Id communication in Sambahsa The aim of this draft is to provide the English speaker a fair amount of basic sambahsa vocabulary

. It was inspired by “Basic Global English” by Pr. J.Grzega. Thanks to Dave McLeod ( ) for reviewing this document The sambahsa phonetic transcription: The orthography of Sambahsa has been already explained in the Grammar document. Here, we only explain how the transcripted letters have to be pronounced. [a] = like “a” in “car” [ä] = like “e” in “bed”, but often a bit longer [b] = as in English [c] = as “sh” in “shoe” [d] = as in English [e] = as in Italian or Spanish. Listen to it: [ë] = as “e” in “the” [f] = as in English [g] = as “g” in “give” [h] = as “h” in “hope” [i] = as “i” in “bit” [j] = as “si” in “vision” [k] = as in English [l] = as in English [m] = as in English [n] = as in English [o] = as in English [ö] = as “u” in “burn”, but slightly longer [p] = as in English [q] = it is the “ach-laut” of German or the “jota” of Spanish. Listen to “khaco” (I’m not able to”: [qAko] : [r] = its pronounciation varies from region to region. Nevertheless, “rr” and “rh” have to be pronounced rolled, as in Spanish. [s] = as “s” in “say” [t] = as in English [u] = as “oo” in “book” [ü] = it is the “u” of French or the “ü” of German. Listen to “styr” (steering wheel) : [v] = as in English [w] = as in English [x] = it is the “ich-laut” of German. Listen to “ghianshiek” (rock, stone) : [y] = as “y” in “you” [z] = as “z” in “zero” [§] = as “th” in “thin” Stressed vowels are written in capital letters, and a [:] following a vowel indicates that this one has to be lengthened. Letters in italics can be left unpronounced.

In the following wordlists, in order to help new learners of sambahsa, we’ll try to indicate some derived forms of nouns and verbs, though there are almost no irregularities in Sambahsa. In general, most substantives and adjectives are interchangeable in Sambahsa. Plu : plural Pp : past (passive) participles 1) Id alphabet [alfAbd] a, b [be], c [tse], d [de], e, f, g [dje], h [hatc], i, j [jye], k [ka], l, m, n, o, p [pe], q [ku], r, s, t [te], u, v [v], w [we], x, y [ü], z [dzed] 2) Ego (“I”) Birth : gnahsa [nyA:sa] To be born : gnah [nya:] (Present: gnahm, gnahs, gnaht, gnahm(o)s, gnahte, gnaht; Past: gnahsim, gnahst(a), gnahsit, gnahsam, gnahsat, gnahr; Pp: gnaht/gnahn) (to) change : change [tcAndjë] Country: land [land] Foreign : gospoti [gospOti] To have : habe [hab]. This verb is irregular. See the grammar. Language : bahsa [bA:sa], lingua [lIngwa] Life : gwit To live : gwiv Mother tongue : materbahsa [matërbA:sa] (to) name : nam (past: niem) nation : nation [natyOn] old : veut [vöt] own (adjective) : wi passport : passport [paspOrt] (to) plan : plan (past : plien) religion : religion [rëlidjyOn] single (unmarried) : baclar [baklAr] smoke : dum to smoke : deum [deum]. (Infinitive: dumes [düms]; Past: dum; with endings: dumim, dumst(a), dumit, dumam, dumat, dumeer [dümEër]; Pp: dumt/dumen [dÜmen]) to want : vol to wish : vansch [vanc]. (Past: viensch) year : yar Some sentences: Mien nam est [myen nam est] = my name is Quod est vies nam ? [kwod est vyes nam] = what is your name ? Kam yarat ste yu ? [kam yarAt ste yu ?] = how old are you ? Som = I am Gwivo in [gwIvo in] = I live in...

