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Indoor Climate System Chilled Beams Energy Optimised Solutions

Delivering solutions greater than the sum of their parts


Today everyone is inuenced by 3 factors in the design of Indoor climate systems Indoor air quality Energy consumption Capital costs Flkt Woods understand the importance of these factors and believe a complete systems approach is required to deliver on all three points. In other words, we can deliver the Optimised Energy Solution for tomorrows requirements. With our extensive experience in this field, we have carefully chosen products from our wide range, coupled them together with smart controls and come up with solutions that can reduce energy consumption by 50%.

Chilled beams
Create a stable and comfortable environment by supplying draught free temperature control 75% of total cooling capacity handled by water Available with heating and cooling Low noise

Our AHUs applications


- Commercial - Pharmaceutical - Education - Healthcare

Continuous improvement R&D focussed on reducing energy consumption Optimisation of Air Handling units to meet customer requirements

e3 Flkt Woods Integrated advantages Twin Wheels


Rotary heat exchangers provide energy efficient heating and cooling recovery Twin Wheel controller operates rotors and cooling coil in sequence to meet set dew-point values Providing indoor air quality by maintaining humidity Following the Kyoto protocol, the European Union set targets to reduce energy consumption. For buildings, the initial target was set at a 22% reduction by 2010. Since then the more stringent targets have been set for future years. These targets are set under the EPBD directive.

Chillers
Designed to minimise overall energy consumption Free cooling chillers significantly reduce energy consumption especially with chilled beam systems Provide reduced investment and running costs

To address the requirements of the EPBD directive, Flkt Woods has poured a lot of effort into creating the e3 Concept. Our solution is a broad approach leaving no stone unturned to achieve optimum results. High-performing components provide a good start, but it is by combining products into an integrated system, utilising smart control, that one can achieve the best energy solutions. The e3 logo is used to highlight products and systems that deliver savings on Energy, Economy and the Environment.

Controls
Wide range of integrated control solutions available Factory mounted & pre-wired Pre-programmed & factory tested control applications Open standard communication protocols for integration into BMS

Flexible, comfortable and energy efcient climate for the modern ofce
In these more energy and indoor air quality conscious days, chilled beam systems have come the fore. Predominantly due to the energy benets over alternative systems such as fan coil units, the chilled beam system also provides an incredibly stable environment which adds to the occupants wellbeing and satisfaction. Flkt Woods have now moved this on a stage with the introduction of our new iQ Star range of chilled beams. These beams not only give you the indoor air quality but due to the addition of smart controls, the Stella and Astra are able to provide variable airow rates. This means that demand control ventilation has been added to an already energy efcient system providing the end user with additional energy savings. That, coupled with our ow pattern control and energy (comfort) control, leads to these beams offering you full exibility to adapt to any future changes in room layout.

Twin Wheel AHU


The Twin Wheel system contains three main parts; the hygroscopic rotor, a cooling coil and a sensible rotor.

PL
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The now dehumidied and cooled air continues to the sensible rotor, where heat from exhaust air is recovered and used to re-heat it. The air is supplied to the building, with controlled levels of both temperature and humidity. Note that the temperature exchange in the sensible rotor, where exhaust air is cooled, further improves the cooling recovery of exhaust air in the hygroscopic rotor!

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When outdoor air is warmer than the exhaust airow there is a need for cooling. The hygroscopic rotor then reduces temperature of the incoming air. Simultaneously it transfers moisture from the inbound to the outbound air ows (in cases where absolute humidity is higher outdoors)

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After passing through the hygroscopic rotor the air passes through the cooling coil, where the temperature is reduced further and moisture is condensated down to required levels. Since the air has already been cooled by the hygroscopic rotor, the demand for cooling is lowered. The saving can be up to 50% of the nominal required cooling effect, while at the same time the need for a following re-heating battery in most cases disappears.

Flow Pattern Control


The unique Flow Pattern Control (FPC) can direct the airflow up to 45 degrees through integrated vanes. Different directions can be set at sections of 300 mm in the beam.

5.0 m3/s

Exhaust air
Energy control
The new flexible nozzle arrangement guarantees high indoor air quality and energy efficiency. A quiet solution even when high air flow is needed.

Accessories
Flexibility is increased by the numerous accessories available for iQ Star. Not only is Stella available with any equipment you need, you also have the opportunity to customise its design.

