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Troubleshooting Heating Problems

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We Sell Heating, Air Conditioning Parts & Supplies To You At Low Wholesale Prices! Below we have listed some Heating Problems and Solutions. I hope this will help you troubleshoot your furnace, solve your problem and save you money!
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*We ship to the 50 United States. Healthful & Prosperous 2011! Same Business Day Shipping On All Orders Received Before 3 PM Eastern Standard Time! Please click on the UPS Truck if you are interested in seeing our UPS Ground Shipping Time Map. This is what I see in the furnace sequence of operation: 1. Please click on your browsers back "<" button to return to our site. Kentucky State Masters HVAC License # M01340 Hello Everyone! We Hope All of You Have A Warm. We do not ship to Canada. Happy.Troubleshooting Heating Problems http://arnoldservice. 2. *Make sure furnace safety switch is pressed in when testing. This should help you troubleshoot to see what is wrong with your furnace. We most certainly do not want to see anyone get hurt or damage their equipment! We have a good testing meter for sale on the following page: Please click here to go to our HVAC Supplies This Map shows how long it will take to receive your order if you choose UPS Ground Shipping. *Please remember to turn off all electrical power and gas to your HVAC system when troubleshooting or working on HVAC equipment. If a furnace has a bad ignitor. You should be getting 24 to 28 volts AC between the W (white) and C (com) terminals on your control board. Please click here if you would like to open a PDF file that shows the furnace troubleshooting flow chart. Please click on the thumbnail picture below to see a furnace troubleshooting flow chart. Thermostat calls for heat. open pressure switch or bad control board. open limit switch. If draft inducer does not start then you either have a 2 of 17 12/23/2011 1:47 PM . We would love to have your business! Problem: Furnace ignitor will not glow.htm Let us Help You Repair your Heating System and Save Money! We are members of the Better Business Bureau with an A+ Rating. One of our customers suggested the PDFso you can print in out and take it to your furnace for easier troubleshooting. open rollout switch. Draft inducer motor starts.

Problem: Your furnace will not ignite the gas to produce heat for your home. If the Limit or rollout continues to trip I would strongly recommend calling an HVAC service company to check your furnace out. then you could have a furnace control board problem or a limit. the flame sensor (a small metal probe about 1/8" in diameter. 2. bad relay on control board or a draft inducer problem. pressure switch or control board. If you hear a hissing gas sound then more than likely either the ignitor is broken or the relay on the control board that sends power to the ignitor is broken. Make sure you do not touch the ignitor with your bare hands. Please click here for our Furnace Control Boards Page. If the ignitor did not glow. the flame sensor (a small metal probe about 1/8" in diameter. 3. Solution: You might need a new Heating Problems http://arnoldservice. Thermostat calls for heat. If a limit or rollout switch is open then you might have an over heating problem and a possible dangerous condition. On most furnaces the ignitor will not glow unless all the safety controls (limit. and try ignition again. rollout switch. Most of the time after three tries the furnace will and go into a lock out condition until you turn your power switch back off and on again. rollout switch problem. You might need a new flame sensor. Draft inducer runs for 30 seconds to a minute before you hear a gas hissing sound. The furnace's control board might not be supplying the voltage to the ignitor. Then the sequence starts all over again with no ignition of the gas. Draft inducer runs for 30 seconds to a minute before you hear a gas hissing sound. I would suggest that you inspect your ignitor closely for cracks. 5. When a furnace has a bad ignitor what I see most of the time is the following sequence of operation: 1. The ignitor did not glow. 4. Should have 24 volts to ground across both terminals on the pressure switch. 3. Press in on the reset button in the center of each rollout switch to make sure each rollout has been reset.htm thermostat problem. Limit Switch and rollout switch/switches should all be closed. rollout switches & furnace control boards" further down on this page. If pressure switch is not closed with draft inducer running check for stopped up vent or stopped up drain line on a condensing furnace. Pressure switch attached by a small plastic or rubber tube to the draft inducer senses the negative pressure produced by the draft inducer and closes. If you do not visually see a crack. transformer problem. rollout switch/switches. If your furnace lights and the gas stays on for 8 to 10 seconds. limit switch. Draft inducer motor starts. You should have 24 to 28 volts from each terminal to ground. so after 8 to 10 seconds the hissing sounds stops with no ignition of gas to heat your home. 4. Please see "limits. Pressure switch attached by a small plastic or rubber tube senses the negative pressure produced by the draft inducer and closes. thermostat wiring problem. with a white porcelain base) does not sense the flame. Your furnace will shut down. Your furnace shuts down and goes into a lock out condition until you turn your power switch back off and on again. then you need to clean your flame sensor with light sand paper or steel wool. but most of the time they can 3 of 17 12/23/2011 1:47 PM . so after 8 to 10 seconds the hissing sounds stops with no ignition of gas to heat your home. Solution: You probably need to purchase and install a new ignitor. then shuts right back off. pressure switch) are closed. with a white porcelain base) does not sense the flame.

