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Title: Volpone; Or, The Fox Author: Ben Jonson Release Date: May, 2003 [Etext #4039] Posting Date: February 16, 2010 Language: English
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VOLPONE; OR, THE FOX
By Ben Jonson
The greatest of English dramatists except Shakespeare, the first literary dictator and poet-laureate, a writer of verse, prose, satire, and criticism who most potently of all the men of his time affected the subsequent course of English letters: such was Ben Jonson, and as such his strong personality assumes an interest to us almost unparalleled, at least in his age. Ben Jonson came of the stock that was centuries after to give to the world Thomas Carlyle; for Jonson's grandfather was of Annandale, over the Solway, whence he migrated to England. Jonson's father lost his estate under Queen Mary, "having been cast into prison and forfeited."
He entered the church, but died a month before his illustrious son was born, leaving his widow and child in poverty. Jonson's birthplace was Westminster, and the time of his birth early in 1573. He was thus nearly ten years Shakespeare's junior, and less well off, if a trifle better born. But Jonson did not profit even by this slight advantage. His mother married beneath her, a wright or bricklayer, and Jonson was for a time apprenticed to the trade. As a youth he attracted the attention of the famous antiquary, William Camden, then usher at Westminster School, and there the poet laid the solid foundations of his classical learning. Jonson always held Camden in veneration, acknowledging that to him he owed, "All that I am in arts, all that I know;" and dedicating his first dramatic success, "Every Man in His Humour," to him. It is doubtful whether Jonson ever went to either university, though Fuller says that he was "statutably admitted into St. John's College, Cambridge." He tells us that he took no degree, but was later "Master of Arts in both the universities, by their favour, not his study." When a mere youth Jonson enlisted as a soldier, trailing his pike in Flanders in the protracted wars of William the Silent against the Spanish. Jonson was a large and raw-boned lad; he became by his own account in time exceedingly bulky. In chat with his friend William Drummond of Hawthornden, Jonson told how "in his service in the Low Countries he had, in the face of both the camps, killed an enemy, and taken opima spolia from him;" and how "since his coming to England, being appealed to the fields, he had killed his adversary which had hurt him in the arm and whose sword was ten inches longer than his." Jonson's reach may have made up for the lack of his sword; certainly his prowess lost nothing in the telling. Obviously Jonson was brave, combative, and not averse to talking of himself and his doings. In 1592, Jonson returned from abroad penniless. Soon after he married, almost as early and quite as imprudently as Shakespeare. He told Drummond curtly that "his wife was a shrew, yet honest"; for some years he lived apart from her in the household of Lord Albany. Yet two touching epitaphs among Jonson's "Epigrams," "On my first daughter," and "On my first son," attest the warmth of the poet's family affections. The daughter died in infancy, the son of the plague; another son grew up to manhood little credit to his father whom he survived. We know nothing beyond this of Jonson's domestic life. How soon Jonson drifted into what we now call grandly "the theatrical profession" we do not know. In 1593, Marlowe made his tragic exit from life, and Greene, Shakespeare's other rival on the popular stage, had preceded Marlowe in an equally miserable death the year before. Shakespeare already had the running to himself. Jonson appears first in the employment of Philip Henslowe, the exploiter of several troupes of players, manager, and father-in-law of the famous actor, Edward Alleyn. From entries in "Henslowe's Diary," a species of theatrical account book which has been handed down to us, we know that Jonson was connected with the Admiral's men; for he borrowed 4 pounds of Henslowe, July 28, 1597, paying back 3s. 9d. on the same day on account of his "share" (in what is not altogether clear); while later, on December 3, of the same year, Henslowe advanced 20s. to him "upon a book which he showed the plot unto
the company which he promised to deliver unto the company at Christmas next." In the next August Jonson was in collaboration with Chettle and Porter in a play called "Hot Anger Soon Cold." All this points to an association with Henslowe of some duration, as no mere tyro would be thus paid in advance upon mere promise. From allusions in Dekker's play, "Satiromastix," it appears that Jonson, like Shakespeare, began life as an actor, and that he "ambled in a leather pitch by a play-wagon" taking at one time the part of Hieronimo in Kyd's famous play, "The Spanish Tragedy." By the beginning of 1598, Jonson, though still in needy circumstances, had begun to receive recognition. Francis Meres--well known for his "Comparative Discourse of our English Poets with the Greek, Latin, and Italian Poets," printed in 1598, and for his mention therein of a dozen plays of Shakespeare by title--accords to Ben Jonson a place as one of "our best in tragedy," a matter of some surprise, as no known tragedy of Jonson from so early a date has come down to us. That Jonson was at work on tragedy, however, is proved by the entries in Henslowe of at least three tragedies, now lost, in which he had a hand. These are "Page of Plymouth," "King Robert II. of Scotland," and "Richard Crookback." But all of these came later, on his return to Henslowe, and range from August 1599 to June 1602. Returning to the autumn of 1598, an event now happened to sever for a time Jonson's relations with Henslowe. In a letter to Alleyn, dated September 26 of that year, Henslowe writes: "I have lost one of my company that hurteth me greatly; that is Gabriel [Spencer], for he is slain in Hogsden fields by the hands of Benjamin Jonson, bricklayer." The last word is perhaps Henslowe's thrust at Jonson in his displeasure rather than a designation of his actual continuance at his trade up to this time. It is fair to Jonson to remark however, that his adversary appears to have been a notorious fire-eater who had shortly before killed one Feeke in a similar squabble. Duelling was a frequent occurrence of the time among gentlemen and the nobility; it was an impudent breach of the peace on the part of a player. This duel is the one which Jonson described years after to Drummond, and for it Jonson was duly arraigned at Old Bailey, tried, and convicted. He was sent to prison and such goods and chattels as he had "were forfeited." It is a thought to give one pause that, but for the ancient law permitting convicted felons to plead, as it was called, the benefit of clergy, Jonson might have been hanged for this deed. The circumstance that the poet could read and write saved him; and he received only a brand of the letter "T," for Tyburn, on his left thumb. While in jail Jonson became a Roman Catholic; but he returned to the faith of the Church of England a dozen years later. On his release, in disgrace with Henslowe and his former associates, Jonson offered his services as a playwright to Henslowe's rivals, the Lord Chamberlain's company, in which Shakespeare was a prominent shareholder. A tradition of long standing, though not susceptible of proof in a court of law, narrates that Jonson had submitted the manuscript of "Every Man in His Humour" to the Chamberlain's men and had received from the company a refusal; that Shakespeare called him back, read the play himself, and at once accepted it. Whether this story is true or not, certain it is that "Every Man in His Humour" was accepted by Shakespeare's company and acted for the first time in 1598, with Shakespeare taking a part. The evidence of this is contained in the list
of actors prefixed to the comedy in the folio of Jonson's works, 1616. But it is a mistake to infer, because Shakespeare's name stands first in the list of actors and the elder Kno'well first in the dramatis personae, that Shakespeare took that particular part. The order of a list of Elizabethan players was generally that of their importance or priority as shareholders in the company and seldom if ever corresponded to the list of characters. "Every Man in His Humour" was an immediate success, and with it Jonson's reputation as one of the leading dramatists of his time was established once and for all. This could have been by no means Jonson's earliest comedy, and we have just learned that he was already reputed one of "our best in tragedy." Indeed, one of Jonson's extant comedies, "The Case is Altered," but one never claimed by him or published as his, must certainly have preceded "Every Man in His Humour" on the stage. The former play may be described as a comedy modelled on the Latin plays of Plautus. (It combines, in fact, situations derived from the "Captivi" and the "Aulularia" of that dramatist). But the pretty story of the beggar-maiden, Rachel, and her suitors, Jonson found, not among the classics, but in the ideals of romantic love which Shakespeare had already popularised on the stage. Jonson never again produced so fresh and lovable a feminine personage as Rachel, although in other respects "The Case is Altered" is not a conspicuous play, and, save for the satirising of Antony Munday in the person of Antonio Balladino and Gabriel Harvey as well, is perhaps the least characteristic of the comedies of Jonson. "Every Man in His Humour," probably first acted late in the summer of 1598 and at the Curtain, is commonly regarded as an epoch-making play; and this view is not unjustified. As to plot, it tells little more than how an intercepted letter enabled a father to follow his supposedly studious son to London, and there observe his life with the gallants of the time. The real quality of this comedy is in its personages and in the theory upon which they are conceived. Ben Jonson had theories about poetry and the drama, and he was neither chary in talking of them nor in experimenting with them in his plays. This makes Jonson, like Dryden in his time, and Wordsworth much later, an author to reckon with; particularly when we remember that many of Jonson's notions came for a time definitely to prevail and to modify the whole trend of English poetry. First of all Jonson was a classicist, that is, he believed in restraint and precedent in art in opposition to the prevalent ungoverned and irresponsible Renaissance spirit. Jonson believed that there was a professional way of doing things which might be reached by a study of the best examples, and he found these examples for the most part among the ancients. To confine our attention to the drama, Jonson objected to the amateurishness and haphazard nature of many contemporary plays, and set himself to do something different; and the first and most striking thing that he evolved was his conception and practice of the comedy of humours. As Jonson has been much misrepresented in this matter, let us quote his own words as to "humour." A humour, according to Jonson, was a bias of disposition, a warp, so to speak, in character by which "Some one peculiar quality
A yard of shoe-tie. and. should affect a humour! O. Downright. Brainworm's humour is the finding out of things to the end of fooling everybody: of course he is fooled in the end himself. a supine classicist." Day. But it was not Jonson's theories alone that made the success of "Every Man in His Humour. though Shakespeare never employed the method of humours for an important personage." "Every Man in His Humour" is written in prose. Jonson's comedy merited its immediate success and marked out a definite course in which comedy long continued to run. and with delightfully comic effect." Jonson's comedy of humours. his first great comedy (nor in any other play that he wrote). in a word. or cut of beard." or in "The Merry Wives of Windsor. Scotch. To mention only Shakespeare's Falstaff and his rout. The cable hat-band. John Lyly. or free power to illustrate and heighten our invention as they [the ancients] did. or the Switzers knot On his French garters. and not be tied to those strict and regular forms which the niceness of a few. and his powers. besides "Every Man Out of His Humour. and is the oldest and most persistent species of comedy in the language. or the three-piled ruff. It was not Jonson's fault that many of his successors did precisely the thing that he had reprobated. placing these typified traits in juxtaposition in their conflict and contrast. Dame Quickly. that is. struck the spark of comedy. urging that English drama return to a slavish adherence to classical conditions. Welsh. would thrust upon us." Chapman wrote "A Humourous Day's Mirth. Indeed. degrade "the humour: into an oddity of speech. "The Humourous Lieutenant. None the less." Fletcher later. the comedy of humours itself is only a heightened variety of the comedy of manners which represents life. of dress. an eccentricity of manner. Bobadill's humour is that of the braggart who is incidentally.Doth so possess a man. Bardolph." all are conceived in the spirit of humours. So are the captains.. that it doth draw All his affects." The play is admirably written and each character is vividly conceived. Jonson is careful to add: "But that a rook by wearing a pied feather. but we should enjoy the same licence. and the rest. as his name indicates." returned to the title in closing the cycle of his comedies in "The Magnetic Lady or Humours Reconciled." But continuing. who are nothing but form. his spirits." and Jonson. it is more than most ridiculous." such matters as the unities of time and place and the use of chorus): "I see not then. There was an anonymous play called "Every Woman in Her Humour. whether in "Henry IV. is "a plain squire". and Irish of "Henry V. Jonson was neither in this. Pistol."
. and with a firm touch based on observation of the men of the London of the day. a novel practice which Jonson had of his predecessor in comedy. a coward. In their confluctions. Even the word "humour" seems to have been employed in the Jonsonian sense by Chapman before Jonson's use of it. all to run one way. viewed at a satirical angle. conceived of stage personages on the basis of a ruling trait or passion (a notable simplification of actual life be it observed in passing). He says as to the laws of the old comedy (meaning by "laws. "Humour Out of Breath." and Malvolio especially later.
couched in witty and brilliant dialogue and sustained by that righteous indignation which must lie at the heart of all true satire--as a realisation. satirist. if there is one feature more than any other that distinguishes Jonson. and translator."* * The best account of this whole subject is to be found in the edition of "Poetaster" and "Satiromastrix" by J. except of late. The method of personal attack by actual caricature of a person on the stage is almost as old as the drama." a satire in regular form after the manner of the ancients by John Marston. wrote his "Poetaster" on him. 68. a poet. in short. has been regarded as the one in which Jonson was thus "represented on the stage". 1906. and took his pistol from him." a play revised by Marston in 1598. The origin of the "war" has been referred to satirical references. H. although the personage in question. but as a satirical picture of the manners of the time. With the arrogant attitude mentioned above and his uncommon eloquence in scorn. "Histriomastix. and in English drama this kind of thing is alluded to again and again. the beginning[s] of them were that Marston represented him on the stage. levelled at abuses and corruptions in the abstract. and the principals of the quarrel are known. contains two kinds of attack." and in his edition of Jonson. beat him. and invective. vituperation. a fellow playwright. especially under criticism or satire." like the two plays that follow it. Jonson's own statement of the matter to Drummond runs: "He had many quarrels with Marston. and those who have written on the topic. and contemptuous of the common
. and plagiarism. we turn a new page in Jonson's career. apparently to Jonson. was to raise the dramatic lampoon to an art. proceeding by means of vivid caricature." 1892. C.With the performance of "Every Man Out of His Humour" in 1599. Hart in "Notes and Queries. and the excellent contributions to the subject by H. and to this may be added his self-righteousness. This play as a fabric of plot is a very slight affair. epigrams of Jonson have been discovered (49. Chrisogonus. and make out of a casual burlesque and bit of mimicry a dramatic satire of literary pretensions and permanency. by Shakespeare's company once more at the Globe. it is no wonder that Jonson soon involved himself in literary and even personal quarrels with his fellow-authors. On the other hand. "Every Man Out of His Humour" is the first of three "comical satires" which Jonson contributed to what Dekker called the poetomachia or war of the theatres as recent critics have named it. in which specific application is made of all this in the lampooning of poets and others. and 100) variously charging "playwright" (reasonably identified with Marston) with scurrility. of the classical ideal of comedy--there had been nothing like Jonson's comedy since the days of Aristophanes. "Every Man in His Humour. Aristophanes so lampooned Euripides in "The Acharnians" and Socrates in "The Clouds. though the dates of the epigrams cannot be ascertained with certainty. See also his earlier work. the critical or generally satiric. Penniman in "Belles Lettres Series" shortly to appear. it is his arrogance." to mention no other examples. subsequent friend and collaborator of Jonson's. contained in "The Scourge of Villainy. and the personal. Jonson's contemporaries. Here at least we are on certain ground. have not helped to make them clearer. poor but proud. "The War of the Theatres. What Jonson really did. Despite his many real virtues. The circumstances of the origin of this 'poetomachia' are far from clear. cowardice.
already famed for taking the parts of old men. who died before he was thirteen." and "Cynthia's Revels. and the persons revert at times to abstractions. So one time at a tavern Sir Walter Raleigh beats him and seals up his mouth (that is his upper and nether beard) with hard wax. and Marston's work being entitled "The Scourge of Villainy")." was acted in 1600.. of whom gossipy and inaccurate Aubrey relates that he was "a bold impertinent fellow. satirist]. Jonson's literary rivalry of Daniel is traceable again and again. Another of these precocious little actors was Salathiel Pavy. among them Nathaniel Field with whom Jonson read Horace and Martial. An interesting sidelight is this on the character of this redoubtable and rugged satirist." Carlo Buffone was formerly thought certainly to be Marston. a perpetual talker and made a noise like a drum in a room. and that the point of the satire consisted in an intentional confusion of "the grand scourge or second untruss" with "the scurrilous and profane" Chester? We have digressed into detail in this particular case to exemplify the difficulties of criticism in its attempts to identify the allusions in these forgotten quarrels.herd. not pageant-poet. It adds to our wonder that this difficult drama should have been acted by the Children of Queen Elizabeth's Chapel. In "The Case is Altered" there is clear ridicule in the character Antonio Balladino of Anthony Munday. As to the personages actually ridiculed in "Every Man Out of His Humour. the action to allegory." and elsewhere as the "grand scourge or second untruss [that is. and in the pastoral drama. and profane jester. and while much of the caricature is admirable. in the entertainments that welcomed King James on his way to London. and that. that he should thus have befriended and tenderly
. and whom he taught later how to make plays. We are on sounder ground of fact in recording other manifestations of Jonson's enmity.. accepted poet of the court. but chronologer to the City of London.e. It seems almost certain that he pursued both in the personages of his satire through "Every Man Out of His Humour. they were hence to him his natural enemies. Munday as Puntarvolo and Amorphus. As to Jonson's personal ambitions with respect to these two men. Apparently we must now prefer for Carlo a notorious character named Charles Chester. jester] in "Every Man in His Humour" ['sic'].'. as he was described as "a public. translator of romances and playwright as well. and." the second "comical satire. "Cynthia's Revels. Him Jonson immortalised in one of the sweetest of his epitaphs. especially in the detail of witty and trenchantly satirical dialogue. it is notable that he became." Daniel under the characters Fastidious Brisk and Hedon. From him Ben Jonson takes his Carlo Buffone ['i. he came soon to triumph over Daniel as the accepted entertainer of royalty. scurrilous. of the time" (Joseph Hall being by his own boast the first. as a play. These men held recognised positions to which Jonson felt his talents better entitled him. seems rather a complimentary portrait of Jonson than a caricature. on the accession of the new king. the central idea of a fountain of self-love is not very well carried out." Is it conceivable that after all Jonson was ridiculing Marston. and companion of men of fashion. and impossible than "Every Man Out of His Humour. is even more lengthy. in the masques at court." Here personal satire seems to have absorbed everything. but in these last we venture on quagmire once more. pageant-poet of the city. sonneteer. elaborate. In "Every Man in His Humour" there is certainly a caricature of Samuel Daniel.
holding his head high above the pack of the yelping curs of envy and detraction. Raleigh. dealing with the story of Walter Terill in the reign of William Rufus. not to Jonson. by the Children of the Chapel in 1601. Dekker-Demetrius. once more. the offending poetaster. so to speak." It was this character. the poet Drayton. is bound over to keep the peace and never thenceforward "malign. or detract the person or writings of Quintus Horatius Flaccus [Jonson] or any other eminent man transcending you in merit. the absurd Asinius Bubo." One of the most diverting personages in Jonson's comedy is Captain Tucca. Captain Tucca. and Jonson's only avowed contribution to the fray." It has been held. To the caricature of Daniel and Munday in "Cynthia's Revels" must be added Anaides (impudence). and judicious scholar. and Asotus (the prodigal). Jonson's friend. here assuredly Marston. traduce. Slight and hastily adapted as is "Satiromastix. the just. in all likelihood. "Poetaster" is planned to lead up to the ludicrous final scene in which. While hardly more closely knit in structure than its earlier companion pieces." and he amplified him. The third and last of the "comical satires" is "Poetaster. and "Poetaster" was an immediate and deserved success. and Jonson gave over in consequence his practice of "comical satire. interpreted as Lodge or." acted.remembered these little theatrical waifs." and fashioned to convey the satire of his reply. some of whom (as we know) had been literally kidnapped to be pressed into the service of the theatre and whipped to the conning of their difficult parts. like Asper-Macilente in "Every Man Out of His Humour. more perilously. is made to throw up the difficult words with which he had overburdened his stomach as well as overlarded his vocabulary. and a picturesqueness of speech like that of a walking dictionary of slang. This he hurriedly adapted to include the satirical characters suggested by "Poetaster." is Jonson's self-complaisant portrait of himself. this play was written in fifteen weeks on a report that his enemies had entrusted to Dekker the preparation of "Satiromastix. that when Dekker was engaged professionally." Though Jonson was cited to appear before the Lord Chief Justice to answer certain charges to the effect that he had attacked lawyers and soldiers in "Poetaster. According to the author's own account. But Dekker's play is not without its palpable hits at the arrogance. has recently been shown to figure forth. Crites. he was at work on a species of chronicle history. turning his abusive vocabulary back upon Jonson and adding "an immodesty to his dialogue that did not enter into Jonson's conception." especially in a comparison with the better wrought and more significant satire of "Poetaster. "Satiromastix. the Untrussing of the Humorous Poet. In this attempt to forestall his enemies Jonson succeeded. It may be suspected that
. The absurdity of placing Horace in the court of a Norman king is the result. altogether plausibly." nothing came of this complaint. Marston-Crispinus. to write a dramatic reply to Jonson. "His peculiarity" has been well described by Ward as "a buoyant blackguardism which recovers itself instantaneously from the most complete exposure. In the end Crispinus with his fellow." the town awarded the palm to Dekker. but careless of their puny attacks on his perfections with only too mindful a neglect. and self-righteousness of Jonson-Horace. whose "ningle" or pal. wholly admirable." a dramatic attack upon himself. that Dekker hit upon in his reply. after a device borrowed from the "Lexiphanes" of Lucian. the literary pride.
were very different. on the other. The last years of the reign of Elizabeth thus saw Jonson recognised as a dramatist second only to Shakespeare. entitled "The Return from Parnassus. reading Tacitus. though not written by Shakespeare." which. are afraid of goose-quills. on the one hand. he was only following in the elder dramatist's footsteps. "Sejanus" is a tragedy of genuine dramatic power in which is told with discriminating taste the story of the haughty favourite of Tiberius with his tragical overthrow. his setting. has led to the surmise that Shakespeare may have been that "worthier pen." dating 1601-02. but our fellow Shakespeare hath given him a purge that made him bewray his credit. we find Jonson in active collaboration with Chapman and Marston in the admirable comedy of London life entitled "Eastward Hoe. that many. Jonson was a scholar and a classical antiquarian. Suetonius." There is no evidence to determine the matter.." ii. and wrote his "Sejanus" like a scholar. Jonson. But Jonson's idea of a play on classical history. we learn that the children's company (acting the plays of Jonson) did "so berattle the common stages." three years later and with Shakespeare's company once more. "Troilus and Cressida" has been thought by some to be the play in which Shakespeare thus "put down" his friend. so that Shakespeare was making no new departure when he wrote his "Julius Caesar" about 1600. was staged by his company. A wiser interpretation finds the "purge" in "Satiromastix. giving the poets a pill. and not second even to him as a dramatic satirist." Several other plays have been thought to bear a greater or less part in the war of the theatres. and on no less an authority than Shakespeare ("Hamlet." Was Shakespeare then concerned in this war of the stages? And what could have been the nature of this "purge"? Among several suggestions. Shakespeare had a finer conception of form. O that Ben Jonson is a pestilent fellow. and dare scarce come thither. and other authorities. Plays on subjects derived from classical story and myth had held the stage from the beginning of the drama." In
. The town was agog with the strife. But Jonson now turned his talents to new fields.much of this furious clatter and give-and-take was pure playing to the gallery. 2). A passage in the address of the former play to the reader. He reprobated this slipshod amateurishness. and therefore with his approval and under his direction as one of the leaders of that company. in which Jonson refers to a collaboration in an earlier version. Our drama presents no truer nor more painstaking representation of ancient Roman life than may be found in Jonson's "Sejanus" and "Catiline his Conspiracy. Heywood some years before had put five straggling plays on the stage in quick succession. too. and somewhat pedantically noting his authorities in the margin when he came to print. In it a much-quoted passage makes Burbage. Among them the most important is a college play. but even he was contented to take all his ancient history from North's translation of Plutarch and dramatise his subject without further inquiry.. to be certain of his facts. In 1605. as a character. aye and Ben Jonson. and Shakespeare's and the elder popular dramatists. and his atmosphere. Therefore when Jonson staged "Sejanus. he brought up Horace. wearing rapiers. declare: "Why here's our fellow Shakespeare puts them all down. all derived from stories in Ovid and dramatised with little taste or discrimination." which followed in 1611.
they stand alone in English drama. On the mechanical and scenic side Jonson had an inventive and ingenious partner in Inigo Jones. and the two testy old men appear to have become not only a constant irritation to each other. while in "The Masque of Christmas. for among its dramatis personae." and "The Gipsies Metamorphosed" especially. for. so to speak. represent Jonson at his height." and many more will be found Jonson's aptitude. who more than any one man raised the standard of stage representation in the England of his day. a comedy or farcical element of relief. but the matter was soon patched up." 1614. Jonson began his long and successful career as a writer of masques. a quarrel with Jones embittered his life." "Pleasure Reconciled to Virtue. Between Jonson and Chapman there was the kinship of similar scholarly ideals. entrusted to professional players or dancers. his taste. a sumptuous show. Marston had dedicated his "Malcontent. especially in his invention of the antimasque. towards the end. and for constructive cleverness. although the plot ends in the
. With the accession of King James. so that the wounds of the war of the theatres must have been long since healed. Voltore (the vulture). In its earliest version a passage which an irritable courtier conceived to be derogatory to his nation. the beauty and dignity of those portions of the masque in which noble lords and ladies took their parts to create. sent both Chapman and Jonson to jail. the Scots. was not the least element of Jonson's contemporary popularity. with "Bartholomew Fair. by their gorgeous costumes and artistic grouping and evolutions. Question has been raised as to whether a story so forbidding can be considered a comedy. his poetry and inventiveness in these by-forms of the drama. "The Silent Woman" in 1609." "Love Freed from Ignorance. He wrote more masques than all his competitors together. The two continued friends throughout life. for such premeditated devices to set and frame. Jonson did not invent the masque. his rascally servant Mosca. at court as well as in the city. is discoverable that power of broad comedy which. for by this time Jonson had influence at court. a court ball had been known and practised in varying degrees of elaboration long before his time. to Sir Politic Would-be and the rest. wit and brilliancy of dialogue. "The Alchemist" in the following year. to Jonson." "The Masque of Queens. character successfully conceived in the manner of caricature. from the villainous Fox himself. but intolerable bores at court." "Lovers made Men. These comedies. but. or the Fox. in a sense." is. "Eastward Hoe" achieved the extraordinary popularity represented in a demand for three issues in one year. the royal architect. "Volpone. But this was not due entirely to the merits of the play." in terms of fervid admiration. Its subject is a struggle of wit applied to chicanery. a transition play from the dramatic satires of the war of the theatres to the purer comedy represented in the plays named above. as well. Corbaccio and Corvino (the big and the little raven). and they are of an extraordinary variety and poetic excellence. But Jonson had by no means given up the popular stage when he turned to the amusement of King James. In 1605 "Volpone" was produced. there is scarcely a virtuous character in the play. In "Hymenaei.the previous year. Jonson continued active in the service of the court in the writing of masques and other entertainments far into the reign of King Charles. He enhanced. But Jonson gave dramatic value to the masque.
discomfiture and imprisonment of the most vicious, it involves no mortal catastrophe. But Jonson was on sound historical ground, for "Volpone" is conceived far more logically on the lines of the ancients' theory of comedy than was ever the romantic drama of Shakespeare, however repulsive we may find a philosophy of life that facilely divides the world into the rogues and their dupes, and, identifying brains with roguery and innocence with folly, admires the former while inconsistently punishing them. "The Silent Woman" is a gigantic farce of the most ingenious construction. The whole comedy hinges on a huge joke, played by a heartless nephew on his misanthropic uncle, who is induced to take to himself a wife, young, fair, and warranted silent, but who, in the end, turns out neither silent nor a woman at all. In "The Alchemist," again, we have the utmost cleverness in construction, the whole fabric building climax on climax, witty, ingenious, and so plausibly presented that we forget its departures from the possibilities of life. In "The Alchemist" Jonson represented, none the less to the life, certain sharpers of the metropolis, revelling in their shrewdness and rascality and in the variety of the stupidity and wickedness of their victims. We may object to the fact that the only person in the play possessed of a scruple of honesty is discomfited, and that the greatest scoundrel of all is approved in the end and rewarded. The comedy is so admirably written and contrived, the personages stand out with such lifelike distinctness in their several kinds, and the whole is animated with such verve and resourcefulness that "The Alchemist" is a new marvel every time it is read. Lastly of this group comes the tremendous comedy, "Bartholomew Fair," less clear cut, less definite, and less structurally worthy of praise than its three predecessors, but full of the keenest and cleverest of satire and inventive to a degree beyond any English comedy save some other of Jonson's own. It is in "Bartholomew Fair" that we are presented to the immortal caricature of the Puritan, Zeal-in-the-Land Busy, and the Littlewits that group about him, and it is in this extraordinary comedy that the humour of Jonson, always open to this danger, loosens into the Rabelaisian mode that so delighted King James in "The Gipsies Metamorphosed." Another comedy of less merit is "The Devil is an Ass," acted in 1616. It was the failure of this play that caused Jonson to give over writing for the public stage for a period of nearly ten years. "Volpone" was laid as to scene in Venice. Whether because of the success of "Eastward Hoe" or for other reasons, the other three comedies declare in the words of the prologue to "The Alchemist": "Our scene is London, 'cause we would make known No country's mirth is better than our own." Indeed Jonson went further when he came to revise his plays for collected publication in his folio of 1616, he transferred the scene of "Every Man in His Humour" from Florence to London also, converting Signior Lorenzo di Pazzi to Old Kno'well, Prospero to Master Welborn, and Hesperida to Dame Kitely "dwelling i' the Old Jewry." In his comedies of London life, despite his trend towards caricature, Jonson has shown himself a genuine realist, drawing from the life about
him with an experience and insight rare in any generation. A happy comparison has been suggested between Ben Jonson and Charles Dickens. Both were men of the people, lowly born and hardly bred. Each knew the London of his time as few men knew it; and each represented it intimately and in elaborate detail. Both men were at heart moralists, seeking the truth by the exaggerated methods of humour and caricature; perverse, even wrong-headed at times, but possessed of a true pathos and largeness of heart, and when all has been said--though the Elizabethan ran to satire, the Victorian to sentimentality--leaving the world better for the art that they practised in it. In 1616, the year of the death of Shakespeare, Jonson collected his plays, his poetry, and his masques for publication in a collective edition. This was an unusual thing at the time and had been attempted by no dramatist before Jonson. This volume published, in a carefully revised text, all the plays thus far mentioned, excepting "The Case is Altered," which Jonson did not acknowledge, "Bartholomew Fair," and "The Devil is an Ass," which was written too late. It included likewise a book of some hundred and thirty odd "Epigrams," in which form of brief and pungent writing Jonson was an acknowledged master; "The Forest," a smaller collection of lyric and occasional verse and some ten "Masques" and "Entertainments." In this same year Jonson was made poet laureate with a pension of one hundred marks a year. This, with his fees and returns from several noblemen, and the small earnings of his plays must have formed the bulk of his income. The poet appears to have done certain literary hack-work for others, as, for example, parts of the Punic Wars contributed to Raleigh's "History of the World." We know from a story, little to the credit of either, that Jonson accompanied Raleigh's son abroad in the capacity of a tutor. In 1618 Jonson was granted the reversion of the office of Master of the Revels, a post for which he was peculiarly fitted; but he did not live to enjoy its perquisites. Jonson was honoured with degrees by both universities, though when and under what circumstances is not known. It has been said that he narrowly escaped the honour of knighthood, which the satirists of the day averred King James was wont to lavish with an indiscriminate hand. Worse men were made knights in his day than worthy Ben Jonson. From 1616 to the close of the reign of King James, Jonson produced nothing for the stage. But he "prosecuted" what he calls "his wonted studies" with such assiduity that he became in reality, as by report, one of the most learned men of his time. Jonson's theory of authorship involved a wide acquaintance with books and "an ability," as he put it, "to convert the substance or riches of another poet to his own use." Accordingly Jonson read not only the Greek and Latin classics down to the lesser writers, but he acquainted himself especially with the Latin writings of his learned contemporaries, their prose as well as their poetry, their antiquities and curious lore as well as their more solid learning. Though a poor man, Jonson was an indefatigable collector of books. He told Drummond that "the Earl of Pembroke sent him 20 pounds every first day of the new year to buy new books." Unhappily, in 1623, his library was destroyed by fire, an accident serio-comically described in his witty poem, "An Execration upon Vulcan." Yet even now a book turns up from time to time in which is inscribed, in fair large Italian lettering, the name, Ben Jonson. With respect to Jonson's use of his material, Dryden said memorably of him: "[He] was not only a professed
imitator of Horace, but a learned plagiary of all the others; you track him everywhere in their snow.... But he has done his robberies so openly that one sees he fears not to be taxed by any law. He invades authors like a monarch, and what would be theft in other poets is only victory in him." And yet it is but fair to say that Jonson prided himself, and justly, on his originality. In "Catiline," he not only uses Sallust's account of the conspiracy, but he models some of the speeches of Cicero on the Roman orator's actual words. In "Poetaster," he lifts a whole satire out of Horace and dramatises it effectively for his purposes. The sophist Libanius suggests the situation of "The Silent Woman"; a Latin comedy of Giordano Bruno, "Il Candelaio," the relation of the dupes and the sharpers in "The Alchemist," the "Mostellaria" of Plautus, its admirable opening scene. But Jonson commonly bettered his sources, and putting the stamp of his sovereignty on whatever bullion he borrowed made it thenceforward to all time current and his own. The lyric and especially the occasional poetry of Jonson has a peculiar merit. His theory demanded design and the perfection of literary finish. He was furthest from the rhapsodist and the careless singer of an idle day; and he believed that Apollo could only be worthily served in singing robes and laurel crowned. And yet many of Jonson's lyrics will live as long as the language. Who does not know "Queen and huntress, chaste and fair." "Drink to me only with thine eyes," or "Still to be neat, still to be dressed"? Beautiful in form, deft and graceful in expression, with not a word too much or one that bears not its part in the total effect, there is yet about the lyrics of Jonson a certain stiffness and formality, a suspicion that they were not quite spontaneous and unbidden, but that they were carved, so to speak, with disproportionate labour by a potent man of letters whose habitual thought is on greater things. It is for these reasons that Jonson is even better in the epigram and in occasional verse where rhetorical finish and pointed wit less interfere with the spontaneity and emotion which we usually associate with lyrical poetry. There are no such epitaphs as Ben Jonson's, witness the charming ones on his own children, on Salathiel Pavy, the child-actor, and many more; and this even though the rigid law of mine and thine must now restore to William Browne of Tavistock the famous lines beginning: "Underneath this sable hearse." Jonson is unsurpassed, too, in the difficult poetry of compliment, seldom falling into fulsome praise and disproportionate similitude, yet showing again and again a generous appreciation of worth in others, a discriminating taste and a generous personal regard. There was no man in England of his rank so well known and universally beloved as Ben Jonson. The list of his friends, of those to whom he had written verses, and those who had written verses to him, includes the name of every man of prominence in the England of King James. And the tone of many of these productions discloses an affectionate familiarity that speaks for the amiable personality and sound worth of the laureate. In 1619, growing unwieldy through inactivity, Jonson hit upon the heroic remedy of a journey afoot to Scotland. On his way thither and back he was hospitably received at the houses of many friends and by those to whom his friends had recommended him. When he arrived in Edinburgh, the burgesses met to grant him the freedom of the city, and Drummond, foremost of Scottish poets, was proud to entertain him for weeks as his guest at Hawthornden. Some of the noblest of Jonson's poems were inspired by friendship. Such is the fine "Ode to the memory of Sir Lucius Cary and Sir Henry Moryson," and that admirable piece of critical insight and filial
affection, prefixed to the first Shakespeare folio, "To the memory of my beloved master, William Shakespeare, and what he hath left us," to mention only these. Nor can the earlier "Epode," beginning "Not to know vice at all," be matched in stately gravity and gnomic wisdom in its own wise and stately age. But if Jonson had deserted the stage after the publication of his folio and up to the end of the reign of King James, he was far from inactive; for year after year his inexhaustible inventiveness continued to contribute to the masquing and entertainment at court. In "The Golden Age Restored," Pallas turns the Iron Age with its attendant evils into statues which sink out of sight; in "Pleasure Reconciled to Virtue," Atlas figures represented as an old man, his shoulders covered with snow, and Comus, "the god of cheer or the belly," is one of the characters, a circumstance which an imaginative boy of ten, named John Milton, was not to forget. "Pan's Anniversary," late in the reign of James, proclaimed that Jonson had not yet forgotten how to write exquisite lyrics, and "The Gipsies Metamorphosed" displayed the old drollery and broad humorous stroke still unimpaired and unmatchable. These, too, and the earlier years of Charles were the days of the Apollo Room of the Devil Tavern where Jonson presided, the absolute monarch of English literary Bohemia. We hear of a room blazoned about with Jonson's own judicious "Leges Convivales" in letters of gold, of a company made up of the choicest spirits of the time, devotedly attached to their veteran dictator, his reminiscences, opinions, affections, and enmities. And we hear, too, of valorous potations; but in the words of Herrick addressed to his master, Jonson, at the Devil Tavern, as at the Dog, the Triple Tun, and at the Mermaid, "We such clusters had As made us nobly wild, not mad, And yet each verse of thine Outdid the meat, outdid the frolic wine." But the patronage of the court failed in the days of King Charles, though Jonson was not without royal favours; and the old poet returned to the stage, producing, between 1625 and 1633, "The Staple of News," "The New Inn," "The Magnetic Lady," and "The Tale of a Tub," the last doubtless revised from a much earlier comedy. None of these plays met with any marked success, although the scathing generalisation of Dryden that designated them "Jonson's dotages" is unfair to their genuine merits. Thus the idea of an office for the gathering, proper dressing, and promulgation of news (wild flight of the fancy in its time) was an excellent subject for satire on the existing absurdities among newsmongers; although as much can hardly be said for "The Magnetic Lady," who, in her bounty, draws to her personages of differing humours to reconcile them in the end according to the alternative title, or "Humours Reconciled." These last plays of the old dramatist revert to caricature and the hard lines of allegory; the moralist is more than ever present, the satire degenerates into personal lampoon, especially of his sometime friend, Inigo Jones, who appears unworthily to have used his influence at court against the broken-down old poet. And now disease claimed Jonson, and he was bedridden for months. He had succeeded Middleton in 1628 as Chronologer to the City of London, but lost the post for not fulfilling its duties. King Charles befriended him, and
another collection of lyrics and occasional poetry called "Underwoods". When Jonson died there was a project for a handsome monument to his memory. both in his dramas. in the descriptive comments of his masques. and he was not without the sustaining hand of noble patrons and devoted friends among the younger poets who were proud to be "sealed of the tribe of Ben." the masques.S. adapting it to his recollection of his fellow-playwright. At times he follows the line of Macchiavelli's argument as to the nature and conduct of princes. and the project failed. is a commonplace book such as many literary men have kept. "The Sad Shepherd. SCHELLING. as the accident of the moment prescribed. bearing in its various parts dates ranging from 1630 to 1642. that date between 1617 and 1630. A memorial. These last comprise the fragment (less than seventy lines) of a tragedy called "Mortimer his Fall. and another on facile and ready genius. To disparage his memory by citing them is a preposterous use of scholarship. in which their reading was chronicled. and their passing opinions noted." There is also the exceedingly interesting "English Grammar" "made by Ben Jonson for the benefit of all strangers out of his observation of the English language now spoken and in use. or had their reflux to his peculiar notion of the times." FELIX E. and "Timber. Jonson's prose. Shakespeare. with the reference. including some further entertainments. a translation of "Horace's Art of Poetry" (also published in a vicesimo quarto in 1640)." Jonson died. nor is it wanting in a fine sense of form or in the subtler graces of diction. Many passages of Jonson's "Discoveries" are literal translations from the authors he chanced to be reading." is characterised by clarity and vigorous directness." in Latin and English. which he had been some time gathering. was carved on the stone covering his grave in one of the aisles of Westminster Abbey: "O rare Ben Jonson. But the Civil War was at hand. and certain fragments and ingatherings which the poet would hardly have included himself. noted or not. at others he clarifies his own conception of poetry and poets by recourse to Aristotle. passages that took their fancy translated or transcribed. excepting "The Case is Altered." as it is usually called." The "Discoveries. and in the "Discoveries. was printed in 1640. not insufficient.A. is to obscure the significance of words. or Discoveries" "made upon men and matter as they have flowed out of his daily reading. He finds a choice paragraph on eloquence in Seneca the elder and applies it to his own recollection of Bacon's power as an orator. U. and translates it. THE COLLEGE. and a second folio of his works.even commissioned him to write still for the entertainment of the court. some fifteen. August 6. 1637. To call such passages--which Jonson never intended for publication--plagiarism." and three acts of a pastoral drama of much beauty and poetic spirit. PHILADELPHIA. It included all the plays mentioned in the foregoing paragraphs.