27.3 11.3
Hygroscopic rotor

16.1 9.5
Sensible rotor

23.0 9.5

Extract

Extract air

Stella

C / g/kg Dry bulb humidity 29.0 12.5 18.0 10.5


Cooling coil

5.0 m3/s 12.0 8.0 18.9 8.0 20.0 8.0 Supply

Outdoor air

Supply air

Further energy reductions


Project AOC Unit Size

Life cycle
AIR HANDLING UNIT EU 9490 () / Fisher University ACON-00664444 4 (CBSW ) / AHU SW ACB 64

Project AOC Unit Size

AIR HANDLING UNIT EU 2.1.100903.1 9490 () / Fisher University ACON-00664435 2010-09-06 2 (CBTW ) / AHU TW ACB 64 Page 4

2.1.100903.1 2010-09-06 Page 4

As we understand, chilled beam systems create high quality indoor environments which are incredibly energy efcient. But because of the nature of the chilled beam system, it is possible for us to use more energy efcient components as part of the complete system. On the following pages you will see both our Twin Wheel Air Handling Units and our Free Cooling Chillers. Both of these components can offer signicant savings and can only be utilised to their full extent because of the nature of the chilled beam system.

LCC diagram
ANNUAL ENERGY DEMAND NORMAL OPERATION

LCC diagram
ANNUAL ENERGY DEMAND NORMAL OPERATION

Based on London weather conditions and typical energy costs


Energy Comparison Twin Wheel vs Single Hygroscopic Wheel Based on 5 m3/s Single Wheel Annual Energy Recovery kWh Initial Heat Recovery Reheating Recovery Cooling Recovery Annual Energy Demand kWh Heating 84 22,280 68,549 36,991 0 0 51,717 41,098 Reheating Cooling Fans Annual Cost Energy Cost GBP CO2 Emissions kg 7,783 31,396 215,893 6,179 25,153 179,521 98,426 0 4,142 97,434 22,613 16,758 Twin Wheel

Laboratory tested
The Twin Wheel system has been tested in our laboratory under dened and accurately measured conditions.

Eurovent Certied Performance


eQ and EU air handling units are certied according to the test and classication standard EUROVENT/CECOMAF 6/C/005/-1997 and have certicate number 99.03.008.

Single Wheel - LCC

Twin Wheel - LCC

LCC Cost (20 years) GBP

Free Cooling Chillers


Chilled beam systems dont run on low chilled water temperatures in the same way as fan coil systems do. Due to the nature of the system, higher chilled water temperatures are necessary and this leads to another potential energy saving by utilising free cooling chillers. Because there are long periods of time where the ambient air condition is cooler than the return water temperature, we can cool the water without running the compressors. This not only reduces wear and tear on them, prolonging the life of the chiller, but offers signicant annual energy savings. The chart below shows savings of around 35% for London based projects. Whilst typically a free cooling chiller will save 35% for a 14/17 chiller there is still a requirement for a 6/12 chilled water chiller for the fresh air. This gives an overall saving for a typical chilled beam system of 26%.
45000 40000 35000 30000 25000 kWh 20000 15000 10000 5000 0
Jan

System Energy Analysis


100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30
Mechanical Cooling Free Cooling
Chilled Beams Savings

2W - Twin Wheel Savings

Free Cooling Chiller Savings

2W-Twin Wheel Free Cooling Chiller Savings

Chilled Beams 2W-Twin Wheel Free Cooling Chiller 50% Savings

20 10 0
System Fan Coil Units AHU - Air Handling Unit with Single Thermal Wheel Standard 6/12 Chiller System Chilled Beams AHU - Air Handling Unit with Single Thermal Wheel Standard 6/12 Chiller System Fan Coil Units 2W - Twin Wheel Standard 6/12 Chiller System Chilled Beams 2W - Twin Wheel Standard 6/12 Chiller System Chilled Beams AHU - Air Handling Unit with Single Thermal Wheel Free Cooling Chiller Option(75% FC Chiller, 25% 6/12 Chiller) System Chilled Beams 2W - Twin Wheel Air Handling Unit Free Cooling Chiller Option (75% FC Chiller, 25% 6/12 Chiller)

Product Mix
The chart above shows energy comparisons between Chilled Beam and Fan Coil Unit systems with different options of AHU and Chiller. The Fan Coil Unit system does not have the free cooling option as they operate on lower chilled water temperatures. As you can see an energy reduction of approx 50% can be achieved by utilising a Chilled Beam System with Twin Wheel AHU and free Cooling System option.
Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug
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Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec
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Saving Based on 425kW Chiller running 60hrs/week 14/17C Saving = 160957 kWh 12233 per annum Free Cooling option 13500 - payback = 13 months Saving 68 tonnes of CO2 emmissions p/a = 160957 kWh 12233

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Case Study: Greenwich Peninsula - London, England


As part of what is believed to be one of the largest chilled beam contracts in the London area, Flkt Woods has supplied the complete 1.25 million ventilation solution for the Peninsula Central ofce development, part of the Terry Farrells Greenwich Peninsula master plan in London. In addition to Flkt Woods supplying over 2,300 active chilled beams, they are also providing airhandling units, VAV boxes and displacement terminals. At 196,000sq ft the rst of two developments 14 Pier Walk was opened in June 2009 and will form one of 3 new head ofce hubs for Transport for London. TFL have taken a 20 year lease on the building with the rst of 1800 staff already at work at the-state-of-the-art green ofce. The new twin wheel technology is expected to reduce energy costs on summer cooling. Craig MacFadyen, Systems Product Manager explains, Using our knowledge of twin wheel technology and active chilled beam systems, Flkt Woods engineers have created a more efcient method of providing dehumidication to the primary fresh air.

