# 2012 UPCAT, ACET, DLSUET, USTET @ www.fb.

com/Mathalino

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Part 1/2

2012 UPCAT, ACET, DLSUET, USTET @ www.fb.com/Mathalino

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2012 UPCAT, ACET, DLSUET, USTET @ www.fb.com/Mathalino

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USTET @ www.fb. ACET. and Graphs Chapter 3: Linear Systems Chapter 4: Matrices Chapter 5: Quadratic Equations and Functions Chapter 6: Polynomials and Polynomial Functions Chapter 7: Radical Functions and Rational Exponents
Part 2/2
Chapter 8: Exponential and Logarithmic Functions Chapter 9: Rational Functions Chapter 10: Quadratic Relations Chapter 11: Sequences and Series Chapter 12: Probability and Statistics Chapter 13: Periodic Functions and Trigonometry Chapter 14: Trigonometric Identities and Equations
.com/Mathalino
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Algebra Part 1/2
Chapter 1: Tools of Algebra Chapter 2: Functions.2012 UPCAT. DLSUET. Equations.

3 11. n ≠ 0 x= + 3. 3. −23 27 −35 −15 2. n ≠ 0 x = n(b + 3) − 3.com/Mathalino
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Tools of Algebra
1.
• • • •
• • • •
− . Find the height of the object after 2.fb. DLSUET. 13 . 18 9 .3. Evaluate 2a − 5b − 3a for a = −2 and b = 5.5 seconds. n ≠ 0 5.3. 15 9. Find the dimensions of the triangle. 14 4. Find any restrictions. 8. 12. x = nb + 3. n ≠ 0
• • • •
• • • •
x = nb − 6. 15. − . ACET.2012 UPCAT. − . One side of a triangle is 4 cm longer than the shortest side and 2 cm shorter than the longest side. The expression 200 − 16t2 models the height in feet of an object that falls from an initial height of 200 feet t seconds after being dropped. The perimeter is 38 cm. USTET @ www. 13. Solve = b for x. Solve 4|3w + 1| − 7 = 17. − . 60 feet 80 feet 120 feet 100 feet
• • • •
. 13.

ACET. In the five trials shown.com/Mathalino
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• 6. USTET @ www.
• • • •
• • • • 8. DLSUET.2012 UPCAT.fb. Graph the solution of −7x + 4 ≥ 11 and 10 − 3x > 1. Let an even digit represent a correct answer and an odd digit represent an incorrect answer. 8 −8 −2 2 7.)
• • • •
2 3 4 5 9.
• • • •
. Graph the solution of 7x + 3 ≤ 3 or 6x − 8 > 16. how often did you get at least 3 questions correct? (Note: Assume there is a 0 before the number 4908 in the first trial. Suppose you take a true/false quiz that contains five true/false questions. Simplify the expression |−3| − |−5|.

ACET.com/Mathalino
7
10.
• • •
= 11.
• • • •
x= x=5 x = −2 x=7
. Solve 3(x − 5) − 15 = 48. Solve 11x − 7 = 7x + 13. DLSUET.fb. 20 26 −4 14 12. Solve bx − cx = 7 for x. USTET @ www. −c
• • • •
• • • •
• • • • 14. x = 7(b − c) x= x= x= 13. >. Replace < >
with <. Graph the solution of 2x − 5 > −3 and 3x + 7 ≤ 19. or = to make the sentence −12
−18 true.2012 UPCAT.

Brown is the dominant eye color for human beings. Jean can buy at least 4 pairs of earrings.
• • • •
• • • •
. How many pairs of earrings can she buy if scarves cost $2. Simplify 9a − (6a − 8b) by combining like terms. −3a − 8b −3a + 8b 3a + 8b 3a − 8b 19. If a father and mother each carry a gene for brown eyes and a gene for blue eyes.
• • • •
−9. what is the probability of their having a child with brown eyes?
• • • • 1 17.
• • • • 18. 9 −25. and 20 green marbles. USTET @ www. ACET.fb.com/Mathalino
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15. 25 −25. A jar contains 12 blue marbles. 8 red marbles. Jean can buy more than 4 pairs of earrings.55 each and earrings cost $2. −9 9. 25 16. Jean can buy at most 4 pairs of earrings. P(blue or green). DLSUET.99 a pair? Jean can buy less than 4 pairs of earrings. Find the theoretical probability. You pick one marble from the jar.2012 UPCAT. Solve |8 − m| + 4 = 21. Jean has $20 and is going shopping to buy 3 scarves and as many pairs of earrings as possible.

Solve V =
πr2h for h. 15 4.2012 UPCAT. Let an even digit represent a correct answer and an odd digit represent an incorrect answer. how often did you get at least 3 questions correct? (Note: Assume there is a 0 before the number
. • CORRECT: −23 2.com/Mathalino
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20. One side of a triangle is 4 cm longer than the shortest side and 2 cm shorter than the longest side. 3.
• • • •
h= h= h= h=
Tools of Algebra
1. In the five trials shown.
•
CORRECT: 9 . Graph the solution of 7x + 3 ≤ 3 or 6x − 8 > 16. Simplify the expression |−3| − |−5|. CORRECT: −2 7. The perimeter is 38 cm. USTET @ www. Solve 4|3w + 1| − 7 = 17. Suppose you take a true/false quiz that contains five true/false questions.5 seconds. Solve = b for x. CORRECT: 100 feet 6. ACET. DLSUET. 13 . Find the height of the object after 2.
•
CORRECT: − .fb. Find the dimensions of the triangle. The expression 200 − 16t2 models the height in feet of an object that falls from an initial height of 200 feet t seconds after being dropped. Find any restrictions. n ≠ 0 5.
•
•
•
CORRECT: 8. Evaluate 2a − 5b − 3a for a = −2 and b = 5.
•
CORRECT: x = nb + 3.

