Kentucky - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Coordinates: 37.5°N 85°W
Kentucky i /kɪnˈtʌki/, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States. Kentucky is one of four U.S. states constituted as a commonwealth (the others being Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Massachusetts). Originally a part of Virginia, in 1792 Kentucky became the 15th state to join the Union. Kentucky is the 37th most extensive and the 26th most populous of the 50 United States. Kentucky is known as the "Bluegrass State", a nickname based on the bluegrass found in many of its pastures because of the fertile soil. One of the major regions in Kentucky is the Bluegrass Region in central Kentucky which houses two of its major cities, Lexington and Louisville. It is a land with diverse environments and abundant resources, including the world's longest cave system, Mammoth Cave National Park, the greatest length of navigable waterways and streams in the contiguous United States, and the two largest man-made lakes east of the Mississippi River. Kentucky is also home to the highest per capita number of deer and turkey in the United States, the largest free-ranging elk herd east of the Mississippi River, and the nation's most productive coalfield. Kentucky is also known for horse racing, bourbon distilleries, automobile manufacturing, tobacco, bluegrass music, and college basketball.
Commonwealth of Kentucky
Nickname(s): Bluegrass State Motto(s): United we stand, divided we fall and Deo gratiam habeamus (Let us be grateful to God)
Official language(s) Demonym Capital Largest city Largest metro Area - Total - Width - Length - % water - Latitude - Longitude Population - Total - Density
English Kentuckian Frankfort Louisville Louisville metropolitan area Ranked 37th in the U.S. 40,409 sq mi (104,659 km2) 140 miles (225 km) 379 miles (610 km) 1.7 36° 30′ N to 39° 09′ N 81° 58′ W to 89° 34′ W Ranked 26th in the U.S. 4,380,415 (2012 est) 110/sq mi (42.5/km2) Ranked 22nd in the U.S. Black Mountain 4,145 ft (1263 m) 750 ft (230 m)
1 Etymology 2 Geography 2.1 Regions 2.2 Climate 2.3 Lakes and rivers 2.4 Natural environment and conservation 2.5 Surrounding states 2.6 Significant natural attractions 3 History 3.1 19th century 3.2 20th century 4 Law and government 4.1 Executive branch 4.2 Legislative branch 4.3 Judicial branch
Elevation - Highest point - Mean
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Kentucky - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
4.4 Federal representation 4.5 Law 4.6 Politics 5 Demographics 5.1 Race and ancestry 5.2 Religion 6 Economy 6.1 Taxation 6.2 Government-promoted slogans 7 Transportation 7.1 Roads 7.2 Rails 7.3 Air 7.4 Water 8 Subdivisions and settlements 8.1 Counties 8.2 Consolidated city-county governments 8.3 Cities and towns 9 Education 10 Culture 10.1 Music 10.2 Cuisine 10.3 Sports 10.4 State symbols 10.5 Official state places and events 11 Gallery 12 See also 13 References 14 Bibliography 14.1 Politics 14.2 History 14.2.1 Surveys and reference 14.2.2 Specialized scholarly studies 15 External links
- Lowest point
Mississippi River at Kentucky Bend 257 ft (78 m) Kentucky County, Virginia June 1, 1792 (15th) Steve Beshear (D) Jerry Abramson (D) Kentucky General Assembly Senate House of Representatives Mitch McConnell (R) Rand Paul (R) 5 Republicans, 1 Democrat (list)
Before statehood Admission to Union Governor Lieutenant Governor Legislature - Upper house - Lower house U.S. Senators U.S. House delegation Time zones - eastern half - western half Abbreviations Website
Eastern: UTC-5/-4 Central: UTC-6/-5 KY US-KY kentucky.gov (http://Kentucky.gov)
It is generally accepted that the historic Native American tribes who hunted in what is now Kentucky referred to the region as Catawba, or some similar variant. According to The Kentucky Blue Book, Dragging Canoe, a young Cherokee chief opposed to selling ancestral hunting grounds, warned the whites that they were purchasing a "dark and bloody ground." The origin of Kentucky's modern name (variously spelled Cane-tuck-ee, Cantucky, Kain-tuck-ee, and Kentuckee before its modern spelling was accepted) comes from an Iroquois word meaning "meadow lands", referring to the buffalo hunting grounds in Central Kentucky's savanna. Members of the Haudenosaunee, the Iroquois Confederacy, were historically based in New York and Pennsylvania. They penetrated to this area of the Ohio River Valley and drove other tribes out in order to control more hunting land. In addition to buffalo,
Narrow country roads bounded by stone and wood plank fences are a fixture in the Kentucky Bluegrass region.
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Kentucky - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
they trapped beaver for the lucrative fur trade with the French and English, long before European-American settlement in this area.
See also: List of Kentucky counties and Coal mining in Kentucky Kentucky is situated in the Upland South. A significant portion of eastern Kentucky is part of Appalachia. Kentucky borders seven states, from the Midwest and the Southeast. West Virginia lies to the east, Virginia to the southeast, Tennessee to the south, Missouri to the west, Illinois and Indiana to the northwest, and Ohio to the north and northeast. Only Missouri and Tennessee, both of which border eight states, touch more states. Kentucky's northern border is formed by the Ohio River and its western border by the Mississippi River. The official state borders are based on the courses of the rivers as they existed when Kentucky became a state in 1792. In several places, the rivers have changed courses away from the original borders. For instance, northbound travelers on US 41 from Henderson, after crossing the Ohio River, will be in Kentucky for about two miles. Ellis Park, a thoroughbred racetrack, is located in this small piece of Kentucky. Waterworks Road is part of the only land border between Indiana and Kentucky. Kentucky is the only U.S. state to have a non-contiguous part existing as an exclave surrounded by other states. Fulton County, in the far west corner of the state, includes Kentucky Bend. This small part of Kentucky on the Mississippi River, bordered by Missouri and accessible via Tennessee, was created by the 1812 New Madrid Earthquake changing the course of the river.
A map of Kentucky
Kentucky can be divided into five primary regions: the Cumberland Plateau in the east, the north-central Bluegrass region, the south-central and western Pennyroyal Plateau, the Western Coal Fields and the far-west Jackson Purchase. The Bluegrass region is commonly divided into two regions, the Inner Bluegrass—the encircling 90 miles (145 km) around Lexington—and the Outer Bluegrass—the region that contains most of the northern portion of the state, above the Knobs. Much of the outer Bluegrass is in the Eden Shale Hills area, made up of short, steep, and very narrow hills.
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1977 Flooding (Cumberland River toppled ? Pineville floodwall) March 1. the Inner Bluegrass appears larger than it is.enquirer.Wikipedia. Note the singular. 76–120+
April 7. with greater variations in the severity of summer and winter. The latter region is more commonly known in Kentucky as the East Kentucky Coal Field.com 18 /flood/floodphotos.Kentucky . the highest recorded temperature was 114 °F (46 °C) at Greensburg on July 28. Kentucky has a climate that can best be described as a humid subtropical climate (Koppen Cfa). 1994.
The East Kentucky Coal Field is known for its rugged terrain.org/wiki/Kentucky
This map is a rough depiction of the regions because it relies largely on county lines.com reported 17 deaths 1 24+ 22
The Jackson Purchase and western Pennyrile are home to several bald cypress/tupelo swamps.)
Located within the southeastern interior portion of North America.wikipedia. Major weather events that have affected Kentucky include: Event Louisville Tornado of 1890 Ohio River flood of 1937 April 3. the West Kentucky Coal Field is part of the Illinois Basin.html) North American blizzard of 2003 2008 Super Tuesday tornado outbreak September 2008 Windstorm January 2009 ice storm March 2012 Tornado Outbreak ? Weather. as a result. and the Cumberland Plateau appears slightly smaller. the free encyclopedia
http://en. Kentucky experiences four seasons. Temperatures in Kentucky usually range from daytime summer highs of 87 °F (31 °C) to the winter low of 23 °F (−5 °C). 1930 while the lowest recorded temperature was −37 °F (−38 °C) at Shelbyville on January 19.200 mm) a year. these regions are not the sites of coal "fields" but one continuous field with many overlapping seams.
Death Toll est. The average precipitation is 46 inches (1.
Kentucky's regions (click on image for color-coding information. 1997 Flooding (http://www. 1974 Tornado Outbreak ? 72
Kentucky's Inner Bluegrass region features hundreds of horse farms.
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and 82 Wildlife Management Areas.000 km) of streams provides one of the most expansive and complex stream systems in the nation.wikipedia. Its major internal rivers include the Kentucky River. more wild turkeys thrive in Kentucky today than in any other eastern state. It is the only U.
