WR_BT03_E1_1 Channel Structure and Function

ZTE University TD&W&PCS BSS Course Team

Objectives

At the end of this course, you will be able to master: ¾ Classification of channels ¾ Structure and Function of channels

Content

Classification of channels Structure and Function of channels Physical layer procedure

Classification of channels

Architecture of UMTS
CN Iu RNS RNC Iub NodeB Iub NodeB Iur RNC Iub NodeB Iub NodeB RNS Iu

UE

Classification of channels Channel Type UE „ „ „ Physical channel Transport channel Logical channel Node B RNC Logical channel Transport channel Physical channel .

Classification of channels Concept of channel RLC layer Logical channel MAC layer Transport channel PHY layer Physical channel L2 L1 .

Classification of channels Channel Type „ Logical channels: f Describe what is transported (i. .. „ Physical channels: f Represent the “transmission media” providing the platform through which the information is actually transferred. the information to be transmitted) „ Transport channels: f Describe how the logical channels are to be transmitted.e.

Classification of channels Protocol stack of the Uu interface GC Nt DC D u p lic a tio n a v o id a n c e GC C .p la n e s ig n a llin g Nt DC U u S b o u n d ary U .p la n e in f o r m a tio n RRC c o n tr o l L3 R a d io B e arers PDCP PDCP control control control control L 2 /P D C P BMC L 2 /B M C RLC RLC RLC RLC RLC RLC RLC RLC L 2 /R L C L o g ic a l C h a n n e ls M AC L 2 /M A C T ra n sp o rt C h a n n e ls PHY L1 .

Classification of channels Logical Channels Control Channel (CCH) Broadcast Control Channel (BCCH) Paging Control Channel (PCCH) Dedicated Control Channel (DCCH) Common Control Channel (CCCH) Traffic Channel (TCH) Dedicated Traffic Channel (DTCH) Common Traffic Channel (CTCH) .

Classification of channels Transport Channel Common Transport Channels Broadcast Channel (BCH) Paging Channel (PCH) Random Access Channel (RACH) Forward Access Channel (FACH) Common Packet Channel (CPCH) Downlink Shared Channel (DSCH) Dedicated Transport Channels Dedicated Channel (DCH) .

Classification of channels Physical Channel Uplink Physical Channels Physical Random Access Channel (PRACH) Physical Common Packet Channel (PCPCH) Dedicated Physical Channel (DPCH) Downlink Physical Channels Common Pilot Channel (CPICH) Primary Common Control Physical Channel (P-CCPCH) Secondary Common Control Physical Channel (S-CCPCH) Synchronization Channel (SCH) Physical Downlink Shared Channel (PDSCH) Acquisition Indication Channel (AICH) Page Indication Channel (PICH) Dedicated Physical Channel (DPCH) .

Classification of channels Mapping relationship Uplink Logic Channel CCCH DCCH DTCH Downlink PCCH BCCH CCCH CTCH DCCH DTCH Transport Channel RACH CPCH DCH PCH BCH FACH DSCH DCH .

Classification of channels Mapping relationship Transport Channels DCH Physical Channels Dedicated Physical Data Channel (DPDCH) Dedicated Physical Control Channel (DPCCH) RACH CPCH Physical Random Access Channel (PRACH) Physical Common Packet Channel (PCPCH) Common Pilot Channel (CPICH) BCH FACH PCH Primary Common Control Physical Channel (P-CCPCH) Secondary Common Control Physical Channel (S-CCPCH) Synchronization Channel (SCH) DSCH Physical Downlink Shared Channel (PDSCH) Acquisition Indication Channel (AICH) Page Indication Channel (PICH) .

Content Classification of channels Structure and Function of channels Physical layer procedure .

Structure and Function of channels WCDMA frame structure .

Structure and Function of channels Physical Channels(1) „ The physical channel is in a 3-layer structure by the time: f Superframe y One superframe lasts 720ms. corresponding to 2560 chips. f Timeslot y A timeslot is a unit composed of a bit domain. it is a basic unit of the physical layer. and comprises 15 timeslots with the same length. f radio frame y One radio frame has a period of 10ms. . and consists of 72 radio frames. The bit number and structure of a timeslot depends on the specific type of the physical channel. Corresponding to 38400 chips.

