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. AN EXPOSURE OF '& AND THE Second Sight Mystery. yet each path plain. No. P. to those who know the way All unapproachable. PHILADELPHIA: WIZARD. yet easy of access. E. . d WYMAN THE C. 18 6 0. % ALSO.) And All things being are in mystery : we expound mysteries by mysteries yet the secret of them all is one in simple grandeur : All intricate. to them that hold the key. 23 CO.rf&vm m. PUBLISHER.. PRINTERS. (Our Ned. BRINCKLGE & NORTH SIXTH STREET.

Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1860. in the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. . by JOHN WYMAN.

from three . mechanical contrivance. these having covers which ex- and hung upon concealed hinges. to five inches across actly fit. but when lying flat. London have entirely dispensed with the use of the is When two a secret confederate required. so that they may be let down . manner of These tables are. with a curtain round it. surface are buttons. table. AS USED BY EVERY PROFESSOR OF MAGIC. who in his art. etc. Description of the Magician's Table. William Feikle. and dexterity of movement is now more relied upon than execution. The following cut gives a correct view of a magician's table . which falling Under lids this prevent those use of. the top of the table appears to present a perfect surface. feet nine inches wide.Sieijiriloqufeh) WfaJe jksjfi &c. of different sizes. the Russian magician. and Professor never behind the age in improvements . two feet eight inches high. Professor Robert Houdon. of Paris . dispensed with by many of the most skilful magicians. however. now is creating a great excitement in Wyman. twenty-two inches deep. and exhibits to the reader a ready ex- planation of many of their best tricks. In the top of this table are several secret square holes. from down when not made Under the top 3 . have a table four and a half feet long.

and in the United States he commanded a position in the front rank as a performer. and concealed by the curtain and into this box is placed the . CUTTING OFF THE NOSE. McAllister's Great Trick. as a magician in Spain. who assists the performer. or drawer. open at the and at the side is which is farthest from the specta- about twenty inches deep.4 VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. as well as a . of the table top. a Scotchman by birth. France. McAllister was name stood high Portugal . fastened a box. —a man of His and superior abilities and great mechanical genius. This box secret agent. tors. is &C.

drawing large houses in every place where he gave his really excellent entertainments. and producing the other in its place then put your left hand. while you squeeze the sponge gently. into your pocket. lamented by many warm admirers and devoted friends. doubtless. by slipping the true it. and. McAllister died in Keokuk. to be a short distance from the The performer ought company when it is to be performed. cut into his it nose. a few years since. of course you show the latter to the company as the only instrument in your possession you must also provide yourself with a small piece of sponge soaked in wine. graceful deportment. This feat. and gentlemanly address. and. knife . 5 With Americans he was always very popular. one of which must have a small semi-circle cut . so that may appear to bleed. to be attributed to his easy manner. as tricks it is one of the simplest which can be attempted. out of it —the other being a common knife . so that the semi-circle which is in the knife will cause it to descend. and pass the knife gently over his nose. having caused an individual to sit down. to all appearance. gentleman and scholar. though it has a very horrifying appearance. . need cause no alarm. Iowa. you immediately proceed to work. and must be provided with two claspknives. with the sponge in upon the person's brow. His professional success in life is.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. and the skill of his manager. &C.

have three tin tubes the same height as the bottle. Professor Anderson has this probably made more money in This country than any other performer in the profession. placing your thumb over the other . the openings being tied two-thirds of the distance of the length of the The bladders with . He is a Scotch- man by ments birth. inside. the "Wizard of the North. little experiment will occasion contradiction all. and now giving his pleasing entertain- in the United States. PROFESSOR ANDERSON'S TRICK. with wine. and also in all the cian. as a magi- any person living. has the most extensive reputation. with some. If you wish to pour out wine. vinegar. which you intro- duce into three small bladders tubes from the bottom. &C. separately. fill them. with three holes at the sides near the end of each tube.b VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. and Water out the Same Bottle. are . and amusement to Provide a common black junk bottle. with rather a large opening at the mouth . having performed before all the crowned heads of Europe. Anderson. To Pour Wine. the tubes now placed in the bottle . He is very pleasing in his address. with your hand. Vinegar. of Professor John H. and water the water and vinegar These tubes can be fastened in the neck of the bottle with cork. and unequalled in the manner of performing his feats. of principal cities of the United States to crowded houses. take the bottle by the neck being colored the same as the wine. and come up even with the mouth of the bottle.

the same with respect to the To Perform which you ask if fill the Experiment. and vinegar to the other. Tell the gentlemen. You now say that you will throw away the contents. many puzzling points for Wyman. with the three different liquids. or Anderson pour over one hundred glasses of liquor from a small bottle and. have turned jugglers. : it my fault.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. " 'Tis water!" feign surprise. and present the same to the gentlemen." the other. water to the one who had wine. find out. witnesss McAllister. —Bring the bottle forward. and fill the glasses again. " Very good. among your- I have tried cannot be my best to satisfy you. and played us an odd trick but I will soon by taking a glass of wine myself. which he — drinks to the health of his audience. who had They will begin to contradict one another. This you do. and tell You will them they must be in jest. and a waiter with three small wine-glasses. The Inexhaustible This well-known those trick has Bottle. and am well convinced that the fault must be in your sense of taste right. water." and then the third will answer. . what adds to the astonishment of the audience. " Settle the dispute selves. " Tis nothing but vinegar. is to see ten or twenty kinds flow from the . who . 7 two holes of the tubes others. the wine is At the same time. not excellent ? ? One will say. and present wine to the one who had vinegar before. If matters are not all I suspect that the wine-sellers . &G.

a native of France. AS PERFORMED BY ROBT. and his success was as unexpected as it was remarkable. Vanilla. : . OF PARIS. either in the exe- cution of his tricks. Impossibilities Accomplished. without doubt. &c. and you can inexhaustible thus supply more than one hundred persons a half sip their favorite beverage <> O B>- from the bottle. or the accumulation of money he being. that Louis world ! Napoleon selected him for a foreign diplomatic mission. HOUDON. The Egyptian Fluids . stands first among European magicians. Punch. before the performThe bottle is filled with the following ance begins. and consequently accom- . Sherry. any of fluid You are thus enabled to convert a tolerable resemblance of that is likely to be called for. the richest magician in the So great was his popularity. same The trick is thus explained fill : The glasses are so small that a quart bottle will seventy-five or a hundred particular . No professor of the " black art" has ever equalled him. and in Paris and London is exceedingly popular. water.8 VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. Essence of Brandy. Lemon. the glasses are arranged on a tray in a manner by the wizard. and became at once flattered and beloved. spirits-of-wine. and sugar mixture in the bottom of each glass is a drop or two of Paul de Veves' Flavoring Extract. as Noyeau. By the assistance of his art. Professor Houdon. bottle. or. Port. he gained the friendship of the foreign courts. &C.

Mix wine and water together. in the centre make a hole about the same in diameter. upon the top of two of these covers soldered a piece of thick brass. the tumbler that has the water then put about the same quantity of wine in the other and place that it now have tumbler with a hole through the bottom (made with a drill) have this hole closed with a long peg from the under side then through your trick-table have a small auger-hole made to admit the peg. the other with wine cork them well. covers off the tumblers containing water and wine. on his return. which excludes the air. of an is about one inch and a half on top . then separate them this by means of a red and white tape.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. to performing the trick. say about a quarter of an inch in thickness . similar cover in external appearance. received a very handsome reward for his services. fill the two covers (the tops . place the . mix the two liquids then pour both into the tumbler that has the hole through . and put about as much water in . and on the inside will be a partition or floor. of them). and. 9 plished the object of his mission. in the oth^r cover. or lead. trick. and. You then take the . . . you must have three covers obeliatic form. cover over that. and conse- quently keeps the liquid from coming out at the small hole made in the centre of the partition then take two sound tumblers. terminating at To perform (tin) made. through the centre of which make a small Previous then hole (this partition must be water-tight). &C. in presence of the audience. a^bout two inches from the top. copper. one as there is water in one of the covers . this tumbler must also be covered with a is tumbler as there cover over . one with water.

after removing the cork from the cover over the wine. John Wyman. . . more favorably known to the American people than any magician and ventriloquist living. now lift the tumbler up containing the mixture. which has a small wire to it. that the audience front of the peg) . and has been a long His performances are so well time before the public. known and popular. Do likewise with the white tape table then reach your hand under the tumbler and let and draw the peg out of the the mixture run down into a tumbler . run down into the tumblers underneath. and. small and place it . ! American Wizard and celebrated Ventriloquist. may .MADE EASY. and cover them over . that they require no encomiums Jr. notwithstanding their frequent repeti- . *»&•+ Wyman's Great Disappearance Trick AS PERFORMED BY*HIM IN ALL THE PRINCIPAL CITIES OF THE UNION. see it (keeping your hand in place the hole.10 the bottom VENTRILOQUISM . without doubt. drop the end of the wire into the hole. in the top of the cover that is over the false tumbler then take the end of the red tape. is. and the one you poured it out of contains it again.. which will greatly astonish them. &C. or cup secreted there for that purpose now remove the covers and show the audience that the tumbler you poured the mixture into is empty. the great from us. and. which lets it The air is then let into the wine. place the tumblers back. cover it over back with peg through then take a red and white tape it string that has previously been fastened to a stick.

making every person present a participator in the amusements of the evening . tions. frank and manly countenance. had many popular rivals to contend with. all has played successful engagements in cipal places of of the prin- amusement in the United States. having amassed sufficient wealth to place him in an independent posiis Wyman probably the tion for life.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. ventriloquist in the world ! Wyman In personal appearance Mr. No He man in social the same profession has held higher positions in life. engagements in Europe and but his great success in this country probably his chief reason for not accepting the same. for a Quick at repartee. most successful American magician in the country. the highest prices paid the best native in Mr. but has lived to see the day of his complete triumph. pleasing. off-hand. not haughty or egotistical. He is has been offered brilliant California . and probably the most wonderful Mr. being at this day the greatest magician in America. word while addressing social converse with his audience has been one principal feature in his exhibitions. Wyman's performance is unexceptionable character. ner easy. and never at a His audiences. at home with every one. nor has more warm personal friends. loss and graceful. . and never loses the dignity always found His manhis is associated with first-class entertainments. II the same unbounded success is sure to follow each representation. and a general address almost faultless. &C. Professor To sum up in a few words. and consequently has hosts of friends wherever he performs. and commanded artists. Wyman has the advantage of many of his rivals. having a fine form.

marked A. and 2 inches within the edge. the bottom is . The cover is connected with the top by two pins.12 VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. the largest part will be raised.This will leave sufficient false room between the bottom to conceal a person. so that pressing the part D. which folds in the middle like a pair of bellows. &C. . 20 inches deep. There must be a curtain (marked C) round the table from the top. over a cover that and makes the top appear sound. (represented by the dotted lines). to prevent the false bottom from being top and seen. Provide a table with four legs upon castors. attached to the top by a strong cloth. Under the top of the table is a false bottom marked B. so as to allow the bottom to sink down 18 inches. and guided by grooves in the inner part of the legs of the table. opposite each other. 3 feet high. The made of black muslin . in length 4 feet 6 inches. In the top of the table is a round hole 21 inches across. as common fits to most tables. When down it cover is is kept up in its place by a couple of buttons on the frame of the table. 2 feet 4 inches wide —the depth of rim which is round the table 5 inches.

to convince the that it is company next it a table of ordinary description.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. You show the solid and strike the bottom to show the is wood. the person in the sack treads upon the part of cover marked D. which closing will prevent the sack when is extended (see E). exactly over the concealed hole then let person who is to disappear step upon the wood bottom of the sack. The tom of the cover has a hole the same size as the table. which raises both at once. so that when you press on the small part of the cover D. the sack To move fall flat the table from under the sack. one end of which passes through a raise the sack over the head. say a few magical words. table. sack. and pistol. a Then let upon the floor. To Perform this Experiment. you can raise both covers at the same time. never descending to the low vulgarity and . and allows the person a part of the table. Herr Alexandre's Mode of Performing the Egg-Bag Trick. with hoops from bot- about 15 inches apart. Bring the table — forward. 13 The cover the sack is to be 6 feet high. Then and tie it fast with one end of a rope. . In the meantime. and a rare specimen of the gentleman and scholar. Put the sack on the . fall in their free passage into the vacant will of their The covers own weight fire proper place. Herr Alexandre is a German by birth. both on and off the stage. of wood. and raise the curtain. AC. He was always dignified in his performance. pulley in the ceiling then haul the rope tight.

then back eral eggs out of it. andre has not been in this country for the past eight In personal appearance he was commanding. you have a bag about half a yard wide. affable. easy. to convince the audience that there is . &C. the eggs are in the bottom of the cells at the mouth of the large bag the performer will then catch the bag just above the eggs. and an ornament to his profession. His company was courted by the learned of both sexes. and about five-eighths deep. common-place wit of the buffoon. are called let cells. and give it a few raps across the as the large . —these are first filled with eggs made of wood. which they take out and break. and added to a large. and had pleasing conversait tional powers. to . convince the audience that they are all genuine when they turn the bag they keep these cells next to them. so that the mouth of the cells will be the reverse of that of the large bag. it is —these of the in these that the eggs are placed the end of the cells be closed at the mouth large bag. to the audience. and graceful in manner. after which take sevthis trick. There are many itinerant magicians who have assumed the name of this distinguished gentleman but the original Herr Alex. made of black cambric then take strips of the same cloth about three inches wide and sew them on each side of the strip lengthwise of the bag.14 VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. other hand. To perform . He at all times was polite. and erect appearance. a or nine years. turn the again. with the exception of one or two natural eggs. and in the private stately circle he was very witty. muscular frame. Take a bag and exhibit bag inside-out. and bag is turned upside-down.