Natural environment and conservation
Kentucky has an expansive park system which includes one national park. other than Alaska. Kentucky also has more navigable miles of water than any other state in the union. Though it has only three major natural lakes.S.org/wiki/Kentucky
Monthly Average High and Low Temperatures For Various Kentucky Cities
City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Lexington 40/24 45/28 55/36 65/44 74/54 82/62 86/66 85/65 78/58 67/46 54/37 44/28 Louisville 41/25 47/28 57/37 67/46 75/56 83/65 87/70 86/68 79/61 68/48 56/39 45/30 Owensboro 42/25 47/28 57/36 69/45 78/55 86/64 88/68 88/65 81/58 70/46 57/37 45/28 Paducah Pikeville Ashland 42/24 48/28 58/37 68/46 77/55 85/64 89/68 87/65 81/57 71/45 57/36 46/28 46/23 50/25 60/32 69/39 77/49 84/58 87/63 86/62 80/56 71/42 60/33 49/26 42/19 47/21 57/29 68/37 77/47 84/56 88/61 87/59 80/52 69/40 57/31 46/23
Lakes and rivers
Kentucky's 90. state to be bordered on three sides by rivers—the Mississippi River to the west. two National Recreation areas. Hunters telechecked a record 29. 37. In the winter of 1997. two National Wildlife Refuges. Tennessee River. 45 state parks. two National Historic Parks. Once extinct here. the Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources began to re-stock elk in the state's eastern counties. making it the largest herd east of the Mississippi River. the herd had reached the project goal of 10. two national forests. As of 2009.Kentucky .000 miles (140.
Once an industrial wasteland. the free encyclopedia
http://en. Kentucky has been part of two of the most successful wildlife reintroduction projects in United States history. Louisville's reclaimed waterfront now features thousands of trees and miles of walking trails. the Ohio River to the north. and the Big Sandy River and Tug Fork to the east.000 animals. Cumberland River. Green River and Licking River.
The state also stocked wild turkeys in the 1950s.696 acres (153 km2) of state forest.006 birds taken during the 23-day season in Spring 2009.
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. which had been extinct from the area for over 150 years.
Lake Cumberland is the largest artificial American lake east of the Mississippi River by volume.Wikipedia. Kentucky has both the largest artificial lake east of the Mississippi in water volume (Lake Cumberland) and surface area (Kentucky Lake). the state is home to many artificial lakes.
there were no major Native American settlements in the region. the largest municipally run forest in the United States. By the time that European and colonial explorers and settlers began entering Kentucky in greater number in the mid-18th century. located in Slade.Wikipedia. Red River Gorge Geological Area. as well as a 60-foot (18 m) waterfall and a Kentucky Wild River. chief passageway through the Appalachian Mountains in early American history. Kentucky and Southwestern Virginia. As more settlers entered the area. warfare broke out because the American Indians considered the settlers to be encroaching on their traditional hunting grounds. Lake Cumberland. Bad Branch Falls State Nature Preserve. Natural Bridge. Land Between the Lakes. 1. Mammoth Cave National Park. part of the Daniel Boone National Forest. Black Mountain. Cumberland Falls. a National Recreation Area managed by Red River Gorge is one of Kentucky's the United States Forest Service. Bison roamed in the region. featuring the world's longest known cave system. Jefferson Memorial Forest."
Main article: History of Kentucky See also: Kentucky in the American Civil War. most visited places Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area near Whitley City. The Breaks is commonly known as the "Grand Canyon of the South. the free encyclopedia
http://en.020 km) of shoreline located in South Central Kentucky. located in southeastern Pike County.Kentucky .639-acre (11 km2) state nature preserve on southern slope of Pine Mountain in Letcher County. Today the Southern Cherokee Nation of
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.wikipedia. particularly along the waterways and in areas of game. Runs along the south ridge of Pine Mountain in Letcher County. The Iroquois had controlled much of the Ohio River valley for hunting from their bases in what is now New York. The Shawnee from the northwest and Cherokee from the south also sent parties into the area regularly for hunting. and Hatfield-McCoy feud What is now Kentucky was inhabited by varying cultures of Native Americans from at least 1000 BC to about AD 1650. state's highest point. Kentucky Historical Society. located in the southern fringes of Louisville in the Knobs region. Kentucky Powell County Breaks Interstate Park.org/wiki/Kentucky
Indiana Illinois Missouri Virginia West Virginia Ohio
Significant natural attractions
Cumberland Gap. the only place in the Western Hemisphere where a "moon-bow" may be regularly seen.255 miles (2. Kentucky. Includes one of the largest concentrations of rare and endangered species in the state. 2. due to the spray of the falls.
the free encyclopedia
http://en. although the three federally recognized Cherokee tribes have all vociferously disparaged the authenticity of state-recognized entities claiming to be "Cherokee".Kentucky . the residents of Kentucky County petitioned for a separation from Virginia. Clark led an expedition of 1. Isaac Shelby. 1. Kentucky became the fifteenth state to be admitted to the union. In 1790. June 3 and participate in Confederate re-enactments. government report. Many local farmers and activists united to refuse to sell tobacco to the tobacco industry.200 drafted men against Shawnee towns on the Wabash River in 1786. Marine Hospital in Louisville is considered the best remaining antebellum hospital in the United States.S. the U.
Main article: Black Patch Tobacco Wars The Black Patch Tobacco Wars.
Though Kentucky was represented by the central star on the Confederate battle flag. Although frequently described as never having seceded. as planters cultivated tobacco and hemp. In an attempt to end such raids into the state. According to a 1790 U. the Russellville Convention did not represent the majority of residents. was elected the first Governor of the Commonwealth of Kentucky. Ten constitutional conventions were held in the Constitution Square Courthouse in Danville between 1784 and 1792.org/wiki/Kentucky
Kentucky is a state-recognized tribe. Kentucky's delegates accepted Virginia's terms of separation.
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. They established a Confederate government of Kentucky with its capital in Bowling Green. with Louisville becoming a major slave market and departure port for slaves being transported downriver. a vigilante action. was the center of the greatest slaveholding. On June 1. representatives from several counties met at Russellville calling themselves the "Convention of the People of Kentucky" and passed an Ordinance of Secession on November 20. the counties of Virginia beyond the Appalachian Mountains became known as Kentucky County. occurred in the area in the early 20th century. and also were noted for their quality livestock. 1792. a military veteran from Virginia.Wikipedia.
Central Kentucky.500 Kentucky settlers had been killed in Indian raids since the end of the Revolutionary War. the Bluegrass region.S.wikipedia. In a revival of the "Lost Cause" that has exceeded the support it gained during the war. During the 19th century. Eventually. one of the first actions of the Northwest Indian War. As result of the tobacco industry monopoly. some contemporary people observe Confederate Memorial Day on Confederate President Jefferson Davis' birthday. 1861. It was one of the border states during the American Civil War.
Abraham Lincoln Birthplace near Hodgenville
After the American Revolution. and a state constitution was drafted at the final convention in April 1792.
Designed by the Washington Monument's architect Robert Mills in 1845. Kentucky slaveholders began to sell surplus slaves to the Deep South. Kentucky officially remained "neutral" throughout the war due to Union sympathies of many of the Commonwealth's citizens. tobacco farmers in the area were forced to sell their tobacco at low prices.
and Virginia). The commonwealth term was used in citizen petitions submitted between 1786 and 1792 for the creation of the state.wikipedia. states to officially use the term commonwealth. The Governor declared martial law and deployed the Kentucky Militia to end the Black Patch Tobacco Wars. Beckham. Goebel was contesting the Kentucky gubernatorial election of 1899. and Kentucky House of Representatives
The executive branch is headed by the governor who serves as both head of state and head of government. until the Supreme Court of the United States ruled in May in favor of Beckham. C. Kentucky holds elections for these offices every 4 years in the years preceding Presidential election years. Mississippi. Taylor was initially believed to have won. they were known to physically assault farmers who broke the boycott. and Taylor fought over who was the legal governor. Taylor was indicted as a co-conspirator in Goebel's assassination. and in the Kentucky Constitution adopted in 1850. terrorized farmers who sold their tobacco at the low prices demanded by the tobacco corporations. On January 30. W. the free encyclopedia
http://en. Thus. notably in Hopkinsville and Princeton. (Prior to 1992.
Law and government
Statue of William Goebel in Frankfort
Kentucky is one of four U. 2007. For several months. from which Kentucky was created. which William S. the "Night Riders". J. flanked by two bodyguards. See also: List of Governors of Kentucky.Kentucky . The other two states officially called "commonwealths" are Massachusetts and Pennsylvania. They burned several tobacco warehouses. state to have been assassinated while in office. and 2011. After fleeing to Indiana. Goebel is the only governor of a U.S. Governor William Goebel. 1900. In the later period of their operation.Wikipedia. the lieutenant governor assumes the duties of the governor only if the governor is incapacitated. Goebel's running mate. It was also used in the title of a history of the state that was published in 1834 and was used in various places within that book in references to Virginia and Kentucky. was mortally wounded by an assassin while walking to the State Capitol in downtown Frankfort. Under the current Kentucky Constitution. The lieutenant governor may or may not have executive authority depending on whether the person is a member of the Governor's cabinet.) The governor and lieutenant
The governor's mansion in Frankfort
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. Kentucky is one of only five states that elects its state officials in odd-numbered years (the others being Louisiana.S. New Jersey. The term was used for Kentucky as it had also been used by Virginia.org/wiki/Kentucky
A vigilante wing. Kentucky Senate. the lieutenant governor assumed power any time the governor was out of the state. The term has no particular significance in its meaning and was chosen to emphasize the distinction from the status of royal colonies as a place governed for the general welfare of the populace. Kentucky held gubernatorial elections in 2003.
