The

Fascination of Aquariums

Take a dive with us
... Into the fascinating underwater world of aquariums. Every aquarium, be it small or large, has its own special charm. A fantastic wealth of colors and shapes, an exciting variety of forms of life and different behaviors. This modern form of the art of aquariums was made possible by Ulrich Baensch, doctor of natural sciences, the founder of TetraWerke and pioneer of the first industrially manufactured food for ornamental fish. He succeeded in developing a natural, nourishing and wholesome dry food appreciated by fish. TetraMin marked the decisive breakthrough of aquariums as a favorite hobby. For more than 50 years now Tetra is the hallmark of absolute competence and experience in every aspect relating to aquariums. Today we would like to tap our experience to stand by your side actively with useful tips and tricks. You can find further suggestions at our website www.tetra.net. So have fun with this brochure.

An original TetraMin package from the 1950s - the first industrially manufactured fish food. A revolution in aquariums.

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Content
Types of Aquariums Equipment Technology Step-by-Step Instructions Water Chemistry Keeping Aquarium Fish Fish Species Nutrition Food Water and Aquarium Care Water Plants No Need to Worry about Algae Preventing and Curing Diseases Product Overview Page Page Page 4 6 8

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Various types of plants and different fish species are kept together in the same aquarium. the position and the equipment. partially extreme water values.How Fish Live taken into account when setting up the aquarium. Tetra AquaArt 30L Discover Line and Tetra AquaArt 60L Discover Line. Often the aim is that of reproducing the fish. Not only do all AquaArt aquariums have a modern design in the trendy colour of silver – they are also equipped with innovative EasyCrystal® filter technology for crystal clear water and simple maintenance. water temperature and aquarium set-up must be the same. Tetra AquaArt Aquariums Tetra AquaArt Complete Aquarium Sets for the fascination of the underwater world. und die Einrichtung machen. Breeding Aquarium Mostly for specialists only. you must consider the tank size. cold water and freshwater aquariums. high-grade equipment and easy maintenance. Large. Cold or warm. Even fish have their own specific needs. AquaArt aquariums are available in three sizes: Tetra AquaArt 20L Discover Line. which need to be 4 . These aquariums are often not very appealing and have specific. There are saltwater. They are often fish with special requirements. user-friendly openings make it even easier to feed the fish and gain access to the equipment. saltwater. as their only purpose is that of breeding fish. Once you have chosen an aquarium species. but also the requirements in terms of the water quality. freshwater or Tetra AquaArt Complete Aquarium Sets – perfect design. And there are even differences between these aquariums: al Aquarium The classic. This means that they must not only adapt their social behavior to one another. Single-Species Aquarium Just one species is kept. Biotope Aquarium The term is a bit misleading because every aquarium is a biotope. It means here that fish and plants come from the same natural environment. The most widespread type of tropical freshwater aquarium is especially recommended for beginners.

sturdy and level position with sockets nearby. A good tip is to place a panel of Styrofoam between the floor cabinet and the aquarium to prevent point loads and to level any unevenness. Your local dealer has tanks of all sizes and all types of equipment. Never expose an aquarium to direct sunlight. Once an aquarium is set up and filled. 5 . shockproof. Sunlight can trigger an undesired proliferation of algae and lead to the heating of the water. If possible.therefore. it can no longer be moved . can no longer be moved once it is filled. planning is absolutely necessary when choosing the position. Even a relatively small 80-liter tank can weigh quite a lot and Anyone who looks closely at an aquarium is fascinated by the variety of colors and shapes. Therefore the floor cabinet must be able to bear the relevant weight.A good position is a room corner without direct sunlight.and they even have a more impressive effect. Important: sockets near the aquarium! Dark places are more suitable for aquariums . an aquarium should not be placed near a door. because any bustling may frighten the animals. Make sure that the carrying capacity of the bottom and the floor cabinet is adequate enough. a number of factors need to be borne in mind when choosing the position: you need a flat. Consider also the weight: besides the empty weight of the tank there is the equipment plus one kilogram of weight for each liter of water. Choosing the Position To make fish feel themselves at home in your aquarium.

oligo-elements like iron. On the one hand. It favors the growth of plants and provides for an adequate long-term nourishment. TetraAqua NitrateMinus Pearls and TetraPlant CompleteSubstrate by Tetra are the basic equipment for any aquarium owner. on the other. important micro-nutrients and natural black peat with a high content of humic material. it serves as the habitat for the microorganisms that are essential for an optimal biological balance. For this purpose Tetra offers a special substrate activator: TetraPlant CompleteSubstrate.3 mm or 3 . 6 .in this chapter you will find all of the necessary information on the substrate. it offers support for the plant roots and.6 mm will do well for social aquariums. of course. Substrate Once you have washed the tank with water and then placed it in the position chosen. To avoid the proliferation of algae afterwards. water and. This readyto-use concentrated substrate contains precious minerals. equipment. there is TetraAqua NitrateMinus Pearls: all you TetraAqua AquaSafe. plants. But it is almost barren and it offers no nutrients to the plant roots.1 Tetratec EasyCrystal FilterBox 2 Tetratec HT Heater 3 Tetratec APS Air pump 4 Tetratec AS Airstone 5 Tetratec TH Thermometer 6 Tetratec AL Lighting 6 2 1 5 3 For optical and practical reasons the substrate should be laid so that it rises slightly towards the back. Before filling the aquarium with the gravel. it must be filled first of all with the substrate. 4 Setting up an aquarium There is always a plan behind any construction! How to become an aquarium designer . Important: The main focus of your thoughts should never be on the appearance of the aquarium but on the well-being of your fish. on how to set up your own aquarium. it must be washed thoroughly. Gravel with a grain size of 1 .

