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Sufis of NWFP
Anything that exists in this universe has an identity, which imparts meaning to its existence. Unlike the other provinces of Pakistan, the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) derives its name neither from its main inhabitants nor from its landscape, but from its strategically important position as a frontier 1. The North West Frontier Province (now Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) has a unique place in the history of Pakistan Movement.2 History and politics of NWFP enthral many scholars3. The area under NWFP had been taken by the British from the Sikh Darbaras a consequence of their victory in the second Anglo-Sikh war of 1849 and had been brought under the administration of Punjab province4. But first time British came into direct contact with these areas of NWFP was in 1808 due to the fear of French invasion through Persia and Afghanistan, and they sent a mission to Afghan Amir5. On 9 November 1901, Lord Curzon, the then Viceroy of India separated the Frontier Region from Punjab and created a new province of NWFP. The newly created Frontier province, consisting of the districts of Hazara, Peshawar, Kohat, Bannu and Dera Ismail Khan and the political agencies of Malakand, Khyber, Kuram, North Waziristan and South Waziristan, was placed under the charge of Chief Commissioner and agent to the Governor General, appointed and directly responsible to Government of India6. In the beginning of the twentieth century marked the inclusion of political realization in the frontier. Some educated young blood took its first formal manifestation in 1912 and the formation of Provincial Muslim League took place at Peshawar7. The people of frontier shared the angst and annoyance of the other provinces and vigorously
Shamila Aroge “North-West Frontier Province: History and Politics, [Review of Book North-West Frontier Province: History and Politics, Islamabad: National Institute of History and Cultural Research, 2007 by Sayed Waqar Ali Shah] Pakistan Journal of History and Culture, Islamabad: Department of History Quaid-i-Azam University Vol.XXXII, No.1 (2011)p.181. 2 Arif khatak “Pir Sahib Manki Seyed Amin-al-Hasanat aur unki syasi jiddo-juhd, [Review of Book Pir Sahib Manki Seyed Amin-al-Hasanat Aur Unki Syasi Jiddo-Juhd, Islababad: Qaumi Idara Baray Tahqiq, Tharikh Wa Saqafat by Syed Waqar Ali Shah] Pakistan Journal of History and Culture, Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and Culture Research. XIX (1), 109-118.” (1998, January-June)
Shamila Aroge (2011) p.181. Syed Waqar Ali Shah, Muslim League in NWFP (Karachi: Royal Book Co. 1989), p.3 5 Erland Janson, India, Pakistan or Pakhtunistan: The National Movements in the North-West Frontier Province, 1937-47 (Stockholm: Almqvist & Wikell International, 1981), p.24 6 Syed Waqar Ali Shah, North West Frontier Province: History and Politics (Islamabad: National Institute of History and Culture research, 2007), p.12 7 Arif Khatak (1998, January-June) p. 109-118.
Although the organization aimed primarily at countering social evils and forging unity in the Pukhtoon ranks.8 Khudai Kitmadgar was founded on 1 April 1921. The official record of the British and Indian Government are occupied of stories of their suffering. was made the first Governor of NWFP on April 18.152.131. 1937-47 (Karachi: Oxford University Press. Khan Sahib. as a social movement.145. ( New York: Praeger Publishers. Thereby. Islam and Nationalism: Muslim Politics in the North-West Frontier Province. 11 Sayed Wiqar Ali Shah. Sir Abdul Qayum Khan was able to form a coalition government but some months later he was succeeded by Dr. Thereafter. he exhorted his followers to renounce violence. Ethnicity. He took an active part in the Civil Disobedient Movement of 1930-34 launched by Congress and later on merged the Khudai Khidmatgar organization with Congress though retaining its separate identity. 1990). 13 Stephen Alan Rittenberg.87. with the passage of time it assumed a definitive political character. Deeply influenced by Gandhi’s philosophy Bacha Khan attended the Lahore Session of the Congress and endorsed the Congress’ program of complete independence. After the first Provincial election under the Government of India Act 1935. 