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Energy in Thailand

:
Facts & Figures

2012

Final Energy Consumption Alternative and Renewable Energy Green Electricity Bioenergy Biofuels Energy Efficiency

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In 2012 Thailand’s final energy consumption has increased 3. Including with. the policy on energy efficiency to improve energy efficiency in all economic sectors by decreasing of energy intensity. the government has to implement the policy and measures to promote the continuously increase of alternative energy consumption comprising of solar.6% and energy intensity has decreased 2. biomass. biogas. while energy demand is rising by 4% annually. chiefly because of oil. with imports worth 900 billion baht a year.Energy in Thailand : Facts & Figures Thailand is a net energy importer. small hydro power. MSW and biofuels (ethanol and biodiesel) to replace fossil energy.4% Contents Final Energy Consumption 1 2-3 Alternative and Renewable Energy Bioenergy Biofuels Energy Efficiency Green Electricity 4-5 6 7 8 2 . For this reason. wind.9% from the previous year whereas final alternative energy consumption has grown 7.

6% 35.8% Imported hydro power 6.882 1.187 5.725 ktoe 5.102 4 6.742 4.765 25 3.161 1.Final Energy Consumption : Facts & Figures Final Energy Consumption 2012 Final Energy Consumption Coal & its Products Petroleum products Natural Gas Electricity* Renewable Energy Tradition Renewable Energy Total Agriculture 3.610 ktoe Fossil fuel 81.4% Biofuel 3.195 2 2.735 4.1% Renewable Energy 7.316 Final Energy Consumption by Fuels 2012 Coal & its Products Petroleum Products Natural Gas Electricity* Renewable Energy Traditional Renewable Energy *Including off grid power generation.114 14.794 ktoe Fossil fuel 94.0% 5.725 73. manufacturing and construction.114 ktoe 14.886 ktoe 7.187 ktoe Final Energy Consumption by Economic Sectors 2012 **Including mining.303 Transportation 23.884 7.187 11.083 5.1% Large hydro power 5.790 unit : ktoe Industry** 5.794 4.610 4.228 6 26.070 2.996 2. 1 .910 Residential Commercial 2.538 26.230 Total 5.794 35. 4.886 7.

Such abundant alternative energy sources certainly make Thailand the best potential on alternative energy development and create opportunity to strengthen energy security in the future.284 MW 3. Geographically situated in the equator. and the by-products from processed food industry.200 MW 44% Replacing Oil 2 .200 MW 324 MW 1. ethanol.390 MW 160 MW 9 ml/d 5. and in some areas with wind speed potential.2 MJ/m2/day. Thailand also has great potential in solar with average radiation of 18. Thailand is rich in agricultural wastes and products that can be yielded for energy purposes such as biomass.608 MW 1.630 MW 600 MW 4. biogas. The Government of Thailand has currently assigned the Ministry of Energy to set up the 10 Year Alternative Energy Development Plan (AEDP) aiming to create the framework and direction for increasing alternative energy consumption by 25% in 2021. Alternative Energy Development Plan (AEDP : 2012 – 2021) Target on Using Alternative Energy at 25 Percent of Total Energy Consumption by 2021 New Energy Tidal Geo thermal Solarr Wind Hydropower Plant Mini Micro Pumped Storage Biomass Bioenergy Biogas MSW Biofuel Ethanol Bio diesel New Energy Replacing Diesel 2 MW 1 MW 3 MW 2. biodiesel.000 MW 1.97 ml/d 25 ml/d 3.Alternative and Renewable Energy : Facts & Figures Alternative Energy Development Framework As an agricultural country.