a Frenchman by birth. Mons. needless to add that those now passing under the name are base imitators. take out five and mysteriously pass them back into the hat. which to the audience a great Mons. Adrian. To do this trick. but not performing like the original. to count the money out is of the hat into the plate. after which you turn the money out of is the hat into the plate. He was a very popular man in his time. and was very successful in his tour through this country. was a very skillful magician. and remarkable for his agility and surprising dexterity. and under the plate and in your left hand have previously placed five pieces of coin such as you will have placed in the hat. nothing in mystery. which you turn the money out of the plate into . There are many "Mons. It is. After you have counted the fifteen pieces into the hat. though he had reached the ad- vanced age of seventy-seven when I last saw him perform. you must have in your left hand a plate. imitating. and it covered. THE ENCHANTED COIN. 15 after which he turns the bag again and is takes out several eggs. and very readily recognized as such when seen by any person at all familiar with Adrian's peculiar style. to see that there no mistake. &C. you then ask the person whom you have selected from the audience to assist you in performing the tricks.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. perhaps. Adrians" at the present day. to see that there after no mistake. Put fifteen pieces of money into a hat. Adrian's Wonderful Feat. it.

he appeared in Baltimore. Jones. Marshall was a very shrewd. the Arab Magician. which will still leave fifteen. and secured a good engagement. You take the five that are drawn out . as originally was born in Persia. William Marshall. THE ORIGINAL FAKIR OF AVA. Astonishing Hindoo Miracle. as Rahab Ben Marchael. see You then him to get the hat and how many pieces are all. New York. he was not easily detected. written. His father. and many of our leading theatrical managers will remember his cunning devices to secure to himself the patronage of the public. At another time. ingenious man. Assuming the habits and manners of the Arabs. officer. and. a Scotch married a Persian lady. (after placing your finger on the spring to hold the inside drawer tell which the five pieces were placed. to the surprise of fifteen. in it. . Presto/ Pas- Pass! in You then open the drawer. You then ask him to draw out five pieces. and place them in a drawer cillo! (see umbrella factory) then you go through the magic words. the hat.) and show the audience that the five pieces are gone.16 VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. and at the same time letting the five pieces you have secreted in your hand under the plate. far-seeing. he counts the original number. or Marchael. of Vauxhall Garden. He gets the hat. PERFORMED BY WILLIAM MARSHALL. fall &C. Under this title he created quite an excitement in this country. He once palmed himself on to "Mr.

announced Persia. and blood drips from it. but no child to be seen. The child is the table on the trap-door.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. until the disguise was exposed. he fled to other terfeit Fakirs. and apparently struggles in death. and at the same time through the sponge saturated with blood. The child is trained up to the trick. &C. on it is the inside of which and next to the performer fast- ened a piece of or its common sponge complete the saturated with blood is representative. cities. but leaves the door open. and pierces a sword through the basket. The child still conThe performer apparently becomes it indignant. tinues to cry. making preparation to his confederate opens the trap-door of the table. fastened on the underside of the table. transport his audience to the Temple of Ishbaham. and when to not. The child shrieks. Take a basket over child it. B . and takes a sword and pierces through the basket. you have to use the trick-table. trick. at which time the child shrieks. who would city. and consequently knows placed when upon to cry. While the performer trick. mences to A basket is comthen placed over it. The Fakir died in Louisville. The table is made with a trapdoor. in 1846. in all for "the benefit of the poor of the the The consequence was. at which time cry. The performer grows it and place indignant. To do and also have a confederate. when an interesting per- He was former and a good lecturer. Law Building Hall was nightly crowded. The basket this is removed. Kentucky. 17 a native wealthy citizen. and lets the child down. The sword is withdrawn. on a table." and as ' . There are many coun- but none who equal the original. then turn a The child cries.

Signor Blitz came United States about twenty-five years since. speaking. but has a kind disposition. especially to ladies and children. and likewise enlist the interest of children of a larger growth. which gives the sound of the child a dying appearance. &C.18 VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. This trick produces more is terrific sensation than almost any other trick that performed. while performing in this country. and has won many addition. through extraordinary patient toil and by dint of the most industry. frequently aiding the unfortunate and distressed. As former. After the sword is withdrawn. having. closes the door. He has accumulated a large property. He is considered an excellent ventriloquist. selecting such experiments as serve to win the child's attention. equal to the best. and doubtless. Little Bobby and the Bag. owning valuable real estate in Brooklyn and PhiladelMr. Blitz has been one of the most successful pecuniarily performers. he is very pleasing. in the severe country. by great perseverance and mental a per- application. and his plate-dancing has never been equalled in America. to the AS PERFORMED BY SIGNOR BLITZ. succeeded in learning canary birds to perform . phia. amassed a handsome fortune. with an excellent European laurels in is reputation as a magician. He now the oldest magician in the United States. He is very eccentric in his habits. He has likewise. the blood that was in the sponge is Then the confederate that which drips from it.

in order that it may not be readily perceived. 19 the most wonderful feats. This famous and historical feat (it has been practised in all ages. to be attributed to these learned canary birds. You must constructed. and in every country un- der the sun)." Then show the cap. saying. is saying. have a cloth cap within for the purpose of concealing the head but this must be very neatly also . tlemen. yet." Add." Then hold the cap above face. nevertheless. your in and take the little man his your right hand." You is thus performed must be provided with the fig- ure of a man made of wood. "Now look as steadily at him as ever you can. " This. I call this my bonus genius. gen- his coat. Now show your little man to the assem- bled company. I will deceive you. about the size of a small Dutch doll. and a great portion of his success is. the head of which takes off and on by means of a peg in the neck. and perhaps more miliarly fa- known as : the " Doll Trick. which fits into an aperture in the body. il Gentlemen. and put . AC. doubtless.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY.

&C. like." and give a whistle at the sanw time thrust the head up through the hole in the cap. "But he must look about him before he goes. Then take your hand out . saying.20 VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY." Then pull out your right it hand from under the cap. he's a great like to He is ready to go any message I send him on — to France. and. drawing the head out of the bag." Then turn the head and say. feeling for money). Then say. "See. then turn the cap about. sir. put your right if the body of the doll into hand your pocket (as and leave the body of your pocket. to the great amazement and bewilderment of the company. and hold the head by the peg. You can thus cause the doll to appear and disappear as many times as you like." thrust diately. North or South Pole. to Spain. and say.) . you were there. ing on the palm of your hand. . " Now. as eloquently as you traveller. as represented in Proceed to describe the doll's virtues the engraving. convey his head into the is bag that is within the cap it . he gone !" Take your cap and hold little it up again. "Hei genius mei velocissimus. head through the hole of the cap. that little under the cap. and say. my finger down he shall vanish left "Just as I and immeis with the assistance of your hand. to the Crimea. " There is a shilling for you and now be off on your travels. to Constantinople. and with privately. ubi. (setting your forefinger upon his head. and turn it about. . knocksay. wherever but he must have some money to pay his expenses. or to the and whichever you like .

PERFORMED BY PROFESSOR HARRINGTON. Have a hole at the bottom.) so that you can raise the block with your finger. Mass. with a hole (D) one inch long. and in the summer months New rusticates at his fine country-seat in Chelsea. located in Boston. course has been onward and upward until at the pre- sent day he stands without a rival in New England. and three inches deep. nearly as deep and a little wider than a dime. As a performer he is very excellent. It It will fall of itself in its place. has been the New England cian and Yentriloquist. Have a block three inches square (marked C). and his at a very early age. and resemble the box. . (as marked B.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. three inches wide. &C. J one inch square with a piece of wood that will fit the vacancy. was born in MagiBoston. five inches long. He has had a very successful career. and many years before He commenced his career the public of New England. Mr. Harrington was at one time the proprietor of the England Museum. must be hung on small hinges. Have a box made with a lock. and gives general satisfaction to a promiscuous audience.. Jonathan Harrington. Mass. 2L The Mysterious Desk. (as at A.

pronouncing some magic words give a sudden jerk upon the riband. the swinging-board (B). E and the at the same time. . also. Place the tumbler from the box. Ask for the key. . where you conceal it. which now covers the tumbler. at the same time. who will acknowledge that it is the same that he dropped into the box. Have. and shake the box. and pass it back and forward under the riband.22 VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. and let it be thrown into the box put the loose end of the riband into the box. ment. secretly. so that may be identified. which will pull the bend with the coin out of the hole (D) the coin will then fall in the tumbler. so that the spectators are assured that the coin is inside . it . then all is ready for the experi- Request one of the company to mark a dime. let the coin. open the box. nearly at the distance the riband company to Let one of them put his hand on the board (C). a riband one yard long. and request him to lock the same and keep the key then raise. and fastened to the board (C) at E . the piece of Then place the box on the table. and will now admit. own hand. and taktf wood (C) which has the other end of the it. drop through the hole into your. and request two of the come forward. . riband fastened to with the marked side hole (D) Lay the board down (F). . while the 5ther person holds his hand on the box then take the magic rod in your hand. or over a tumbler. Give it back to the owner. that side down which has the end of the riband fastened at . &C. you'll convince the assembly that nothing is there. secretly put the coin with the bend of the riband into the hole (D).

and present the confectionery to the audience on plates. so that the fall tin. now is in California. and hand it round to the company for inspection. D. B. with sugar-plums or kisses. which will fit the inside of rim. Cut up potatoes and apples in your saucepan. Take a saucepan. a very popular German magician. ten inches across the top and six inches deep have a cover. as B. 23 Professor Jacobs' Lesson on Cooking. C. Take off the cover. cover. with a rim round it. Herr Dobler's Coffee and Tea Exchange. with which he does derful things. Ireland. with a piece of tin. well over a candle. England. two inches deep. Always keep the cover on your table. Jacobs.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. keeping the saucepan on the table to prevent the trick from being discovered. &C. and has a great reputation in land. B. and the tin. D. put on your like . Herr Dobler. C. has never visited the United States. with a long handle. is a Jew by birth. Return to the table. He stands high . between the real cover. will down and expose the candy. Now fill the secret part. many very won- A. and Scot- He reputed to be in possession of a magnifi- cent apparatus. D. A.

2 to the left. turn can No. you pour out the coffee on a plate. as B.24 VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. By turning can No. the same in D and F. are of equal dimensions. in- cluding the top. four and a half inches in diameter. and the tea will appear on the plate. Then replace the tea and coffee. in their respective places. 1 to the right slowly. C —the middle A. 1 to the left and The parts — . and C have a division sloping down. a very excellent conjurer. / C Have two canisters made twelve inches high. is nine inches high from the bottom. &G. and is. division being half an inch wide one way. the straight sides being ten inches in height. in his profession. and tea in C. the tea contained Then in the opposite apartment will not run out. by means of a funnel. divided across the inside in three separate apartments. and tip canister No. and The divisions that form A the apartment. no doubt. Say some unmeaning words. the raw material on the liquid. as A Having described the conrepresented in the cuts. struction of the apparatus. and the width of the canister the other. now put in A coffee. B.

Barnum. one to hold the end of the stick. 2 to the right. and privately slip the notch over one side of your mouth meantime you slip the whole ring on it with your hand then desire some your stick. This ceding. TO PUT A RING THROUGH ONE'S CHEEK. When you you change have exhibited the it for the other. which you hold your hand over. and whirling the other ring. where he became eminent and won his present celebrity. you may produce hot coffee. is on the same principle as the preYou must have two rings exactly one of which has a notch. the famous circus clown. and smite with it instantly upon the stick. perfect ring. whip the ring out of your cheek. which admits your cheek. &c. milk. 25 No.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. Joe Pentland. the change will By the same canisters amazement of the auappear to have taken place. and. travelling with P. Joe Pentland's Favorite Trick. alike. T. now in Europe and creating a sensation. in the hiding . concealing it. to the dience. but subsequently relinquished the practice of magic for the circus-ring. . round about the stick . was once a magician. &C.

was the original "Fire King" in this country. Mons. and poisons. AS MADE BY HIM AT BARNUM'S AMERICAN MUSEUM. Drs. drink prussic acid. representing Imps. Get three little hollow fig- ures of glass. eat phosphorous. claiming to have an antidote for any poison. go down. however deadly. Chaubert. When you think fit to command the figures to top. water. Immerge them into which should be water contained in a glass bottle. would enter a heated oven of 500 degrees Fahren- heit. being the first man who introduced experiments with He fire. Houton and Devine also discovered the secret of eating fire. which tained of may be ob- the glass-blowers. and covered with a bladder A small quantity of air must tied fast over the top. be left between the bladder and the surface of the about fifteen inches high. with a small hole in each of their legs. a Frenchman. press your hand hard upon the they will immediately sink. heat. or Harlequin. &G. and Pantaloon. and successfully performed the same extraor- . an inch and a half high. HOW TO EAT FIRE. NEW YORK. <•«»» and Xavier Chaubert's Trick. Columbine. &c.26 VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. Professor Davidson's Bottle Imp.

and but your mouth must be quickly will cause a salivation. which you may do without stone-powder. mouth continually. and you may put a pair of red hot tongs into your mouth. 27 The secret of their performances we Expose below Anoint your tongue with liquid storax. otherwise known as the Wierd Man. Professor Whitney's Great Trick of Passing a Handkerchief into a Bottle of Wine. cleaned. We never saw him perform farther north. otherwise it This is a very dangerous trick to be done. are at off and clever.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. If you put a piece of lighted charcoal into your mouth. and without hurting yourself. and even as far north as Pittsburg. but and if you shut your the sulphur puts out the coal mouth close. Dip them into brimeat them as you would bread. means they can to prevent never saw one of these fire-eaters that had all a good complexion. Cleveland. and cold. . though he occasionally gets skillful — to Toledo." is very popular in the South and West. Professor 11 Whitney. and those tice it who prac- ought to use I danger. Michigan. you put out the sulphur. His head-quarters Detroit. He is a good necromancer. and the fire will . and so chew the coals and swallow them. you bellows to be blown into your receive may suffer a pair of no hurt . clinary feats. offending the body. seem more strange. : &C. and enjoys a good reputation generally. and lick them till they are You may also take coals out of the fire.

so that produces the handkerchief. Place two bottles of wine on the small table give previously to the secret agent an empty bottle similar . secreted person puts the handkerchief through the . and pronounces cellent. and a glass of wine. He it to be exu says. and believe stamping-ground to be South-west and West. one exchanged for the concealed one. and proposes to drink the company's health. Ladies and gentlemen. and pours out into a glass. and throws the broken it covered. into which he puts a cork. but remarks that it is not good. He steps before the audience and states that he has two bottles of wine. and. three inches long. which gives the performer the This he breaks and shall not be dis- chance to select the right one. neck into the empty bottle with wine. with which he has had no connection. He draws the cork. which he tastes. to the others. He now see it breaks the other bottle. glass with the tube aside. that will fit into the neck. and the company leaves best it contained nothing but wine. He now to the audience to find out the deception the way they can. in which of those two bottles shall I find the handkerchief?" They answer variously. . and makes it disappear on the table as in the former experiment. and places it puts the tube which he in the neck close to the mouth of the bottle. which he does. I will try — the other.28 VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. in passing round the of them is table. The performer states that he will now produce the hand- kerchief from one of those bottles standing on the table. a tin tube closed at one end. his old &C. The performer borrows The fills a handkerchief. He takes one in each hand.

one of which he throws upon the stage to perform the The performer takes care to put this handfeat with. . On that part of the table on which it is another. who has two handkerchiefs of the same quality. When the handkerchief is torn and carefully folded up. and if he finds that he not likely to take the first that comes to his hand. unable to speak the English language. under pretence of his having a . PHILLIPPI. but. came to this country about fifteen years ago. PERFORMED BY MONS. Phillippi. and make Whole again. strange as it appears. in so doing. The performer must have a confederate. This feat. a French magician. takes bring the right handkerchief uppermost. w as a very clever magician. H& was the inventor of the Orange Tree. was compelled to return to France. he prevents him from drawing by fixing upon more sagacious look." and first inPhillippi li troduced this beautiful illusion to the public. our large cities but. unsuccessful. is very simple.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. He performed in several of owing to his lack of knowledge r of our language. Mons. 29 it Cut a Handkerchief in Pieces. though he affects to mix them together promiscuously. and carefully fixes upon some simpleton to draw is . &C. it is put under a glass upon a table near a partition. an ingenious mechanic and an excellent chemist. and with the same mark. kerchief uppermost in making the bundle. He lish desires him to shake them again to embelcare to the operation. The person whom he desires to draw one of the handkerchiefs first naturally takes that which comes to his hand.

