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Parmar / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.ijera.com Vol. 2, Issue 6, November- December 2012, pp.772-784

**Dynamic Analysis Of Structure For Looms Industry - A Parametric Study
**

Jigar K. Sevalia1, Sarthi B. Bhavsar2, Sunil H. Kukadiya3, Yogesh D. Rathod4, Gaurang A. Parmar5

1

Assistant Professor, Civil Engineering Department, Sarvajanik College of Engineering & Technology, Surat, Gujarat, India. 2 UG Student, Civil Engineering Department, Sarvajanik College of Engineering & Technology, Surat, Gujarat, India. 3 UG Student, Civil Engineering Department, Sarvajanik College of Engineering & Technology, Surat, Gujarat, India. 4 UG Student, Civil Engineering Department, Sarvajanik College of Engineering & Technology, Surat, Gujarat, India. 5 UG Student, Civil Engineering Department, Sarvajanik College of Engineering & Technology, Surat, Gujarat, India.

ABSTRACT:

Ever since the existence of mankind, it has noticed a remarkable advancement in field of science and technology. Traditional hand weaving methods have been replaced by modern and speedy looms machine. With faster production rate, these machines proved to be a boon for textile manufacturers. However, they come with an unnoticed problem of “vibration”. Hence, there arises a need to study the effects of vibrations on the structural as well as non structural components of the building. Here in this paper, an attempt has been made to study the dynamic behaviour of a structure for looms industry subjected to vibration due to looms machine; by changing the size of various structural components like beam and column. to non-structural components such as cracking of masonry walls, de-bonding of aggregate and cement gel, etc. However, if the amplitude of vibration increases, it may cause serious damage to structural components such as excessive deformation of beams, columns, fatigue failure and settlements; which may cause serious damage to life and property. Vibration at a certain level can cause discomfort to humans. It can affect visual perception, muscles contraction, circulation and respiratory system. This deteriorates the working capacity of the people. Victor Wowk[1] has presented his ideas on deciding the strategy in analysing the vibrations produced by machines. His strategy of analysis includes: identifying source of vibration, calculating its frequency and amplitude and analyse the severity of this amplitude. The source of vibration was identified to be as the beating-up motion. Bhatia K.G.[2] has mentioned that in principle machine foundations should be designed such that the dynamic forces of machines are transmitted to the soil through the foundation in such a way that all kinds of harmful effects are eliminated. All machine foundations, irrespective of the size and type of machine, should be regarded as engineering problems and their designs should be based on sound engineering practices. Dynamic loads from the machines causing vibrations must be duly accounted for to provide a solution, which is technically sound and economical. Vijay K. Puri and Shamsher Prakash [3] have stated that machine foundations require a special consideration because they transmit dynamic loads to soil in addition to static loads due to weight of foundation, machine and accessories. He has described about three types of machines which are Reciprocating machines, Impact machines and Rotary machines. In this study, the Looms machine lies under the category of Reciprocating machine having operating speed less than 600 rpm.

**Keywords- Looms Industry, Vibration, Dead
**

Load, Time History, Displacement, Modes, Frequency

1. INTRODUCTION

The modern looms machines have transformed the entire scenario of Textile production. It enables easy and faster production rate of textile manufacturing. These machines have proved to be a boon to Textile manufacturers in terms of economy and time. However, they come with an unseen drawback of “Vibrations” due to their high operating speed. The parameters normally used to assess the vibration are the amplitude and frequency. In order to completely define a vibration, the amplitude and frequency of motion are measured in three orthogonal directions, generally in terms of displacement which is considered to be the best description for assessing the potential damage response of a structure. These vibrations may cause varying degree of damage to the building components. Minor damage is seen in the building