Judicially.Wikipedia. the Kentucky Court of Appeals. It has 38 members. Republican David L. Senators are Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell and Rand Paul. law enforcement officer. the Kentucky Supreme Court. Attorney General.
Kentucky's two U.wikipedia.
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. Auditor of Public Accounts.ky. Thomas Massie (4th). both Republicans.org/wiki/Kentucky
governor usually run on a single ticket (also per a 1992 constitutional amendment).
The Kentucky State Capitol building in Frankfort
The judicial branch of Kentucky is called the Kentucky Court of Justice (http://courts. Currently. The House of Representatives has 100 members. specialty courts such as Drug Court. The Kentucky Court of Justice is headed by the Chief Justice of the Commonwealth.S. State Treasurer and Commissioner of Agriculture. and is led by the President of the Senate. Hal Rogers (5th) and Andy Barr (6th) and Democrat John Yarmuth (3rd). and are elected to four-year terms. The state is divided into six Congressional Districts. Ohio.aspx) and comprises courts of limited jurisdiction called District Courts. The Auditor of Public Accounts is Democrat Crit Luallen. Unlike federal judges. Currently. courts of general jurisdiction called Circuit Courts. an intermediate appellate court. Republican James Comer is the current Commissioner of Agriculture. currently Democrat Jack Conway. the governor and lieutenant governor are Democrats Steve Beshear and Jerry Abramson. represented by Republicans Ed Whitfield (1st). Democrat Alison Lundergan Grimes serves as the Secretary of State.gov/stateprograms/). Brett Guthrie (2nd).ky.Kentucky . and law officer is the Attorney General. Family Court (http://courts. Appeals are heard in the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals based in Cincinnati. The Senate is considered the upper house. and is led by the Speaker of the House. currently Democrat Greg Stumbo. who are usually appointed. the free encyclopedia
http://en. Previous holder of the office.gov/Pages/default.
Kentucky's legislative branch consists of a bicameral body known as the Kentucky General Assembly. justices serving on Kentucky state courts are chosen by the state's populace in non-partisan elections. Kentucky is split into two Federal court districts: the Kentucky Eastern District and the Kentucky Western District. and a court of last resort. The commonwealth's chief prosecutor. Other elected constitutional offices include the Secretary of State. resigned from the Senate to accept a circuit court judgeship. currently Republican Robert Stivers. Democrat Todd Hollenbach is the current Treasurer. Williams.
In 2006. known as the Kentucky Revised Statutes (KRS).S.wikipedia. 36. were enacted in 1942 to better organize and clarify the whole of Kentucky law. The origin of this is unknown. In presidential elections. Additionally. Unless they have completed a police academy elsewhere. all elected from Southern states: Lyndon B. The Star-Spangled Banner. in 1948. In the 2005 case of McCreary County v. In the 2008 election. however. Mercer County. those convicted on or before this date may opt for the electric chair. the Magna Carta. From 1964 through 2004. 1998 are always executed by lethal injection. however.55% registered Republican. lost the national popular and electoral vote to Barack Obama (McCain carried Kentucky 57 to 41%). Kentucky voted for the eventual winner of the election for President of the United States. 57. wrote that a display including the Mayflower Compact. Despite this. 2004. although it was never included among the "Solid South".
Kentucky is one of the 36 states in the United States that sanctions the death penalty for certain heinous murders. was that of Rainey Bethea on August 14. the state has become a Republican stronghold. especially compared to surrounding states. Jimmy Carter (Georgia) in 1976. the free encyclopedia
http://en. who won Kentucky.39% registered with some other political party. the Ten Commandments. Irregularities with the execution led to this becoming the last public execution in the United States. Those convicted of capital crimes after March 31. and 6.05% of the state's voters were officially registered as Democrats. 2008 and 2012. Kentucky has been on the front lines of the debate over displaying the Ten Commandments on public property.
A map showing Kentucky's six congressional districts. the state often supports Republican candidates for federal offices. The Commonwealth supported the previous three Democratic candidates elected to the White House. Bethea was publicly hanged in Owensboro for the rape and murder of Lischia Edwards. writing for the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals in the case of ACLU of Kentucky v. Kentucky has also been known to have unusually high political candidacy age laws. The statutes are enforced by local police. Only three people have been executed in Kentucky since the U. The most notable execution in Kentucky.
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. but it has been suggested it has to do with the commonwealth tradition. the U. the Declaration of Independence.org/wiki/Kentucky
Kentucky's body of laws. making it the 38th state to create a force whose jurisdiction extends throughout the given state. Later that year. Supreme Court re-instituted the practice in 1976. Still. Supreme Court upheld the decision of the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals that a display of the Ten Commandments in the Whitley City courthouse of McCreary County was unconstitutional. the Kentucky General Assembly established the Kentucky State Police. 1936. supporting that party's presidential candidates by double-digit margins in 2000. Judge Richard Fred Suhrheinrich.Kentucky . and Bill Clinton (Arkansas) in 1992 and 1996. and constables and deputy constables. the state lost its bellwether status when John McCain. ACLU of Kentucky.
Further information: Political party strength in Kentucky Where politics are concerned. these officers are required to complete training at the Kentucky Department of Criminal Justice Training Center on the campus of Eastern Kentucky University. Kentucky historically has been very hard-fought and leaned slightly toward the Democratic Party.S. sheriffs and deputy sheriffs. Johnson (Texas) in 1964. and the national motto could be erected in the Mercer County courthouse.Wikipedia. a 2008 study found that Kentucky's Supreme Court to be the least influential high court in the nation with its decisions rarely being followed by other states.
German 1850 982.690 24.org/wiki/Kentucky
Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of June 26.55% 1. This includes a natural increase since the last census of 77.855
Main article: Demographics of Kentucky The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of Kentucky was 4.9% The center of population of Kentucky is located in Washington County.405 26. the free encyclopedia
http://en. a 0. As of July 1.9% increase since the 2010 United States Census.828 13.07% 635.9%.283 45.88% 580. and African (7. during most Kentucky Population Density Map decades of the 20th century there was also net out-migration from Kentucky.52% 734.59% 602.677 — 1800 220.159 1968 43. In the state's most urban counties of Jefferson.415. As of 2004.541 1964 35. Irish (10. Boone.55% 665.368 1984 60.058.782 39. from the prior year and an increase of 41.3%).898 1996 44.446 34.648. However.Kentucky .190 37.37% 1.34% 617. while urban areas have experienced a slight net gain.01% 669.156 people (that is 287. 2012.37% 638. or 0.4% The largest ancestries in the commonwealth are: English (30.0% city of Willisburg. Kentucky's population included about 95.8% 1830 687.411 37.861.3%.9% Race and ancestry 1840 779.317 38.684 17. 1820 564.499 2.048.222 births minus 210. and Campbell.15% 751.462 41.8%).607 46.6% (12.087.792 Percentage 57% 37% 6% 100%
Presidential elections results Year Republican Democrat 2012 60.511 84.370 2008 57. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 27.977 64.492 41.985 2004 59.435 people.000 foreign-born persons (2.011 14.169 people. Since 1900.37% 539.439 39.415 on July 1.0%  1860 1. Oldham.619.88% 623. 2012.3% German is the largest reported ancestry. rural Historical populations Kentucky counties have experienced a net loss of over 1 million people from Census Pop. Fayette.84% 636.614 1992 41.65% 397.589 1980 49. and migration within the country produced a net increase of 32.659 1960 53.955 199.178 44.852 52.
Kentucky's total population has grown during every decade since records began.57% 531.61% 616.052.65% 372.274 47.79% 462.380. 1790 73.069. 1870 1.380.41% 521.717 1972 63.917 21.7 people per square mile.80% 679.604 people into the state. Americans of Scots-Irish and English 1880 1.281 43.wikipedia.8%
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. Kentucky has an estimated population of 4. in the  1810 406.733 2000 56.04% 822.902 189.7%). The population density of the state is 101.77% 371. or 0. 2010 Party Democratic Republican Other Total Number of Voters 1.104 1988 55.49% 1.69% 712. Kenton.5%).37% 676.066 deaths) and an increase due to net migration of 59. which is an increase of 11.75% 615.059.391 1. since the year 2010.155.417 1976 45.50% 872.6%). %± migration.321.Wikipedia.
3%) Churches of Christ (58.49%). 1904.415
12.7% 7.7% 15.858.635 2. who made up one-fourth of Kentucky's population prior to the Civil War.7% 9. declined in number during the 20th century.994 members.
1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Est. Kentucky. 24%) Christian churches and churches of Christ (106. primarily in the Bluegrass region.660. led a team in the Voyage of Native American Awareness 2011 canoe journey.380.5% 3.1% 1.806 3. Groups such as the Ridgetop Shawnee in the early 21st century organized as a non-profit to increase awareness of Native American descent in Kentucky. 5%) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) (67.Kentucky .9% 13. Kentucky and travel through to the Ohio River at Henderson.4% 0.
