# 2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

1
2013 HCI C1 Block Test
H2 Mathematics
Revision Package
Solutions

Topic  Page No.
1.  Binomial Expansion ………….  2
2.  Sequences and Series  ………….  12
3.  Graphing Techniques  ………….  42
4.  Functions  ………….  55
5.  Inequalities & Equations  ………….  69

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

2
1
Binomial Expansion

1. 2010/C1/BT/DHS/Q4
( )( )
( ) ( ) | |
( )( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
1

2
1

2
1
1

1
2
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
2
2
2 2
2
3 1
2 2
2!
1
1
1 1 2
1 2 1 2
2 1
3
2
3
2
1
2
1 2 ...
2 1 1 ...
2 1 ...
2 1 ...
x
x x
x
x x
x x
x x x
x x x
x x x x
x
÷
÷
÷
÷
÷
| |
÷ ÷
|
\ .
+
= + +
+
= + +
= + +
= +
(
÷ + +
(
(
¸ ¸
= + ÷ + +
= ÷ + + ÷ +
= + +

1 1
2 2
2 1 x x ÷ < ¬ < <

( )
2
2
1
1
2
1
1
2
1
2
1
2
2 1 ...
1
1
7
2 1
7 1
7
8
99
7
2
98 9
14
8 2 7 99
2
7 3 98
8 99
2 7 2
21 98
297
7 (shown)
112
x
x
x
+
+
+
~
+
= + +
| |
| |
+ |
|
|
\ .
\ .
| |
~
|
\ .
× | |
× ~
|
\ .
| |
~
|
\ .
~

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

3
2. 2010/C1/BT/MJC/Q1
(i)
1
2
1
(1 3 )
1 3
x
x
÷
= +
+

1 3 1 3 5
1 2 2 2 2 2
2 3
1 (3 ) (3 ) (3 ) ...
2 2! 3!
3 27 135
2 3
1 ...
2 8 16
x x x
x x x
| | | || |
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
| | |
\ . \ .\ .
= ÷ + + +
= ÷ + ÷ +

(ii) By substituting
1
7
x = ÷
2 3
1 3 1 27 1 135 1
1
2 7 8 7 16 7 1
1 3( )
7
1 7177
5488 4
7
7 7177
2 5488
7177
7
2744
| | | | | |
~ ÷ ÷ + ÷ ÷ ÷
| | |
\ . \ . \ .
+ ÷
~
~
~

(iii) Note that expansion of
1
1 3x +
is valid for
1 1
3 3
x ÷ < < .
It is not suitable to use 2 x = , since 2 x =

falls outside the validity range.

3. 2010/C1/BT/CJC/Q8
(i) By cover-up rule, A = –1
) )( 1 3 ( ) 1 ( 3 5 2
2 2
C Bx x x x x + ÷ + + ÷ = ÷ +
Equate coefficient of 1 3 1 2 :
2
= + ÷ = B B x
Equate constant term: C ÷ ÷ = ÷ 1 3 2 = C
1
2
1 3
1
) 1 )( 1 3 (
3 5 2
) (
2 2
2
+
+
+
÷
÷
=
+ ÷
÷ +
=
x
x
x x x
x x
x f
1 2 1
) 1 )( 2 ( ) 3 1 ( ) (
÷ ÷
+ + + ÷ = x x x x f
...) ) ( ) ( 1 )( 2 ( ...) ) 3 ( ) 3 ( 1 (
2 2 2 2
+ + ÷ + + + + + = x x x x x
... 2 2 9 3 1
2 3 2
+ ÷ + ÷ + + + = x x x x x

2
7 4 3 x x + + ~
(ii) Expansion is valid for 1 1 3
2
< · < x x
expansion is valid for
3
1
3
1
< < ÷ x
(iii) Term in
n n n n
x x x ) ( ) 1 ( 2 ) 3 (
2 2 2
÷ + =
Coefficient of
n n n
x ) 1 ( 2 3
2 2
÷ + =

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

4
4. 2010/C1/BT/TJC/Q4
( )
1
1
1
2 3
2 3
2 3
2 2 1
2
1 ( 1)( 2) ( 1)( 2)( 3)
1 ( 1) .......
2 2 2! 2 3! 2
1
1 .......
2 2 4 8
hx
hx
hx hx hx
h h h
x x x
÷
÷
÷
| |
+ = +
|
\ .
| |
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ | | | | | |
= + ÷ + + + |
| | |
|
\ . \ . \ .
\ .
| |
= ÷ + ÷ +
|
|
\ .

The expansion is valid for
2 2 2
1 | | i.e.
2
hx
x x
h h h
< ¬ < ÷ < <
By observing the pattern, the coefficient of x
r
=
1
1 ( 1)
( 1)
2 2 2
r
r r
r
r
h h
+
÷ | |
× ÷ =
|
\ .

5. 2011/C1/BT/AJC/Q12
(i) Let
( )
( )
2 2
7
( 1) ( 2) 1 2
1
x A B C
x x x x
x
÷
÷ + +
÷ + ÷ +
÷

¬
( )( ) ( ) ( )
2
7 1 2 2 1 x A x x B x C x ÷ ÷ ÷ + + + + ÷
Solving, we get A = ÷1, B = 2, C = 1
Hence
( )
( )
2 2
7 1 2 1
( 1) ( 2) 1 2
1
x
x x x x
x
÷ ÷
÷ + +
÷ + ÷ +
÷
(i)

( ) ( )
1
1 2
2
7 1
1 2 1 1
( 1) ( 2) 2 2
x x
x x
x x
÷
÷ ÷ ÷ | |
÷ ÷ + ÷ + +
|
÷ +
\ .

2
2 2
1
1 ... 2 1 2 3 ... 1 ...
2 2 2
x x
x x x x
(
| |
( ( ÷ + + + + + + + + ÷ + +
(
|
¸ ¸ ¸ ¸
\ .
(
¸ ¸

2
7 19 57
...
2 4 8
x x ÷ + + +

(ii) The expansions are valid if | x | < 1 AND
2
| |
x
< 1 ¬ | x | < 1.
(iii) | g(x) ÷ f(x) | < 0.005
Using graphical method, sketch the graph of
y =
2
2
7 19 57 7
2 4 8 ( 1) ( 2)
x
x x
x x
÷
+ + ÷
÷ +
÷ 0.005
we want to find x such that y < 0.
From the graph, ÷0.0852 < x < 0.0796.

-0.0852 0.0796
2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

5
6. 2011/C1/BT/CJC/Q5
(i)
3
2
1
x
x
+
÷

( ) ( )
( )
1 1
3 3
1
1
3
3
2 1
2 1 1
2
x x
x
x
÷
÷
= + ÷
( | |
= + ÷ ÷ (
| ( ¸ ¸
\ . ¸ ¸

( ) ( ) ( )
1
1 1 1
3
3 3 3
2 1 1 1
2
x
x
÷ ÷ | |
= ÷ + ÷ (
| ¸ ¸
\ .

( )
1
1
3
3
3
2 1 1
2
x
x
÷ | |
= ÷ + ÷
|
\ .

( ) ( )
2
2
3
1 1 1 1
1 1
1 1 3 3 3 3
2 1 ... 1 ...
3 2 2! 2 3 2!
x x
x x
( ( | || | | || |
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
| | | |
( (
| || | | | | |
\ .\ . \ .\ .
( ( = ÷ + + + + ÷ ÷ + ÷ +
| | | |
\ .\ . \ . \ . ( (
( (
¸ ¸ ¸ ¸
2 2
3
2
2 1 1
6 36 3 9
x x x x
( (
~ ÷ + ÷ + +
( (
¸ ¸ ¸ ¸

2 2 2
3
2
2 1
3 9 6 18 36
x x x x x
(
~ ÷ + + + + ÷
(
¸ ¸

2
3
2 1
2 4
x x | |
~ ÷ + +
|
\ .

(ii) 1
2
<
x
and 1 < ÷ x
2 < ¬ x and 1 < ¬ x
2 2 < < ÷ ¬ x and 1 1 < < ÷ ¬ x
1 1 < < ÷ x
(iii) Since x = 3 is outside the range of validity, Brian made an unacceptable estimate.
(iv) When
3
1
÷ = x ,
3
3
4
3
5
÷
3
4
5
÷
=
3
3
5
4
1
÷ =
(
(
¸
(

¸

|
.
|

\
|
÷ +
|
.
|

\
|
÷ + ÷ ~
2
3
3
1
4
1
3
1
2
1
1 2
72 . 1
18
31
36
31
2
36
1
6
1
1 2 4 5
3 3 3
= =
|
.
|

\
|
=
(
¸
(

¸

+ ÷ ~
The value of x is closer to zero.

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

6
7. 2011/C1/BT/NJC/Q3
(i)
( )( )
2
2 2
4 12
2 4 4 2
x x Ax B C
x x x x
÷ + +
= +
+ ÷ ÷ +

( )( ) ( )
2 2
4 12 4 2 x x Ax B x C x ÷ + = + ÷ + +
Let x = 4, 72 18 4 C C = ¬ = .
Let x = 0, 12 4 2 1 B C B = + ¬ = .
Let x = 1, 15 3 3 3 0 = + + ¬ = A B C A .

( )( )
2
2 2
4 12 1 4
2 4 4 2
x x
x x x x
÷ +
= +
+ ÷ ÷ +

(ii)
( )( )
2
2 2
4 12 1 4
2 4 4 2
x x
x x x x
÷ +
= +
+ ÷ ÷ +

( )
1
1
2
1 1
2 1 4 4 1
2 4
x x
÷
÷
÷ ÷
| |
| |
= + + ÷
| |
\ .
\ .

2
2
1 ( 1)( 2)
1 ( 1) 1 ( 1) ...
2 2 4 2! 4
| | ÷ ÷ | | | |
= + ÷ + + ÷ ÷ + ÷ +
| | |
\ . \ .
\ .
x x x

2
3 3
...
2 4 16
= + ÷ +
x
x
For expansion of
1
2
1
2
x
÷
| |
+
|
\ .
to be valid,
2
1 2 2
2
x
x < ¬ ÷ < < .
For expansion of
1
1
4
x
÷
| |
÷
|
\ .
to be valid, 1 4 4
4
x
x < ¬ ÷ < < .
Thus 2 2 x ÷ < < .
(iii) From the expansion,
d 1 3
...
d 4 8
= ÷ +
y
x
x

Hence, when x = 0,
2
3 1 3 3
(0) (0) ...
2 4 16 2
= + ÷ + = y
d 1 3 1
(0) ...
d 4 8 4
= ÷ + =
y
x

Hence, equation of tangent to the curve
( )( )
2
2
4 12
4 2
x x
y
x x
÷ +
=
÷ +
is
3
2 4
x
y = + .
2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

7
8. 2011/C1/BT/RVHS/Q7
2 3
f ( )
(1 )(4 )
1 2
(by cover up rule)
1 4
x
x
x x
x x
÷
=
+ ÷
= ÷
+ ÷

(i)
1 2
f ( )
1 4
x
x x
= ÷
+ ÷

( )
1
1
2
2
1 2
1
4 1
4
1
1 2 1
4 4
( 1)( 2) ( 1)( 2).......( )
1 ( 1) ..... ....
2! !
( 1)( 2)
1 ( 1) ............
4 2! 4 1
2
( 1)( 2)...( )
.........
! 4
r
r
x x
x
x
r
x x x
r
x x
r x
r
÷
÷
= ÷
+ | |
÷
|
\ .
(
| |
= + ÷ ÷
(
|
\ .
(
¸ ¸
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ | |
= + ÷ + + + +
|
\ .
÷ ÷ | | | |
+ ÷ ÷ + ÷ +
| |
\ . \ .
÷
÷ ÷ ÷ | |
+ ÷ +
|
\ .
...............
| |
|
|
|
|
|
\ .

2
1 9 31
......
2 8 32
x x = ÷ + +
Checking, we have
0 1 2
1 9 31
, ,
2 8 32
c c c = = ÷ =
Thus,
0 1 2
11
32
c c c + + = .
(ii) By inspection, we have ( ) ( )
2 1
1 1 1
1 1
2 4 2
r r
r r
r
c
+
| | | |
= ÷ ÷ = ÷ ÷
| |
\ . \ .
.
(iii) For the expansion to be valid, 1 and 1
4
x
x < < implies 1 ie 1 1 x x < ÷ < < .

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

8
9. 2011/C1/BT/SRJC/Q7
(i)
( )( )
4 10
Let f( )
2 1 2 3 2 1 2 3
x A B
x
x x x x
+
= ÷ +
÷ + ÷ +

( ) ( ) 4 10 2 3 2 1 x A x B x + ÷ + + ÷
Comparing coefficients of x and constant term,
2 2 4,
3 10
A B
A B
+ =
÷ =

3, 1 A B = = ÷
( )( )
4 10 3 1
f( )
2 1 2 3 2 1 2 3
x
x
x x x x
+
= ÷ ÷
÷ + ÷ +

(ii) ( ) ( )
1 1
f( ) 3 2 1 2 3 x x x
÷ ÷
= ÷ ÷ +
( ) ( ) ( )
1
1 1 1 2
3 1 1 2 3 1
3
x x
÷
÷ ÷ ÷ | |
= ÷ ÷ ÷ +
|
\ .

( )( )
( )( )
( )
( )( )( )
( )
( )
( )( ) ( )( )( )
2 3
2 3
1 2 1 2 3
3 1 1 2 2 2 ...
2! 3!
1 2 1 2 3
1 2 2 2
1 1 ...
3 3 2! 3 3! 3
x x x
x x x
( ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
= ÷ + ÷ ÷ + ÷ + ÷ +
(
¸ ¸
(
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
| | | | | |
÷ + ÷ + + + (
| | |
\ . \ . \ .
(
¸ ¸

( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( )
1 2 2 3 3
1 2 3
2 3
3 1 2 2 2 ... 2 ...
1 2 2 2 2
1 ... 1 ...
3 3 3 3 3
n n
n
n
n
x x x x
x x x x
(
= ÷ + + + + + +
¸ ¸
(
| | | | | | | |
÷ ÷ + ÷ + + ÷ + (
| | | |
\ . \ . \ . \ .
(
¸ ¸

2 3 2 3
1 2 4 8
3 6 12 24 ... + ...
3 9 27 81
x x x x x x
(
(
= ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ + ÷ + ÷ + +
( ¸ ¸
¸ ¸

2 3
10 52 328 1936
...
3 9 27 81
x x x = ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ +

For expansion to be valid,
2
2 1 and 1
3
x x ÷ < <

1 3
and
2 2
x x ¬ < <

1 1 3 3
and
2 2 2 2
x x ¬ ÷ < < ÷ < <

The set of values of x is
1 1
:
2 2
x x
¦ ¹
e ÷ < <
´ `
¹ )

(iii) To show that the term in
n
x has coefficient ( )
1
3
n
n
p q
+
(
÷ +
¸ ¸
:
Method 1: Using Observation (Preferred Approach)
Coefficient of the term in
n
x
( )
( )
1 2
3 2 1
3 3
n
n
n
| | | |
= ÷ + ÷ ÷
| |
\ . \ .