772 | P a g e

The Harmonic Load caused by the Reciprocating Sley-movement is applied.67 Hz 4. D.5 cm Mass of Sley 15 kg Operating frequency 2. [7] has explained in detail about the principle of beating –up motion and the magnitude of force produced by movement of sley. Hasmukhrai B. Collection of necessary machine data such as the dimension of the machine components. 2. In this parametric study. various structural components. Rathod.69 m x 1. Its pre-analysis includes modelling. 4. its operating speed. 2. Reconnaissance Survey which includes visit to the various looms industry and interaction with the industry people for getting a better practical picture of the looms industry. Yogesh D. Modelling of Building Frame Structure using structural engineering software .Pro. twenty five different models have been developed to study the dynamic behaviour of the structure subjected to harmonic loading due to machine operations.Jigar K.1 Dead Load Self Weight of Looms Industry Structure considering density of Reinforced Cement Concrete as 25 kN/m3. Issue 6. Srinivasulu P. weight of cloth roll. Gaurang A. slab etc.0 kN/m 2 is also applied to the floor. section and elevation using CAD software. as well as to assign support conditions and to assign suitable analysis commands. Thus a key ingredient to a successful machine foundation design is the carful engineering analysis of the foundation response to the dynamic load from the anticipated operation of the machine. assigning geometric properties and loads to 5. Kukadiya.8 kN/m2 and water proofing load on terrace as 1. and Vaidyanathan C. Barkan D. LOADS CONSIDERED 4. Preparation of drawing of typical industrial floor plan showing layout of machine position on the industrial floors of existing building.com Vol. He has also given explained how the unbalanced inertial force imparts dynamic load to the structures.[8] has commented on the behaviour of reciprocating machines and the type of load it imparts to the foundation. The post-analysis includes studying of various modes shapes and their respective frequencies and amplitude. They state that the two principle sources of vibrations of a shuttle loom are: the inertial force created by reciprocating movement of sley and the force that propels the shuttle in form of impact. Also the data regarding the building which includes various dimensions of the building and size of its various structural components like beam. column. having amplitude of 1.3 Time History Load Harmonic Force is generated due to the movement of the Sley and the impact force that propels the shuttle. Sevalia. November. Parmar / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www. An attempt of parametric study is made in this paper. Study of structural system of the looms industry and understanding the working of the looms machine.67 kN for 100 cycles. He has proposed general directives for carrying out a dynamic analysis of a machine foundation.V. labelling. frequency and displacements with respect to various sizes of beams and columns. Sunil H.5 cm x 7. pp. Various beams and columns size considered in this study are as listed in table 2.2 Live Load Machine load of 10 kN is distributed evenly among its four floor supports.54 m Operating Speed 160 rpm Dimension Of Sley 171 cm x 4. LOOMS MACHINE DETAIL/DATA Table 1 Looms Machine Detail / Data Particular Details Size of Machine 2. 3.772-784 George Gazetas[4] has described that the basic goal in design of machine foundation is to limit its motion to amplitudes which will neither endanger the satisfactory operation of the machine nor will they disturb the people working in the immediate vicinity. an additional live load of 2. ANALYSIS METHOD AND GEOMETRIC CONFIGURATION The plan and elevation of structure for looms industry is as shown in figure 1.ijera.5 kN/m 2.STAAD. METHODOLOGY The dynamic analysis of the structure for looms industry is done by following approach. The dynamic analysis of structure for looms industry is carried out using STAAD. Plotting of graph of various results of mode shapes. etc. Bhavsar. These models are developed by changing the size of beams and columns. weight of floor finish as 0.Pro. 4. Sarthi B. [5] have explained the forces that are responsible for vibration caused during the working of a shuttle loom machine.December 2012. Along with it. 773 | P a g e . The ideas about the characteristics of harmonic force stated by Cyril Harris[6] in his book “Harris’ Shock and Vibrations” were proved to be beneficial while making the mathematical model of the looms machine.65 m x 1.

