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# Code No: R5410105

IV B.Tech I Semester(R05) Supplementary Examinations, May/June 2009 ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF STRUCTURES FOR WIND AND EARTHQUAKE EFFECTS (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Write a detailed note on the instruments that measures earthquakes. (b) Write a detailed note on the hurricane KATRINA. Write the Date of formation, Highest wind speed, Fatalities, Extent of damage and Areas atected. [8+8] 2. (a) Dene the terms i. Critical damping ii. Damping ratio (b) Derive the expression for the displacement of an undamped vibrations of SDOF system under harmonic loading. Sketch the steady state and transient response to harmonic loading. [4+12] 3. (a) Dene Degrees of Freedom. Explain, how do you select them. (b) Derive the equations of motion for the MDOF system. 4. (a) How do you make buildings ductile for good seismic performance? (b) What are the dierences in action between wind and earthquake forces? [8+8] [4+12]

5. (a) What is the eect of ignoring the contribution of masonry inll in the lateral load analysis of a multistorey frame ? (b) In what manner, is the behaviour of a soft storey construction likely to be dierent from a regular construction in the event of an earthquake ? [8+8] 6. (a) How do brick masonry houses behave during earthquakes ? (b) Determine the wind pressure for a bridge having 100 years life, 25m span, located about 20 km from Hyderabad. Also nd the design wind force in terms of the width ?b? of the bridge. Take l/b = 0.5. [8+8] 7. In a multi storey RCC frame building, a typical column of 3.36m clear height carries an axial force of 2800 kN and a bending moment of 730 kN.m under gravity and seismic load conditions. Design the column section with adequate ductility. The materials used are M 25 grade concrete and Fe 415 grade steel. [16] 8. (a) Why are buildings with shear walls preferred in seismic regions? (b) Write the specications of the following, while designing simple rectangular free standing shear walls i. General dimensions ii. Vertical and Horizontal reinforcement. [8+8]

## Code No: R5410105

IV B.Tech I Semester(R05) Supplementary Examinations, May/June 2009 ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF STRUCTURES FOR WIND AND EARTHQUAKE EFFECTS (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Write a detailed note on the SUMATRA earthquake. Write the Date, Time of occurrence, Location, Magnitude, Intensity, Number of casualties, Extent of damage. (b) What is the intensity of an earthquake? Write the approximate emperial correlation between MMI and PGA. [8+8] 2. (a) State Principle of Virtual displacements & Hamiltons principle. (b) Derive the expression for the displacement of an undamped free vibrations of SDOF system. Sketch the Response. [6+10] 3. (a) What are the Stiness, Mass and Damping Coecients? (b) Derive the equations of motion for the MDOF system. [4+12] 4. (a) A R.C. framed building is 45 m 15 m in plan and 40 m in height consisting of stories 4 m in height. It is braced in the longitudinal direction by rigid frame action and by a R.C. inll wall in the transverse direction. Determine the design wind force on the framed building. Assume that the building is situated in terrain category 3 with basic wind speed of 50 m/sec in a fully developed velocity prole. (b) Explain the Static and Dynamic eects of wind on various types of structures. [8+8] 5. (a) What are the precautions to be taken at the design stage for ensuring a high quality structure ? (b) Why are short columns more damaged during earthquakes ? 6. (a) Why is vertical reinforcement required in masonry buildings? (b) Determine the wind pressure for a bridge having 100 years life, 30m span, located about 15 km from Hyderabad. Also nd the design wind force in terms of the width ?b? of the bridge.Take l/b = 0.5. [8+8] 7. In a multi storey RCC frame building, a typical oor beam with 140 mm thick slab carries service negative bending moment and shear force of 425 kN.m and 330 kN respectively at the face of beam-column joint due to gravity and seismic loads. The size of the beam web has been xed at 345 mm 500 mm from architectural considerations. The eective cover to tension steel is 55mm. Design the beam section for adequate ductility. The materials used are M 20 concrete and Fe 415 steel. [16] 8. (a) Explain the dierences between an ordinary wall and a shear wall in a reinforced concrete tall building, with regard to function, loading and design. (b) Explain the principle of shear wall analysis. How do you compute the stiness of the wall? [8+8] [8+8]

