# CRANK CONNECTING ROD RATIO Introduction The crank-connecting rod is the mechanism that converts the up-and

-down motion of the piston into the rotating motion of the crankshaft. The parts of this mechanism are the connecting rod and the crankshaft. The connecting rod length is the distance between the center of the large and small openings of the connecting rod. The crank length is the distance between the center of the large opening of the connecting rod and the center of the crankshaft.

1. Parts of the crank-connecting rod mechanism.

2.

What is meant by the connecting rod length? a. b.  c. d. The total length of the connecting rod The combined length of the connecting rod and the crank. The distance between the center of the large and small openings of the connecting rod. The distance between the center of the crankshaft and the large opening of the connecting rod.

3. Connecting rod length.

What does `λ` mean when talking about a crank connecting rod mechanism? a.  d. This is represented with `λ` (lambda). λ= 18/45 λ= 0. 1.4 . The distance between the center of the large and small openings of the connecting rod. c. The distance between the center of the crankshaft and the large opening of the connecting rod. b. a dimensionless figure. The formula is: λ= crank length / connecting rod length A large and small engine can therefore have the same λ. The combined length of the connecting rod and the crank. Ratio There is a ratio between the length of the connecting rod and the crank. What is meant by the crank length? a. Calculate the crank connecting rod ratio `λ`. The total length of the crank. The strength of the crank-connecting rod mechanism. The ratio of the crank length to the connecting rod length. b. 5.4. The size of the mechanism 2. c. Crank length.

Calculate the `λ` of the small engine. Forces at Work The combustion in the engine causes a rise in pressure in the cylinder. .3. the tangential force (F4) and the radial force (F5). b. λ= 25/100 λ= . The radial force that has to be received by the crankshaft. What do you notice? a. This pressure causes a force on the piston. the piston force. Using the tangential force you can calculate the engine torque. The slide bar is the force that pushes the piston against the cylinder wall. the connecting rod force (F2) and slide force (F3).25 5. Calculate `λ` of the large engine. The piston force can be separated into forces in the crank-connecting rod mechanism.25 4.25/5 λ= . At the level of the crank pin the connecting rod force can be divided into 2 forces. These forces change depending on the position of the crankshaft. λ= 1. The large and small engine has a different λ. At the level of the piston pin the piston force (F1) can be separated into 2 forces. The large and small engine has the same λ. The connecting rod force is the force received by the connecting rod.

What do you notice? a. All forces stay the same. d. All forces change. Only the piston forces changes. 1. b. except the piston force change.Turn the crankshaft. All forces. c. .

What do you notice? a. No forces change at all. 3. All forces change. b. . Piston force. Only the piston forces changes. d. Only the connecting rod force changes.Vary the piston force. 2. c.

5. c. The piston is pressed against one side of the cylinder wall. Connecting rod force from the piston pin. While moving.4. Slide bar force. b. . d. the piston remains in the middle of the cylinder. 6. What is the consequence of the slide bar force? a.

The tangential force The radial force The slide bar force The piston force The connecting rod force . Tangential force. 8.7. 10. Connecting rod force from the Crank pin. d. e. Radial Force 9. c. b. With which force can you calculate the engine torque? a.