You pick one marble from the jar. If a father and mother each carry a gene for brown eyes and a gene for blue eyes. P(blue or green). Solve |8 − m| + 4 = 21. A jar contains 12 blue marbles.
•
CORRECT: 10. Graph the solution of −7x + 4 ≥ 11 and 10 − 3x > 1.com/Mathalino
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4908 in the first trial. and 20 green marbles.
•
CORRECT: 18.
•
•
. ACET.
−18 true.
•
CORRECT: 14. >. Graph the solution of 2x − 5 > −3 and 3x + 7 ≤ 19.2012 UPCAT. Solve 3(x − 5) − 15 = 48. CORRECT: x = 5 15. CORRECT: −9. 25 16. Brown is the dominant eye color for human beings. How many pairs of earrings can she buy if scarves cost $2. CORRECT: 26 12. CORRECT: 3a + 8b 19.)
•
CORRECT: 3 9. Jean has $20 and is going shopping to buy 3 scarves and as many pairs of earrings as possible.99 a pair? CORRECT: Jean can buy at most 4 pairs of earrings. Solve bx − cx = 7 for x. Replace with <. or = to make the sentence −12 CORRECT: > 11. 8 red marbles. Solve 11x − 7 = 7x + 13.55 each and earrings cost $2. USTET @ www.fb. Simplify 9a − (6a − 8b) by combining like terms. what is the probability of their having a child with brown eyes?
•
•
•
CORRECT: 17.
•
•
•
CORRECT: x = 13. DLSUET. Find the theoretical probability.

1} Domain: {all real numbers}. 1. 1}. 1. 2}. 0. 0. USTET @ www. 2} Domain: {−3. What is the vertex of the graph of y = |x + 3|? (3. and Graphs
1. Range: {−3. Range: {−2. 1} Domain: {−2. 0) (0. −1. 1}. ACET.
•
CORRECT: h =
Functions.fb. Range: {−2. 0)
• • • •
.2012 UPCAT. Solve V =
πr2h for h. DLSUET. What are the domain and range of the function below?
• • • •
Domain: {−2. Range: {all real numbers} 2. −1. −3) (−3. Equations. 3) (0.com/Mathalino
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20.

4)?
. What point has coordinates of (−5. ACET. What is the graph of y > |x − 3|?
•
•
•
• 4.2012 UPCAT. DLSUET. USTET @ www.com/Mathalino
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3.fb.

DLSUET.fb.com/Mathalino
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• • • •
N M L O
5.2012 UPCAT. What is the graph of 0.4x + 0. USTET @ www.1y ≥ 1?
•
•
•
•
. ACET.

ACET. Suppose a gas has a volume of 100 mL at 250°K. Which proportion could you use to find the volume v of the gas if the temperature decreases to 150°K?
• • • • •
= = = =
7.fb.com/Mathalino
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6. In chemistry Charles Law states that if the pressure remains constant.2012 UPCAT. USTET @ www. DLSUET. the volume of an ideal gas varies directly with the temperature in degrees Kelvin. What is the graph of y ≥ − x?
•
•
•
•
.

DLSUET.152 96
• • • •
.com/Mathalino
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8. what is x when yis 288? 72 864 1. USTET @ www. If y = 64 when x is 16. ACET. What is the graph of y = |x| − |2x|?
•
•
• • not here 9. The value of y varies directly with x.fb.2012 UPCAT.

Which line. 9) . (6. (9. USTET @ www.2012 UPCAT. 6) . (9. What is the slope of this line?
• • • • • − 11. having the given slope and passing through the given point. −6)
m = − . )?
• • • •
. 6) 12. ACET.com/Mathalino
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10. represents a direct variation? −
• • • •
m= m= m=
. DLSUET. (9. What is an equation of the line whose slope is 3x − 6y = −13 3x − 5y = −7 3x − 6y = 5 6x − 3y = −13 and which contains the point (−3.fb.

if x < −4
. DLSUET. if x > −4
•
y = − x − 9. What is an equation of the inequality?
• • • •
y ≤ |x − 1| − 2 y > |x + 1| − 2 y ≥ |x + 1| − 2 y ≥ |x − 1| − 2
14. ACET. y =
x + 3. Identify the set of linear equations and graph for y = | x + 6| + 3. y =
x + 9.com/Mathalino
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13.
•
y = − x − 3. if x ≥ −4.fb. USTET @ www. if x ≤ −4.2012 UPCAT.

What is the height of a tree that casts a shadow that is 25 ft long? 18 ft 20 ft 16 ft 216 ft
• • • • •
16. USTET @ www. if x > −4
•
y = − x + 3. A boy who is 4 ft 6 in. if x ≥ −4. ACET. if x < −4 15. tall casts a shadow that is 6 ft 3 in. What is an equation of a line that is parallel to the line whose equation is y = − x + 1?
• • • •
y=− x+5 y=− x y= y= x−1 x+3
. The length of an object's shadow varies directly with its height. y =
x − 3.com/Mathalino
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•
y = − x + 9. long.2012 UPCAT. DLSUET. if x ≤ −4. y = x − 9.fb.

What is the graph of the equation 5x − 2y = 6?
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•
•
•
. USTET @ www.com/Mathalino
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17. DLSUET.fb. ACET.2012 UPCAT.

DLSUET. The capacity of the gas tank in a car is 16. ACET. USTET @ www. only 1 gallon of gasoline remains in the tank.5
•
g=−
m + 16.5
.5
•
g=−
m + 16.5 gallons to travel 178. Which linear equation and graph model the amount of gas gleft in the tank after driving m miles?
•
g=−
m + 16.5 miles.fb. The car uses 10.com/Mathalino
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• 18.2012 UPCAT. After driving 85 more miles.5 gallons.