McCann. which opens and table. and Missouri J Procure a pasteboard box four inches square. whole-souled. which fits the hole closes. good song. into Another. of the then shuts the trap. Joseph H. perform gymnastics. to cona good. and. Ohio. Yalentine. into a drawer. tility musician. being at once a magician. (which absolutely necessary for other must have the second handkerchief in his pocket. is fines himself to Kentucky. McCANN. PERFORMED BY native of Baltimore. marked A . tell a good play a good sleight-of-hand trick. in B. If the performer be not possessed of is such a table. To Pass a Block of Wood from One Hat J. Then fit . is &C. passes his trap. singer. which must be instantaneously confeats as well as "this. social fellow. A. the Western Magician. H. and has been before the public for upwards of twenty years. open at the top.) he cealed. He is a man of great versaof talent. various Dr. Indiana. and by sleight-of-hand change it for the pieces. He can take-off actors. have a second one made of tin. that will exactly black. The confederate. play on any instrument. lets it fall a little trap. concealed behind the hand within the opens the so exactly curtain. with the outside painted and ornamented to suit taste in white. as to deceive the eyes of the most incredulous. and mimic. and substitutes the second handkerchief instead first it . is a He commenced his profession at a very early age.30 deposited VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. lie con- clude-. imitate sing a story. equilibrist.

plate. few magical words. Now set the hat containing the block C upon the table . and the second hat crown-up upon the Take Say a B in your hand. 0. and. which you can show with the block to the company for examination. and the solid block C will fall from the box B into the hat. In doing so. &C. let your fingers loose. To Perform the . must be painted the same as B. Borrow two hats. so as to B inside of A. and place on the crown of the hat. and it will appear the same as before. Then cover B with the pasteboard cover A. have a sure. The solid block C will apparhave disappeared. Then raise B. retain ently Then lift the pasteboard box jfrom the hat. place a plate on the hat.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. so that it may be slipped in or out at plea- The block. A being the cover. Be careful not to expose the open part. and press it so that the block C will be with it. will be found in the bottom hat. which will exactly figure. tf £ A#? i r Experiment Have the block C covered with B show the company that it is a solid block of wood. B. — —take one of them a little in . C. to the astonishment of all. pretending to try if the hat is large enough to hold it. and hold the inside toward you next take the box B between your finger. . your hand. pressing the fingers tightly. Now put the block in the hat. 31 fit solid block of wood.

with . The Penetrative Shilling. He is now the owner of sev. and. and observe that these boxes must shut so freely that they all may all be closed at once. and in the the other have another of the same appearance. which will easily fit and let the least of them be of a of these boxes should size to hold a shilling. their tops open. showing the piece you have in your hand. You then present the box. of the into each other. in your pocket then ask a person for it. the great Southern Magician. PERFORMED BY OTIS EVERETT. but which cannot be opened without a key. eral successful canvas-shows travelling through the of a large snuff- Southern country. Provide a round tin box. and which the company suppose to be the same that was marked. take this piece in one hand. Place these boxes in each other. Everett. Georgia. a shilling. you piece that . is a very popular man in North and South Carolina. shutting them all at once. and has accumulated considerable wealth by his performances. Alabama. for . fastened with a spring. but dexter- away. and likewise eight other boxes. you is slip marked into the least box. He is a very shrewd business man.32 VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. and knows how to preserve what he earns. and Florida in which States he usually exhibits. size box. Each shut with a hinge. He is a very skillful necromancer. and. and to the least of them there must be a small lock. you take them out then. your hand in your pocket. pretend to make ously convey it it pass through the box. and desire him to mark that it may not be changed in putting . &C.

him that one of his friends has Scrap. which you may pinch of snuff the key. 33 know than one. and about five inches . Potter." as he was to this day as familiar as a household called. you himself. which you then give him part of the room. the spectators do not AC. and we venture to assert that he had no superior in his line. in Massachusetts. word with some The New Eng- enders believe there was never a greater juggler existed than Potter. he was master of the "Black and few white performers of his day could equal in the execution of his surprising feats. to any person in opens the it. will lie concealed among it the snuff.? a black man. is has been dead nearly twenty years. tell and. being very small. When tell the who opens the boxes asks for the key. Potter died about twenty years ago.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. He was a very comical performer. though his name of the old New England residents. he comes to last. Though Art him . who. Take a book seven inches long. more the company. and done many of his tricks very handsomely. . in his snuff-box. PERFORMED BY POTTER. at his handsome residence. may be made more do by asking person for a surprising by putting the key into the snuff-box of one of the company . . but that he cannot open without the key. retiring to a distant and see if it him to take out the shilling This trick be the one marked. or "Old Black Potter. or Blowing Book. when he yet that there are till finds another and another.

each notch in depth for that purpose. and or- and so there shall rest upon each leaf only one nick of paper above the rest. and let them be one inch distant thirteenth or fourteenth page. an inch of paper must answer to the first directly. so as you of a quarter of an inch. one high uncut. Wyman of New England. you are to begin the self same order at the eighth leaf. until you have passed through every leaf all the derly to the third and fourth. leaving one inch of paper. was an experienced He inChemist. that seven times seven contained therein. let &0. leave another like inch in the second part of the second leaf. Dr. James Wyman' s Laughing-Gas. all the great success. Dr. " Wyman the Wizard. . with a gouge may made .34 broad. and VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. which remain half a quarter of an inch above that leaf clipping it. cut upon the edges of each leaf six notches. with ." he and met with Although bearing the same name as is not related to that gentle- man. is there be forty-nine leaves. so as when you have cut the first seven leaves in such a manner as described. Alchemist and Natural Philosopher. colours or pictures cut off with a pair of scissors every notch of the will first leaf. descending the same manner to the cutting other seven leaves to twenty-one. which sixth leaf is paint every the end of every like and beginning of every seventh. away an inch and all of paper in the highest place above notches below the same. troduced the laughing-gas to the public in principal cities of the United States. thickness of your book.

but in most cases the sensations are agreeable. and when you are you cause the person first who wishes to experience them to exhale the at- mospheric air from the lungs. from the agreeable sensations excited by In its pure state it destroys animal life. and the gas be dissolved. Wonderful Decapitation Feat AS PEEFOEMED BY THE CHINESE JUGGLEES. fanciful flights of imagination. a sense of extraordinary cheer- fulness. fanciful appellation" has been given to trous oxide. because it becomes blended with the atmospheric in the lungs. It does not operate exactly in the same manner on all persons. and then quickly placing the cock in his mouth. and a consciousness of being capable of great muscular exertion. and have this important difference from those produced by wine or spirituous liquors —that they are not succeeded by any depression of mind. an uncontrollable propensity to laughter. to be passed into a large bladder having a stop-cock its effect.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. the crystals will melt. you turn the gas. into a small glass retort. supervene. but loses this noxious quality when inhaled. AC. 35 ni- The above inhaling it. in crystals. Having thus produced the desirous of exhibiting it is . which being held over a gas. and bid him inhale Immediately. it. spirit lamp. direct first appeared in California from China where they created an immense excitement by the performance of the decapitation and The Chinese Jugglers . air which it meets This gas is made by putting three or four drachms of nitrate of ammonia.

and then sitting or kneeling under the board. of two planks. their performances not admitting of repetition. you must fit cause a board. and the different members of the once popular band are now scattered around in different portions of our country several of them now to be seen in New York. and visited every city in succession from Orleans to the confines of Maine. feats. there may remain two holes. there . To show this feat of execution. This company soon dis- New banded. . so as both the planks being thrust together. and also a piece cut off the same. impalement glish Their feats of legerdemain however. creating a perfect furore of excitement. secured them for a tour through the States. left the longer and broader the better there must be within half a yard of the end of each plank half a hole. of the like quantity. aware of their immense popularity. were inferior to those performed by many of the En- and American Necromancers. let the head only remain in the frame. sit- put a little brimstone into a chafing-dish of coals. &Q. through which his head may be conveyed into the middle of the platter. for a person's neck the board must be made . and in each of them to be made holes . a cloth. Dr. then in California. like holes in a pair of stocks. Ghion. and a platter to be purposely made.36 VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. peddling cigars for a livelihood — ! This skilful is a curious performance if it be handled by a hand. commencing at New Orleans. having a hole in the middle thereof. as big as his neck. Then to make the sight upon the boardmore striking. must be made likewise a hole in the cloth a platter also must be set directly over or upon one of them.

so as the who must gasp two smoke may enter his nostrils and mouth. ADONIS. Mons. Adonis. in first appeared New Orleans. are here omitted his as to put about bullock's blood. as it may almost reach the ground. which is not unwholesome. another boy of the bigness of the known boy must be placed. This is commonly practised with a boy purpose. and the head presently will appear stark dead. flesh. because they require .VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. The Orange Tree Illusion. or three times. and must put his head under it through the side hole. long descriptions. and being will bleed and seem very strange herein. so as the body shall seem to lie on the end of the board. pany. as to and many rules are to be observed have the table-cloth so long and so wide . which. es- . where the like hole is made. and his head lie in a platter on the other end. and led if a little blood be sprink- on his face the sight will be stranger. AS EXHIBITED BY MONS. instructed for that who being familiar and conversant with commay be known as well by his face as by his apIn the other end of the table. parel. neck a little dough kneaded with will which being cold. if the boy act his countenance accordingly. 3t before the head of the boy. appear like dead pricked with a sharp round hollow quill. the more to lie astonish the beholders. having on his usual apparel he : must lean or upon the board. the French Wizard. There are other things which might be performed in this action. ting it AC. where he became very popular.

that . who spoke English but little better than the Monsieur. C. his audience understand resorted to his native dialect. an excellent magician. let there middle of the top A. through which to pass the neck of the vessel E. it is. of about six inches every way. cess. is be a hole. but being unable to speak English sufficiently well to make which was explained to the audience generally by an interpeter. would have made one of the most successAs ful tours ever made by a foreigner in this country. : AC. Make in the a box. B.33 VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. B. and forced to manual labor . packed up his apparatus and sailed back to France. Adonis was art. for the support of his family. A. pecially with the French population he afterwards started on a tour through the Northern States. dispirited. The result was. a perfect master of his and had he learned the English language before he sailed for America. he met with but poor suc- and after repeated failures and heavy losses. he has returned to his native land broken down in fortune.

VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY,
is

AC.

39

a kind of hollow copper sphere, of four inches in diameter, and covered at its top and bottom, P and Gr,

with two pieces of the same metal.
to F, there
is

To

the part next

to be a tube H., about half an inch in

diameter, through which is an aperture of a quarter of an inch this tube must also be pierced horizontally,
;

by an opening of one-third of an inch at I, to admit a lock, the key of which must extend to the outside
of the case.
It should also

have a small aperture

of about one-tenth of an inch to let out the air that
is

to be compressed in the vessel E, as

we

shall

now

explain.

To

force the air into the hollow vessel there
its

must be

adjusted to one of

sides the

copper syringe,
in

N

M,
N",

which has a
so that
piston,

little

valve at

M, and
strongly

at the extremity

by alternately thrusting
the
air

and drawing out the
condensed in the
fixed the

may be

vessel E.

To
little

the extremity of the tube H, there
tree O,

is

which

is

composed of four or

five

branches

of copper that proceed from the stem 0, these branches
are hollow that the air that enters the

bottom may

extend to the top.
twigs,

To

these branches are adjusted

and the whole decorated with orange leaves made of parchment, and coloured
brass wire,
to imitate nature.

made of

The ends

of the branches are to dilate, so as to con-

tain small pieces of fine kid, which are to take the
figure of an orange

when they

are extended by the air

drove through the branches. These oranges of kid must be contained within the extremity of the branches
to which they are fastened

by a

silk thread,

and there

40

VENTPvILOQUISM

MADE

EASY,

&C.

must be a space left at the ends of the branches to which is to be fixed the bud and flower of a blowing orange. The trunk of the tree must fit the tube that none of the air may escape. The branches and

H
to

kid that are to form the oranges must be accurately

painted so as to favor the illusion.
ing

The whole

be covered by a glass case, to prevent any one touchit.

Previous to performing

this trick,

with a

little stick,
;

put the kid oranges within the end of each branch

also the flowers of the blowing orange, that no part

may

appear.

