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in partnership with

NSW CHAPTER

JULY 2006

MATHEMATICS

PRE-TRIAL TEST

HIGHER SCHOOL CERTIFICATE (HSC)

General Instructions Reading time 5 minutes Working time 3 hours Write using black or blue pen Board-approved calculators may be used A table of standard integrals is provided on Page 2 All necessary working should be shown in every question

Petrus Ky College

HSC Pre-Trial

Mathematics

July 2006

Page 1 of 12

Petrus Ky College

HSC Pre-Trial

Mathematics

July 2006

Page 2 of 12

. .

12 1

(B) Simplify 6 8

3 2

(C) A coin is tossed 3 times. What is the probability that tail appears every time ?

2 2

x3 1 x 1

2 + cos 3 3

2

price. What is the cost of an item with the marked price of $39.99 ?

Petrus Ky College

HSC Pre-Trial

Mathematics

July 2006

Page 3 of 12

12

(i)

(3 4x )

x x

3 6

(ii) e cos e

(iii)

cot x x2

2

1 dx x3

e3 x dx

(ii)

(C) Find

x dx 3x 2 3

Petrus Ky College

HSC Pre-Trial

Mathematics

July 2006

Page 4 of 12

Question 3

12

NOT TO SCALE

This diagram shows points A(1, 0), B(4, 1) and C(-1, 6) in the Cartesian Plane. Angle ABC = Copy or trace this diagram into your writing booklet. (A) Find the equation of the line AC (B) Find the gradient of the line AB (C) Find the length of AB (D) Show that AB and AC are perpendicular. (E) Find tan (F) Find the equation of the circle with centre A and passes through B. (G) Find the coordinates of the point D, where D lies on the line AC, between A and C and AD = AB. (H) On your diagram, shade the region satisfying the inequality 3x + y < 3 2 1 1 1 2 2 2

Petrus Ky College

HSC Pre-Trial

Mathematics

July 2006

Page 5 of 12

2

12

(i) Copy the following table of values into your writing booklet and calculate the missing value, correct to three decimal places.

x f( x )

2 3.464

(ii) Use these five values of the function and the trapezoidal rule to find the approximate value of:

16 x 2 dx

2 2

(iii) Sketch the graph x + y = 16 and shade rhe region whose area is represented by:

16 x 2 dx

2

(B) Find the limiting sum of the geometric series, which has the first term is 16 and the fourth term is

1 . 4

2x

= 3x + 6

y = e x

1 2

Petrus Ky College

HSC Pre-Trial

Mathematics

July 2006

Page 6 of 12

Question 5 (A)

12

In the diagram, CBD = BCA = xo Also, AD // BC (i) Show EA = ED (ii) Prove ABC DCB (iii) Show that DBA and ACD are equal in size. 1 2 1

x2 y= 2 x 2

1 2

(i) Find the domain and range of the function. (ii) Sketch the graph of this function (C) The number N of dust particles in a room satisfies the equation

N = N o e0.15t

Where t is measured in days and N o is a constant. (i) Show that the number of dust particles increases at a rate proportional to the number present. (ii) When t = 5, the number of dust particles was estimated to be 1.8 10 . Evaluate N o .

9

Petrus Ky College

HSC Pre-Trial

Mathematics

July 2006

Page 7 of 12

Question 6 (A) A particle is moving in a straight line. It starts from a fixed point 0 on the line and at time t seconds its velocity v (ms-1 ) is given by v = 3t2 + 6t - 9. i. Find the initial speed of the particle and its initial direction of motion. ii. Find when and where the particle is at rest. iii. Find the position of the particle after 2 seconds. iv. Find the distance travelled by the particle in the first 2 seconds. (B) Sketch the graph of the function y = x2e-x showing clearly the coordinates and nature of any turning points and the behaviour of the function as x .

12

2 2 2 2 4

Petrus Ky College

HSC Pre-Trial

Mathematics

July 2006

Page 8 of 12

Question 7 (A) P(8,8) is a point on the parabola x2 = 8y. F is the focus of the parabola. The tangent to the parabola at P meets the directrix at D. i. Show that the tangent at P has equation 2x y 8 = 0.

12

2 2

ii. Show that PFD = 90o. (B) Sketch the graphs of each of the following functions and state the amplitude and range. i. y = cos(-x) + 1, 0 x 360

ii. y = 2sin

x , 2

0x2

(C)

ABC is a triangle, right-angled at B. BD is an arc of a circle with centre A. AB = BC = 2cm. Find the perimeter and area of the shaded region.

(D) Differentiate:

y = ln x + ln x 2 + ln x3 + ... + ln x10

Petrus Ky College

HSC Pre-Trial

Mathematics

July 2006

Page 9 of 12

12

2 0

sin 2 x dx

(B) The region bounded by the curve y = tan x, the x-axis and the line x = through one revolution about the x-axis.

is rotated

(D) Prove: a + b + c ab + bc + ca

2 2 2

Petrus Ky College

HSC Pre-Trial

Mathematics

July 2006

Page 10 of 12

Question 9

12

(A) Prove :

2 x dx .

ii. If the value of this integral is 21.6404 to four decimal places, find the percentage error in this approximation to 2 decimal places.

and . Without solving the 3 3 equation write down the values of + and , and hence evaluate + and

1

(E) Find : lim f(x) where f(x) = x1

Petrus Ky College

HSC Pre-Trial

Mathematics

July 2006

Page 11 of 12

Question 10 (A) Three students A, B, C sit a test. Their probabilities of passing are respectively. Find the probability that i. ii. all of them pass. at least two of them pass.

12

3 2 1 , , 4 3 2

2 2

(B) Natasha and Richard take out a loan of $200 000 on 1st January 2002 to buy a house. Interest is charged at 12% pa, compounded monthly, and they will repay the loan in monthly instalments of $2200. (i) Find the amount owing at the end of n months. 2

(ii)

Find how long it takes to repay: (i) the full loan, (ii) half the loan.

(iii)

How long would repayment take if they were able to pay $2500 per month?

(iv)

Why would instalments of $1900 per month never repay the loan? NOTE: The first repayment is normally made at the end of the first repayment period. In this example, that means on the last day of each month.

END OF TEST

Petrus Ky College

HSC Pre-Trial

Mathematics

July 2006

Page 12 of 12

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