3) Urgence [urdjEntsë] = emergency Accident : accident [aktsIdënt] To accuse : accuse [akküzë] Allergic : allergic [allErdjik] (to) attack : attaque [attAk] bomb : bombe Cold (adjective) : srig (law) court : tribunal [tribunAl] (to) crash : crasch [krac] (Past: criesch) Danger : danger [dAndjër] To defend : defend [dëfEnd] (Past: defens [dëfEns], Pp: defens/defenden) To destroy : destrug [dëstrUg] (Infinitive: destruge [dëstrÜdj]; Present: destrugo, destrucs, destruct, destrugmos, destructe, destruge(nt); Recommended past: destruxim, destrucst(a), destruxit, destruxam, destruxat, destruxeer [dëstrüksEër]; Pp: destruct/destrugen [dëstrÜdjën]) To do: kwehr [kwe:r] (Past: kwohr) Embassy : ambassade [ambasAd] Enemy : peind [peynd] To fall : fall [fall]; (Past: fiell) To feel : kheiss [qeys] (Infinitive: khisses [qIsës]; Past: khiss [qis] Fight : katu [kAtu] To fight : katue [katÜ] Fire (untamed): piurn To fix, to repair : repare [rëpAr] Gun : gvond (to) help : hehlp [he:lp], (past: hohlp, Pp: hohlpt/hohlpen) hospital : hospital [hospitAl] to injure : veurn [vörn] (Infinitive: vurnes [vUrns], Past: vurn [vurn]) (to) judge : judce [jUdtsë] lawyer : advocat [advokAt] to mean : mayn (Past: mieyn [myeyn]) medicine (healing substance): pharmac [farmAk] (to) need : naudh [nAod] (past: nieudh [nyöd] ) pain : gvol pharmacy : pharmacia [farmAtsya], apotheque [apo§Ek] police : police [polItsë] problem : probleme [problEm] protect from : proteg [protEg] ud; (Infinitive: protege [protEdj ë]; Present: protego, protecs, protect, protegmos, protecte, protege(nt) [protEdj( ënt)]; Recommended past: protexim, protecst(a), protexit, protexam, protexat, protexeer [protëxEër]; Pp: protect/protegen [protEdjën]). Right (a right to do) : rect (to) rule : reul [röl]; (Infinitive: rules [rüls], Past: rul [rul]; Pp: rult/rulen [rÜlën]). To steal : klehpt [kle:pt]. (Past: klohpt) Toilet : tualette [twalEt] Weapon : arme [Armë]

Me gvolt mien hand [më gvolt myen hand] = My hand hurts Me gvole(nt) mien peds [më gvOl(ënt) myen pedz] = My feet hurt 4) Werds os general utilitat (General useful words). To act: ag (Past: ieg; Pp: act/agen [Adjën]) Aim : ziel [dzyEl] To be : ses (This verb is irregular; look at the Grammar) To become: bih [bi:] (Past: bihsim [bI:sim], bihst(a), bihsit, bihsam, bihsat, bihr) To bind : behnd (Past: bohnd) To bring : brinegh [brInëg] (Infinitive : bringhes [brIngz], Present: bringho, bringhs, bringht, bringhmos, bringhte, bringhe(nt); Past: brigh) To carry : behr (Past: bohr) Case (situation) : fall (to) cause : cause [kAozë] chance : chance [tcAntsë] condition : condition [kondityOn] To dare: deurs [dörs] (Infinitive: durses [dUrsës] ; Past : durs) To depend on : depend ud [dëpend] (Past: depens). To develop : (transitive) : antplehc [antplE :k] (Infinitive : antplehce [antplE :ts] ; Present : antplehco, antplehcs, antplehct, antplehcmos, antplehcte, antplehce(nt) [antplE :ts(ënt)] ; Past : antplohc ; Pp : antplohct, antplohcen [antplO :tsën]) (intransitive) : antslehnk [antslE :nk] (Past : antslohnk) different : different [difErënt] dot : nukta effect : effect [efEkt] Element: element [Elëmënt] (to) end : end (Past: ens); (definitive): substantive: fin; verb: fineih [finE:y] (Infinitive: finihes [finI:s] Past: finih) enough : sat, kafi even (adverb): hatta To fill : pleh [ple :] (Past : plehsim [plE :sim], plehst(a), plehsit, plehsam, plehsat, plehr) To force : force [fortsë] To forget: myehrs (Past: myohrs) General : general [djënërAl] To get (to receive) : dak (Past : diek) Great : grand, megil [mEdjil] (comparative: meger [mEdjër], superlative: megst] To happen: wakye [wAkyë] Heavy : gwaur To hold: dehrj [de:rj] (Past: dohrj) How : kam Important : important [importAnt] To keep : gweup [gwöp] (Infinitive: gwupes [gwüps]; Past: gwup; Pp: gwupt/gwupen [gwüpen]) To let : lass (Past: liess) Light : legv Mainly : khaliban [qalibAn] Origin: origin [oridjIn]

