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Vehicle Construction Approval Requirements for Electric Vehicles I.

Regulations and Standards

1.1 All electric vehicles applying for type approval shall comply with the Road Traffic Ordinance (Cap. 374) and its subsidiary regulations, including the RT(C&M) Regs. related to vehicle construction, and the RT(SE) Regs. related to safety equipment. Electric vehicles will be classified according to Schedule 1 of the Road Traffic Ordinance, Cap. 374. The applicant shall provide documentary proof to demonstrate the functional safety and protection against electric shock of the electric vehicle complies with any one of the standards and regulations specified in Annex 1. The applicant shall provide technical details and documentary proof to show the construction, safety and reliability of the battery is suitable for automotive use and traceable to a relevant standard as specified in Annex 2. TD may accept equivalent standards with the contents and requirements equivalent or superior to the standards and regulation listed in the above annex. The documentary proof as referred to in paragraph 1.3 and 1.4 may either be (a) a certificate issued by an independent certification body; (b) a test report prepared by an independent testing body; or (c) a manufacturers declaration, if the manufacturer operates an internationally recognized quality management system. Special remarks for electric motorcycles : The standards listed in Annex 1 may not be directly applicable to electric motorcycles or category L vehicles (according to UN/ECE RE.3). The applicant is advised to submit certification or manufacturers test report to demonstrate the electrical safety of the concerned motorcycle, with reference to similar requirements as outlined in these standards. 1.7 Special remarks for electric buses and light buses: A manually operated isolation switch capable of disconnecting the power circuits from the electric power supply (traction battery or equivalent) shall be provided, and shall be located in a position readily accessible to a person outside the vehicle. The position of the isolation switch shall be clearly indicated to users by labels in English and Chinese.






Vehicle Safety and Standards Division (Rev.1, August 2012)

II. Documents required for submission

2.1 If the following safety requirements concerning connection of the vehicle to mains network have not been covered in the submissions mentioned in paragraph 1.3, the applicant shall provide documentary proof for the following : (a) Vehicle movement by its own propulsion system shall be impossible as long as the connector of the external electric power supply is physically connected to the vehicle charging inlet.


The applicant shall provide the following technical information of the electric vehicle : (a) Description of electrical safety features and protection measures incorporated into the vehicle and charging system. (b) Operating characteristics of the electric motor (torque and power curves) (c) Information and specification of the batteries and charging system. Indication of charging status and the state of charge of the batteries at the driving enabled mode. (battery status indicator is mandatory) (d) Diagram and general description of the essential electrical/control parts and explanation of their functions. (e) Rated power (i.e. the maximum power output that can be sustained for a period of not less than 30 minutes of the electric motor of the vehicle) of the electric motor/vehicle, traceable to an industrial standard or an international regulation such as UN/ECE R85. (f) Indication of maximum speed, gradeability, fuel consumption, efficiency, range per full charge (including their methods of measurement, which should be traceable to an industrial standard or an international/national automotive regulation). (g) Details of any modifications made to the original (base) vehicle (h) Maintenance requirements Maintenance manual covering the electrical system, including circuit diagrams. And, special provision regarding towing of the electric vehicle.


Vehicle Safety and Standards Division (Rev.1, August 2012)

Annex 1 Safety Standards on Functional safety and Occupant protection against electric shock Applicability: Passenger vehicle (M) and goods vehicles (N), except motor cycles (L). Description Approval of Battery Electric Vehicles with regard to specific requirements for the construction, functional safety and hydrogen emission

Standard (a) UN/ECE R100


Japan Attachment 110 & TRIAS 67-2-2008

Technical standard and Test Procedure for protection of occupants against high voltage in electric vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles Technical standard and Test Procedure for protection of occupants against high voltage in electric vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles after collision Electrically propelled road vehicles Safety specifications

Attachment 111 & TRIAS 67-3-2008

(c) ISO 6469-1 : 2009 ISO 6469-2 : 2009 ISO 6469-3 : 2011

Part 1 : Part 2 : Part 3 :

Onboard rechargeable energy storage system (RESS) Vehicle operational safety means and protection against failures Protection of persons against electric shock


GB/T 18384-2001

1 2 3 Electric Powered Vehicles, Electrical Shock Protection Electrolyte Spillage and




QC/T 838-2010

(For super-capacitor vehicle only)

Vehicle Safety and Standards Division (Rev.1, August 2012)

Annex 2 Safety Standards on Traction Battery Pack (or Module) for Electric Vehicles (I) Lithium battery Standards (a) ISO 12405 Descriptions Electrically propelled road vehicles - Test specification for Lithium-Ion traction battery packs and systems - Part 1: High power applications Secondary lithium-ion cells for the propulsion of electric road vehicles Part 1 : Performance testing Part 2 : Reliability and abuse testing Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Rechargeable Energy Storage System (RESS) Safety and Abuse Testing Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Propulsion Battery Safety Standard Standard for Lithium Batteries (For super-capacitor vehicle only)


IEC 62660 (2010)


SAE J2464 (2009) or SAE J2929-2011

(d) (e)

UL 1642 (2005) QC/T 743-2006


QC/T 741-2006

(II) Non-lithium Battery Standards (a) (b) QC/T 744-2006 IEC 61982 Descriptions Secondary batteries (except lithium) for the propulsion of electric road vehicles Performance and endurance tests



Vehicle Safety and Standards Division (Rev.1, August 2012)