Here is a link to our Furnace Flame Sensors Page. Please click here for Our Furnace Flame Sensors Page. If you do it will shorten the ignitors life. Make sure you do not touch the gray glass part of the ignitor. On the right is a picture of a hot surface be cleaned an will work well after cleaning. Below are pictures to help you identify what a flame sensor and ignitor look like. We hope this will help you from having to replace your ignitor so often! *Please remember to turn off all electrical power to your HVAC system when 4 of 17 12/23/2011 1:47 PM .Troubleshooting Heating Problems http://arnoldservice. Please see the pictures below to help you identify a flame sensor. Please Click Here for Our Furnace Ignitors Page Problem: My furnace ignitor is going out too much! Below we have listed some reasons why your furnace ignitor might be going out so often. On the left is a picture of three different types of flame sensors.

The speaker said.htm trouble shooting or working on HVAC equipment. These reasons if they occur. Make sure your coil is not stopped up on the underneath side. Off cycling. 1. A good tool to use is our coil fin cleaning tool. A furnace that is too large for you home cycles too much. This is why it is very important to keep those filters changed. The ignitors have just so many on off cycles in them. Handling the ignitor improperly by touching the gray glass part.Troubleshooting Heating Problems http://arnoldservice. Call your electric company if you are getting high voltage in your home. 5 of 17 12/23/2011 1:47 PM ." He made this statement that on the coldest day your furnace should almost run continuously if sized properly. Over-sized furnace. 3. If you do not. We most certainly do not want to see anyone get hurt or damage their equipment! Please Click Here to go to Our Furnace Ignitors Page Below are listed some reasons that might cause your ignitor to go out prematurely: 1. 5. Your furnace will go off on high limit continuously because it is not getting enough airflow through the heat exchanger. The reasons listed below concern the furnace cycling off and on too much. 4. Check your voltage to see that you are in the 110 to 125 volt range. If your furnace is sized properly on your coldest day the furnace should run almost continuously. Your electric company should be able to place a transformer on your line to lower your line voltage. The furnace goes off on high limit to keep from overheating the furnace and possibly causing a fire. "The inefficiency of a furnace is in the On. Installing an ignitor that is not made for the furnace. Debris from the heat exchanger or bugs/spiders can get on the ignitor while the furnace is not calling for heat and when there is a call for heat the debris/bug can short the ignitor out. Anything over 125 volts is going to cause premature light bulb failure and furnace ignitor failure. 2. High home line It is a good idea to keep your furnace and heat exchanger clean so this does not happen. it will bend the fins over and cause more restrictions. I went to an HVAC training meeting on energy conservation. A dirty filter or blower squirrel cage causes too much cycling. 2. Make sure you clean in the direction the coil fins are running. I usually have to take off the coil end plates and use a vacuum cleaner and coil cleaner to get all the lint and dirt off. Shutting off very few times. 3. will also cause you to have a high heating bill. A dirty restricted air conditioning evaporator coil causes restricted airflow that causes too much cycling.

If I were using this White Rodgers Gas Valve and the Honeywell Round thermostat I would set the anticipator one amp more than the gas valve draws. blow back. I would recommend an HVAC technician do this adjustment. Again. Too much gas pressure causing the furnace to overheat because too much heat is being produced.3. 6. ". This causes the furnace to cycle too much on high limit. If you have an electronic thermostat: Many of the electronic thermostats have temperature differential adjustments or like on the Honeywell thermostats have screws where you can adjust to make your furnace cycle a little longer. could occur. Does your furnace’s gas pressure sound like a jet when it is running? Your gas pressure on your gas valve might be set too high. Counter clockwise gives less gas pressure. Improper thermostat heat anticipator setting. and wear and tear on your furnace in the long run.23 amps. Look at your gas valve and see the amp draw.23A or . If you attempt to adjust this yourself. This produces too many BTU's or too much heat. Set you thermostat's anticipator setting to this amp draw plus one amp more. Turning the adjustment screw clockwise gives more pressure. The anticipator shown in the picture on the right is set on . and a mini explosion.Troubleshooting Heating Problems http://arnoldservice. Again.htm 4. If your gas valve says. This will give you a little longer run time and a longer off time.4 amps. you should look at your gas valve's amp draw to determine your setting. 6 of 17 12/23/2011 1:47 PM . I would recommend a HVAC technician adjust this The little copper looking pointer can be moved to make your furnace stay on longer by using your finger to move the pointer. The label shows that this White Rodgers gas valve model #38C03 Type 300 draws . do not adjust more than 1/4 turn clockwise or counter clockwise.5" amps.4 amps" then set your thermostat to ". Below we have a pictures on the left of a label off a White Rodger's gas valve and on the right a Honeywell Round thermostat anticipator. on . Getting this adjustment right will save you gas utility costs.3 or a little past the. Delayed ignition.

