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EN BANC G.R. No. 42551 September 4, 1935 ALEKO E.

LILIUS, for himself and as guardian ad litem of his minor child, Brita Marianne Lilius, and SONJA MARIA LILIUS, plaintiffs-appellees, vs. MANILA RAILROAD COMPANY, defendant. LAURA LINDLEY SHUMAN, MANILA WINE MERCHANTS, LTD., BANK OF THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS AND MANILA MOTOR CO., INC., intervenors-appellants, and W.H. WATEROUS, M. MARFORI, JOHN R. MCFIE, JR., ERLANGER & GALINGER, INC., PHILIPPINE EDUCATION CO., INC., HAMILTON BROWN SHOE CO., ESTRELLA DEL NORTE and EASTERN & PHILIPPINE SHIPPING AGENCIES, LTD., intervenors-appellees. J.W. Ferrier for intervenor-appellant Shuman. Franco and Reinoso for intervenor-appellant Manila Wine Merchants, Ltd. Feria and La O for intervenor-appellant Bank of the Philippine Islands. Gibbs and McDonough for intervenor-appellant Manila Motor Co. Harvey and O'Brien for plaintiffs-appellees. John R. Mcfie, Jr., in his behalf and for the intervenors-appellees. GODDARD, J.: In this case Laura Lindley Shuman, the Manila Wine Merchants, Ltd., the Bank of the Philippine Islands and the Manila Motor Co., Inc., have appealed from an order of the Court of First Instance of Manila fixing the degree of preference of the claimants and distributing the proceeds of the judgment of this court in the case of Lilius vs. Manila Railroad Co. (59 Phil., 758), the amount of which judgment in the sum of P33,525.03, including interest and costs, was deposited by the railroad company with the clerk of the lower court in that case. After deducting the attorneys' fees in the sum of P8,016.88, which is not questioned, the net amount in the hands of the clerk of the lower court pertaining to each of the plaintiffs in the original action is follows:
Aleko E. Lilius Sonja Maria Lilius Brita Marianne Lilius P13,181.33 8,218.54 4,109.28

There was a total of twenty-eight claimants to these funds, whose claims were presented and decided without objection in the original case in the lower court. The trial court in its order from which these appeals are taken, allowed: (a) As against the sum of P8,218.54, separately awarded to the plaintiff Sonja Lilius, the following claims or portions thereof in the order stated:
One-half of the claim of Dr. W.H. Waterous by virtue of a written assignment of March 9, 1933, by the said Sonja Maria Lilius to him One-third of the claim of the appellant Laura Lindley Shuman by virtue of a joint judgement obtained by her on August 10, 1933, in the Case No. 44254 of the Court of First Instance of Manila, against the said Sonja Maria Lilius, Aleko E. Lilius and Brita Marianne Lilius One-third of the claim of the St. Paul's Hospital by virtue of a joint written assignment of September 21, 1933, by the said Sonja Maria Lilius, Aleko E. Lilius and Brita Marianne Lilius to it P1,500.00

661.13

518.19

and the balance of the award was ordered paid to the said Brita Marianne Lilius, and (b) As against the sum of P4,109.28, separately awarded to the plaintiff Brita Marriane Lilius, the following claims or portions thereof in the order stated:
One-third of the claim of Laura Lindley Shuman by virtue of a joint judgment obtained by her on August 10, 1933, in Case No. 44254 of the Court of First Instance of Manila, against the said Brita Marianne Lilius, Sonja Maria Lilius and Aleko E. Lilius P661.13