Structure and Function of channels Physical Channels(2) „ The frame structure of the physical channels is shown: Ttimeslot= 2560 chip Tslot #1 Tslot #2 Tslot #I Tslot #15 Tframe=10 ms Frame #0 Frame #1 Frame #I Frame #71 Tsuperframe=720 ms .

Structure and Function of channels Uplink physical channel „ „ 2 UL Dedicated physical channel (DPDCH and DPCCH) 2 UL Common physical channel (PRACH and PCPCH) Dedicated physical Control channel DPCCH Dedicated physical DPDCH data channel Physical random PRACH Access channel Physical common PCPCH Packet channel UL Dedicated physical channel UL Common physical channel .

Structure and Function of channels Uplink Dedicated physical channel .

Preamble Preamble Preamble Message part 4096 chips 10 ms (one radio frame) Preamble Preamble Preamble Message part 4096 chips 20 ms (two radio frames) PRACH transmitted structure .Structure and Function of channels PRACH „ Physical Random Access Channel f PRACH consists preamble part and message part f Random access transmit 1or more 4096 chips length preambles and 10ms or 20ms length message part.

each timeslot consists of 2560chips. Data Ndata bits TFCI NTFCI bits Slot #0 Slot #1 Slot #i Message part radio frameRACH T = 10 ms Slot #14 . Data Control Pilot Npilot bits Tslot = 2560 chips.Structure and Function of channels PRACH „ Physical Random Access Channel f 10ms message part is split into 15 timeslots. f Each timeslot includes data part and control part. 10*2k bits (k=0. They are transmitted in parallel . f Data part :SF=32~256 .3) control part: SF=256..

SCH CPICH PICH DL common physical channel AICH CCPCH PDSCH DPCH .Structure and Function of channels Downlink physical channel „ DL physical channel include Dedicated physical channel、1 Shared physical channel and five Common control channels.

Structure and Function of channels Downlink dedicated physical channel .

Structure and Function of channels CPICH .

f A S-CPICH may be transmitted over the entire cell or part of the cell.Structure and Function of channels CPICH „ „ There is 2 types of CPICH:P-CPICH and S-PICH P-CPICH: f P-CPICH of different cell uses the same Cch. it is used to search cell primary scrambling code during cell selection procedure.0 OVSF code to spread . It is may be a phase reference for a dl DPCH. „ S-CPICH: f A arbitrary channelization code of SF=256 is used for the S-CPICH. cell selection and cell re-selection. f There may be 0. but it is decided by high layer signalling. f The P-CPICH is broadcast over the entire cell.1 or several S-CPICH per cell.the bit rate of P-CPICH is also fixed.256. And it is also used for measurement and estimation during handover. . f A S-CPICH is scrambled by either the primary or a secondary scrambling code. f The P-CPICH is scrambled by the primary scrambling code. f There is one and only P-CPICH per cell.

Structure and Function of channels P-CCPCH .

Structure of synchronization channel . The 10 ms radio frames of the Primary and Secondary SCH are divided into 15 slots. the Primary and Secondary SCH. The SCH consists of two sub channels. each of length 2560 chips.Structure and Function of channels SCH (1) „ „ „ The Synchronization Channel (SCH) is a downlink signal used for cell search.

f This sequence on the Secondary SCH indicates which of the code groups the cell's downlink scrambling code belongs to. The modulated code need not spreading and scrambling. transmitted in parallel with the Primary SCH. f the Secondary Synchronization Codes (SSC). f Each SSC is chosen from a set of 16 different codes of length 256. f The primary synchronization code (PSC) is transmitted once every slot f The PSC is the same for every cell in the system. „ S-SCH f The Secondary SCH consists of repeatedly transmitting a length 15 sequence of modulated codes of length 256 chips. .Structure and Function of channels SCH (2) „ P-SCH f The Primary SCH consists of a modulated code of length 256 chips.

Structure and Function of channels S-CCPCH .

Structure and Function of channels PICH „ PICH carries PI(Page Indication),SF=256,radio frame=10ms, consists 300bits,288 bits for paging indication,12 bits Tx Off。 „ PICH relates to S-CCPCH which mapping to PCH。 288 bits for paging indication b0 b1 12 bits (transmission off) b287 b288 b299 One radio frame (10 ms) PICH frame structure .