or furnace control board problem. When your thermostat calls for heat the draft inducer (please see pictures below) should start which creates a draft in your vent Heating Problems http://arnoldservice.htm Please Click Here if you would like to go to Our Furnace Ignitors Page Please Click Here if you would like to go to our Electric Heating Repair Parts Page." 7 of 17 12/23/2011 1:47 PM . Limit. Pressure Switch. limit. I see this problem many times during the heating season here in Louisville. roll out switch. Roll out Switch or Furnace Control Board Problems? Problem: My furnace's ignitor does not glow? This could be a pressure switch. "Yes it is OK to continue with the ignition process. KY. If your vent piping is open and your pressure switch is working properly the pressure switch will close the connection between two wires and send a signal to the control board saying.

If there is a break down in the pressure switch or other limit safety controls the furnace.Troubleshooting Heating Problems http://arnoldservice. will not 8 of 17 12/23/2011 1:47 PM . Most of the time draft inducers are plastic on 92% furnaces & metal on 80% furnaces. for your safety. Make sure your water drain on a 92% furnace is Above are pictures of a draft inducers showing where the pressure switch tube attaches. all of your limit controls and other safety devices must be closed (a closed circuit between the two connections) to allow the furnace ignitor to glow and start the ignition process. Make sure the opening where the pressure switch tube is attached to the draft inducer is open. Some are metal and some are plastic. Sometimes a small wire can be used to reestablish the hole. Also. Pressure switch tubes sometimes attach on the top bottom or near the center of the draft inducer. If too much water backs up into the draft inducer it will not allow the pressure switch to close. These are just two of hundreds of different draft inducer designs.

How do you test a pressure switch and other limit controls? This is for people who are experienced with electrical equipment and the use of a Volt Ohm meter. Pressure something is wrong here! Most furnaces will try this sequence for a total of three times then lock out. Never by-pass these. and limit switches can be tested with a meter in the same manner. On most furnaces the only way to get them out of lock out mode is to turn the switch (looks like a light switch) on the side of the furnace to off and then back on again.htm proceed with the ignition sequence. I would next test the bottom terminal of the rollout by touching the red meter probe to the bottom terminal on the rollout switch and the black terminal to ground. dirty evaporator coil causing a restriction in the air flow or a slow blower motor (check the capacitor on the blower motor to make sure it is good).85 volts which means the rollout is good on the top terminal. All limit controls are there for your safety. In the top picture I am testing a rollout limit switch to see if it is good. 9 of 17 12/23/2011 1:47 PM . The two on the ends should reset automatically when the furnace cools down. A weak blower motor capacitor will cause the blower to run slow and eventually fail. If I get 25. If your rollout switch is tripped you probably have a stopped up heat exchanger or a leaking heat exchanger. The pressure switch and limit switches are there for your safety. Problems that would make a limit open up would be dirty filters. The rollout limit switch in the center has to be manually reset by pressing the button in on the top. Below I have the red probe touching the top terminal of the rollout switch and the black probe touching a ground (body) of the furnace.Troubleshooting Heating Problems http://arnoldservice. If I do not get any voltage on the bottom terminal then the rollout has tripped and can be reset (if equipped) by pressing in on the little button or replaced.85 volts on the bottom terminal the rollout is good. You can see the I am getting 25. Wooooh. Above is a picture of three different types of limit controls. The computer chip inside the board says. If you have an open limit control either the furnace has over heated or the limit has gone bad. I would recommend calling in a service technician to find out why the rollout switch tripped. *Please never by pass a pressure switch or limit control. You would test by setting your volt meter to "Volts AC" and test the rollout switch by placing one meter probe on one terminal of the rollout switch and your other meter probe to a good ground.

