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MM 1305/MM8131

SINGAPORE POLYTECHNIC 2006/2007 SEMESTER TWO EXAMINATION


Diploma in Aeronautical Engineering Diploma in Bioengineering Diploma in Mechanical Engineering Diploma in Mechatronics 1st Year Full Time 2nd Year Evenings Only

ENGINEERING MATERIALS I

Time Allowed: 2 Hours

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Instructions to Candidates: 1. The examination rules set out on the reverse of the cover sheet of the Section II Question booklet (Page 10) are to be complied with. 2. There are TWO sections in this paper. Answer ALL questions. SECTION I: Consists of 40 multiple-choice questions. Answer this section on the answer sheet for multiple-choice questions provided in the Section II Question Booklet (Page 11). SECTION II: Consists of 5 structured questions. Answer this section in the spaces provided in the Section II Question Booklet. 3. Read the Question Paper thoroughly. 10 minutes will be allowed for this purpose. Commence writing only when the Invigilator tells you to do so. 4. This examination paper consists of 21 pages.

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MM 1305/MM8131 SECTION I (40 marks) Answer ALL questions in the answer sheet provided. (Each question carries one mark) 1. The Youngs modulus of steel is twice than that of titanium, it means that a) b) c) d) the strength of steel is double that of titanium the hardness of steel is double that of titanium. the strain of steel is half that of titanium under the same elastic stress. the percentage elongation of titanium is half that of steel.

2. The hardness of alloy A and alloy B are 60 and 20 in Rockwell C scale respectively. Which of the following statements is true? a) b) c) d) Alloy A is more wear resistant than alloy B. Alloy B is more suitable for cold working operations than alloy A. Alloy A is tougher than alloy B. An application for alloy A is chains.

3. If kitchen sinks are made of Metal A and milling cutters are made of Metal B, which of the following statements is true? a) Metal A is stronger than metal B. b) Metal A is harder than metal B. c) Metal A has better ductility than Metal B. d) Metal A has better wear resistance than Metal B. 4. An engineering component is made by cold working operations, which of the following properties of the component is improved? a) b) c) d) Malleability Hardenability Ductility Hardness.

5. Which of the following answers matches the indenter to the hardness test stated? a) 2.5 mm hardened steel ball : Rockwell B scale b) Diamond pyramid : Rockwell C scale c) Diamond cone : Vickers d) 2.5 mm hardened steel ball : Brinell. 6. A previously hardened eutectoid steel is heated to 780 C and cooled slowly to room temperature. Its microstructure is a) austenite b) ferrite c) pearlite d) martensite. 0607/Sem2 Page:
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7. Which of the following statements concerning the microstructure of steels is true? a) b) c) d) Austenite is soft and magnetic. Ferrite is soft and non-magnetic. Cementite is hard and brittle. Pearlite is ductile and soft.

8. An increase in carbon content of a plain carbon steel will increase its a) b) c) d) hardness malleability percentage elongation ductility.

9. Which of the following statements regarding cold working is not true? a) b) c) d) Cold working makes a metal harder. Equiaxed grains are found in cold worked metals. Soft metals are usually cold worked to shape. A cold worked engineering part has good strength.

10. Which of the following microstructures is responsible for the brittle nature of high carbon tool steels? a) Ferrite b) Cementite c) Pearlite d) Austenite. 11. Shafts made of plain carbon steel with 0.35% carbon is heated to 750C and rapidly quenched in water. Which of the following statements is true? a) b) c) d) The shafts are fully hardened. The shafts have high tensile strength. The microstructure of the shafts is martensite. The microstructure of the shafts contains some martensite.

12. Which of the following statements regarding annealing is true? a) b) c) d) The heating time for spheroidising annealing is 24 hours. Spheroidising annealing is carried out on low carbon steels. After process annealing, the work-piece is cooled in air. Process annealing can improve the machinability of high carbon steel.

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13. The best quenching medium to harden low alloy engineering steel is a) b) c) d) water brine air oil.