## Code No: R5410105

IV B.Tech I Semester(R05) Supplementary Examinations, May/June 2009 ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF STRUCTURES FOR WIND AND EARTHQUAKE EFFECTS (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) What are the characteristics of P-Waves & Rayleigh Waves? Sketch these waves. (b) Explain the Elastic rebound theory of earthquake generation. [8+8] 2. A structure is modelled as a damped oscillator with spring constant 3 kN/mm and undamped natural frequency 25 rad/sec. Experimentally, it was found that a force of 10 N produced a relative velocity of 10 mm/s in the damping element. Find (a) The damping ratio (b) The damped period (c) The logarithmic decrement (d) The ratio between two consecutive amplitudes. 3. (a) Dene Degrees of Freedom. Explain, how do you select them. (b) Derive the equations of motion for the MDOF system. 4. (a) What is the seismic design philosophy for buildings? (b) Compare the static and response spectrum methods of analysis of R.C. buildings. [8+8] 5. (a) Is it desirable to have high strength steel in earthquake resistant design of reinforced concrete structures ? Justify your answer. (b) Why is it desirable to design for the formation of plastic hinges in beams rather than columns in earthquake resistant design ? [8+8] 6. (a) Explain the structural action and various failure mechanisms of free standing masonry walls due to earthquakes. (b) A tall building is to be erected at the outskirts of Visakhapatnam. The terrain belongs to category 1 and the building is a class B structure. Determine the maximum lateral pressure (considering windward & leeward faces ) at a height of 30 m if the building has medium permeability. The height to width ratio of the building is 6.5 and the length to width ratio is 1.5. [8+8] 7. (a) What are the measures, one can take for improving the ductility of a reinforced concrete structure? (b) What is meant by special conning reinforcement in columns of ductile frames? [8+8] 8. (a) Why are buildings with shear walls preferred in seismic regions? (b) Explain the principle of shear wall analysis. How do you compute the stiness of the wall? [8+8] [4+12] [16]

## Code No: R5410105

IV B.Tech I Semester(R05) Supplementary Examinations, May/June 2009 ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF STRUCTURES FOR WIND AND EARTHQUAKE EFFECTS (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. (a) Dene the terms i. Base shear ii. Damping iii. Mode shape (b) Write a detailed note on the hurricane KATRINA. Write the Date of formation, Highest wind speed, Fatalities, Extent of damage and Areas atected. [8+8] 2. A free vibration test is conducted on an empty elevated water tank. A cable attached to the tank applies a lateral (horizontal) force of 200 kN and pulls the tank horizontally by 20 mm. The cable is suddenly cut and the resulting free vibration is recorded. At the end of 4 complete cycles, the time is 2 sec and the amplitude is 10 mm. Compute the following. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) Damping ratio Natural period of undamped vibration Stiness Weight Damping coecient Number of cycles required for the displacement amplitude to decrease to 2 mm.

## [16] [4+12] [8+8]

3. (a) Distinguish between Flexibility and Stiness. (b) Derive the equations of motion for the MDOF system. 4. (a) Write a short notes on the various lateral load resisting systems. (b) What are general principles of ductile detailing of R.C. frames for seismic forces?

5. (a) Is it desirable to have high strength steel in earthquake resistant design of reinforced concrete structures ? Justify your answer. (b) Why are short columns more damaged during earthquakes ? [8+8] 6. (a) Draw the schematic c/s through a traditional stone masonry building. What are the various ways in which these buildings may suer damage due to earthquakes? (b) Find out the design load on an interior column of rst oor of a seven storey building for the following data. Live load on each oor = 4000 N/m2 Live load on roof = 2000 N/m2 Dead load of oor nish, slab and beam = 3000 N/m2 Height of each storey = 3.20 m Spacing of the columns in both directions = 4 m. [8+8] 7. In a multi storey RCC frame building, a typical oor beam with 140 mm thick slab carries service negative bending moment and shear force of 500 kN.m and 360 kN respectively at the face of beamcolumn joint due to gravity and seismic loads. The size of the beam web has been xed at 345 mm 500 mm from architectural considerations. The eective cover to tension steel is 55mm. Design the beam section for adequate ductility. The materials used are M 20 concrete and Fe 415 steel. [16] 8. (a) What are the salient features of the specications of I.S. 13920 for the design and detailing of shear walls in earthquake resistant design? (b) Write the specications of the following, while designing simple rectangular free standing shear walls. i. General dimensions ii. Vertical and Horizontal reinforcement. [8+8]