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IV B.Tech I Semester(R05) Supplementary Examinations, May/June 2009 ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF STRUCTURES FOR WIND AND EARTHQUAKE EFFECTS (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Write a detailed note on the instruments that measures earthquakes. (b) Write a detailed note on the hurricane KATRINA. Write the Date of formation, Highest wind speed, Fatalities, Extent of damage and Areas aﬀtected. [8+8] 2. (a) Deﬁne the terms i. Critical damping ii. Damping ratio (b) Derive the expression for the displacement of an undamped vibrations of SDOF system under harmonic loading. Sketch the steady state and transient response to harmonic loading. [4+12] 3. (a) Deﬁne Degrees of Freedom. Explain, how do you select them. (b) Derive the equations of motion for the MDOF system. 4. (a) How do you make buildings ductile for good seismic performance? (b) What are the diﬀerences in action between wind and earthquake forces? [8+8] [4+12]

5. (a) What is the eﬀect of ignoring the contribution of masonry inﬁll in the lateral load analysis of a multistorey frame ? (b) In what manner, is the behaviour of a “soft storey” construction likely to be diﬀerent from a regular construction in the event of an earthquake ? [8+8] 6. (a) How do brick masonry houses behave during earthquakes ? (b) Determine the wind pressure for a bridge having 100 years life, 25m span, located about 20 km from Hyderabad. Also ﬁnd the design wind force in terms of the width ?b? of the bridge. Take l/b = 0.5. [8+8] 7. In a multi storey RCC frame building, a typical column of 3.36m clear height carries an axial force of 2800 kN and a bending moment of 730 kN.m under gravity and seismic load conditions. Design the column section with adequate ductility. The materials used are M 25 grade concrete and Fe 415 grade steel. [16] 8. (a) Why are buildings with shear walls preferred in seismic regions? (b) Write the speciﬁcations of the following, while designing simple rectangular free standing shear walls i. General dimensions ii. Vertical and Horizontal reinforcement. [8+8]

Determine the design wind force on the framed building. Magnitude. with regard to function. The eﬀective cover to tension steel is 55mm. In a multi storey RCC frame building.Tech I Semester(R05) Supplementary Examinations. [6+10] 3. Intensity. Mass and Damping Coeﬃcients? (b) Derive the equations of motion for the MDOF system.5. The materials used are M 20 concrete and Fe 415 steel. [16] 8. (b) What is the intensity of an earthquake? Write the approximate emperial correlation between MMI and PGA.Code No: R5410105 2 IV B.Take l/b = 0. Design the beam section for adequate ductility. (a) A R. located about 15 km from Hyderabad. (b) Explain the Static and Dynamic eﬀects of wind on various types of structures. Number of casualties.C. Time of occurrence. (a) Write a detailed note on the SUMATRA earthquake. Assume that the building is situated in terrain category 3 with basic wind speed of 50 m/sec in a fully developed velocity proﬁle. It is braced in the longitudinal direction by rigid frame action and by a R. framed building is 45 m × 15 m in plan and 40 m in height consisting of stories 4 m in height. Sketch the Response. The size of the beam web has been ﬁxed at 345 mm × 500 mm from architectural considerations. [8+8] 2. inﬁll wall in the transverse direction. loading and design.m and 330 kN respectively at the face of beam-column joint due to gravity and seismic loads. Write the Date. (b) Explain the principle of shear wall analysis. Also ﬁnd the design wind force in terms of the width ?b? of the bridge. [8+8] 7. a typical ﬂoor beam with 140 mm thick slab carries service negative bending moment and shear force of 425 kN. (a) What are the precautions to be taken at the design stage for ensuring a high quality structure ? (b) Why are short columns more damaged during earthquakes ? 6. (a) Explain the diﬀerences between an ordinary wall and a shear wall in a reinforced concrete tall building. 30m span. (a) Why is vertical reinforcement required in masonry buildings? (b) Determine the wind pressure for a bridge having 100 years life. May/June 2009 ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF STRUCTURES FOR WIND AND EARTHQUAKE EFFECTS (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. (a) What are the Stiﬀness. [4+12] 4. Extent of damage. (a) State Principle of Virtual displacements & Hamilton’s principle.C. Location. [8+8] 5. How do you compute the stiﬀness of the wall? [8+8] [8+8] . (b) Derive the expression for the displacement of an undamped free vibrations of SDOF system.