The Divell is an Asse. WORKS: Fol. To Jonson have also been attributed additions to Kyd's Jeronymo. 1609. 1875. Hor. fol. fol. 4to. Underwoods.. 4to. 1641. or the Silent Woman. 1692. made by Ben Jonson for the benefit of Strangers. 4to.. his Conspiracy. 1640. Flaccus his art of Poetry. with Introduction by C. 4to. Cunningham. Sejanus. 4to. or Discoveries made upon Men and Matter. 1607. The Staple of Newes.. 1612. fol.. published in fols... 2. 1641. 8vo. The Sad Shepherd.. The Forrest. 1605. Every Man out of his Humour. PROSE: Timber. Cynthia's Revels. Masques and Entertainments were published in the early folios. 1640. fol. 4to. Herford. 1640. The English Grammar. 1640. Epicoene... 1631. 1616.. 1600. 1631. Other minor poems first appeared in Gifford's edition of Works.. H. fol. POEMS: Epigrams. 1640. 3 volumes. Catiline. 4to. by Gifford (with Memoir). A Tale of a Tub. by B.. Volpone.. fol. 1605. etc. or Humours Reconcild. in 9 volumes.. and Epigrams. 1756. Mortimer his Fall (fragment). fol. G. 1609 (?). 1631. re-edited by F. Selections: Execration against Vulcan. 4to.. 1692. 1631. 1838. 1601. Leges Convivialis. 1616. Eastward Ho (with Chapman and Marston). fol.. 1816. 1611. 1729.. edited by P. The New Sun. 1640 (1631-41). 1601.
. Bartholomew Fayre. fol. Whalley. fol. 1614 (?). fol. 1893. 1871. 1846. 9 volumes. Englished by Ben Jonson. The Alchemist. by Barry Cornwall (with Memoir). 1640. 1692. The Magnetic Lady.. fol. volume.. Poetaster. 1602.The following is a complete list of his published works:-DRAMAS: Every Man in his Humour. 1640. fol. or a Tale of Robin Hood. and in the Bloody Brother with Fletcher.. 1616. 4to. 7 volumes. 4to. The Case is Altered. 4to. 4to. Nicholson (Mermaid Series). 1716-19. and collaboration in The Widow with Fletcher and Middleton.
Poems. 1906.). 4. BEN JONSON. ed. 1904. 1905. Jonson Anthology. with Biographical and Critical Essay. Beaumont and Fletcher). with earliest known setting. having acquired them. Cambridge University Press. by H. it behoves the careful to provide well towards these accidents. 1886. 1889.
VOLPONE. A. 1901. Eragny Press. ed. with Introduction and Notes by P. occasion. Lyrics (Jonson. C. Masques. A Study of Ben Jonson. 1906.Nine Plays. Swinburne. Symonds (English Worthies). with Introduction by H. and. as that it could raise itself. most equal Sisters. Shakespeare Society. 1886. 1907. Never. Bennett (Carlton Classics). Sidney. 1905. Grosart. SELECTIONS: J. Underwoods. Arber. (Canterbury Poets). Masques and Entertainments. and favourers to it. H. had any man a wit so presently excellent. LIFE: See Memoirs affixed to Works. etc. Songs (from Plays. 1895. OR. Plays (7) and Poems (Newnes). FOR THEIR LOVE AND ACCEPTANCE SHEWN TO HIS POEM IN THE PRESENTATION. Morley (Universal Library). Brave Translunary Things. If this be true. to preserve
. etc. 1890. THE TWO FAMOUS UNIVERSITIES. and that the fortune of all writers doth daily prove it. Morley. the Chap Books. commenders. THE FOX By Ben Jonson
TO THE MOST NOBLE AND MOST EQUAL SISTERS. Symonds. Plays and Poems. Notes of Ben Jonson Conversations with Drummond of Hawthornden. No. A. 1842. with Memoir by H. DEDICATES BOTH IT AND HIMSELF. 1885. ed. Hart (Standard Library). but there must come both matter. 1906. THE GRATEFUL ACKNOWLEDGER. 1906. J.
Application is now grown a trade with many. either to let the learned suffer. or. that I have ever trembled to think toward the least profaneness. though your mere authority were satisfying. and often. look toward the offices and function of a poet. utter their own virulent malice. who cunningly. but may be made obnoxious to construction. I dare not deny a great part of this. that not only their manners. that the writers of these days are other things. under other men's
. that the too much license of poetasters in this time. blasphemy. but the abused name. hath much deformed their mistress. howsoever I cannot escape from some. profanation. for their insolencies. but that they will say. what nation. and am sorry I dare not. nothing but ribaldry. and am studious to justify the bounty of your act. or with a few. a more malicious slander. as is now made the food of the scene: and. especially in dramatic. bawd. there will a reason be looked for in the subject. society. that now. nor can it with any forehead be opposed. but that all are embarked in this bold adventure for hell. they will easily conclude to themselves the impossibility of any man's being the good poet. and there are that profess to have a key for the decyphering of every thing: but let wise and noble persons take heed how they be too credulous. keep old men in their best and supreme state. I fear it not. For. is a most uncharitable thought. to which. and not asquint. creatures. or buffoon. and not my youngest infant but hath come into the world with all his teeth. I would ask of these supercilious politics. a master in manners. if men will impartially. or lust.) look into them. allowed. it were an act of the greatest injustice. their manifold and manifest ignorance doth stick unnatural reproaches upon her: but for their petulancy. as he might not either ingenuously have confest. every day. because in some men's abortive features (and would they had never boasted the light) it is over-true. whilst I bear mine innocence about me. He that is said to be able to inform young men to all good disciplines. as they decline to childhood. and. that I now render myself grateful. yet it being an age wherein poetry and the professors of it hear so ill on all sides. cheater. or so divine a skill (which indeed should not be attempted with unclean hands) to fall under the least contempt. a teacher of things divine no less than human. and nothing remaining with them of the dignity of poet. and can alone. as mine own person. or wisely dissembled his disease? But it is not rumour can make men guilty. is no subject for pride and ignorance to exercise their railing rhetoric upon. I know. all license of offence to God and man is practised. but their natures. I can. I have taken a pride. It is certain. the imputation of sharpness. (I speak of those that are intirely mine. have loathed the use of such foul and unwashed bawdry.that part of reputation most tenderly. what broad reproofs have I used? where have I been particular? where personal? except to a mimic. uttered. are inverted. or general order or state. as they term it. that nothing can be so innocently writ or carried. affirm. worthy to be taxed? yet to which of these so pointingly. or. For my particular. I take him. stage-poetry. that. safe? My works are read. much less entitle me to other men's crimes. But it will here be hastily answered. marry. inflame grown men to all great virtues. to be bitter. without first being a good man. and from a most clear conscience. wherein the benefit of a friend is also defended. I have provoked? What public person? Whether I have not in all these preserved their dignity. effect the business of mankind: this. that comes forth the interpreter and arbiter of nature. recover them to their first strength. or give leave to these invading interpreters to be over-familiar with their fames. which every scribe usurps. Hence is it.
and the reputation of divers honest and learned are the question. with brothelry. approved. who providing the hurts these licentious spirits may do in a state. so racked metaphors. have seen. We never punish vice in our interludes. or. and here made the understanding acquainted with some ground of your favours. meet with censure. though not without some lines of example. but made me studious heretofore. through their insolence. to think it was done of industry: for. as turning back to my promise. if my muses be true to
. For the present. such dearth of sense. to turn the blood of a Christian to water. and those antique relics of barbarism retrieved. so bold prolepses. able to violate the ear of a pagan. as I have cared to be thankful for your affections past. but oft times the bawds. than share with them in so preposterous a fame. if continued. than behold the wounds of private men. wherein. care not whose living faces they intrench with their petulant styles. become the lowest scorn of the age. the easiness. which may most appear in this my latest work. desire rather to see fools and devils. in the strict rigour of comic law. wherein I have laboured for their instruction and amendment. to inform men in the best reason of living. when a name so full of authority.. and the masters are mulcted. to draw their rude and beastly claps. This it is that hath not only rapt me to present indignation. together with the present trade of the stage. "Sibi quisque timet. wherein my fame. may they do it without a rival. and blasphemy. I cannot but be serious in a cause of this nature. and to my crown. to reduce not only the ancient forms. which you. which is the principal end of poesie. the servants. to which I shall take the occasion elsewhere to speak. to the maturing of some worthier fruits. I desire the learned and charitable critic. that were wont to be the care of kings and happiest monarchs. the goings out of whose comedies are not always joyful." And men may justly impute such rages. of princes and nations: for. what learned or liberal soul doth not already abhor? where nothing but the filth of the time is uttered. is. the doctrine. and last. to have so much faith in me. it being the office of a comic poet to imitate justice. or common honesty concealed) make themselves a name with the multitude. and instruct to life. The increase of which lust in liberty. As for those that will (by faults which charity hath raked up. and all great mark. I took the more liberty. as his sports. most learned Arbitresses. drawn even in the ancients themselves. but manners of the scene. etc. and those men subject to the petulancy of every vernaculous orator. that cry out. for me! I choose rather to live graved in obscurity. the rivals. as Horace makes Trebatius speak among these. most reverenced Sisters. and by all my actions. to the writer. with all other ridiculous and exploded follies. quanquam est intactus. judged. or stir up gentle affections. to stand off from them.simplest meanings. yea. let me not despair their continuance. But my special aim being to put the snaffle in their mouths. and with such impropriety of phrase. Nor can I blame the wishes of those severe and wise patriots. antiquity. the innocence. such plenty of solecisms. the propriety. in all their miscelline interludes. as well as purity of language. And though my catastrophe may. and fitly. with what ease I could have varied it nearer his scale (but that I fear to boast my own faculty) I could here insert. et odit.
CORVINO. feature. shall be able to take out the brands. As for the vile and slothful. and majesty. restore her to her primitive habit. a Knight. with his art. NANO. a Merchant. and not Cinnamus the barber. MERCATORI. a Magnifico. 1607. or are so inward with their own vicious natures. an old Gentleman. but they shall live. From my House in the Black-Friars. this 11th day of February. a Dwarf. SIR POLITICK WOULD-BE.
DRAMATIS PERSONAE VOLPONE. with their declamatory and windy invectives. she shall out of just rage incite her servants (who are genus irritabile) to spout ink in their faces. an Advocate. CASTRONE. I shall raise the despised head of poetry again. CORBACCIO. who never affected an act worthy of celebration. and think it an high point of policy to keep her in contempt. and stripping her out of those rotten and base rags wherewith the times have adulterated her form. as things worst deserving of themselves in chief. an Eunuch. three Merchants. and then of all mankind. as they worthily fear her. a Gentleman Traveller. COMMANDADORI. an Hermaphrodite. son to Corbaccio. MOSCA.me. ANDROGYNO. and be read. BONARIO. that shall eat farther than their marrow into their fames. till the wretches die. GREGE (or Mob). VOLTORE. and render her worthy to be embraced and kist of all the great and master-spirits of our world. PEREGRINE. his Parasite. Officers of Justice.
Servants. which ope themselves. Sir Politick's Wife. CELIA. and a little wit Will serve to make our play hit. Now. N ew tricks for safety are sought. whose throats their envy failing. feigns sick. L ies languishing: his parasite receives P resents of all. childless. (According to the palates of the season) Here is rhime. All he writes is railing: And when his plays come forth.
PROLOGUE. rich. luck yet sends us. think they can flout them. two Waiting-women. and all are sold. LADY WOULD-BE. And not as some. E ach tempts the other again. assures. despairs. O ffers his state to hopes of several heirs. This we were bid to credit from our poet.AVOCATORI. In all his poems still hath been this measure. etc. deludes. To mix profit with your pleasure. Whose true scope. not empty of reason. then weaves O ther cross plots.
. four Magistrates. V olpone.
THE ARGUMENT. he was a year about them. Cry hoarsely. they thrive: when bold. if you would know it. Corvino's Wife.
SCENE: VENICE. NOTARIO. With saying. SERVITORI. are told. the Register.
five weeks fully penn'd it. let me kiss. Well did wise poets. without a co-adjutor. persons he observeth. ENTER VOLPONE AND MOSCA. and every relick Of sacred treasure. And so presents quick comedy refined. Wherewith he'll rub your cheeks. my gold: Open the shrine. As might make Bethlem a faction: Nor made he his play for jests stolen from each table. But brighter than thy father. 'Tis known. place. Or any other waking dream on earth:
. thee. [MOSCA WITHDRAWS THE CURTAIN. O thou son of Sol. journey-man. They shall look fresh a week after. Nor hales he in a gull old ends reciting. Nor quaking custards with fierce teeth affrighted. PLATE. or tutor. Yet thus much I can give you as a token Of his play's worth. till red. or like the day Struck out of chaos.
ACT 1. As best critics have designed. Novice. A ROOM IN VOLPONE'S HOUSE. Only a little salt remaineth. but this his creature. From his own hand. that I may see my Saint. The laws of time. AND DISCOVERS PILES OF GOLD. friends. Title that age which they would have the best. But makes jests to fit his fable.To this there needs no lie. Shew'st like a flame by night. in children. With such a deal of monstrous and forced action. amongst my other hoards. Wherewith your rout are so delighted. when all darkness fled Unto the centre. no eggs are broken. SCENE 1. Thou being the best of things: and far transcending All style of joy. by thy glorious name. Am I.1. to view thy splendour darkening his. JEWELS. From no needful rule he swerveth. in this blessed room. and next. With adoration.] Hail the world's soul. and mine! more glad than is The teeming earth to see the long'd-for sun Peep through the horns of the celestial Ram. ETC. parents. And though he dares give them five lives to mend it. To stop gaps in his loose writing. Which was two months since no feature. That lying here. VOLP: Good morning to the day. All gall and copperas from his ink he draineth. with laughter.
and beat the air for vengeance. your poor observer. You lothe the widdow's or the orphan's tears Should wash your pavements. to me. Riches are in fortune A greater good than wisdom is in nature. Your eunuch. dares not taste the smallest grain. Thou art virtue. and all things else. corn. I turn no monies in the public bank. You are not like a thresher that doth stand With a huge flail. to grind them into powder: I blow no subtle glass. and coffin them alive In some kind clasping prison. Who can get thee. valiant. and yet mak'st men do all things. who hath fill'd his vaults With Romagnia. Is made worth heaven. or their piteous cries Ring in your roofs. that giv'st all men tongues. Than in the glad possession. sir.
. no venture. VOLP: True. And. watching a heap of corn. I do lothe it. and such bitter herbs. That canst do nought. fame. my beloved Mosca. Nor like the merchant. when the flesh is rotten: But your sweet nature doth abhor these courses. You shall have some will swallow A melting heir as glibly as your Dutch Will pills of butter. Oil. VOLP: Right. Tear forth the fathers of poor families Out of their beds. honest. Such are thy beauties and our loves! Dear saint. Honour. since I gain No common way. or men. The price of souls. But feeds on mallows. or your hermaphrodite. Mosca. MOS: No sir. and dare give now From that bright heap. Nor usure private. To feed the shambles.-MOS: And what he will.Thy looks when they to Venus did ascribe. fat no beasts. whilst moths and worms Feed on your sumptuous hangings and soft beds. He shall be noble. wise. Yet drinks the lees of Lombard's vinegar: You will not lie in straw. where their bones May be forth-coming. sir. have no mills for iron. even hell. Or to your dwarf. They should have given her twenty thousand Cupids. I wound no earth with plough-shares. Riches. hungry. nor devour Soft prodigals. I use no trade. with thee to boot. or what other household-trifle Your pleasure allows maintenance. and rich Candian wines. the dumb God. expose no ships To threat'nings of the furrow-faced sea. MOS: And besides. and ne'er purge for it. Yet I glory More in the cunning purchase of my wealth. You know the use of riches.
nor university show. child. came first from Apollo. And draw it by their mouths. sir. And look on that. With hope that when I die (which they expect Each greedy minute) it shall then return Ten-fold upon them. thou strik'st on truth in all. At the siege of old Troy. as they would seem in love: All which I suffer. And thence did it enter the sophist of Greece. fast and loose. That bring me presents. From thence it fled forth.] What should I do. still bearing them in hand. send me plate. Contend in gifts. that whatsoever they rehearse. ally. But cocker up my genius. Where it had the gift to remember all that ever was done. And therefore do entreat you. And they are envious term thee parasite. Crates the cynick.VOLP: Hold thee. and the next toss of her Was again of a whore. And counter-work the one unto the other. no parent. Mercurius his son. To look upon their kindness. and my fool. If you wonder at this. and back again. and take more. by the cuckold of Sparta.] NAN: Now. ANDROGYNO. Which soul. who do will you to know. you will wonder more ere we pass. Mosca. To give my substance to. and live free To all delights my fortune calls me to? I have no wife. my eunuch. whilst some. and made quick transmigration To goldy-lock'd Euphorbus. For know. knaves. the meretrix. seek to engross me whole. but whom I make Must be my heir: and this makes men observe me: This draws new clients daily. May not fare a whit the worse.
.-How now! [RE-ENTER MOSCA WITH NANO. as it self doth relate it: Since kings. knights. to my house. And was breath'd into Aethalides. Hight Aspasia. [EXIT MOS. AND CASTRONE. They do bring you neither play. Hermotimus was next (I find it in my charta) To whom it did pass. That juggler divine. playing with their hopes. she went into a beautiful piece. jewels. coin. as hereafter shall follow. for the false pace of the verse. [GIVES HIM MONEY. And let them make me sport. lords and fools gat it.] Take of my hand. From Pythagore. Letting the cherry knock against their lips. And am content to coin them into profit. Call forth my dwarf. and beggars. here is inclosed the soul of Pythagoras. who was killed in good fashion. Women and men of every sex and age. she became a philosopher. where no sooner it was missing But with one Pyrrhus of Delos it learn'd to go a fishing. covetous Above the rest. room for fresh gamesters.
And shifted thy coat in these days of reformation. what body then took thee? AND: A good dull mule. illuminate brother. or three. pure. when sir lawyer forsook thee! For Pythagore's sake. when first a Carthusian I enter'd. a fool. By others. Or his one. camel. Counting all old doctrine heresy. AND: To the same that I am. prithee. two. NAN: Now quit thee. then thy dogmatical silence hath left thee? AND: Of that an obstreperous lawyer bereft me. BY QUATER! His musics. for heaven. NAN: But not on thine own forbid meats hast thou ventured? AND: On fish. his trigon. sweet soul. In all which it hath spoke. how of late thou best suffered translation. NAN: But from the mule into whom didst thou pass? AND: Into a very strange beast. ox and ass. NAN: And how! by that means Thou wert brought to allow of the eating of beans? AND: Yes. Of those devour flesh. a precise. Or his telling how elements shift. in all thy variation. goat. what is more than a fool. NAN: A creature of delight. But I come not here to discourse of that matter. And gently report thy next transmigration. NAN: O wonderful change. as you see. or his greath oath. mule. Which body would'st thou choose.Besides. his golden thigh. an hermaphrodite! Now. as in the cobler's cock. or a sanctified lie. AND: Like one of the reformed. to keep up thy station? AND: Troth. by some writers call'd an ass. NAN: Why. of that profane nation. this I am in: even here would I tarry. and brock. but I Would ask. Betwixt every spoonful of a nativity pie. NAN: 'Cause here the delight of each sex thou canst vary?
. And will drop you forth a libel. and sometimes one another. And.
] Now. this Was thy invention? MOS: If it please my patron. as behoves us. He's the grace of every feast. And your ladies' sport and pleasure. he? [KNOCKING WITHOUT.] Look. E'en his face begetteth laughter. Hath his trencher and his stool. say. sir. those pleasures be stale and forsaken. MOS: Then it was.
. my clients Begin their visitation! Vulture. kite. VOLP: Fetch me my gown.] MOS: 'Tis Signior Voltore. very. NANO AND CASTRONE [SING. who would not be He. Your fool he is your great man's darling. I know him by his knock. When wit waits upon the fool: O. To dignify that whereof ourselves are so great and special a part. or admiration: Free from care or sorrow-taking.AND: Alas. This learned opinion we celebrate will.]: Fools. Not else.] VOLP: Who's that? Away! [EXEUNT NANO AND CASTRONE. 'tis your fool wherewith I am so taken. VOLP: Now. Selves and others merry making: All they speak or do is sterling. he. The only one creature that I can call blessed: For all other forms I have proved most distressed. My furs and night-caps. begone! [EXIT ANDROGYNO. And he speaks truth free from slaughter. the advocate. And sometimes the chiefest guest. very pretty! Mosca. VOLP: It doth. my couch is changing. No. And let him entertain himself awhile Without i' the gallery. [EXIT MOSCA. Mosca. they are the only nation Worth men's envy. with all our wit and art. Fellow eunuch. NAN: Spoke true. good Mosca. Tongue and bauble are his treasure. as thou wert in Pythagoras still. Fool. now.
there's nought impossible. now they come. if you died to-day. VOLP: My caps. and antique. sir. good Mosca. WITH THE GOWN. my caps. to be learned. Mosca? MOS: Sharp. Mocking a gaping crow? ha. That this would fetch you. VOLP: Good! and not a fox Stretch'd on the earth. as he walks: That this might be the last gift he should give. How he should worship'd be. and reverenced. And he shall pass for a cathedral doctor. when I apprehend What thoughts he has without now.Raven. sir. VOLP: Yes. I am not for them yet-[RE-ENTER MOSCA. ETC. sir. So you can hide his two ambitious ears. have clear way Made for his mule. Fetch him in. and clients. all my birds of prey. and gorcrow. dispatch: I long to have possession Of my new present. man? MOS: I cannot choose. And arms engraven. MOS: Stay. VOLP: Give me my furs.] Why dost thou laugh so. Be call'd the great and learned advocate: And then concludes. and thousands more.
. MOS: O no: rich Implies it. VOLP: Of what bigness? MOS: Huge. Mosca. waited on By herds of fools. Massy. MOS: That. And gave him all. Dispatch.] How now! the news? MOS: A piece of plate. That think me turning carcase. Ride with his furs. VOLP: That's true. What large return would come of all his ventures. as letter'd as himself. [PUTS ON HIS SICK DRESS. with fine delusive sleights. what he should be to-morrow. your ointment for your eyes. Hood an ass with reverend purple. sir. and foot-cloths. with your name inscribed.
VOLP: Thanks. Pray him to come more often. VOLP: I thank him. and let him enter. MOS: Yes. sir. VOLP: Mosca. and catarrhs. VOLT: What says he? MOS: He thanks you.] MOS: You still are what you were. Help. this my posture.I hope. my fain'd cough. and desires you see him often. kind Mosca. I have milk'd their hopes. [EXIT MOSCA. palsy. bought of St Mark. With early visitation. that were too much. which. And hundred such as I am. in succession-VOLP: Nay. And you do wisely to preserve it thus. with your forced functions. MOS: And hath brought A piece of antique plate. my pthisic. He comes. Only you. Cannot but come most grateful. Wherein. I hear him--Uh! [COUGHING. and kind notes Of your good meaning to him. to see you lord of. My apoplexy. when I am lost in blended dust.] Now. and my gout. are he commands his love. Mosca. this three year. to delude these harpies. VOLP: Loving Mosca! 'Tis well: my pillow now. WITH A PIECE OF PLATE. Still.]: What say you? MOS: Sir. MOS: And that.
. signior Voltore is come this morning To visit you. I know. INTRODUCING VOLTORE. Patron! sir! Here's signior Voltore is come-VOLP [FAINTLY. With which he here presents you. VOLP: He is welcome. Of all the rest.] uh! uh! uh! O-[RE-ENTER MOSCA. MOS: You shall live.
]: That he's not weaker.]: I'm sorry. VOLT [PUTTING IT INTO HIS HANDS. as that plate! VOLP: You give. VOLP: You are too munificent. Where is the plate? mine eyes are bad. Uh! uh! uh! uh! I'm sailing to my port. know your good. kind gentleman! Well. VOLT: Am I? VOLP: I feel me going. Uh! uh! uh! uh! And I am glad I am so near my haven. MOS: The plate is here. sir. VOLP: Be not far from me. MOS [ASIDE. MOS: Alas. VOLT: No sir. sir? VOLP: Hearken unto me still. VOLT: Yes. VOLP: I cannot now last long-MOS: You are his heir. sir.MOS: My patron! VOLP: Bring him near. I shall sir. I could as well give health to you. we must all go-VOLT: But. sir? VOLP: I thank you. what you can: I thank you. would to heaven. and shall not be unanswer'd: I pray you see me often. signior Voltore. VOLT: How fare you. where is he? I long to feel his hand. MOS: You are a happy man. Your love Hath taste in this. sir. Mosca--
. it will concern you. To see you still thus weak. sir. MOS: Do you observe that.
I am a man. [could] make knots. could turn. happy. sir. I know no second cause. VOLT: It shall both shine. And [re-] return. and things mere contraries. you will vouchsafe To write me in your family. is a chequin!-[LOUD KNOCKING WITHOUT. VOLT: Thy modesty Is not to know it. Keep the poor inventory of your jewels. He knew. of so perplex'd a tongue. that could speak To every cause. I would not have you seen.
.] Who's that? one knocks. would thrive with their humility. when every word Your worship but lets fall. MOS: Sir. nor scarce Lie still. Husband your goods here. Mosca. That. All my hopes Depend upon your worship: I am lost. so grave. sweet Mosca? MOS: Your desert. for his part. VOLT: Happy. sir. VOLT: But am I sole heir? MOS: Without a partner. sir. that hath not done your love All the worst offices: here I wear your keys. am your steward. we shall requite it. yet all be law. Your plate and monies. And. how he admired Men of your large profession. and undo them. and put it up: these men. VOLT: 'Pray thee hear me: Am I inscribed his heir for certain? MOS: Are you! I do beseech you. without a fee. See all your coffers and your caskets lock'd. he thought he should be blest To have his heir of such a suffering spirit. Give forked counsel. Except the rising sun do shine on me. and the ink scarce dry Upon the parchment. me! By what good chance. sir. So wise. And loud withal. confirm'd this morning: The wax is warm yet. that first took him. sir. Till they were hoarse again. with most quick agility. that would not wag. take provoking gold On either hand.MOS: Age will conquer. and warm thee. MOS: He ever liked your course sir. I oft have heard him say. well.
yet hopes to hop Over his grave. CORB: How does your patron? MOS: Troth. CORB: That's well. Nor yesterday.And yet--pretend you came. [PUTTING THE PLATE TO THE REST. When you do come to swim in golden lard.] Now. [EXIT VOLTORE. sir? Or see a coppy of the will?--Anon!-I will bring them to you.
. sir. sir. sir.] VOLP [SPRINGING UP. Up to the arms in honey. no amends. all this night. as he did. and the old raven's come! MOS: Betake you to your silence. that your chin Is born up stiff. be gone. sir. but slumbers. VOLP: Set the plate away: The vulture's gone. CORB: What! mends he? MOS: No. shall we see A wretch who is indeed more impotent Than this can feign to be. Where is he? MOS: Upon his couch sir. with fatness of the flood. MOS: Keep you still.] Signior Corbaccio! You're very welcome. Away. but remember me: I have not been your worst of clients.]: Excellent Mosca! Come hither. sir: he's rather worse. Think on your vassal. gentle sir. sir.-[ENTER CORBACCIO. and your sleep: Stand there and multiply. VOLT: Mosca!-MOS: When will you have your inventory brought. Here is Corbaccio. newly fall'n asleep. Put business in your face. let me kiss thee.--and. and went in haste: I'll fashion an excuse. CORB: Does he sleep well? MOS: No wink.
CORB: Not I his heir? MOS: Not your physician. no. And worse disease. that your physician Should never be his heir. VOLP [ASIDE. 'tis but to make him sleep. With as much license as a judge. they kill. And these can kill him too. CORB: Ay. sir. I often have Heard him protest. his last sleep. or me. For he but kills. more.CORB: Good! he should take Some counsel of physicians: I have brought him An opiate here. they flay a man. CORB: Why? I myself Stood by while it was made. How does his apoplex? Is that strong on him still?
. CORB: O. Or any man. I do not mean it. so. But gives them great reward: and he is loth To hire his death. sir. it cannot but most gently work: My life for his. I do conceive you. saw all the ingredients: And know. sir. nor their fees He cannot brook: he says.]: Ay. For which the law not only doth absolve them. CORB: 'Say you? 'say you? MOS: He has no faith in physic: he does think Most of your doctors are the greater danger. MOS: No. MOS: Nay. MOS: And then they do it by experiment. where the law condemns. from mine own doctor. to escape. Before they kill him. no. CORB: It is true. MOS: Sir. He has no faith in physic. MOS: He will not hear of drugs. CORB: Right. if he would take it. no.
MOS: I was a coming for you. MOS: Flows a cold sweat. with the swimming of his head? B: O. still. sir. a score of years. and hath left to snort: You hardly can perceive him. excellent! sure I shall outlast him: This makes me young again. sir. and dull. CORB: Good. ha! How does he. MOS: A freezing numbness stiffens all his joints. with a continual rheum. good. Forth the resolved corners of his eyes. CORB: Good symptoms. His speech is broken. and his eyelids hang. CORB: Is't possible? yet I am better. CORB: Nothing! ha?