( ) ( )
1
1
3 2 2
3
n
n n
+
| |
= ÷ + ÷
|
\ .

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

9
1
1
2 3
3
n
n
+
(
| |
= ÷ + ÷ (
|
\ .
(
¸ ¸

( )
2 1
3 3
3 3
n
n ( | | | |
= ÷ ÷ ÷ + ÷
| | (
\ . \ . ¸ ¸

( )
1 2 1
3
3 3
n
n+ | | (
= ÷ ÷ ÷
|
(
\ . ¸ ¸
where
2 1
,
3 3
p q = ÷ = ÷

Method 2: Using Formula
Coefficient of the term in
n
x
( )
( )( ) ( )
( )
( )( ) ( ) 1 2 ... 1 2 ...
1 2
3 2
! 3 ! 3
n
n
n n
x
x
n n
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
| | | |
= ÷ ÷ + ÷
| |
\ . \ .

( ) ( )
1
1
3 2 2
3
n
n n
+
| |
= ÷ + ÷
|
\ .

1
1
2 3
3
n
n
+
(
| |
= ÷ + ÷ (
|
\ .
(
¸ ¸

( )
2 1
3 3
3 3
n
n ( | | | |
= ÷ ÷ ÷ + ÷
| | (
\ . \ . ¸ ¸

( )
1 2 1
3
3 3
n
n+ | | (
= ÷ ÷ ÷
|
(
\ . ¸ ¸
where
2 1
,
3 3
p q = ÷ = ÷

Method 3: Using Simultaneous Equations
When 0 n = , ( )
0 1
0
10
3
3
p q
+
(
÷ + = ÷
¸ ¸

( )
10
3
3
q ( ¬ ÷ + = ÷
¸ ¸

10 1
3
3 3
q ¬ = ÷ = ÷

When 1 n = , ( )
1 1
1
52
3
9
p q
+
(
÷ + = ÷
¸ ¸

( )
2 1 52
3
3 9
p
(
¬ ÷ ÷ = ÷
(
¸ ¸

26 52
3 9
p
| |
¬ = ÷
|
\ .

52 3 2
9 26 3
p ¬ = ÷ × = ÷

Thus, Coefficient of the term in
n
x

( )
1 2 1
3
3 3
n
n+ | | (
= ÷ ÷ ÷
|
(
\ . ¸ ¸
where
2 1
,
3 3
p q = ÷ = ÷
2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

10
10. 2012/C1/BT/AJC/Q7
(i)
2
2 2
3
(2 3 ) 2 1
2
x
x
÷
÷ ÷
| |
+ = +
|
\ .

2
2
1 3 ( 2)( 2 1) 3
1 ( 2) ...
2 2 2! 2
x x
(
÷ ÷ ÷ | | | |
= + ÷ + +
(
| |
\ . \ .
(
¸ ¸

2
1 27
1 3 ...
4 4
x x
(
= ÷ + +
(
¸ ¸

2
1 3 27
...
4 4 16
x x = ÷ + +
Validity range:
3 2 2 2
| | 1 | |
2 3 3 3
x x x < ¬ < ¬ ÷ < <
(ii) Given that x is small, the equation can be approximate to:
2
1 3 27 1 3
4 4 16 2 16
x x x ÷ + = +
2
27 20 1 0 x x ¬ ÷ + ~
Using GC to solve the equation,
0.0539 OR 0.687 x ¬ =
2 2
0.0539 (since )
3 3
x x ¬ = ÷ < <

11. 2012/C1/BT/CJC/Q1
1/3
1/3
2
2
2
(3 )
(a) (3 )(1 )
(1 )
1 4
1 3 3
(3 )[1 ...]
3 2!
1 2
(3 )(1 ...)
3 9
3 2 ...
x
x x
x
x x x
x x x
x x
÷
÷
= ÷ +
+
| || |
÷ ÷
| |
| |
\ .\ .
= ÷ + ÷ + +
|
\ .
= ÷ ÷ + +
= ÷ + +

Expansion is valid for ÷1 < x < 1.

2
1/3
1/3
3
3
1
3
1 1 1
27
(i) When , 3 2( ) ( )
1
27 27 27
(1 )
27
80
2134
27

729
28
27
80 2134

729 9( 28)
3240
28
1067
x
÷
= ~ ÷ +
+
~
| |
|
\ .
~
~

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

11
2
1/3 1/3
2
2 2
2
(9 ) (3 )(3 )
(ii)
(1 ) (1 )
(3 )(3 2 )
9 6 3 3 2 ...
9 3
x x x
x x
x x x
x x x x
x x
÷ + ÷
=
+ +
~ + ÷ +
= ÷ + + ÷ +
~ ÷ +

2
3
(b)
1 1 1
3 (1 ) (1 )
When 1, 1
When 1, 2
x A B
x x x
x A x B x
x B
x A
+
= +
÷ ÷ +
+ = + + ÷
= ÷ =
= =

r r
r r r
x
x x x x x x
x x x
x
) 1 ( 2 of t Coefficien
...) ) 1 ( ... 1 ( ...) ... 1 ( 2
1
1
1
2
1
3
2 2
2
÷ + =
÷ + + + ÷ + + + + + =
+
+
÷
=
÷
+

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

12

Sequences and Series

(A) Arithmetic and Geometric Progression

1. 2011/C1/BT/AJC/Q3
the sum of the first 50 terms is 625 less than the sum of the next 50 terms
S
50
+ 625 = S
100
- S
50

2 S
50
+ 625 = S
100

( ) ( )
50 100
2 2 49 625 2 99
2 2
a d a d
(
+ + = +
(
¸ ¸
solving :
1
4
d =
( )
3
r
r
b a
·
=
÷
¿
= ( )
3
2
r
r
d
·
=
¿
=
3
1
2
r
r
·
=
| |
|
\ .
¿
=
( )
3
1
2
1
2
1
1 4
=
÷

When a = 2,
S
n
> 62 ¬
1
2 2 ( 1) 62
2 4
n
n
| |
× + ÷ >
|
\ .

¬ ( ) 15 496 n n + >
¬ ( )( ) 16 31 0 n n ÷ + >
¬ 31 or 16 n n < ÷ >
Since n is a positive integer, least n = 17

-31 16
2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

13
2. 2012/C1/BT/MJC/Q8
(i) Let the first term be and the common ratio be . a r

2
3 3
216
216
6
6
----------------------(1)
a ar ar
a r
ar
a
r
× × =
=
=
=

( )
2
2
3
2 3 0 ---------------------------(2)
ar ar ar a
ar ar a
÷ = ÷ ÷
÷ + ÷ =

Substituting (1) into (2),

( )( )
2
2
6
6 12 3 0
6 15 6 0
2 5 2 0
2 1 2 0
r
r
r r
r r
r r
÷ + ÷ =
÷ + =
÷ + =
÷ ÷ =

1
1
or 2 (rej progression is decreasing and 0)
2
r r u = = > 

From (1),
1
1
2
6
12 (Shown) u = =

(ii)
1
Since 1, the series is convergent.
2
r = <
1
2
12
Sum to infinity 24
1
= =
÷

(iii)
2
6 u =

2 1
6 9 3 d u u = ÷ = ÷ = ÷

( ) ( )( ) ( )
( )
2
2
1
2 9 1 3 1
2
21 3 2
3 21 2 0
3 21 2 0
n
S
n
n
n n
n n
n n
< ÷
+ ÷ ÷ < ÷
÷ < ÷
÷ + + <
÷ ÷ >

( ) ( )
{ }
From G.C.,
0.0940 or 7.09 (3 s.f.)
Rej 1 8 since
set of possible values of : 8
n n
n n n
n n n
+
+
< ÷ >
> > e
= e >
 

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

14
3. 2012/C1/BT/ACJC/Q7
(i)
( )
2 2( 1)
1
3 3
3 1 (3 1)
2 2
n n
n n n
u S S
÷
÷
= ÷ = ÷ ÷ ÷
=
( ) 2 1 2 2 1
3
3 3 1 4(3 )
2
n n ÷ ÷
(
( ÷ =
¸ ¸
¸ ¸

( )
( )
2
2 1
1
4
(3 )
3
4
3
3
n
n
n
n
u
u ÷
÷
=
= 9 which is a constant.
Therefore the sequence is a GP.

(ii)
1 3 5 2 1
...
n
u u u u
÷
+ + + +
( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( )
2 2 1 2 6 10
4 4 4 4
= 3 3 3 ... 3
3 3 3 3

+ + + +
=
( )
4
2
4
4 3 1
3
3 3 1
n
( ÷
(
÷
¸ ¸

=
( )
4
3
3 1
20
n
÷
Therefore p = 3, q = 20

(iii) Common ratio =
1
1
9
< , therefore S
·
exists.
S
·
=
1
1
u
1
1-
9
=
( )
2
1
4
3
3
3
8
32
9
=

(iv)
11 12 13 30
ln ln ln ... ln u u u u + + + +
= | |
11 30
20
ln ln
2
u u +
=
22 60
20 4 4
ln .3 ln .3
2 3 3
( | | | |
+
| |
(
\ . \ . ¸ ¸

= 907 ( to the nearest integer)

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

15
4. 2010/C1/BT/JJC/Q5(b)

H oH o
2
H o
3
H ………..

n =1 n = 2 n = 3 n = 4
Distance: H, 2 H o ,
2
2 H o ,
3
2 H o ……

Total distance traveled before coming to rest
2 3
= 2 2 2 ... H H H H o o o + + + +
2
=
1
H
H
o
o
+
÷

(1 ) 2
=
1
1
[Shown]
1
H H
H
o o
o
o
o
÷ +
÷
+
=
÷

2 (1 )
After ( 1) bounce, distance travelled =
1
n
th
H
n H
o o
o
÷
+ +
÷

2(0.36)(20)(1 0.36 )
20
1 0.36
n
÷
= +
÷

20 22.5(1 0.36 )
n
= + ÷
42.5 22.5(0.36 )
n
= ÷ [Shown]

Let 42.5 22.5(0.36 ) 42
0.5
0.36
22.5
3.8
n
n
n
÷ >
s
>

The number of times the ball hit the surface = 4.

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

16
5. 2011/C1/BT/IJC/Q10
(i) Total price payable for 20 blocks of 10 minutes (200 minutes)
| |
20
\$ 2(1.60) 19(0.05)
2
= + \$41.5 (shown) =

(ii) Given that FLEXI follows a Geometric Progression,
8.10
common ratio 0.9
9.00
r = =
( )
7
8
9 0.9 4.30 u = =
Price payable for eighth block \$4.30 =

(iii) For unlimited usage, total price payable under flexi
9
1 0.9
=
÷

90 =

Hence total price payable under flex will never exceed \$90.

(iv) Consider total price of FLEXI < total price of XTREME :
Let n be the least number of blocks such that
( )
| |
9 1 0.9
2(1.60) 0.05( 1)
1 0.9 2
n
n
n
÷
< + ÷
÷

( ) | | 90 1 0.9 3.15 0.05 0
2
n
n
n ¬ ÷ ÷ + <
From GC,
Value of n

34 5.05 > 0
35 2.00 > 0
36 -1.13 < 0
The least number of 10 minute blocks is 36.

( ) | | 90 1 0.9 3.15 0.05
2
n
n
n ÷ ÷ +
2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

17
6. 2012/C1/BT/CJC/Q3
(a) 4
4
1
2
1
3
2
÷ + + = n n S
n
n

4 ) 1 (
4
1
) 1 (
2
1
3
2 1
1
÷ ÷ + ÷ + =
÷
÷
n n S
n
n

4
15
4
3
2
1
3
2 1
÷ ÷ + =
÷
n n
n

1 ÷
÷ =
n n n
S S T

|
.
|

\
|
÷ ÷ + ÷ |
.
|

\
|
÷ + + =
÷
4
15
4
3
2
1
3 4
4
1
2
1
3
2 1 2
n n n n
n n

4
1
) 3 ( 2
1
÷ + =
÷
n
n

Let ) 3 ( 2
1 ÷
=
n
n
U and
4
1
÷ = n V
n

) 3 ( 2
2
1
÷
÷
=
n
n
U
4
5
1
÷ =
÷
n V
n

Then 3
) 3 ( 2
) 3 ( 2
2
1
1
= =
÷
÷
÷
n
n
n
n
U
U
and 1
4
5
4
1
1
= + ÷ ÷ = ÷
÷
n n V V
n n
,
So U
n
and V
n
are terms of a G.P. and A.P. respectively.

(b)(i) Area of 1
st
triangle = 64000 ) 800 )( 160 (
2
1
=
Area of 2
nd
triangle = 16000 ) 400 )( 80 (
2
1
=
Area of 3
rd
triangle = 4000 ) 200 )( 40 (
2
1
=
G.P. with a = 64000 and r =
4
1

Area of n
th
triangle =
1
4
1
64000
÷
|
.
|

\
|
n

(b)(ii) Total area of all n
th
triangles
=
1
64000 1
4
1
1
4
n
| |
| |
÷ |
|
|
\ .
\ .
÷
|
|
.
|

\
|
|
.
|

\
|
÷ =
n
4
1
1
3
256000

84500
4
1
1
3
256000
>
|
|
.
|

\
|
|
.
|

\
|
÷
n

009765625 . 0
4
1
s |
.
|

\
|
n

339 . 3 > n
Least no. of triangles required is 4.

(b)(iii)
64000 256000
1
3
1
4
S
·
= =
÷

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

18
7. 2012/C1/BT/HCI/Q8
(i) The distance slipped follows an arithmetic progression with first term 30 cm and
common difference ÷1.2 cm.

Distance slipped = 30 ( 1)( 1.2) n + ÷ ÷
30 ( 1)( 1.2) 0
26
n
n
+ ÷ ÷ =
=

Since once the distance slipped is 0, the frog will not slip anymore, the frog will not
slip from 26
th
move onwards.

(ii) Total distance hopped along the slope after 20 moves
=
20
1(1 0.9 )
1 0.9
÷
÷
=8.7842 m.

Total distance slipped along the slope after 20 moves
( )
20
2(0.3) 19( 0.012) 3.72 m.
2
= + ÷ =

Total distance covered along the slope after 20 moves
= 8.7842 3.72 5.06 m (3 s.f.) ÷ = (Answer)

(iii) If the total distance covered along the slope in the long run exceeds the slope distance
of the wedge, the frog will be able to reach the top of the wedge. Alternatively, we
can compare the total vertical distance covered with the height of the wedge.

Total distance hopped along the slope in the long run
=
1
1 0.9 ÷
= 10 m.