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Lexington Theological Seminary (then College of the Bible).944.845. Today.706 3.156 3.2% of Kentucky's African-American population is in Jefferson County and 52% are in the Louisville Metro Area.685.7% 0. and the city of Lexington. in the early 19th century. The Association of Religion Data Archives reported that of Kentucky's 4.8% 3. a Cherokee.905 2.6% 5.wikipedia.2% 8. 20% of the county's population is African American. there were 20. 2012
1.3% 7. Jerry “2 Feather” Thornton. beside Christian and Fulton counties.org/wiki/Kentucky
stock are present throughout the entire state. Some mining communities in far Southeastern Kentucky have populations that are between five and 10 percent African American.5% 8.339.
.614.041.720 members. Many claim Irish ancestry because of the term "Scots-Irish".147.5% 6. In the 2000 census.296 4. as many moved to the industrial North in the Great Source: 1790–2000 1910–2010 Migration. to begin on the Green River in Rochester.2% 5.218.777 3. 44. Southeastern Kentucky was populated by a large group of multiracial settlers. non-Hispanic Black or African American Hispanic or Latino (of any race) Asian American Indian and Alaska Native Pacific Islander 86.769 4. Race/Ethnicity (2010) White.2% 0. the Bluegrass.630 2. the free encyclopedia
http://en.627 2.611 members.367 4.174 2. 2%) 0.000 people in the state who identified as Native American (0.05% were Orthodox Christians 1% were affiliated with other theologies.769 residents: 47% were not affiliated with any church 34% were members of Evangelical Protestant churches Southern Baptist Convention (979.289.041. Other areas with high concentrations.9%
In 2000. In June 2011.Wikipedia.589 2.602 members.416.638 members.1% 0. are the city of Paducah. 1%) 10% were Roman Catholics 9% belonged to mainline Protestant churches United Methodist Church (208.038. sometimes called Melungeons.8% 3.
is located in nearby Wilmore. located in Williamsburg. Louisville is home to the headquarters of the PC(USA) and their printing press.A. and the Baptist Seminary of Kentucky. with products
The best selling car in the United States. Wilmore is home to Asbury University (a separate institution from the seminary). Kentucky.
See also: Kentucky locations by per capita income Early in its history Kentucky gained recognition for its excellent farming conditions. Toyota Avalon. Today Kentucky's economy has expanded to importance in non agricultural terms as well.
The best selling truck in the United States. Bellarmine and Spalding are affiliated with the Roman Catholic Church. Lincoln Navigator. The University of Pikeville in Pikeville is affiliated with PC(USA). It was the site of the first commercial winery in the United States (started in present day Jessamine County in 1799) and due to the high calcium content of the soil in the Bluegrass region quickly became a major horse breeding (and later racing) area. the free encyclopedia
http://en. an institution of the Presbyterian Church (U. and medical facilities.) [PC(USA)]. In Owensboro. Ford Expedition. Lexington Theological Seminary (affiliated with the Disciples of Christ). Ford Escape.1 billion in 2012.Wikipedia. Kentucky. or from the 107.S.wikipedia. Cadillac XLR (2004–2009).org/wiki/Kentucky
Today Kentucky is home to several seminaries. Louisville is also home to Muslim. 8th in beef cattle production. Lexington has two seminaries. Campbellsville University in Campbellsville. As of 2010 24% of electricity produced in the USA depended on either enriched uranium rods coming from the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (the only domestic site of low grade uranium enrichment). is manufactured in Georgetown. Asbury Theological Seminary. Georgetown College in Georgetown and Mid-Continent University in Mayfield all have connections with the Southern Baptist Convention. Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville is the principal seminary for the Southern Baptist Convention. Louisville is also the home of the Louisville Presbyterian Theological Seminary. Today Kentucky ranks 5th nationally in goat farming. a multi-denominational seminary in the Methodist tradition. and Toyota Venza are assembled in Kentucky. Transylvania in Lexington is affiliated with the Disciples of Christ. Kentucky exports reached a record $22. The University of the Cumberlands. Toyota Camry. the Ford F-Series.
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. KY. The Chevrolet Corvette. In Louisville. there are several colleges affiliated with denominations. the Toyota Camry. and Hindu communities. There is also a growing Hindu population in Hopkinsville. In addition to seminaries.S. is manufactured in Louisville. states in the number of automobiles and trucks assembled. and 14th in corn production. energy fuel production. especially in auto manufacturing. Kentucky ranks 4th among U. Toyota Solara.336 tons of coal extracted from the state's two coal fields (which combined produce 4% percent of the electricity in the United States).Jewish. Ford Super Duty trucks. Kentucky.Kentucky . which is associated with the Christian College Consortium. Kentucky Wesleyan College is associated with the United Methodist Church and Brescia University is associated with the Roman Catholic Church.
and commercial paper. interests in estates. It was quickly seen that the slogan did not encourage tourism as much as initially hoped for. in hope of drawing more people into the state based on the idea of southern hospitality. enforceable contracts sale of real estate (land contracts). are taxed by the state. trusts. Kentucky imposed a tax on intangible personal property held by a taxpayer on January 1 of each year. The sales tax rate in Kentucky is 6%. So government decided to create a different slogan to embrace Kentucky as a whole while also encouraging more people to visit the Bluegrass. the Army Human Resource Center of Excellence. To boost Kentucky's image. one by the Kentucky Supreme Court and the remaining classes are subject to the full local rate. Some types of intangible property included: bonds. 43rd in the nation. Intangible property consisted of any property or investment which represents evidence of value or the right to value.which added 200 jobs on top of the 280 already in existing facilities in Florence and Walton.7 billion. In May 2010. An organization called the Institute for Truth in Accounting estimated that the state government's debts exceeded its available assets by US$26. three have special rates set by the General Assembly. former Governor
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. Kentucky has a broadly based classified property tax system.513.
In December 2002. Until January 1. The new complex employs nearly 4. the largest office building in the state at nearly 900. and help it "stand out from the crowd". ranging from 2% to 6% of personal income. unless exempted by the Constitution.3 billion. The Kentucky intangible tax was repealed under House Bill 272. Though it was meant to embrace southern values. the free encyclopedia
http://en. although at widely varying rates.wikipedia. money in hand. the state's unemployment rate is 8. Of the classes that are subject to local taxation. loans to stockholders.300 soldiers and civilians. One such investment was L'Oreal in Northern Kentucky. opened at Fort Knox. money in safe deposit boxes. the primary state agency in Kentucky responsible for creating new jobs and new investment in the state. annuities. retail repurchase agreements. give it a consistent reach.3%. Many of these classes are exempted from taxation by local government. Real property is assessed on 100% of the fair market value and property taxes are due by December 31. accounts receivable.Wikipedia. This campaign was neither a failure nor a success. new business investment in Kentucky in 2012 totaled nearly $2. notes.300 per taxpayer as of 2011. many Kentuckians rejected the slogan as cheesy and ineffective. According to the Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development. the Kentucky governor Paul Patton unveiled the state slogan "It's that friendly".000-square-feet. 2006. The total gross state product for 2010 was $163.org/wiki/Kentucky
and services going to 199 countries. As of July 2012.
There are 6 income tax brackets. ranking the state as having the 5th highest such debt burden in the nation. 28th in the nation.Kentucky . Once the primary source of state and local government revenue. All classes of property. with the creation of more than 14. Its per-capita personal income was US$28. property taxes now account for only about 6% of the Kentucky's annual General Fund revenues.000 new jobs. which includes the tax rate set by the local taxing bodies plus all voted levies.
Ending the tolls some seven months ahead of schedule was generally agreed to have been a positive economic development for transportation in Kentucky.Wikipedia. The City of New Orleans (trains 58 and 59) serve Fulton. accounting for 76% of cargo loaded and 61% of cargo delivered. In June 2007. The Cardinal (trains 50 and 51) is the line that offers Amtrak service to Ashland. South Portsmouth. South Shore. but on November 22.
High Bridge over the Kentucky River was the tallest rail bridge in the world when it was completed in 1877. Road tunnels include the interstate Cumberland Gap Tunnel and the rural Nada Tunnel. the free encyclopedia
http://en. the "Welcome to Kentucky" signs at border areas have an "Unbridled Spirit" symbol on them. 2006. a law went into effect raising the speed limit on rural portions of Kentucky Interstates from 65 to 70 miles per hour (105 to 110 km/h). and three bypasses and spurs. provides service to Ashland. Greyhound provides bus service to most major cities in the state.org/wiki/Kentucky
Ernie Fletcher launched a comprehensive branding campaign at some later point in time with the hope of making the state's $12–14 million advertising budget more effective.
As of 2004. I-24).wikipedia. with about 65% of those being operated by CSX Transportation. nine parkways.
At 464 miles (747 km) long. The related toll booths have been demolished.000 contract with New West. I-64.
See also: List of Kentucky railroads Amtrak. Since that time. a Kentucky-based public relations advertising and marketing firm to develop a viable brand and tag line. the last two parkways in Kentucky to charge tolls for access. Governor Ernie Fletcher ended the toll charges on the William H. The Fletcher administration aggressively marketed the brand in both the public and private sectors. The Museum Center is just across the Ohio River in Cincinnati.
