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KA431/KA431A/KA431L

Programmable Shunt Regulator
Features
• • • • Programmable Output Voltage to 36 Volts Low Dynamic Output Impedance 0.20 Typical Sink Current Capability of 1.0 to 100mA Equivalent Full-Range Temperature Coefficient of 50ppm/°C Typical • Temperature Compensated for Operation Over Full Rated Operating Temperature Range • Low Output Noise Voltage • Fast Turn-on Response

Description
The KA431/KA431A/KA431L are three-terminal adjustable regulator series with a guaranteed thermal stability over applicable temperature ranges. The output voltage may be set to any value between VREF (approximately 2.5 volts) and 36 volts with two external resistors These devices have a typical dynamic output impedance of 0.2W Active output circuitry provides a very sharp turn on characteristic, making these devices excellent replacement for zener diodes in many applications.
TO-92

1

1. Ref 2. Anode 3. Cathode 8-DIP 8-SOP

1

1

1.Cathode 2.3.4.5.7.NC 6.Anode 8.Ref

1.Cathode 2.3.6.7.Anode 4.5.NC 8.Ref

Internal Block Diagram

REFERENCE

CATHODE

2.5 Vref

ANODE CATHODE (K)

REFERENCE (R)

ANODE(A)

Rev. 1.0.6
©2002 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation

05 ~ +10 770 1000 150 -25 ~ +85 -65 ~ +150 Unit V mA mA mW mW °C °C °C Recommended Operating Conditions Parameter Cathode Voltage Cathode Current Symbol VKA IKA Min. VREF 1. 36 100 Unit V mA 2 .KA431/KA431A/KA431L Absolute Maximum Ratings (Operating temperature range applies unless otherwise specified. Max. Z Suffix Package DIP Package Junction Temperature Operating Temperature Range Storage Temperature Range Symbol VKA IKA IREF PD TJ TOPR TSTG Value 37 -100 ~ +150 0.0 Typ.) Parameter Cathode Voltage Cathode Current Range (Continuous) Reference Input Current Range Power Dissipation D.

495 2.Stage Cathode Current Dynamic Impedance IREF Symbol VREF ∆VREF/ ∆T Conditions VKA=VREF.0 - 0.450 2.2 µA IKA(MIN) VKA=VREF - 0.0kHz - 0.15 0.7 - -1. Typ.R2=∞ ∆IREF/∆T TA =Full Range - 0.4 1.520 2. Typ.508 - 4. unless otherwise specified) Parameter Reference Input Voltage Deviation of Reference Input Voltage OverTemperature Ratio of Change in Reference Input Voltage to the Change in Cathode Voltage Reference Input Current Deviation of Reference Input Current Over Full Temperature Range Minimum Cathode Current for Regulation Off .15 0. Max.5 Ω • TMIN = -25°C.05 1.5 4 - 1.0 mA IKA(OFF) VKA=36V.495 2.0 - 0.2. Unit V 2.2 - 0.500 2.0 - -0.0 - 0.2 - 0.7 mV/V IKA =10mA - -0.5 - 0. IKA=10mA TMIN≤TA≤TMAX ∆VKA=10 V-VREF ∆VKA=36 V-10V KA431 Min.4 1.45 1.0 .550 2. KA431L Typ.0 -2. R1=10kΩ.5 17 mV ∆VREF/ ∆VKA - -1.05 1.0 - 0. Min.482 2. Min.5 -2.0 µA ZKA - 0.15 0.4 1. TMAX = +85°C 3 .5 -2.5 17 - 4. R1=10kΩ.5 17 - 4.5 4 µA IKA=10mA.05 1.5 4 - 1.5 -2.7 - -1.0 - -0. Max. KA431A Max. IKA=10mA VKA=VREF.45 1.0 IKA=10mA.2. VREF=0 VKA=VREF. IKA=1 to 100mA f ≥1.KA431/KA431A/KA431L Electrical Characteristics (TA = +25°C.R2=∞ - 1.45 1.5 - 0.0 .470 2.

Test Circuit for lKA(OFF) 4 .KA431/KA431A/KA431L Test Circuits Figure 1. Test Circuit for VKA≥VREF Figure 3. Test Circuit for VKA=VREF Figure 2.

Cathode Voltage Figure 5. Cathode Voltage Figure 6. Small Signal Voltage Amplification vs. Cathode Current vs. Cathode Voltage Figure7. Cathode Current vs. Frequency Figure 9. Change In Reference Input Voltage vs. Dynamic Impedance Frequency Figure 8. Pulse Response 5 .KA431/KA431A/KA431L Typical Performance Characteristics Figure 4.

