Centralized RAN (C-RAN

)
WHAT IS IT? AND WHY SHOULD YOU CARE?
Paul Kennard, CTO June 13, 2013

THE DATA STORM
LOW ARPU
low or stable average revenue per user

NETWORK COSTS

increased network CAPEX and OPEX

NEW DEVICES

explosion of smart phones, tablets and other mobile devices

NEW CONSUMERS
5 billion consumers will have access to internet

AVIAT NETWORKS

DENSER NETWORKS

the only way to deal with the data storm is to have denser wireless networks with ever increasing spectral efficiency

This has several problems:
 How

to meet the required coverage and capacity? to deal with interference?

 How  How

to manage increased complexity:
increase spectral efficiency? manage customer’s data?

 To  To  To

deal with higher CAPEX and OPEX?

AVIAT NETWORKS

STRATEGIES FOR DENSER NETWORKS
RAN DECENTRALIZATION (HetNet)
TRADITIONAL MACRO CELLS SMALL CELLS, SON

BACKHAUL

RAN CENTRALIZATION (C-RAN)
DISTRIBUTED ANTENNAS (DAS) REMOTE RADIO HEADS (RRH)

FRONTHAUL

OFFLOAD

WiFi OFFLOAD

AVIAT NETWORKS

CENTRALIZED RAN (C-RAN) TERMINOLOGY

AVIAT NETWORKS

C-RAN IMPLEMENTATION
JUST ANOTHER FORM OF SMALL CELL

TRADITIONAL MACRO CELL DEPLOYMENT

CELL SPLIT USING FRONT HAUL

Source: NGMN

AVIAT NETWORKS

ADVANTAGES OF C-RAN
    

Resource pooling Greener infrastructure (re-use) Base station virtualization Simplified management and operation Coordination for interference mitigation (ICIC)


Multi technology support
No GPS in each remote site

AVIAT NETWORKS

MAIN C-RAN CHALLENGE IS FRONTHAUL

Difficult to reach RRU locations (mostly urban)

Non traditional deployments (street furniture, non-tower)
CPRI interface creates new challenges (capacity, latency, management, etc)
PLUS FIBER IS NOT EVERYWHERE, AND NOT FOR FREE… SO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS FOR FRONTHAUL WILL BE NEEDED

AVIAT NETWORKS

BUT CAPACITY AND LATENCY REQUIREMENTS PUSH THE BOUNDARIES OF WIRELESS TECHNOLOGIES
“Latency”

RRH CPRI

RRH CPRI

<100us
TRANSMISSION MEDIUM
(FIBER / MICROWAVE)

BBU

CPRI

IP BACKHAUL

CORE

WCDMA

LTE

COMPRESSED CPRI CAPACITY REQUIREMENTS

SCENARIO
3 Sectors, 4x4 MIMO, 1 Carrier
1 Sectors, 2x2 MIMO, 1 Carrier

5 MHz
369 Mbps
98 Mbps

10 MHz
2.9 Gbps
461 Mbps

20 MHz
5.9 Gbps
983 Mbps

AVIAT NETWORKS

WHICH MEANS NEW INNOVATIONS (IN WIRELESS TRANSPORT) WILL BE REQUIRED
smaller

lower latency

higher capacity

faster

low power

cheaper
AVIAT NETWORKS

C-RAN offers many benefits for operators however Fronthaul challenges need to be addressed to make it a reality

AVIAT NETWORKS

W W W. AV I AT N E T W O R K S . C O M