Lilius of November 13.500.One-third of the claim of St.00 250. Philippine Education Co. Paul's Hospital by virtue of a joint written assignment of September 21. against him. the hospital and the other nurse.00 2. and that as to the claims of the two doctors. by the said Brita Marianne Lilius. 931.450.H.98 1. the following claims or portions thereof in the order stated: The other half of the claim of Dr.. Marfori had a claim against the plaintiff.00 10. G.878.00 3.15 P1.00 1.156.33 of the judgment pertaining to the said Aleko E. W. G. 3. except the two doctors. No.355. Estrella del Norte Eastern & Philippine Shipping Agencies.50 3.R.18 and the balance of the award was ordered paid to the said Brita Marianne Lilius. to those of any other claimants.33. No. 1933. Aleko E. 1931 The balance of P10. Sonia Maria Lilius and Aleko E. 1932: Erlanger & Galinger.76 432.850.394. Hamilton Brown Shoe Co. 39587 The claim of John R. Marfori.00 500." One of the contentions of this appellant under this assignment of error is that her claim.94 1. having been made the basis of the plaintiffs' action and of the award for damages..000. W. awarded to the plaintiff Aleko E. Jr. M. and does constitute a superior lien against the funds awarded said plaintiffs. the hospital and the other nurse the claim of this appellant has equal preference with their claims. Inc. Ltd. Waterous and Dr.H. as shown in the original decision herein. by virtue of a written assignment to him by the said Aleko E. Lilius. pluma fuente y lapiz P3.00 240.00 250. and (c) As against the sum of P13. Inc. M. The following items were made the basis of a part of the judgment for damages awarded to the plaintiffs in the original action against the Manila Railroad Company: Por honorarios del Dr. McFie. Lilius 518. should constitute. 39587 The claim of Dr.181.00 . by virtue of the final judgment in the original case. Lilius superior to the claim of the appellant.374. Laura Lindley Shuman.00 APPEAL OF LAURA LINDLEY SHUMAN First assignments of error: "The lower court erred in holding that Dr.00 43. Waterous by virtue of the final judgement in the original case. Waterous (Exhibit N-2) Por la primera cura hecha en el Hospital de Calauang (Exhibit N-5) Por el alquiler de la ambulancia del Hospital General (Exhibit N-4) Por la estancia en el Hospital Saint Paul (Exhibit N-3) Por los servicios prestados por la enfermera Laura Shuman (Exhibit N-6) Por los servisios prestados por la enfermera Alejandra Alcayaga (Exhibit N-9) Porlos servicios prestados por la enfermera Carmen Villanueva (Exhibit N-11) Por la perdida de la camara fotografica. Lilius was allowed and distributed by the lower court proportionately among the following claimants by virtue of their written assignment of January 27..R.

