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Dr. Xianzhong ZHAO email@example.com
Lecture Questionnaire (1)
Language preferred ( C = in Chinese, E = in English)
NO. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 other Oral Writing on the Presentation blackboard E C&E C E C C C E E E E C E C Handout & textbook E E E C E C C Coursework & Tick the one written exam you prefer E E E E E E E
From this course you prefer to: Learn steel struc. 1 2 3 in English format
To introduce procedures for designing steel members and connections.
Syllabus (total 41 courses)
; Introduction =>2 ; Steel properties =>6 ; Tension members =>3 ; Compression members (Columns) =>7 ; Bending Members (Beams) =>8 ; Beam-columns =>7 ;Connections =>8
Coursework & Assessment
Assignment 1 ; Assignment 2 ; Assignment 3
Attendance, activities & Coursework Experiments EPUT Final written examination
30% 10% 60%
what is steel structure? why choose steel structures? where & when use steel structures? main structural types state-of-the-art and prospective market design concept & rationale of steel structures
What’s steel structure?
architecture → structure →steel structure
concrete-filled- steel tubular (CFT) structure. Steel structure? Yes. reinforced concrete (RC) structure. but bridges and civil eng. works in this course 6 . steel-RC composite structure? steel shelf steel furniture …… steelwork of buildings.What’s steel structure? definition & scope STEEL STRUCTURE: a structure which is made from organised combination of structural STEEL members designed to carry loads and provide adequate rigidity Steel structure PK RC structure steel structure.
What’s steel structure? definition & scope steel structures involve sub-structure or members in a building made from structural steel SHANGHAI STADIUM Steel roof + concrete stand SHANGHAI GRAND THEATER Steel roof + concrete columns 7 .
g. e.What’s steel structure? definition & scope structural member（构件） is physically distinguishable part of structure with independent structural function. member (杆件)、element(板件)、cable(索) and their combination cable 8 .
Elasticity. Excellent ductility and seismic resistance Withstand extensive deformation without failure even under high tensile stress . close to design assumption . Ease of fabrication and speed of erection 9 . uniformity of material Predictability of properties. High strength The high ratio of strength to weight (the strength per unit weight) .Why use steel structure? advantages .
F.Ashby 10 .high ratio of strength to weight By M.
Elasticity. ductility and uniformity of material 11 .
Ease of fabrication and speed of erection 12 .
Why use steel structure? disadvantages : Susceptibility to corrosion Maintenance costs / thin-walled structure : Loss of strength at elevated temperature Fireproofing costs : Susceptibility to buckling Slender member in compression : Fatigue and brittle fracture 13 .
Buildings of heavy duty plants . Infrastructures . Portal frames . Bridges .Where & when use steel structures? . Generalized structures: mechanical 14 . Deployable structures . Long-span structures . Tower & mast structures . Multi-storey & high-rise buildings .
Long-span structures Airport terminals Train stations Theatres Stadiums Exhibition centres 15 .
High-rise buildings World trade centre CCTV Tai-bei 101 Jinmao tower 16 .
Buildings of heavy duty plant 17 .
Tower & Mast structures TV Tower Eiffel Tower TV Tower 18 .
Portal frames 19 .
Bridges 20 .
Infrastructures 21 .
Agricultural buildings 22 .
Sight-seeing 23 .
he is coming… 24 .Deployable structures Oh.
Generalized structures 25 .
truss structures Bar or truss members . prestressed structures . suspension bridge 26 . truss bridge truss members . grids structures latticed structure or dome . arch bridge . cable-stayed bridge . frame structures Beams and columns . beam bridge . arch .Main structural types buildings and bridges .
Main structural types buildings: truss structures 27 .
Main structural types buildings: frame structures 28 .
Main structural types buildings: grid /domes 29 .
Main structural types buildings: prestressed structures 30 .
Main structural types buildings: prestressed structures 31 .
Main structural types bridges: truss bridges 32 .
Main structural types bridges: arch bridges 33 .
Main structural types bridges: cable-stayed bridges 34 .
Main structural types bridge: suspension structures 35 .
State-of-the-art & prospective market technology & economy . Reduce & Recycle / removable 36 . economy Less construction time and less structural weight . environment Less wet work Reuse. technology Accurate and automatic fabrication .
Mt 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 China Japan America Russia India Korea Germany Ukraine Nations China Japan USA Russia Italy Korea Germany Ucran Output/Mt 489. 1 2 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 Raw steel output.2 120.2 72.9 37 .1 51.5 42.8 3 4 5 6 7 8 2~8 Sum.2 97. 485.4 48.State-of-the-art & prospective market for steel structures 2007 y > overall output of the world before 1966 2008 y > 2nd-8th output No.7 53.
NBS.State-of-the-art & prospective market for steel structures Crude steel consumed kg/head Regional Kg/head 2006 Coastal Central Forecast average 2017 = 550kg/head 434 227 2007-2017 170 Western Kg/head 2017 750 450 National average 2007 = 340kg/head Coastal Central 360 Western Data: CRU. CISA 38 .
C structure 39 .State-of-the-art & prospective 100.000 Wooden R.C Others 0 80000 2000 80715 60000 year1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 40000 M/ton ↑JAPAN ↓CHINA steel used in buildings 20000 Steel structure 2%→4% 1985 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 0 steel structure R.C 中国建筑业房屋竣工面积 Residential Housing 2004 128163 120000 100000 Steel R.000 Ｋ㎡ market for steel structures Steel 140000 万平米 50.
Design concept & rationale ensure strength. stability and stiffness Stiff Strength stability Light All OK ! Not stiff enough (need bigger E) Not stable enough Not strong enough (need bigger σy ) Too heavy (need lower ρ) 40 .
stability . serviceability. rigidity S≤R Performance required: Safety. deformation n Strength.Design concept & rationale Loads structural system erection tio ac Steel metallurgy fabrication Member + connection Force. durability 41 .
Loads action Design concept & rationale struc tural mode l member connection actions ? ? ? element restraint loading 42 .
Design concept & rationale member connection actions ? ? ? element restraint loading Analytical model 43 .
Loads action Design concept & rationale force ation m r o f de Mechanics of materials Structural analysis Elastic mechanics Plastic mechanics 44 .
stability .Design concept & rationale Loads structural system erection tio ac Steel metallurgy fabrication Member + connection Force. deformation n Strength. durability 45 . serviceability. rigidity S≤R Performance: Safety.
Design concept & rationale Steel Tension member Compression member Beam Beam-column connection Strength. stability . rigidity metallurgy fabrication Member + connection Mechanics of materials You got a high level? 46 .
Design concept & rationale fs objective S≤R S Sa Sn Sn≤Rn fR R Rn Ra subjective Sn Rn fR-S Sd≤Rd Sn Rn Acceptable: point of view of safety point of view of economy 0 Rd-Sd 47 .
Design concept & rationale DESIGN METHOD — ASD ∑ψSn≤Rn/K — LRFD ∑γSψSn≤Rn/γR Sa Sn Rn Ra fd 48 .
Design concept & rationale 49 .
possible failure modes . fatigue failure 50 . loss of geometry stability . brittle / ductile fracture of steel members or connections . global buckling of structures/members . local buckling . excessive development of plastic deformation .
possible failure modes brittle / ductile fracture of steel members or connections 51 .
possible failure modes global buckling of structures/members 52 .
possible failure modes local buckling 53 .
possible failure modes 原试件 MCP-1 MPP-1 excessive development of plastic deformation 54 .
fatigue failure 55 . loss of geometry stability .possible failure modes .
possible failure modes your task: Prevent all these failure modes 56 .
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