29-30. brother of Abdul Ghaffar Khan14 The NWFP (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) was a Muslim majority Province but the frontier Congress was dominant there and the Provincial Muslim League had no role in the 8 Sayed Waqar Ali Shah “Pir Sahib Manki Seyed Amin-al-Hasanat Aur Unki Syasi Jiddo-Juhd” (Islamabad: Qaumi Idara Baray Tahqiq. The British thereafter called them ‘red shirts’. p. 1999). the frontier Province became a Governor Province. p. the then Chief Commissioner of NWFP. . Punjab University.1981).9 His disciples used to wear uniforms. Tharikh wa Saqafat. 1988). popularly known as Bacha Khan (Badshah Khan). dyed with brick dust. 12 Shah (1990). Ethnicity. Politics in Pakistan: The Nature and Direction of Chang. who named it Anjuman-i-Islahul.Afghania (the association for the reformation of the Afghan). by Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (1890-1988). 1932 13. P.participated in Kilafat and Hijrat and non-cooperation movements earnestly. and the Pakhtuns: The Independence Movement in India’s North-West Frontier Province(Durham: Carolina Academic Press. p.126 14 Khalid bin Sayeed. The method employed by Ghaffar Khan reflected a strong Gandhian influence and orientation. retaliation and revenge and devoted themselves to the service of humanity10. pp. 1980). Sir Ralph Griffith. Nationalism. the Khudai Khidmatgars and the Congress worked together till the partition11. “Frontier Speaks (Lohore: Department of Historical Studies. In April 1932. 9 10 Muhammad Yonus. It increased the popularity of his organization to an all-India level.p. 12 Under the new scheme.
The Congress leaders. broadly known as Pir of Manki Sharif. Vol. Role of Ulama and Mashaikh in Freedom Movement (October 5. the British Government had given the Hindu and Sikh minority of 7% in the Assembly a very heavy weightage. No. is among those luminaries who made great contribution towards successful journey of Pakistan Movement18. Dr. who played a predominant role.15 The Congress Ministry had been in power in the NWFP since 1937. The non-Muslim population also controlled the main business activities of the province and always supported the Congress party. The Congress influence amongst the Pakhtun population lay in its roots in the Red Shirt movement which emphasized Pakhtun ethnicity and was steadfastly anti-British in its policy16. * Muhammad Amin-ul-Hasanat known as Pir Sahib of Manki Sharif was the son the of Abdur Rauf son the of Abdul Haq son the of Abdul Wahab son the of Zia-uddin son the of Muhammad Yusaf son the of Yaseen Khan son the of Zaini son the of Bathi son the of Ano son the of Barkwiat son the of Tori son the of Turman son the of Karlan son the of Muhammad Rajjal son the of Muhammad Khadim son the of Muhammad Ismail son the of Muhammad Jaafar son the of Muhammad Baqir .S. without who the Muslim League would not have been able to win the plebiscite in frontier? Their was no uncertainty that religious leader like the Pir of Manki Sharif with his followers of more than two millions could take recognition for having injection into the Muslim League a new spiritual and political passion17. 2012). Then a question arises.political affairs. January-June) Muhammad Iqbal Chawla. but he failed to make his mark. p. 1980. 2011). which made feasible by the Congress pronouncement to resign ministries as a protest against India’s participation in the Word War-II.R. Mountbatten and the NWFP Referendum: Revisited (J.P. A sever set back to the League. had been in active politics from 1930 onwards and had organized their party long before the Muslim League appeared on the scene. Pir Sahib Manki Sharif Syed Mohammad Aminul Hassnat. SANA AKRAM. when Jinnah visited the frontier on October 1936. Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan. Muhammad Amin-ul-Hasanat bin Abdur Rauf known as 'Pir Sahib of Manki Sharif’ * 15 16 Khattak. (1998. Secondly.6. Sardar Aurangzeb Khan formed a coalition government.5. which as a result had acquired over 24% of the seats (12 of 50).. Khan Sahib once again formed government in the province. Its hold on the province was attributed to numerous factors. P. In 1943. 17 18 Sayeed. But the Congress soon dislodged the League government as it was not strong enough and Dr. 48.6. Khan Sahib. and his brother. 1.