2012 UPCAT.fb.com/Mathalino
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•
g = − m + 16.5 19. ACET. What is an inequality for this graph?
• • •
y − 3x > −5 y − 3x ≥ −5 y − 3x ≤ −5
. This graph represents a translation of the graph of y = |x|. USTET @ www. DLSUET. What is the equation of this graph?
• • • •
y = |x − 3| y = −|x − 3| y = |−x + 3| y = −|x + 3| 20.

3)?
•
CORRECT: y = − x 3. What is an equation for a direct variation whose graph passes through the point (−5. USTET @ www. Equations. ACET.2012 UPCAT.com/Mathalino
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•
y − 3x < −5
Functions. In chemistry Charles Law states that if the pressure remains constant. 4. Suppose a gas has a volume of 100 mL at 250°K. Which statement describes the relationship between the graph of the equationy = | | and the graph of the equation y = | | + 4?
• • CORRECT: The graph of y = | | was shifted 4 units up. and Graphs
1. −6) and Q(−12. the volume of an ideal gas varies directly with the temperature in degrees Kelvin.fb. What is the slope of the line through the points P(−5. Which graph represents the equation y = − |x|?
•
CORRECT:
. Which proportion could you use to find the volume v of the gas if the temperature decreases to 150°K?
•
CORRECT: = 2. 5)?
•
CORRECT: − 5. DLSUET. What is the graph of the equation 4x − y = 5?
•
CORRECT: 6.

Range: y > 0 12. What is the graph of y = −|3x|?
•
•
CORRECT: 10. What are the domain and range of this function?
•
CORRECT: Domain: x > 0.fb. ACET.
. 4)? • CORRECT: y + 5 = −9(x + 1) 8. What is the equation of y = |x| translated 1 unit up and 6 units to the left? CORRECT: y = |x + 6| + 1 9. USTET @ www. DLSUET. What is the graph of y > |x − 3|?
•
CORRECT: 11. −5) and (−2. What is a point-slope equation of the line through the points (−1.2012 UPCAT.com/Mathalino
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7. Which statement about 5y = 2x is true?
•
CORRECT: The equation represents a direct variation whose constant of variation is
.

DLSUET. 2). You can use a linear model to represent the relationship between the hours worked h and the money earned m. 2). it is 80 miles north of the city.?
. 0. (1.5
•
CORRECT: 2.com/Mathalino
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13. (−1. 2}.M.fb.2012 UPCAT. 1. What is the constant of variation for the function given in the table? x y 20 50 42 105 64 160 81 202. When h = 0. it is 55 miles north of a city. ACET. Find an equation for the linear model of the situation below and use it to make a prediction. USTET @ www. domain {−2.
•
•
•
CORRECT: {(−2. then m = 0. how many miles north of the city will the train be at 5:45 P. What are the ordered pairs of the relation? Find the domain and range. (2.M. 5).50 17. What is the graph of y >
+ 1?
•
CORRECT: 14. 1). 2. −1. If a person earned $39 after working 6 hours. CORRECT: 39 16.M.5 15. If d represents the distance in miles. range {5. At 4:15 P. (0. how much will the person earn after working 25 hours? CORRECT: $162. 5)}. At 3:00 P. A train is traveling north at a constant rate. 1} 18. Find f(−5) if f(x) = −8x − 1. and t represents the time in hours.

DLSUET.
. )?
•
CORRECT: 3x − 6y = −13
Linear Systems
1.2012 UPCAT. ACET.com/Mathalino
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•
CORRECT: d = 64t + 55. What is an inequality for this graph?
•
CORRECT: y − 3x ≥ −5 20. −2)
. d = 231 miles 19. Solve the system • CORRECT: (1. Identify the graph that shows the solution to the system of inequalities. 5.
•
CORRECT:
2. What is an equation of the line whose slope is and which contains the point (−3.fb. USTET @ www.

5. What equivalent system of two equations do you get when you use substitution to eliminate y and solve this system of three equations?
•
CORRECT: 6. The fish market owner can spend only $159.50t + 2. 0). t = 28 and s = 46.53 per pound to clean and package. P = 2. What are the coordinates of the vertices of the feasible region.2012 UPCAT. USTET @ www.76.80 per pound profit for each salmon it sells. Identify the graph of the system and its solution.75 per pound to clean and package. (0. How could you solve this system using substitution?
•
CORRECT: Substitute 2r + 3 for t in the equation 5r − 4t = 6. A tuna costs the fish market $0.00 per day to buy fish and $197.
CORRECT: (−1. ACET. (28.34 per day to clean and package the fish. and what are the vales of t and s that maximize the objective function?
. 2) 4.75 per pound to buy and $2.
.com/Mathalino
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3. (71. 0).80s
•
CORRECT: (0. 53). The graph below represents the feasible region for this linear programming model. Use elimination to find the solution of the system •
. DLSUET.50 per pound profit for each tuna it sells and $2. 7.fb. A small fish market sells only tuna and salmon. The fish market makes $2. A salmon costs the fish market $3. 46).00 per pound to buy and $2. 3.

In what month will the revenue equal the expenses if the linear models for R and E are R = 4100x + 300 and E = 1900x + 19900? Assume July is month 1.2012 UPCAT. ACET. DLSUET. Which system has no solution because exactly two of the planes are parallel?
•
CORRECT: 10.
infinite number of solutions
•
CORRECT: 9. USTET @ www. Graph the system of inequalities.
•
CORRECT: March
.com/Mathalino
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•
CORRECT: 8. This spreadsheet shows the monthly revenue R and monthly expenses E for a new business.fb.