roots and plants can be used by fish as spawning places and they provide hiding places and form also natural territorial limits. if necessary. Finally scatter the remaining third of gravel in the tank. medium range and foreground plants. Roots and stones must always be cleaned and. Minerals and stones containing metals are not suitable. hide the air hose so that it does not ruin the optical effect. boiled. in theory there are no limits to your fantasy as long as you always keep in mind the needs of your fish. also known as bubble stones. This way nitrate . Front view Plants can be divided into background. Airstones. you can use stones or roots from you local pet shop. have to do is scatter it on the substrate layer.View from above Stones. as these need to be installed before designing your underwater world. The substrate should rise slightly towards the back for optical and practical reasons.is absorbed for up to 12 months thus improving the water quality and reducing substantially the need for care. Decoration Create a real underwater world for your fish! For instance. If possible. Use only types of stones that do not release any substances into water.an important nutrient for algae . Make sure that any technical devices have the space they need. When arranging your aquarium. 7 . move the water and enrich it with vital oxygen. Use decorations sparingly so that the fish can have enough space for swimming.

biological and chemical filtration. Cleaning EasyCrystal Filters is a very easy process: simply change the filter cartridge every four weeks. which are available in three different sizes for aquariums of between 60 and 500 litres. But its other function is more important: thanks to the filter bacteria residing in the filter substrate. The filter collects clouding floating particles and keeps the water clear. They are what we call rod heaters. we recommend Tetratec EX External Filters. Alternatively. you can even use the air-operated Tetratec heaters assure the optimal temperature in aquariums. the output nozzle can be turned by 180° and the incorporated Venturi system provides for an extra supply of oxygen. which filter the aquarium both mechanically and biologically. It drives the water with the aid of air through the filter sponge in which it undergoes an intense biological scouring. they are also easy to clean. They are small and discreet. 8 . no more wet hands! Tetratec EasyCrystal Filters are available in two different sizes: Tetratec EasyCrystal Filter 250 for smaller aquariums of up to 40 litres and Tetratec EasyCrystal FilterBox 300 with a heater compartment for aquariums of between 40 and 60 litres. Every tropical freshwater aquarium has its own type of heating. Their integrated automatic starting function is particularly advantageous. The time has now come to create for your fish the best environmental and habitus conditions according to their natural origin and to the needs typical of their species. Brillant Styrofoam filter by Tetra. you need a permanent filter. We recommend Tetratec HT heaters. Tetratec EasyCrystal Filters are a real alternative to conventional aquarium filters.g. It is highly performing and easy to use and it is fit for aquariums of up to 200 liters. the filters ensure crystal clear. The highly performing and easy-to-use Tetratec IN Inner Filter plus is a lasting guarantee for crystalclear aquarium water appropriate for fish life. or if you have a very large aquarium. Heating Tropical aquarium fish require tropical water temperatures mainly between 24 – 27 °C. This renders the intake of water during initial installation or after each clean unnecessary. the noxious excretions released by fish are decomposed biologically into harmless compounds. healthy water.Technology It doesn’t work without technology. If you prefer to use an external filter. It has an excellent filtering effect in particular in spawning tanks and aquariums with scarce water currents. There are five different filter media. No need to rinse the filter medium. Tetratec APS). With their intensive physical. Powerful Tetratec EX External Filters in three different sizes for 60 to 500 litre aquariums. Not only are they powerful and quiet to run. but also extremely performing and safe. It is operated by an air pump (e. Filter To have an aquarium that works in the long run. Besides the stepless regulation of the flow-through speed. An especially reliable solution is Tetratec IN Inner Filter plus.

we recommend the regular addition of TetraPlant PlantaMin. chlorine. e. create hiding places and act as natural territorial limits. Background plants All highly vegetative species such as many stemmed plants are suitable for the background. Fast-growing plants should be used already during the first set-up so that the aquarium environment can be stabilized faster and better. as they may otherwise deprive the underwater plants of too much light. For instance. for instance. Foreground plants Decorative foreground plants should remain quite small to avoid obstructing the view in the aquarium. They often grow quickly yet scarcely in width. Floating plants Plants floating on the water surface offer fish hiding places and spawning places. lush green colors. But aquatic plants are important for the aquarium habitat for completely different reasons. Water Water is the vital element of fish. To make the plants grow with a lush green color. There are many additives in drinking water. the plants do not grow enough. They produce oxygen during the day and favor the elimination of contaminants that may be found. pure-white daylight tubes are recommended in particular. which make it hygienically clean. But chlorine is dangerous for fish even in low concentrations. Even heavy metals which are poisonous for fish that breathe through gills often finish in tap water. Tetra has developed a special color code system. in fish excrements. They should be thinned out regularly. To help you choose the right technical equipment you need. The organic colloids it contains protects the delicate mucous membrane of fish. The light determines. Even algae problems can be caused by incorrect lighting.Lighting The artificial lighting of the aquarium is essential. for instance. 9 . Aquatic plants serve also as the spawning ground for some fish. Tap water must be treated to make it appropriate for fish. Thanks to this color code you can know immediately which device is the right one for your aquarium. This water treatment agent lastingly binds heavy metals and eliminates chlorine. how plants grow. This liquid iron-intensive fertilizer assures lively. healthy aquarium water. If the wrong light source is used or if it is too weak. optimal water conditions are important both for livability and for a nutrition appropriate for the species. Tetratec EasyCrystal Filter – easy maintenance and crystal clear. This can be done safely and reliably with TetraAqua AquaSafe. Plants Aquatic plants have an extremely decorative effect on observers. Plants require 10 to 12 hours of light every day. Therefore.g. The Tetratec Brillant Filter is especially quiet and performing and it is ideal for aquariums of up to 100 liters. Medium range plants Lush solitary plants make a nice view for the observer and do well as catchy mounting points.

