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Q1: What is the National Optical Fibre Network?

Ans: Government of India has approved on 25-10-2011 the setting up of National Optical Fiber Network (NOFN) to provide connectivity to all the 2,50,000 Gram Panchayats(GPs) in the country. This would ensure broadband connectivity with adequate bandwidth. This is to be achieved utilizing the existing optical fiber and extending it to the Gram Panchayats. Q2: What is BBNL? Ans: Bharat Broadband Network Limited (BBNL), is a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV), set up by the Government of India for the Establishment, Management and Operation of NOFN. BBNL has been incorporated as a Public Sector Undertaking(PSU)/ Company under Companies Act(1956). BBNL was incorporated on 25/02/2012. Q3: What benefit will I get from NOFN? Ans: NOFN has the potential to transform many aspects of our lives including video, data, internet, telephone services in areas such as education, business, entertainment, environment, health households and e-governance services. These services will be offered by TSPs/ISPs. Q4: What are the various services that can be facilitated by BBNL? Ans: Services like G2C, B2B, P2P, B2C etc. covering E-education, Remote Health Monitoring, Egovernance, Weather, Agriculture etc. can be accessed by common man through NOFN. These services will be offered by TSPs/ISPs. BBNL willl provide access to all categories of Service Providers Q5: What is the Government policy for driving National Broadband? Ans:The National Telecom Policy (NTP) 2012 states the following:

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Affordable and reliable broadband on demand by 2015. Target of 175 Million Connection by 2017. Target of 600 Million Connection by 2020 at minimum 2 mbps speed and higher speed upto 100 mbps on demand. Recognise Telecom and BB connectivity as a basic necessity like education and health and work towards, " Right to Broadband". Synergy between existing on-going and future Government programs viz e-Gov, ePanchayat, MGNREGA, NKN, Aakash, etc. and Broadband roll-out and sharing of infrastructure

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Q6: Why is broadband important?

Ans: Broadband is a tool for improving the life of people by providing affordable and equitable access to information and knowledge. For individuals, broadband has direct impact on their day to day life style and behavior. For states, it enormously contributes towards trade and generation of employment

• • • The GPON (Gigabit Passive Optical Network) standard differs from other PON standards in that it achieves higher bandwidth and higher efficiency using larger.Intra-village.000 Gram Panchayats. productivity techniques Small enterprises. Knowledge Dissemination . The architecture uses passive (unpowered) optical splitters. with frame segmentation allowing higher quality of service (QoS) for delay-sensitive voice and video communications traffic. Education and Finance. reducing the cost of equipment compared to point-to-point architectures. Single point of Government to citizen interaction for Centrally sponsored/Central sector/ State sponsored schemes Grievance redressal. updating of citizen databases effective performance monitoring of Panchayats • • • Community Participation . • • • • Q10: What is GPON technology? Ans: GPON is known as Gigabit Passive Optical Network technology. etc. Encryption maintains data security in this shared environment. Intra-district sharing of practices and resources Communication with Block. Vocational learning. Developmental planning . • • • Q9: What are the different technologies being used? Ans: GPON (Gigabit Passive Optical Network) technology will be used for NOFN Project. • transportation and power connectivity knowledge connectivity in the form of good educational & training institutions Provision of drinking water and upgradation of existing health facilities Market connectivity to enable farmers to get the best prices for their produce. A Passive Optical Network (PON) is a network architecture that brings fiber cabling and signals to the home using a point-to-multipoint scheme that enables a single optical fiber to serve multiple premises.Q7: What are various applications for panchayats? Ans: Panchayat Management . GPON is an open standard technology. Delivery of Citizen Services .Road. .Delivery of services including Health. and District.Sharing of Agricultural practices. GPON offers efficient packaging of user traffic. variable-length packets. • • • Q8: How many panchayats are to be covered by NOFN? Ans: National Optical Fiber Network (NOFN) to provide connectivity to 2.Gram sabha meetings.50. village records.

C-DOT. The funding of the project is from USOF. TCIL and NIC are working with BBNL on the NOFN Project. . RailTel. • • • • • • Q14: Which PSUs are likely to execute the project? Ans: BSNL.• • • Q11: What is OLT in GPON Technology? Ans: OLT is known as Optical Line Termintion which is the Centre office terminal used in GPON technology. PGCIL. RailTel and PGCIL have been assigned the execution work by BBNL. Q15: Which Institutions Agencies are associated with NOFN Project implementation? Ans: BSNL.