Total distance slipped along the slope for the first 26 or 25 moves [because the frog
will not slip from the 26
th
move]
( ) ( ) ( )
26
2 0.3 25 0.012 3.9
2
= + ÷ = m.

Total distance covered along the slope in the long run
= 10 ÷ 3.9

Total vertical height attained in the long run
=( ) 10 3.9 sin 3.05
6
t
÷ = m

Since the total vertical height attained in the long run by the frog (i.e. 3.05 m) is less
than the height of the wedge (i.e. 3.2 m), the frog will not reach the top in the long run.

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

19
8. 2011/C1/BT/MJC/Q2
(i)
0
T k = ,

1
T 0.85T 60
n n÷
= + , 1 n >
(ii)
1
T 0.85T 60
n n÷
= +
1
2
2
2 3 2
3
2 1
T 0.85 60
T 0.85(0.85 60) 60 0.85 60(1 0.85)
T 0.85(0.85 60(1 0.85)) 60 0.85 60(1 0.85 0.85 )
...
T 0.85 60(1 0.85 0.85 ... 0.85 )
1(1 0.85 )
0.85 60
1 0.85
0.85 400(1 0.85 )
0
n n
n
n
n
n n
k
k k
k k
k
k
k
÷
= +
= + + = + +
= + + + = + + +
= + + + + +
÷
= +
÷
= + ÷
= .85 ( 400) 400
n
k ÷ +

(iii) T 0.85 ( 400) 400
n
n
k = ÷ +

As , 0.85 0, T 400
n
n
n ÷· ÷ ÷

9. 2012/C1/BT/JJC/Q8
Start of (n+1)th year, amount of money = +
n
x p
End of (n+1)th year, amount of money, ( )
1
1.05 50
+
= + ÷
n n
x x p
where a = 1.05, b = 50.

| |
1
2 1
2
3 2
3 2 2
1.05 50
1.05( ) 50
1.05 (1.05 50) 50
1.05 1.05 1.05(50) (50)
1.05( ) 50
1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05 (50) 1.05(50) (50)
= ÷
= + ÷
= ÷ + ÷
= + ÷ ÷
= + ÷
= + + ÷ ÷ ÷
x p
x x p
p p
p p
x x p
p p p

( )
( )
( )
1 1 2
1 1 2
1.05 1.05 ... 1.05 1.05 (50) 1.05 (50) .... 50
1.05 1.05 ... 1.05 50(1.05 1.05 ... 1)
1.05 1 1.05
1 1.05
50
1 1.05 1 1.05
21 (1.05 1) 1000(1.05 1)
21 1000 1.05
n n n n
n
n n n n
n
n
n n
n
x p p p
p
p
p
p
÷ ÷ ÷
÷ ÷ ÷
= + + + ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
= + + + ÷ + + +
| |
÷
| | ÷
| = ÷
|
| ÷ ÷
\ .
\ .
= ÷ ÷ ÷
= ÷
( )
1 ÷

( )( )
25
21 1000 1.05 1 500000
10024.98
10025
p
p
p
÷ ÷ >
>
=

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

20
(B) Sigma Notation and Method of Differences

10. 2011/C1/BT/NJC/Q6(a)
( ) ( )
2 2
1 1
ln e ln lne
k k
r k r k
r r
r r
÷ ÷
= =
= +
¿ ¿

( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
1
1 1 1
2
2 2
ln 2
ln 2
1
ln1 ln 2 ln3 ln 2
2
ln !
ln !
k
r
k k k
r r r
r r k
r r k
k k
k k
k k k k
k k
=
= = =
= + ÷
= + ÷
+
= + + + + + ÷
= + + ÷
= +
¿
¿ ¿ ¿

11. 2010/C1/BT/ACJC/Q2

( )
2
2
n
r o
r n
n
=
÷
¿

2
1
( 1)(2 1) 4 ( 1) 4 ( 1)
6 2
n n
n n n n n n
n
(
= + + ÷ + + +
(
¸ ¸

=
( 1)
(14 1)
6
n
n
+
+

12. 2012/C1/BT/CJC/Q5(a)
(i) ( )
¿ ¿
= =
+ = |
.
|

\
|
+
N
r
N
r
r
r
r r
1
3
1
2
1 3
1
3

¿ ¿
= =
+ =
N
r
N
r
r
1 1
3
1 3
N
N N
+ |
.
|

\
| +
=
2
2
) 1 (
3
(ii) 000 30
1
3
1
2
> |
.
|

\
|
+
¿
=
N
r
r
r r
30000
2
) 1 (
3
2
> + |
.
|

\
| +
¬ N
N N

Using GC,

N
N
N N
+ |
.
|

\
| +
2
2
) 1 (
3
13 24856
14 33089
15 43215

Therefore, the least value of N is 14.

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

21
13. 2010/C1/BT/MI/Q3
(i)
1
2
n
r
r
x
+
=
¿
= ( )
3 1
1
2 3
2
1
2
2
r
n
r
r
÷
+
÷
=
(
| |
+
(
|
\ .
(
¸ ¸
¿

=
3 2
1
2
1 1
1
2 2
r
n
r
÷
+
=
(
| | | |
+
(
| |
\ . \ .
(
¸ ¸
¿

=
3
2
3 2
1
2
1
2
r
n
r
÷
+
=
| |
|
\ .
¿

=
3
2
4 7 10 3 1
1 1 1 1
...
2 2 2 2
n+
(
| | | | | | | |
+ + + +
(
| | | |
\ . \ . \ . \ .
(
¸ ¸

=
3
2
( ) ( )
( )
4 3
1 1
2 2
3
1
2
1
1
n
( (
÷
¸ ¸
(
(
÷
(
¸ ¸

=
3 1
1
28 8
n
| |
÷
|
\ .

(ii) As n ÷ ·,
1
8
n
÷ 0 and the series converges to a constant.
Value is
3
28
.

14. 2010/C1/BT/ACJC/Q8
1
1 1 1 1
( ) ( 1) ( )
2 2 1 2 3 (2 1)(2 3)
1
(1) (2) (2) (3) ..... ( ) ( 1)
(2 1)(2 3)
N
r
f r f r
r r r r
f f f f f N f N
r r
=
÷ + = ÷ =
+ + + +
= ÷ + ÷ + ÷ +
+ +
¿

= f(1) - f(N+1)
=
1 1
6 2(2 3) N
÷
+

91 90
22 21
90 20
1 1
1 1
(2 1)(2 1) (2 1)(2 3)
1 1
(2 1)(2 3) (2 1)(2 3)
1 1 1 1 1 1
2 3 2(90) 3 2 3 2(20) 3
70
7869
r r
r r
r r r r
r r r r
= =
= =
=
÷ + + +
= ÷
+ + + +
| | | |
= ÷ ÷ ÷
| |
+ +
\ . \ .
=
¿ ¿
¿ ¿

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

22
15. 2012/C1/BT/CJC/Q5(b)
(i)
)! 2 (
1 2
)! 2 (
1
)! 1 (
1
+
÷ +
=
+
÷
+ n
n
n n

)! 2 (
1
+
+
=
n
n
(shown)

¿ ¿
= =
+
+
=
+
+
n
r
n
r
r
r
r
r
1 1
)! 2 (
1
2
)! 2 (
2 2

¿
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
÷
+
=
n
r
r r
1
)! 2 (
1
)! 1 (
1
2

(
¸
(
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
÷
+
+
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
÷ +
+
|
.
|

\
|
÷ +

¸

|
.
|

\
|
÷ =
)! 2 (
1
)! 1 (
1
)! 1 (
1
!
1
! 4
1
! 3
1
! 3
1
! 2
1
2
n n
n n

|
|
.
|

\
|
+
÷ =
)! 2 (
1
2
1
2
n

)! 2 (
2
1
+
÷ =
n

(ii)
! 3
4
)! 2 (
2 2
)! 2 (
2 2
1 2
÷
+
+
=
+
+
¿ ¿
= =
n
r
n
r
r
r
r
r

3
2
)! 2 (
2 2
1
÷
+
+
=
¿
=
n
r
r
r

3
2
)! 2 (
2
1 ÷
+
÷ =
n

)! 2 (
2
3
1
+
÷ =
n

3
1
)! 2 (
2 2
2
<
+
+

¿
=
n
r
r
r
since 0
)! 2 (
2
>
+ n
for all values of n.

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

23
16. 2010/C1/BT/ CJC/Q3
(i) =
+
÷
+
+
+ 3
2
2
1
1
1
n n n

) 3 )( 2 )( 1 (
) 1 )( 2 ( 2 ) 3 )( 1 ( ) 2 )( 3 (
+ + +
+ + ÷ + + + + +
n n n
n n n n n n

=
| |
) 3 )( 2 )( 1 (
2 3 2 3 4 6 5
2 2 2
+ + +
+ + ÷ + + + + +
n n n
n n n n n n

=
) 3 )( 2 )( 1 (
5 3
+ + +
+
n n n
n

or use partial fractions by cover up rule
(ii)
¿ ¿
= =
=
+ + +
+
N
r
N
r
n n n
n
1 1
) 3 )( 2 )( 1 (
5 3
(
¸
(

¸

+
÷
+
+
+ 3
2
2
1
1
1
n n n

=
( )
]
) 3 (
2
) 2 (
1
) 1 (
1
) 2 (
2
) 1 (
1 1
1
2 1
) 1 (
1
...
6
2
5
1
4
1
5
2
4
1
3
1
4
2
3
1
2
1
[
+
÷
+
+
+
+
+
÷
+
+
+
+
÷ +
÷
+ ÷ +
+ ÷ +
+ ÷ +
N N N
N N N
N N N

=
) 2 (
1
) 3 (
2
6
7
+
÷
+
÷
N N

(iii)
6
7

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

24
17. 2012/C1/BT/NJC/Q9

( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
f ( ) f ( 1)
1 1
3 10 3 7 3 7 3 4
3 4 3 10

3 10 3 7 3 4
6
3 10 3 7 3 4
r r
r r r r
r r
r r r
r r r
÷ +
= ÷
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
÷ ÷ ÷
=
÷ ÷ ÷
=
÷ ÷ ÷

(i)
( )( )( )
1
3
3 10 3 7 3 4
n
r
r r r
=
÷ ÷ ÷
¿
( ) ( )
1
1
f f 1
2
n
r
r r
=
= ÷ + (
¸ ¸
¿

( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( )( )
( )( )
1
f 1 f 2
2
f 2 f 3
f 3 f 4
...
f 1 f
f f 1
1
f 1 f 1
2
1 1 1
2 28 3 7 3 4
1 1

56 2 3 7 3 4
n n
n n
n
n n
n n
= ÷
¸
+ ÷
+ ÷
+
+ ÷ ÷
+ ÷ + (
¸
= ÷ + (
¸ ¸
(

= ÷
(

÷ ÷
¸
¸
= ÷
÷ ÷

(ii)
3 3 3
...
8 11 14 11 14 17 50 53 56
+ + +
× × × × × ×

( )( )( )
( )( )( ) ( )( )( )
( )( ) ( )( )
20
6
20 5
1 1
3
3 10 3 7 3 4
3 3

3 10 3 7 3 4 3 10 3 7 3 4
1 1 1 1

56 2 53 56 56 2 8 11
45

8162
r
r r
r r r
r r r r r r
=
= =
=
÷ ÷ ÷
= ÷
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
( (
= ÷ ÷ ÷
( (
¸ ¸ ¸ ¸
=
¿
¿ ¿

(iii)
( )( )( )
1
1
3 10 3 7 3 4
n
r
r r r
=
÷ ÷ ÷
¿

( )( )
( )( )
1 1

168 6 3 7 3 4
1 1
for all 3 0 for all 3
168 6 3 7 3 4
n n
n n
n n
= ÷
÷ ÷
| |
< > > >
|
|
÷ ÷
\ .

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

25
18. 2011/C1/BT/NJC/Q8
(i) ( ) ( )
1 1
1
n n n n
b b n m a n m a
+ +
÷ = + ÷ + +

( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )( ) ( )
( )
( )( ) ( )
( )( ) ( )
1
1 1 2 1
1 1
1 1 1 2
1 2
(shown)
1 2
n
n m n m
n n n m n n n m
n n n m n n n m
n m n
n n n n m
m
ma
n n n n m
+ + +
= ÷
+ + + + + +
= ÷
+ ÷ + + + +
+ ÷
=
+ + +
= =
+ + +
 
 

(ii) ( )
1
1 1
1
N N
n n n
n n
a b b
m
+
= =
= ÷
¿ ¿

1 2
2 3
3 4
2 1
1
1

1

N N
N N
N N
b b
b b
b b
m
b b
b b
b b
÷ ÷
÷
+
÷ (
(
+ ÷
(
( + ÷
(
=
(
(
+ ÷
(
+ ÷
(
(
+ ÷
¸ ¸

( )
( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )( ) ( )
( )( )( ) ( )
( )
1 1
1 1
1
1
1 1
1 1 1
1 2 1 1 2 1
1 1 1
1 2 1 2
1 1 1(2)(3)
! 1(2)(3) 1 2
1 1 !
! !
N
N
b b
m
m a N m a
m
m N m
m m N N N m
m m N N N m
N
m m N N N N m
N
m m N m
+
+
= ÷
= + ÷ + + (
¸ ¸
( + + +
= ÷
(
+ + + + +
¸ ¸
(
= ÷
(
+ + +
¸ ¸
(
= ÷
(
+ + +
¸ ¸
| |
= ÷
|
|
+
\ .
 
 

 

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

26
( )( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
4
4
3
1 1
1 1 1 1
4.5.6.7 5.6.7.8 6.7.8.9 1 2 3
(Let 3)
1 1 ! 1 1 3!
lim
3 3! 3 ! 3 3! 3 3 !
1 1 1 1 3!
3 3! 3 3! 3 3 !
3!
3 6!
1
360
n
n
n
n n
n n
N
n n n n
a m
a a
N
N
·
=
·
=
·
= =
÷·
+ + + =
+ + +
= =
= ÷
( | | | |
= ÷ ÷ ÷
( | |
| |
+ +
(
\ . \ . ¸ ¸
| |
| |
= ÷ ÷
|
|
|
+
\ .
\ .
=
=
¿
¿
¿ ¿

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

27
19. 2012/C1/BT/RVHS/Q6
Let ( )
1
2 2 4
n
P Q
t t
+ = ÷ and ( )
1
2 4
P Q
t
÷ =

Solving, and ( 1)
2 2
n
P Q n
t t
= = ÷ , where
2
t
u =

Hence,
1
2cos sin
2 4 4
N
n
nt t t
=
| | | |
÷
| |
\ . \ .
¿

1
sin sin( 1)
2 2
N
n
n n
t t
=
(
= · ÷ ÷
(
¸ ¸
¿

sin sin 0
2
sin sin
2
3
sin sin
2
......
( 1)
sin sin
2 2
N N
t
t
t
t
t
t t
= ÷
+ ÷
+ ÷
+
÷
+ ÷

¦
¹
¦
´
¦
Z e ÷ = ÷
Z e ÷ = =
=
+
+
k k N
k k N
N
N
, 1 4 for , 1
, 3 4 for , 1
even for , 0
2
sin
t

The limit does not exist because the sum does not tend to a fixed value (but alternate
among 3 different values) as N increases.