. he now Hath lost his feeling. 'tis past the scotomy. His face drawn longer than 'twas wont-CORB: How! how! Stronger then he was wont? MOS: No. And makes the colour of his flesh like lead. CORB: Excellent. sir. MOS: His pulse beats slow. CORB: 'Tis good. CORB: Has he made his will? What has he given me? MOS: No. CORB: O. good! MOS: His mouth Is ever gaping. MOS: And from his brain-CORB: I conceive you. and his eyes are set.MOS: Most violent. sir: his face Drawn longer than 'twas wont. that he breathes.
no. do. No talk of opiates. no. MOS: Why. CORB: O. CORB: To be his heir? MOS: I do not know. no.MOS: He has not made his will. to this great elixir! CORB: 'Tis aurum palpabile. CORB: Ay. As I did urge him to it for your good-CORB: He came unto him. MOS [TAKING THE BAG. and presented him this piece of plate.]: By your own scale. did he? I thought so. marry. I shall prevent him. MOS [ASIDE. do. CORB: True: I know it too. CORB: Yes. sir. sir. Here. oh! But what did Voltore.]: Yea. if not potabile. do. do. yet. this your sacred medicine. MOS: Most blessed cordial! This will recover him. here? MOS: He smelt a carcase. MOS: It shall be minister'd to him. sir. do. by no means. MOS: I think it were not best. CORB: Oh. in his bowl. the Lawyer. Mosca. when he but heard My master was about his testament. MOS: Yes. See. Will quite weigh down his plate. this
. sir. This is true physic. sir. sir. look. CORB: What? MOS: To recover him. I have brought a bag of bright chequines. sir. do. CORB: Well. oh.
without thought. will I re-importune him Unto the making of his testament: And shew him this. 'tis your right. and highly meriting. CORB: How. with all my heart. This fit he shall recover. unto your proper issue. MOS: 'Tis better yet. produce your will. make home with speed. your watchings. MOS: At no hand. sir. MOS: And. if he but feel it. Your cares. Your more than many gifts. MOS: Now. how. would I counsel you. good Mosca? MOS: I'll tell you sir. [POINTING TO THE MONEY. whereto you shall inscribe My master your sole heir.] CORB: Good. And last. Or least regard. I Will so advise you. I'll take my venture: Give me it again. frame a will. good. A son so brave. you shall send it unto me. but colour? MOS: This will sir. CORB: How? MOS: All.Will work some strange effect. sir. the better: for that colour Shall make it much more taking. on first advantage Of his gain'd sense.
. Now. your own. therefore forbear. without a rival. Decreed by destiny. when I come to inforce. where. sir. CORB: And disinherit My son! MOS: O. If you will hear. CORB: O. pardon me: You shall not do yourself that wrong. as I will do. CORB: I do conceive you. and your many prayers. your this day's present. There. you shall have it all. CORB: Yes. CORB: 'Tis true. sir. no man Can claim a part: 'tis yours.
sir. CORB: Do you not believe it? MOS: Yes. It hath been all my study. and mere gratitude-CORB: He must pronounce me his? MOS: 'Tis true. and made him your heir: He cannot be so stupid. MOS: Which.) how to work things-CORB: I do conceive. CORB: Publish'd me his heir? MOS: And you so certain to survive him-CORB: Ay. CORB: Still. (I e'en grow gray withal. MOS: I do believe it. my invention. But out of conscience. MOS: 'Tis right. CORB: Mine own project. how he should be The very organ to express my thoughts! MOS: You have not only done yourself a good-CORB: But multiplied it on my son. See. MOS: 'Las. sir-CORB: I thought on that too.The stream of your diverted love hath thrown you Upon my master. MOS: Being so lusty a man-CORB: 'Tis true. when he hath done. sir! heaven knows.
. sweet Mosca. sir. all my care. MOS: Yes. sir. or stone-dead. CORB: This plot Did I think on before.
why not? MOS: Your worship is a precious ass! CORB: What say'st thou? MOS: I do desire your worship to make haste. good rascal. but thy working. Follow your grave instructions. let me kiss thee: I never knew thee in so rare a humour.MOS: You are he. sir! CORB: And-MOS: Your knowledge is no better than your ears. Pour oil into their ears. 'tis done. I go. I but do as I am taught. [EXIT. sir. VOLP: 'Tis true.] VOLP [LEAPING FROM HIS COUCH.
. CORB: I may have my youth restored to me.] MOS: Rook go with you. What a rare punishment Is avarice to itself! MOS: Ay. raven! CORB: I know thee honest. and thy placing it! I cannot hold. do. sir: you know this hope Is such a bait. and send them hence. [GOING.]: You do lie. CORB: Ay. I shall burst! Let out my sides. with our help. 'tis true. MOS: Alas sir. CORB: 'Tis done. do: I'll straight about it. sir. it covers any hook. For whom I labour here. do. CORB: I do not doubt. MOS [ASIDE. MOS: Nor I to gull my brother of his blessing. VOLP: O. give them words. sir. to be a father to thee. let out my sides-MOS: Contain Your flux of laughter.]: O.
death so often call'd on. as to know you. nothing but your name Is in his mouth: Is your pearl orient. here was one. With charms.
. but as good. Is now gone home. Their instruments of eating. CORV: He is not dead? MOS: Not dead. And all turns air! [KNOCKING WITHIN. feigns himself Younger by scores of years. [ANOINTING THEM. flatters his age With confident belying it. All dead before them. Their senses dull. sir: He still calls on you. hopes he may. to your couch again. as if fate Would be as easily cheated on. with your eyes. sir. He knows no man. nor palsy. now! CORV: Why? what? wherein? MOS: The tardy hour is come.] Signior Corvino! come most wish'd for! O. sir. So many fears attending on old age. MOS: Another bout. failing them: Yet this is reckon'd life! nay.VOLP: So many cares. our spruce merchant. yea. as he. like Aeson. now? a third? MOS: Close. going. their very teeth.] --Who's there? [ENTER CORVINO. as no wish Can be more frequent with them.]: Dead.] Who's that there. their seeing. sir. VOLP [LIES DOWN AS BEFORE. hearing. How happy were you. so many maladies. MOS: Perhaps he has So much remembrance left. sir? CORV: I have brought him here a pearl. if you knew it. I hear his voice: It is Corvino. Yea. CORV: How shall I do then? MOS: Why. have his youth restored: And with these thoughts so battens. that wishes to live longer! Feels not his gout. their limbs faint. sir? CORV: Venice was never owner of the like.
MOS: Hark. sir. Here has been Voltore. I still interpreted the nods he made. and ink.VOLP [FAINTLY. And he has brought you a rich pearl. sir. for consent: and sent home th' others. and there I asked him. but. And yet it comforts him to see you-CORV: Say. too. here has been Corbaccio. yet. Whom he would have his heir? "Corvino. CORV: O. good gentleman! How pitiful the sight is! MOS: Tut! forget. here were others too. they were so many. and pen." Who Should be executor? "Corvino. To any question he was silent too. sir? Tell him. Through weakness. it doubles the twelfth caract. Nothing bequeath'd them. I cannot number 'em.
. MOS: Best shew it. Taking the vantage of his naming you. He knows no man. my dear Mosca! [THEY EMBRACE. The weeping of an heir should still be laughter Under a visor.--He's here. sir. Signior Corvino. am I his heir? MOS: Sir. but to cry and curse. I may not shew the will. step and give it him. Till he be dead. I have a diamond for him. Put it into his hand." And. CORV: Why. All gaping here for legacies: but I. his hearing's gone. See how he grasps it! CORV: 'Las. He cannot understand. "Signior Corvino. 'tis only there He apprehends: he has his feeling. VOLP: Signior Corvino! MOS: He calls you. CORV: How do you.] Does he not perceive us? MOS: No more than a blind harper." took Paper.]: Signior Corvino. MOS: Sir. I am sworn.
CORV: His nose is like a common sewer. sir-That look like frozen dish-clouts. or brought up. MOS: 'Tis good! And what his mouth? CORV: A very draught. Faith I could stifle him. or gave him drink: Not those he hath begotten. Can he remember. Like two frog-pits. set on end! CORV [ALOUD. when he was drunk.]: Or like an old smoked wall. In all.--Would you would once close Those filthy eyes of yours. and black-moors. For your incontinence. If it would send you hence the sooner. As well as any woman that should keep him. Knew you not that. on which the rain Ran down in streaks! MOS: Excellent! sir. and Jews. [SHOUTS IN VOL. MOS: 'Pray you. sir. save me:--but he has giv'n them nothing. and thoroughly. CORV: Has he children? MOS: Bastards. MOS: O. the eunuch. credit your own sense. it hath deserv'd it Thoroughly. the fool. Who 'twas that fed him last.] The pox approach. nor name of any servant. still running. instead of skin--Nay help. speak out: You may be louder yet: A culverin Discharged in his ear would hardly bore it. look you. are all his.'S EAR.No face of friend. that's well. rarely with a pillow. and the plague to boot!-You may come near. or more. that flow with slime. and those same hanging cheeks. let me. CORV: That's well. He's the true father of his family. CORV: Do as you will: but I'll begone. MOS: Be so:
. The dwarf. Art sure he does not hear us? MOS: Sure. sir. and add to your diseases. that he begot on beggars. stop it up-CORV: By no means. sir? 'tis the common fable. Some dozen. Cover'd with hide. Gipsies. sir! why.
my companion. Sir Politick Would-be. sir? CORV: Nay. sir. banquets. [EXIT MOS. MOS: Excepting one.] Now is he gone: we had no other means To shoot him hence. Why. MOS: No. CORV: I pray you. Wife to the English knight. sir! why? Why should you be thus scrupulous. Than will Volpone. whom you have made your creature? That owe my being to you? CORV: Grateful Mosca! Thou art my friend. good sir. sir. by eating. begone.-[EXIT CORV. this is better than rob churches. [KNOCKING WITHIN. sir. And if you would be visited?
. a man. Or fat. use no violence. The Turk is not more sensual in his pleasures. a pearl! A diamond! plate! chequines! Good morning's purchase. MOS: Well. (This is the style. dances. and shalt share in all my fortunes. all delights. Prepare Me music.] Let me see. is directed me. to take my pearl. CORV: I will not trouble him now. my fellow. CORV: What's that? MOS: Your gallant wife. yet. My partner.] Who is't? MOS: The beauteous lady Would-be. What a needless care Is this afflicts you? Is not all here yours? Am not I here. VOLP: My divine Mosca! Thou hast to-day outgone thyself. MOS: Puh! nor your diamond. [RE-ENTER MOSCA.It is your presence makes him last so long. at your discretion. pray you. once a month.) Hath sent to know how you have slept to-night.] --Who's there? I will be troubled with no more. but this.
then. MOS: Sir. There is a guard of spies ten thick upon her. and lovely as your gold! VOLP: Why had not I known this before? MOS: Alas. And knows. the wonder. never takes air. She's kept as warily as is your gold. this knight Had not his name for nothing. sir. then: 'Fore heaven. Would tempt you to eternity of kissing! And flesh that melteth in the touch to blood! Bright as your gold. All her looks are sweet. VOLP: When I am high with mirth and wine. and are watch'd As near as they are. Myself but yesterday discover'd it. VOLP: How might I see her? MOS: O.
. Than silver. not possible. Never does come abroad. that they dare let loose Their wives to all encounters! MOS: Sir. each of which is set Upon his fellow. he is politick. examined. though but at her window. She hath not yet the face to be dishonest: But had she signior Corvino's wife's face-VOLP: Has she so rare a face? MOS: O. when he comes in. VOLP: I must see her. The blazing star of Italy! a wench Of the first year! a beauty ripe as harvest! Whose skin is whiter than a swan all over. then.VOLP: Not now: Some three hours hence-MOS: I told the squire so much. sir. MOS: In some disguise. and have all their charge. When he goes out. howe'er his wife affect strange airs. But at a window. All his whole household. snow. or lilies! a soft lip. VOLP: I will go see her. As the first grapes or cherries. I wonder at the desperate valour Of the bold English.
sir. and manners. Yet. sir. A RETIRED CORNER BEFORE CORVINO'S HOUSE. what news. all the world's his soil: It is not Italy. SIR P: So lately! You have not been with my lord ambassador? PER: Not yet. if my fates call me forth. SCENE 2. hath brought me out. MARK'S PLACE. SIR P: I dare the safelier converse--How long. to observe. to a wise man.
. with Ulysses! But a peculiar humour of my wife's Laid for this height of Venice. nor Europe. to learn the language.1. [EXEUNT. with license? PER: Yes. vents our climate? I heard last night a most strange thing reported By some of my lord's followers. ST. and unto which I owe My dearest plots. I protest. PER: What was't. sir. nor France. and I long To hear how 'twill be seconded. SIR P: Pray you. I must Maintain mine own shape still the same: we'll think. SIR P: Sir. AND PEREGRINE. sir. sir. To quote. Nor any disaffection to the state Where I was bred.]
ACT 2. stale. shifting a religion. PER [ASIDE. That must bound me. That idle. Since you left England? PER: Seven weeks. sir? SIR P: Marry. and so forth-I hope you travel.VOLP: That is true. gray-headed project Of knowing men's minds. much less.]: This fellow. antique. it is no salt desire Of seeing countries. ENTER SIR POLITICK WOULD-BE. of a raven that should build In a ship royal of the king's.
and behaviour. sir? SIR P: A poor knight. PER: Your lady Lies here in Venice. and your lion's whelping. I have heard much of you: 'Tis true. strange. in the Tower. As they give out? PER: Six. PER: Good Sir Politick. confirm me. SIR P: What should these things portend? PER: The very day (Let me be sure) that I put forth from London.]: O. be not so. SIR P: On your knowledge? PER: Yes. sir. Suck from one flower. SIR P: Fearful! Pray you. sir. trow? or is gull'd? --Your name. I cry you mercy. for intelligence Of tires. sir. sir. And full of omen! Saw you those meteors? PER: I did.Does he gull me. ofttimes. that speaks him. SIR P: My name is Politick Would-be. SIR P: Now heaven! What prodigies be these? The fires at Berwick! And the new star! these things concurring. I'll tell you a greater prodigy than these. sir. --A knight. SIR P: I am astonish'd. PER: Nay. the spider and the bee. sir. of your raven. and a sturgeon. PER [ASIDE. sir. Among the courtezans? the fine lady Would-be? SIR P: Yes. Were there three porpoises seen above the bridge. sir. sir. and fashions. SIR P: Another whelp! PER: Another.
And those dispensed again to ambassadors. 'Twas either sent from Spain. Well! that same fellow was an unknown fool. in action.There was a whale discover'd in the river. PER: Faith. out of the Low Countries. and such-like: sometimes In Colchester oysters. SIR P: Stone dead! PER: Dead.--Lord! how deeply sir. you apprehend it? He was no kinsman to you? SIR P: That I know of. apricocks. if not maliciously. Sir. And they do lack a tavern fool extremely. this knight. my credit! Will they not leave these projects? Worthy sir. that had waited there. sir? SIR P: While he lived. would be a precious thing To fit our English stage: he that should write But such a fellow. PER: You make me wonder. Upon my knowledge. it seems? SIR P: I did so. musk-melons. SIR P: Is't possible? believe it. for the subversion Of the Stode fleet.] --O. pome-citrons. Were he well known. He has received weekly intelligence. upon my knowledge. SIR P: Is Mass Stone dead? PER: He's dead sir. In oranges. or the archdukes: Spinola's whale. Stone the fool is dead. As high as Woolwich. Few know how many months. upon my life. should be thought to feign Extremely. PER: And yet you knew him.
. I hope You thought him not immortal? [ASIDE. PER: Indeed. SIR P: Sir. in cabbages. and your Selsey cockles. and so I held him. why. For all parts of the world. Lemons. Some other news. I knew him one of the most dangerous heads Living within the state.
PER: Believe it. the meat was cut So like his character. sir. but they Were so extremely given to women. Made their relations. in instruction For my behaviour. From one of their own coat. as he Must easily read the cipher. Take his advertisement from a traveller A conceal'd statesman. as They made discovery of all: yet I Had my advices here. they were return'd. --It seems. and had your languages. at your public ordinary. And flows of state. PER: Strange! How could this be. but I have some general notions. sir? SIR P: Why. sir. you know all? SIR P: Not all sir. And instantly. your Mamuluchi. He could not read. and that they were A kind of subtle nation near to China: SIR P: Ay. ay. as sound a noddle-PER: I have heard. Convey an answer in a tooth-pick. And now stand fair for fresh employment.Nay. sir. as the fashion is. And to't.] This sir Pol will be ignorant of nothing. That your baboons were spies. by those that did employ him: But he could read. which Is yet so rude and raw. if your bounty equal it. May do me great assistance.
. on Wednesday last. SIR P: So 'twas given out. PER: 'Heart! [ASIDE. Whose knowledge. sir. In policy. yet I'd mark The currents and the passages of things. Faith. and so laid. in a trencher of meat. before the meal was done. I hold Myself in no small tie unto my fortunes. I've observed him. and know the ebbs. I do love To note and to observe: though I live out. PER: I have heard. For mine own private use. they had Their hand in a French plot or two. For casting me thus luckily upon you. Free from the active torrent. and my bearing.
Which they have valued at twelve crowns before. SIR P: Fellows. of ingenuous race:-I not profess it. SIR P: Was that the character he gave you of them? PER: As I remember. and honour. FOLLOWED BY PERSONS WITH MATERIALS FOR ERECTING A STAGE. excellent physicians. Which he that cried Italian to me. SIR P: Why this it is. You seem To be a gentleman. I have heard. there 't must be. I had Some common ones. than their own vile med'cines. Which they will utter upon monstrous oaths: Selling that drug for two-pence. Here shall you see one. profest favourites. from out that vulgar grammar. PER: They are quacksalvers. Persons of blood. sir. that spoils all our brave bloods. for travel? PER: Faith. they are most lewd impostors.] PER: Who be these. Trusting our hopeful gentry unto pedants. Fellows of outside.-[ENTER MOSCA AND NANO DISGUISED. came you forth Empty of rules.
. Fellows. Most admired statesmen. SIR P: Pity his ignorance. and mere bark.SIR P: Why. They are the only knowing men of Europe! Great general scholars. where I have been consulted with. that live by venting oils and drugs. to mount a bank. touching some great men's sons. Did your instructor In the dear tongues. The same. sir? MOS: Under that window. ere they part. but my fate hath been To be. And cabinet counsellors to the greatest princes. In this high kind. taught me. SIR P: Why. no less beliers Of great men's favours. never discourse to you Of the Italian mountebanks? PER: Yes. Made all of terms and shreds. The only languaged men of all the world! PER: And.
[VOLPONE MOUNTS THE STAGE.) who gave out. when. I cannot endure to see the rabble of these ground ciarlitani. my friends? MOS: Scoto of Mantua. and shame to our profession. or content to part with my commodities at a cheaper rate. worthy gentlemen. follow. cold on my feet. like stale Tabarine. follow. than I accustomed: look not for it. near the shelter of the Portico to the Procuratia. Nor that the calumnious reports of that impudent detractor. and then come in lamely. calumnies are answer'd best with silence. and my worthy patrons! It may seem strange.SIR P: Sir. Yourself shall judge. much less dejected me. after eight months' absence from this illustrious city of Venice. AND FOLLOWED BY A CROWD OF PEOPLE. Here in this nook. (Alessandro Buttone. who was ever wont to fix my bank in face of the public Piazza. humbly retire myself into an obscure nook of the Piazza. for poisoning the cardinal Bembo's--cook. SIR P: Did not I now object the same? PER: Peace. I wonder yet.
.] Mark but his gesture:--I do use to observe The state he keeps in getting up.]: Mount zany. sir. the fabulist: some of them discoursing their travels. your Scoto Mantuano. you shall behold Another man than has been phant'sied to you. DISGUISED AS A MOUNTEBANK DOCTOR. and of their tedious captivity in the Turks' galleys. PER: 'Tis worth it. with their mouldy tales out of Boccacio. No. sir.--Who is it mounts. SIR P: Is't he? Nay. indeed. hath at all attached. I mean.] VOLP [TO NANO. to tell you true. then I'll proudly promise. MOB: Follow. VOLP: Most noble gentlemen. in public. sir. that I. he comes. as if they meant to do feats of activity. that spread their cloaks on the pavement. that has been wont t'appear In face of the Piazza!--Here. [ENTER VOLPONE. no. follow! SIR P: See how the people follow him! he's a man May write ten thousand crowns in bank here. VOLP: Let me tell you: I am not. Note. as your Lombard proverb saith. sir. I was condemn'd a sforzato to the galleys. should now. that he should mount his bank.
for I have nothing to sell. who are overjoyed that they may have their half-pe'rth of physic. cold. who have half stopt the organs of their minds with earthy oppilations. or your chequin of gold. have detained me to their uses. are able. yet. and my six servants. as a wholesome penance. or windy causes--
. enjoined them by their confessors. finely wrapt up in several scartoccios. for. so fast as it is fetch'd away from my lodging by gentlemen of your city. this rare extraction. when a humid flux. worshipful merchants. honourable gentlemen. or of the purest grape. the riches of the poor! who can buy thee at too dear a rate. his end. what avails your rich man to have his magazines stuft with moscadelli. that proceed either of hot. though it purge them into another world. they were the Christians' galleys. no. that for this time. ay. and apply to the place affected: see what good effect it can work. moist. strangers of the Terra-firma. VOLP: I protest. and senators too: who. shall be the scene of pleasure and delight. take you a ducat. or any other part. and drunk water. to drink nothing but water cocted with aniseeds? O health! health! the blessing of the rich. gentlemen. 'tis this blessed unguento. sir? VOLP: Well. on pain of death. by their splendidous liberalities. since there is no enjoying this world without thee? Be not then so sparing of your purses. by the mutability of air. SIR P: Ay. very well. honourable gentlemen. want not their favourers among your shrivell'd sallad-eating artizans. and play. sir. And worthily. let them go. to kill their twenty a week. starved spirits. SIR P: Excellent! have you heard better language. it makes no matter. for base pilferies. ever since my arrival. are not able to make of this precious liquor. as to abridge the natural course of life-PER: You see his end. SIR P: I told you. that hath only power to disperse all malignant humours. PER: You did so. little or nothing to sell. our bank. VOLP: These turdy-facy-nasty-paty-lousy-fartical rogues. No. falls from your head into an arm or shoulder. And.were the truth known. these meagre. when his physicians prescribe him. or catarrh. is't not good? VOLP: For. with one poor groat's-worth of unprepared antimony. being thus removed from the clamours of the canaglia. sir. and contempt of these. know. I. SIR P: Note but his bearing. where very temperately they eat bread.
The mal caduco. this gives the direction. likewise behind the ears. and. stops a disenteria immediately. ay. That to their books put med'cines all in. sassafras not named. PER: All this. after the unction and fricace. easeth the torsion of the small guts: and cures melancholia hypocondriaca. vomited blood. they had never (Of which they will be guilty ever) Been murderers of so much paper. with the countless catalogue of those I have cured of the aforesaid. eight crowns is high. Ne had been known the Danish Gonswart.--Zan Fritada. a most sovereign and approved remedy. both together may be termed an abstract of the theorick and practick in the Aesculapian art. VOLP: To fortify the most indigest and crude stomach. before the signiory
. Ne yet. this is the physician. the stone. putting but a drop into your nostrils. or but the depositions of those that appeared on my part. SIR P: 'Pray you. sir. being taken and applied according to my printed receipt.]: Had old Hippocrates. the pattents and privileges of all the princes and commonwealths of Christendom. No Indian drug had e'er been famed. prithee sing a verse extempore in honour of it. I never heard the like: or Broughton's books. NANO [SINGS. Or wasted many a hurtless taper. cramps. through extreme weakness. paralysies. Or Paracelsus. 'Twill cost you eight crowns. I! SIR P: Is not his language rare? PER: But alchemy. [POINTING TO HIS BILL AND HIS VIAL. epilepsies. stopping of the liver. retired nerves.--Gentlemen. will not do.PER: I would he had put in dry too. tremor-cordia. But known this secret. Tabacco. applying only a warm napkin to the place. of guacum one small stick. hernia ventosa. were it of one. with his long-sword. and many more diseases. surnamed Oglio del Scoto. this counsels.--for the vertigine in the head. this cures. Nor Raymund Lully's great elixir. And. ill vapours of the spleen. VOLP: No more. observe. iliaca passio. yet. this the medicine. the strangury. if I had but time to discourse to you the miraculous effects of this my oil. or Galen. that.] For. in sum. sir? PER: Most strangely. this works the effect. convulsions. SIR P: How do you like him.
that is his aim. upon notice taken of the admirable virtues of my medicaments. I have been at my book. both it and I am at your service. Some three-pence in the whole! for that 'twill come to. my gossip. for the conglutination. to make of this oil. and return you your felt without burn or stain. But may some other gallant fellow say. and as experimented receipts as yours: indeed. either in exchange. blow. very many have assayed. at less than eight crowns. I always from my youth have endeavoured to get the rarest secrets. For myself. I will undertake. for these may be recovered by industry: but to be a fool born. that is to say. puff. the great Duke of Tuscany. take it. VOLP: You all know. by virtue of chemical art. Fernese. to our price-PER: And that withal. out of the honourable hat that covers your head. but for this time. which we buy of the anatomists. honourable gentlemen. only to present you with the fruits of my travels. bestowed great cost in furnaces. there be divers that make profession to have as good.) but. stills. for then I should demand of you a thousand crowns. to be deprived of it for six. I have neglected the messages of these princes. and earth. mine own offices. blow. six crowns is the price. so the cardinals Montalto. the fire. or vial. sir Pol. O. I ask you not as the value of the thing. or leave it. continual fires.of the Sanita and most learned College of Physicians. when these practitioners come to the last decoction. I am content. or for money. For. and less. air. puff. (as indeed there goes to it six hundred several simples. like apes. with divers other princes. I spared nor cost nor labour. not only to disperse them publicly in this famous city. but I despise money. is a disease incurable. and mine own excellency in matter of rare and unknown secrets.
. and come to the flowery plains of honour and reputation. SIR P: I do assure you. and am now past the craggy paths of study. in courtesy I know you cannot offer me. I never valued this ampulla. ha! Poor wretches! I rather pity their folly and indiscretion. ha. howsoever. and all flies in fumo: ha. and book them. have given me. honourable gentlemen. water. VOLP: But. And gentlemen. alembecks. framed my journey hither. and your illustrious State here. Only to shew my affection to you. to extract the four elements. that happily joy under the government of the most pious and magnificent states of Italy. PER: What monstrous and most painful circumstance Is here. where I was authorised. sir. whilst others have been at the Balloo. where any thing was worthy to be learned. but in all the territories. in imitation of that. to get some three or four gazettes. besides some quantity of human fat.--Tune your voices once more to the touch of your instruments. than their loss of time and money. honourable gentlemen. and preparation of the ingredients. and give the honourable assembly some delightful recreation. which is really and essentially in me.
Wherefore now mark: I ask'd you six crowns. list to my song. beside. it is the powder that made Venus a goddess (given her by Apollo. no. nor a moccinigo. I am in a humour at this time to make a present of the small quantity my coffer contains. the whole world is but as an empire. sir Pol? [CELIA AT A WINDOW ABOVE. that line as a word. that province as a bank. out of some ruins of Asia. nor two. nor half a ducat. I will give it a little remembrance of something. now. so short is this pilgrimage of man (which some call life) to the expressing of it. a pledge of your loves. it was as happily recovered.) that kept her perpetually young. Make no more coil.] O see! the window has prevented you. an object. THROWS DOWN HER HANDKERCHIEF. but buy of this oil. if I should speak to the worth. Would you be ever fair and young? Stout of teeth.]: You that would last long. only. I will come nearer to't. yet not altogether to be despised. a secret of that high and inestimable nature. wherein your eye first descended on so mean. to the rich. (but much sophisticated. that page as a line. and for this timely grace you have done your poor Scoto of Mantua. over and above my oil. of which. I will only tell you. and six crowns. nor four. I will return you. nor five. I will not bate a bagatine. VOLP: Well. that empire as a province. from her deriv'd to Helen. and be advertised. or six hundred pound-expect no lower price. Yet fright all aches from your bones? Here's a med'cine. fill'd her skin. cheerfully. PER: Will you be that heroic spark. I kiss your bounty. nor one.NANO [SINGS. and at the sack of Troy unfortunately lost: till now. who sent a moiety of it to the court of France. by a studious antiquary. that bank as a private purse to the purchase of it. by the banner of my front. than if I had presented it with a double pistolet. to shew I am not contemn'd by you. shall make you for ever enamour'd on that minute. in courtesy. now. and strong of tongue? Tart of palate? quick of ear? Sharp of sight? of nostril clear? Moist of hand? and light of foot? Or. that I will have. clear'd her wrinkles. and to the poor for God's sake. toss your handkerchiefs. VOLP: Lady. at other times. Therefore. shall please it better. you shall not give me six crowns. firm'd her gums. Here is a powder conceal'd in this paper. that the first heroic spirit that deignes to grace me with a handkerchief. Would I reflect on the price? why. you have paid me. colour their
. in this our age. nine thousand volumes were but as one page. cheerfully. for the nones. colour'd her hair. Would you live free from all diseases? Do the act your mistress pleases. to carry something from amongst you. nor three. for.) wherewith the ladies there. Sixpence it will cost you.
I will home.--No house but mine to make your scene? Signior Flaminio. [EXEUNT. in youth it perpetually preserves. PER: Indeed. so I will. makes them white as ivory. here. And call'd the Pantalone di Besogniosi. at this present. I may not lose him. till night. but mine? but mine? [BEATS AWAY VOLPONE. PER: It may be some design on you: SIR P: I know not. all my letters. believe it. To make your properties. SIR P: Nay.hair. Come down. sir?
. will you down. I'll stand upon my guard.2. sir. whereever it but touches. sir? No windows on the whole Piazza. SIR P: This three weeks. VOLP: O. and my shame! come down here. remains with me. firm as a wall. A ROOM IN VOLPONE'S HOUSE. as-[ENTER CORVINO. sir Pol? SIR P: Some trick of state. did they dance like virginal jacks. extracted to a quintessence: so that. I am wounded! MOS: Where. ETC.] SCENE 2.] Heart! ere to-morrow.] COR: Spight o' the devil. PER: This knight. PER: What should this mean. for my mirth. The rest. sir? down? What. is my wife your Franciscina. ENTER VOLPONE AND MOSCA. seats your teeth. sir! Best have a care. in age restores the complexion. NANO. They have been intercepted. PER: It is your best. About the town. all my advices. that were black. I shall be new-christen'd.
VOLP: True: Besides. I not repent me of my late disguise. bolting from her eyes. Whose vent is stopt. and I will. Mosca. MOS: 'Las. Mosca. MOS: If you can horn him. from her refreshing breath. Am but a heap of cinders. he flings about his burning heat. I do confess I was unfortunate. VOLP: So I have. sir. good sir. But angry Cupid. then. I will not bid you to dispair of aught Within a human compass. except thou help me. Mosca. nay. I never meant him for my heir. VOLP: O.-Is not the colour of my beard and eyebrows. Those blows were nothing: I could bear them ever. Employ them how thou wilt. Hath shot himself into me like a flame. more than dear. in this. My liver melts. The fight is all within me. Gold. would thou Had'st never told me of her! MOS: Sir 'tis true. and jewels. shall I hope? MOS: Sir. but crown my longings. Where. No less than duty. coin me too: So thou. I cannot live. sir. As in a furnace an ambitious fire.VOLP: Not without. And you unhappy: but I'm bound in conscience. VOLP: Dear Mosca. To make me known?
. MOS: I doubt not To bring success to your desires. Would you had never seen her! VOLP: Nay. to effect my best To your release of torment. without the hope Of some soft air. MOS: Use but your patience. you need not. plate. now. VOLP: Nay. and I. all's at thy devotion. take my keys. there spoke My better angel.
and fan your favours forth. And be a dealer with the virtuous man. VOLP: I did it well. His saffron jewel. yes! He shall come home. I! For. unmarried. Made of a herse-cloth? or his old tilt-feather? Or his starch'd beard? Well. And as I prosper. Or his embroider'd suit. [EXEUNT. Or. prating mountebank! And at a public window! where. and minister unto you The fricace for the mother. WITH HIS SWORD IN HIS HAND. A crew of old.3. down to the foot. would you not mount? Why. ENTER CORVINO. And save your dowry. A ROOM IN CORVINO'S HOUSE. you shall have him. let me see. with the city's fool! A juggling. so applaud my art. Get you a cittern. Scoto himself could hardly have distinguish'd! I have not time to flatter you now. Stood leering up like satyrs. MOS: So well. you may. lady Vanity.
. if you thought me an Italian.]
SCENE 2. Make one: I'll but protest myself a cuckold. noted letchers. would I could follow you in mine. CORV: Death of mine honour. with the cope-stitch. we'll part. if you'll mount. To give your hot spectators satisfaction! What. With his strain'd action. VOLP: But were they gull'd With a belief that I was Scoto? MOS: Sir. tooth-drawing. and his dole of faces.] --and yet I would Escape your Epilogue. I think you'd rather mount. with the toad-stone in't. To his drug-lecture draws your itching ears. yes truly. was your mountebank their call? their whistle? Or were you enamour'd on his copper rings. you may: And so you may be seen. I'm a Dutchman.MOS: No jot. whilst he. DRAGGING IN CELIA. With half the happiness! [ASIDE. and you smile Most graciously.
as the subject of my justice. dear sir. And might. Nor look toward the window: if thou dost-Nay. Than on a conjurer. makes me use you thus: Since you will not contain your subtle nostrils In a sweet room. sir. all thy race.] --One knocks. Away. that had heedless left His circle's safety ere his devil was laid. CORV: No! not to seek and entertain a parley With a known knave. Being too open. I'll chalk a line: o'er which if thou but chance To set thy desperate foot. Your mother's. than at other times. CORV: What couldst thou propose Less to thyself. thy walks backwards. now I think on't. whore. more hell. return it with a letter. And. Should follow. with as many stabs. than in this heat of wrath And stung with my dishonour.
. But I will make thee an anatomy. First. to imagine. know. and be not seen. brother. That thou shalt know but backwards: nay. [KNOCKING WITHIN. you whore! Thou'dst tremble. have pacience. Or ever stir abroad. stay. As thou wert gaz'd upon with goatish eyes? CEL: Alas.You would be damn'd. CEL: Good sir. Then here's a lock which I will hang upon thee. since you force My honest nature. ere you did this. mother. no doubt. and no pleasure. I should strike This steel into thee. some two or three yards off. pain of thy life. hear this--let me not prosper. more horror More wild remorseless rage shall seize on thee. And point the place where you might meet: your sister's. And till't be done. I will have this bawdy light damm'd up. or your aunt's might serve the turn. all be backwards. Thy lodging shall be backwards. Thy prospect. but to the church? And that so seldom-CORV: Well. To what I now decree: and therefore mark me. before a multitude! You were an actor with your handkerchief. that the murder Of father. when do I make these excuses. CEL: Why. be appeas'd! I could not think My being at the window should more now Move your impatience. it shall be less. And thy restraint before was liberty. Which he most sweetly kist in the receipt. I will keep thee backwards. it is your own. but they must snuff the air Of rank and sweaty passengers.
sir. Whilst I was busy in an inner room-CORV: Death! that damn'd mountebank. [EXIT SERVANT. with a tumbling whore. Some in his nostrils. CORV: Let him come in. Have not I Known him a common rogue. Corbaccio and Voltore brought of it. CORV: Is't not his death? MOS: Rather the contrary. CORV: I am curs'd.] [ENTER SERVANT. and fasting spittle: I know them to a dram. His oil should have that virtue. and read a lecture Upon thee to the city. How? how? how? how? MOS: Why. there. I am bewitch'd.Dissect thee mine own self. welcome! I guess your news. MOS: I fear you cannot. sir. But some on't. CORV: Not his recovery? MOS: Yes. Away! [EXIT CELIA.] Who's there? SERV: 'Tis signior Mosca. a roasted bitch's marrow. my crosses meet to vex me.