You

then

fill

the vessel by means of the

syringe with air.

Matters being thus arranged introduce the box and tree covered with the glass shade, and show the com-

pany the present state nor fruit tell them it

You
will
fruit.

shall instantly produce both. then turn the cock, when the flowers and buds

—that

it

bears neither flowers

immediately appear, and will be succeeded by the

THE

COMPLETE HISTORY AND EXPOSURE
OF

YENTRILOQUISM.
Containing a
full

human

voice

;

account of the wonderful powers of the an epitome of ail the most distinguished

ventriloquist s in the

world
;

;

the arts practiced to obtain

ventriloquial

power

the different theories of celebrated

men, in reference to the faculty of sound in the human
voice
;

a detailed explanation of the easiest
;

mode
;

of acto

quiring the faculty of throwing the voice

the mechanical

contrivances of ingenious and talented persons

how

become a

practical ventriloquist
;

;

dialogues for public

exhibition also a variety of experiments, and ideas never before published, concerning the startling and

amusing faculties possessed by a ventriloquist. The whole compiled and arranged from Professor Wyman's extensive library of works on the arts and sciences; and from private manuscripts of celebrated ventriloquists;
also, Prof,

Wyman's mode of performing

ventriloquism,

BY

E.

MASON,

JR.

PHILADELPHIA
1860.

" — Isaiahy xxix. and thy speech shall be low out of the dust. be. AND THY SPEECH SHALT WHISPER OUT OF the dust. . as of OUT OF THE GROUND. 4."And thou shalt be brought down. and thy voice shall ONE THAT HATH A FAMILIAR SPIRIT. and shall speak out of the ground.

the additional still larynxes posed to be seated indeed the deeper in the chest than the . in opposition to this conjec- ture. that it does not account for the perfect quiescence of the mouth and cheeks of the performer while em- ploying his feigned voices . are supposed to be artfully placed is sufficient on one or both sides of the ventriloquist. or belly-speaking. The practitioner of this occult art. as to imitate the voices of different persons conversing at a considerable distance different tones. and that an adept in the . to observe. the memoirs of the Manchester Society. to resolve the whole into the phe- nomena of echoes the ventriloquist being conceived by him on all occasions to confine himself to a room well disposed for echoes in various parts of it. Gough has attempted in . this from each other. lowermost of the two that belong to birds whence name of ventriloquism Mr. and merely to produce false voices voice in a straight line by directing his natural towards such echoing parts . was that of the artist's possessing a double or triple Larynx . is well known to have a power of modifying his voice in such a manner. instead of in a straight line towards the audience who upon It this view of the subject.>%*?Arx -Jf/PP t fjfA ^Vu^ 7f- / **&&*: ^/ 7 Ventriloquism. and first in very And hence the impression which ingenious trick or exhibition produced on the being sup- world.

observes. . who has examined the vocal organs of several ventriloquists. convinced that the name of ventriloquism artist either influences at his will the surrounding muscles of the chest. Bicherand to relinquish the old hypothesis of a kind of vocal organ being seated in the stomach. Bicherand. gradual expiration in which the . "At first/ 7 says he.44 art.-passing a part of the air thus inhaled through his nostrils. but after having more atten- observed this curious phenomenon. or he has inhaled a fresh supply. . the ventrilohis quist always inhaling deeply before he commences his deception. I was soon is by no means applicable since the whole of its mechanism consists in a slow. or keeps down the epiglottis by . that although there is little or no motion in the cheeks during the act of speaking. &&\ . is tices. and which he had formerly embraced it . VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. as the results of his investigation. \ wholly indifferent to the room jn which he prac- and will allow another person to clioose a room for him. and being reflected in some part of the digestive canal. and being able to continue various till voices as long as the inspired air may last. "I had nostrils. to which we have already adverted. . there is con- siderable demand and expenditure of air . one of the most popular French physiologists of the day. This view of the subject induced Mr. Mr. though does not appear that he has very distinctly adopted in its any other stead. conjectured that a great part of the air expelled by expiration did not pass out by the mouth and but was swallowed and carried into the stomach gives rise to a real echo tively.

no satisfactory explanation . without offering any particular art. not pro- M. would better answer the purpose of such sort of imposition . cats. upon her affirming that it was fresh. de la Chapelle. the mouths. &G. to the credulous multitudes around them. And although this able writer has not fully it succeeded in establishing his point. the point of which tracted beyond the. glass. as often as she so asserted that it had been dead for a week. the stomachs. and that she knew It is it. kind a is said to have frequenting the fish humorous artist of this amused himself some years ago. by market at Edinburgh. an ingenious work. 45 is the base of the tongue. infants. from their hands or or from a feet. as not only to imitate with equal accuracy. from beneath a hat or wooden fish doll. but apparently to throw the mimic sound from whatever quarter he chooses . the corner of the room. while it continued occult. and tress. for an adept in the science is capable of modulating and inflecting his voice with so nice a dexterity. and caught in the morning the fish quaintly replying speak. certain that hitherto. arch of the teeth. that no art.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. and making A and give its vender the lie in her own gross preaching. in which he attempted to prove that ventriloquism is of a very ancient date . all persons in dis- together with every modification of articulate speech. the cries of dogs. and that it formed the mode by which the responses of many of oracles of former times were delivered by the priests and priestesses. must be allowed by every one. or pockets of any of the company present. from the ceiling or roof of a house. explanation of this curious published in 1712. .

that would otherwise have to pass through the nostrils. been apprehended tive that the entire range of its imita- power confined to the larynx alone. has been offered of this singular phenomenon shall. and whenever through the cavity of the the mouth. the most perfect ventriloquist in nature and imitations of all kinds. prove a ent passage for the sound than in much less conveniman and of so little . and that the art itself consists in a close attention to the almost infinite variety the larynx is of tones. the larynx is the sole organ. and I is. . that instances are not wanting of birds that have con- tinued their song after they have lost the entire tongue by accident or disease. except for the purpose of uttering the note already formed in the larynx. articulations. Every bird keeper knows that it is not necessary for birds to open their bills in the act of singing. which is false . which. use is the tongue towards the formation of sound. But all musical sounds may be produced without the aid of the tongue. It is said that the ventriloquist. take leave to suggest that it pos- sibly. and a modification of these effects into mimic speech. passed for the most part. on many occasions does not use the tongue. nostrils. therefore. in birds. and inflections capable of producing in its own region. necessary. employs the larynx and in imitating cries as does the mocking-bird. instead of through The parrot in imitating human language. the tongue is equally necessary to inarticulate and to articulate language. All natural cries. are from the throat and larynx . nothing else . even though modulated by music. of a much is simpler character than has usually .46 VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. AC. practised when long and dexterously skilful upon.

with the organs of the mouth. indebted to its assistance. v. &c. or ought not to use the lips or let the muscles of the face be seen to move. In one case the organ. f. is the when exercising his art certain ventriloquist when holding a conversation with supposed personages does not. m. f. but its place was supplied by a small tubercle and the rivala . When speaking in a ventriloquial voice I compress the teeth firm together which contracts the muscles of the face and keeps them from vibrating with the voice. viz : When conver- sing with supposed personages. or knot of the throat. and most the vowels. p. the imagination of the audience could not be kept in play to fancy the voice from the quarter the ventriloquist wishes it to appear. letters b. . it is several q. but the guttural or polatine. are are seldom I if ever used . and to let the conversation be so arranged that the v. together with little p. as all of the dental. articulate sounds little &C. there auxiliary to g. 47 or no operation of But of the twenty-four which the alphabet comprises. but when they expression to which I . as in the Z.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. others . are but b. h k y y the nasal. I see no reason : why not the ventriloquist should not use his tongue seen by the audience it it is . this is all the ventriloquist wants. and the labial. give my face an impassive or one very foreign to the verbal expression am giving utterance. during their answers to keep the muscles of the face and lips perfectly still. d. as m. Anatomists mention two instances of persons speaking without a tongue. as the deception would not be complete . are but few in which the tongue takes a distinct lead. though n. t. was originally wanting. used. .

(according to the derivation of the word.) consists in speaking in the belly. he gives them strength by a powerful action of the abdominal muscles. in regulating their situation. but when stifled sounds are formed in the larynx. but may be acquired by many. backward and forward and in every intermediate — . whilst others are ever incapacitated. antagonists.f which none but the practitioner with * Good's f Book of Nature.48 VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. are constantly employed fifteen when in keeping the cartilages steady. and acting as agents. in the same manner as it makes some capable of singing. &c. This depend on a particular structure or organization of the nerves and muscles of the throat. and articulated without moving the muscles of the face. and absolutely necessary The term but it is ventriloquist. in all articulate tones. or to the osylioides. in the infancy of the science. to a certain extent. or directors. nor can ever possess . Well may the deceptions that are practised with the voice take place human of different muscles are attached to the cartilages. page 260.* In the other the tongue was destroyed is The tongue a natural and common organ is in the functions of the voice. although the throat the real source from which the sounds proceed. Hence he is speaks by means of his art does not belly. &C. was perfect. But there is a great degree of obscure action about the parts composing the vocal tube. upward and downward. evident that we ought not : admit them now in scientific language for the art of the ventriloquist does not. and other words of similar to import were employed. and moving them as occasion requires. by disease. while others do not.

415. velocity.044.186. . is directly or indirtctiy suscep- . or These muscles independently of the former. with which they may be brought into action.592. The diaphragm the abdominal muscles. 49 able to comprehend and put in force. the reverse is the Thus the art of the ventriloquist consists. and all that directly or indirectly act on the air or on the parts to which the muscles of the glottis or oshyoides in the diagonal between different fibres. the intercostals.800 different combinations operate with the seven pairs of larynx. First. The numerical estimate would consequently. and direction. of 17. Second. especially when regulating the distant make it appear nearer.073. and attracting and their attention with a degree of finesse only to be acquired intense practise study. or changes. —in short all the muscles that recover nerves from the respiratory system contribute their share. &c. In modifying his voice according to the different variations. are attached. But these muscles are not the whole that co-operate with the larynx.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. glottis in the production of acute sounds is contracted but instead of descending in the case of acute tones and fact. immense practice and study voice 'to is &C. In keeping the imagination of his auditors in play.841. in the production of the voice. but they show the inconceivable variety of movement of which the vocal apparatus tible. exclusive of the changes wT hich must arise from the different degrees of force. according to the course of the muscular fibres. are susceptible of upwards of and when they co1. the is supposed person thought to occupy. require to be largely augmented. and which voice cannot The be produced by the action of the glottis alone. Such calculations are of course. in rising in that of the grave. by repeated trials. only approximate.

is called the hyoicl or u-likebone and immediately from this bone arises a long cartila- ginous tube. another opening immediately behind which leads to the stomach. and conveys the air backward and forward in the process of respiration. which constitutes their basis and re- narrow before. supported by a is fifth. the larynx this and it is upper part or larynx alone that constitutes the of the larynx. produces that acute projection or knot in the anterior part of the neck. but is This is not a complete filled open behind : the open space being ring. during the answer of the &c. so as to direct act the food to the it. short as cartilages really. In keeping the muscles of the face state of composure. with other up. and broad behind. FI^OM GOOD'S At BOOK OF NATURE. in a supposed party. and especially in the neck of the males. lies the root of the tongue its a minute semi-lunar shaped bone. in order to make a complete it is two to- cartilages of a smaller size and power . or upsilon. or that immediately is : This tube connected with the hyoid-bone. These four cartilages are . The tube five it is. which from resemblance to the Greek . of which every one must be sensible. as of the lies called. or aperture out mouth into the larynx. and what gether form the glottis. The fourth cartilage immediately over this aperture. is formed of distinct the largest and apparently. though not lowermost of which. letter v. which extends to the lungs. and closes in the of swallowing. seat of the voice. esophagus. . pipe . and has some .50 VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. &C. denominated the trachaea or windand the upper part of it. T/iird. ring.

semblance to a seal-ring. It is from the greater or is degree of perfection with which the larynx formed in the different classes that the voice it is of animals that possess it. or of the nostrils. or muscles. is The organ of the voice then the larynx. in the locality of the glottis itself. and the cetaceous tribes. lose their voice in particular regions . said to do in some parts of America less . its muscles. some gender or species are as the rnyrmecophaga or ant-eater. The shrillness its glottis or roughness of the voice depends on the internal appendages : . diameter of the lubricity. is and is covered internally with a vascular. or a variation in the shape. birds and amphibials. mobility. glottis. and and the voice itself is the sound of the air propelled through and striking against the sides of or opening into the mouth. Speech is the modification of the voice into distinct articulations. and hence none but the first three classes in the Linnaaan system. or in Those animals only that possess lungs possess a larynx. and serpents while others dumb. among entirely these however. and the elasticity of its cartilaginous coats very sensbile. or . lizards. is rendered general more or less perfect . and and the force with which the air is protruded. together with the tortoise. Even that of the mouth. 51 contracted The larynx is and power of dilated in a variety of ways by the antagonist different . muscles. its elasticity.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. the manis or pomgolin. position. . consisting of mammals. dog is and quails and as the frogs in various districts of Siberia. and by an introduction of its superadded membranes. into structure. and mucous membrane which a continuation of the membrane of the mouth. AC.

being placed at the bottom of the trachea. which the parts are fewer. which however. which produces the simple sound . to bleat . trachea. and may be regarded as forming . when divides into two branches. occupying usual situation at the uper end of the trachea. &G. therefore. and are able to neigh. one for each of the lungs or that in and the simpler. bray. The lungs. for the larynx divided into two sections. are respectively characterized. and at the same time give them utterance. that quadru- peds and other animals are capable of making those peculiar sounds. or that in which the it : parts are more numerous and elaborate. may . is without an epiglottis . by which their different kinds. In reality the whole extent of the trachea or windpipe in birds may be regarded is as one vocal apparatus or . The larynx of the bird class is of a very peculiar form. which modify the simple sound into an infinite variety of distinct notes. and admirably adapted to that sweet and varied music with which w e are so often delighted in the r woodlands. and consist of its those not included in the former. pouch and supply the wind the trachea the inferior glottis the head or mouth itself the pipe and the supiece. bark or roar to pur as the cat and tiger kind. . a complete natural bagpipe stitute the in which the lungs con. the food and other substances being incapable of entering the aperture of the glottis from another contrivance. larynx of birds. perhaps. elasticity of those that are common to it. as the sheep. rather. be considered as organs two distinct the more complicated. perior glottis the finger-holes. Among the bird-tribes there are some possessed of .52 VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. or to croak as the frog.