Possible : possible [posIblë] Private : privat [privAt] Probable : probable [probAblë] To pull: trag (Infinitive: trage [trAdjë], Past: trieg or traxim, traxist, traxit, traxam, traxat, traxeer; Pp: tract/tragen [trAdjën]) Public : public [pUblik] To push: pusc [pusk] (Infinitive: pusce [pus]) To put : deh [de:] (Past: dehsim [dE:sim], dehst(a), dehsit, dehsam [de:sAm], dehsat, dehr). Quite : destull [dëstUll] Rather : anter [Antër] Real : real [rëAl], druv To remember : mehm (Past : mohm) Same : sam Secret : secret [sëkrEt] To seem : kwehk (Past: kwohk) To sever : separe [sëpAr] To set : posen [pOzën] (Infinitive: pones [pons], Present: pono, pons, pont, ponmos, ponte, pone(nt); Past: pos; Pp: post/posen) Similar : similar So much : tem Special : special [spëtsyAl] Spot, place : stet Such a: un talg, un solg Sure, certain : sure [sür], yakin [yakIn] System : systeme [süstEm] Thing : ject This way, thus: katha [kA§a] Too much : pior Usual : adic [Adik] Very : meg To wait for : skehpt + accusative. (Past: skohpt) What : quod Where : quer [ker] Which ? : qualg Who ? : quis [kis], qua, quel [kel] Why : ma Wonderful : daumost [daomOst] 5) Famila ed prients [famIlya ed pryents] : family and friends Alive: gwiv Brother: brater [brAtër] To care: kaur Child: (descendant): purt ; (young): magv Daughter : dugter [dUgtër] To die: mehr (Past: mohr); daunet (Infinitive: dauntes [dAonts]; Past: daut; Pp: daut(en)) Familiar: familiar [familyAr]

Father : pater [pAtër] To give: dah (Past: dahsim, dahst(a), dahsit, dahsam, dahsat, dahr) Guest: gost Husband: mann To invite: invite To kiss: kussen [kUsën] (Infinitive: kunes [küns], Present: kuno, kuns, kunt, kunmos, kunte, kune(nt) [kün(ënt)], Past: kuss; Pp: kusst/kussen) To marry: gham (Past: ghiem [gyem]) Match (partner): taraf [tarAf] Mother: mater [mAtër] Package: pack Partner: partner [pArtnër] A present: hadia [hAdya], maton [matOn] To rely on: antreus [antrÖs] (Infinitive: antruses [antrÜsës]; Past: antrus; Pp: antrust/antrusen [antrÜzën] Sister: swes(ter) [swEstër] Son: son Surprise: surprise [surprIz] True: druv, ver Truth: druve [drüv], vertat [vërtAt] Wife : gvibh, esor [esOr] 6) Anghens ed ir kweitus [Angëns ed ir kwEytus] : People and their features. Able (to): kabil [kAbil] kay Bad: (failing): khak [qak] Beautiful: bell Boy: pwarn Clever: clever Error: error [errOr] Fair: prabh Fine: fayn Girl: pieg [pyeg], bint, kweil Good: (suceeded): gohd [go:d] Group: grupp Habit: adet [Adët] Healthy: saun [sAon] Honest: honeste [honEstë] Human: mensc [mensk] (plural: mensci [mEnsi]) Man (male): wir To mean: mayn (Past: mieyn [myeyn]) Nice (gentle): latif [lAtif] Old: veut [vöt] People (group of persons): leuds [lödz] (Plural noun) Person : anghen Poor: orm Popular: popular [populAr] Quality: qualitat [kwalitAt] Rich: riche