. but for the law Now. been glad Of a poor spoonful of dead wine. All his ingredients Are a sheep's gall.] My Mosca.-[ENTER MOSCA. Some few sod earwigs pounded caterpillars.] His master's dead: There's yet Some good to help the bad. I could kill the rascal: it cannot be. And. sir. sir. with flies in't? It cannot be. A little capon's grease. Applying but the fricace. they pour'd into his ears. when he has done all his forced tricks. sir. come fidling in To the osteria. and recover'd him. and in public. with Scoto's oil. MOS: I know not.
what it is. think. and full of juice. Prevent them if you can. signior Lupo. think. CORV: How! MOS: Yes. He knows the state of's body. work me out Of his opinion. CORV: 'Tis true. But they are all so subtle. sir. sir. no: it must be one that has no tricks. I would not do that thing might cross Your ends. But some young woman must be straight sought out. A third would have it a dog. they may delate My slackness to my patron. Where one would have a cataplasm of spices. since it concerns you most. or whatsoever. Which here I thought to pre-acquaint you with. think. therefore-I could entreat you. And to this service. MOS: No. Some wench you may command. they are all Now striving. how they might restore him. am I now employ'd. the college of physicians Consulting on him. For your advice. sir. full of art-And age again doting and flexible. Lusty. think. they have had. and there all your hopes. So as--I cannot tell--we may. With wild cats' skins: at last. Besides. think. the physician. perchance. sir. CORV: Death to my hopes. Because.CORV: Pox o' that fricace. to preserve him. on whom I have my whole dependance. Why? alas. Ventures. One o' the doctors offer'd there his daughter. This is my villainous fortune! Best to hire Some common courtezan. At extreme fees. briefly conclude somewhat.
. Light on a quean may cheat us all. MOS: And since. a creature made unto it. a fourth an oil. are all frustrate! I do but tell you. to sleep by him. most unhappily. Another a flay'd ape clapp'd to his breast. And most unwillingly. was no other means. who shall first present him. I thought on that. CORV: His daughter! MOS: And a virgin. think. sir. there. sir: Yet. to seem the more officious And flatt'ring of his health. they all resolved That. MOS: Ay. Have you no kinswoman? Odso--Think. Some simple thing. if I do it not.
MOS [ASIDE. for I have something else To ripen for your good. which is nothing. Unless 't be for his counsel. I should have motion'd to you. but a fever. sir. The cases are all one of wife and daughter. MOS: Sir. Until I send. Slight! if this doctor. swear it was On the first hearing. is nothing--Wherefore should not I As well command my blood and my affections. But that I would not seem to counsel you.That nought can warm his blood sir. [WALKS ASIDE. you must not know't. tell him with what zeal And willingness I do it. that the rest Of his starv'd clients shall be banish'd all. I'll so possess him with it. Besides sir. My conscience fools my wit! Well.] If any man But I had had this luck--The thing in't self. Nor any incantation raise his spirit: A long forgetfulness hath seized that part. Why! 'tis directly taking a possession! And in his next fit. I know. that am So deeply in? I will prevent him: Wretch! Covetous wretch!--Mosca. And so be thou. CORV: She shall do't: 'tis done.]: I hear him coming. MOS: Sir. 'Tis but to pull the pillow from his head. But come not. As this dull doctor? In the point of honour. I warrant you. Offer his daughter.
. And only you received. I have determined. a plague on't. truly. at the first: And make your count. Mine own free motion. MOS: How. we may let him go. who is not engaged. prepare him. what should I. you have cut all their throats. the thing. But for your scrupulous doubts. And he is throttled: it had been done before. CORV: But do not you forget to send now. as thou mayst do. CORV: Ay. sir? CORV: We'll make all sure. Mosca. lest they should be before us: Go home. I'll be brief. who shall know it? some one or two-CORV: I prithee give me leave. The party you wot of Shall be mine own wife.
Not bred 'mongst clods.--And yet. A STREET. I am confident in thee. and make thee ready. I am so limber. Success hath made me wanton.
. Come. like a subtle snake. if women have a will. or sub-parasites. Come kiss me. At old Volpone's. thy choicest jewels. and. Do not I know. Ha! by this light I talk'd so but to try thee: Methinks the lightness of the occasion Should have confirm'd thee. It is a poor unprofitable humour. In all thy best attire. MOS: I fear. And see I'll give thee cause too. I shall begin to grow in love With my dear self. dropt from above.1. They do so spring and burgeon. and clodpoles. I am not jealous. I muse. It is so liberally profest! almost All the wise world is little else. I think thou thought'st me in earnest. Put them all on. And that the feircest spies are tamed with gold? Tut. ENTER MOSCA. thy best looks: We are invited to a solemn feast. Go. CEL: No! CORV: Faith I am not I. straight.]
ACT 3. thou shalt see't.] CORV: Where are you. But parasites. in nature. blubbering? Come. the mystery was not made a science.] --What. and my most prosperous parts. with them. here on earth. I could skip Out of my skin. They'll do 'gainst all the watches of the world. to believe it. [exeunt. now. [EXIT.MOS: Fear not. O! your parasite Is a most precious thing. where it shall appear How far I am free from jealousy or fear. I can feel A whimsy in my blood: I know not how. SCENE 3. dry those tears. nor never was. wife? my Celia? wife? [RE-ENTER CELIA.
almost together. to bait that sense. Make their revenue out of legs and faces. and be here. others but their zanis. old Corbaccio's son? The person I was bound to seek. no care. or get Kitchen-invention. and some stale receipts To please the belly. [ENTER BONARIO. that can rise. and yonder. You are happily met. Turn short as doth a swallow. And easily stuck on virtue when she's poor. MOS: Why. No family. have no house. BON: That cannot be by thee. all occasion. Echo my lord. But thou shalt give me leave to hate thy baseness. MOS: Baseness! BON: Ay. that can fawn and fleer. Shoot through the air as nimbly as a star. but doth practise it Out of most excellent nature: and such sparks Are the true parasites. Mark bear witness 'gainst you. ere you know me.--Fair sir. yet you are not That. answer me. 'tis inhuman. and therefore mould Tales for men's ears. and however. swifter than a thought! This is the creature had the art born with him.
. thus proceed in censure: St. and lick away a moth: But your fine elegant rascal. nor those. And stoop.I mean not those that have your bare town-art. is not thy sloth Sufficient argument? thy flattery? Thy means of feeding? MOS: Heaven be good to me! These imputations are too common. like an arrow. and the groin. And there. Present to any humour. sir? BON: Nay.] MOS: Who's this? Bonario. and here. With their court dog-tricks. And change a visor. To know who's fit to feed them. all at once. by heaven. pray thee know thy way. You are unequal to me. Your sentence may be righteous. Toils not to learn it. BON: Not I. and leave me: I would be loth to interchange discourse With such a mate as thou art MOS: Courteous sir. sir. Scorn not my poverty.
'tis true. And in my gratitude unto my master. it is From your own simple innocence: which makes Your wrong more monstrous. That might redeem my present estimation. or will be doing. being not born To a free fortune: but that I have done Base offices. it is impossible: I know not how to lend it any thought. But. no doubt. MOS: 'Tis true. I have done it. Prithee. and abhorr'd. I am enforced to eat my careful bread With too much obsequy. sir: The work no way engageth me. Whispering false lies. that. MOS: It is a confidence that well becomes Your piety. MOS: Sir. beside. if you
. As a mere stranger to his blood. BON [ASIDE. which I hear To abound in you: and. 'tis true. it concerns you. and though I may seem. It is. sway'd by strong necessity.-I was to blame. Train'd their credulity with perjuries. And hatred of the wrong. That I am fain to spin mine own poor raiment Out of my mere observance. which I bear all right. and. I must reveal it.] BON [ASIDE. as I claim an interest in the general state Of goodness and true virtue. Let me here perish. for the pure love. BON: This tale hath lost thee much of the late trust Thou hadst with me.]: What! does he weep? the sign is soft and good. sir. and laborious course. but. Corrupted chastity. but would not rather Prove the most rugged. sir. I now will tell you more.[WEEPS. or am in love With mine own tender ease. so to mistake thy nature. Without a second aim. or mining men with praises. This very hour your father is in purpose To disinherit you-BON: How! MOS: And thrust you forth. in rending friends asunder. At first to make a main offence in manners. for which mere respect. forgive me: and speak out thy business. This very minute. I do repent me that I was so harsh. Dividing families. in all hope of goodness. My father should be so unnatural. Yet. betraying counsels. and form'd.]: This cannot be a personated passion.
well met here we be. And every thing. A question it were now. and profest The common issue of the earth. Else why do men say to a creature of my shape. Yet.] SCENE 3. drink. methinks. but for pleasing imitation Of greater men's actions.Shall be but pleas'd to go with me. It's a pretty little ape? And why a pretty ape. is pretty. sir. this feat body of mine doth not crave Half the meat. ENTER VOLPONE. in a ridiculous fashion? Beside. 'tis a pitiful case. My heart Weeps blood in anguish-BON: Lead. ANDROGYNO. I follow thee. it must always come after: And though that do feed him. And score your vengeance on my front and face. His body is beholding to such a bad face. AND CASTRONE. he's little and witty. First for your dwarf. for his brain. as it is little.2. claim the precedency can? CAS: I claim for myself. [KNOCKING WITHIN. if I do it not. and cloth. [EXEUNT. whether of us three. BON: I am amazed! MOS: Sir.] NAN: Dwarf. draw your just sword. Admit your fool's face be the mother of laughter. A ROOM IN VOLPONE'S HOUSE. [ENTER NANO. fool. So soon as they see him. Bring forth your sports. Being all the known delicates of a rich man. one of your bulks will have. VOLP: Mosca stays long. but where Your ear shall be a witness of the deed. In pleasing him. And help to make the wretched time more sweet. AND: And so doth the fool. NAN: 'Tis foolish indeed: let me set you both to school. And I do suffer for you. I'll bring you. Hear yourself written bastard. Mark me your villain: you have too much wrong.]
. I dare not say where you shall see. and eunuch.
] LADY P: I thank you. these petulant things.-[ENTER 1 WAITING-WOMAN. To fright it hence.] --That my fit were past! I fear A second hell too. Mark Deliver us! anon.]: I do feel the fever Entering in at mine ears. sir. and with fair return! NAN [WITHIN. Let me request you. AND CAS. see. for a charm. VOLP: Now torment on me! Squire her in.] Look. enquire.VOLP: Who's there? my couch. [EXIT 1 WOMAN. [EXIT NANO.] --Now. or dwell here for ever: Nay. Because her nose is red. [RETIRES TO HIS COUCH. I am here. How they have done this! VOLP [ASIDE. Cupid Send it be Mosca. bid one of my women Come hither to me. 'Pray you signify Unto your patron.
. quickly.]: It is the beauteous madam-VOLP: Would-be?--is it? NAN: The same. am drest Most favorably. Lord. LADY P: Come nearer: Is this curl In his right place.--I trouble you. O. yet! Or do they not stand even in your head? Where is your fellow? call her. she will beat her women. to-day! It is no matter: 'Tis well enough. first--go.] Give me my caps. For she will enter. AND.--This band Shews not my neck enough. I. see: [EXE.--In good faith. St. how it threats me what I am to suffer! [RE-ENTER NANO. away! look! Nano. or this? Why is this higher Then all the rest? You have not wash'd your eyes. good sir. that my lothing this Will quite expel my appetite to the other: Would she were taking now her tedious leave. WITH LADY POLITICK WOULD-BE.] NAN: Now.
]: Out on my fate! I have given her the occasion How to torment me: she will tell me hers. Read you the principles. LADY P: Me thought. could I remember't-VOLP [ASIDE. here. And. LADY P: Believe me. the golden mediocrity.]: How does my Volpone? VOLP: Troubled with noise. Now. with the dreadful tempest of her breath. at the mention Of any dream: feel.
. and stay. or no? 1 WOM: One hair a little. No more. what will they say of me? "The English lady cannot dress herself. LADY P: Made you acquainted. both approach and mend it. Disputed every fitness. Call'd you to counsel of so frequent dressings-NAN [ASIDE.]: More carefully than of your fame or honour. forsooth. forsooth? and where was your dear sight. in the next room. Able. argued all the grounds. my house. how I tremble yet. view This tire.] VOLP: The storm comes toward me. it's no matter. I sweat. I muse you are not ashamed! I. are all things apt. I cannot sleep. every grace. to get you noble husbands At your return: and you thus to neglect it! Besides you seeing what a curious nation The Italians are. This fucus was too course too." Here's a fine imputation to our country: Well. LADY P [GOES TO THE COUCH. by that light. sticks out. I dreamt That a strange fury enter'd.-Good-sir. forsooth! What now! bird-eyed? And you too? 'Pray you. now. go your ways. When it did so.[RE-ENTER 1 WITH 2 WOMAN. that have preach'd these things so oft unto you. and I Had the most fearful dream. if you do love me. LADY P: Does't so. what an ample dowry The knowledge of these things would be unto you. forsooth. alone. Polite and delicate-VOLP: O. and suffer. you will give them entertainment? [EXEUNT NANO AND WAITING-WOMEN. Did cleave my roof asunder.] LADY P: I pray you.
in the forenoons. Our sex's chiefest ornament. in voice. no. Bugloss.LADY P: Alas. letters. I take it. I'm all for music. Tincture of gold. Seed-pearl were good now. An hour or two for painting. citron-pills. I would have A lady.]: Another flood of words! a very torrent! LADY P: Shall I. or Tasso. dried mints. VOLP: The poet As old in time as Plato. And.]: Ah me. and clothes: and is. your music. sir. we shall not get Some English saffron. and arts. VOLP [ASIDE. VOLP [ASIDE. and part? LADY P: No. or Dante? Guarini? Ariosto? Aretine? Cieco di Hadria? I have read them all. but now. save. I am very well: you need prescribe no more. to write.]: Is every thing a cause to my distruction? LADY P: I think I have two or three of them about me. LADY P: Which of your poets? Petrarch. Your elicampane root. I doubt. as Plato holds.
. Your sixteen cloves. no. and amber: you have muscadel Good in the house-VOLP: You will not drink. good soul! the passion of the heart. a little musk. and as knowing. and barley-meal-VOLP [ASIDE. indeed. half a dram would serve. I have ta'en a grass-hopper by the wing! LADY P: Burnt silk. make you a poultice? VOLP: No. indeed. Says that your highest female grace is silence.]: She's in again! Before I fain'd diseases. Be able to discourse. myrobalanes-VOLP [ASIDE. to paint. But principal. to have all. now I have one. so does wise Pythagoras. boil'd with syrup of apples. LADY P: I have a little studied physic. Is your true rapture: when there is concent In face. fear not that. LADY P: And these applied with a right scarlet cloth. and coral.
and he Would lie you. his pictures are a little obscene-You mark me not. into that part. Then her eternal tongue. or divert them. three. With whom I e'er could sympathise. Make use of our philosophy-VOLP: Oh me! LADY P: And as we find our passions do rebel. in such cases. the sea will sooner both stand still.]: Now. mainly: Almost as much. and be sometimes so rapt. Encounter them with reason. and. and as Plato says. I must Visit you more a days.VOLP [ASIDE. LADY P: Why. VOLP: Alas. Will deign to steal out of this author. Only.
. By giving scope unto some other humour Of lesser danger: as. leaves some certain faeces That stop the organs. trusted them with much: Dante is hard. we must cure ourselves. in faith. LADY P: Here's pastor Fido-VOLP [ASIDE. I mean such as are happy in the Italian. For the incorporating Of these same outward things. than too much Settling and fixing. and few can understand him.]: My good angel save me! LADY P: There was but one sole man in all the world. But. and catching the court-ear! Your Petrarch is more passionate.]: The sun. yet he. my mind is perturb'd. That's now my safest. as from Montagnie. as 'twere. often. four hours together To hear me speak. the spirit Of patience help me! LADY P: Come.]: Profess obstinate silence. And cloud the understanding. VOLP [ASIDE. nothing can 'scape it. in politic bodies. Fitting the time. Assassinate our Knowledge. and make you well: Laugh and be lusty. subsiding Upon one object. He has so modern and facile a vein. there's Aretine. for a desperate wit. Which we call mental. There's nothing more doth overwhelm the judgment. LADY P: All our English writers. In days of sonetting. VOLP [ASIDE.
madam! LADY P: Good sir. I'll discourse. to bring you asleep. MOS: Why. For some six years. in time of pestilence. I'll take her absence. some fate. MOS: 'Tis well.] MOS: God save you. oh. you may apprehend. quickly. sir. oh. Welcome to my redemption. oh! LADY P: For we were coaetanei. rid her hence. just. such a hail of words She has let fall. there. ne'er made Like noise. a cap here. Rid me of this my torture. some fortune rescue me! [ENTER MOSCA. I do not care. I had forgot to tell you.As he would answer me quite from the purpose. upon any price. if you make haste. For hell's sake.-LADY P: Where? MOS: Marry. With any loss. MOS: Madam-LADY P: I have brought your patron A toy. nor scarce Another woman. How we did spend our time and loves together. I saw your knight. Like you. An't be but only. with the everlasting voice: The bells. A lawyer could not have been heard. VOLP: Mosca? welcome. Where you would little think it. Where yet. sir? VOLP: Oh. and you are like him. or were in that perpetual motion! The Cock-pit comes not near it.
. MOS: Has she presented? VOLP: O. My madam. of mine own work. oh. All my house. steam'd like a bath with her thick breath. oh. and brought up-VOLP: Some power. VOLP: Oh. But now.
3 THE PASSAGE LEADING TO VOLPONE'S CHAMBER. fair. [EXIT LADY P.
. sir. at primero.-[EXIT LADY P. I'll tell you more. My spirits are return'd.] Your hopes. With the most cunning courtezan of Venice. with the Will. LADY P: Which way Row'd they together? MOS: Toward the Rialto. and delivery of me. I am alive: And like your wanton gamester. and believe your eyes. not go less. VOLP: Mosca. are like happy blossoms. Methinks I lie. they.Rowing upon the water in a gondole.] VOLP: My blood. For thy quick fiction. hearty thanks. Whose thought had whisper'd to him. Now to my hopes. [THE SCENE CLOSES UPON VOLPONE. When he is gone.] --I knew 'twould take: For. lightly. WOULD-BE. that use themselves most license. to make your gift. sir?-VOLP: Again! I fear a paroxysm. Leave me.] SCENE 3. what say'st thou? [RE-ENTER LADY P. [EXIT. MOS: I pray you. if you will stay But the maturing.] LADY P: But do you hear. take him. And promise timely fruit. and draw--for an encounter. Are still most jealous. LADY P: Is't true? MOS: Pursue them. ENTER MOSCA AND BONARIO. Corbaccio will arrive straight. HASTILY. keep you at your couch. LADY P: I pray you lend me your dwarf.
I'll presently return.] CORV: Where are you. But. but I fear'd You might forget it. sir. [EXEUNT. for a place. MOS: Sir. pray you.] BON: Do so. Celia? You know not wherefore I have brought you hither? CEL: Not well.5. ENTER MOSCA AND BONARIO. and then they prevent us. [EXIT. [EXIT. Cannot my thought imagine this a truth. now there's no helping it. CELIA FOLLOWING. --Well. CORV: Now. your father hath sent word. ANOTHER PART OF THE SAME. here conceal'd. MOS [ASIDE.MOS: Sir. stay here. A CLOSET OPENING INTO A GALLERY.
. [KNOCKING WITHIN.--Yet. what meant you? Did not I say. [SHEWS HIM A CLOSET.4.] SCENE 3. MOS: Death on me! you are come too soon. I would send? CORV: Yes. except you told me. I will: Hark hither. [GOES INTO THE CLOSET.] --the same's your father knocks: I am compell'd to leave you. for his horns? A courtier would not ply it so.]: Prevent! did e'er man haste so.] SCENE 3. ENTER MOSCA AND CORVINO. Have patience.] you may here all.
and a wife. What the physicians have set down.] SCENE 3. let me beseech you. And therefore.6. afore. ENTER CORVINO. There are some books to entertain the time: And I'll take care no man shall come unto you. CORV: Believe it. Nor would I move't. [EXIT. My means. That might deny me. shew yourself Obedient. Resolve upon it: I have so decreed. if not your trust. BON: Yes. Let me live. he can hear nothing: And. why. see you? Go to. For my recovery: wherefore. CEL: O heaven! CORV: I say it. I. sir. and therefore. lock me up for ever: Make me the heir of darkness. Nor horn-mad. FORCING IN CELIA. [ASIDE. he is far enough. Where I may please your fears. CEL: Was this the train? CORV: I've told you reasons.] MOS [LOOKING AFTER HIM. CEL: Sir.--VOLPONE ON HIS COUCH. I can keep him off. and the necessity of those means. MOSCA SITTING BY HIM. for his father. there is no starting back. [EXIT. I have no such humour. CORV: Nay. VOLPONE'S CHAMBER. It must be done.]--I do doubt this fellow. now. if you be
. Do so. if you doubt My chastity.It will be half an hour ere he come. I will stay there. how much It may concern me.]: There. Because I would avoid all shifts and tricks. what my engagements are. Affect not these strange trials. All that I speak I mean. yet I'm not mad. if you please to walk the while Into that gallery--at the upper end.
CORV: I grant you: if I thought it were a sin. or hot Tuscan blood That had read Aretine. be won. sir. And.]: Please you draw near. and mine. Shall come to know it. only knows to gape. (If you'll proclaim't. as if I would go tell it. And honest polity. My joy. to assure mine own. a shadow. and think What hate they burn with toward every sin. Be jealous still. conn'd all his prints. and my pride. Mosca. An old decrepit wretch. This were a sin: but here. CORV: Come on. A pious work. what--
.) I know no other. And I would look upon him. emulate them. my tickling. for touching. But he that cannot speak it. you may. CEL: Are heaven and saints then nothing? Will they be blind or stupid? CORV: How! CEL: Good sir. and this fellow. Should I offer this To some young Frenchman. MOS [ADVANCING. takes his meat With others' fingers. Cry it on the Piazza! who shall know it. I would not urge you. no sinew. CEL: O heaven! canst thou suffer such a change? VOLP: Thou art mine honour. what can this man hurt you? CEL [ASIDE. 'tis contrary. respect my venture. CEL: Before your honour? CORV: Honour! tut. in nature: a mere term Invented to awe fools. Whose lips are in my pocket? save yourself.]: Lord! what spirit Is this hath enter'd him? CORV: And for your fame. That has no sense. and applaud him. Knew every quirk within lust's labyrinth. this is no more. a voice.Loyal. a breath: There's no such thing. What is my gold The worse. And were professed critic in lechery. mere charity for physic. That's such a jig. my delight! Go bring them. When you do scald his gums. clothes for being look'd on? Why.
I'll drag thee hence. uh. my state is hopeless. MOS: Do you hear. I shall grow violent. Cry thee a strumpet through the streets. I am loth--Death! I will buy some slave
. home. VOLP: Oh! MOS: And hearing of the consultation had. sir. I say. do't. come. or unintreated-CORV: Well. MOS: As the true fervent instance of his love. rather: I will take down poison. MOS: To be your comfortress. I am past. when he comes to't. I pray thee. CORV: Heart of my father! Wilt thou persist thus? come. kill me. is come to offer. Will him to pray for me. sir? Go to him with your wife. and you may tell him. uh. Celia. Like a raw rotchet!--Do not tempt me. What I have done for him: marry. Thou seest 'tis nothing. and to preserve you.] uh. MOS: Freely. Yield. already! Pray you. I take His wishes gently. the beauty. is come to see you. do any thing. CEL: Sir. 'Tis a vain labour e'en to fight 'gainst heaven. unask'd. VOLP: Alas. Eat burning coals. by the hair. but for that.-CORV: Be damn'd! Heart. rip up Thy mouth unto thine ears. thank him For his good care and promptness. though. Applying fire to stone-[COUGHING. Only of price in Venice-CORV: 'Tis well urged. here. come. Or rather. So lately. By this hand. Come. uh! Making a dead leaf grow again. and to use his fortune With reverence.You will not be rebellious? by that light-MOS: Sir. sweet Mosca. His own most fair and proper wife. and slit thy nose. for your health. to prostitute-CORV: Thanks. Signior Corvino.
Will eat into thy flesh with aquafortis. this is scurvy. AND EXIT WITH MOSCA. and bind thee to him. sir! She will consider. that hast thy tears prepared.Whom I will kill. She has watch'd her time. I have not deserved it: Think who it is intreats you. sweet. for my sake. I must quit her. CORV: Be not thus obstinate. what you please. yet. and leave her here. and his good angels! whither.--No! not! I shall remember this.-Good faith. esteem yourself as lost. Let us depart. stay there. 'Tis very scurvy: and you are-MOS: Nay. and ask. 'Pray you. CORV: An arrant Locust. no. I am your martyr. a locust! Whore.--Nay. which I. good. gowns. Ods precious. be advised. If you were absent. gentle lady. attires. CEL: Would my life would serve To satisfy-CORV: S'death! if she would but speak to him. alive. sir. What woman can before her husband? 'pray you. 'Prithee.
. whither. now you have put your fortune in her hands. Why i'faith. thou shalt have jewels. by heaven. Thou may'st redeem all. And burning corsives. What thou wilt think. in capital letters. Do but go kiss him. by the blood thou hast incensed.--At my suit. Or touch him.-This once. But spightfully to affect my utter ruin! MOS: Ay. CORV: Sweet Celia. Will you disgrace me thus? Do you thirst my undoing? MOS: Nay. I'll do it! CEL: Sir. she would be more coming.] CEL: O God. I'll say no more: If not. it is her modesty. And save my reputation. you may. but. I know it: and dare undertake for her. it were somewhat. And at my window hang you forth: devising Some monstrous crime. [SHUTS THE DOOR. Now. on this stubborn breast. crocodile. Expecting how thou'lt bid them flow-MOS: Nay. CORV: No.
Is shame fled human breasts? that with such ease, Men dare put off your honours, and their own? Is that, which ever was a cause of life, Now placed beneath the basest circumstance, And modesty an exile made, for money? VOLP: Ay, in Corvino, and such earth-fed minds, [LEAPING FROM HIS COUCH.] That never tasted the true heaven of love. Assure thee, Celia, he that would sell thee, Only for hope of gain, and that uncertain, He would have sold his part of Paradise For ready money, had he met a cope-man. Why art thou mazed to see me thus revived? Rather applaud thy beauty's miracle; 'Tis thy great work: that hath, not now alone, But sundry times raised me, in several shapes, And, but this morning, like a mountebank; To see thee at thy window: ay, before I would have left my practice, for thy love, In varying figures, I would have contended With the blue Proteus, or the horned flood. Now art thou welcome. CEL: Sir! VOLP: Nay, fly me not. Nor let thy false imagination That I was bed-rid, make thee think I am so: Thou shalt not find it. I am, now, as fresh, As hot, as high, and in as jovial plight, As when, in that so celebrated scene, At recitation of our comedy, For entertainment of the great Valois, I acted young Antinous; and attracted The eyes and ears of all the ladies present, To admire each graceful gesture, note, and footing. [SINGS.] Come, my Celia, let us prove, While we can, the sports of love, Time will not be ours for ever, He, at length, our good will sever; Spend not then his gifts in vain; Suns, that set, may rise again: But if once we loose this light, 'Tis with us perpetual night. Why should we defer our joys? Fame and rumour are but toys. Cannot we delude the eyes Of a few poor household spies? Or his easier ears beguile, Thus remooved by our wile?-'Tis no sin love's fruits to steal: But the sweet thefts to reveal; To be taken, to be seen,
These have crimes accounted been. CEL: Some serene blast me, or dire lightning strike This my offending face! VOLP: Why droops my Celia? Thou hast, in place of a base husband, found A worthy lover: use thy fortune well, With secrecy and pleasure. See, behold, What thou art queen of; not in expectation, As I feed others: but possess'd, and crown'd. See, here, a rope of pearl; and each, more orient Than that the brave Egyptian queen caroused: Dissolve and drink them. See, a carbuncle, May put out both the eyes of our St Mark; A diamond, would have bought Lollia Paulina, When she came in like star-light, hid with jewels, That were the spoils of provinces; take these, And wear, and lose them: yet remains an ear-ring To purchase them again, and this whole state. A gem but worth a private patrimony, Is nothing: we will eat such at a meal. The heads of parrots, tongues of nightingales, The brains of peacocks, and of estriches, Shall be our food: and, could we get the phoenix, Though nature lost her kind, she were our dish. CEL: Good sir, these things might move a mind affected With such delights; but I, whose innocence Is all I can think wealthy, or worth th' enjoying, And which, once lost, I have nought to lose beyond it, Cannot be taken with these sensual baits: If you have conscience-VOLP: 'Tis the beggar's virtue, If thou hast wisdom, hear me, Celia. Thy baths shall be the juice of July-flowers, Spirit of roses, and of violets, The milk of unicorns, and panthers' breath Gather'd in bags, and mixt with Cretan wines. Our drink shall be prepared gold and amber; Which we will take, until my roof whirl round With the vertigo: and my dwarf shall dance, My eunuch sing, my fool make up the antic. Whilst we, in changed shapes, act Ovid's tales, Thou, like Europa now, and I like Jove, Then I like Mars, and thou like Erycine: So, of the rest, till we have quite run through, And wearied all the fables of the gods. Then will I have thee in more modern forms, Attired like some sprightly dame of France, Brave Tuscan lady, or proud Spanish beauty; Sometimes, unto the Persian sophy's wife; Or the grand signior's mistress; and, for change, To one of our most artful courtezans,
Or some quick Negro, or cold Russian; And I will meet thee in as many shapes: Where we may so transfuse our wandering souls, Out at our lips, and score up sums of pleasures, [SINGS.] That the curious shall not know How to tell them as they flow; And the envious, when they find What there number is, be pined. CEL: If you have ears that will be pierc'd--or eyes That can be open'd--a heart that may be touch'd-Or any part that yet sounds man about you-If you have touch of holy saints--or heaven-Do me the grace to let me 'scape--if not, Be bountiful and kill me. You do know, I am a creature, hither ill betray'd, By one, whose shame I would forget it were: If you will deign me neither of these graces, Yet feed your wrath, sir, rather than your lust, (It is a vice comes nearer manliness,) And punish that unhappy crime of nature, Which you miscall my beauty; flay my face, Or poison it with ointments, for seducing Your blood to this rebellion. Rub these hands, With what may cause an eating leprosy, E'en to my bones and marrow: any thing, That may disfavour me, save in my honour-And I will kneel to you, pray for you, pay down A thousand hourly vows, sir, for your health; Report, and think you virtuous-VOLP: Think me cold, Frosen and impotent, and so report me? That I had Nestor's hernia, thou wouldst think. I do degenerate, and abuse my nation, To play with opportunity thus long; I should have done the act, and then have parley'd. Yield, or I'll force thee. [SEIZES HER.] CEL: O! just God! VOLP: In vain-BON [RUSHING IN]: Forbear, foul ravisher, libidinous swine! Free the forced lady, or thou diest, impostor. But that I'm loth to snatch thy punishment Out of the hand of justice, thou shouldst, yet, Be made the timely sacrifice of vengeance, Before this altar, and this dross, thy idol.-Lady, let's quit the place, it is the den Of villany; fear nought, you have a guard: And he, ere long, shall meet his just reward.
[EXEUNT BON. AND CEL.] VOLP: Fall on me, roof, and bury me in ruin! Become my grave, that wert my shelter! O! I am unmask'd, unspirited, undone, Betray'd to beggary, to infamy-[ENTER MOSCA, WOUNDED AND BLEEDING.] MOS: Where shall I run, most wretched shame of men, To beat out my unlucky brains? VOLP: Here, here. What! dost thou bleed? MOS: O that his well-driv'n sword Had been so courteous to have cleft me down Unto the navel; ere I lived to see My life, my hopes, my spirits, my patron, all Thus desperately engaged, by my error! VOLP: Woe on thy fortune! MOS: And my follies, sir. VOLP: Thou hast made me miserable. MOS: And myself, sir. Who would have thought he would have harken'd, so? VOLP: What shall we do? MOS: I know not; if my heart Could expiate the mischance, I'd pluck it out. Will you be pleased to hang me? or cut my throat? And I'll requite you, sir. Let us die like Romans, Since we have lived like Grecians. [KNOCKING WITHIN.] VOLP: Hark! who's there? I hear some footing; officers, the saffi, Come to apprehend us! I do feel the brand Hissing already at my forehead; now, Mine ears are boring. MOS: To your couch, sir, you, Make that place good, however. [VOLPONE LIES DOWN, AS BEFORE.] --Guilty men Suspect what they deserve still. [ENTER CORBACCIO.]
Is not more tender'd. last out May.]: How! signior Voltore! [ASIDE. CORB: How does he? will he die shortly. Here is the Will. and making him your heir. CORB: To-day? MOS: No. sir. MOS [SEEING VOLTORE. CORB: This act shall disinherit him indeed. Acquainted with your purpose to my patron.] did he hear me? VOLT: Parasite! MOS: Who's that?--O. sir.] MOS: My life. sir. Vow'd he would kill you.]: This is a knave. most timely welcome--
. I see. BEHIND. [ENTER VOLTORE. I'll not bid you. how now. amazed. MOS: 'Tis well. and my patron. VOLT [COMING FORWARD. unnatural. CORB: Me! MOS: Yes. his sword drawn Sought for you. sir. by no means. Your son. Mosca? MOS: O. call'd you wretch. sir. CORB: Right and well: Be you as careful now for me. I know not by what accident. I am only yours. CORB: Could'st thou not give him a dram? MOS: O. Enter'd our house with violence. think'st thou? MOS: I fear He'll outlast May. sir. undone. Touching your Will. CORB: Nay.Signior Corbaccio! CORB: Why.
first. more. Whilst we expected the old raven. Where he might hear his father pass the deed: Being persuaded to it by this thought. sent hither by her husband-VOLT: What. sir. in comes Corvino's wife. brought. ONLY? and mine. I hear Corbaccio Hath made your patron there his heir. Nay. And your great merit. MOS: Worth your patience. with a present?
. My only aim was to dig you a fortune Out of these two old rotten sepulchres-VOLT: I cry thee mercy. sir. I fear. To the discovery of your tricks. MOS: 'Tis true. also? are you not? MOS: Who? I. MOS: Did you not hear it? VOLT: Yes. And then his father's oft disclaiming in him. That the unnaturalness. hid him here. what success? MOS: Most happless! you must help. Put not your foists upon me. and my conscience. drawn to it by my plot. sir? VOLT: You. You are his. VOLT: Come. of the act. I did. I shall scent them. On which the law should take sufficient hold. sir. (Which I did mean t'help on. And see the change! VOLT: Why. sir.) would sure enrage him To do some violence upon his parent. With hope-VOLT: Your patron should reciprocate? And you have promised? MOS: For your good. sir. By my device. What device is this About a Will? MOS: A plot for you. sir. Mosca. I told his son.VOLT: Scarce. And you be stated in a double hope: Truth be my comfort.
I'll go fetch him. it was a plot: you see What observation is! You mention'd me. and pray for our success. sir.