gravel. filter and pump before starting with the decorations. sturdy base. bucket and TetraAqua AquaSafe ready? Perfect! Now let’s get started! Have fun setting up your own underwater world! 1 Substrate Wash the gravel thoroughly under running water. Scatter TetraAqua NitrateMinus Pearls on it and then cover it completely with fine gravel. finally the practice! Step by step you will now be explained what to do to set up your aquarium. TetraPlant PlantaMin. aquatic plants. lighting. heater. decorative materials. TetraAqua NitrateMinus Pearls.Let’s get started! After all the theory. 3 Water The tank is to be filled halfway with temperate tap water with buckets. TetraPlant CompleteSubstrate. By placing a plate on the gravel. 2 Equipment and Decorations Then place the heater. Make sure that the devices are arranged in an inconspicuous manner. you can avoid that the substrate is scattered. Styrofoam panel. Have you forgotten anything? Are the aquarium. Now fill the tank with our ready-to-use TetraPlant CompleteSubstrate. Add TetraAqua AquaSafe to the water to prepare it for the fish and plants. Now you can place the stones or roots once you have washed them well. thermometer. 10 . filter.

5 Biological maturation process Before adding the fish to your aquarium. you must leave it to “Rest” for two weeks. make sure to shorten the roots and remove any damaged leaves. During this period the aquarium becomes “biologically active”. Use TetraAqua SafeStart to add your fish in aquarium immediately. Without an adequate number of these microorganisms it is impossible to achieve a biological balance appropriate for fish and plant life. Fertilize your aquatic plants with TetraPlant Crypto Fertilizer and TetraPlant PlantaMin for lively and lush green plants. Then press the roots with caution into the substrate up to the root collar.4 Plants Before placing the plants. 11 . SafeStart makes it possible to set fish into the aquarium immediately. Thanks to this new Tetra innovation the start in the fascinating world of aquaristics is as easy as a child’s play. SafeStart provides for immediate biological activity of your aquarium Tetra-Tip TetraAqua® SafeStart – – this means: no set up phase of some weeks necessary in order to develop a suitable environment for the fish in your newly set up aquarium. The filter bacteria start to settle in and proliferate. Now you can finish filling the aquarium and start up the equipment. Ammonia and nitrite are effectively reduced.

Tropical freshwater fish from the “blackwater” regions can be taken care of appropriately as each species requires by adding TetraAqua Blackwater. Its regular use keeps the aquarium water biologically healthy for up to 6 months. Plants.No Life Without Water! TetraAqua AquaSafe: A must for any aquarium owner. The quality of the water as the vital element of fish is decisive for their health and well-being. fish and plants are adapted one to the other. TetraAqua SafeStart makes it possible to set fish into the aquarium immediately as TetraAqua SafeStart provides for immediate biological activity of your aquarium. 12 . The aquarium system can work perfectly only if the technical equipment. But even the thriving of plants and microorganisms depends directly on the water quality. It changes tap water into aquarium water fit for fish life. neutralize any hazardous substances and add colloids with a protective function on the fish mucous membrane. Tap water often lacks important oligo-elements like iodine and vitamins that fish absolutely need during particular moments of their life like the spawning season. TetraAqua TetraVital: Already 5 ml in 10 l of water is enough to provide all of the vital substances that fish need. Instead of frequent water changing. The vitamin B complex also favors the growth of plants and microorganisms. It transforms aquarium water into brownish-crystal clear tropical water also known as blackwater. you can maintain a fish and plant-friendly balance of all of the essential water values and hence reduce the number of times you need to change the water. stabilizes effectively the pH and CH value of the water and reduces the concentration of phosphate and nitrate. you can prepare your aquarium water regularly with TetraAqua TetraVital. Any aquarium owner wants to and should provide the best living conditions for his fish. By changing the water regular about 20 to 30 % of it is replaced every two weeks with fresh water. TetraAqua ToruMin makes aquarium water fit for all blackwater fish. water. fish. Contains natural humus substances. thanks to TetraAqua EasyBalance. The monitoring of important water values and the regular partial changing of the water are extremely important for a truly professional aquarium. a harmonious and exciting view. The BioExtract formula also favors the development of useful filtering bacteria and provides healthy. In addition. clear water. together with the decorative elements. it is necessary to know the quality characteristics of the original waters where tropical ornamental fish live. Besides using AquaSafe. EasyBalance gives your fish the important vital substances they need. water and light form. Water plays an especially important role. Thanks to TetraAqua AquaSafe you can make tap water immediately suitable for fish and natural. TetraVital favors their overall well-being and improves their resistance. Important: AquaSafe should be added every time you add tap water to assure the long-term maintenance of your aquarium.

In freshwater aquariums the CH value should not amount to less than 3°dH. Carbonate hardness (CH) Almost every type of water contains hydrogen carbonate whose content in water is indicated by the CH value. 13 . while if it is low it is soft. The total hardness influences significantly the organic functions of all forms of aquatic life and it is measured in °dH = degrees German hardness. Hydrogen carbonates play an important role in the aquarium because they act as a pH buffer and hence prevent an excessively sharp and sudden alteration of the pH value owing for instance to a drop in acidity. The CH value has a direct influence on the well-being of fish.The thriving of fish and plants requires appropriate environmental conditions in the aquarium. If their content is high the water is hard. Only if the water values are correct will the fish feel good. You should know the following water values: Total hardness (TH) The TH value is determined basically by the content of calcium and magnesium. Is the chemistry right? Only if the water quality is right will your fish feel good.