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

28
(C) Recurrence Relation

20. 2012/C1/BT/RI/Q6
2
1 2
2 2
2
2
2 4
2
2
2 4
2
2 4
4
2 4
n
n n n
n n
n
n
x p
x x x
q
x q x p
q
q q
x p
q
q p q
x
q
+
÷
÷ = ÷
÷ ÷
=
| |
÷ ÷ ÷
|
\ .
=
| | | | +
÷ ÷
| |
\ . \ .
=

Since
4
4 0 p q + < , then
2
2 4
4
0 for all .
2 4
n n
q p q
x x
| | | | +
÷ ÷ >
| |
\ . \ .

Thus,
2
2 4
1 2
4
2 4
0 for all .
n
n n n
q p q
x
x x x
q
+
| | | | +
÷ ÷
| |
\ . \ .
÷ = >
So,
1 2 3
, , , x x x  is a strictly increasing sequence.

OR
2
1 2
2 2
2
n
n n n
n n
x p
x x x
q
x q x p
q
+
÷
÷ = ÷
÷ ÷
=

For
2 2
n n
x q x p ÷ ÷ = 0, since
discriminant =
2 2 4
( ) 4( ) 4 0 q p q p ÷ ÷ ÷ = + < and coefficient of
2
1 0,
n
x = >
equation has no real roots and curve
2 2
n n
y x q x p = ÷ ÷ has a minimum turning point
¬ curve
2 2
n n
y x q x p = ÷ ÷ is above the x-axis for all real values of x
2 2
2 2
2
1 2
0 for all
Thus 0 as 0 for all
n n n
n n
n n n
x q x p x
x q x p
x x q x
q
+
¬ ÷ ÷ >
÷ ÷
÷ = > >

So,
1 2 3
, , , x x x  is a strictly increasing sequence.
2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

29
21. 2012/C1/BT/TJC/Q3
(i) If the sequence converges, let its limit be l.
As n ÷·,
n
x l ÷ and
1 n
x l
+
÷
.

Thus,
( ) 3
1
l
l
l
l ÷
=
+

i.e.,
2 2
3 l l l l + = ÷

2
2 2 0 2 ( 1) 0 l l l l ÷ = ¬ ÷ =
Thus, l = 0 or l = 1. Thus, α = 0 and β = 1 (since α < β)

(ii) When x
1
= 7, it is an oscillating sequence that diverges.
When x
1
= 0.2, it is an increasing sequence that converges to 1.

(iii) For 0 < x < 1, we observe that the graph of y = f(x) is above the line y = x.
Thus, for any term in the sequence, x
n
, such that 0 < x
n
< 1, x
n
< f(x
n
) = x
n + 1
.

Since the maximum point of y = f(x) is (1, 1),
for any term in the sequence, x
n
, such that 0 < x
n
< 1, x
n
< f(x
n
) < 1.

Thus, continuing in such a manner,
0 < x
1
< x
2
< … < x
n
< … < 1,
The sequence is an increasing sequence that converges to 1.

22. 2011/C1/BT/DHS/Q11(a)
(a)(i) ( )
1
from 3 2
n n n
n u u u
+
= +

1
2
3
4
5
1 1 (given)
2 5
3 17
4 53
5 161
u
u
u
u
u
=
=
=
=
=

(a)(ii)
1
2
n
u
n
+

0
1
2
3
4
1 3
2 3
3 3
4 3
5 3

Conjecture :
1
1
3
2
n n
u
÷
+
=
1
2(3 ) 1,
n
n
u n
÷ +
¬ = ÷ e
1
lim 2 lim(3 ) 1
n
n
n n
u
÷
÷· ÷·
= ÷ ÷·
The limit does not exist. Sequence {
n
u } is divergent.
2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

30
23. 2011/C1/BT/RI/Q4
(i)
3
2 1
4
3 2
1 1 1 3
1
2 2
1 1 2 1 7
3 2 6
x
x x
x
x x
= + = + =
= + = + =

(ii) Since
n
x o ÷ as n ÷·,
1 n
x o
+
÷ and
2 n
x o
+
÷ as n ÷·.
Thus,
1 1 2
o o
o o o
= + · =

2
2
2
o
o
¬ =
¬ = ±

Since
1
1 x = and
2
2 x = and
2
1
1 1
n
n n
x
x x
+
+
= + , then all the terms
n
x are positive.
Hence, 2. o =

24. 2010/C1/BT/CJC/Q7

From graph. The positive root o is 1.823

As , , ,
1
l x l x n
n n
÷ ÷ · ÷
+

0 ) 3 2 2 )( 1 (
0 3 5 2
0
2
3
2
5
2
3
2
5
2
3
2
5
2
3
2 2
= ÷ ÷ +
= ÷ ÷
= = ÷ ÷ =¬ + =
+ =
l l l
l l Also
l hence
l
l
l
l
l
l
o

The positive root is ) 7 1 (
2
1
+ = l =1.823=o
l x l x
l x
x l
x l
l x
l x
n n
n
n
n
n
n
< ¬ < ÷
>
|
|
.
|

\
|
·
÷
=
|
.
|

\
|
+ ÷ + = ÷
+ +
+
1
2 2
1
2 2
1
0
If
2
3

2
3
2
5
2
3
2
5

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

31
25. 2010/C1/BT/DHS/Q10
(i)
1
, ( 1)
1
k
k
k
x N
x N
x
+
+
= >
+

1
2
As , , .
1
since 0
k k
k x l x l
l N
l
l
l N
l N l
+
÷· ÷ ÷
+
=
+
=
= >

(ii)
2 2
1
1 1 1
k k k k k
k k k
k k k
x N x N x x N x
x x x
x x x
+
+ + ÷ ÷ ÷
÷ = ÷ = =
+ + +

(iii)
2
1
( 1) , 1
1 1
N x N
y x N
x x
÷ ÷
= = ÷ + + >
+ +

(iv)
From the graph, if 0
k
x N < < ,
2
1 1
0 0
1
k
k k k k
k
N x
x x x x
x
+ +
÷
> ¬ ÷ > ¬ >
+
(shown)
From the graph, if
k
x N > ,
2
1 1
0 0
1
k
k k k k
k
N x
x x x x
x
+ +
÷
< ¬ ÷ < ¬ <
+
(shown)

O
x
y
N ÷ N
( 1) y x = ÷ +
1 x = ÷
1 ÷
1
1
N
2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

32
(D) Mathematical Induction

26. 2011/C1/BT/NJC/Q6(b)
1
2
3
1
2
2
3
3
4
u
u
u
=
=
=

1
n
n
u
n
=
+

Let
n
P be the statement ,
1
n
n
u
n
=
+
for 0 n > .
When 0 n = ,
0
LHS 0 u = = .

0
RHS 0
0 1
= =
+
.
Therefore
0
P is true.
Assume that
k
P is true for some 0 k > , i.e. .
1
k
k
u
k
=
+

( ) ( ) ( )
( )( )
( )
( )( )
( )( )
( )
( )( )
1
2
2
1
1 1 1
1
1 1 2
2 1
1 2
2 1
1 2
1
1 2
1
.
2
k k
u u
k k
k
k k k
k k
k k
k k
k k
k
k k
k
k
+
= +
+ + +
= +
+ + +
+ +
=
+ +
+ +
=
+ +
+
=
+ +
+
=
+

Since
0
P is true and
k
P is true implies
1 k
P
+
is true, hence by Mathematical Induction,
n
P is true for all 0 n > .
2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

33
27. 2010/C1/BT/CJC/Q6
(i)
7
2
6
1
6
6
1
4 1
6
4 1
1
1
2
=
|
.
|

\
|
÷
|
.
|

\
|
+
=
÷
+
=
u
u
u ,
8
3
7
2
6
7
2
4 1
6
4 1
2
2
3
=
|
.
|

\
|
÷
|
.
|

\
|
+
=
÷
+
=
u
u
u ,
,
9
4
8
3
6
8
3
4 1
6
4 1
3
3
4
=
|
.
|

\
|
÷
|
.
|

\
|
+
=
÷
+
=
u
u
u
2
1
9
4
6
9
4
4 1
6
4 1
4
4
5
=
|
.
|

\
|
÷
|
.
|

\
|
+
=
÷
+
=
u
u
u (=
10
5
)
(ii) Conjecture:
5 +
=
n
n
u
n
,
+
Z e n .
(iii) Let
n
P be the statement . ,
5
+
e
+
= Z n
n
n
u
n

For 1 n = ,
6
1
LHS
1
= = u (given)

6
1
5 1
1
RHS =
+
=
Since LHS = RHS,
1
P is true.
Assume that
k
P is true for some
+
eZ k , i.e.
5 +
=
k
k
u
k
.
To prove
1 k
P
+
is also true, i.e. .
6
1
5 ) 1 (
1
1
+
+
=
+ +
+
=
+
k
k
k
k
u
k

RHS
k
k
k
k
k
k
k k
k k
k
k
k
k
u
u
u
k
k
k
=
+
+
=
+
+
=
+
+
=
÷ +
+ +
=
|
.
|

\
|
+
÷
|
.
|

\
|
+
+
=
÷
+
=
=
+
6
1
) 6 ( 5
) 1 ( 5
30 5
5 5
) 5 ( 6
4 5
5
6
5
4 1
6
4 1
LHS
1

true also true
1 +
¬
k k
P P . Hence by Mathematical Induction,
n
P is true for all
+
eZ n .

(iv) As , · ÷ n 1 ÷
n
u

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

34
28. 2010/C1/BT/IJC/Q5
(i)
1
2 2
2 1
( 1)
n n
n
u u
n n
÷
+
= ÷
+
and
1
1
4
u = .
2 3 4 5
1 1 1 1
, , ,
9 16 25 36
u u u u = = = = .
(ii)
2
1
( 1)
n
u
n
=
+

(iii) Let P
n
denote the statement
2
1
( 1)
n
u
n
=
+
, n eℤ
+
.
For n = 1, LHS = u
1
= ¼ ;
RHS =
2
1 1
4
(1 1)
=
+
= LHS.
Thus P
1
is true.
Assume P
k
is true for some k eℤ
+
. i.e.
2
1
( 1)
k
u
k
=
+

To prove that P
k+1
is true, i.e.
1
2
1
( 2)
k
u
k
+
=
+

LHS
1
2 2
2( 1) 1
( 1) ( 2)
k k
k
u u
k k
+
+ +
= ÷
+ +

2 2 2
1 2 3
( 1) ( 1) ( 2)
k
k k k
+
= ÷
+ + +

2 2
1 2 3
1
( 1) ( 2)
k
k k
(
+
= ÷
(
+ + (
¸ ¸

2
2 2
1 ( 2) 2 3
( 1) ( 2)
k k
k k
(
+ ÷ ÷
=
(
+ + (
¸ ¸

2
2 2
1 4 4 2 3
( 1) ( 2)
k k k
k k
(
+ + ÷ ÷
=
(
+ + (
¸ ¸

2
2 2
1 2 1
( 1) ( 2)
k k
k k
(
+ +
=
(
+ + (
¸ ¸

2
2 2
1 ( 1)
( 1) ( 2)
k
k k
(
+
=
(
+ + (
¸ ¸

2
1
( 2) k
=
+
=RHS
Thus P
k
is true ¬ P
k+1
is true.
Since P
1
is true and P
k
is true ¬ P
k+1
is true, by mathematical induction,
2
1
( 1)
n
u
n
=
+

for all n eℤ
+
.

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

35
29. 2010/C1/BT/RVHS/Q6
(i)
1
u = 1 and
1
3 1, for 2
n n
u u n
÷
= + > .
So,
2
3 1 1 4 u = × + =
3
3 4 1 13 u = × + =
4
3 13 1 40 u = × + =
5
3 40 1 121 u = × + =
(ii) Let
2
3
4, we have p 4 9 (1)
p
q
q
÷
= + = ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
And
3
3
13, we have p 13 27 (2)
p
q
q
÷
= + = ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
Solving p = 1, q = 2
Thus, a conjecture for
n
u is
3 1
2
n
÷
.
(iii) Let P(n) denotes the proposition that
n
u =
3 1
2
n
÷
, where n
+
e .
Then for P(1): LHS = 1 RHS =
1
3 1
1
2
÷
=
Thus P(1) is true.
Assuming that P(k) is true, ie
3 1
2
k
k
u
÷
= for some k
+
e , we will like to show that
P(k+1) is also true, ie
1
1
3 1
2
k
k
u
+
+
÷
= .
Now, for P(k+1), by the recurrence relation:
1 1
1
3 1 3 3 2 3 1
3 1 3 1
2 2 2
k k k
k k
u u
+ +
+
| | ÷ ÷ + ÷
= + = + = =
|
\ .

Thus P(k+1) is also true!
Since P(1) is true and P(k) is true implies P(k+1) is also true, by mathematical
induction, P(n) is true for all n
+
e .

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

36
30. 2011/C1/BT/DHS/Q11(b)

Let P( ) n denote the statement,
0
2 1 2 3
2 for 0,1, 2, 3,...
2 2
n
r n
r
r n
n
=
÷ +
= ÷ =
¿

Consider P(0) ,
0
2(0) 1
LHS 1
2
÷
= = ÷
( )
0
2 0 3
RHS 2 1
2
+
= ÷ = ÷
Therefore, P(0) is true.
Assume that ( ) P k is true for some 0,1, 2, 3,... k =
i.e.,
0
2 1 2 3
2
2 2
k
r k
r
r k
=
÷ +
= ÷
¿

Need to show that P( 1) k + is true,
i.e.,
( )
1
1 1
0
2 1 3
2 1 2 5
2 2
2 2 2
k
r k k
r
k
r k
+
+ +
=
+ +
÷ +
= ÷ = ÷
¿

( )
1
1
0
2 1 1
2 1 2 3
LHS 2
2 2 2
k
r k k
r
k
r k
+
+
=
+ ÷
÷ +
= = ÷ +
¿
1
1 1
2 3 2 1
2
2 2
4 6 2 1 2 5
2 2 RHS
2 2
k k
k k
k k
k k k
+
+ +
+ +
= ÷ +
+ ÷ ÷ + (
= ÷ = ÷ =
(
¸ ¸

Thus, P( ) k true ¬ P( 1) k + true.

