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P R O J E C T P R O F I L E P P R R O O J E F I C L T E .

Slough. Readers should note that all BCA publications are subject to revision from time to time and should therefore ensure that they are in possession of the latest version.97. No liability (including that for negligence) for any loss resulting from such advice or information is accepted. Crowthorne Berks Rh11 6Y5 Telephone: (0344) 762676 Fax: (0344) 761214 All advice or information from the British Cement Association is intended for those who will evaluate the significance and limitation of its contents and take responsibility for its use and application.315 First published 1991 Reprinted 1992 ISBN 0 7210 1398 8 Price Group C © British Cement Association 1991 Published by the British Cement Association on behalf of the industry sponsors of the Reinforced Concrete Council. British Cement Association Wexham Springs. . Berks 5L3 6PL Telephone: (0753) 662727 Fax: (0753) 660399 New address from 1 January 1993 Telford Avenue.

which was set up to promote better knowledge and understanding of reinforced concrete design and building technology. MCIOB.P R O J E C T P R O F I L E G Baird BSc(Eng). Woodstock Land plc. Graham Baird is Deputy Managing Director of James Longley & Co Ltd and was closely involved with the design and construction of Parkside House. Its members are Co-Steel Sheerness plc and Allied Steel and Wire. CONTENTS s s THE PROJECT BUILDING SPECIFICATION Description 2 Space provisions Structure Enelope Internal finishes Services 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 6 6 8 8 9 10 11 12 s DESIGN AND PROCUREMENT Architecture Procurement Structure Services Structure Following trades Fitting out s CONSTRUCTION s s THE IN-SITU CONCRETE SOLUTION APPENDIX Project details 1 . ACGI. CEng. representing the major suppliers of reinforcing steel in the UK. MiStructE FOREWORD This publication was commissioned by the Reinforced Concrete Council. representing the major manufacturers of Portland cement in the UK. Tony Giddings acted as Project Manager for the developer. and the British Cement Association. a Chartwell Land and Argent Group joint venture. MCI0B C H Goodchild BSc. Charles Goodchild is Senior Engineer for the Reinforced Concrete Council. FICE AJ Giddings BSc. CEng.

The project was conceived as an in-situ concrete frame with the intention of using traditional forms of contract. In-situ concrete construction reduced the overall height and minimized excavation in potentially verv difficult ground conditions. The south elevation from Rosebery Park 2 . It provides a modern working environment close to the busy town centre with its excellent road.P R O J E C T P R O F I L E THE PROJECT Parkside House is a high-quality office block on the south-west outskirts of London. The building has three storeys of office accommodation above ground. However. It occupies a narrow site adjoining Roseberv Park in Epsom. However. led to the adoption of a design and build form of contract. the successful contractor chose in-situ reinforced concrete for the basement and frame. and the need for faster procurement and cost savings. In-situ concrete also gave greater flexibility for management control. Built within budget and completed four weeks ahead of programme. and above all. Surrey. Many different structural solutions were proposed by the contractors invited to tender. the structure set the standard for this highly prestigious £5 million project. and is a handsome addition to the 18th and 19th centurv character of the surrounding area. delays in planning approvals. Using the same type of construction in the basement and superstructure gave continuity of work and distinct programme advantages. it gave the most economic solution. rail and motorway links. and two levels of basement car parking below.

60 m in all office areas. • • • • • • • • • The approach to Pakeside House Spacious parking is provided in the two basement levels Space provisions The building provides 3200 m2 net lettable space on three floors. A steel-framed mansard roof is fixed to the second floor columns and incoiporates precast floor units for the flat roofs and plant areas. The basement has 133 car parking spaces on two levels each with a clear floor-to-soffit height of 2. with an internal clear height of 2.2 m to suit both office and basement car parking layouts. one of the country’s leading firms of actuaries. Its principal features are as follows: three levels of office accommodation basement and surface parking for 184 cars ground-floor client reception area air conditioning raised floors automatic lifts flexible office planning traditional cavity walls and pitched roof roof-level plant room and open areas. Another 51 spaces are provided at ground level. It also reflected the needs and aspirations of the proposed tenants. Office Second floor offices – a versatile working environment 3 . The structural grid is generally 6.P R O J E C T P R O F I L E BUILDING SPECIFICATION Description The building is relatively large but traditional in appearance with clean and elegant lines. Structure A reinforced concrete raft foundation supports the basement walls and the concrete frame. including four levels of in-situ concrete floors.3 m. The specification sought to describe a high-quality speculative office development in order to attract institutional funding.0 x 7.