Above are two pictures of pressure switches. The pressure switch on the left came off a 92% furnace. Please keep in mind there are many different types. Janitrol plastic pressure switch.htm With the furnace calling for heat you can test each of the terminals on the pressure switch to ground to make sure the pressure switch is closed. The picture on the left shows the full view of one pressure switch. 10 of 17 12/23/2011 1:47 PM . The picture on the bottom is a black Goodman. The picture on the right shows the two terminals that you can use to test to see if the pressure switch is operating properly. The front terminal is burnt and discolored. Above pic shows me testing a rollout switch. One tube would go to the water collection box and the other tube would go to the draft inducer. This is a clue that this pressure switch has a problem. You should be getting between 24 to 28 volts from each terminal to ground if the pressure switch is drain line (if you have a condensing furnace) or bad pressure switch.Troubleshooting Heating Problems http://arnoldservice. The switch on the right has a burnt front terminal. Below we have three pictures of pressure switches. It has two connections for pressure tubing. If the pressure switch is open you either have a stopped up vent.

Many control boards have a fuse located on them to 11 of 17 12/23/2011 1:47 PM . turn your furnace on so it is calling for heat. Ground would be any bare metal part of your furnace. I always troubleshoot and test the least expensive parts first. such as the pressure switch. On high efficiency condensing furnaces the water drain line could be stopped up. I hope this will help you in troubleshooting your gas furnace pressure switch. Problem: Draft inducer will not start. The tube that runs from your pressure switch to the draft inducer could be plugged up or the draft inducer hole could be plugged up. bare metal part of your furnace. I always try to touch the other lead of my meter to the furnace's switch box. Most control boards are located in the blower compartment. you should get 24 or more volts (24 to 28 volts). I usually take the drain hose loose from the condensing furnace and use a wet vacuum to open the drain back up. There should be either two or three wires going into your pressure switch. ignitor will not glow or gas valve will not open. Solution: Any combination of the above problem or problems could be caused by a bad furnace control board. Your vent could be stopped up. and touch the other lead of your meter to a ground. First.htm Above is a picture of a Janitrol Goodman pressure switch. By this I mean if you touch one terminal of the pressure switch with one lead of your meter. The draft inducer should start. Probe one lead of the pressure with one lead of your meter while touching the other lead of your meter to ground. limit switch and rollout switches to make sure they are all closed and operating correctly before I go to the control board. This must be bare metal.Troubleshooting Heating Problems http://arnoldservice. If you do not get 24 or more volts with the furnace running then you have a pressure switch problem. How do I test to see if a pressure switch is operating properly? Set your meter to volts If you have a two wire pressure switch you should be getting 24 or more volts between both leads to ground. and most important things to remember is turn your electrical power off to the furnace. causing a water back up and blockage in the pressure switch tube.

This can be quiet time consuming. Please see picture below of the furnace control board: If you fuse is blown you will want to check and see if any of the low voltage thermostat wires are touching the metal frame of the furnace or grounding out. Please remember to turn that power back off before touching anything. Most of the time I see fuses that are blown from animals chewing through the thermostat wires and from the wires grounding out to the body of the furnace where the wires enter or exit the furnace. The fuse is usually a 3 to 5 amp fuse similar to the fuses that you might find in a car's fuse box. Technology is amazing! Best of luck on repairing your Let the furnace cycle and see if the Status LED flashes a code. The code will usually tell you what is wrong with the furnace. Troubleshooting Electric Heat problems: 12 of 17 12/23/2011 1:47 PM . I would try a new fuse first. The vibration of the furnace over time sometimes wears through the wires insulation and causes a short to ground. The directions for reading the code are usually located on the furnace door. then if the fuse blows again you are going to need to find out where the wires are shorting out. Please remember to turn the power back off before touching anything inside the furnace.htm protect the board from getting burned up if you have a short to ground. I do not want to hear of anyone getting hurt or shocked! Turn your thermostat up so it is calling for heat.Troubleshooting Heating Problems http://arnoldservice. If your fuse is OK. tape your door safety switch shut so you can view the status LED light on the control board with the furnace power on.