Since P(0) is true, and P( ) k true ¬ P( 1) k + true, by mathematical induction, P( ) n is
true for all 0,1, 2, 3,... n =

0 0
0 0
1
1
2
1
2
2 1 2 3
2
2 2 2
2 1 2 3
2
2 2 2
2 3
2
2
2 4
4
2
1
1
n n
r r n
r r
n n
r r n
r r
n
n
n
r n
r n
n
n
= =
= =
+
+ | | | |
÷ = ÷
| |
\ . \ .
+ | | | |
= + ÷
| |
\ . \ .
| |
+
|
= + ÷
|
|
\ .
+
= ÷
÷
¿ ¿
¿ ¿
÷

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

37
31. 2010/C1/BT/AJC/Q5
Let P
n
be the proposition that S
n
=
( )
( )
1
1
1 !
n
n
÷
÷ +
+

For n =1 , LHS = S
1
=
3
2
÷
RHS =
1 3
1
2! 2
÷
÷ + = ÷ = LHS ¬ P
1
is true .
Assume that P
k
is true for some k
+
e for n = k, that is, S
k
=
( )
( )
1
1
1 !
k
k
÷
÷ +
+

To prove for n = k+1, S
k+1
=
( )
( )
1
1
1
2 !
k
k
+
÷
÷ +
+
.
LHS = S
k+1
= S
k
+
( ) ( )
( )
1
1 3
2 !
k
k
k
+
÷ +
+

=
( )
( )
1
1
1 !
k
k
÷
÷ +
+
+
( ) ( )
( )
1
1 3
2 !
k
k
k
+
÷ +
+

= ( )
( ) ( )( )
( )
2 1 3
1 1
2 !
k
k k
k
| | + + ÷ +
÷ + ÷
|
|
+
\ .

= ( )
( )
1
1 1
2 !
k
k
| |
÷
÷ + ÷
|
|
+
\ .
=
( )
( )
1
1
1
2 !
k
k
+
÷
÷ +
+
= RHS
Therefore P
k
is true ¬ P
k+1
is true
Since P
k
is true ¬ P
k+1
is true and P
1
is true , by MI , P
n
is true for all n e
+
 .
Let r = k+2 :
( )
( )
2
9
1
1 !
r
n
r
r
r
=
÷
÷
¿
=
( ) ( )
( )
2
2 2
7
1 2
1 !
k
n
k
k
k
+
÷
=
÷ +
+
¿

=
( ) ( )
( )
2 2
7
1 2
1 !
k
n
k
k
k
÷
=
÷ +
+
¿

= S
2n-2
– S
6

( )
( )
( )
2 2 6
1 1
1 1
2 1 ! 7!
n
n
÷
| |
÷ ÷
= ÷ + ÷ ÷ + |
|
÷
\ .
=
( )
1
2 1 ! n ÷
1
7!
÷ or
( )
2 2
( 1)
2 1 !
n
n
÷
÷
÷
1
7!
÷

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

38
32. 2012/C1/BT/CJC/Q6(b)

Let P
n
be the statement |
.
|

\
| +
÷ =
÷
¿
=
4
1 2
3
1
4
1
3
1
1
n r
n
n
r
r
,
+
eZ n

When n = 1,
LHS = 0
3
1
1
1
=
÷
¿
= r
r
r

RHS

= 0
4
1
4
1
4
1 ) 1 ( 2
3
1
4
1
= ÷ = |
.
|

\
| +
÷ = LHS
P
1
is true.

Assume P
k
is true for some
+
eZ k , i.e. |
.
|

\
| +
÷ =
÷
¿
=
4
1 2
3
1
4
1
3
1
1
k r
k
k
r
r

Required to show P
k+1
is true, i.e. |
.
|

\
| +
÷ =
÷
+
+
=
¿
4
3 2
3
1
4
1
3
1
1
1
1
k r
k
k
r
r

¿
+
=
÷
=
1
1
3
1
L.H.S.
k
r
r
r

1
1
3
1 ) 1 (
3
1
+
=
÷ +
+ |
.
|

\
| ÷
=
¿
k
k
r
r
k r

1
3 4
1 2
3
1
4
1
+
+ |
.
|

\
| +
÷ =
k k
k k

|
.
|

\
|
÷
+
÷ =
+
k
k
k
4
) 1 2 ( 3
3
1
4
1
1

|
.
|

\
| ÷ +
÷ =
+
4
4 3 6
3
1
4
1
1
k k
k

|
.
|

\
| +
÷ =
+
4
3 2
3
1
4
1
1
k
k

= R.H.S.

Since P
1
is true and P
k
is true ¬ P
k+1
is true.
Therefore, by mathematical induction, P
n
is true for all
+
eZ n .

¿ ¿ ¿
= = =
÷ =
÷
n
r
n
r
r r
n
r
r
r r
1 1 1
3
1
3 3
1

|
.
|

\
|
÷
|
.
|

\
|
÷ |
.
|

\
|
÷ |
.
|

\
|
=
¿
=
3
1
1
3
1
1
3
1
3
1
n n
r
r
r

|
.
|

\
|
÷ |
.
|

\
|
÷ |
.
|

\
|
=
¿
=
n
n
r
r
r
3
1
1
2
1
3
1

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

39
But |
.
|

\
| +
÷ =
÷
¿
=
4
1 2
3
1
4
1
3
1
1
n r
n
n
r
r

|
.
|

\
|
÷ |
.
|

\
|
+ |
.
|

\
| +
÷ =
¿
=
n n
n
r
r
n r
3
1
1
2
1
4
1 2
3
1
4
1
3
1

|
.
|

\
|
+
+
÷ =
2
1
4
1 2
3
1
4
3 n
n

|
.
|

\
| +
÷ =
4
3 2
3
1
4
3 n
n
(shown)

For all
+
eZ n ,
|
.
|

\
| +
÷ =
¿
=
4
3 2
3
1
4
3
3
1
n r
n
n
r
r
4
3
<
(since 0
4
3 2
3
1
> |
.
|

\
| + n
n
,
4
3
4
3 2
3
1
4
3
< |
.
|

\
| +
÷
n
n
)
|
.
|

\
|
+ + + = + + +  
3 2 4 3 2
4
3
4
2
4
1
4
1
4
3
4
2
4
1

|
.
|

\
|
+ + + < 
3 2
3
3
3
2
3
1
4
1

¿
·
=
=
1
3 4
1
r
r
r

16
3
4
3
4
1
= |
.
|

\
|
< (shown)

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

40
33. 2010/C1/BT/DHS/Q8
(a)
2
1
1
2

3
r n
r
r
+
÷
=
=
¿

2
1
2 3
8 24 1
2
3
1
3
n
n
| |
÷
|
(
| |
\ .
× = ÷
(
|
\ .
(
¸ ¸ ÷

(b)

2
0
2 6 5
( 1)( 2)
n
r
r r
r r
=
+ +
+ +
¿

( )
0
1 1
2
1 2
1 1
2
1 2
1 1
2
2 3
1 1
2
3 4

1 1
2
1
1 1
2
1 2
1
2 1 1
2
1
2 3
2
n
r
r r
n n
n n
n
n
n
n
=
(
= + ÷
(
+ +
¸ ¸
= + ÷
+ + ÷
+ + ÷
+ + ÷
+
+ + ÷
+ +
= + + ÷
+
= + ÷
+
¿

1
As , 0, 2 3
2
Thus series does not converge.
n n
n
÷· ÷ + ÷·
+

(c) Let P
n
be the proposition
( ) ( )
1
1 1 1
2 ! 2 2 !
n
r
r r n
=
= ÷
+ +
¿
for all n
+
e

When n = 1, LHS of P
1
=
1 1
(1 2)1! 3
=
+

RHS of P
1
=
1 1 1
2 6 3
÷ = = LHS of P
1

P
1
is true.

Assume P
k
is true for some , k
+
e

i.e.
( ) ( )
1
1 1 1
2 ! 2 2 !
k
r
r r k
=
= ÷
+ +
¿

We want to show that then P
k+1
is also true, i.e.
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
1
1
1 1 1 1 1
2 ! 2 2 3 ! 1 2 !
k
r
r r k k
+
=
= ÷ = ÷
+ + + +
¿

Consider P
k+1
, RHS of P
k+1
=
( )
1 1
2 3 ! k
÷
+

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

41
+1
LHS of P
k
=
( )
1
1
1
2 !
k
r
r r
+
=
+
¿

( )
1
1
1 1
2 ! ( 3)( 1)!
1 1 1
2 ( 2)! ( 3)( 1)!
1 1 1 1
2 ( 1)! 2 3
1 1 3 2
2 ( 1)! ( 2)( 3)
1 1 1
2 ( 1)! ( 2)( 3)
1 1
2 ( 3)!
RHS of P
k
r
k
r r k k
k k k
k k k
k k
k k k
k k k
k
=
+
= +
+ + +
= ÷ +
+ + +
(
= ÷ ÷
(
+ + +
¸ ¸
( + ÷ ÷
= ÷
(
+ + +
¸ ¸
(
= ÷
(
+ + +
¸ ¸
= ÷
+
=
¿

P
k
is true ¬ P
k + 1
is true.

Since P
1
is true and P
k
is true ¬ P
k + 1
is true, by mathematical induction, P
n
is true.

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

42

Graphing Techniques

1. 2011/C1/BT/ACJC/Q6
(a) (i) k = – 1
Oblique Asymptote is y = x + 9
(ii)

(b)
x
y
- 2 2 - 2 0 - 1 8 - 1 6 - 1 4 - 1 2 - 1 0 - 8 - 6 - 4 - 2 0 2 4 6 8 1 0 1 2 1 4 1 6 1 8 2 0 2 2
0
2
4
6
8
1 0
1 2
1 4
1 6
1 8
2 0
2 2

(x – 1)
2
+ (y – 10)
2
= 6
2
does not cut the curve C.
(x – 1)
2
+ (y – 10)
2
= 7
2
cuts the curve C at 4 points.
smallest value of r = 7.

2. 2011/C1/BT/MJC/Q3
(i) For
2 2
t t
u ÷ < < ,
1 sin 1
2 sin 2 2
2 2
a a a
a x a
u
u
÷ < <
¬ ÷ < + < +
¬ ÷ < < +

0 cos 1
0 3cos 3
0 3 y
u
u
< s
¬ < s
¬ < s

(ii) Since
2 2
sin cos 1 u u + = ,
( )
2
2
2 2
2
1
3
x y
a
÷
+ =
For 0 2 a < < , Curve C is a half-ellipse with centre (2,0)
and x-intercepts ( ) 2 , 0 a ± .

x
y
O
0 = x
|
.
|

\
|
÷
4
1
, 2
|
.
|

\
|
16
1
, 4
0 = y
8 ÷ = x
( ) 0 , 1
×

(2,0)
O

x
y
2 a ÷

2 a +

3
(2,3)
2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

43

3. 2011/C1/BT/MJC/Q9
(a)

(b) The lines of symmetry are 0 y = and 1 x = .
A: Scaling by factor 2 parallel to the y-axis – Replace y by
2
y | |
|
\ .

B: Reflection in the y-axis – Replace x by –x
C: Translation of 1 unit in the direction of the x-axis – Replace x by ( ) 1 x ÷
Equation of new curve:
2 2 2 2
3 3 y x x y = ÷ ¬ + =
The new curve is a circle with centre at the origin and radius 3 .

x = 1.5
y = 0
2
1,
3
÷
| |
|
\ .
1
3,
2
÷
| |
|
\ .
2
x
y
O
x = 0
y
x = 1.5
2
1,
3
| |
|
\ .
1
3,
2
| |
|
\ .
2
1,
2
3
÷
| |
|
\ .
1
3,
2
÷
| |
|
\ .
x = 0
y = 0
x
O
O
3

3

3 ÷

3 ÷

y
x
2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

44
4. 2012/C1/BT/RI/Q4

5. 2012/C1/BT/HCI/Q5
(a)(i)
2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2
2
2 2 2
2 2 2 2
1
Replace by 1
( 1)
1
Replace by
2
( 1) ( 1) 2
1, i.e. 1
4
x y
a b
x x
x y
a b
y
y
y
x x y
a b a b
+ =
÷
÷
+ =
| |
|
÷ ÷
\ .
+ = + =

2 2
2 2
Replace by 2
( 1) ( 2)
1
4
y y
x y
a b
+
÷ +
+ =

Translate the graph of the curve in the positive x-direction by 1 unit. (This step can be done
first or last.)
Then, scale graph of C
1
parallel to the y-axis with a factor of 2 followed by a translation in
the negative y-direction by 2 units.

Alternative:
y
1 x =
2 y = ÷
O 2 ÷
x
1
( ) f y x =
2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

45
( )
2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2
2
2
2 2
1
Replace by 1
( 1)
1
Replace by 1
1
( 1)
1
x y
a b
x x
x y
a b
y y
y
x
a b
+ =
÷
÷
+ =
+
+
÷
+ =

2 2
2 2
2 2 2 2
2 2
2 2
Replace by
2
2
1
( 1) ( 1) 2 2
1, i.e. 1
( 1) ( 2)
i.e. 1
4
y
y
y y
x x
a b a b
x y
a b
+ | | | |
+
| |
÷ ÷
\ . \ .
+ = + =
÷ +
+ =

Translate the graph of the curve in the positive x-direction by 1 unit. (This step can be done
first or last.)
Then, translate the graph in the negative y-direction by 1 unit followed by a scaling parallel to
the y-axis with a factor of 2.

(a)(ii)
If C
2
is a circle,

2 2
4 2 ( and are both positive) a b a b a b = ¬ = 

5(b)
2
2
2
3 5 6 0
3 9
6 5 0
2 4
3 15 5
5 (3 4 )
2 4 4
y y x
y x
y x x
÷ + + =
| |
÷ ÷ + + =
|
\ .
| |
÷ = ÷ ÷ = ÷ +
|
\ .

2
3 5 3
(3 4 ) 0 3 4 0
2 4 4
y x x x
| |
÷ = ÷ + > ¬ + s ¬ s ÷
|
\ .

When
3 3
, .
4 2
x y = ÷ =
The curve is a parabola with vertex at
3 3
4, 2
| |
÷
|
\ .
.
When y = 0,
6
.
5
x = ÷

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

46

6. 2012/C1/BT/HCI/Q12 (modified)

(i) Method 1:
Since 1 y x = ÷ is an asymptote of C,
2
( 1)( 1) 1
1
1 1 1
A x x A x A
y x
x x x
÷ + + ÷ +
= ÷ + = =
+ + +

Compare the above expression with the equation of C
2 2
2 3
.
1
x ax a
y
x
÷ ÷
=
+

Thus,
2 2 2
2 3 1 x ax a x A ÷ ÷ = ÷ + .
By comparing coefficient of x, 2 0 0 a a ÷ = ¬ =

Method 2:
2 2
2
2
2
( 2 1)
1 2 3

( 2 1) 3
( 2 1) 2 1
3 2 1
x a
x x ax a
x x
a x a
a x a
a a
+ ÷ ÷
+ ÷ ÷
+
÷ ÷ ÷
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
÷ + +

By long division,
2
2 1 3
( 2 1)
1
a a
y x a
x
+ ÷
= + ÷ ÷ +
+

Oblique asymptote is ( 2 1) y x a = + ÷ ÷ . Compare ( 2 1) y x a = + ÷ ÷

to the given
asymptote 1 y x = ÷ ,
2 1 1 0 a a ÷ ÷ = ÷ ¬ =

3 3
,
4 2
| |
÷
|
\ .