Main article: Transportation in Kentucky
See also: List of Kentucky State Highways Kentucky is served by five major interstate highways (I-75. I-65. Coal was by far the most common cargo. Maysville and Fulton.
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.640 miles (4.250 km) of railways in Kentucky. there were approximately 2.Kentucky . I-71. pictured here west of Somerset. Maysville and South Portsmouth. Natcher Parkway and the Audubon Parkway. The resulting "Unbridled Spirit" brand was the result of a $500. Kentucky Route 80 is the longest route in Kentucky. The parkways were originally toll roads. The Northern Kentucky area is served by the Cardinal at the Cincinnati Museum Center at Union Terminal. the national passenger rail system.
 Other areas in Kentucky are reclaiming old railways in rail trail projects. Louisville International Airport is home to UPS's Worldport. 7th largest inland port and 55th overall As a state. Louisville was a major port for steamships in the nineteenth century. popularly known as the "Purple People Bridge". On August 27. sometimes mistakenly identified by the press as Comair Flight 5191.org/wiki/Kentucky
Bardstown features a tourist attraction known as My Old Kentucky Dinner Train. most barge traffic on Kentucky waterways consists of coal that is shipped from both the Eastern and Western Coalfields. located just west of Downtown Louisville. The longest pedestrian-only bridge is also found in Kentucky—the Newport Southbank Bridge. who doctors determined to be brain damaged and unable to recall the crash at all.wikipedia. 2006. If completed. The Kentucky Railway Museum is located in nearby New Haven. connecting Newport to Cincinnati. the only manmade section of the Ohio River.Kentucky . water transportation has historically played a major role in Kentucky's economy. James Polehinke.
See also: List of airports in Kentucky Kentucky's primary airports include Louisville International Airport (Standiford Field (SDF)) of Louisville. largest inland port and 7th largest overall Cincinnati-Northern Kentucky. Kentucky ranks 10th overall in port tonnage. The only natural obstacle along the entire length of the Ohio River is the Falls of the Ohio. Ohio.
Huntington/Tri-State (includes Ashland. or Delta Air Lines Flight 5191. about half of which is used locally to power many power plants located directly off the Ohio River. The lone survivor was the flight's first officer. the free encyclopedia
http://en. One such project is Louisville's Big Four Bridge. Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport (CVG) of Covington and Northern Kentucky. with the rest being exported to other countries. Today. There are also a number of regional airports scattered across the state. the Big Four Bridge rail trail will contain the second longest pedestrian-only bridge in the world.
Subdivisions and settlements
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A barge hauling coal in the Louisville and Portland Canal. Many of the largest ports in the United States are located in or adjacent to Kentucky. KY). guests are served a four-course meal as they make a two-and-a-half hour round-trip between Bardstown and Limestone Springs. 5th largest inland port and 43rd overall Louisville-Southern Indiana. and Blue Grass Airport (LEX) in Lexington.
As the state is bounded by two of the largest rivers in North America.Wikipedia. Run along a 20-mile (30 km) stretch of rail purchased from CSX in 1987. Kentucky's Blue Grass Airport in Lexington was the site of a crash that killed 47 passengers and 2 crew members aboard a Bombardier Canadair Regional Jet designated Comair Flight 191. its international air-sorting hub. most notably Japan.
Wikipedia. County government. Jefferson and Fayette. Somewhat incongruously. and the most populous being Jefferson County Map of Kentucky counties (which coincides with the Louisville Metro governmental area) with 741. the largest being Pike County at 787.
Louisville is the state's largest city with a metro population of 1. the Metro Mayor and Urban County Mayor.Kentucky . in reference the names Louisville and Lexington are used to refer to the entire area coextensive with the former cities and counties. respectively.3 million
Cities and towns
See also: List of cities in Kentucky
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. the Fiscal Court no longer has judicial functions.6 square miles (2. the free encyclopedia
Population growth (http://www. (formerly called the County Judge) who serves as the executive head of the county. under the Kentucky Constitution of 1891. Despite the unusual name.040 km2). Louisville-Jefferson County Government (Louisville Metro) and Lexington-Fayette Urban County Government (Lexington Metro) are unique in that their city councils and county Fiscal Court structures have been merged into a single entity with a single chief executive.census.org/wiki/Kentucky
See also: List of counties in Kentucky and Fiscal Court Kentucky is subdivided into 120 counties. when entering LexingtonFayette the highway signs read "Fayette County" while most signs leading into Louisville-Jefferson simply read "Welcome to Louisville Metro.wikipedia.csv) is centered along and between interstates I-65 and I-75. is vested in the County Judge/Executive. have their governments consolidated with the governments of their largest cities.
Consolidated city-county governments
Kentucky's two most populous counties.gov /popest/counties/tables /CO-EST2005-02-21.096 residents as of 2010. and a legislature called a Fiscal Court. Although the counties still exist as subdivisions of the state.
018 1. In 2010.442 27.152 23. over one-third of the state's population growth has occurred in the Louisville CSA.531 28. The two other fast growing urban areas in Kentucky are the Bowling Green area and the "Tri Cities Region" of southeastern Kentucky. London also landed a Wal-Mart distribution center in 1997.299 260. which includes the Frankfort and Richmond statistical areas. which outgrew areas such as Scott and Jessamine counties around Lexington or Shelby and Nelson Counties around Louisville. The metropolitan areas of Louisville.067 57.527 25.680 26.296 54.364 29.265 40.096.512 49. the greater Ashland area is an important transportation.551 18.000
Covington is the largest city in Northern The Metro Louisville government area has a 2010 population of Kentucky 741.198 -2. London significantly grew in population in the 2000s.1% of the state's total population.503.483 in 2010.335 153 -2. and Northern Kentucky have a combined population of 2. the area has been experiencing heightened population and job growth since the 1990s. namely Somerset. the free encyclopedia
http://en.204 35.730 1. which is nearly one-fourth of the state's population. the top 28 wealthiest places in Kentucky are in Jefferson County and seven of the 15 wealthiest counties in the state are located in the Louisville CSA.741 26. The latter figure is the population of the so-called "balance"—the parts of Jefferson County that were either unincorporated or within the City of Louisville before the formation of the merged government in 2003.771 3. comprising Somerset. the Louisville Combined Statistical Area (CSA) has a population of 1. Under United States Census Bureau methodology. London and Corbin.542 19.400 11. Lexington.wikipedia.803 and its CSA.org/wiki/Kentucky
Rank 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
City Louisville Lexington Bowling Green Owensboro Covington Hopkinsville Richmond Florence Georgetown Henderson Elizabethtown Nicholasville Jeffersontown Frankfort Paducah
2010 Pop 2000 Pop ∆ Current Pop 765. bringing thousands of jobs to the community.015 26.373 22.692 in 2000 to 7. Since 2000.Wikipedia.951 29.993 in 2010. Growth has been especially rapid in Laurel County.212 6.384 5.757 28.173. the population of Louisville was 566.564. In northeast Kentucky.803 58. including 1. Although only one town in the "Tri Cities".
The second largest city is Lexington with a 2010 census population of 295.515 295. from 5.989 8. In addition.488 4. and medical
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.291 8.214 -1. which is 50.640 31. The Northern Kentucky area (the seven Kentucky counties in the Cincinnati MSA) had a population of 425.451.687 as of 2010.418
Lexington is the state's second largest city with a metro population of around 500.595 25.031 in Kentucky.370 30. manufacturing.173.577 31. having a population of 687.089 27.080 27.067 43.442 15.061.024 551.Kentucky .000 people.098 28. currently has more than 12.
13. states have capitals with smaller populations than Kentucky's Frankfort (pop. List of high schools in Kentucky. Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). those being Augusta.000 people. 18. UK is the flagship and land grant of the system and has agriculture extension services in every county.649. 8.035). however. Maine (pop. most of these colleges were under the control of the University of
The University of Louisville is Kentucky's urban research university. Ashland has seen a sizable reduction in its population since 1990.Wikipedia. Due to a decline in the area's industrial base. the MSA had a population of 288. WV-KY-OH.org/wiki/Kentucky
center. UK handles all medical outreach programs in the eastern half of the state while UofL does all medical outreach in the state's western half. Prior to the passage of House Bill 1.wikipedia. including the counties of Boyd and Greenup. and neighboring Mingo County. with the medical service industry taking a greater role in the local economy.
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. Only three U.
The state's sixteen public two-year colleges have been governed by the Kentucky Community and Technical College System since the passage of the Postsecondary Education Improvement Act of 1997.560). the free encyclopedia
http://en. and Montpelier. Iron and petroleum production. The Ashland area. Pierre.527). The regional schools have specific target counties that many of their programs are targeted towards (such as Forestry at Eastern Kentucky University or Cave Management at Western Kentucky University). Martin County.Kentucky . are part of the Huntington-Ashland. Vermont (pop.876). which contains Pikeville and suburb Coal Run Village .000 people in five counties: Floyd County.
The University of Kentucky is Kentucky's flagship university. South Dakota (pop. As of the 2000 census. however most of their curriculum varies little from any other public university.S. 25. The population of the area has since stabilized. The county and surrounding area is the most populated region in the state that is not part of a Micropolitan Statistical Area or a Metropolitan Statistical Area containing nearly 200.