Charles buys some of each kind and chooses three times as many cranberry muffins as chocolate chip muffins. production levels are limited by the formula x + 2y ≤ 1000. One rental car agency charges $35 per day plus 11 cents per mile to rent a mid-size car. and cranberry muffins at 50 cents each. ACET. The objective function for this graph is P = 5x + y. What values of x and ymaximize this function?
•
CORRECT: (1000. Moreover. A factory can produce two products. If he spends $8. The production of y can exceed x by no more than 200 units.
•
CORRECT: 12. how many chocolate chip muffins does he buy? CORRECT: 3 16. Plot the point (−3. USTET @ www. DLSUET. 2) in a three-dimensional coordinate system. y = 0 13. with a profit P approximated byP = 12x + 15y.fb. What production levels yield maximum profit? CORRECT: x = 1000. Which system of equations represents the cost of renting from each agency? For what value of mare the costs of rental equal?
•
. Let c represent the cost of renting a car from either agency.85 on 19 muffins. and m represent the number of miles traveled daily. −3) 14.2012 UPCAT. −1. What is the solution of this system?
•
•
CORRECT: (−2. 15. Tasty Bakery sells three kinds of muffins: chocolate chip muffins at 40 cents each. oatmeal muffins at 45 cents each. Another agency charges $42 per day plus 6 cents per mile to rent an equivalent type of car. x and y.com/Mathalino
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11. 0): The maximum is 5000.

ACET. Which graph represents this system and its solution?
•
CORRECT: (3. DLSUET.com/Mathalino
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•
CORRECT: . What steps can you use to solve the system •
using the method of elimination?
CORRECT: Multiply 4x + 5y = 53 by 2 and multiply 7x + 2y = 59 by −5. What is the vertex of the feasible region shown below that results in the maximum value of P?
•
CORRECT: (12. Then add. 140 miles 17.fb.
. The equation P = 5x + 3y represents the objective function for this linear programming model. 14)
19.2012 UPCAT. Classify the system • CORRECT: independent
without graphing.
20. USTET @ www. −4) 18.

if A =
.
• • • • undefined 5.2012 UPCAT. USTET @ www.
• • • •
4.B=
. If it is not defined.com/Mathalino
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Matrices
1.fb. Identify a23 in 23 16 −21 3
.D=
. and B =
. DLSUET. Find . if it is defined. What is the determinant of 10 20 −10 38 ?
• • • •
3. ACET. Which product is undefined?
A=
.
• • • • 2. Find BA. choose undefined.C=
.

Find the inverse of
.com/Mathalino
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• • • •
AB BA DB CD
6. USTET @ www.
•
•
• • does not exist
7. if it exists. Solve
X−
=
.fb. ACET. DLSUET.2012 UPCAT.
•
•
•
•
.

ACET.
•
•
•
•
10. DLSUET. Write the coordinates of the image after a translation 3 units right and 2 units down. 3
? Identify a12.
• •
. −4 2 × 3.2012 UPCAT. What are the dimensions of 3 × 2.fb.com/Mathalino
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8. Find 4
.
•
•
•
•
9. USTET @ www.

com/Mathalino
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• •
2 × 3. Write the coordinates of the image after a dilation three times the original size. 3 11. DLSUET.2012 UPCAT.
• • • •
. −4 3 × 2. Use matrices to represent the vertices of graph f and graph g.fb.
•
•
•
• 12. USTET @ www. ACET.

5. 5. USTET @ www. −1) (4.fb. 1) (4. ACET. Use an augmented matrix to solve (2.com/Mathalino
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13. 6. −6) none of these
. What are the coordinates of the image after a rotation of 90°?
• • • •
14.2012 UPCAT.
• • • •
15. What are the dimensions of 4×5 7×3 5×4 6×4
?
• • • •
. DLSUET.

•
.com/Mathalino
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16. ACET. and C.C=
• • • •
• • • • not possible 19.fb. B. Use matrices A. Determine whether has an inverse. Assign a number to each letter of the alphabet and a blank space as shown by the table below:
Matrix A was used to encode the cryptogram below.
A= 14 _ 5 18 18 _ 16 _ 11 4 _ 3 2 1 3 _ 17 9 3 17 20 _ 12 16 Use A−1 to decode the cryptogram.B= . Find B − C if you can. Find
+
. DLSUET. find it. USTET @ www.2012 UPCAT.
• • • • 17. A= . If an inverse matrix exists. LEAPS AND BOUNDS GRIND TO A HALT RUN LIKE THE WIND IN BROAD DAYLIGHT 18.

What is the determinant of • CORRECT: −10 ? . USTET @ www. Find BA. Which product is undefined?
A= •
. DLSUET. If it is not defined.fb. Determine whether J =
and K =
are multiplicative inverses.
4. if it is defined. ACET.com/Mathalino
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• • • does not exist
20. Find • CORRECT: 2.2012 UPCAT.C=
.
3. choose undefined.
• •
yes no
Matrices
1. Identify a23 in • CORRECT: −21
.D=
. and B =
.
CORRECT: undefined 5.B= CORRECT: BA
. if A = •
.

com/Mathalino
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6.fb.
.
•
CORRECT:
7.
•
CORRECT: 8. Find 4
.
•
CORRECT:
10. Find the inverse of
. USTET @ www. Solve
X−
=
. if it exists. Write the coordinates of the image after a translation 3 units right and 2 units down.
•
CORRECT:
9. What are the dimensions of • CORRECT: 3 × 2. ACET.2012 UPCAT. −4
? Identify a12. DLSUET.

Use matrices to represent the vertices of graph f and graph g.
•
CORRECT: 12.
•
CORRECT: 13. What are the coordinates of the image after a rotation of 90°?
•
CORRECT:
.2012 UPCAT.fb. DLSUET.com/Mathalino
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11. Write the coordinates of the image after a dilation three times the original size. USTET @ www. ACET.

