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THE QUEEN’S DIAMOND JUBILEE
Gabriela Marin 12th A Coordinating Teacher, Marian Ichim
The English Competences Certificate Paper
Table of Contents
Précis 1 Background 2 History 2.1. The Queen‘s Life 2.2. Past Jubilees 3 Commonwealth-wide and beyond 4 The Queen‘s Diamond Jubilee Message 5 Timeline Bibliography
” But rushing or not. the realization that memorable events impact on the views of people and change the course of history. and on the other. The reason why I have chosen this topic for my paper is on the one hand the glamour and elegance behind the Diamond Jubilee celebrations.Précis One thing I enjoy doing while reading history is to imagine how those events were seen through the eyes of those who were witnesses. we should be aware of the moment and realize when we are witness to history in the making and when we live days that will always be remembered. Kennedy once said that “History is a relentless master. the one who observed the making of what we nowadays only see as history. only the past rushing into the future. [Type text] . It has no present. I believe that witnesses should not remain idle while a celebration such as the Diamond Jubilee is taking place as it is a once in a lifetime event and it is also the second Diamond Jubilee celebrated in the United Kingdom. John F. The purpose of this paper is to present the history of the Diamond Jubilee and of Queen Elizabeth II and also to highlight the main events during the celebration.
1. in India and Pakistan. was only the second in the country‘s history. but only the 60th anniversary in the case of a monarch. For instance. a diamond jubilee film is one shown in cinemas for 100 weeks or more. the diamond jubilee of a person was also on the 75th anniversary. It is a celebration held to mark a 75th anniversary. which was a multinational celebration throughout 2012 marking the 60 th anniversary of the accession of Queen Elizabeth II to the thrones of 7 countries [Type text] . Background The term ―Diamond Jubilee‖ covers a wide range of meanings and it is used with different connotations in different countries of the world. celebrated on 2 June 2012. but this changed with the diamond jubilee of the British Queen Victoria‘s reign. in South Asia the term is also used for certain 100-week anniversaries. However. more exactly the length of time a monarch has reigned. being decided to bring the celebration forward to the 60th anniversary on 22 June 1897. The Diamond Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II. This paper will cover specifically the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II. Traditionally.
King George VI. on 6 February 1952. A diamond Jubilee was awarded in Canada and the United Kingdom and events were held throughout the Commonwealth realms. toured the Solomon Islands and Tuvalu. Plans were discussed at the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 2011. Grenada and Saint Kitts and Nevis. Duke of Edinburgh. 12 of which were British colonies or Dominions at the start of her reign. [Type text] . and Catherine. Barbados. Prince of Wales. toured the UK only because of her old age and frail state of health. Prince Harry toured the Bahamas. Countess of Wessex.upon the death of her father. Belize and Jamaica. while Prince Charles. and Sophie. toured Canada. During her Golden Jubilee. Antigua and Barbuda. Papua New Guinea. She is today queen regnant of 16 sovereign states. and Camilla. Prince William. for the Diamond Jubilee. Elizabeth II and Prince Philip. following the tradition of past jubilees. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Earl of Wessex. Duke of Cambridge. Prince Charles. Duchess of Cornwall. New Zealand and Australia. the Queen toured most of her countries around the world. toured Saint Lucia. However. Duchess of Cambridge.
The Princess's early years were spent at 145 Piccadilly. At the time of her birth. who were later crowned King George VI and Queen Elizabeth. When she was six years old. [Type text] .2. Princess Elizabeth stood third in line of succession to the throne after Edward. But it was not expected that her father would become King. the London house taken by her parents shortly after her birth. Prince of Wales (later King Edward VIII). She was the first child of The Duke and Duchess of York. with the birth of Princess Margaret Rose. and her father. Mayfair. The Queen’s Life The Queen was born Princess Elizabeth of York at 2.40am on 21 April 1926 at 17 Bruton Street. In 1930. or that she would become Queen. and at White Lodge in Richmond Park. The family of four was very close. History 2. her parents took over Royal Lodge in Windsor Great Park as their own country home.1. Princess Elizabeth gained a sister. The Duke of York. which was given to her by the people of Wales in 1932. London. In the grounds of Royal Lodge Princess Elizabeth had her own small house.
