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Document Title The cell radius in LTE is affected and/or determined by three factors: a) The Preamble Format b) The

Cyclic Shift the corresponds to the ZeroCorrelationZoneConfig parameter and, c) The Cell Radius Parameter A) Preamble Format

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LTE FDD supports four preamble formats (as of today, not all of them currently supported by the equipment manufacturers). The preamble consists of a cyclic prefix (to handle multipath interference) followed by an 800 μs sequence. In preamble formats 2 and 3, the sequence is repeated. The total length of the cyclic prefix and the sequence(s) determines how long it takes to transmit the preamble. Since the actual physical transmission occurs in units of sub-frames (1 ms), the remaining time determines how far away the UE can be without overlapping another UE's access attempt (the guard time). For further details, refer 3GPP TS 36.211 - Physical Channels and Modulation. The operator typically must pick a preamble format to determine the coverage area desired. In the event of remote sites deployment, the length of the fiber to the remote cells must be considered as part of the cell radius (this includes Distributed Antenna Systems -DAS- ). Since the speed of electromagnetic waves over fiber is only two thirds of the speeds in free space, the total cell radius reduces to the values shown in the table below.


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211 table 5. 2013-06-23 Huawei Proprietary .7. The parameters ZeroCorrelationZoneConfig and RootSequenceIndex are used to generate 64 random access signatures in each cell (all these access signatures should be different in each cell). we will discuss how the ZeroCorrelationZoneConfig parameter affects the cell radius. The cyclic shift is indirectly given to the UE by the parameter ZeroCorrelationZoneConfig.-2. Both.2. In this delivery. the ZeroCorrelationZoneConfig and the RootsequenceIndex paramaters are broadcast in SIB2.Document Title Security Level In the previous part (1 out of 3) we discussed the relationship between the preamble format and the cell radius. The random access sequences are built via the selection of a Zadoff-Chu sequence (one out of 839) given by RootSequenceSequence and a cyclic shift (used 64 times to generate the 64 random access signatures from the Zadoff-Chu sequence selected). as shown in the table below (see columns two and three and note that the cyclic shift has limited values). The available cyclic shifts are listed in 3GPP TS 36.Restricted Distribution Page2. Total4 .

Equipment manufacturers typical offer a parameter called cellradius.Restricted Distribution Page3. Furthermore. Total4 . then the cell size will be approximately 15. suburban. 5 (urban). Note that the smaller the cyclic shift. 8 (urban) and 4 (dense urban). the values of the parameters associated with the cell radius could be: PrachConfigurationIndex = Any number between 0 and 15 (Preamble Format 0). urban and dense urban cells. 0 to 15. 8 (suburban).1) * (800 μs/839) ≥ RTD + Delay Spread (1) In the equation. Suburban = 8 km. suburban. Notes: a) The value of PrachconfigurationIndex affects the RACH capacity (addressed in a future blog). urban = 5 km and dense urban = 2 km. 2 (Dense urban). if we assume that ZeroCorrelationZoneConfig is 12. that allows the modification of the cell radius. In this case. the operator may allocate a cell radius to different morphologies. urban and dense urban environments.Document Title Security Level The cyclic shift is also related to the cell size. the smaller cell size. if the delay spread = 6μsec. RTD stands for Round Trip Delay (twice the cell radius). Hence: RTD = 2 R/c (2) Then. Furthermore. The possible values of the parameters PrachconfigurationIndex are. ZeroCorrelationZoneConfig = 12 (rural). 2013-06-23 Huawei Proprietary .1)*(800 μs/839)-Delay spread] (3) For instance. The third factor that affects the cell radius in LTE is the parameter cell radius. 9 (suburban). The delay spread in the equation above should be calculated by the RF engineer after a drive test is carried out in the areas of interest. therefore. The value of the delay spread is typically different for rural. Ncs = 119. Cellradius = 14 (rural). then from the table above. say: Rural = 14 km.97km. the cell radius is given by: R ≤ [c/2]*[(NCS . The units of this parameter are typically Kilometers. The relationship between the cyclic shift and the cell size is given by equation (1): (NCS . A network operator may decide to classify their cells into rural. EXAMPLE: Let's assume that the preamble format picked (or the only one currently available) is type 0 (which offers a maximum cell radius of approximately 14 km).

Restricted Distribution Page4. 2013-06-23 Huawei Proprietary .Document Title Security Level b) The value of ZeroCorrelationZoneConfig affects the cell radius as explained in a previous blog (See table below). Total4 .