made up of steel sections. In order to achieve higher accuracy in modelling. 774 | P a g e . The floor and the roof slab are modelled using a 4-Noded Plate Element whose thickness is kept constant and is equal to 130mm.130 m X 25. Rathod. Parmar / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www. November. 1 Typical Floor Plan of Looms Industry and its Front Elevation Beams and Columns are modelled by using a Beam Element and they are of varying cross-sectional sizes.7m above the ground level. Gaurang A. of columns is modelled as fixed supports.com Vol. Also.Jigar K. the looms machines which are made up of steel members are replicated by using a Beam Element. Sevalia.0 m. Fig.December 2012. The foundation is assumed to be resting at 3. Sunil H. Sarthi B. Kukadiya. 2.772-784 Table 2 Different Sizes of Beam and Columns considered for study Component Beam Column 230 x 460 230 x 460 230 x 540 230 x 540 Cross Section Size (mm x mm) 230 x 610 230 x 610 230 x 685 230 x 685 230 x 765 230 x 765 The structure has a single bay having plan dimension of standard size 5.685 m.ijera. pp. the base . Bhavsar. Issue 6. The floor height considered is 3. Yogesh D.0m depth below Ground Level and plinth level is assumed to be 0.

Pro (b) 2D View of a Building Structure Model for Looms Industry in Y-Z Plane in STAAD. 2. Sunil H. November. To obtain Horizontal Frequency in various Modes of Vibration. 2.Jigar K.ijera. Yogesh D. Rathod. Sevalia. Gaurang A.Pro (c) 2D View of a Building Structure Model for Looms Industry in X-Y Plane in STAAD. Issue 6. pp.772-784 (a) 3D View of a Building Structure Model for Looms Industry in STAAD. Kukadiya. Bhavsar. To obtain Horizontal Displacement in Z-Direction at a particular Node where the displacement is maximum. Sarthi B.com Vol.December 2012.Pro 6. 775 | P a g e . RESULTS: The results consist of two parts: 1. Parmar / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.

581 8.134 Mode 4 7.ijera.305 2. 2. Sarthi B. Bhavsar.Jigar K. Kukadiya. Issue 6.856 7. pp. Gaurang A.529 2.943 13.905 3.com Vol. 4 Effect of Column Sizes on Horizontal Frequency in Z – Direction (For Beam Size: 230 mm x 540 mm and Slab Thickness: 130 mm) 776 | P a g e .429 10.154 3.371 Mode 6 15 Frequency (Hz) 10 5 0 230 x 460 230x540 230x610 230x685 230x765 Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 Mode 4 Mode 5 Mode 6 230 x 765 2.086 12.785 11.745 6.354 2.314 11.972 9.675 12.223 5. Parmar / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.160 13. Rathod. November.593 8.577 Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 Mode 4 Mode 5 Mode 6 Column Size (mm x mm) Fig.743 6.1 Horizontal Frequency in various Modes of Vibration Horizontal Frequency in various modes of vibration is measured with following different conditions.345 7.495 10.620 Mode 1 2.057 5.720 6.830 7. Sevalia.606 2.214 13.879 Mode 3 6.121 6.595 Mode 5 11.835 3. Yogesh D. 3 Effect of Column Sizes on Horizontal Frequency in Z – Direction (For Beam Size: 230 mm x 460 mm and Slab Thickness: 130 mm) Table 4 Effect of Column Sizes on Horizontal Frequency in Z – Direction (For Beam Size: 230 mm x 540 mm and Slab Thickness: 130 mm) Column Sizes (mm x mm) Frequency (Hz) 230 x 460 230 x 540 230 x 610 230 x 685 2.160 3.257 11.192 15 Frequency (Hz) 10 5 0 230x460 230x540 230x610 230x685 230x765 Column Size (mm x mm) Fig.772-784 6.497 2.710 Mode 1 2.361 3.401 Mode 2 4.897 9.990 Mode 6 230 x 765 2.539 6.505 2.557 Mode 2 4.185 Mode 4 7.395 5. Sunil H.809 3.350 8.548 8.866 7.December 2012.564 6. Beam Size constant → Column Size varying Column Size constant → Beam Size varying Results are tabulated in table 3 to 12 and as shown graphically in figure 3 to 12 Table 3 Effect of Column Sizes on Horizontal Frequency in Z – Direction (For Beam Size: 230 mm x 460 mm and Slab Thickness: 130 mm) Column Sizes (mm x mm) Frequency (Hz) 230 x 460 230 x 540 230 x 610 230 x 685 2.114 6.705 3.223 3.381 5.313 Mode 3 6.146 5.492 Mode 5 11.