Basements are fairfaced concrete. The site measures 120 m long by 30 m wide with mad access at one end.5 kN/m2. The brief called for a design which reflected the character of Epsom’s elegant buildings and which maximized the development potential of the site. Envelope The elevations are traditional brick and insulating block cavity walls. to give the occupiers natural light and commanding views over the park. A pitched slate roof surrounds areas of flat roof. The site was laid out to maximize surface parking and to give good access to the offices and basement. Traditional in character modern in concept Architecture A team of consultants was appointed to produce a conceptual design and to secure planning approvals. Plant areas and oflice storage zones are designed for 7. and two ten-person hydraulic lifts give direct access to the car park levels. Many other services are provided.5 kN/m2. They were planned around a central maple joinery in a /ifi lobOy area 4 . lay-in tiles and 675 mm ceiling voids. Services The offices are air conditioned with zonal controls for optimum comfort. Basement parking areas are designed for 2. The office floors were designed to bc a maximum of 14. Internal finishes Offke areas have suspended ceilings with exposed grids. painted walls and columns are enhanced by the extensive use of maple joinery. Lighting is provided by antiglare luminaires. highquality carpet tiles cover the 150 mm raised floors. It has parkland on one side and a substantial four-storey office block on the other.5 m in width. Two levels of basement were necessary to provide the required number of parking spaces. The floors provide flexible space based on a 600 mm square grid.areas arc designed for an imposed load of 4 kN/m2 plus 1 kN/m2 for partitions. Reception and lobby areas feature low-voltage halogen downlighters. giving the building a comprehensive range of facilities and environmental control. they are highlighted with reconstituted stone features and rendered areas.

a design that makes the building appealing yet unobtrusive. and their frames are white polyester powder-coated aluminium. External details complement local architecture Open plant area at roof level Groundfloor windows . These areas allow room for any future increase in plant requirements. The elevations were modulated to ensure that views from the park are interesting and broken into well proportioned elements . The main plant room is located within the roof space over the central core. The windows and doors have a grey anti-sun coating to the outer pane of double glazing. colonnades. well screened behind the line of the pitched roof. architraves and decorative arches feature in all elevations. The building was arranged to be symmetrical about the central reception area and was placed centrally over the basement. Facades of yellow stock brickwork contrast with cream-coloured render above ground floor verandas and windows. lead flashings and copper finials.core. Chillers are positioned in open areas at either end of the building. with the main elevation facing the park. lintels. Extensive hard and soft landscaping complements the building and surroundings.contrasting colours and textures are used on all elevations . It is punctuated by dormers clad with white UPVC boarding. Rainwater goods match the colour of the roof. a feature bell tower. with escape stairs at each end. Light reconstituted stone cornices. The pitched roof is finished with dark grey fibrous cement slates.

which had the support of a pre-let agreement. It featured heavily in the report and had a great influence on the ultimate choice of foundation. After careful consideration. Following contract sum analyses and interviews. the pond gives an indication of the potential ground problemsfaced by the design and build contractor Site plan . the developer did not wish to inhibit other contractorled design solutions. A detailed planning application. Structure The contractor’s structural design was geared towards saving costs and simplifying construction as much as possible. With the prelet agreement running. including in-situ concrete. with water under artesian pressure close beneath the intended formation level. precast concrete and steel. However. so the frame material was not specified. Their successful bid hinged on economies resulting from their structural solution .Procurement The site was acquired in November 1988 with the intention of providing additional office space in Epsom using a traditional procurement route. The soils investigation report showed the site to consist of Reading beds overlying Thanet sands. Two contractors were invited to respond to the second stage tender. the developer needed to reduce the overall programme and costs. and for the development of the design during the negotiation stages. By using a raft and October 1990: work starts with probing for obstructions to temporary works pi/es. They provided fully quantified allinclusive construction prices together with workedup architectural. was made in December 1988. it was decided to USC a 750 mm thick raft foundation. The original design team was not novated but was retained for advisory and monitoring services. Piezomcter readings indicated that the water could rise to the level of the upper basement slab. previous buildings were demolished under a separate contract February 1992: Parkside House is complete. The original scheme and lease agreement called for an in-situ concrete in-situ reinforced concrete basement and frame. structural and M&E drawings. The application was refused but overturned on appeal in January 1990. He therefore opted for a two-stage design and build procurement route. This was seen as the quickest and most cost-effective way forward whilst achieving a truly competitive and fixed price. This had obvious implications for design and construction. When six first-stage tenders were received. the developer was surprised to find five different design solutions for the basement and three alternatives for the superstructure. James Longley & Co Ltd were appointed under a JCT ‘81 form of contract.

