Paxton’s Crystal Palace or the road to Modern Architecture.

As the Industrial Revolution and the Age of the Machine take solid root in the 19 th century a new conception takes the world by storm dictating that the new shapes of the time were based on straight lines, “the shortest way between two points”. Indeed the industrial revolution had an indelible effect on architecture and what is possible today. The innovations that accompanied the steel factories and the development of new stronger materials gave architects a new way to express their ideas. The industrial period not only introduced architects to new materials that were more efficient, for example less material was necessary to build a structure if the material was stronger like iron, but it also represented a new era of lifestyle aimed to be more productive economically. The statement “the shortest way between two points” can metaphorically represent the ambition of those who were most innovative and influential during this period: build faster and more efficient in less time and with less money. Joseph Paxton’s design of the Crystal Palace was temporary, and yet it made a lasting effect in built history. More than standard sizing and mass production come from Crystal Palace but so did new methods of construction. This new method includes the layout and erecting trusses, placement of flooring, etc.The industrial revolution had tremendous impact. Paxton’s ideas and thoughts were only triggered by the possibilities that these new products and processes suddenly allowed. The Crystal Palace would have never been achieved if it wasn’t for these technologies. In the 19th century the Industrial Revolution pretty much paved the way for mass production and consumption. Machine production decreased to cost and time of what use to be an expensive craftsmanship of ornament design. Joseph Paxton’s design of the Crystal Palace for the Fair of 1851 was a perfect example of a quick temporary design using a mass production of cast-iron and glass that was erected in only nine months. I believe what Joseph Paxton meant by the shortest way between two points is that mass production by machine is the shortest way between the starting point of a design and the finishing point. Paxton’s Crystal Palace is the quintessential example of this phenomenon. Applying industrial might to architectural components, Paxton not only standardized an industry, he changed the way people viewed what architecture was capable of. With mass produced repetitive modules, architecture could be built faster, cheaper, and could do this with its own aesthetic qualities.
Student: Zaharia Cristina An:II, Sem:2, Gr:21P

It was necessary for streets to be linear and form grid-like patterns than previous cities that arose from old cities with torn down city walls that curve or medieval dense plans and narrow streets. people traveled more because of new transportation. steel. and iron tents for activity revealing more of the outside world than the massive and dense structures of the past that were exclusive rather than inclusive. which is most often described as busy and crowded. there was a change in the shapes used for design during this time. As it can be seen. and stir emotion with elaborate paintings and ornament. This daunting scale bewildered and enthralled observers as well as critics because there had not existed anything similar to it. Work became more systematic. Slowly. Speed became the dominating factor. to being glass. Student: Zaharia Cristina An:II. buildings were changing from being created to look at. The structure enclosed eighteen acres. Within this area existed natural vegetation including fully matured trees. and the typical setting of urban life as we know it today developed. inspire. It could not be judged by the standards by which previous architecture had been judged.The Crystal Palace was a building whose size had not been seen before. Room has to be made for the automobile. Gr:21P . The shapes created resulted from the use of straight lines. The straight line was used because it allowed for faster production. Sem:2.