101 6.397 6.965 9.171 Mode 4 7.568 8.662 2.604 Mode 3 6. Bhavsar.613 7.512 10. 2.December 2012.772-784 Table 5 Effect of Column Sizes on Horizontal Frequency in Z – Direction (For Beam Size: 230 mm x 610 mm and Slab Thickness: 130 mm) Column Sizes (mm x mm) Frequency (Hz) 230 x 460 230 x 540 230 x 610 230 x 685 2.Jigar K.864 7.234 3.270 15.192 Mode 4 7.459 5.836 7. Yogesh D. Parmar / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www. pp. Issue 6. 6 Effect of Column Sizes on Horizontal Frequency in Z – Direction (For Beam Size: 230 mm x 685 mm and Slab Thickness: 130 mm) 777 | P a g e .378 2.681 15.962 6. Sunil H.629 Mode 5 11. Rathod.950 20 15 10 5 0 Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 Mode 4 Mode 5 Mode 6 Frequency (Hz) 230x460 230x540 230x610 230x685 230x765 Column Size (mm x mm) Fig.783 Mode 1 2.998 7.527 6.941 3. Kukadiya.308 8.297 5.472 3.157 14. 5 Effect of Column Sizes on Horizontal Frequency in Z – Direction (For Beam Size: 230 mm x 610 mm and Slab Thickness: 130 mm) Table 6 Effect of Column Sizes on Horizontal Frequency in Z – Direction (For Beam Size: 230 mm x 685 mm and Slab Thickness: 130 mm) Column Sizes (mm x mm) Frequency (Hz) 230 x 460 230 x 540 230 x 610 230 x 685 2.757 Mode 1 2.com Vol. November.526 2.061 6.820 15 10 5 0 230x460 230x540 230x610 230x685 230x765 Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 Mode 4 Mode 5 Mode 6 Column Size (mm x mm) Fig.410 15.632 Mode 5 11.987 9. Sarthi B.708 Mode 2 4.538 2.917 Mode 6 230 x 765 2.933 3.516 8.664 2.431 3.494 6.865 3.946 3.649 14.501 5.ijera.345 8. Sevalia.857 7.386 14.272 14.217 7. Gaurang A.686 14.122 6.607 Mode 6 20 Frequency (Hz) 230 x 765 2.374 2.833 Mode 3 6.641 10.210 3.647 Mode 2 4.

913 3.941 Mode 2 4.061 Mode 4 7.664 2. Rathod.460 7.993 2.370 2.001 Mode 3 6.006 6. Sarthi B.581 7.932 4. Gaurang A.443 11.512 6.753 10.453 6.101 6.772-784 Table 7 Effect of Column Sizes on Horizontal Frequency in Z – Direction (For Beam Size: 230 mm x 765 mm and Slab Thickness: 130 mm) Column Sizes (mm x mm) Frequency (Hz) 230 x 460 230 x 540 230 x 610 230 x 685 2.305 2.686 11.649 Mode 6 15 Frequency (Hz) 10 5 0 230x460 230x540 230x610 230x685 230x765 Beam Size (mm x mm) Fig.568 7.989 7.512 5.459 4.442 6.com Vol.575 778 | P a g e .575 14.127 Mode 4 7.505 20 Frequency (Hz) 15 10 5 0 230x460 230x540 230x610 230x685 230x765 Column Size (mm x mm) Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 Mode 4 Mode 5 Mode 6 Fig.675 11.114 6.ijera.483 17.593 7.932 3.516 Mode 5 11.263 Mode 6 230 x 765 2.378 Mode 1 2.741 Mode 2 4.835 2.914 9.790 Mode 1 2.Jigar K. Sunil H. Parmar / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.905 2. 7 Effect of Column Sizes on Horizontal Frequency in Z – Direction (For Beam Size: 230 mm x 765 mm and Slab Thickness: 130 mm) Table 8 Effect of Beam Sizes on Horizontal Frequency in Z – Direction (For Column Size: 230 mm x 460 mm and Slab Thickness: 130 mm) Beam Sizes (mm x mm) Frequency (Hz) 230 x 460 230 x 540 230 x 610 230 x 685 2.374 2.443 8.006 7.206 16.314 11. 8 Effect of Beam Sizes on Horizontal Frequency in Z – Direction (For Column Size: 230 mm x 460 mm and Slab Thickness: 130 mm) Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 Mode 4 Mode 5 Mode 6 230 x 765 2.354 2.535 2.489 3.229 7. November.238 3. Bhavsar. Issue 6.501 Mode 3 6. pp. Kukadiya. Sevalia.223 4.269 17. Yogesh D.December 2012. 2.592 Mode 5 11.245 8.121 6.381 4.370 2.788 7.