A= 14 _ 5 18 18 _ 16 _ 11 4 _ 3 2 1 3 _ 17 9 3 17 20 _ 12 16 Use A−1 to decode the cryptogram.C=
•
CORRECT:
20. Find B − C if you can.com/Mathalino
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14.
15. What are the dimensions of • CORRECT: 5 × 4 16. −1)
.
. 5.fb. Find + .2012 UPCAT. • CORRECT: IN BROAD DAYLIGHT 18. A= . USTET @ www.B= . and C.
?
•
CORRECT: 17. Assign a number to each letter of the alphabet and a blank space as shown by the table below:
Matrix A was used to encode the cryptogram below. DLSUET. Use an augmented matrix to solve • CORRECT: (2. ACET. B. Determine whether J = • CORRECT: yes
and K =
are multiplicative inverses. Use matrices A.

Graph the equation to find out how long after the rocket is launched it will hit the ground.97 sec
•
5. USTET @ www. The height of the rocket t seconds after launch is given by the equation h = −16t2 + 95t + 63. Estimate your answer to the nearest hundredth of a second.97 sec
•
2.
• • • •
±3 −3 ± ±3 11 ± 2. ACET.
•
6.54 sec
•
2. A rocket is launched from atop a 63-foot cliff with an initial velocity of 95 feet per second.fb.2012 UPCAT.94 sec
. Solve x2 + 6x − 2 = 0 by completing the square. DLSUET.com/Mathalino
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Quadratic Equations and Functions
1.

(x − 3)(x − 18) (x + 1)(x + 54) (x + 9)(x + 6) (x − 9)(x − 6) 4. and constant terms. Identify the vertex and y-intercept of the graph of f(x) = −4(x + 3)2 + 7. y-intercept −5
• • • •
. −7). y-intercept −29 (−3. 7). ACET. y-intercept −5 (−3.
• • • •
•
•
•
•
• • • • . DLSUET. y-intercept −29 (3.fb.com/Mathalino
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3. USTET @ www. 7). Solve −11x + 9 + 5x2 = 0 using the Quadratic Formula. (3. −7). linear function linear term: −3x constant term: −18 quadratic function quadratic term: −2x2 linear term: −3x constant term: −18 quadratic function quadratic term: −x2 linear term: −3x constant term:−18 linear function linear term: −9x constant term:−18 5.2012 UPCAT. Is y = (x + 3)(x − 6) − 2x2 linear or quadratic? Identify the quadratic. linear. Factor x2 − 15x + 54.− 6.

The height of the rocket t seconds after launch is given by the equation h = −16t2 + 119t + 54.87 sec
•
7. USTET @ www.fb. Estimate your answer to the nearest hundredth of a second.2012 UPCAT. A rocket is launched from atop a 54-foot cliff with an initial velocity of 119 feet per second.72 sec
•
3. ACET. Find the absolute value of |−1 + 3i|.44 sec 8.com/Mathalino
42
7. 2
• • • •
10 8
.
•
3.72 sec
•
7. Graph the equation to find out how long after the rocket is launched it will hit the ground. DLSUET.

−
10.2012 UPCAT.79 . −5. USTET @ www. Factor x2 − 6x + 8. −2) and point (12. Solve x2 − 5x − 1 = 0 using the Quadratic Formula.
• • • •
. 0. −0. Write the equation of the parabola with vertex (9.
• • • •
f(x) = 7x2 − 9x + 3 f(x) = 3x2 − 9x + 7 f(x) = −9x2 + 3x + 7 f(x) = 3x2 + 7x − 9 12. y = (x + 9)2 + 2 y = (x − 12)2 − 16 y = (x − 9)2 − 2 y = 3(x + 12)2 + 16 13. −0. ACET. 4.
• • • •
.fb. Find a quadratic model for the values in the table. DLSUET.21. −4.79. Then approximate any radical solutions.19. (x + 4)(x + 2) (x − 4)(x − 2) (x − 2)(x − 6) (x + 2)(x + 6)
• • • •
• • • •
. Round to the nearest hundredth. Find the exact solutions.21 . 5.com/Mathalino
43
9. 16) in vertex form. Solve −9x + 6 + 5x2 = 0 using the Quadratic Formula.19 .19 11.19. 0.

− 2. ACET. axis of symmetry: x = −
vertex: ( . If necessary. .com/Mathalino
44
14. Solve 6x2 = 12. ).
).49 ≈ ±1. axis of symmetry: y = 15. axis of symmetry: y = ). Identify the vertex and the axis of symmetry of the parabola.
• • • •
−2.2012 UPCAT. Find the quadratic function y = ax2 + c with a graph that includes (0.46
• • • •
none of these 16.
• • • •
vertex: ( . ). ) and (−3. axis of symmetry: x = ).
• • • •
y = 4x2 − y = 4x2 + y = −4x2 − none of these 17. Solve 5x2 − 11x + 2 = 0 using the Quadratic Formula. DLSUET. USTET @ www.fb. − .41 ≈ ±3. ±6 ± ±2 ≈ ±8. vertex: ( . round your answer to the nearest hundredth.−
. vertex: ( .

−1) and y-intercept 2.2012 UPCAT. USTET @ www. (t − 25)(t + 1) (t − 5)(t + 5) (t + 5)2 (t − 5)2 19. DLSUET.
•
•
•
.fb.com/Mathalino
45
18.
• • • •
• • • •
y = −(x − y = −(x − y = −(x +
)2 + )2 − )2 −
y = (x − )2 + 20. Graph the quadratic function with vertex (−3. ACET. Rewrite y = −x2 + 5x − 1 in vertex form. Factor t2 − 10t + 25.