. together with the use of simple prefabricated main steel reinforcement. Above ground floor level. The raft avoided piling and the need for major de-watering during construction. The roof profile and shape.. The roof level was maintained by adjusting the ground floor level. and 325 mm thick slabs for the offices. lent itself to traditional timber rafter construction supported on a steelwork frame. For additional protection. To speed the critical basement construction.. The various Reading beds of clay plant areas were supported by Section through south elevation with screed Clear office OFFICES . 400 mm square. . Fire and load considerations dictated 350 mm slabs for the suspended basement and external ground floor slabs. Stability against lateral loads was achieved by moment connections between columns and floors. the outside of the basement walls was painted with bitumen and the outside of the kicker joint was covered with rigid sheets of bentonite. It was decided that the transition from concrete to steel should occur at eaves level to suit the sequence of trades. from top of raft to underside of ground floor in one pour). and they align with basement columns and walls to avoid costly transition beams. It also reduced risks of differential settlement and of concentrated pressures overloading an existing contiguous-piled retaining wall. frame action was used to reduce the number of time-consuming concrete walls. first and second floor slabs were all designed as one-way spanning troughed floors with integral flat soffit beams. ground. gave maximum repetition. coupled with the many dormers. A combination of flexible rubber waterbars and water-activated expansion seals was used to ensure the water-tightness of all construction joints.-. and by using the same moulds. This optimized thickness and weight. The upper basement. The raft automatically provided a running surface at lower basement level which. All superstructure columns are the same size.trough slabs with flat soffits. gave a positive programme advantage over other types of foundation. the excavation depth was rninimized. continuity and speed of construction. and the risk of the ground ‘boiling’ during excavation was reduced.+v: Reconstituted stone cornice and features W I T Ceiling and floor voids for services All superstructure columns one size OFFICES CAR PARK over Thanet sands 7 ..e. it was decided to reduce the number of pours by constructing the 275 mm thick walls two storeys high (i.

One set of fans pushes. Fire ratings were achieved primarily by using concrete’s inherent fire resistance. hot and cold water supply. fire alarms. which left only a very small space at the entrance for storing materials and site accommodation. Structure Construction started in October 1990. hose reels. The basement car park is lit using moistureprotected fluorescent fittings. Other services include lifts. a king post retaining wall and by an existing contiguous bored pile wall Basement wall kickers were cast integrally with the raftfoundation The building services were designed for an occupancy of one person per 10 m2 and an air supply of 12 litres per person per second. kitchen and toilet ventilation. Staircases are heated by panel radiators with thermostatic control valves. and fan units at either end provide six air changes per hour. Office lighting is provided by 600 x 600 mm modular recessed fluorescent luminaires suspended from the false ceiling grid system. Extract air is ducted and dispersed into the atmosphere. Services 77~ east elevation and entrance to the basement car park The 6 m deep excavation for the raft foundation was bounded by the crane runway. Sprayed thermal insulation to the underside of the ground floor offices gives an additional two hours’ fire resistance. Air is taken from the office space via luminaires. Internal design temperature is 21°C with 50% RH. the other pulls. It is then heated or cooled as required before being returned through ceiling vents. drainage. facilities for power. It has a comprehensive sprinkler and hose reel installation. a thin strip of free land was needed for a rail-mounted tower crane with its 32 piles. water softening. Air conditioning is provided by 80 four-pipe fan coil units per floor. Zone sensors and time switching give optimum environmental control.precast concrete hollow-core units spanning onto steelwork with shelf angles. The early stages were dominated by restricted access and by work on the large double basement. Lighting levels were set at an average of 500 lux. tracks and supporting steel grillage. lightning protection and. telecommunications and data wiring. within the raised floor void. passed through the fan coil units and mixed with a ducted air supply. and the re-use of the existing Ready to cast basement walls full height 8 . On the park elevation. sanitation. The building’s basement area occupies the vast majority of the site. Temporary works for the 6 m excavation included the construction of a king-post retaining wall at the west end of the site.

