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50 Day Final Countdown: Day 1
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50 Day Final Countdown Day 1: Ancient History
Chapters: Harappan Civilizations, Vedic Period, Later Vedic Age
The first topic that we would cover in the 50 day countdown is Ancient History of India. We have allotted three days for the Ancient History in the 50 day countdown. The following are the number of questions asked from this topic in past years in Prelims exams:

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Harappan Civilization
The following is the link of the study material of this topic: http://www.halfmantr.com/display-polity/113-indus-valley-civilization Important Areas from the point of view of Prelims: 1. Theory of Origin of Harappan Civilization Various scholars have given a number of theories about the origin of Harappan Civilization. Initially it was believed that it was the people from Mesopotamia (Iraq) which got settled in this region during this period and gave birth to this remarkable civilization. However this theory is rejected now. It is now accepted that the Harappan Civilization was the result of

Civil Services Exam ? Explanations For Prelim s 2012 Paper Test Series for ias Prelim s About Harappan Indus Valley Civilization About Civil Services Exam Fundam ental Rights: Right to

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South. Most Remarkable features of the civilization (Trade and Town Planning): The most remarkable feature of the civilization was the urbanization and extensive town planning.22) Model Answ er1 For Mains A number of times questions have been asked in UPSC on this concept. The items which were imported and exported are important from the point of view of exam. Previous Year Questions in IAS Exam www. An important site to remember in this context is Mehargarh from where for the first time we get the evidence of agriculture in Indian Subcontinent. these are important from the examination point of view. 6. There can be questions on institutions like Sabha and samiti and the position of woman in the society. Important Concepts In the link some important concepts are mentioned. The sites on the extreme North. These diffrences are important from the point of view of Exam.6/17/13 gradual evolution of the region. 50 Day Final Countdown: Day 1 Equality (Article 1418) Fundam ental Rights: Right to Freedom (Article 19 .com/final-countdown/1288-50-day-final-countdown-day-1 2/7 . The main occupation of Rig Vedic Aryans was cattle rearing and not agriculture. The reason for urbanization was extensive long distance trade relations.com/display-polity/586-vedic-literature Later Vedic Age The following is the link for the study material about Rig Vedic age: http://www. Geographical Extent There can be a question of Matching related to the geographical extent. 5. polity and society of Later Vedic Age vis-a-vis the Rig Vedic Age. 2. The conceptual questions can be framed from this topic.com/display-polity/114-later-vedic-ag There w as a considerable transformation in economy.com/display-polity/585-rig-vedic-age-1500-1000-bc Some important concepts: 1. 4. but ironically the Rig Vedic people were technologically vey inferior to the Harappans. Most common animal on the seal (Unicorn) 2. 2. Unlike Harappans who have advance town planning. Although Rig Vedic age in the Indian History comes after the Harappan age. Rivers Mentioned in Rig Veda There can be question on matching from this topic (old name v/s new name) The “Purushsukta” shloka This is a important hymn (shloka) mentioned in the 10th Mandal of the Rig Veda.halfmantr. A question on match can be there. the life style of rig Vedic people was nomadic and the houses were made up of wattle and daub. Material used in the Harappan seals (steatite) 5.halfmantr. Vedic Literature The following is the link for the study material on this topic http://www. 5. In case of any doubts in these Chapters. It’s gives us the information of the origin of Varna System in the society. feel free to write to us and our experts will try to reply as soon as possible. Use of the seal (for Trade) 4. They do not know reading or writing. Shape of the majority of seals (square) 3. Seals and Script The following can be questions related to the seals: 1. They should be remembered. The Mesopotamian literature mentions a term called “Mehula” which might be the Harappan Civilization. Script was pictographic and boustrophedon Rig Vedic Age The following is the link for the study material about Rig Vedic age http://www. 3. 4. Some of the sites are located on the bank of the rivers. It was for the first time in the history of India. however Rig Veda is the most important source of information about this age but it was compiled later 3.halfmantr. Sites and archeological findings: A very important topic which is often asked in the examination. The term Aryan refers to a group of languages and speech.halfmantr. the urbanization appeared. East and West should be remembered.