.MOS: No. Defame my patron.] SIR P: I told you. MOS: Sir. you see! and hence. o'erthrow The projects of a hundred learned clerks. VOLT: This must be stopt.1. rushes forth. at any time. that was his vow) To affirm my patron to have done her rape: Which how unlike it is. sir. MOS: O you do nobly. wounds me. I will. makes her swear (Or he would murder her. VOLT: Bring him to the Scrutineo. defeat you-VOLT: Where is her husband? Let him be sent for straight. sir. Seizeth the lady. for your good. CORB [LISTENING]: What's that? VOLT: Will't please you. go in. sir. FOLLOWED BY VOLTORE. [ENTER SIR POLITICK WOULD-BE AND PEREGRINE. 'twas labor'd all. sir. MOS: Sir. sir. A STREET. VOLP [RISING FROM HIS COUCH.]: Need makes devotion: heaven your labour bless! [EXEUNT. to accuse his father. Nor was there want of counsel in the plot: But fortune can. on visitation. The youth he grows impatient.) and staying long. SCENE 4. to go along? [EXIT CORBACCIO. With that pretext he's gone.]
ACT 4. Alas.] MOS: Patron. (I'll tell you how anon.
for your garb. PER: O. but with caution. at your phrase. not tell a secret On any terms. SIR P: First. for your part. Others I would not know. he has him straight. but at distance. protest. were there no other But simply the laws o' the land. I now have lived here.For some instructions: I will tell you. sir. 'tis some fourteen months Within the first week of my landing here. (Since we are met here in this height of Venice. for your religion. if he see a man Preposterous in the least. All took me for a citizen of Venice: I knew the forms. I'll acquaint you. good sir. PER: Sir. So as I still might be a saver in them: You shall have tricks else past upon you hourly.) Some few perticulars I have set down. Machiavel. sir. most. SIR P: Pardon. scarce A fable. and discourse.]: And nothing else. I meant. The metal of your glass. it must be grave and serious. For they are old. make sure choice Both of your company. sir. proceed: I'll slander you no more of wit. sir. (these are main matters With your Italian. fit to be known Of your crude traveller. profess none. For your Venetian. as they are themes. both Were of this mind. Then must you learn the use And handling of your silver fork at meals. Very reserv'd. and lock'd. or clothes. He has. But wonder at the diversity. I have better. Only for this meridian. not to your father. sir. and Monsieur Bodin.
. he strips him. Nic. beware You never speak a truth-PER: How! SIR P: Not to strangers.) and to know the hour When you must eat your melons. For those be they you must converse with. and your figs. And then. PER: Is that a point of state too? SIR P: Here it is. you could content you. and they are these. of all: And. so well-PER [ASIDE. I will not touch.
and to that purpose: He cannot write his name. without my thousand aims. in hope of pension. I would lay odds now. a cheesemonger. Sent me from one of the states. to serve the state Of Venice with red herrings for three years. I would-PER: What. PER: He's a chandler? SIR P: No. I'll not dissemble. And she shall make me three returns a year: So.]: If I had But one to wager with. And at a certain rate. PER: As how? SIR P: With certain projects that I have. There are some others too with whom I treat About the same negociation. I love to be considerative. Dealt with my Jews to furnish it with moveables-Well. make him a fortune: He should not think again. I have at my free hours thought upon Some certain goods unto the state of Venice. whom I durst trust. from Rotterdam. If my main project fail. I'll do't with ease. 'tis thus. what. then unto the Forty. which I mean. but that's his mark. one man To mine own heart. If two. He tells me instantly. sir. I can defalk:--but this is now. and 'tis true. I save. My means are made already-PER: By whom?
. Which I may not discover. Which I do call "my Cautions. and a boy." and. There's a letter. sir: where'er I come. and that I care not greatly who knows. took me a house. if I could but find one man. sir? SIR P: Make him rich. So to the Ten. to propound To the Great Council.SIR P: I had read Contarene. I would command it. Where I have correspendence. I have cast it all: Your hoy Carries but three men in her. PER [ASIDE. if there come but one of three. And I will undertake it: for. SIR P: One is. PER: Then you have others? SIR P: I should be loth to draw the subtle air Of such a place.
sometimes. Not to anticipate-PER: I. No family is here. sir! SIR P: Nor reveal A circumstance--My paper is not with me. put it in their mouths. or from Any suspected part of all the Levant. with it in our pockets. how to enquire. sometimes. and at such a bigness As might not lurk in pockets. About the Lazaretto. such as they are. how fit it were. though his place be obscure. Sound lovers of their country. Be guilty of the plague: and where they use To lie out forty. and be resolv'd. for their trial. sir. but you can remember. Yet he can sway. Now. By present demonstration. SIR P: My first is Concerning tinder-boxes. and even those Seal'd at some office. one that. without its box. and none the wiser? PER: Except yourself. You must know. That none but such as were known patriots.
. I'll save that charge and loss unto the merchant. sir. come out again. that you or I were ill affected Unto the state. PER: Admirable! SIR P: My next is. I therefore Advertise to the state. it being so portable a thing. Or you. as well as greater: I think I have my notes to shew you-[SEARCHING HIS POCKETS. fifty days.] PER: Good sir. sir. on your gentry. and they will hear him. Might not I go into the Arsenal. SIR P: But you shall swear unto me.SIR P: Sir. Put case. PER: What! a common serjeant? SIR P: Sir. What they should say. SIR P: Go to. whether a ship. PER: O. sir. should be suffer'd To enjoy them in their houses. He's A commandador. then. Newly arrived from Soria.
or their-[EXAMINING HIS PAPERS.And in an hour clear the doubt. It will cost me in onions. SIR P: I would I had my note. in perpetual motion. with water-works. sir. which doth naturally Attract the infection. SIR P: Nay. PER: Indeed. and in that I stick my onions. PER: That I fear'd.] PER: Pray you. sir Pol. that's much. to the Turk. sir. I could shew you reasons How I could sell this state now. conceive me. and your bellows blowing The air upon him. and those bellows I keep. But those the state shall venture: On the one I strain me a fair tarpauling. This is my diary. Or would be made so. cut in halves: the other Is full of loop-holes. SIR P: No. They are there. so would I: But you have done well for once. sir. 'tis nothing. sir. SIR P: I have them not about me. PER: You are right. PER: Pray you let's see. Which is the easiest matter of a hundred. Wherein I note my actions of the day. --Now it is known. out at which I thrust The noses of my bellows. SIR P: Beside my water-works: for this I do. Now. Or else remain as fair as at the first. First. sir. Some thirty livres-PER: Which is one pound sterling. sir. What is here?
. will show. if there be contagion. PER: 'Faith. your onion. sir! SIR P: Or--I will lose my labour. SIR P: Were I false. I bring in your ship 'twixt two brick walls. By his changed colour. Spite of their galleys. instantly. sir. PER: 'My faith.
] How it comes off! 1 WOM: My master's yonder. However he demerit. NANO. Mark's I urined.] "Notandum. [ENTER. jog my knight: I'll be tender to his reputation.] LADY P: Where should this loose knight be. read forth. then he's fast.[READS. A rat had gnawn my spur-leathers. and. She is. notwithstanding. and did go forth: but first I threw three beans over the threshold. for beauty
. but thus I quote it.) [RUBBING HER CHEEKS. I went and bought two tooth-picks. LADY P: Ay. and at St. AT A DISTANCE. AND TWO WAITING-WOMEN. LADY P: That same's the party. Item. From him I went and paid a moccinigo. you shall know her. For piecing my silk stockings. trow? sure he's housed. 'bout ragion del stato. these are politic notes! SIR P: Sir. it is wise! SIR P: Nay." 'Faith. in a discourse With a Dutch merchant. SIR P [SEEING HER]: My lady! PER: Where? SIR P: 'Tis she indeed. but to take him. PER: Believe me. sir. sir. For fashion and behaviour. a lady of that merit. Were she not mine. sir. I do slip No action of my life. stay. whereof one I burst immediatly. NAN: Why. he plays both with me. I pray you. by the way I cheapen'd sprats. (I do not care to hinder. I put on new. LADY P: Where? 1 WOM: With a young gentleman. than his heart is worth. This heat will do more harm To my complexion. LADY POLITICK-WOULD BE. In man's apparel! 'Pray you.
SIR P [INTRODUCING PER. SIR P: Nay. and for discourse-PER: Being your wife. [TO PER. and to persever. I see.]: Lord. Had been more precious to you.I durst compare-PER: It seems you are not jealous. sir. one Has put his face as soon into the world-LADY P: You mean. as early? but to-day? SIR P: How's this? LADY P: Why. He seems a youth. It comes too near rusticity in a lady. but he is-LADY P: None. Which I would shun by all means: and however I may deserve from master Would-be. is not warranted From being a solecism in our sex.-PER [ASIDE. sir. yet T'have one fair gentlewoman thus be made The unkind instrument to wrong another.] sir. this doth not become you. In my poor judgment. master Would-be. of your good name. the symbol of my knighthood. your policy May bear it through. Here is a gentleman. use him fairly. thus.]: Madam. sir. how his brain is humbled for an oath! SIR P: I reach you not. care little for the oath They make to ladies. pray you. in this habit. If not in manners. I would be loth to contest publicly With any gentlewoman. And one she knows not. a word with you.
. as the courtier says. LADY P: Right. she cannot miss that. or violent. I had thought the odour. That dare commend her. or to seem Froward. SIR P: Yes. ay. SIR P: Now by my spurs. chiefly. you apprehend me:-Well. their own ladies. One of your gravity and rank besides! But knights. that you would not Have done this dire massacre on your honour.
Her will I dis'ple. believe it. LADY P: Ay. by far: LADY P: This cannot work you Out of my snare.
. Who here is fled for liberty of conscience. Than thus to be the patron. [EXIT. I blush for you. Or to invite me home. PER: Why. a base fricatrice. with your state-face!-But for your carnival concupiscence. master Would-be. The case appears too liquid. and historic storms? SIR P: The gentleman. I must bid adieu To your delights. your White-friars nation. Your Sporus.] LADY P: Ay. sir. To a lewd harlot. Since you provoke me with your impudence. sir. in a male outside.PER: How is this! SIR P: Sweet madam. PER: This is fine. And you be such a one. SIR P: Nay. am I in it. and will. I. is of worth. PER: Do you hear me. or St. if your knight have set you to beg shirts. George. Come nearer to your aim. then? Indeed your husband told me you were fair. 'gainst you have occasion? Madam-LADY P: Go to. i'faith! And do you use this often? Is this part Of your wit's exercise. LADY P: Marry. lady? Why. And am asham'd you should have no more forehead. From furious persecution of the marshal. And laughter of your light land-syren here. A female devil. you might have done it A nearer way. And of our nation. your hermaphrodite-PER: What's here? Poetic fury. you may carry't clear. Come.
I saw him land this morning at the port. the more I shall conceive You have forgot our quarrel. This young gentleman. madam? LADY P: 'Pray you. NANO. AND WAITING-WOMEN. [EXEUNT LADY WOULD-BE. sir. here I have ta'en disguised. I'll try your salt-head. LADY P: Is't possible! how has my judgment wander'd? Sir. sir-MOS: Will you go. sir Politick Bawd. you shall see her-LADY P: Where? MOS: I'll bring you to her. since you have practised thus Upon my freshman-ship.
. more changes yet! LADY P: I hope you have not the malice to remember A gentlewoman's passion. That side that's next the sun.] PER: This is rare! Sir Politick Would-be? no. I'll protest them To all the world. no aristocracy. lady? LADY P: Why. PER: What. And plead your pardon. LADY P: This cannot be endur'd by any patience. only your nose inclines. [ENTER MOSCA. wise sir Pol. to the queen-apple. madam? LADY P: If the Senate Right not my quest in this. blushing. I must. To bring me thus acquainted with his wife! Well. Before the senate. In faith. the callet You told me of. What proof it is against a counter-plot. I have err'd. MOS: Who? this! what means your ladyship? the creature I mention'd to you is apprehended now. MOS: What is the injury. use me. If you stay In Venice here. MOSCA. say to you. please you to use me.And so you are. The more you see me.] MOS: What is the matter.
now you know the carriage of the business. MOS: Is the lie Safely convey'd amongst us? is that sure? Knows every man his burden? CORV: Yes. [TO VOLTORE. you mean? CORV: Yes. THE SCRUTINEO. But be valiant. that this his pleading Should make him stand for a co-heir-MOS: Co-halter! Hang him.] --Sir. VOLT: Well.] Do not you smile. to see this buffalo. what shall he do? MOS: When we have done. we will but use his tongue. AND MOSCA. I devised a formal tale. How he does sport it with his head? [ASIDE. MOS: Why. CORVINO. OR SENATE-HOUSE. he's half dust already. CORV: I fear no one but him. As we do croakers here. MOS: Then shrink not. sir. peace.[EXIT. If all were well and past. CORB: Ay. And these not know for whom they toil. Your constancy is all that is required Unto the safety of it. CORV: But knows the advocate the truth? MOS: O. only you Are he that shall enjoy the crop of all. [TO CORBACCIO.] SCENE 4.
. CORV: Ay. sir.2. That salv'd your reputation. we'll think: Sell him for mummia. By no means. ENTER VOLTORE. CORBACCIO. his noise.] --I should.
BONARIO. COMMANDADORI. 4 AVOC: The gentlewoman has been ever held Of unreproved name. have done.] [TO VOLTORE. As with a tempest. CELIA. Or the French Hercules. [ENTER AVOCATORI AND TAKE THEIR SEATS. sir. Mercury sit upon your thundering tongue. MOS: I have another witness. but him. and make your language As conquering as his club. VOLT: Who is it? MOS: Sir. if you need. it is so monstrous! 4 AVOC: But the impostor.] 1 AVOC: The like of this the senate never heard of.
. but the old magnifico. flat. VOLT: Here they come. But much more yours. SAFFI. 2 AVOC: 'Twill come most strange to them when we report it. sir. 4 AVOC: The more unnatural part that of his father. I can produce.]: But you shall eat it. Much! [ASIDE. Volpone. 1 AVOC: I not know to give His act a name. 3 AVOC: So has the youth.] --Worshipful sir. to beat along. our adversaries. 3 AVOC: Appear yet those were cited? NOT: All. I have her. 2 AVOC: More of the husband. AND OTHER OFFICERS OF JUSTICE.MOS [TURNING TO CORVINO. NOTARIO. he's a thing created To exceed example! 1 AVOC: And all after-times! 2 AVOC: I never heard a true voluptuary Discribed.
Than indignation. Hath long been known a close adulteress. And therefore crave it. That ever vicious nature yet brought forth To shame the state of Venice. and treachery. I say. but known. 3 AVOC: Speak free.] But sure. the easy husband. VOLT: Then know. being placed So above all powers of their gratitude. the sight will rather move your pities. I know this place most void of prejudice. since we have no reason To fear our truth should hurt our cause. VOLT: Upon my faith and credit with your virtues. 3 AVOC: We will see him. the most unhappy. May it please the court. most honour'd fathers. His knave. that your grave eyes May bear strong witness of his strange impostures. Pardon'd: whose timeless bounty makes him now Stand here. and by this man. in place Of thanks. In the mean time. Began to hate the benefit. and. not suspected. He is not able to endure the air. The most prodigious and most frontless piece Of solid impudence. To that lascivious youth there. He may be forced to come. [EXEUNT OFFICERS. and taken in the act With him. his pandar--I beseech the court. Here is his advocate: himself's so weak. For these not knowing how to owe a gift Of that dear grace. however. That wants no artificial looks or tears To help the vizor she has now put on. I must now Discover to your strangely abused ears. So feeble-4 AVOC: What are you? BON: His parasite. That ever man's own goodness made accused. devise to extirpe the memory Of such an act: wherein I pray your fatherhoods
. This lewd woman. 2 AVOC: Bring him. 4 AVOC: Fetch him. VOLT: Your fatherhoods fit pleasures be obey'd.1 AVOC: Why is not he here? MOS: Please your fatherhoods. but with their shame. innocent person. he may be heard in me.
Enter'd Volpone's house.--) thought at once to stop His father's ends.To observe the malice. that a son Unto a father. VOLT: So much more full of danger is his vice. I humbly crave there be no credit given To this man's mercenary tongue. the father. his father Having this settled purpose. 1 AVOC: These be strange turns! 2 AVOC: The young man's fame was ever fair and honest.
. there left him. Hearing of this foul fact. (Mischief doth ever end where it begins) An act of horror. yea. And grieved in nothing more than that he could not Preserve himself a parent.--(I shall here desire Your fatherhoods to note but my collections. by confederacy Preparing this his paramour to be there. (who was the man. Should have so foul. who was glad To be so active. As most remarkable. we know not. fathers! he dragg'd forth The aged gentleman that had there lain bed-rid Three years and more. no. with this strumpet The stale to his forged practice. even from their crimes:--but that anon Will more appear. now new deeds.--This gentleman. what then did he? Not check his wicked thoughts. that parricide. But. By laying infamy upon this man. with many others. Your fatherhoods must understand. Naked upon the floor. discredit his free choice In the old gentleman. out of his innocent couch.) there sought his father:-But with what purpose sought he him. To whom. felonious intent! It was to murder him: when being prevented By his more happy absence. and what heart Such take.) at last decreed To disinherit him. design'd For the inheritance. (his son's ills Growing to that strange flood. I cannot style him better. my lords? I tremble to pronounce it. as I said. they should owe their lives. That can beguile so under shade of virtue. and to such a father. 2 AVOC: Forbear. redeem themselves. my honour'd sires. and this day Appointed for the deed. Which daily struck at his too tender ears. wounded His servant in the face: and. 1 AVOC: What proofs have you of this? BON: Most honoured fathers. with blushing. the rage of creatures Discover'd in their evils. by what means To him betray'd.
CORB: What must I do now? NOT: Your testimony's craved. 3 AVOC: O. Let him have scope: can any man imagine That he will spare his accuser. would plead against his Maker. VOLT: Signior Corbaccio. I will sit down. nay. my heart Abhors his knowledge: I disclaim in him. CORB: Speak to the knave? I'll have my mouth first stopt with earth. BON: Have they made you to this? CORB: I will not hear thee. Monster of men. BON: Sir. thou viper. produce your proofs.] 1 AVOC: What is he? VOLT: The father. that would not Have spared his parent? 1 AVOC: Well. swine. 2 AVOC: Has he had an oath? NOT: Yes. goat. BON: This fellow. grave fathers. wolf. parricide! Speak not. And rather wish my innocence should suffer. 1 AVOC: You do forget yourself. [CORBACCIO COMES FORWARD.
.BON: His soul moves in his fee. 1 AVOC: But for what cause? CORB: The mere portent of nature! He is an utter stranger to my loins. VOLT: Nay. sir. CEL: I would I could forget I were a creature. For six sols more.
And modesty of your most reverend ears. 3 AVOC: His grief hath made him frantic. CORV: Or if I said.]: There's no shame in this now. NOT: Preserve the honour of the court. That fine well-timber'd gallant. Of most hot exercise. VOLT: Signior Corvino! [CORVINO COMES FORWARD. is a whore. if there be a hell Greater than whore and woman. Upon record-1 AVOC: No more. CORV [ASIDE TO MOSCA. And yet I hope that I may say. I hoped that she were onward To her damnation. please your fatherhoods. 2 AVOC: Look to the woman. 1 AVOC: Remove him hence. MOS: Excellent! sir. 1 AVOC: Who's this? NOT: The husband. then.Then I resist the authority of a father. a good catholic May make the doubt. CORV: I shall. CORV: Neighs like a jennet.] 2 AVOC: This is strange.
. 3 AVOC: Speak. through the horn. these eyes Have seen her glued unto that piece of cedar. That make the story perfect. 4 AVOC: Is he sworn? NOT: He is. CORV: This woman. is there? MOS: None. more than a partrich. and that here The letters may be read.
1 AVOC: Produce that lady. grave fathers! VOLT: May her feignings Not take your wisdoms: but this day she baited A stranger. again! 4 AVOC: Stand from about her. May it please your wisdoms. 2 AVOC: Let her come. Unsatisfied. A rape! BON: O most laid impudence! Fathers-3 AVOC: Sir. VOLT: Grave fathers.] 4 AVOC: These things. They strike with wonder!
. so must they theirs.] CORV: Rare! Prettily feign'd. to cry out. CORV: Most impetuous. MOS: Here is the lady herself. She is a creature of a most profest And prostituted lewdness. This man saw them Together on the water in a gondola. 2 AVOC: I do begin to doubt the imposture here. speaks for me. And more lascivious kisses. that saw them too. who then had in the open streets Pursued them.[CELIA SWOONS. with her loose eyes. [EXIT MOSCA. a grave knight. 1 AVOC: Give her the air. 3 AVOC [TO MOSCA. when that well-taught dame Had her cue given her. when he mist His sought-for father. 4 AVOC: This woman has too many moods.]: What can you say? MOS: My wound. received In aid of my good patron. You had your hearing free. but for saving her knight's honour. Without. be silent.
LADY P: Ay. [POINTING TO CELIA. 2 AVOC: Madam. [RE-ENTER MOSCA WITH LADY WOULD-BE. madam. this same is she. LADY P: To offend With pertinacy-3 AVOC: Lady-LADY P: Such a presence! No surely. 1 AVOC: Let her o'ercome. my breeding Is not so coarse-1 AVOC: We know it. I had no purpose To scandalise your honours. you may believe it. or my sex's. you may. I fear I have forgettingly transgrest Against the dignity of the court-2 AVOC: No.] MOS: Be resolute. LADY P: Indeed. thou chameleon harlot! now thine eyes Vie tears with the hyaena. 4 AVOC: These proofs are strong. LADY P: Surely. Dar'st thou look Upon my wronged face?--I cry your pardons. 1 AVOC: We well think it. What witnesses have you To make good your report?
. LADY P: And been exorbitant-2 AVOC: You have not. 3 AVOC: We do believe it. LADY P: You may think it. madam.3 AVOC: I am turn'd a stone. we do.] Out. lady. LADY P: Surely.
] VOLT: Here. With leave of your grave fatherhoods. or burning irons. May pass with sufferance. and most abhorred slander? I crave your care of this good gentleman. I'll undertake. be courteous. VOLT: Best try him then with goads. and clamour overcomes. The grand voluptuary! Do you not think These limbs should affect venery? or these eyes Covet a concubine? pray you mark these hands. here's the ravisher. And help him of a malady.-O. before these honour'd fathers. BON: Not in your courts. 1 AVOC: Nay.BON: Our consciences. He shall have yet as many left diseases. [RE-ENTER OFFICERS. the great impostor. that never fails the innocent. As she has known adulterers. if these deeds. that will convince. VOLT: Would you have him tortured? BON: I would have him proved. here. or thou strumpets. And put to utter dumbness their bold tongues: See here. To him that dares traduce him? which of you Are safe. when they're hot and flesh'd In impious acts.
. if their plot Have any face or colour like to truth? Or if. 'faith. 4 AVOC: These are no testimonies. their constancy abounds: Damn'd deeds are done with greatest confidence. Put him to the strappado: I have heard The rack hath cured the gout. It smell not rank. Where multitude. And as for them. my honour'd fathers? I would ask. grave fathers. fame. Are they not fit to stroke a lady's breasts?-Perhaps he doth dissemble! BON: So he does. The testimony comes. That vicious persons. unto the dullest nostril here. my most equal hearers. yea. The rider on men's wives. CEL: And heaven. BEARING VOLPONE ON A COUCH. I will conclude with this. what one citizen But owes the forfeit of his life. Whose life is much endanger'd by their fable. then you do wax insolent. Acts of this bold and most exorbitant strain. give it him.
1 AVOC: Take them to custody, and sever them. 2 AVOC: 'Tis pity two such prodigies should live. 1 AVOC: Let the old gentleman be return'd with care; [EXEUNT OFFICERS WITH VOLPONE.] I'm sorry our credulity hath wrong'd him. 4 AVOC: These are two creatures! 3 AVOC: I've an earthquake in me. 2 AVOC: Their shame, even in their cradles, fled their faces. 4 AVOC [TO VOLT.]: You have done a worthy service to the state, sir, In their discovery. 1 AVOC: You shall hear, ere night, What punishment the court decrees upon them. [EXEUNT AVOCAT., NOT., AND OFFICERS WITH BONARIO AND CELIA.] VOLT: We thank your fatherhoods.--How like you it? MOS: Rare. I'd have your tongue, sir, tipt with gold for this; I'd have you be the heir to the whole city; The earth I'd have want men, ere you want living: They're bound to erect your statue in St. Mark's. Signior Corvino, I would have you go And shew yourself, that you have conquer'd. CORV: Yes. MOS: It was much better that you should profess Yourself a cuckold thus, than that the other Should have been prov'd. CORV: Nay, I consider'd that: Now it is her fault: MOS: Then it had been yours. CORV: True; I do doubt this advocate still. MOS: I'faith, You need not, I dare ease you of that care. CORV: I trust thee, Mosca. [EXIT.]
MOS: As your own soul, sir. CORB: Mosca! MOS: Now for your business, sir. CORB: How! have you business? MOS: Yes, your's, sir. CORB: O, none else? MOS: None else, not I. CORB: Be careful, then. MOS: Rest you with both your eyes, sir. CORB: Dispatch it. MOS: Instantly. CORB: And look that all, Whatever, be put in, jewels, plate, moneys, Household stuff, bedding, curtains. MOS: Curtain-rings, sir. Only the advocate's fee must be deducted. CORB: I'll pay him now; you'll be too prodigal. MOS: Sir, I must tender it. CORB: Two chequines is well? MOS: No, six, sir. CORB: 'Tis too much. MOS: He talk'd a great while; You must consider that, sir. CORB: Well, there's three-MOS: I'll give it him. CORB: Do so, and there's for thee. [EXIT.] MOS [ASIDE.]: Bountiful bones! What horrid strange offence
Did he commit 'gainst nature, in his youth, Worthy this age? [TO VOLT.]--You see, sir, how I work Unto your ends; take you no notice. VOLT: No, I'll leave you. [EXIT.] MOS: All is yours, the devil and all: Good advocate!--Madam, I'll bring you home. LADY P: No, I'll go see your patron. MOS: That you shall not: I'll tell you why. My purpose is to urge My patron to reform his Will; and for The zeal you have shewn to-day, whereas before You were but third or fourth, you shall be now Put in the first; which would appear as begg'd, If you were present. Therefore-LADY P: You shall sway me. [EXEUNT.]
ACT 5. SCENE 5.1 A ROOM IN VOLPONE'S HOUSE. ENTER VOLPONE. VOLP: Well, I am here, and all this brunt is past. I ne'er was in dislike with my disguise Till this fled moment; here 'twas good, in private; But in your public,--cave whilst I breathe. 'Fore God, my left leg began to have the cramp, And I apprehended straight some power had struck me With a dead palsy: Well! I must be merry, And shake it off. A many of these fears Would put me into some villanous disease, Should they come thick upon me: I'll prevent 'em. Give me a bowl of lusty wine, to fright This humour from my heart. [DRINKS.] Hum, hum, hum! 'Tis almost gone already; I shall conquer. Any device, now, of rare ingenious knavery, That would possess me with a violent laughter,
Would make me up again. [DRINKS AGAIN.] So, so, so, so! This heat is life; 'tis blood by this time:--Mosca! [ENTER MOSCA.] MOS: How now, sir? does the day look clear again? Are we recover'd, and wrought out of error, Into our way, to see our path before us? Is our trade free once more? VOLP: Exquisite Mosca! MOS: Was it not carried learnedly? VOLP: And stoutly: Good wits are greatest in extremities. MOS: It were a folly beyond thought, to trust Any grand act unto a cowardly spirit: You are not taken with it enough, methinks? VOLP: O, more than if I had enjoy'd the wench: The pleasure of all woman-kind's not like it. MOS: Why now you speak, sir. We must here be fix'd; Here we must rest; this is our master-piece; We cannot think to go beyond this. VOLP: True. Thou hast play'd thy prize, my precious Mosca. MOS: Nay, sir, To gull the court-VOLP: And quite divert the torrent Upon the innocent. MOS: Yes, and to make So rare a music out of discords-VOLP: Right. That yet to me's the strangest, how thou hast borne it! That these, being so divided 'mongst themselves, Should not scent somewhat, or in me or thee, Or doubt their own side. MOS: True, they will not see't. Too much light blinds them, I think. Each of them Is so possest and stuft with his own hopes, That any thing unto the contrary, Never so true, or never so apparent,
Mosca. I am deceiv'd. MOS: Good sir. they will resist it-VOLP: Like a temptation of the devil. even now--to vex them all. I must needs say this. MOS: O. I was A little in a mist. VOLP: In troth. I cannot answer him. very richly-Well--to be cozen'd. sir: had you heard him first Draw it to certain heads. but before. you sweat. sir. sir. Did not your advocate rare? VOLP: O--"My most honour'd fathers. Never. sir. Then use his vehement figures--I look'd still When he would shift a shirt: and. MOS: But confess. Under correction of your fatherhoods. MOS: It seem'd to me. and deserv'd. as I would. in faith. And out of conscience for your advocate: He has taken pains. In my poor judgment. I speak it under favour. so truth help me. and your great signiors Of land that yields well. I will begin. no hope of gain-VOLP: 'Tis right. but not dejected. Now. sir. then aggravate. By that I heard him. VOLP: Call the dwarf
. Were you not daunted? VOLP: In good faith. but for thy sake. sir. but if Italy Have any glebe more fruitful than these fellows. sir.Never so palpable. Not yet. Not to contrary you. my grave fathers. What face of truth is here? If these strange deeds May pass. I did a little. sir. at thy entreaty. and I think so too. This very instant. VOLP: Troth. but still my self. Merchants may talk of trade. doing this Out of pure love. most honour'd fathers"--I had much ado To forbear laughing. in the latter end. MOS: I think it. MOS: Right.
Open that chest. Raven. what. get on thy gown. AND NANO. And take upon thee. MOS [GIVES HIM A PAPER.]: It will be rare. come flying hither. That I am dead. sir. you two. To peck for carrion.And eunuch forth. and all.] NANO: Here. [EXEUNT CAST.] MOS: What do you mean. sir. as thou wert mine heir: Shew them a will. I shall have instantly my Vulture. VOLP: Shall we have a jig now? MOS: What you please. and find themselves deluded-MOS: Yes. I'll straight Put in thy name. Sadly. MOS [PUTTING ON A GOWN. MOS: Castrone. it was corrupted. do you hear? impute it to the grief Of this late slander. VOLP: Ay. Greedy. sir? VOLP: O. MOS: I'll say it stunk. my she-wolfe.]: But. sir. Straight give out about the streets. if they ask After the body? VOLP: Say. When they ev'n gape. and was fain to have it
. VOLP: Go. and full of expectation-MOS: And then to have it ravish'd from their mouths! VOLP: 'Tis true. sir. do it with constancy. I will have thee put on a gown. on the news. VOLP: And thou use them scurvily! Dispatch. Nano! [ENTER CASTRONE AND NANO. Crow. and reach Forth one of those that has the blanks.
'twill afford me a rare meal of laughter! MOS [PUTTING ON A CAP. and restores them lovely. Jove Could not invent t' himself a shroud more subtle To pass Acrisius' guards. what thou wilt. it dries up All those offensive savours: it transforms The most deformed. and hearken. And kist me 'fore the fathers. look for him. O. Why. sit as thou wert taking An inventory of parcels: I'll get up Behind the curtain. her youth. As 'twere the strange poetical girdle. MOS: Who? the lady. To bear false witness for your worship-VOLP: Yes. on a stool. VOLP: Dost thou say so? [KNOCKING WITHIN. With what degrees their blood doth leave their faces. To visit all the streets. he must run mad.] MOS: Hark. There's some already. here's my will. VOLP: Look. sir. VOLP: And what Corvino? MOS: O. It is the thing Makes all the world her grace. Hold. your gold Is such another med'cine. My lady too. VOLP: It will take off his oratory's edge. Get thee a cap. MOS: And sweat. her beauty.Coffin'd up instantly. a count-book. sir? She's jealous of you. ETC. with the touch. Papers afore thee. To-morrow morning. with a rope and dagger. when my face Flow'd all with oils. VOLP: Any thing.
.]: Your advocate will turn stark dull upon it. old round-back. pen and ink. he Will crump you like a hog-louse. that came into the court. see how they do look. VOLP: I think she loves me. AND SETTING OUT THE TABLE. Sometime peep over. sir. MOS: But your clarissimo. and sent away.
tissue"-VOLT: Where's the Will? Let me read that the while. set me down: And get you home. Play the artificer now.] MOS: I am set. WITH CORBACCIO IN A CHAIR. [ENTER SERVANTS. VOLP: I'll to my place.MOS: It is the Vulture: He has the quickest scent.] CORB: Ha! is the hour come. [GOES BEHIND THE CURTAIN.] VOLT: How now. Mosca? MOS: "Of several velvets. Thou to thy posture.]: "Turkey carpets. Mosca. [EXEUNT SERVANTS. eight"-VOLT: I like his care. my Mosca? MOS [WRITING. to trouble us! MOS: "Of cloth of gold. they muster.
.]: Ay.] CORB: So. nine"-VOLT: Taking an inventory! that is well. now. [ENTER VOLTORE.] VOLT: Is he come now. two more"-CORB: Is it done. CORB: Dost thou not hear? [ENTER CORVINO. Mosca? VOLP [PEEPING OVER THE CURTAIN. torture them rarely. VOLP: But. MOS: "Two suits of bedding.
CORV: What does the advocate here, Or this Corbaccio? CORB: What do these here? [ENTER LADY POL. WOULD-BE.] LADY P: Mosca! Is his thread spun? MOS: "Eight chests of linen"-VOLP: O, My fine dame Would-be, too! CORV: Mosca, the Will, That I may shew it these, and rid them hence. MOS: "Six chests of diaper, four of damask."--There. [GIVES THEM THE WILL CARELESSLY, OVER HIS SHOULDER.] CORB: Is that the will? MOS: "Down-beds, and bolsters"-VOLP: Rare! Be busy still. Now they begin to flutter: They never think of me. Look, see, see, see! How their swift eyes run over the long deed, Unto the name, and to the legacies, What is bequeath'd them there-MOS: "Ten suits of hangings"-VOLP: Ay, in their garters, Mosca. Now their hopes Are at the gasp. VOLT: Mosca the heir? CORB: What's that? VOLP: My advocate is dumb; look to my merchant, He has heard of some strange storm, a ship is lost, He faints; my lady will swoon. Old glazen eyes, He hath not reach'd his despair yet. CORB [TAKES THE WILL.]: All these Are out of hope: I am sure, the man. CORV: But, Mosca--
MOS: "Two cabinets." CORV: Is this in earnest? MOS: "One Of ebony"-CORV: Or do you but delude me? MOS: The other, mother of pearl--I am very busy. Good faith, it is a fortune thrown upon me-"Item, one salt of agate"--not my seeking. LADY P: Do you hear, sir? MOS: "A perfum'd box"--'Pray you forbear, You see I'm troubled--"made of an onyx"-LADY P: How! MOS: To-morrow or next day, I shall be at leisure To talk with you all. CORV: Is this my large hope's issue? LADY P: Sir, I must have a fairer answer. MOS: Madam! Marry, and shall: 'pray you, fairly quit my house. Nay, raise no tempest with your looks; but hark you, Remember what your ladyship offer'd me, To put you in an heir; go to, think on it: And what you said e'en your best madams did For maintenance, and why not you? Enough. Go home, and use the poor sir Pol, your knight, well, For fear I tell some riddles; go, be melancholy. [EXIT LADY WOULD-BE.] VOLP: O, my fine devil! CORV: Mosca, 'pray you a word. MOS: Lord! will you not take your dispatch hence yet? Methinks, of all, you should have been the example. Why should you stay here? with what thought? what promise? Hear you; do not you know, I know you an ass, And that you would most fain have been a wittol, If fortune would have let you? that you are A declared cuckold, on good terms? This pearl, You'll say, was yours? right: this diamond? I'll not deny't, but thank you. Much here else?