Main article: Education in Kentucky See also: List of colleges and universities in Kentucky. The largest county in Kentucky by area is Pike. UK and UofL have the highest academic rankings and admissions standards although the regional schools aren't without their national recognized departments – examples being Western Kentucky University's nationally ranked Journalism Department or Morehead State University offering one of the nation's only Space Science degrees. Letcher County.000 of those people (as of 2010) reside within the city limits of Ashland. More than 21. as well as the transport of coal by rail and barge. have been historical pillars of the region's economy. commonly referred to as House Bill 1. and List of school districts in Kentucky Kentucky maintains eight public four-year universities. Pike County contains slightly over 68. There are two general tiers: major research institutions (the University of Kentucky and the University of Louisville) and regional universities. West Virginia. The two research schools split duties related to the medical field. which encompasses the remaining 6 schools.
and blacks once comprised over one-quarter of its population. despite a relatively significant rural African American population in the Central and Western areas of the state. although Kentucky's percentage is closer to Arkansas and Virginia's than the previously named state's percentages. is the oldest university west of the Allegheny Mountains. Delaware and West Virginia have higher German ancestry percentages than Kentucky among Census-defined Southern states. founded in 1780. However. English Americans and Scotch-Irish Americans have heavily influenced Kentucky culture. Kentucky has been the site of much educational reform over the past two decades. horse racing. For the 2010 to 2011 school year.Wikipedia. during the 19th century. This policy was successfully challenged in the United States Supreme Court in the case of Berea College v. Transylvania University.827 students enrolled in public school. along the Ohio River primarily in Louisville.233 public schools in Kentucky. Covington and Newport. Transylvania is a liberal arts university.Kentucky .wikipedia. was the first coeducational college in the South to admit both black and white students. Kentucky did receive a substantial number of German immigrants. the free encyclopedia
http://en. Kentucky is rarely included in modern-day definitions of the Black Belt.
The Buffalo Trace Distillery
Kentucky was a slave state. located in Lexington. With less than 8% of its current population being black. but most agree that further reform is needed. located at the extreme southern edge of the Bluegrass below the Cumberland Plateau. Kentucky has shown progress. Scottish Americans. Nevertheless. consistently ranked in the top tier in the country. Board of Education in 1954. and college basketball. The state is known for bourbon and whiskey distilling. This decision effectively segregated Berea until the landmark Brown v. In 1989.
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. There are 174 school districts and 1. Kentucky in 1908. The response of the General Assembly was passage of the Kentucky Education Reform Act (KERA) the following year. there were approximately 647. and are present in every part of the state. the Kentucky Supreme Court ruled that the state's education system was unconstitutional. it is unique in that it is also influenced by the Midwest and Southern Appalachia in certain areas of the state. Berea College. tobacco. Kentucky is more similar to the Upland South in terms of ancestry which is predominantly American. Years later. Only Maryland. it lacked the cotton plantation system and never had the same high percentage of African Americans as most other slave states.
Main article: Culture of Kentucky See also: Theater in Kentucky Although Kentucky's culture is generally considered to be Southern.org/wiki/Kentucky
Kentucky. who settled mostly in the Midwest. doing so from its very establishment in 1855.
 Residents of Clarkson in Grayson County celebrate their city's ties to the honey industry by celebrating the Clarkson Honeyfest.
Old Louisville. stretching from the Purchase to the eastern mountains. Homer & Jethro. The biggest day in American horse racing. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch and Fontaine Fox's comic strip. Bardstown celebrates its heritage as a major bourbon-producing region with the Kentucky Bourbon Festival. and also hosted the kick-off for the National Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Celebration in February 2008. Hodgenville. the free encyclopedia
http://en. and it peacefully integrated its schools after the 1954 Brown v. and influential country music luminaries like Red Foley. Friday and Saturday in September. Louisville also plays host to the Kentucky State Fair. later adopting the first state civil rights act in the South in 1966. James Court Art Show. Kentucky is home to Renfro Valley Entertainment Center and the Kentucky Music Hall of Fame and is known as "Kentucky's Country Music Capital. hosts the St. and Southern gospel's annual highlight. Owensboro.Wikipedia.Kentucky . which featured the first public display of Thomas Edison's light bulb."
Main article: Music of Kentucky See also: Category:Musicians from Kentucky The breadth of music in Kentucky is indeed wide. the largest historic preservation district in the United States featuring Victorian architecture and the third largest overall." a designation given it by the Kentucky State Legislature in the late 1980s. Mrs. The Renfro Valley Barn Dance was where Renfro Valley's musical heritage began. The Renfro Valley Gatherin' is today America's second oldest continually broadcast radio program of
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. The fourth-largest city. the Kentucky Derby. is preceded by the two-week Derby Festival in Louisville. a mini version of Sturgis. South Dakota's annual Sturgis Motorcycle Rally. Martha Carson. the Kentucky Shakespeare Festival. and Sturgis hosts "Little Sturgis". but the state never disenfranchised African American citizens to the level of the Deep South states. The Clarkson Honeyfest is held the last Thursday. The residents of tiny Benton pay tribute to their favorite tuber. the state's third-largest city and home to the only assembly plant in the world that manufactures the Chevrolet Corvette. Scotland by hosting the Glasgow Highland Games. and was the setting of Alice Hegan Rice's novel.
Old Louisville is the largest Victorian Historic neighborhood in the United States. the birthplace of Abraham Lincoln. by hosting Tater Day. its own version of the Highland Games. gives credence to its nickname of "Barbecue Capital of the World" by hosting the annual International Bar-B-Q Festival. Renfro Valley. and is the "Official State Honey Festival of Kentucky. The neighborhood was also home to the Southern Exposition (1883–1887). and many others have performed as regular members of the shows there over the years. Glasgow mimics Glasgow.wikipedia. Lily May Ledford & the Original Coon Creek Girls. in 1939. hosts the annual Lincoln Days Celebration. the largest outdoor art show in the United States. opened the National Corvette Museum in 1994.org/wiki/Kentucky
Kentucky adopted the Jim Crow system of racial segregation in most public spheres after the Civil War. the sweet potato. the National Quartet Convention. the "Toonerville Trolley. Bowling Green. Board of Education verdict.
as well as his hit song "Sixteen Tons".C. Handy and R&B singer Wilson Pickett also spent considerable time in Kentucky. The R&B group Midnight Star and Hip-Hop group Nappy Roots were both formed in Kentucky. its depth lies in its signature sound—Bluegrass music. Blues legend W.org/wiki/Kentucky
Main article: Cuisine of Kentucky Kentucky's cuisine is generally similar to traditional southern cooking. Montgomery Gentry and Halfway to Hazard. One original Kentucky dish is called the Hot Brown. Keith Whitley. Contemporary Christian music star Steven Curtis Chapman is a Paducah native. old-time music carries on the tradition of ancient ballads and reels developed in historical Appalachia. Country & Western artist known for both his signature "Travis picking" guitar playing style.wikipedia. tomatoes and topped with mornay sauce. the Louisville sisters credited with composing the tune to the ditty Happy Birthday to You in 1893.
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. was also born in Muhlenberg County.Wikipedia. The Pendennis Club in Louisville is the birthplace of the Old Fashioned cocktail. while the annual Festival of the Bluegrass is held in Lexington. Lionel Hampton (although this has been disputed in recent years). In eastern Kentucky. Kentucky was also home to Mildred and Patty Hill. It is broadcast on local radio station WRVK and a syndicated network of nearly 200 other stations across the United States and Canada every week. although in some areas of the state it can blend elements of both the South and Midwest. a dish normally layered in this order: toasted bread.
The U. The Judds. Indie rock band My Morning Jacket with lead singer and guitarist Jim James also originated out of Louisville. while Ricky Skaggs. Rock band Cage the Elephant is also from Bowling Green. turkey.S. along with Nick Lachey of the pop band 98 Degrees are also from Kentucky. and Billy Ray Cyrus (Flatwoods).Kentucky . Brian Littrell and Kevin Richardson of the Backstreet Boys. the free encyclopedia
http://en. Louis Marshall "Grandpa" Jones. Heavy Rock band Black Stone Cherry hails from rural Edmonton. The bluegrass groups Driftwood and Kentucky Rain.
However. Loretta Lynn (Johnson County). and Rock and Roll Hall of Famers The Everly Brothers are closely connected with Muhlenberg County. 23 Country Music Highway Museum in Paintsville provides background on the country music artists from Eastern Kentucky
Kentucky is also home to famed jazz musician and pioneer. as well as Dove Award-winning Christian groups Audio Adrenaline (rock) and Bride (metal).
The Hot Brown
Harland Sanders originated Kentucky Fried Chicken at his service station in North Corbin. Utah. and Sam Bush (who has been compared to Monroe) all hail from Kentucky. Sonny and Bobby Osborne. bacon. though the first franchised KFC was located in South Salt Lake. "The Father of Bluegrass". Bill Monroe. on the local independent music Scene. where older brother Don was born. David "Stringbean" Akeman. as were country acts The Kentucky Headhunters. was born in the small Ohio County town of Rosine. Merle Travis. It was developed at the Brown Hotel in Louisville. Also. western Kentucky is known for its own regional style of barbecue. The International Bluegrass Music Museum is located in Owensboro.