Simple: simple [sImplë] Small: smulk Society: societat [sotsyetAt] Soft: mliak Strange: stragn Strong: nert Tall: buland [bulAnd] Terrible: terrible [terrIblë] Thin: teun [tön] Weak: slab Woman: gwen(a) Young: yun (comparative: yuner [yÜnër]) 7) Tolke ed scribe : Talking and Writing To accept: accepte [aktsEptë] To admit: admitt (Past: admiss) To advice: radh + dative of the person (Past: riedh) To agree: samstehm [samstE:m] (Past: samstohm [samstO:m]) To allow: permitt (Past: permiss) To answer: antwehrd [antwE:rd] (Past: antwohrd) To ask (someone) : sprehg [spre:g]; (Infinitive : sprehge [spre:dj]; Present : sprehgo, sprehcs, sprehct, sprehgmos, yu sprehcte, sprehgent; Past basic form : sprohg). + acc. of the person asked. To attach: attache To believe: credeih [krëdEy:] (Infinitive: credihes [krëdI:s]; Past: credih [krëdi:]) Best regards: con sellsto namos [kon sElsto nAmos] To call: kal (Past: kiel) Card: carte Cause: cause [kAozë] Clear: clar To concern: concern [kontsErn] To consider: considere [considEr] To deal with: deil con (Infinitive: diles [dils]; Past: dil) To excuse: excuse [ekskÜzë] Fact: fact Joke: scherz [cerdz] To laugh: gleih (Infinitive: glihes [gli:s]; Past: glih [gli:]) Letter (something sent): brev Letter (written sign): buksteiv [bukstEyv] To lie: leugh (infinitive: lughes [lugz]; Past: lugh) List: liste, daftar [daftAr] To listen to: kleu [klö] + accusative (Infinitive: klues [klü:s]; Past: klu) Luck: nassib [nAsib] To mean: mayn (Past: mieyn [myeyn]) To meet : ghat [gat] (Past: ghiet [gyet]) Misunderstanding: mispreten [misprEtën] News: khabar [qabAr] No: no

Perhaps: maghses [mAgsës] Please: plais [pläs] Point: point To print: druck To promise: promitt (Past: promiss) To pronounce: pronunce [pronUntsë], swehr (Past: swohr) Question: question [këstyOn] Reason: raison [räzOn] To refer: se refer [rëfEr] To regard as: ay (Past: iey) + double accusative Report: rapport [rapOrt] To say: sayg (Infinitive: sayge [saydjë]; Past: sieyg [syeyg]) Sense: sense To speak: bah To spell: buksteiv (Past: bukstiv [bUkstiv]) State (situation): stand Story: storia To suggest: suggest [sugdjEst] To tell (a story): narre, lehg (Infinitive: lehge [le:dj ë]; Past: lohg) To thank: dank (Past: dienk) To think: mehn (Past: mohn) Topic: topic [tOpik] To translate: tarjem [tArjëm] (Infinitive: tarjmes [tArjmës]; Past: tarj) To treat: traite [trät] To understand: prete View: vid To warn: warn (Past: wiern) Welcome: sellgumt [selgUmt] Word: werd To write: scrib (Recommended past: scripsim [scrIpsim], scripst(a), scripsit, scripsam, scripsat, scripseer [scripsEër]) Yes: ya 8) Numers ed quantitats (nÜmërs ed kwantitAts): numbers and quantities Zero: zero [dzEro] One: oin Two : dwo Three : tri Four : quar Five: penk(we) Six: six Seven: spet(a) Eight: oct(o) Nine: nev Ten : dec “-teens” are made by suffixing “-dem” while “-ties” are with “-gim”

hundred: cent [tsent] thousand: mil first: preter (of 2) [prEtër]; prest second: dwoter (of 2) [dwOtër]; second [sëkOnd] Other ordinals are formed by adding –t, or –im, if the former is incompatible. The other: alter [Altër] Another: alyo [Alyo] (is often declined, see the grammar) Else: als Last: senter [sEntër] (of 2); senst The amount of occurences can be indicated with “ker(s)” = “time(s)”, or by suffixing – (en)s. “dwis” = “twice” is irregular. To add: addeih (Infinitive: addihes [adI:s]; Past: addih [adI:]) All: quant Almost: quasi [kwAzi] Any: can be rendered with “cada” [kAda] Both: bo Each: ielg; (of é): ieter [yEtër] Empty: tuich Few: pauk Full: plen To increase: aug (Infintive: auge [Aodjë]; Present: augo, aucs, auct, augmos, aucte, auge(nt); Past: ieug [yög]) Little: pau Many, much: maung Mathematics: mathematique [ma§matIk] (singular) More ... than: meis... quem [kem] Nothing: neid (is declined, see the grammar) Only: tik Pair: pair [pär] Part: part, deil Per cent: percent [përtsEnt]; procent [protsEnt] Piece: schtuk Several: plur Size: mege [mEdjë] Some: sem Together: com(samen) Whole: hol 9) Tarikhe, wakt, calendar (tarIq, wakt, kalëndAr): Date, time, calendar Afternoon: posmiddien [posmidyEn] Day: dien Evening: vesper [vEspër] Hour: (as a duration): hor; (as a time limit): saat