on 25 October 1809. and in 1937 the two Princesses attended their parents' coronation in Westminster Abbey. The beginning of the fiftieth year of his reign. Princess Elizabeth was now first in line to the throne. King George V. The King and other members of the Royal Family attended a private service in Windsor and a grand fete and firework display at Frogmore. In London the Lord Mayor and Corporation processed to St Paul's Cathedral for a service of thanksgiving before holding a dinner at the Mansion House. [Type text] . Upon his abdication. 2. when her grandfather.2. before the end of the year. was marked both in Britain and the Colonies. The Queen‘s reign has spanned six decades of enormous social change and development. and a figure of even more intense public interest.Princess Elizabeth's quiet family life came to an end in 1936. died. but. King Edward VIII had decided to give up the throne in order to marry the woman he loved. Mrs Wallis Simpson. Princess Elizabeth's father acceded to the throne as King George VI. His eldest son came to the throne as King Edward VIII. On 6 February 1952 Princess Elizabeth acceded to the throne as Queen Elizabeth II and was crowned the following year on 2 June 1953 in Westminster Abbey. Past Jubilees George III The celebration of the Sovereign's jubilee years really began in the long reign of King George III.
where a short service of thanksgiving was held outside the building. on 22 June 1897. has met with such an ovation as was given to me. The cheering was quite deafening and every face seemed to be filled with real joy. . the resting place of her beloved late husband. as the Queen was too lame to manage the steps. Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee was celebrated on 20 and 21 June 1887. I was much moved and gratified. Ten years later. Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee was marked by many celebrations. I believe. a progress to St Paul's Cathedral. On 20 June the day began quietly with breakfast under the trees at Frogmore. passing through those 6 miles of streets . Eleven colonial Prime Ministers were in attendance. Queen Victoria The longest-reigning British monarch. before returning over Westminster Bridge. including. past the Houses of Parliament to Buckingham Palace. Prince Albert." [Type text] . . In her journal the Queen wrote: "No one ever. Queen Victoria celebrated Golden and Diamond Jubilees marking 50 and 60 years of her reign. The Queen's progress continued via the Mansion House across London Bridge and through South London.
Official overseas visits were also made to Western Samoa. and predictions in the media that the anniversary would be a non-event. with greater crowds than the city had ever seen before. On 4 May at the Palace of Westminster both Houses of Parliament presented loyal addresses to The Queen. Queen Elizabeth II – Silver Jubilee In 1977 The Queen's Silver Jubilee was marked with celebrations at every level throughout the country and Commonwealth. Elizabeth attended all of [Type text] . During the year it was estimated that The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh travelled 56. Golden Jubilee-2002 Despite the deaths of Princess Margaret and Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother in February and March 2002 respectively. Papua New Guinea. No other Sovereign had visited so much of Britain in the course of just three months . Tasmania. New Zealand. During the summer months The Queen embarked on a large scale tour. Canada and the West Indies. The home tours began in Glasgow on 17 May. Australia. having decided that she wished to mark her jubilee by meeting as many of her people as possible. The tours continued throughout England and Wales .000 miles.in Lancashire over a million people turned out on one day . Fiji. the jubilee was marked with large-scale and popular events throughout London in June of the same year. Tonga. bookended by events throughout the other Commonwealth realms. who in her reply stressed that the keynote of the jubilee was to be the unity of the nation.the six jubilee tours in the UK and Northern Ireland covered 36 counties.before culminating in a visit to Northern Ireland.
the Governor-General of Australia. The Royal Australian Mint announced in August 2011 that it would be releasing a silver proof 50-cent coin to celebrate the Queen's Diamond Jubilee. announced the Australian Crown-in-Council would make a $5. A special ecumenical service was conducted in St James' Church.4 m contribution to the trust and the New Zealand Crown-in-Council later made a similar donation of $1 m. Australia Post also issued a series of special stamps to mark the occasion. Sydney. Australia. then around the United Kingdom. British Prime Minister David Cameron announced the creation of the Queen Elizabeth Diamond Jubilee Trust. over twelve months. Marie Bashir. [Type text] . The trust is intended to support charitable organizations across the Commonwealth of Nations. Julia Gillard. the Duke of Edinburgh.000 mi) to the Caribbean. the royal couple journeyed more than 64.000 kilometres (40. New Zealand. along with her husband. AUSTRALIA Quentin Bryce. focusing on areas such as cures for diseases and the promotion of all types of culture and education. at which the invited preacher was Cardinal George Pell and the Governor of New South Wales. Australia. announced that the Diamond Jubilee would be celebrated ―with a host of national and community events throughout the Commonwealth‖. 3.Commonwealth-wide and beyond At the 2011 Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting in Perth . Australia‘s Prime Minister.the official celebrations as scheduled. and wrapped up the jubilee year in Canada. was the guest of honour. In early 2012. which was officially launched in the UK on 6 February 2012.