It is broken down by the filter bacteria of the Nitrobacter genus into nitrate. With TetraAqua pH/KH Plus and pH/KH Minus you can adjust and modify the pH value and the carbonate hardness. which can help you to adjust easily the pH value and the carbonate hardness of the aquarium water. the pH value changes automatically as well. . First comes toxic ammonia or non-toxic ammonium. Ammonia and nitrite are harmful already in low Tetra Information Here are some tips to avoid straining water: . . Nitrite.Clean the bottom regularly.0. Nitrate is a plant nutrient which favors however the growth of algae. Acidity (pH value) The pH value of the water is the result of all of the acid and basic substances dissolved in the water. If the carbonate hardness or CO2 content changes. while at lower pH values non-toxic ammonium is formed.0 there is a prevalence of ammonia. The filter bacteria of the Nitrosomonas genus break down ammonia or ammonium into nitrite. This is the principle at the base of TetraAqua pH/KH Minus and pH/KH Plus. Nitrate The excrements of fish as well as the remains of plants and food release nitrogen compounds into the water of any aquarium and these compounds need to be broken down in various steps. The more acids are present in the water.Add food several times a day and just as much as necessary for the fish to eat in a few minutes. At pH values of more than 7. These substances can make the water either acid or alkaline. But nitrite is extremely poisonous and it can be extremely harmful in the long run or even deadly. the more alkalines are present. the water is neutral. . the more it rises.Regular partial changes of the water or use of TetraAqua EasyBalance are important maintenance measures. The pH value depends directly on the carbonate hardness and on the carbon dioxide content (CO2).Avoid too many fish and plants. . . Just one application of TetraAqua NitrateMinus can reduce lastingly the nitrate content. If the pH value is 7. It depends on the pH value.All Tetratest products are available in pet shops either singularly or in sets. 14 .Healthy plant growth is extremely important for an aquarium that works properly. It is recommended to measure the pH value of your aquarium once a week. the lower the pH value drops.Make sure that the aquarium is adequately filtered and aerated. Ammonia. In the case of sensitive fish even a low content of ammonia in the water can have damaging effects in the long run.

If you detect ammonia and nitrite with Tetratests. the optimal biological balance and that the aquarium system is not working properly. checking of the oxygen supply. NO2 Nitrite + NH3/NH4 Ammonia Ammonium concentrations (at least in the long term). as refill packs or in sets. Compounds containing nitrogen found in fish excrements and in plant remains are transformed by filter bacteria (e. TetraAqua NitrateMinus. With the Tetratest AnalySet you can measure 8 different important water values in your aquarium. it means that the biological filter is not working properly and that the situation is already or could be dangerous for your fish. By comparing with a color scale or with the number of drops that it takes to change the color. Water Tests Every aquarium owner should test the state of the aquarium water regularly. easy and precise. TetraAqua SafeStart) into nitrate during various stages. helps keep the nitrate content at a constantly low level when applied weekly. Poor water values always indicate a disturbance to 15 . you can determine precisely the current water conditions. among other things. Tetra Water Tests come singularly. Water tests give sure results and help you to identify early on any disturbance and prevent damage. less food and fish.g. Organic wastes are. a part of what is called the nitrogen cycle. in liquid form. Plants absorb the nitrate as a nutrient. Even by using TetraMin Crisps less nitrate ends up in the aquarium water. Possible countermeasures for aquariums already with fish include: frequent partial water changes. Tetratest Laborett: Fast.Algae Food NO3 Nitrate Organic wastes TetraAqua NitrateMinus reduces the nitrate content.

succeeding in making them breed or simply enjoying the variety of colors .Fish are not all the same! They can be kingly. a marked territorial Tetratec FN FangFix . while others live in schools. Another important factor is the number of each type of fish. for instance. loners. adorable buddies or odd birds. behavior that can lead to stress and unease among all of the other fish in the aquarium. There are species that get along well only as a couple. their territory. Before adding fish to your aquarium you must absolutely make sure that you understand your fish.all this is just a part of the unique fascination of aquariums. Studying the behavior of fish.The professional dip net with practical hanging gear and excellent catching features. Fish that tend to mark off their own territory are always irritable and bother the other fish while they are defending The Flag Dwarf is a fish that has its own territory and it can become aggressive during brood care. 16 . Some have. roughnecks.

in particular. A general rule of thumb for the right relation between the aquarium size and fish density is the following: to make sure that your fish can live peacefully. while almost all catfish stay near the bottom. The longer the way home is. 5 This is what to do: 1. but you will also avoid that too many fish swimming “fin by fin” in the same water region. Make sure that the fish is not left too long in this container.the greater the difference. 1 2 3 4 Neon in the mid-water regions. should start with just a few fish species. Even if it is difficult. they should have at least 1 . they are put into a special bag. the longer you should wait. the Marbled Hatchetfish swims mostly near the water surface. Adding your fish is a delicate operation which must be handled with great caution.4. Beginners.Choosing fish In a social aquarium the needs of the fish in terms of water quality. A few. To avoid stressing or. Less is often more. This way your fish should be able to feel themselves at home right from the beginning. choose them from different swimming areas. 17 .2 liters of water per centimeter of length. well-chosen species are more interesting than a big variety. temperature and light must be more or less the same. in the worst of cases. For instance. . the more air or oxygen should be available in the bag. Slow adaptation and acclimatization to the water in the aquarium by adding water gradually. Free the fish from the bag into aquarium. Temperature stabilization in the closed bag . Important: Never add fish without this acclimatization phase! This is the only way to avoid the shock resulting from the change of environment. Adding your fish When you buy fish. harming your fish owing to sudden and drastic changes. Avoid absolutely sudden and drastic changes. But this does not mean that your aquarium will be boring: when buying your fish. 2. you should put the closed bag for about twenty minutes in the aquarium. In the meantime the difference in temperature is stabilized. you will not only enliven your whole aquarium. Then open the bag and add water little by little water from the aquarium so that the other water values are gradually stabilized. try to avoid too many different fish species. 5. By “populating” all of these areas.

otherwise it should kept only with calmer species like tetras and doradids.1 3 6 4 Favorite fish species Fish are what make an aquarium a truly vital place. 2 Bolivian Ram The Bolivian Ram belongs to the cichlids family. This colorful species prefers the company of smaller and calmer fish and it adapts best to well illuminated. The male takes care of the brood. 18 . densely vegetated tanks with a dark bottom.here is an overview of the most common and favorite species: 1 Sunset Gourami They belong to the labyrinth fish. Not only their beautiful colors but also their interesting social and reproduction behavior make cichlids a long-established favorite aquarium fosterling. There are numerous species that you can keep at home . It is a peaceful species that can get rowdy at times. For reproduction make a tall. fixed foam nest. It is recommended for single-species aquariums.

