 2 7 1 2 7 1 2 7 1 2 CBFP Indications cleared Output contacts unlatched Memorized values cleared Setting group selection Time sync SGF1.1 Light sensor 1 Light sensor 2 X5. SGR and SGL. The checksums of the switchgroups are found under SETTINGS in the HMI menu.1 X3.24 DI5 DI4 DI3 DI2 REF 610 DI1 EID SO2 SO1 PO3 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 PO2 PO1 SO5 16 17 18 SO4 19 20 21 SO3 22 23 24 X3..SGL8 = Factory default 1MRS755310 A040311_2 The functions of the relay are selected with the switches of switchgroups SGF. The functions of the switches are explained in detail in the corresponding SG_ tables. . 5.-1 SGB1 1 1 SGR5 SGR4 SGR2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 1 12 13 14 23 22 23 22 13 14 23 22 9 10 1 1 12 13 14 23 22 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 1 12 7 8 5 6 3 4 1 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 1 12 13 14 SGR3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I> Blocking Start Trip Start Trip Start Trip Start Trip Start Trip Start Trip Alarm Trip Arc light output Trip SGR1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 1 12 13 14 23 22 SGR8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 1 12 13 14 23 22 SGR7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 1 12 13 14 23 22 SGR6 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 1 12 13 14 23 22 12 12 12 12 12 I>> Blocking IL1 IL2 IL3 I>>> I0 > 13 13 13 13 13 Blocking Blocking Blocking Io 14 15 15 15 15 15 14 14 14 14 I0>> Technical Reference Manual Feeder Protection Relay Signal diagram DI> q> 9 9 9 9 9 X5.1 21 22 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 23 24 ~ Self-supervision Warning IRF Optional SGB5 SGB4 SGB2 SGB3 Optional Fig. SGB..

25 . 1) Clear indications by the digital input signal 2) Clear indications and unlatch output contacts by the digital input signal 3) Reset indications and memorized values. Protection Block diagram Switchgroups for digital inputs SGB1.1.2.4. 5.-1 Block diagram 5..5 Reset 1 1) Reset 2 2) Reset 3 3) Setting group Time sync Ext Trip Ext Trig CBFP Ext Trig Trip lockout Ext Arc Trip lockout reset Block I> Block I>> Block I0> Block I0>> Block DI> AR Inhibit CB Close Inhibit CB Pos Open CB Pos Closed Ext AR Initiation Protection relay functions I> Start Trip Block I>> Double Block I>>> Start Trip Block I IL1 IL2 IL3 Io IL1 IL2 IL3 CBFP PO1 EXT TRIG Trip lockout q> Start Alarm Trip Start Double Trip Block DI> Start Trip Io>> Start Trip Io> Start Trip Switchgroups for programmable LEDs SGL1.. Overcurrent protection The non-directional overcurrent protection detects overcurrent caused by phase-tophase and phase-to-earth short circuits.1..1. AR Autoreclose CB Pos Open Open CB Cmd CB Pos Closed Close CB Cmd AR Inhibit CB Reclose Failed CB Close Inhibit Shot Due Ext AR Initiation Definite Trip Alarm I> Start AR Lockout I> Trip Block I> I>> Trip Block I>> I>>> Trip Block I>>> Io> Start Block Io> Io> Trip Block Io>> Io>> Trip DI> Trip Q> Alarm Q> Trip Arc Trip CBFP SGF1.4.8 I> Trip I>> Trip I>>> Trip I0> Trip I0>> Trip Block Digital inputs Optional digital inputs (I/O module) DI1 DI2 DI3 DI4 DI5 DI> Trip Q> Alarm Q> Trip Trip lockout Definite Trip Alarm Shot Due AR Lockout CB Pos Open CB Pos Closed DI1 DI2 DI3 DI4 DI5 Arc Trip Arc light output CBFP Trip DR Triggered Switchgroups for output contacts SGR1.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 5.SGF5 Disturbance recorder.. DR (4 analogue + up to 8 digital channels) IL 1 DI1 I> Start DI2 I> Trip IL 2 DI3 I>> Start IL 3 DI4 I>> Trip I0 DI5 I>>> Start Optional arc detector inputs Light sensor input1 (Communication module) Light sensor input2 DI> Start DI> Trip q> Alarm r ip q> T Ext T r ip Open CB Cmd Close CB Cmd Definite T r ip Alarm CB Reclose Failled Shot Due AR Lockout Arc T r ip Arc light output PO1 PO2 PO3 SO1 SO2 SO3 SO4 SO5 Digital outputs (Output contacts) Optional digital outputs (I/O module) T r ip lockout Warning IRF IRF indication LED (green) IRF INDICATION START/ALARM INDICATION Start/Alarm (yellow) and trip (red) indication LEDs TRIP INDICATION The dashed line indicates optional functionality.5 I> Start I> Trip I>> Start I>> Trip I>>> Start I>>> Trip I0> Start I0> Trip I0>> Start I0>> Trip LED1 LED2 LED3 LED4 LED5 LED6 LED7 LED8 Programmable LEDs Io PO2 Analogue inputs Arc I>.. unlatch output contacts by the digital input signal I>>> Trip I0> Start I0> Trip I0>> Start I0>> Trip DI> Start DI> Trip q> Alarm q> Trip A040312_2 Fig....1. 5. Arc I0> I0 Ext Trig Light1 Reset Light2 Light output PO3 Trip lockout Ext Arc Trip 0®1.4.4.1.1.

for reset coordination with existing electromechanical relays or for reducing fault clearance times of recurring. However. When one or several phase currents exceed the set start value of the instantaneous stage. The selection is made in SGF4. the stage will generate a trip signal. the stage will generate a start signal after a ~ 30 ms’ start time. The set start value of stage I>> can be set to be automatically doubled in a start situation. I>>. the stage will generate a trip signal. Stage I>>> can be given an instantaneous characteristic by setting the operate time to the minimum. When the set operate time at definite-time characteristic or the calculated operate time at IDMT characteristic elapses. This state will be indicated by dashes on the LCD and by “999” when the set start value is read via serial communication. When the set operate time at definite-time characteristic elapses. the start of the stage will remain active.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 When one or several phase currents exceed the set start value of the low-set stage. Consequently. I>>>. It is possible to block the tripping of the high-set overcurrent stage by applying a digital input signal to the relay. the operate time will be determined by stage I>> and/or I>>>.5 x I> within less than 60 ms.5 times the set start value of the stage. when the object to be protected is being connected to a network.e.04 s. a set start value below the connection inrush current level can be selected for stage I>>. Consequently.04 s. 26 . it will not be immediately reset. the start of the stage will remain active for the set resetting time. the stage will generate a start signal after a ~ 55 ms’ start time. 0. Stage I> has a settable resetting time (both at definite-time and IDMT characteristics). I>. When one or several phase currents exceed the set start value of the high-set stage. In this case.12 x I> to a value above 1. The selection is made in SGF4. 0. A start situation is defined as a situation where the maximum phase current rises from a value below 0.e. The inverse-time function of stage I> can be set to be inhibited when stage I>> and/ or I>>> starts. the set resetting time ensures that when the stage starts because of current spikes. Stage I>> can be given an instantaneous characteristic by setting the operate time to the minimum. the stage will be reset in 50 ms after all three phase currents have fallen below 0. transient faults. the stage will generate a trip signal. i. the stage will generate a start signal after a ~ 30 ms’ start time. tr>.25 x I> and remain below for at least 200 ms. Stage I>> can be set out of operation in SGF3. i. The start situation ends when all phase currents fall below 1. If stage I> has started and the phase currents fall below the set start value of the stage. while the timer is being reset. i. If the phase currents exceed the set start value again. if stage I> has already tripped. When the set operate time at definite-time characteristic elapses.e. It is possible to block the tripping of the low-set overcurrent stage by applying a digital input signal to the relay.

the stage will generate a start signal after a ~ 40 ms’ start time. when the object to be protected is being connected to a network. A start situation is defined as a situation where the earth-fault 27 .05 s. The stage will be reset in 50 ms after the earth-fault current has fallen below the set start value of the stage. Stages I>> and I>>> will be reset in 50 ms after all three phase currents have fallen below the set start value of the stage. i. Stages I> andI>> can be set to be blocked by the auto-reclose function. the operate time will be determined by stage I0>>. the start of the stage will remain active for the set resetting time.e.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Stage I>>> can be set out of operation in SGF3. 0. caused by insulation failure due to ageing and thermal cycling.e.e. This state will be indicated by dashes on the LCD and by “999” when the set start value is read via serial communication. if stage I0> has already tripped. transient faults. a set start value below the connection inrush current level can be selected for the stage. i. the set resetting time ensures that when the stage starts because of current spikes. the start of the stage will remain active. 0. When the set operate time at definite-time characteristic elapses. I0>>. The selection is made in SGF4. for instance. the stage will generate a trip signal. the stage will generate a start signal after a ~ 60 ms’ start time. t0r>. If the earth-fault current exceeds the set start value again. When the set operate time at definite-time characteristic or the calculated operate time at IDMT characteristic elapses. Earth-fault protection The non-directional earth-fault current protection detects phase-to-earth currents. Consequently. the stage will be reset in 50 ms after the earth-fault current has fallen below 0. If stage I0> has started and the earth-fault current falls below the set start value of the stage. while the timer is being reset. 5. it will not be immediately reset. The inverse-time function of stage I0> can be set to be inhibited when stage I0>> starts. Consequently. I0>. the stage will generate a trip signal. Stage I0> has a settable resetting time (both at definite-time and IDMT characteristics). The high-set stage can be given an instantaneous characteristic by setting the operate time to the minimum. The low-set stage can be given an instantaneous characteristic by setting the operate time to the minimum.3.4.1. When the earth-fault current exceeds the set start value of the low-set stage. The set start value of stage I0>> can be set to be automatically doubled in a start situation. In this case. for reset coordination with existing electromechanical relays or for reducing fault clearance times of recurring. When the earth-fault current exceeds the set start value of the high-set stage.05 s.5 times the set start value of the stage. However. i.

The thermal protection may equally well be used to protect dry-type transformers.4. for instance. The selection is made in SGF4. The thermal capacity is calculated as follows: ⎛ ⎞ I −t / τ θ=⎜ ⎟ × (1 − e ) × 100% ⎝ 1. stage θ> will start. the levelled-out value of which is determined by the squared value of the load current. The start situation ends when the current falls below 1. which in turn may cause a short circuit or an earth fault. The thermal protection stage continuously calculates the thermal capacity used as a percentage of the cable’s total thermal capacity. The thermal level at various constant currents are presented in the table below: 28 .REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 current rises from a value below 0. The thermal alarm can be used to avoid unnecessary tripping due to a beginning overload. Thermal protection for cables The thermal protection detects long-time overloads during normal operation. Prolonged overloading results in the thermal stress capacity of the cable being exceeded. busbars and overhead lines.12 x I0> to a value above 1.25 x I0> and remain below for at least 200 ms. which degrades the insulation of the cable. exceeds the set alarm level. influenced by the thermal history of the cable. Stage I0>> can be set out of operation in SGF3.5 x I0> within less than 60 ms.4. When the thermal capacity. Stages I0> and I0>> can be set to be blocked by the auto-reclose function. Consider carefully when using the automatically doubled setting for the set start value of stage I0>>. θa>. capacitor banks.1. It is possible to block the tripping of an earth-fault stage by applying a digital input signal to the relay. the stage will generate an alarm signal. the thermal capacity will start to increase at a rate depending on the current amplitude and the prior load of the cable. 5. Iθ.05 × Iθ ⎠ θ I Iθ t τ = = = = = thermal capacity phase current value set full load current time (in minutes) time constant (in minutes) 2 (1) When one or several phase currents exceed the set full load current. This state will be indicated by dashes on the LCD and by “999” when the set start value is read via serial communication. The heating up of the cable follows an exponential curve. At the same time.

-3. the stage will generate a trip signal.8 0. θt>. connecting the auxiliary supply to the relay will cause a thermal alarm due to the initialization of the thermal level to 75 percent of the thermal capacity of the cable. At an alarm level below 75 percent.7 0. is determined by the time constant. The operate time is calculated as follows: ⎧ (I / I ) 2 − (I / I ) 2 ⎫ p θ ⎪ θ ⎪ t = τ × ln ⎨ ⎬ 2 I / Iθ ) − 1. 5.1.. This will ensure that the stage will trip within a safe time span in case of an overload. For operate times.. 5.4.1. The calculated thermal level will approach the thermal level of the cable.4. 29 .4.5 0.0 0. τ.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Table 5. The thermal level can be reset via the HMI during power up. The time constant is provided by the cable manufacturer. For a 22 kV cable. which will generate an event code. and depends on the cable (cable cross section area and cable rated voltage). The operate time. see Fig.2 0 When the thermal capacity exceeds the trip level.-1 Thermal level at constant currents I/Iθ 1.4 22.4.9 0.4. Stage θ> can be set out of operation in SGF3. the thermal level will be set to 75 percent of the thermal capacity of the cable.1.1025 ⎪ ( ⎪ ⎩ ⎭ I Iθ Ip t τ ln = = = = = = phase current value set full load current prior load current operate time (in minutes) time constant (in minutes) natural logarithm (2) At power up.Fig. the time from when the stage starts until it trips. the typical time constant is 20 minutes.5 58 44.7 73. The thermal level can be reset or changed via serial communication.-1.e.4. This state will be indicated by dashes on the LCD and by “999” when the set full load current is read via serial communication.3 0 Thermal level (%) 90. i.7 8.

REF 610

Feeder Protection Relay
Technical Reference Manual

1MRS755310

t/s 100000

10000

1000

t[min] 100 90 60 40 25 10 15 10 5 1 1

1.05 0 1 10 I/I q
A040313

Fig. 5.1.4.4.-1

Trip curves when no prior load

30

1MRS755310

Feeder Protection Relay
Technical Reference Manual

REF 610

t/s 100000

10000

1000

t[min] 100 90 60 40 25 15 10 5 1 1 1.05 0 1 10 I/Iq
A040314

10

Fig. 5.1.4.4.-2

Trip curves at prior load 0.7 x Iθ

31

REF 610

Feeder Protection Relay
Technical Reference Manual

1MRS755310

t/s 100000

10000

1000

t[min] 100

10 90 60 40 25 15 10 1 5

1

1.05 0 1

10 I/Iq
A040315

Fig. 5.1.4.4.-3

Trip curves at prior load I x Iθ

32

4. Both triggering options can be selected at the same time. 5. In. External triggering is inhibited when all phase currents fall below 12 percent of the rated current. Internal triggering is selected by activating the CBFP in SGF and external triggering by activating the CBFP in SGB. IL2 and IL3. the CBFP generates a trip signal via output PO2 if the current has not been cut off on expiration of the set operate time. for instance. the CBFP generates a trip signal via output PO2.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 5.1 x In. The difference between the minimum and maximum phase currents is calculated as follows: ΔI = (Imax − Imin ) Im ax × 100% (3) When the current difference exceeds the set start value of the phase discontinuity stage. Circuit-breaker failure protection The circuit-breaker failure protection (CBFP) detects situations where the trip remains active although the circuit breaker should have operated. This state will be indicated by dashes on the LCD and by “999” when the set start value is read via serial communication. caused by a broken conductor. 33 .6. Stage ΔI> can be set out of operation in SGF3. the stage will generate a start signal after a ~100 ms’ start time.5. In this case. The CBFP is not triggered in case of: * * * Thermal alarm Thermal trip External trip The CBFP can also be selected to be triggered externally by applying a digital input signal to the relay. the stage will generate a trip signal. Phase discontinuity protection The phase discontinuity protection detects phase unbalance between phases IL1. It is possible to block the tripping of the phase discontinuity stage by applying a digital input signal to the relay. The phase discontinuity protection will be inhibited when all phase currents fall below 0. The stage will be reset in 70 ms after the current difference has fallen below the set start value of the stage.4.1. ΔI>. If a trip signal generated via output PO1 is still active and the current has not been cut off on expiration of the CBFP set operate time.1. When the set operate time at definite-time characteristic elapses.

a station-wide arc protection is realized. The arc protection can be realized as a stand-alone function in a single REF 610 or as a station-wide arc protection including several REF 610 protection relays. The arc protection consists of: * * * Optional arc light detection hardware with automatic backlight compensation for two lens sensors A light signal output for routing the locally detected light signal to another relay The protection stage ARC with phase. If realized as a station-wide arc protection. for instance.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Normally. stage ARC and the light signal output can be set out of operation in SGF3. When the reference level of either or both inputs is exceeded. By routing the light signal output to an output contact connected to a digital input of another REF 610 relay.4. 34 .1. The selection is made in SGF4. the REF 610 relays in the station can. Arc protection The arc protection detects arc situations in air insulated metal-clad switchgears. different tripping schemes can be selected for the operation of the circuit breakers of the incoming and outgoing feeders.7. For maximum safety. caused by human error during maintenance or poor contact in the cable connections. it can also be used for tripping via redundant trip circuits of the same circuit breaker. or only when the arc has not been extinguished by the time the trip signal is generated. the CBFP controls the upstream circuit breaker. or the earth-fault current the set current limit ArcI0>. be set to trip the circuit breaker of either the incoming or the outgoing feeder depending on the fault location in the switchgear. the light is detected by lens sensors connected to inputs Light sensor 1 and Light sensor 2 on the serial communication module of the relay. Inputs not in use should be covered with dust caps. Locally. an arc has been detected locally. for instance. When light has been detected locally or remotely and one or several phase currents exceed the set current limit ArcI>. 5. The lens sensors can be placed. can be configured to be activated either immediately upon detection of light in all situations. the REF 610 relays can be set to always trip both the circuit breaker of the incoming feeder and that of the outgoing feeder. L>. The light from an arc is detected either locally or via a remote light signal. The stage will be reset in 30 ms after all three phase currents and the earth-fault current have fallen below the set current limits. The light detected by the lens sensors is compared to an automatically adjusted reference level. Consequently. the arc protection stage (ARC) will generate a trip signal in less than 15 ms. The light signal output. Inputs Light sensor 1 and Light sensor 2 have their own reference levels. Local light detection requires the optional arc light detection hardware.and earth-fault current measurement. for instance. However. in the busbar compartment and the cable compartment of the metal-clad cubicle.

Inhibition is advantageous with tripping faults as this type of fault cannot be cleared during an auto-reclose sequence. 5. Arc protection IL SGF3/6=1 Arc I> 25 ms Arc Trip I0 External Arc Light sensor 1 Light sensor 2 Arc I0> SGF3/7=1 L> light output OR SGF4/6=0 AND A040316_2 Fig.4. one high-speed and one delayed. 35 . Auto-reclose function The vast majority of MV overhead line faults are transient and automatically cleared by momentarily de-energizing the line. A permanent fault must be located and cleared before the fault location can be re-energized.4.8. De-energizing of the fault location for a selected time period is implemented through automatic reclosing.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 The warning signal generated in case of continuous light on the light sensor inputs can be routed to SO2 by setting switch SGF1/8 to 1. for instance. The auto-reclose (AR) function of REF 610 can be used with any circuit breaker suitable for auto-reclosing. Blocking can be used to limit the number of shots in an auto-reclose sequence.7. which may be advantageous with certain types of faults. for instance. the next shot will be initiated. tripping of the arc protection stage. Consequently.-1 Block diagram of the arc protection 5. Blocking is also possible via a digital input. The initiation of one or several auto-reclose shots can be set to be blocked by trip signals from certain protection stages. auto-reclosing is followed by definite tripping. during which most faults can be cleared. does not initiate the AR function. The AR function provides three programmable autoreclose shots and can thus be set to perform one to three successive auto-reclosures of desired type and duration.1. At a permanent fault. Inhibition will also interrupt any ongoing shot. Initiation is also possible from an external device via a digital input. The AR function can be initiated by pickup and trip signals from certain overcurrent and earth-fault protection stages. The AR function can be inhibited (AR inhibit) by trip signals from certain protection stages or via a digital input. Tripping faults are detected by the CBFP. In case of shot initiation while a blocking is active.1. for instance.

In addition. the set reclaim time and set cutout time will start when the set dead time elapses. fast tripping and shot initiation will be achieved. trips the circuit breaker and initiates the first autoreclose shot. The blocking of protection stages will be reset on expiration of the set cutout time. When the set dead time elapses. the blocking of selected protection stages (the same as for shot 2) will be activated and the AR function will issue a reclosing command to the circuit breaker. the next shot will be initiated (provided that a further auto-reclosure is allowed). refer to section Fast tripping and initiation of shot 1 using two protection stages. Information on the circuit-breaker position is always required whereas circuit-breaker status is optional. The typical auto-reclose sequence is as follows: the overcurrent or earth-fault protection detects a network fault. Inhibition of reclosing is checked only when necessary and can therefore not be used to prevent initiation or progression of a shot. shot initiation is not possible when the circuit breaker is open. due to an discharged spring. the set reclaim time and set cutout time will start when the set dead time elapses. the next shot will be initiated (provided that a further auto-reclosure is allowed). After this. If the network fault is cleared. In addition. the set reclaim time will expire and the AR function will be automatically reset to the quiescent condition. i. For the cutout time. the auto-reclosure is unsuccessful.e.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 The AR function monitors the position and status of the circuit breaker. i. However. if the network fault is not cleared. the blocking of selected protection stages (may differ from shot 1) will be activated and the AR function will issue a reclosing command to the circuit breaker. The blocking of protection stages will be reset on expiration of the set cutout time. At the time of shot initiation. At the time of shot initiation. the blocking of selected protection stages will be activated and the AR function will issue a reclosing command (Close CB Command) to the circuit breaker. The blocking of protection stages will be reset on expiration of the cutout time.e. the AR function supports optional blocking of selectable overcurrent and earth-fault protection stages (refer to section Blocking of protection stages). the stage will be blocked to allow selective delayed tripping of another stage in accordance with the time-grading plan of the system. the set dead time for shot 1 will start. In addition. for instance. When the set dead time elapses. the set reclaim time and set cutout time will start when the set dead time elapses. If the circuit breaker is not ready. the AR function will be automatically reset after the reclaim time. For co-ordination of the other protection devices in the network. When the set dead time elapses. the set dead time for shot 3 will start. 36 . the auto-reclosure is successful. the set dead time for shot 2 will start. If the network fault is cleared. By setting a stage with a short operate time to trip and initiate only the first auto-reclose shot. However. the duration of which is settable. and the protection trips the circuit breaker before expiration of the set reclaim time. At the time of shot initiation. such as downstream fuses. For safety reasons. if the fault is not cleared and the protection trips the circuit breaker before expiration of the reclaim time. reclosing can be inhibited via a digital input (CB Close inhibit).

I0> and I0>> The start signal from stages I>. As default. and I0> will initiate a shot on expiration of a settable start delay for the respective stage.1.-1 Simplified shot logic diagram Shot initiation The AR function can be initiated by any of the following signals: * * * External AR initiation signal Start signal from stages I> and I0> Trip signal from stages I>. not be used for shot initiation. The AR function will issue an opening command to the circuit breaker at shot initiation by a start or a trip signal. At the factory default delay of 300 s. all selected auto-reclose shots have been unsuccessful. External AR initiation by the digital input signal is selected in SGB. I>>. and the protection trips the circuit breaker before expiration of the set reclaim time. i.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 If the network fault has still not been cleared. the start signal will.e. the AR function will generate a definite trip alarm. 5. 2 or 3.8. the AR function is not in use (number of auto-reclose shots = 0). 37 . The circuit breaker will now remain open and the AR function will be locked out. The AR function can be activated either via the HMI or with SPA parameter S25 by setting the number of auto-reclose shots to 1. OR Dead time t t t S R Shot Due Shot Initiation Shot 1 Shot 2 Shot 3 OR AND CB Close Inhibit S CB closing time t CB position closed Close CB Command OR R CB Reclosing Failed AND A040317 Fig. Shot initiation by a start signal applies only to shot 1 and definite tripping. in practise.4.

Activation of any above-mentioned signal will always cause the AR function to issue an opening command to the circuit breaker. A040318 Fig.8.-2 Simplified shot initiation logic diagram Blocking of shot initiation The initiation of one or several auto-reclose shots can be set to be blocked by any of the following signals: * * * External AR initiation signal Trip signal from overcurrent stages I> and I>> Trip signal from earth-fault stages I0> and I0>> The selection is made in SG1 (see Table 5. 38 .1. and go directly to definite tripping.4.. but to go directly to definite tripping in case of shot initiation by the trip signal from stage I>>.8 *) Shot initiation by a start signal applies only to shot 1 and definite tripping. for instance. Further.1. In case of shot initiation while a blocking is active.10. 5.4. Blocking of shot initiation can also be used to skip the entire shot sequence (by blocking the initiation of all three shots). This can be used to skip Shot 1. Shot initiation is blocked only for as long as the blocking signal is active.. If the signal used for blocking is not simultaneously used for initiation of the next shot. to allow shot initiation by the trip signal from stage I>.-10). it can be used. the next shot (if such has been selected and not blocked) will be initiated.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 100 ms t 1MRS755310 CB position closed Shot Due AND Shot Initiation I>> Trip Ext AR Initiation I> Trip I> Start *) Io>> Trip Io> Trip Io> Start *) AND I> start delay t OR OR Open CB Command Io> start delay t OR SG1/ Blocking of shot 1. the AR function will generate a definite trip alarm and be locked out. for instance.

Shot initiation is allowed only when the circuit breaker is closed. Information on the circuit-breaker position is used in the following situations: * * * * At manual circuit-breaker closing. At manual circuit-breaker closing during an ongoing shot. and the alarm signal from stage θ> and the trip signals from stages I>>>. the shot will be interrupted and the AR function inhibited during the reclaim time. DI> The trip signals from stages ARC and θ> and from the CBFP are fixed and will thus always inhibit the AR function. Normally.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Inhibition of the auto-reclose function The AR function can be inhibited (AR inhibit) by any of the following signals: * * * * * * * * external AR inhibit signal trip signal from the arc protection stage. θ> trip signal from overcurrent stage I>>> trip signal from earth-fault stage I0>> trip signal from the phase discontinuity stage. The AR function will remain inhibited after all inhibition signals have been reset for a time equal in length to the set reclaim time. I0>> and ΔI> in SG3 (see Table 5.10. Inhibition will always also interrupt any ongoing shot. Information on the circuit-breaker position The AR function requires information on the circuit-breaker position. Any digital input can be selected for the information on the circuit breaker being open (CB Position Open) and closed (CB Position Closed) in SGB. the AR function will be inhibited for the reclaim time. 39 . Reclosing of the circuit breaker is ended immediately after the AR function has received information that the circuit breaker has been closed.4.1. θ> trip signal from the CBFP alarm signal from the thermal protection stage.-12). two digital inputs is recommended although either one is enough for the AR function. External CBFP inhibition by the digital input signal is selected in SGB. ARC trip signal from the thermal protection stage.

such as fuse-saving (refer to 6. The selection is made in SG2 (see Table 5. or the circuit breaker does not close before expiration of the set CB closing time.4.-11). Consequently. the aim is at fast tripping and initiation of shot 1 and delayed tripping and initiation of shot 2 and 3. Fast tripping and initiation of shot 1 using two protection stages). one fast and the other one delayed. The definite trip alarm signal will not be generated if the AR function has been set out of operation. or if a protection trips the circuit breaker again. Reclosing is inhibited and the CB Reclosing Failed signal generated also if an AR initiation signal is active. the fast stage should be set to be blocked by the AR function during shot 2 and 3.e. External inhibition of reclosing by the digital input signal is selected in SGB. 40 . When reclosing is inhibited. The definite trip alarm signal is active for 1 second. However. when reclosing begins. the circuit breaker will remain open and the AR function will generate a CB Reclosing Failed signal.1. The protection stages can be set to be blocked at shot 1 and/or shot 2 and 3.10. Blocking of protection elements In several applications. The duration of the reclosing command is settable (CB closing time). if two protection s are used. i. the circuit breaker is open and there is no ongoing shot. reclosing of the circuit breaker will end immediately after the AR function has received information that the circuit breaker has been closed. the fault has not been cleared.e.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Circuit-breaker closing When the set dead time elapses. The definite trip alarm signal is also be generated in case a protection trips the circuit breaker while the AR function is inhibited. i. Reclosing can be inhibited via a digital input (CB Close inhibit).1.1. Definite trip alarm The AR function generates a definite trip alarm signal after an unsuccessful autoreclose sequence. the AR function will issue a reclosing command to the circuit breaker (Close CB Command). when no more auto-reclose shots are allowed but the network fault has not be cleared.