4 2.608 3.7% Alternative Renewable Energy 9.75 1.4% Alternative Energy & Traditional Renewable Energy 20.97 25 As of 2012 2.201 2.Performance on Alternative and Renewable Energy Policy TYPES OF ENERGY Electricity Solar Wind Small Hydro Power Biomass Biogas MSW New energy Heat Solar Biomass Biogas MSW Biofuels Ethanol Biodiesel New Energy Replacing Diesel unit MW ktoe MW MW MW MW MW MW MW ktoe ktoe ktoe ktoe ktoe million litres / day ktoe million litres / day million litres / day million litres / day Target 2021 9.4% Final Alternative Energy Consumption (solar/wind/biomass/MSW/ biogas) power generation 1.40 42.335 100 8.5% Small hydro power 0.9% Large hydro power 1% Imported Hydro power 1. 2012 Final Energy Consumption Fossil fuels 77.97 9 5.630 600 160 3 9.270 1.5% 73.200 1.73 101.000 1.5 1.786 1.000 35 39. 7.7 - %AE 25% 9.200 1.2% Biofuels 1.7% Traditional Renewable Energy 10.316 ktoe Including off grid power generation.886 4 4.95 193.04% (solar/biomass/ MSW/biogas) Heat 6.9% Alternative and Renewable Energy Shares of Thailand Final Energy Consumption.72 4.959.346 458 78 3.294 ktoe 3 .72 111.138 376.

Green Electricity : Facts & Figures Green Power Development Plan In 2012.5% Small Hydro Power 3.0% 4 .72 111.6% of total power capacity in Thailand.138 2012 biomass 70.4% Biogas 6.7% Wind 4.95 193.786. accounting for 7.786 MW. Install capacity of renewable power generation* Types of Energy Solar Wind Small Hydro Power Biomass Biogas MSW Total MW 376.72 2. the installed capacity of renewable energy was 2.27 ktoe 42 12 27 951 87 19 1.73 101.75 1.40 42.9% MSW 1.959.5% Solar 13.

แผนที่แสดงที่ตั้งโรงไฟฟ้าพลังงานทดแทนในประเทศไทย MAP OF RENEWABLE ENERGY POWER PLANT IN THAILAND 5 .

5% 6 .886 ktoe.9% Biogas 9.346 458 78 4.990 21. Heat consumption from renewable energy Types of Energy Solar(GJ) Biomass (thousand tons) Biogas (m3) MSW (thousand tons) Total Physical unit 168.4% MSW 1.886 2012 biomass 88.112 679 ktoe 4 4.Bioenergy : Facts & Figures In 2012.524.5% Solar 13.677 924. accounting for 15% of total heat consumption in Thailand. heat consumption from renewable energy has reached 4.

4 2. Types of Energy Ethanol Biodiesel Total million litres/day 1.1 ktoe 430 840 1.7 4.5 Ethanol 1.7 Gasohol 11.270 High Speed Diesel (HSD) 54. biofuels consumption reached 4. accounting for 6.4 ml/day Diesel 51.9 ml/day Gasoline 10.1 million litres/day.4 Biodiesel 2.Biofuels : Facts & Figures Biofuels In 2012.7 million litres/day 7 .2% of Gasohol and High Speed Diesel (HSD) consumption in 2012.

Thailand’s Energy Efficiency goal is to accomplish 25% improvement on energy intensity by 2030 under Energy Efficiency Master Plan. 8 . Ministry of Energy of Thailand is very committed to long term improvement of the Country’s energy efficiency and energy saving. because improving energy efficiency enhances the overall productivity of the economy.  reduce co2 8. Performance on Energy Effificiency Measures Energy Efficiency Results in 2012  reduce energy consumption 4.  save over 70 thousand million Baht in energy imports.8 million tons.Energy Efficiency : Facts & Figures Energy efficiency also has benefits beyond responding to energy security and climate change.6%.

THAILAND Tel. +66 2221 1475 E-mail Address : wpdsts@dede.This report is published by Alternative Energy and Efficiency Information Center Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency. 1202. Pathumwan. 1155. +66 2222 4102 9 Ext. Kasatsuk Bridge.go. 1519 Tel. Ministry of Energy 17 Rama I Road./Fax.th 9 . 1279. Bangkok 10330.

www.th 10 .dede.go.