7). y-intercept −29 7. ACET. Solve x2 + 6x − 2 = 0 by completing the square. Graph the equation to find out how long after the rocket is launched it will hit the ground. • CORRECT: −3 ± 2. Estimate your answer to the nearest hundredth of a second. Solve −11x + 9 + 5x2 = 0 using the Quadratic Formula.
•
•
CORRECT: 6. USTET @ www. A rocket is launched from atop a 54-foot cliff with an initial velocity of 119 feet per second.
•
CORRECT: 3. Estimate your answer to the nearest hundredth of a second. DLSUET. Graph the equation to find out how long after the rocket is launched it will hit the ground. linear. The height of the rocket t seconds after launch is given by the equation h = −16t2 + 95t + 63. Is y = (x + 3)(x − 6) − 2x2 linear or quadratic? Identify the quadratic.com/Mathalino
46
•
Quadratic Equations and Functions
1. CORRECT: (−3. A rocket is launched from atop a 63-foot cliff with an initial velocity of 95 feet per second.54 sec
•
CORRECT: (x − 9)(x − 6) 4. CORRECT: quadratic function quadratic term: −x2 linear term: −3x constant term:−18 5.fb. The height of the rocket t seconds after launch is given by the equation h = −16t2 + 119t + 54.
6.
•
. Identify the vertex and y-intercept of the graph of f(x) = −4(x + 3)2 + 7. and constant terms.2012 UPCAT. Factor x2 − 15x + 54.

19 11. ). Solve 6x2 = 12.
•
•
CORRECT: 10. 16) in vertex form. −2) and point (12. Solve x2 − 5x − 1 = 0 using the Quadratic Formula. USTET @ www.41
•
. If necessary. DLSUET. ACET. Round to the nearest hundredth. Solve −9x + 6 + 5x2 = 0 using the Quadratic Formula. Write the equation of the parabola with vertex (9.fb.2012 UPCAT. Identify the vertex and the axis of symmetry of the parabola. round your answer to the nearest hundredth. Then approximate any radical solutions.
•
CORRECT: y = (x − 9)2 − 2 13.87 sec 8. CORRECT: ± ≈ ±1. CORRECT: (x − 4)(x − 2) 14. Factor x2 − 6x + 8. Find the absolute value of |−1 + 3i|. axis of symmetry: x = 15. CORRECT: 9.
•
•
CORRECT: vertex: ( . 5.19. Find the exact solutions.com/Mathalino
47
•
CORRECT: 7.
•
CORRECT: .
•
CORRECT: f(x) = 3x2 + 7x − 9 12. −0. Find a quadratic model for the values in the table.

2012 UPCAT, ACET, DLSUET, USTET @ www.fb.com/Mathalino

48

16. Find the quadratic function y = ax2 + c with a graph that includes (0,

) and (−3,

).

•

CORRECT: y = 4x2 + 17. Solve 5x2 − 11x + 2 = 0 using the Quadratic Formula.

•

CORRECT: 2, 18. Factor t2 − 10t + 25. CORRECT: (t − 5)2 19. Rewrite y = −x2 + 5x − 1 in vertex form.

•

•

CORRECT: y = −(x − )2 + 20. Graph the quadratic function with vertex (−3, −1) and y-intercept 2.

•

CORRECT:

**Polynomials and Polynomial Functions
**

1. Which polynomial function does NOT have 0 as a root? f ( x) = x4 − 1 h(x) = x4 + 3x2 − x k( x) = x2 − x3 g(x) = x2 − 3x 2. Morris Mouse can find his way through the maze easily from entrance A to exit B. However, he receives food only if he finds the exit without going west or south. (North is towards the top of the diagram.) How many different paths can he take through the maze to receive food? (Note: Different

• • • •

2012 UPCAT, ACET, DLSUET, USTET @ www.fb.com/Mathalino

49

paths have at least one distinct section. See the diagram for an example.)

is different from 70 paths 140 paths 10 paths 16 paths 3. Use synthetic division and the Remainder Theorem to find P(−3) if P(x) = x4 + 19x3 + 108x2 + 236x + 176. 9 8 7 6 4. The volume of a certain rectangular prism is given by 15x3 + 76x2 − 92x − 48. Give the dimensions of the prism. (5x + 2)(x + 6)(3x + 4) (5x + 2)(x + 6)(3x − 4) (5x − 2)(x + 6)(3x − 4) (5x + 2)(x − 6)(3x − 4) 5. Write a polynomial in standard form with zeros 1, 2, and −5. x3 − 2x2 + 13x − 10 = 0 x3 − 4x2 + 17x + 10 = 0 x3 + 2x2 − 13x + 10 = 0 x3 + 6x2 − 3x + 10 = 0

• • • •

• • • •

• • • •

• • • •

2012 UPCAT, ACET, DLSUET, USTET @ www.fb.com/Mathalino

50

6. A polynomial equation with rational coefficients has roots 1 + roots. 1− −1 − −1 + ,3+ ,3+ , −3 +

and 3 −

. Find two additional

• • • •

−1 − , −3 + 7. Divide (2x3 + 3x2 − 4x − 4) ÷ (x + 2) using long division. 2x2 − x − 1 2x2 + x + 2 2x2 − x + 2 2x2 + x – 2

• • • •

8. Solve 8x3 + 27 = 0.

• • • •

x=

,

x=− , x= ,

x=− , 9. Evaluate 99 110 55 77 10. Evaluate . .

• • • •

• • • • • 60,480 504 84

ACET. Divide (3x3 + 4x2 − 5x − 2) ÷ (x + 2) using long division. DLSUET. 9 362. Evaluate 9!.800 99 12. 3x2 + 2x − 1 3x2 + 2x + 1 3x2 − 2x − 1 3x2 − 2x + 1 13. Find the factored form of 4x3 − 8x2 − 12x.2012 UPCAT. 81a4 − 12a3b + 18a2b2 − 12ab3 + b4 81a4 − 108a3b + 54a2b2 − 12ab3 + b4 81a4 + 108a3b + 54a2b2 + 12ab3 + b4 81a4 + 12a3b + 18a2b2 + 12ab3 + b4 16. Assume red and green are equally likely occurrences.com/Mathalino
51
11.fb. v6 − 8v5u + 17v4u2 − 22v3u3 + 17v2u4 − 8vu5 + u6 v6 − 6v5u + 15v4u2 − 20v3u3 + 15v2u4 − 6vu5 + u6 v6 − u 6 v6 − 6v5u − 30v4u2 + 120v3u3 + 360v2u4 − 720vu5 − 720u6 14. 4x(x2 − 2x − 3) 4(x2 + 1)(x − 3) 4x(x + 1)(x − 3) x(4x + 1)(x − 3) 15. Use the Binomial Theorem to expand (v − u)6.880 3. Use Pascal's Triangle to expand (3a − b)4. USTET @ www.628. What is probability that you will get one green light in a row of five lights?
• • • •
• • • •
• • • •
• • • •
• • • •
• •
.