Inverse definite minimum time characteristics The low-set overcurrent and earth-fault stages can be given an inverse definite minimum time (IDMT) characteristic.9. depending on the reason for the AR function being locked. 5.4. At IDMT characteristic.9. of which four comply with the IEC 60255-3 and three with the IEEE C37. The relationship between time and current is expressed as follows: 41 . extremely inverse and longtime inverse.-1 Value 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Time/current characteristic settings Time/current characteristic Definite time IEC Extremely inverse IEC Very inverse IEC Normal inverse IEC Long-time inverse RI-type IEEE Extremely inverse IEEE Very inverse IEEE inverse RD-type (RXIDG) IDMT characteristics according to IEC 60255-3 The relay provides four time/current curve groups which comply with the IEC 60255-3 standard: normal inverse. The set reclaim time starts when the definite trip alarm signal. very inverse. The AR function will be locked out in any of the following situations: * * * * The AR function generates a definite trip alarm The AR function is inhibited Circuit-breaker closing fails Manual circuit-breaker closing is detected The lockout signal is reset and the AR function ready for shot initiation on expiration of the set reclaim time.1. Two are special characteristics according to ABB praxis and are referred to as RI and RD. The relay provides nine IDMT characteristics. the shorter the operate time.112 standard.4.1. The time/current characteristics can be selected either via the HMI or the SPA bus as follows: Table 5.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Lockout of the auto-reclose function The lockout signal indicates whether the AR function is ready for shot initiation. the AR inhibition signal or the CB reclosing failed signal has been reset or the circuit breaker closed. the operate time of the stage is dependent on the current value: the higher the current value.

02 1.1.0 1.00E 2.4).0 2.02E 1.. very inverse or extremely inverse characteristic.-3 I/I> 2 5 7 10 20 a) b) Operate time tolerances specified by the standard Normalb) 2.00E - a) or I0/I0> E = accuracy in percent.1.01E 1. and the relay is to start before the current exceeds the set start value by 1.9.1. 5.01E 1.9. 42 .13E 1.4.22E 1.5 80.1.44E 1. and the operate time of the trip output contact.7 times the set start value.9.26E 1..9.00E Veryb) 2.34E 1.4.26E 1.48E 1.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 ⎛ ⎞ ⎜ β ⎟ ⎟×k t [ s] = ⎜ α ⎜ I ⎟ − 1⎟ ⎜ ⎝I> ⎠ t I k (or k0) I> (or I0>) = operate time = phase (or earth-fault) current value = time multiplier = set start value (4) The actual operate time of the relay (see Fig. When the operate time of the relay is calculated as above.4.0 β 0.-2 Normal inverse Very inverse Extremely inverse Long-time inverse Values of constants α and β α 0. At long-time inverse characteristic.= not specified Within the normal current range the inverse-time stage fulfils the tolerance requirements of class 5 at all degrees of inversity. the normal current range is 2.00E Extremelyb) Long timeb) 2. includes an additional filter and detection time..3 times. .. approximately 30 ms should be added to the result.1 times Table 5.Fig.14 13.. 5. Table 5.34E 1.-1. The relay is to start before the current exceeds the set start value by 1.4. the normal current range is specified to be 2.20 times the set start value at normal inverse.0 120 Time/current curve group According to the standard..

1.4..-1.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 The time/current curve groups based on the IEC standard are illustrated in Fig. the operate time is the same as when the ratio is 20. 5.9. 5.-4.1.Fig. 43 . If the ratio between the current and the set start value is higher than 20.4..9.

6 0.9.5 0.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual t/s 70 60 50 40 30 20 1MRS755310 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 k 1.3 0.8 0.7 0.-1 Normal inverse-time characteristic 44 .09 0.02 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 910 20 I/I> A040319 Fig.8 0.6 0.4. 5.06 0.1.0 0.7 0.07 0.1 0.05 0.9 0.1 0.04 0.4 0.2 1 0.9 0.3 0.08 0.05 0.2 0.03 0.4 0.5 0.

5 0.3 0.9.5 0.09 0.4.06 0.03 0.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual t/s 70 60 50 40 30 20 REF 610 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0.3 0.04 0. 5.4 0.07 0.8 0.08 0.4 0.05 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 20 I/I> A040320 Fig.9 0.02 0.1 0.8 0.7 0.1 0.-2 Very inverse-time characteristic 45 .0 0.2 k 1.6 0.05 0.2 0.9 0.7 0.1.6 0.

4.6 0.03 0.05 0.6 0.4 0.04 0.8 0.8 0.2 k 1.09 0.3 0.9 0.08 0.7 0.-3 Extremely inverse-time characteristic 46 . 5.1 0.1.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual t/s 70 60 50 40 30 20 1MRS755310 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0.05 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 20 I/I> A040321 Fig.1 0.5 0.06 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.9.07 0.02 0.0 0.

4 0.1 0.4.2 0. 5.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual t/s 700 600 500 400 300 200 REF 610 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 k 1.8 0.6 0.2 1 0.8 0.3 0.05 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 910 20 I/I> A040322 Fig.-4 Long-time inverse-time characteristic 47 .7 0.9.9 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.1.0 0.9 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.

approximately 30 ms should be added to the result.1.7). Table 5.9.4. When the operate time of the relay is calculated as above.. 5.4.-5. 48 . 5.4. B and P A 6. and the operate time of the trip output contact.1.1.02 Time/current curve group The time/current curve groups based on the IEEE standard are illustrated in Fig.0 2.4..855 0.0185 P 2.407 2. 5.1..REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 IDMT characteristics according to the IEEE C37.-7.0712 0.0 0. 5.4.Fig. The relationship between time and current is expressed as follows: ⎛ ⎞ ⎜ ⎟ A ⎜ + B⎟ ×n t [ s] = ⎜ ⎛ I ⎞P ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ − 1 ⎜ ⎜I > ⎟ ⎟ ⎝⎝ ⎠ ⎠ t I n (or n0) I> (or I0>) = operate time = phase (or earth-fault) current value = time multiplier = set start value (5) The actual operate time of the relay (see Fig. very inverse and inverse.9.112 REF 610 provides three time/current curve groups which comply with the IEEE C37.1.-4 Extremely inverse Very inverse Inverse Values of constants A.025 0. includes an additional filter and detection time.0086 B 0.9.-5.Fig..112 standard: extremely inverse.9.9.

1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual t/s 70 60 50 40 30 20 REF 610 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.4.08 0.9 0.05 0.09 0.06 0.02 2 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 20 I/I> A040323 Fig.4 0. 5.07 0.03 0.1 0.04 0.-5 Extremely inverse-time characteristic 49 .9.2 n 15 12 10 8 6 5 4 3 0.1.6 0.3 0.

6 0.-6 Very inverse-time characteristic 50 .08 0.9 0.8 0.04 0.2 12 10 8 6 5 4 3 2 0.1 0.02 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 20 I/I> A040324 Fig.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual t/s 70 60 50 40 30 20 1MRS755310 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 n 15 1 0.07 0. 5.4 0.4.5 0.3 0.06 0.09 0.1.05 0.7 0.9.03 0.

3 0.05 0.6 0.5 0.04 0.4.09 0.1 0.08 0.06 0.-7 Inverse-time characteristic 51 .7 0.02 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 20 I/I> A040325 Fig. 5.8 0.4 0.9.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual t/s 70 60 50 40 30 20 REF 610 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 n 15 12 10 8 1 0.03 0.07 0.9 0.1.2 6 5 4 3 2 1 0.

5. When the operate time of the relay is calculated as above. 5.-8. and the operate time of the trip output contact.9.1.236 × I> I (6) t I k (or k0) I> (or I0>) = operate time = phase (or earth-fault) current value = time multiplier = set start value The actual operate time of the relay (see Fig. includes an additional filter and detection time. 52 .4.4.1. approximately 30 ms should be added to the result.-8). The relationship between time and current is expressed as follows: t [ s] = k 0.9. The RI-type characteristic is illustrated in Fig.339 − 0.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 RI-type characteristic The RI-type characteristic is a special characteristic which is principally used for obtaining time grading with mechanical relays.

5 0.02 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 910 20 I/I> A040326 Fig.2 0.03 0.4 0.7 0.08 0.06 0.9 0.8 0.04 0. 5.09 0.05 0.7 0.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual t/s 70 60 50 40 30 20 REF 610 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 k 1.4.9 0.2 0.6 0.9.1.07 0.-8 RI-type characteristic 53 .8 0.3 0.4 1 0.05 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.6 0.5 0.0 0.

The protection can operate in a selective way even if it is not directional. the time/current characteristic can be expressed as follows: ⎛ I ⎞ t [ s] = 5. the operate time will be the same as when the ratio is 40.9.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 RD-type characteristic (RXIDG) The RD-type characteristic is a special characteristic. approximately 30 ms should be added to the result.4.35 × loge ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ k ×I > ⎠ (7) t I k (or k0) I> (or I0>) = operate time = phase (or earth-fault) current value = time multiplier = set start value The actual operate time of the relay includes an additional filter and detection time and the operate time of the trip output contact. Mathematically. When the operate time of the relay is calculated as above.1. 5. which is principally used in earth-fault protection and which requires a high degree of selectivity even at high resistance faults. The RD-type characteristic is illustrated in Fig.-9. 54 . If the ratio between the current and the set start value is higher than 40.8 − 1.

5 Fig.9 0.4.4.3 0. one at a time.6 0 .6 0 .07 0. 5. This can be done in any of the following ways: * * * Via the HMI Entering SPA parameter V150 via serial communication Via a digital input 55 .08 0.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual t/s 70 60 50 40 30 20 REF 610 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 . By switching between the setting groups.09 0.03 0.5 0 .05 0.4 0 .2 0.7 0.1 0. a whole group of settings can be changed at the same time.2 k 1.1.10.8 0.-9 RD-type inverse-time characteristic 5.1.02 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 20 30 40 I / I > A051411 0.1 0.06 0. setting groups 1 and 2. Both groups have their related registers. Settings There are two alternative setting groups available.9 0 .8 0 .04 0.9. Either of these setting groups can be used as the actual settings.3 0 .7 0 .4 0.0 0.05 0.

00 1.04 s 0.60.0 0.05...5....05 s 0 0.100% θt> 0....35...300 s 10.0 0.800% In 2.50 x In 1..05 s 100 % 60 s 0.300 s Time/current characteristic for stage 0.05.15.30.10..50 x In 0..05 1..2.50 s 0.0.0 x In 5...300 s 0. Before the relay is connected to a system it must be assured that the relay has been given the correct settings. the setting values should be read with the relay trip circuits disconnected or tested with current injection.800% In 0. 2 and 3 ArcI> ArcI0> Current limit ArcI> of stage ARC Current limit ArcI0> of stage ARC 0.04 s 1.35.35.10.05.-1 Setting I>/In t> IDMT I> k n tr> I>>/In t>> I>>>/In t>>> I0>/In t0> IDMT I0> k0 n0 t0r> I0>>/In t0>> ΔI> t Δ> Iθ T θa> CBFP 0→1 Setting values Description Start value of stage I> Operate time of stage I> Setting range 0..1..0 x In 0..30.300 s Default setting 0.05.9 I0> Time multiplier k0 Time multiplier n0 Resetting time of stage I0> Start value of stage I0>> Operate time of stage I0> Start value of stage ΔI> Operate time of stage ΔI> Full load current Time constant of stage θ> Alarm level of stage θ> Operate time of CBFP Number of AR shots 0.1..0...100% In 0.0 s 0 1 2 3 = = = = AR is not in use shot 1 shot 1 and 2 shot 1.50.50.04.05. Table 5.05. Check lists for additional information.... If there is any doubt.0.10 s 0 Time/current characteristic for stage 0.0 x In 0.1..50.4...30 x In 0.0% In 56 ...00 1... refer to Section 8...05..0 0.9 I> Time multiplier k Time multiplier n Resetting time of stage I> Start value of stage I>> Operate time of stage I>> Start value of stage I>>> Operate time of stage I>>> Start value of stage I0> Operate time of stage I0> 0..0% In 0..50 x In 20.05 s 0 0...30 x In 1 min 95% θt> 0.300 s 0. The setting values can be altered via the HMI or with a PC provided with Relay Setting Tool..0…15.00 x In 0.04.200 min 50..05 s 0..0.30.50 x In 0.50 s 5...100% 1.05 s 5..REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Switching between setting groups via a digital input has a higher priority than via the HMI or with the parameter V150...2..0 0.0% In 0.0 s 1.1..05 1..

10.-1 shows an example of manual checksum calculation.1.SGF5 are used for configuring the wanted function as follows: 57 .4. calculated according to the example above. SGF1. A checksum is used for verifying that the switches have been properly set..10.4.SGF5 Switchgroups SGF1.. 5. equals the checksum of the switchgroup. Switch number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 Position 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 checksum Fig. The Fig.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Switchgroups and parameter masks The settings can be altered and the functions of the relay selected in the SG_ selector switchgroups. the switches in the switchgroup are properly set. The switchgroups are software based and thus not physical switches to be found in the hardware of the relay..-1 Weighting factor x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x 1 2 4 8 16 32 64 128 256 512 1024 2048 4096 8192 16384 32768 65536 131072 262144 524288 1048576 2097152 4194304 SG_ S = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = Value 1 0 4 0 16 0 64 0 256 0 1024 0 4096 0 4096 0 16384 0 65536 0 262144 0 1048576 0 4194304 5505024 A051892 Example of calculating the checksum of a SG_ selector switchgroup When the checksum.. The factory default settings of the switches and the corresponding checksums are presented in the following tables. 5.1.

PO3 works as a normal power output relay. PO3 is dedicated to this function. the output contact remains active although the measuring signal which caused the trip falls below the set start value.-3 Switch SGF2/1 SGF2/2 SGF2/3 SGF2/4 SGF2/5 SGF2/6 SGF2/7 SGF2 Default setting a) Function Operation mode of the start indication of stage I> 0 0 a) Operation mode of the start indication of stage I>> Operation mode of the start indication of stage I>>> Operation mode of the start indication of stage I0> Operation mode of the start indication of stage I0>> a) 0 0 0 0 0 Operation mode of the start indication of stage ΔI> Operation mode of the alarm indication of stage θ>a) * 0 = the start indication is automatically cleared after the fault has disappeared * 1 = latching.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Table 5.1. the phase(s) that caused the start are shown on LCD.1.4. 0 SGF1/5 0 SGF1/6 SGF1/7 CBFP * 0 = CBFP is not in use * 1 = the signal to PO1 starts a timer which generates a delayed signal to PO2. * 1 = the trip lockout function is in use. the warning signal from the trip-circuit supervision or generated in case of continuous light on light sensor inputs is routed to SO2. provided that the fault is not cleared before the CBFP operate time has elapsed Trip lockout function * 0 = the trip lockout function is not in use. External fault warning * When the switch is in position 1. SGF1/4 Minimum pulse length for SO1 and SO2 and optional SO3.-2 Switch SGF1/1 SGF1/2 SGF1/3 SGF1 Default setting 0 0 0 Function Selection of the latching feature for PO1 Selection of the latching feature for PO2 Selection of the latching feature for PO3 * When the switch is in position 0 and the measuring signal which caused the trip falls below the set start value. PO2 and PO3 * 0 = 80 ms * 1 = 40 ms The latching feature being selected for PO1. A latched output contact can be unlatched either via the HMI.10.4. * When the switch is in position 1. The start indication remains active although the fault has disappeared. PO2 and PO3 overrides this function. 58 . a digital input or the serial bus. SO4 and SO5 * 0 = 80 ms * 1 = 40 ms Minimum pulse length for PO1. 0 0 SGF1/8 0 ΣSGF1 0 Table 5. ΣSGF2 a) 0 When the switch is on.10. the output contact returns to its initial state.

Table 5. inverse-time operation is inhibited. the set start value of the stage is automatically doubled at high inrush situations.1. Automatic doubling of the start value of stage I0>> * When the switch is in position 1.1. 0 0 ΣSGF4 0 Table 5. Operation mode of light signal output * When the switch is in position 1.-6 Switch SGF5/1 SGF5/2 SGF5/3 SGF5/4 SGF5/5 SGF5/6 SGF5 Default setting 0 0 0 0 0 0 Function Selection of the latching feature for programmable LED1 Selection of the latching feature for programmable LED2 Selection of the latching feature for programmable LED3 Selection of the latching feature for programmable LED4 Selection of the latching feature for programmable LED5 Selection of the latching feature for programmable LED6 59 .1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Table 5.4. the stage is inhibited. SGF4/2 SGF4/3 SGF4/4 0 0 0 Consider carefully when using this function! SGF4/5 SGF4/6 Inverse-time operation of stage I0> inhibited by the start of stage I0>> * When the switch is in position 1.4. inverse-time operation is inhibited. the light signal output is blocked by the trip signal from stage ARC.1.-5 Switch SGF4/1 SGF4 Default setting 0 Function Automatic doubling of the start value of stage I>> * When the switch is in position 1.10. Inhibition of light signal output * When the switch is in position 1.4.-4 Switch SGF3/1 SGF3/2 SGF3/3 SGF3/4 SGF3/5 SGF3/6 SGF3/7 ΣSGF3 SGF3 Default setting 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 120 Function Inhibition of stage I>> Inhibition of stage I>>> Inhibition of stage I0>> Inhibition of stage ΔI> Inhibition of stage θ> Inhibition of stage ARC * When the switch is in position 1. the set start value of the stage is automatically doubled at high inrush situations. Inverse-time operation of stage I> inhibited by the start of stage I>> Inverse-time operation of stage I> inhibited by the start of stage I>>> * When the switch is in position 1.10. the output is inhibited.10.

Table 5. it is important that the switch has the same setting in both setting groups....5/15 SGB1....SGB5 The DI1 signal is routed to the functions below with the switches of switchgroup SGB1..5/4 Switching between setting groups 1 and 2 by using the digital input * 0 = the setting group cannot be changed using the digital input * 1 = the setting group is changed by using the digital input.. the programmable LED remains lit although the signal routed to the LED is reset. setting group 1 is activated... * When the switch is in position 1.5/4 is set to 1. setting group 2 is activated...5/7 SGB1....5/16 SGB1.5/11 SGB1..5/12 SGB1.1...5/14 SGB1...5/5 SGB1.5/2 * * * SGB1. 0 SGB1...10.5/1 SGB1.5/6 SGB1..4.... When SGB1.5/8 SGB1..SGB5 Default setting 0 0 Function 0 = indications are not cleared by the digital input signal 1 = indications are cleared by the digital input signal 0 = indications are not cleared and latched output contacts are not unlatched by the digital input signal 1 = indications are cleared and latched output contacts are unlatched by the digital input signal 0 = indications and memorized values are not cleared and latched output contacts are not unlatched by the digital input signal 1 = indications and memorized values are cleared and latched output contacts are unlatched by the digital input signal * SGB1.. A latched programmable LED can be cleared either via the HMI...5/13 SGB1.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Switch SGF5/7 SGF5/8 Function Selection of the latching feature for programmable LED7 Selection of the latching feature for programmable LED8 * When the switch is in position 0 and the signal routed to the LED is reset..5/9 SGB1. if not... and so forth... Default setting 0 0 ΣSGF5 0 SGB1.5/3 * 0 * SGB1.5/10 SGB1.-7 Switch SGB1. When the digital input is energized. the DI2 signal with those of SGB2.... a digital input or the serial bus. the programmable LED is cleared...5/17 Time synchronization by the digital input signal External tripping by the digital input signal External triggering of the CBFP by the digital input signal External triggering of the trip lockout by the digital input signal External arc signalling by the digital input signal Resetting of the trip lockout by the digital input signal Blocking of tripping of stage I> by the digital input signal Blocking of tripping of stage I>> by the digital input signal Blocking of tripping of stage I0> by the digital input signal Blocking of tripping of stage I0>> by the digital input signal Blocking of tripping of stage ΔI> by the digital input signal External AR inhibition by the digital input signal External inhibition of CB reclosing by the digital input signal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 60 .

The switchgroup checksum is obtained by vertically adding the weighting factors of all the selected switches of the switchgroup.....1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Switch SGB1. Each intersection point is marked with a switch number.5/19 SGB1. The matrix below can be of help when making the wanted selections.SGR8 The start.... and the corresponding weighting factor of the switch is shown to the right in the matrix. The external fault warning is always routed to SO2. The start. The signals are routed to PO1.. The trip lockout signal is always routed to PO3. trip and alarm signals from the protection stages and the external trip signal are combined with the output contacts by encircling the wanted intersection point. the signals from the auto-reclose function. The trip signal from CBFP is always routed to PO2. and the external trip signal are routed to the output contacts with the switches of switchgroups SGR1.PO3 with the switches of switchgroup SGR1.5/18 SGB1.SGR3 and to SO1..SO5 with those of SGR4.. 61 ...SGR8.5 Function CB position open CB position closed External AR initiation by the digital input signal Default setting 0 0 0 0 SGR1...SGR8.......5/20 ΣSGB1. trip and alarm signals from the protection stages.

...SGR3 SGR4...1.....8/1 SGR1.8/9 SGR1..8/18 SGR1..8/1 SGR1...8/14 SGR1.8/4 SGR1.8/6 SGR1.8/11 SGR1..8/7 SGR1.-2 Table 5.-8 Switch SGR1.8/8 SGR1.1....8/20 SGR1.8/9 SGR1.SGR8a) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 Function Start signal from stage I> Trip signal from stage I> Start signal from stage I>> Trip signal from stage I>> Start signal from stage I>>> Trip signal from stage I>>> Start signal from stage I0> Trip signal from stage I0> Start signal from stage I0>> Trip signal from stage I0>> Start signal from stage ΔI> Trip signal from stage ΔI> ....8/16 SGR1.8/12 62 Output signal matrix SGR1....8/4 SGR1..10...8/10 SGR1.4...10.8/11 SGR1.SGR8 Default setting SGR1.4..8/13 SGR1.....8/15 SGR1.8/22 SGR1...8/8 SGR1..8/7 SGR1..8/2 SGR1.8/19 SGR1.........................8/2 SGR1....8/3 SGR1.SGR5 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 SGR6. 5.8/5 SGR1.8/5 SGR1.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual PS_I/O card Optional I/O card 1MRS755310 PO1 SGR1..8/10 SGR1...... Trip Open CB Command Close CB Command Definite Trip Alarm CB Reclosing Failed Shot Due AR Lockout ARC Trip L> ΣSGR1 ΣSGR2 ΣSGR3 ΣSGR4 ΣSGR5 ΣSGR6 ΣSGR7 Checksum ΣSGR8 A040327 Fig.8/6 SGR1...8/3 SGR1...8/23 I> t> I>> t>> PO2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 PO3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 SO1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 SO2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 SO3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 SO4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 Weighting SO5 factor 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 2 4 8 16 32 64 128 256 512 1024 2048 4096 8192 16384 32768 65536 131072 262144 524288 1048576 2097152 4194304 I>>> t>>> I0 > t0 > I0>> t0>> ΔI> Δt> θ> Alarm θ> Trip Ext.8/21 SGR1...8/12 SGR1..8/17 SGR1..

.8/14 SGL1... and so forth...8/22 SGR1.1.8/22 SGL1.8/14 SGR1..8/1 SGL1.8/12 SGL1.. dashes are shown on the LCD and “9999” when the parameter is read via the SPA bus..SGR3 Alarm signal from stage θ> Trip signal from stage θ> External trip signal Open CB command from AR Close CB command from AR Definite trip alarm signal from AR CB reclosing failed signal from AR Shot due signal from AR Lockout signal from AR Trip signal from stage ARC Light signal output 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2108074 Default setting SGR4.8/11 SGL1........8/18 SGL1.....1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Switch SGR1..8/21 SGR1....8/19 SGR1..10.8/15 SGR1......8/18 SGR1.4.8/8 SGL1..8/20 SGR1....SGL8 Default setting 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Function Trip signal from stage I> Trip signal from stage I>> Trip signal from stage I>>> Trip signal from stage I0> Trip signal from stage I0>> Trip signal from stage ΔI> Alarm signal from stage θ> Trip signal from stage θ> Trip lockout signal Definite trip alarm signal from AR Shot due signal from AR Lockout signal from AR CB position open CB position closed DI1 signal DI2 signal DI3 signal DI4 signal DI5 signal Trip signal from stage ARC Light signal output Trip signal from CBFP 63 . to LED2 with those of SGL2.8 a) Function SGR1.8/5 SGL1.8/23 ΣSGR1......... Table 5......8/19 SGL1.8/6 SGL1.....8/13 SGR1.SGR8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 If the optional I/O module has not been installed...8/13 SGL1....-9 Switch SGL1...8/15 SGL1.8/16 SGR1.8/10 SGL1..8/17 SGL1.8/3 SGL1..8/2 SGL1...SGL8 The signals are routed to LED1 with the switches of switchgroup SGL1..8/20 SGL1...8/21 SGL1....SGR5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5461 SGR6...... SGL1..8/17 SGR1...8/4 SGL1.8/7 SGL1.8/9 SGL1..8/16 SGL1...