5 2 3 Guppy Guppies are live-bearing poeciliids. It is one of the most beautiful aquarium fish. In order to satisfy this behavior. Like many catfish they have mustache-like whiskers around the mouth that act as taste and smell organs. 4 6 Tiger barb The Tiger barb is a favorite thanks to its colors and liveliness. 5 Cardinal tetra This extremely sociable and peaceful fish feels at ease in schools. They give birth to fully developed fish fry. Attention: Tiger barbs like to nibble at the long fins of other fish. 19 . Barbs are peaceful fish that live in schools and which prefer plenty of plants and ample swimming space. at least 6 or 7 fellow fish need to be kept. Doradids They come from South America and are social fish that live in groups. Guppies are social fish and they feel themselves at ease in a small school with several fish. Thanks to its ease to reproduce it is one of the most favorite fish for beginners.

A rich and varied diet with Tetra Feed your fish several times a day with just as much as they need to finish completely in a few minutes. it must help fish to develop fully their natural behavior and variety of colors. Another important factor is that the food must be completely digestible. the food in the aquarium should be much better than that found in nature. In a closed environment like an aquarium any disease that ends up in it spreads rapidly and all of the aquarium’s inhabitants can fall ill. products contain an optimal balance of digestible nutrients. 20 .g. Ornamental fish food should not contain any pathogens. Their diet in an intact ecosystem is normally varied and contains everything that fish need to be healthy and vital: vitamins. proteins. carbohydrates. Especially for fish fry you will find TetraMin Baby (up to 1 cm in length) and TetraMin Mini Junior (from 1 cm in length). An aquarium cannot offer an adequate source of nutrition and there is no possibility of evasion for fish. Food is not just food In order to satisfy the specific needs of every fish species. Tetra foods come in a wide variety of forms. other fish and sometimes even their fellow fish. algae. insects. All of Tetra’s nutrition food is hence the best guarantee for healthy. But food must do one thing above all: it must keep fish healthy and active. In principle. plants. lively and colorful fish. minerals. gnat larvae. fibers and fats. This way fish excrete less and the water is not polluted by organic wastes. So they are reliant on food.Fish are what they eat! In nature fish find a wide variety of food from various sources: e.

TetraCichlid Sticks These high-quality sticks suit are especially recommended for feeding larger fish like cichlids. 5.so that even shy fish can eat without being disturbed.g. Tetra FreshDelica A new Tetra invention and an excellent delicacy for fish. Natural Food E. This unique and fine blend of raw materials by Tetra guarantees an optimal utilization of its nutrients. vitamins. Jelly Food E. This jelly food contains not only natural food like red gnat larvae. Red gnat larvae. 2. Tetra flakes are durable and they do not cloud the aquarium water.1. TetraMin Flakes are perfect for fish in all water zones.g.g. loach or barbs skimming the bottom. because they can be assimilated both at the water surface and when sinking to the bottom. 3. the feeding place can be targeted directly. Since tablets and wafers sink immediately to the bottom. TetraMin Crisps Crisps are produced with a special Tetra process. Flakes E. If used regularly. Your fish will be grateful to you for enriching their diet. TetraDelica Tetra offers sun or freeze-dried aquatic microorganisms that complete perfectly the diet of your fish. 7. 21 .g. Granules E. but also important oligo-elements.g. daphnia. they reduce substantially the nitrate content of the water. They preserve much more energy than traditional flakes. Both forms of food can reach well even hidden spots . proteins and fats. Tetra TabiMin For all ornamental fish living near the bottom such as catfish. Crisps E. daphnia and brine shrimps. 6. 4. Suitable for all ornamental fish. brine shrimps and krill are an extraordinary diet supplement. Tablets and wafers E. Sticks e. TetraMin Granules Granules float slowly to the bottom and can be easily assimilated by the fish. The jelly food does not contain any preservatives and it can last up to 2 years without any need for refrigeration.g.g. Tetra jelly food has a nutritional value double that of traditional flakes.

for a wholesome and balanced diet and natural growth. TetraMin Granules TetraMin granules offer a fast soaking time and the typical consistency of Tetra granules. The regular use of TetraMin Crisps reduces the content of nitrate in the tank and prevents the growth of algae. thanks to the unique low-temperature production process. 22 . All TetraMin foods are a guarantee of long and healthy fish life. TetraMin MiniGranules Staple food in granules designed especially for small ornamental fish like tetra and barbs . Patent No. which. preserves those ingredients that are essential for life. These crisps offer an optimal protein/ fat ratio that makes the food easily digestible and reduces tank waste. It is the result of an absolutely new production process.Meal Time! The food whose ingredients satisfy the specific requirements of fish makes an essential contribution to their health. TetraMin Baby This staple food for ornamental fish fry up to 1 cm in length is especially rich in precious proteins and favors a healthy growth during the important phase of upbringing. *Europ. actively improves their body functions and it is proven to strengthen their resistance. It is proven that it actively improves their resistance and vital body functions. EP 0848592 B1 All the staple foods of the TetraMin family are now even better and more wholesome thanks to the patented BioActive* formula. TetraMin Mini Junior A special food for growing fry longer than 1 cm. It suits perfectly the nutritional requirements of fry and favors their healthy growth. This new formula carefully combines balanced immune stimulators and premium energy sources with vitamins precious for life. And now this original product is even more valuable – thanks to the patented BioActive* formula. TetraMin Crisps With TetraMin Crisps Tetra research has succeeded in developing a new generation of foods. It contains more than 40 premium raw materials and it boosts the vitality of your fish. TetraMin is the first industrially manufactured food in flakes in the world and it is still today the food most given to ornamental fish in the world.