. one note succeed- ing another in ascending and measured intervals through the whole range of its This bird tint. and even the voice of every bird of prey so exactly. as the Polyglottis. several species of the corous and psittacus kinds is well known . and the bird breeders of Germany is find a lucrative employment in training multitudes of this family for a foreign market. Domingo. I suppose. of a black . as well as a more correct taste in imitating musical tones. complete octave diapason. and parrot. are those most commonly taught. seen and heard by many. its however. has been. 53 powers of voice so singular. It is moreover playful enough to find amusement in the deception and takes a pleasure in decoying smaller . &C. so much entitled to notice on account of voice. has a better voice. is an in- habitant of St. as to deceive the very kind it attempts to mock. This Mocking-Bird of South an individual of the Thrush kind its . but forms a' not on]y intrinsically . very shy. independently of that of their own natural music. and dexterous in eluding the vigilance The imitative power of of such as attempt to take it. and sing them to their proper tunes.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. with a blue crown and yellow front and hump about four inches long. the jay. own natural note is it delightfully musical and solemn but beyond this possesses an instinctive talent of imitating the note of every other kind of singing bird. and the far-famed parrot of the late Colonel which could repeat twenty of our most popular songs. There no species. or tuneful manakin. sweet. that I cannot consent to pass them over in total silence. or is Carolina. The note is of the pipra musica. O 'Kelly The Bullfinch (Coxia Pyrrhula) however.

who from long and dex- terous practice. "consists in inspiring deeply. it &C. or the sounds of other animals. by pouring upon them the screams of such birds of prey as they dread. has its seat in the cartilages and other moveable powers that form the Larynx body of the trachea only gives measure to the sound. and renders it more or less copious in proportion to its volume. recorded opinion refers to the power of articulation M. so as to imitate the sounds which the voice suffers it from distance . but in some other person. : for the great It is not. and lately Miiller contends that. or features. Majendia regards it as a mere during inspiration. by imitating their notes. to be sort of imitative wondered at. or even to personate the different voices of orators and other public speakers. with success in the occasionally human larynx and that we should meet with persons. modification of the ordinary voice. and even in Ventriloquism several directions.54 birds near VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. should be able to imitate the notes of almost all the singing birds of the woods. A skillful ventriloquist produces these effects without any apparent jaws. Now it is clear that the imitative. as if they were perfectly extraneous. that a similar power should be sometimes cultivated . like the natural voice. or drives when it frightens them away with all speed. and not originating in the utterer. movement of his Various opinions have been advanced by physiologists with regard to the manner The most commonly of producing such an effect. or noises. them almost to death. therefore. sounds. is the power of imitating voices. so as to protrude forward the abdominal viscera . lips. and in places at various distances.

The is . a sorceress. and. was one of the evidences against a person accused of sorcery. and possessed of a demon island of St. the supernatural at command. 55 by the distent of the diaphragm.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. although she was not burned.not. is influence of ventriloquism over the human race it therefore. diaphragm maintaining its depressed po- Sounds may be thus uttered which resemble This the voice of a person calling from a distance. in a certain degree. : The art of ventriloquism was known at a very early It period and was generally regarded by the ignorant as a supernatural gift. but that he has. The power which it must have given to the pagan priesthood. she was convicted of being . in addition to their other deceptions may be imagined. and of course had a share nation. w hen we preceive that not merely confined to the imitation of sounds and voices on earth. especially as the imagi- nation influences the judgment to the place when we direct the ear whence the ventriloquist pretends that the sound proceeds a part of the trick which is always taken advantage of by the ventriloquist." is a very probable explanation. yet. the sition. wonderful. she was transported to the Thomas. in producing their condem- In the seventeenth century a woman named Cecele astonished the inhabitants of Lisbon with her powers as a ventriloquist . where she T died. . AC. and then speaking while the expiration is performed very slowly through a very narrow glottis by means of the sides of the chest alone. associated with sorcery.

ILLUSION OF SOUND. The ear is the most fertile source of our illusions to and the ancient magicians seem of sound. that in the subterra- neous and vaulted apartments of the Egyptian labyrinth. The hand then moved or shaken horizontally. of the divinity of his character was impressed upon his worshippers by the bursts of thunder and flashes of lightning which accompanied their devotion. such as that used for German own stoves. three or four feet long. informs us that some of the palaces were so constructed that their doors could not be opened without permitting peals of thunder from being heard in the interior. In the palace imitation of the Persian King. however. &G. By this simple process a great variety . History has of course. the reverberated sounds arising from the mere opening and shutting of the doors themselves afforded a ficient imitation suf- of ordinary thunder. and used in our it not improbable that to the method modern theatres was known the ancients. and whose time this singular structure existed. not informed us how these effects were produced . and his subjects to prostrate themselves before al- him as a god. A thin sheet of iron.56 VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. which contained twelve places and 1500 subterraneous apartments. so as to agitate the corner in a direction at right angles to the surface of the sheet. have been very successful in turning to their purposes the doctrines In the labyrinth of Egypt. When lowed Darius Hystaspes ascended the throne. but it is probable. is held by one corner between the finger and the thumb. a is more is artificial likely to be employed. and allowed to hang freely by is its weight. the gods were made to speak in a voice of thunder Pliny. in .

and the rattling showers of rain which accompany these meteors are regulated shower of peas.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. Among these. who arts of the East. and which uttered responses that had all the authority of a divine revelation. It was celebrated. that of the had encased in gold. or the dust of lycopodium. will be produced. in the equivocal language of the heathen oracles. 57 of sounds. is one of the most famous. said to be Great in Scythia. sage Minos. &C. possessed a speaking head. In modern exhibitions an is admirable imitation of lightning produced by throw- ing the powder of rosin. the mighty magician of the imported into Scandinavia the magical North. tin-plate. or of uttering oracular responses. but even in Persia. not only throughout Greece. quires great The operator soon ac- power over this instrument. which uttered sponses at Lesbos. had the credit of predicting. the bloody death which terminated the expiation of Cyrus the and it Odin. sheets of and by thin plates produced by mica . which he The celebrated mechanic Gerbert who . the sound shorter and more acute. varying from the deep growl of distant thunder to those loud and explosive bursts which rattle in quick succession from clouds immediately over our heads. be of be of is but on account of their small size. through a flame. which were constructed for the purpose of representing the gods. well imitated by a well The principal pieces of acoustic mechanism used by the ancients wero speaking or singing heads. filled the . its re- the speaking head of Orpheus. so as to able to produce from it any intensity and character The same effect may sound that may be required.

53 VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. papal chair A. &C. is Albertus Magmus said to have executed a head in the thir- teenth century. that in the ancient speaking machines the deception is effected by means of ventriloquism. It has been supposed by some authors. us. and Thomas Aquinas is said to have been so terrified when he saw it. indeed. that the impostor Alexander made his figure of JEsculapius speak by transmitting his voice through the gullet of a crane to the mouth . and which were placed against a wall that the priest could conceal himself behind them. expressly informs us. 1000. ment to the mouth of the figure. a sounding board. these are dispensed with. that he broke it in pieces. who assures when Bishop Theophilus so broke to pieces the statues at Alexandria. that in the fourth century. contains a pair of bellows. The figure is a mere head placed upon a hollow pedestal. D. speaking machines have been frequently constructed on this principle. under the name of Sylvester II. which not only moved but spoke. the voice issuing from the juggler himself. constructed a speaking head of brass. of his statue and that this method was general ap- pears from a passage in Theodoretus. cases. in order to promote the deception. which. a cylinder and pipes supIn other posed to represent the organs of speech. Even in modern times. but it is more probable that the sound was conveyed by pipes from a person in another apartLucian. and a simple wooden . and addresses the ignorant spectators through their mouths. he found some which were hollow. It was made of earthenware. "There goes the labor of thirty years. upon which the mechanist exclaimed.

an Englishman. is no species of deception more irresistable in than that which arises from the uncertainty with which we judge of the direction and distance of sounds. and when the astonishment had become general. a popish priest was discovered by one of the pages in an The questions had been proadjoining apartment. There its effects. this deception was exhibited with great effect by one Thomas Irson. when it sounding in the barrel of his gun. 59 through a speaking trumpet. At the court of Charles II. and this learned personage had answered them all with great ability. posed to the wooden figure by whispering into its ear. and the sound. transfer The imagination even ox" the boldest inmate of a place hallowed by superstition will sound near his own person to a direction and to a distance very different from the truth. by speaking through a pipe in the same language in which the questions were proposed. yet there is reason to think that the ventriloquist sometimes presided at the exhibition and deceived the audience by his extraordinary powers of illusion. which otherwise might have no some trifling .VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. The great pro- portion of apparitions that haunt old castles and apart- ments associated with death exist only in the sounds which accompany them. head utters its sounds &0. person must have noticed ears is Every how a sound in their own by the distance from which some loud noise moderated it is supposed to come and the sportsman must have frequently been surprised often mistaking for at the existence of musical sounds in the extended humming remotely was only the wind heath. Although the performances of speaking heads were effected by the method now described.

Spurning the idea of a super- natural origin. even the quadrupeds are there is not a breath of wind to ruffle the in their lair . will seize his mind. appear to same result if the sound should depend upon his own motions. or be any how associated with himself. and he is again disappointed. way. heard night after night bedroom a singular noise. it may perhaps appear to come in a direction slightly different from the last. . The same sound again disturbs him. peculiar complexion. lake that reflects through the casements the reclining crescent of the night . A gentleman devoid of in a in his all superstitious feelings. and grapple with it in its den. and living house free from any gloomy associations. and the massive walls in which he is enclosed forbid the idea that he has been disturbed by the warping of paneling or the bending of partitions. with his present feelings or with his past history. His search is vain and he remains master of his own : secret till he has another opportunity of investigation. a superstitious dread. will deceive another character from its new locality. I have had occasion to have personal knowledge of a case much stronger than that which has now been put. after night with the If this incident should recur night . All the inmates of the house are found to be asleep. modified probably by his own position at the time.60 VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. at which he himself perhaps laughs. he determines to unmask the sceptre. and. His searches are resumed. &C. and he would rather believo that the sounds have a supernatural origin than that they could continue to issue from a spot where he knows there is no natural cause for their production. his personal courage will give .

Many months little too tight. and it followed him into another apartment with another bed. unlike any ordinary sound to which he &C. and from a greater distance. It occurred only once in the night . to tinctly heard by his It depended upon the gentleto bed it had no relation. It was over in an instant. man alone. The sound indeed. no cause could be found for it. and the door being a afterwards it the moment. . : it was heard almost every night with few interruptions. seemed to come in a different direction. but after the strictest examination. As the door had only started half an inch out of its its place. This wardrobe was almost always opened before he retired to bed. on the opposite side of the house. he made the most diligent but fruitless search into its cause. and never took place till after It was always disthe gentleman had gone to bed. and he did not scruple to acknowledge that the recurrence of the mysterious sound produced a superstitious feeling at was found that the sound arose from the partial opening of the door of a wardrobe which was within a few feet of the gentleman's head. same room it for years and he attributed at first to some change of circumstances in the roof or in the walls of the room. change of place never attracted attention. time of going whose companion. The con- sideration that the sound had a special reference to him alone operated upon his imagination. without He had hearing slept in the it. it gradually forced itself open with a sort of dull sound resembling the note of a drum. and which had been taken into the other apartment. Accustomed to such investigations.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. 61 was accustomed.

the we will still continue in belief that the child speaker. we would rather believe that the ass spoke than that the sounds proceeded from a person whose shut. angle. we comes from the child nay. we would still be deceived. The sound If uncertainty with respect to the direction of is the foundation of the art of ventriloquism. and shake head responsive to the words uttered by his neighbor. if the child is so distant from the man is that the voice actually appears to us to come from the man. as the source from which we were to expect the sounds to issue. that a jackass placed its man were to open its mouth. we shall not be able with clos-ed eyes to determine from which of the ten men any of the sounds proceeds. indeed. and would refer the . any difference in the direction of the sounds emitted by the two outer- man and a child are placed within the same and if the man speaks with the accent of a child If a shall necessarily believe that the voice : without any corresponding motion in his mouth or face. near the So powerful. and if in a calm day each of them speaks in succession. and the conviction would acquire if additional strength the child favored the deception features and by accommodating its gestures to the is words spoken by the man. we place ten men in a row at such a distance from us that they are included in the angle within which we cannot judge of the direction of sound. and is we shall be incapable of perceiving that there most. if the influence of this deception.62 VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. &C. If our imagination were even directed to a marble statue or a lump of inanimate matter. mouth was in perfect and the muscles of whose face were repose.

while others. if the angle and it may between the real and the supposed directions of the sound is much greater than the angle of uncertainty. by counterfeiting the gesticulations of a performer on the violin. told Mr. Dugald Stewart has stated some cases in which He mendeceptions of this kind were very perfect. sounds even to these lifeless &C. Stewart that he had frequently practised this deception in the corner of a coffee-house. the and that he seldom failed to see some of rise to examine the tightness of the -windows. riveted the eyes of his audience on the instrument. Mr. though every sound they heard was produced from his own mouth. the voice were totally- and measured voice. Stewart likewise mentions an exhibition formerly common in some of the con- tinental theatres. tions his having seen a person who.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. When the sounds which are required to proceed from spoke in his full own any given object are such as they are actually calculated to yield. while another person unseen supplied the . company contented themselves with putting on their hats and buttoning their coats. The late Savile Carey. where a performer on the stage dis- played the dumb show of singing with his lips and eyes and gestures. 63 illusion objects. the process of deception is extremely easy. who imitated the whistling of the wind be successfully executed even through a narrow chink. while he imitated the music by his voice. Mr. the belief will be irresistible that the assumed voice proceeds from the quadruped or from the inanimate object. The would be greatly promoted if different in its tone and character from that of the man from whom it really comes and if he occasionally . more intent on their newspapers.