785 13.453 6.December 2012. Sevalia.987 8.233 3.206 Table 10 Effect of Beam Sizes on Horizontal Frequency in Z – Direction (For Column Size: 230 mm x 610 mm and Slab Thickness: 130 mm) Beam Sizes (mm x mm) Frequency (Hz) 230 x 460 230 x 540 230 x 610 230 x 685 2.897 8.972 8.157 14.122 Mode 3 6. 10 Effect of Beam Sizes on Horizontal Frequency in Z – Direction (For Column Size: 230 mm x 610 mm and Slab Thickness: 130 mm) Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 Mode 4 Mode 5 Mode 6 779 | P a g e . Yogesh D.606 2.489 6. Sunil H.772-784 Table 9 Effect of Beam Sizes on Horizontal Frequency in Z – Direction (For Column Size: 230 mm x 540 mm and Slab Thickness: 130 mm) Beam Sizes (mm x mm) Frequency (Hz) 230 x 460 230 x 540 230 x 610 230 x 685 2.866 6.238 5.662 Mode 1 3.308 Mode 5 11.Jigar K.361 3.483 20 Frequency (Hz) 15 10 5 0 230x460 230x540 230x610 230x685 230x765 Beam Size (mm x mm) Fig. Gaurang A.788 8.644 2.297 5.234 Mode 2 4.160 3.386 15.345 8. Parmar / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.836 Mode 4 8.395 5.431 3.965 Mode 5 11.ijera.com Vol.535 3. November.059 3. Issue 6.229 6.887 5.210 3.529 2.245 14.397 Mode 3 6.664 3. Sarthi B. Bhavsar.914 16. 9 Effect of Beam Sizes on Horizontal Frequency in Z – Direction (For Column Size: 230 mm x 540 mm and Slab Thickness: 130 mm) Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 Mode 4 Mode 5 Mode 6 Frequency 230 x 765 2.247 Mode 6 15 10 5 0 230x460 230x540 230x610 230x685 230x765 Beam Size (mm x mm) Fig.305 8.160 14.539 6.432 2.526 2.527 6.538 Mode 1 3. 2.442 8.516 6.830 6.943 14. Rathod.577 12.350 8.743 5.864 6. Kukadiya.681 Mode 6 230 x 765 2.472 Mode 2 5. pp.146 5.497 2.962 6.494 Mode 4 8.

