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**1 (a) The density ρ and the pressure p of a gas are related by the expression
**

c=

γp ρ

where c and γ are constants. (i) Show that the base units of pressure p are kgm-1s-2.

(ii)

Given that the constant γ has no unit, determine the unit of c.

(b)

[4] A student set up an electrical circuit in order to determine the resistance of a wire and hence the resistivity of the metal of the wire. The following readings were obtained for the experiment. Reading of voltmeter Reading of ammeter Length of wire Diameter of wire = 1.50 ± 0.01 V = 0.86 ± 0.01 A = 54.6 ± 0.2 cm = 0.62 ± 0.02 mm

Calculate, with its actual uncertainty, the value of (i) the resistance of the wire,

Resistance = ………...………….Ω

0 kg Elbow Joint J Forearm m = 1. ……………………………………………………………………………………… …. 2. ……………………………………………………………………………………. (a) State the two conditions necessary for a body to be in equilibrium.3 (ii) the resistivity of the material of the wire. Express your answers to an appropriate number of significant figures.6 kg . [2] T Biceps muscle Mass M = 4. ………………………………………………………………………………. Resistivity = ……………………Ωm [6] 2. 1. …………………………………………………………………………………….

4 (b) Figure above shows the forearm extended horizontally and holding an object of mass M = 4. p of the trolley varies with time. Calculate (i) the magnitude of T T = ……..………N [3] (ii) the force acting at the elbow(pivot) joint J Force = ………………….6 kg which acts effectively at a distant 0.22 m from the elbow joint. [4] [Turn Over . A trolley filled with sand moves on a horizontal surface of negligible friction. v of the trolley varies with time (ii) how the momentum... The forearm and object supported by an upwards force T provided by the biceps muscle and which acts 80 mm from the joint. sand starts to drop vertically at a constant rate from a hole at the base of the trolley. The forearm pivots about the elbow joint J and the mass of the forearm m = 1. At time t = 0.N [2] 3. (a) Sketch graphs to show (i) how the velocity.0 kg.

5 (b) A trolley P of mass 2.50 ms-1.0 kg moving in the opposite direction with a speed of 0. [5] . Calculate (i) the speeds and directions of motion of the trolleys after collisions (ii) the impulses on each trolley during the collision.0 kg moves with a velocity of 1.10 ms-1 collides elastically with another trolley Q of mass 4.

A stone of mass 0. Each rubber band is stretched by 0.25 m.30 m. (a) Calculate the energy stored in the stretched catapult.050 kg is projected vertically upwards from the catapult after each rubber band has been stretched to a total length of 0. A catapult consists of two rubber bands with unstretched length 0.15 m by a tension of 60 N.6 4. (b) Find the maximum height reached by the stone. Neglect air resistance. [4] [Turn Over .

……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… frequency.0x10-7m is incident normally on a plane diffraction grating with 500 lines per mm.[3] . Find the total number of directions in which a bright line is produced. (i) amplitude. [3] displacement (ii) time (c) Monochromatic light of wavelength 6. total number = ……………. ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… (iii) wavelength.7 5 (a) Define the following terms associated with waves. ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………[4] (b) On the graph below draw two waves with same amplitude and frequency but with a phase difference of π/4 rad between them.

.8 6 (a) (i) Define resistance.f 1.050 mm and resistivity 1.…………[2] (c) A battery has e.…………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………. (i) Calculate the output power when the battery is connected to an external 4. [2] (b) Calculate the resistance per metre of a copper wire of diameter 0.. output power = …………………W [2] [Turn Over . Identify all the symbols used in the equation. .m.5 V and internal resistance 0.5 Ω resistor.6 Ω.7x10-8 Ωm resistance per metre = ………….…[2] (ii) Write down an equation that relates resistance and resistivity.

9 (ii) Calculate the efficiency of power that is delivered..6x 10-19 C is situated in a uniform electric field of 150000 Vm-1.. Find (i) the magnitude of the force that acts on the electron.. Explain why it follows a parabolic path.. ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………..………N [2] ..[2] (b) A charged particle is launched perpendicularly into an electric field.……………………………………. efficiency = ……………………[2] 7 (a) State what is meant by electric field strength? ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………….[2] (c) An electron of charge e = 1... force = ……………….…………………………………..

.…….ms-2 [2] (iii) the time it takes to travel 30 mm from rest.s [2] [Turn Over .10 (ii) magnitude of its acceleration. acceleration = ………………………. time = ……………….

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