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

47
(ii)
2 2 2
2 3
Since 0, .
1 1
x ax a x
a y
x x
÷ ÷
= = =
+ +

Since
1
0 1
3
÷ < < , by (i), we know that the curve has 2 stationary points. The curve has 2
asymptotes 1 and 1. x y x = ÷ = ÷ Intersection with axes: (0,0).

The stationary points (0,0) and (÷2, ÷4) can be found using GC.

(iii) Point of intersection of asymptotes ( 1 and 1 y x x = ÷ = ÷ ) is:
Substitute 1 x = ÷ into 1, y x = ÷
we have 2 y = ÷ .
the point of intersection is ( 1, 2) ÷ ÷ .

When 1, 2 2 2 x y mx m m m = ÷ = ÷ + ÷ = ÷ + ÷ = ÷ .
i.e. the point of intersection (÷1, ÷2) lies on the line 2. y mx m = + ÷
2 y mx m = + ÷ also passes through the point of intersection of the asymptotes of C.

2
2
2
( 1)( 2) 0
( 1)( 2)
2
1
x x mx m
x mx m x
x
mx m
x
÷ + + ÷ =
· + + ÷ =
· + ÷ =
+

No. of real roots to the given equation
2
( 1)( 2) 0 x x mx m ÷ + + ÷ =
= No. of intersection points between the curve
2
1
x
y
x
=
+
and the line 2 y mx m = + ÷ .
To sketch the line onto the graph in (iii), we need to realize that the line has gradient
m and passes through the point of intersection of the asymptotes.

2 = + ÷ y mx m
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To get two intersection points, the line 2 y mx m = + ÷ must be steeper than the oblique
asymptote y = x – 1.

7. 2011/C1/BT/RVHS/Q11
(i)
2
4 12 12 4
2
2 2
x x k k
y y x
x x
÷ + ÷
= ¬ = ÷ +
÷ ÷

The asymptotes are 2 y x = ÷ , and 2 x = .

(ii) Substituting 0 k = into the equation gives

4
2
2
y x
x
= ÷ ÷
÷
,
(iii)

2
3 2
3 2
2
4 2 0
4 2
( 4 ) 2
4 1
2
x x x
x x x
x x x x
x x
x x
÷ ÷ + =
÷ = ÷
÷ = ÷
÷
=
÷
,
The above equation has 3 distinct roots.

( 1, 2) ÷ ÷
point of intersection of
asymptotes
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8. 2011/C1/BT/RVHS/Q12
(i)

(ii)

(iii)

9. 2012/C1/BT/SAJC/Q5

ai)

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50
aii) aiii)

(b)
Undoing the transformation
Let
( )
( )
2
1
h
1
y x
x
= =
+

Undo C: Translation of one unit in the positive y direction.
( )
( )
( )
2
1
h 1 1 i
1
y x x
x
= + = + =
+

Undo B: Reflection about the y-axis.
( )
( )
( )
2
1
i 1 j
1
y x x
x
= ÷ = + =
÷ +

Undo A: Translation of one unit in the negative x direction
( )
( ) ( )
( )
2 2
1 1
j 1 1 1 g
1 1
y x x
x
x
= + = + = + =
÷ + +

Alternative Method
Let the coordinate of the original curve g(x) be (x,y).
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) , 1, ( 1), 1,
A B C
x y x y x y x y ÷÷÷ + ÷÷÷ ÷ + ÷÷÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
2
2
2
1
1
[ ( 1) 1]
1
1
( )
1
1
y
x
y
x
y
x
÷ =
÷ + +
= +
÷
= +

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10. 2012/C1/BT/SAJC/Q6
(i)
2
( ) x a
y
x b
+
=
+

Using the vertical asymptote: b = 2
Substitute (1,0) : a = 1 ÷

(ii)

2 2
( 1) 2 1 9
4
2 2 2
x x x
y x
x x x
÷ ÷ +
= = = ÷ +
+ + +

Equation of oblique asymptote L is 4 y x = ÷

(iii)
Using GC, coordinates of P = ( 5, 12) ÷ ÷

(iv)

(v)
2
2
2
2 2 4 2
2 2 4 3 2 2
4 3 2 4 3 2 2
4 2
( 1)
25
2
( 2) ( 1) 25( 2) 0
( 4 4) ( 4 6 4 1) 25( 4 4) 0
4 4 4 6 4 1 25 100 100 0
2 15 104 99 0
x
x
x
x x x x
x x x x x x x x x
x x x x x x x x x
x x x
( ÷
+ =
(
+
¸ ¸
+ + ÷ ÷ + =
+ + + ÷ + ÷ + ÷ + + =
+ + + ÷ + ÷ + ÷ ÷ ÷ =
÷ ÷ ÷ =

Since the graphs of
2
( 1)
2
x
y
x
÷
=
+
intersects the graph of
2 2
25 x y + = at exactly two
points, there are exactly two real roots for the given equation.

x
y

2 2
25 x y + = 5
2
( 1)
2
x
y
x
÷
=
+

5 ÷ 2 ÷ 1 5

5 ÷

-
P
0
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11. 2012/C1/BT/AJC/Q5

Manipulating the equation,
( )
2
2 e
x
x a ÷ ÷ =
Sketching the two curves on the same diagram,

As a varies, the curve ( )
2
2 y x a = ÷ ÷ will translate along the x-axis. In order for the equation
to have one +ve and -ve solution,
2
1 2 2 a < ÷ s (observe the y intercepts of the two graphs)
Since
2
2 2 a ÷ s for all real values of a,
2
2
2 1
1 0
( 1)( 1) 0
a
a
a a
÷ >
÷ <
+ ÷ <

1 1 a ÷ < <

x
y
O
(0, 2-a
2
)
( )
2
2 y x a = ÷ ÷

(a, 2)
x
y
O
(0, 2-a
2
)
( )
2
2 y x a = ÷ ÷

(a, 2)
OR
x
y
O
(0, 2-a
2
)
( )
2
2 y x a = ÷ ÷

e
x
y =
(a, 2)
1
2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

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12. 2011/C1/BT/TJC/Q2
2 2
4 16 9 18 11 0 x x y y ÷ + ÷ ÷ =
( ) ( )
2 2
2
2 2
2 1
1
3 2
x y ÷ ÷
· + =

x
( ) 2, 1 ÷
( ) 2, 1
2.49

y
C
1

( ) 1, 1 ÷ ( ) 5, 1
( ) 2, 3
0.598 ÷
4.60
0.491 ÷
y
x
( ) 2, 3
( ) 2, 3 ÷
( ) 2, 3 ÷
( ) 2, 3 ÷ ÷
( ) 5, 1
( ) 5, 1 ÷
2.49
÷2.49
C
2

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

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13. 2011/C1/BT/TJC/Q8
(i) 2 x = , 1 x = , 1 x = ÷ , 0 y = .
(ii)

(iii) ( )( )
( )( )
2
2 2
2
3
3 2 1
2 1
x
x k x x k
x x
= ÷ ÷ ¬ =
÷ ÷

The line y k = cuts the graph ( ) f y x = only once for 0 10.2 k s < .

(iv)

For
( )
f sin x p x o = to have more than 3 real roots, 0 p < .

y
x
1 x = ÷ 1 x = 2 x =
0
( ) 1.38,10.2 ( ) 1.38,10.2 ÷
2 x = ÷
( )
f y x =
sin y p x o =
y
x
1 x = ÷ 1 x = 2 x =
0
( ) 1.38,10.2
( ) f y x =
2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

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Functions

1. 2010/C1/BT/AJC/Q12
(a) For gf to exists,
g
f
R D _
( )
f
R 0, = · and
g
D =  ,
g
f
R D _ . gf exists.
2 2
1 1
2
1
gf ( ) g
x x
x e e
x
(
= = =
(
¸ ¸

2
1
gf ( ) , , 0
x
x e x x = e = 
From the graph,
gf
R = ( ) 1, ·

(b)(i)
2 2
2 2
, 0
h( )
, 0
a x x a
x
a x a x
¦
÷ s s
¦
=
´
÷ ÷ ÷ < < ¦
¹
, where a is a positive constant.
Since any horizontal line y=k cuts the graph of h
at most once
¬ h is one-one
¬
-1
h exists

Graph of h( ) y x = is symmetric about the line y=x.
¬ Reflection of h (i.e.
-1
h ) in the line y=x is the same graph (as h)
¬
-1
h =h
(b)(ii) Since
-1
h =h,
5
2
h
a
| |
÷
|
\ .
=(
-1
h h)(
-1
h h)h
2
a
| |
÷
|
\ .
= h
2
a
| |
÷
|
\ .
=
2
2 2
3 3
2 4 2
a
a a a
| |
÷ ÷ ÷ = ÷ = ÷
|
\ .

(b)(iii) Let d be the x-coordinate of the point of intersection.
2
2 2 2 2
2 2
a a
a d d d d = + ¬ = ¬ =
Alternative method:
At point of intersection:
2 2
x a x = ÷
2 2 2
x a x = ÷
2 2
2x a = ¬
2
a
x =
a
a
-
-
0
y=k
y=x
y=h(x
a
d
d
0
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2. 2010/C1/BT/ACJC/Q7
(i)
2
(2 1)
gf ( ) ,
x
x e x
÷
= e
Since gf (0) = gf (1) = e, gf is not one-one.
Thus the function gf does not have an inverse.

Alternative Method
Since any horizontal line y k = , 1, k > cuts the graph of
gf ( ) y x = more than once, gf is not a one-one function.
Hence, the function gf does not have an inverse.

(ii) For gf to have an inverse, gf is one-one.
Restrict domain of gf to
1
{ : }
2
x x e s 
Thus Largest k =
1
2

Let
2
(2 1) x
y e
÷
=

2
ln (2 1)
2 1 ln
y x
x y
= ÷
÷ = ±

Since
1
2
x s , 2 1 ln x y ÷ = ÷

1 ln
2
y
x
÷
=
1
1 ln
(gf) ( )
2
x
x
÷
÷
=
Since
| ) 1
gf
(gf)
1, D R
÷
= = · ,
1
1 ln
(gf) : , [1, )
2
x
x x
÷
÷
e · 

3. 2010/C1/BT/CJC/Q12
(a)(i) From the graph, the range of the function is
{0 ≤ y < 4}{4 < y ≤ 5}
f(x) is a one-one function and thus f
–1
exists.

(a)(ii) f
÷1
(x) = {
x
7 ÷ x

0 ≤ x < 4
4 < x ≤ 5

(b)(i) r
h
= {y e9} . d
g
= {x > 0}
(b)(ii) restrict the domain of h to x > 2 to give r
h
= { 0< y < · }

x
O
y
1
gf ( ) y x =
1
2

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4. 2010/C1/BT/DHS/Q6
(i) Any horizontal line y = a, a e cuts the graph of f
at most once.
f is one-one ¬ f
-1
exists.
1
Let
2
2 1
2 1 1 2
or
1 1
x
y
x
y xy x
y y
x
y y
÷
=
÷
÷ = ÷
÷ ÷
=
÷ ÷

1
2 1 1 2
f : or , 1
1 1
x x
x x
x x
÷
÷ ÷
>
÷ ÷

-1
f
f
( D R (1, ] ) = = ·

(ii)
2
1 2 1 1 2 1
Use or or
2 1 2 1
3 1 0
3 5
2
3 5 3 5
(rej as 2)
2 2
x x x x
x x
x x x x
x x
x
x
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
= = =
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
÷ + =
±
=
+ ÷
= >

(iii)
f g
Since R ( 1, ) [ 1, ) D gf exists. = · _ · = ¬
( )
( ) ( )
1
gf ( ) 3
gf 3 g 2 2ln 2
x
x
÷
=
= = =

(Note: The alternative method of finding ( )
1
gf ( ) x
÷
is too complex.)

5. 2010/C1/BT/JJC/Q8
(i)

(ii) Every horizontal line y = b where 0 2 b < s cuts the graph of g at only 1 point.
Hence g(x) is one-one. Thus
1
g
÷
exists.
1
sin
2
Let 2sin(2 )
2
y
y x x
÷ | |
|
\ .
= · =
1 1
1
g ( ) sin , 0 2.
2 2
x
x x
÷ ÷
| |
= < s
|
\ .

x
y = f(x)
5 0
2ln5
y
1
y
4
t

2
t

x
y = g(x)
2
0
y
x O
x = 2
y = 1
y a =
2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

58
x
y
2
y = g(x)
1 O
(iii) Since
g f
(0, 2] (0, 5] R D = _ = , fg exists.
fg( ) f (2sin(2 )) = 2ln(2sin 2 )), .
4 2
x x x x
t t
= s <
R
fg
= ( , 2ln 2] ÷·

6. 2010/C1/BT/NJC/Q10
(a)(i)
2
2, 1 1
f ( )
1
, 1 4
x x
x
x
x
¦÷ + ÷ < s
¦
=
´
< s
¦
¹

(a)(ii) Any horizontal line, y = k, where 1< k < 2,
cuts the graph more than once. This implies
that f is not 1-1 and thus f
-1
does not exist.

Alternatively,
1 1 7
f f
2 2 4
| | | |
÷ = =
| |
\ . \ .

Since, f is not 1-1 and thus f
-1
does not exist

(a)(iii) a = 0
-1 -1
1
1 1 1
f
f f f
1
[ , 2]
4
D D R = = =

(b)(i) R
g
= (−∞, ∞), D
h
= (−1,∞)
g h
R D _ , hg does not exist.

(b)(ii) For R
g
∩ D
h
, R
g
= D
h
= (−1,∞)
2
g( ) ln( 1) 1 x x = ÷ = ÷

¬
1
1 1.17 (to 3 s.f.) x e
÷
= + =

Hence, maximal domain of g = (1.17,∞)
( )
2
2
hg( ) h ln( 1)
1
2 , 1.17
ln( 1) 1
x x
x
x
= ÷
= ÷ >
÷ +

hg h
R R ( , 2) = = ÷·

1
4
-1
1
x
O
f ( ) y x =
2
y
y
-1
1 1
f f ( ) y x x = =
2
0.25 O
x
2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

59
7. 2010/C1/BT/RVHS/Q9
(i) The function
2
: 4 5 f x x x ÷ ÷  is not one-to-one
in the domain 1 8 x ÷ s s as shown by the sketch.
There exists a horizontal line that cuts the graph of y = f(x)
more than once ¬ f is not one-one.
Thus f
÷1
does not exist.