607 15.371 14.757 2.com Vol.772-784 Table 11 Effect of Beam Sizes on Horizontal Frequency in Z – Direction (For Column Size: 230 mm x 685 mm and Slab Thickness: 130 mm) Beam Sizes (mm x mm) Frequency (Hz) 230 x 460 230 x 540 230 x 610 230 x 685 2.820 15. Gaurang A.879 6.001 7.946 Mode 1 3.741 7.492 9.December 2012. Yogesh D. Sunil H.917 Mode 6 230 x 765 2.557 3.185 7. Sevalia. pp.989 7. Bhavsar.705 2.620 2.086 10. Kukadiya.269 17.833 Mode 3 7.577 14.708 Mode 2 5.401 3.913 3.613 Mode 3 7.647 3. 11 Effect of Beam Sizes on Horizontal Frequency in Z – Direction (For Column Size: 230 mm x 685 mm and Slab Thickness: 130 mm) Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 Mode 4 Mode 5 Mode 6 Table 12 Effect of Beam Sizes on Horizontal Frequency in Z – Direction (For Column Size: 230 mm x 765 mm and Slab Thickness: 130 mm) Beam Sizes (mm x mm) Frequency (Hz) 230 x 460 230 x 540 230 x 610 230 x 685 2. 2.272 10.595 9.998 Mode 2 6.604 6.629 Mode 5 11.495 7. Issue 6.990 13.192 13. 12 Effect of Beam Sizes on Horizontal Frequency in Z – Direction (For Column Size: 230 mm x 765 mm and Slab Thickness: 130 mm) 780 | P a g e .345 6.592 17.641 Mode 4 10.171 Mode 4 9. Parmar / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.410 Mode 5 12.429 7. Rathod. November.710 2.632 9.134 7.512 7.460 7.564 3.950 Mode 6 20 Frequency (Hz) 15 10 5 Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 Mode 4 Mode 5 Mode 6 230x460 230x540 230x610 230x685 230x765 230 x 765 2.809 2.783 Mode 1 3.856 7.865 2.790 3.214 10.ijera.857 3.505 0 Beam Size (mm x mm) Fig.217 7.Jigar K.263 20 Frequency (Hz) 15 10 5 0 230x460 230x540 230x610 230x685 230x765 Beam Size (mm x mm) Fig.745 3. Sarthi B.127 9.313 6.753 10.192 7.

pp.211 230 x 765 1.544 Displacement (mm) 3 2 1 0 230x460 230x540 230x610 230x685 230x765 Column size (mm x mm) Fig.795 230 x 685 2.Direction Table 15 Effect of Column Size on Displacement For Beam Size 230 x 610 and Slab thickness 130 Displacement in Z Column Sizes direction (mm) (mm x mm) at Node 6 230 x 460 2. Again they are measured with following different conditions.Direction 781 | P a g e . Bhavsar.Jigar K.com Vol. Yogesh D. Kukadiya.361 230 x 610 2.611 230 x 765 1.034 230 x 540 2. 14 Effect of Column Size on Displacement in Z . Rathod.875 Displacement (mm) 3 2 1 0 230x460 230x540 230x610 230x685 230x765 Column size (mm x mm) Fig.Direction Table 14 Effect of Column Size on Displacement For Beam Size 230 x 540 and Slab thickness 130 Displacement in Z Column Sizes direction (mm) (mm x mm) at Node 6 230 x 460 2.649 Displacement (mm) 3 2 1 0 230x460 230x540 230x610 230x685 230x765 Column size (mm x mm) Fig.ijera.725 230 x 685 2.December 2012.440 230 x 685 2.911 230 x 540 2. Parmar / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www. Table 13 Effect of Column Size on Displacement For Beam Size 230 x 460 and Slab thickness 130 Displacement in Z Column Sizes direction (mm) (mm x mm) at Node 6 230 x 460 1.026 230 x 540 2. Sunil H. Gaurang A.2 Horizontal Displacement in Z-direction Horizontal Displacement in Z-direction is measured at Node 6 where displacement is maximum.287 230 x 610 2. Issue 6. 13 Effect of Column Size on Displacement in Z . November. Sarthi B. 15 Effect of Column Size on Displacement in Z . 2.772-784 6.218 230 x 610 2. Sevalia. Beam Size constant → Column Size varying Column Size constant → Beam Size varying Results are tabulated in table 13 to 22 and as shown graphically in figure 13 to 22.792 230 x 765 2.