It may be so. Why, think that these good works May help to hide your bad. I'll not betray you; Although you be but extraordinary, And have it only in title, it sufficeth: Go home, be melancholy too, or mad. [EXIT CORVINO.] VOLP: Rare Mosca! how his villany becomes him! VOLT: Certain he doth delude all these for me. CORB: Mosca the heir! VOLP: O, his four eyes have found it. CORB: I am cozen'd, cheated, by a parasite slave; Harlot, thou hast gull'd me. MOS: Yes, sir. Stop your mouth, Or I shall draw the only tooth is left. Are not you he, that filthy covetous wretch, With the three legs, that, here, in hope of prey, Have, any time this three years, snuff'd about, With your most grovelling nose; and would have hired Me to the poisoning of my patron, sir? Are not you he that have to-day in court Profess'd the disinheriting of your son? Perjured yourself? Go home, and die, and stink. If you but croak a syllable, all comes out: Away, and call your porters! [exit corbaccio.] Go, go, stink. VOLP: Excellent varlet! VOLT: Now, my faithful Mosca, I find thy constancy. MOS: Sir! VOLT: Sincere. MOS [WRITING.]: "A table Of porphyry"--I marle, you'll be thus troublesome. VOLP: Nay, leave off now, they are gone. MOS: Why? who are you? What! who did send for you? O, cry you mercy, Reverend sir! Good faith, I am grieved for you, That any chance of mine should thus defeat Your (I must needs say) most deserving travails:
But I protest, sir, it was cast upon me, And I could almost wish to be without it, But that the will o' the dead must be observ'd, Marry, my joy is that you need it not, You have a gift, sir, (thank your education,) Will never let you want, while there are men, And malice, to breed causes. Would I had But half the like, for all my fortune, sir! If I have any suits, as I do hope, Things being so easy and direct, I shall not, I will make bold with your obstreperous aid, Conceive me,--for your fee, sir. In mean time, You that have so much law, I know have the conscience, Not to be covetous of what is mine. Good sir, I thank you for my plate; 'twill help To set up a young man. Good faith, you look As you were costive; best go home and purge, sir. [EXIT VOLTORE.] VOLP [COMES FROM BEHIND THE CURTAIN.]: Bid him eat lettuce well. My witty mischief, Let me embrace thee. O that I could now Transform thee to a Venus!--Mosca, go, Straight take my habit of clarissimo, And walk the streets; be seen, torment them more: We must pursue, as well as plot. Who would Have lost this feast? MOS: I doubt it will lose them. VOLP: O, my recovery shall recover all. That I could now but think on some disguise To meet them in, and ask them questions: How I would vex them still at every turn! MOS: Sir, I can fit you. VOLP: Canst thou? MOS: Yes, I know One o' the commandadori, sir, so like you; Him will I straight make drunk, and bring you his habit. VOLP: A rare disguise, and answering thy brain! O, I will be a sharp disease unto them. MOS: Sir, you must look for curses-VOLP: Till they burst; The Fox fares ever best when he is curst. [EXEUNT.]
some other time You may possess him. And his gull'd story register'd for truth. fair lady! Is sir Pol within? WOM: I do not know. PER: Pray you say again.
.] PER: Pray you. Well. and have his Adventures put i' the Book of Voyages. PER: Am I enough disguised? 1 MER: I warrant you. [EXIT. sir. or to Aleppo? PER: Yes. [RE-ENTER WAITING-WOMAN. Here is a merchant. 1 MER: Trust it to our care. when I am in a while.] WOM: He says. he has weighty affairs of state. WOM: I will see. Know your approaches. PER: All my ambition is to fright him only. PER: Pray you say unto him.SCENE 5. 2 MER: If you could ship him away. sir. And that you think us warm in our discourse. A HALL IN SIR POLITICK'S HOUSE. these will exact him.] [ENTER WAITING-WOMAN. 3 MER: To Zant.-I see the family is all female here. AND THREE MERCHANTS. gentlemen. 'twere excellent. upon earnest business.2. [EXEUNT MERCHANTS. sir. That now require him whole. Desires to speak with him. If those require him whole.] PER: Save you. ENTER PEREGRINE DISGUISED.
] SIR P: Sir. a spy set on you. I must crave Your courteous pardon. he was newly arrived-SIR P: Ay." that you are no statesman. Unkind disaster 'twixt my lady and me. SIR P: O me! PER: For which. PER: Sweet. SIR P: And some essays. but notes Drawn out of play-books-PER: All the better.] [ENTER SIR POLITICK. sir. he knows By your word "tidings. sir. as he has done-But--here he deigns to come. To apprehend you. And he has made relation to the senate. warrants are sign'd by this time. That you profest to him to have a plot To sell the State of Venice to the Turk. PER: Sir. pray you return him. And I was penning my apology.] WOM: Sir. I have none. [EXIT WOMAN. was A fugitive punk? PER: No. [EXIT WOMAN. as you came now. There hath chanced to-day. I am grieved I bring you worse disaster: The gentleman you met at the port to-day. And studied them for words. I have not read so many proclamations. he says.] --What might be His grave affair of state now! how to make Bolognian sausages here in Venice.Whereof I bring him tidings. What shall I do?
. That told you. and to search your study For papers-SIR P: Alas. To give her satisfaction. And therefore wills you stay. sir. sparing One o' the ingredients? [RE-ENTER WAITING-WOMAN.
Here I've a place. [LIES DOWN WHILE PEREGRINE PLACES THE SHELL UPON HIM. sir. Marry. 'Till they are gone. And will sure find him. SIR P: Sir.] --with this cap. bid my wife's women To burn my papers.]: Sir Politick Would-be? 2 MER [WITHIN. like a tortoise. you must be sudden. best Convey yourself into a sugar-chest.]: Where is he? SIR P: That I have thought upon before time.] 1 MER: Where is he hid? 3 MER: We must. PER: And call you this an ingine? SIR P: Mine own device--Good sir. of a tortoise-shell. sir. I but talk'd so. I have an ingine-3 MER [WITHIN. Please you to lay it on. Or. For discourse sake merely. And my black gloves. I'll lie. sir.
. SIR P: Sir. help me. PER: What is it? SIR P: I shall ne'er endure the torture. sir? Have you ne'er a currant-butt to leap into? They'll put you to the rack.] [THE THREE MERCHANTS RUSH IN. it is. a wretch! PER: What will you do. Fitted for these extremities: pray you. to put back my legs.] PER: Hark! they are there. if you could lie round. [EXIT PEREGRINE. sir. [KNOCKING WITHIN. SIR P: I am a wretch. a frail were rare: And I could send you aboard. sir.PER: Sir.
sir! [ASIDE TO SIR POLITICK. 2 MER: Can he not go? PER: He creeps.] 1 MER: What Are you. you will hurt him. that came here To look upon this tortoise. PER: Good sir!--Creep. 3 MER: Come out here! PER: Pray you. 3 MER: How! 1 MER: St. 2 MER: Heart. 1 MER: Let's see him creep. sir. PER: No. I will see him creep. 1 MER: Forth. sir.] --Creep a little. 2 MER: Come out here! PER: Nay.
. sir. good sir. to run over him? PER: Yes. Mark! What beast is this! PER: It is a fish. 1 MER: What. He'll bear a cart. sir? PER: I am a merchant. you may strike him.2 MER: Which is his study? [RE-ENTER PEREGRINE. and tread upon him. 3 MER: Let's jump upon him. or prick his guts. 2 MER: Yet farther. 2 MER: We'll see his legs.
sir. To shrink my poor head in my politic shell. most politic tortoise! [EXEUNT PER. For your next project I shall be prepared: I am sorry for the funeral of your notes.] [RE-ENTER WAITING-WOMAN. ship-boy's tale.3. for physic. WOM: My lady's come most melancholy home. in the Term. I shall be the fable of all feasts. and gloves! 2 MER: Is this Your fearful tortoise? PER [DISCOVERING HIMSELF. he has garters! 1 MER: Ay. even talk for ordinaries. she will straight to sea.-O. SIR P: And I to shun this place and clime for ever. which is worst.]: Now.]
SCENE 5. [EXEUNT. AND MERCHANTS. 1 MER: Or Smithfield. And says.] SIR P: Where's my lady? Knows she of this? WOM: I know not. in the fair.] 3 MER: Ods so. we are even. The freight of the gazetti. sir Pol. And.[THEY PULL OFF THE SHELL AND DISCOVER HIM.
. A ROOM IN VOLPONE'S HOUSE. Creeping with house on back: and think it well. sir. SIR P: Enquire. ENTER MOSCA IN THE HABIT OF A CLARISSIMO. 1 MER: 'Twere a rare motion to be seen in Fleet-street. 3 MER: Methinks 'tis but a melancholy sight. 2 MER: Ay. sir. PER: Farewell.
-[EXEUNT. VOLP: I'll go and see What news first at the court. sir. a brave clarissimo.]
SCENE 5. till he share at least. go sport. [EXIT. And so will keep me. and am possest. you are he. Except he come to composition with me.-Androgyno. MOS [ASIDE. 'twill be well. MOS: Go.] ALL: Here. ENTER CORBACCIO AND CORVINO. CORB: They say.
. or gain by him: I am his heir. My Fox Is out of his hole. Since he will needs be dead afore his time. To cozen him of all. No man can sever you. Nano! [ENTER ANDROGYNO. were but a cheat Well placed. thou becom'st it! Pity thou wert not born one. the court is set. this is call'd the Fox-trap.AND VOLPONE IN THAT OF A COMMANDADORE. MOS: But what am I? VOLP: 'Fore heaven. Castrone. VOLP: Am I then like him? MOS: O.4 A STREET. [EXIT. and ere he shall re-enter. VOLP: Good. I'll make him languish in his borrow'd case. now I have the keys.] MOS: Do so. recreate yourselves abroad. I'll bury him.] So.]: If I hold My made one. CASTRONE AND NANO. no man would construe it a sin: Let his sport pay for it.
]--mine is. Much joy unto you. sir. CORB: Ay. make you furious. CORV: Of what? VOLP: The sudden good. sir. sir. you carry it well. From old Volpone. for both our reputations.CORV: We must maintain Our first tale good. harlot! VOLP: O! belike you are the man. CORB: Out. sir? CORB: Avoid. CORB: Away. now his patron's dead. mine's no tale: my son would there have kill'd me. CORB: Why. your wife has shewn
. arrant knave! VOLP: Let not your too much wealth. like a wine-fat. With such an autumn--Did he give you all. You grow not mad withal: I love your spirit: You are not over-leaven'd with your fortune. did you not change Wills? CORB: Out. Signior Corvino? 'faith. But for your Will. you rascal! VOLP: Troth. Dropt down upon you-CORB: Where? VOLP: And. CORV: That's true. I am sure.] VOLP: Signior Corvino! and Corbaccio! sir. thou varlet! VOLP: Why. [ENTER VOLPONE. I had forgot:-[ASIDE. sir. none knows how. sir? CORB: Dost thou mock me? VOLP: You mock the world. I'll come upon him For that hereafter. You should have some would swell now.
] VOLT: Outstript thus. I e'en rejoice. what I'll do-VOLP: The court stays for your worship. dissemble: No man will seem to win. his body and that house Decay'd. sir. Your predecessor. For the small tenement. no end of your wealth. A handsome. better by this chance: Except Corbaccio have a share. by a parasite! a slave. By the Piscaria: it was. varlet. VOLP: You will not be acknown. none dispraised. That. at all games. why.Herself a very woman. Thus do all gamesters. candle-rents. To bear it out sir. pretty. VOLT: Come sir. out of reparations. But fell with him. you have a good estate. if your worship give me but your hand. God decrease it! VOLT: Mistaking knave! what. sir. That I may have the refusal. and snuffing. [ENTER VOLTORE. CORV: Hence. would 'twere more!--
. ere he grew diseased. and make legs for crumbs? Well. sir. And that it fell into so learned hands. I have done. but you are well. sir. custom'd bawdy-house. That understand the fingering-VOLT: What do you mean? VOLP: I mean to be a suitor to your worship. You need not care. at your worship's happiness. together. As any was in Venice. As your learn'd worship knows-VOLT: What do I know? VOLP: Marry. mockst thou my misfortune? [EXIT. [exeunt corvino and corbaccio. sir. VOLP: Why. Heaving his beak up in the air. in Volpone's time. 'tis wise. 'Tis a mere toy to you.] --Here comes my vulture.] VOLP: His blessing on your heart. leave your prating. to the end of your long row of houses. Would run on errands.
did promise The bane of a clarissimo. I dare beat you. that seems to me Nail'd to your jolt-head with those two chequines. A witty merchant. the fine bird.-MOSCA PASSES OVER THE STAGE. a beard of your grave length Should be so over-reach'd. CORB: See. ANOTHER PART OF THE STREET. at the next corner. That have such moral emblems on your name. sir. and dropt your cheese. that are so traded in the world. approach. To let the Fox laugh at your emptiness. VOLP: No haste. I do know your valour well. in our habit! see the impudent varlet! CORV: That I could shoot mine eyes at him like gun-stones. [EXIT.5. another time--
. CORV: Sirrah. I'd speak with you.]
SCENE 5.] VOLP: But is this true. ENTER CORBACCIO AND CORVINO. VOLP: Sir. I'm heartily grieved. Should not have sung your shame. Since you durst publish what you are. of the parasite? CORB: Again. CORV: Tarry.Now to my first again. methought his nose should cozen: There still was somewhat in his look. to afflict us! monster! VOLP: In good faith. And your red saucy cap. CORB: Knave-VOLP: Methinks Yet you. I never brook'd That parasite's hair. [ENTER VOLPONE. you think the privilege of the place. BEFORE THEM. sir. sir. Corvino. sir. Can warrant your abuses. come you hither: You shall perceive. sir. sir.
now. he has not done it: 'Tis but confederacy. Throw dirt upon his first good clothes? VOLT: This same Is doubtless some familiar. You are the heir. the court. a mule That never read Justinian. VOLP: Sir. to blind the rest. Prithee not rail. VOLP: I know--
. Mosca. it is summer with you now. CORV: Let's fly him. Troublesome knave! thou dost torment me. [AS HE IS RUNNING OFF. sir. should get up. nor threaten out of place thus. come again! VOLP: Upon 'em. [EXIT. as madam says.] VOLT: Well. VOLP: Would you have me beat the insolent slave. And ride an advocate. VOLP: O lord. Get you a biggin more.] VOLP: Excellent basilisk! turn upon the vulture. Had you no quirk To avoid gullage. sir! I were a wise man. AND CORB. RE-ENTER MOSCA. flesh-fly. MOS: Good advocate. your brain breaks loose. sir. Thou'lt make a solecism. Would stand the fury of a distracted cuckold. stays for you.CORV: Nay. [ENTER VOLTORE.] VOLT: Well. by such a creature? I hope you do but jest.] CORB: What. VOLT: A strange. In troth. CORB: The air's infected where he breathes. save me. I am mad. officious. [EXEUNT CORV. Your winter will come on.
SAFFI. CEL: O heaven. or these innocents-CORV [ASIDE.]: Will he betray himself? VOLT: Whom equally I have abused. so prudent. ENTER AVOCATORI. 'Tis not within the wit of man to do it. my most honour'd fathers. to forgive-I am distracted-VOLP [ASIDE.]
SCENE 5. VOLT: O. You are so wise. VOLT: For which. THE SCRUTINEO OR SENATE-HOUSE.]: What will he do now? VOLT: O. 2 AVOC: And here he comes. here. 1. and 'tis fit That wealth and wisdom still should go together. let your mercy Once win upon your justice. that you should be cozen'd. Whether your fatherhoods. CELIA. 2 AVOC: Arise. BONARIO. for pardon. out of most covetous ends-CORV: The man is mad! CORB: What's that? CORV: He is possest. I know not which to address myself to first. CORBACCIO.It cannot be.6. ETC. I prostate Myself at your offended feet. [ENTER VOLTORE AND VOLPONE. 1 AVOC: Are all the parties here? NOT: All but the advocate. now struck in conscience. [EXEUNT. NOTARIO. how just thou art!
. CORVINO.] 1 AVOC: Then bring them forth to sentence. sir. COMMANDADORI.
and but confer them. Who now is dead-3 AVOC: How? 2 AVOC: Is Volpone dead? CORV: Dead since. That makes me now tell trueth. This is the truth. Corvino: But I'll use modesty.]: I am caught In mine own noose-CORV [TO CORBACCIO. Then he was no deceiver? VOLT: O no. my good sires. [EXIT. This man's distracted. sir: nought now Can help. That parasite. To view these certain notes. as well as mine.
. CORV: He does speak Out of mere envy. Pleaseth your wisdoms. reverend fathers. grave fathers. 1 AVOC: Speak forward. hath been the instrument of all. conscience.VOLP [ASIDE. 1 AVOC: Where is that knave? fetch him. That knave. hoping to be old Volpone's heir. VOLT: Ay. but he may be some-deal faulty.] CORV: Grave fathers. none: The parasite. grave fathers-BON: O sure vengeance! 1 AVOC: Stay. though I'll not justify The other. VOLP: I go. he confest it now: For. they shall speak clear truth. As I hope favour. 'cause the servant's made The thing he gaped for: please your fatherhoods.]: Be constant. but impudence. But only conscience. to your hopes. COM: Silence! VOLT: It is not passion in me.
but to the clearing Of some few doubts. My life. [THE SCENE CLOSES. VOLT: I do beseech your fatherhoods. He is a man of great estate. 1 AVOC: This is confusion. read but those-[GIVING THEM THE PAPERS. my fame-BON: Where is it? CORV: Are at the stake 1 AVOC: Is yours so too? CORB: The advocate's a knave. the court Entreats his presence here. by a public officer. 4 AVOC: We have done ill.] CORV: And credit nothing the false spirit hath writ: It cannot be. [EXIT NOTARY. 2 AVOC: For whom? 4 AVOC: Him that they call the parasite. and say. now left. CORB: So is the parasite too. 3 AVOC: 'Tis true. but he's possest grave fathers.]
.] 2 AVOC: This same's a labyrinth! 1 AVOC: Stand you unto your first report? CORV: My state. if he be heir. and learn his name. To send for him. And has a forked tongue-2 AVOC: Speak to the point.CORV: The devil has enter'd him! BON: Or bides in you. 4 AVOC: Go you.
if't be possible. to buy gingerbread? or to drown kitlings? NAN: Sir. And bid us all go play. he straight come to me to the court. ENTER VOLPONE.] How now! who let you loose? whither go you now? What. And that the gentlewoman was brought thither. that could not bear My fortune soberly? I must have my crotchets. here. CELIA. Thither will I. COMMANDADORI. then I lost myself. CEL: How ready is heaven to those that pray!
. And my conundrums! Well. [SHEWING THE PAPERS. SAFFI. He. master Mosca call'd us out of doors. and. when I devised it. and seek him: His meaning may be truer than my fear. was free. AND: Yes. Out of mere wantonness! O.] Professeth. go you. 1 AVOC: These things can ne'er be reconciled. the dull devil Was in this brain of mine. Forced by her husband. These are my fine conceits! I must be merry. with a mischief to me! What a vile wretch was I. VOLT: Most true. he must now Help to sear up this vein. ETC. CORBACCIO. A STREET. BONARIO. AS BEFORE. OR SENATE-HOUSE. VOLP: Did master Mosca take the keys? why so! I'm farther in.8. [EXEUNT. CORVINO..SCENE 5.]
SCENE 5. or we bleed dead. upon new hopes: When I provoked him. And Mosca gave it second. VOLP: To make a snare for mine own neck! and run My head into it. Bid him. and took the keys. wilfully! with laughter! When I had newly 'scaped. Unscrew my advocate. THE SCRUTINEO. AVOCATORI. that the gentleman was wrong'd. AND CASTRONE. and there left.-[ENTER NANO.7. and clear. ANDROGYNO.
he's possest. They said.] VOLP: The parasite will straight be here. to try If you were firm. see. That you are still the man. 2 AVOC: Yet. it is misty. And this was only a jest-VOLT: How? VOLP: Sir. 3 AVOC: Here comes our officer. and how you stood affected. and swell: See. that his master lives. fall down. he holds Utterly false. Possest: nay. 4 AVOC: His coming will clear all. VOLT: Art sure he lives? VOLP: Do I live.] --God bless the man!-Stop your wind hard. 4 AVOC: You might invent some other name. your hopes the same. the parasite Will'd me to tell you. I say. and seem so: I'll help to make it good. and Obsession. again. VOLT: May't please your fatherhoods-VOLP [whispers volt. sir varlet. you were possest. sir? VOLT: O me! I was too violent. see! He vomits crooked pins! his eyes are set. [voltore falls.]: Sir. grave fathers. 3 AVOC: Did not the notary meet him? VOLP: Not that I know. CORV: Grave fathers. you may redeem it. if there be possession. knowing his impotence. see. VOLP: Sir. he has both. [ENTER VOLPONE.1 AVOC: But that Volpone would have ravish'd her. Like a dead hare's hung in a poulter's shop!
VOLP: Look! he comes to himself! VOLT: Where am I? VOLP: Take good heart.]: Deny it. In shape of a blue toad. BON: O practice! 2 AVOC: What maze is this! 1 AVOC: Is he not guilty then. he is dead. I perceive it plain. where it flies. 1 AVOC: Shew him that writing:--do you know it. the devil! VOLP: Now in his throat. VOLT: Yes. and full of wonder! 3 AVOC: If he were Possest. 4 AVOC: Why. as it appears. You are dispossest. CORV: Ay. sir? CORB: What? I think I do. with a bat's wings! Do you not see it. 1 AVOC: What accident is this! 2 AVOC: Sudden. signior? Now it is in his belly! CORV: Ay. the worst is past. VOLP: 'Twill out. CORV: He has been often subject to these fits. sir. But all that it contains is false. sir? VOLP [WHISPERS VOLT. sir. I do know it well. forswear it. CORV: 'Tis too manifest. know it not. old Volpone.
. See. No more than his good patron. Whom you there name the parasite? VOLT: Grave fathers. 'twill out! stand clear. all this is nothing. it is my hand.His mouth's running away! Do you see.
A fit match for my daughter. and. 3 AVOC: You said so. the advocate Had betrayed all.]: Mosca! MOS: Whom I intend to bury like a gentleman. 2 AVOC: This is subtler yet! 3 AVOC: You said he was dead. 4 AVOC: Here comes the gentleman. I am living.]: A proper man. I sooner had attended your grave pleasures. VOLP [ASIDE TO MOSCA. MOS: What busy knave is this!--Most reverend fathers. quick.] 3 AVOC: A stool.]: Mosca. All's on the hinge again--Say. But that my order for the funeral Of my dear patron. CORV: I heard so. I was almost lost. 2 AVOC: Still stranger! More intricate! 1 AVOC: And come about again! 4 AVOC [ASIDE. 4 AVOC [ASIDE. my honour'd fathers.
. He lives-1 AVOC: How! lives? VOLT: Lives.VOLT: O no. but now it is recovered. VOLT: Never.]: It is a match.]: Ay. my daughter is bestow'd. 3 AVOC: Give him way. and cozen me of all. make him way. did require me-VOLP [ASIDE. [ENTER MOSCA. VOLP [ASIDE. were Volpone dead.
] --I cannot now Afford it you so cheap. did not you affirm. [ASIDE TO VOLP.
. I hope. with mine own life.] --I was born. [ASIDE. VOLP: Wilt thou betray me? Cozen me? 3 AVOC: And taught to bear himself Toward a person of his rank. This gentleman told me so. MOS: Most grave fathers. some that know him: I never saw his face. With all good stars my enemies. Volpone was alive? VOLP: Yes. 2 AVOC: Take him away.MOS [ASIDE TO VOLP. I am silent: 'twas not this For which you sent.--Sir. and he is. VOLP: I did. cry not so loud. VOLP: Mosca! 3 AVOC: Let him be whipt. grave fathers. MOS: I know. If such an insolence as this must pass Upon me. I'll be hang'd. And will maintain he lives. 4 AVOC: Away. And that this creature [POINTS TO MOSCA. Your voice is good.]: Will you give me half? VOLP: First. 1 AVOC: Demand The advocate.] told me.] --Thou shalt have half. [ASIDE TO VOLP. VOLP: No! 1 AVOC: What say you? VOLT: The officer told me.-MOS: Whose drunkard is this same? speak.
[THROWS OFF HIS DISGUISE. your match I'll hinder sure: my substance shall not glue you. 2 AVOC: Nothing can be more clear. My ruins shall not come alone. Nor screw you into a family. 1 AVOC: The knot is now undone by miracle.] MOS: Patron! VOLP: Nay. 1 AVOC: Give them their liberty. 3 AVOC: Or can more prove These innocent. patron! VOLP: I am Volpone. avarice's fool. but torment. now. a chimera of wittol.]. VOLP [ASIDE. since we all can hope Nought but a sentence. are you married? VOLP: They will be allied anon. May I be poor! 3 AVOC: This is not the gain.].
. [POINTING TO MOSCA. This [TO CORV. soft: Whipt! And lose all that I have! If I confess. and knave: And.] This [TO VOLT.[THE OFFICERS SEIZE VOLPONE. MOS: Why. reverend fathers. and this is my knave. 2 AVOC: If this be held the high-way to get riches.].] MOS: I humbly thank your fatherhoods. You hear me brief. BON: Heaven could not long let such gross crimes be hid. This [TO CORB. let's not now dispair it. his own knave. 4 AVOC: Sir. It cannot be much more. I must be resolute: The Fox shall here uncase. CORV: May it please your fatherhoods-COM: Silence. fool.]: Soft.
cramp'd with irons. to take away the scandal Thou hast given all worthy men of thy profession. lastly. MOS: Most honour'd fathers!-1 AVOC: Can you plead aught to stay the course of justice? If you can. CEL: And mercy. Till thou be'st sick. Where. Being a fellow of no birth or blood: For which our sentence is. as sick men possess fevers. and such diseases. Thou art to lie in prison. [HE IS TAKEN FROM THE BAR. suing for the guilty. By blood and rank a gentleman. 1 AVOC: Thou. gout. CORV. thou be whipt. and lame indeed. Art banish'd from their fellowship. first. Volpone. Then live perpetual prisoner in our gallies. canst not fall Under like censure. And habit of a gentleman of Venice.] VOLP: This is call'd mortifying of a Fox.--Remove him. 2 AVOC: Disrobe that parasite.1 AVOC: These possess wealth. but our judgment on thee Is. By feigning lame. palsy. CORV. and confine thee To the monastery of San Spirito. Voltore. Stand forth. 1 AVOC: You hurt your innocence. VOLT: I thank you for him. if not plotter. Corbaccio!--bring him near--We here possess Thy son of all thy state. Which trulier may be said to possess them. since the most was gotten by imposture. that thy substance all be straight confiscate To the hospital of the Incurabili: And. and our state. VOLT: We beg favour. Thou shalt be learn'd to die well. and now. since thou knewest not how to live well here. speak. and first the parasite: You appear T'have been the chiefest minister.] --Thou. [MOSCA IS CARRIED OUT. In all these lewd impostures. Have with your impudence abused the court.
. MOS: Bane to thy wolvish nature! 1 AVOC: Deliver him to the saffi.
. with fair long asses' ears.]
GLOSSARY ABATE. shalt Be straight embark'd from thine own house.CORB: Ah! what said he? AND: You shall know anon.] [VOLPONE COMES FORWARD. cast down. I am glad I shall not see my shame yet. and past. Wearing a cap.] VOLPONE: The seasoning of a play. Bruised fruit and rotten eggs--'Tis well. Now you begin. ALL: Honour'd fathers. fare jovially. is the applause. 1 AVOC: And to expiate Thy wrongs done to thy wife. and so to mount. subdue. there is no suffering due. Take heart and love to study 'em! Mischiefs feed Like beasts. When crimes are done. Now. with her dowry trebled: And these are all your judgments. [EXEUNT. to the Berlina-CORV: Yes. thou art to send her Home to her father. 1 AVOC: Thou.
[EXIT.-1 AVOC: Which may not be revoked. censure him. through the grand canale. Instead of horns. here he doubtful stands: If not. Let all that see these vices thus rewarded. To think what your crimes are: away with them. And have mine eyes beat out with stinking fish. and clap your hands. He yet doth hope. Corvino. and row'd Round about Venice. though the Fox be punish'd by the laws. and to be punish'd. a paper Pinn'd on thy breast. If there be. For any fact which he hath done 'gainst you. sir. and then they bleed. till they be fat.
See "Henry IV. inform. ADJECTION. spurious. wonder. approach. ADVERTISEMENT. repugnant (to). philosopher's stone. insult. ACKNOWN. (The word was a fashionable one and used on all occasions. astonishment. give intelligence. dishonour. addition. receive. "be--. ABRASE. draw near. faultless(ly). consider. intelligence. abstruse. deceive. or substance from which obtained. befitting. iii." pt. abstract. base. cates. caterer. degraded thing. ADROP. smooth. wonder at. ACCEPTIVE. ADALANTADO. ADVERTISE. subscribe. confessedly acquainted with. ADMIRATION. ADVERTISED. ACCOMMODATE. ADMIRE. bethink oneself. lift. ABJECT. ADVANCE. ADVISE. ACATES. 2. fit. make ill use of.. full maturity. 4). ACME. ready to accept.ABHORRING. at variance.
. blank. ABSOLUTE(LY). ACATER. lord deputy or governor of a Spanish province. outcast. willing. ACCOST. deliberate. ABUSE." be it known to you. counterfeit. ADULTERATE. ABSTRACTED. ADSCRIVE.
brood. approbation. informed. ALLOWANCE. 1458. AMBER. entirely ("all-to-be-laden"). have confidence in. AGAINST. love. AMBRE. AGAIN. lowest throw at dice. aim at. obstinate. AFTER. ALL-TO. like. AIERY. AFFECTS. AFFECTIONATE. increase. betroth. without peer. perplexed. name of a dance. guess.
.ADVISED. children's cry at hide-and-seek. "give the--. planet of chief influence in the horoscope." face. AGGRAVATE. magnify. See Paranomasie. AFFECTED. AFFRONT. in anticipation of. completely. beloved. ALMAIN. ambergris. ALMUTEN. AGNOMINATION. recognition. AMBREE. subliming pots. enlarge upon. ALMA-CANTARAS (astronomy). AMAZED. prejudiced. nest. parallels of altitude. AFFY. confused. ALL HID. "are you--?" have you found that out? AFFECT. unequalled. ALUDELS. move. affections. MARY. disposed. a woman noted for her valour at the siege of Ghent. AIM. after the manner of. aware. AMES-ACE. ALONE.
attach. ANTIPERISTASIS. peril. ARCHIE.AMPHIBOLIES. "make the--. ANTIC. ARBOR. opportune(ly). return hit in fencing. gold coin worth 10 shillings. pander. ANTIC. APT(LY). suit. ANATOMY. Archibald Armstrong. stamped with the figure of the archangel Michael. buffoon. prepare. dispose. suitableness. clown. AMUSED. amazed. APOZEM. quick of perception. ARGAILE. incline. APPERIL." cut up the game (Gifford). prove. if. APT. APPROVE. decoction. spring known as Agnes le Clare. adapt. APPREHEND. suitable(y). pimp. and Charles I. APPREHENSIVE. AN. argol. or dissected body. fire-dogs. ambiguities. ANNESH CLEARE. APPLE-JOHN. crust or sediment in wine casks. ANSWER. ANGEL. ANDIRONS. able to perceive and appreciate. APPLY. like a buffoon. jester to James I. confirm. take into custody. an opposition which enhances the quality it opposes. APTITUDE. bewildered. ANTIQUE. Court of Arches. ARCHES.
. APPLE-SQUIRE. train. skeleton.
subject. authorised. used as an imitation of gold-leaf. ASCENSION. begone! get rid of.
. ARGUMENT. ASSURE. solve. AUDACIOUS. AZOCH. plot of a drama. long for. Mercurius Philosophorum. BABION. of authority. mixture of copper and zinc. proof. ATTACH. genuine. ARTIFICIALLY. quicksilver. trustworthy. calculated to keep up a constant heat. having spirit and confidence. ASSAY. ARSEDINE. try to reach. ARTICLE. baboon. obtain. reconcile. PRINCE. doll. ATHANOR. ARTHUR. of Arthur's knights.. AVOID. item. AWAY WITH. AUTHENTIC(AL). matter in question. please. token. artfully. seize. ARRIDE. evaporation.ARGENT-VIVE. theme. ASPIRE. distillation. reflection. BABY. a ceremony of the hunting-field. attack. etc. ATONE. a digesting furnace. secure possession or reversion of. assault. draw a knife along the belly of the deer. ASSOIL. consideration. AVISEMENT. endure. ASSALTO (Italian). reference to an archery show by a society who assumed arms.
fabulous reptile. BANE. BAFFLE.. a vessel for holding hot water in which other vessels are stood for heating. BALNEUM (BAIN MARIE). horse of magic powers known to old romance." Puritan. be reduced. belt worn across the breast to support bugle. dog tied or chained up. game at ball. BARB. pair. avoid. were beaten by the attendant mob when bad characters were "carted. to clip gold. BARE. game somewhat similar to base. BALK." BATE. pass by. richly embroidered skirt reaching to the knees. BARBEL. woe. used for the broken provision collected for prisoners. BALE (of dice).BACK-SIDE. BANDOG. BALLACE. BARLEY-BREAK. "brother of--. fresh-water fish. BASES. abate. it was "a particular mark of state and grandeur for the coachman to be uncovered" (Gifford). dessert. etc. BANBURY. treat with contempt. basons.
. meer. back premises. BASON. BAIARD. BALLOO. Italian coin. or lower. ballast. ruin. overlook. BASE. game of prisoner's base. BAGATINE. BASKET. etc. BALDRICK. believed to slay with its eye. BASILISK. worth about the third of a farthing. BANQUET. bareheaded. a light repast. reduce.
Transylvanian hero. beslabber. BESPAWLE. BAWSON. "I'd--him. stick. BEG. baton. BEAGLE. an aromatic gum. night watchman. prayer-man. make known. BEARWARD." the custody of minors and idiots was begged for. BEDSTAFF. likewise property fallen forfeit to the Crown ("your house had been begged"). heraldic term: small gold circle. keep in suspense. defile. BERLINA. spy.BATOON. reveal. bespatter. knight of romance whose horse was equally celebrated. bear leader. badger. BESOGNO. BELL-MAN. BETHLEHEM GABOR. grow fat. BEZANT. small hound. BESLAVE. (?) wooden pin in the side of the bedstead for supporting the bedclothes (Johnson). SIR. one of the sticks or "laths". fig. heavy mallet. drinking. BEZOAR'S STONE. BEDPHERE. deceive with false hopes. BEADSMAN. pillory. a remedy known by this name was a supposed antidote to
. a stick used in making a bed. BEAR IN HAND. BEVER. BEWRAY. See Phere. BATTEN. one engaged to pray for another. BESCUMBER. BEETLE. feed. BENJAMIN. BEVIS. beggar. proclaimed King of Hungary.
fig. sift (boulting-tub). BILK. originally a small French coin. BODKIN. armorial bearings. highwayman. BILIVE (belive). dagger. BOB.) blazon." without ceasing. BLAZE. puff up. blushing one. (her. colour of servants' livery. BID-STAND. all that pertains to good birth and breeding. BOLT. BLAZON. kind of pike. roll (of material). nightcap. BLACK SANCTUS. BLOW. toss in a blanket. cap.