00 The trial court in that case directed the defendant Railroad Company to pay P3. under her liability for the medical expenses incurred by her husband. .00 10. Lilius. Rule 38 of the Revised Rules of Courts of First Instance requires that ". costs shall be taxed by the clerk on five days' written notice given by the prevailing party to the adverse party. APPEAL OF THE MANILA WINE MERCHANTS. This assignment of error should be and is hereby sustained. This assignment of error is overruled. does not mention damages for personal injury. en cambio. one of the obligations imposed by law upon the wife. still under the provisions of the Civil Code payment may be required out of said funds.". but her own paraphernal property. the Manila Wine Merchants. and the Bank of the Philippine islands also contend that the sum separately awarded Sonja Maria Lilius is conjugal property and therefore liable for the payment of the private debts of her husband. and as such should respond for the support of the family. with which notice given by the prevailing party. hace pensar que las indemnizaciones que vengan a suplir la capacidad de trabajo aportada por cada conyuge a la sociedad. Waterous and the others mentioned is the original decision. deben ser juridicamente reputadas como bienes propios del conyuge que haya sufrido el accidente. The record shows that the reason for the disallowance of this item was because no proof was offered as to the amount of such costs.(Exhibit N-1) Por trajes dañados en el choque Total 131. in enumerating the property belonging to the conjugal partnership. was P6l. 6. The following comment is found in Colin y Capitant. therefore. The only thing appearing in the transcript on this point is the statement of counsel that the amount of costs in case No. including medical expenses and (2) that even assuming that the sums awarded separately to Sonja Maria Lilius are not conjugal property. it is contended that the damages awarded for personal injury are not classified as separate property of each of the spouses in article 1396 of the Civil Code and they should therefore be resumed conjugal. It must be admitted that the amounts due Dr. la consideracion de que de igual manera que los bienes que sustituyen a los que cada conyuge lleva al matrimonio como propios tienen el caracter de propios. She was also among those who rendered services to plaintiffs in aid of their recover from the injuries received by them in the accident for which damages were awarded them in the case against the Railroad Company. Marfori P250. el hecho de que la sociedad pierde la capacidad de trabajo con el accidente.635. as shown by the bill of costs. her husband being insolvent. The fact that the trial court did not direct the defendant Railroad Company to pay directly to this appellant the amount of her claim does not modify or do away with her equitable right to the same status as that given to the two doctors mentioned above. The appellants. AND THE BANK OF THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS.000 to Dr.. This appellant in her second assignment of error contends that the trial court erred in failing to allow her claim in the sum of P61. 44254. LTD. Under her third assignment of error this appellant contends (1) that the funds separately awarded the wife. Asi se Ilega a la misma solucion aportada por la jurisprudencia francesa. Aleko E. evidence must be presented as to the amount of the same. .94. Ltd. but failed to direct the defendant to pay the corresponding sums to the other persons and entities mentioned in the portion of the decision copied above. . "Inclinan a la solucion de que estas indemnizaciones deben ser consideradas como gananciales. Waterous and to pay to Dr. From the foregoing it is clear that the claim of this appellant rests upon the same ground as those of Doctors Waterous and Marfori. In answer to this." The proper evidence. shall be served. It has not been proved that Aleko E. of the costs in that case would have been the bill of costs and the taxation of such costs by the clerk. including the appellant Shuman. The question raised by these appellants is one of first impression in this jurisdiction and apparently has never been passed upon by the Supreme Court of Spain. the lower court was correct in disallowing that item. contracted during her marriage. verified by his oath or that of his attorney. . partake of the nature of conjugal property. puesto que de la sociedad son los frutos de ese trabajo. were all used as a basis for a part of the judgment which plaintiffs secured against the defendants Railroad Company. As there was no evidence offered in this case as to the amount of said costs. In order to recover such costs in a separate proceeding. The inevitable conclusion is that the claims of Waterous and Marfori have no preference over her claim for her services as a nurse. such as this. . at least to the extent of the sum of P800 awarded to her as interest on the principal award of P10. Sonja Maria Lilius.94 as costs in the case in which judgment was rendered in her favor against the herein plaintiffs-appellees.000 made in her favor by the trial court. que a ella le pertenece. Lilius had no other property outside of the sum awarded to him in the case against the Railroad Company. . Vol. article 1401 of the same Code. pages 217 and 218: "No esta resuelta expresamente en la legislacion espa_¤_ola la cuestion de si las indemnizaciones debidas por accidentes del trabajo tienen la consideracion de gananciales o son bienes particulares de los conyuges.. The second contention under this assignment of error can be disposed of by calling attention to the fact that there is no proof in this case that her husband is insolvent.