Minute: minute [minÜt] Month: munt Morning: aghyern [Agyërn] Night: noct Week: hevd Year: yar Sunday: mingo Monday: mundie [mundI] Thursday: ardie [ardI] Wednesday: credie [krëdI] Tuesday: khamsi [qAmsi] Friday: juma [jUma] Saturday: sabd January: januar [januAr] February: februar [fëbruAr] March: mart April: aprile [aprIl] May: mai [mä] June: jun July: jul August: august [aogUst] September: september October: october November: november December: december [dëtsEmbër] Spring: wer Summer: lient Fall: osyern [Osyërn] Winter: winter, ghim Again: iter [Itër] Already: ja Always: semper [sEmpër] To begin: inkap [inkAp] (Past: inkiep [inkyEp]) Early: aus Ever: aiw(o) [Äw(o)] Future: (adjective): futur [futUr]; (substantive): future [futÜr] To last: dure [dür] Late: (not early) sert Moment: moment [mOmënt] Never: naiw(o) [nÄw(o)] Now: nun Often: ops Past: prev Present: present [prëzEnt] Soon: mox Then: tun

Today: hoyd Tomorrow: cras Yesterday: ghes [ges] Dates are given this way: January 1, 2006 = Dien 1 januar 2006 = Dien oin januar dwomil six. 10)Pieut [pyöt] : Food Apple: apel [Apël] To bake: bauk [bAok] (Past: bieuk [byök]) Bitter: bitter Bread: dvan Bottle: botel [botEl] Bowl: bol Cake: torte Cereal: arwrn [Arurn], cereal [tsërëAl] Cheese: caise [käz] Chop: cotlett [kotlEt] Coffee: cofie [kofI:] Cold: srig (Comparative: sriger [srIdjër]) To cook: coc [kok] (infinitive: coce [kots]) Cream: smantan [smantAn] Cup: tasse Dish: pliat To drink: poh (Recommended past: pohsim, pohst(a), pohsit, pohsam, pohsat, pohr) To eat: edd (Past: ess) Egg: oiv Fresh: fresch Fruit: fruit [frwIt] Glass glas Healthy: saun [sAon] Honey: mielt Hot: chald Hungry: hungric [hUngrik] Juice: juce [jütsë] Knife : kniv Maize: mays Meal: chifan [tcifAn] Meat: miems Milk: melg Plate: taler [tAlër] Pot: pot Potato: kartoffel [kartOfël], patat [patAt] Rice: ris Salad: salat [salAt] Salt: sald Sausage: vurst Soup: soup

Sugar: suker [sÜkër] Sweet: swadh Tea: chay [tcay] Thirsty: teurstic [tÖrstik] Vegetable: opst Water: wed; (as a mineral element): aqua [Akwa] Yogurt: yogurt [yogUrt] 11)Vesters [vEstërs] : Clothes Belt : yeusmen [yÖsmën] Big: mier [myer] To cut : seg (Infinitive: sege [sEdjë] Dress (for ladies): rogv To dress: du (Infinitive: due [dü]) Hat : hat Jacket: jaquet [jAkët] Large: large Long: long Medium : medio [mEdyo] Pocket : gep [djep] Shirt: camiss [kamIs] (plural: camissa [kamIsa]) Shoe : schou [cu :] Short : cort Size : mege [mEdjë] Small: smulk Trousers : brugs (plural) ; pantalon [pantalOn] (singular) To wear : vehs (Past : vohs ) 12)Gwive in dom : Living in the house Address : adresse [adrEs] Apartment : apartment Bed : crovat [krovAt], lict Box : scatule [skAtül] To build : (con)strug (Infinitive: struge [strÜdj ë]; recommended past: struxim, strucst(a), struxit, struxam, struxat, struxeer [strüksEër]; PP: struct/strugen [strÜdjën]) Chair : stol, stul Clean : kiest Clock: horloge [horlOdj] Cupboard : dulap [dulAp] Dirty : murdar [murdAr] Door : dwer Floor (level): etage [etAdj] Home : hem Key : cleich (plu: cleicha) Lift : lift To live : gwiv (PP: gwiwt/gwiven)