14. Which of the following statements concerning hardening heat treatment of steels is true? a) The hardness of a hardened steel depends on its carbon content. b) Martensite will form if the cooling rate is slower than the critical cooling rate. c) Steels with 0.2% carbon content can be hardened satisfactorily. d) If the cooling rate exceeds the critical cooling rate, austenite transforms to pearlite. 15. The reason to temper crankshafts at 450C after the hardening heat treatment is a) b) c) d) to improve their stiffness to improve their toughness to improve their hardness to relieve quenching stresses of the crankshafts.

16. After the hardening heat treatment, workshop files are tempered at 200C. What are the properties of the files? a) b) c) d) High hardness and toughness High strength and ductility High wear and abrasion resistance High toughness and malleability.

17. Which of the following alloying elements dissolves in ferrite and strengthens it? a) b) c) d) Tungsten Vanadium Manganese Molybdenum.

18. Austenitic stainless steel is most suitable for making a) b) c) d) surgical implantation surgical tools knives golf sticks.

19. Which of the following steels has a carbon content of 0.1%? a) b) c) d) AISI 1030 AISI 2320 AISI 3310 AISI 4301.
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20. Which of the following alloying elements is responsible for the austenitic structure of stainless steels? a) b) c) d) Tungsten Nickel Chromium Vanadium.

21. An application for a Nickel steel such as AISI 2340 is a) crankshafts b) ball bearings c) workshop files d) milling cutters. 22. Which of the following steels is a plain carbon steel? a) AISI 1050 b) AISI 2350 c) AISI 3350 d) AISI 4350. 23. Which of the following tool steels is recommended to make hammers? a) AISI O1 b) AISI W2 c) AISI S7 d) AISI H13. 24. The inferior properties of grey cast iron is due to the presence of a) b) c) d) graphite spheroids graphite flakes temper carbon cementite.

25. Spheroids of graphite are present in a) b) c) d) white cast iron chilled cast iron grey cast iron ductile cast iron.

26. Which of the following statements concerning cast irons is true? a) b) c) d) Ductile cast iron is made from chilled cast iron. Malleable cast iron is made from white cast iron. Grey cast iron is used to make gears and crankshafts. White cast iron is used to make machine frames.
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27. Which of the following cast irons has a hard and wear resistant surface but a softer core? a) b) c) d) Grey cast iron Chilled cast iron Ductile cast iron White cast iron.

28. Which of the following engineering components are not made from ductile cast iron? a) Machine tool beds b) Gears c) Crankshafts d) Axles. 29. Aluminium alloy such as Duralumin is widely used to make aircraft bodywork because it has very high a) b) c) d) toughness to strength ratio strength to weight ratio hardness to strength ratio ductility to strength ratio.

30. The process of heating an aluminium alloy to 550C follows by rapid quenching in water is known as a) b) c) d) precipitation treatment annealing treatment solution treatment tempering treatment.

31. Cast aluminium alloys containing silicon are known for their wear resistance as well as good a) b) c) d) machinability weldability fluidity conductivity.

32. Wrought aluminium alloy with high malleability is suitable for making into engineering components by processes such as a) a) b) c) shell moulding green sand casting forging heat treatment.

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33. The corrosion resistance of aluminium can further be improved by a process known as a) anodising b) solution treatment c) precipitation treatment d) annealing. 34. Which of the following statements concerning Aluminium is true? a) It has high malleability. b) It has wear resistance. c) It has high strength. d) It has high hardness. 35. Immediately after solution treatment, an aluminium alloy such as 2024 becomes a) very strong b) very hard c) very ductile d) very brittle. 36. Which of the following casting processes requires a metal pattern to produce the mould for making castings? a) Shell moulding b) Carbon dioxide process c) Investment casting d) Centrifugal casting. 37. The main function of vents in a green sand mould is to a) b) c) d) trap impurities in molten metal release trapped air in molten metal feed molten metal into shrinkages direct molten metal into mould cavity.

38. Large castings such as machine frames and propellers can be manufactured by a) b) c) d) green sand casting process centrifugal casting process investment casting process shell moulding process.

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39. Which of the following casting processes matches the product being cast? a) b) c) d) Shell moulding process : ship propellers Green sand casting process : cylinder liners Centrifugal casting process : sewage pipes Carbon dioxide process process : car bodies.

40. Which of the following components of a gating system can reduce the presence of shrinkage porosities in a green sand casting? a) b) c) d) Sprue Runner Riser Gate.

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