and the Australian Capital Territory. as Queen of Belize. as part of the country's celebrations of Elizabeth II's 60th year as monarch of Belize. Prince Charles. BAHAMAS Prince Harry toured The Bahamas. the Earl and Countess of Wessex. travelling to Queensland. after 1981. Victoria. South Australia. between 23 and 24 February 2012. Harry visited Belmopan and San Ignacio where ceremonies and events had less emphasis on state protocol.Between 5 and 10 November 2012. As in other Commonwealth realms. between 2 and 3 March 2012. where he stated "I stand before you with a deep sense of pride at being asked to convey to you a message of good wishes from The Queen on the occasion of her Diamond Jubilee. There." He also took part in maritime exercises organised by the Royal Bahamas Defence Force and toured Harbour Island. the Governor-General-in-Council and the Belize Tourism Board organised a tour of the country by Prince Harry. New South Wales. Duchess of Cornwall. The Prince attended an outdoor ceremony where children's schools. toured the country. a set of commemorative Diamond Jubilee stamps were released by the Barbados Postal Service. [Type text] . and associations presented themselves and delivered a speech at Government House. he attended a reception for youth leaders and met with Governor-General of the Bahamas Sir Arthur Foulkes. and Camilla. clubs. The Parliament of Barbados BELIZE In Belize. BARBADOS To mark Elizabeth II's 60 years as Barbados' monarch—as Queen of the United Kingdom between 1952 and 1966 and as Queen of Barbados thereafter—the country hosted the Queen's youngest son and his wife. first as Queen of the United Kingdom and then. Prince of Wales.
to partake in various events there in June. both at the monarch's residence Rideau Hall and on Parliament Hill. the first of the 60. During the tour. That day. as well as at provincial royal residences and legislatures across the country. the Prince took part in military exercises with the Jamaica Defence Force. visited Bustamante Hospital for Children and other locations. The Diamond Jubilee week began on Accession Day (6 February) 2012. including a reception held by the High Commissioner of Jamaica to the UK. JAMAICA Prince Harry toured Jamaica between 5 and 8 March 2012. the question of a national holiday to mark the jubilee was raised in the media and a series of official announcements were made by the Minister of Canadian Heritage. Also on 6 and 7 February. United Kingdom (UK). The Governor-General and his wife travelled to London. and other dignitaries across the country. when thenSecretary of State for Canadian Heritage (now Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) Jason Kenney requested that the various lieutenant governors begin preparations for the jubilee. Three years later. the Queen's personal standard for Canada was unfurled in Ottawa. commissioners.CANADA Forethought about the anniversary began as early as April 2007.000 Canadian Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medals to be distributed to citizens and permanent residents were handed out by lieutenant governors. Jamaica's Diamond Jubilee celebrations [Type text] .
Duchess of Cornwall.proceeded despite Miller's on-going work to have the country become a republic. During their time in the country. unveiled New Zealand's Diamond Jubilee emblem on 27 November 2011 and announced at that time that a full programme would be forthcoming. community service. The New Zealand Army Band took part in the Diamond Jubilee Pageant held at Windsor Castle and also took part in the changing of guard ceremony at Buckingham Palace. the couple is scheduled to meet church. [Type text] . as well as children's literacy and animal health. PAPUA NEW GUINEA Prince Charles. THE UNITED KINGDOM In the UK. between 10 and 16 November 2012. agriculture. Prince of Wales. Their programme is to focus on excellence and innovation in business. A royal tour was undertaken by Prince Charles. Prince of Wales. and Camilla. New Zealand Post and the Reserve Bank of New Zealand stated in January 2012 the release a silver proof dollar coin to celebrate the Queen's Diamond Jubilee. charity. national and regional events to mark the Diamond Jubilee were coordinated by the Queen-inCouncil and her Royal Household at Buckingham Palace. and members of the Papua New Guinea Defence Force in and near Port Moresby. the Governor-General of New Zealand. and sports. Duchess of Cornwall. will tour Papua New Guinea between 3 and 5 November. NEW ZEALAND Sir Jerry Mateparae. cultural groups. and community volunteers. and Camilla.
