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Nokia Siemens Networks CS Fallback (CSFB

Enabling seamless voice services for LTE smartphones

CSFB will enable devices in packetswitched LTE networks to change over to CS networks for incoming and outgoing voice calls. end-users will expect to be able to make voice calls as well as access data services with their new devices (Figure 1). 2 Nokia Siemens Networks CS Fallback (CSFB) . the smartphone reverts to the LTE network. During the past six months. In many cases. There are compelling reasons.  Enabling voice for LTE smartphones CS Fallback (CSFB) will be the bridging technology to ensure that LTE smartphone users can enjoy ultra-fast data services as well as high-quality voice services on 2G/3G networks. when an LTE smartphone makes or receives a voice call. 2. The Next Generation Mobile Networks Alliance (NGMN) has recommended standardsbased CSFB to enable non-IMS roaming subscribers to use both LTE data services and voice services in Circuit Switched (CS) networks. a number of LTE-capable smartphones have also been introduced. which controls the LTE connection. This process is seamless to the end-user. even in markets were LTE networks have been commercially launched. Without CSFB in the network. Nokia Siemens Networks has provided CSFB solutions to operators since 2011. it connects automatically to the 2G/3G network.Figure 1:  CSFB enables voice and high-speed data on LTE-capable smartphones. for example in routing or charging configurations. CSFB has no impact on SMS or packet switched data. (Figure 2) The Nokia Siemens Networks solution provides the main core network functions on the same hardware. The Nokia Siemens Networks CSFB solution is available now and has been implemented in many live operator networks. The standard SGs interface enables CSFB between these two networks. voice roaming and other CS services currently available in 2G/3G networks. is the cornerstone of CSFB. With CSFB. With CSFB. CSFB will co-exist with Voice over Long Term Evolution (VoLTE) well into the future. Data MME S/P-GW Internet LTE CSFB Data Voice SGs SGSN MSS Operator IP network 2G/3G MGW Figure 2:  CSFB connects the CS network and the Evolved Packet Core of the LTE network. the LTE data experience would not be available for LTE smartphone users as devices with CSFB capability have to connect to the 2G/3G network as required by standard. CSFB provides a solution to enable both voice and data services on LTE smartphones. For operators who have not yet implemented VoLTE. Once the call is terminated. which is handled in parallel with voice on the 2G/3G network. Going forward. operators can provide not only quality voice for LTE subscribers but also data continuity. however.  LTE-capable smartphones Operators worldwide are implementing LTE data networks. to provide CS-based voice services for LTE smartphone users. The ongoing LTE data session is also transferred to the 2G/3G network. Short Messaging Services (SMS). and as this evolution continues. The interface between the CS network and the Evolved Packet Core (EPC).  CSFB operation CSFB provides LTE voice capability without requiring significant changes in the existing mobile CS core network. 1. smartphone vendors and operators have implemented standardized CSFB functionality. The capacity can be dynamically allocated between functions. To support a seamless voice and data experience. which is a key advantage for future VoLTE implementation. 3. IMS-based Voice over LTE (VoLTE) will be the logical choice to provide voice services over the same technology that is driving the data revolution. emergency calls.

and Home Location Registers (VLR and HLR) • No need to update VLR • Zero location updates during each mobile terminated call • Zero location updates during each mobile originated call Overlay CSFB • Enables quick and easy introduction of CSFB in core networks from all vendors • No changes required in the network • VLR updates result in extra signaling between VLR and HLR • Two location updates during each mobile terminated call • Two location updates during each mobile originated call • CSFB in every MSS is the recommended way to implement CSFB • Overlay CSFB is ideal for fast and easy introduction of CSFB • Overlay CSFB is upgradable to CSFB in every MSS when subscriber numbers increase Figure 4:  CSFB in every MSS ensures the best voice and data performance for LTE smartphone users Nokia Siemens Networks CS Fallback (CSFB) 3 . With the Nokia Siemens Networks approach. emergency calls. charging. CSFB in every MSS • Ensures best performance for voice and data • Software upgrade required in the network • Minimizes signaling between Visitor. voices services. roaming agreements. all features related to voice services are available (e. CSFB is part of the Nokia Siemens Networks VoLTE solution. the additional traffic from the CSFB overlay will not cause changes in the network. the solution helps reduce investment and operational costs.g. they comprise a highly cost effective solution that reuses existing network investments to provide a seamless experience when 2G/3G and LTE networks are used in parallel. which enables smooth integration of existing ringing and message tones and announcements to subscribers. CSFB does not cause interruptions in data sessions when subscribers make a voice call. etc). As the number of users with CSFB capable smartphones will be limited at first. which are compatible with our IMS-based VoLTE solution. The connection time depends to a large extent on the network structure and technologies. (Figure 3) With the Nokia Siemens Networks CSFB overlay configuration. Nokia Siemens Networks recommends implementing CSFB in every MSS before CSFB traffic reaches a significant level. (Figure 4) 5. Designed to provide full IMS capability in the same hardware.2G/3G 2G/3G MSS MSS CSFB MSS MSS CSFB MSS LTE MME MME LTE MME MME In several tests and field trials. CSFB in every MSS CSFB overlay – dedicated MSSs Figure 3:  Options to implement the CSFB – in every MSS or in dedicated MSSs 4. For this reason and to ensure a smooth evolution to VoLTE. Average call setup time with CSFB is only 1-2 seconds longer than in current 3G networks. CSFB MSS can control the Media Gateway in the network. CS Fallback can be implemented in every Mobile Switching Center Server (MSS) or in a dedicated MSS (known as CSFB overlay). The data connection returns to the LTE network seamlessly when the voice call is over. Nokia Siemens Networks has demonstrated that the call setup time with CSFB is only a fraction longer than in current 3G networks. CSFB can be provided as a software upgrade to Nokia Siemens Networks’ core network elements. there is no need to update all the existing MSSs or software. Together. Benefits As CSFB utilizes current CS networks. SMS.  Implementing CSFB Options for configuring the connection between the CS and Evolved Packet Core networks are versatile and flexible.

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