Water did seep through a few of the basement kicker and wall joints. The steel mansard frames were subsequently erected onto the second floor columns. Concreting was able to continue by using heated mixing water. but these leaks were later sealed using epoxy mortar. the open ends of the formwork were enclosed and blower heaters installed. formwork was protected with polythene sheeting and cast slabs were covered with insulating blankets. The first and second floors were poured in 400 m2 bays with 1 m strips left between each pour to allow for early-age thermal shrinkage.contiguous-piled wall on the northern boundary. The basement walls were cast in two-storey high bays with keys and continuity bars included for the suspended basement slab. The concrete frame was completed four weeks ahead of schedule. The raft slab was completed in eight pours with falls. and the precast concrete flooring units were then placed. One 20 mm expansion joint was incorporated. The 1 m strips were cast five days after the last adjacent pour. To enable work to continue. The suspended slabs were formed using a proprietary falsework system supporting trussed timber beams. Reinforcement was fixed and checked before the slabs were concreted using a pump or crane and skip. During construction of the ground floor. and surface water was controlled by pumping from four sumps. depending on demand. drainage channels and cast iron pipework cast in. BS 8102: Protection of structures against water from the ground was used to assess the performance of this type of construction and its suitability for car park use. Formations were concreteblinded as soon as they were exposed. Construction of the suspended basement and ground floor slabs followed in quick succession and led to the ‘terraced’ sequencing of the remaining structure. Kickers for the basement walls were formed integrally with the raft slab. The in-situ staircases were cast with adjacent pours to give easy and safe access throughout the construction period. The other sides were battered and a ramp gave access to the deep excavation. the snow was cleared manually. The external water bar was welded and laid in the configuration of the raft and wall pours. the site was beset by severe weather and heavy snowfall. Following trades The external cavity walls were started as sections of the second floor slab were struck. plywood strips and polystyrene trough moulds. giving safe and A wall construction joint alro showing continuity bars and keys for the suspended basement slab Pouring the upper basement slab The terraced sequence of construction: ground floor and upper basement slabs The first floor slab remains propped as external walls start 9 .

External works included road improvements. security gates. an electrical substation. They incorporate the lighting system and 240 individual fan coil units above discreetly marked 1200x600 mm access points. Trees and beech hedgerows completed the soft landscaping scheme. two weeks ahead of programme. a timber-crib retaining wall. Parkside House was completed in 69 weeks. planters and other hard landscaping. The reconstituted stone cornices weighed up to 1. Progress in the risers and main plant room was critical but the majority of the work lay in installing the four-pipe fan coil system. parking bays.4 tonnes per metre run. The ceilings consist of an exposed grid and 600x600 mm lay-in tiles. Screeded treads were provided to receive carpet. These units were supported by stainless steel fixing systems connected to a concrete upstand beam at second floor level and to the steel frame at the upper level. Internal columns and blockwork walls are plastered and incorporate crack control joints using back-to-back beads and silicone joints. Toilets are fully tiled and fitted with highquality cubicle partitions and vanity units. The weathertight nature of the basement allowed the sprinkler system. This 18-week contract included additional air conditioning. skirtings. complete with ties. Maple window boards. where torsional distortion caused some delay before the problem was resolved. Galvanized steel wind posts were fixed ahead of the bricklayers. the access road. electrical first fix and ductwork to begin at an early stage. The pitched roof frame was completed with timber rafters. Fitting out The design and build contractor was also awarded the tenant’s fitting-out works. slates and architectural finishing details. Raised floors are steel-encapsulated panels on pedestals. Installation of the office heating and air conditioning started at ground floor level once the superstructure was weathertight. veneered fire doors and lobby screens provide a high-quality joinery finish. lighting. security systems. drainage.The reconstituted stone features were built into the insulated cavity walls Second floor columns support the roof steelwork The cornices are supported by stainless steel fixings Services riser duct clear access below. refuse and escape stair enclosures. Staircase finishes include decorated mild steel balustrades with either maple rollmop or moulded handrails. insulation and the reconstituted stone features. The walls. battens over felt. were then built. data and voice transmission wiring to 400 10 . frames. The building was made watertight by mastic asphalt to the inverted flat roofs and profiled sheeting to the surrounding vertical faces.