experience for the thousands attending. I can't wait!‖ The first half of the concert. Names like Will.Jessie J. 2012 The Big Jubilee Lunch: Building on the already popular Big Lunch initiative.000 boats assembled from across the UK.Gary Barlow. the main organizer said: ―The Diamond Jubilee concert will celebrate the 60 years of The Queen‘s reign with an amazing line-up of worldclass artists coming together to play at one of the biggest and most exciting live music shows in recent years. held before the Queen took her seat.was characterized through the noisier spectrum of the chart:pop.I.The Central Weekend Saturday 2 June. The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh travelled in the Royal Barge which formed the centrepiece of the flotilla. The Thames Diamond Jubilee Pageant: This event took place on the Thames and consisted of up to 1. Sunday 3 June.Am. With Buckingham Palace as a backdrop.Cheryl Cole. Kylie Minogue thrilled the anxious crowd surrounding the scene and covering almost the entire The Mall. watching on TV and listening on Radio. We may [Type text] . 2012 BBC Concert at Buckingham Palace: Gary Barlow. It'll be a great. 2012 The Queen marked the start of her Diamond Jubilee weekend by driving onto the racecourse at Epsom Derby as gun salutes sounded around the country to mark the start of the celebrations. it's going to be a fantastic event which transcends multiple decades of music. the Commonwealth and around the world. Monday 4 June. unique. people were encouraged to share lunch with neighbours and friends as part of the Diamond Jubilee celebrations.
started with a Spanish guitar intro even made the royal offspring singing along. I hope we will all be reminded of the power of togetherness and the convening strength of family. The Queen‘s Diamond Jubilee Message Official message from Her Majesty released by Buckingham Palace on 6 February 2012. and Feu de Joie. the Diamond Jubilee weekend culminated with a day of celebrations in central London. the 60th anniversary of The Queen's Accession to the throne: Today. Flypast.fact that resulted in even more acclamation from the public. In this special year. a lunch at Westminster Hall. Next up was the part that Her Majesty enjoyed the most.who reminded the audience how rich is the British musical culture.but she was obviously moved by the enthusiasm that the crowd had showed. 4. including a service at St Paul‘s Cathedral followed by two receptions. Tuesday 5 June.among which ―Let it be‖ and ―Ob La Di Ob La Da‖.probably. a Carriage Procession to Buckingham Palace and finally a Balcony appearance. as I dedicate myself anew to your service.made up from Sir Elton John. 2012 On Tuesday 5 June. as I mark 60 years as your Queen. The final act belonged to Sir Paul McCartney who sung some of the masterpieces of The Beatles.Sir Tom Jones . The event was the perfect illustration of the typical British analytical spirit. The ―quartet or Sirs‖. Sir Cliff Richard and Sir Paul McCartney gave to the audience a part of their spectacular carrier work.the organizers succeeding in creating ―a show to remember‖ for.the most beloved monarch that the United Kingdom had in recent history. I am writing to thank you for the wonderful support and encouragement that you have given to me and Prince Philip over these years and to tell you how deeply moved we have been to receive so many kind messages about the Diamond Jubilee.‖Delilah‖.never know whether Her Majesty enjoyed the pop music played.singing some of theirs most wide-known parts. friendship [Type text] .
examples of which I have been fortunate to see throughout my reign and which my family and I look forward to seeing in many forms as we travel throughout the United Kingdom and the wider Commonwealth. Timeline – Events during the Reign of Queen Elizabeth II ’52. the highest peak. ELIZABETH R.and good neighbourliness.The Coronation. Elvis Presley releases his first record (That’s All Right).14 years of rationing in Britain come to an end with the lifting of restrictions placed on the sale of various products. I hope also that this Jubilee year will be a time to give thanks for the great advances that have been made since 1952 and to look forward to the future with clear head and warm heart as we join together in our celebrations.The Suez Crisis. I send my sincere good wishes to you all. End of Korean War. 5.The Queen‘s first televised Christmas broadcast ’61.First man in space. The Queen visits India [Type text] . The historic conquest of Mount Everest. a thing thought to be impossible ’55. First Commonwealth Tour ’54. The Calder Hall nuclear power station is opened in the UK (the first nuclear power station to deliver electricity in commercial quantities) ’57.The accession ’53.The Warsaw Pact is signed. Four miles are run in 4 minutes. Winston Churchill stands down ’56.