. or other short. dislodge. with haste. BLIN. publish abroad. BOLT. BODGE. hence "--order. BLANK. outburst of violence. wood cut for fuel. BOB. white. BLUE. stick. jest. rout out. BIGGIN. pointed weapon." "--waiters. thump. empty talk. beat. BILL. measure. taunt.poison. thieving. burlesque hymn. long pin with which the women fastened up their hair. "withouten--. any unholy riot." BLUSHET. BLAZE. BLANKET. nothing. BLANK. BIRDING. BILLET. similar to that worn by the Beguines.
brawls. a heroine in "Orlando Furioso. padded. a lively character commemorated in ballads. bitch. BOURD. or strong curb or bridle. plum-cheeked wench" (Johnson) --not always used in compliment. BOVOLI. frame for confining a horse's feet while being shod. with "detached sleeve ornaments. "terrible--. braggart speech. (See Nares). jest. flourish of weapon. trap. BRAKE.
. BRASH. ARTHUR OF. skein or ball of thread. long. prompter. BOTTOM. truss. BRABBLES (BRABBLESH). BOMBARD SLOPS. flower vase or pot. BOTTLE (of hay). BORNE IT. bundle. snails or cockles dressed in the Italian manner (Gifford). BOOT. BRANCHED. carried it through. BRACH." "angry--. BORDELLO. vessel. "good." BRADLEY." roystering young bucks. BONNY-CLABBER. BOYS.BOLT'S-HEAD. "no--. BONA ROBA. BOOKHOLDER. bravado. projecting from the shoulders of the gown" (Gifford). sour butter-milk. BOW-POT. brace. BRANDISH. bottle made of skin. "to--. BRADAMANTE. conducted. brothel. BRAVE." into the bargain. wholesome. puffed-out breeches." of no avail. BORACHIO. straight-necked vessel for distillation.
BROOK. wedding feast. abstract. gallants. extravagant gaiety of apparel. speaking head made by Roger Bacon. leather made of buffalo skin. etc. an English divine and Hebrew scholar. put up with. BROKE. gaily. finely (apparelled). (?) bolled. bravado. transact business as a broker. (mus. bend. rumour. gadfly. smartly dressed. BREND.). BUCK. BREATHE. BRISK. long-shaped bead. BUCKLE.
. BULLIONS. wash. state seal. BROAD-SEAL. burn. swaggerer. BROUGHTON. breese. BRAVO. black tincture. BUFF. BRAVERY. speak dispraisingly of. exercise.BRAVE (adv. BUFO. BRAZEN-HEAD. HUGH. BREATH UPON. swelled. badger (term of contempt).) breve. used for military and serjeants' coats. endure. BRAVERIES. BULLED. pause for relaxation. BROCK. BRUIT. trunk hose. BRIEF. BRIZE. BRIDE-ALE. BUGLE.
. BUTTER. exclamation to enjoin silence. chorus. where provisions and liquors were stored. a compiler of general news." incidentally. BUSKIN. pledge. BUY. at once. "on the __. woman of ill repute. BURROUGH. crimped. wretch. half-boot. CAMOUCCIO. light kind of musket. BY AND BY. braggadocio. closely-fitting helmet with visor. CALLOT. coif worn on the wigs of our judges or serjeants-at-law (Gifford). BUNGY. security. by-blow. CALVERED. BUZZARD. BURDEN. simpleton. CADUCEUS. barbless arrow for shooting at butts. BUZ. half-door shutting off the buttery. NATHANIEL ("Staple of News"). Mercury's wand. CALIVER. Friar Bungay." formerly the guardianship of wards could be bought. at the side. (See Nares). CALLET. BUTT-SHAFT. BY(E). BUTTERY-HATCH. mark wooden measures ("--ing of cans"). term of familiar endearment. "he bought me. (See Cunningham). BURGONET.BULLY. BURN. refrain. foot gear reaching high up the leg. who had a familiar in the shape of a dog. or sliced and pickled. as of minor or secondary importance. bastard. BY-CHOP. BURGULLION. knave.
a pair. couple. CAST.
. cashiered.." in condition. CARANZA.CAMUSED. impression. calculate. CARRIAGE. a cap of state borne before kings at their coronation. CAST. forecast. CASE. quip. also an heraldic term. "in--. knows. CARCANET. CASTING-GLASS. CASSOCK. value. flight of hawks. CASE." CARACT. carriage. jewelled ornament for the neck. CAST. table-cover. rent from house property. kestrel. CAP OF MAINTENCE. CANDLE-WASTER. soldier's loose overcoat. bearing. unit of weight for precious stones. sturdy beggar. CAPABLE. casemate. CARE. one who studies late. object. CARPET. CANDLE-RENT. carat. CAROSH. falcon. CASAMATE. an insignia of dignity. bottle for sprinkling perfume. vomit. fortress. CAPANEUS. Spanish author of a book on duelling. CAN. CARWHITCHET. one of the "Seven against Thebes. etc. CANTER. take care. flat. throw dice. coach. worth. pun. behaviour. fit to receive instruction. able to comprehend. CASTRIL.
CAUTELOUS. pass sentence. provisions. "hunt--. CENSURE. criticise. criticism. Turkish envoy. structure used in sieges. cosmetic containing white lead." follow a fresh scent. swindler. silence. expense. CHARGE." CATASTROPHE. CERUSE. CHARM. encouragement. handwriting. used for a cheat. doom. crafty. sheriff's officer. CHARTEL. CHILDERMASS DAY. comfort. CATSO. CHAPMAN. CENSURE. exercising magic power. CHARACTER. lay a spell on. assess. market. CHEAP. CHEQUIN. rogue. Innocents' Day.CAT. CHANGE. CHEER. dainties. CATAMITE. from kidskin. bargain. CHARMING. CHOKE-BAIL. cheat. conclusion. artful. food.
. gold Italian coin. retail dealer. sentence. challenge. CESS. CHEAR. CHECK AT. action which does not allow of bail. CATCHPOLE. CATES. subdue with magic. old form of "ganymede. which is elastic and pliable. CHEVRIL. CHIAUS. aim reproof at. entertainment.
etc. CITRONISE. woman of fashion. wordy heroes of romance. CLAPS HIS DISH. CIBATION. lady's high shoe. detail. CIMICI.
. CITTERN. and to give sound of their approach. beating about the bush. cinnabar. turn citron colour. CLAPPER-DUDGEON. clack. CLIM O' THE CLOUGHS. "a species of roarer. CHRYSOSPERM. CLAP. chopine. Venetian noble. CIOPPINI. heroine of an old romance. who made use of wires for hair and dress. secretive. latch. ways of producing gold. CLARISSIMO.CHRYSOPOEIA. CIRCLING BOY. CLEM. CLICKET. particular. starve. a clap. bugs. circumlocution. alchemy. CINOPER. dish (dish with a movable lid) was carried by beggars and lepers to show that the vessel was empty. secret. downright beggar. legal. one who in some way drew a man into a snare.. kind of guitar. CLOSE. secrecy. ceremony. CITY-WIRES. CLOSENESS. or clack. chatter. CLARIDIANA. CLIMATE. everything pertaining to a certain condition. private. country. CIVIL. adding fresh substances to supply the waste of evaporation. to cheat or rob him" (Nares). CIRCUMSTANCE.
fool's cap. cheat. reptile supposed to be produced from a cock's egg and to kill by its eye--used as a term of reproach for a woman. confusion. COG. and to possess particular virtues. bull's eye. fool. folding blinds. coldly affected towards. clodhopper. COCKATRICE. "bear no--. COB-HERRING. COKES. COFFIN. master of a puppet-show (Whalley). COB-SWAN. COAT-ARMOUR. COCK-A-HOOP. gull. COIL. having cold opinion of. COAT-CARD. HERRING-COB. giddy. denoting unstinted jollity. coat of arms. COCKSTONE. male swan. COCK-BRAINED." submit to no affront. a young herring. CODLING. CLOUT. turmoil. mark shot at. softening by boiling. wild. COKELY. COLD-CONCEITED. deduction. a retreat for people of all sorts. COCKSCOMB. ado. wheedle. raised crust of a pie. COLE-HARBOUR. COLLECTION. COALS. arras.CLOTH. pamper. countryman. CLOWN. hangings. thought to be derived from turning on the tap that all might drink to the full of the flowing liquor. COACH-LEAVES. COCKER. court-card. composure.
. stone said to be found in a cock's gizzard.
charge. completion. COMPASS. complaisant. "fear no--. masters of accomplishments.COLLOP. CONCEIT. CONCEIT. COME ABOUT. accomplishment. blacken. See Complement. turn round. a certain amount of church property had been retained at the dissolution of the monasteries. COLLY. COMPLIMENT. composition. and the courtiers begged for it. constitution. COLSTAFF. Elizabeth sent commissioners to search it out. COMPOSITION. COMING. debtors' prison. COUNTER. constitution. contract. COMPOSURE.
. CONCEALMENT. who forced the borrower to take part of the loan in the shape of worthless goods on which the latter had to make money if he could." allusion to practice of money-lenders. sphere. apprehend. opinion." within the range. COMPLIMENTARIES. cowlstaff. idea. COMPLEMENT. COMPLEXION. "in--. COMMENT. "sometime it is taken for a lie or fayned tale" (Bullokar. COMMUNICATE. agreement. completement. COMMODITY. COMFORTABLE BREAD. COLOUR. piece of flesh. fancy. forward. witty invention. pretext. COMPTER. spiced gingerbread. "current for--. pole for carrying a cowl=tub. anything required for the perfecting or carrying out of a person or affair. commentary. 1616). COLOURS. small slice. conception. ready to respond. natural disposition." no enemy (quibble). share.
fancifully. "a cop" may have reference to one or other meaning. harmony. CONSTANT. CONCENT. compare. understand. head. of secret intelligence. faithful. escort. CONVEY. bear or beat down. assimilate. CONNIVE. sweetmeat. CONDEN'T. CONFECT. cheat. persistence.CONCEITED. CONSORT. conductor. overcome. company. witty. etc. of opinion. Gifford and others interpret as "conical. terminating in a point. persistently. assembly. CONVINCE. CONDUCT. confirmed. CONTROL (the point). CONCEIVE. CONTEND. COP. disposed to joke. probably conducted. agreement. infer. transmit from one to another. CONVENT. meeting. CONFER. ardour. ingenious (hence well conceited. CONCOCT. CONVERT. top. turn (oneself). prove. possessed of an idea. bows. concert. persistent.). CONEY-CATCH. prove. CONGIES. wink. convict. firmly. CONSTANCY."
. CONCLUDE. give a look. evince. fidelity. ingeniously devised or conceived. overpower. tuft on head of birds. CONSTANTLY. digest. CONTINENT. possessed of intelligence. strive. holding together.
pet lamb. opposite. COUNTER.": "The king. apple-seller. COUNTERPANE. pieces of metal or ivory for calculating at play. N. COTE." COSSET. caused his carver to cut him out a court-dish. COUNTERFEIT.. credit. COUNSEL. false coin. one part or counterpart of a deed or indenture. chapman. CORYAT. companion. contrary point. CORSIVE. abundance. from "cothurnus. curtain. copia). hussy. COSTS. COTHURNAL.D. COTQUEAN. COSTARD. finishing part or touch. means necessary for support.COPE-MAN. etc. "hunt--. COPY (Lat. COSTARD-MONGER." a particular boot worn by actors in Greek tragedy. which he sent him as
. ribs. coster-monger. standing. COPESMATE. famous for his travels. secret. corrosive. pet. COURT-DISH. that is. COUNTER. hut. quotes from Bp. head. See Compter. copiousness. a kind of drinking-cup (Halliwell). COROLLARY.E. CORN ("powder--"). COUNTER." follow scent in reverse direction. published as "Coryat's Crudities. (arch. something of every dish. grain. COUNTENANCE.. COUNTERPOINT.) wall between two towers. Goodman's "Court of James I. CORTINE.
reap. craunch. gather. disdain. CROPSHIRE. COYSTREL. courtliness. CRAMBE. COVETISE. come to grief. low varlet. also fairy appellation for a fly (Gifford. many coins being stamped with a cross. crack up. CROSS AND PILE. CRISPED. draw back. game at cards. in which the players find rhymes for a given word. COURTEAU. CROP. CRACK. CROWD. CRIMP. (See N." but this does not sound like short allowance or small receptacle.
. CRACK. COURT-DOR. wag.E. fool. COWSHARD. a kind of herring.D. curtal. cow dung. with curled or waved hair. spider-like. fiddle. boast. fool's cap. CROSSLET. who refers to lines in Drayton's "Nimphidia").part of his reversion. CRANION. any piece of money. game of crambo. CRINCLE. CRANCH. lively young rogue. avarice. COXCOMB. fool. turn aside. COY. shrink. COZEN. crucible.) CROSS. cheat. COURTSHIP. heads and tails. small horse with docked tail.
"quaking--. for the fool jumped into it. elaborate. base fellow." reference to a large custard which formed part of a city feast and afforded huge entertainment. undigested matter. curl up. DAGGER ("--frumety"). CUNNING. 40. CRY ("he that cried Italian"). skilful. "speak in a musical cadence. Portuguese gold coin. CRUSADO. name of tavern. CUNNING-MAN. mischievous. (See "All's Well. marked with a cross. DARGISON. broth. CYPRES (CYPRUS) (quibble)." "--politic. particular." in undress. CURST. CULVERIN. etc. CURTAL. cypress (or cyprus) being a transparent material. of inferior sort. etc. "in--. used for the ducking of scolds. CUSTARD. CUERPO. CURE." intone. elegant(ly). open-work. 5. apparently some person known in ballad or tale. coward. and when black used for mourning. kind of cannon. badge worn on their arm by servants. CURIOUS(LY). a gourd-shaped vessel used for distillation. cry up. dainty(ly) (hence "in curious"). embroidery. care for.
.) CUTWORK. and other like tricks were played. skill. CULLION. CUCURBITE. dog with docked tail. CRUMP.CRUDITIES. CULLICE. scrupulous. CULLISEN. shrewish. fortune-teller. CUCKING-STOOL." ii. or declaim (?). CUNNING.
DEAR. deduct. invented. masque. made into balls of perfumed paste. DIAPASM.). terminate. DEMI-CULVERIN. aside. DEPENDANCE. applied to that which in any way touches us nearly. DEFALK. a thing moved by wires. cannon carrying a ball of about ten pounds. exact in every particular. (See Pomander. puppet. (?) dagger (Cunningham).) DIBBLE. rash. DEGREES. inform against. being the twelfth part of a sou. DEVISED. turn away. DEPART. ground of quarrel in duello language. abate. show. steps. DETERMINE. accuse. the smallest possible coin. DESERT. design. DETRACT. part with. reward.
.. DELATE. draw back. refuse. DENIER. DEAD LIFT. forbid. reckless. degenerate.DAUPHIN MY BOY. desperate emergency. DEVICE. powdered aromatic herbs. DESPERATE.D. DEFEND.E. DEVISE. DAW. allow to be detected. turn off from. betray. DECLINE. refrain of old comic song. daunt. DEGENEROUS. etc. (?) moustache (N. DETECT. DESIGNMENT.
reveal. DISCHARGE. DISPOSURE. DISCERN. DISPARAGEMENT. search. disposal. DILDO. DISPOSED. irregular. DISPLAY. scattered. DISCOURTSHIP. depreciate. DISCOVER. DISCLAIM. enervated by grief. DISCOURSE. DISPUNCT. discipline. DISPRISE. DISPENSE WITH. teach by the whip. not punctilious.
. legal term applied to the unfitness in any way of a marriage arranged for in the case of wards. DIS'PLE. DISCIPLINE. debase. renounce all part in. DISFAVOUR. display. vague term of low meaning. disordered.DIFFUSED. DISBASE. show a difference between. DIMBLE. DISTANCE. DISQUISITION. stated allowance. grant dispensation for. reasoning faculty. ravine. discourtesy. DIGHT. betray. process of reasoning. refrain of popular songs. ecclesiastical system. reformation. DISSOLVED. inclined to merriment. (?) proper measure. dingle. settle for. distinguish. dressed. extend. DIMENSUM. disfigure.
"give the--. melancholy.). coiffure. term of contempt. DOUBLE. DOLE. beetle. idler. DRESS.
." make a fool of. pannier. distribution of grimaces. buzzing insect. DOG-BOLT. dip. originally a mournful melody. DRYFOOT. (?) buzz. qualities. given in dole. DIVISION (mus. DUCKING. plover. track by mere scent of foot. curry. DISTASTE. DRIFT. behave deceitfully. punishment for minor offences. verdict. DOSSER. DOTTEREL. DOP. upset. wench. sentence. variation. fool. DOR. DOR. modulation. low bow.DISTASTE. intention. DISTEMPERED. DRACHM. DOTES. Greek silver coin. Orlando's sword. mistress. DOOM. gull. DOXY. offence. out of humour. DUILL. DUMPS. endowments. DRESSING. charity. drone. cause of offence. groom. render distasteful. DURINDANA. basket. DOLE OF FACES. grieve.
readiness. device. EDGE. yean. ENTREATY. moreover. an existing thing. contrivance. EECH.
. highest note in the scale. deviser. ENGHLE. ENTRY. EKE. also. ENGIN(E). ENGHLE. EGGS ON THE SPIT.DWINDLE. ELF-LOCK. monopolise. supposed to be the work of elves. E-LA. ENTREAT. ant. full of devices. involve. wit. ingenuity. engineer. cajole. ENGINOUS. take into service. entertainment. eke. ENSIGNS. a substance. ENTERTAIN. eminently excellent. ENGINER. agent. EMMET. ingenious. ENGROSS. EBOLITION. ENSURE. be overawed. fondle. EGREGIOUS. EASINESS. assure. tangled hair. wounds. crafty. bring forth young. sword. EAN. ENS. tokens. plotter. plead. witty. ENGAGE. See Ingle. ebullition. important business on hand. place where a deer has lately passed. shrink away.
EQUAL.ENVOY. odium. EXHALE. candied root of the sea-holly. overturn. EXAMPLESS. allowance for keep. EVENT. EXORBITANT. ESTRICH. separate. EXEQUIES. ETHNIC. just equable. elevation in esteem. issue. issue(d). sharpen. ESSENTIATE. esteem. EXCALIBUR. EPHEMERIDES. become assimilated. King Arthur's sword. calendars. drag out. make an example of. formerly used as a sweetmeat and aphrodisiac. ERINGO. ERRANT. conclusion. EXACUATE. EXEMPT. calumny. ostrich. obsequies. ESTIMATION. without example or parallel. just. EXHIBITION.
. fate. heathen. inordinate. exceeding limits of propriety or law. impartial. dislike. ENVY. pocket-money. EURIPUS. EVEN. flux and reflux. arrant. exclude. spite. denouement. EXEMPLIFY. ERECTION. EVENT(ED). EVERT.
given to party feeling. EXTRUDE. or a person who sold the same (Gifford). FALL. ornament. FACT. EXTRACTION. FAGIOLI. EYEBRIGHT. belonging to a party. or. believing. FALSIFY. wait. "in--. least shade or gleam. expel. FAECES." in view. FACES ABOUT. EXTEMPORAL. terminate. FAIN. FAME. EXPECT. EXPIATE. appearance. ruff or band turned back on the shoulders. employed for a special or temporary purpose. seditious. crime. dregs. act.
. report. essence. (?) a malt liquor in which the herb of this name was infused. EXPLICATE. unpremeditated. explain. faith. extempore. extremely wicked. French beans. FACE. FACINOROUS. EYE. attendant spirit. military word of command. FAMILIAR. feign (fencing term). EYE-TINGE. FACKINGS. forced. deed. unfold. FACTIOUS. FAITHFUL. necessitated.EXORNATION. EXTRAORDINARY. veil.
FEAT. belabour. FICO. FEAT.
." stir up. hooped petticoat. dung. or in jerks. trim. FAYLES. "--up. FERN-SEED. FAUTOR. fig. stuff." in default of. capricious. vautrier). FAULT. partisan. whimsical. FARTHINGAL. term of contempt. "in--" by feudal obligation. See Fet. FIRK. FET." suddenly behaves like a madman. move suddenly. FEIZE. supposed to have power of rendering invisible. FELLOW. frisk. fellow. FEAR(ED). elegant. "for--. FEUTERER (Fr. emblem of flattery. activity. beat. FAR-FET. loss. companion. FARCE. FEWMETS. FERE. FIGGUM. operation. FETCH. action. fiction. invention. (?) jugglery. old table game similar to backgammon. dog-keeper. FENNEL. "firks mad. FAUCET. trick. tapster.FANTASTICAL. FEE. fetched. break in line of scent. affright(ed). deed. rouse. FIGMENT. lack.
FLASKET. pay one out. to fly low and waveringly. sudden gust or squall of wind. feed a hawk or dog with flesh to incite it to the chase. FLOWERS. catch fleas. FLAW.FIT. flacon) round the neck (?). FLICKER-MOUSE. satiate. initiate in blood-shed. FLY. FLITTER-MOUSE. game similar to snap-dragon. laugh derisively. dancing. that which sets anything off to advantage. FIVE-AND-FIFTY. FLESH. sharper. bat. FOIL. for hanging a smelling-bottle (Fr. mock. pulverised substance. familiar spirit. speak and act contemptuously. "highest number to stand on at primero" (Gifford).E. FLEER. FLOUT. footstep. lie. FOOT-CLOTH. readiness. FLIGHT. FOOTING. foothold. cut-purse.). sneer. custard.D. FITTON (FITTEN). punish. FOND(LY). some kind of basket. light arrow. foolish(ly). FLAP-DRAGON. bat. (See N. FLEA. FOIST. invention. FLAWN.
. FLAGON CHAIN. housings of ornamental cloth which hung down on either side a horse to the ground. weapon used in fencing. FLAG. FITNESS.
peevish. disable with over-riding. FRAMPULL. FREQUENT. sour-tempered. wrangler. front lock of hair which fashion required to be worn upright. bewitch. rubbing. FOR. abstain from. face. FRAPLER. FRAYING. FORGED. blusterer. FRICATRICE. FOUNDER. produced when required. FRIPPERY. FREIGHT (of the gazetti). FORESLOW. rush basket in which figs or raisins were packed.FOPPERY. conventional. bear with." run the game down with dogs. "a stag is said to fray his head when he rubs it against a tree to. shapely.. "hunt at--. FROCK. FORM. lair. state formally. FRICACE. delay. foolery. FORBEAR. effrontery. FORCE.. FOURM.
. burden (of the newspapers). FRAIL. assurance. smock-frock. normal. FOX. FORTHCOMING. sword. FORETOP. form. foretell. FORMAL." for fear of failing. old clothes shop. full. "--failing. FORESPEAK. modesty. FOREHEAD. woman of low character. fabricated. cause the outward coat of the new horns to fall off" (Gifford).
manner. GALLEY-FOIST. FULMART. hulled wheat boiled in milk and spiced. when he was sworn into his office at Westminster (Whalley). small Venetian coin worth about three-farthings. FURIBUND. guard.E. GAZETTE. lively dance in triple time. stuff. be eager after. used on Lord Mayor's Day. (?) figent: fidgety.). FUGEAND. rubbed.E.D. FRUMP. sheaf (Fr. trimming. Rabelais' giant. couplets wrapped round sweetmeats (Cunningham).D. GARDED. sneer. errand. FROTED. affair. raging. shameless. fashion.FROLICS. dye. faced or trimmed. name of a land-tenure existing chiefly in Kent. gold or silver lace. gerbe). FULSOME. or other ornament. matter.
. FULLAM. restless (N. GAPE.). FRONTLESS. from 16th century often used to denote custom of dividing a deceased man's property equally among his sons (N. furious. GARNISH. GALLIARD. (?) humorous verses circulated at a feast (N.). GARAGANTUA. GAVEL-KIND. GARD.E. GEAR (GEER). flout.D. GEANCE. FRUMETY. GARB. behaviour. foul. jaunt. offensive. city-barge. false dice. fee. polecat. FUCUS.
gibe. crystal or beryl. good breeding. steps from which the bodies of criminals were thrown into the river. (See Turd). gentlemen. sound in credit. hand. party of three. good luck. card game played by three. GOOD-YEAR. godfather. GLORIOUSLY. GENTRY. gang. colour of. free. GEMONIES. GOOD. GLEEK. GORCROW. manners characteristic of gentry. attendant spirit. GLASS ("taking in of shadows. gimlet. chief magistrate. GIGLOT. GENERAL. start a giants' war. GOSSIP. of vain glory. bird of the snipe family. GODWIT. GOLL. standard-bearer. etc. GIMBLET. GOLD-END-MAN."). GLICK (GLEEK). frozen. side glance. carrion crow. GIGANTOMACHIZE. neck armour. wanton. a buyer of broken gold and silver. GONFALIONIER. GENIUS. GIB-CAT. affable. GORGET. jest.
. GOOSE-TURD. GING. trio. glaze.GELID. etc. GLIDDER. tom-cat.
GRATIFY. GRIPE'S EGG. GULL. GUST. GROAT. GRAY. badger. vessel in shape of. GRIEF. taste. GRASS. heed. GRATITUDE. griffin. coat of mail. fat. gullet. GUILDER. dupe. welcome. GROPE. officer in the royal household. GRIPE. simpleton. GRATULATE. GRICE. GROGRAN. heraldic term: turning the head only. HAB NAB. fourpence. vulture. cub. pit (hence "grounded judgments"). Dutch coin worth about 4d. GRANNAM. GROOM-PORTER.
. probe. caution. grandam. handle. grievance. heraldic term for red. GUARD." to stand staring and gaping like a fool. or of coarse silk. on. welcome. GRATEFUL. GRAVITY. by. throat. dignity. coarse stuff made of silk and mohair.GOWKED. agreeable. (?) grease. chance. congratulate. GUARDANT. gratuity. GULES. HABERGEON. from "gowk. GROUND. give thanks to.
luck. HARPOCRATES. fig. trace (an animal) to its shelter. Horus the child. HALBERD. you have it (a fencing term). that which is staked. HAY IN HIS HORN. wild. inquire. son of Osiris. etc. ill-tempered person. net for catching rabbits. HAP. appropriateness. game at dice." find. rich. constable. "a--!" a cry to clear the room for the dancers. encourage. fortune. combination of lance and battle-axe. HANGER. indicative of silence. HEADBOROUGH." young deer with antlers first sprouting. founder of a community called the "Family of Love. HEARTEN. HEAD. HAY! (Ital. first money taken. a newly-ennobled man. wild female hawk. herald. loop or strap on a sword-belt from which the sword was suspended. HARRY NICHOLAS. HAPPILY. hai!). track. harsh-featured. "hearken out. HAPPY. HARBOUR.). fitness. for the coinage of tokens (q. HAZARD. "first--. HANDSEL. a patent was granted to Lord H. HEARKEN AFTER. HALL. HARROT. haply. HAPPINESS.v." HAY. HARRINGTON.
.HAGGARD. hence coy. figured with a finger pointing to his mouth. HARD-FAVOURED. search out.
HORARY. HOIDEN. HORN-MAD. horse-dealer.HEAVEN AND HELL ("Alchemist"). arrogance. HOWLEGLAS. HOBBY-HORSE. HER'NSEW. usher. stark mad (quibble). Eulenspiegel. HELM. heron. Christ's Hospital. HORSE-BREAD-EATING. HUFF. fastened round the waist of the morrice-dancer. HOOD-WINK'D. fever. HIERONIMO (JERONIMO). imitation horse of some light material. HONE AND HONERO. hernshaw. nag. huissier). hoyden.
. HUISHER (Fr. swagger. formerly applied to both sexes (ancient term for leveret? Gifford). HOSPITAL. horses were often fed on coarse bread. HEDGE IN. the hero of a popular German tale which relates his buffooneries and knavish tricks. wailing expressions of lament or discontent." HOBBY. name of two famous chemists. hectoring. HECTIC. HORSE-COURSER. HORN-THUMB. cut-purses were in the habit of wearing a horn shield on the thumb. HOLLAND. names of taverns. include. HUFF IT. HODDY-DODDY. upper part of a retort. hero of Kyd's "Spanish Tragedy. hourly. who imitated the movements of a skittish horse. fool. blindfolded.
steeping. hence "dine with Duke Humphrey. IMBIBITION. out of humour. fencing term: a thrust in tierce. damage. IDLE. IMPULSION. HUMPHREY. illuminate. IMPOTENTLY. IMPEACH. HUMOUR. harmless. capricious. IMPERTINENCIES. without reason or purpose. IMPOSITION. impairment. useless. IMPERTINENT(LY). money in advance. ILL-HABITED.HUM. Paul's where stood a monument said to be that of the duke's. incitement. beer and spirits mixed together. HUMOURS. a game played by two or three persons with four dice. give money. moody. HUMOROUS. HURTLESS. manners. unprofitable. humanist. IMPART. ILLUSTRATE. ill-disposed. IMPARTER. saturation. those who were dinnerless spent the dinner-hour in a part of St. unhealthy. a word used in and out of season in the time of Shakespeare and Ben Jonson. beyond power of control. IMBROCATA. IMPAIR. moist. any one ready to be cheated and to part with his money." to go hungry. IMPRESS. irrelevant(ly).
. scholar. HUMANITIAN. ILL-AFFECTED. duty imposed by. irrelevancies. IN AND IN. DUKE. and ridiculed by both.
. engineer. INCONVENIENCE. INFLAME. INGLE. supply. born. INCURIOUS. INDIGESTED. generous. INCUBEE. INGENUITY." according to their stature. augment charge. ingenuousness. INDUE. talented. inconsistency.INCENSE. introduce. bosom friend. intelligent. OR ENGHLE. INJURY. INGINER. nightmare. unfastidious. INCH-PIN. INDUCE. uncritical. uninhabitable. rare (used as a term of affection). incite. INCERATION. enter into engagement. (See Enginer). INGENUOUS. INDENT. or reducing a substance to softness of wax. insult. affront. shapeless. minion. INCONY. incubus. sweet-bread. chaotic. INCUBUS. passable. tolerable. stir up. relentless. See Engin. absurdity. INHABITABLE. INFANTED. produced. used indiscriminantly for ingenuous. capabilities. "to their--es. act of covering with wax. evil spirit that oppresses us in sleep. INGINE. delicate. INCH. intimate. INDIFFERENT.
automaton figure that strikes the hour. Jack o' the clock. INTENTIVE. JEALOUSY. secret information. JADE. INSURE. INTENTION. attend. INWARD. INTERESSED. jury. INTENT. be occupied with. news. or other official body of inquiry. INVINCIBLY. INNOCENT. suspicious. JACK. inquiry. INTRUDE. INTENDMENT. suspicion.IN-MATE. IRPE (uncertain). wish. befool. INQUISITION. Jack-a-lent. or contortion of the body: (Gifford). INTEGRATE. an instrument for taking altitudes and distances. INNATE. "a fantastic grimace. give ear to. key of a virginal. simpleton. indwelling. attentive. natural. note carefully.
. intention. perfect. invisibly. concentration of attention or gaze." JACK. resident. JEALOUS. legal document. JACOB'S STAFF. intimate. INTEND. INSTRUMENT. INTELLIGENCE. intention. bring in forcibly or without leave. immediate. complete. assure. implicated. INSTANT. INQUEST. puppet thrown at in Lent.
JUMP. KIRTLE. species. tally. merry ballad or tune. weighty. KELLY. JOLTHEAD. small barrel. sore. marriage cup. folding stool. jowl. JOLL. fiddle.
. agree. KNIPPER-DOLING. KEMIA. KILDERKIN. cocoon. lashing.JERKING. snap. KIND. JOINED (JOINT)-STOOL. a fanciful dialogue or light comic act introduced at the end or during an interlude of a play. nature. JEW'S TRUMP. KELL. kiln. vessel for distillation. KISS OR DRINK AFORE ME. Jew's harp. chap. striking. woman's gown of jacket and petticoat. an alchemist. JIG. JUST YEAR. a well-known Anabaptist. blockhead. KNOCKING. "do one's--. KNACK. KNITTING CUP. no one was capable of the consulship until he was forty-three. KILL. click. KEMB. KIBE. comb. KIT. employed when what the speaker is just about to say is anticipated by another" (Gifford)." act according to one's nature. "this is a familiar expression.
company. LEAGUER. load. KURSINED. "give--. LAXATIVE. a horse without a rider. hence 'leer drunkards'" (Halliwell). LAP.KNOT. LAY ABOARD. hence. LADING. leer horse. lose. tavern windows were furnished with lattices of various colours. wrought with labour and care. run alongside generally with intent to board. load(ed). leeward. flower-bed laid out in fanciful design. KYRSIN. LEER. LAW. leering or "empty. LARD. or camp of besieging army. LAR. to wash gold in aqua regia. alarum. garnish. desist. LANCE-KNIGHT (Lanzknecht). loose. LARUM. LAID. plotted. LABOURED. left. abundant.
. fold. a sandpiper or robin snipe (Tringa canutus). leave off. lying. band. bale. LEASING. LAVE. ladle. LEESE. LEAVE." give a start (term of chase). leer is an adjective meaning uncontrolled. LADE. a German mercenary foot-soldier. so as imperceptibly to extract some of it. call to arms. a leer (empty) horse meant also a led horse. household god. LAUNDER. LATTICE. according to Nares. perhaps. christened. LARGE. siege.
receptacles of filth. slower. Line. LEVEL COIL. often. commonly. usually. leave off. blood-hound. LEYSTALLS. register. resident representative. please. LEIGER. legerdemain. LET. theft. or title of the epigram. LIME-HOUND. delivery of the possession. LENTER. subject proposed. "make--. alight. with forked head to hold a lighted match for firing cannon. LIQUID.
. pleasing.LEGS. in which one hunted another from his seat. worthless. hindrance. LEMMA. agreeable. legal term.. vile. LIGHTLY. LEWD. like. please. LIKE. LINSTOCK. LIBERAL. LEIGERITY. etc. ledger." by rule. hinder. listen. LIST. LIGHT. hark." do obeisance. LET. Hence used for any noisy riot (Halliwell).. ample. LIFT(ING). a rough game. LIN. LIMMER. LIVERY. LIKELY. steal(ing). clear. leash-. "by--. LIEGER. staff to stick in the ground. ignorant.
MANIPLES. administration. instruct(ed). small log. LURCH. dray horse. LOSE. prepare(d). waste. MALLANDERS. LUDGATHIANS. give over. giving aid. MAKE. spoiled child. slave-dealer. MANGONISE. MANKIND. solution.
