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Jaffar Mahmoud Shock Doctrine: Movie Review The movie opens up by showing scenes of shock therapy, a form of therapy in which a psychologically troubled or damaged individual is stimulated by sending electrical impulses through their brain. The grotesque behavior was founded on the notion that by “shocking” the body in such a way (no pun intended), it would be sent in a state of confusion, forcing it to recalibrate itself, and in doing so, eliminating the original ailment. This later was written off as being ineffective, methods similar to this “shock” therapy were moved outside of the halls of hospitals and across the threshold into CIA information “extraction” tactics, as they seemed better suited. An economic form of this methodology was adopted through the ideas of Milton Friedman. In contrast to the John Maynard Keynes‟ form of government supported economic rehabilitation (to help make economic recovery), Friedman believed that by leaving the economy to “correct itself” through it‟s own shock therapy, it would be able to recover more hardily and properly than through the Keynesian model. In Practice: In the 50‟s and 60‟s Chile was developing well, however, without the United States. Allende, through his nationalization process had upset the US, especially the economic system, as it ousted the US from many of Chiles companies. Nixon‟s reaction was to “make the Chilean economy „scream‟”, culminating in Pinochet‟s assault on the President‟s place in coup. The country was put under severe military control/oppression; all those who opposed were dealt with swiftly and thoroughly. Pinochet proceeded to open up the country, allowing for foreign companies to sell their product within Chilean borders, allowing for a wave of neo-liberalism. It became very clear that Friedman‟s policies were designed to suit the wealthy, those who were poor, continued to be poor. Families were forced to spend seventyfive percent of the income on subsistence items such as bread. This policy included eliminating all forms of welfare programs, things as basic free milk in school was eliminated. This policy was ostensibly against Marxism, no doubt a false idea used to play on the fears of Cold War, however, the fears associated with Marxism materialized in the military dictatorship of Pinochet. The irony of this development was that during the economic crisis in the UK, under Margaret Thatcher, Friedman called for a similar plan, one much like in Chile. Thatcher Jaffar Mahmoud dissented, citing that in the democratic regime of the UK, under the consent of the people, such a drastic policy-as that of Chile- could not take place. Conclusion: The Shock Doctrine, can be seen as a reflection on the capitalist models of today, in which groups of highly elite- oligarchies- command the ebb and flow of the government. During the Cold War, it is true that the Easter Bloc may have wanted the some of the liberalities of the West, however, that did not mean that they called for the same “wild west” every many for himself capitalism that had disenfranchised so many. Likewise, in todays government, in the context of the US, there has been a large amount of criticism about the government making transitions into becoming what some deem to be a “welfare” state. This opposition, in light of this movie, is founded upon faulty notions of what government assistance does for the government. In fact, it is the Roosevelt New Deal that helped with shaking of the Great Depression, and likewise today it is government assistance that can potentially solve the economic crises that plague various countries (perhaps).