. He inherited a large number of followers and his influence was particularly strong in the Pakhtun-belt spread all over the frontier Province19. He brought many of his murids into the League as political activists and supporters and encouraged Mian Gul Abdul Wadud ( Wali-eSwat) to support Jinnah’s campaign. 19 20 Shah. The Pir’smost significant organization of Tribal Areas political activity in support of the League was to rally Shinwari tribesmen to stage a demonstration against Nehru when the latter toured the Tribal Areas in 1946. Pir of Manki Sharif received his early education comprising mainly of religion based subjects. 2007).storyofPakistan.22After and Milagros few days of simla conference Pir sahib called his trusted Mashaikh son the of Imam Zainul Abidin son the of Imam Hussain son the of Hazrat Ali R.21 From 1945 onward Pir of Manki Sharif supported the cause of Pakistan and was deeply involved in Muslim League organizations from his base in Nowshera.com/pk 21 Shah. 1990. 1990. socio-political arena.and Fateh Referendum who born in 1922 in a notorious saintly religious family six years before the Nehru Report and the death of his grandfather Abdul Haq Thani (Second). In 38 years of short life he had great recognition in the Sub-continent in spiritual. 174-75. He was not interested in politics in the beginning due to his engagement in spiritual guide of his disciples but at the same time he closely observed the changing political conditions of the sub-continent. Pir Sahib occupied his family ancestral ‘Gaddi’ only when he was twelve due to his father Pir Abdul Rauf demise in 1934. http://www.A (Zaman. religious. 22 Sana Haroon. 1987).20 Conference of Ulema and Mashaikh After the failure of Simla Conference like other Muslim Pir Sahib also realized that Hindu-Muslim unity in the subcontinent is impossible and he realized the fact that the Ulema and Mashaikh should now supported the Muslim League. Frontier of Faith: Islam in the Indo Afghan Borderland (New York: Columbia University Press.
Every Muslim should struggle for the creation of Pakistan where they could live with honour and self-esteem. Hasanat. all the trusted Mashaikh articulated their trust in Pir Sahib and it was decided to hold a conference of the Ulemas. For this purpose Pir sahib sent a delegation who toured to every nook and corner of India consisted on Maulana Shaista Gul and Maulana Masleh-ud-din. 1945 five hundred Ulemas. 20. Notable amongst them were Syed Jama’at Ali shah participated the three days Ulemas and Mashaikh Conference at Pir Manki Sharif. except to join the Muslim League. Notable amongst them were Syed Jama’at Ali shahKhattak etc. at Manki Sharif and discussed the Jinnah massage and local political matter with them in detailed. 25 .24 On the second day of the conference on 14th October in his speech Pir Sahib said: “The aim of this gathering is to comprehend that on the one hand we have to get liberate of the British and on the other to get rid of Hindu’s Government by opposing the Congress. Jamil Uddin Ahmad. For this purpose Pir sahib sent a delegation who toured to every nook and corner of India consisted on Maulana Shaista Gul and Maulana Masleh-ud-din. Maulana Shaista Gul (Mathy Maulana Sahib) etc.23 Consequently. Consequently. According to Mir Ahmad on 13th October. Pirs and Mashaikh.97. 86. Maulana Masleh-ud-din. So unity among the Muslim is the greatest need of the day. Currently Muslim League headed by Jinnah is the only political party which can effectively oppose the Congress. Pirs and Mashaikh. According to Mir Ahmad on 13th October. 1945 five hundred Ulemas. So there is no other substitute. because is the only party struggling for the glory of Islam and dignity of the Muslim”25 23 24 Zaman.1970). p. Muslim Freedom Movement (Lahore: United Publishers.like Syed Abdullah Shah of Hazara. all the trusted Mashaikh articulated their trust in Pir Sahib and it was decided to hold a conference of the Ulemas. Pirs and Mashaikh participated the three days Ulemas and Mashaikh Conference at Pir Manki Sharif. 1945 as cited Shah. Pirs and Mashaikh participated the three days Ulemas and Mashaikh Conference at Pir Manki Sharif. Notable amongst them were Syed Jama’at Ali shah. p.