Parmar / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.277 230 x 610 2.736 230 x 685 1.com Vol. Yogesh D. Kukadiya.353 230 x 765 2.353 230 x 610 2. Sunil H.034 230 x 685 1. Sevalia.Direction 782 | P a g e . November. 19 Effect of Beam Size on Displacement in Z . Bhavsar. Issue 6.Direction Table 18 Effect of Beam Size on Displacement For Column Size 230 x 460 and Slab thickness 130 Displacement in Z Beam Sizes direction (mm) (mm x mm) at Node 6 230 x 460 1.911 230 x 540 2.300 Displacment (mm) Displacement (mm) 3 2 1 0 230x460 230x540 230x610 230x685 230x765 Column Size (mm x mm) Fig. 17 Effect of Column Size on Displacement in Z .026 230 x 610 2.886 230 x 765 1.December 2012.ijera.993 230 x 765 1.917 230 x 540 2. 16 Effect of Beam Size on Displacement in Z . Rathod.270 Displacement (mm) 3 2 1 0 230x460 230x540 230x610 230x685 230x765 Column size (mm x mm) Fig.772-784 Table 16 Effect of Column Size on Displacement For Beam Size 230 x 685 and Slab thickness 130 Displacement in Z Column Sizes direction (mm) (mm x mm) at Node 6 230 x 460 1. pp.287 230 x 610 2.661 230 x 685 1.218 230 x 540 2.993 230 x 540 2.Direction Table 19 Effect of Beam Size on Displacement For Column Size 230 x 540 and Slab thickness 130 Displacement in Z Beam Sizes direction (mm) (mm x mm) at Node 6 230 x 460 2.Jigar K.917 3 2 1 0 230x460 230x540 230x610 230x685 230x765 Beam size (mm x mm) Fig.361 230 x 685 2.277 3 Displacement (mm) 2 1 0 230x460 230x540 230x610 230x685 230x765 Beam Size (mm x mm) Fig. 18 Effect of Beam Size on Displacement in Z . Gaurang A. Sarthi B. 2.982 230 x 765 1.Direction Table 17 Effect of Column Size on Displacement For Beam Size 230 x 765 and Slab thickness 130 Displacement in Z Column Sizes direction (mm) (mm x mm) at Node 6 230 x 460 1.

it can be seen that the displacement in Z-direction is increasing up to certain column size and then its trend is in decreasing order. Sarthi B. the displacement of structure increases as the frequency of structure approaches operating frequency of 783 | P a g e . Gaurang A.772-784 Table 20 Effect of Beam Size on Displacement For Column Size 230 x 610 and Slab thickness 130 Displacement in Z Beam Sizes direction (mm) (mm x mm) at Node 6 230 x 460 2.886 Displacement (mm) 3 2 1 0 230x460 230x540 230x610 230x685 230x765 Beam size (mm x mm) Fig.649 230 x 540 1. 21 Effect of Beam Size on Displacement in Z – Direction Table 22 Effect of Beam Size on Displacement For Column Size 230 x 765 and Slab thickness 130 Displacement in Z Beam Sizes direction (mm) (mm x mm) at Node 6 230 x 460 2. Bhavsar. it falls under the category of over-tuned structure.982 230 x 765 1. Sunil H.725 230 x 610 2.554 230 x 685 1.736 230 x 765 2. 22 Effect of Beam Size on Displacement in Z – Direction 7. CONCLUSIONS: From Figure 13 to 17. pp. the natural frequency of structure is below operating frequency of machine and beyond certain column size. The reason behind it is that up to certain column size.440 230 x 540 2.795 230 x 685 2. Yogesh D. When natural frequency of structure is below operating frequency of machine. Rathod. natural frequency of structure crosses the operating frequency of machine as it can be seen from table 3 to 7. 2.611 230 x 610 2.875 230 x 610 1.December 2012.792 230 x 540 2. 20 Effect of Beam Size on Displacement in Z .661 3 2 Displacement (mm) 1 0 230x460 230x540 230x610 230x685 230x765 Beam size (mm x mm) Fig. Kukadiya.211 230 x 685 1.com Vol. Issue 6.300 Displacement (mm) 3 2 1 0 230x460 230x540 230x610 230x685 230x765 Beam size (mm x mm) Fig. November. In case of under-tuned structure.269 230 x 765 1.ijera. Sevalia.Direction Table 21 Effect of Beam Size on Displacement For Column Size 230 x 685 and Slab thickness 130 Displacement in Z Beam Sizes direction (mm) (mm x mm) at Node 6 230 x 460 2.Jigar K. it falls under category of under-tuned structure and when natural frequency of structure is more than operation frequency of machine. Parmar / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.