TetraPro Colour The premium food for enhanced colors. The Crisps mix contains an energetic crisp with a concentrated content of nutrients. All of our crisps are produced with the unique patented Tetra low-temperature preservation process. supply of all of the essential nutrients that your fish need plus high-value fats. The staple food for an extra portion of energy and growth. essential vitamines. trace elements and minerals. colors and resistance of your fish. If used regularly. These new Multi-Crisps have a rich content of carotenoids and enliven the natural colors of your fish. it reduces tank waste and the nitrate content and hence improves the water quality as a whole. special carotenoids or concentrated spirulina algae. TetraMin Holiday proviedes healthy nutrition for 14 days. Its color-enlivening effects can already be seen after two weeks. TetraMin Weekend Food Sticks are easy to dose and features a rich content of vital minerals and proteins. The aquarium water does not become cloudy. This unique combination provides a targeted These TetraPro foods assure an extra boost to the vitality. TetraPro Vegetable The premium food for extra resistance. TetraPro The premium food for healthy and lively fish. These new Multi-Crisps contain concentrated spirulina algae. Precious Omega-3 fatty acids provide extra energy. The Innovative Tetra Premium Food with a High Nutritional Value These Multi-Crisps are a staple food plus a special supplement for your ornamental fish. 23 . Thanks to the concentrated inner core your fish can get a nutrient staple food plus an important extra with every bite. The healthy vital substances of spirulina algae are very easy to digest and improve the resistance and vitality of your fish. TetraMin Holiday Gel-based Holiday food for all tropical ornamental fish. while the natural proteins build vigorous muscles. Patented formula contains tasty Daphnia. This preservation process optimizes the protein/fat ratio of our Multi-Crisps.TetraMin Weekend These sticks provide the necessary supply of vital nutrients during the weekend or on holidays. makes it possible to utilize optimally their energy content and assures an optimal digestibility.

you can determine the exact feeding location. Loaches and bottomfeeding Barbs. TetraPhyll TetraPhyll was developed specifically for fish that eat plants. 24 . TetraCichlid The staple food for large cichlids in the form of floating sticks .g. It is a complete food containing natural substances that enliven colors. allowing even timid fish to be well fed. TetraDiskus The color. targeted and varied food for ornamental fish that live near the bottom of the aquarium. Thanks to the tablet form.rich in proteins. This premium complete food contains a wide variety of vegetable raw materials that favor the digestion of plant-eating fish. Tetra research has developed a variety of foods that suit perfectly the most varied eating habits and nutritional demands of fish. e.Let your fish have a taste he various fish species in a social aquarium have special demands when it comes nutrition. Catfish. form and recipe of this food was adapted to the specific nutritional requirements of Discus fish. Tetra TabiMin Optimum. TetraRubin TetraRubin enlivens naturally the colors of your fish.

they will soon be eating straight from your hand. Ideally suited to the requirements of herbivorous Catfish and sucking Loaches. Feed sparingly Seeing fish as they eat every day is always a marvelous show. Nutzen Sie das vielfältige Angebot an Zusatz. wafer-shaped staple food for herbivorous catfish (such as Ancistrus. brine shrimp. . TetraPleco Wafers Stable. denn so füttern Sie ganz gezielt zusätzliche gesunde Leckerbissen und können artspezifische Ansprüche optimal erfüllen. Feeding is very fun if you use TetraTips adhesive food tablets that you can apply to the wall of your aquarium. Tetra-Tip Fish quickly become friendly if they are fed regularly. consisting of green (with valuable spirulina algae) and brown wafers.und Ergänzungsfutter. These adhesive food tablets are made of a balanced mix of premium special flakes and top-quality freeze-dried raw materials like freshwater shrimp. Plecostomus and L-Catfish). corresponding to the natural eating habits of catfish. is especially suitable for all carnivorous and herbivorous bottom-feeding fish and crustaceans. If you feed your fish every day at the same time and in the same place. The food in excess decomposes in the water and damages its quality. TetraWafer Mix This staple food mix.even if it is difficult .and give just as much as the fish can eat in a few minutes. The daily feeding time is a good opportunity to watch fish. water fleas and gnat larvae.Tetra PlecoMin Greenstuff tablets containing spirulina algae. These portions are easier to digest for your fish and avoid overfeeding. Already after a short period of time the fish swim directly to their feeding spot and wait for the food. Feed sparingly . The fish will immediately flock to the aquarium wall to eat the food.