(ii) Since the minimum of the curve y = f(x) is at x = 2,
the largest domain for which f
-1
exist is [2,8]
2
2
( ) = ( 2) 9
Then, ( 2) 9
2 9
Thus, 2 9 (sin ce [2, 8])
y f x x
x y
x y
x y x
= ÷ ÷
÷ = +
÷ = ± +
= + + e

Note that for y = f(x), when x = 2, y = ÷9
and when x = 8, y = 27.
Hence,
1
: 2 9, 9 27 f x x x
÷
+ + ÷ s s 

(iii) , [0, )
g h
R D = = · 
Since
g h
R D . , hg does not exist.

(iv) [ln( 1), )
k
R p = ÷ ·
For hk to exist, [0, )
k h
R D _ = · .
let ln(p – 1) = 0, then p – 1 = 1 ¬ p = 2
Thus, for hk to exist, the minimum value of p is 2.
k h
[2, ) [0, ) · ÷ · ÷ (0,
1
2
]
So, the range of hk is
hk
R = (0,
1
2
]

Alternatively:

k( )
ln( 1)
1
hk( )
1
1

1
x
x
x
e
e
÷
=
+
=
+

1 1
.
( 1) 1 x x
= =
÷ +

Thus, when x > 2, 0 < hk(x) s
1
2

So, the range of hk is
hk
R = (0,
1
2
]
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60
8. 2010/C1/BT/TJC/20Q9
(i)(a)

(i)(b) Since R
f
= [0, 2] _ (−·, e) = D
g

gf exists

1 1
, [0, 2] [ln( 2),1]
2 2
e
(
÷ ÷
(
¸ ¸

Range of gf = [ ln(e − 2), 1]

(ii) For
1
f
÷
exists, f has to be one-one. Min value of c = 0.

9. VJC/2010/JC1/MYE/Q11

f g
x
y
y = x
2
2 0
1
2

1
2

y =f(x)
y =f
÷1
(x)
y
x
y =
2
0
1
2

1
2

y
x
y = g(x)
e
1
0
ln(e−2)
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61
10. 2011/C1/BT/AJC/Q11
(a) ( )
2
1
h
1
x a a x a x
a a
x a
= + = + ÷ =
+ ÷
÷

7 2 2 2
1
h ( ) hh h h ( ) h( ) x x x a
x a
= = = +
÷
since ( )
2
h x x =

(b) Restricted domain of f = ( | 1, 0 ÷

For 1 x ÷ to be defined, 1 x s
For
1
f g
÷
to exist,
1
g g f
f
R D R R
÷
_ ¬ _ .
But | )
f
R 0, = ·

Thus largest possible set | | 3,1 A = ÷ .
( )
1
1
2 1
f g( )
3 1
g( )
f g( )
g( ) 1
x
x
x
x
x
x
÷
÷
| |
÷ ÷
= ÷
|
|
÷ ÷
\ .
= ÷
+

1
f ( )
1
x
x
x
÷
= ÷
+
, 0 x >
Let
1 1
x y
y x
x y
= ÷ ¬ = ÷
+ +
f( )
1
x
x
x
= ÷
+

11. 2011/C1/BT/ DHS/Q8
(i) ( ) 1
1
3 3
3
f
f
Let 1 1 1 , D R y x x y x y
÷
= ÷ + · = ÷ · = ÷ = = 

( )
1
1
3
f : 1 , x x x
÷
÷ e  
(ii) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
1 1 1
fg 7 0 fg 7 f g 7 x x x
÷ ÷ ÷
+ = · = ÷ · = ÷

( )
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( )
1
1
1 1
3
4
Let g .
f 7 f 7 1 7 2 g
g 2 e 2
w x
w w x
x
÷
÷ ÷
=
= ÷ · = ÷ = ÷ ÷ = =
= = ÷

(iii) ( ) ( ) ( )
( )
3
2 2
, e 2, , e 2 1
b b
b
÷ ÷
÷ · ÷ ÷ · ÷ ÷· ÷ ÷ +
By comparison,
( )
3
2
2
1
2
407
e 2 1
64
7
e 2
4
ln 4
ln 4 ln 2
2
b
b
b
÷
÷
÷ ÷ + =
÷ = ÷
= = =

y
x
O
1 y = ÷
1
f y
÷
= 1
f f y
÷
=
( ) 1, 1 ÷ ÷
x
y
÷3 O 1
g( ) y x =
x
(–b, e
-2b
–2)
y = –2
y = g (x)
–1
ln 2
y
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62
12. 2011/C1/BT/MI/Q13
(a)(i) Since (0) (4) f f k = = and ( ) f x is a quadratic curve, f is not one-one.
Therefore
1
f
÷
does not exist

(a)(ii)
2 2
( ) 4 ( 2) 4 b x x x k x k = ÷ + = ÷ + ÷
Largest domain of b ( , 2] = ÷· , 2 a =
2
2
1
Let ( ),
( 2) 4
4 ( 2)
2 4
2 4
( ) 2 4, 2
y b x
y x k
y k x
x y k
x y k
b x x k x
÷
=
= ÷ + ÷
÷ + = ÷
÷ = ± ÷ +
= ± ÷ +
= ÷ ÷ + s

Domain of
1
b
÷
[ 4, ) k = ÷ ·

(a)(iii) Since the graphs of b and
1
b
÷
intersect at the point where
1
4
x = ÷ ,

1 1
4 4
b
| |
÷ = ÷
|
\ .

2
1 1 1
4
4 4 4
21

16
k
k
| | | |
÷ ÷ ÷ + = ÷
| |
\ . \ .
¬ = ÷

(b)
2
2
1 1 1 2
( ) 2 , 1 gh x x
x x x x
| | | |
= ÷ = ÷ >
| |
\ . \ .

Sketch graph of ( ) y gh x = ,

(1) 1 gh = ÷ , [ 1, 0)
gh
R = ÷

y = c
( ) y gh x =
2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

63
13. 2011/C1/BT/NJC/Q11
(i)

Turning point of
( )
2
f 2 3 x x x = ÷ ÷ +
is at (– 1,4).
1 k = ÷

( )
2
f 2 3 x x x = ÷ ÷ +
( )
2
2 3 x x = ÷ + +
( )
2
2 1 1 3 x x = ÷ + ÷ + +
( )
2
1 1 3 x
(
= ÷ + ÷ +
¸ ¸

( )
2
1 4 x = ÷ + +
Let ( )
2
1 4 y x = ÷ + +
( )
2
1 4 x y + = ÷
1 4 or 4 x y y + = ÷ ÷ ÷
4 1 or 4 1 (rejected since 1) x y y x = ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ <

( ) ( ) -1
1
f
f
f 1 4 , 4 D R x x x
÷
= ÷ ÷ ÷ < =

(ii) Let
1
1
h
2
m
÷
| |
=
|
\ .

Then
( )
1
h
2
m = ÷

( ) ( )
2
1
h 1
2
m m m m = ÷ ÷ = ÷

Using G.C. (PlySmlt2 in Apps) to solve
3 2
1
0
2
m m m ÷ ÷ + =
,
1
0.403 or 1.45 (rejected 1 ) or
3
1
0.855(rejected 1 )
3
m x
x
= ÷ < <
÷ ÷ < <

0.403 (to 3 s.f.) m =

( ) f y x =
2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

64
(iii)

h
5
R 1,
27
| |
= ÷
|
\ .

( )
g
D 2, = ÷ ·
Since
h g
R D _ , composite function gh exists.
( ) ( ) ( )
( )
2
3 2
gh g 1
ln 2
x x x x
x x x
= ÷ ÷
= ÷ ÷ +

gh h
1
D D ,1
3
| |
= = ÷
|
\ .

Using mapping,
h
D
1
,1
3
| |
÷
|
\ .
mapping under h
÷
h
R
5
1,
27
| |
÷
|
\ .
mapping under g
÷
gh
R

59
Range of gh = 0, ln
27
| |
|
\ .

Alternatively,

( ) g y x =
( ) g h = y x
59
ln
27

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

65
14. 2011/C1/BT/RI/P1/Q9
(i)

(ii) ( |
g
3, 4 R =

( )
2
2
2
3 4 6 18 13
fg 3
1 2 1
x x x
x
x x x
+ + + | |
= ÷ =
|
+ + +
\ .

(iii) Horizontal asymptote y = 6
(iv) Largest value of k is 2.
(v) ( )
2
2 1, 2 1 y x x y = ÷ + = ± ÷

Since 2 x s ¬ 2 1 x y = ÷ ÷

i.e. h
÷1
(x) = 2 1 x ÷ ÷

1
h : 2 1, , 1. x x x x
÷
÷ ÷ ÷ e > 

15. 2011/C1/BT/RVHS/Q10
(i)

Since there exists a line 3 y = such that it cuts the graph at more than 1 point.
¬ f is not 1 – 1 function.
¬
1
f
÷
does not exist

(ii)
1
f
÷
exists if 0 x s .
Thus greatest value of a = 0.
Let
2
e 1
x
y = +
2
1 e
x
y ÷ =
( )
2
ln 1 y x ÷ =
( ) ln 1 x y = ± ÷ (reject ( ) ln 1 x y = ÷ as 0 x s )
( ) ( )
1
f ln 1 x x
÷
= ÷ ÷ ,
1
f
f
[2, ) D R
÷
= = ·
y = f(x)
5
0 2 x
y
x O
2
( ) f y x =
2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

66
(iii)
g f
( , 0] R D = . ÷· = 
¬fg does not exist.

For gf to exist,
g
( , 0] R _ ÷· ,

( )
0 ln 2 x = ÷ ÷
1 or 3 x =
Largest value of b = 1

( )
2
ln2 g f
[0,1] [ ln 2, 0] [2, e 1] ÷÷÷ ÷ ÷÷÷ +
( )
2
ln2
fg
[2, e 1] R = +

Alternatively,

16. 2011/C1/BT/VJC/Q7
(i) ( ) Let h y x ax b = = +

( )
( )
1
1
h
h
y b y b
x y
a a
x b
x
a
÷
÷
÷ ÷
= ¬ =
÷
=

(ii) ( ) ( )
1 2
2
h 2 g 2 3
b
a
÷
÷
= ¬ =

( )
( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( )
1 0
2 9 1
h 0 g 0 3
2
1 1
Solving 1 & 2 , &
4 4
b a
b
a
b a
a b
÷
¬ ÷ =
= ¬ ÷ =
¬ ÷ =
= = ÷



(iii) ( ) ( )
1
Let gh 3 k
÷
=

( ) gh 3 3 3
1
1
1
4
1 5
1
4
ak b
k
b
ak b k
a
+
¬ = ¬ =
+
÷
¬ + = ¬ = = =

x
y
O
1
2
3

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

67
17. 2011/C1/BT/VJC/Q8
(i) ( ) ( ) f 5 f 1 =
= 2 3 3 1 7 10 ÷ + ÷ + =
( ) ( )
' '
8.5 13
f 5 f 1 3
1.5 0
÷
= = = ÷
÷

(ii)

(iii) ( ) f 10 t =

( )
1
1, 3, 5, 7,
1
and 1 1 2
2 1
n
t
t
t n
n
=
¬ =
= + ÷
= ÷

18. 2012/C1/BT/AJC/Q9

(a) (i) Let
( )
2
3
h( ) e
x
y x
÷
= =
3 ln x y = ±
Since 0 3 x s s , 3 ln x y = ÷
Domain of h
-1
= Range of h =
9
1, e (
¸ ¸

1 9
h ( ) 3 ln , 1 x x x e
÷
= ÷ s s

(ii) h
–1
h(x ) = x , where | | 0, 3
h
x D e =
h h
–1
(x ) = x, where
1
9
1,
h
x D e
÷
( e =
¸ ¸

Thus for h
–1
h(x ) = h h
–1
(x ),

| | 0, 3 x e and
9
1, x e ( e
¸ ¸
| | 1, 3 x ¬ e

(b)

(3, 10)
(4, 13)
(5.5, 8.5)
(7, 10)
(8, 13)
(9.5, 8.5)
13
(1.5, 8.5)
(10, 9)
x
y
O
2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

68
(i) If 0 ì = ,
Range of g,
g
R ( 1,1) = ÷
Domain of f,
f
D ( , 1) ( 1,1) (1, ) = ÷· ÷ ÷ ·
Since
g f
R D _ , fg exist.
From the diagram above,
g
R ( 1,1) = ÷ will be the input for the function f. Therefore,
fg
R ( , 1] = ÷· ÷
OR
2
1
fg( )
cos 1
x
x
=
÷
, 0 x t < <

From the graph of y = fg(x) in the GC,
fg
R ( , 1] = ÷· ÷

(ii)

g
R ( 1, 1) ì ì = ÷ +
The width of
g
R is always 2 units and the domain of f cannot accept 1. x = ÷
Since ì is negative, for composite function fg to exist.
( ) ( 1, 1) , 1
1 1
2
ì ì
ì
ì
÷ + _ ÷· ÷
+ s ÷
s ÷

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

69
5A
Inequalities

1. 2010/C1/BT/AJC/Q7
(a)
3 2
2 5 x x
>
÷ +

¬
3 2
0
2 5 x x
÷ >
÷ +

¬
19
0
( 2)( 5)
x
x x
+
>
÷ +

¬ ( 19)( 2)( 5) 0 x x x + ÷ + >
¬ 19 5 x ÷ s < ÷ or 2 x >

From (i), if
3 2
2 5 x x
<
÷ +
, then 19 x < ÷ or 5 2 x ÷ < < .
Now for
3 2
2 5 x x
<
÷ +
, replace x with x ,
¬ 19 x < ÷ (Rejected since 0 x > ) or 5 2 x ÷ < <
0 2 x ¬ s <
¬ 0 4 x s <

(b)
2
2
6 8 1
9
x
x x + + < ÷

From the graph, 3 1.64 x ÷ s < ÷
(correct to 3 significant figures).

2. 2010/C1/BT/ACJC/Q3

-19
-5 2
2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

70
3. 2010/C1/BT/DHS/Q1
2
2 2
8 4 4
5 8 4 5 4 5
5 5 5
x x x x x
( | |
÷ + = ÷ + = ÷ +
|
(
¸ ¸ \ .

2 2 2
4 4 4 4
For all , 0 5 0 5 0
5 5 5 5
x x x x
| | | | | |
e ÷ > ¬ ÷ > ¬ ÷ + >
| | |
\ . \ . \ .