In this case there can first be no doubt that the deception was at the work of the imagination. This detection of the imposture. Ventriloquism loses its distinctive character if its imitations are not performed by a voice from the belly. &C. is the real source from which the Mr. but when the ventriloquist utters sounds from the larynx without moving the muscles of his face. The real and the mock singer were too and when the influence of the imagination subsided. indeed. Alexandre^ practice their art without any such concealment. under face. to conceal his but ventriloquists of great distinction. he became distinctly sensible of the imposition. If the may have mock singer hap- pened to change the position of his head. In many of the contrives. minal muscles. such as M. arisen from another cause. the true direction of the sound was discovered. music with his voice. gives although the throat sounds proceed. found to be at first The deception but in this case he so complete as to impose . he them strength by a powerful action of the abdoHence he speaks by means of his belly. The voice.64 VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. distant. and discover the imposition. upon the nicest ear and the quickest eye in the progress of the entertainment. Dugald Stewart has doubted the fact that ventriloquists possess the power of fetching a . and was not sustained by the acoustic principle. does not actually come from that region. while the real singer made no corresponding change in his voice. feats of ventriloquism the performer some pretence or other. the attentive spectator would at once notice this incongruity. and sometimes wondered that for a it should have misled him moment. however.

exercised by any other sperequires his his art. and that no change in his countenance could be discovered. The human mind which the ven- triloquist derives from the is skilful practice of his art. assures us that during his exhibition there was a distension in the epigastric and that he could not long continue the exertion influence over the without fatigue. St. strongly opposed bj the remark made to Mr. Richerand. E . it is a this internal But. " that his art would be perfect if it were possible only to speak distinctly. and he enjoys but a cincts of his local sovereignty within the pre- own magic The ventriloquist.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. inactive. 254. Gille M. Stewart account for all the himself by a ventriloquist.ge. Fitz-James. who attentively watched the performances of region. is quism which he has heard. The ordinary magician theatre. his accomplices. be derived from such an extraordinary power considers that the imagination. In the account which the Abbe Chapelle has given of and Louis Brabant. sufficient to phenomena of ventriloThe opinion. No. however. voice from within : &G. he distinctly states that M. * Edinburgh Journal of Science. and the instruments of circle. p. M. without lips at all. and he is when seconded by such quite powers of imitation as some mimics possess. Gille appeared to be absolutely mute while he was exercising his art. and that his lips were close and the performances of St. on xviii. 65 he cannot conceive what aid could . M." any movement of the this admission.* He affirms also that the countenance of Louis Brabant exhibited no chan. independent of matter of absolute certainty that power is exercised by the true ventriloquist. is greater than that which cies of conjurer.

the contrary. Germain en Laye. St. and M. prior afterward inveighed against modern skepticism St. above repeated its lamentations and reproaches. he can summon up innumerable spirits . The tidings of this supernatural event brought The voice from the whole brotherhood to the church. had occasion to shelter himself from a storm in a neighboring convent. Grille. a voice was suddenly heard to issue from the roof of the slight honors choir bewailing the condition of the deceased in purgatory. during the spirit intervals of which the of the monk The expressed his satisfaction at their pious exercises. city In the open fields. I mention a few well authenticated cases of successful a grocer of St. had great . yet they are as unequivocally present to the imagination of his auditors as if they had been shad- owed shall forth in the silence of a spectral form. lamenting over the tomb of their deceased brother the which had been paid to his memory. and the whole convent fell upon their faces. whose ventriloquism.66 VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. and reproving the brotherhood for their want of zeal. as well — as in the crowded in the private apartment. Las the supernatural always at his com- mand. &C. performances have been recorded by the Abbe de la Chapelle. and though the persons of his fictitious dialogue are not visible to the eye. and vowed to make a reparation chaunted in full of the They accordingly departed choir a de profundis. Gille on the subject of apparitions. error. M. as well as in the public hall. where the monks were in deep mourning for a much-esteemed member of their While community who had been recently buried. In order to convey some idea of the influence of this illusion.

. in the When air. who excellent character. or from a considerable depth under her feet. and that the object of the assembly was to investigate the matter. difficulty in &C. Having been and thus addressed at intervals during two hours." This awful command . Obey this admonition. man I endure the ments of purgatory for having refused her to him. spirit who was informed had lately established itself in the neighborhood. Having fallen in love with a he was rejected by her parents as an unsuitable match for their daughter. 67 convincing the fraternity that the whole was a deception. Another ventriloquist. On another occasion. St. Louis paid a visit to the widow. valet-de-charnbre to Francis turned his powers to a more rich profitable account. the party had sat down to dinner open the spirit addressed the lady in a voice which seemed to come from above their heads. Gille. and beautiful heiress. attended by several persons of the highest rank. the lady was firmly convinced of the existence of the spirit. Louis Brabant. met at St. On the death of her father. and give everlasting repose to the soul of your poor husband. Germain en Laye to witness the performances of M. a commission of the Royal Academy of Sciences at Paris. difficulty could with be undeceived.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. and he had no sooner entered the house than she heard the voice of her deceased husband addressing her from above : " Give is my a daughter in marriage to of large fortune and inexpressible tor- Louis Brabant. from the surface of the ground at a great distance. The serial real object of this meeting was purposely withheld from that an a lady of the party. who had been I.

The ventriloquists made and the performances of M. the voice of the miser's deceased father was . . When the miser was afterward undeceived. however. which must have been seen by many of our countrymen. required money for the completion of his marriage. and such was the loudness of their complaints that the spirit of the banker was subdued. visit. an old banker at Lyons. The awestruck miser was also threatened with eternal dambut nation if he did not thus expiate his own sins such was the grasp that the banker took of his gold. and he gave the ventriloquist ten thousand crowns to liberate the Christian captives. As our conjuror. and calling upon his son to rescue . were far superior great additions to their to those of their predecessors. Fitz. could not be resisted.68 VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. heard complaining of his dreadful situation in pur- him from his sufferings. Alexandre. that the ventriloquist was obliged to pay him another gatory. he fied that is said to have been so morti- he died of vexation. he introduced the subjects of demons and spectres and the torments of purgatory and during an interval of silence. On soul this occasion. Besides the art of speaking by the muscles of the throat and the abdomen. and the widow announced her compliance with it. of the nineteenth century art. by enabling Louis Brabant to redeem the Christians that were enslaved by the Turks.James and M. he resolved to work upon the fears of one Cornu. Having obtained an interview with the miser. not only his father but all his deceased relations appealed to him in behalf of his own and theirs. &C. who had amassed immense wealth by usury and extortion.

and with his own single represent upon the stage a dramatic comin the all position which would have required the assistance of several actors. to own single person. the other was full of sorrow and in tears. was the contrast of two of these forms. . without moving those of the face. as they called. that an excellent sculptor. yet they ap- peared during face performance. and other causes. thin. and tall." M. Although only one character its piece could be seen at the same time. 69 artists had not only studied with great diligence and success the modifications which sounds of all kinds undergo from dis- tance. has perpetuated them in marble. Fitz-James actually succeeded in making the opposite or corresponding muscles act differently from each other . and while one side of his face was merry and laughing. and when on the outside of an apartment he could personate a variety of noise mob with its and vociferation. Alexandre possessed the same power over his face and figure. At one moment he was and melancholic and after passing behind a screen. Their influence over an audience was still further extended by a singular power over the muscles of the body. was therefore able to carry on a dialogue in which the dramatis voces. Mr. he came out " bloated with obesity and staggering with fulness. and the change of the and figure on the part of the ventriloquist was so perfect that his personal identity could not be recognised .VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. so striking This new acquirement of the ventriloquist enabled him. obstructions. in his voice. may be infinite were numerous . but had acquired the art of imitating The ventriloquist them in the highest perfection. these &C. M. Joseph.

There is much rivalry among the professors of the art. As I inva- riably paid great deference to his opinion on all subjects connected with his calling. &C. of whom the principal was " Toolemak. he freely communicated to me alio his superior knowledge. This deception was rendered more complete by a particular construction of the dresses. and she in return answered by singing the Amna-aya. Among our Igloolik acquaintances were two females and a few male wizards. which enabled the performer to re-appear in a new character after an interval so short that it the audience necessarily believed that person. whether professionally. which . but perhaps from both reasons. was considered by all the tribe as a man of importance. them it is so The following account of one interesting. she assisted me in obtaining my request. our sorcerer began chaunting to his wife with great vehemence.tO in the still VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. In consequence of this. and did not scruple to v of my being present at his interviews with Tornga. that we shall give the whole of of in Captain Lyon's words. took or his patron spirit. skill and. dramatis personse. was another It is a curious circumstance that Captain Lyon found among the Eskimaux of Igloolik ventriloquists of no mean skill. His old wife was with him. This personage was cunning and intelligent. All light excluded. and their exhibitions derive great importance from the rarity of their occurrence. I an early opportunity of requesting his skill in my friend to exhibit my cabin. who do not expose each other's secrets. or from his in the chase. and glitter- by much flattery and an accidental display of a ing knife and some beads.

and agitation. impatience. that he had dived. answer to my queries. and gabbliugs like a turkey. His wife now. varying his tones. asked several questions of the sagacious of which inquiries I received an answer claps on the deck. which I spirit. to each by two loud to understand was given were favorable. informed me very seriously. &C.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. and that he would send up Tornga. and he at length seated himself "on the deck. distinct. I cried repeatedly that I . at the same time blowing and snorting like a walrus. now chanted for some time. was at times mingled with the blowing. and ultimately giving the idea of being the cabin. shouts. His noise. and making a rustling with his clothes. and a strange jumble of hisses. Accordingly. As far as I could hear. and was so managed as to sound as if retreating beneath the deck. vociferated for Tornga with great impatience. a distant blowing was heard very slowly approaching. groans. and as I took it for granted that this was all intended to astonish the Kabloona. order. succeeded in rapid The old woman sang with increased energy. powerful voice. and in a loud. which differed from that at first heard. certainly much different from the tones of Toolemak. " A very hollow yet powerful voice. many feet below in when it ceased entirely. Suddenly the voice seemed smothered. until at length both sounds became and the old woman informed me that Tornga I accordingly was come to answer my questions. he afterward began turning himself rapidly around. increased every moment. and a voice. 71 was not discontinued during the whole ceremony. in about half a minute. each moment becoming more distant.

and certainly much exhausted by his exertions."* Captain Lyon had the good fortune to witness another of Toolemak's exhibitions. was very much its This. asked leave to retire. Lond. I had held my breath at the first distant hissing. exhausted by as at in its own might. We now observed a couple of bunches. until the poor immortal. and twice exhausted myself . p. indistinct hissing like the succeeded . 1824. yet our conjurer did not once respire. attached to the back of his coat. These we had not seen before. . and he was much struck with the wonderful steadiness of the wizard throughout the whole performance. as might be expected. "Light . 361. our wizard. for he was close to the skin behind which Captain Lyon did not hear the least rustling of his clothes. He did not once appear to move. which had continued for at least half an hour. which lasted an hour and a half. advance. and were informed that they had been sewn on by Tornga while he was below. 358. or even * Private Journal of Captain G. afraid. each consisting of two strips of white deerskin and a long piece of sinew. &C. " The voice gradually sank from our hearing and a very it first. Lyon. F.being admitted. sounded tone produced by the wind on the bass chord of an iEolian harp. and Toolemak with a yell announced his return. as I expected.72 VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. was in a profouse perspiration. added fuel to the fire. This was soon changed to a rapid hiss like that of a rocket. and even his returning and powerful yell was uttered without a previous stop or inspiration of air.

when performed without the operator moving his lips and holding a lighted candle to his mouth when the figure appears to speak and appear- — ing to drink also — — is a pleasing and extraordinary piece of vocal deception as can be practised. . as he called fresh laurels His performance of which did not add to his fame. The figure. in imitation of the zvhich he explains the finesse KOMAN The first OUACLES. Mathews the accomplished commedian also introduced in one of his popular entertainments a speaking it. although his outcries were made with great TJie exertion. &C. It was from that gentleman I took the idea of introducing in my entertainment a speaking automata. and the deception is so well kept up when the it. is a description of Ventriloqual exercises performed by Professor Wyman : in following and manner of placing the muscles of the throat and tongue. It introduction of a speaking automata took place in the last century. figure is made to move its lips. The speaking Automata. and performed by a Spanish Count for the amusement An Automata was introduced into of his visitors. and who for the exhibition of this figure Mr. Tommy. 13 distinguish his breathing. was the image of a body. England some fifty years since. by a person with a wooden leg. alone received twenty pounds sterling a week. are always amusing. that repetitions of however numerous. tion of the spectators The imagina- is doubly kept in play.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. for they have the object before them.