therefore..000. In their brief in this court. The trial court disallowed this claim and neither of the plaintiffs in that case appealed to this court... or who did not acquire his rights from one of the parties thereto . The lower court erred in not holding the claim of the claimant-appellant.000 as damages on account of the loss of the services of Sonja Maria Lilius as secretary and translator. which she has on her forehead caused by the lacerated wound received by her from the accident. Ltd. Lilius were so held by virtue of deeds of assignment executed prior to the date of the service of notice of the bank's writ of garnishment on the Manila Railroad Company. Ltd. This is shown by the decision of this court in the case of Martinez vs. are overruled. and C. Inc. it acquired a lilen superior to the preference granted by article 1924 of the Civil Code to prior judgments. This court is not authorized to make use of that judgment as a basis for its findings of fact in this proceeding.. Lilius was a certified copy of its judgment against him in civil case No. excessive. B. The third assignment of error of the appellant Shuman. the second assignment of error of the appellant Bank of the Philippine Islands and the sole assignment of error of the appellant Manila Wine Merchants. Furthermore it appears in the decision of the trial court in G. 1931. These documents appear in the record as Exhibits A. Estrella del Norte and Eastern & Philippine Shipping Agencies. The theory holding that such damages should form part of the conjugal partnership property is based wholly on the proposition.. because the court. 39587 will show that the sum of P10. in its judgment in said civil case No. if at all." The pertinent part of that decision on this point reads: "Taking into consideration the fact that the plaintiff Sonja Maria Lilius. whose claim is based on a deed of assignment dated November 13. No. No. Philippine Education Co. a reading of the decision of this court in G.. Inc.-A person who was not a party to a former civil action.. to his creditors. There is no explanation as to why it was not presented as evidence along with Exhibits A. without mentioning the date of the execution of the exhibit. disfigures her face and that the fracture of her left leg has caused a permanent deformity which renders it very difficult for her to walk'. APPEAL OF THE THE MANILA MOTOR CO. This reference in said judgment to a mortgage is not competent or satisfactory evidence as against third persons upon which to base a finding that the Manila Motor Company's credit evidenced by a public document within the meaning of article 1924 of the Civil Code. 1933. R. COURTS OF FIRST INSTANCE. In that syllabus of that decision it is stated: "1. Manila Motor Co.. preferred over all other claims against Aleko E. 41159. INC. instead of the date of the public document upon which it was based in determining the preference among the several claims filed and litigated in this proceeding. counsel for the Motor Co. this assignment of error. Inc. 41159 of the Court of First Instance of Manila.. 1931. "ll. together with a certified copy of the writ of execution and the garnishment issued by virtue of said judgment... The lower court erred in considering the date of the date judgment. merely assume that its credit is evidenced by a public document dated may 10. in view of the fact that strictly speaking..". These creditors are John R. as it had been assigned. and Erlanger & Galinger. and taking into further consideration her social standing.. wife of the plaintiff Aleko E. also advanced by the Manila Wine Merchants. This error. The claimant has not proven that its credit is evidenced by a public document within the meaning of article 1924 of the Civil Code. McFie.. which saw her at the trial "young and beautiful and the big scar. The alleged public document evidencing its claim was not offered in evidence and counsel of the Manila Motor Co. jr. R. Manila Motor Co. whose claims are based on a deed of assignment dated November 17. In its first assignment of error it is contended by the Bank of the Philippines Islands that by virtue of its writ of garnishment served on the Manila Railroad Company of February 8. As the record shows that whatever was left of the judgment in favor of Aleko E. Lilius claimed the sum of P10..000 with interest thereon awarded to Sonja Maria Lilius as damages is paraphernal property. 1931.From the above it appears that there are two distinct theories as to whether damages rising from an injury suffered by one of the spouses should be considered conjugal or separate property of the injured spouse... Assuming the correctness of this theory. merely stated at the hearing in the lower court that its judgment was based on a public document dated May 10.000 was awarded to Sonja Maria Lilius "by way of indemnity for patrimonial and moral damages. there was no existing credit in favor of Aleko E.". refers to a mortgage appearing in the evidence as Exhibit A. that by the injury the earning capacity of the injured spouse is diminished to the consequent prejudice of the conjugal partnership. The only evidence offered by the Manila Motor Co. of indemnity for patrimonial and moral damages. adjudicated to her by the said trial court by way. Lilius is not sufficient to pay in full the credits of the above mentioned creditors and furthermore. her particular work as a member of the conjugal partnership. The two error assigned by this appellant read as follows: "I. Lilius is-in the language of the court. ERROR. Ltd. It should be added that the interest on that sum is part of the damages "patrimonial and moral" awarded to Sonja Maria Lilius. 1931. before that date. JUDGMENT IN FORMER CIVIL ACTION AS BASIC FOR FINDINGS OF FACT. Diza 920 Phil. Exhibit A. B and C. Lilius evidenced by public instruments and final judgments. neither is the sum of P10. must be overruled. 1933. 498). is however non-prejudicial as the record shows that all the creditors declared by the court as having a right to participate in the proceeds of the judgment in favor of Aleko E... Inc. In view of the foregoing it is held that the sum of P10. Hamilton Brown Shoe Co. Inc. 39587 that Aleko E. in support of its claim of preference against the fund of Aleko E. Inc. Lilius to be garnished on February 3. as the basis of its judgment.

