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Prof., Dr. Juhani Kuusi Senior Vice President Head of Research Center Nokia Corporation
Industry-public interaction in relation to the creation and running of research infrastructures and research networks
Research - A Widely Networked Element in High Tech Industries Our conference objectives state the following: "Research infrastructures have played an increasing role in R&D for almost fifty years. However, during last two decades a transition has taken place. We have moved from a situation where large research facilities were dedicated almost exclusively to a specific discipline or research area, to a new one where infrastructures have also been developed as service facilities for a broad variety of scientific communities, including scientists from industry. "This widening of the concept of research infrastructures, and of the spectrum of disciplines involved, has been reflected in a new vision of infrastructures in relation to science and technology." During recent years, the transition has further accelerated due to the gallop of information technology - especially that of the Internet. As is frequently quoted – the Internet is not a rising tide - it's a tidal wave. This nowadays gigantic baby of information technology (IT) has really revolutionized the whole of IT and its applications. The major reciprocal effects of this tidal wave are: • • • Internet rhythm - speed is the number one driver Transition from vertical to horizontal mode in R&D and business-related activities Increasing need for subcontracting and outsourcing
Industry's internal interaction - An illustration of necessary trends in industry-public interaction Development of industry's internal interaction with respect to research and development activities offers also an illustration of desirable trends in industry-public interaction.
Nokia Research Center serves business units by developing and transferring the expertise needed for new products while also exploring and developing the long-term or high-risk concepts that fall outside the mandate of business unit R&D. work at Nokia Research Center. In 1998. At the beginning of 2000. the outlines of Nokia's research and development activities and their interaction with the company's other functions are described with references to some other multinational enterprises. the corporate research center. Interaction with all corporate functions keeps operations efficient. or 8. Nearly 1100. with 10 major sites in 7 countries. production. however. the business units finance about two-thirds of NRC's expenses. in order to maximize the effectiveness of a corporate research center. and stimulates an invaluable exchange of ideas.More drive. to beat back the natural tendency to interact only with other R&D units. This interplay greatly facilitates targeting activities on the business unit needs and aids technology transfer.9% of net sales.76 billion.2 As an example. which then form the basis for strategic planning throughout the company. Increasingly. Challenges for industry-public interaction . The flexibility that allows the same employee to wear different hats is a hallmark of the resurgent Bell Labs. 1999) "An Ivory Tower that Spins Pure Gold." We find that it is absolutely vital. also the industry-public interaction has to move increasingly towards the horizontal mode described . Absolutely fundamental to the success of NRC's mission is that a large portion of our operations extends to the R&D area. intensity." Lucent Technologies' Bell labs earned the following praise: "They've succeeded in making an organization that does both basic research and development that's of use to the company. Nokia's R&D expenditures totaled over EUR 1. over 17000 of Nokia's approximately 55000 employees worked in research and development. maintains good esprit. R&D cooperation. In a Business Week article (April 19. In fact. other companies have adopted the same strategy. and renewal Due to the present Internet rhythm. and likewise the research center can benefit from them. The interface between the "R" of industrial basic research and the "R&D" of research and development is actually within the scope of Nokia Research Center. sales and marketing can all benefit from interaction with the research center. Most of this happens within a framework of projects specifically contracted by the business units. subcontracting and outsourcing are more and more attractive or even necessary alternatives for industry. Strategic planning. To meet this demand. keeping the research center acutely aware of market trends and business projections. About one-quarter of the center's funding comes directly from the corporate level and is directed specifically at more visionary projects. most in a network of 52 business unit R&D centers located in 12 countries.
working as the hub of the project with 250 of its researchers from the LCS (Laboratory of Computer Science) and LAI (Laboratory of Artificial Intelligence) participating. together with other types of new and proven industry-public interaction concepts (EUREKA etc. VCE is a company established by the industry to facilitate effective industry-led long-term research in a certain area. This is true also with respect to the future development of EU Framework Programmes . Research programmes are defined jointly by industrial members and key academics.3 above.in addition to the necessary high level of activities.is not necessarily as large as perhaps previously anticipated. This should be taken into account also when further developing public research infrastructures and their utilization.global level research groups .uk) offers an encouraging example of new type of successful industry-public interaction. These models. and intensive networking are a must .of course.with many good references but also with room for improvement. This requires the further development of traditional forms of interaction and the creation of new ones.is needed to meet the multidimensional challenges of Internet time at hand.mobilevce. should be analyzed for the further development of EU FPs. has attracted 6 global companies to the project consortium and 40% public funding (DARPA). Speed. Everything possible shall be done to facilitate the much faster planning and implementation of larger projects with more intensive industry-public interaction than has traditionally been possible. MIT. The Virtual Centre of Excellence (VCE) concept created in the UK in the area of mobile and personal communication (www. and undertaken by pan-university teams. flexibility.co. . It should be noted that in many areas the size of the modes . It is evident that some kind of further delegation in the decision-making . An interesting example of large project geometries is the five-year Oxygen project (USD 50M) initiated by MIT for developing a radically new breed of computer systems that are much closer to people and that take advantage of the abundance of computing. Present communication methods have made it possible to carry out top global research activities within smaller groups located in various places but communicating intensively with each other. monitored and steered by industrial members. within a certain framework . This demands further development at all stages of the programme and experimenting with new project and programme geometries. A prerequisite for success is intensive and continuous networking and interaction between the modes of both industrial and public research communities. The programmes are financed by the members' subscriptions and government funds.). communication and perceptual resources.
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