3. Before long the entire wire will be burnt off. make sure your power is off. Electric furnaces use lots of electricity. I find this to be a major problem. Many air handlers have fuses in them like the ones pictured below. because of the divisions in the layers of the sequencer: I intend to include a wire repair kit with connectors before long on our site.Troubleshooting Heating Problems http://arnoldservice. Check your breakers or fuses inside the air handler. We have a reasonably price Volt. A good electrical tester multimeter would be nice to test your fuses. arcing and eventually a completely burned off connection. Any connections that are the least bit loose inside the furnace will cause a heat build up. You can see where the heat build up and arcing has caused the terminals to completely burn off the left side! This looks like a three stack sequencer. Temperature testing meter on our Favorite HVAC Supplies & Tools Page. 13 of 17 12/23/2011 1:47 PM . You can remove these fuses and test them with a multimeter or if you do not have a multimeter. Please make sure your electrical power is turned off before trying to repair or inspect any type of electrical appliance. Please see picture (compliments from one of our nice customers) below of a burnt heat sequencer. Ohm. Inspect the inside of the air handler or electric furnace for burnt wires. 2. 1. I would recommend that you purchase an Volt Ohm meter for some of the troubleshooting procedures listed in this section.htm Problem: Electric heat will not come on or fan will not come on. install new fuses to make sure they have not gone bad. First and most important.

You should also have continuity between M3 & M4. This might take 30 to 90 seconds after the 24 volts is applied before you get the continuity. Tester made from Fan Center. I made myself a tester so I could get portable 24 volts without having the furnace power turned on by using an old fan center connected to a junction box with alligator clips attached to the fan center. Ha! When 24 volts is applied across the two bottom connections on this sequencer you should get continuity (a closed circuit) between the two terminals the one on the left M1 and the one on the right M2. Son's 13 Tennis shoe propping up tester. If you still are not getting electric heat then you should test your sequencers to make sure they are We sell new fan centers on our Fan Blower Controls Page.Troubleshooting Heating Problems http://arnoldservice. 14 of 17 12/23/2011 1:47 PM . If you do not get continuity then you might want to purchase one of the sequencers we have below.htm 4.

com/Troubleshooting_Heating_Problems. Repair & Problem Prevention Advice. Did you find what you need? You may use Google to search our site or the Web: 15 of 17 12/23/2011 1:47 PM . Diagnosis. Air Conditioning repair and advice: Please Click Here for a great site that has books and advice on Do it Yourself HVAC Maintenance Repairs.Troubleshooting Heating Problems http://arnoldservice. Testing. Please click here for another great Website where people can talk about their HVAC problems and get answers! This a link to one of my favorite sites for Heating. Please Click Here to Visit One of my favorite Websites for HVAC Troubleshooting & Repair: HVAC Talk.htm Below are links to some of my favorite sites for Heating. Air Conditioning repair and advice: Please click here for Building & Environmental Inspection. Please Click Here to go to our Electric Heating Repair Parts Page.

Disclaimer: Arnold's Service Company. We promise you! Thanks for visiting Arnold's Service Company's Website! 16 of 17 12/23/2011 1:47 PM . Arnold's Service Company. is committed to protecting your Please Remember Safety First Please read our disclaimer and safety related information below before attempting to do any type of Heating or Air Conditioning Repair. consequential or other liability from the use of this information. Inc.Troubleshooting Heating Problems http://arnoldservice. All risks and damages. rented or given to anyone. arising from the use or misuse of the information contained herein are entirely the responsibility of the user. assumes no liability for any incidental. and discharge the capacitor/capacitors (if working around capacitors) before attempting to inspect or repair any heating & air conditioning equipment. Inc. Inc. We do not want to see anyone get hurt or shocked! Thank You! *Please always turn off all electrical power. Privacy Statement: Please click here to see our Privacy Policy page if you are interested. Although careful precaution has been taken in the preparation of this website's information. Your information will be used ONLY by Arnold's Service Company. we assume no responsibility for omissions or errors. Check to make sure the electrical power is off with a reliable meter. incidental or otherwise. Your personal information and email address will not be sold.

It helps me get the day started out on the right track. I try to read from some of these websites early each morning. Free SEO Tools Please visit our Favorite Christian Websites page. Steve & Barbara Arnold 11506 Seatonville Road Louisville. On this page we have a list of our Favorite Christian Websites. I hope you enjoy these websites as much as I have. KY. 17 of 17 12/23/2011 1:47 PM . God Bless you all. 40291 Email: Support@arnoldservice. This page is intended to remind you of the eternal promises that are found in God's Holy Word and of God's never ending love for you.htm Would you like to improve your website page ranking? Please click the link below for free Search Engine Optimization Tools.Troubleshooting Heating Problems