True Delicacies Fish love Tetra FreshDelica. oligo-elements. red gnat larvae and daphnia is enriched with precious vitamins. Gourmethappen Tetra offers a whole series of treats and special foods for your fish. While flakes may contain bacteria and pathogens. Thanks to the practical single portions. TetraDelica is an ideal supplement for Tetra’s well-tried foods and offers a diversified food suitable for all species. Soon your fish will literally start eating straight from your hands. Our jelly food rich in nutrients available in three different varieties with brine shrimps. TetraDelica food is delicately sun or freeze-dried so that every treat preserves all of the nutritional value of natural food. It does not cloud or pollute the aquarium water. Treats and it can be eaten completely by fish. proteins and fats. Your fish will be grateful to you by showing a new vitality and health. it is very easy to handle and it is an ideal snack every and now. They are a nice change to your fish’s menu and provide the extra nutrients that your fish need in a targeted way. Your fish will enjoy this special treat! TetraDelica . brine shrimps.For the gourmets among your fish. TetraDelica is a healthy supplement and a true treat for your fish that offers whole aquatic microorganisms: daphnia. krill and red gnat larvae. Tetra FreshDelica is absolutely sterile. The jelly is not soluble in water Irresistible for fish: Tetra FreshDelica and its three varieties. 26 . Tetra FreshDelica has much higher nutritional value compared to flakes and it does not contain any preservatives.

TetraAniMin comes in several different varieties: flakes that suit perfectly the needs of your fish. vitality and defenses of your fish. a range of products that suits specifically the needs of sea fish. but they have different needs compared to freshwater fish when it comes to their diet. All other small to large sea fish can enjoy TetraMarin Flakes or XL Flakes. Thanks to its capacity to sink slowly TetraMarin Granules or TetraMarin Mini Granules is suitable for all medium and large-sized sea fish like Damselfish. For this reason Tetra offers the TetraMarin food series. Food for sea fish Sea fish do not require too much experience and care.Goldfish food Of course. TetraAniMin Weekend takes care of your goldfish at weekends and when you go on vacation. but also for other coldwater fish. floating food sticks for greater vitality and resistance. Wrass or Cardinalfish. 27 . The careful blend of Tetra foods improves the well-being. guaranteeing improved utilization of the food. granules with natural substances capable of enlivening colors to bring out the colors of your fish in all their beauty as well as crisps for improved nutrient exploitation. TetraAniMin makes feeding even more fun. The stabilized vitamin C found in the food strengthens the fish’s defenses. Clownfish. favors a healthy growth and prevents nutritional deficiencies. TetraMarin contains many raw materials of sea origin like algae and small crabs that your sea fish will definitely enjoy. TetraAniMin goldfish food with BioActive® formula suits not only goldfish.

eliminates phosphates and nitrates and blocks the growth of algae. The filter cleans the water in the aquarium but provides also for the balance of all of the main water values. Regular maintenance of the water is a must for any aquarium owner! Since the development of TetraAqua EasyBalance you can now choose TetraAqua EasyBalance reduces the number of times you need to change the water of your aquarium and keeps it biologically healthy.30 % of the water with fresh water every 2 weeks. It neutralizes all of the hazardous substances in the water like chlorine and heavy metals. it is important that your aquarium is in a good starting condition. Thanks to EasyBalance all of the important water values are maintained in a perfect balance appropriate for the fish and plants of your aquarium. This is the only way to achieve optimal water care with EasyBalance. It effectively stabilizes the water’s pH and CH values .Water Care Innovation Keeping a professional aquarium means imitating nature’s processes as closely as possible. Attention: The use of AquaSafe is important also for preparing tap water! from two options: Regular changing of the water Change 20 . with TetraAqua EasyBallance Untreated Aquarium Nitrate mg/l Thanks to TetraAqua EasyBalance you can prevent the proliferation of algae and increase your water’s buffering capacity. Make sure that the filter works and the aquarium is well aerated. Weeks without changing water 28 Phosphate mg/l . Tetra Information CH (°dH) When using TetraAqua EasyBalance. Long-term water care with TetraAqua EasyBalance Instead of changing the water partially every two weeks. Add TetraAqua AquaSafe to the tap water to make it fit for your fish. you can reduce the number of times you change the water with TetraAqua EasyBalance.it prevents a dangerous drop in the acidity . Thanks to its regular use you can keep the water of your aquarium biologically healthy for up to 6 months.

If the aquarium water is muddy Dead plant parts. It would kill the bacteria cultures. TetraAqua CrystalWater binds floating clouding particles that are removed from the water by filtration. The decomposition of these organic wastes produces noxious substances in the water that you cannot see. The Tetratec Komfort IN Inner Filter plus is a double guarantee for water quality: its mechanical filtering action eliminates the visible particles while the biological filtering breaks down the invisible decomposition products. Clean the cartridges regularly when you change the water by washing them in the aquarium water removed. A good filter substrate offers plenty of space for useful filter bacteria that are dissolved also in the water and which break down biologically contaminants containing nitrogen. However. 29 . It’s absolutely normal and there is no reason to worry. You should clean the bottom every now and then. This way they can maintain their filtering capacity without harming the vital microorganisms in the filter cartridges. food remains and fish excrements are visible signs of water soiling. But this mulm makes the aquarium cloudy and blurry in the long run. TetraAqua Bactozym favors the build-up of useful filter bacteria after every change of the water.deposits on the bottom and in the corners of the aquarium.With the Tetratec GS Glass Scraper you can clean the walls of your aquarium in no time at all. despite the filtering and regular partial change of the water the larger soiling particles . The filter cartridges capture the contaminant particles in the course of time. Tetra offers a complete range of bottom cleaners specifically developed for the purpose and to be used while performing the partial change of the water. Never use detergents or hot tap water in any case whatsoever. The filter makes sure that these particles are filtered mechanically and eliminated from the aquarium.mulm . The all-in-one talent: Partial water change and bottom cleaning in a single step with the Tetratec GC Komfort Gravel Cleaner.

