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An easy to use guide to Plate Bearing tests
known as the K value. A graph is plotted of settlement against bearing pressure. Typical examples include ensuring that buildings won’t suffer excessive settlement once constructed. fill and sub-base to determine whether the ground has sufficient bearing capacity. This could be equipment you have on site such as a 360⁰ excavator. particularly equivalent CBR (California Bearing Ratio) on materials too large for standard CBR tests. a mobile crane or a wagon loaded with material. Why would I need to do this test? If you are planning to erect a structure or heavy plant on land that you are not sure has enough bearing capacity – for example on imported fill. Conversion factors can be applied to convert readings from any plate size to an equivalent 30”. What standards does it meet? Various national standards apply including British Standard BS1377 Part 9 and ASTM D1194. Testcrete Construction Testing Ltd Page 1 . which is expressed as load per unit area per unit of settlement e. or give you the information you need to make further provisions. The plates are loaded by hydraulic jack and settlement measured in increments. The resulting graph will show settlement at any given load and will project whether the ground is suitable for your planned construction. or that large equipment. can be supported by the ground.g.Plate Bearing Tests Explained Variations of this simple test are used throughout the world. The UK version is based upon the American model which utilizes a variety of circular plates up to 30” (760mm) diameter. and are usually known as the Plate Bearing or Plate Loading Test. Values are based upon using a 30” plate but practical consideration usually precludes its use and 24” is the most commonly used. The choice of plate size depends upon required bearing pressure and availability of kentledge. such as cranes and piling rigs. What does the Plate Bearing Test actually test? It measures settlement under load on soils. N/mm2/mm. this test will give you peace of mind and certification to prove that the land is suitable. but the test can be modified to suit your specific requirements What is the procedure for this test? In order to perform this test it is important to have sufficient kentledge to jack against. The readings can also be used to calculate various other values. What do I get as a result of the test? This information is used to calculate the Modulus of Subgrade Reaction.
but a few days is preferable to guarantee availability. Draft results can be available the same day. increased thickness of sub-base layer.g. straightforward and inexpensive Can be performed on a wide variety of materials Results available same day Adaptable to specific requirements Limitations • • Dependent upon the provision of suitable Kentledge Not a substitute for proper site investigation at design stage Sounds like what I need. Advantages • • • • Relatively quick. can you help me? Just give us a call and we’ll try to explain further and arrange the most suitable test for your needs. all levels below asphalt or concrete Buildings and structures – all levels below foundations and ground floor slabs Mobile Crane mats Piling Mats In situ formation As dug site fill Imported general fills and stone such as 6F2 MoT quality sub-base Testcrete Construction Testing Ltd Page 2 . We can often perform those tests on a next day or even same day basis. Typical uses for plate bearing tests. you will need to have the ground fully prepared and suitable kentledge available when we arrive. what do I do next? If you would like to arrange a plate bearing tests or enquire please follow the link or call us on 01405 860905 I’m still not sure.How long does all this take? From us arriving on site to issue or our Certificate of Test can normally be achieved with a 24 hour period. What do I do with the results? The certified results can be compared with specified compliance values or used as the basis of further calculations to determine necessary action on site e. To avoid delays. • • • • Typical Materials • • • • Roads and Car Parks.