Mirror : specule [spEkül] (electric) power : srov to rent : stajer [stAjër] (Past: stiejer) Room : kyal To sit : sedd (Past: sess; PP: sess/sedden) To Sleep: swehp (Past: swohp) Stairs : drab (singular) Table : table [tAblë] Trash : zibel [dzIbël] To wake up : (oi)sbeud [(oy)sböd] (Infinitive: (oi)sbudes [(oy)sbüdz]; Past: (oi)sbud ); (only intr:) : gehr [dje:r]; past : gohr [go:r] Wall : mur To wash: lav (PP: lawt/laven) Window : fenster 13)Colors [kolOrs] Black: sword Blue : blou [blu:] Brown : brun Green : glend Grey/gray : greis Red : rudh White : albh Yellow : gehlb [dje:lb] 14) In scol ed universitat : At school and university To add : addeih [adEy:] (Infinitive: addihes [adI:s]; Past: addih) Board (on the wall): tabule [tAbül] To break: brehg (Infinitive: brehge [bre:dj ë]; Present: brehgo, brehcs, brehct, brehgmos, brehcte, brehge(nt); Past: brohg). Circle : circule [tsIrkül] Class : classe Complete : complet(e) [komplEt] To count : conte, lehg (Past: lohg) To Correspond : correspond (Past: correspons) Course : curs Dictionary : dictionar [diktyonAr] Difference : difference [difërEntsë] Difficult : difficil [difItsil] To divide : divid [divId] (Past: divis; PP: divis/dividen) Easy : facil [fAtsil] Education : education [edukatyOn] Error : error [errOr] Exact : exact Example : exempel Exercise : exercice [eksërtsIts]

False : fals Form : forme Hard : kaurd [kAord] History : historia [histOrya] Idea : idee [idEë] Language : bahsa [bA:sa], lingua [lIngwa] To learn : euc [ök] (Infinitive: uces [Ütsës]; Past: ucim [Utsim], ucst(a), ucit [Utsit], ucam, ucat, uceer [ütsEër]; PP: uct/ucen [Ütsën]) Line : ligne [lInyë] Mathematics : mathematique [ma§ëmatIk] Minus : minus Paper : papier [papyEr] Pen : kalem [kAlëm] Plus : plus Practice : praxis Problem : probleme [problEm] To read : leis (Infinitive : lises [lIzës] To Recognize: recogneih [rëkonyEy:] (Infinitive: recognihes [rëkonyI:s] ) Result : resultat [rëzultAt] Round : rund Science : science [syentsë] Scissors : nojit Square : quadrat [kwadrAt] Student : studyent [stUdyënt] To study : studye [stUdyë] To solve : solv Table : table [tAblë] Task : task To teach : doc (Infinitive : doce [dots]) Test : test To write : scrib (recommended past: scripsim, scripst(a), scripsit, scripsam, scripsat, scripseer; PP: script/scriben) Wrong : ghaw 15) In orbat [in orbAt] : At work To apply (for) : candidat [kandidAt] (Past: candidiet) pro To attach : attache [atAtc] To check: chehx (Past: chohx) Company : compagnie [kompanyI:] Copy : copie [kopI:] To decide : decid [dëtsId] (Past : decis) Experience : experience [expëryEnts] Farm : farm Job : job Lead : duc (Infinitive: duce [düts]; Past: duxim, ducst(a), duxit, duxam, duxat, duxeer [düksEër]) Letter (sent): brev List : liste, daftar