a story of cowete quality. However. the in-situ reinforced concrete frame proved to be the best option for Parkside House. fittings and fixtures. It ensured buildability. it was possible to minimize structural zones and raise the general founding level without increasing the building’s height. In summary. there was little to choose between steel. Clients’ reception lounge Parkside House. economy and versatility 11 . were easily accommodated. notably in the reception area for clients. The adaptations needed to the building’s services and partitions were facilitated by the flexibility given by the flat concrete soffits and uniform ceiling voids. Many factors swayed the contractor’s decision in favour of an in-situ concrete frame. Risks and costs were therefore reduced. and extensive internal partitioning.terminals. speed. by continuing the in-situ concrete construction of the basement through to the superstructure. It allowed effective management control of progress and gave time for finalized detailed design (particularly important under design and build forms of contract). Tenant requirements. but a steel-framed solution was the more obvious choice for the mansard roof Somewhere between these two points. In-situ concrete gave flexibility. The double basement was clearly a case for reinforced concrete. Alternative frames required downstand beams and hence suffered from the unnecessary risks and costs of digging a deeper basement. Good production rates were established early and maintained throughout. precast or in-situ concrete on the three-storey superstructure alone. It was essential to avoid the danger of the ground ‘boiling’ during excavation. speed and economy: a range of advantages that were ideal for such a prestigious and demanding project. By using a raft foundation and in-situ trough floors. As for speed of construction. including a late variation in imposed loading to an area of floor. there were distinct advantages in overall speed and economy. flexibility. the material had to change.. . Minimizing structural floor zones also reduced the amount of external cladding. The level soffits of the trough slabs gave a great deal of freedom for the alternative M & E design solutions under consideration at the beginning of the contract. The final installation and later modification of services were simplified by having no downstand beams.

84 49.4 s r.68 31.A P P E N D I X Developer Woodstock Land plc.65 28.2 4.2 2.23 642.8 6.1 10.0 12 .7 1.68 12. a Chartwell Land and Argent Group joint venture Broadway Malyan Campbell Reith Hill Kenchington Ford Turner Fletcher Mills James Longley & Co Ltd Developer’s Design Team Conceptual Architect Structural Engineer Services Engineer Cost Consultants Design and Build Contractor 1990 OCT NOV DEC JAN FEB MAR APR MAY 1991 JUN JUL AUC SEP OCT NOV DEC JAN 1992 FEB ESTABLISH SITE BASEMENT mm I FINISHES EXTERNAL WORKS COMMISSION & HANDOVER Gross floor area Basement car park (gross) Net lettable area Number of storevs Number of basement levels 8050 m2 4166 m2 3202 m2 3 2 Substructure £/m2 84.24 49.22 8.44 64.3 100.06 % 13.0 7.76 IO.9 7.4 32. lifts etc External works etc Preliminaries Design fees and LA fees Total 65. M & E.81 207.91 40. Frame Roof External walls Internal walls and doors Finishes Fittinm Services.0 4.

Start Finish Duration October 1990 February 1992 16 months ( Second Jloor 1 6000 I- 6000 Ground floor 3000 5800 7200 7200 7200 7500 7500 7200 7500 7500 7200 7200 7200 5000 6000 6000 .

Giddings and CH.PROJECT PROFILE: PARKSIDE HOUSE.23 (410.95:725.111.51) BRITISH CEMENT ASSOCIATION PUBLICATION 97. Baird.329 con@rete . Goodchild 1 693.J. A. EPSOM G.