light. are living organisms that require specific conditions to thrive and prosper. For this purpose Tetra offers special root and leaf fertilizers that complement each other perfectly. plants do not grow properly and the water’s oxygen content drops.with active iron. Oxygen Production Aquatic plants produce oxygen during photosynthesis. If they do not have the adequate amount of TetraPlant InitialSticks: For substrate activation . If the nitrate content exceeds certain tolerance values. TetraPlant PlantaMin: Leaf fertilizer for lush green aquatic plants . plants can manage to consume only a certain quantity of nitrate as a nutrient. Water plants absorb nutrients through their leaves and roots. Water Plants TetraPlant Crypto: For intensive root formation and a healthy substrate environment. but they are also important for the aquarium’s biological balance. Taking proper care of plants is essential. The consequences are an increased contamination of the water. Tetra has developed TetraPlant for this specific purpose: it is a plant care system that suits the specific needs of aquatic plants. Water plants are not only beautiful. it can even harm the plants. TetraPlant CompleteSubstrate: The ready-to-use substrate concentrate plus effective long-term fertilizer.Plants. However. Only care can create a splendid underwater garden.with important plant nutrients. nutrients and carbon dioxide. 30 . too. poorer living conditions for fish and plants and a dangerous lack of oxygen for the fish. Decomposition of contaminants Water plants absorb a part of the substances like nitrates that contaminate the water for their own growth.

Always read the label and product information before use. A factor which is often underestimated is the quality of the food you use. because it favors a substantial reduction in the water’s contamination with nitrates and phosphates. *Use biocides safely. Low-quality and cheap foods are often poorly digested and hence lead to an intense contamination of the water. If algae gain the upper hand. Three areas responsible for this phenomenon can be identified: poor water quality. Thanks to the slow rise in the concentration of the active agents. TetraAqua AlgiMin* is a liquid anti-algae agent with a delicate biological effect. The food should be eaten completely by the fish in a few minutes. incorrect lighting conditions and scarce or incorrect fertilization.When planting and replanting. This is due to various factors. TetraAqua offers a series of effective anti-algae agents. If used as an “emergency brake”. Check the number of fish in your aquarium critically. TetraMin Crisps. The best way to fight algae is prevention. Many or large fish rapidly soil the water. Use only brand products such as. TetraAqua Algetten* are perfect for a long-term preventive treatment. TetraPlant PlantaStart helps improve the plants’ ability to grow roots and strengthens growth with the aid of a valuable plant hormone. for instance. Feed the fish in your aquarium to three times a day at the most one with small portions. No need to worry about algae An excessive growth of algae is always a sign that the biological balance in the aquarium has been altered. you must take fast and targeted action. Algizit puts an immediate stop to algae proliferation. 31 . TetraAqua AlgoStop depot* is a highly active anti-algae agent to combat brush and thread algae. it has an extremely mild long-term action. as food remains are a source of nutrients for algae. TetraAqua Algizit* is an effective anti-algae agent with an intense and targeted action.

Should your fish fall ill anyway.just follow these easy care instructions for perfect prevention. Well-advised and fast action plus the aid of these medicines can almost always avoid the worst. because Tetra offers a range of extremely effective medicines for your fish. lively plants and healthy fish. 32 . too. There is no need to be an expert . Avoid the following stress factors: -poor water quality -over-occupied tanks -poor nutritional variety -temperature variations -combination of incompatible species -stress after being caught and transported The Tetratec UV Sterilizer reduces the number of pathogenic germs in the aquarium water.A well-cared aquarium can be recognized from clear water. it is no catastrophe. It is especially important for newcomers to the world of aquariums to know that most fish diseases are the result of poor maintenance conditions. which makes them vulnerable to illnesses. Tetra-Tip Fish. The best way to prevent illnesses is prevention through professional aquarium care. suffer from stress. Fish diseases In a well-cared aquarium fish diseases fortunately occur very rarely.

Spironucleus (holein-the-head disease) and other flagellata in the intestines. Whoever takes care of his plants takes care also of the environment and prevents illnesses. Without regular care for the water of your aquarium it cannot “work”. TetraMedica GyroTox combats gill flukes and skin flukes. Tetra offers a complete range of effective medicines against the most frequent fish diseases. Water filtering.Wide-spectrum action in treating ill goldfish and coldwater fish. TetraMedica ContraIck . Plants Lush aquatic plants play important functions in the aquarium. breathing problems. Medicines Should your fish fall ill despite your preventive measures. Check also for the typical signs of an illness like rubbing.effective against bacterial and parasitic illnesses. Low quality foods weaken the overall conditions of the fish in the long run and contaminate the water. Only if the food contains all of the necessary nutrients and vitamins in the right quantity and blend can fish be healthy. Watch your fish and check that they are behaving normally. TetraMedica HexaEx – combats Hexamita. the partial change of water and the proper preparation of the water are measures that are absolutely essential for your aquarium. Tetratec UV Sterilizer You can obtain a preventive effect against illnesses by using the Tetratec UV 400 Sterilizer.against ich and ectoparasitic illnesses.Preventive Measures Food Fish need top-quality foods. frayed fins or wounds. TetraMedica FungiStop . 33 . Even the secretions from single specimens and signs of lethargy indicate illnesses. Water Tests Almost every disturbance to the biological balance reflects itself in the water values. Thanks to the UV C radiations inside the device pathogenic germs are substantially reduced in the water.wide-spectrum medicament for ornamental seawater fish. Water Water is the vital element of fish.helps against external infections caused by fungi and bacteria. All TetraMedica medicines are to be added to the aquarium water. particularly in cichlids. TetraMedica GoldOomed . TetraMedica GeneralTonic . Diagnosis Daily health check-ups are very important. TetraMedica MarinOopharm . Thanks to Tetratest Water Tests you can check precisely the quality and stress on your aquarium water at any time. When administering medicines the UV 400 should be switched off.

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-Nr. 062048 ENG 2006 .tetra.net Mat. Your specialized dealer: Tetra GmbH Herrenteich 78 D-49324 Melle For more information: www.Well matched! AquaSafe and TetraMin: A strong team for healthy water and fish.