LEARN TO READ LATIN CH.

10

Learn to Read Latin: Ch. 10
§92: Relative Clauses of Purpose
• Rēgīna mīlitēs in prōvinciam mittet quī incolās terreant. • The queen will send soldiers into the province in order that they may frighten the inhabitants.

§93: Relative Clauses of Characteristic
• Verb in the subjunctive. • Puellae carmina, quae amet, poēta dat. • The poem gives the girl songs, the kind that she loves.

Present

Present Stem + -ns, -ntis (3-i & 4 change to -ie-) “____ing” vocāns, vocantis

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Active

§94: Introduction to Participles

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4th Principal Part “(having been) ____ed” vocātus, -a, -um Present Stem + -ndus, -a, -um (3-i & 4 change to -ie-) “having to be ____ed” vocandus, -a, -um

Perfect

Future

4th PP + -ūrus, -a, -um “about to ____” vocātūrus, -a, -um

§97: Ablative Absolute
• accompanied by a participle • unconnected in syntax with the rest of the sentence • (with) the poem having been completed • because, although, when

LEARN TO READ LATIN CH. 10

§98: Active and Passive Periphrastic
• Active • future active participle + form of sum • we are going to, we were going to, we shall be about to • Passive • future passive participle + form of sum • are having to be, were having to be, will be having to be

§99: Dative with an Intransitive Verb
• Dative of Reference indicating the person affected by an intransitive verb. • Mea sententia Antōniō placet. • My opinion (is pleasing to) pleases Antony. • Rēgī nostrō pareātur. • Let (there be an obeying to our king) our king be obeyed.

• describes another noun • modified by an adjective • a man of great diligence

• describes another noun • modified by an adjective • man of / with great courage

Vocabulary lēgātus, lēgātī m. legate, envoy; lieutenant nātus, nātī m. son dux, ducis m. / f. leader fīnis, fīnis, -ium m. / f. end, limit, boundary; in pl., territory genus, generis n. descent, origin; race, stock; kind, sort labor, labōris m. work; effort, hardship mōs, mōris m. custom, practice; in pl., character nēmō, nēminis m. / f. no one opus, operis n. work; need opus est there is need of (+ abl. or nom.)

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§100: Genitive of Description

§101: Ablative of Description

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LEARN TO READ LATIN CH. 10

ōrātiō, ōrātiōnis f. oration, speech ōrātiōnem habēre to make a speech ōrātor, ōrātōris m. speaker pectus, pectoris n. chest, breast; heart cāsus, cāsūs m. fall; occurrence; chance, misfortune quīdam, quaedam, quiddam (indef. pron.) (a) certain person, (a) certain thing quīdam, quaedam, quoddam (indef. adj.) (a) certain oppugnō, oppugnāre, oppugnāvī, oppugnātus attack servō, servāre, servāvī, servātus save, preserve stō, stāre, stetī, statum stand; stand fast, endure dēleō, dēlēre, dēlēvī, dēlētus destroy cadō, cadere, cecidī, cāsum fall, sink; die nāscor, nāscī, nātus sum be born nōscō, nōscere, nōvī, nōtus come to know, learn, recognize; in perfect, know cognōscō, cognōscere, cognōvī, cognitus come to know, learn, recognize; in perfect, know proficīscor, proficīscī, profectus sum set out, set forth ūtor, ūtī, ūsus sum use; experience, enjoy (+ abl.) perferō, perferre, pertulī, perlātus suffer, endure; report referō, referre, rettulī, relātus bring back; report aequus, -a, -um level, even; equitable, just; calm, tranquil inīquus, -a, -um uneven; inequitable, unjust honestus, -a, -um honorable, respectable medius, -a, -um middle (of); as subst., midst apud (prep + acc.) at, near; at the house of, in the presence of, among contrā (adv.) face to face; in opposition; in turn (prep. + acc.) facing; against, contrary to magnopere (adv.) greatly quīn (conj.) introduces Relative Clause of Characteristic, who/that...not quō (rel. adv.) to where, whither satis / sat (indecl. n. subst.) enough (adv.) enough, sufficiently ubi (rel. adv.) where unde (rel. adv.) from where, whence

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