Lothal Kalibangan Dholavira List – II (Archaeological finding) 1. c Bhakti Image worship and Yajnas Worship of nature and Yajnas Worship of nature and Bhakti 5. cotton was used for manufacturing textiles in India.) 2. consider the following statements: 1. c 2.com/final-countdown/1288-50-day-final-countdown-day-1 3/7 . Which of the statements given above is/are correct? a) b) c) d) Ans.) Dockyard 3. did not dominate the scene.) It was predominantly a secular civilization and the religious element. 50 Day Final Countdown: Day 1 (Civil Services Exam 2011) Regarding the Indus Valley Civilization. present. B. Banawali the Harappan script Codes: A a) b) c) d) 1 2 1 2 B 2 1 2 1 C 3 4 4 3 D 4 3 3 4 Ans. (Civil Services Exam 2012) The religion of early Vedic Aryans was primarily of a) b) c) d) Ans.halfmantr. (Civil Services Exam 2001) Which one of the following animals was not represented on the seal and terracotta art of the Harappan culture? a) b) c) d) Ans. (Civil Services Exam 2011) www.) Terracotta replica of a plough 4. b 3. though During this period.6/17/13 1.) Ploughed field 2. 1 only 2 only Both 1 and 2 Neither 1 nor 2 (Civil Services Exam 2002) Match List – I with List – II and select the correct answer: List – (Ancient site) A. C.) An inscription comprising ten large size3d signs of D. a Cow Elephant Rhinoceros Tiger 4.

# samay meena 2013-04-08 20:05 +4 Reply | Reply w ith quote | Quote Thank you very m uch Sir.halfmantr. c 6. In this context.indus valley you have not w ritten much about agriculture w hich crops w ere know n www..) 50 Day Final Countdown: Day 1 The “dharma” and “rita” depict a central idea of ancient Vedic civilization of India. (Civil Services Exam 2008) What does Baudhayan theorem (Baudhayan Sulva Sutras) relate to? a) b) c) d) Ans.6/17/13 consider the following statements:L 1. all it contained. Dharma was a conception of obligations and of the discharge of one’s duties Rita was the fundamental moral governing the functioning of the universe and to onself and to others. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? a) b) c) d) Ans..Great job sir.. # chakri 2013-04-08 22:10 +3 sir i operate this site from my mail.com/final-countdown/1288-50-day-final-countdown-day-1 4/7 . but used in directly w ent to this site in context is not displayed how to operate sir this site Reply | Reply w ith quote | Quote # 2013-04-09 03:35 +3 respected sir. a 7.) 2. c Go to Previous Page An ethnic group A nomadic people A speech group A supporter race Rig-veda Yajur-veda Atharva-veda Sama-veda Comments # rekhasingh excellent Reply | Reply w ith quote | Quote 2013-04-08 16:14 +13 # Shoba Thank u 2013-04-08 17:09 +9 Reply | Reply w ith quote | Quote # 2013-04-08 17:26 +5 Reply | Reply w ith quote | Quote superb. c 8. Lengths of sides of a right angled triangle Calculation of value of pi Logarithmic calculations Normal distribution curve 1 only 2 only Both 1 and 2 Neither 1 nor 2 (Civil Services Exam 2004) Which one of the following Vedas contains charms and spells? a) b) c) d) Ans.. (Civil Services Exam 1999) The term of ‘Aryan’ denotes a) b) c) d) Ans.

Please clarify. Please be clear about the Vedic and Later Vedic religion..6/17/13 50 Day Final Countdown: Day 1 during indus and harrapan and w hich animals they knew and in rig veda you have given there w as no concept of property right as they w ere nomadic and at other point you have given right to property for movable and immovable things.thanking you Reply | Reply w ith quote | Quote # 2013-04-09 06:50 +10 Property Rights in Rig Veda: When w e say property rights w ere absent w e are talking in terms of the land. judicial system is not yet clear. www. During Later Vedic period these tribal institutions paved the w ay for the minister council (Mantriparishad) Reply | Reply w ith quote | Quote # 2013-04-10 12:13 +3 Thanks a lot for all such notes. Since the life w as nomadic and based on cattle rearing (predominantly) thus the land w as not seen as an asset. Thanks alot but plz enable the print option it gets difficult to read online .please clarify my doubt and make list of indus rig ved and later ved for crops and animals reared. It w as only during the Rig Vedic Age the Horse became an important animal. I think in the last question options are w rong.oldest upanishad this concept first appeared-please clarify??/ 3. Aryan refers to a family of languages. Therefore the information related to the taxation system.e. Women w ere allow ed in Sabha but not in Samiti.during Rig Vedic period.. it is by mistake instead of early vedic age. The Upnishads belong to the Later Vedic age w here the idea of rebirth and transmigration of soul appear for the first time. Thanks alot but plz enable the print option it gets difficult to read online . Reply | Reply w ith quote | Quote # Abhimanyu 2013-04-10 13:44 +4 Hi . The term aryan denotes . Reply | Reply w ith quote | Quote # ANUJ TUDU 2013-04-10 13:46 +3 Reply | Reply w ith quote | Quote ok got it. but in the indus valley material it is mentioned that a terracota figurine of horse w as found in lothal. Its really helpful at this time w hen the countdow n has begun. The information about the Indus Valley is based on the archeological evidences only as the script has so far not been deciphered. please give some points on taxation system. It is given that Harappans didnt knew about horse. Is it horse or tiger that Harappans didnt knew ? Reply | Reply w ith quote | Quote # 2013-04-09 17:15 +7 Respected Sir..In early vedic arayns tribal institution like sabha. Please clarify w ith some points on below mentioned 3 points:1. The term aryan denotes .samiti. 2.. Hope to crack CSE this time. 3.judicial system and administration in Indus Valley Civilization??? 2.vidhata and gana w omen w ere not allow ed to participate in samiti i.. Respected Sir.. Animals during Harappan Age: All the animals w hich are domesticated today in rural areas w ere found in the Harappan age except Horse. Secondly the most important asset at that time w as Cow ." of Noble birth" or " superior or w hite race"" Kindly correct me if i'm w rong Reply | Reply w ith quote | Quote # Halfmantr 2013-04-10 18:30 +3 Quoting Abhimanyu: Hi .w omen w ere allow ed to take part in other institutions or w hat? and the same thing in later vedic arayns w here w omen w ere not allow ed in seba-please clear doubt?/ Reply | Reply w ith quote | Quote # Halfmantr 2013-04-10 07:37 +3 Dear Anuj. Reply | Reply w ith quote | Quote # ANUJ TUDU 2013-04-10 00:06 +4 Respected Sir.com/final-countdown/1288-50-day-final-countdown-day-1 5/7 . Reply | Reply w ith quote | Quote # Saurabh Kumar Tiwari 2013-04-09 22:00 +5 Respected Sir..halfmantr. It w ould be very nice if you could enable the print option again as it gets a bit difficult to read online for long hours. I think in the last question options are w rong. Reply | Reply w ith quote | Quote # Nanda 2013-05-11 13:50 0 Sir.." of Noble birth" or " superior or w hite race"" Kindly correct me if i'm w rong According to various scholars and historians like Max Muller. The point by point reply of your queries are as: 1.So Rig Vedic Aryans did not believe in life after death.. first of all thanks a lot for these articles.In early vedic aryans chapter in religion caption it is mentioned that the same group did not believe in life after death but In vedic culture chapter it is mentioned that in vrihadaranyak.