4. and SG3 for inhibiting the AR function as follows: Table 5.1.4.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Switch SGL1.. the stage is blocked..SG3 Switchgroup SG1 is used for blocking the initiation of one or several auto-reclose shots..-10 SG1 Switch SG1/1 SG1/2 SG1/3 SG1/4 SG1/5 SG1/6 SG1/7 SG1/8 Function Blocking of initiation of shot 1 by the trip signal from stage I>> Blocking of initiation of shot 1 by the external AR initiation signal Blocking of initiation of shot 1 by the trip or delayed start signal from stage I> Blocking of initiation of shot 1 by the trip or delayed start signal from stage I0> or the trip signal from stage I0>> Blocking of initiation of shot 2 and 3 by the trip signal from stage I>> Blocking of initiation of shot 2 and 3 by the external AR initiation signal Blocking of initiation of shot 2 and 3 by the trip or delayed start signal from stage I> Blocking of initiation of shot 2 and 3 by the trip or delayed start signal from stage I0> or the trip signal from stage I0>> * Default setting 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 When the switch is in position 1.10.1. shot initiation is blocked. 0 ΣSG1 Table 5.-11 Switch SG2/1 SG2/2 SG2/3 SG2/4 SG2/5 SG2/6 SG2/7 SG2/8 SG2/9 SG2/10 ΣSG2 a) SG2 Functiona) Blocking of tripping of stage I> at shot 1 Blocking of tripping of stage I>> at shot 1 Blocking of tripping of stage I>>> at shot 1 Blocking of tripping of stage I0> at shot 1 Blocking of tripping of stage I0>> at shot 1 Blocking of tripping of stage I> at shots 2 and 3 Blocking of tripping of stage I>> at shots 2 and 3 Blocking of tripping of stage I>>>..8/23 ΣSGL1. SG2 for blocking of protection stages at one or several auto-reclose shots. 64 . The blocking is active until the set cutout time or the set reclaim time elapses or the AR function is locked out.. at shots 2 and 3 Blocking of tripping of stage I0> at shots 2 and 3 Blocking of tripping of stage I0>> at shots 2 and 3 * Default setting 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 When the switch is in position 1.10.SGL8 Function Disturbance recorder triggered Default setting 0 0 Auto-reclose SG1..

1.10. the first trip indication is displayed until the time. Table 5. a new trip indication can displace the old one. The table below presents data which can be configured to be stored in the nonvolatile memory. After this.4. When several protection stages trip..5 either via the HMI or the SPA bus..998 999 Default setting 60 - Non-volatile memory settings Non-volatile memory is backed up by a battery.10..-13 New trip indication timer Setting New trip indication Description New trip indication timer in minutes No new trip indication allowed until the previous one has been manually cleared. the battery must be inserted and charged. When the switch is in position 1.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Table 5..-14 Memory settings Setting Non-volatile memory settings Switch Function 1 * Default setting 1 * 0 = operation indication messages and LEDs are cleared 1 = operation indication messages and LEDs are retaineda) 1 = disturbance recorder data is retained a) 1 = event codes are retained a) 2 3 * * 1 1 65 . setting value.1.-12 SG3 Switch SG3/1 SG3/2 SG3/3 SG3/4 SG3/5 Function Inhibition of the AR function by the trip signal from stage I>>> Ihibition of the AR function by the trip signal from stage I0>> Inhibition of the AR function by the alarm signal from stage θ> Inhibition of the AR function by the trip signal from stage ΔI> * Default setting 1 1 1 1 0 When the switch is in position 1. indications are reset when the AR function issues a reclosing command to the circuit breaker. The basic protection functions are not affected by the NEW TRIP IND. as specified by the NEW TRIP IND. the AR function is inhibited. Setting range 0. has expired.1. All of the functions mentioned below can be selected separately with switches 1.10. Table 5.4. setting. 15 Resetting indications at CB reclosing * ΣSG3 New trip indication timer The new trip indication timer can be configured to allow a second trip indication on the LCD.4.

96 66 .0 x In * Start time.04.1.. k * Special type of IDMT characteristic time multiplier. Technical data on protection functions Table 5.. tr> Drop-off/pick-up ratio.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Setting Switch Function 4 * Default setting 1 1 = recorded data and information on the number of starts of the protection stages are retaineda) 1 = the real-time clock is running also during loss of auxiliary voltagea) 5 Σ a) * 1 31 The prerequisite is that the battery has been inserted and is charged. maximum Retardation time..30.30.2. t>.35..96 0.. I>> and I>>> * Stages I>. I>.50.04. n Resetting time. 5.4. typical Operate time accuracy 50 ms 30 ms 0.. typical Set resetting time...300 s Extremely inverse Very inverse Normal inverse Long-time inverse 0.4.15 50 msb) 30 ms 0..50 x Ina) 55 ms 0..50.. the battery supervision is disabled.05. When all switches are set to zero.00 Extremely inverse Very inverse Inverse 1.96 50 ms 30 ms 0..-1 Feature Set start value.0 x In 0.50 s 0. k * IDMT according to IEEE C37..5.00 RI-type inverse RD-type inverse (RXIDG) 0.05.1.11.1.2.1. I>> and I>>> Stage I> Stage I>> Stage I>>> at definite-time characteristic at IDMT characteristic 0.05.300 s IDMT according to IEC 60255-3 time multiplier.11.. t>> and t>>> * 30 ms 30 ms 0.112 time dial... typical Time/current characteristic * definite-time operate time.05.300 s 0.....35...00 x In 0.

..112 ±7% of the calculated operate time * * at RI-type characteristic ±7% of the calculated operate time at RD-type characteristic ±7% of the (RXIDG) calculated operate time 0.1.800% In Set start value.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Feature * Stage I> Stage I>> Stage I>>> at definite-time characteristic ±2% of the set ±2% of the set ±2% of the set operate time or ±25 operate time or ±25 operate time or ±25 ms ms ms * at IDMT characteristic 5 according to IEC 602553: accuracy class index E at IDMT characteristic according to IEEE C37.300 s 50N TDLY * IDMT according to IEC 60255-3 Extremely inverse Very inverse Normal inverse Long-time inverse 0.. b) Resetting time of the trip signal.100% Ina) 60 ms 50 ms Stage I0>> 5.. This makes the operate time faster than the theoretical IDMT curve.3.5 is used for the IDMT calculation if the set value is greater than 2..0. k0 * Special type of IDMT characteristic IDMT according to IEEE C37...35. Table 5..0 x In 5.4.100% In 1. However.. typical Time/current characteristic * definite time 0.05.-2 Feature Stages I0> and I0>> Stage I0> 1.1. 51N TDLY and 0.00 RI-type inverse RD-type inverse 0. the setting value 2.11.. the stage always starts according to the set value.1.05.05.300 s operate time..5. I0> and I0>> * at definite-time characteristic at IDMT characteristic * Start time.112 time multiplier..0...00 Extremely inverse Very inverse Inverse time multiplier..0.0 x In ±5% of the set start value ±3% of the set start ±3% of the set start ±3% of the set start value value value ±3% of the set start ±3% of the set start value value * Operation accuracy * * * a) Because of the maximum measured current (50 × In)...05.0.5..5. k0 * 67 .5 x In 0.0...

05% In ±3% of the set start value ±3% of the set start value * * * Operation accuracy * * * a) b) In REF 610 revision A and B..15 50 msb) 30 ms 0. n Resetting time.. τ Operate time accuracy I/Iθ >1. In revision C (or later).300 s 70 ms 0.05. Table 5... if the set value is greater than 40% In. θa> Trip level.100% 100 % 1..800% In ±7% of the calculated operate time ±7% of the calculated operate time ±5% of the set start value + 0...96 Drop-off/pick-up ratio.. the setting value 40% In is used for the IDMT calculation.4.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Feature time dial.-3 Feature Stage θ> Value 0.0...96 at definite-time characteristic ±2% of the set operate time or ±2% of the set operate time or ±25 ms ±25 ms * 5 at IDMT characteristic according to IEC 60255-3: accuracy class index E at IDMT characteristic ±7% of the calculated operate according to IEEE C37.100% 100 ms at definite-time characteristic Start time..30.4. maximum Retardation time. ΔI> Stage ΔI> Value 10. maximum Drop-off/pick-up ratio.1.90 ±2% of the set operate time or ±75 ms at definite-time characteristic 68 ..05% In ±3% of the set start value ±5% of the set start value + 0.2..1. typical Set resetting time. typical Operate time accuracy * 1.. θt> Time constant.... the full setting range is used for the IDMT calculation. Resetting time of the trip signal. t0r> Operate time accuracy * Stage I0> 1.0. typical Time/current characteristics definite time operate time..2 Table 5.-4 Feature Set pickup value.11.50 s Stage I0>> 50 ms 30 ms 0. Iθ Set alarm level. tΔ> Resetting time.10. typical 0.100% In 100.112 time at RI-type characteristic at RD-type characteristic (RXIDG) 1..0% In 10.11.1..50 x In 50.200 min ±2% of the set operate time or ±1 s Set full load current.

3) is used..4. 5. Fig.0. If a power output contact (PO1.35.3 ms will be added.11.800% In < 17 msa) 30 ms ±7% of the set start value < 15 ms 20 ms Applies only if a signal output contact (SO1. 2.0 x In < 15 msa) 5.11..-1 Relative sensitivity of lens sensors 69 .5) is used.1....5.1.4.100% Table 5.....-5 Feature Stage ARC Set trip value ArcI> Operate time ArcI0> Operate time Resetting time Operation accuracy L> Activation time of L> Resetting time a) Stage ARC and L> Value 0...1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Feature Operation accuracy * Value ±3% of the set start value and ±1 unit 10..

REF 610

Feeder Protection Relay
Technical Reference Manual

1MRS755310

Table 5.1.4.11.-6
Feature Number of shots CB Closing time Start delay of stage I>

Auto-reclose function
Value 0...3 0.1...10 s 0...300 s 0...300 s 3...300 s 0.1...300 s 0.1...300 s 0.1...300 s 0.1...300 s ±2% of the set time and ±25 ms

Start delay of stage I0> Reset time Cutout time Dead time of shot 1 Dead time of shot 2 Dead time of shot 3 Operate time accuracy

Table 5.1.4.11.-7
Feature Set operate time

CBFP
Value 0.10...60.0 s

Phase-current threshold for external triggering of the CBFP
*

pick-up/drop-off

0.08/0.04 x In

5.1.5.

Trip-circuit supervision
The trip-circuit supervision (TCS) detects open circuits, both when the circuit breaker is open and closed, and trip-circuit supply failure. The trip-circuit supervision is based on a constant current injection principle: by applying an external voltage, a constant current is forced to flow through the external trip circuit. If the resistance of the trip circuit exceeds a certain limit, due to oxidation or a bad contact, for instance, the trip-circuit supervision is activated and a warning appears on the LCD together with a fault code. The warning signal from the trip-circuit supervision can also be routed to SO2 by setting switch SGF1/8 to 1. Under normal operating conditions, the applied external voltage is divided between the relay’s internal circuit and the external trip circuit so that at least 20 V remains over the relay’s internal circuit. If the external trip circuit’s resistance is too high or the internal circuit’s too low, due to welded relay contacts, for instance, the voltage over the relay’s internal circuit falls below 20 V (15...20 V), which activates the tripcircuit supervision. The operation condition is:
Uc - (Re xt + Rint + Rs ) × Ic ≥ 20 V ac/dc

(8)

Uc Ic Rext Rint Rs
70

= operating voltage over the supervised trip circuit = current flowing through the trip circuit, ~1.5 mA = external shunt resistor = internal shunt resistor, 1 kΩ = trip coil resistance

1MRS755310

Feeder Protection Relay
Technical Reference Manual

REF 610

The external shunt resistor is used to enable trip-circuit supervision also when the circuit breaker is open. The resistance of the external shunt resistor is to be calculated so that it does not cause malfunction of the trip-circuit supervision or affect the operation of the trip coil. Too high resistance causes too high voltage drop, which in turn results in the operation conditions not being fulfilled, whereas too low resistance may cause faulty operation of the trip coil. The following values are recommended for the external resistor, Rext:
Table 5.1.5.-1
48 V DC 60 V DC 110 V DC 220 V DC

Recommended values for Rext
Shunt resistor Rext 1.2 kΩ, 5 W 5.6 kΩ, 5 W 22 kΩ, 5 W 33 kΩ, 5 W

Operating voltage, Uc

The circuit breaker is to be provided with two external contacts, one opening and one closing contact. The closing contact is to be connected in parallel with the external shunt resistor, which enables trip-circuit supervision when the circuit breaker is closed. The opening contact, on the contrary, is to be connected in series with the external shunt resistor, which enables trip-circuit supervision when the circuit breaker is open; see Fig. 5.1.5.-1. Trip-circuit supervision can be selected either via the HMI or with SPA parameter V113.

71

REF 610

Feeder Protection Relay
Technical Reference Manual
X4.1 18 Rint
+

1MRS755310

PO1

Rext 19

Rs

TCS

16 17 8 SO2 7
-

HW SW

6 SGF1/8 TRIP-CIRCUIT SUPERVISION TCS STATE WARNING HMI
A040329_2

Fig. 5.1.5.-1

Connecting the trip-circuit supervision using two external contacts and the external resistor in the trip circuit

5.1.6.

Trip lockout function
The trip lockout function is used to prevent accidental closing of the circuit breaker after a trip. The trip lockout function must be locally reset with a separate reset command before the circuit breaker can be closed again. This function is useful when the trip output contact of the relay is latched or the open circuit of the circuit breaker remains activated. The trip lockout function is selected in SGF1. When selected, PO3 is dedicated to this function. As long as no trip occurs, PO3 is closed. Every signal which has been routed to PO3 via the output signal matrix activates the trip lockout function and opens the contacts of PO3. When the contacts have opened, they are locked into the open state. The trip lockout function can also be activated externally, via a digital input. The trip lockout function can be reset via a digital input, the HMI or SPA parameter V103, but not before the signal which activated the function has been reset. In case of loss of auxiliary power when the trip lockout function is in use, the contacts of PO3 return to the same state as before the loss, provided that the battery has been inserted and is charged. If no battery has been inserted, the trip lockout function is activated and the contacts of PO3 remain open when the auxiliary power is switched on again.

72

ARC and the external trip. There are separate counters for the different protection stages because breaking the current in different fault situations wears the circuit breaker differently. Indicator LEDs and operation indication messages The operation of the relay can be monitored via the HMI by means of LED indications and text messages on the LCD. With this information. which can be used for circuit-breaker service scheduling. Refer to the Operator ’s Manual for a more thorough presentation. If different types of indications are activated simultaneously. ΔI>. On the front panel of the relay there are three indicator LEDs with fixed functionality: * * * Green indicator LED (ready) Yellow indicator LED (start/alarm) Red indicator LED (trip) In addition. The monitoring function consists of four counters. θ>. When a counter reaches its maximum value. 73 . I>> and I>>>) has its own trip counter.1. The counters can be read via the HMI or SPA parameters V9. it rolls over. only the counter of the stage which tripped first is increased by one.1. there are eight programmable LEDs and an indicator LED for front communication. Trip 3.7. In case several stages trip during the same fault sequence.1. Every time a stage generates a trip signal. the message with the highest priority appears on the LCD. which count the number of trip signals generated to the circuit breaker by the relay. 5.9. CBFP 2.8. The indication messages on the LCD have a certain priority order. Start/Alarm 5. whereas there is a common trip counter for stages I0>.. Each overcurrent stage (I>. Trip counters for circuit-breaker condition monitoring The trip counters for circuit-breaker condition monitoring provide history data. the corresponding counter value is increased by one. The number of trips is stored in the non-volatile EEPROM memory.. the service cycle can be estimated for the future. I0>>.V12 and cleared via SPA parameter V166. The priority order of the operation indication messages: 1.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 5. Demand values The relay provides three different kinds of demand values.

REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 The first value shows the average current of all three phases measured during one minute. After the recorder has been triggered.PO3 and SO1. the external trip signal and the IRF function can be activated one by one. The function test is used for testing the configuration as well as the connections from the relay.SGR8.1. 5. The second value shows the average current during an adjustable time range. The status of the recording can also be viewed using SPA parameter V246. Provided that the signals have been set to be routed to the output contacts (PO1.1.. The maximum value is the highest one-minute mean value since the last reset. Triggering of the recorder generates an event code. the external trip signal and the IRF function do not generate an event code. the output contacts are activated and their corresponding event codes are generated when the test is run.SO5) with the switches of SGR1. The average values are also reset if SPA parameter V105 is changed or the relay is reset. the motor start-up signal. it continues to record data for a pre-defined post-triggering time. 5. activation of the internal signals from the protection stages. The value is updated once a minute.11. An asterisk is shown on the LCD on completion of the recording. the signals from the auto-reclose function.1.. the internal signals from the protection stages. Refer to the Operator’s Manual for instructions on how to perform the tests. 74 . The third value shows the highest one-minute average current value measured during the previous time range..1. However. The digital input test is used for testing the connections to the relay.. This value is updated at the expiration of each time range. Disturbance recorder Function The relay features an integrated disturbance recorder which continuously captures the curve forms of the currents as well as the status of both internal signals and digital input signals and stores these in the memory. The state of the digital inputs can be monitored via the HMI.10. if the time range is set to zero. only the one-minute and the maximum demand value is shown. with an accuracy of one minute.. By selecting this test. However. 5. The demand values can be set to zero through serial communication using SPA parameter V102. ranging from 0 to 999 minutes. Commissioning tests The following two product functions can be used during the commissioning of the relay: function test and digital input test..11.

The post-triggering recording length defines the time during which the recorder continues to store data after it has been triggered. beginning with the internal signals followed by the digital input signals. By the time the post-triggering recording finishes.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 As soon as the recorder has been triggered and the recording has finished.11. The digital signals to be stored are selected with parameters V238 and V243.1. If more than eight signals are selected. whose data is stored either as RMS curves or as momentary measured values.1.-6 and Table 5.2. 75 . see the table below for details. The length can be changed with SPA parameter V240. a complete recording is created. the first eight signals are stored.17.17. referred to as digital signals.1.1.11.-7. the recording can be uploaded and analyzed by means of a PC provided with a special program. The digital channels. V238 and V243 is allowed only when the recorder is not triggered. Recording length: [s ] = Cycles Nominal frequency [Hz] (9) Changing the setting values of parameters M15. The user can select up to eight digital signals to be recorded. The RMS curve is recorded by selecting the sampling frequency to be the same as the nominal frequency of the relay. the signals from the auto-reclose function and the digital input signals linked to the relay. see Table 5. Table 5.-1 50 Sampling frequency Sampling frequency Hz 800 400 50 a) Nominal frequency Hz Cycles 250 500 4000 250 500 4000 60 960 480 60 a) a) RMS curve. If the post-triggering recording length is defined to be the same as the total recording length. The analog channels.2. Disturbance recorder data One recording contains data from the four analog channels and up to eight digital channels. are the currents measured by the relay. are start and trip signals from the protection stages . no data stored prior to the triggering is retained in the memory. The recording length varies according to the selected sampling frequency. 5. The sampling frequency is selected with SPA parameter M15. the alarm signal from stage θ>.

-6 and Table 5. 5. that is. If the recorder is ready to be uploaded. on the other hand. M20 and M80.1. clearing indications and memorized values and unlatching output contacts. but before the recording has finished. At a power reset. does not affect the total recording length..1. Reading SPA parameter V246 returns either the value 0 or 1.V242.. triggered recorder data is retained in the memory provided that it has been defined non-volatile.11.V238. The recorder can also be triggered manually with SPA parameter M1. M18. 5. Triggering on the rising edge means that the post-triggering recording sequence starts when the signal is activated. triggering on the falling edge means that the post-triggering recording sequence starts when the active signal is reset.11.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Triggering of the recorder immediately after it has been cleared or the auxiliary voltage connected may result in a shortened total recording length.V237 and V241. Writing the value 1 to SPA parameter M2 clears the recorder memory and enables the triggering of the recorder.. M2 and V246.. Settings and unloading The setting parameters for the disturbance recorder are V parameters V236. The trigger signal(s) and the edge are selected with SPA parameters V236. Triggering of the disturbance recorder is only possible if the recorder is not already triggered.1.. 5.1..-7. Disconnection of the auxiliary voltage after the recorder has been triggered. Writing the value 2 to SPA parameter V246 restarts the unloading process by setting the time stamp and the first data ready to be read.11.M83. This. see Table 5. Recorder data can be cleared by performing a master reset.17. Triggering The user can select one or several internal or digital input signals to trigger the disturbance recorder. may result in a shortened post-triggering recording length..3.5. this is also indicated by an asterisk shown in the lower right-hand corner of the LCD when it is in the idle mode. indicating whether the recorder has not been triggered or triggered and ready to be uploaded. Correspondingly... Indication can also be routed to programmable LEDs. Control and indication of disturbance recorder status It is possible to control and monitor the recording status of the disturbance recorder by writing to and reading SPA parameters M1.17..4. and M parameters M15.1. either on the rising or falling edge of the signal(s). 76 . Event code E31 is generated the moment the disturbance recorder is triggered. V240.V243 and V246. however.

1. Recorded data is non-volatile by default. trips and auto-reclose shots is provided. clearing of indications and memorized values and unlatching of output contacts. This enables the user to analyze the last five fault conditions in the electrical power network. for instance. The relay collects data during fault conditions. Each event includes the measured currents. The uploaded recorder data is stored in separate files defined by the comtrade® format. Recorded data of the last events The relay records up to five events.6.11. The event mask is determined using SPA parameter V155. The number of trips can be erased by entering the value 1 and the number of auto-reclose shots by entering the value 2 into parameter V166.12. that is. When all start or thermal alarm signals have been reset or a stage trips. Additionally. start durations and time stamp. The number of trips and auto-reclose shots is stored in the non-volatile memory (EEPROM) and is thereby not cleared when performing a master reset.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Unloading correct information from the recorder requires that M80 and M83 have been set. provided that the battery has been inserted and is charged. 77 .1. 5. A master reset. Unloading is done by using a PC application. the oldest event is cleared. erases the contents of the stored events and the number of starts of the stages. 5. When a sixth event is stored. the collected data and time stamp is stored as EVENT1 and the previously stored events move one step forward. Event code of the disturbance recorder The disturbance recorder generates an event code on triggering (E31) and clearing (E32) the recorder. information on the number of starts of the stages.

as a percentage of the maximum thermal level of the cable. Same as EVENT 1. and the other including the time expressed as HH. dashes will be shown on the LCD and “999” when read via serial communication. The same applies to phase currents L2. If the operate time of a stage has elapsed but the stage is blocked. A value other than zero indicates that the corresponding stage has started whereas the value 100% indicates that the operate time of the stage has elapsed. one including the date expressed as yy-mm-dd.. On expiration of the set reclaim time. I>>>. the trip of stage ARC (local). measured as a multiple of the rated current.sss. The time stamp is displayed in two registers. If the AR function has been set out of operation. The time when the collected data was stored. the value will be 99% of the set or calculated operate time. Thermal level. dashes will be shown on the LCD and “999” when read via serial communication. If the thermal protection stage has been set out of operation. The number 1. as a percentage of the maximum thermal level of the cable. or in case of a trip.1. SS.MM. When a stage starts but does not trip. as a percentage of the maximum phase current value. The maximum thermal level during the time the start or alarm signal was active. Time stamp for the event. Same as EVENT 1. the stage has tripped. at activation of a start or alarm signal.. the maximum fault current during the start period will be stored in both the main register and the sub register. Trip number in the auto-reclose sequence. i.e. the fault unbalance at the time of the trip will be stored. the trip of stage ARC (remote). Same as EVENT 1. the value will start from 1 again. is displayed in two registers: the main register and the sub register. Duration of the starts of stages I>. When the stage trips. When the stage starts but does not trip. the thermal level. In. The value 1 indicates the first trip in the AR sequence. If the thermal protection stage has been set out of operation. I>>. * * * * * * EVENT 2 EVENT 3 EVENT 4 EVENT 5 Same as EVENT 1. the fault current at the time of the trip will be stored in the main register and the maximum fault current during the start period in the sub register.12.-1 REGISTER EVENT1 * Recorded data Data description Phase current L1. 78 . the value 2 the second trip. ΔI.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Table 5. ΔI. the maximum phase unbalance value during the start period will be stored. When a stage trips.20 indicates the order of the trip in the AR sequence. and of the external trip. the value will always be 1. I0> and I0>>. as a percentage of the maximum thermal level of the cable. and so forth. L3 and I0. The phase unbalance. at activation of a trip signal.

0 rear communication module with RS-485 connection. I0> and I0>>. The optional rear communication module allows the use of either the SPA bus. When the counter reaches its maximum value (65535). counting up to 255 Number of AR shots * * * * * * * * * * * * 5. counting up to 255 Number of AR shots (shot 2) initiated by the trip signal from stage I>>. counting up to 255 Number of AR shots (shot 2) initiated by the digital input signal. combined fibre-optic (plastic and glass) or RS-485 connection.3. The number of times protection stages. I0> and I0>>. it will roll over.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 REGISTER Number of starts Number of trips Data description The number of times each protection stage. Number of AR shots (shot 1) initiated by the trip signal from stage I>>. I>>. counting up to 255 Number of AR shots (shot 1) initiated by the digital input signal. I>. Serial communication connections. When the counters reach their maximum values (65535). I>>. I>. θ> and ARC has tripped and external trips. has tripped. 79 .2. counting up to 255 Number of AR shots (shot 3) initiated by the start or trip signal from stage I>. has started. counting up to 255 Number of AR shots (shot 3) initiated by the trip signal from stage I>>. For connection to the DNP 3. counting up to 255 Number of AR shots (shot 3) initiated by the digital input signal. which can be provided with either a plastic fibre-optic. it will roll over. refer to Section 5. counting up to 255 Number of AR shots (shot 1) initiated by the pickup or trip signal from stage I0>. * * The number of times each protection stage. I>>>.0 communication system. counting up to 255 Number of AR shots (shot 2) initiated by the start or trip signal from stage I0>. counting up to 255 Number of AR shots (shot 1) initiated by the start or trip signal from stage I> .13. I>>>. ΔI. Rear communication is optional and requires a communication module. For further information on optional rear communication module connections. The relay is connected to an automation system via the rear connection. Communication ports The relay is provided with an optical communication port (infrared) on the front panel. counting up to 999. IEC 60870-5-103 or Modbus communication protocol.1. counting up to 255 Number of AR shots (shot 3) initiated by the start or trip signal from stage I0>. counting up to 255 Number of AR shots (shot 2) initiated by the start or trip signal from stage I>. the relay can be provided with an optional DNP 3.