.LOGGET. LUCULENT. MALT HORSE. LOUTING. MAIN. cringing. barn-owl. masculine. MAMMET. upshot. stick. hurt. unmeaning expletive. MAMMOTHREPT. LUTE. handling. handfuls. MANAGE. or abetting. bundles. bright of beauty. desist from. MAIM. becoming surety for a prisoner so as to procure his release. chief concern (used as a quibble on heraldic term for "hand"). puppet. MACK. dealers on Ludgate Hill. MADGE-HOWLET or OWL. MADE. MAINTENANCE. polish up for sale. acquaint with business. MANGO. like a virago. injury. cheat. MAINPRISE. mate. bowing. disease of horses. to close a vessel with some kind of cement. MAKE. release of an arrow. rob. issue. control (term used for breaking-in horses). LOOSE.
spotted face (N. (N.
. MARCHPANE. girl. MARROW-BONE MAN. Masora. middle aisle of St. stringhalt. Mary of Egypt. a general resort for business and amusement. MEAN. MASS. marvel.). she takes stand. MARYHINCHCO. MECHANICAL. having 'put in' a covey of partridges.D. humanity. for master. dance. MEET WITH.MANKIND. Turk's cap lily. beg." be a source of money or entertainment. MARTAGAN. sugar. MAUTHER. MAPLE FACE. marking the spot where they disappeared from view until the falconer arrives to put them out to her" (Harting. belonging to mechanics. MARLE. MEAT. mean. metheglin. MASORETH. MEDITERRANEO. Paul's. moderation. Accip.E. "fly to the--. MARRY GIP. MAUND. MARRY! exclamation derived from the Virgin's name. 226). Bibl. a confection of almonds. even with. one often on his knees for prayer. MELICOTTON. MARK. "probably originated from By Mary Gipcy" = St. etc. abb. maid." "generally said of a goshawk when. MEASURE.E.). "carry--in one's mouth.D. vulgar. Gloss. more especially a stately one. a late kind of peach. correct form of the scriptural text according to Hebrew tradition. MEATH.
D.). form of cannon. MINE-MEN. MISCONCEIT. party of four. worth about ninepence. absolute. commonplace. METHEGLIN. go-between. market. MOMENT. MONTH'S MIND. MONTANTO. upward stroke. MIDDLING GOSSIP. medley. an antidote against poison. small Venetian coin. (?) mincing. training-ground of the city. of which one ingredient was honey. unmitigated.
. MISPRISION. undiluted. ordinary. dainty.MENSTRUE. affected (N. METOPOSCOPY. misconception. MISCELLINE. MISPRISE. MERCAT. such as kept shops in the New Exchange" (Nares). sappers. MODERN. mistake. MERD. force or influence of value. carry away as if by mistake. misunderstanding. "a female trader in miscellaneous articles. fermented liquor. MERE. MOCCINIGO. a dealer in trinkets or ornaments of various kinds. MISCELLANY MADAM. study of physiognomy. MINION. MESS.E. delicate. MILE-END. solvent. MIGNIARD. in the mode. like a moor or waste. excrement. MINSITIVE. mixed grain. violent desire. MISTAKE AWAY. MOORISH. MITHRIDATE.
MOSCADINO. MOW. puppet-show. parti-coloured dress of a fool. MUREY.. handkerchief. gangrene. setord hay or sheaves of grain. in harmony. MUCKINDER. etc. wonder. propose. in which certain personages were represented. mouse. MUSICAL. dark crimson red. MUCH! expressive of irony and incredulity. MUSE. played in silence. puppet. request. set of four aces or court cards in a hand. MUM-CHANCE. MORT-MAL. MORTALITY. MOTION. small pincers. MOTHER. MOURNIVAL. a quartette. confection flavoured with musk. MOTLEY. MOTTE. proposal. hence used to signify pertaining to. or like. MORRICE-DANCE. MULLETS. scramble. suggest. a fool. Hysterica passio. mica. "one of the small figures on the face of a large clock which was moved by the vibration of the pendulum" (Whalley).
. MOTION. old sore. motto. MUSCOVY-GLASS. dance on May Day. death. MULE.MORGLAY. MUN. "born to ride on--. MUSS. sword of Bevis of Southampton. must. game of chance." judges or serjeants-at-law formerly rode on mules when going in state to Westminster (Whally).
right moment. neatly finished. to perfection. brought from the Indies. smartly apparelled. trade. NEAT. finical. NOTE." meaning uncertain. etc.. "a dried plum.
. NAIL. NOMENTACK. be hanged. NEUFT. NICE. "set in the--. NEATLY. elegance. unmixed. fastidiousness. art. foreign conserve. NOBLE. token." MYSTERY. "be--. scent. nose. an Indian chief from Virginia. fist. NICE. egregious. sign. NIL. to the very utmost. exact amount. suit. scrupulous. NICENESS. fit. newt. company of musicians. hit off." go to the devil. NOISE. "to the--" (ad unguem). gold coin worth 6s. natural. etc. not will. NIAISE. NOTABLE. hit. fastidious. profession. inexperienced person. seize the right moment. NEATNESS. trivial. exactly hit on. cattle. nonce. NEIF). foolish. NEIS. dainty. NONES.MYROBOLANE. NICK. NOCENT. harmful. NOUGHT. 8d. NATIVE. NEAT. NEUF (NEAF.
attentive. antagonist. OBSERVER. "juridical opposition. make public. stupefied. ONCE. legal phrase. liable. ONLY. homage. OPPOSITE. deadly. NUMBER. OBJECT. offensive. at once." OBSTREPEROUS. expose. vociferous. oppose. OPPRESS. woad. ORIGINOUS. (?) "must have some relation to tricking and cheating" (Nares). OBSTANCY. OBARNI. OPPILATION. show deference. OBLATRANT. fatal.NOWT-HEAD. NUPSON. OADE. exposed. OPPONE. OBSERVANT. expound.
. OBSERVANCE. devoted service. or waits upon another. simpleton. obsequious. OPEN. OBSERVE. special. ODLING. obstruction. used also for additional emphasis. preparation of mead. respect. oaf. railing. pre-eminent. blockhead. oppose. clamorous. native. for good and all. suppress. interpose. one who shows deference. OMINOUS. OBNOXIOUS. OBSTUPEFACT. barking. rhythm.
given too difficult a part to play. hawker.ORT. presumption. OWLSPIEGEL. send packing. OYEZ! (O YES!). blush. PAINT. dim. etc. OUTCRY. PANNIER-ALLY. speak more than. PAINFUL.
. a man employed about the inns of court to bring in provisions. set the table. fine trappings. diligent. "give a--. See Howleglass." dismiss. inhabited by tripe-sellers. PANTOFLE. indoor shoe. skirt of dress or coat. PAN. weaken. OUT. OUTRECUIDANCE. slipper. PALINODE. painstaking. ode of recantation. PARANOMASIE. pad. scrap. OUTSPEAK. highway. sale by auction." to have forgotten one's part. PACKING PENNY. remnant. PALM. PAINED (PANED) SLOPS. arrogance. PARAMENTOS. PALL. "to be--. not at one with each other. a play upon words. PAD-HORSE. OVERPARTED. road-horse. hear ye! call of the public crier when about to make a proclamation. full breeches made of strips of different colour and material. or rough kind of saddle. PANNEL. PAD. PANNIER-MAN. triumph. make stale.
article. priest. dash." in so melancholy a tone. PASSION..
. exceedingly. fencing term: a thrust. PARTICULAR. PASSION. qualities. PASSAGE. PARTAKE. orator of strolling beggars or gipsies. perhaps the "moulding of the tobacco. endowed. shrewd. PARCEL. PARERGA. endowments. clever. "in--. subordinate matters. the recorder. (?) Fr. South American name of tobacco. talented. smash. trouble oneself. PARTED. game at dice. PARCEL-POET. PARTRICH. care. so pathetically. (?) peremptory. parley. fragment (used contemptuously). poetaster.. PASSINGLY. PATRICO. PART. pellet of dough. apportion. participate in.PARANTORY. PARCEL. effect caused by external agency. PARLE. partly. PARGET. part. particle. Paton. PATOUN. partridge. PASH. to paint or plaster the face. PASS. individual person. for the pipe" (Gifford). PARTIZAN. PASSADO. PARLOUS. (?) variant of Petun. kind of halberd. PARTS.
foolish(ly). modelled to produce an optical illusion. circumference of a figure. accompany. capricious(ly). childish(ly). shoe with wooden sole. PERIMETER." keep step with. PERIOD. "this seems to be that glossy kind of stuff now called everlasting. a relief. PERTINACY. PERSWAY. utter. limit. PELICAN. PERSPICIL. inculcate. PERSTRINGE. PEEL. PEREMPTORY. PEDANT. PERSUADE. end. PEEP. mitigate. absolute(ly). for continuous distillation. resolute. a stately dance. thorough.
. an optical device which gave a distortion to the picture unless seen from a particular point. PEEVISH(LY). baker's shovel. PAUCA VERBA." by leave. optic glass. a view.PATTEN. speak in a small or shrill voice. PECULIAR. PERSPECTIVE. small tuft of hair. single. soldier accustomed to hazardous service. PEACE. criticise. imperious. censure. PENCIL. teacher of the languages. PERDUE. "with my master's--. favour. "go--. and anciently worn by serjeants and other city officers" (Gifford). commend. few words. bold. PERK. a retort fitted with tube or tubes. scene or scenery. perk up. individual. pertinacity. PAVIN. PERPETUANA.
insolent. PIMLICO. pilled. or 22s. watery distilled liquor (old chem. supplicatory. PHLEGMA. PHERE. gold coin. PICARDIL. court held at fairs to administer justice to itinerant vendors and buyers. polled. PIECES OF EIGHT. like a pestle. PINE. PIE-POUDRES (Fr. disreputable quarter of London. a pilferer. stiff upright collar fastened on to the coat (Whalley). broad-brimmed hat or winged cap worn by Mercury. person. PINK. one who wore a buff or leather jerkin. PIED. PITCH. madman. height of a bird of prey's flight. bald. pied-poudreux. PILCHER. pounding. pert. PETRONEL. PHRENETIC. PISMIRE. fleeced. as did the serjeants of the counter. stab with a weapon. PETITIONARY. dusty-foot). a gold coin worth in Jonson's time 20s. a kind of carbine or light gun carried by horsemen. PILED. PETASUS. PICT-HATCH. variegated. distress. PISTOLET. pulverising. Spanish coin: piastre equal to eight reals. a go-between in infamous sense. pierce or cut in scallops for ornament. used for woman or girl. "water"). "sometimes spoken of as a person--perhaps master of a house famous for a particular ale" (Gifford). PETULANT. peeled. afflict. term of contempt. worth about 6s.PESTLING. ant. PIECE. PINNACE.
. See Fere. PILL'D.
vaulting on a horse without the aid of stirrups. politician. judicious. motto inside a ring. PLAISE. PLAIN. PONTIC. apply oneself to. POPULOUS. ball of perfume. POINT-TRUSSER. worn or hung about the person to prevent infection. pleasing. or for foppery. POISE. POKING-STICK. PLAUSIBLE. approvingly. POLITICIAN. intriguer. simple melody. political. plan. POLITIC. punishment. POPULAR. POINTS.v. stick used for setting the plaits of ruffs. torment. PLAUSIBLY. PLANET. POLITIC.PLAGUE. POMMADO. exact in every particular. "struck with a--. PLOT. one who trussed (tied) his master's points (q. tagged laces or cords for fastening the breeches to the doublet. vulgar. plotter. weigh." planets were supposed to have powers of blasting or exercising secret influences. sour. strip. PLY. numerous. of the populace. posy. POMANDER.
. POINT IN HIS DEVICE. POLL. prudent. PLAIN SONG. plaice.). gain by extortion. balance. POESIE. plunder. lament.
PRESENT(LY). recommend. at the present time. actually. prodigy. PORTER. plot. concerted plot. acquaint. worth over 3 or 4 pounds. PORTENTOUS. officious. "--of coin. club-foot. conceited. agent. PORTENT. force into service. the king's porter. poach. claw. PRECEPT. presence chamber.
. near seven feet high" (Whalley). POTCH. Puritan(ism). a game at cards. PRESS. talon. PRECEDENT. POSSESS.PORT. immediate(ly). Portuguese gold coin." some old coins have a portcullis stamped on their reverse (Whalley). PORT. POSY. POULT-FOOT. preciseness. PORTCULLIS. record of proceedings. PRECISIAN(ISM). conspire. PRACTICE. summons. prophesying evil. motto. (See Poesie). inform. an expert. intrigue. transport. warrant. marvel. PREFER. POUNCE... PORTAGUE. threatening. who was. PRAGMATIC. print of a deer's foot. sinister omen. without delay. gate. PRAGMATIC. meddling. references appear "to allude to Parsons. PRACTISE. POST AND PAIR. PRESENCE.
own. PROTEST. track. PRIVATE. pretend. PRODIGIOUS. ready. PRINT. mark off. monstrous.PREST. particular. game of cards. assert. failure of personal credit. PROJECTION. vow. "in--. monster. intimate. anticipate. PROPERTY. etc. proclaim (an affected word of that time). tool. former. trace. PRICK. exactly. fig. PROPER. pronounce drawlingly. point. formally declare non-payment." to the letter. PRODIGY. prick out. prolonged. PRIVATE. select. PRICK. duty. prone to. PRICE. PROCLIVE. PRIMERO. unnatural. PRORUMPED. etc. burst out. PROPERTIES. allege. PRINCOX. handsome. the throwing of the "powder of projection" into the crucible to turn the melted metal into gold or silver. excellence. PRODUCED. dot used in the writing of Hebrew and other languages. of good appearance.. worth. of bill of exchange. PRISTINATE. PROLATE.
. pert boy. private interests. privy. PROFESS. stage necessaries." make off with speed. "--away. PREVENT. PRETEND.
utterly. of common make. PURELY. PUT. PUFF-WING. perfectly. hit. PUNGENT. shoe. PURCEPT. PULCHRITUDE. net of which the mouth is drawn together with a string. insignificant. soldier's allowance--hence.E. QUARRIED. PURSY. seized. puff-ball. PUBLICATION. shortwinded(ness). piercing. shoulder puff. proceed with. pleat or fold of a ruff. capital.D. fine. QUAR. quack. prudence.D. quarry.
. or fed upon. PURL. PURSE-NET. PURE. insipid.PROVANT. precept. PROVIDENCE. QUAINT.). a junior. boasting fellow. warrant officer. PURSINESS. PROVIDE. beauty. warrant. elaborated. exert yourself (N. shift. PUT OFF. take in hand. ingenious.). PUISNE.E. foresee. excuse. PUNTO. clever. make a push. encourage. incite. PUMP. point. foresight. QUACKSALVER. as prey. state messenger who summoned the persecuted seminaries. PUT ON. elegant. excellent. making a thing public of common property (N. judge of inferior rank. PURSUIVANT. PUCKFIST. try.
chuck. leave. observe. QUIRK. destroy. request.QUEAN. RAKE UP. RASCAL. QUEST. carry away.
. QUIBLIN. QUITTER-BONE. decision by force of arms. RAVEN. repay. disease of horses. understand. kill. inquiry. QUELL. quiddity. throw like a quoit. codling. QUOTE. RAMP. cover over. rid. legal subtlety. QUODLING. quip. GOMALIEL. devour. as a lion. QUESTMAN. QUEASY. rear. QUIDDIT. write down. forsake. requite. neck of mutton or pork (Halliwell). REACH. acquit. the living. take note. enraptured. clever turn or trick. delicate. quibble. hussy. RAPT. QUICK. as a boar with its tusk. QUIB. QUIT. jade. QUOIT. RATSEY. RAPT. etc. RASH. young or inferior deer. RACK. QUESTION. hazardous. a famous highwayman. one appointed to make official inquiry. strike with a glancing oblique blow. absolve.
worthy of respect. dissolve. disgraced or disbanded soldiers. REMORA.D. REGIMENT. regular noun (quibble) (N. government. counsel. come to a decision. recital." make a point of. REREMOUSE. resident. confute. run riot. RENDER. RESIDENCE. exhibit. bring back. rede. RESOLVE. sediment. inform. assure. advice.). regal. decision. ruff. RELISH.E. turned-down collar. REED. "make--of. governor. REDUCE. prepare. bat. make up one's mind. refute. relax. REFEL.REAL. REFORMADOES. RESPECTIVE.
. reinstate. show. return. savour. RECTRESS. REBATU. discriminative. REPETITION. depict. species of fish. scrap of quotation. narration. REGRESSION. judgment. REMNANT. director. REEL. RECTOR. RESIANT. scruple of. RESOLUTION. be convinced. REGULAR ("Tale of a Tub"). set at ease. regardful. RELIGION. REPAIR. REDARGUE.
" coins so cracked were unfit for currency. RETIRE. dicing. RING. fencing term. "cracked within the--. dissolve or blend by reflected heat. RETURNS. RID. rediscovery of game once sprung. "set up one's--. RESPECTLESS. RESTIVE.RESPECTIVELY. exhale. fish of the gurnet kind. risen. spleen. RHEUM. etc. reckless(ness). reconsider a sentence. musket-rest. caprice. RIBIBE. REVERBERATE. RIFLING." venture one's all. dull. RISSE. regardless. RESPONSIBLE. REVERSE. ventures sent abroad. for the safe return of which so much money is received. abusive term for an old woman. do away with. swaggerer.. RESTY. raffling. REST. arrest.
. REVERSO. correspondent. REST. back-handed thrust. RETRICATO. RETRIEVE. ROCHET. RESPIRE. ROARER. in fencing. inhale. destroy. REVISE. one's last stake (from game of primero). wrinkled. cause to retire. with reverence. REST. RETCHLESS(NESS). inactive. RIVELLED. rose.
one who strewed the floor with rushes. RUSH. THOMAS A WATERINGS. vagrant. RUG. ROSA-SOLIS." officers of inferior rank. roundel. RUDE. rosettes. similar to ratsbane. braggadocio. loose. sharper. RUFFLE. SACK. RODOMONTADO. homespun cloth of neutral or reddish-brown colour. RUDENESS. bumper. ROSES. distaff. unpolished. a spiced spirituous liquor. dupe. arrow used for shooting at a random mark at uncertain distance. ROOK. coarse(ness). "a round mark in the score of a public-house" (Nares). "gentlemen of the--. flowing gown. RUSSET. ROUND. ROUND TRUNKS. rough(ness). ROWLY-POWLY. ROVER. gown made of rug. with gravity.
. swagger. ROGUE. sober. seriously. ST. ROSAKER. roly-poly. vagabond. RUG-GOWNS. serious(ness). fool. RUSHER. bailiffs. reference to rushes with which the floors were then strewn. coarse frieze.ROCK. SAD(NESS). short loose breeches reaching almost or quite to the knees. RONDEL. trunk hose. SADLY. SAFFI. place in Surrey where criminals were executed. carouse. ROUSE. flaunt.
aim. SALT. wanton. to partake of the nature. SALT. SCALD. bold. cover. SAY. assay. small piece of ordnance. SAUCINESS. shalot. lascivious. SATURNALS. SCOTOMY. SCARAB. SCANDERBAG. gratify. began December 17. SCAPE. leap. sample. SCOPE. insolence. perceive. SAY. small onion. a gesture of contempt. SCALLION. SCOUR. chief of Albania. SAUCY.). cartridge. try. fold of paper. SAVOUR. "name which the Turks (in allusion to Alexander the Great) gave to the brave Castriot. His romantic life had just been translated" (Gifford). contribution (formerly a parish assessment). impudent. dizziness in the head.SAKER. SCOURSE. SCONCE. please. tax. SARABAND. swap. a slow dance. SAMPSUCHINE. implying dirt and disease. purge. SCARTOCCIO. deal. SAUNA (Lat. presumption. SCOT AND LOT. with whom they had continual wars. beetle. escape. head. sweet marjoram. word of contempt.
sensitive. SCROYLE. sifted. rascally fellow. SEAM-RENT. SECULAR. lover. SERVANT. SELLARY. legal term: possession. SEAMING LACES. perceptibly. SEAR UP. SCRUPLE. SESTERCE. SEISIN. SEMINARY. close by searing. disease of horses. red tincture. a Romish priest educated in a foreign seminary. SENSUAL. insertion or edging. Roman copper coin. ordinary. stamped as genuine. insensible. SECURE. happy. put hand to the giving up of property or rights.SCRATCHES.
. without sense or feeling. SEARCED. SEELIE. able to keep a secret. ragged. SEAL. similarly. SENSIBLY. SECRETARY. blest. harmful dew of evening. doughty deeds of arms. SENSELESS. doubt. lewd person. SEMBLABLY. SERVICES. pertaining to the physical or material. worldly. SENSIVE. confident. SERICON. SERENE. mean. burning. SEALED. commonplace.
SET. herbs. silly. SHROVING. SIGILLA. in a high degree. wager. true. stake. shuttle. keenly. signifying when the hunted stag is separated from
. SHREWD. dodge. drawers. SHIFT. perhaps somewhat of the nature of pitch and toss. season of merriment. SILENCED BRETHERN. SHITTLE. SETS. mischievous. "shittle-cock. posts were set up before his door for proclamations. or to indicate his residence. a suit by way of disguise. SHREWDLY. SHIFTER. low kind of gambling amusement. one only tolerated because he paid the shot (reckoning) for the rest. seal. harmless. curst. SILLY. those of the Church or Nonconformists who had been silenced. SHOT-CLOG. cheat. not having to pay. SHOT. mark. scot-free. etc. SINGLE. sheriff. SHOT-FREE. simple. deep plaits of the ruff. fraud. SIMPLE. plain." shuttlecock. deprived. drill. SHAPE. witless. SHRIVE. SHOT-SHARKS. officer who served up the feast. SIMPLES. MINISTERS. Shrovetide. SEWER. and brought water for the hands of the guests. SHOVE-GROAT. term of chase. SET UP. tavern reckoning. malicious.
SLUR. silly. filth. smooth. SLOPS.). counterfeit coin. fire shovel or pan (dial. 'SLIGHT. or receptacle for placing snuffers in (Halliwell). tail. SOCK. SKILL. as Puppy is addressed" (Cunningham). SLOT. print of a stag's foot. SLICE. "perhaps snarl. SNOTTERIE. SINGULAR. small open silver dishes for holding snuff. SLIP." take offence at. cunning. put a slur on. SNUFF. getting money under false pretences. SKIRT. SKINK(ER). 'SLID. or forced to break covert. anger. SLICK. SLEEK. simpleton. SMELT." matters not. trick. large loose breeches. SKELDRING. polished and shining. SINGLE. 'SPRECIOUS. swindling. advertisement. draw(er). cleverness.
. bill. pour. cheat (by sliding a die in some way). gull. shoe worn by comic actors. SINGLE-MONEY.the herd. supreme. irreverent oaths. SLIPPERY. weak. SNUFFERS. SI-QUIS. SNORLE. resentment. tapster. small change. sleight. sleek. smooth. SLIGHT. "it--s not. unique. "take in--. bastard.
SOOTHE. SPEAK. SORT. party.
. sou. cajolery. sodden. SOUSE. fol. chemistry according to the teachings of Paracelsus. suit. ear. rank. SOLDADOES. SPEECE. SOIL. bar. power of sight. cobbler. SPIGHT. SOLICIT. fit." (See his "Webster. species. soaked. hospital. SORT. SOGGY. anger. read "sou't. SPECULATION. proclaim. "take--. rouse. SOWTER. SOUSED ("Devil is an Ass"). spider. company. SPAGYRICA. rancour. SPITTLE. SPINNER. SPED. degree. seethe." page 350)." said of a hunted stag when he takes to the water for safety." which Dyce interprets as "a variety of the spelling of "shu'd": to "shu" is to scare a bird away. select. flattery. soldiers. humour. prospered. SOL. lazar-house. SPAR. excite to action. adulterate. lewd person. SOOTH. SPINSTRY. SOPHISTICATE.SOD. make known. flatter. to have fared well.
STAGGERING. forestall. dignity. await. continual(ly). stalking-horse. measure. gag. downright. stinking fellow. foam. STATE. disgrace. stop. emporium. STAIN. STINKARD. "by the--.
. STIGMATISE. STIPTIC. SPLEEN. SQUIRE. gold coin worth 15s. STARK. STAY. suit. mark. considered the seat of the emotions. detain. make cheap. STALE. STANDARD. STAPLE. loopholes of escape. caprice. wavering. approach stealthily or under cover. STICKLER. SPUR-RYAL. used by Pliny (Gifford). humour. brand. constant(ly)." exactly. market.SPLEEN. decoy. support vines by poles or stakes. SPRUNT. STATUMINATE. astringent. hesitating. mood. STALL. STINT. STALK. common. or cover. STAY. spruce. STALE. STILL. second or umpire. square. STARTING-HOLES. estate. canopied chair of state. disparagement. SPURGE.
STROOK. loose and dishevelled head of hair. title. stoop. stramazzone). connected with loose living. p.STOCCATA. stopper. SUBURB. unfamiliar. OR BERMUDAS. soft. swoop=bow. thin. studious efforts. STOP.
. STREIGHTS. STOCK-FISH. subtle device. distance of behaviour. stuff. Grau in Hungary. STOOP. STRIKE. of "strike. STRAMAZOUN (Ital. smooth. delicate. fill. pride. STYLE. flatterer. SUBTLE. as opposed to the thrust." STRUMMEL-PATCHED. thrust in fencing. resent. stoat." STUDIES. strummel is glossed in dialect dicts. fine. STRANGE. valour. swoop down as a hawk. straightway. STRIGONIUM. balance (accounts). STOTE. STOPPLE. as "a long. STRANGENESS. taken from the Turks in 1597. STROKER. STRINGHALT. like a stranger. pointed instrument used for writing on wax tablets. SUBTLETY (SUBTILITY). a down blow. labyrinth of alleys and courts in the Strand. smoother. STOMACH. STRAIGHT. disease of horses. weasel. STOMACH.p. salted and dried fish. STOUP.
" tablets. term of falconry: with full-grown plumage. topers turned the cup bottom up when it was empty. SUFFERANCE. to make pliant. SUPPLE.
. SUCK. suspicion. demons in form of women. SUSPECT. SUPERSTITIOUS. SWATH BANDS. excitability. boor. held over for the present. TABOR. cease. victualler." break a lance at tilting in an unscientific or dishonourable manner. SWINGE. "pair of--. emblazoned mantle or tunic worn by knights and heralds. SUPER-NEGULUM. SUSPENDED. TAFFETA. SWAD. small drum. TABRET. note-book. silk. peruse. SUMMED. swaddling clothes. tabor. suffering. TAINT. SURVISE. over-scrupulous. extract money from. SURBATE. make sore with walking. "--a staff. SUTLER. TABLE(S). SUSCITABILITY. TABERD. save your reverence." a more costly silken fabric.SUCCUBAE. SURCEASE. beat. SUR-REVERENCE. suspect. "tuft-taffeta. SUSPEND. clown.
obtain on credit. THUMB-RING. THREAVES. TALL. manifest.TAKE IN. TALENT. TERSE. TELL-TROTH. TERTIA. brave. droves. "take--. coarse yarn made from. TAKE ME WITH YOU. celebrated comedian and jester. borrow. TARTAROUS. count. TANKARD-BEARERS. swept and polished." get drunk. THRUMS. TAVERN-TOKEN. THIRDBOROUGH. exaggerated. of finest quality. carefully. TARLETON. truth-teller. "that portion of an army levied out of one particular district or division of a country" (Gifford). like a Tartar. THREE-FARTHINGS. men employed to fetch water from the conduits. THREAD. stout. cherish. modify. TEMPER. care for. familiar spirits were supposed capable of being carried
. soften. "to swallow a--. subdue. sum or weight of Greek currency. THREE-PILED. coin worth 6d. constable. TELL. ends of the weaver's warp. THRIFTILY. TENT." take heed. piece of silver current under Elizabeth. TESTON. capture. let me understand you. tester. quality. TAKE UP. show regard. TENDER.
(?) expressive of a climax of nonentity. tooter. "parish--. TICK-TACK. player on a wind instrument. TRACT. when this was scarce. TOD. TOP." change behaviour or way of life. as a perfume. TITILLATION. TINK. TINCTURE. fox. TIGHTLY. TIPSTAFF. piece of base metal used in place of very small coin. attraction. TONNELS. on the way to. rend. TIM. "turn--. worn out. an essential or spiritual principle supposed by alchemists to be transfusible into material things. allure. TOILED. head-dress. or pipe. TIRE. term of contempt. like a bird of prey. present. TOWARD. TIMELESS. TOKEN. TOUSE. pull. at hand. feed ravenously. that which tickles the senses. docile. an imparted characteristic or tendency. as regards. nostrils. unseasonable.
. TOY. TIRE. trick. TIPPET. TRAIN. staff tipped with metal. tinkle. TIBICINE. untimely. whim. TOTER. harassed. promptly. apt.about in various ornaments or parts of dress. game similar to backgammon. entice." large top kept in villages for amusement and exercise in frosty weather when people were out of work. player on the tibia.
believe. TRENDLE-TAIL. TROMP. worn. traitor. TREACHOUR (TRECHER). TRANSLATE. familiar term for an equal or inferior. etc. interpreter. TRIG. "come from--. any worthless. well-known printer. TROPE. sing loudly. figure of speech. trifling thing. TRITE. roll. a "jest nominal. wonder. TROLL.. TROWSES. go rolling along. term of heraldry: to draw outline of coat of arms. tripe. breeches. wooden. trundle-tail. game at dice (success depended on throwing a three) (Nares). TRAY-TRIP. a spruce." depending on the first part of the word (Gifford). drawers. TROWLE.TRANSITORY. transmittable. TRILL. TROW. TRUNDLE.
. thief. TRICK (TRICKING). TRUNDLE. think. TRIVIA. serving-man who carved or served food. without blazoning. JOHN. troll. shabby. trump. TRUCHMAN. TREEN. TRIPOLY. three-faced goddess (Hecate). TRENCHER." able to perform feats of agility. TRILLIBUB. dandified man. TROJAN. curly-tailed. transform. trickle. deceive.
UNCARNATE. TYRING-HOUSE. TUBICINE. a particular kind of dog so called from the mode of his hunting. speaking-tube.
. TWIRE. ULENSPIEGEL. UNBATED. attiring-room. TRUNK. TRUSS. TUMBLER. unaffrighted. TURD. gallery. TWOPENNY ROOM. UMBRE. UNEXCEPTED. twinkle. or of flesh. TUCKET (Ital. TUSK. unabated. tie the tagged laces that fastened the breeches to the doublet. strange. not fleshly. "one who undertook by his influence in the House of Commons to carry things agreeably to his Majesty's wishes" (Whalley). See Howleglass. unusual. unjust. TUMBREL-SLOP. term among gipsies and beggars for carts or coaches (Gifford). (?) excessively bored.TRUNDLING CHEATS. peep. baggy breeches. one who becomes surety for. toccato).). brown dye. trumpeter. gnash the teeth (Century Dict. guardianship. TUITION. UNBORED. UNCOUTH. UNDERTAKER. UMBRATILE. UNFEARED. UNEQUAL. like or pertaining to a shadow. no objection taken at. excrement. introductory flourish on the trumpet. loose.
URGE. See Vail. USURE. UNMANNED. heavy kind of Dutch beer (Halliwell). bow. unripe. UNQUIT. UNSEELED. unseasonably. put in circulation. allege as accomplice. URCHIN. tips. rude to an extreme. whisky. UNICORN'S HORN.UNHAPPILY. UTTER. UPBRAID. undressed. invaluable. put out to interest. put forth for sale. UNKIND(LY). unnatural(ly). UNRUDE. a hawk's eyes were "seeled" by sewing the eyelids together with fine thread." in the Dutch fashion.
. VAIL. hedgehog. make a matter of reproach. UNSEASONED. VALL. UNTIMELY. unseasonable. gratuities. be in the habit of. UPTAILS ALL. "--Dutch. VAILS. USE. USE. do homage. UNVALUABLE. UPSEE. accustomed to. USQUEBAUGH. unfortunately. supposed antidote to poison. undischarged. URSHIN. usury. refrain of a popular song. untamed (term in falconry). UNREADY. part of sermon dealing with the practical application of doctrine. instigator. make to pass current. interest on money.
rumour." within a certain distance of the court. VELVET CUSTARD. VELLUTE. vault. VEGETAL. whims. avenge. gossip. vegetable. portmanteau. VERGE. the buffoon of old moralities. like "humour. VENUE. executioner. VERDUGO (Span. VIZARD. used affectedly. agitate. VARLET. livelily. or serjeant-at-mace. "in the--. bag. VIRGINAL. and to cover it with a larger one.). disposition. VEX. VAPOUR(S) (n. etc.
. torment. humour. sell. "custard coffin. "Taming of the Shrew. snuff up. VEER (naut. bout (fencing term). valise)." coffin being the raised crust over a pie. velvet. old form of piano. give outlet to. mask. VICE. VENT. wand. VOGUE. person full of life and vigour. some kind of machinery for moving a puppet (Gifford). VIRTUE. valour. VIVELY. vend. VINDICATE. often very vaguely and freely ridiculed by Jonson. two heralds-at-arms. VAUT. pay out. rod. in lifelike manner. 82. 3. hangman. hector(ing).VALLIES (Fr. to hazard a certain sum. Cf. bailiff. VIRGE. VINCENT AGAINST YORK. VIE AND REVIE. scent." iv.)." in many senses. and v.). brag(ging).
turned and polished. WEAL. WHIGH-HIES. vote. "to the gold--. a smoke. VOLLEY. WELL-TORNED. "vengeance. border of fur. garment.VOICE. WARD. furlough. VORLOFFE. whim. quit. aviary." "o' the volee. WEFT. waits." WANNION." to every minute particular. WAIGHTS. sky. WELT. WHER. or old form of "hautboys. WHIFF. WHETSTONE. GEORGE. pale. WHIMSY. "band of musical watchmen" (Webster). VOLARY. hem. whinnyings. neighings. WADLOE."
. a famous pirate. night musicians. WARD. where Jonson and his friends met in the 'Apollo' room (Whalley). WATCHET. guard in fencing. WEED. "taking the--. keeper of the Devil Tavern." inhaling the tobacco smoke or some such accomplishment. "at--. of fair speech. WEIGHTS. leave. as on a wheel." "plague" (Nares). or drink. cage. "humour." at random (from a term of tennis). waif. whether. an author who lived 1544(?) to 1587(?). WELL-SPOKEN. WELKIN. welfare. VOID. sky blue.
WICKED. clever. WOODCOCK. revenge. an inferior clown. WISE-WOMAN. wrought upon. kid. who attended upon the chief fool and mimicked his tricks. fortune-teller. term of contempt. name of tavern. WUSSE. ingenious. unfermented beer. WOOLSACK ("--pies"). WORT. WREAK. (?) whining. clumsy. WICKER. WILDING. (See Wiss). WINE. esp. WHIT. ZANY. food made of milk or eggs. WINNY. interjection. agile. beyond." (Whalley). fruit of wild apple or crab tree (Webster). recommend. "I--. extreme. great. lot.WHINILING. pliant. "same as old word "wonne. (?) a mere jot. cunning. WISH. weakly. WISS (WUSSE)." Prov. WROUGHT." certainly. bad." to stay.: I have the perquisites (of the office) which you are to share (Cunningham). of a truth. WITHOUT.
. "I have the--for you. YEANLING. lamb. WITTY. WHITEMEAT. WOOD. WOUNDY. collection. etc.
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