Cuban missile crisis ’63. The Queen becomes a grandmother ’78-First ‗test-tube‘ baby born ’79. The Queen invests her eldest son ’70. Prince William is Born ’83.Falklands War.Chernobyl disaster ’89.Overthrow of Iran‘s monarchy.Channel Tunnel opens ’96.Richard Nixon resigns ’75.The ―I have a dream‖ speech.Silver wedding anniversary ’73.End of the Vietnam War ’77. is cloned [Type text] .Queen meets Mother Teresa ’84-Birth of Prince Harry ’86. Margaret Thatcher sweeps to power ’80.The Queen attends her first Commonwealth Games ’72.Silver Jubilee.Dolly. the sheep.Gulf War ’94. Assassination of JFK ’65.Man on the Moon. The Beatles receive their MBEs from the Queen ’68.John Lennon shot dead ’82.Death of Winston Churchill.Nelson Mandela walks free ’91.The Queen opens Sydney Opera House ’74.Fall of the Berlin Wall ’90.The Queen visits Brazil and Chile ’69.’62. The Pope visits Britain.
Death of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother. [Type text] . Death of Diana.The Queen joins Facebook. He was born in early May. They are: • • • • Victoria (63 years) George III (59 years) Henry III (56 years) Edward III (50 years) • James VI of Scotland (James I of England) (58 years) Tony Blair was the first Prime Minister to have been born during The Queen's reign.War in Iraq ’06.Rwanda joins the Commonwealth ’10.Diamond Jubilee Did You Know? The Queen is the second longest serving monarch.The Queen turns 80 ’07.September 11 ’02. Princess of Wales ‘00.a month before the Coronation.Diamond wedding anniversary ’09. ’03.’97-The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh celebrate their golden anniversary. Only five other kings and queens in British history have reigned for 50 years or more.Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother‘s 100th birthday ’01. 1953 . The Queen becomes a great grandmother ’11-Royal Wedding ’12.
The Diamond Jubilee Lunch at Westminster Hall on 5th June. Paul VI. Benedict XVI) The Queen has sat for 129 portraits during her reign. More than 35. from Chester. 208 schools across the UK entered a competition to ―Cook for The Queen‖. "May the light of your majesty's crown continue to reign supreme for many years to come. The menus of the four winning schools were served to The Queen and The Duchess of Cornwall at a reception at Buckingham Palace in June. John XXIII. The sovereigns of 26 countries came to Windsor Castle on 18th May for a special luncheon to mark The Queen‘s Jubilee. In her Diamond Jubilee year. The Queen has 30 godchildren. The queen demonstrated just why she is so beloved after 60 years on the throne when she carried on calmly with a full day of ceremonies despite ghastly weather and despite worry about her husband of 65 years. open to children aged between 6 and 14. was won by 10year-old Katherine Dewar. was attended by 700 guests from all over the country representing a crosssection of trades. In 1969 the first television film about the family life of the Royal Family was made." Obama said. who remained in the hospital battling a sudden infection. creating a special menu featuring recipes showcasing the best of British to celebrate the Diamond Jubilee. Prince Philip. There have been six Roman Catholic Popes during The Queen‘s reign (Pius XII. The Queen opened the London 2012 Olympic Games on 27th July and the London 2012 Paralympic Games on 29th August. crafts and professions. Even President Obama sent a video message to the queen congratulating her on behalf of the American people. The competition. CONCLUSION The Diamond Jubilee was an impressive spectacle that left many in the crowd weeping with joy and pride.000 entries were received by Blue Peter in the national competition to design the official Diamond Jubilee emblem. and shown on the eve of the Investiture of Prince Charles as Prince of Wales. "I hope the memories of all the year's happy events brighten our lives for many [Type text] . John Paul I. John Paul II.
I thank you all.uk http://www.thediamondjubilee.uk/news/uk-17500000 Royal Australian Mint http://en.years to come.bbc.wikipedia.wikipedia." Bibliography The official Website of the Queen‘s Diamond Jubilee http://www.org/wiki/Royal_Australian_Mint Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II http://en.royal. "For all the many kindnesses you have shown me in this country and throughout the Commonwealth.org The Official Website of the British Monarchy http://www.gov.co.org/wiki/Diamond_Jubilee_of_Elizabeth_II [Type text] ." she said.
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