Machine : machine [matcI:n] Position : position [pozityOn] Practical : practic Program : programme Report : rapport [rapOrt] Responsible : massoul [masU:l] To retire : rentire [rëntIr] To Save (a copy): salvguarde [salvgwArd] To send : yeis (Infinitive: yises [yIzës]; Past: yis) Skill : ilm Team: swoin Tool : alat [alAt] To use : neud [nöd] (Infinitive: nudes [nüdz]); use [üz] 16)Hobbys, farakhat [hObis, faraqAt] : Hobbies, free time Ball : ball Beach : plaj Book : buk Camp : waun Card : carte To celebrate : celebre [tsëlEbrë] Concert : concert [kontsErt] To dance : dans (Past: diens) Fun : glewos, gleus [glös] Game : leik Goal (football): gol Holidays : ferias Instrument : instrument [instrÜmënt] Interest : interesse [intërEs] To jump : skand (Past: skiend or skans) Key : cleich To like : kam (Past : kiem) Music : music [mUzik] To paint : pineg [pInëg] (Infintive: pinges [pIn djës]; Present: pingo, pincs, pinct, pingmos, yu pincte, pinge(nt); Past: pig; PP: pict/pigen) Picture : kwiter [kwItër] To play : leik (Infinitive : likes [liks]; Past : lik) To please : plais [pläs] (Infinitive : plaise [pläz]) A show : skau, tamsil [tAmsil] To sing : sehngv (Past: sohngv) Song : songv Sound : swon Sport : sport To swim : snah (Past: snahsim, snahst(a), snahsit, snahsam, snahsat, snahr) Theater : theatre [§ëAtrë] Toy : leuyk To visit : visite [vizIt]

17)Khisses [qIsës] / Feeling Alone : saul [sAol] Angry : irat [irAt] To concern : concern [kontsErn] To dream : drehm (Past: drohm) To feel : kheiss [qeis] (Infinitive : khisses [qIsës]; Past : khiss [qis]) Fear : paur [pAor] To fear : bay (Past: biey [byey]) Happy : noroct [norOkt] To hate : haissen [hÄsën] (Infinitive : haines [hÄns]; Past : haiss) To hope : speh [spe:] (Past : spehsim, spehst(a), spehsit, spehsam, spehsat, spehr) To like : kam (Past: kiem) To love : lieubh [lyöb] (Infinitive : liubhes [liubz]; Past : liubh) Sad : yui Satisfied : satisfact/satisfacen [satisfAtsën] To smile : smeih (Infinitive : smihes [smI:s]; Past : smih ) State (a situation) : stand Tired : strak To worry : sweurgh [swörg] (Infinitive : swurghes [swurgz]; Past: swurgh) 18) Ep id strad : On the road Arrive : arrive [arrIv] Back(side) : caud [kAod] Bag : sack Bike : cip(ed) [tsIp(ëd)] Block : block Boat : boot [boot] Bottom : budmen [bUdmën] Bus : bus [bus] Car : wogh, carr To come : gwehm (Past: gwohm) Corner : wangwl [wAngul] To cross : tehr (Past : tohr) To drive : wehgh (Past : wohgh) East : eust [öst] Far from : dalg ud Fast : oku (can work as an adverb too), kshiuu [kxyUu], rapid To find : trehv (Past : trohv) To follow : sehkw (Past: sohkw) Front : front Gas (vehicle-fuel) : naft To go : gwah + accusative of the destination (recommended past : gwahsim, gwahst(a), gwahsit, gwahsam, gwahsat, gwahr ) ; eih (Infinitive : ihes [i:s]; Past : ih ). Guide : guide [gwid]

Here : her High : hog To leave : linekw (Infinitive : linkwes [lInkwës], Present: linkwo, linkws, linkwt, linkwmos, linkwte, linkwnt [lInkunt]; Past: likw ) Left : lev(ter) Low : ghem Map : map To move : mov (PP: mot/moven) Next : niebst North : nord Place : place [plats] Plane : plav To reach : nak (Past : niek) To ride : reid (Infinitive : rides [ridz]; Past : rid ) Right : dex(ter) To run : curr (Past : curs; PP: curs/curren); drah Side : gon Slow : lent South : sud Square : quadrat [kwadrAt] Station : station [statyOn] Step : stieup [styöp] Straight ahead : seid perodh [seyd përOd] There : ter Top : top Traffic : kwehlen Train : train [trän] Trip : safer [sAfër], dyuv To turn : touren [tU:rën] (Infinitive : tournes [tU:rns]; Past : tour) Way : wegh West : west 19) Id ambient [ambyEnt] / the environment Air : air Buisson : busk (plu: buska) Clear : clar Cold : srig Dark: deusk Dry : siuk, xer Earth : ardh Field : pold Flower : flor Forest : forest [forEst] Garden : garden Gold : gold Gras : gras To grow: crehsc [kre:sk] (Infinitive: crehsce [kre:s]; Past : crohsc [kro:sk]) Hot : chald