1.-1 Communication port 1) Front connection for local communication The relay is connected to a PC used for local parameterization via the infrared port on the front panel. the setting value remains unchanged. the IEC 60870-5103 protocol cannot be used to transfer disturbance recorder data. 5. The optical stage of the cable is powered by RS-232 control signals. The counter value is set to zero when the relay receives a valid message.6 kbps. The IEC 60870-5-103 protocol is used to transfer measurand and status data from the slave to the master. The front connection can be used in two different ways: wirelessly using a PC compatible to the IrDA®‚ Standard specifications or using a specific front communication cable (refer to Section 7. IEC 60870-5-103 remote communication protocol The relay supports the IEC 60870-5-103 remote communication protocol in the unbalanced transmission mode. 80 . The relay has a counter which can be accessed via CONFIGURATION \COMMUNICATION in the HMI menu. When setting values are altered via the front communication port. setting values and all input data and memorized values can be read via the front communication port. Ordering information). The following serial communication parameters are to be set for RS-232: * * * * Number of data bits: 7 Number of stop bits: 1 Parity: even Baud rate: 9. If an entered value is too high or too low. The cable is connected to the serial RS232 port of the PC.6 kbps Relay data such as events.1.13. The cable has a fixed baud rate of 9. The optical front connection galvanically isolates the PC from the relay.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 A051551 Fig. the relay checks that the entered parameter values are within the permitted setting range. However.14. The front connection allows the use of the SPA bus protocol only. 5.

the line-idle state is “light on”. and either via the HMI or the SPA bus. of which configuration set 1 is used by default.5 (DI3. The column GI indicates whether the status of the specified information object is transmitted within the general interrogation cycle. The protocol selection is memorized and is therefore always activated when the rear connection is in use. The selected line-idle state and connection topology apply irrespective of which rear communication protocol is active. Function type and information number are mapped into configuration sets according to the IEC 60870-5-103 standard to the extent that these have been defined by the standard.8 (SO3. Configuration set 1 is intended to be used when the optional I/O module is not installed.DI5). event masks are not in use. The relay is provided with two different selectable configuration sets.. The measurand multiplied by the normalize factor is proportional to the rated value. Consequently. Therefore.. To ensure communication.. According to the IEC 60870-5-103 standard.SO5) and digital input events 3. If not defined by the standard.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 The IEC 60870-5-103 protocol can be used only through the rear connection of the relay on the optional communication module.6 kbps. the default being loop. the maximum value of each measurand is the normalize factor multiplied by the rated value.. the baud rate is 9.. The relay uses the SPA bus protocol as default when the optional communication module is in use.. provided that the optional I/O module is installed. all events in the selected configuration set are included in the event reporting. The tables below indicate the information mapping of the corresponding configuration sets.. Configuration set 2 includes additional information. The relative time in messages with the type identification 2 is calculated as a time difference between the occurred event and the event specified in the column Relative time. The connection topology can be selected to be either loop or star.. Connecting the relay to a fibre-optic communication bus requires a fibre-optic communication module. the type of function and/or the information number are/is mapped into a private range. 81 . The line-idle state of the fibre-optic communication module can be selected either via the HMI or the SPA bus. The baud rate can be selected either via the HMI or the SPA bus. the line-idle state should be the same for both the master and the slave device. for example output contact events 6. When the IEC 60870-5-103 protocol is active. According to the IEC 60870-5-103 standard.

REF 610

Feeder Protection Relay
Technical Reference Manual

1MRS755310

Table 5.1.14.-1
Event reason

Information mapping of configuration set 1 and 2
Information number Configuration set 1 Configuration set 2 Type identification 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 1

Function type

Disturbance recorder Triggered/Cleared HMI Setting password Opened/Closed HMI Communication password Opened/Closed I> Start/Reset I> Trip/Reset I>> Start/Reset I>> Trip/Reset I>>> Start/Reset I>>> Trip/Reset I0> Start/Reset I0> Trip/Reset I0>> Start/Reset I0>> Trip/Reset ΔI> Start/Reset ΔI> Trip/Reset θ> Start/Reset θ> Alarm/Reset θ> Trip/Reset ARC (light and current) Trip/Reset ARC (DI and current) Trip/Reset Arc light signal output Activated/Reset

0E31/ 0E32 0E33/ 0E34 0E35/ 0E36 1E1/ 1E2 1E3/ 1E4 1E5/ 1E6 1E7/ 1E8 1E9/ 1E10 1E11/ 1E12 1E13/ 1E14 1E15/ 1E16 1E17/ 1E18 1E19/ 1E20 1E21/ 1E22 1E23/ 1E24 1E25/ 1E26 1E27/ 1E28 1E29/ 1E30 1E31/ 1E32 1E33/ 1E34 1E35/ 1E36

X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

178 178 178 160 160 162 160 162 162 160 160 162 160 173 173 184 184 184 100 100 100

100 101 102 84 90 94 91 96 98 67 92 95 93 84 90 84 11 90 90 50 20

X X X X X X X X -

1E1 1E1 1E5 1E5 1E9 1E9 1E13 1E13 1E17 1E17 1E21 1E21 1E25 1E25 1E31 1E33 -

82

Relative time -

Event code

GI

1MRS755310

Feeder Protection Relay
Technical Reference Manual

REF 610

Information number

Configuration set 1

Configuration set 2

Trip lockout Activated/Reset External Trip/Reset CBFP Activated/Reset PO1 Activated/Reset PO2 Activated/Reset PO3 Activated/Reset SO1 Activated/Reset SO2 Activated/Reset SO3 Activated/Reset SO4 Activated/Reset SO5 Activated/Reset DI1 Activated/Deactivated DI2 Activated/Deactivated DI3 Activated/Deactivated DI4 Activated/Deactivated DI5 Activated/Deactivated Shot 1 Initiated/Ended Shot 2 Initiated/Ended Shot 3 Initiated/Ended CB Position Open/Closed Definite Trip Alarm/Reset AR Lockout/Reset

1E37/ 1E38 1E39/ 1E40 1E41/ 1E42 2E1/ 2E2 2E3/ 2E4 2E5/ 2E6 2E7/ 2E8 2E9/ 2E10 2E11/ 2E12 2E13/ 2E14 2E15/ 2E16 2E17/ 2E18 2E19/ 2E20 2E21/ 2E22 2E23/ 2E24 2E25/ 2E26 3E1/ 3E2 3E3/ 3E4 3E5/ 3E6 3E7/ 3E8 3E9/ 3E10 3E11/ 3E12

X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

10 10 160 251 251 251 251 251 251 251 251 249 249 249 249 249 169 169 169 240 169 169

223 222 85 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 231 232 233 234 235 101 102 103 160 150 164

X X X X X X X X X X X X X X -

-

Type identification 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
83

Event reason

Function type

Relative time

Event code

GI

REF 610

Feeder Protection Relay
Technical Reference Manual

1MRS755310

Information number

Configuration set 1

Configuration set 2

Open CB Command/Reset Close CB Command/Reset CB Reclosing Failed/Reset CB Reclosing inhibited/Reset AR Cancelled/Reset

3E13/ 3E14 3E15/ 3E16 3E17/ 3E18 3E19/ 3E20 3E21/ 3E22

X X X X X

X X X X X

169 169 169 169 169

127 128 163 162 130

-

-

Table 5.1.14.-2
Measurand

Information mapping of configuration set 1 and 2
Information number 140 Configuration set 1 Configuration set 2 Type identification 9 Normalize factor

Current IL1 Current IL2 Current IL3 Current I0

2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4

In In In In

X X X X

X X X X

135

5.1.15.

Modbus remote communication protocol
The master/slave protocol Modbus was first introduced by Modicon Inc. and is widely accepted as a communication standard for industrial device controllers and PLCs. For the protocol definition, refer to Section 1.4. Product documentation. The implementation of the Modbus protocol in the relay supports both the RTU and the ASCII link mode. Both the link mode and the line setting parameters are userconfigurable. The character codings of the link modes follow the protocol definition. The RTU character format is presented in Table 5.1.15.-1 and the ASCII character format in Table 5.1.15.-2:

84

Function type

Rated value

Type identification 1 1 1 1 1

Event reason

Function type

Relative time

Event code

GI

Consequently.Table 5. Modbus line settings. the least significant bit is sent first bit for even/odd parity. that is. for instance.. no bit if parity is not used stop bit if parity is used. the least significant bit is sent first bit for even/odd parity. the data addresses in Table 5. input register (IR) as 3X and holding register (HR) as 4X. 2 stop bits if parity is not used Coding system Two ASCII characters representing a hexadecimal number The turnaround time (response time) of the relay depends on the amount of data requested in a query.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Table 5. the turnaround time can vary between approximately 20 and 100 ms. can also be referred to as register 400123. However. Therefore.15.1. The Modbus data type digital input (DI) is commonly also referred to as 1X. HR 123. no bit if parity is not used stop bit if parity is used.-13 are decreased by one when transferred over the network. 5. Profile of Modbus The Modbus protocol (ASCII or RTU) is selected via the HMI and can be used only through the rear connection of the relay on the optional communication module. coils as 0X. The data address range in the Modbus network follows the protocol definition and starts from 0.15.-5. can be adjusted either via the HMI or the SPA bus.1.15.1. a turnaround timeout no lower than 150 ms is recommended for the Modbus master.1. 2 stop bits if parity is not used Coding system 8-bit binary Table 5.1.15..-1 Bits per character 1 8 1 1 RTU character format start bit data bits.1.1.15. The implementation of the Modbus protocol in REF 610 supports the following functions: 85 . parity.1. of which the former is used here. Thus. CRC byte order and baud rate.-2 Bits per character 1 7 1 1 ASCII character format start bit data bits.

However.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Table 5. Force single coil Sets the status of a discrete output. clear counters operation or power up is returned in the response. Before this. clear counters operation or power count up is returned in the response. Diagnostics Checks the communication system between the master and the slave. diagnostic register Return bus message count The number of messages in the communications system detected by the slave since its last restart. Force multiple coils Sets the status of multiple discrete outputs. Read input registers Reads the contents of input registers.1. Preset single register Sets the value of a holding register.15. Return bus exception error count Return slave message count The number of Modbus exception responses sent by the slave since its last restart.-2 Code 00 Name Supported diagnostic subfunctions Description The data in the query data field is returned (looped back) in the response. clear counters operation or power up is returned in the response. Function code 15 16 23 Table 5. no response will be sent. Read holding registers Reads the contents of output registers. Preset multiple registers Sets the value of multiple holding registers. The slave is forced to enter the listen only mode for Modbus communication. if the port is in the listen only mode. The entire response is to be identical to the query.-1 01 02 03 04 05 06 08 Supported application functions Function description Read coil status Reads the status of discrete outputs. Read digital input status Reads the status of discrete inputs. clear counters operation or power up is returned in the response. 12 Return bus The number of CRC errors encountered by the slave communication error since its last restart.1. Return query data 01 Restart communication option 04 10 11 Force listen only mode Clear counters and All counters and the diagnostic register are cleared. a normal response will be sent provided that the port is not in the listen only mode. 13 14 86 .15. The number of messages addressed to the slave or broadcast which the slave has processed since its last restart. The slave’s peripheral port is initialized and restarted and the communication event counters are cleared.1. Read/write holding registers Exchanges holding registers in one query.1.

1.15. clear counters operation or power up. clear counters operation or power up. 18 Sending other subfunction codes than those listed above cause an Illegal data value response. The Modbus protocol provides the following diagnostic counters: Table 5. clear counters operation or power up. Return bus character overrun count The number of messages addressed to the slave for which it has not been able to send a response due to a character overrun since its last restart. The number of messages addressed to the slave for which it has not been able to send a response due to a character overrun since its last restart. The number of messages addressed to the slave or broadcast which the slave has processed since its last restart. clear counters operation or power up is returned in the response.1. The number of messages addressed to the slave for which a NACK response has been sent. The number of messages addressed to the slave for which a response (neither a normal response nor an exception response) has not been sent since its last restart.-3 Name Bus message count Diagnostic counters Description The number of messages in the communications system detected by the slave since its last restart. 16 Return slave NACK The number of messages addressed to the slave for response count which a NACK response has been sent is returned in the response. clear counters operation or power up. Bus communication error count Bus exception error count Slave message count Slave no response count Slave NACK response count Bus character overrun count The following exception codes may be generated by the Modbus protocol: 87 .1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Code 15 Name Return slave no response count Description The number of messages addressed to the slave for which a response (neither a normal response nor an exception response) has not been sent since its last restart. clear counters operation or power up. clear counters operation or power up. The number of CRC or LRC errors encountered by the slave since its last restart. clear counters operation or power up is returned in the response. The number of Modbus exception responses sent by the slave since its last restart.

reading from the register fails and an Illegal address exception response is sent. The slave stores the five latest fault records. The first sixteen holding registers. data has therefore been organized into consecutive blocks.15. The slave does not support the data address or the number of items in the query is incorrect. If a UDR is linked to a non-existent holding register. using SPA parameters 504V1. Registers which have already been preset are not restored.. the oldest record is deleted. Giving the link address the value 0 disables the UDR..REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Table 5. The UDRs are mirrored in HR385…400. The UDRs can be linked to any holding register. one UDR cannot be linked to another. are user-defined registers. that is.1. HR1. An unrecoverable error has occurred while the slave was attempting to perform the requested task. 88 ...1.16. a set of programmable user-defined registers (UDR) has been defined in the holding register area. When a sixth record is stored.-4 Code 01 02 03 04 Name Possible exception codes Description The slave does not support the requested function. A value contained in the query data field is out of range. User-defined registers Reading of unwanted data in a data block wastes bandwidth and complicates data interpretation. Fault records The data recorded during a fault sequence is called a fault record (FR). However.727. Illegal function Illegal data address Illegal data value Slave device failure If an Illegal data value exception response is generated when attempting to preset multiple registers. For optimum efficiency in Modbus communication. linking cannot be nested. If the master reads from a disabled UDR. except for HR721.504V16.. the contents of the register to which an illegal value has been imposed and of the following registers is not changed. In addition. the value 0 is returned.. that is. Each parameter contains the address of the holding register to which the UDR is linked.

the master can read the contents using selection code 1.1. Write a preset single register command (function 06) to HR601 using a selection code as data value. The slave keeps track of which fault record is currently the oldest unread. clearing of indications and memorized values and unlatching of output contacts. The master can continue reading fault records for as long as Status register 3 indicates that there are unread records.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 To read a fault record: 1. the contents of the last read record is returned.15. the master can continue reading the following records using selection code 1. Read the selected fault record (function 04) from HR601. 5. Resetting the read pointer does not affect the sequence number of the fault record. The event record contains the 89 . a corresponding Modbus event record is generated.-2). the contents of the last read record will be returned.1. the master can read the oldest stored fault record. Special case 2: If the master tries to read the next unread fault record without entering selection code 1 again. SPA events update binary points in the DI and the packed HR area. Alternatively. however. clears the fault records. * * Special case 1: If there are no unread fault records. Event records Modbus events are derived from SPA events. If there is one or several unread fault records. irrespective of whether they have been read before. register count 28. a fault record can be read using one command (function 23) only. If the buffer is empty. This is the only time when sequence number zero appears. the registers contain only zeros. The master compares the sequence number to that of the previously read fault record. after which the sequence number starts from 1 again. that is. 2. Selection code 2: the master reads the oldest stored record By resetting the read pointer using selection code 2. Simultaneously. After this. With a few exceptions. Selection code 1: the master reads the oldest unread record Status register 3 (HR403) informs whether there are unread fault records (see Fig. The fault record contains a sequence number which makes it possible for the master to determine whether one or several unread fault records have been deleted due to overflow. A master reset.

Read the selected fault record (function 04) from HR672. a fault record can be read using one command (function 23) only. This is the only time when sequence number zero appears. Alternatively. the contents of the last read record is returned. To read an event record: 1. Write a preset single register command (function 06) to HR671 using a selection code as data value. The master can continue reading event records for as long as Status register 3 indicates that there are unread records. If there is one or several unread event records. register count 8. 2. the master can read the oldest stored event record. Selection code 1: reading the oldest unread record Status register 3 (HR403) informs whether there are unread event records (see Fig. The event record contains a sequence number which makes it possible for the master to determine whether one or several unread event records have been deleted due to overflow by comparing it to the sequence number of the previously read event record. the contents of the last read record is returned. 90 . * * Special case 1: If there are no unread event records.1. irrespective of whether they have been read before. After this. the registers contain only zeros. Special case 2: If the master tries to read the next unread event record without entering selection code 1 again. Selection code 2: reading the oldest stored record By resetting the read pointer using selection code 2. Resetting the read pointer does not affect the sequence number of the event record. from date to millisecond. however. 5.15. the master can continue reading the following records using selection code 1.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Modbus DI/CO data point address and the value to which the point has changed (0 or 1).-2). The maximum capacity of the Modbus event buffer is 99 events. If the buffer is empty.1. The time stamp of Modbus events is extended to contain complete information. SPA events lacking a corresponding DI/CO data point are shown as SPA channel and event code (informative event) in the event record. the master can read the contents using selection code 1. The slave keeps track of which event record is currently the oldest unread.

irrespective of whether they have been read before. 91 . the master can move backwards from the newest event as many events as defined by the selection code and read that specific event record.-99. the oldest stored event is read. Selection code 3 The Modbus event buffer is cleared with selection code 3.. the master can continue reading the following records using selection code 1. After this.1. see the example below. the CD bit is set to one.15. When the CD bit has been read. an additional change detect (CD) indication bit is created for every momentary indication point. Digital inputs As the master may not detect the state changes of all digital signals when scanning.1... Clearing the buffer does not require any read operation to follow. The momentary and the CD bit of a certain indication point always occur as a pair in the Modbus memory map. it is set to zero. * Special case: If there is not as many events in the buffer as specified by the selection code. Momentary Change detect Master reads Master reads Master reads Master reads A040332 Fig.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Selection code -1. 5.-99 With selection code -1..-1 Change detection bit If the momentary value of an indication bit has changed two or more times since the master last read it.

1. Table 5. The HR and IR values are unsigned 16-bit integers unless otherwise specified.1.bit) 1 or 385 2 or 386 3 or 387 4 or 388 5 or 389 6 or 390 7 or 391 8 or 392 9 or 393 10 or 394 11 or 395 12 or 396 13 or 397 14 or 398 15 or 399 16 or 400 DI/Coil bit address Writeable Value range Comment Table 5.15.1. the same data can be read from different data areas.15. all monitoring data can be read as consecutive blocks of data from the IR or HR area. It is also possible to read the status of the DIs as packed 16-bit registers from both the IR and the HR area. Consequently. Measurands and other 16-bit values can be read either from the IR or HR (readonly) area and digital indication values from either the DI or coil (read-only) area.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Modbus data mapping There are two types of monitoring data: digital indications and measurands. The register and bit addresses are presented in the tables below.-5 Description UDR 1 UDR 2 UDR 3 UDR 4 UDR 5 UDR 6 UDR 7 UDR 8 UDR 9 UDR 10 UDR 11 UDR 12 UDR 13 UDR 14 UDR 15 UDR 16 Mapping of Modbus data: user-defined registers HR/IR address (.-6 Description Status register 1 Status register 2 Status register 3 Mapping of Modbus data: status registers HR/IR address (. For convenience and efficiency. Some register structures are presented in separate sections below.bit) 401 402 403 DI/Coil bit address Writeable Value range Comment IRF code Warning codes See Structure 1 See Structure 1 See Structure 1 92 .1.

10 409.09 410.bit) 404 405 406 407 408 DI/Coil bit address Writeable Value range Comment 0.14 409.-7 Description Phase current IL1 x In Phase current IL2 x In Phase current IL3 x In Earth-fault current x In Phase unbalance ΔI Mapping of Modbus data: analog data HR/IR address (..08 410.2000% In 0.04 410.07 409.03 409..03 410..100 0.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Table 5.1.12 409..11 410.20000 0.15.1...5000 0...5000 0.05 410.1.09 409.bit) 409.05 409.1...5000 0..02 410.00 409..07 410...13 410.15 410.15.13 409.50 x Table 5.01 409.10 410.01 410.50 x 0..02 409.06 409.06 410.11 409.12 410..08 409.15 DI/Coil bit address 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 0/1 1 = activated 0/1 1 = activated 0/1 1 = activated 0/1 1 = activated 0/1 1 = activated 0/1 1 = activated 0/1 1 = activated 0/1 1 = activated 0/1 1 = activated 0/1 1 = activated 0/1 1 = activated 0/1 1 = activated 0/1 1 = activated 0/1 1 = activated 0/1 1 = activated Writeable Value range 0/1 Comment 1 = activated Start signal from stage I> Start signal from stage I> CD Trip signal from stage I> Trip signal from stage I> CD Start signal from stage I>> Start signal from stage I>> CD Trip signal from stage I>> Trip signal from stage I>> CD Start signal from stage I>>> Start signal from stage I>>> CD Trip signal from stage I>>> Trip signal from stage I>>> CD Start signal from stage I0> Start signal from stage I0> CD Trip signal from stage I0> Trip signal from stage I0> CD Start signal from stage I0>> Start signal from stage I0>> CD Trip signal from stage I0>> Trip signal from stage I0>> CD Start signal from stage ΔI> Start signal from stage ΔI> CD Trip signal from stage ΔI> Trip signal from stage ΔI> CD Start signal from stage θ> Start signal from stage θ> CD Alarm signal from stage θ> Alarm signal from stage θ> CD Trip signal from stage θ> Trip signal from stage θ> CD Trip signal from stage ARC (light and current) Trip signal from stage ARC (light and current) CD 93 ...00 410.100% 0.04 409.-8 Description Mapping of Modbus data: digital data HR/IR address (.14 410.

08 DI/Coil bit address 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 Writeable Value range 0/1 Comment 1 = activated 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = failure 1 = initiated 1 = initiated 1 = initiated 1 =closed 0 = open 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 94 .01 412.05 413.14 411.06 411.15 413.12 411.06 413.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Description Trip signal from stage ARC (light and DI) Trip signal from stage ARC (light and DI) CD Light signal output Light signal output CD Trip lockout signal Trip lockout signal CD External trip signal External trip signal CD CBFP CBFP CD Shot 1 Shot 1 CD Shot 2 Shot 2 CD Shot 3 Shot 3 CD CB position CB position CD Definite trip alarm signal Definite trip alarm signal CD AR lockout signal AR lockout signal CD Open CB command Open CB command CD Close CB command Close CB command CD CB reclosing failed signal CB reclosing failed signal CD CB reclosing inhibited CB reclosing inhibited CD AR cancelled AR cancelled CD PO1 PO1 CD PO2 PO2 CD PO3 PO3 CD SO1 SO1 CD SO2 HR/IR address (.04 412.04 411.06 412.08 412.bit) 411.00 413.00 412.12 412.04 413.02 413.09 412.02 411.02 412.01 413.03 412.03 411.08 411.13 412.07 411.07 412.10 411.11 411.14 412.10 412.13 411.00 411.05 412.07 413.05 411.03 413.11 412.15 412.01 411.09 411.

13 413.1.12 413. 0/1 1 = opened 0 = closed HMI Communication password HMI Communication password CD 415.02 414.bit) 413.05 414.04 414.-9 Description Fault record Event record Mapping of Modbus data: recorded data HR/IR address (.12 414..05 101 102 Table 5.09 413.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Description SO2 CD SO3 SO3 CD SO4 SO4 CD SO5 O5 CD DI1 DI1 CD DI2 DI2 CD DI3 DI3 CD DI4 DI4 CD DI5 DI5 CD Disturbance recorder Disturbance recorder CD HMI Setting password HMI Setting password CD IRF IRF CD Warning Warning CD SPA event overflow SPA event overflow CD HR/IR address (.00 415.15 415.01 414.15.10 414..02 415.15 414.13 414.03 414.00 414.03 DI/Coil bit address 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 Writeable Value range 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 Comment 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = triggered 0 = cleared 1 = opened 0 = closed 1 = activated 1 = activated 0/1 0/1 0/1 Only the CD bit will be activated in case of overflow.11 414.08 414.09 414.bit) 601.14 413.04 415.14 414.1.628 671.01 415..07 414.679 DI/Coil bit address Writeable Value range Comment See Structure 2 See Structure 3 95 ..06 414.10 413.11 413.

.1..255 See Table 5. 2 chars/register Table 5..15.255 0..1....708 DI/Coil bit address Writeable Value range Comment ASCII chars.255 0.1..50 x In 0..255 0.....999 0.bit) 801 802 803 804 805 HI word 806 LO word Trip indication code Number of starts of stage I> Number of starts of stage I>> Number of starts of stage I>>> Number of starts of stage I0> Number of starts of stage I0>> Number of starts of stage ΔI> Number of trips of stage I> Number of trips of stage I>> Number of trips of stage I>>> Number of trips of other stages Number of AR shots (shot 1) initiated by the trip signal from stage I>> Number of AR shots (shot 1) initiated by the digital input signal Number of AR shots (shot 1) initiated by the start or trip signal from stage I> Number of AR shots (shot 1) initiated by the start or trip signal from stage I0> Number of AR shots (shot 2) initiated by the trip signal from stage I>> Number of AR shots (shot 2) initiated by the digital input signal Number of AR shots (shot 2) initiated by the start or trip signal from stage I> 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 0...50 x In See Table 5...5000 0.........15.-10 Mapping of Modbus data: relay identification Description Type designation of the relay HR/IR address (.1.1..106 0.999 0..999 0..65535 0.1.3 96 .255 0.bit) 721..3 Counter Counter Counter Counter Counter Counter Counter Counter Counter Counter Counter Counter Counter Counter Counter Counter Counter DI/Coil bit address Writeable Value range Comment 0.15...65535 0....REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Table 5.....1.17..5000 0...-12 Mapping of Modbus data: additional analog data Description Thermal level One-minute demand value Demand value during the specified time range Maximum one-minute demand value during the specified time range Stage/phase which caused the trip HR/IR address (..999 0...131071 % 0...255 0.....65535 0..999 0.50 x In 0..17.65535 0.255 0...21 0.1.727 DI/Coil bit address Writeable W Value range Comment See Structure 4 Time reading and setting Table 5.5000 0..-11 Description Mapping of Modbus data: real-time clock HR/IR address (..999 0.bit) 701.

and relay status. Structure 2 This structure contains data recorded during a fault sequence.. Refer to Fault records earlier in this section for the reading method...18..1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Description Number of AR shots (shot 2) initiated by the start or trip signal from stage I0> Number of AR shots (shot 3) initiated by the trip signal from stage I>> Number of AR shots (shot 3) initiated by the digital input signal Number of AR shots (shot 3) initiated by the start or trip signal from stage I> Number of AR shots (shot 3) initiated by the start or trip signal from stage I0> HR/IR address (.. either the SP (secondpulse) or MP (minute-pulse) bit will be activated.1. 5.18.-1 for IRF codes and Table 5..1.1. 97 . only writeable.bit) DI/Coil bit address 501 Writeable W Value range Comment 1 1 = LED reseta) Coil area.255 0.255 Counter Counter Counter Counter Counter Table 5.15.1. Structure 1 The status registers contain information on unread fault and event records.1.-2 Status registers When the value of the FR/ER bit is 1.-2 for warning codes.-13 Mapping of Modbus data: control points Description LED reset a) HR/IR address (.15.1..255 0.1.bit) 825 826 827 828 829 DI/Coil bit address Writeable Value range Comment 0.-2 below..255 0.255 0..15. 5.1. 15 401 402 403 FR ER Reserved Warning code Reserved SP MP A040333 8 7 IRF code 0 Fig. If time synchronization is realized via a digital input. there is one or several unread fault/event records. The registers are arranged as in Fig. Refer to Table 5..

