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Step by Step Tank Bottom Remaining Thickness Calculation For Dummy mm 1 Determine the following: a Average depth of general

corrosion area Average depth of internal pitting measured from b the original bottom plate thickness, StPa c Maximum depth of internal pitting Note: The value that is used for initial evaluation is based on inspection data. Subsequent evaluations may be made based on maximum internal pit depth that would still remain after any repairs that are done d Average depth of underside pitting, e Maximum depth underside pitting f Maximum depth of general internal corrosion g Maximum internal pitting rate ( StPr = StPm/N ) N= years tank has been in service StPr = 0 if an internal bottom lining is (or will be) h Maximum underside pitting rate ( Upr = Upm/N ) UPr = 0 if tank bottom is cathodically protected N= years tank has been in service i Maximum general corrosion rate ( GCr = GCm / N ) GCr = 0 if an internal lining (or will be installed) 2 Determine the desired maximum T&I interval for tank Use the following to calculate the minimum expected 3 remaining thickness at next T&I, based Average internal pitting and maximum underside pitting MRT1 =To GCa StPa UPm (StPr +UPr +GCr) x Or MRT1 = Minimum remaining thickness at next scheduled internal inspection due to average internal pitting and maximum external pitting To = Original Plate Thickness Use the following formula to calculate the minimum expected remaining thickness until the next T&I, based 4 on maximum internal pitting and average underside pitting: GCa StPa StPm 4 5.8 4.3 mm mm mm inch

Upa Upm GCm StPr N

3.4 4.3 5 0.1075 40

mm mm mm mm/year year











3 0.88

year mm #DIV/0!


16 3.28

mm mm #DIV/0!

MRT2 =To GCa StPm UPa (StPr+UPr+GCr) x Or MRT2 = Minimum remaining thickness at the next scheduled internal inspection, due to maximum internal pitting and average external pitting 5 Determine the minimum acceptable values of MRT1 and MRT2 as follows: The minimum acceptable values of MRT1 and MRT2 are shown in Table Below for bottom plates, which are not a. annular plates.

Tank Bottom/Foundation Design No means for detection and containment of a bottom leak Means to provide detection and containment if a bottom leak Applied tank bottom reinforced lining over 1.25 mm (0.05 in.) thick, in accordance with API RP 652

Minimum Acceptable MRT1 and MRT2, mm (in.) 2.5 (0.1) 1.25 (0.05) 1.25 (0.05)

Are the bottom (and annular plate) thicknesses, MRT1 and MRT2, in accordance with the acceptance criteria that are 6 contained in Step 5? If both MRT1 and MRT2 meet these criteria, the tank bottom (or annular plate) thickness is acceptable without further repair; proceed to Step 8. If one or both of these thicknesses are not acceptable, proceed to Step 7. If Step 6 has found that the bottom and/or annular plate thickness was not acceptable, examine the individual terms in the MRT1 and MRT2 equations to determine which factor(s) needs to be reduced in order to increase the calculated thickness to an acceptable level. Items that may be considered, alone or in combination, are as follows: Install an internal lining that is at least 1.25 mm (0.05 in.) thick and meets API RP 652, if one is not currently installed. Installation of a lining will reduce StPr to zero, and it will allow MRT1 and MRT2 to be as low as 1.25 mm (0.05 in.). Install a cathodic protection system if one is not already installed. A properly installed and maintained cathodic 7 protection system will reduce UPr to zero. Weld overlay repair or use lap-welded patch plates to reduce the maximum and average remaining internal pit depths (StPm and StPa respectively). Install lap-welded patch plates in areas of general corrosion in order to reduce the average general corrosion that remains in the tank (GCa). Replace the entire bottom with a new bottom. The exact approach to take depends on the extent of repairs that are required, the cost, the available time, and the requirements and limitations that are contained in API-653 with respect to bottom repairs. 8 If cracks or leaks were found in the shell-to-bottom weld or in the bottom plate lap welds, these defects shall be weld repaired.

9 All tank bottom weld repairs must meet the welding requirements that are contained in Section 9 of API-653. Portions of a tank bottom may be repaired by weld overlay or lap-welded patch plates within the following restrictions: a. No welding, welded-on patch plates, or weld overlays are permitted within the critical zone, except for welding of the following: - Widely scattered pits - Cracks that are in the bottom plates 10 - The shell-to-bottom weld - Where the bottom or annular plate is being replaced The critical zone is defined by API-653. b. If more extensive repairs are required within the critical zone than the repairs that are listed in Step 10a, the bottom plate (or annular plate) under the bottom shell course must be cut out and a new plate must be installed. Weld spacing requirements must meet Para. and Para. of API-650. c. The repair of sumps that are located within the critical zone shall be in accordance with Step 10b. 11 If the entire bottom must be replaced, the requirements that are contained in Para. 7.9.2 of API-653 shall be met.

inch inch inch

inch inch inch inch/year



year inch

inch inch

plates, which are not

ance criteria that are ate) thickness is acceptable proceed to Step 7. the individual terms in the

l. Items that may be

not currently installed. .25 mm (0.05 in.). ntained cathodic

ining internal pit depths

neral corrosion that

lable time, and the defects shall be weld

9 of API-653. e following restrictions: xcept for welding of the

n Step 10a, the bottom installed. Weld spacing

0b. 653 shall be met.

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