The height to width ratio of the building is 6. (a) What is the seismic design philosophy for buildings? (b) Compare the static and response spectrum methods of analysis of R. it was found that a force of 10 N produced a relative velocity of 10 mm/s in the damping element. (a) What are the characteristics of P-Waves & Rayleigh Waves? Sketch these waves. 4.C. Find (a) The damping ratio (b) The damped period (c) The logarithmic decrement (d) The ratio between two consecutive amplitudes. 3. [8+8] 2. [8+8] 7. A structure is modelled as a damped oscillator with spring constant 3 kN/mm and undamped natural frequency 25 rad/sec.Tech I Semester(R05) Supplementary Examinations. May/June 2009 ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF STRUCTURES FOR WIND AND EARTHQUAKE EFFECTS (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. (a) Is it desirable to have high strength steel in earthquake resistant design of reinforced concrete structures ? Justify your answer. The terrain belongs to category 1 and the building is a class B structure. (a) Why are buildings with shear walls preferred in seismic regions? (b) Explain the principle of shear wall analysis. how do you select them.5 and the length to width ratio is 1. (a) Deﬁne Degrees of Freedom. How do you compute the stiﬀness of the wall? [8+8] [4+12] [16] .5. buildings. one can take for improving the ductility of a reinforced concrete structure? (b) What is meant by special conﬁning reinforcement in columns of ductile frames? [8+8] 8. (b) Derive the equations of motion for the MDOF system. (b) Why is it desirable to design for the formation of plastic hinges in beams rather than columns in earthquake resistant design ? [8+8] 6. (a) Explain the structural action and various failure mechanisms of free standing masonry walls due to earthquakes. Determine the maximum lateral pressure (considering windward & leeward faces ) at a height of 30 m if the building has medium permeability. Explain. (a) What are the measures. Experimentally.Code No: R5410105 3 IV B. (b) A tall building is to be erected at the outskirts of Visakhapatnam. [8+8] 5. (b) Explain the “Elastic rebound theory” of earthquake generation.

A free vibration test is conducted on an empty elevated water tank. Extent of damage and Areas aﬀtected. The cable is suddenly cut and the resulting free vibration is recorded. Vertical and Horizontal reinforcement. [8+8] 7. (a) Draw the schematic c/s through a traditional stone masonry building.m and 360 kN respectively at the face of beamcolumn joint due to gravity and seismic loads. Mode shape (b) Write a detailed note on the hurricane KATRINA. Write the Date of formation. The eﬀective cover to tension steel is 55mm. General dimensions ii.Code No: R5410105 4 IV B.20 m Spacing of the columns in both directions = 4 m. A cable attached to the tank applies a lateral (horizontal) force of 200 kN and pulls the tank horizontally by 20 mm.C. Highest wind speed. What are the various ways in which these buildings may suﬀer damage due to earthquakes? (b) Find out the design load on an interior column of ﬁrst ﬂoor of a seven storey building for the following data. (b) Why are short columns more damaged during earthquakes ? [8+8] 6. (a) Deﬁne the terms i. Live load on each ﬂoor = 4000 N/m2 Live load on roof = 2000 N/m2 Dead load of ﬂoor ﬁnish. In a multi storey RCC frame building. [16] [4+12] [8+8] 3. (b) Derive the equations of motion for the MDOF system.S. (a) Distinguish between Flexibility and Stiﬀness. Damping iii. Base shear ii. [8+8] . Design the beam section for adequate ductility. slab and beam = 3000 N/m2 Height of each storey = 3. May/June 2009 ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF STRUCTURES FOR WIND AND EARTHQUAKE EFFECTS (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. i. At the end of 4 complete cycles.Tech I Semester(R05) Supplementary Examinations. The size of the beam web has been ﬁxed at 345 mm × 500 mm from architectural considerations. the time is 2 sec and the amplitude is 10 mm. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) Damping ratio Natural period of undamped vibration Stiﬀness Weight Damping coeﬃcient Number of cycles required for the displacement amplitude to decrease to 2 mm. 13920 for the design and detailing of shear walls in earthquake resistant design? (b) Write the speciﬁcations of the following. frames for seismic forces? 5. Fatalities. 4. (a) What are the salient features of the speciﬁcations of I. (a) Is it desirable to have high strength steel in earthquake resistant design of reinforced concrete structures ? Justify your answer. Compute the following. The materials used are M 20 concrete and Fe 415 steel. a typical ﬂoor beam with 140 mm thick slab carries service negative bending moment and shear force of 500 kN. [16] 8. (b) What are general principles of ductile detailing of R. [8+8] 2. while designing simple rectangular free standing shear walls. (a) Write a short notes on the various lateral load resisting systems.

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