50 x In 0.255 0/100 0/100 0/100% 0/100% 0..1.........1....15.5000 0.999 ms 0....20000 0.106% 0.5000 0.100 0/100 0...HH 2 bytes: MM....50 x In 0....... Structure 3 This structure contains Modbus event records..100% 0....100% 0..MM 2 bytes: DD....106 0.100% 0.5000 0.100 0. Table 5.100% 0.100% 0.. time Time stamp of the recorded data..100% 0/100% Readable and writeable register....2000% In 0....50 x In 0.20000 0.1.106 0.999 0...255 0..100 0.. date and time Time stamp of the recorded data.-14 Fault record Address 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 a) Signal name Latest selection code Sequence number Unread records left Time stamp of the recorded data.....5000 0....100 0....-99 672 Sequence number 1..50 x In 0..REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Table 5.-15 Event record Address 671 Signal name Latest selection codea) Range 1..100 0...5000 0.100 0..15.255 98 ....-99 = move to the nth newest record -1..5000 0..100 0...1..... date Time stamp of the recorded data. Refer to Event records earlier in this section for the reading method..2 1...6 Comment 1 = read oldest unread record 2 = read oldest stored record 2 bytes: YY.50 x In 0.. time Phase current IL1 Phase current IL2 Phase current IL3 Earth-fault current Phase discontinuity Thermal level at start Thermal level at trip Maximum pickup phase current IL1 Maximum pickup phase current IL2 Maximum pickup phase current IL3 Maximum pickup earth-fault current Start duration of stage I> Start duration of stage I>> Start duration of stage I>>> Start duration of stage I0> Start duration of stage I0>> Start duration of stage ΔI> Start duration of external trip Trip number of AR sequence Start duration of stage ARC (local) Start duration of stage ARC (remote) a) Range 1....3 Comment 1 = read oldest unread record 2 = read oldest stored record 3 = clear Modbus event buffer -1.SS 0.....2000% In 0...50 x In 0..100% 0.106% 0..

date Time stamp of the event.. date and time Time stamp of the event.16. It can be updated by presetting the whole register structure in one Modbus transaction. Structure 4 The relay's real-time clock is stored in this structure. time Time stamp of the event. This reduced protocol stack is referred to as Enhanced Performance Architecture (EPA).63 a) Readable and writeable register.99 5.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Address 673 674 675 676 677 678 Signal name Unread records left Time stamp of the event. data link and application layers. the register will contain the DI value..99 Comment 2 bytes: YY.. bits 14.0 protocol was developed by Harris Control based on the early versions of the IEC 60870-5 standard telecontrol protocol specifications. the DNP 3. 99 .....12 1.0 indicate the SPA channel.HH 2 bytes: MM. bits 14.0 remote communication protocol The DNP 3..59 0...23 0.15. The DNP protocol supports the ISO OSI (Open System Interconnection) based model..1. When MSB = 1.31 0. Today. the transport pseudo-layer implements message assembly and disassembly services. the DNP protocol specifications are controlled by the DNP Users Group.999 ms When MSB = 0.SS 0. DI event Informative event * 679 DI value or SPA event code * DI event 0/1 * Informative event 0. the register will contain the SPA event code. DNP 3.MM 2 bytes: DD. which only specifies physical...99 1... Table 5..-16 Real-time clock structure Address 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 Description Year Month Day Hour Minute Second Hundredth of a second Range 0. To support advanced RTU functions and messages larger than the maximum frame length as defined in the IEC 60870-1. As a minimum.0 indicate the DI point....999 0/1 0 1 0....1. In case of a DI event.. time Modbus DI point or informative event (SPA channel) * Range 0.59 0.1....0 Data Link is to be used with a transport pseudo-layer. In case of an informative event.

17. However.1. REF 610 must be switched to the rear communication mode for at least 10 seconds in order for the DNP parameters to be replicated and stored onto the DNP module.1.0 module. After parameterization with Relay Setting Tool. analog and counters) of the relay. the DNP and Modbus analog values of the relay are identical as default.. All DNP process points can be edited using Relay Setting Tool. are all in use as default. presented in Table 5. the pointspecific enable/disable parameters are meaningless unless unsolicited reporting has been enabled with SPA parameter 503V24.16.Table 5.-1.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 5.16. adding and removing DNP points Assigning event classes to specific DNP points DNP point-specific enabling/disabling of unsolicited reporting Defining deadbands for event reporting Defining scaling factors for analog values 100 .0 point list The DNP data points (binary. However..0 parameters All DNP parameters are stored on the external DNP 3.1.1.16. Protocol parameters The DNP parameters can all be adjusted using Relay Setting Tool. this is necessary only if the DNP parameters have been altered. Consequently. For the DNP parameters. The default class settings of the DNP points within the different event object groups are: * * * Binary inputs change events: class 1 Analog inputs change events: class 2 Counter change events: class 3 All static data points belong to class 0.2. refer to Table 5. Editing features include: * * * * * Re-organizing. DNP 3.2.-14.1. Unsolicited reporting is enabled for all event objects as default. Storing DNP 3.1.2.-3.16. The pointers to the scaling factors for analog objects are all 0 as default. 5.

1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Table 5.-1 Description Binary data DNP point address 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Event class 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 UR enable 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Value range 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 Comment 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = detected 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = failure 1 = initiated 1 = initiated 1 = initiated 1 = closed 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 101 Start signal from stage I> Trip signal from stage I> Start signal from stage I>> Trip signal from stage I>> Start signal from stage I>>> Trip signal from stage I>>> Start signal from stage I0> Trip signal from stage I0> Start signal from stage I0>> Trip signal from stage I0>> Start signal from stage ΔI> Trip signal from stage ΔI> Start signal from stage θ> Alarm signal from stage θ> Trip signal from stage θ> Trip signal from stage ARC (light and current) Trip signal from stage ARC (DI and current) Light signal output Trip lockout signal External trip signal CBFP Shot 1 Shot 2 Shot 3 CB position Definite trip alarm signal AR lockout signal Open CB command Close CB command CB reclosing failed signal CB reclosing inhibited AR cancelled PO1 PO2 PO3 SO1 SO2 SO3 SO4 SO5 DI1 .16.1.2.

5000 0.100 0.....999 0......5000 0..999 0.5000 0..999 0..65535 0.....16.999 0.....1.5000 0.2.255 Number of starts of stage I> Number of starts of stage I>> Number of starts of stage I>>> Number of starts of stage I0> Number of starts of stage I0>> Number of starts of stage ΔI> Number of trips of stage I> Number of trips of stage I>> Number of trips of stage I>>> Number of trips of other stages Number of AR shots (shot 1) initiated by the trip signal from stage I>> 102 ...999 0.-3 Description Counters DNP point address 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Event class 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 UR enable 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Deadband 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Value range 0.2.65535 0.999 0.16......65535 0..5000 Table 5...REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Description DI2 DI3 DI4 DI5 Disturbance recorder HMI Setting password IRF Warning SPA event overflow HMI Communication password DNP point address 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 Event class 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 UR enable 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Value range 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 Comment 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = triggered 0 = cleared 1 = opened 0 = closed 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = activated 1 = opened 0 = closed Table 5.106 0..5000 0....1...20000 0.65535 0.-2 Description Analog data DNP point address 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Event class UR enable Deadband Value range Internal scaling factor (ix = 0) 100 100 100 10 100 100 100 100 100 Phase current IL1 x In Phase current IL2 x In Phase current IL3 x In Earth-fault current x In Phase unbalance Thermal level One-minute demand value Demand value during the specified time range Maximum one-minute demand value during the specified time range 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.....

255 0...255 0...1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Description Number of AR shots (shot 1) initiated by the digital input signal Number of AR shots (shot 1) initiated by the start or trip signal from stage I> Number of AR shots (shot 1) initiated by the start or trip signal from stage I0> Number of AR shots (shot 2) initiated by the trip signal from stage I>> Number of AR shots (shot 2) initiated by the digital input signal Number of AR shots (shot 2) initiated by the start or trip signal from stage I> Number of AR shots (shot 2) initiated by the start or trip signal from stage I0> Number of AR shots (shot 3) initiated by the trip signal from stage I>> Number of AR shots (shot 3) initiated by the digital input signal Number of AR shots (shot 3) initiated by the start or trip signal from stage I> Number of AR shots (shot 3) initiated by the start or trip signal from stage I0> DNP point address 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Event class 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 UR enable 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Deadband 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Value range 0...255 0....255 5.00 DEVICE PROFILE DOCUMENT Vendor Name: ABB Oy. with confirmation type selector.255 0.16..255 0...255 0. range from 0 to 255 with primary data link layer retransmission count Maximum Application Layer Re-tries: Configurable.255 0.. functions.3. range from 0 to 255 with application layer retransmission count Requires Data Link Layer Confirmation: Configurable.255 0....1.0 device profile DNP V3...255 0.. Finland Device Name: REF 610 Highest DNP Level Supported For Requests For Responses L2 L2 Device Function Slave Notable objects. Vaasa. DNP 3..255 0. default NO ACK Requires Application Layer Confirmation Configurable with confirmation type selector when reporting Event Data (Slave devices only) Always after response to reset request 103 . and/or qualifiers supported in addition to the Highest DNP Levels Supported (the complete list is described in the attached table): Additions to level 2 are marked as shaded in the implementation table Maximum Data Link Frame Size (octets) Transmitted Received 292 292 Maximum Application Fragment Size (octets) Transmitted Received 2048 2048 Maximum Data Link Re-tries: Configurable... Distribution Automation.

Fragment Application Confirm Complete Appl. multi-fragment application frames not supported Configurable with application layer timeout No. default object and variation Default Object 20 Default Variation 2 Point-by-point list attached Counters Roll Over at No Counters Reported Configurable (attach explanation) 16 Bits (Counters 6. not relevant in slave FILL OUT THE FOLLOWING ITEMS FOR SLAVE DEVICES ONLY: Reports Digital Input Change Events when no Reports time-tagged Digital Input Change specific variation requested Events when no specific variation requested Never Only time-tagged Only non-time-tagged Never Binary Input Change With Time Binary Input Change With Relative Time Configurable to send both. Response Sends/Executes Control Operations WRITE Binary Outputs SELECT/OPERATE DIRECT OPERATE DIRECT OPERATE .9) 32 Bits... one or the other Configurable.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual Always when sending multi-fragment responses (Slave devices only) Configurable. not relevant when NO ACK No. Default Counter Object/Variation No Counters Reported Configurable.NO ACK Count Code Trip/Close Pulse On Queue Clear Queue Never Never Never Never Never Never Never Never Never Never 1MRS755310 Configurable with primary data link layer timeout. depends on objects basic (depends on default variation) variation (variation used at initialization) Sends Unsolicited Responses Never Configurable Only certain objects Sometimes (attach explanation) ENABLE/DISABLE UNSOLICITED Function codes supported No other options are permitted. with confirmation type selector Timeouts while waiting for: Data Link Confirm Complete Appl. but roll-over bits not used Sends Static Data in Unsolicited Responses Never When Device Restarts When Status Flags Change 104 .

.1.3.-1 Code 0 1 2 Function Confirm Read Write Supported function codes Description Message fragment confirmation No response Request objects from outstation Respond with requested objects Store specified objects to outstation Respond with status of operation Select output point of outstation Respond with status of control point Set previously selected output Respond with status of control point Set output directly Respond with status of control point Set output directly No response Copy specified objects to freeze buffer Respond with status of operation Copy specified objects to freeze buffer No response Copy specified objects to freeze buffer and clear objects Respond with status of operation Copy specified objects to freeze buffer and clear objects No response Copy specified objects to freeze buffer at specified time Respond with status of operation Copy specified objects to freeze buffer at specified time No response Perform desired reset sequence Respond with a time object Perform desired partial reset operation Respond with a time object Initialize the specified data to default Respond with status of operation Set the specified application ready to be run Respond with status of operation Start the specified application to run Respond with status of operation Stop the specified application to run Respond with status of operation Supported Yes Yes Yes Transfer Function Codes Control Function Codes 3 4 5 6 Select Operate Direct operate Direct operate NO ACK No No No No Freeze Function Codes 7 8 9 10 11 12 Immediate Freeze Immediate Freeze NO ACK Freeze and Clear Freeze and Clear NO ACK Freeze with time Freeze with time NO ACK Yes Yes Yesa) Yesa) No No Application Control Function Codes 13 14 15 16 17 18 Cold Restart Warm Restart Initialize Data to Defaults Initialize Application Start Application Stop Application Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Configuration Function Codes 105 ...1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Other value: 999 (Counters 0..5) and 255 (Counters 10.21) Point-by-point list attached Sends Multi-Fragment Responses Yes No Table 5.16.

08 129. 07. 17.-2 Supported objects OBJECT REQUEST (slave must parse) Function codes (dec) 1.0 protocol. all variations Control Relay Output Block Pattern Control Block Pattern Mask Binary Counter. 07. 22 1. 22 1. 07. 01. 01. 17. 07. 01. 01. 28 00. 21. 08 06. 01. 07. 130 129. all variation Binary Input Change with Time Binary Input Change with Relative Time Binary Output. 20. 17. 20. 21. 00. 20. 28 1. 21. 28 00. 06.1. 28 00. 7. 07. 28 106 .3. 8. 28 17. 07. 06. 06. 129 22 08. 21. 17. 28 Object group 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 10 10 10 12 12 12 12 20 20 20 20 20 Variation Description 0 1 2 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 Binary Input. 7. 01. 129 08 17. 129 22 08. all variations Binary Input Binary Input with Status Binary Input Change. 06. all variations 32-Bit Binary Counter 16-Bit Binary Counter 32-Bit Delta Counter 16-Bit Delta Counter 00. 28 1.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Code 19 20 21 22 Function Save configuration Enable Unsolicited Messages Disable Unsolicited Messages Assign Class Description Save configuration Respond with status of operation Enable Unsolicited Messages Respond with status of operation Disable Unsolicited Messages Respond with status of operation Assign specified objects to a class Respond with status of operation Perform propagation delay measurement Message fragment confirmation Response to request message Spontaneous message without request Supported No Yes Yes Yes Time Synchronization Function Codes 23 0 129 130 a) Delay Measurement Confirm Response Unsolicited Message Yes Yes Yes Yes Response Function Codes Counters of the relay cannot be cleared by using the DNP 3. 20. 07. 08 06. 00. 17. 06. 01. 8. 28 00. 20. 8. 7. 129 22 08. 22. 07. 17. 01. 28 00. 17.16. 01. 28 00. 01. 21. 28 1. 28 06. Table 5. 17. 130 Binary Input Change without Time 1 17. 129 08. 06. 01. all variations Binary Output Binary Output with Status Control Block. 129 08. 17. 01. 17. 00. 1 1 Qualifier codes (hex) RESPONSE (master must parse) Function codes (dec) Qualifier codes (hex) 00. 17. 21. 28 00. 20.

all variations 32-Bit Frozen Counter 16-Bit Frozen Counter 32-Bit Frozen Delta Counter 16-Bit Frozen Delta Counter 32-Bit Frozen Counter with Time of 1 Freeze 16-Bit Frozen Counter with Time of 1 Freeze 32-Bit Frozen Delta Counter with Time of Freeze 16-Bit Frozen Delta Counter with Time of Freeze 32-Bit Frozen Counter without Flag 16-Bit Frozen Counter without Flag 32-Bit Frozen Delta Counter without Flag 16-Bit Frozen Delta Counter without Flag Counter Change Event. 129 08. 28 06. 07. 28 00. 01. 17. 01. 17. 07. 130 129. 07. all variations 32-Bit Counter Change Event without Time 16-Bit Counter Change Event without Time 32-Bit Delta Counter Change Event without Time 16-Bit Delta Counter Change Event without Time 32-Bit Counter Change Event with 1 Time 16-Bit Counter Change Event with 1 Time 32-Bit Delta Counter Change Event with Time 16-Bit Delta Counter Change Event with Time Frozen Counter Event. 08 129. 28 00. 01. 07. 28 00. 17. 28 00. 130 17. 17. 28 00. 07.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 OBJECT Object group 20 20 20 20 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 23 Variation Description 5 6 7 8 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 0 32-Bit Binary Counter without Flag 16-Bit Binary Counter without Flag 32-Bit Delta Counter without Flag 16-Bit Delta Counter without Flag Frozen Counter. 129 08. 17. 17. 06. 130 129. 01. 17. 28 00. 28 17. 08 129. 07. 17. 28 00. 07. 06. 08 06. 06. 28 00. 129 08. 130 129. 01. 01. 28 00. 28 17. 06. 129 08. 129 08. 07. 28 06. 17. 07. all variations 1 1 1 1 1 1 REQUEST (slave must parse) Function codes (dec) Qualifier codes (hex) RESPONSE (master must parse) Function codes (dec) Qualifier codes (hex) 00. 28 17. 08 06. 07. 01. 01. 08 06. 01. 06. 130 17. 17. 28 107 . 01.

28 17. 28 00. 01. 28 00. 130 17. 01. 17. 08 06. 17. 07. 21. 22 1. 21. 22 1. 130 129. 01. 07. 01. 28 17.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 OBJECT Object group 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 30 30 30 30 30 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 32 32 32 32 32 Variation Description 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 0 1 2 3 4 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 32-Bit Frozen Counter Event without Time 16-Bit Frozen Counter Event without Time 32-Bit Frozen Delta Counter Event without Time 16-Bit Frozen Delta Counter Event without Time 32-Bit Frozen Counter Event with Time 16-Bit Frozen Counter Event with Time 32-Bit Frozen Delta Counter Event with Time 16-Bit Frozen Delta Counter Event with Time Analog Input. 21. 28 00. 28 00. 01. all variations 32-Bit Analog Input 16-Bit Analog Input 32-Bit Analog Input without Flag 16-Bit Analog Input without Flag Frozen Analog Input. 28 00. 07. 130 129. 28 108 . 07. 17. 08 06. 20. 28 06. 07. 06. all variations 32-Bit Frozen Analog Input 16-Bit Frozen Analog Input 32-Bit Frozen Analog Input with Time of Freeze 16-Bit Frozen Analog Input with Time of Freeze 32-Bit Frozen Analog Input without Flag 16-Bit Frozen Analog Input without Flag Analog Change Event. 08 06. 06. 28 00. 130 129. 129 08 17. 20. 01. 22 1. 01. 130 129. 06. 21. 07. 22 00. 01. 08 06. 20. 28 17. 28 00. all variations 1 32-Bit Analog Change Event without Time 16-Bit Analog Change Event without Time 32-Bit Analog Change Event with Time 16-Bit Analog Change Event with Time 1 1 1 1 REQUEST (slave must parse) Function codes (dec) Qualifier codes (hex) RESPONSE (master must parse) Function codes (dec) Qualifier codes (hex) 1. 06. 07. 129 08 17. 01. 06. 08 129. 28 00. 07. 01. 129 08 17. 17. 129 08 17. 21. 17. 28 00. 22 1. 28 17. 07. 20. 20. 129 08 17. 07.

all variations Time and Date Time and Date Time and Date with Interval Time and Date CTO. all variations 32-Bit Analog Output Block 16-Bit Analog Output Block Time and Date. 08 00 129 129 129 129 129 129 129 7 28 17. 07. 07. 28 17. 07. 07. all variations Time and Date CTO Unsynchronized Time and Date CTO Time Delay. all variations Time Delay Coarse Time Delay Fine All classes Class 0 Data Class 1 Data Class 2 Data Class 3 Data File Identifier Internal Indications Storage Object Device Profile Private Registration Object Private Registration Object Descriptor Application Identifier Short Floating Point Long Floating Point 2 23 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 REQUEST (slave must parse) Function codes (dec) Qualifier codes (hex) RESPONSE (master must parse) Function codes (dec) Qualifier codes (hex) 06. 08 06. 07. all variations 32-Bit Analog Output Status 16-Bit Analog Output Status Analog Output Block. 08 129 129 129 17. 28 17. 28 17. all variations 32-Bit Frozen Analog Event without Time 16-Bit Frozen Analog Event without Time 32-Bit Frozen Analog Event with Time 16-Bit Frozen Analog Event with Time Analog Output Status.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 OBJECT Object group 33 33 33 33 33 40 40 40 41 41 41 50 50 50 50 51 51 51 52 52 52 60 60 60 60 60 70 80 81 82 83 83 90 100 100 Variation Description 0 1 2 3 4 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 (def) 1 (def) 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 3 4 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 Frozen Analog Event. 28 17. 08 06. 08 06. 08 06. 07. 07. 08 06. 28 7 6 06. 28 109 .

which is at power up. either the date-to-minute or the date-to-second information of the DNP time synchronization message is used. which the master confirms. The relay sends only one request for time synchronization to the DNP master. Only the last alternative is compliant with the DNP 3. Specific DNP features Time synchronization If time synchronization (minute-pulse or second-pulse) of the relay’s real-time clock is realized via a digital input. without permission from the master.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 OBJECT Object group 100 101 101 101 Variation Description 3 1 2 3 Extended Floating Point Small Packed Binary-Coded Decimal Medium Packed Binary-Coded Decimal Large Packed Binary-Coded Decimal No Object REQUEST (slave must parse) Function codes (dec) Qualifier codes (hex) RESPONSE (master must parse) Function codes (dec) Qualifier codes (hex) 13.0 standard. Classes which are not enabled remain disabled. After this.4. 14 5. the following applies to the DNP interface of the relay: * * Depending on the pulse type. When unsolicited reporting has been enabled (SPA parameter 503V24). 3 = The relay sends an empty unsolicited response message when communication begins. called send throttle parameters: 110 . the following alternative unsolicited reporting (SPA parameter 503V24) start ups are available in the relay: * * * 1 = Unsolicited reporting starts immediately.1. 2 = The relay sends an empty unsolicited response message when communication begins. the master enables unsolicited reporting for certain or all classes using function 20. which the master confirms.16. Unsolicited reporting start up Due to implementation differences in DNP master devices. the event reporting uses the following SPA parameters. After this. Event handling The maximum capacity of the DNP event buffer is 100 events. the relay starts to send unsolicited responses.

0 module and the main CPU module of the relay.3 bit has been reset. the class events are sent to the host immediately as they occur.3 bit. and frozen counter events (object group 23) are not supported. If the link is not busy. When preparing to transmit and the link is busy. the relay first waits until the link becomes idle.0 master should perform an integrity scan after the IIN2. If send throttles are not wanted. After this. The backoff time is calculated as follows: backoff time = silent interval + random delay 111 . Collision avoidance occurs before message transmission.0 event buffer overflow is indicated with the internal indication IIN2. Collision detection can be enabled or disabled with SPA parameter 503V235. In this case. Event buffer overflow DNP 3. the DNP 3.3. Collision avoidance and detection The relay supports both collision avoidance and detection.3 can also indicate event buffer overflow in the internal communication between the DNP3. The frozen counters in object group 21 have the same DNP point index as the ordinary DNP counters. the relay automatically activates and resets the IIN2. DNP counters and frozen counters DNP counters in use have a corresponding frozen counter. the event delay should be set to 0 and the event count to 1. the relay starts the transmission. Further. As events have been lost in both cases. a backoff time starts. IIN2. In this case.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 503V18 503V19 503V20 503V21 503V22 503V23 Class 1 Event delay Class 1 Event count Class 2 Event delay Class 2 Event count Class 3 Event delay Class 3 Event count Example: (class 1) The events are reported when the event delay (SPA parameter 503V18) has elapsed or the defined amount of events (SPA parameter 503V19) are generated for class 1. When the backoff time elapses. frozen counters can only be read as static objects. as defined by the standard. the relay checks the link again.

In a network consisting of several slaves. the relay supervises collisions on the link. 2.. Scaling DNP analog values The DNP analog values can be scaled using either an internal (fixed) or a userdefined scaling factor.50. the transmission is immediately cancelled. using collision avoidance before sending the message. for instance. 3.. A device with shorter silent interval and maximum random delay has higher sending priority than a device with longer silent interval and maximum random delay.0 × In 100 0. and if In = 300 A and the accuracy of the analog value = 1 A: 1.. the user-defined scaling factor of the corresponding scaling factor parameter.15000 A.. the relay tries to transmit the message again.00.. Take any unused scaling factor and set it to 300. Set the scaling index pointer of the analog value to point at the scaling factor. The value range is now 0. While sending a message. the internal scaling factor is used.5000 To show the analog value in primary units. After this. the priority between the devices are defined with SPA parameters 503V233 and 503V234.00 ×300. By setting the time-slot width to 10 milliseconds and the maximum number of time slots to 10. is used: 503V101 503V102 503V103 503V104 503V105 Scaling factor 1 Scaling factor 2 Scaling factor 3 Scaling factor 4 Scaling factor 5 Example: Phase current IL1 Internal scaling factor Default DNP range 0.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 The silent interval is set with SPA parameter 503V232 and the maximum random delay with SPA parameters 503V233 (the width of a single time slot in milliseconds) and 503V234 (the maximum number of time slots).50. 112 ..0 × 300 = 0. Collision detection is always active during transmission (provided that it has been enabled).5... If a collision is detected. SPA parameter 503V (100+index).. the maximum random delay is 100 milliseconds. If the scaling factor index for a certain analog value is set to 0... If set to 1.

50.0 x In 0...0 x In 0. SPA bus communication protocol parameters Altering parameter values via serial communication requires the use of the SPA password in some cases.02 = 6 A.50.05.0 s 1....35. To enter the setting mode..5. the scaled deadband is 300 A × 0.35...0 0. P) (R.100% In 0. The password can be changed with parameter V162.603. the default value being 001.... 503.5..9 0..04.15.2.30. SPA parameters are found on channels 0. Example: For a deadband of 2% In when the internal scaling factor is 100.17. Abbreviations used in the following tables: * * * R = readable data W = writeable data P = password protected writeable data Settings Table 5.0...999.. 5. the deadband value is set as follows: 0. The password is a user-defined number within the range 1. enter the password into parameter V160.504.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 DNP analog values deadband The deadband is always defined in units of the original value when scaled using the internal (fixed) scaling factor.04...-1 Variable Start value of stage I> Operate time of stage I> Time/current characteristic for stage I> Time multiplier k Time multiplier n Resetting time of stage I> Start value of stage I>> Operate time of stage I>> Start value of stage I>>> Operate time of stage I>>> Start value of stage I0> Operate time of stage I0> Time/current characteristic for stage I0> Settings Actual settings Group/Channel 1 Group/Channel 2 (R). P) S1 S2 S3 S4 S5 S6 S7a) S8 S9 a) Setting range 0.1.300 s 0...05.1..05.300 s 0.. If the scaling factor is set to 300 A.00 1. To exit the setting mode.9 1S1 1S2 1S3 1S4 1S5 1S6 1S7 1S8 1S9 1S10 1S11 1S12 1S13 2S1 2S2 2S3 2S4 2S5 2S6 2S7 2S8 2S9 2S10 2S11 2S12 2S13 S10 S11 S12 S13 113 ..00 x In 0. W.. W..0... irrespective of whether the internal scaling factor is used for value presentation or not.50 s 0. channel 0 (R. enter the same password into parameter V161.05... The password protection is also reactivated in case of loss of auxiliary voltage...30.1.. 507 and 601.300 s 0. but it is not possible to read the password via this parameter...02 × 100 = 2.17.