it will not be the Muslim League that will frame the constitution of Pakistan but inhabitants of Pakistan in which 75% will be the Musalmans and therefore you will understand that it will be a Muslim government and it will be for the people of Pakistan to frame the constitution under which the Pakistan government will come into being and function. The aim of this party was to underpin the demand for the establishment of Pakistan to the principles of the Quran and Sunnah. Israj and towheeda. the 18th of October 1936 and stayed for a week from 18th to the 26 27 28 29 Shah. Therefore. So Pir Jama’at Ali shah was elected its president and Pir Sahib of Golrah Sharif its Vice president while Pir Sahib of Manki Sharif became its convener 26. 1990.401. Shah. there need be no apprehension that the Constitution Making Body which will composed of overwhelming majority of Muslims can be ever establish any constitution for Pakistan other than one based on Islamic ideals. Jinnah’s Visit Pir Sahib: Quaid-i-Azam visited NWFP thrice in his life span..Formation of jamiat ul Asifia: The conference recommended the formation of a party known as Jamiat-ul-Asifa. nor can the government of Pakistan when comes into being act contrary to Islamic ideals and principles”(Jinnah. 1990. 29Jinnah responded quickly by sending a letter on November 18. November 18). the Ulemas and Mashaikh encouraged the aim and objectives of Jamiat-ul-Asifa by sending letters of appreciation. On November 18. 28 During that time a literary communication was started between Pir of Manki Sharif and Muhammad Ali Jinnah. . Quaid arrived in Peshawar on Sunday. 1945.I am greatly thankful you for the powerful support which you have been pleased to give to the All India Muslim League…. So Pir of Manki Sharif determined to support the Muslim League on the condition that Sharia (Islamic Law) would be enforced in Pakistan as the law of the land. P. 1945 Pir Sahib sent one of his closed associate named Qazi Abdul Hakim Khattak to Quaid-e-Azam to apprise him of his decision . For the first time. 1945: “.27 Throughout the country..as regards your preliminary question of Pakistan being established in settled.
Manki Sharif aur Tehrik-i-Pakistan (Manki Sharif: pirzada nabi Ameen. 1945. Awliya-a. 4 Pir Sahib invited him to Manki Sharif to which he agreed in these words: “I am going to Mardan on 24th November. Fida Muhammad Khan and other prominent Provincial League members on the proposed date and time.4 No 2). Unpublished MA dissertation (1984-1986) available at Central Library university of Peshawar. Quaid-i-Azam Aur Sarhad .112-120 33 Badi-uz-Zaman. Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah once went to Saydan-Pur (Sirinagar) to meet Pir Syed Jama’at Ali Shah who knew about the potentialities of Pir of Manki. Khan Samin Khan. Mardan.blogspot. Islamia College. Vol.399. wazir bagh.36 30 Muhammad Anwar Khan.1945 and stayed at house of Khan Bahadar31 and addressed the rallies at Landi kotal. “tassawwaf. published on http://m-ajinnah. I propose to start from here at 11:00 am and break my journey and spend at least half-an-hour with you and have the pleasure of meeting you” (Jinnah. 31 Ibid 32 Aziz Javed. Mian Muhammad Shah of Pabbi. 1976).html (retrieved on 25-01-2012). In a letter to pir sabih of manki sharif Jinnah stated that: “I am reaching Peshawar on the 20th at attend the Frontier Conference and I am looking forward to meer you personally and have the pleasure and the honour of a talk with you”35 Jinnah adopted a very effective strategy to counter Frontier Congress and Abdul After the arrival of Quaid-e-Azam in Peshawar. consequently. November 20). For the second time Quaid visited Frontier province from 22nd to 27th November. Edward College Peshawar and Manki Sharif32. “Quaid-i-Azam Visit to Peshawar 1936”.p. 35 Dr. pp. Pir Sahib of Manki Sharif. (Peshawar: Idara Tasneef-o-Taleef. 1945. and on my way I shall be glad to go to Manki Sharif. 36 Siraj and Towheeda p. Muhammad Ali Jinnah went to Pir of Manki Sharif along with Liaqat Ali Khan. 1991) p. Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Pir Amin-ul-Hasanat of Manki Sharif (Abasin Journal of Social Sciences.24th of October at the Mundiberi residence of Sahibzada Abdul Qayum Khan 30.com/2010/07/quaid-e-azam-visit-to-peshawar-in.1936. 34 Israj Khan. . Abd ur Rasheed.Toheeda Begum.256. He advised Muhammad Ali Jinnah to meet Pir of Manki Sharif 33 because in his opinion he was the only religious personality in the frontier Province who could help him to counter the Abdul Ghaffar Khan (Bach Khan) political dominance 34.402. On November 24. Sardar Abdur Rab Nishtar and Abdul Qayum Khan.