Use the Rational Root Theorem to determine all possible rational roots of 5x3 + 4x2 + 4x + 10 = 0. ±5.com/Mathalino
52
• • 17. ±1. ± ±1. ± ±2. In how many ways can 4 singers be selected from 8 who came to an audition? 70 ways 4 ways 32 ways 1344 ways 18.
• • • •
• • • •
• • • •
±2. Morris Mouse can find his way through the maze easily from entrance A to exit B. y = (x + 3)(x + 2)(4x + 1) y = (x + 3)(x − 2)(4x − 1) y = (x + 3)(x + 2)(4x − 1) y = (x + 3)(x − 2)(4x + 1)
• • • •
Polynomials and Polynomial Functions
1. ±10.fb. However. Use Pascal's Triangle to expand (2x + y)4. (North is towards the top of the diagram. ± . 16x4 − 32x3y + 24x2y2 − 8xy3 + y4 16x4 + 32x3y + 24x2y2 + 8xy3 + y4 16x4 + 64x3y + 48x2y2 + 16xy3 + y4 16x4 − 64x3y + 48x2y2 − 16xy3 + y4 19. Do NOT find the actual roots. ±10. ± . ± . ACET. Use synthetic division and the factor x + 3 to completely factor y = 4x3 + 5x2− 23x − 6. USTET @ www. DLSUET. ±10. ± 0. ±2. Which polynomial function does NOT have 0 as a root? • CORRECT: f(x) = x4 − 1 2. ±50.2012 UPCAT. ±5. ±2. ±5. ±5. ± . he receives food only if he finds the exit without going west or south. ± 20.) How many different paths can he take through the maze to receive food? (Note: Different
. ± .

)
is different from • CORRECT: 70 paths 3.
•
CORRECT: 504 11. 2. USTET @ www. CORRECT: (5x + 2)(x + 6)(3x − 4) 5. and −5.880 12.fb. Solve 8x3 + 27 = 0. Use synthetic division and the Remainder Theorem to find P(−3) if P(x) = x4 + 19x3 + 108x2 + 236x + 176. Write a polynomial in standard form with zeros 1. Evaluate 9!. DLSUET. CORRECT: v6 − 6v5u + 15v4u2 − 20v3u3 + 15v2u4 − 6vu5 + u6
•
•
•
. Evaluate . • CORRECT: 1 − . Give the dimensions of the prism. See the diagram for an example. CORRECT: 2x2 − x − 1 8. The volume of a certain rectangular prism is given by 15x3 + 76x2 − 92x − 48. Divide (3x3 + 4x2 − 5x − 2) ÷ (x + 2) using long division. ACET. CORRECT: 362.
•
CORRECT: 55 10. Use the Binomial Theorem to expand (v − u)6. Evaluate .com/Mathalino
53
paths have at least one distinct section. CORRECT: 8 4. CORRECT: 3x2 − 2x − 1 13.3+ 7. Find two additional
•
•
•
•
CORRECT: x = − . • CORRECT: x3 + 2x2 − 13x + 10 = 0 6.2012 UPCAT. and 3 − . A polynomial equation with rational coefficients has roots 1 + roots. Divide (2x3 + 3x2 − 4x − 4) ÷ (x + 2) using long division. 9.

Graph y = −5
+ 5. Use Pascal's Triangle to expand (2x + y)4. DLSUET. What is probability that you will get one green light in a row of five lights?
•
•
CORRECT: 17. • CORRECT: 4x(x + 1)(x − 3) 15. ± . Use synthetic division and the factor x + 3 to completely factor y = 4x3 + 5x2− 23x − 6. CORRECT: 16x4 + 32x3y + 24x2y2 + 8xy3 + y4 19.
• • • •
7 14 2. Use the Rational Root Theorem to determine all possible rational roots of 5x3 + 4x2 + 4x + 10 = 0. Find (f g) (2). Find the factored form of 4x3 − 8x2 − 12x. CORRECT: y = (x + 3)(x − 2)(4x + 1)
•
Radical Functions and Rational Exponents
1.fb. Do NOT find the actual roots. Let f(x) = x2 + 3 and g(x) = 9 .
•
domain: x ≥ 0. ±2.2012 UPCAT. range: y ≥ −5
. USTET @ www.com/Mathalino
54
14. ±10. ± 20.
•
•
•
CORRECT: ±1. CORRECT: 81a4 − 108a3b + 54a2b2 − 12ab3 + b4 16. Find the domain and range of the function. ACET. Use Pascal's Triangle to expand (3a − b)4. In how many ways can 4 singers be selected from 8 who came to an audition? CORRECT: 70 ways 18. Assume red and green are equally likely occurrences. ±5.