. channel 0 (R. SGR 1 Checksum...0 0. SGF 1 Checksum..30.8388607 0.255 0..1048575 0.. SGL 5 S26a)b) S27a)b) S61 S62 S63 S64 S65 S71 S72 S73 S75 c) 1S26 1S27 1S61 1S62 1S63 1S64 1S65 1S71 1S72 1S73 1S74 1S75 1S81 1S82 1S83 1S84 1S85 1S86 1S87 1S88 1S91 1S92 1S93 1S94 1S95 2S26 2S27 2S61 2S62 2S63 2S64 2S65 2S71 2S72 2S73 2S74 2S75 2S81 2S82 2S83 2S84 2S85 2S86 2S87 2S88 2S91 2S92 2S93 2S94 2S95 S74c) c) S81 S82 S83 S84 S85 S86c) S87 c) S88c) S91 S92 S93 S94 S95 114 .8388607 0....35..63 0.8388607 0. SGB 2 Checksum.. SGF 5 Checksum.. SGF 3 Checksum. SGL 3 Checksum... SGR 2 Checksum..127 0. SGR 7 Checksum..0…15.50. SGB 5 Checksum.8388607 0...200 min 50...800% In 0..8388607 1S14 1S15 1S16 1S17 1S18 1S19 1S20 1S21 1S22 1S23 1S24 1S25 2S14 2S15 2S16 2S17 2S18 2S19 2S20 2S21 2S22 2S23 2S24 2S25 S20 a) S22 S23 S24 S25 Current limit Arc I> of stage ARC Current limit Arc I0> of stage ARC Checksum.2.. SGB 3 Checksum.... P) (R.0..8388607 0. SGL 1 Checksum.. SGL 4 Checksum. SGR 5 Checksum.05......50 x In 1.00 s 1......60.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Variable Time multiplier k0 Time multiplier n0 Resetting time of stage I0> Start value of stage I0>> Operate time of stage I0>> Start value of value of stage ΔI> Operate time of stage ΔI> Full load current Time constant of stage θ> Alarm level of stage θ> Operate time of CBFP Number of AR shots Actual settings Group/Channel 1 Group/Channel 2 (R)...300 s 0.....8388607 0..800% In 0.255 0...100% θt> 0.1048575 0.. SGR 6 Checksum..0 s 0 = AR is not in use 1 = shot 1 2 = shot 1 and 2 3 = shot 1....... SGF 4 Checksum.. W.. W.1048575 0.1048575 0.8388607 0.1.8388607 0. P) S14 S15 S16 S17a) S18 S19 S21 a) Setting range 0..1...8388607 0.05. SGR 4 Checksum. 2 and 3 0..05.0 x In 5. SGL 2 Checksum..8388607 0.0...127 0..1048575 0. SGB 4 Checksum.8388607 0. SGR 3 Checksum.300 s 10. SGB 1 Checksum.10...8388607 0..100% 1..50 5. SGR 8 Checksum... SGF 2 Checksum.

.300 s 3. c) If the optional/O module has not been installed.... Table 5.300 s 0. SGL 8 a) b) Actual settings Group/Channel 1 Group/Channel 2 (R). SGL 7 Checksum. W.1.V12 the number of trips of the protection stages . a dash will be shown on the LCD and “9999999” when the parameter is read via the SPA bus..-2 Description Auto-reclose parameters Parameter (R.1..1..1. Parameter V2 shows the trip indication code.17... Parameters V3. If the optional/O module has not been installed.300 s 0....1023 0.300 s 0.......1...10 s 0.8388607 If the protection stage is out of operation. Recorded data Parameter V1 shows the stage and phase which caused the trip.V24 the number of initiated auto-reclose shots. a dash will be shown on the LCD and “999” when the parameter is read via the SPA bus. channel 0 (R..1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Variable Checksum. channel 0 V121 V122 V123 V124 V125 V126 V127 V128 V129 V130 V131 Value CB Closing time Start delay of stage I> Start delay of stage I0> Reclaim time Cutout time Dead time of shot 1 Dead time of shot 2 Dead time of shot 3 SG1 SG2 SG3 0.1.255 0.. P) S96 S97 S98 1S96 1S97 1S98 2S96 2S97 2S98 Setting range 0. the number indicating the currently used value will be displaced by “999” when the parameter is read via the SPA bus and by dashes on the LCD.8388607 0.8388607 0.31 The AR function can be activated either via the or with SPA parameter S25 by setting the number of auto-reclose shots to 1..V8 show the number of starts of the protection stages. W. parameters V9. 2 or 3. P)...17... SGL 6 Checksum.. Auto-reclose parameters Table 5.-3 Recorded data Stage/phase which caused the trip Recorded data: Channel 0 Parameter (R) V1 Value 1=IL3> 2=IL2> 4=IL1> 8=I0> 16=IL3>> 32=IL2>> 115 .300 s 0.300 s 0. W. and parameters V13.300 s 0.1...... P) (R..

.....999 0.999 0..999 0....REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Recorded data Parameter (R) Value 64=IL1>> 128=I0>> 256=IL3>>> 512=IL2>>> 1024=IL1>>> 2048=ΔI> 4096=θ> 8192=external trip 16384=AR 32768=trip of stage ARC (local) 65536=trip of stage ARC (remote) Trip indication code V2 0=— 1=start of stage I> 2=trip of stage I> 3=start of stage I>> 4=trip of stage I>> 5=start of stage I>>> 6=trip of stage I>>> 7=start of stage I0> 8=trip of stage I0> 9=start of stage I0>> 10=trip of stage I0>> 11=start of stage ΔI> 12=trip of stage ΔI> 13=alarm of stage θ> 14=trip of stage θ> 15=external trip 16=definite trip alarm 17=CB reclosing failed 18=AR shot due 19=AR lockout 20=trip of stage ARC 21=CBFP Number of starts of stage I> Number of starts of stage I>> Number of starts of stage I>>> Number of starts of stage I0> Number of starts of stage I0>> V3 V4 V5 V6 V7 0..999 116 .999 0.

.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Recorded data Number of starts of stage ΔI> Number of trips of stage I> Number of trips of stage I>> Number of trips of stage I>>> Number of trips of other stages Number of AR shots (shot 1) initiated by the trip signal from stage I>> Number of AR shots (shot 1) initiated by the digital input signal Number of AR shots (shot 1) initiated by the start or trip signal from stage I> Number of AR shots (shot 1) initiated by the start or trip signal from stage I0> Number of AR shots (shot 2) initiated by the trip signal from stage I>> Number of AR shots (shot 2) initiated by the digital input signal Number of AR shots (shot 2) initiated by the start or trip signal from stage I> Number of AR shots (shot 2) initiated by the start or trip signal from stage I0> Number of AR shots (shot 3) initiated by the trip signal from stage I>> Parameter (R) V8 V9 V10 V11 V12 V13 Value 0.......255 V15 0.65535 0.255 V19 0..255 V21 0.65535 0...999 0.255 V18 0......65535 0..255 V16 0....255 117 .255 V14 0.......65535 0....255 V17 0.255 V20 0.

... n-1 the next one.50 x In 0...5.....100% 0....2000% 0.17.100% 0.255 The last five recorded values can be read with parameters V1.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Recorded data Number of AR shots (shot 3) initiated by the digital input signal Number of AR shots (shot 3) initiated by the start or trip signal from stage I> Number of AR shots (shot 3) initiated by the start or trip signal from stage I0> Parameter (R) V22 Value 0.-4 Recorded data Phase current IL1 Phase current IL2 Phase current IL3 Earth-fault current Phase discontinuity Thermal level at start Thermal level at trip Maximum pickup phase current IL1 Maximum pickup phase current IL2 Maximum pickup phase current IL3 Maximum pickup earth-fault current Start Pickup duration of stage I> Start duration of stage I>> Start duration of stage I>>> Start duration of stage I0> Start duration of stage I0>> Start duration of stage ΔI> Start duration of external trip 118 Recorded data: Channels 1....106%a) 0.100% 0/100% Value .......V23 on channels 1...1..50 x In 0.100% 0.2000% In 0.100% 0.106%a) 0.50 x In 0...... Table 5....50 x In 0....100% 0.100% 0.. Event n denotes the last recorded value....50 x In 0......50 x In 0.255 V24 0...255 V23 0.5 Event (R) n Channel 1 n-1 Channel 2 n-2 Channel 3 n-3 Channel 4 n-4 Channel 5 1V1 1V2 1V3 1V4 1V5 1V6 1V7 1V8 1V9 1V10 1V11 1V12 1V13 1V14 1V15 1V16 1V17 1V18 2V1 2V2 2V3 2V4 2V5 2V6 2V7 2V8 2V9 2V10 2V11 2V12 2V13 2V14 2V15 2V16 2V17 2V18 3V1 3V2 3V3 3V4 3V5 3V6 3V7 3V8 3V9 3V10 3V11 3V12 3V13 3V14 3V15 3V16 3V17 3V18 4V1 4V2 4V3 4V4 4V5 4V6 4V7 4V8 4V9 4V10 4V11 4V12 4V13 4V14 4V15 4V16 4V17 4V18 5V1 5V2 5V3 5V4 5V5 5V6 5V7 5V8 5V9 5V10 5V11 5V12 5V13 5V14 5V15 5V16 5V17 5V18 0. and so forth.

.sss If the thermal protection has been set out of operation (SGF3/5).255 0/100% 0/100% YY-MM-DD HH. W Value 1 1 800/960 Hz 400/480 Hz 50/60 Hz 0.1.31 V236 V237 V238b) V240 V241 119 ....g. e. 10. W R R c) M81 and M82 Analog channel conversion factor and unit for the earth-fault current Internal trigger signals' checksum Internal trigger signal's edge Checksum of internal signal storing mask Post-triggering recording length External trigger signal's checksum M83 R. W R R. Disturbance recorder Table 5. kA). unit (A.-5 Description Remote triggering Clear recorder memory Sampling rate Parameters for the disturbance recorder Parameter (channel 0) M1a) M2 M15 b) R.g. kA). IL2 and IL3 M18 M19 M20 M40.9999 50 or 60 Hz Max 16 characters Factor 0...100% 0.. W R. W W W R.M63 M80 c)d) R.. date Time stamp of the recorded data.. SS.16383 0.65535. dashes will be shown on the LCD and “999” when the parameter is read via the SPA bus..M47 M60. e. W R.. W R. W Factor 0.. time a) Event (R) n Channel 1 n-1 Channel 2 n-2 Channel 3 n-3 Channel 4 n-4 Channel 5 1V19 1V20 1V21 1V22 1V23 2V19 2V20 2V21 2V22 2V23 3V19 3V20 3V21 3V22 3V23 4V19 4V20 4V21 4V22 4V23 5V19 5V20 5V21 5V22 5V23 Value 0..kA 0.16383 0... W R.17.kA Station identification/unit number Rated frequency Name of the feeder Digital channel texts Analog channel texts Analog channel conversion factor and unit for IL1. W R R R. W R.MM. unit (A.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Recorded data Trip number of AR sequence Start duration of stage ARC (local) Start duration of stage ARC (remote) Time stamp of the recorded data......65535..16383 0.. 10.

The disturbance recorder requires this parameter to be set.17.. W R. 120 . d) This value is copied to parameters M81 and M82.31 R: 0 = Recorder not triggered 1 = Recorder triggered and recording stored in the memory W: 0 = Clear recorder memory 2 = Download restart. W R.. dashes are shown on the LCD instead of the primary values and the recorded data will be redundant. W Value 0. triggering edge. a) b) c) Table 5.-6 Event Disturbance recorder internal triggering and storing Weighting factor 1 2 4 8 16 32 64 128 256 512 1024 2048 4096 8192 Default value of Default value Default value of of triggering storing mask.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Description External trigger signal's edge Checksum of external signal storing mask Triggering state.. W R.1. V237a) mask. The conversion factor is the transformation ratio multiplied by the rated current voltage of the relay.. If value 0 is given to this parameter. 1 = falling edge. clearing and restart Parameter (channel 0) V242 V243 V246 b) R.31 0. sets the first information and the time stamp for triggering ready to be read 4 = Manual triggering M1 can be used for broadcast triggering by using the unit address “900”. Parameters can be written if the recorder has not been triggered. V236 V238 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 682 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 751 Start of stage I> Trip of stage I> Start of stage I>> Trip of stage I>> Start of stage I>>> Trip of stage I>>> Start of stage I0> Trip of stage I0> Start of stage I0>> Trip of stage I0>> Start of stage ΔI> Trip of stage ΔI> Alarm of stage θ> Trip of stage θ> Σ a) 0 = rising edge.

channel number and event code Time. W (P) R. 1 = falling edge. Table 5. triggering edge. W 0. start LED off Start LED on.. channel number and event code 0 = Normal state 1 = The relay has been subject to an automatic reset 2 = Overflow of the event buffer 3 = Both 1 and 2 0 = Reset E50 and E51 1 = Reset only E50 2 = Reset only E51 4 = Reset all events including E51 except for E50 SS. W R W W W R.MM..1.31 0. W R.1..999 min 0.-7 Event Disturbance recorder external triggering and storing Weighting factor Default value of Default value of Default value of triggering mask.SS. storing mask. W.. W R..-8 Description Control parameters Parameter L B C R. W (P) W (P) LED test for start and trip indicators V110 W (P) LED test for programmable LEDs Trip-circuit supervision V111 V113 W (P) R.. V242a) V241 V243 1 2 4 8 16 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 DI1 DI2 DI3 DI4 DI5 Σ a) 0 = rising edge.17.17.sss REF 610 1 = Unlatch 1 = Clear and unlatch 1 = Reset 50 or 60 Hz 0..sss YY-MM-DD HH.999 min 1 = Self-supervision output contact is activated and the READY indicator LED starts to blink 0 = Normal operation 0 1 2 3 = = = = Start and trip LEDs off Trip LED on..1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Table 5. trip LED off Start and trip LEDs on Reading of the event buffer Re-reading of the event buffer Reading of relay state data Resetting of relay state data C W Time reading and setting Date and time reading and setting Type designation of the relay Unlatching output contacts Clearing indications and memorized values and unlatching contacts (master reset) Resetting of trip lockout Rated frequency Time setting range for demand values in minutes Non-volatile memory settings Time setting for disabling new trip indications on the LCD Testing the self-supervision T D F V101 V102 V103 V104 V105 V106 V108 V109 R. P R R R Value Time. W R.255 0 = Not in use 1 = In use 121 .

W (P) R R R R R R R R R R R R. W W R. W W W (P) W W W (P) W (P) R R R...999 1....999 1. W R. This enables the master to continuously read only V169.63b) 0.sss The store counter can be used for monitoring parameter changes.0 (read-only) Connection type Line-idle state Optional communication module CPU software number CPU software revision CPU build number DNP protocol name DNP software number DNP software revision DNP build number Relay serial number CPU serial number DNP serial number Test date Date reading and setting (RED 500 format) Time reading and setting (RED 500 format) a) V204 V205 V206 V227 V228 V229 2V226 2V227 2V228 2V229 V230 V231 V232 V235 V250 V251 R.6/4.. W R. the counter is cleared. W Value 0..SS. When the counter reaches its maximum value. W R. The store counter is incremented by one on each parameter change via the HMI or serial communication. W R...MM.Z XXX BAxxxxxx ACxxxxxx AKxxxxxx YYMMDD YY-MM-DD HH.65535 0 = Setting group 1 1 = Setting group 2 1.0 1MRS118531 A.. kbps Rear communication Rear communication protocol Parameter V114 V150 V160 V161 V162 V163 V166 V167 V168 V169 V200 V201 V202 V203 c) R.. for instance.255b) 1.. it will roll over. P R R. 122 . W.8 1 = Rear connector activated 0 1 2 3 4 = = = = = SPA IEC_103 Modbus RTU Modbus ASCII DNP 3. W 0 = Loop 1 = Star 0 = Light off 1 = Light on 0 = Not in use 1 = In used) 1MRS118512 A.999 1 = Clear trip counters 2 = Clear AR counters 2 = Restore factory settings for CPU 3 = Restore factory settings for DNP 0..... If the factory settings are restored.254 9..999 1.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Description Store countera) Remote control of setting group Entering the SPA password for settings Changing the SPA password or taking the password protection into use Changing the HMI Setting password Changing the HMI Communication password Clearing trip counters or AR counter Restoring factory settings Warning code IRF code Unit address of the relay Data transfer rate (SPA).. b) In case of a warning.Z XXX DNP 3.. the value 255 is stored in V169..

2 0..2 0.1 0..3 Parameter (R) I1 I2 I3 I4 I5 I6 I7 Value 0.17.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Table footnotes from previous page c) d) If the optional DNP 3. a warning of a faulty communication module appears on the LCD together with the fault code.-9 Description Current measured on phase IL1 Current measured on phase IL2 Current measured on phase IL3 Measured earth-fault current Calculated phase discontinuity value Light detected (arc) CB position Input signals Channel 0 0 0 0 0 0 0...50 x In 0. Table 5.1 0. The state of the output contacts can be read or changed with parameters O41. These signals can be read with parameters O1.2 0.1.. the CB position with parameter I7 and the status of the digital inputs with parameters I8.100% 0/1 0 = undefined 1 = closed 2 = open 3 = undefined 0/1a) 0/1a) 0/1a) 0/1a) 0/1a) DI1 status DI2 status DI3 status DI4 status DI5 status a) 0.O109.. Each protection stage has its internal output signal. the DNP 3...O86..O26 and the recorded functions with parameters O61...... the status of light detection with parameter I6. Table 5.2 0.0 module has been installed.2 I8 I9 I10 I11 I12 When the value is 1..I12..1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 . the calculated phase discontinuity value with parameter I5.1. 0/1 123 . the digital input is energized.1 0.2000% In 0..I4.50 x In 0. If the optional communication module is not installed......-10 Status of the protection stages Start of stage I> Trip of stage Start of stage I>> Trip of stage stage I>> Start of stage I>>> Trip of stage I>>> Start of stage I0> Output signals Channel State of stage (R) O1 O2 O3 O4 O5 O6 O7 Recorded functions (R) O61 O62 O63 O64 O65 O66 O67 Value 0.0 communication protocol is automatically selected.17.1 0.50 x In 0.O49 and the recorded functions read with parameters O101.1 0.1 0. The measured currents can be read with parameters I1.

1 0.2 0.-11 Operation of output contact Output PO1 Output PO2 Output PO3a) Output SO1 Output SO2 Output PO3 (trip lockout)c) Output SO3 Outputs Channel Recorded State of output (R.2 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.2 0/1 0/1 0/1b) 0/1 0/1 0/1b) 0/1d) 124 .1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.17.1 0. functions (R) P) O41 O42 O43 O44 O45 O46 O47 O101 O102 O103 O104 O105 O107 Value 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Status of the protection stages Trip of stage I0> Start of stage I0>> Trip of stage I0>> Start of stage ΔI> Trip of stage ΔI> Start of stage θ> Alarm of stage θ> Trip of stage θ> External trip Trip lockout CBFP Trip Trip of stage ARC Light signal output Open CB command Close CB command Definite trip alarm CB reclosing failed Shot due AR Lockout Channel State of stage (R) O8 O9 O10 O11 O12 O13 O14 O15 O16 O17 O18 O19 O20 O21 O22 O23 O24 O25 O26 Recorded functions (R) O68 O69 O70 O71 O72 O73 O74 O75 O76 O77 O78 O79 O80 O81 O82 O83 O84 O85 O86 Value 0.1. W.1 0.3 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 Table 5.1 0.1 0.

65535a) 125 .. PO3.-13 Description User-defined register 1 User-defined register 2 User-defined register 3 User-defined register 4 User-defined register 5 User-defined register 6 User-defined register 7 User-defined register 8 User-defined register 9 User-defined register 10 User-defined register 11 Settings Parameter (channel 504) 504V1 504V2 504V3 504V4 504V5 504V6 504V7 504V8 504V9 504V10 504V11 R. W.17.. W. kbps Settings Parameter (channel 507) 507V200 507V201 R..1. SO4 and SO5 via the SPA bus a) b) c) Channel State of Recorded output (R...65535a) 0. W (P) Value 1.254 9... W R.O49 and O51 control the physical output contacts which can be connected to circuit breakers.. Either O43/O103 or O46 is to be used at a time.. W Value 0.65535a) 0. State of output when the trip lockout function is in use.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Operation of output contact Output SO4 Output SO5 Enabling activation of output contacts PO1. W R.65535a) 0. W R.65535a) 0..6/4..-12 Description Unit address of the relay Data transfer rate (IEC 60870-5103)..65535a) 0. Parameters for IEC 60870-5-103 remote communication protocol Table 5.2 0/1d) 0/1d) 0/1 State of output when the trip lockout function is not in use.65535a) 0..65535a) 0. W R. P R.2 0.65535a) 0. W R. W R.1. SO1.65535a) 0. SO2. Parameters O41. W R.. P R.17... functions (R) P) O48 O49 O51 O108 O109 - Value 0..2 0..8 Parameters for Modbus remote communication protocol Table 5.. W. W R.....65535a) 0. SO3. W R. for instance.. W R. PO2. W R...

.0 standard requires inclusion of confirmation request in event messages only) Primary data link layer retransmission count Application layer confirmation timeout Application layer retransmission count Confirmation on application layer 503V4 503V6 503V7 R.2 1. W R.65535a) 0....65535a) 0.2 1..65532 0..0 network Address of the master station (destination address for unsolicited responses) Used when the relay sends data using service 3 Number of retransmissions on data link layer Used when the relay sends messages with confirmation request Number of retransmissions on the application layer when the relay sends messages with confirmation request Used to enforce inclusion of confirmation request in all application messages (DNP 3.255 1 2 0 Address of the relay in the DNP 3. Parameters for DNP 3.17.254 9. W R.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Description User-defined register 12 User-defined register 13 User-defined register 14 User-defined register 15 User-defined register 16 Unit address of the relay Data transfer rate (Modbus).. P R....4 0 Default variation of binary input objects Default variation of binary input change event objects Default variation of analog input objects Default variation of analog input change event objects 503V10 503V11 503V15 503V16 R....65535a) 0. W R.. W R. W R. kbps Modbus link parity Parameter (channel 504) 504V12 504V13 504V14 504V15 504V16 504V200 504V201 504V220 R.. W R. W R.6/4..255 0.8/2... W R..4 1. W 0 5000 0 503V9 R. W R.3 0 = even 1 = odd 2 = no parity 0 = low/high 1 = high/low CRC order of Modbus RTU link a) 504V221 R. W R.. W The default value is 0. W R..65535a) 1..-14 Description Settings SPA parameter (channel 503) 503V1 503V2 503V3 R.4/1. W R. W 0..65532 0 = no data link timeout used 1... W 2 2 2 2 126 .65535 ms 0.65535 ms 0. W R.0 remote communication protocol Table 5. W Value 0. W R..1. W Value range Default Explanation Unit address Master address Primary data link timeout R. W 0 = enabled only for event messages 1 = enabled for all messages 1..65535a) 0....2/0... W.

W R. W R. W R. W R R 20 10 8 0 127 ....4.. 2.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Description SPA parameter (channel 503) 503V13 503V14 503V30 503V18 503V19 503V20 503V21 503V22 503V23 503V24 R.255 s 0. Specific DNP features. W R..255 0 = UR disabled 1 = immediate 2 = empty UR 3 = empty UR and enable UR 0. 5. 5. W R..8/9. W R....6/19.4294967295 0..... W R.. W R...4294967295 4.. W R. 6 1. W R. W R.65535 ms 0.4294967295 0. W R.4294967295 0. W R..2/38..255 0..255 0 = disabled 1 = enabled Bit coded 0 = OK Bit coded 0 = OK 2 2 2 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 Refer to Unsolicited reporting start up in Section 5. W R. 6 0.255 0.... W R.. W R. 2. W 1..255 s 0.255 ms 0. Scaling factor 1 Scaling factor 2 Scaling factor 3 Scaling factor 4 Scaling factor 5 Baud rate Number of stop bits Parity 503V101 503V102 503V103 503V104 503V105 503V211 503V212 503V230 R.. W R.4294967295 0.2 1.. W R.4 1. W R... W 1 1 1 1 1 9.6 1 0 Silent interval Time slot width Number of time slots Collision detection enabled DNP module warning register DNP module status register 503V232 503V233 503V234 503V235 503V168 503V169 R.16. W Value range Default Explanation Default variation of counter objects Default variation of counter change event objects Default variation of frozen counter objects Class 1 event delay Class 1 event count Class 2 event delay Class 2 event count Class 3 event delay Class 3 event count Unsolicited reporting mode R...1.2 0 = no parity 1 = odd 2 = even 0.255 s 0..

.1.. dashes are shown on the LCD and “999” when the parameter is read via the SPA bus..2E26 3E1..1.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Measurements Table 5.4095 0..-1 Event mask V155 1V155 1V156 1V157 2V155 2V156 3V155 3V156 Event masks Code E31.106%a)b) R R R 0.4095 0. P Value (channel 0) V60 V61 V62 V63 R. and dashes will be shown on the LCD and “999” when the thermal level is read via the SPA bus.1. Under normal conditions the buffer is empty... If the thermal protection has been set out of operation. The maximum capacity of the buffer is 100 events.. The events are stored in the event buffer of the relay.50 x Inc) 0..63 0. the parameter cannot be written to.17.. W (P) 0... the B command can also be repeated. 5. Using the L command erases the previously read events from the buffer..50 x Inc) 0.4095 0.1023 Default setting 1 1365 1365 4180 3 0 1023 1008 Channel 0 Events always included in the event reporting: 128 ..1.1E24 1E25. the events can be re-read by using the B command.... c) If the demand value is reset and the specified time has not elapsed..65535 0.2E16 2E17..1E12 1E13.3E12 3E13.. 5 events at a time.17....1E42 2E1.. such as start and tripping of protection stages and different states of output signals. W..3E22 Setting range 0..-15 Description Thermal level One-minute average current value Average current value during the specified time range Maximum one-minute average current value during the specified time range a) b) Measured values Parameter R..262143 0. The contents of the buffer can be read using the L command...1. If needed.17.. with the exception of events E50 and E51 which have to be reset by using the C command..E36 1E1. The event mask is formed by the sum of the weighting factors of all those events which are to be included in event reporting.. Event codes Special codes are determined to represent certain events. Table 5.... If a fault occurs and reading fails for example in data communication.. Events to be included in the event reporting are marked with the multiplier 1....1023 0.50 x Inc) Changing the thermal level via serial communication will generate an event code..

.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Table 5.17.1.1.17.17.1.1.-3 Channel 0 0 Event E50 E51 Event codes E50....E51 Description Relay restart Event buffer overflow Events possible to mask out: Table 5.1..E12 Description Start signal from stage I> activated Start signal from stage I> reset Trip signal from stage I> activated Trip signal from stage I> reset Start signal from stage I>> activated Start signal from stage I>> reset Trip signal from stage I>> activated Trip signal from stage I>> reset Start signal from stage I>>> activated Start signal from stage I>>> reset Trip signal from stage I>>> activated Trip signal from stage I>>> reset Weighting factor 1 2 4 8 16 32 64 128 256 512 1024 2048 Default value 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1365 Default value of event mask 1V155 129 .-5 Channel 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Event E1 E2 E3 E4 E5 E6 E7 E8 E9 E10 E11 E12 Event codes E1.-2 Channel 0 0 0 0 0 Event E1 E2 E3 E4 E7 Event codes E1.17.1.-4 Channel 0 0 0 0 0 0 Event E31 E32 E33 E34 E35 E36 Event codes E31...E36 Description Disturbance recorder triggered Disturbance recorder memory cleared HMI Setting password opened HMI Setting password closed HMI Communication password opened HMI Communication password closed Weighting factor 1 2 4 8 16 32 Default value 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 Default value of event mask V155 Channel 1 Table 5.1..E4 and E7 Description IRF IRF disappeared Warning Warning disappeared The thermal level has been changed via serial communication Table 5.1.