“Azadi ki KIahani Mari Zubanni” (Karachi: Tahir News Agency. so there will be nothing but only Quranic principles will be our Constitution.. (n. I can see the Muslims glorious future and they will achieve Pakistan. only after the endorsement by its President will present the Bill to the constituent Assembly for further proceedings. Pir Manki Sharif Zindabad . Holy Quran and Islamic principles are the Constitution which we inherited from our Holy Prophet (PBUH) thirteen centuries before.113.let me clear that Muslim believes in one God. He reached there at 11:45 am to Pir Manki Sharif.37 On the way to Pir Manki Sharif Jinnah said to Sardar Abdur Rab Nishtar who accompanied with him in his car “I do not be acquainted with. Each Bill which concern with Islamic Sharia will be presented to the President of Jamiat-ul-Asifa to check. that the demand for Pakistan has became the final providence of the Muslim and if not today then within ten years.d)). Main Abdul Karim one the follower of Pir Sahib placed the draft of an accord before Jinnah for approval.73. Sardar Abdur Rab Nishtar.Jinnah was passionately welcomed by Pir Sahib. p. 39 Shah (1990). I am going to die like a happy and successful person”38. Quaid-e-Azam Zindabad. Jinnah was happy to saw the comeback of Pir Sahib. some prominent Ulemas from all over India. Jinnah and other League leaders were then conducted to a Hall where the Ulemas and Mashaikh were waiting for them. Now. whether Pakistan will establish during my life or not but now I see. 1987 p.39 Following are the term and conditions in provincial Legislative Assembly on which Jinnah and Ulemas and Mahaikh were agreed: • • Every law in Pakistan will be in consistency with Islamic Sharia and not repugnant to Quran and Sunnah. In order to achieve our goal you should vote in favour of Muslim League candidates. large number cohorts of Pir Sahib and other people of the province who were standing both sides on the road and decorated the six kilometer distance from Nowshera to Pir Manki Sharif with Green flags and streamers and chanting the slogans Allah-o-Akber. • Member of the Muslim League will present each and every stipulate of the Jamiatul-Asifa in the Assembly and will try for its acceptance Concerning the question that what type of Constitution Pakistan will be? Jinnah responded and delivered a speech that “. Regarding legislation I will say that when you elect your 37 38 Ahmad. one Prophet. .
41 After this Pir Sahib became a strong enthusiast of All-India Muslim League and its manifesto. propaganda machinery and finances. Due to that the League won only 17 seats out 38 in the frontier province45 40 Aziz Javed. India. He exhorted the Muslim to vote for the creation of Pakistan and for Islam.148 . He apprehensively predicted that the prospects of the League victory in the Province were not bright due to inner differences surrounded by the League members In this letter he indicated further as: “I had decided to join the Muslim League and work for the victory of League candidates in the coming election in order to make Pakistan a reality.making body would be set up.. Provincial Elections were held on February 14. He announced that after the elections. 1946 to apprehensively apprize him about situation in the Province and made certain suggestion for his consideration. .” (Jinnah. “Quaid-e-Azam Aur Sarhad” (Lahore: Department of Research and Compilation of Pakistan.42 The 1946 elections: After the end of World War II in 1945. P. Shah 1990. p. Under these circumstances. 1945. We had hoped that the All India Muslim League would extend their full support to our election campaign but we have been sadly disappointed as nothing has been done in this respect44” Pir Sahib wholeheartedly supported the League in election campaign. following the Simla Conference. He wrote a letter to Jinnah on January 16. At that time there was internal rift within Muslim League in NWFP. 1937-47. 43 Erland Janson.35. 41 Shah (1990). The provincial League faced great contender in shape of Frontier Congress with its mighty organizations. 44 45 Shah 1990. November 24)40 After concluded his speech. Pir Sahib did not accept his nomination as a League candidate in 1946 election. 1946. p. Pakistan or Pakhtunistan: The National Movements in the North-West Frontier Province.145. after which a constitution. Jinnah gave a written document to Pir Sahib on his demand that after the creation of Pakistan only Islamic System will be established. 42 Zaman (1984-1986). 1978).representatives to the Parliament they make laws in the conformity of the Quran and Sunnah…If concreted efforts are made by all the achievement of Pakistan is not difficult. the Viceroy Lord Wavell announced that the Central and Provincial Legislature elections would be held in the winter of 1945-6.. the Viceroy would set upan Executive Council that would have the support of the main Indian political parties 43.