" to walk to these games in Cincinnati. Hilltoppers. which is home to a National Football League team. when WWE ended its relationship with OVW and moved all of its contracted talent to Florida Championship Wrestling (now known as NXT Wrestling). leading all Division I programs in all-time wins. Ohio Valley Wrestling in Louisville was the primary location for training and rehab for WWE professional wrestlers from 2000 until February 2008. and average wins per season. and a Major League Baseball team. The Wildcats. all three are high on the lists of total all-time wins. college athletics are very important. Kentucky. They are also home to the Frontier Leagues Florence Freedom and several teams in the MCFL. including the Kentucky Wildcats. wins per season. the free encyclopedia
http://en. Western Kentucky. locally known as the "Purple People Bridge. In November 2011. until it was announced in 2012 that the Bengals would no longer use the facilities. combining for 11 National championships and 24 NCAA Final Fours. The race is called the Quaker State 400. Louisville has also stepped onto the football scene in recent years. The northern part of the state lies across the Ohio River from Cincinnati. The NASCAR Nationwide Series and the Camping World Truck Series also race there. NCAA tournament appearances. win percentage. The Lexington Horsemen and Louisville Fire of the now-defunct af2 had been interested in making a move up to the "major league" Arena Football League. which is within an hour driving distance from Cincinnati.Wikipedia. but nothing has come of those plans. As in many states. the Western Kentucky Hilltoppers. This is especially true of the state's three Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) programs. and being second only to UCLA in NCAA championships. Georgetown College in Georgetown was the location for the Bengals' summer training camp. The Kentucky Wildcats are particularly notable.Kentucky . and Cardinals are among the most tradition-rich college men's basketball teams in the United States. Also. the Reds. completed its transition to Division I FBS football in 2009. Louisville and Lexington.
Main article: List of Kentucky state insignia See also: Flag of Kentucky and Seal of Kentucky
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. the Kentucky's Churchill Downs hosts the Bengals. It is not Kentucky Derby uncommon for fans to park in the city of Newport and use the Newport Southbank Pedestrian Bridge. especially those without major league professional sport teams. and the Louisville Cardinals. including winning the 2007 Orange Bowl as well as the 2013 Allstate Sugar Bowl. The NASCAR Sprint Cup Series has a race at the Kentucky Speedway in Sparta.wikipedia. OVW became the primary developmental territory for Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA). the 2002 national champion in Division I-AA football (now Football Championship Subdivision (FCS)).org/wiki/Kentucky
Main article: Sports in Kentucky Kentucky is the home of several sports teams such as Minor League Baseball's Triple-A Louisville Bats and Class A Lexington Legends and the Class A Bowling Green Hot Rods.
the free encyclopedia
Insignia Official State Bird Official State Butterfly Official State Dance Official State Beverage Official State Fish Official State Fossil Official State Flower Official State Fruit Official State Gemstone State Grass Official State Motto Cardinal
Symbol Viceroy Butterfly Clogging Milk Kentucky Spotted Bass Brachiopod Goldenrod Blackberry Freshwater Pearl Kentucky Bluegrass "United We Stand Divided We Fall"
Binomial nomenclature Cardinalis cardinalis Limenitis archippus
Year Adopted 1926 1990 2006 2005
Micropterus punctulatus undetermined Soldiago gigantea Rubus allegheniensis Poa pratensis
2005 1986 1926 2004 1986 Traditional 1942/1792 2002
"Deo gratiam habeamus" Official State Latin Motto ("Let us be grateful to God") Official State Horse Official State Mineral Official State Outdoor Musical Official State Instrument State Nickname Official State Rock Official State Slogan Official State Soil Official State Tree Official Wild Animal Game Species Official State Song Official State Silverware Pattern Official State Music Official State Automobile Crider Soil Series Tulip Poplar Gray Squirrel "My Old Kentucky Home" (revised version) Old Kentucky Blue Grass: The Georgetown Pattern Bluegrass music Chevrolet Corvette Liriodendron tulipifera Sciurus carolinensis Thoroughbred Coal "The Stephen Foster Story" (now called "Stephen Foster – The Musical") Appalachian Dulcimer "The Bluegrass State" Kentucky Agate Equus caballus
1996 1998 2002 2001 Traditional 2000 2004 1990 1994 1968
1996 2007 2010
Official state places and events
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all state symbol information is taken from Kentucky State Symbols (http://kdla. the free encyclopedia
The world famous Louisville Slugger baseball bat is made in Kentucky.
Kentucky's 2001 commemorative quarter.gov/resources/KYSymbols. Bardstown
Unless otherwise specified.org/wiki/Kentucky
State arboretum: Bernheim Arboretum and Research Forest State botanical garden: The Arboretum: State Botanical Garden of Kentucky State Science Center: Louisville Science Center State center for celebration of African American heritage: Kentucky Center for African American Heritage State honey festival: Clarkson Honeyfest State amphitheater: Iroquois Amphitheater (Louisville)
State tug-o-war championship: The Fordsville Tug-of-War Championship Covered Bridge Capital of Kentucky: Fleming County Official Covered Bridge of Kentucky: Switzer Covered Bridge (Franklin County) Official steam locomotive of Kentucky: "Old 152" (located in the Kentucky Railway Museum in New Haven) Official pipe band: Louisville Pipe Band State bourbon festival: Kentucky Bourbon Festival. Inc. It holds the Guinness World Record for the largest bat.ky.htm).Kentucky .Wikipedia.
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.. in Bardstown. Kentucky Official State outdoor musical: The Stephen Foster Story at My Old Kentucky Home. annual fireworks show in the world.wikipedia.
Thunder Over Kentucky's horse farms Louisville is the largest are world renowned.
Regions.org/5QkXwvPBH). Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary (http://books. ^ "Map of [1494–1557] Waterworks Rd Evansville. New York. 8.html).google.html) (CSV). ^ a b Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988. ^ "The Geography of Kentucky — Climate" (http://www. 11. Archived from the original (http://kdla.htm). 2011.).org/kentuckylife/800s/kylife804. Encyclopedia of Kentucky. States. Associate editors: Thomas D.ket. United States Census Bureau. ^ "Geographical Configuration". Retrieved 2006-11-29. 2.census. 13. New York. Clark.
Many Kentucky cities have historic areas near downtown. Kentucky Educational Television. ^ Kleber.org/kentucky. 1562. ^ ed. 1987. 4. 2012" (http://www.gov/resources/KYSymbols. "Rivers". and Puerto Rico: April 1. ^ "Life on the Mississippi" (http://www. Merriam–Webster.htm). ISBN 978-0-87779-809-5. New York: Somerset Publishers. 12. 9. ISBN 0-403-09981-1.com/states/geography/ky_geography. ^ "Native American Tribes of Kentucky" (http://www. 10.gov/popest/data/national/totals/2012/index. ^ a b "Elevations and Distances in the United States" (http://egsc. Retrieved January 1.org/wiki/Kentucky
The Daniel Boone National Forest. United States Geological Survey. Encyclopedia of Kentucky. 6. 2002-01-28.native-languages.htm) on July 31. ^ "Kentucky State Symbols" (http://www. NetState. (1992). Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives. ^ The North American Midwest: A Regional Geography. ^ "State Symbols". Retrieved December 24.
The Ohio River forms the northern border of Kentucky. Retrieved 2006-11-29. IN" (http://www. ISBN 0-403-09981-1. in chief Frederick C. Native-languages. 3.Kentucky . The Kentucky Encyclopedia. 5. New York.usgs. 2001.com /maps?address=%5B1300-1699%5D+Waterworks+Rd&city=Evansville&state=IN&zipcode=47713).netstate.org. 7.mapquest.wikipedia. Retrieved October 21.html). Retrieved 2013-01-17..com /?id=O78rzaI2XmUC&pg=RA1-PA1562) (11th ed. 2011. John E. 2009. 2006-06-15.Wikipedia. Population Division. 2010 to July 1. 2012 Population Estimates.webcitation. Retrieved 2006-11-29.