E24 Description Start signal from stage I0> activated Start signal from stage I0> reset Trip signal from stage I0> activated Trip signal from stage I0> reset Start signal from stage I0>> activated Start signal from stage I0>> reset Trip signal from stage I0>> activated Trip signal from stage I0>> reset Start signal from stage ΔI> activated Start signal from stage ΔI> reset Trip signal from stage ΔI> activated Trip signal from stage ΔI> reset Weighting factor 1 2 4 8 16 32 64 128 256 512 1024 2048 Default value 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1365 Default value of event mask 1V156 Table 5.-7 Channel 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Event E25 E26 E27 E28 E29 E30 E31 E32 E33 E34 E35 E36 E37 E38 E39 E40 E41 E42 Event codes E25..E42 Description Start signal from stage θ> activated Start signal from stage θ> reset Alarm signal from stage θ> activated Alarm signal from stage θ> reset Trip signal from stage θ> activated Trip signal from stage θ> reset Trip signal from stage ARC (light and current) activated Trip signal from stage ARC (light and current) reset Trip signal from stage ARC (DI and current) activated Trip signal from stage ARC (DI and current) reset Light signal output activated Light signal output reset Trip lockout signal activated Trip lockout signal reset External trip signal activated External trip signal reset CBFP activated CBFP reset Weighting factor 1 2 4 8 16 32 64 128 256 512 1024 2048 4096 8192 16384 32768 65536 131072 Default value 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 4180 Default value of event mask 1V157 130 .1.1..-6 Channel 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Event E13 E14 E15 E16 E17 E18 E19 E20 E21 E22 E23 E24 Event codes E13.17.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Table 5..1.17.1..

E16 Description PO1 activated PO1 reset PO2 activated PO2 reset PO3 activated PO3 reset SO1 activated SO1 reset SO2 activated SO2 reset SO3 activated SO3 reset SO4 activated SO4 reset SO5 activated SO5 reset Weighting factor 1 2 4 8 16 32 64 128 256 512 1024 2048 4096 8192 16384 32768 Default value 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 Default value of event mask 2V155 Table 5..-9 Channel 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 Event E17 E18 E19 E20 E21 E22 E23 E24 E25 E26 Event codes E17.E26 Description DI1 activated DI1 deactivated DI2 activated DI2 deactivated DI3 activated DI3 deactivated DI4 activated DI4 deactivated DI5 activated DI5 deactivated Weighting factor 1 2 4 8 16 32 64 128 256 512 Default value 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Default value of event mask 2V156 131 .1..1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Channel 2 Table 5.17.1..17.1.-8 Channel 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 Event E1 E2 E3 E4 E5 E6 E7 E8 E9 E10 E11 E12 E13 E14 E15 E16 Event codes E1..1.

-10 Event codes E1..1. Self-supervision (IRF) system The relay is provided with an extensive self-supervision system which continuously supervises the software and the electronics of the relay.17.. There are two types of fault indications: IRF indications and warnings.18.. 132 . It handles run-time fault situations and informs the user about an existing fault via a LED on the HMI and a text message on the LCD.17..REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Channel 3 Table 5.1.E22 Description Open CB command activated Open CB command reset Close CB command activated Close CB command reset CB reclosing failed signal activated CB reclosing failed signal reset CB reclosing inhibited CB reclosing inhibited reset AR cancelled AR cancelled reset Weighting factor 1 2 4 8 16 32 64 128 256 512 Default value 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1008 Default value of event mask 3V156 5.1.1.E12 Channel 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Event E1 E2 E3 E4 E5 E6 E7 E8 E9 E10 E11 E12 Description Shot 1 initiated Shot 1 ended Shot 2 Initiated Shot 2 ended Shot 3 initiated Shot 3 ended CB position open CB position closed Definite trip alarm signal activated Definite trip alarm signal reset AR lockout signal activated AR lockout signal reset Weighting factor 1 2 4 8 16 32 64 128 256 512 1024 2048 Default value 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1023 Default value of event mask 3V155 Table 5.1.-11 Channel 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Event E13 E14 E15 E16 E17 E18 E19 E20 E21 E22 E13.

calibration parameters Optional I/O module missing Optional I/O module unknown Optional I/O module configuration error Power supply module faulty Power supply module unknown Hardware configuration error Communication module unknown 133 . the relay first tries to eliminate the fault by restarting. SO4 or SO5 Error in the feedback. When a fault appears. All other output contacts are returned to the initial state and locked for the internal relay fault. The IRF code indicates the type of internal relay fault. 59 51. The fault codes are listed in the following table: Table 5. 18. IRF indications have the highest priority on the HMI. As long as the green indicator LED (ready) is blinking. SO1 or SO2 Error in optional output relay SO3 Error in optional output relay SO4 Error in optional output relay SO5 Error in the enable signal for optional output relay SO3. but the fault indication message remains on the LCD until manually cleared. enable signal or optional output relay SO3. a fault indication message appears on the LCD.18. Further. including a fault code. In case an internal fault disappears. the green indicator LED (ready) begins to blink and the self-supervision output contact is activated. 54. PO2. 19 20. SO4 or SO5 Auxiliary voltage dip Faulty program memory Faulty work memory Faulty parameter memoryb) Faulty parameter memory.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Internal relay fault When an internal relay fault preventing relay operation is detected. None of the other HMI indications can override the IRF indication. Only after the fault is found to be permanent.-1 Fault code 4 5 6 7 8 9 10. 12 13 14 15 16 17. the green indicator LED (ready) stops blinking and the relay is returned to the normal service state. 52.1. enable signal or output relay PO1. the code is to be recorded and stated when ordering service. SO1 or SO2 Error in the feedback. 56 55 80 81 82 85 86 90 95 IRF codes Type of fault Error in output relay PO1 Error in output relay PO2 Error in output relay PO3 Error in output relay SO1 Error in output relay SO2 Error in the enable signal for output relay PO1. 11. 21 30 50. 53a). PO2. the fault indication cannot be cleared.

203. 222. 195. refer to the Operator ’s Manual. Light sensor 1 Error in the measuring unit Can be corrected by restoring factory settings for CPU.0 module faulty Continuous light detected by Light sensor 1 or 2a) ∑ a) b) b) The external fault warning can be routed to SO2 with SGF1/8. Relay parameterization The parameters of the relay can be set either locally via the HMI or externally via serial communication with Relay Setting Tool. one single numeric code which indicates all the faults is displayed. Light sensor 2 Faulty input. For further information on internal relay faults. a fault indication message.-2 Fault Battery low Trip-circuit supervision a) Warning codes Weight value 1 2 4 8 16 32 64 127 Power supply module temperature high Communication module faulty or missing DNP 3. the fault indication message is to be recorded and stated when ordering service. The fault indication message cannot be manually cleared but it disappears with the fault. Warnings In case of a warning. the relay continues to operate except for those protection functions possibly affected by the fault. When a fault appears.18. All settings will be zero during the fault. and the green indicator LED (ready) remains lit as during normal operation. refer to the Operator’s Manual. Can be corrected by restoring factory settings for DNP For further information on warnings. 134 . appears on the LCD. Further. 223 240 241 253 a) b) Type of fault Faulty configuration set (for IEC 60870-5-103) Internal reference voltage error Faulty input.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Fault code 104 131. 5.0 configuration error DNP 3. 139.19. The fault codes are listed in the following table: Table 5.1.1. If more than one type of fault occur at the same time. which depending on the type of fault includes a fault code.

.2.2.2.5 mm2 ( 24-12) wires Terminals X3.2.-5. 5.1/21-24 and X3.1-_ are dimensioned for one 0. see Table 5. for instance. The relay can also be used in single or two-phase applications by leaving one or two energizing inputs unoccupied. The input terminals of the optional I/O module are located on connection socket X3..6.5 mm2 wire or two 0. Design description Input/output connections All external circuits are connected to the terminals on the rear panel of the relay.1-_ and X4.2. The energizing earth-fault current of the relay is connected to terminals X2. However.-1.1/5-6 For inputs for phase and earth-fault currents.1/3-4 X2. The digital inputs can be used to generate a blocking signal.1.2.1. * * Terminals X2. after which the parameters can be downloaded to the relay via a communication port.2. at least terminals X2.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Local parameterization When the parameters are set locally..1. 5.1. refer to Table 5.1/1-2 X2. see Table 5.0 mm2 ( 20-8) wire or two max 2.1-_ are dimensioned for one 0.5.1/1-6 (optional) are digital input terminals.2. The 135 .2.1. the setting parameters can be chosen via the hierarchical menu structure.2. see Table 5. The wanted language can be selected for parameter descriptions. Terminals X4. The energizing phase currents of the relay are connected to terminals: * * * X2.1 is used.1/1-2 must be connected. Adjusting the parameter values using Relay Setting Tool is done off-line.0 mm2 ( 24-16) wires.1.1/7-8. Refer to the Operator ’s Manual for further information.1. External parameterization Relay Setting Tool is used for parameterizing the relay units. When connection socket X3..1.-4 and Table 5. to unlatch output contacts or for remote control of relay settings.-5. the optional I/O module must be installed.-1...

. the start and alarm signals from all the protection stages are routed to SO1 and SO2.-4. see Table 5.2. At DC supply.SO5 are selected with the switches of switchgroups SGR4..REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 requested functions are selected separately for each input in switchgroups SGB1. the positive lead is connected to terminal X4.SO5 are optional and available only if the optional I/O module has been installed..1/3-4). 5...-2..-4.1/1. PO2 and PO3.1. Fig.2. see Table 5..2. PO2 and PO3 are heavy-duty trip contacts capable of controlling most circuit breakers.. On delivery from the factory.PO3 are selected with the switches of switchgroups SGR1.SO5 can be used for signalling on start and tripping of the relay.1/3-5). the trip signals from all the protection stages are routed to PO1.1/1-2.. Under normal operating conditions.1. 5. The IRF contact functions as an output contact for the self-supervision system of the protection relay.The signals to be routed to PO1.-1.SGR8. The auxiliary voltage of the relay is connected to terminals X4. see Table 5. Output contacts SO1. The permitted auxiliary voltage range of the relay is marked on the front panel of the relay under the handle of the plug-in unit.2. see Table 5.-3.-3 present a rear view of the relay. When a fault is detected by the selfsupervision system or the auxiliary voltage is disconnected. The digital inputs can also be used to trigger the disturbance recorder. The signals to be routed to SO1. the relay is energized and the contact is closed (X4..2. On delivery from the factory..1.Fig.1.Output contacts SO3.. showing four connecting sockets: one for measuring transformers.1... one for power supply and one for optional serial communication. Output contacts PO1.2. this function is selected with SPA parameter V243.1.5. 136 .. one for the optional I/O module.SGR3.. the output contact drops off and the contact closes (X4.

1 X4.2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 A040188 Fig. 5.2.1 X5.1 X5.4 RX ! NEAR INSTRUMENT TERMINALS TX DANGER .1.3 RX TX X5.-1 Rear view of the relay with the fibre-optic communication module for plastic and glass fibrewith light sensor inputs 137 .1 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 X3.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 X2.RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK X5.

RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK X5.-2 Rear view of the relay with the RS-485 communication module 138 .REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 X2.1.1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 DANGER . 5.1 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 X3.2.5 6 5 4 3 2 1 ! NEAR INSTRUMENT TERMINALS A040187 Fig.1 X4.

-1 Terminal REF610A12xxxx REF610A15xxxx REF610A11xxxx Inputs for phase and earth-fault currents Functiona) REF610A51xxxx REF610A52xxxx REF610A55xxxx IL1 5 A IL2 5 A IL3 5 A 139 X2.8 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 DANGER .1-5 X2.1-1 X2.1-2 X2.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 X2.1-3 X2.1-4 X2. 5.1.1 X5.2.-3 Rear view of the relay with the DNP 3.2.1-6 IL1 1 A IL2 1 A IL3 1 A IL1 1 A IL2 1 A IL3 1 A IL1 1 A IL2 1 A IL3 1 A IL1 5 A IL2 5 A IL3 5 A IL1 5 A IL2 5 A IL3 5 A .1.0 communication module for RS-485 Table 5.1 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 X3.RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK ! NEAR INSTRUMENT TERMINALS A040189 Fig.1 X4.

1-8 X4.2.-3 Terminal X4.1-19 X3.1. commona) SO4.1-15 Output contacts Function SO5.1-1 X4.1-21 X3.1-4 X4. NC SO2.1-6 X4.1-11 X2.1-18 X3.1-5 IRF contact Function IRF. commona) SO3.1-10 X2. Table 5. NCa) SO3.1-3 X4.1-20 X3. - Table 5.1-10 X4.1-12 a) I0 1 A - I0 0. IRF.1-23 X3. NO PO3 (trip lockout relay). no IRF. common Closed. NC SO1.1-14 X4. NCa) SO5.1-8 X2.1-13 X4.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Terminal REF610A12xxxx REF610A15xxxx REF610A11xxxx Function REF610A51xxxx REF610A52xxxx REF610A55xxxx I0 5 A - X2.1-7 X4. NOa) SO3. NO SO1. NO PO2.1-22 X3.2.1.-2 Terminal X4. or Uaux disconnected Closed.1-17 X3. common SO1. NO 140 .1-12 X4.2 A The value denotes the rated current for each input.1. NOa) SO2. common SO2.2 A I0 5 A - I0 1 A - I0 0. + Input.2. commona) SO5.1-9 X4. and Uaux connected Table 5.1-16 X3.1-9 X2.1-7 X2.-4 Terminal X3. NCa) SO4. NOa) SO4.1-2 Auxiliary supply voltage Function Input.1-24 X4.1-11 X4.

1. 5.1.1 and X5.1-6 a) Digital inputs Function DI1 DI2 DI3a) DI4a) DI5a) Optional.2 (see 5.1-17 X4.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Terminal X4.2.1-2 X3. NO PO1 (TCS). Table 5. Light sensor input connections If REF 610 is provided with the optional communication module with light sensor inputs.3.2.1 X5.1-21 X4. The maximum wireless operating distance depends on the transceiver of the PC.1-3 X3.7.2. Ordering information. NO - Optional. the pre-manufactured lens-sensor fibres are connected to inputs X5.4.1-19 X4. Serial communication connections The optical front connection of the relay is used to connect the relay to the SPA bus via the front communication cable.1-22 X3.-5 Terminal X4.2 Function Input Light sensor 1 Input Light sensor 2 5.-1 and ). REF 610 is provided with connection sockets X5.2 only if the optional communication module with light sensor inputs has been installed (refer to section Ordering information).1-23 X4.1 and X5.1-16 X4.2.2.2.2.1-18 X4. If a PC compatible to the IrDA® Standard specifications is used.1-1 X3. For further information on the arc protection. 141 . refer to Section 7.1-20 a) Function PO1. Table 5.1-4 X3. Arc protection.1-5 X3.2. refer to 5.1-24 X4. wireless communication is possible as well.-1 Light sensor input connectors Terminal X5.

and one of the conductors of the other pair to signal ground. multi-point communication. and the maximum length of the bus is 1200 meters. If signal ground is being used for balancing potential differences between devices/nodes.3.3-RX Plastic fibre-optic rear connection Function Transmitter Receiver RS-485 connection If the relay is provided with the optional RS-485 communication module. The bus is to be terminated at both ends. The connection socket is a 6-pin header-type socket and the terminals are of screw compression type. The RS-485 communication module follows the TIA/EIA-485 standard and is intended to be used in a daisy-chain bus wiring scheme with 2-wire. one pair is connected to A and B. which can be done by using the internal termination resistor on the communication 142 . Plastic fibre-optic connection If the relay is provided with the optional fibre-optic communication module for plastic fibre. In this case. Signal ground can only be used for balancing potential differences between devices/nodes if all devices connected to the bus have isolated RS-485 interfaces. The cable shield is to be connected directly to earth (shield GND) in one point/ device of the bus. the cable is connected to terminals X5. half-duplex.5/1-2 and X5. a quality dual twisted pair shielded cable is to be used.-1 Terminal X5. When connecting one device to another. The conductors of the pair are connected to A and B. The maximum number of devices (nodes) connected to the bus where the relay is being used is 32. When connecting the relay to the bus.5/4-6.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Rear communication of the relay is optional and the physical connection varies with the communication option. The RS-485 communication module is provided with jumpers for setting bus termination and fail-safe biasing. the fibre-optic cables are connected to terminals as follows: Table 5. A is connected to A and B to B.2. a quality twisted pair shielded cable is to be used.3-TX X5. Other devices connected to the bus should have the cable shield connected to earth via a capacitor (shield GND via capacitor).

3. the impedance of the cable should be the same.5-4 X5.5-2 X5. The pullup and pull-down resistors are selected by setting jumpers X3 and X4 to the ON position. which can be done using the pull-up and pull-down resistors on the communication module. off on off on off on X3 X4 X5 A040334 Fig.-2 Terminal X5.5-1 Jumper location on the RS-485 communication module RS-485 rear connector Function Data A (+) Data B (-) Signal GND (for potential balancing) Shield GND (via capacitor) Shield GND 143 . The jumpers have been set to no termination (X5 in the OFF position) and no biasing (X3 and X4 in the OFF position) as default.3.2.2. 5.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 module.5-5 X5. If the internal termination resistor of 120 Ω is used. The termination resistor is selected by setting jumper X5 to the ON position.5-6 X5.5-3 X5.-1 Table 5. The bus is to be biased at one end to ensure fail-safe operation.

the plastic fibre-optic cables are connected to terminals X5.3 X5. 5.4-TX (Transmitter).3.3.3-TX (Transmitter) and the glass fibre-optic cables to terminals X5.3 X5.3-TX(plastic) X5.-2).REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Combined fibre-optic connection (plastic and glass) If the relay is provided with the optional fibre-optic communication module for plastic and glass fibre.3.4 X5.3-RX X5. Table 5.4 TX TX RX RX X6 X2 X6 X2 X5. 5.2.2.2.-2 Jumper location on the communication module for plastic and glass fibre 144 .-3 Transmitter Plastic Glass Transmitter selection Position of jumper X6 X5.4-TX Table 5. The fibre-optic interface is selected with jumpers X6 and X2 located on the PCB of the communication module (see Fig.2.3-TX X5.-4 Transmitter Plastic Glass Receiver selection Position of jumper X2 X5.3-RX(plastic) Fibre-optic Interface X5.4-RX(glass) A040335 Fig.4-RX X5.4-RX (Receiver) and X5.4-TX(glass) X5.3RX (Receiver) and X5.3.

Signal ground can only be used for balancing potential differences between devices/nodes if all devices connected to the bus have isolated DNP interfaces.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Table 5.-5 Terminal X5.3-RX X5.3-TX X5. When using a 4-wire bus. multi-point communication.8/4-8. The cable shield is to be connected directly to earth (shield GND) in one point/ device of the bus. If signal ground is being used for balancing potential differences between devices/nodes. and the maximum length of the bus is 1200 meters in optimum conditions and with slow communication speed.0 communication module. The conductors of the pair are connected to A and B. The DNP communication module follows the DNP standard and is intended to be used in a daisy-chain bus wiring scheme with 2.3. one pair is connected to +RX and -RX and the other to +TX and -TX. Other devices connected to the bus should have the cable shield connected to earth via a capacitor (shield GND via capacitor). A is connected to A and B to B.8/1-2 and X5.0 communication module If the relay is provided with the optional DNP 3. which can be done by using the internal termination resistor on the DNP communication 145 . The connection socket is a 8-pin header-type socket and the terminals are of screw compression type. a quality cable with three or several pairs is to be used and one of the conductors of a pair connected to signal ground.or 4-wire.2. When connecting the relay to the bus. The DNP communication module is provided with jumpers for setting bus termination and fail-safe biasing. one pair is connected to A and B. and one of the conductors of the other pair to signal ground. the cable is connected to terminals X5.4-RX Fibre-optic rear connectors (plastic and glass) Function Transmitter for plastic fibre Receiver for plastic fibre Transmitter for glass fibre Receiver for plastic fibre RS-485 connection for the DNP 3. If signal ground is being used. half-duplex. a quality dual twisted pair shielded cable is to be used. The maximum number of devices (nodes) connected to the bus where the relay is being used is 32. The bus is to be terminated at both ends. a quality twisted pair shielded cable is to be used.4-TX X5. When connecting one device to another. In this case.

which can be done using the pull-up and pull-down resistors on the communication module. X7. The jumpers X11 and X13 are in ON position.-7 Terminal X8 X6 X7 X13 X12 X11 X14 Jumper numbering Function Pull-up Termination Pull-down Pull-up Termination Pull-down 4-wire/2-wire Signal Data A (+ TX) TX Data B (. The bus is to be biased at one end to ensure fail-safe operation.8-8 X5.-6 Terminal X5.8-1 RS-485 rear connector (DNP 3. Table 5. If the internal termination resistor of 120Ω is used. The pullup and pull-down resistors are selected by setting jumpers X8. X8 and X12 are in OFF position.8-7 X5.3.8-2 X5.8-4 X5.2. the impedance of the cable should be the same.2. The termination resistor is selected by setting jumper X6 or/and X12 to the ON position.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 module.8-5 X5.TX) Signal GND (for potential balancing) Shield GND (via capacitor) Shield GND Table 5.RX) - 146 . X13 and X11 to the ON position.TX) Data A (+ RX) RX Data B (. The jumpers X6. The 2-wire bus is selected by default (jumper X14) without termination or biasing.0) Function Data A (+ RX) Data B (.8-3 X5.RX) Data A (+ TX) Data B (.3. X7.8-6 X5.

frame 177 mm (4U). Technical data Table 5.2..-1 Dimensions (for dimension drawings.120% of Ur (DC) 80.110% of Ur (AC) 80.3 mm Weight of the relay ~3.4.-3 Jumper location on the DNP 3.8 kg Table 5.2.. refer to the Installation Manual) Width. frame 177 mm. case 149..3. case 160 mm Depth.2..1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 ON X8 ON X6 ON X7 X13 ON X12 ON X11 ON X14 4-Wire 2-Wire A040357_2 Fig.5 kg Weight of the spare unit ~1. case 164 mm Height.-2 Uaux rated: -REF610CxxHxxx -REF610CxxLxxx Power supply Ur = 100/110/120/220/240 V AC Ur = 110/125/220/250 V DC Ur = 24/48/60 V DC 85.120% of Ur (DC) <9 W/13 W Uaux variation (temporary): -REF610CxxHxxx -REF610CxxLxxx Burden of auxiliary voltage supply under quiescent (Pq)/operating condition 147 .4.4.2. 5...0 communication module 5.

DI5 (optional) Power consumption/input 148 .2 V DC (24 V DC -20%) 110/125/220/250 V DC Max. 88 V DC (110 V DC 20%) 24/48/60/110/125/ 220/250 V DC Max..18 mA ≤0. In() Energizing inputs 50/60 Hz ±5 Hz 0.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual Ripple in the DC auxiliary voltage Interruption time in the auxiliary DC voltage without resetting the relay Time to trip from switching on the auxiliary voltage Internal over temperature limit Fuse type 1MRS755310 Max 12% of the DC value (at frequency of 100 Hz) <50 ms at Uaux rated <350 ms +100°C T2A/250 V Table 5.2 V DC (24 V DC 20%) 24/48/60/110/125/ 220/250 V DC Max.2 A 1.4... 88 V DC (110 V DC -20%) ±20% of the rated voltage 2...50 × In multiples of the rated currents of the energizing inputs Earth-fault current as a multiple of the rated current of the energizing input 0. 19.. 19.4..DI2 110/125/220/250 V DC Max.-4 Measuring range Measured currents on phases IL1.2.-5 Rated voltage: REF610CxxHxxx Activating threshold REF610CxxLxxx Activating threshold REF610CxxxxLx Activating threshold REF610CxxxxHx Activating threshold Operating range Current drain Digital inputs DI1.-3 Rated frequency Rated current.5 A 20 A 5A 50 A <750 mΩ 1A 4A 25 A 5A 20 A 100 A Thermal withstand capability: * * * continuously for 1 s for 10 s half-wave value 100 A 500 A Dynamic current withstand: * 250 A 1250 A <100 mΩ <20 mΩ Input impedance Table 5.4.20 × In Table 5..9 W DI3.2..2. IL2 and IL3 as 0..

at 48/110/220 V DC (5 A/3 A/1 A for series connection of SO4 and SO5) Minimum contact load 100 mA at 24 V AC/DC Table 5.4.-7 Rated voltage Continuous carry Signal output SO2.-9 Lens sensor and optic fibre for arc protection -40.15 A L/R <40 ms..4. and IRF output 250 V AC/DC 5A 10 A 15 A Make and carry for 3.4. max 1 h Minimum permissible bending radius of the connection fibre Table 5. optional SO3.2.0 s Make and carry for 0.20 V) Control voltage range Current drain through the supervision circuit Minimum voltage over a contact Table 5.. PO3) 250 V AC/DC 5A 15 A 30 A Make and carry for 3.5 s Breaking capacity when the control-circuit time constant L/ 5 A/3 A/1 A R <40 ms.-8 Rated voltage Continuous carry Power outputs (PO1..4.-10 Front side Enclosure class of the flush-mounted relay IP 54 IP 40 IP 20 Rear side.2.0 s Make and carry for 0.5 s Breaking capacity when the control-circuit time constant 1 A/0. at 48/110/220 V DC Minimum contact load 100 mA at 24 V AC/DC Table 5.-6 Rated voltage Continuous carry Signal output SO1 and optional SO4 and SO5 250 V AC/DC 5A 15 A 30 A Make and carry for 3.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Table 5... PO2.25 A/0.2.5 s Breaking capacity when the control-circuit time constant 1 A/0.2..25 A/0.0 s Make and carry for 0.4.265 V AC/DC ~1. at 48/110/220 V DC (PO1 with both contacts connected in series) Minimum contact load Trip-circuit supervision (TCS): * * * 100 mA at 24 V AC/DC 20.15 A L/R <40 ms.+100 °C +140°C 100 mm Normal service temperature range Maximum service temperature range. connection terminals 149 . top of the relay Rear side.5 mA 20 V AC/DC (15.2.

power supply I/O ports * Surge immunity test * * Power frequency (50 Hz) magnetic field IEC 61000-4-8 Voltage dips and short interruptions Electromagnetic emission tests According to the EN 55011 150 . cyclic (humidity >93%) Atmospheric pressure Table 5. power supply I/O ports Power outputs..1000 MHz According to the ENV 50204 and IEC 6025522-3 (2000) 10 V/m. class III * * Common mode Differential mode Electrostatic discharge test. IEC 60255-22-2 and ANSI C37. f = 80..REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Table 5..106 kPa Recommended service temperature range (continuous) Limit temperature range (short-term) Transport and storage temperature range Dry heat test (humidity <50%) Dry cold test Damp heat test. line-to-line 2 kV..5 kV 1. line-to-line 300 A/m continuous According to IEC 61000-4-11 30%/10 ms 60%/100 ms 60%/1000 ms >95%/5000 ms EMC immunity test level meets the requirements listed below: 1 MHz burst disturbance test.2.80 MHz According to IEC 61000-4-3 and IEC 6025522-3 (2000) 10 V/m (rms).. f = 150 kHz. common mode Radio frequency interference tests: * * Radiated.3-2001 8 kV 15 kV According to IEC 61000-4-6 and IEC 6025522-6 (2000) 10 V (rms).2..90. energizing inputs.+70°C -40...0 kV According to IEC 61000-4-2. class IV * * For contact discharge For air discharge Conducted.-12 Electromagnetic compatibility tests According to IEC 60255-22-1 2.4.+85°C according to IEC 60068-2-48 According to IEC 60068-2-2 According to IEC 60068-2-1 According to IEC 60068-2-30 86..+55°C < 95% RH -40.... line-to-earth 1 kV. amplitude-modulated * Radiated.4. f = 900 MHz According to IEC 60255-22-4 and IEC 610004-4 4 kV 2 kV According to IEC 61000-4-5 4 kV.-11 Humidity Environmental tests and conditions -10. pulse-modulated Fast transient disturbance tests * Power outputs. energizing inputs. line-to-earth 2 kV.