took part in the elections. 150-151. if her needs to be built on my bones. The results of all constituencies were announced by 18 February 1946.1: Results of the elections to the NWFP Legislative Assembly.1 Table 3.Ulema and the Sikh Party the Akali Dal. and if Quaid-e-Azam demands 46 47 Janson. P. Compilation and Translation. but almost all leading candidates belonged either to the Congress or the Muslim League.2nd (Karachi: Bureau of Composition. the Ahrars. I am present. . 1946 Party Congress Muslim league Jamiat-ul-ulema Akali Dal Total Total Muslim Rural 1 8 1 3 2 3 3 Muslim Urban 1 2 3 General Rural 6 6 General Urban 3 3 Sikh 2 1 3 LandHolder 2 2 30 17 2 1 50 In addition to the Congress and the Muslim League. Ishtiaq Hussain Quraishi. If Pakistan comes into existence at the cost of my blood.Elections were held between 26 January and 14 February on the same franchise qualifications as were laid down for 1937 election. Ed. the Khaksars.407.48 “…the demand for Pakistan is now the final destiny of Indian Muslims and they are to sacrifice each and very thing for it sake. the Jamiat-ul. If one side he stressed on restructuring of Provincial League on other hand he slightly inclined to crush the frontier Congress hegemony. “the Muslim Community of the Indo-Pakistan Subcontinent 610-1947: A Brief Historical analysis. Detail of results of the elections to the NWFP Legislative Assembly. 48 Israj and Towheeda. my bones are present.pg77. p. several other parties. I am ready to sacrifice my life for cause of Pakistan’s establishment. So the political insight and earlier forecast of Pir Sahib about the fate frontier League proved the same as he predicted. University of Karachi. or in all 30 out of 50 seats.46 The main losses of the Frontier League were due to the Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan considerable influence47.1999). 1946 are shown in table 3. The Congress won an absolute majority.
such like sacrifices. 53 Shah 1990. 1946 as the Direct Action Day 52. During the conference Pir of Manki Sharif. On April 27. Makhdoom Raza Shah of Multan. then we will counteract him. A number of meetings of Pakistan Conferences were under supervision of Pir Sahib. 1946 at Bombay and passed a resolution in favour of Direct Action and fixed August 16. 1984-1984). an Action Committee was setup. Pir Sahib was invited to it from NWFP (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) through Maulana Naeem-uddin Muradabadi and Maulana Muhammad Umar Naeemi.408-409. I will offer myself to them…”(Hasanat). and stressed out. Pir Sahib warned the people in the ambiguous propaganda of Bach Khan against Pakistan. Under his leadership Provincial League observed Direct Action Day peacefully53. pp. 49 50 Ibid. 1946 when All India Sunni Conference was held at Banaras. 1946 the British government sent a three member known as Cabinet Mission in order to determine the political and constitutional deadlock between Indian National Congress and All India Muslim League.408. as we are working with him today”(Hasanat).51 After rejecting the Cabinet Mission Plan. 52 Qureshi. p. Beside he appreciated the role of Jinnah and said that he is the attributed leader of the Indian Muslims and we the Muslim of frontier are standing by to give every thing for the sake of Pakistan. 49 After that conference. He visited along with other prominent Ulemas and Mashaikh not only the frontier but the whole of India. Sardar Shaukat Hayat and many others set up a Mashaikh Committee and passionately supported the Pakistan Resolution 50. On June 26. the League abandoned its Constitutional means and All India Muslim League Council on July 27-29. if he deceived me and the Muslim. Khawaja Nizamuddin of Tonsa Sharif. 1999. At this the viceroy appointed a caretaker government consisting of officials and Congress and did not appeal the League to form the government. Pir Sahib became an undeviating member of All India Muslim League Working Committee and declared working regularly for the League. the Hindus and British to accept the Lahore Resolution/Pakistan Resolution. Pir Sahib was appointed its President. Pir Syed Jama’at Ali Shah. In March 24. In order to make strong Direct Action campaign in NWFP (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa). the Congress accepted the Constitutional part of the plan but refused to join the Interim Government. Pir Sahib discussed the Cabinet Proposal with League leaders and sent Arbab Abdul Ghafoor Khan and Abdullah Shah to Delhi to notify Liaqat Ali Khan with situation in the Province (Zaman. On the occasion Pir Sahib put forward some suggestions which were also supported by Sardar Abdur Rab Nishtar. . During his speech in the conference Pir Sahib said “Quaid-e-Azam has guaranteed me that Islamic Sharia will be the law of the land. Ibid 51 Ibid. He supported stalwartly the two nation theory.