Note: Chiller completely paid off in 4 years 4 months. Total energy saving of 244,660 in 20 years (0.076/kWh). Real saving = 191,160 for 11 the chiller or 231,160 for the cost of the free cooling element of the chiller. Total saving of 1360 tonnes of CO2 over 20 years (based on UK carbon outputs of 0.422 kg/kWh). Total CO2 without free cooling would be 3900 tonnes over 20 years.
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FACTS ABOUT GREENWICH PENINSULA Peninsula Central is a 3.5 million sq ft business district at the heart of the Greenwich Peninsula redevelopment One of the largest chilled beam contracts in the London area The building (14 Pier Walk) has officially been awarded a BREEAM Excellent rating with a score of 71% and an Energy Performance Certificate band B with a score of 37

How it works
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When the outside air temperature is lower than the temperature of the water 8 7 returning from the systems, it is convenient to take advantage of this cold source which is totally free. 6 On
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off
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The water returning from the system will be cooled in part or totally in the heat exchanger coils (additional to the standard condenser). While the outside air temperature falls, the cooling capacity recovered in theUnit Free-Cooling Side coils increases in inverse proportion up to a point that allows the 100% production of chilled 1 water2using only outside air and with System side completely idle compressors.
(1) Solution inlet from the system (2) Chilled solution outlet to the system (3) Free-cooling coil (version Free-Cooling only) (4) Condenser coil (5) Compressors (6) Evaporator (7) Circulation pump (8) 3 way pump (version Free-Cooling only) (9) Fans (10) Expansion valves (11) Outside air temperature Working refrigerant ciruit

Further references
Unilever, Kingston, UK Manchester Metropolitan University, UK Fitzrovia, London, UK M W Kellog, London, UK 227 Tottenham Court Road, London, UK Bidborough House, London, UK John Dalton Building, Manchester, UK

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Idle refrigerant circut

Unit Side System side


1 2

(1) Solution inlet from the system (2) Chilled solution outlet to the system (3) Free-cooling coil (version Free-Cooling only)

Working refrigerant ciruit

We Bring Air to Life


Flkt Woods is a global leader in air management. We specialise in the design and manufacture of a wide range of air climate and air movement solutions. And our collective experience is unrivalled. Our constant aim is to provide systems that precisely deliver required function and performance, as well as maximise energy efficiency.
Solutions for all your air climate and air movement needs
Flkt Woods is providing solutions for ventilation and air climate for buildings as well as fan solutions for Industry and Infrastructure. Air Handling Units (AHUs) Modular, compact and small AHU units. Designed to ensure optimisation of indoor air quality, operational performance and service life. Air Terminal Devices and Ducts Supply and exhaust diffusers and valves for installation on walls, ceiling or floor are all included in our large range and fit all types of applications. Chilled Beams Active induction beams for ventilation, cooling and heating, and passive convection beams for cooling. For suspended or flush-mounted ceiling installation and multi-service configuration. With unique Comfort Control and Flow Pattern Control features. Residential ventilation A complete range of products for residential ventilation. Consists of ventilation units, exhaust air fans and cooker hoods designed to optimise indoor comfort and save energy. Energy recovery Dessicant-based product and systems that recover energy, increase ventilation and control humidity. Fans Advanced axial, centrifugal and boxed fans for general and specialist applications. Comprehensive range including high temperature and ATEX compliant options. Engineered for energy efficiency and minimised life cycle cost. Chillers Air-cooled and water-cooled chillers with cooling capacity up to 1800kW. Designed to minimise annual energy consumption in all types of buildings. Controls and drives Variable speed drives and control systems, all tested to ensure total compatibility with our products. Specialist team can advise on energy saving and overall system integration. Acoustical Products A complete line of sound attenuating products, including rectangular and round silencers, Media Free silencers, custom silencers and acoustic enclosure panels.

Flkt Woods Limited


Birmingham Business Park, Unit 6240, Bishops Court, Solihull Parkway, Birmingham, B37 7YB Tel: 0121 717 4693 Fax: 0121 717 4699 First Floor, Entrance 6, Crossford Court, Dane Road, Sale, Cheshire, M33 7BZ Tel: 0161 969 1992 Fax: 0161 969 4612 email: systems.uk@flaktwoods.com web: www.flaktwoods.co.uk
Flkt Woods operates a policy of continuous improvement and reserves the right to supply products that may differ from those illustrated and described in this publication. Certified dimensions can be supplied on request on receipt of order.