The tone of the voice used for the figure can only be It is acquired by practice. so that utterly impossible for any one to both . and as such must be found out by the practitioner in regulating the ventricles of the larynx. and so moved by its spasmodically shut when it is touched is so by a drop of water or a crumb of bread.74 VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. the figure being held by the waist with the other fingers and thumb. to be articulated must be adapted expressly letters B. In making the figure appear to speak during the time a lighted candle is held close to my lips. it is narrower or wider modulates exquisitely and tunes the voice muscles.) would credit but that I did. that the valve of the glottis or the epi-glottis standing over it. P. The my automaton are made to move by a small spring which I touch (when he appears to speak. but Jf. drink at the same time the best attempt to draw the breath while swallowing will produce an accident. those of pain and the falsetto voice being produced altogether in that part. which keep the muscles of the face and lips from vibrating.) with the fore-finger of the right hand. not a natural tone. and P. although I always give such appearances that no one (but a person thoroughly acquainted with the anatomy of the throat. are seldom or never used. distinctly. The opening of the vinea-glottdus. I need only add.) which as . flaps it is down like the key of a wind instrument. for the The conversation figures when the It is M. impossible for any man to speak and drink at the same time. lips of &C. To keep the lips from moving the teeth must be compressed together. that the quantity of air requisite to articulate . articulate and. it is impossible for the letters B. (the chink by which we breathe.

the contraction of these muscles. and the voice and be in unison of the same tone as a natural voice in the same place would be. their inner surfaces it is then I speak. a constant practice and unlimited trans- of years is necessary. particularly the anterior half. &C.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. I compress the tongue as if in the act of swal- lowing . To bring this feat of ventriloquism to the perfection of deceiving all beholders. at the I introduce a gruff it pleasure of the operator. shaped like a spoon. In the imitation of voices of adults. the contraction of the thyro-arytenoid muscles are used to increase or diminish the production of grouse or acute sounds. The quickest action of the performers voice from the figures to his The least months of practise alone. (articulating with the tongue. and the operator may return his automaton to own. nation of the spectators to the place where the supposed person so beautifully regulated as to imitate The imagihaving previously been down is. When to old man's voice. and in a perpendicular position in the mouth) that the voice will have a grave. The imagi- . closes in part. the elongation or decuration of the trachea or portevent will occasion mortification. the deception will be complete. 75 is or form the tone of the voice for the figure so small that there is not sufficient force of air to move the flame in the least. mistake arising from the change of the voice. the glottis. and want make appear at a dis- tance. the spell is lost. hollow. will take his chest till he gets fresh spectators. will Also raising or depressing the velum palati voice nearer or make the more remote. and smothered tone. the ary-tenoid cartilages will then touch at .

proper the effect of which will lessen the contraction . of the practitioner in answering or asking questions of the supposed person obviates It is in changing the natural voice so suddenly into the artificial that requires such immense practice and study. is VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. of the thyro-arf-tenoicl muscles the voice will naturally grow more clear and louder as the contraction decreases. that makes it impossible to continue the exertion long without fatigue. and not change the tone of without breaking a blood-vessel. The novelty of asking and having is to answer the different questions of itself a task not in very soon got over. having to compose the dialogue . The vibration of the above muscles produce the vocal sound. Reader when you hear me ask my own natural voice for a bottle of wine of a supposed person in the cellar fifteen pair —the whole of the abdominal with And when the voice approaches of muscles belonging to the throat have instantly to be contracted for the simple answer of \ what do you want V nearer. &C. Indeed such is the exertion to produce the voice of a person at a distance. But the natural voice this inconvenience. (the muscles of the throat and abdomen being in a state of severe contrac- tion. quite sufficient to account for all the phe- nomena of position ventriloquism.) that it is my firm opinion that no one could speak his voice thirty seconds. In fact the operator's situation is anything but agreeable . its the tongue must be gradually brought to . is In the production of the above voices there a great distention in the epigastric region. In bringing the voice nearer. the contraction must be regulated that the voice appears to approach without the least motion of my lips or body.16 nation.

is is produced by the breath of inspira- produced by placing the tongue close to the roof of the mouth. into the lungs by inspiration. that he will give a pretty fair imitation of the pig. The neighing inspiration. persons who could imitate noises which I found by reputed practice impossible for me to attain. whee. lets the air have This noise. and he will find that instead of saying the words articulated sound. and the bark by suddenly placing the tongue in its proper place. during the inspiration of the breath. or imitation of various animals and instruments is possessed by many indeed I have met several . to contract the muscles of the throat and abdomen. The barking of a dog tion . those already mentioned. in the The grunting of viz is : the pig is occasioned air same manner. &C. through the made to pass chiefly through The noise hume is produced by the air nostrils. and the squeak whee through — — — — the mouth. is false . Mimicry. of a foal also imitated by the air of Several imitations of animals besides . for every sentence uttered tension of the voice — — by the supposed person. the words hume. 77 ask and answer the different questions regulate the and.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. ikis virtually impossible to utter any by the breath of inspiration. The buzzing of the . so as to be understood. but the drawn the nostrils. with the tongue in is its proper position. the growl viz : barking. so as to Let any person say be called articulate language. take place during inspiration but the old hypotheses of the ventriloquist speaking while the breath is passing into the lungs and not from them. a sudden and free egress into the lungs. is modulated by the rising or depressing the velum palate. distinctly.

will mouth. lip about air half an inch over the lower and blowing the between them. will regulate the size of the aperture of the glottis. produce a squeaking sound similar this is to a child crying modulated by the hand cover- ing. viz his : if a person will place tongue in the same position as he does when hawking previous to spitting. imitated in a similar manner. which notes may then be pro- duced by close attention to a most fatiguing practice. piece of tin perfectly round. he will have a good imitation of the carpenters' saw. may be produced by placing the upper lip. only it The plane requires is more . produce I respectfully acquaint the reader that I do not use one of these instruments. produced by used by many sportsmen a . &C.18 fly VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. The imitation of the same is produced by making a noise similar to hawking. which noise must be produced by both the air of inspiration and expiration. and modulate the tone of the noise so caused. cut must be drawn near quill or is end but not entirely then cut the tube from cut. to The the claying of a child is produced by to the a small quill being cut at one end when you commence make a pen first off. The common method the of imitating birds common bird call. the shape or size of a dollar. is bent so as to produce half a is circle . place the end in the mouth that blow down it and it will . in the centre of the flat end punched a hole large enough . for three pins to be placed in this being placed in the lips. The din of expiration passed through the nose during the mechanical raising and falling of the larynx. or partially covering the open end of the is quill. the round edges between the a whistle similar to several birds. the stalk.

is &C. he says. or. He must then answer with the hat compressed to his face —the answer of the is supposed person. —the This closer the hat if compressed the farther off will the voice appear. the.— VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. his Let him place himself in a closet in own house out rooms below his of the view of the audience —then suppose that in this closet there are the stairs that lead to — let him is call loud for any person there ? for instance. is made to The voice . by keeping his person invisible. who down he must then . As cessful a great deal of anxiety has been manifested in every part of the community respecting this very suc- and ingenious method of silent telegraphing. phenomena of Second Sight. place hat over his face which will completely smother his voice. and by many called. of the voice. which must be an imitation of some one. . 79 False ventriloquism or false modulation produced by the common hat which the operator wears. well managed by the operator in keeping the imagination of his audience in good play.of the supposed person appear nearer by taking the hat gradually from the face. is the difference between real and artificial modulation of the voice. " Clairvoyin other terms. SECOND SIGHT MYSTERY. whereas merely a mimic will pass himself off as a ventriloquist or vocal modulator. or seeing without eyes. modulation. not his own natural voice. is A clever ventrilo- quist or vocal modulator able to converse before his audience and modulate his voice without moving the muscles of his face .

may readily conceive the name and description of every article held in the hands of the opposite party. are enabled. necessary. " When duced. of our eyes. and public places of amusement." for this reason I feel gratification to myself my duty. but was simply designed for the social side circle and fire- amusement. ance. to make some com- ment upon the of the manner subject. . We could scarcely conceive of a more pleasant yet innocent recreation than that of the present method of seeing. as well as a and others. by committing I by means of collusion through the present no such recourse is to memory the following examples. through the medium of electro magnetism. as it were. &c. as practiced at present. and carefully blindfolded. hidden treasures. We are well aware that even all the principal tricks of jugglers. it &C. and even to tell the thoughts of those whom they never seen. and could not or animal have had any correspondence whatever. are accomplished a third person. to distinguish and describe foreign lands. together with a brief explanation in which it may be performed. or to be introduced before the fashionable assemblages of our theatres. without the use One of the party being brought forward. are enabled to perform the experiment of second sight. there are at present am well satisfied that numerous professors of mesmerism and pretended clairvoyants pressing who are continually im- upon the minds of the public that they. museums. magicians. But in as any two persons. without the least recourse or bribery or accomplicy. it the " Second Sight Mystery was first intro- was not intended for a speculative trick. the clairvoyants.80 VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. or even placed in an adjoining room.

time. Also. to distinguish the color. quantity. 81 All this they profess to do without any recourse to bribery or the optical vision. see many ideas advanced by many different people its yet all are totally ignorant of the true method of careful perusal of the following accomplishment. direction. others say ventriloquism. I have frequently. This beautiful trick has progressed rapidly from its infancy. and in fact the community never re- cognized the second sight under any other circumstances when connected with demonstrations of their so-called clairvoyance. &c. to tell the number. been very much annoyed by sudden contentions arising out of inconceivable ideas respecting the manner of correspondence. when exhibit- ing this experiment in various parts of the country. during which time the . Thus we . NOTICE. dates. A book will scatter every erroneous idea concerning the supposed miracle. and was circles. another mesmerism. The science of " Second Sight " teaches any person the true method by which they are enabled.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. This illusion they have carried very successful for a number of than years. and quality of any articles that may be held in the hands of an operator. and now daily astonishing the multitudes who witness its demonstrations wonder *? and delight. or it is psychology some say a spiritual manifestation. name. &C. One says : it is clairvoyance. for a great length of time withheld from the criticism of the public. through the medium of sound. and only exhibited in private has acquired a considerable with but recently is it popularity.

— Great care should be taken by the operator Speak natural. A correct distinction of all colors may be known by the following examples : — example Wnat color? "What White. must also speak loud and thuSj distinct. LESSON Note. thus talent. that every person little who reads this book intends putting the examples it into practice. PROFESSOR WYMAN. so that the audience may hear every answer clearly. LOOMIS.82 subject in VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. letter I. OR. a highly interesting readily describe all the it above-named orders to which it making exhibition of ingenuity and belongs. &C. AND MRS. however. not to place the least stress or to emphasize upon any f word. . but not regarded in any example of communication. or even" placed will some other apartment. It is not expected. Black. and dis- tinct. but the reading of once through is well worth the price asked for that the "secret is it. may be satisfactorily blindfolded. All the cues in this science are and must be impressed upon the mind of both the subject and the operator." CLAIRVOYANCE EXPOSED. THE SECOND-SIGHT MYSTERY. HANNINGTON. or sound. ROBERT HELLER. is the color ? I. AS PERFORMED ORIGINALLY BY MRS. in order that the subject is" may The hear with accuracy subject every sound that uttered. loud. and a gratification to know out.

that. is color of the article color. but green Repeat Green ? Yes. LESSON What Number of any article II. Describe the color ? Green. its — most prominent is and immediately : after the answer given it should be repeated thus Describe the color? nent. 83 What color is this ? Red.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. ? Gray. or Can you Yellow. Denotes " 1 What 'is the Number of any article What Number can you see of any article What Number can you tell of any article 2 3 " " 4 " 5 Count the Number of any article Please to count the number signifies that more than five are to be enumerated when the signal bell may be . me what Mixed. Green. Name the color ? Blue. Mixed and red the most prominent Note. The best method to distinguish any variety of mixed colors is first to distinguish the most prominent color of the article by first asking any one of the above direet questions denoting color. &c. &C. them ? What What Tell is color as near as you can ? tell ? Brown. EXAMPLE Tell colors . TABLE OF NUMERALS. me the color of this handkerchief? color. a variety of mixed colors. &c. is the most promiin a corres- Thus all mixed colors may be known ponding manner. II. tell the color of this.

) the of. (as 1 and 5 are 6. III. or 10 and 5 are 15. and subject commences to count slowly the number specified. &C. and it Repeat u article.84 acceded to. or less than 100. con- sequently I have annexed a few simple questions to denote any number more than 25. » a << 2 3 4 5 6 7 3 4 5 6 t 4 5 6 7 5 6 7 6 7 2 3 4 5 6 7 2 8 9 12 12 3 12 3 4 12 3 4 5 12 3 4 5 6 1 3 4 5 6 1 8 a it 8 9 10 8 9 10 11 u 8 9 10 11 12 8 9 n it 9 10 11 12 13 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 10 11 12 13 14 11 12 13 14 15 23456789 The above is 10 u only a fac-simile of the ordinary addi- tion-table. Thus LESSON What Number of any Repeat « article. and Ring 30 n 35 40 45 What is the Number of any article. VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. highest number being the one thought It would not be appropriate to adopt this principle to enumerate more than 25. and Repeat " u Count the Number of any " Repeat article. as it becomes tedious to calculate so slowly in order to arrive at the intended number . Thus 1 1 : 1 Ring. What Number What Number can you see of any " tell and [ " a " 50 55 60 65 70 75 Repeat can you " w \ of any article. and a (t .

as 32 -|. and commences to count thus. 1. this ? A pocket- (See color of handle. . &c. refer to the table of Numerals. Are they ladies' or gentlemen's gloves? Ladies' Now reverse the question thus : Are they gentlemen's men's gloves. IV. ? Please to count them ? What Number denotes 30. and " 80 85 90 95 Repeat Repeat H M « Please to count the Number of any article. 85 u me the Number of any article. ? do I hold in my hand A pair of gloves. — Should figures denote the number " 100 the answer of any intermediate number be demanded. Tell &G. the question denoting 30 would be asked thus: What Number of. 2. and " " " " " What three Note. LESSON What gloves. Ring.) of an instrument is What kind knife. If more than five. Thus. What number can you see ? Three. as 31 for example." signifies that there were more than five more in contemplation. What number can you tell? Four. the subject imagines 30. or ladies' gloves ? Gentle- (See example for color. i( please to count. What color? White. &c.) What number of blades ? One. and the remark. We now have by this process 32 and the 5 additional. what A handkerchief.5 are SI. What is the number of blades ? Two. is it ? Here's a rare article.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY.

the owner. is (See color. I would take it for Can you tell me the quality ? It has the appear- ance of gold. ? A watch. but which of (Repeat. it's what do you mean by a poor example for genuine. What is the quality ? Cotton. &C. music. the two A porte-monnaie. what is it ? A my Describe the nature of the article I hold in hand ? An opera-glass.86 VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. does this instrument pertain to is ? a very curious instrument. What have Jin my hand ? A What kind of a Fancy article tobacco-box Ac. (Reverse as in gloves. gloves.) ? hat.) ? this A To snuff or (Reverse as in porte-monnaie. If you can discriminate an article through the back . What quality ? Linen. ? Describe the quality of this or that Cloth. Can you tell me the quality ? color. What Here lancet. It has the appear- Answer the question direct? gold. "Appearance" of gold that ? I mean. (See What " is this? A porte-monnaie or pocket-book.) What is this I hold in my hand What quality? Silver. Can you tell me the quality ? ance of gold. like .) A porte-monnaie" or pocket-book is it ? .) Silk.