Pakistan Conference was held at D. Khan under the leadership of Pir Sahib in which thousands of Mahsud.IX. Sawabi. Pir Sahib toured the tribal areas and stressed on the tribal leaders to come together under the banner of the League. also affirmed 54 55 Police Special Branch Peshawar.35. I..1985). 59 Israj and Toheeda.p.410. “Quaid-i-Azam Khatoth Kay Ainay Main” (Karachi: Nafees Academy. Due to the persuading speeches of the Pir Sahib most of the cohorts of Ahrar.In September 1946. Wazir and Bhittannis tribesmen expressed complete faith over the leadership of Jinnah.173. 1946 Jawahar Lal Nehru planed a visit to the frontier. Kohat.42. 56 Shah 1990. . Mardan.182 58 Khwaja Razi Haider.[PSBP] File No. Vol.p. On October 16. During this tour Pir Sahib get together with Faqir of Ipi (Haji Mirza Ali Khan) a well known freedom fighter and legend of the tribal belt of Waziristan. p.)58. On November 18. They visited the big villages and towns of Nowshera. Muhammad Ali Jinnah at moment sent a letter and appreciated Pir Sahib commendable services in these words as: “…I was very pleased to read in the Newspaper that you have now been working for the Muslim League…I sure you have already realized that there is a very great struggle in front of us to achieve our goal. Khaksar and Congress renewed into the League 56.. 1946 he announced in a meeting at Peshawar “I am ready to gun down the viceroy and the Governor on the receipt of order from Muslim League High Command”55.” (Jinnah. 1946 in the frontier settled areas. GO BACK NEHRU and in a meeting at Chowk Yadgar Peshawar a resolution was passed against Nehru’s visit and declared that “the visit of Nehru to the Frontier was undertaken in order to vivisected the Muslim”57. to November 12. under the leadership of Pir Sahib.12/7/6. 57 ([PSBP] file No. Hangu and adjacent areas of Peshawar where an affirmative comeback was received to the cause 59. Mean while Pir Sahib along with other prominent Ulemas and League leaders scheduled a fifteen days tour from October 29. thousand of followers of Pir Sahib and members of the League created stuff resistance chanting GO BACK NEHRU. In October 11.12/4/6 Vol. organized meetings in which he criticized the Nehru Government. October 30. 1946. p132. On day of Nehru arrival. called upon the Muslims to organize himself for Jihad if the order acknowledged from League High Command in order to accomplish Pakistan for the Muslim54. Ibid. just before the Nehru’s arrival. p.