.. Reply | Reply w ith quote | Quote # 2013-04-23 10:20 0 Reply | Reply w ith quote | Quote Thank you very much # Aditya kumar good.as far as my know ledge goes it w s matriarchial rt??correct me Reply | Reply w ith quote | Quote # Halfmantr 2013-04-11 12:36 +1 The correct w ord in Mehula.ar annyak and upanishad) all related to later vedic age or w hat? if so then w hat does early vedic periodic literature consist of..com/display-polity/113-indus-valley-civilization ths link says indus civilization w s patriarchial. Harappan society w as Patriarchial this fact is noW accepted by almost all the historians.halfmantr. Reply | Reply w ith quote | Quote # JAYASANKAR hai 2013-04-10 21:54 +3 Reply | Reply w ith quote | Quote # Navaranjani 2013-04-10 21:58 +3 Reply | Reply w ith quote | Quote Thanku sir! very help ful. The Available online History is in English... # vindhya reddy 2013-04-11 11:14 +3 in the mesopotamian script harappan civilization w s referred as "mehula" or "meluha"?? http://w w w . please clarify on this point!!!! Reply | Reply w ith quote | Quote # 2013-04-10 15:26 +3 Anuj Tudu. Reply | Reply w ith quote | Quote # 2013-04-11 15:56 -2 Sir I reference to the Concepts about Rig Vedic Age the answ er for Q. Add comment Name (required) E-mail (required) Website www. # Bratajit Saha 2013-04-11 02:32 +3 Reply | Reply w ith quote | Quote Great w ork Sir.does that mean vedic literature as provided here is(i.6/17/13 # ANUJ TUDU 50 Day Final Countdown: Day 1 2013-04-10 14:05 +3 in regard to ques no. Can I get this material in Hindi..brahaman..e.8 (The term of ‘Aryan’ denotes)should be "C" i.. Reply | Reply w ith quote | Quote Refresh comments list RSS feed for comments to this post. Hope to get more like this..ved. the rigveda is related to the early vedic period w here as other three vedas are related to the later vedic period.halfmantr..2.. a nomadic group Reply | Reply w ith quote | Quote # Anshul Mittal Excellent!! 2013-04-13 14:44 0 Reply | Reply w ith quote | Quote # DEEPAK NAGPAL 2013-04-15 18:39 0 Reply | Reply w ith quote | Quote I start to follow this w ebsite # SANTRAJ 2013-04-19 22:00 0 Dear Sir.com/final-countdown/1288-50-day-final-countdown-day-1 6/7 .e...:) 2013-04-27 00:15 0 Reply | Reply w ith quote | Quote # 2013-05-02 01:15 0 I think that the answ er to the question no 4 should be d not c as yajnas relate to later vedic period and the rigvedic people w ere also know n for their bhakti for indra etc so ans D looks suitable here. How ever since the language is different some variations in the spelling must be discounted..

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