4.6 or 4. source energy 0.-14 Rear interface: * * * Data communication Fibre-optic or RS-485 connection SPA bus. class A.2 or 0.2. RF-emission (Mains terminal) EN 55011. class A. class I Test voltage Test voltage Impulse voltage test * Insulation resistance measurements * Isolation resistance Mechanical tests: Vibration tests (sinusoidal) Shock and bump test Table 5.0 protocol and arc protection input 151 .0: * RS485 including DNP 3. IEC 60255-25 Complies with the EMC directive 89/336/EEC and the LV directive 73/23/EEC CE approval Table 5.5 J According to IEC 60255-5 >100 MΩ.6 kbps with front communication cable) Front interface: * * * Optional communication modules and protocols * * SPA-bus. unipolar impulses.-13 Insulation tests: Dielectric tests * Standard tests According to IEC 60255-5 2 kV. 500 V DC According to IEC 60255-21-1.3 kbps for Modbus) Optical connection (infrared): wirelessly or via the front communication cable (1MRS050698) SPA bus protocol 9. 50 Hz.6 or 4. IEC 60255-25 Radiated RF-emission EN 55011.8 kbps (additionally 2.0 or Modbus protocol 9. IEC 60870-5-103.8 kbps (9. Modbus® (RTU and ASCII): * Plastic fibre * Plastic fibre with arc protection input * Plastic and glass fibre * Plastic and glass fibre with arc protection input * RS485 * RS485 with arc protection input DNP 3. 1 min According to IEC 60255-5 5 kV. DNP 3.2/50 μs. class I According to IEC 60255-21-2. 1.4.4. waveform 1. IEC 60870-5-103.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual * * REF 610 Conducted.2.0 protocol * RS485 including DNP 3.

The primary side of the power supply is protected with a fuse located on the printed circuit board of the relay. refer to Table 5. The power supply is a galvanically isolated (flyback-type) DC/DC converter. The internal power supply of the relay forms the voltages required by the relay electronics. When the auxiliary voltage is connected. the green indicator LED (ready) on the front panel is lit.-2.2.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Auxiliary voltage The relay requires a secured auxiliary voltage supply to operate. For detailed information on power supply. 152 .4.

Application examples Auto-reclose function Fast tripping and initiation of shot 1 using two protection stages In several applications. 6. stage I>> will trip the circuit breaker and initiate shot 1.1.e. will start when the set dead time elapses and the AR function issues a reclosing command to the circuit breaker. If the network fault is not cleared. To avoid such a pumping effect. In this example. The cutout time. the blocking of stage I>> will be activated. it is possible that the current will not exceed the set start value of stage I> while the blocking of stage I>> is active. a cutout time is used. 6.1. Stage I>> will be blocked by the AR function during shot 2 and 3. By setting SG2/2 to 1 and SG2/7 to 1. As the set start value of stage I> in this example is higher than that of stage I>>. Open CB Open CB I> Trip 0 →1 Block I>> at Shot 1. This will lead to a pumping effect when the AR function is reset (the blocking of stage I>> included). At the time of shot initiation. 6. the AR sequence will start over and over again. such as fuse-saving applications involving down-stream fuses. Stage I>> is given an instantaneous characteristic and Stage I> a time delay. i. stage I> will trip the circuit breaker and continue the auto-reclose sequence to shot 2. tripping and initiation of shot 1 should be fast (instantaneous or short-time delayed) and of shot 2 and 3. like the reclaim time.1. I> and I>>. and definite tripping time delayed. two overcurrent stages are used.1. 2 and 3 Close CB I>> Trip Block I>> SG2/2=1 SG2/7=1 I>> Trip CB closed CB open t>> I> Trip I> Trip Block I>> I> Trip Block I>> Block I>> Shot 1 t> Shot 2 t> Shot 3 t> Definite Trip A040360 Fig.-1 Fast initiation of shot 1 using one fast and one delayed stage In case of a short-circuit in the network. shot 3 and finally definite tripping. By setting the cutout time to be shorter 153 .1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 6. as sometimes is the case.1.

6. The start time of stages I> and I0> is very short but can be extended with the settings AR I> start Delay and AR I0> start Delay of the AR function. The AR function of REF 610 can be initiated by the start signals from stages I> and I0>.-1 Fast initiation of shot 1 using start signals Shot initiation by a start signal applies only to shot 1. the shot will be initiated and the AR function will trip the circuit breaker by issuing the Open CB Command.g. Open CB 0 →1 Trip I> Start t I> start delay Open CB Command Close CB Command Shots 1. 2 and 3 initiation Shot 1 initiation Open CB Close CB Open CB Close CB Close CB Close CB Command Command Command Command I> Start I> Trip I> Trip I> Start Open CB Command CB closed CB open Shot 1 t> Shot 2 t> Shot 3 Definite Trip A040361 I> start delay I> start delay Fig. In this case.e. and to definite tripping. is to use start signals from protection stages for shot initiation.1.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 than the reclaim time (e. When the set start delay elapses. such as Finland). Fast tripping and initiation of shot 1 using start signals An alternative way to achieve fast tripping and shot initiation (typical for certain countries. half of the reclaim time). the blocking of stage I>> (in this case) will be reset before the AR function. i. the AR function will trip the circuit breaker on expiration of AR I> start Delay and AR I0> start Delay. 6. The signal Open CB Command must be routed to the output contact used for tripping the circuit breaker.1.2. Stage I>> will now be able to continue the AR sequence and the pumping effect will thus be avoided. when no more shots are allowed but the network fault has not been cleared.2. 154 .

exceed the set start value of stages I> and I>> but not of stage I>>>. With small currents. However. I>> and I>>>. 155 . no shots will be performed (AR function inhibited).1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 At the factory default delay of 300 s for AR I> start Delay and AR I0> start Delay. In the examples below. the factory default delay of 300 s will function as a trip time limiter. 6. When using AR I> start Delay and AR I0> start Delay for shot initiation and the signal Open CB Command has been routed to the trip output contact. either through blocking of shot initiation or inhibition of the AR function. not be used for shot initiation. stages I> and I0> should not be used for blocking of shot 1. 2 and 3. I>> and I>>>) are used and the number of shots of the AR sequence vary depending on which stages trips.3. Example: Start by checking that the switches have been properly set: Settings SG1/1=1 SG3/1=1 Number of shots = 3 Function Blocking of initiation of shot 1 by the trip signal from stage I>> Inhibition of the AR function by the trip signal from stage I>>> If one or several phase currents * * * exceed the set start value of stage I> but not of stages I> and I>>. since the start signals are always routed to the AR function. the circuit breaker will be tripped and a shot initiated (provided that the signal Open CB Command has been routed to the trip output contact) on expiration of the factory default delay. in practise. the start signals will. three overcurrent stages (I>. However.1. Selecting adaptive sequence length The auto-reclose sequence can be set to adapt to the fault current. the operate time at IDMT characteristic may be relatively long. exceed the set start value of stages I>. if stages I> or I0> have been given an IDMT characteristic. the AR sequence will include shot 1. Stage I>>> should have the shortest and stage I> the longest operate time. the AR sequence will include shot 2 and 3.

an arc protection with a lower protective level can be achieved with one protection relay. 6.1. no shots will be performed (AR function inhibited).2. the arc protection stage will trip the circuit breaker of the incoming feeder. the AR sequence will include shot 1. I>> and I>>>. connected to the relay protecting the incoming feeder.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Example: Start by checking that the switches have been properly set: Settings SG1/5=1 SG3/1=1 Number of shots = 3 Function Blocking of initiation of shot 2 and 3 by the trip signal from stage I>> Inhibition of the AR function by the trip signal from stage I>>> If one or several phase currents * * * exceed the set start value of stage I> but not of stages I>> and I>>>. An arc protection with one REF 610 only (see Fig. On arc detection. 6. 156 . 2 and 3 exceed the set start value of stages I> and I>> but not of stage I>>>.-1) is realized by installing two arc lens sensors.1. to detect an arc on the busbar. Stage I>>> should have the shortest and stage I> the longest operate time.2. The maximum recommended installation distance between the two lens sensors in the busbar area is 6 meters and the maximum distance from a lens sensor to the end of the busbar 3 meters. or if only the relay for the incoming feeder is to be exchanged. Arc protection Arc protection with one REF 610 relay In installations with limited possibilities to realize signalling between relays protecting incoming and outgoing feeders. the AR sequence includes only shot 1 exceed the set start value of stages I>.2. 6.

2. On detection of the signal.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Q1 M1 3l Q2 PO3 PO1 Q3 Q4 Q5 Q6 A040362 Fig. the REF 610 protecting the incoming feeder will trip the circuit breaker of the incoming feeder and generate an external trip signal to all REF 610 relays protecting outgoing feeders. the REF 610 relays can be configured to trip all circuit breakers. 6. 6. regardless of where the arc is detected.-1 Arc protection with one REF 610 6. a REF 610 protecting an outgoing feeder will trip the circuit breaker of the outgoing feeder when detecting an arc at the cable terminations.2.1.2. For maximum safety.2. If the REF 610 protecting the outgoing feeder detects an arc on the busbar (via the other lens sensor). however. which in turn will result in tripping of all circuit breakers of outgoing feeders.2. it will generate a signal to the REF 610 protecting the incoming feeder. Arc protection with several REF 610 relays When using several REF 610 relays (see Fig. 157 .-1).

The busbar and the incoming feeder is protected by the sensor loop of the REA 101. 158 . 6.-1 Arc protection with several REF 610 relays 6.2. on detection of an arc on the busbar.3.-1). REA 101 will trip the circuit breaker of the incoming feeder and generate an external trip signal to all REF 610 relays protecting outgoing feeders. which in turn will result in tripping of all circuit breakers of outgoing feeders. Arc protection with several REF 610 relays and one REA 101 When realizing an arc protection with both REF 610 relays and an REA 101 (see Fig.3. the cable terminations of outgoing feeders are protected by REF 610 relays using one lens sensor for each relay. However.2.2. 6. REF 610 will trip the circuit breaker of the outgoing feeder.2.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Q1 DI1 M1 3l Q2 PO3 PO1 SO1 DI1 Q3 3I+Io SO1 Q4 3I+Io DI1 DI1 Q5 3I+Io SO1 Q6 3I+Io DI1 SO1 SO1 A040363 Fig. On arc detection at the cable terminations.

3.-1 Arc protection with REF 610 and REA 101 159 .1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Q1 M1 3l Q2 HSO 2 HSO 1 TRIP 3 DI1 Q3 3I+Io Q4 3I+Io DI1 DI1 Q5 3I+Io Q6 3I+Io DI1 S1 S2 S3 S4 A040364 Fig.2. 6.

160 .

2xDI (24/48/60/110/125/220/250 V DC). 2xSO Earth-fault current input: 5 = 5A 1 = 1A 2 = 0.0 protocol and input for arc protection N = none I/O extension module: H = 3xSO and 3xDI (110/125/220/250 V DC) L = 3xSO and 3xDI (24/48/60/110/125/220/250 V DC) N = none Power supply: H = 100-240 V AC/110-250 V DC. REF610C55HCNP 01 Language set: 01 = (IEC) English. 3xPO 2xSO L = 24-60 V DC.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 7. Polski 11 = (ANSI) English.-1 Ordering key for complete relays Use the ordering key information in Fig. specify the following: * * * Order number HMI language set number Quantity The order number identifies the protection relay type and hardware as described in the figures below and is labelled on the marking strip under the lower handle of the relay. Deutsch.-1 to generate the order number when ordering complete protection relays. Portugese Communication module: P = plastic fiber M = plastic fibre with input for arc protection G = plastic and glass fiber K = plastic and glass fibre with input for arc protection R = RS-485 T = RS-485 with input for arc protection D = RS-485 including DNP 3. Use the ordering key information in Fig. 7.-2 to generate the order number when ordering spare units. Español.2A Phase-current inputs: 5 = 5A 1 = 1A Revision A040365_2 Fig. Francais. 2xDI (110/125/220/250 V DC). Ordering information When ordering protection relays and/or accessories. Suomi 02 = (IEC) English. 7. Italiano. Svenska. 7. Español.0 protocol E = RS-485 including DNP 3. 161 . 3xPO.

3xPO. 7.0 1MRS120534-5.0 protocol and input for arc protection 162 . 2xDI (24/48/60/110/125/220/250 V DC). two relays side-by-side 19" Rack mounting kit. single relay Order number 1MRS050696 1MRS050831 1MRS050697 1MRS050695 1MRS050694 19" Rack mounting kit. 2xDI (110/125/220/250 V DC). Suomi 02 = (IEC) English.5 1MRS120534-3. 2xSO Earth-fault current input: 5 = 5A 1 = 1A 2 = 0. single relay and RTXP18 (REF 610) 1MRS090939 19" equipment frame mounting kit (Combiflex).0 1MRS050698 1MRS050889 1MRS050890 1MRS050892 1MRS050888 1MRS050891 1MRS050885 1MRS050887 1MRS050886 Front communication cable Communication modules: * * * * * * * * Plastic fibre Plastic fibre with input for arc protection RS-485 RS-485 with input for arc protection Plastic and glass fibre Plastic and glass fibre with input for arc protection RS-485 including DNP 3. Deutsch.2A Phase-current inputs: 5 = 5A 1 = 1A 1MRS755310 A040366_2 Fig. single relay 1MRS090925 and RTXP18 (REF 610) 19" equipment frame mounting kit (Combiflex). single relay 1MRS050779 Pre-manufactured lens sensor and optic fibre for arc protection: * * * 1. Español. Portugese I/O extension module: H = 3xSO and 3xDI (110/125/220/250 V DC) L = 3xSO and 3xDI (24/48/60/110/125/220/250 V DC) N = none Power supply: H = 100-240 V AC/110-250 V DC. Español.5 m ±3% 3 m ±3% 5 m ±3% 1MRS120534-1. Italiano.0 protocol RS-485 including DNP 3. Svenska. 3xPO 2xSO L = 24-60 V DC.-2 Ordering key for spare units The following accessories are available: Item Semi-flush mounting kit Inclined (/ 25º) semi-flush mounting kit Wall mounting kit 19” Rack mounting kit. Francais.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF610C55HSNS 01 Language set: 01 = (IEC) English. Polski 11 = (ANSI) English.

1MRS755310

Feeder Protection Relay
Technical Reference Manual

REF 610

8.

Check lists
Table 8.-1
Variable

Setting group 1
Group/ Channel 1 (R, W, P) 1S1 1S2 1S3 1S4 1S5 1S6 1S7 1S8 1S9 1S10 1S11 1S12 1S13 1S14 1S15 1S16 1S17 1S18 1S19 1S20 1S21 1S22 1S23 1S24 1S25 Setting range Default setting Customer ’s setting

Start value of stage I> Operate time of stage I> Time/current characteristic for stage I> Time multiplier k Time multiplier n Resetting time of stage I> Start value of stage I>> Operate time of stage I>> Start value of stage I>>> Operate time of stage I>>> Start value of stage I0> Operate time of stage I0> Time/current characteristic for stage I0> Time multiplier k0 Time multiplier n0 Resetting time of stage I0> Start value of stage I0>> Operate time of stage I0>> Start value of stage ΔI> Operate time of stage ΔI> Full load current Time constant of stage θ> Alarm level of stage θ> Operate time of CBFP Number of AR shots

0.30...5.0 x In 0.30 x In 0.05...300 s 0...9 0.05...1.00 1.0...15.0 0.05 s 0 0.05 1.0

0.05...2.50 s 0.05 s 0.50...35.0 x 0.50 x In In 0.04...300 s 0.04 s 0.50...35.0 x 0.50 x In In 0.04...30.0 s 0.04 s 1.0...100% In 1.0% In 0.05...300 s 0...9 0.05...1.00 1.0…15.0 0.05 s 0 0.05 1.0

0.05...2.50 s 0.05 s 5.0...800% In 5.0% In 0.05...300 s 10...100% 1...300 s 0.05 s 100 % 60 s

0.30...1.50 x 0.30 x In In 1...200 min 50...100% θt> 1 min 95% θt>

0.10...60.0 s 0.10 s 0 = AR is not 0 in use 1 = shot 1 2 = shot 1 and 2 3 = shot 1, 2 and 3 0.50...35.0 x 2.50 x In In 5.0...800% In 20% In 0...255 0...127 0...127 0...63 0 0 120 0

Current limit ArcI> of stage ARC Current limit ArcI0> of stage ARC Checksum, SGF 1 Checksum, SGF 2 Checksum, SGF 3 Checksum, SGF 4

1S26 1S27 1S61 1S62 1S63 1S64

163

REF 610

Feeder Protection Relay
Technical Reference Manual

1MRS755310

Variable

Group/ Channel 1 (R, W, P) 1S65 1S71 1S72 1S73 1S74 1S75 1S81 1S82 1S83 1S84 1S85 1S86 1S87 1S88 1S91 1S92 1S93 1S94 1S95 1S96 1S97 1S98

Setting range

Default setting

Customer ’s setting

Checksum, SGF 5 Checksum, SGB 1 Checksum, SGB 2 Checksum, SGB 3 Checksum, SGB 4 Checksum, SGB 5 Checksum, SGR 1 Checksum, SGR 2 Checksum, SGR 3 Checksum, SGR 4 Checksum, SGR 5 Checksum, SGR 6 Checksum, SGR 7 Checksum, SGR 8 Checksum, SGL 1 Checksum, SGL 2 Checksum, SGL 3 Checksum, SGL 4 Checksum, SGL 5 Checksum, SGL 6 Checksum, SGL 7 Checksum, SGL 8

0...255 0...1048575 0...1048575 0...1048575 0...1048575 0...1048575 0...8388607 0...8388607 0...8388607 0...8388607 0...8388607 0...8388607 0...8388607 0...8388607 0...8388607 0...8388607 0...8388607 0...8388607 0...8388607 0...8388607 0...8388607 0...8388607

0 0 0 0 0 0 2108074 2108074 2108074 5461 5461 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Table 8.-2
Variable

Setting group 2
Group/ Channel 2 (R, W, P) 2S1 2S2 2S3 2S4 2S5 2S6 2S7 2S8 2S9 2S10 2S11 2S12 2S13 2S14 Setting range Default setting 0.30 x In 0.05 s 0 0.05 1.0 0.05 s 0.50 x In 0.04 s 0.50 x In 0.04 s 1.0% In 0.05 s 0 0.05 Customer ’s setting

Start value of stage I> Operate time of stage I> Time/current characteristic for stage I> Time multiplier k Time multiplier n Resetting time of stage I> Start value of stage I>> Operate time of stage I>> Start value of stage I>>> Operate time of stage I>>> Start value of stage I0> Operate time of stage I0> Time/current characteristic for stage I0> Time multiplier k0
164

0.30...5.0 x In 0.05...300 s 0...9 0.05...1.00 1.0...15.0 0.05...2.50 s 0.50...35.0 x In 0.04...300 s 0.50...35.0 x In 0.04...30.0 s 1.0...100% In 0.05...300 s 0...9 0.05...1.00

1MRS755310

Feeder Protection Relay
Technical Reference Manual

REF 610

Variable

Group/ Channel 2 (R, W, P) 2S15 2S16 2S17 2S18 2S19 2S20 2S21 2S22 2S23 2S24 2S25

Setting range

Default setting 1.0 0.05 s 5.0% In 0.05 s 100 % 60 s 0.30 x In 1 min 95% θt> 0.10 s

Customer ’s setting

Time multiplier n0 Resetting time of stage I0> Start value of stage I0>> Operate time of stage I0>> Start value of stage ΔI> Operate time of stage ΔI> Full load current Time constant of stage θ> Alarm level of stage θ> Operate time of CBFP Number of AR shots

1.0…15.0 0.05...2.50 s 5.0...800% In 0.05...300 s 10...100% 1...300 s 0.30...1.50 x In 1...200 min 50...100% θt> 0.10...60.0 s

0 = AR is not in 0 use 1 = shot 1 2 = shot 1 and 2 3 = shot 1, 2 and 3 0.50...35.0 x In 5.0...800% In 0...255 0...127 0...127 0...63 0...255 0...1048575 0...1048575 0...1048575 0...1048575 0...1048575 0...8388607 0...8388607 0...8388607 0...8388607 0...8388607 0...8388607 0...8388607 0...8388607 0...8388607 0...8388607 0...8388607 0...8388607 0...8388607 2.50 x In 20% In 0 0 120 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 10922 10922 10922 5461 5461 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Current limit ArcI> of stage ARC 2S26 Current limit ArcI0> of stage ARC 2S27 Checksum, SGF 1 Checksum, SGF 2 Checksum, SGF 3 Checksum, SGF 4 Checksum, SGF 5 Checksum, SGB 1 Checksum, SGB 2 Checksum, SGB 3 Checksum, SGB 4 Checksum, SGB 5 Checksum, SGR 1 Checksum, SGR 2 Checksum, SGR 3 Checksum, SGR 4 Checksum, SGR 5 Checksum, SGR 6 Checksum, SGR 7 Checksum, SGR 8 Checksum, SGL 1 Checksum, SGL 2 Checksum, SGL 3 Checksum, SGL 4 Checksum, SGL 5 2S61 2S62 2S63 2S64 2S65 2S71 2S72 2S73 2S74 2S75 2S81 2S82 2S83 2S84 2S85 2S86 2S87 2S88 2S91 2S92 2S93 2S94 2S95

165

8388607 0.254 9..6 0 Connection type Line-idle state Optional communication module V204 V205 V206 0 0 0 Table 8..-4 Description Sampling rate Parameters for the disturbance recorder Parameter (channel 0) M15 Setting range Default setting Customer ’s setting 800/960 Hz 400/480 Hz 50/60 Hz 0. P) 2S96 2S97 2S98 Setting range Default setting 0 0 0 Customer ’s setting Checksum.ABB - 166 . SGL 7 Checksum....999 min 31 60 min Time setting for disabling V108 new trip indications on the LCD Trip-circuit supervision V113 0 = not in use 1 = in use 0 = setting group 1 1 = setting group 2 1.. V201 kbps Rear communication protocol V203 1 9...-3 Description Control parameters Parameter (channel 0) V104 V105 Setting range Default setting Customer ’s setting 50 or 60 Hz 0.9999 Max 16 characters 800 Hz Station identification/unit number Name of the feeder M18 M20 0 ....999 min 50 Hz 10 min Rated frequency Time setting range for demand values in minutes Non-volatile memory settings V106 0.REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual 1MRS755310 Variable Group/ Channel 2 (R..8 0 = SPA 1 = IEC_103 2 = Modbus RTU 3 = Modbus ASCII 0 = loop 1 = star 0 = light off 1 = light on 0 = not in use 1 = in use 0 0 Remote control of settings V150 Unit address of the relay V200 Data transfer rate (SPA)..8388607 0. SGL 6 Checksum. SGL 8 0.8388607 Table 8....6/4.31 0. W.

31 0.... e.-5 Description Auto-reclose parameters Parameter (channel 0) V121 V122 V123 V124 V125 V126 V127 V128 V129 V130 V131 Value 0.. CT M80.. kA).31 Default setting Customer ’s setting 0...65535.1023 0.300 s 0.100% 0.300 s 0......10 s 0.1.2 s 300 s 300 s 10 s 0...300 s 3. unit (A.. M81..300 s 0.....65535.... 10. M82 Factor Analogue channel 0..16383 0.1. e....16383 0. CT Factor 0. for IL1. unit conversion factor and unit (A..g.1 s 0.16383 0. IL2 and IL3 kA Analogue channel M83 conversion factor and unit for the earth-fault current Internal trigger signals' checksum Internal trigger signal's edge Checksum of internal signal storing mask V236 V237 V238 00001.31 682 0 751 50 % 0 0 0 Post-triggering recording V240 length External trigger signal's checksum External trigger signal's edge Checksum of external signal storing mask V241 V242 V243 Table 8..3 s 30 s 30 s 0 0 15 CB Closing time Start delay of stage I> Start delay of stage I0> Reclaim time Cutout time Dead time of shot 1 Dead time of shot 2 Dead time of shot 3 SG1 SG2 SG3 167 . 10..... kA).g.255 0.1.. kA 0..1.1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 Description Parameter (channel 0) Setting range Default setting Customer ’s setting 00001.1..300 s 0.300 s 0..31 0....300 s 0.

168 .

compact disk Central processing unit Cyclical redundancy check Digital input Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory Electromagnetic compatibility Enhanced Performance Architecture Event records Fault record General interrogation Human-machine interface Holding register Inverse definite minimum time characteristic International Electrotechnical Commission Standard IEC 60870-5-103 Intelligent electronic device Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. Input register Internal relay fault International Organization for Standardization Liquid crystal display Light-emitting diode Longitudinal redundancy check Minute-pulse Most significant bit Medium voltage Negative acknowledgments Normally closed Normally open Open System Interconnection Personal computer Printed circuit board Programmable logical controller Power output. Inc. process object Root mean square Remote terminal unit 169 .1MRS755310 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual REF 610 9. Abbreviations Abbreviation AR ASCII CB CBFP CD CPU CRC DI EEPROM EMC EPA ER FR GI HMI HR IDMT IEC IEC_103 IED IEEE IR IRF ISO LCD LED LRC MP MSB MV NACK NC NO OSI PC PCB PLC PO RMS RTU Description Auto reclosure American Standard Code for Information Interchange Circuit-breaker Circuit-breaker failure protection Change detect.

REF 610 Feeder Protection Relay Technical Reference Manual SGB SGF SGL SGR SO SP SPA TCS UDR UR Switchgroup for digital inputs Switchgroup for functions Switchgroup for LEDs Switchgroup for output contacts Signal output Second-pulse 1MRS755310 Data communication protocol developed by ABB Trip-circuit supervision User-defined register Unsolicited reporting 170 .

.

abb.com/substationautomation 1MRS755310 EN 12/2007 .ABB Oy Distribution Automation P.O. Box 699 FI-65101 Vaasa FINLAND +358 10 2211 +358 10 224 1080 www.