Waterous la suma de mil quinientos pesos (P1..after the entry of judgment therein.. But even if the court is authorized to accept the statement in that judgment as a basis for its finding of fact in relation to this claim. P3. Hamilton-Brown Shoe Co.181. It will thus be seen that under the law. Inc. merely from the reference by the lower court in that case to a mortgage. Paul's Hospital. quinientos diez y ocho pesos con diez y ocho centavos (P518.13).) A chattel mortgage may. This court would not be justified.. 2496. a Brita Marianne Lilius. so that the court might satisfy itself as to its nature and unquestionably fix the date of its execution. There is nothing either in the judgment relied upon or in the evidence to show the date of said mortgage. Lilius. which is deposited with the clerk of the trial court. 216..H. Ltd. seiscientos sesenta y un pesos con trece centavos (P661.. 482. W. la suma de seicientos sesenta y un pesos con trece centavos (P661.54. McFie. A. quinientos diez y ocho pesos con diez y ocho centavos (P518. Inc. Lilius. (See Giberson vs. Waterous Dr. and Aleko E. the lower court properly held that its claim against the said Aleko E.. The remaining portion of the dispositive part of the decision of the trial court is modified as follows: "That from the sum of P13.18). 49 Phil. por conducto de su tutor. and Betita vs.. The court. In view of the foregoing the following portion of the dispositive part of the decision of the trial court is affirmed. 44 Phil. a Sonja Maria Lililus.. Lilius was based on the final judgment in civil case No. .014. Inc. The burden was upon the claimant to prove that it actually had a public Code. 1932. was inferior in preference to those of the appellees in this case.672. 41159 of the Court of First Instance of Manila of May 3.477. se pague po el Escribano al Dr. (b) que del saldo de P4.695. this does not warrant the conclusion that the instrument evidencing that mortgage is a public document entitled to preference under article 1924 of the Civil Code. Ganzon.500). the following claims shall first be paid: Dr. In 11 Corpus Juris. P1. a valid mortgage may exist between the parties without its being evidenced by a public document.500.24). however.219. o su apoderado. 1507 as amended by Act No..45 470.00 2. Under section 5 of Act No.20 2045.. It is essential that the nature and the date of the document be established by competent evidence before the court can allow a preference as against the other parties to this proceeding. 87.97). the rule is expressly stated that as between the parties and as to third persons who have no rights against the mortgagor. Estrella del Norte Eastern and Philippine Shipping Agencies. is not bound by such judgment.867. committed no error in holding that the claim of the Manila Motor Co. nor can it be used against him as a basis for the findings of fact in a judgment rendered in a subsequent action. "Por estas consideraciones. be valid as between the parties without such an affidavit of good faith.00 250. still it would not establish the claim of preference of the Manila Motor Co. se pague por el Escribano a Laura Shuman. in assuming that its date appears in a public document. no affidavit of good faith is necessary. W.00 and the balance of the sum pertaining to Aleko E. This appellant's assignments of error are overulled. Inc. desired to rely upon a public document in the form of a mortgagor as establishing its preference in this case. Inasmuch as the claimant failed to establish its preference. Inc. Inc. se ordena y se decreta (a) que del saldo de P8. a chattel does not have to be acknowledge before a notary public. therefore.18)y. y al St. based on a public document. Lilius shall be divided among the following entities in proportion to their respective claims: Amount of claim Erlanger & Galinger. M. Paul's Hospital. Marfori Laura Lindley Shuman John R. y el remanente de cinco mil cuatrocientos setenta y siete pesos con veinticuatro centavos (P5.33 pertaining to Aleko E.28 que pretence a Brita Marianne Lilius y que se halla deposito en la Escribania del Juzgado.". Shuman. it should have offered that document in evidence.109. if the Manila motor Co. Jureidini Bros. the law does require an affidavit of good faith appended to the mortgage and recorded with it.76 3.38 So ordered without special pronouncement as to costs. N.".. y al St. a Laura L. Jr.13 500.00 661. y el sado de dos mil ochocientos sesenta y siete pesos con noventa y siete centavos (P2. Granting that a mortgage existed between the Manila Motor Co. As against creditors and subsequent encumbrances. H.13. que pertenece a Sonja Maria LIllius y que se halla depositado en la Escribana del Juzgado. Philippine Education Co.

concur.Malcolm. Imperial. and Butte.. Villa-Real. . JJ.