CATALOGUE OF HERBS USED FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF DIABETES MELLITUS IN THE TRADITIONAL INDIAN MEDICINE

Santhosh Selvam KA * INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus is a common disease across the world. It has increased from 30 million to 246 million over the last two decades. Diabetes prevalence has increased steadily in the last half of this century and is rising. It is believed to be one of the main criterions for deaths, every year. Diabetes is a metabolic disorder where in human body does not produce or properly uses insulin, a hormone that is required to convert sugar, starches, and other food into energy. Human body has to maintain the blood glucose level at a very narrow range, which is done with insulin. This article deals with herbs mentioned in the siddha literatures used in the management of diabetes. Each of the following herbs dealt with the following subdivisions as English Name, Family, Action, and how it is used in siddha. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Agaricus campestris Cassia aurculata Citrullus colocynthis Eugenia jambolana Morus alba Phoenix sylvestris Salvadora persica Solanum surattense Trichosanthes tricuspidata

AGARICUS CAMPESTRIS Family Name: Agaricaceae English Name: Mushroom * Siddha physician, Chennai

Tamil Name: Kalan Sanskrit name: Chhattri Action: Astringent Hydragogue Lactifuge Uses in siddha: •

The decotion obtained from the mushroom is given orally.

CASSIA AURICULATA Family Name: Caesalpinaceae English Name: The tanners- Cassia Tamil Name: Avarai Sanskrit name: Telapotakam Action: Astringent Tonic Refrigerant Attenuant Alterative Parts used in siddha: Leaf, Flower, Bark, Seed, Root Uses in siddha: • • • The gum resin is finely powdered and mixed with water and given orally. The stem bark is powdered and made into decotion. The leaves are powdered finely and used orally.

CITRULLUS COLOCYNTHIS

Family Name: Cucurbitaceae English Name: Colocyntal fruit of bitter apple, coloynth Tamil Name: Pei-Thumatti Sanskrit Name: Indra Varuni Action: Expectorant Alterative Hydragogue Diuretic Emetic Gastro-intestinal irritant Parts used: Fruit, Root, Seed, Unripe fruit Uses in siddha: • • The extract obtained from the fruit is given orally. The seeds are ground finely and given orally along with water.

EUGENIA JAMBOLANA Family Name: Myrtaceae English Name: Jambul Tamil Name: Gnaval Sanskrit name: Jambu Action: Astringent Stomachic Diuretic Tonic Parts used in siddha: Fruit, Bark, Leaf, Root Uses in siddha:

• •

Decotion made from the root bark is given orally. The seed is grounded finely and given orally with suitable carrier.

MORUS ALBA Family Name: Moraceae English Name: White Mulberry Tamil Name: Kambali-putchi chedi Sanskrit name: Toola, Tooda Action: Refrigerant Hydragogue Parts used in siddha: Leaf, Fruit Uses in siddha: • Decotion made from the leaves is given orally.

PHOENIX SYLVESTRIS Family Name: Arecaceae English Name: Small date palm Tamil Name: Eechu Sanskrit name: Sandola Action: Diuretic Laxative Parts used in siddha: Fruit, Seed, Crystal palm sugar, Gum resin, Arrack

Uses in siddha:

• •

The gum resin of it dissolved in water is given orally. The unripe fruit, made in to the form of vadagam is given orally.

SALVADORA PERSICA Family Name: Salvadoraceae English Name: Tooth brush tree Tamil Name: Uka Sanskrit name: Bhavya Action: Astringent Laxative Parts used in siddha: Leaf, Bark, Fruit, Seed Uses in siddha: • The seeds are dried and made into fine powder and given orally with water.

SOLANUM SURATTENSE Family Name: Solanaceae English Name: Wild eggs plant Tamil Name: Kandan-kattari Sanskrit name: Kanta-Karika Action: Expectorant Diuretic

Carminative Hydragogue Parts used in siddha: Leaf, Flower, Seed, Root Uses in siddha: • • The decotion made from its root is used orally. The extract prepared from leaves of the plant is used orally.

TRICHOSANTHES TRICUSPIDATA Family Name: Cucurbitaceae Tamil Name: Kurattai Sanskrit name: Mahakala Action: Hydragogue Cathartic Counter-irritant Parts used in siddha: Leaf, Fruit, Root Uses in siddha: • The decotion made from its root is given orally.

REFERENCES
1. Siddha Materia Medica (Medicinal Plants Division) by Murugesa Mudaliar, Published by the Directorate of Indian Medicine & Homeopathy, Chennai. 2. Indian Materia Medica Vol: 1 by, Dr. K.M. Nadkarani, Publisher:

Popular Prakash, Mumbai. 3. Formulary of Siddha Medicines (Siddha Vaithiya Thirattu in Tamil) by Dr. K.N. Kuppusamy Muthaliar and Dr. K.S. Uthamarayan, Published by Indian Medicine and Homeopathy Department, Chennai 600 106, India

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