•
−
. Assume that all the variables are positive.com/Mathalino
55
•
domain: x ≥ 5. DLSUET. Rationalize the denominator of . 2
• • • •
9x − 100yz 9x2 − 100y2z2 9x − 60 − 100yz
9x2 + 60 xyz − 100y2z2 5. USTET @ www. range: y ≥ 0
•
domain: x ≥ 0.2012 UPCAT. Assume that all variables are positive.fb. ACET. Multiply (3 − 10 )(3 + 10 ). range: y ≤ 5
• 3. Rationalize the denominator of
domain: x ≤ −5. Simplify the answer. range: y ≥ 0 .
• • • • 4.

no . Find the inverse of y = 3x2 + 4.
domain: x ≥ − .
domain: x ≥ − . it is the graph of y = −5
translated
unit left and 2 units up. range: y ≤ −2 • y = −5 + 2.com/Mathalino
56
• • • + 2 to make it easy to graph using a translation. it is the graph of y = −5 translated unit left and units down. range: y ≤ −2 • y = −5( − ). it is the graph of y = −5 translated unit right and 2 units up.
•
y = −5
+ 2. DLSUET.2012 UPCAT. yes
. no .
domain: x ≥ − . Describe the graph. Let f(x) = x2 + 7 and g(x) = . Is the inverse a function?
• • • •
y=± y=± y=± y=±
. range: y ≤ 2 • y = −5 ( + ). USTET @ www. 6. Find (f g) (−4). Rewrite y = − Find the domain and the range of the function.fb. it is the graph of y = −5 translated unit left and units up. range: y ≤ −2 7.
• • • •
8. yes .
domain: x ≥ − . ACET.

com/Mathalino
57
9. ACET.fb. Solve (x + 4) = 16. Find the domain and range of the function. range: y ≥ 0
•
domain: x ≥ 0. Graph y =
. range: y ≥ −2
• • • •
4 64 60 68
−2
.
domain: x ≥ 0. USTET @ www. DLSUET.2012 UPCAT.
•
domain: x ≥ 2. range: y ≥ 2
• 10. range: y ≥ 0
•
domain: x ≥ −2.

Simplify x−1(x− )(x ). Simplify 3x5y4 3|x5|y4 3|x5y4| |3x5|y4 15. Multiply and simplify 6x2 • 6x2 • 6x2 6x2 • 13.com/Mathalino
58
11. Use absolute value symbols when needed. .
• • • •
• • • • 3
.
• • • •
• • • • 14. Rationalize the denominator of
. Assume that all variables are positive. Assume that all variables are positive. DLSUET. Assume that all variables are positive. Assume that all variables are positive.
• • • • 12.2012 UPCAT. • • . ACET. USTET @ www. Rationalize the denominator of .fb.

range of f: f(x) ≥ 16. Determine whether f−1 is a function.com/Mathalino
59
16. Let f(x) = 3x + 7 and g(x) = 4x − 2.
• • • •
−2
−2
. domain of f−1: x ≥ −1 16.2012 UPCAT. function
−1
•
f−1(x) = ± . range of f: f(x) ≥ 4. DLSUET.
• • • •
−4−2 −4 18. For the function f(x) = (4 − 2x)2.
• • •
. Assume that all variables are positive. domain of f: all real numbers. domain off−1: x ≥ 0. range of f : all real numbers. USTET @ www. Simplify if possible.
g) (−6). Rationalize the denominator of
. domain off−1: x ≥ 4. domain of f: all real numbers. Simplify 7 −3 3
•6
.
• • • •
•
f−1(x) = 2 ± . domain of f: all real numbers. ACET. Find (f −46 −72 −71 −47 19. range of f : f(x) ≤ 0. domain of f−1: x ≥ 16. range of f: f(x) ≥ 16. range of f−1: all real numbers. Multiply 5 3 180 9 360 17. not a function
−1
•
•
f−1(x) = ± . find f−1 and the domain and range of f andf−1. domain of f: all real numbers. not a function
20. range of f: f(x) ≥ 0. function f−1(x) = 2 ± . range of f : all real numbers.fb.

Assume that all variables are positive. DLSUET. Check for extraneous solutions.
•
CORRECT: 60 6. CORRECT: 6 9.com/Mathalino
60
•
Radical Functions and Rational Exponents
1.000064. Find all the real cube roots of 0.fb.
CORRECT: x− y 3.63 in. ACET. Solve (x + 4) = 16. Simplify
. Find the radius. to the nearest hundredth. Simplify −2 −2 −4 − 12 . Rationalize the denominator of .
•
CORRECT: −14 4. of
•
CORRECT: 1. USTET @ www. Solve = x − 4.
•
CORRECT: 4a2b 5. CORRECT: 0. Multiply (7 + • ) 2. πr3. Simplify x−1(x− )(x ). Simplify •
.04
•
. Assume that all variables are positive. Simplify the answer.2012 UPCAT.
•
•
CORRECT: 10.
•
CORRECT: 8. Assume that all variables are positive. The formula for the volume of a sphere isV = a sphere with a volume of 18 in. 7.
CORRECT: 51 + 14
2.3.

Which function matches the graph?
•
CORRECT: y = 12. range: y ≥ 1
. Graph y = 5 + 1. ACET. Multiply and simplify
−5 • .
•
CORRECT:
domain: x ≥ 0. Identify the graph of y = 2x2 − 5 and its inverse. Find . all real numbers x ≠ 4 17.
•
CORRECT: −9x + 6.
•
CORRECT: −4 16.
•
CORRECT: 14.
•
CORRECT: m2 13.5 15. USTET @ www.fb. Simplify 6 −7 .
•
CORRECT: 0.com/Mathalino
61
11. Let f(x) = 3x2 + 10x − 8 and g(x) = x + 4. DLSUET.2012 UPCAT. Assume that all variables are positive. Find the domain and range of the function. Find the real-number root of .

Simplify •
. Find the real-number root of
.
CORRECT: 4|k|5 19.2012 UPCAT. USTET @ www.fb. Use absolute value symbols when needed. ACET. DLSUET.
•
CORRECT:
.com/Mathalino
62
18. Which function matches the graph?
• •
CORRECT: y =
+4
20.

USTET @ www.fb.com/Mathalino
63
Part 2/2
. ACET. DLSUET.2012 UPCAT.