2 2
2
1 1 4
, ,
2 1 4 3 2 3
( 1)(4 3 ) (2 1) 5 8 4 5 8 4
0 0 0
(2 1)(4 3 ) (2 1)(4 3 ) (2 1)(4 3 )
1
Since 5 8 4 0, 0
(2 1)(4 3 )
x x
x
x x
x x x x x x x x
x x x x x x
x x
x x
÷
s =
÷ ÷
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ + ÷ ÷ +
s ¬ s ¬ >
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
÷ + > >
÷ ÷

1 4
2 3
x < <

4. 2010/C1/BT/JJC/Q2
2 2
4 ( 2)( 17) x x x x ÷ > + ÷ ÷
2
( 2)( 2) ( 2)( 17) 0 x x x x x + ÷ ÷ + ÷ ÷ >
2
( 2) ( 2) ( 17) 0 x x x x ( + ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ >
¸ ¸

2
( 2)( 2 15) 0
( 2)(5 )(3 ) 0
x x x
x x x
+ ÷ + + >
+ ÷ + >

3 or 2 5 x x < ÷ ÷ < <

2 2
4 ( 2)( 17)
x x x x
e e e e ÷ > + ÷ ÷
Replace x with
x
e , from (i), we have,

3 or 2 5
x x
e e < ÷ ÷ < <
Since
x
e > 0, therefore 5 ln5
x
e x < ¬ <

5. 2010/C1/BT/NYJC/Q5
(a)
x x
x 1
4 2
÷ s
+

( )
2 2
2 4 ( 1) 3
0 0
2 ( 2)
x x x
x x x x
+ + + +
s ¬ s
+ +

Since
2
( 1) 3 0 x + + > for all xe,
( ) 2 0 x x + < 2 0 x ÷ < <
(b) From graph, { } : 2 or 2.24 x x x e < > 

2 1
1 2
x x
x x
÷ ÷
>
+

1 1
2
1
2
x
x
| |
¬ ÷ + >
|
| |
\ .
÷ ÷
|
\ .

Replace x by
1
x
÷ ,

1 1
2 or 2.236
x x
÷ < ÷ >
1
2
4
3
x
– + –
2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

71

1
or 0 or 0.447 0
2
x x x < ÷ > ÷ < <
[equivalently,
1
or 0.447
2
x x < ÷ > ÷ , 0 x = ]

6. 2010/C1/BT/RI/Q1

5
6 0 x
x
+ + s , 0 x = .
¬
5 ( 6)
0
x x
x
+ +
s
¬
2
6 5
0
x x
x
+ +
s
¬
( 5)( 1)
0
x x
x
+ +
s
¬ ( 5)( 1) 0 x x x + + s
Hence, 5 x s ÷ or 1 0 x ÷ s <
#

7. 2010/C1/BT/RI/Q2
The curves intersect at x = ÷0.944 and x = 0.792
Hence, for
2 1
e 1
x
x
÷
> + , we have
0.944 x < ÷ or 0.792 (to 3 s.f.) x >

(2 1)
e 1
x
x
÷ +
> ÷ ¬
2( ) 1
e 1
x
x
÷ ÷
> ÷ +
Replace x in the inequality in earlier
part by ÷x :
0.944 x ÷ < ÷ or 0.792 x ÷ >
¬ 0.944 x > or 0.792 (to 3 s.f.) x < ÷

0 ÷1
÷5 x
x
y = 1 x +
y =
2 1 x
e
÷

1
÷1
1
e
÷

y
2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

72
8. 2010/C1/BT/SRJC/Q4
1
1 x
x
> +
1
1 0 x
x
÷ ÷ >
2
1
0
x x
x
÷ ÷
>
¬
2
1 1
1
2 4
0
x
x
| |
÷ ÷ ÷
|
\ .
>
¬
2
1 5
2 4
0
x
x
| |
÷ ÷
|
\ .
>
¬
1 5 1 5
( ) ( )
2 2 2 2
0
x x
x
| || |
÷ + ÷ ÷
| |
\ .\ .
>
¬
1 5 1 5
( ) ( )
2 2 2 2
0
x x
x
| || |
÷ ÷ ÷ +
| |
\ .\ .
>
¬
1 5
0
2
x
÷
s < or
1 5
2
x
+
>

1
1 x
x
> +
By comparing with
1
1 x
x
> + , replace x by x , then
1 5
0
2
x
÷
s < or
1 5
2
x
+
>
(rejected) as | x | > 0
1 5
2
x
+
> or
1 5
2
x
÷ ÷
s

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

73
9. 2011/C1/BT/NYJC/Q2

From sketch, 4 4 or 8 x x ÷ s < >

Alternative method:
Rearranging,
2
3
4 0
4 2
x
x
x
÷ ÷ s
÷

1 16
0
2 4
x
x
¬ ÷ + s
÷

From sketch, 4 4 or 8 x x ÷ s < >

(b)
2 2
4
x x
x x
÷ ÷
>
÷

¬
2 2
0
4
x x
x x
÷ ÷
÷ >
÷

¬
4 8
0
( 4)
x
x x
÷ +
>
÷

¬ ( 2)( 4) 0 x x x ÷ ÷ s
0 or 2 4 x x < s <
y
x
(8, 16)
4
-4
4
(-4, -2)
2
4
x
y
x
=
÷
3
4
2
y x = +

4 y x = +

4 x =

y
x
4 -4 8
-4

1 16
2 4
y x
x
= ÷ +
÷

1
2
y x = ÷

4 x =

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

74
10. 2011/C1/BT/RI/Q6
(a) 3 ln , 0 x x x ÷ > >

From the graphs,
0 2.21 x < < or 4.51 x > .

For 3 ln x x ÷ > , replace
1
with x
x

1 1 1 3
3 ln ln 0
x
x
x x x
÷ | |
¬ ÷ > ¬ + >
|
\ .
.
Thus,
1 1
0 2.2079 or 4.5052
x x
< < > .
0.453 or 0 0.222 x x > < < .
(b)

2
2
2 7 6
1
2
x x
x x
÷ +
<
÷ ÷

( )
2 2
2
2 7 6 2
0
2
x x x x
x x
÷ + ÷ ÷ ÷
<
÷ ÷

( )( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
2
2
2 2
2
2
2
6 8
0
2
6 8 2 0
( 4)( 2)( 2)( 1) 0
( 2) ( 4)( 1) 0
1 2 or 2 4
OR
6 8
0
2
4 2
0
2 1
4
0
1
( 4)( 1) 0
1 4, 2
x x
x x
x x x x
x x x x
x x x
x x
x x
x x
x x
x x
x
x
x x
x x
÷ +
<
÷ ÷
÷ + ÷ ÷ <
÷ ÷ ÷ + <
÷ ÷ + <
÷ < < < <
÷ +
<
÷ ÷
÷ ÷
<
÷ +
÷
<
+
÷ + <
÷ < < =

y = ln x
y = |x-3|
2.21 4.51
2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

75
11. 2011/C1/BT/RVHS/Q1
( )
2
2
2 3 1 2 2 0 x x x ÷ + = ÷ + > > .
Hence
2
2 3 x x ÷ + is always positive.

2
3 2
2 3
0, 1,1, 4
4 4
x x
x
x x x
÷ +
> = ÷
÷ ÷ +

( )( )( )
2
2 3
0
1 1 4
x x
x x x
÷ +
>
÷ + ÷

Since
2
2 3 x x ÷ + is always positive,
( )( )( ) 1 1 4 0 x x x ¬ ÷ + ÷ >
1 1 or 4 x x ¬ ÷ < < >

12. 2011/C1/BT/TPJC/Q3

2 2
1 3
1 ( ) 0
2 4
x x x ÷ + = ÷ + > for all real values of x, as
2
1
( ) 0
2
x ÷ > .
2
2
3 2
2
1
x x
x x
+ ÷
>
÷ +
¬
2 2
2
3 2 2( 1)
0
1
x x x x
x x
+ ÷ ÷ ÷ +
>
÷ +
¬
2
2
5 4
0
1
x x
x x
÷ + ÷
>
÷ +

Since
2
1 0 x x ÷ + > for all real values of x,
2
5 4 0 x x ÷ + ÷ >
2
5 4 0 x x ÷ + <
(x −1) (x −4) < 0
1 < x < 4
From the earlier results,
4 2
4 2
3 2
2
1
x x
x x
+ ÷
>
÷ +
for 1 < x
2
< 4
¬ x
2
> 1 and x
2
< 4
¬ −2 < x < −1 or 1 < x < 2

- 1 1 4
x
-2 -4.11
x
y
0.667 4.90
3 2
1 1
8 16
2 3
y x x x = ÷ ÷ +

4 2 y x = +
O
2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

76
13. 2011/C1/BT/VJC/Q11
(a)
3 2
1 1
2 2 4
8 12
x x x x + s ÷ ÷ +
3 2
1 1
4 2 8 16
2 3
4.11 0.667 or 4.90
x x x x
x x
¬ + s ÷ ÷ +
¬ ÷ s s >

(b)
3 2 3 2
0
2 3 2 2 3 2
x x x x
x x x x
÷ + ÷ +
> ¬ ÷ >
+ ÷ + ÷

( )( ) ( )( )
( )( )
( )( )
( )
( )( )
2 2
3 2 2 2 3
0
2 3 2
5 6 2 7 6
0
2 3 2
12
0
2 3 2
x x x x
x x
x x x x
x x
x x
x x
÷ ÷ ÷ + +
>
+ ÷
÷ + ÷ ÷ ÷
>
+ ÷
+
s
+ ÷

3
12 or 0 2
2
x x ÷ s < ÷ s <

2
2 2
2
2
2
1
2
3
2
3
2
ln 2
Replace with e
12 e or 0 e 2
12 e has no solution
as e 0 for all real .
0 e 2

x
x x
x
x
x
x
x
x
÷
÷
÷ s < s <
÷ s <
>
s <
¬ <

2
1
2
ln 2
2
2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

77
5B
System Of Linear Equations

1. 2011/C1/BT/HCI/Q4
(i) 160000
4
c
b + = ….. (1)
198000
5
c
a b + + = …..(2)
2 240000
6
c
a b + + = …..(3)
50000, 100000, 240000 a b c ¬ = = =
(ii) Method 1:

240000
50000 100000 0
4
t
t
÷ + + =
+

t ¬ =2.71
The profit first becomes zero in 2003.
Method 2:
240000
50000 100000 0
4
t
t
÷ + + =
+

2
50000 100000 640000 0 t t ¬÷ ÷ + =
2.71or 4.71 t ¬ = ÷ (rej 0 t >  )
The profit first becomes zero in 2003.
Method 3:
240000
50000 100000 0
4
t
t
÷ + + =
+

From GC, t = 3.
The profit first becomes zero in 2003.

2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

78
2. 2011/C1/BT/IJC/Q2
Let the digit in the hundreds’ place, tens’ place and ones’ place be x, y and z respectively.
20 x y z + + = ----- (1)
(100 10 ) (100 10 ) 90 x y z y x z + + ÷ + + = 90 90 90 x y ¬ ÷ =
1 x y ¬ ÷ = ----- (2)
(100 10 ) (100 10 ) 297 x y z x z y + + ÷ + + = 9 9 18 y z ¬ ÷ =
2 y z ¬ ÷ = ---- (3)
Using GC: 8, 7, 5 x y z = = =
The original number is 875.

3. 2011/PU3/BT/MI/Q1
2 4 3 1499
3 7 1527.5
8 5 2524
p q r
p q r
p q r
+ + =
+ + =
+ + =

Using GC,
\$75, \$150.50, \$249 p q r = = =

75 5(150.50) 2(249)
\$1325.50
= + +
=

4. 2011/C1/BT/NYJC/Q3
Substituting the points (1, 1) ÷ , (5, 1) ÷ and (0,1.5) into the equation, we obtain the three
equations respectively:
34 a b c ÷ + = ----------(1)
25 154 a b c ÷ + = ----------(2)
1.5 9 b c + = ----------(3)
By G.C., we obtain 5 a = , 8 b = ÷ and 21 c = .
Thus, the equation of hyperbola is
2 2
5 30 4 8 21 0 x x y y ÷ ÷ ÷ + = .
By completing the square, we obtain
2 2
5( 3) 4( 1) 20 x y ÷ ÷ + = .
( ) ( )
2 2
2 2
3 1
1
5 2 ( )
x y ÷ +
÷ =
Hence, the hyperbola is centred at (3, 1) ÷ with oblique asymptotes
5
2
5 3
1
2
y x = ÷ ÷ and
3
2
5 5
1
2
y x = ÷ + ÷ .
2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

79

5. 2011/C1/BT/RI/Q1
Let P, G, and M be the prices (\$) of 1 PineApple, Googol and Macrohard shares respectively.
10 50 300 40040
10 10 0
(0.1)(10 ) (0.15)(50 ) (0.2)(300 ) 6227
P G M
G P M P G M
P G M
+ + =
= + ¬ ÷ + =
+ + =

From GC, \$326, G \$582, M \$25.60 P = = =

6. 2011/C1/BT/RVHS/Q2
Let , and x y z be the number of cups of coffee, tea and milo sold.
15 10 35 5920
15 10 480
172
x y z
x y
x y z
+ + =
÷ =
+ = +

Rearranging the above equations gives,
15 10 35 5920
15 10 480
172
x y z
x y
x y z
+ + =
÷ =
+ ÷ =

By G.C this gives,
120
132
80
x
y
z
=
=
=

So, the total number of cups of beverages sold is 120 132 80 332 x y z + + = + + = .

y = -1
x = 3
(3, -1)
5
2
5 3
1
2
y x = ÷ ÷
3
2
5 5
1
2
y x = ÷ + ÷
(5,-1) (1,-1)
x
y
2013 HCI C1 Block Test H2 Mathematics Revision Package ‐ Solutions

80
7. 2011/C1/BT/TJC/Q4

Since AB is the diameter of the circle with centre (5, 0)
and the x-coordinate of B is 1, then the x-coordinate of A
must be 9.

When x = 1, ( )
2
2
1 5 25 y ÷ + =
3 or 3 (reject since is the min pt) y B ¬ = ÷
Therefore, B has coordinates (1,÷3) and A has
coordinates (9, 3).
Let
3 2
y ax bx cx d = + + + be the equation of C.

2
d
3 2
d
y
ax bx c
x
= + + .
Since max and min pts are (9, 3) and (1, ÷3) respectively, we have

243 18 0
729 81 9 3
3 2 0
3
a b c
a b c d
a b c
a b c d
+ + = ¦
¦
+ + + =
¦
´
+ + =
¦
¦
+ + + = ÷
¹

Using GC,
0.0234, 0.352, 0.633, 2.70 (corr to 3 s.f.) a b c d = ÷ = = ÷ = ÷

3 2
0.0234 0.352 0.633 2.70 y x x x = ÷ + ÷ ÷

8. 2011/C1/BT/VJC/Q1
Let , , be the ERP rates for cars, c l m
lorries & motorcycles respectively in dollars

( ) ( ) ( )
123 91 210 788.5
175 98 210 910
154 103 190 850.5
2, 2.50, 1.50
New rate for lorries (in \$) 2.50 1.2 3
Day 3's revenue (in \$) 154 2 103 3 190 1.5
902
c l m
c l m
c l m
c l m
+ + =
+ + =
+ + =
= = =
= × =
= + +
=

y
x
0 1 5
B
A