Pir Sahib was released on June 04.411. 64 Jaswant Singh.2010). Pir Sahib actively participated in the movement and in a meeting resolution was passed under the titled “March to Freedom” and condemned the government’s tricks61. (Karachi: Ameena Saiyid. 1947. On Jinnah query concerning about the forthcoming referendum he assured Jinnah that the Pakhtun country would come into Pakistan certainly. Civil Disobedience Movement In Civil Disobedience Movement started on February 20. 61 Zaman. he made an impassioned plea to the people to vote in favour of Pakistan in the imminent referendum. November 29. 63 Israj and Toheeda. 1984-4986. So she refused to live with a killer. 1947. At first took religious then a political tune.it was determined in Plan that in NWFP (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) a referendum will be held to determined whether it will join the present Constituent Assembly (India) or the new Legislation of Pakistan 64. In this plan there was a provision for referendum in NWFP. 1947 in the Province against the Frontier government*.The Partition Plan was announced by the last viceroy Lord Mountbatten on June 03. Jinnah: India-Partition-Independence. same as the case of Islam Bibi (a Hindu Ramkori) happened in 1936 at Bannu (Shah. of Dr. After some she came to know that her husband had supported killers of her late husband. The frontier government arrested him in Provincial Muslim League office at Peshawar and the shifted from Peshawar to Haripur Jail 62. 1946. On June 18. In February. 1947 the Provincial League decided to challenge the Govt. 1947. Refrendum in NWFP On 2 June. He advised to his companions to be remained vigorous and uphold perfect discipline in the curiosity of Muslim League63.his support for the creation of Pakistan60. Khan Sahib and used as contrivance the Basanthi Case: a Sikh widow from Hazara converted to Islam and married to Muhammad Zaman. 62 Khyber Mail. 1990). . Jinnah called him to Delhi to attend the Council meeting of All India Muslim League held on June 09 and 10. 1947 Mountbatten presented his famous plan later known as 3rdJune Plan before the principal Indian leaders. March 28. Jinnah announced a Referendum Committee 60 * Khyber Mail.p.The news of Pir Sahib detention had created great resentment in the League and disciple circles and thousands of his companions offered himself for arrest. Oxford University Press.
and lasted the polling till to June 17 peacefully. educated the illiterates in casting their votes and the importance of their votes 67. 65 66 Israj and Toheeda. Muslim League campaign was on Pakistan issue while Congress continued to campaign for Pakhtunistan and against Pakistan and referendum66. .412. Jinnah congratulated and appreciated his efforts through out the movement. He has been rightly called Fath-e-Referendum. 412-13. The Formative Phase. Pir Sahib visited every village of the province.174. The final results were announced in Delhi on July 20. The referendum held on scheduled dated on June 6. Sana Haroon p. p. The League could not have won the referendum in frontier without the involvement of the Pir Sahib and the accorded by the Ulema like Maulana Shabir Ahmad Usmani and Abdul Sattar Ghazi etc69. Ghaffar Khan tried his best to remove Pir of Manki from the support of Muslim League and Jinnah but failed to persuade him. 412. held in frontier in 1947. pp.for NWFP (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) and chosen Pir Sahib to supervise the referendum activities . Pakistan. 67 Israj and Toheeda. 1947. Pir Sahib rendered a fundamental task in securing thumping triumph for the Muslim League in the Referendum. 69 Khalid Bin Sayeed. (Oxford University Press. contrivance town and spread the League mission of referendum. p87. Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan had a gathering about imminent referendum with Jinnah but nothing come out of it. Pir Sahib from Lahore left for Delhi and meet with Jinnah on July 24. 68 Ibid. Besides Ibrahim Ismail Chandrigar Raja Ghazanfar Ali Khan and Syed Wajid Ali Shah were appointed to assist him in backing65. 1947 and the Pakhtuns of settled areas in adequate number voted in favour of joining Pakistan against acceding to India.p.68 After result announcement. which determined the accession of the NWFP (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) to Pakistan.1978).
August 186071. Initially it was named as Saeed Pur but later it was renamed as Ali Pur70.107. 1994). . 71 Ibid. Pap Board. Kakul.p. This town was established by one of the ancestors of Syed Jamaat Ali. 70 Lt Col Syed Ishfaq Ali. AEC PMA. Syed Jamaat Ali Shah was born at Ali Ali Pur Saydan at dawn on Friday.Syed Muhammad Saeed. “The Saints of Punjab” (Rawalpindi.Ameer-millat Syed Jamaat Ali Shah Lasani (1860-1939) Syed Jamaat Ali Shah was a resident of Ali Pur Sharif. one of the town of District Sialkot.
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