You are on page 1of 2

Outotec Edmeston SX Sulphuric Acid Steel

Applications SX is particularly suitable for use in the following applications: nn Acid piping systems nn Acid distributors nn Acid coolers nn Absorption & drying towers nn Pump tanks nn Mesh pads nn Strainers, inserts, tinbles etc.

Benefits
Excellent corrosion resistance No anodic protection required for acid coolers Minimal maintenance

SX stainless steel was introduced to the market by Edmeston in 1984. The introduction of SX equipment led to a paradigm change in the industry with equipment of reduced corrosion, prolonged life time, reduced maintenance and increased plant safety. SX is maintaining the leading position as the number one, standard for comparison, top performing alloy, for sulphuric acid service.

Corrosion properties SX has excellent corrosion resistance in concentrated sulphuric acid, both in static and dynamic conditions. This is illustrated by the isocorrosion diagram, Fig. 1, by comparative test data for different alloys, Fig. 2, and Table 2.
Position
Abs Acid Piping Drying Acid Piping DT/IAT/FAT Acid Cooler HR Piping Acid Pump

Cr
16.5-19.5%

Mo
0.3- 1.5%

Ni
19.0-22.0%

Cu
1.5-2.5%

Si
4.8-6.0%

Mn
2.0%

Table 1 - SX composition

Specifications nn Seamless tubes: ASTM A213, A312, A530,SS219711 nn Welded pipes: ASTM A480, SS219120 nn Plates: ASTM A530, EN 10028-7 2D, EN 100281-7 1D Mechanical properties
PROOF STRENGTH
Rp 0.2 MPa min 220 0.2% offset ksi min 32 Rp 1.0 MPa min 250

Conc. % H2SO4
97-99% 93-97%

Temp o C
80-120 60-100

Velocity m/s
1-3 1-3

Exposure time years


~20 ~20

Corr. Rate mm/year


0.0 0.0

TENSILE STRENGTH
RM MPa min 550 ksimin 80

ELONGATION
A % min 45 A2 % min 25

98.5%

80-130

1-4

5-20

0.0

99% 96-99%

180 80-120

1-3 25

>10 >5

<0.1 0.0

At 20 oC (68 oF)

At elevated temperatures
Temp
Rp02,MPa, min Rp10,MPa, min

Table 2 - Plant data

50 oC
196 221

100 oC
175 200

150 oC
160 185

200 oC
148 173

Temp
Stress, ksi, min

100 oF
21.3

200 oF
17.6

300 oF
16.5

400 oF
15.4

Physical properties nn Density 7,9 g/cm3, 0,28 lb/in3 Thermal expansion, mean values
Temp
m/mK x 10-6

200-100 oC
15

100-200 oC
15.5

200-300 oC
16

Fig. 1. Isocorrosion diagram 0.1 mm/year for SX in concentrated sulphuric acid.

Modulus of elasticity
Temp
MPa x 103

20 oC
200

100 oC
194

200 oC
186

Thermal conductivity
Temp Fig. 2. Approximate corrosion rate curves for various alloys in 98% H2SO4.
W / mK Kcal/mhK

20 oC
11 9.5

100 oC
13 11

200 oC
14 12

Approvals nn ASME II part D/VIII div. 1 appendix 34. nn UNS 32615 nn PMA-PED nn The National Swedish Board of Occupational Safety and Health nn TV Wien, Austria nn TV Nord, Einzelgutachten Weldability The welding properties of SX are good. The welds produced are smooth, with corrosion properties equal or better compared to the base metal. SX is welded with low heat input using SX weld filler material. Available welding processes are GTAW (TIG), SMAW (covered electrodes), GMAW (MIG) and PAW (plasma).

Outotec develops and provides technology solutions for the sustainable use of Earths natural resources. As the global leader in minerals and metals processing technology, Outotec has developed over decades several breakthrough technologies. The company also offers innovative solutions for the chemical industry, industrial water treatment and the utilization of alternative energy sources. Outotec shares are listed on the NASDAQ OMX Helsinki.

edmeston@outotec.com www.outotec.com Copyright 2012 Outotec Oyj. All rights reserved.

Finland, February 2012.