KA431/KA431A/KA431L Typical Performance Characteristics (Continued) 140 A 120 A VKA = Vref B VKA = 5.0 V @ IK = 10mA C VKA = 10 V @ IK = 10mA D VKA = 15 V @ IK = 10mA TA = 25 C 80 o B C IK. CATHODE CURRENT(mA) 100 60 40 20 D 0 100p 1n 10n 100n 1µ 10µ CL. Stability Boundary Conditions 6 . LOAD CAPACITANCE Figure 10.

V  R  ref 2 Figure 11.KA431/KA431A/KA431L Typical Application R 1 V O =  1 + -----. Current Limit or Current Source Figure 15. Shunt Regulator Figure 12.V  R  ref 2 R 1 V O = V ref   1 + -----R 2 R 1 V O =  1 + -----. Constant-Current Sink 7 . Output Control for Three--Te r minal Fixed Regulator Figure 13. High Current Shunt Regulator Figure 14.

47 ±0.10 (R2.05 +0.25 14.20 1.27 ±0.86MAX 1.27TYP [1.46 ±0.20] 0.29) 8 (0.10 0.58 –0.05 +0.25) .27TYP [1.KA431/KA431A/KA431L Mechanical Dimensions Package Dimensions in millimeters TO-92 4.58 ±0.10 4.27 ±0.40 0.10 3.20] 3.38 –0.60 ±0.02 ±0.20 1.15 +0.38 –0.

004 9 .40 ±0.012 0.010 –0.10 6.100 ( 0.004 0.362 ±0.20 ±0.KA431/KA431A/KA431L Mechanical Dimensions (Continued) Package Dimensions in millimeters 8-DIP 1.46 ±0.008 9.30 0.79 ) 0.031 5.008 3.20 0.134 ±0.25 –0.54 0.018 ±0.10 0.130 ±0.060 ±0.300 3.10 0.004 0.002 +0.08 MAX 0.20 0.013 MIN 0.62 0.252 ±0.200 7.05 0~15° +0.60 MAX 0.524 ±0.378 #4 #5 2.33 0.40 ±0.20 0.008 #1 #8 9.30 ±0.

20 0.004~0.071 MAX0.25 0.008 5.10 MAX0.13 MAX 0.004 3.41 ±0.002 1.001 #1 #8 4.194 ±0.061 ±0.20 0.012 +0.72 0.95 ±0.20 0.022 #4 #5 6.92 ±0.20 0.27 0.00 ±0.50 ±0.1~0.016 ±0.050 0.006 -0.05 +0.202 ( 0.020 ±0.10 0.56 ) 0.236 ±0.156 ±0.15 -0.225 0.80 MAX 0.55 ±0.008 5.008 10 0~ 8° 1.004 .004 0.KA431/KA431A/KA431L Mechanical Dimensions (Continued) Package Dimensions in millimeters 8-SOP MIN 1.10 0.008 0.30 0.

KA431/KA431A/KA431L Ordering Information Product Number KA431LZ KA431LD KA431AZ KA431AD KA431 KA431Z KA431D 2% Output Voltage Tolerance 0.5% 1% Package TO-92 8-SOP TO-92 8-SOP 8-DIP TO-92 8-SOP -25 ~ +85°C Operating Temperature 11 .

A critical component in any component of a life support device or system whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected to cause the failure of the life support device or system. and (c) whose failure to perform when properly used in accordance with instructions for use provided in the labeling. or to affect its safety or effectiveness.0m 001 Stock#DSxxxxxxxx  2002 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation 2. (a) are intended for surgical implant into the body. NOR THE RIGHTS OF OTHERS.fairchildsemi. www. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems which. or (b) support or sustain life.KA431/KA431A/KA431L DISCLAIMER FAIRCHILD SEMICONDUCTOR RESERVES THE RIGHT TO MAKE CHANGES WITHOUT FURTHER NOTICE TO ANY PRODUCTS HEREIN TO IMPROVE RELIABILITY. . FUNCTION OR DESIGN. can be reasonably expected to result in a significant injury of the user.com 8/20/02 0. LIFE SUPPORT POLICY FAIRCHILD’S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE PRESIDENT OF FAIRCHILD SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION. FAIRCHILD DOES NOT ASSUME ANY LIABILITY ARISING OUT OF THE APPLICATION OR USE OF ANY PRODUCT OR CIRCUIT DESCRIBED HEREIN. As used herein: 1. NEITHER DOES IT CONVEY ANY LICENSE UNDER ITS PATENT RIGHTS.