Content Classification of channels Structure and Function of channels Physical layer procedure .

„ So the cell search procedure is mainly to decode the data of P-CCPCH. „ The system information is beared in the BCH channel.Physical layer procedure Cell Search „ UE has to get the system information before it registers with the network and access to services. . and its data is mapped into the Primary CCPCH.

The slot timing of the cell can be obtained by detecting peaks in the matched filter output. . f This is typically done with a single matched filter (or any similar device) matched to the primary synchronization code which is common to all cells.Physical layer procedure Cell search procedure (1) „ „ The cell search is typically carried out in three steps: Step1: Slot synchronization f During the first step of the cell search procedure the UE uses the SCH channel's primary synchronization code to acquire slot synchronization to a cell.

Physical layer procedure Sketch of Slot Synchronization .

and identifying the maximum correlation value.Physical layer procedure Cell search procedure (2) Step2: Frame synchronization and code-group identification f During the second step of the cell search procedure. f This is done by correlating the received signal with all possible secondary synchronization code sequences. Since the cyclic shifts of the sequences are unique the code group as well as the frame synchronization is determined. the UE uses the „ SCH channel's secondary synchronization code to find frame synchronization and identify the code group of the cell found in the first step. .

510 Scrambling GroupCode Group 8191 8177:SSC … 112 8176:PSC 8160 8160:主扰码 … No. 511 Scrambling Code Group No.Downlink Scrambling Code Grouping No. 504 Scrambling Code Group 113 8177 :辅扰码 8161 8161:辅扰码 … 8191:SSC 16 16:PSC 8064 8064:主扰码 … … No.0 Primary Scrambling Code Group 8176 8177 8176:PSC No.63 Primary Scrambling Code Group …… No. 7 Code Scrambling No. 1 Scrambling Code Group No. 0 Scrambling Code Group 17 17 : SSC 8065 8065 127 :辅扰码 8191:辅扰码 8175 8175:辅扰码 0 0:PSC … … 1 1:SSC 31 31 : SSC 8079 8079:辅扰码 … 15 15:SSC .

Physical layer procedure Mapping of the Secondary Synchronization Code .

„ After the primary scrambling code has been identified. f The primary scrambling code is typically identified through symbol- by-symbol correlation over the CPICH with all codes within the code group identified in the second step. . the Primary CCPCH can be detected so that the cell specific BCH information can be read. the UE determines the exact primary scrambling code used by the cell.Physical layer procedure Cell search procedure (3) „ Step3: Scrambling-code identification f During the third and last step of the cell search procedure.

Physical layer procedure Cell search procedure .

Symbol Synchronization Note Synchronization 256 chips The same in all cells 15-code sequence of secondary synchronization Frame Synchronization. There are 64 S-SCH sequences corresponding to the 64 scrambling code groups 256 chips. different for different cells and slot intervals Common Pilot CH PCCPCH Scrambling code (one of 8) To find the primary scrambling code from common pilot CH Synchronization. Slot. There are 16 secondary synchronization codes. Secondary SCH (one of 64) Code Group codes. BCCH info Fixed 30 kbps channel spreading factor 256 .Physical layer procedure Summary of the process Channel Primary SCH Synchronization acquired Chip.

a 10 or 20 ms long message part is transmitted with the „ „ „ „ „ same power as the last preamble . the preamble is resend with 1 dB higher transmit power f If AICH is detected.Physical layer procedure RACH procedure „ UE decodes BCH to find out the available RACH sub-channels and their scrambling codes and signatures It selects randomly one of the available sub-channels and signatures The downlink power is measured and the initial RACH power level is set with a proper margin due to open loop inaccuracy UE transmits 1 ms long preamble with the selected signature Node B replies by repeating the preamble using Acquisition Indication Channel (AICH) UE decodes AICH message to see whether the NodeB has detected the preamble f If AICH is not detected.

Physical layer procedure RACH procedure .

)ms. . pls describe the cell search procedure. it is a basic unit of the physical layer. pls describe the main function of each physical channel. „ One radio frame has a period of ( timeslots with the same length. pls describe RACH procedure.Exercise „ pls write down the 3 types of channel and describe their mapping relations. and comprises( ) „ „ „ „ Corresponding to ( ) chips.

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