Index of Kentucky-related articles Outline of Kentucky – organized list of topics about Kentucky
1. New York: Somerset Publishers. Mish (2003).ky. New York: Wiley Publishers. p. ed. 1955. 1987. 2007. Lowell
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http://en. 26.ky. Jr. Klotter. Dickerman & Co. (1992). Lexington: University Press of Kentucky. and James C. The Life of George Rogers Clark. ^ "Hunters Take Record Number of Spring Turkey" (http://fw. Lowell H (1976. ^ Butler.html). 28. Retrieved 2006-11-29. Retrieved 2006-11-29.com.com/sections. University of Kentucky website.PDF) (PDF).org/details/historyofcommonw00butl). ^ "Corbin. A History of the Commonwealth of Kentucky (http://archive.archive. Corbin. 27.ky. ^ Harrison.trailsrus.Kentucky .. Retrieved 2006-11-29. and James C. 19. Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources.naturepreserves.html). Associate editors: Thomas D.com/monuments/reg3/bowling_green. Archived from the original (http://fw. 36. United States Geological Survey. KY" (http://www. Klotter. 38. ^ "Reviser of Statutes Office — History and Functions" (http://www.org/web/20061024022402/http: //www. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 21.archive. Historical Text Archive. Archived from the original (http://parks. Golden Ink.gov/stewardship/badbranch.ky.org/Issues/FraudulentGroups/31842/Information. Kentucky Atlas & Gazeteer.ky.htm).110 Public Holidays" (http://www.gov/maca/index.lrc. 22. 37.. Retrieved 2006-11-29. The Kentucky Encyclopedia. 2006-10-12.usgs. ^ Tony Hiss. ISBN 0-8131-1772-0.ky. "A Concise History of the Flags of the Confederate States of America and the Sovereign State of Georgia" (http://ngeorgia. Retrieved 2006-11-29. ^ "KRS 2. James Alton (1928).uky. 14.ky. 1834.asp?lid=1653&NavPath=C117C147C301C547) on 2006-09-26.archive. 18. 16. Richard E.htm). Retrieved 2006-11-29. Retrieved 2013-01-17. ed. "Lakes". ^ "Ordinances of Secession" (http://historicaltextarchive. 20.naturepreserves. Archived from the original (http://www.htm).Wikipedia. Wilcox.ky. 17. Kentucky: A Fisherman's Paradise" (http://www.gov/elkinfo.htm). 23.com/about-kentucky.com/borderstates. Retrieved 2006-11-29. History of Native Americans in Central Kentucky.us/fishing. Retrieved 2006-12-09. Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky.asp?lid=1653&NavPath=C117C147C301C547).ezilon.com /attractions2. ^ "Bad Branch State Nature Preserve" (http://web. Retrieved 2006-11-29. CivilWarHome. Harrison. Ezilon Search. ^ James.htm) on October 24.htm). ^ "Constitution Square State Historic Site" (http://web. ISBN 0-404-03549-3.gov /elkinfo.html). Kentucky General Assembly.ky. 2002-02-15.htm).php?category=History+and+Museums).gov/sub.php?op=viewarticle&artid=170). Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky. Kentucky
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org /NewStateandCountyrankings05.htm) on 2006-05-04. High Courts Follow California's Lead" (http://www. bamabeef. (2001-06-11).pdf) (PDF). 2007.com/cgi-bin/popInfo. Kentucky Department of Criminal Justice. 2006-10-19.htm).htm). 55.gov.org /NewStateandCountyrankings05.org /RESULTS/compare. Archived from the original (http://straylight.htm) (PDF). 2009. ^ "Text of decision in ACLU of Kentucky v.ky.bamabeef. Kentucky State Police. University of Louisville.S. ^ Price.com. Retrieved 1 M a y 2007. 2009.org/programs/morning /features/2001/apr/010430.com/2001/jun/11/bethea061101.html).ky.irfi. ^ Resident Population Data.html). Scripps Company).state.ZS.com/cgi-bin/genInfo. Adam (March 11. "Presidential General Election Results Comparison — Kentucky" (http://uselectionatlas. Retrieved December 7. 53. 46. ^ "2007 Rankings of States and Counties" (http://web. ^ "Population and Population Centers by State: 2000" (http://www.com/mapsReports/reports/state/21_2000. Retrieved 30 April 2007. ed. Mercer County" (http://www. Kentucky Secretary of State.org.S. Retrieved December 7.net/books/exploring/Chpt_3.com/article/a-canoe-voyage-to-increase-cultural-understanding-24554). 44. 2008). 5–10. ACLU of Kentucky" (http://web.jus. ^ Vincent Schilling. NPR.org/lessons /EM453/docs/em453_Corn_Production_Det_Answers. Retrieved 2006-12-27.elect.kltprc.. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 61.deathpenaltyinfo.htm) on July 1. Archived from the original (http://www. Retrieved 2006-12-27.wikipedia. ^ "Kentucky. "Around the U. 2010.kltprc. Death Penalty Information Center. 57. 2010. ^ John W.org/web/20090616194116/http: //straylight.htm). 60.
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Surveys and reference Bodley. 1780–1828 (1939) (http://www. Malcolm E.com/read/3096856/kentucky-politics-government-do-we-stand-united) Jewell. high school text Lucas.com/read/6471305/politics-in-the-border-states-a-study-of-the-patterns) Ireland. William S. 1937–1992). John Ed. Robert V. Harry M. The Kentucky River (2000). Liberal Kentucky. John Mack. The Civil War and Readjustment in Kentucky (1926) Davis. Steven. James C. ISBN 0-9769231-1-4.Kentucky . History of Kentucky (1880). Kleber. The Kentucky Encyclopedia (1992). Charles Roland. Robert M. Tom Fugate. Kentucky: Portrait in Paradox. WPA. Cities in the Commonwealth: Two Centuries of Urban Life in Kentucky (1982). Temple and Samuel M. Robert C. Frederick A. classic guide. Allen J. William E.questia. (1945).Wikipedia. Richard Taylor. Marshall Myers. John E. Caudill. George H. James Ramage. The County in Kentucky History (1976) Klotter. Lowell Harrison.com/read/100662336
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. E. 1930–1963 (1987) Remini. Lewis. Stuart Sanders and Stephen McBride (2005). ISBN 0-316-13212-8 Channing. A Literary History of Kentucky (1988) (ISBN 0-87049-578-X). Kentucky. A Sesqui-Centennial History of Kentucky 4 vols. and Everett W. Hard Times and New Deal in Kentucky. Kentucky: A Guide to the Bluegrass State (1939) (http://www. Lisa Matthews. Our Kentucky: A Study of the Bluegrass State (2000).com /read/105132587/daniel-boone-master-of-the-wilderness) Blakey.questia.). and Missouri (1957) (http://www.archive. Dixie Hibbs. Kentucky's Civil War 1861–1865..org/wiki/Kentucky
Miller. Night Comes to the Cumberlands (1963).questia. Sonne. Wallis. Harrison. Jerlene Rose. Kentucky Politics & Government: Do We Stand United? (1994) (http://www. Yater. Klotter. Henry Clay: Statesman for the Union (1991). Marion Brunson and Wright. "Heroes: Kentucky's Artists from Statehood to the New Millennium" (2004) Ellis. Daniel Boone (1993) Fenton. Bryan S. Kentucky: A Bicentennial History (1977). Master of the Wilderness (1989) (http://www. Alice.questia. 1929–1939 (1986) Coulter. (1987). John. Wilson. Thomas Dionysius.edu /Subject/aakyall.wikipedia. Ward. ed.
usgs. states by date of statehood Admitted on June 1.php/Kentucky) – Annotated list of searchable databases produced by Kentucky state agencies and compiled by the Government Documents Roundtable of the American Library Association.gov/data-products/state-fact-sheets/statedata. Census Bureau Kentucky QuickFacts (http://quickfacts. William H.org/wiki/Kentucky
/liberal-kentucky-1780-1828) Tapp.org/w/index.loc.org/) U.aspx) Kentucky Virtual Library (http://www.php/Kentucky) at Ballotpedia Kentucky State Databases (http://wikis.gov/rr/program/bib/states/kentucky /index. Lincoln and the Bluegrass: Slavery and Civil War in Kentucky (1955) (http://www.com/) USGS real-time.wikipedia.S.S. from the Library of Congress (http://www.wikipedia.com/read/61648056/lincoln-and-the-bluegrass-slavery-and-civil-war-in) Waldrep.com/kentucky/government/) Kentucky (http://www.genealogyinc.com/read/14459929/night-riders-defending-community-in-the-black-patch) tobacco wars
Kentucky.gov/qfd/states/21000.gov/state /state.org/browse/relation/161655) at OpenStreetMap
Preceded by Vermont
List of U.Wikipedia. the free encyclopedia
http://en.asp?State=KY) Energy & Environmental Data for Kentucky (http://www.kentuckytourism. Kentucky Decades of Discord. Hambleton and James C Klotter.ala.html) Kentucky State and County Government Websites (http://www.census.php?title=Kentucky&oldid=561432602" Categories: Kentucky States and territories established in 1792 States of the United States Southern United States
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.openstreetmap.gov/about/Pages/unbridledspirit.org/godort/index.aspx?StateFIPS=21&StateName=Kentucky) Kentucky: Unbridled Spirit (http://kentucky. 1865–1900 (1977) Townsend. geographic. and other scientific resources of Kentucky (http://www.questia.org/wiki/index.org/Regional/North_America/United_States/Kentucky/) at the Open Directory Project Kentucky Department of Tourism (http://www.dmoz. Geographic data related to Kentucky (http://www.html) Kentucky (http://ballotpedia.ers.usda.kyvl.gov: My New Kentucky Home (http://kentucky. 1792 (15th)
Succeeded by Tennessee
Retrieved from "http://en. 1890–1915 (1993) (http://www.gov/) Kentucky State Guide.com/) The Kentucky Highlands Project (http://kentuckyhighlands.questia. Christopher Night Riders: Defending Community in the Black Patch.eia.Kentucky .gov/beta/state/?sid=KY) Kentucky State Facts (http://www.