and for the cases in which the beam sizes are more than the column sizes. INDIA George Gazetas “Analysis of Machine Foundation Vibration: State of Art”. Mcgraw-Hill Book Company. SERC. Sevalia. Tata Mcgraw –Hill Publishing Company. of the Journal of Structural Engineering. Harris. April-May 2006. Bhatia K.ijera. Vol 2. Parmar / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www. Sarthi B. the displacement trend will be in decreasing order. Hence. Issue 6. Bhavsar. This is so because when size of beam is less than the size of column. And Vaidyanathan C. “Harris’ Shock and Vibration Handbook. Gaurang A. Cyril M. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering. The reason is that when size of beam is less and size of column is more the stiffness of frame will be less. the percentage difference in horizontal frequency can be obtained more by varying Column Size rather than Beam Size.. No 1. Barkan D. Cooperative Stores Ltd. it is insufficient in providing axial stiffness and easily enables the lateral movement of column. Yogesh D. D. With the increase in size of beam with same column size. pp. “Fabric Forming”.67 Hz and hence it is clearly visible in table 15 and figure 15 that displacement of structure in Z-direction is increasing up to column size 230 x 610 mm. it is advisable to adopt over-tuned models rather than the under-tuned ones for decreasing the displacement. Inc. Inc. REFERENCES [1] Victor Wowk. The reason for this is that the frequency of structure is 2. 2.V. there is an average increase in displacement of about 9. 2003. one can see that up to column size 230 x 610 mm. that the displacement increases up to a certain point that is up to the point where the size of beam is equal to size of column. November. Rathod. Also one can see in table 15 that displacement of structure in Zdirection 2. In case of over-tuned structure. there is an average decrease in displacement of about 4.“Foundations For Industrial Machines And Earthquake Effects”.67 Hz and hence displacement of structure in Z-direction is decreasing. there is an average increment of displacement by 38. the frequency of structure is beyond the operating frequency of machine that is 2. they are quite un-economical.16% in the over-tuned models. Srinivasulu P. Also it can be seen from figure 13 to 22 that percentage difference in maximum and minimum displacement is more in case when the beam size is same and column size is varying as compared with when the column size is same and beam size is varying. 28th ISET Annual Lecture. Machine Dynamics. Kukadiya. “Foundations For Vibrating Machines”. “Handbook of Machine Foundations”.67 Hz. then gradually decreases. Hasmukhrai B. [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] 784 | P a g e . the natural frequency of structure is beyond the operating frequency of machine and hence displacement observed by structure will be less. Special Issue. Beyond column size 230 x 610 mm..G.. New Delhi. Shamsher Prakash and Vijay K. Madras. 2002.December 2012.772-784 machine.82% in the under-tuned models and the average decrement is about 37.Jigar K. 1996. In general. 1983. For example in table 6. This creates the condition of resonance and in resonance condition the magnitude of displacement is very high. It can be seen from table 3 to 12 and figure 3 to 12 that by varying the beam size and keeping column size constant and vice-versa the percentage difference in frequency of structure is less in lower mode of vibration compared to higher mode of vibration. Due to this more displacements are observed. For higher column sizes as it can be seen from figure 21 and 22 that there is a decrease in displacement with increase in column sizes. This is because the variation in size of column affects stiffness more compared to variation in size of beam and consequently it affects the frequency more. For the conditions in which the size of beam is lesser than the size of column. the frequency of structure in mode 1 is below operating frequency of machine that is 2. the stiffness of frame gradually increases. It can also be observed that there is a typical trend in the displacement pattern in figures 18 to 20.703%. Puri.com Vol. Consequently.795 mm..14%.662 Hz at column size 230 x 610 mm as it can be seen in table 6 and it is very near to operating frequency of machine that is 2. “A Brief Tutorial on Machine Vibration”. Sunil H. “ Dynamics of Bases and Foundations” . Again it can be seen from table 3 to 12 and figure 3 to 12 that in lower mode of vibration that is in mode 1. However.

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