Computing Arc Length and Surfaces of Revolution

Multi-Variable Calculus & Calculus Review Chapter 7 Section 4
Mrs. Shak

7.4: Arc Length & Surfaces
• Using definite integrals to compute arc length of curves • Line segments are given by the familiar Distance Formula

Rectifiable curve = curve with finite arc length Function continuously differentiable on [a,b], i.e. f’ continuous on [a,b] Graph of f on [a,b] is a Smooth Curve

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7.4 : Approximating Arc Length
Arc Length (s) = Sum of little line segments

7.4 : Definition of Arc Length
• Computing Arc Length as Definite Integral

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7.4: Homework Problem p.483 #4
Find the arc length of the graph of the function over the 3 interval [0,9] 2

y = 2x

+3

Differentiate: Definite Integral: Integrate:

7.4 Area of a Surface of Revolution

The area of a surface of revolution is derived from the formula for the lateral surface area of the frustum of a right circular cone.

NOTE: frustrum is the conic shape (normally cone or pyramid) with the top “chopped off” by a plane parallel to the base

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7.4 Area of Surface of Revolution

• How to set up lateral surface area of cylinder as an integral? • Can we extend this to the surface area of an object generated by revolving an arbitrary continuous function revolved about the x-axis? What is our new “dx”, or rather “ds”?

7.4 Area of a Surface of Revolution
Suppose the graph of a function f, having a continuous derivative on the interval [a, b], is revolved about the xaxis to form a surface of revolution, as shown.

∆ L = ∆ x 2 + ∆y 2  ∆y  = 1 +   ∆x  ∆x   dy  ≈ 1 +   dx = 1 + f '( x )2 dx = ds  dx 
2 2

Arclength Formula!!

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7.4 Area of a Surface of Revolution

7.4 Area of a Surface of Revolution
In these two formulas for S, you can regard the products 2πf(x) and 2πx as the circumferences of the circles traced by a point (x, y) on the graph of f as it is revolved about the x-axis and the y-axis (Figure 7.45). In one case the radius is r = f(x), and in the other case the radius is r = x.

Figure 7.45

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Example – The Area of a Surface of Revolution
Find the area of the surface formed by revolving the graph of f(x) = x3 on the interval [0, 1] about the x-axis, as shown.

Figure 7.46

Example – Solution
The distance between the x-axis and the graph of f is r(x) = f(x), and because f'(x) = 3x2, the surface area is

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Homework
• Read Chapter 7.4 (Single Var Textbook) • Do Homework
– Pg 484 (39-46:all, 51, 53): 10 problems – State the function, its derivative, and the complete integral … either integrate by hand or on the calculator

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