Ice : glehdj Lake : lak (lac) Light (sun) : luce [lüts] Moon : meun Mountain : ghyor(a) Natural : natural Park : park Rain : seuy [söy] River : sreumen [srömën] Sea : mar Silver : argwrnt [Argurnt] Snow : sneigv Star : star Stone : (small / substance): petra Sun : sol Tree : dru Warm : warm Weather : weter Wet : smeu Wind : wind Wood : (substance): dreu World : mund 20) Memsa : Body-parts Arm : brakh [braq] Back : regv Blood : sehrg Body : corp(o)s (plural : corpsa) Breast : xiongbu [ksyOngbu] Breathe : annem [Anëm] (Infinitive: annmes [Anmës]; Present: annmo, annems, annemt, annmmos, yu annemt, annment; Past: ann; PP: annt/annen) Ear : aur Eye : ok (possible plural : okwi) Face : lige [lidj] (plural: liges [lIdjës]) Finger : fingher Foot : ped Glasses : bril (singular) Hair : kays Hand : hand Head : cap Heart : kerd To hear : aur (Past : ieur [yÖr]) Knee : genu [djEnu] To know : gnoh [nyo:] (Present: gnohm, gnohs, gnoht, gnohm(o)s, gnohte, gnohnt; Past : gnohsim, gnohst(a), gnohsit, gnohsam, gnohsat, gnohr); woid (irregular, see the grammar) Knowledge : gnohsa [nyo:sa] Leg : jamb

To listen to : kleu [klö] (Infinitive: klues [klü:s]; Past : klu) Look (of eyes): spect Mind : ment Mouth : stohm [sto:m] Neck : coll Nose : nas To reach : nak (Past : niek) To say : sayg (Infinitive: sayge [sAydj]; Present: saygo, saycs, sayct, saygmos, yu saycte, sayge(nt); Past: sieyg) To see : vid (Past: vis; PP: vis/viden) To shake : scutt (Past: scuss; PP: scuss/scutten) Smell : odor [odOr] To speak : bah (Past: bahsim, bahst(a), bahsit, bahsam, bahsat, bahr) To stand : stah Stomach : stomak [stomAk] To take (physically): ghend (Past: ghens, PP: ghens/ghenden) Taste : gust Throat : gurgule [gUrgül] Tongue : dingv Tooth : dent To touch: touche [tu:tcë] To watch : spehc (Infinitive: spehce [spe:ts]; Past : spohc; PP: spohct/spohcen [spo:tsën]) My arm is hurting : mien brakh gvolt My arms are hurting : mien brakhs gvole(nt) 21)Verslyn [vërslÜn], ambhkaup : business, shopping Bargain : manafi Bill : facture [faktÜr], quitance [kitAntsë] To borrow : laun (Past: lieun) To buy : kaup (Past: kieup) To close : clud (Infinitive: clude [klüd]; Past : clus) Company : compagnie [kompanyI:] Cost : cost Expensive : dorgv To gain : gaissen [gÄsën] (Infinitive: gaines [gänes]; Present: gaino, gains, gaint, gainmos, gainte, gaine(nt); Past: gaiss) To interest : interesse To lose : leus Market : mercat [mërkAt] Money : denars [dënArs] (plural) To offer : behd (Past : bohd) To open : ghyan (Past: ghyien [gyen]) To pay : paygh (Past : pieygh [pyeyg]) Post office : postamt Price : pris To sell : pehrn (Past: pohrn)

Shop : magasin [magazIn] To sign : signe [sinyë] Signature : signature [sinyatÜr] Valuable : kamatih [kamatI:] 22)Gouvernement [guvErnëmënt] : government Control : control To elect : eleg [elEg] (Infinitive: elege [elEdj]; PP: elect/elegen) Freedom : lure [lür] To govern : gouverne [guvErn] Law : loy Military (adjective) : militar Politics : politique [politIk] Power : magh Rule : reul State : stat Violence : violence [vyolEntsë] 23)Animals Bird : av Cat : cat Chicken : kierk Dog : kwaun Horse: ekw (plural : ekwi) Hunt : sayd Insect : insect Fish : pisk For the rest, we recommend people to build their own lists of vocabulary pertaining to their favorite topics with the help of the resources available on Ideas of lists of basic vocabulary can be obtained at:

C. Dr.Olivier Simon

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