) (Repeat.) The gentleman desires you to name this article ? tell Can you is Here an article of A A boot. what's this for? A (See color.) tell ? . (See quality. (See quality. A toothpick. (See &c) cap. A What What Tell tweezers.) (See color. what is it ? pencil. spoken with surprise but it is a greater curiosity for me to see and not know what you know and don't see. can you Curiosity (curiosity). great value. tell &C. what is it ? Here is something else! Do you know what this is ? A cigar-holder. Here is a common article. A . Here. A tumbler. What quality. Here's a lady's favorite article. &c. Here is an article used by ladies.) A A . is anxious you tell what this is ? A I believe I am puzzled to know what this is. What kind ? Goose-quill. what's this ? cigar-case. what is it ? ring. ? what these are ? A pair of Will you tell me what this is ? pocket-slate. This article the owner prefers to keep ? comb. the quality direct? Gold. make a slight pause between the word comb and the word correct.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. 87 me what this is ? An umbrella. Here. If but one comb.) A A A case ? What kind of an article is this ? A cane. A stick of some kind. what is it ? pair of spectacles. What quality ? Ivory. direct? Silver. (See color and quality. The gentleman shoe. Here. what do you call this ? cigar. is this article are these to tell ? A used for? Soap me what this is Please me pair of scissors. answer instantly (correct) if it should be a pair of combs. India-rubber. of your heady color.

This is of some importance.) What kind of a book? map. key used ? At night. A watch-chain. or coin is this It is no What is it then f is A medal. is this is What When this key used for ? A door-key. it signifies a blank book. Should the word a book be repeated. (See quality. does this belong to f part? The seal. A genVs favorite article Repeat a watch-guard quality. as the case may be the lady or gent what this is ? Lace. What does this lady hold in her hand ? bonnet. (Remark. or night-key. Tell What do key ? Can you what this is ? A key.) A A safe-key. What A A A A Name this f A nail. or for? A match- What kind What box of a box is this ? quality of box is this A ? A cap-box. What this glass for f ? ? An eye-glass. screw f A corkscrew. . Here is an exceeding common article. for example. tell A ? A ribbon. A article. fancy or ? toilet- What kind of money money. Correct. A bottle. (See comb. What do you see in my hand ? What does this box contain. Hand me some other screw.) part of apparel is this ? A lady's shawl. does this gentleman hold in his hand ? musical instrument. what is it ? penny. but never mind — A box. (See What What What Name watch. &G.) A watch-guard. what is it ? book.88 VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. this for the lady or gent. ladies use this for ? Thread.

is this is coin worth? Ten dollars. Of how much is the value ? Five dollars. and what A — it is my- stone.) A stone What color ? White. ? A marble. &C. What value f One dollar* How much value ? Two dollars and fifty cents. &c. Can you tell me the quality direct? Gold coin. Can you tell me what these are ? A bunch of keys. What quality What value ? Silver. 3. quarter cents. or the gentleman has It is no book. Three cents. the extreme value of this coin? Twenty two figures denote its value ? Fifty dollars. then resort to the bell as before. kind of a book is this. 2. is This something of vast importance to every man. Count the number? 1. &c. Can you tell me the quality direct % Gold.) Here's an article I scarcely know what self? (Remark. it is used for ? Red what chalk. Can you tell me the quality ? Brass. is it ? A piece of ? money or coin. cents. This is something of vast importance. What value is this coin ? Twenty-live What is it worth f Fiity cents. What What dollars. 5. value ? Five cents. 89 What What key. How much is the value ? Three dollars. Mow much How much is the value ? Six and a How much is it worth ? Ten cents. use does the owner make of it ? A watch- What quality of key ? Iron. What is it used for f Chalk. What color is this stone. do you think it is used for ? A trunk-key. What is this coin worth f One dollar.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. 4. just handed me a valuable book. (If more than five. ? What What What is it then ? A bank note. .

90

VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY,

&G.

What value

f

One

dollar.
dollars.

Mow much value f Two How much is the value t How much is it worth f
Of how much
is the

Three

dollars.

Pour

dollars.

value f Five dollars. How much is this note worth f Ten dollars. What is the extreme value of this note f Twenty
dollars.

What
dollars.

two figures denote
three figures denote
dollars.

its

denomination

?

Fifty
?

What
hundred

its

denomination

One

The present state. town ? The present. day ? What week ? What time ? What date, &c. ? Always the present subject then in view. EXAMPLE. What day did he or she go ? To-day.
state
?

What What What

city or

What

year

?

1855, &c.

are calculated to denote within fifteen minutes of any required time. From these examples we find but two hours specified by the questions. And it is expected that every subject, when about to perform this experiment, can certainly judge within two hours of the correct time. Thus he can apply the following rule at any time, day or night. Should the hands of the watch or clock be at great variance with the correct time, you may then refer to the numeral table to find out the figures denoting such time. Then add this rule, and you cannot fail to arrive at the correct time denoted by such watch, let it be right or wrong, What time is it by this watch ? (Ring.) Eight o'clock exactly, or one hour before the time designed to be answered. What time is it now? (Ring,) Fifteen minutes
after eight.

The following examples

What

time at present

?

(Ring.)

Half-past eight.

VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY,

&C.

91

Can you

tell

the time?

(Ring.)
?

Fifteen minutes
o'clock.

to nine o'clock.

What

time

is it

by

this

watch

Nine

(The

exact intermediate time designed to be answered.) What time is it now ? Fifteen minutes after nine. What time at present ? Half-past nine. Can you tell the time? Fifteen minutes to ten
o'clock.

What

is

the exact time

?

Ten

o'clock.

BELL QUESTIONS.
Bell questions are voluntary terms made use of, and not being a direct question put to the subject but the remark made to terminate by one stroke of the bell. By this process it seems that the bell is the only medium by which the intelligence is given thus it always confounds the mind of the spectator, how that, by the same one direct and only sound of the signal-bell, could give sufficient intelligence for the explanation of the color and quality of a difficult article (say the entire In order description of a watch, and time likewise.) to make this appear plain, I have annexed a few examples. Thus, addressing the persons present: Subjects are enabled by this process to see as it were any article in posession of another. Ring.
;
;

A

lady's muff.

Some very industrious person must have brought
Ring. thimble. Iwill pass this article out of my hand into that of yours, sir. Ring. money-purse. It does seem a mystery even to me to see and know how this trick is accomplished. Ring. miniature. Many persons would be easily convinced that this was actually clairvoyance, but we repeat this is a trick
this article.

A

A

A

forever.

Ring. lady's veil. This trick is well calculated to confound the minds of many intelligent men. Ring. letter.

A

A

92

VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY,

&C.

This trick is susceptible of being carried to a greater perfection than this. Ring. card. We make many mistakes but seldom detected. Ring. necklace or pertaining to the neck. I wonder if the subject foresees the articles held up. Ring. garment. We admit of this as being a trick only, yet a very novel one too. Ring. paper. Ring. newspaper. This principle so frequently manifested, I was Ring. a going to say by gentlemen, but never mind. Ring. rule. tape line or rule. breastpin. Ah this is handsome enough. Ring. The subject sees these articles as readily as you do. looking-glass. Ring. A toy may be known by one full stroke of the bell, during a short interval, say five seconds, or thereabouts. An arnament may be known by a half condensed stroke of the bell, by making one stroke and immediately touching the bell with the ends of the fingers, stopping off the sound. buckle. Inclose this article in your hand. Ring. This is a precious good trick, yet there are but few lock of who can carry it out successfully. Ring.

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

!

A

A

A

A

hair.

Young man, hold that in your hand. There's a button for you. It matters not what the articles are, but all will be Repeat check. readily described alike. Ring. pass check. a check. baggage check. What is this check used for ? Produce any article you please for description. Ring. keepsake. lady's This is a Ring. (interrupted by a ).

A

A

A

A

A

reticule.
It is

accurately.

surprising to sen how articles are described so Ring. Sealing wax. piece of candy. I thank you for that. Ring.

A

G. the first or last named instrument ? The dental a instrument. A A * " " 14 4. j Have you any more Well ! Fruit. particuRing. yry. 93 it. in love. Communications (Correct. " 2.) A handkerchief. " "4 10. 12. A He rumsucker'snose (changing to another) professes to be a gentleman. A black cap. " " " u 11. Ring. A lady's hand A lady's bonnet. tooth brush. is it. for any one to acquire in a short time. A cap. Ring. Ring. 9. 13. or (Reverse for the op- posite. 8. repeat a brush! It becomes very difficult to describe articles. 1.) Pins. well ! what uext will people hand up ? Ring. 5.) in this science are simple enougli Ring. A file. I guess I'll keep Ring. hat. A garment. Which first.VENTRILOQUISM MADS EASY. A nose. 3. A pair of glomes. '^ -j AC. Pass that spice over this way. 1. this is pretty good. A lady. it is. Denlarly if we do not know what they are. A tal or surgical instrument.) I presume he Needles. 14. black hat. of the same sort ? Ring. (See example. of this would be agreeable. BELL EXERCISES Are only repeated strokes of the bell denoting the time when the articles are held up withont using any language as a corresponding medium. or she can tell what [repeat ring . Deeply . A brush.

Suppose the number to What f .94 VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. as 1804 for example. whether they be white or black. 20. 9. . — — EXAMPLE. 6. 5. 4. u " ladies and whiskey. or at least a similar list which he can arrange at any time with his subject and you can change your list each evening at pleasure. With ? 18. from 1854 back to 1400. What date is this ? 1854. date. ? 1600. (Interrupted. Two special questions will be given to denote 1853 and 54. 10. . we have 4 or 04 answered was 1710. ? 1500. 13. Note. Shall I count the ladies he loves IT. 15. by See the first example on page 54. thus 18—04 tell ? » (see page 49). 16. T. 19. 2.) Hold on hold on! ! Why ample. 14. &c. &c. Of what date. {This ring denotes yes. or What number can you tell? 1804. 18. In order to ascertain any intermediate date. 3. 12. as so many articles are presented having one of the above dates. 11. " " 15. &c. What date do you see ? 1853.) 1. does he love so many ? He follows your ex- What example ? To fall in love with all he meets. 16. What date is this coin or article. Can you tell the date. fee. Note. ? 1400. ? U00. Articles or coin dated further back than this will seldom if ever be offered for explanation. I perceive you know it all. &G. &c. 8. The operator during these exercises should be very careful to know that he can procure the above list of articles. 11. Tell the date. be or 1804. Describe the date. f 1800. and not be confined exclusively to the above memoranda. u iuhat date " What number can you this we have 18 or 1800. The following examples will correctly denote any century or date. That will do.

Ring A. What number ? Ring. Paper. Example.VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. K. Musical instruments. Handkerchiefs. L. " A. Pens. " of what date. and all other numbers to be calculated in the same manner. 1835. Mirrors. 1830. Ring. Now suppose the date to be 1830. Medals. Thus we have at once 1700 and 10 or IT 10. Stones. Dental instruments. B. Fancy boxes. Garments. list of articles generally presented by the audience for description Hats. M. Screws. Surgical instruments. Ring. P. J. " A. Caps. I. Thus 1830." must be borne in mind until the remaining numbers be calculated. Strings. What date or number ? Ring. In no case must the subject name the century until he has first ascertained the additional number of years. C. O. Thimbles. — A : * It was impossible to give the correct dates without first uniting two distinct questions "by the word "or. Match boxes. Cap boxes. Shawls. Of what date f Please count. Cards. D. Cravats. Coins. J. 5. 4. Buttons." thus making them appear "but one question. Tobacco boxes. E. Maps. 3. as in 1710. Ribbons. thus answer(i ing two questions at once. Rings. E. Pocket knives. I. Gloves. Nails. Keys. C. 1. O. G. M. In these examples it will be well to get a perfect knowledge of the tables of Numerals. " A. Tooth brushes. 6. N. Watches and Chains. Snuff boxes. 30. and particularly (King). Laces. Pencils. H. What date f 1800. Thus we have 1830— a repeated stroke of the bell denotes five above as usual. K. J. Tape. ST. B." 1700 — the exercises of the bell. 10— 1U0. Brushes. Bank notes. G. I. Books. Combs.8. AC << 95 1. C. Letters. Canes. F. D. Sticks. 5. B. Thus we have spelled out the word book and any correspondence can be conducted in the very same manner. . H. H. L. Breast pins. K. G.9. Of what date f " " Please * count?" Thus 1710. B. E. F. I).

CONCLUSION. Bottles. Pass checks. (Example. Needles. by writing all your new — t £j or questions down on paper and committing them to memory as the others. Files. Scissors. Veils. however. *J ^ a c ^ ries of " c< ai 0] k ( * a brief illustration of the mysteSecond Sight. &C. . Keepsakes. We now have had . Soap. Opera glasses. Cord. Lancets. Cigars. found it to be a pleasant and interesting study and should you wish to introduce the experiments before an audience or private party. Spectacles. in this way you will soon be able to swell up the catalogue to a wonderful size. Now procure some of the articles contained in the after a few have been named.) reticules. bring your subject before the visitors now take a pocket handkerchief and fold it up and place it over the eyes of the subject. Should any articles be presented in the course N. and you will please the company better by turning your back to them and then describe or should there be an adjoining the articles held up room convenient. Umbrellas. Sealing wax. with face first to then make a few polite remarks respectthe company ing the trick as not being clairvoyance. Boots. Spices. Thread. Buckles. . f . or any other of the popular illusions of the day. Tumblers. remark to the list company that you believe the subject can see through the handkerchief. India-rubber. . Toys. Locks of hair. mesmerism. you must then prepare yourself with some new cue in the list. Pins. Tape lines. ventriloquism. B. Cloth. tl circumstances. Fruit. Eye glasses. Names or articles can be spelled out in the very same way alphabetically. You have.96 VENTRILOQUISM MADE EASY. Cases. . under such . Watch guards. I hope. Purses. Miniatures. Candy. place your subject in that. Pocket slates." or the pretended art of seeing without eyes. Shoes. ] a ^ Ladies' Tuning forks. Muffs. that they are enabled to hear every sound that is uttered distinctly. Perfumery. of your experiments not contained in the list.

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